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1 manach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 manach or
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: manaig, manaig

n o, m., (Lat. monachus), IGT Dec. § 17.

a) a monk: gl. monachus, Ir. Gl. 435. m.¤ .i. a monacho , Corm. p. 28. Sen Phól m.¤ , Fél. Prol. 97. i féil Antóin manaig, ib. Jan. 17. cet-dithrebach ┐ cet-m.¤ in domain (of John Baptist), PH 868. ni ba fīr-m.¤ . . . mina fīr-ghar don eaclais, Fél. 48.4 . v s. a manaig!, LL 283b48 . pl. na manaig , PH 925. foidid-sium a manchu do buain choelaig, Lat. Lives 110. dogni Ruadhan mancha dibh, BNnÉ 323 § 35. du manchuib Drommo Lias, Thes. ii 238.19 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). do manachaib no do clerchib craibdecha, PH 5556. a uile naomh-mancha!, Parrth. Anma 299.21 .

(b) as legal term, a tenant of church-lands , of whom there were different classes, soír- and doírmanaig (s. Thurn. Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 7 , 9 , 15 ). flaith ┐ a ceile, eclas ┐ a manaig, Laws v 480.15 . eclais fria manchu (.i. fris in lucht doberat maine di iar cae iar conair), ii 344.2 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 3 § 2 ). ni cria . . . do m.¤ (.i. cid saermanach, cid daerm.¤), Laws iii 58.7 , 23 . is dō dlegar anmchardine mhanach na heclaise sin, firu, maccu, mna sceo ingena, Rule of Tallaght § 64. airchinnech glan . . . fodlad día manchaib co cert let him distribute to his church-tenants, Ériu iii 106 § 41 a . co raib baithius ┐ comna . . . o cech eclais do manchaib téchtaib, i 219.5 . Cf. O'Dav. 1221 : m.¤ . . . bid ag denamh caisel ┐ clochan. manuch gill do bās, Laws v 206.19 ; expld. ZCP xv 323 as one whose eric or death-penalty has been paid by an abbot (or monastery) to whom in return he becomes subject.

(c) various usages: Congus comarba Padraig . . . oc gresacht Oeda Ollain a manaig soiscéla, Lib. Hymn. ed. Todd p. 163 ; cf. AFM i 330.11 : rob é Congas anmchara Aodha; possibly m.¤ soiscéla = one under the spiritual direction of an abbot, cf. mainces soiscéla, Lism. L. p. xv .

m.¤ Maige Fáil, a kenning for a bee: trebthan manach muighe Fail (.i. criathar mela na mbech), Hib. Min. 48.5 , cf. 47.10 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. manchaine or

Forms: mainchine, manchaine

n , f., (manach), also with slender vowel mainchine:

(a) the duty or calling of a monk and in general the monastic life: ro éla o tustigib i manchuine, Fél.² lxiii 27 . co na-tarad i mod manchine amail cach manach fognama do Día, Fél. 92.28 . geibh misi it' manchaine (= let me be a monk under you), Lism. L. 3492 , cf. 2039 . tri. l. ri teoir a máinchine aici-sium in Hi `thrice fifty monks had he for contemplation', 1018 . tanic Constans a manchaine ┐ ro gabh rige, Anecd. iii 66 (= C. . . . quem ex monacho Caesarem fecerat, Beda i 11 ). an t-airdeaspoc . . . do dhol i mainchini retired into a monastery, AFM iii 144.1 . By extension a community of monks: bui maincine mor ime [sc. im Mochuda] occ lubair . . . deichneabar ar secht cedaibh dō isin mancine, BNnÉ 300 § 1. The monastic profession, monasticism: fear ro athnuigh manchine ┐ canonach[a] riagulla hecailsi nErenn (of St. Malachy), CS 346.9 . Cf. Lism. L. 3492 above.

(b) service due to an abbot or monastery from a layman , esp. of tribute in kind, etc., apparently = 2 mainches. dobéram ar mainchine ┐ ar bhfoghnamh duit (said to Ciarán), Lism. L. 4233 , cf. 4246 . dobéra cach manchaine a chlain[n]e . . . dō every one shall give the service of his children . . . to him (sc. Colmán), BColm. 12.25 . Trip. 558.27 . [a] mainchene féin . . . ┐ a meic ┐ a oa ┐ a iarmoa co brath do Colum Cille ┐ do mhuinnter Daire, AU ii 188.15 , cf. AFM iii 34.5 ; ii 714.7 . dorat C. in mag ┐ a manchine do Chaillin `the plain and its profits' (? his service), Fen. 180.8 . dorat a mallachtain don ti . . . doberadh a mhancine o Chiaran whosoever should take away (withhold) his dues from [the community of ] C., RC xxvi 370.29 , cf. ACL iii 226.3 . In Acall. 3506 , 3707 , 5900 , 6650 mainchine is the reading of F. for maicne of text (see maicne).

(c) service due from a tenant or clansman to his chief in return for stock; acc. to O'Don. Sup. service rendered by manual labour (as though < Lat. manus?), a restriction not borne out by texts. cia measom do cāin tsaorraith? Manchuine ┐ ureirge, Laws ii 194.2 (glossed .i. fer cacha somhuine do denam a dūine no a meithle . . . no a sluaigedh lais, ib. 9 , i.e. the tenant is bound to build, reap, and fight for his chief). dligidh in flaith ceilsine . . . ar dē mīs fri manchuine, ii 258.1 5 (acc. to ib. 31 Comm. for every heifer received as stock the tenant had to furnish a man for military service for two months in the year). cōir mancuine fri sloiged fri dunad fri gell fri dail fri fuba fri ruba fri fognam do Dia, iii 22.4 (where the term comprehends every kind of service). See Manners and Customs I pp. cxi-cxii .

(d) hence in wider sense service, attendance (on a person, in a calling): ri ┐ brethem ┐ dias i manchuine (i.e. the king travels accompanied by a brehon and two attendants), Laws iv 334.23 Comm. scor fir mancuine (.i. in fer doni in m.¤ oibre), v 490.2 , 23 . lucht manchuine servants or attendants (of a chief), iii 510.3 . In O'Mulc. 865 manchaine prob. = attendance or following allotted to a `file' acc. to his grade. lanfilidecht cach fir dib ┐ ceard manchani la cach fir dib (of the Fianna), ZCP viii 561.7 , cf. i 472.9 . lēigis leabaid lāin mainc[h]ine rig Rōmān rūaid he left a comfortable berth, the service of the strong king of the Romans (of the Apostle Matthew) x 46.18 .