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1 gal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gal or dil.ie/25277
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gail, gal, goil, gal, ghoil, ghal

n ā, f. n s. also gail; d s. and a s. occas. gal. goil, IGT Decl. § 14.17 . gal (grēine) o, m. § 73 ; g s. an ghoil gréine, ex. 1564 ; d s. ōn ghal , ex. 1567 . Used to form vn. of compds. of 1 fichid, e.g. irgal, dígal, etc., prob. also in ecal (<*ek(s)gal), esgal (gl. [a]estus, Ml. 96b11 ). Possibly orig. sense is seething heat, passing into that of mental excitement or rage. Cf. vbs. 1 fichid fights and 2 fichid boils which are probably akin. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 521.

(a) warlike ardour, fury, valour: gail .i. beodacht, O'Dav. 1037 . ecal .i. cen gail, O'Mulc. 354 . ? gal .i. galar ... quia motat mentem , 614 . cruaid a gal, IT i 107.25 . am amnus ar gail ocus gaiscced, 142.1 . addaimet ... do gail ocus do gaisced, FB 11 ( LU 8150 ); in gal ┐ fiuchiud na ferge ... i n-erbruinnib na láech, TTr.² 860 . cor[o] islighea a ngal, CCath. 2493 . bái side bar gail ┐ bar fogail Ailella, TBC-LL¹ 2894 . TFerbe 372 . amail sóersai Daúid de gail claidib Góli, Fél. Ep. 484 . ní dechaid coll cána ar goil ... escaped his valour, ACL iii 304.4 . ba gaoth i ngal `he was wise in conflict,' Studies 1918, 281 § 11 . ba gal craidi leis perturbation of heart, Cog. 194.25 ; 72.3 . fuair bás ann do ghal retha from ardour of running, Acall. 1617 . ? nocho rabhasa fós ... bhaili bud gairdi rem ghal ná na mesc `where my time sped more quickly,' 1585 . g s. láith gaile fer nhÉrend, IT i 100.5 . lathus gaile Góedel uile, FB 89 ( LU 9160 ). do chomramaib gaili ┐ gascid, TBC-I¹ 1862. 2046 . ar nert gaile by dint of valour, TTr.² 55 . a n-n[e]urt gaile, 996 . cona ṡlúag lán gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 . re huair ṅgaile, Ériu v 223.54 . én gaile, see én . pl. feats of valour (?): ar gressaib gal, Thes. ii 293.20 . for gói gnaith sraintear gala battles are ever gained, MR 120.19 . nirbu Gabran cen gala | i n-aimsir meicc Murchada, Rawl. 84b40 . indsaighfidh gala, Lism. L. 2806 . a bhferga ┐ a ngala (ngalu MS) oc dula do chath, Ériu ii 130.20 . da mac samla galaib gliad, TBC-LL¹ 4053 . ar galaib dagḟer, Ériu v 222.39 . miser fiana iarna ngalaib, O'Dav. 1037. Content. xxx 35 . ō galaib ōenḟer, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . ar galaib oenḟer (—ḟir) by unaided valour (often = in single combat): ar galaib ōenfer roggōeta uli, TBC-I¹ 1522 . ar galaib oenḟir, TBC-LL¹ 1642 . in triar thuc Mac C ... ar galaib óenfer, BDD 94 . comrac for galaib oen-fir, MR 70.6 . gaibid ar gail challenges: rogab Gablach Fuiter ar gail, RC xv 323.9 ( Dinds. 23 ). Of animals heat, fury: fuil aidhe rogiallathar gail, Laws v 152.3 , with gl. in adh da ngialland a gail merachta, 154.11 . Cf. (among legal exemptions) slan do na damaib in gail doniat, iii 266.16 Comm. gala mathgamna ┐ brotha leóman, BDD 92 = BDD² 893 . Of natural phenomena, etc.: a gail co timm rothaisig (of a whirlpool) `he made feeble and faint its fury,' Metr. Dinds. iv 86.79 . ó chaitheasdair an ghaoth a goil `when the wind had exhausted its fury,' ML 48.22 . mar bráinṡnec[h]ta ó ghoil gréni, Ériu iv 226 § 51 . a bhfoil beo ní buaine | ná ceo re goil ngréine, Dán Dé viii 2 . ní bhí ag sruth ... guth ón ghal, IGT Decl. ex. 1567 . mar chuiris an ghrian a gal `as the sun doth send its heat,' Arch. Hib. i 99 . fo nim niabtha gal, AU 894 = AFM i 544.17 . congaibet gola (of waves), SR 7899 . Cf. further: gal a mbraighet the heat of their throats (from thirst), CCath. 2578 . ticc goil a ngrúaidh Núaladha a flush (lit. heat), IGT Decl. ex. 312 . Common in chevilles, esp. in g p. feochair ngoile, ITS v 40.10 . dígrais gail, PRIA iii 534.1 . dorairngert Curnán cét gal, SG 235.29 . cétaib gal, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 18 . fichtib gal, TBC-LL¹ 3206 . línib gal, 3693 , Acall. 1582 . miad n-gal, MR 146.3 ; 132.15 .

Compds. ¤fine = fingal murder of a kinsman: bá himeccla lá hUa nD. gail-fhine do dhénamh dhóibh for aroile, AFM v 1406.4 .

(b) steam, vapour, mist: nírbo glac im gail it was not a hand grasping smoke (i.e. a futile achievement), Metr. Dinds. iv 10.17 . (Cf. dorn im diaid, O'Dav. 1586. ) bal na gaile oc a broth, Laws i 128.2 Comm. scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile `with its curls of steam,' MacCongl. 35.1 . do ling (i.e. an diabhal) in a ghal bhreun ... tré mhullach an teampoill, Eochairsg. 90.26 . fleochud, snechta co sirgail constant vapour (?), ACC Comm. ( RC xx 256.3 ). re gail nglūair ngil (of a river), ZCP viii 106.12 . sreabh do mhadhmuigh goil gheimhridh, IGT Decl. ex. 479 . téid gach iasg ré goil an gheimhridh | troigh i dtalmhain `from the heat of the winter,' TD 34.36 .

1 luige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 luige or dil.ie/30984

 

Forms: lugae, luigu, lighi, lige, luig, lui, luidh, lugh, lugh, luigeda, lughedha, luidhedha, lugha, luighi

n io, n. In O. Ir. usually lugae (for the phonetic development see GOI 103 - 4 ). luigu (sic leg. ?), Laws iv 192.9 . lighi, O'Curry 2409 ( Eg. 88, 32(33)b ). lige, Laws v 174.23 Comm ., luig, Laws v 100.23 Comm ., 352.6 and lui, ii 18.4 , 17 Comm. are perh. scribal errors. luidh, Celtica iv 66.59 . lugh (: athchur), IGT Verbs ex. 666 is given as `cóir' in one MS., as `lochdach' in a second (both added in later hand), cf. lugh (ón luighe), Decl. § 95 (127.9) . Pl. attested only in later lang.: luigeda, PH 7604. lughedha, Ann. Conn. 1309.3 . luidhedha, Ériu xi 190.21 . lugha luighi (in leabhuir) m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.13) .

(a) Vn. of tongaid (see also 1 luigid). Cf. lugha luighe (in leabhair) with tuingfed a .d. neith added by later hand, IGT Verbs § 74 . Act of swearing : imchim . . . fir lais [m]bi cuma fir ┐ go di luga who swears equally to truth and falsehood, SM Facs. 53b = do luga, Laws v 178.5 . etheach do lugha nó do luighe, SM Facs. 53a = eithe do lige, Laws v 174.23 Comm . ? geall feich do luga, 308.18 . cethri haitir do chur crainn, dias dib dia lugha to swear it(?), iii 134.10 Comm . gradh bes comais dia ludhadh in tan adginidhther in colund `when a person of competent rank has proved the delivery of the carcass', i 300.3 Comm . dodechatar día lugu i n-eithiuch do P., Trip.² 2119 `to perjure themselves', Trip. i 181 . ro-gab Petar . . . for a l.¤ (the Denial), PH 3193 . fuil in Rígh do lugha libh if you swear by the king's blood, IGT Verbs ex. 667 . meic ríogh ag luidhe fad láimh, O'Hara 2349 (see Notes).

As cogn. accus. ni toing luidhe fo brechtruib gach fer sacarbuic, O'D. 2190 ( Nero A vii, 132b ). luighi néithigh ní thoingeann, Hard. ii 296.11 . Cf. ispert Medbh o bes lugai: —Tonga, etc., RC x 226.184 , and Ml. 36a20 cited below.

(b) oath: arnate nech tria lugae gl. imperat periurii cauitionem `that a man break not his oath', Ml. 36a23 . corricci lugae son gl. usque ad testationem, 126c5 . fo chénele lugi, Wb. 14c24 . luge gl. iurare, Enchir. Aug. 77a ( ZCP vii 482.33 ). With LA: l.¤ limsa inso gl. ego autem testem Deum invoco, Wb. 14c39 . ba lugae leu insin gl. per erumniarum mearum exempla iurabant, Ml. 118c5 . With pref. fír glossing iusiurandum: áfirlugae nothongad cach frialaile hirecht, Ml. 36a20 . hua fírlugu, 115a18 . afírl.¤ , Wb. 34a1 . hí fírlugu, Sg. 217b1 . iust .i. iusiurandum, unde foruirmed iust fa[i]r .i. luge, O'Mulc. 767 . foirdath loith lun luighe ban (glossed ar duibhe ┐ ar ethech), ZCP v 490 § 17 = fordath luin luath l.¤ ban, Ériu ix 46 § 14 . ind eithchich linib luga with store of oaths, SR 8344 . connach ain lepaid na luge so that neither protection nor oath will preserve it, RC xxvi 40 § 206 . luge ria mbreith, Tec. Corm. § 14.4 (= ria mbreath, BB 63b12 ). lugha mherlig, BB 274b30 . atbertsom o l.¤ lan, PH 99 . na bris ḟorm lugi gan ḟess, TBC-LL¹ 3507 . luighe na leabhar `perjury', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 10 . lōr . . . an lāmh mar luighe, Butler Poems 139 (see Notes). ní thicfa is ní tháinic / bhud ḟerr lám na luighe, Acall. 1040 . lugha (luighe) .i. mionna, O'Cl.

With do-beir: doratt cach dibh fo leith a luga nar bo he each swore it was not he, Anecd. ii 16.15 . cen l.¤ do tabhairt, PH 2684 . an brég . . . / créd fa dtabhair lugha lé, IGT Decl. ex. 47 . luighe néithigh dorad . . . fo láimh C. swore a false oath, AFM i 182.3 . Cf. chum a thabartha mar luighe as something to be sworn by, SG 3.5 . With other verbs: beanam luidh dhe um [rūn] do dhēanamh ar gach nī let us swear him to secrecy, Celtica iv 66.59 . cuires l.¤ mar shéla forri, PH 7621 . cech oen dogní luga n-eithig, Trip.² 86. ? saithe cacha lestair, nach laimethar nech luigu bed lais, motat saithe doeit hi thīr [sic] comaithich, Laws iv 192.9 .i. a luighi gonad leis ín saithi, 22 Comm . targad ar luighi fa seach `our oath was offered', MR 132.23 . ro thestaig o luga, PH 6622.

Other legal uses (see Críth G. p. 99 ): secht cenela luigi . . . dithech, ┐ naille, ┐ condacht, ┐ fortach, sena, ┐ forgell, ┐ diunach, O'Curry 1744 ( 23 Q 6, 31 ). im[m]ustoing i ndiaid nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu, Críth G. 42 . ní íca a luga[e] acht a llugu ḟir midboth(a) he is not liable for anything he swears to the extent of the oath of a f.m.(?), 68 . maith a luga[e], a naidm, etc., 200 . elod iar luighe fo aoth, Laws iii 394.12 . ni tatmei si tath cunnartha iar ngrene go lighi .i. nocha cuimgech é taithmech in cunnartha iar luighi gua don grein .i. uair is go luighi di cia atbertar, O'Curry 2409 ( Eg. 88 f. 32 (33)a ). luga seancha innrice, Laws iv 142.3 Comm . luighe in erluma no in righ fo soscela, O'Curry 2147 ( Eg. 88, 3a ). luighe cundtabartach . . . luighe éithe, O'D. 914 ( H 3.17, col. 652 ). In phr. l.¤ cána (Laws Comm.): smacht i ndul a luigi cana `for violating the oath of law', Laws i 172.20 . a comairlegadh anurraid na tic fo luighi cana `who does not come under the oath of cain-law', iii 388.3 . na (sic. leg.) tiaguit fo luigi cana, v 162.11 gl. tech i mbiat elothaig cana, 160.4 . duine teit al-l.¤ cana, 236.20 gl. cro fir coillis cain, 13 . Cf. iar luga chána `after the swearing of the law', Ériu ii 204.18 . insci .i. luighi . . . luighi an baile, O'Dav. 1112 (see Letter I 283.42 ).

motat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. motat or dil.ie/32603

 

Forms: immotat, immetet, imb-tiag-

3 s. vb.? fer o a n-elat bech rochlamethar [leg. nach lamethar] forgull motat in saithe hi tir a chele (.i. . . . conadh leis in saithi inaitcestar i fearand neich eile) who dares not make affidavit that the swarm migrates to (? enters) his neighbour's land (?), Laws iv 190.12 , 28 . nach laimethar nech lui gu bed lais motat saithe doeit hi thir comaithich (.i. a luighi gonad leis in saithi ro aitcestar a fearand in coimithig) dares not swear that it is with him (i.e. from his land) the swarm migrates to (? enters) neighbouring land (?), 192.10 , 22 (omit doeit?). If a vb., prob. either = immotat, immetet, 3 s. rel.) pres. of imb-tiag- `go round', `migrate', or else a mistake for *inotat < in-od-tēit enters .

sollumun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sollumun or dil.ie/38422

 

Forms: sollamain

n o, m. (Lat. sollemne, see GOI § 924 ). Later also sollamain i (occas. also k), f. high-day, festival; a time of festival: amal arrograd descad fo bairgin i s.¤ agni síc ni coir descad pectho do buith i sollummun Agni .i. Christi , Wb. 9b13 . ara celebartis a sollumnu, Ml. 102d3 . sollummun in Ueteri cengiges ` Quinquagesima is the festival in the Old Testament', Thes. i 495.35 (Ardm.). fo bíth in Choimdeth asa sollommun, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 . cid ind domnuch ceth hi soldamain `even on a Sunday or a festival', Mon. Tall. 81 (161.19) . educh domhnuigh ┐ etuch sollumuin, Laws ii 148.11 Comm . a n-dobertha dóib isin tṡollomain doberar día lúain (of Sunday), Ériu ii 208 § 31 . comull s.¤ , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19.5 , .i. comtinol bi ar cind na sollaman .i. ar caisc no notlaic, Laws ii 358.27 Comm . athgabail itir da sollumuin, v 256.30 , .i. itir da Caisc no itir da Nodlaicc, 258.16 Comm . dia teccmai . . . tocomracc tuaithe no sollamon n-adratha, 398.11 . robai sollamon mor in Inis Cetheree .i. sollomuin Iunuinde, LL 402a29 . dá cét déc slechtan leis cach laí ach i sollomnaib tantum , LU 642 . doronsam sollumain ┐ edbarta . . . ar a anmain, Aen. 950 . is mor in t-sollamain-sea, PH 5600 . cen-motat Domhnaighe ┐ sollamna ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 . as ann cheleabraitt an eglais lith ┐ sollamhain naomh Malachias, 1084.14 . ris na sollamnachaib ┐ ris in corgas, O'Curry 696 . do reir ghnathuighthe na sollamnach according to the custom of the feast, Luke ii 42 .