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síl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síl or dil.ie/37503
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: silta, sīlta, siltaib, sīltaib

n o, n. Later m. In Mod.Ir. dental forms in pl.: n p. silta, ACL i 326 § 46 . a p. sīlta, RSláinte 1160 . d p. siltaib, Irish Texts v 1.3 . sīltaib, RSláinte 5062 .

The seed of plants and animals : s.¤ gl. hoc seminum, Sg. 63b9 . s.¤ gl. semen, Ir. Gl. 1009 . is a chorp fessin arafoím cach s.¤ .i. mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr is diass cruithnechte rl., Wb. 13c24 . a s.¤ inrolad hisin mais nécruthaigthi gl. creaturae seminibus, Thes. ii 10.19 ( BCr. 18a1 ).

(a) of plants: Abellanium, is as tucad sīl n-aball leo, Corm. Y 1272 . is dilsi in air cona ṡil `the tillage and the seed are forfeited', Laws iv 132.26 Comm . ceithre meich fichet do sil brach[a], ii 200.26 Comm . coconidium .i. sil lauiri `laurel-seed', ACL i 332 § 48 . luibi cach shīl | shīlas ar gach slicht guidheasun, iii 235 § 23 . do shilaib ┐ do thorthib ┐ do chethrib na tuath, PH 6288 . gnáth folamh síol na sligheadh the seed by the wayside, PBocht 12.3 . sil cnaibi, Irish Texts v 6.15 . moluim sīlta osglus na dūinti do bearbad ar na sīrōipib sin, mar atāit so, .i. sīl melones ┐ cucurbita . . ., RSláinte 1160 - 1 . ag cur ṡil sowing, Mart. Don. Sept. 9. 60 boirilli sīl, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 33.17 . toradh an tsíl do chuir tú, ┐ toradh na fíneamhna, Deuteronomy xxii 9 . Freq. used figuratively: síol glan ní hionchuir im fhearann, PBocht 4.29 . iomdha a thoradh tearc a dhuille | dlúth a ghéaga glan a shíol (of Franciscan Order), 1.22 .

(b) metaph. cause, origin : sila ┐ adbair in chatha, CCath. 3852 .

(c) small amount, trace : torsig, truagaig, cen sil foiss `wearying, wretched, without germ of rest', MacCarthy 58.25 . cen sīl n-úabair nā haincceiss 'without a trace of pride or wickedness', SR (Adam and Eve) 30.1126 . do-rimnai Día ... a cosc cen sīl comairge 'God commanded ... that they should be punished without any ounce of pity', SR (Greene) 4153 . cen sīl ndogra 'without a trace of sorrow', SR (Greene) 6131​ .

(d) the semen virile : ó oínsíl rogénartar da macc de `of one seed have been born two sons of him', Wb. 4c12 . immefolngar dund s.¤ ferdu, Ml. 44a10 . intan dofuissemar sechtair a sil sin ┐ gainethar hon mathir is and is ainm do fructus, 44a11 . teistiu int s.¤ immefolangar tri . . . peccad, 71c6 . a shíol do dhórtadh tré na chionta féin, Donlevy 94.4 .

(e) very freq. in sense of race, progeny, descendants : dar cenn peccati . . . s.¤ Adim, Wb. 15d20 . fognífi do s.¤ do sílaib do bráthar, ┐ nocho [bía rí dot sil co bráth], Trip.² 740 . re s.¤ dálach dóine `before men's multitudinous race', Fél. Jan. 1 . toisech sil nAnmchada, AU i 516.x (A.D. 1006) . mairc ócán dom s.¤ | asa holc donruá, LU 9907 . s.¤ a féola the issue of her body, Laws iv 44.7 . isedh i tabuir duine a fearunn . . . do s.¤ a cholla, iii 46.28 Comm . in s.¤ ro sílaig Neimed, LL 7a20 . ní roclos fri sīl fri cath | nōnbor nodasáraiged, ZCP viii 333.6 . Síol gConaill ag teacht tharainn, DDána 113.29 . sgaoilid síol Eóghain ag Aodh `at Aodh the seed of E. divide', TD 26.15 . do bhi a síol ó sin i le | ag leanmhain luirg na deise, 26.11 . íarsma degsil na ndeich righ, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . ba medithir re hArcail mac Amphitrionis ar met ┐ ar mesnig in milid sin, uair ba da s.¤ do, TTebe 2557 . a síol fá dhruing ndanardha (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1184 . Of a single individual (viz. Níall Noígíallach): do dhiúlt Corc . . . | do shíol mhór (do mhór shliocht, v.l.) Chuinn Cheudchathaigh, L. Cl. A. B. 108. 198 . Freq. in sept-names, see Hog. Onom. s.v. síl.

(f) of animals, offspring, breed; act of breeding (?): sil cethra do luad .i. na cethra siles ac neoch do cennach doib, Laws ii 358.4 and 28 (`Kauf von Samen vom Vieh', Thurn. Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 23 ). saithe . . . do sil bech, Laws ii 122.1 Comm . bliadain a dtuisten, bliadain a seoil, bliadain a sil `the year of their breeding' (of bees), iv 164.3 . .iiii. fir eich ┐ da ban each riata cenmotha a groig uair dlegar do a da cutruma fri sil do groid, O'Curry 239 ( H 3.18, p. 133 ). culén do shíl in chon út, TBC-LL¹ 1048 . nī hē sīl in maigri maill | āsas a hiuchra ālaind, ACL iii 238 § 3 .

Compds. ¤aicme race, descendants : i síol-aicme Ádhaimh, TSh. 3261 . ? To this: ¤búalad act of threshing (?): ruc ruathar fuatha . . . da silbhualad `to utterly smash them', CF 683 (`with sil- Professor Rhys compares W. chwil- in W. chwilfriwio', Meyer). ¤cháith chaff, husks : nocho gran seang silcaith slethcraiti, IT iii 89 § 116 . dā óibell tened i mmedón suipp sílcátha corcca, MacCongl. 15.2 . ¤chur act of sowing: gurab é an diabhal do-ní síol-chur ar na coirthibh i n-aigeantaibh na ndaoine n-urchóideach, TSh. 6334 . ná déantar libh síol-chur idir na dreasaibh = nolite serere super spinas, 10475 . aimsir an tsíolchuir, Gen. viii 22 . Metaph. silcur na tragha ona fearaib 'na faenluighi, CF 810 . aimsior tháinig Pádruig . . . do shíolchur chrábhaidh ┐ chreidimh, PCT 27 . Hence: sílchuirid sows, propagates : an ithir go n-a harbhar | . . . | ós libh do síolchuireadh soin | críochnuigheadh sibh an síolsoin `as Thou didst sow the seed', Aithd. D. 50.32 . mar gur síolchuireadar craos i n-áit an troisgthe, Eochairsg. 3.15 . do bhris sé síos an chathair ┐ do shíolchuir sé í le salann, Judges ix 45 . síolchuiridh sé imreasuin, Proverbs vi 14 . ¤pheccad original sin : bheith damanta trés an síl-pheacadh sinnsir, TSh. 3260 . ¤treb descendants: Naoi 'na fhíréan 'na shíl-treabhaibh féin = in generationibus suis, 3181 .