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ag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ag or dil.ie/671

Forms: n-ag, ndára, t-ag, ag, -ag, n-ag, aigi, aige, haigi, hoighi, agh, oigh, aige, aighi, oighe, aige, aigh, ag, aige, aigi, aighed, aighib, agh

n orig. s, n. Later m. and f. n s. a n-ag , Sc.M² 7 . agh ndára , AFM ii 982.y . in t-ag , Laws ii 240.9 Comm. in ag , iv 24.12 Comm. a s. -ag (aigh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3382 . du. da n-ag , 1324 . g s. ind aigi , Anecd. i 9.4 . aige, Críth G. 550 . na haigi , Aen. 1709 . na hoighi , 1715 . d s. agh, Laws ii 240.7 Comm. oigh, IGT Decl. ex. 893 . n p. aige, Trip.² 518 . aighi, Aen. 276 , oighe, ZCP i 64 § 57 . a p. aige, Anecd. i 1.9 . aigh, Laws iv 120.3 Comm. g p. ag, LL 1769 . aige, LU 9412 . aigi, Laws i 144.15 Comm. aighed, SG 102.1 . d p. aighib, Aen. 274 . Note: a richt dā n-agaid allaid, BColm. 90.2 . agh m. and f. IGT Decl. §§ 31, 45 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) bovine animal, cow, ox: íar n-él(a)úd aige after the escape of an ox (bullock), Críth G. 550 . a.¤ loige meich an ox of the value of a sack, ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . a.¤ i fur ┐ molt a fur ┐ muc a fur, Laws v 78.2 Comm. fuil aidhe . . . fuil dam . . . fuil muc, 152.3 . a.¤ imsoi dia eol, 268.18 . eascaire . . . inn aighi mir, iii 272.12 Comm. a.¤ o cach fiur do, Trip.² 887 . a.¤ fireand cacha indise, BDD² 602 . a.¤ teora ferglacc, MacCongl. 3.14 . .xxx. aige . . . / nirbo luchtlach dó (of a cauldron), LU 9412 . mucc ┐ a.¤ ┐ dabach do cach ḟir, LL 12479 . is de sin ba lán in caire / do cuirthea ár aige ann, SG 362.19 . tricha aigi a lucht in choiri `thirty cows', Ériu ii 20 § 1 . adciadis a n-Aenach Lipthí broga for aghaib bleithi, eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav. 322 . agh ndára gacha trír `an incalf heifer', AFM ii 982.y . Fig. of a warrior: ba méthiu a n-a.¤ fo-rācbais-[s]iu ocainni, Sc.M² 7 .

(b) deer, stag (usually with allaid): na haigh allta amhuil na haigh ceannda, Laws iv 120.3 = na haigi alta, O'D. 1686 (H. 5.15, p. 29b). ocht n-aige altai do techt . . . fon sliab, Trip.² 518 . timmairg . . . ina fuair do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta ┐ d'ernail cacha fíada, LU 10485 . almai d'aigib alta . . . gebis da n-ag . . . díb, TBC-LL¹ 1319 , 1324 . ailbin d'aighib alltaib, Aen. 274 . amal aig n-allaid . . . iter cuanairt, TTebe 1881 . ar cind aigi ┐ cūanart, TBC-I¹ 2508 . in cu bis ar cae aiceda . . . na naighi i n-aimsir fiadaig, Laws i 144.15 Comm. dosennat na secht n-aige, TBFr. 58 . ag fiadhach ar mucaib ┐ aidhib, Ériu v 146.21 . Arann na n-aighed n-imda, SG 102.1 . oighe míolla . . . / 'na loighe, Measgra D. 43.11 . maran agh thaitneamhuigh pleasant roe, Proverbs v 19 . Somet. doe, hind. Fig. of a person: a láogh na hoighi ó íadh Muile, SGS iv 146 § 33 . Mac Moire . . . laogh oighe dar n-ealbha, Dán Dé viii 17 .

Compds. ? agerna .i. laogh bo, O'Curry 970 (H.3. 18, 416). agmuilt (g s.), IT iii 104 § 203 .

cáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáel or dil.ie/7578
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cóil

adj I o, ā thin, slender, narrow and related meanings in a variety of applications. cóil gl. macer, Sg. 50a 24 ; exilis, Ml. 142c2 . Of the body and parts thereof: i corpán chóel, Fél. Ep. 386 . do grúadaib córaib cóilaib `haggard cheeks', Ériu iii 100 § 25c . tonn crocnaide cóil `emaciated skin', ii 56 § 10 . condernai iachtlaind cáil truaig di, RC viii 154.16 . guaille caoile, ZCP v 222.681 (Midn. Court). for a c[h]osaib cāelaibh, ZCP viii 196 § 23 . com caol, Keat. Poems 200 . As a nickname: Cobthach cael, MacCarthy 184 § 2 . Conall Cael, 402.3 . Of animals: ilar cruma cael clenchruind, SR 890 . cona muccaib cælaib, IT iii 243.11 . cail tuirc, YBL 174a10 ( SG 80.10 ). Of weapons, instruments etc. crann caol, DDána 106.11 . a chuilg chaoil, 119.29 . dá sgiain chaoil, Aithd. D. 53.14 . cliath cael, BB 365b42 . fuillem . . . na snaithiti caile, Laws v 380.20 Comm. do bhuain iall gcaol dá chonuibh, Aithd. D. 3.22 . slabhraidh cáola con, SGS iv 60 § 3 . Of writing: na seandaine ... nac fetaid litreacha caela da legad, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.10 . ní eirgann sé caol ná reamhur neither upstroke nor downstroke succeeds with me, O'Gr. Cat. 110.25 . Of ways, paths etc.: caol gin gur cumhang an ród, DDána 3.8 . slighe chaol na córa, PBocht 4.5 . ferr in cosmail caol fodae, ZCP vii 311 § 15 (cf. coil cosmail .i. fithus carpait (a kenning), O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 ). drochet . . . c.¤ dóib ar thus he. lethan . . . fo deóid it is narrow for them at first, LU 2153 ( FA 22 ). ni cuma chael is fearr uirre (of a territory), Magauran 3054 . teacht caol ag deathaigh is dual, DDána 93.22 . Of garment: léine chaol thin, fine(?), Aithd. D. 3.4 . fer . . . / a léinidh cháeil chimhasbláith, IGT Decl. ex. 642 . Of sounds: go ngothaibh cáola cáoincheann `with the clear notes of the caoincheann', Ériu ix 168 § 43 . tabhthann caol na seannach seang, Hard. ii 238.x . guth suáimneach cáol `a still small voice', 1 Kings xix 12 . ar chrithribh caola caomhdhuan, Hackett² ix 4 . caelḟetugud na claideb, LL iv 32323 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl . sephain cogrinn coel ṅglain ṅgil, SR 2159 . In gramm., of consonants palatal, palatalized : dísbeagadh cáol no leathan, IGT Introd. § 113 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an barr madh cáol no leathan é, § 149 . gach ainm iollraidh cáol ┐ a thochlughadh lethan, § 158 .

Miscellaneous applications in transferred senses: bud caol a (ar, v.l.) cumaing-ne our strength will be little, ZCP viii 207 § 39 . ar máthair nDé is caol mo chomaoin `poor my service of God's mother', PBocht 4.14 . mar ra-niad ní coimhshniomh caol / siad ar-aon ag coimhdhíol chliar `a generous cooperation', Magauran 2025 . gidh c.¤ do chrodh a chaillech few, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . an chuid chaol lesser piece, Butler Poems 111 . diet rocháol, 23 K 42, 5.21 . In phrase 'sa chenn ch.¤ : gur chuir an ceart sa cheann chaol / do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `and put justice in a tight place(?)', Aithd. D. 84.14 and note. do sgoilt sé dar gceann an cíogh / níor bh'é ar ndíon is an gceann gcaol grudgingly(?) (see note to prec. ex.), 100.4 . ar ndul don mhaith san cheann chaol, LBranach 1142 `had become diminished', Notes.

Fine, nice, delicate, subtle, exact : coil ┐ cóim (of a speech), Sg. 26a10 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse so keen of perception, DDána 52.15 . naomh gan ní 'n-a ainbhios air / do ní aighneas caol cumair `makes a plea subtle and short', PBocht 14.40 . eagna chaol nar thagair go teann (of the Blessed Virgin), 2.31 . Adv. dá tuicter so co cael `if one understands accurately', O'Gr. Cat. 323.y . Of a drink: do sugh cael na n-uball fiad `subtle juice', O'Dav. 1299 .

Equative: ba cáilithir bas (a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 100.3 .

Compar.: cōile 'sa cōile, Corm. Y 262 . an té as caoile dochí an chóir `the clearer one doth see the light', Ó Bruad. i 188.x note. is caeli ┐ is cruaidhi (of sound), Auraic. 1481 .

II Subst.

(a) ní thuca in coil ngairit do not marry a short slender woman, ZCP viii 112.23 .

Usually as o-stem. (b) wattling : carr coíl. Críth G. 573 . udnocht coíl imbi, 102 . a meas ┐ a cael (products of the hazel), Laws iv 150.1 . cethri grinne . . . di choel, O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). a ch.¤ ┐ a mín in ḟeda, CRR 34 . a cael d'airgid (of a house), IT iii 195 § 34 . cōel fo tuighib d'itib én (of Mac ind Óc's house), ZCP viii 108.14 .

(c) clear sound(?): gáir ind uma a hucht in chroind / ar aen ┐ caīl in chind `along with the clear sound of the voice', Ériu xix 78 § 8 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl.

(d) narrow part of things, bodies, etc. : trí cóil ata ferr folongat in mbith: cóil srithide hi folldeirb etc., Triads 75 . im chael in chorthe . . . remur in chorthe, TBC-LL¹ 566 . da shleagh go g-caelaib a g-crann `to the narrow parts of their handles' MR 272.4 . Frequ. of the narrow parts of the human body: a chaoil, a leasrach, [a] mheadhuin, Eg. Gl. 147 . cor gerrastar coel in cuirp the neck, Cog. 194.15 . a caol na colla 'san muinēl, ZCP xiii 231.10 . a chrios do bhí timchioll a cháoil, 1 Kings ii 5 . tar caelaib corp a chéle, CF² 490 . ra ceṅglait da n-id im chailaib choss ankles, TBC-LL¹ 1923 . fuil caol cos, Rosa Angl. 28 § 11 . tar altaibh chaol na lámh knuckles, RSClára 68 § 4 . go caol gcolptha, O'Hara 4062 . gabhais . . . ar chael cruibh hí wrist, CF² 1387 . tuc buile . . . fā chaol a droma, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1674 . fa chaol a mhuinil, Atlantis iv 176.24 . fá chaol a chuim, Keat. ii 5116 . cengal na gcúig gcaol, 3474 i.e. wrists, ankles, neck. fa singe an fear ná caol con, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 4 .

(e) strait, narrow; `stream flowing through a marsh', O'Don. Suppl.: iomraiset . . . gusan ccael ccuarchumhang baoi forsan loch strait, Hugh Roe² 30.24 (fo. 9a) . caol fairrge an inlet of the sea, Beatha S. F. 2045 . iomlochtadh ar caol Locha Febail, AFM v 1788.20 . etir Palestina ┐ cóel na Siria, Rawl. 71b31 . dia roás in cóel (of the Boyne), Metr. Dinds. iii 100.13 . Ceann Tuirc na gcaolta `of the marshy plains', O'Rah. 214.x . For use in nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. Fig. tug mo chroidhe a ccáol chumhang, Butler Poems 282 `has constricted my heart`, Gloss.

Compds. Compds. where c.¤ is used merely or mainly for alliteration are not listed. In Corp. Astron. c.¤ has the sense of Lat. sub, somewhat , e.g. puisínidhe caol-reamhra, 78.28 . gruag . . . caol-chasta, 64.28 . With adjj. cosa caol-árda, ML 120.9 . E. Cael-buide, BNnÉ 312 § 1 . i ccuasaibh caolchumhguibh cloch, BS 17 . Cōildubh (n.pr.), ZCP viii 293.4 . re tíghe gach ceatha chaoil-eadraime, ML 128.27 . cailli caelfhota, Auraic. 5137 (cailf., LL 5034 ). an geimreadh gaothach chaol-fuacht (leg. -ḟuar), Corp. Astron. 64.9 . ba h-iomramh chríon-luinge, chaoil-ísle, ML 82.1 . in fear caílti `slender warm', Duan. F. ii xxxvi 35 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Dhubh chaílbhléanach slender-groined , IGT Decl. ex. 789 . echlach ... caelchichech, YBL 177a12 . i tig . . . cāilḟinnach, Bruchst. i 33 § 75 ( IT iii 49 § 89 ). coilér . . . caelreangach, CF² 680 . tar an ccarcair ccumhaing ccaolródaigh, AFM vi 2198.9 .

With nouns: cruas croidhe ┐ caolagarthaighe quibbling, Luc. Fid. 2233 . biaidh caol-aicídeacha air slight diseases(?), Corp. Astron. 140.6 . gan caolbháidh, Duan. F. ii 138 § 49 . gur comroinn an croidhe . . . don choílbéim sin, CF² 962 . alma chōelbō `herds of lean kine', Ériu ii 24 § 5 . dá caoilbhreis of its slender abundance, Hackett² li 28 . Caelchéis (name of a harp), LL 22020 . See caílchenn. cáolchoill ḟoghadh san ursoinn, IGT Decl. ex. 454 . inna coilchomæ gl. intestinorum, Sg. 49b18 . See cáeldruimm. níor chaoileang bheag it was no narrow strip, Keat. ii 3336 . da chaelesna, Acall. 4783 . nocha caelḟal cranna / meic Coelan, Gorm. Nov. 16 . caelḟetugud na claideb ica tarruṅg a trúallaib, LL 32323 ( TTr. 1512 ). ? atriplex agrestis .i. cael feadh nó feithleog, ACL i 335 § 60 (perh. leg. c.¤ feadha). fuair a caoilḟiodh a sháith shaoir wattling (of a building), DDána 119.35 . do chleithibh ┐ do chaoilfhíodhraidh, ML 76.1 . rap imscothad chaíl chaílḟorgnama, LL 32534 ( TTr. 1734 ). ní hoireamh go caol-fhód, Dánfhocail 241 `the last sod turned up by the plough at the end of a furrow', Gloss. craobh caoilfreime `of graceful stock', Arch. Hib. i 95 § 1 . caelglais slender stream, BDD² 830 . occa ndiubhraccad . . . a coelghunnadhaibh . . . ┐ a muscaéitibh, Hugh Roe 180.23 (fo. 46a) . bressmac nad char cōelgus, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.20 . Orthanach hua Caellama, Rawl. 88b49 . a dhá caolmhala, Hackett² xxiii 36 . fa'n caelmuine `to the dense shrubbery', MR 236.1 . 'san chaolmhuir . . . scaras an Eoruip ┐ an Asia ré chéile, Keat. ii 477 . d'fhírrinn chaoilphinn chuirr, DDána 49.13 . caelsnaithi óir, Acall. 382 . isin chaeltráig, 4690 . caol-tuir (of the pyramids), TSh. 5607 .

With noun giving adj.: i bpríosún . . . caolbhord na M., Hackett² xliv 4 . ech . . . coelchos, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ). a carcuir chorcra ch[a]oilleabthadh chliabhchumhaing, Celtica xiii 40.1 . a gunnadhaibh ceirtdírghe caolradhairc, Hugh Roe² 228.18 (fo. 58a) .

With verb: ¤-ibid: 's nach ccaoilibhid cuirm, O'R. Poems 672 `drink in a stinting fashion', Gloss.

1 céis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 céis or dil.ie/8513

n name of a kind of pig: cés `a slip-pig or a young pig', P. O'C. mad ceis, no ceis-torc, O'D. 2225 (Nero A vii, 152a), cf. O'Dav. 360 . caeca crán, caeca céisi `fifty sows, fifty young pigs', Leb. Cert. 184.17 . miach ar muic moir, leith meic cacha ceisi `half a sack upon every slip', Laws iv 98.19 Comm. co torchair in ch.¤ chalad `the sturdy sow was slain', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.19 , cf. ceis ag ingin Eac[h]ach fēil (i.e. Derbrenn's pig), Ériu x 88 § 107 ; co ro gairside assa chruitt caelchéis .i. mucc de muccaib Drebrinni, LL 22019 (cf. RC xv 477.23 ) (with play on words, see 2 céis). cu dar ceisibh (of a person), IT iii 81 § 57 . acloicceand ceisi, 93 § 141 . mar bhíos c.¤ ag coin ar chluais, Measgra D. 7.9 . ? tug ó Maoilín muc ar mheasair / cis fá chustard `pigling at a custard', Ó Bruad. ii 92.6 .

dáistir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dáistir or dil.ie/14316
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dásthir, ndaister, ndaised, rodásed, rodassied, radássed, ndáste, dastar, dastai

v i, only in the 3 sg. pass. (ZCP x 453).

A with slender -st-: pr. ind. dásthir, TTr.² 1432 . imma ndaister , Ml. 50 d 2 .—pret. (perf.) ind. co ndaised , Dinds. 102 . rodásed, TBC-LL¹ (YBL) 700 . LL 258 a 11 . TFerbe 413 . Dinds. 144 . TTr.² 1432 , 1463 , 1609 . rodassied, LL 257 a 22 . radássed TTr. 1705 , 1750 .—pret. subj. co ndáste , LL 169 a 58 .

B with broad -st-: pr. ind. dastar, Three Hom. 8. 23 . pret. subj. amal dastai , Corm. Bodl. p. 32. 21 .

I With imm in the phrase dáistir imbi he becomes mad, furious , synonymous with dechraidir imbi.

(a) of persons: nech lasna bí ciall ┐ imma ndaister ishé asber nád fil dleged remdeicsen Dæ dia dúlib, Ml. 50 d 2 . rodased immi iarsin ┐ ronimmir for sluag na Fomórach, TFerbe 413 . rodassied immi, LL 257 a 22 . rodásed immisium ┐ dorochair cóic læch lais, ib. 258 a 11 . rachomaicsigsetar na catha dá céile cora dassed impu diblínaib, TTr. 1705 . ó raarig Hector a guin ┐ a athchumma radassed immi. raḟúapair fan sluag amal tarb ṅdasachtach, ib. 1750 . dásthir (sic) imbi iarum ┐ rodnimbeir forru amal foelaid etir cháircha, TTr.² 1432 . rodásed iarsin im Achil ┐ roimbir forsna sluagu a bruth, ib. 1609 . is bec ná rodásedh ┐ ná rodechrad impu, ib. 1344 . rodásed imna Mirmedóndaib. is bec na romid an talam la fichud na feirge bái na mbruinnib, ib. 1463 .

(b) of animals; of a horse : rodased imna heocho, TBC-LL¹ (YBL) 700 . of a pig : taraill a bolad mucca Cathair co ndaised impu, Dinds. 102 . ciped áird día mbeth in gæth taris (sc. in daire) ropad maidm cridi do muccaib Hérenn a bólud co ndaste impu oc saigid in daire, LL 169 a 2 f.b.

II Abs. without imm: atagladastar gilldae écuisc amal dastai ina ndíaid den tír called after them from the shore as if he were mad Corm. Bodl. p. 32. 21 . coro dianaigh a eocho coro daised ┐ coro dergenset a aided (= coro dáised impu), Dinds. 144 .

Obs. Cf. dásacht, dásachtaigthir, etc.

ernail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ernail or dil.ie/20307

Forms: erndaili

earlier erndaili, f. (vn. of ar-condla)

(a) a part, share: earnail .i. ...cuid no roinn, O'Cl. earnail .i. rann, Lec. Gl. 409 . a n-ernail buair ┐ braite their share of cattle and booty TBC-LL¹ 2432 (= TBC-I¹ 1773 ). ocht fichid ban, ba si a n-ernail din brait, TBC-I¹ 3072 = básed a n-ernail, TBC-LL¹ 4945 . ní rothomail C. nách hernail mbic dia n-irthorad Fél.² lxi 39 . Cf. for h'ernail dochum maithiusa thy participation in goodness = thy inclination towards goodness (?) PH 8215 .

(b) division, branch, class, category; kind, species: earnail .i. gné, O'Cl. da ernail .i. da fir-dedail, Auraic. 448 . cisi erndail di ernailib na canoine forta na psalma? to which division of the Canon do the Psalms belong? Hib. Min. 3. 61 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, 3.63 (= tres ordines, see note, p. 88 ). Cf. oc cetul a shalm...for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, MacCongl. 13.11 . atat dí ernail for in almsain, PH 5968 . atat di ernail forsin beithi-luis-nin, .i. feadha ┐ taebomnai, Auraic. 392 (da erndail v.l. 2781 ). 312 . sé hernaili déc na filidechta...saigid ┐ ascnam ┐ huaim do rind, etc., divisions, elements ZCP vi 262.23 = IT iii 29 . is í in almsain in tres ernail na fírinde = eleemosyna tertia species iustitiae est PH 5967 . immud anbthine na peni iar n-ernailib ecsamlaib, FA 1 (LB). ro fhoghlaimset draidheacht ┐ ilcerda...gombtar fesach ina n-erndailib `in the branches thereof' Leb. Gab.(i) i 142.20 . crand dognid torad ┐ no thechtadh gach sil doreir a earnaili, BB 15b8 = Lec. 528a [gan sil BB]. ni aca ernail dhatha ná rabi and, etir glas ┐ gorm ┐ derg, etc. TTr.² 879 . cia hernail aisti triasa ndernad in Feilire? Ni ansa. rindaird, Fél. Pref. 14. 1 . frisin ernail airigthi don aisti seo dianad ainm reidrindard, 14.7 . ni con gabmait-ne nach n-ernail indmas any sort of wealth PH 2029 . cen nach n-ernail aithrige do denam, 6437 . badar tri hernaili do ix n-earnailibh na draidechta leis `three of the nine kinds of augury' CCath. 932 . mór do ernailibh bais many kinds of death 2081 . in ernail tanaise for Páis in Choimded sund secundum Mathaeum here follows a second version PH p. 124 . Hence item, specification, of individuals, things, etc., which have just been or are about to be specified: cethri hernaile beiris in athgabail for tullata four things (circumstances; conditions) cause a distress to be immediate Laws i 212x Comm. mas i naimsir lobtha tancutur na hernuile sin riu these occurrences (just specified) ii 8.3 Comm. coig ernaili as a mberar in breth .i. a roscad, a fasach, etc., `five sources from which judgment is drawn' v 8.22 Comm. cuic earnaile ata lan-eneclann: lan-aer ┐ glam diccind, etc., five classes (of offence) 234.11 Comm. ; 512.18 Comm. (arnaile); 452.5 Comm. (airnaile). iv 216.20 Comm. nách ernail péne dibsin, PH 2554 . do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta ┐ d'ernail cacha fíada olchena (category of every game = every class of game) LU 127a 37 . nár baithestar hernail cecha forcetail immad na peccad `no kind of teaching lessened the abundance' PH 8250 . nemopthach fri hernail cech uilc, 8182 . i n-ernail cech uilc 8092 . 8135 . ar ernail gach uabhair every kind of pride ZCP x 347.35 . tárraidh...iomatt óir ┐ ionnmhais ┐ gach ernaile ele baoi lasna hE., AFM v 1742.4 .

folud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folud or dil.ie/23188
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: folad, -aid, folad, foluth, folad, folid, folaid, foluid, folaith, folith, folaid, folaidh, folta, ḟolad, n-ilḟolod, fola, folaid, ḟolaid, foladh, folta, fol-, folaid

n folad, -aid (later also fola, see below) o, n. later m., somet. f., see below. For suggested etym. see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 39 ; Zupitza, KZ xxxv 267 ff ., Thurn., GOI § 104 . n s. (with art.) a folad , Sg. 27a8 , cf. Ml. 25c8 , cited below. a s. a foluth , 39b8 . a folad , 9a14 ; b4 . g s. folid, Wb. 32b3 . Sg. 138a5 . ind folaid , Ml. 22d9 . in foluid , 74d4 . folaith, Sg. 27b9 . Bürgschaft 29 § 78 . folith, Mon. Tall. § 86 . n p. folaid, Laws iii 54.3 ( SM Facs. 52a ), Laws v 54.3 ( BB 341.44 = folaidh, YBL 197a34 . a p. folta, Laws v 430.3 . Bürgschaft I § 55 ; 63 . g p. fri slond n-ilḟolad Sg. 28b22 = n-ilḟolod, 72b1 . In later lang. often treated as fem.: n s. fola, d s. folaid (see ZCP xv 325 ; xvi 220 , and cf. 2 fola). n du. dí ḟolaid , PH 1766 .

According to Charles-Edwards, in the Irish law of contract the sense is (a) wealth , (b) goods and services owed in virtue of a contract, (c) consideration , (d) the relationship of each party to a contract. Both folud and frithfolud can also mean obligations arising from an offence, FS Jenkins 346-47 . See Cáin Ad. 28 § 43 , Stud. Hib. xvi 27-31 . (a) substance, material (`folad can hardly be rendered by a single word. It denotes that which constitutes the essence of a thing; in the case of words, the idea they denote; in contracts, the objects or liabilities to which they refer; in the case of lords and clients the essence of their relationship , the correct discharge of their reciprocal obligations,' Thurneysen, ZCP xiv 374 . See also MacNeill, cited below under (d). In Wb and Ml used to translate Lat. substantia in sense substance nature, essence (both of material and immaterial things): a folud inna doinachtae Ml. 25c8 . du f.¤ nephchumscaigthiu `to an unchangeable substance' 110d16 . dochum ind folaid tanaidi inna anmae 22d9 . assin f.¤ appriscc inna colno, Wb. 9c10 . atat dí ḟolaid ann .i. folad duine ┐ folad diabuil, LB 174a13 ( PH 1766 ). is aenḟoladh ┐ aenadbar dūn uili, Alex. 877 . aondía ┐ aonḟoladh ZCP viii 204.27 (cf. Iosa Criosd ... as folaigh n-aonaonta, Ériu xiii 18.27 ). i meit ... a folaid ┐ a n-aicnid dilis, LU 2562 ( RC xxv 238 ). diabul ... cid ina ḟolaid diles no araile fuath tarmchruta, RC ii 398.2 ( Lat. Lives 97 ; `in propria substantia'). amal bedis esrainti din folaid corptai, BB 498b37 (of the Brahmans, = erranta ind fola , Alex. 923 . erandai indo fola, Anecd. v 5 ). In material sense: dus imbi maith a f.¤ (of testing malt) Laws ii 242.18 Comm. ( SM Facs. 29b ). púdar ... arna cumusc re fliche .. a foladh thsiltech `to liquid consistence' O'Gr. Cat. 242.18 . feoil .. aga mbia f.¤ tiugh, Rosa Angl. 42 . Cf. foladh `the thickness or thinness of meat or drink ' hence the expression foladh ieamhair et foladh séimh in old physic books, ' P. O'C. a f.¤ imarcach na lennand, Rosa Angl. 42.25 . a f.¤ na bincindi `in the substance of the brain' 226.15 . In loose sense: gearr go bhfuair [lucht na Traoi] folaidh a n-uilc `the result of their wrong-doing' TD 18.22 (cf. 2 fola). tarngaire cen folta promises without performances ZCP iii 25.20 = fotla, v.l. folta, Ériu vii 138 . Cf. under (c) below.

(b) in Sg used to transl. Lat. substantia = substance, signification (the notion which a word, esp. a noun, stands for, see Thes. ii 61 n .): gl. significatio 39b8 . mani decamar sainfolad cacha rainne, 26b9 . a f.¤ ┐ in chiall (= vis et significatio) 27a8 . issed a f.¤ cétnae sluinditae it is the same substance which they express 9b5 . ni inchoisig in son a f.¤ cétne .. iar ndígbail in tinfith (gl. ut si auferatur [aspiratio] significationis vim minuat prorsus) 9a16 . hercheilīuth folaith definition of substance (function of a noun) 27b9 . a f.¤ foṡuidigther fond ṡun the substance put under the word (the notion expressed by the sound) 73b3 . ar chuit folid .. ar chuit suin, 138a5 . Oppd. to accidentia `accidents' 189b10 .

(c) substance, property, wealth (common meaning in lit. (the exx. are not always easy to distinguish from those under d) : cid doratais ina tindscra? mo delg bec, or D. Is bec ind ḟola, or cach, YBL 118a14 ( RIA MSS. Ser. i 174 ). tecmalla A. a folud ┐ a inmass issin less, LL 118a3 ( Irish Texts i 34 ). cen dān cen folad (ḟolad, folaid v.l.), ZCP iii 449.20 (.i. cen inme R). trian a folith do fodail do bochtaib, Mon. Tall. § 86 . missi ac crábud 'sa comaid, | tussu ic éirge ra folaid, LL 300b17 ( SG 371.16 . perh. 2 fola: rising with a grudge, in anger ?). cisne folaid tra rotbiat-sa uainne ? (= what return shall we make you), Anecd. i 41.22 . co foltaib máine ┐ tíre, 42.4 . Cf. as i falaidh bia do ann | nem is talamh uaidh da chiond, ZCP x 24.7 . folaid cruidh no bethamnais, Laws ii 338.25 Comm. ( SM Facs. 38b : fol-. The text is: nach an be do ḟolaid cena, where Thurn. reads ... be doḟolaid, ZCP xiv 392 ). bid commaithi a folaid fri himscarad doib (of separation of wedded couple) Laws ii 388 ( SM Facs. 43b ; Stud. in E. Ir. Law 54 ). tecor folad mbritheman, CIH ii 402.7 . .i. da tecarthar ni da folud cruid on brithemain, CIH ii 402.12 . aisecc a ḟola ┐ a dhuithche dá gach aon, AFM vi 2334z (`his blood and territory' O'Don.). ag buain a bhfola ┐ a bhfearainn díbh go foiréigneach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.22 ( Caithr. Thoirdh. 2.32 ). Esp. of cattle and stock (cf. foladha .i. spréidh no áirnéis cattle P. O'C. ): folod sechta lais—.vii. mbaí ... | .vii. muca ..., .vii. caírig ..., Críth G. 89 (= Laws iv 304 ). cf. Críth G. 432 . soīre ecalsi Dé cona muintir ... ┐ a n-ule folud beudu ┐ marbdu, Cáin Ad. 34 . dlighidh ... bōthar do uisge, cona ḟolaidh, Ériu xiii 33.21 . can tucsaid a folaidh (= folad, LU 5793 ) whence have you brought the kine ? TBC-I¹ 1321 (= can doberid in n-alaid ?, TBC-LL¹ 2030 ). can tucsait hi foluidh cruidh, TBC(C) 613 . a mbad seisc dind ḟolud the cows that were without milk TBC-I¹ 1128 (= LU 5608 ). berar 'n-as blichta dond alaid dó those of the cows that are in milk TBC-LL¹ 1695 = don folaidh St. co foladaib ┐ indilib Cuailṅgi, TBC-I¹ 902 (= folodaib, LU 5378 ). co n-acotar in tain folaid issan gort, ZCP iii 228 § 3 . foladh bó dicitur , Cóir Anm. 108 (fanciful derivation of sobriquet Finnolaidh), cf. oladh ainm do bhoin, Keat. ii 3680 . Cf. mad cētchin [cech cin; eccin MSS] dono a foluth no dona muccaib ..., Cáin Ad. 42 .

(d) in Laws, the pl. folaid is `a frequent term for the means, material or otherwise, by which a person sustains his functions or liabilities' (MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 275 n. 2 , cf. Thurn., cited above): a teasband de foltaib caich, teasbaid dia cataid, Laws v 70.9 (`what is wanting from each man's means is wanting from his dignity' MacNeill op. cit. MacNeill, Law of status 275 ). ar indí crenas in fer túaithe dia dagḟoltaibh hi túaith co n-árimther inna grá[d] téchtu i mbí i túaith, Críth G. 2 ( Laws iv 298 ) i.e. the member of a tuath purchases by his means his due rank in the tuath. Cf. ma ḟoi bera f.¤ (MS. foled) a thige co mbi f.¤ mbóairech should the property of his house increase until it becomes [equal to] the property of a boaire Críth G. 81 ( Laws iv 304.3 ).

(e) in Laws also used to denote, of contracts, the objects or undertakings to which they refer; of lords and clients, that which constitutes their mutual relation, their correct conduct towards each other in their respective capacities , Thurneysen ZCP xiv 374 ; Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 110 . Similarly of the `fine' towards its members: ni coir nach cor cen lanfolad .i. folad lanloigi, 23 Q 6, 34b ( O'Curry 1757 ). cach cor cunu foltuib, cach fola(i)dh cunu frithfolai `an jedem Vertrag mit seinen Objekten, an jedem Objekt mit seinen Gegenwerten' ZCP xiv 373 § 36 ( Laws ii 286 ). cach fola (.i. in set turclaidhe) SM Facs. 34a . na folada chuir ┐ conartha, H 3.18, 482b y Comm . ( O'Curry 1208 ). is dileas cor cid gan folaid, 23 P 3, 23 (21)b . cor comair is ruidles ... ┐ dligthir a folaid o dib leithib, ZCP xiii 21.24 ( Bürgschaft § 19 ). Cf. do fet focra folad .i. as remtechtai lium foccra ... do tabairt fair anas fola athgabhala do gabhail de 23 P 3 ( O'Curry 1874 ). ite folaid fír flaitheman ... for a tuatha the obligations which a just ruler has to his people Laws iv 334.10 = Críth G. 525 (`the sustaining means of a true ruler over his tuatha' Mac Neill, MacNeill, Law of status 303 , does not suit the context). Cf. nenaisc Corpre ... for Dergthene ... folta dar esi flatha, Ériu vi 149.61 (see ZCP xi 32 ). is da foltaib fine gaire cach fir fine fogne fine ina foltaib coiraib. folaid cōre fri fine cen ni cria neach acht ni ria, etc. `proper duties towards' Laws iii 54.3 ( SM Facs. 52a ). tir do beir i coibche mna ... nad urnaigead a folta coire Laws v 510.6 . ni saigh naidhm folta for feichemain, ZCP xiii 22.18 (see transl. and comm. Bürgschaft § 27 ). iccaidtar frisin flaith ... ma beith ina foltaib coirib if he has duly performed his obligations as chief Laws ii 326.3 ( ZCP xiv 388 ). ma fris-rognaither flaith foltaib `if the [proper] services have been rendered to the chief' Laws ii 318.9 ( ZCP xiv 385 ; cf. the note on flaith foltaib' xvi 210 ). mad maithi a folaid (.i. im lubair ┐ im tech n-aidhedh ┐ im fochled ngrad) Laws v 54.3 ( BB 341a44 ). is óg lōg ainech cech grāid ... mani aurcriat a folaid `the honorprice of every grade ... is perfect, unless their qualifications diminish' [i.e. by dishonorable acts on their part] Laws iv 318.20 ( Críth G. 303 ). gabait ma folta condoragbu a frith[ḟ]olta [they] `affect his property till his counter-qualifications are regained' Laws v 178.15 Comm. (see frithfolud). ni théid ḟoluigh na friothfolaigh cāin n-einech, Ériu xiii 14.14 . filidh ad-ógha [leg. = ada ógha ?] fireona folaidh, 18.8 . óighe a bḟolagh ib. 3 . (of bards :) ... go tabair saoire dhoibh la. honngus, ┐ a ffolta ar chena, 44.4 . mád ógha a bfolaidh fria tuaith, ┐ eagluis 32.19 . fosernar saorḟolta, 22.28 . mac go sesaibh saorfolta ib. 27 . tir aduberar do eaclais ... nad oide folta ata cōire fri hubairt (.i. nocu comoigenn-si na folaid is cōir dī risin tī tuc udbairt), Laws v 430.3 (10) . Cf. folta coire; folta techta, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 110 ( Laws v 510 ). ce cuintestar lánḟolaigh gusna filedhaibh. ni mó dleghar dhoibh ionas dona gradhoibh eagalsa ┐ dona gradhaibh flatha ┐ dona Fénibh ..., Ériu xiii 19.11 . tar flatha firḟolta, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . conóiged dliged téchta cech ḟir ... foltaib fíraib do thúathaib ata lais cintaib láime (duty of a king) Tec. Corm. § 2.24 . ni ba ri ri gan folaidh, Ériu xiii 31.14 . trebairi cen folad, O'Curry 511 ( H 3.18, 259 ). folaid [folta v.l.] chutrummae equal objects (in a contract i.e. adequate consideration on each side, oppd. to `diubart' Tec. Corm. § 3.32 ). Cf. bid cert im chotomus folad, Cóic Con. 19 § 11 = 50 § 100 . nach forbech bis la ríg Ciarraige do righ Locha Léin fācabar la Ciarraigi ┐ la rig ┐ is hoén inna foltaib ō rīg Locha L. (i.e. the king of L.L. is under the same obligations towards the king of C. ?) ZCP viii 316.15 . intan nomber ri C. a giall do rí[g] Locha L. dober dano rí Locha L. a giall do rí[g] C. fria folta tecti, 316.17 . mad togu .. la C. a ndul co rig L. conaimsa folaith doib .i. rechtaire huadaib la rig L. ┐ iiii lanamna, etc. if the C. prefer to join the king of L. considerations have been established for them, viz. etc. ib. 316.8 . Cf. flaith na folad, Metr. Dinds. iii 102 (v 256) . Of an article borrowed for a definite period: mana tairi dia ind laithe airchinn sin atrire cen folaid n-airligthe, Laws v 370.14 Comm. f.¤ lóige price equivalent, price ; f.¤ cinad what is payable in reparation for crimes (of trespass etc.): ni tabur caithe tire ... ar do-baidet a fochraic a folta (duine ro recustar fearand ann sin ┐ is i fola loigi do-ratadh do dia chind, beith fo cintaib ┐ ... dibaigid in decreic loigi do-ratadh dia chind in folad cinad dleagar de), ZCP xvi 220 . Cf. nirbo ferr ind fola oldas fochraic in tire, Caratnia § 16 . fer bis fri folta chinaid fine who is liable for the crime-reparations of a `fine' Laws ii 126.13 Comm. (- fol- H 3.18, 378a ). in fil folta innā sesed in feichem for araile ... ? fil ēcin. caide ? ni anse : toing do Dia, etc., Bürgschaft I § 55 ; similarly § 56 .

(f) equivalent, consideration; reason, cause: a sense arising out of preceding (cf. 2 fola) : int slabra dobeir don mac tar folaid (fol- MS.) na gaire do denam `in consideration of his doing the duties of maintaining the old' Laws ii 364.21 Comm. (expl. of `macslabra gaire,' cf. is ruidles .. macslabra dar folaid, iii 310.7 , and see iii 54 cited above under e). Here, perh.: ar Christ coem tar folaid immeasurably noble Fél. Ap. 10 (p. 471) . is cath écoir duitsiu in cath sin do thabairt do rig Muman i folaid a ingine is marb accut, Acall. 3019 . raghaidh láoidh na haghuidh uaim | a bfalaidh áoir I Annlúain, Book of O'Conor Don 13a . ro hainmniged son dono cid asa lucc cetharda (a folad cethardai, Harl.) for a fourfold reason Hib. Min. 14.459 .

In: di chumoil dí chos ar formteacht ┐ folad, H 3.18, 17a ( Laws iv 362.3 : `two cumhals for the leg, for walking and supporting' the correct reading is evidently `folach' or `fulach,' which is translated). ? fir foluith (in list of persons who become accessories to crime) ZCP xii 361.25 ( H 3.18, 8a ); leg. fola as in Irish Texts iv. 15 § 9 , § 10 ?

See anfolad, (anblod), frithfolud, mifolad, and cf. 2 fola.

immáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immáin or dil.ie/27665

Forms: immain, immain, immān, immana, himáine, immáin, imman, imana, imáin, imán

n f. later also m. vn. of imm-aig. Probably orig. ā, f., cf. áin. n s. in immain , Acall. 4088. a s. immain, TBC-LL¹ 1662. immān, TBC-I¹ 455. g s. immana, TBC-LL¹ 871. na himáine , IGT Decl. ex. 1184. d s. immáin, SR 3739. imman, Gorm. May 17. n p. imana, Laws v 136.5 . See imáin f. IGT, Decl. § 42. imán m. § 35 .

(a) act of driving (trans.) : ag imain na m-buidhen rempó, TBC-LL¹ p. 847 n. 8 . agh .i. imain amach, O'Dav. 66. ó cech ulc dom imman `to drive me from every evil,' Gorm. May 17. i.¤ catha cét míle | techt a rrige i rrige, LL 276b10 . ag iomāin ┐ ag brostugadh an aithigh rimpí, Feis Tighe Chonáin 484.

Used of driving cattle, etc.: co fuair slog mór forsin maig | ... | ic immain chairech fo smacht, SR 3739. noco treciub duit frim ré | immain tana bó Cualṅge, TBC-LL¹ 1662. ceithri uingi i nimain tairb, Laws iii 234.19 . atait secht n-imana la Feine na tuillit fiacha ... ain bo a fer, etc., v 136.5 . forcraid n-imana for ceathraib ` over-driving ,' 476.26 . gébaidh ród gu ró an seanndún | bó beannúr óg ar imán, IGT Decl. ex. 936. ro eidirdheilighsiot a ccreacha ... ┐ ro baí gach drong diobh ... acc dlúithiomáin a shelbha, AFM vi 2198.13 .

driving (a ball) : gaibig immān līathrōde riam darin n-ārmaig, TBC-I¹ 455. Used absol., ball-playing, hurling: ic imbirt chless cluchi ┐ immanae, TBC-LL¹ 871. dobered ... búaid mbáire ┐ immana, 971 . laa dó issin chluichimaig oc immáin dorala camman dar a lurggain, ZCP iii 4.1 . dorigned in immain accaind ┐ rucusa .uii. cluiche ar in maccraid uile, Acall. 4088. is and sin fuaradar na maccu ag iman, BB 210b16 . ag déanamh cluiche lúibe ┐ liathróide ... ag eatrasa ┐ ag iomáin, TSh. 525.

(b) ? To this in intrans. sense, wandering, roaming about: an iommon (v.l. iumain, LB) sech sin iarom dognīat na bāi isind āth is do is nomen gelestar, Corm. Y 674. is hé saethar do lucht na drúisi .i. feilci ┐ fothraicti, cīrad cind ┐ imána (imánta, v.l.) imda `much riding ,' De Contemptu 668.

(c) In concrete sense, a drove: téiti iarom Cu Chulaind ┐ nos timmairg leis ina fuair do muccaib ... ┐ dosbeir i n-óen immain leis, LU 10486. lanamain cacha fiadmil[a] ... do thobairt i n-aen-imain, ZCP i 459.3 .

(d) superiority, control: comhthrom is iomáin a sean | do bhain ... ó Éibhear, Content. xviii 69. dia beatha i mBeithil dod bhreith | do chuir an iomain d'aoin-leith `which has changed the ruling of the world,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlvi 5. Metaphorically in the phrase imáin énlethe (lit. driving of one side) an overwhelming superiority ? : bid imáin énlethe agut festa a n-agad bf[er] nErenn, IT ii2 138.393 . robai imain enlethe aigi orra ac [c]nāmgerrad a cenn ┐ a cos, ZCP vi 60.10 . do bhiadh gá sliocht go bráth mbinn | iomain éinleithe ar Éirinn `their race would have been supreme over half of Éire till judgment day,' Content. xv 28.

muc(c)aid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muc(c)aid or dil.ie/32640

Forms: muicid, mucada, muccida, muccaid, muicidi, muccida, mucuidh, muicidh, muc-aidh, -adh, mucaidhe, muicidhe, mucidi, muiccithi, muicidhe

n i, m., a swineherd . Occas. with palatal c, muicid. g s. mucada, LB 272a35 . muccida, IT iii 243.15 (LL). n du. dā muccaid , ib. 5 (LL). da muicidi , ib. 247 (Eg.). g du. de chophur in da muccida , ib. (title) , but: carddes na da muccaid, ib. 10 . mucuidh, muicidh (g s. muc-aidh, -adh), IGT Dec. § 52. Late n s. also mucaidhe, Keat. i 124.50 . muicidhe, ib. 72 . n p. mucidi, gl. subulci, Thes. ii 362 ( Philarg. x 19 ). muccaid Díchon (= porcinarius), Lat. Lives 3. muccid Boidb, BDD 140. tri muccaidi ind ríg, 112 . arus . . . i rraba . . . muccid righ Hiruaite oc a muccaib for mess, Corm. Y 883.11 s.v. mugh-eme. mucca cona muccaidib, ZCP viii 309.4 . muiccithi (n p.), ib. muicidhe (mucaidhe), Dinneen .

trúaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trúaige or dil.ie/42089

Forms: tróg(a)e, trogai, thrógi

n , f. (trúag). O.Ir. tróg(a)e. IGT Abstr. Nouns 62.

I

(a) misery, wretchedness, affliction: in trogai gl. erumnam, Ml. 87b1 . meit inna trogae `misery,' 62d9 . du thormuch cecha trogae for alaili, 96b7 . aisndís dia throgai, 40b8 . flaithem nime lócharnaig | ardonroigse diar trógi, Thes. ii 303.4 . inna trogai roigthi `the protracted miseries,' Ml. 33b1 . etir na trogai gl. inter erumnas, 38d13 . dianaigthiu tris na trogi `caused to hasten through the miseries,' 91a13 . inna trogae gl. erumniarum, 44c29 . du dumugud ... inna trogae fodaimet ` miseries ,' 77d2 . honaib trogaib gl. aerumnis, 20a1 . indí nad ocmanatar ho throgaib, 54a12 . dia mbai i troga na daille (Tobit), SR 7390 . don-remat ... | dogrés ar cech trógi, Fél. Feb. 3 . i tróge ┐ i todérnam, LU 2110 ( FA 17 ). dí derbshiair. tlás ┐ t.¤ , Triads 133 . tosach trōige torrsige, Anecd. iii 16.17 . lor a truaidi da teaglach `heavy the sorrow of it for his house-hold,' Metr. Dinds. iii 364.z . conda timart athach gaithe ar troige ┐ lobrai `in misery and weakness,' Ériu xii 156.14 = thrógi, LU 10649 . mór an truaighe mar tá sibh-se, DDána 43.7 . ba mor a truaighe `great was his sorrow,' TTebe 4653 . dorindi iarla Aimistir truaigi ┐ tromgeran trit na scelaib sin lamentation , ZCP vi 72.21 . Of a person: léigim mé féin an truaidhe bhocht ar mo ghluinibh wretch , Mac Aingil 15.17 . As vn.: golgaire na n-anmand oc tróge ┐ oc neméle frisin Comdid (sic leg.), LU 2227 ( FA 30 ).

(b) thinness, leanness (of animals and human beings): teít ... cona muccaib caelaib leis, issifechtain ro siachtatar less ar throgi, IT iii 244.23 =ar a troige (`ihres traurigen Zustandes wegen'), 236.36 . cléirig ┐ mna ┐ mec .i. ni etait guin ar a truaige ┐ ar a tlaithe, Laws i 244.27 Comm. dororchair ... lupra ┐ truaigi ... for Connall, ZCP i 103.15 . doni gach fuacht urcoid do lucht na heitici ar son a truaighi, Rosa Angl. 102.5 . go n-airemthai lorcc a asna trian a édach ... ar truaidhe a cuirp, BCC 440.10 .

II Pity, compassion, sympathy: ? rom-sóerae ... | ar iffern co trógi (`with misery'), Fél. Ep. 482 . troíge do thinnius compassion for illness (?), LL 371c43 . dia ro troeta cen truáge, 156b25 = co t.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 314.11 . coi cen slemnu, cen trógi, cen airchisecht, PH 4328 . ar dia nime, ┐ ar buide, ┐ arm (sic leg. ?) troigi rib, Aen. 148 . do thruaighe dá tighearna from pity for, DDána 27a.24 . buille dá nach bia truaighe `stroke giving no quarter,' PBocht 3.1 . budh cúis truaighe ... | búithreadh na mbiasd ` piteous ,' TD 4.33 . ro eirig tróige ... mór ina cridib ic a ndecsain, CCath. 2852 . is truaighi lem ... an digal, TTebe 855 . aitchimit fort for dheirc ┐ troighi, Marco P. 25 . cuinghis for Abán ar déirc ┐ troighe furtacht fair, BNnÉ 10.1 . an té agá mbí truáighe don bhocht, Proverbs xix 17 . gabais truaighe an terlamh sin | fa mnaoi na tuirse truime, BNnÉ 199.33 . an tan do chunnaic sé an slúagh, do ghabh trúaighe ghér dhóibh hé, Matthew ix 36.

In phrase mo th.¤ alas ! pity !: mo thruaighe an t-adhbhar aitheisg, DDána 12.1 . mo truaigi mé féin im phectach, SG 39.19 . mo thruaidhe ! ticfaid goill go Clúaine, BCC 84.24 . mo thruaighe na trocha nach tuigid ..., TSh. 526 . Cf. a thruaighe, a dhuine, tuig ... gurab iomdha bliadhain bhíos duine i bpéin, 4375 , `the pity of it, alas,' Gloss. (leg. thruaigh ?).