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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

ag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ag or dil.ie/671

Forms: n-ag, ndára, t-ag, ag, -ag, n-ag, aigi, aige, haigi, hoighi, agh, oigh, aige, aighi, oighe, aige, aigh, ag, aige, aigi, aighed, aighib, agh

n orig. s, n. Later m. and f. n s. a n-ag , Sc.M² 7 . agh ndára , AFM ii 982.y . in t-ag , Laws ii 240.9 Comm. in ag , iv 24.12 Comm. a s. -ag (aigh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3382 . du. da n-ag , 1324 . g s. ind aigi , Anecd. i 9.4 . aige, Críth G. 550 . na haigi , Aen. 1709 . na hoighi , 1715 . d s. agh, Laws ii 240.7 Comm. oigh, IGT Decl. ex. 893 . n p. aige, Trip.² 518 . aighi, Aen. 276 , oighe, ZCP i 64 § 57 . a p. aige, Anecd. i 1.9 . aigh, Laws iv 120.3 Comm. g p. ag, LL 1769 . aige, LU 9412 . aigi, Laws i 144.15 Comm. aighed, SG 102.1 . d p. aighib, Aen. 274 . Note: a richt dā n-agaid allaid, BColm. 90.2 . agh m. and f. IGT Decl. §§ 31, 45 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) bovine animal, cow, ox: íar n-él(a)úd aige after the escape of an ox (bullock), Críth G. 550 . a.¤ loige meich an ox of the value of a sack, ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . a.¤ i fur ┐ molt a fur ┐ muc a fur, Laws v 78.2 Comm. fuil aidhe . . . fuil dam . . . fuil muc , 152.3 . a.¤ imsoi dia eol, 268.18 . eascaire . . . inn aighi mir, iii 272.12 Comm. a.¤ o cach fiur do, Trip.² 887 . a.¤ fireand cacha indise, BDD² 602 . a.¤ teora ferglacc, MacCongl. 3.14 . .xxx. aige . . . / nirbo luchtlach dó (of a cauldron), LU 9412 . mucc ┐ a.¤ ┐ dabach do cach ḟir, LL 12479 . is de sin ba lán in caire / do cuirthea ár aige ann, SG 362.19 . tricha aigi a lucht in choiri `thirty cows', Ériu ii 20 § 1 . adciadis a n-Aenach Lipthí broga for aghaib bleithi, eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav. 322 . agh ndára gacha trír `an incalf heifer', AFM ii 982.y . Fig. of a warrior: ba méthiu a n-a.¤ fo-rācbais-[s]iu ocainni, Sc.M² 7 .

(b) deer, stag (usually with allaid): na haigh allta amhuil na haigh ceannda, Laws iv 120.3 = na haigi alta, O'D. 1686 (H. 5.15, p. 29b). ocht n-aige altai do techt . . . fon sliab, Trip.² 518 . timmairg . . . ina fuair do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta ┐ d'ernail cacha fíada, LU 10485 . almai d'aigib alta . . . gebis da n-ag . . . díb, TBC-LL¹ 1319 , 1324 . ailbin d'aighib alltaib, Aen. 274 . amal aig n-allaid . . . iter cuanairt, TTebe 1881 . ar cind aigi ┐ cūanart, TBC-I¹ 2508 . in cu bis ar cae aiceda . . . na naighi i n-aimsir fiadaig, Laws i 144.15 Comm. dosennat na secht n-aige, TBFr. 58 . ag fiadhach ar mucaib ┐ aidhib, Ériu v 146.21 . Arann na n-aighed n-imda, SG 102.1 . oighe míolla . . . / 'na loighe, Measgra D. 43.11 . maran agh thaitneamhuigh pleasant roe, Proverbs v 19 . Somet. doe, hind. Fig. of a person: a láogh na hoighi ó íadh Muile, SGS iv 146 § 33 . Mac Moire . . . laogh oighe dar n-ealbha, Dán Dé viii 17 .

Compds. ? agerna .i. laogh bo, O'Curry 970 (H.3. 18, 416). agmuilt (g s.), IT iii 104 § 203 .

ailbín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailbín or dil.ie/967

Forms: ailbine, ailmín

n also ailbine, ailmín (dimin. of alam) m. small flock: undsea ailbhín assin dunud, TBC-LL¹ 5760 . ragaid in t-albhín borsin mag, 5765 (= albani, TBC-I¹ 3430 , 3432 ). a.¤ i fuilit secht n-anmanna, Laws iv 110.20 Comm. ní ling . . . in tret .i. noco lingenn in tailbin, 21 Comm. muc cach ailbin, O'D. 1574 (H. 5.15, p. 5 c.2). uanmolt cech albín `a ewe-lamb of every flock', BColm. 54.14 . d'ingantaib ind albín mucc, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.17 . ar aba ailuine (albine, v.l.) bó, Anecd. ii 68.9 . albin dia buaib, ZCP viii 262 § 11 ( Rawl. 87a 21 ). a ailbin gabar ┐ caerach, Aen. 174 . ocht sesrecha . . . ┐ ocht .xx. ailbhín, BB 281a39 . ailbhín do thorcaibh allta, ZCP ii 552.24 . ál óg ag gach ailmhín, Arch. Hib. i 93 § xxix .

? ainide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ainide or dil.ie/1396

adj muca ro bátar aínidhi (sic MS.) ro gabhtha scena dháibh co tuctha a noirc eisdibh ité beo `a sow with young', SG 71.y . muc[a] ainighi, 81.26 = ainge, YBL 174b3 .

2 airbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airbe or dil.ie/1610
Last Revised: 2013

n name of some type of literary composition: `airbhe' is ` fáth' da ainm d'aisde, Metr. Gl. 29 § 52 . mina.¤ cerd .i. aisteda beca, LL 187b19 ( RC xxvi 24 § 83 ). airbhe .i. ainm aisde, O'Cl. Cf. muc(c)airbe.

airdrochat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdrochat or dil.ie/1873

n (drochet) causeway or steps leading to a house: aurdrochait na ndorus n-og, SR 465 . dus relccet sios fris na súainemhnaib go ro tharbhluingset for san urdrochat ro baoi allamuigh do dhorus an dúnaidh, Hugh Roe 14.4 . it salcha na herdrochait, Hib. Min. 66.8 . bā himm úr a erdrochat, MacCongl. 37.9 . is and bái Dirmaid oc glanad urdrochit a thaigi, LL 353a70 . for-roebling a gaisced forsind aurdrochut, MU² 912 . no bered immorro ōn drūth in fiach a inathar for irdrochiut, Fing. R. 154 . commofaccatar M. iarsind aurdrochut ina ndochum, 1020 . agh cacha treoitt ┐ muc cacha hailbhin ┐ caora cacha urdrochaitt, O'Curry 1850 ( 23 Q 6, 51 b ) = cach urtroit, O'D. 1574 (H 5.15, 6a). tar in cairigh cach urdroichit, O'Curry 1916 ( 23 P 3, 24 b ).

1 ál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ál or dil.ie/2855

n o brood, litter, clutch: o muic da hal .i. da bliadain, Laws ii 246.22 Comm. muc ... masa ní da hal (.i. da rinnib tra) is easbadach uirre ... trian ar scath a hail ┐ ina broinn ro milledh in tal sin, iii 372.19 Comm. cu ... mas é al na bliadhna is esbadhach air, 378.20 Comm. cerc ... trian ar scath a hail, 380.1 Comm. grithugud áil aenmuice, Acall. 6735 . cerce trí ndoth no trí n-al, O'Dav. 1375 . edprait in muic cona hal, Aen. 1828 . Fig. ní bhí á.¤ gan uachtarán, Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . fri sráb ndomuin bad ḟethmech, / fri á.¤ ndomuin bad chathmar(?) (caithmech v.l.) `the brood of the world', Ériu iii 96 § 8 . ? ind eclas cona gradaib / ... / airbrib alaib uas cech maig / ardib anaib ordaigid, SR 4927 (cf. áil?). Meaning doubtful in: Ri c[ria]thras usce n-an .. / for iathmass na n-al nollmuad, SR 42 . Note also: a.¤ .i. oileamhain, O'Cl.

Compd. ¤-glan: bratan alglan, LL 18247 = algan, LU 4314 .

allaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allaid or dil.ie/2930

Forms: altae, allaid

adj i (g p. altae, Ml. 121c19 . allaid, 59d1 ). Later also allta, q.v.

(a) wild, undomesticated . Frequ. as attrib. with names of animals see ag, 1 cú, dam, damán, lóeg, muc(c), 1 os(s), 1 torc. cennaid .i. cen-fid . . . cui contrarius est a.¤ .i. al-fid .i. ala[i] ri (sic leg.) fid ┐ dīthruib, Corm. Y 298 . a measg bheathadhach n-állta, Mac Aingil 4023 . na hainmhinnte allta, TSh. 2441 . do chroicnibh . . . ainmhinteadh n-allta, Desid. 290 . Of a person: Creuisa a.¤ cendaidh `C. now wild now gentle', Aen. 616 . cid tarraid a.¤ cendaid, IT iii 86 § 91 . Of trees: is na crandaib alltaib, BB 497a30 (Alex., IT ii2 103.z ). Superl.: an beathadhach . . . as allta . . . dā bhfuil, Desid. 2926 .

(b) As subst. wild or undomesticated animal: in n-a.¤ gl. ferum, Ml. 102a18 . inna altai gl. feræ, 121b4 . altaib gl. feris animalibus, 121d2 . fiad cacha feda .i. a.¤ , Laws v 484.20 Comm. uiss ┐ altai na crích, MU² 384 . na hallta arna beratt do choin-siu the wild animals whom thy hounds do not overtake, BColm. 60.31 . ni hindlim ar iascu na alltu, Anecd. v 3.10 ( for iascu na eltai, Alex. 862 ). croccind na n-allta is ed ētach nobīd impu, Ériu i 44.5 . mile chet do doenibh ┐ altaibh `of men and flocks', AU i 476.8 = alltoibh, AFM ii 678.15 . ? Of a person: tánic Néit mac Induí in a.¤ (allaigh, Oilech, a hail- v.ll.) `the stranger', Metr. Dinds. iv 114.79 .

In phr. taísigecht a.¤ , apparently name of some domestic or political office: taisigecht a.¤ h-I. Conchobair a h-ucht h-I Chellaig ag Dail nDruithni, Hy Maine 86.9 ( Lec. 83rb31 ) = taigsigeacht allaigh i C. a hucht airdrigh o maine ag dail druithne, Uí Maine 45vb36 .

athchocnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchocnaid or dil.ie/4707

Forms: athchocnam

v (cocnaid) chews again, chews the cud: rob do melar .i. athcognas, bo no coera; . . . rob na tomelar .i. cach rob na athchognann, mar ata muc , O'Curry 2065 (H 4.22, 67a).

Vn. athchocnam.

babb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. babb or dil.ie/5066
Last Revised: 2013

interjection (probably not Irish, but a version of the Greek exclamation of surprise βαβαι; cf. in continental word-lists babe admiratio est and babe ammiratio) wow!, whew! Stud. Celt. xxiv/xxv 56 , Celtica xxv 93 : b.¤ interiacht adbligthe de nomine bainb Bris maic Eladain, ar nī raibe i nĒre muc bud grátu. Babgither didiu a hainm-side, Corm. Y 118.

bacún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bacún or dil.ie/5105
Last Revised: 2019

n (Fr. loanword, Risk 131 ) bacon: tindi .i. bacun, Lec. Gl. 329. sreth cabún . . ./ sreth bagún is brannrad, Studies 1920, 417 .x. feoil uan ┐ pertrisi ┐ bacun muc allaid ┐ feoil laeg le bainde, Irish Texts 58.8 .

bacur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bacur or dil.ie/5106

Forms: bachar

n (-ch- ?) trough (?): b.¤ .i. muc-derc, braches ima tīagaid muca, Corm. Y 184 = bachar, O'Curry 1398 (H. 3.18, 633).

banbán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. banbán or dil.ie/5332
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. (banb) small pig: inmain marbán cen mire / dia tuc b.¤ bithlige, Sc.M² 24a . ropsa bachlach diu banbhain (dib, duib, v.ll.; leg. dub-banbhāin?), Anecd. ii 71.14 . Froechan, Banban, Brogharban anmand na muc fhirenn, Dinds. 71. As n.pr. or sobriquet: Banban an t-eices, Hib. Min. 46.29 . Tiopraide Banbhan ab Tíre Da Ghlas quieuit , TFrag. 150.9 . Ailill Banbhan, abb Biorair, AFM i 490.12 . See bainbín.

beiretas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beiretas or dil.ie/5585
Last Revised: 2019

n o, [m.] (beirid) bearing, bringing forth (?): birid .i. cráin .i. muc bheiriotais, O'Cl. lair bearatais, Études Celt. xii 539. Of a human child : is fiú mo beiritus mórán do míleadhaibh do macaibh 'my child is worth many thousands of sons', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 173 § 25 . See beireatas, Dinneen .

bernán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bernán or dil.ie/5718
Last Revised: 2013

n (bern) anything gapped, gaplike, indented: co mmebaid as a bernn, conid é sin B.¤ Brigte (a bell), Trip. 114.14 . an b.¤ Padruic, BCC 120. an Bernan Ciaraín, RC xvii 383.11 (Tig.). an Bearnán Ailbhe, AFM ii 1018.1 .

In plant-name, perh. dandelion : sanguinairia (sic) uel lactuca .i. bernan muc , ACL i 334.47 . bernan na mucc gl. lactucis agrestibus, Études Celt. xxii 213 .

See Hog. Onom.

birit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. birit or dil.ie/5950

Forms: beirit

n [ī,] f.] (beirid) also beirit, see Wortk. 31 , ZCP vii 386 § 22 , xix 190.3 . a sow: b.¤ .i. beret .i. brithid, Corm. Y 139. berit .i. berith .i. brithit, Thr. Ir. Gl. 7. dí b.¤ , Críth G. 196. bru birite, Triads 148 v.l. birid .i. cráin .i. muc bheiriotais, O'Cl. ? cisne tri mic na gaibead urtechta flatha la Feine ?. Mac cumaili; mac mucsaide; mac biride, Laws v 456.2 (birid `a shrew, a scold ', O'Reilly, cited in note).

boinenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. boinenn or dil.ie/6312

Forms: -inn

adj o, ā (cf. 1 ben) also -inn i (Laws Comm.) female: ethaide boinenda no anmannai boinenna do mil no do dhuine, Todd Nenn. 216.7 , 8 . dā bonend ar firend two females for every male (in list of evils to come), ACL iii 241 § 8. laeg firend ┐ laeg boinend, LL 22030 ( Dinds. 142 ). ar in laogh . . . cid firinn, cid boininn he, Laws ii 240.9 Comm. laigh (pl.) buininne lais na buaibh, 376.z Comm. fual láigh bhoinind, O'Gr. Cat. 192.9. anmand na muc fhirenn: . . . anmand na muc mboinenn `sows', Dinds. 71. nucu n-ail isin berla anmand iunta firend ┐ boineand, Laws v 84.17 Comm. catt boineand, Thr. Ir. Gl. 6 s.v. baircne. tri .xx. dona cairibh corcra . . . ┐ a leth firenn ┐ aloile b.¤ dibh, Stair Erc. 365. trian do boininn i triun each `one-third of mares in the third of horses', Laws iii 150.15 . arguin bhoininn `weak or perh. illogical' (Gloss.), Luc. Fid. 4962.

Compd. baninnscí .i. ban. fir no buaninnsci no boneninnsci no bona scíentía, BB 319b51 .

braiches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. braiches or dil.ie/6492
Last Revised: 2013

n (braich ?): bacur .i. muc-derc, braches ima tiagaid muca mast (?), Corm. Y 184 , = bruches , CIH iii 1070a.26 (H. 3.18, 633). Cf. braichles.

1 brod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brod or dil.ie/6900
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: brodha, brodh, -d

n o, m. g s. also brodha, Corp. Astron. 44.11 . straw, splinter, speck, spot; particle (of dust, dirt, etc.): ciscilium .i. broth uel brothscoa, Lib. Hymn. 10.54 . brodh etc. `an atom, point, spot,' Eg. Gl. 80. nī b.¤ (-t altered to -d, MS.) bec a falach C.C. āit a mbīad `a little speck' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 2488. fot shūil condech b.¤ (brogh, broid, v.ll.) `a thorn', KMMisc. 270 § 45. ag buain brodh d'édach a mná . . . benus na brodha, SG 246.21 , 24 . [a] bruigh ar brat treabraidh you spot of dirt on a plaited mantle, IT iii 85 § 84. ar b.¤ (brogh, v.l.) `for a piece of dirt' (in charm for the eye) ( Nat. Lib. MS. 11, 396a ), Saga och Sed, Gustav Adolf Academy, Uppsala, 1960, 149. 14 . broigh (brocc, v.l.) snechta snowflakes , Bruchst. i 14 § 25 , IT iii 69 § 16. bruga etromma . . . .i. ingne light things, Alex. 586 = raeta, ZCP xxx 125.2 . in brogh beac fa shuil do brathar = festucam in oculo ( Luc. Phars. vi 41 ), ITS xxix 131.32 . Mac Aingil 904 . b.¤ in airigid (read airidig, ed.) the stalk (?), TFerbe 202 (see IT iii 457 - 8 ). brodh do fhad a chorr-mhéir `a straw', Corp. Astron. 44.5 . leaptha brogh bhithi find `couches of bright woven straw', Magauran 1188 . ógh gan bhrobh `without spot´ Celtica iv 171 § 281 .

Compd. ro suighidsetar in biadh ina mbrodmuccaib in bits or pieces (?), Ériu xi 49.7 . baile is ainm do brodmuic fenetha i.e. slisen fenneda, O'Curry 790 (H. 3.18, 368b), ( Laws Gloss. 90 s.v. baile). b.¤ f. `a slice or flitch of pork cooked and browned', Manners and Customs i lxxxvi 15 . dogni . . . brodhmuc dia muic (`Strohschwein' Contribb. 265 ), YBL 118a47 = bro-muc `roasted one' (sc. pig) , SG 86.3 . proinn shaidhbhir do s[héd] p[h]romuic `a rich repast of choice food', Éigse iii 240 § 2. poinn dod p[h]romac ` provender ', § 4 (see notes). in Brecc (.i. ua bhrodhmuc), Ann. Inisf. 1193.5 .

bruithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruithe or dil.ie/7139
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bruithi

io, iā part. of berbaid.

(a) smelted, refined: . . . do brondór brúthi, LU 6395 ( TBC-I¹ 1880 ). la aithgin arget mb.¤ `of the silver in bullion', Laws v 396.16 . o shalann bruithi, Irish Texts v 50.10 .

(b) boiled, cooked: intan īarom robo b.¤ in tairr, Corm. Y 825 (69.19) . sallcarna b.¤ `boiled salt meat', Laws ii 202.11 . nirbo bruthe in biad, Thes. ii 339.28 . usce b.¤ , Sc.M² 1 R. uth bo bruithi `a boiled cow's udder' (contemptuously of the Connachta), Ériu v 238.24 . As subst. bruithi ` boiled (meat),' IT iii 188.2 . na tri bruithi carna .i. adh . . . ┐ molt . . . ┐ muc a coiri, Laws v 78.4 Comm. (or leg. as compd. ? See also s. bruith.)

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