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1 mart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mart or dil.ie/31622

Forms: mairt, marta, marta

n o, m., also mairt (fem. ? see LL 32a7 quoted below); the g s. and n p. marta, if belonging to this word, are due to latter form.

A death , esp. one caused by accident or violence; often a slaughter, a massacre (see Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 n. 2 ); a poetic word, occurring in rhetorics, prophecies, etc.; interpretations given below are conjectural. By glossators derived from Lat. mors: m.¤ quasi mort .i. a morte , Corm. p. 31 ; but possibly a native word influenced by latter (cf. mortchenn, mortlaid, -laith < Lat. morticinium, mortalitatem). adhbhal an t-ēcht, mo cech m.¤ `greater than all deaths', AFM ii 902.22 (elegy on death of Diarmaid king of Leinster in battle). matan mairt, LU 3007 = SG 235.21 (reference to inundation of Liathmuine); cf. truág in maten maten máirt | rosbí mac Damáin dithraicht, TBC-LL¹ 4138 (`ein Morgen des März?' Wind., but see p. 590 n. 3 and l. 3186 ). marblia mairt a gravestone , Metr. Dinds. iv 94.36 . ? mífocul marmarta `a bad word of great death' (= a prognostication of slaughter?), O'Dav. 628. bebaid Cormac . . . dia mairt i toeb Cletig from his fatal wound (? of C. mac Airt), ZCP xiii 376 § 13 , cf. iii 462.3 . mairt hi Crinda . . . hi foichret sluaig hErend a massacre (? prophecy of battle of Crinna), xiii 376.21 . mairt hi Liphi maig arathá, 377.14 . cid cath Áilbe . . . rob í in mairt for Mumnechu, LL 32a7 = RC xxiii 312 § 39. mairt i mbith Eoch[aid] eolach, IT iii 15 § 36 . in mart (.i. cath) ro bris Cellach, LL 43a48 . i mairt ┐ i tres, ZCP ix 482.22 . pl. ? marta la nuna `mortality with famine' (? deaths from famine), RC xxvi 46.4 (but see márta). dofius [= dofías?] mār fermart, LL 122b48 (Siaburchobra Con. Ch.). bid formach do rigmartaib an increase of deaths of chiefs (?), TBC-I¹ 2058 = rigmartra, TBC-LL¹ 2759.

Of persons killed: māra mairb, māra mairtt, | tri maicc, tri mārrīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.1 = Rawl. 124b5 . beit mairt ili sund many will be slain there (?), TBC-I¹ 2085. ro ḟácsat ocht míli mart they left eight thousand dead, Metr. Dinds. iv 50. co fail sund sin tsleib a mhart (of the hound Calland killed by the Dond Cuailnge), BB 404b26 .

moirtchenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. moirtchenn or dil.ie/32477

Forms: moirtc[h]enn

n n. or m. (<Medieval Lat. morticinium , ZCP ix 35 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 194 ).

(a) dead flesh, esp. the flesh of an animal which has died from natural causes? formuichthib .i. moirtchenn (gl. suffocatis, Acts xv 20 ), Thes. i 497.22 ( Ardm. 181a1 ). mortcend .i. ab eo quod est morticinium .i. marbadh, Corm. Y 872 (= muirtchend, Corm. p. 29 ). baten (.i. bat[h]-aten .i. ēc obann) .i. moirtcend atbail a aonur, 114 (= muirtchend, Corm. p. 6 ). nech . . . hithes morchiund no lúis a lind i mbé in morchend ` carrion ', Ériu vii 146 § 3. cach soim is cech doim . . . is talum moirtc[h]enn martair | carcair coitchenn dia corpaibh a grave-yard (?), ZCP vi 265 z (g p. or adj. ?).

(b) transf. sudden death, destruction (cf. Corm. Y 114 quoted above)? is mortcend do ilslúagaib, FB 71. Cf. bruth matho, murtchét for crethaib, ib. 52 , where Zimmer, ZCP i 90 - 1 , suggests reading: murtchend for cethraib (the scribe having mistaken the contraction for n for an accent).