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airdliged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdliged or dil.ie/1853

(dliged? or perh. vn. of ar-dlig) Meaning doubtful: uirdlighedh righ ` privilege ', Laws i 76.8 Comm. urdligidh ri iar tri flatha f[laitheamnus] `privilege of (succeeding) a king', iv 384.4 Comm. ní timdiben an flaith na drochfolta urdlighidh righ, O'D. 554 ( H 3.17, c. 437 ). co dibad naurdligid .i. atabaill a naurdligid in fine nerlama, O'Curry 834 ( H 3.18, p. 381b ). ni ro-fiachaigastar dliged no urdliged no airlec ud, Laws ii 342.4 (`was Schulden oder Für-Schulden (Schuldvertretung) . . . zum Schuldgegenstand gemacht hat', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 § 1 ). ni aircsenad nech a dliged nach urdliged, Laws i 150.18 .i. cin inbleogain .i. nach aili .i. do rathaib, 156.7 Comm. ni (leg. in?) mug . . . ni gaibther an-aetaim fri dlighidh na urdligid . . . he, 104.z .i. a dualgus neich eile .i. im cintaib a comfocais, 106.15 Comm. aurdliged .i. eiric neich dliges, O'Curry 828 ( H 3.18, p. 380a ) `Vor-Anspruch (oder Für-Anspruch) d.h. Zahlung dessen, worauf er Anspruch hat', ZCP xvi 206 . ma methaid ni dinn reir ┐ dind aurdligid `wenn etwas von der Bestimmung und vom Vor-Anspruch ausfällt', ib.

anduine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anduine or dil.ie/3527

n (duine)

(a) person of low estate, poor person, wretch: andaoine na hAlban, brusgarshluagh na Breatan Móire, Keat. i 56.24 . la handaoinibh ┐ la mogadhaibh, AFM v 1622.12 . ná tóg mac mogha go hárd / . . . / nuair theannaid ina maoine / ní hiontaobh na handaoine, Dánfhocail 103 (cf. maīn ar mug ni aithenar, Sc.M² 3 ). ón Lios . . . / ní héurthur na handaoíne, O'R. Poems 184 .

(b) evil person, person of ill intent: tria comhairle ┐ asslach anndaoíne ecciallaigh, AFM vi 2230.y . casg aga ar gach a.¤ , O'R. Poems 22 . doní an ta.¤ tionsgnamh a naghaidh an ionnruic, Psalms xxxvii 12 .

? ni bera dire a.¤ recht diamfogladthar, O'Curry 1772 ( 23 Q 6, 37b ). brīg a.¤ .i. ceirtech, Anecd. iii 44.16 = brigh annum .i. quert uadside etc., BB 310a37 .

as-luí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-luí or dil.ie/4453
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aslui, asloi, atd-lu, -elai, asluat, -elat, as-luigit, adluinn, elaind, asluad, asloa, -elammar, ciacloid, ciatloid, asloat, -élat, n-elathar, -rohéla, -erla, -ērlam, asrullat, aslóinse, -elaitís, atrullad, atluife, as-luífet, as-la, as-lōe, atlōi, at-lúi, as-lōeth, asluíd, asluiset, asruluús, -erlós, at-rulais, as-rola, as-rulla, at-rullai, atrulláe, adrullui, asrulaid, adrulaidh, -erlai, atrullaiset, -erlaiseat, atrullatar, adrullatar, -erlatar, élúd

v (* ess-lu-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571 ). Later also with petrified inf. pron. at(ad-)-luí (or early confusion of ad- and as- Ériu xxxv 110 n. 65 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. aslui, Thes. ii 21.36 . asloi, ZCP vii 482 (Enchir. Aug.). adlai, IT ii2 197.17 . atd-lu, MU² 1028 . -elai, Laws i 118.6 . 3 pl. asluat, Ml. 44a17 . -elat, Laws iv 190.12 . ? as-luigit, Ériu lix 124 § 7 . Indic. impf. 1 s. adluinn (adluinid text) (no elaind v.l.), Imr. Brain ii 292. 35 . 3 s. asluad, Ml. 54c21 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. asloa, O'Curry 60 (H 3.18, 21b). 1 pl. -elammar, LU 1161 (ACC). 2 pl. ciacloid (leg. ciatloid, note), Wb. 26a2 . 3 pl. asloat, Anecd. iii 24. 15 . -élat, Ériu i 219 § 9 . ? Pass. sg. co n-elathar (-arlathar, -aicillther v.l.), MU² 560 and Gloss. With ro: 3 s. -rohéla, Wb. 30a10 . -erla, Laws iv 240.3 . 1 pl. -ērlam, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.9 ). 3 pl. asrullat, Laws iv 240.6 . Subj. impf. 1 s. aslóinse, Ml. 59a1 . 3 pl. -elaitís, LU 5734 . With ro 3 s. atrullad, Alex. 608 .

Fut. 3 s. atluife, ZCP x 344.2 . 3 pl. as-luífet, BDD² 1158 .

Pret. 3 s. as-la, BDD² 1510 . as-lōe, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . atlōi, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 59.15 ). at-lúi, LL 247b25 . as-lōeth, ZCP viii 314.7 . asluíd, BB 25b8 . 3 pl. asluiset, Laws i 64.3 . Perf. 1 s. asruluús, Wb. 17d16 . -erlós, Fing. R. 116 . 2 s. at-rulais, Sc.M² 9 . 3 s. as-rola, Fél. Apr. 3 . as-rulla. Laws iv 240.3. at-rullai, Fing. R. 535 . atrulláe, LU 4376 . adrullui, IT i 144.4 . asrulaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.19 . adrulaidh (: churaigh), Anecd. i 62 § 103 . -erlai, SR 5349 . 3 pl. atrullaiset (atruluiset v.l.), Airne F. 186 . -erlaiseat, AFM i 556.4 . atrullatar, Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ). adrullatar, BB 255b20 . -erlatar, SR 4471 .

Later as simple vb. élaid q.v.

Vn. élúd. IGT Verbs § 64 .

(a) escapes (in physical sense): ni erla nech dib acht aenfher, LB 129a5 . co ro gonad fadeín ┐ co n-erlai iar n-a guin, LL 275a24 . ? asrulaed fo ííí ┐ ro giall Ériu do fo tri he escaped(?), YBL 418b4 = ar aslaesead co fothri . . ., 140a46 . co nerla ina longaibh iar nár a mhuintire, AFM ii 682.6 . In more general sense escapes, absconds, goes off, decamps: lotar (asluat v.l.) anair . . . co hA., Metr. Dinds. iii 442.37 . atlai . . . F. for teicheadh rias na mnaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 14.20 . nech . . . oca coimet arna ra elat (of bees swarming), Laws iv 174.27 Comm. saithi beach matrollae, ii 420.10 Comm. ag iarraidh bó atrulla (do éló uaidh v.l.) do bhreith laigh, BNnÉ 16.y . gur 'trulla la M. `until she eloped', Todd Nenn. 178.4 .

With o, A(S) or DE (of the person or place escaped from): atrula int-ossar uad, SR 5317 . adlaoi uadhaib Asgall, AFM ii 1176.16 . atdluí Crumthand . . . ass, LU 1527 . nocha n-érlai asin cathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gái, TTr.² 158 . aen duna tesbadachaib atrulladar a Temraig, BB 408b23 . atluí morfesser díb do Cruachnaib Aí, LU 1584 . ? ni n-érlá acht atrullai di rennaib gai, LL 224b49 . With AR: is amne asruluús airi gl. síc effugi manus eius (of St. Paul's escape), Wb. 17d16 . atlui iarom fair co ndechaid issin n-áith do thirad, Irish Texts i 35.3 . as-luífet airib húaire is a sídaib doib, BDD² 1158 . in ērla . . . mo mac-sa foraib? ZCP xiii 178.32 . asloíset Lagin ar Chormac, LL 4908 .

(b) absconds, evades (a legal liability, etc.). Used absolutely: nach deoraidh ... cintach aslai, Laws iv 242.15 . ma nerla mas rulla teit for innile, 240.3 i.e. if a guilty person absconds his chattels become liable. ma atloat gaibter a sesci, ii 120.10 Comm. eisce .i. bith fri hais ┐ adrulla ┐ asrenar eisce immbi ceni tarracht, O'Mulc. 436 . With IMM (of that in respect of which absconding or evasion has taken place): is ima log nenech atrulla in flaith, O'D. 263 (H 3.17, 211). dia nel[a] impu, Laws ii 194.8 Comm. With prep.A: ben aslui a cain lanamna, Laws iv 184.16 . at-rulláe-side a giallai (an giallacus v.l.), ZCP xxvii 28.9 . co n-erlai a rrecht ind rig dodrigne (of Lucifer), Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With AR: raith ar mug aslui ar a flaith, Laws v 224.4 . athgabail eloduig aslui ar a fine, athgabail fuidir aslai ar a flaith, 260.18 .

With accus. bésse inna fedb asluat hiris `who evade the faith', Wb. 29a3 . slógad tar crích fri túa[i]th asidluí, Críth G. 513 . atumluifessa .cxx. annis . . . ┐ do athcuirfe cucum it will depart from me (i.e. the church will be alienated from me) . . . and will revert to me, Trip.² 1842 . athgabail . . . feicheman aslui dligid, Laws i 214.22 . fer aslui flaith `a man who evades [his obligations to] lord', BCrólige 16 . ma as-loa cobach (.i. feichem) tra conna acmai naidm da saigid fair, Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . ben no fer aslui gairi a mathar, Laws iv 184.16 . With figura etymol. ba hēlud as-lōe, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . corup elod aslui inti imma cuirither in t-eisce, O'D. 873 (H 3. 17, c. 624).

In phrase a.¤ sáeth(u) dies(?): slúag E. . . . / asrola sáeth (asaeth v.l.) sétaib, Fél. Apr. 3 .i. ro éla asna saethaib, Fél.² lxxi . asrala ri sacart saethu .i. ro la as ri na sacart a sáethu .i. i n-amsir a etsecta, LU 710 ( ACC 38 ). i n-ucht fiadat . . . asrola samthand saethu, LL 365 marg. sup.

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤ mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

búathfallán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búathfallán or dil.ie/7300
Last Revised: 2013

n m. (búaball ? See Sages, Saints and Storytellers 450 ) plantname; ragwort (but cf. EIF 184 ): artemecia . . . .i. in buafallan liath, RC ix 225.15 . maille rē nī ara mbeirbthear buathfallān = cum decoctione arthemesie, RSláinte 2193. Rosa Angl. 62.13 . na luibi te . . . in da buatfallan, etc. ` ragweeds ', 286.10 . `buabhall dim. buabhlan rag-weed ', P. O'C. `buabhall bhán mug-worth ', ib. `buabhall buidhe rag-worth or ragweed', ib. See buafanán, Dinneen , Hogan Luibhl.

cimmid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cimmid or dil.ie/9101

Forms: cimbid, cimme, cimeach, cimbi, cime, cimidh, chimedha

n i, m. Earlier cimbid. Later cimme; cimeach, TSh. 120 etc. cimbi, Trip.² 1938 and cime (: Seinchille), LL 394.38 are perh. nn. loc. cimidh m., IGT Decl. § 52 .

Captive, prisoner, condemned person (somet. one fated to die, victim): cimidh .i. bráigh, O'Cl. cimbith .i. a cimba (= cumba) .i. ō nōi enseche indi fri bās no longuis, O'Mulc. 225 , based on cimbith (cimba, MS.) quasi cimba ( cymba , LB) .i. ōn nōi ōenṡeiched, Corm. Y 229 where the reference is to Charon's boat. am cimbid-se `a captive', Wb. 27c22 . ciarpsa cimbid, 30a6 . cimbithi gl. uincti, Ml. 107d2 . cimbidi .i. (e)os quos custodiebant , Thes. i 498.35 (Ardm.). dilse cimbetho gl. Iesum flagillatum, 484.3 . cechaing cēim cimbetho `he went the way of a captive', Celtica vi 232.33 (ZCP viii 306.29 ). tromdér . . . / oc coíniud an chimbetho (of crucified Christ), Blathm. 528 . mac an tṡáir, cain cimbid, Fél. Aug. 14 . ba cain cimbith, Blathm. 491 . in lecfide in cimbid (of one condemned to death), Vita Br. 32 . cleireach lasa marbtar c.¤ `a cleric by whom a captive is killed', Mon. Tall. 158.17 . eirr broga Murthemni millsit ammaiti dich.¤ n-etain, LL 14234 (in rhetoric). nī cen chimbedu no beind / do macaib Fer Lugach lonn, Ériu ix 45 § 3 . 'na cimmidib cumrechtai (of sons of Jacob), SR 3562 . c.¤ ergna . . . Barabas, PH 3258 . cimidh go gceird nathrach, Aithd. D. 70.26 . in fogmoir buí ina cime lais `who was his captive', Stair Erc. 711 .

Legal: niba díles do nech guin an chimbidh acht don tí frisi ndéni cion, Ériu xiii 45.28 (g s. chimedha, 26 ). ni cria do baeth . . . do mnaí, do cimid, Laws iii 58.6 .i. is dilsech bais, 22 Comm. cro cimeda `the death of a captive', v 236.12 . log .vii. cumal niath .i. lógh cimedha, ar is cimidh ind aitiri iar ndithmaim fuirri, Bürgschaft 24 § 67 . fer forgaib cimbid cen aurlúd (in list of people fit to prepare food for a king), Críth G. 557 . iarmoracht . . . cimidhi (regarded as an exemption), Laws i 266.22 . secht necmachta ratha la féine: mug, cumul, c.¤ . . . , glossed .i. duine fuaslaicter ó bás, O'D. 2074 .

More specifically victim : cimbid gl. anathema, Wb. 4b30 (see note in Thes.). ni dlegar c.¤ dom cheniul `it is not right that one of my family be sacrificed as a victim' (said by each one of the Connacht host when asked to fight Cú Chulainn), LU 6684 = TBC-LL¹ 2855 . nimmó na dán cimbeda ro thoegat (said by Medb of the Ulstermen), TBC-LL¹ 5120 . ? Cf. a Morainn . . . a mochta co trebar co caomar cimedha .i. cethra, O'Curry 2897 ( Eg. 88, 91b ) = cotrebar, cocaemar cimedha .i. cethra `let the captives . . . be secured(?), be doubled(?)', O'Dav. 1535 .

comadas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comadas or dil.ie/10573

adj o, ā (adas) suitable, fitting, proper , etc. Sometimes written comdas (cf. 1 comdes?). comhdhas .i. comhadhas no coimhdhlightheach, O'Cl. comadassaib doib gl. laudibus `adequate to them', Ml. 88c13 . a[ḟ]orcital c.¤ do chách `suitable teaching', Wb. 8b13 . frecrae c.¤ `a fitting answer', Ml. 30b10 . cétmuinter dligthech comcheníuil c.¤ (comdas v.l.), Críth G. 347 . ben ch.¤ do Máel D., LU 1819 . o Ch. comdas na cned `C., mark for wounds', Metr. Dinds. iii 8.95 . C. . . . meic Cairpri comdais, Corp. Gen. 118 x . lan fir c.¤ , Laws iii 118.z Comm.

Predic.: c.¤ lobre et immomon forsin mug `meet (is) weakness on the slave', Wb. 8b1 . ind aimsir ba[d] ch.¤ dó `that was fitting to him', 21a1 . is hed ón dano as ch.¤ `fitting', Ml. 90c12 . ni c.¤ du aisndís inna mmaraisndisen-so acht in spiurt noib `only the Holy Spirit is fit' etc., 64d2 . . . . longum est ut quanta dignum (.i. cómadas) est, tanta dicantur , ZCP vii 483.28 (= Enchir. Aug. 81a ). is c.¤ cauradmír do thabairt dait, LU 8784 . donrig batar uissi (.i. batar uiss no umla no innraice no comadais), Ir. Gl. 41.6 . fornn ba c.¤ friar cloenré (of divine punishment), SR 3618 (where comdas required by metre, cf. 4778 ). cinnas bad chomdas in sluagad do thecht, LL 7920 ( TBC-LL¹ 456 ). narbo comadhas leo in mac amra ut do beth etir dainib, BB 414a39 . imdaidh bud comadhas do flaith `a couch fit for a prince', Grail 2856 .

Compar. ben budh comadhaise dō inā B. (comadhais v.l.), ML² 582 .

As subst. o that which is fitting; suitability etc.: atait ceithre comadhuis cacha raithe la Féine `Gehörigkeiten', Bürgschaft 41.7 . tainig a comhadhus Croich[ne cr]u ima Elge airbhe (see O'Dav. 388 ), Ériu xiii 20.19 . ? do gair dire dia comhadhais Croichne file, 26 . ar dlighidh gach gradh as a mámaibh techta, saorus a nemhthes a cóir a comhadhus, 33.16 . trī randa dorigne don lind .i. bunad ┐ tānaisi ┐ īarlind ┐ can ní díb-sin dia comadus without any of them being fit for them, BColm. 74.26 . taet cach grād ria ch.¤ , ACL iii 314 § 24 . maithi na h-arm-se omm . . . is é so mo ch.¤ this is the one that is right for me, TBC-LL¹ 109 ( LL 8502 ). Moc[h]omōc comadusa (= -us-sa) don C[h]oimdidh cōimidh, ZCP xiii 15.10 . cech fer cíuil cona ch.¤ with his instruments(?), MU² 197 . ropad léor lem gilla a chomadais dom muntir na agid, LU 5961 . ō nach bfaghann bean ar banais / acht éinfhear a comhadhuis only one man to suit her, KMMisc. 356.2 . See 1 com-.

Attrib. g s. cor comadais `a meet covenant', Laws iv 34.2 . amal coir comadais Caisil proper, Ériu xvi 65.36 . in-ilchrichaib comadais, Rawl. 107b6 . a clíar comhadhais, IGT Decl. ex. 964 . hattreb chomadais do'n spirut nóeb, PH 5600 . mo ceile comadais `lawful spouse', Grail 1722 . lan fir comadais eturru `full appropriate denial upon oath', Laws iii 118.8 Comm. cona congaibh comadhais `with suitable equipment', Hugh Roe² 342.6 .

Predic.: ni comadhais dún diblinaib cunnrad na hingine-sea, Lat. Lives 71.8 . ba comtrom comadais a comlonn, MR 246.2 . ní comhdhais (.i. dliged nó cóir) do mhac gan ferann ┐ ríghe nÉrenn lat, ZCP v 523.31 . narbo comadhais do `that it was not fitting for him', Grail 1339 . arm is comadhais do `a weapon befitting him', Laws v 134.1 Comm. im roba comadais lais, Hugh Roe² 244.12 .

comaltram

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaltram or dil.ie/10721

n (altramm)

(a) joint (responsibility for) rearing; sharing in fosterage : atait secht mna la Fene frisna comalat fir noch it he ailde a mbeardae .i. nochon ndenait comaltruma (sic) friu, SM Facs. 56a13 . bean saor beiris mac do mug daor . . . .i. le fein in lenum ┐ comaltrum di (i.e. the child belongs to her and she shares in the expense of its rearing?), Laws v 202.12 Comm. sē mnā dona dlegar comaltrum na iarrad who are not bound to share in the (payment for) rearing, ZCP xv 310 § 6 n. co fuigillsit ollomain breithemna Erenn imma c.¤ ┐ ima ndilsi, O'D. 986 ( H 3.17, 849 ) = comaltor, Anecd. iii 27.16 . an tan rofitir in bean ┐ soi-sim fri haithrighe, is altrum fuirre-si; muna sou-sum, is comaltrum (of a connexion with a cleric), Laws v 204.19 Comm. fri bes[cna] (Plummer MS. notes) comailtuir .i. . . . in comaltrama, 394.27 Comm. macc na da mear, ma tat a fine araen ar aird . . . is in comhaltrum do dénam doibh, O'D. 2311 ( Rawl. B 506, 31c ) (opp. to altrum, ibid.). ogha imdha . . . acum comhaltram, Lat. Lives 102.y .

(b) co-fosterage : comhalta comhaltroma ┐ coimléighinn Cormac . . . ┐ Cerbhall, TFrag. 220.8 .

corb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corb or dil.ie/12433

Forms: coirb, coirb

n n s. also coirb. coirb f., IGT Decl. § 14 (69.8) . In etymological glosses: Corbmac .i. c.¤ .i. carput, Corm. Y 204 . Corbre quasi corb-aire . . . ara carpuit, 205 . c.¤ .i. carbad, O'Cl. In n. pr. (perh. difft. wd.): Lugaid Corbb, LL 29885 . Mug Corbb . . . Nia Corbb, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 15 . Cú c.¤ .i. coirb in charpait . . . rus-bris fái, Cóir Anm. 191 . do chuir feín coirb isin carbat, ib. Níadh C.¤ , 192 . Meissin c.¤ , 193 .

See cairb, carb.

cúad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúad or dil.ie/13314
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. Disyll. (secondarily ?) at ZCP vii 269 cited infra. Cf. also RC ix 454 , ibid. (drinking-) vessel, cup, mug : cūad cōifid .i. fid cūa co cāe fās and, Corm. Y 338 . ? cūad a cūas i.e. uac[u]us , 353 . Corm. Tr. 45 . cuad .i. fid cua no cados graece uas uíní , O'Mulc. 249 . for cuad nusci, Vita Br. 25 . ilar na cúach, na cód cass, SR 4357 . c.¤ dá ordlach .x. di draumcu ar lemlacht, Críth G. 116 `wooden mug ', Gloss. folestrai iter erna ┐ loiste[a] ┐ chóidiu, 176 . ? gérab bend buabaill bendaig / re gualaind oessa ollaig / is lór dúinne cen mendair / cúide do bendaib connaid, LB 103 marg. inf. cuadh bec craind, RC x 86.16 , 18 (ICM). inann an cuadh acon cerd ┐ an follearbh acon tsaer, O'Curry 2083 ( H 4.22, 70a ). coadh cno ` mug ', Lism. L. 754 . blæsca cno mor amal cóedi[u] shells of huge nuts like cups, RC ix 466.10 (ICM). lan coid dib `a cup full' (of nuts), Laws v 408.19 Comm. in coïdh (n p.: coïr), ZCP vii 269 § 7 . tricha bó . . . cona cóidib creduma `milk-pails (?)', RC xiii 40.y . ? am̄ bit in cuadh, IT iii 102 § 184 . eó an chuaigh uisge ar a n-aghaidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 69 § 12 or to be refd. to cuäch ? Of rearing children together: rodn-alt . . . for ǽnchích ┐ for ǽnchúd (-glun, v.l.), RC ix 454.13 . ar aonglun ┐ ar aoncodh, O'Curry 2481 ( Eg. 88, 39aa ). Cf. dia mbed aonchruinn cliabh cuadh cóir comalta, Ériu xiii 16.18 . Of board and lodging: deoraid coid ┐ cearchuille (i.e. foster-children, etc.), O'Curry 359 (H. 3.18, 198). for a lepaid ┐ a codh, ┐ a cerchaill, 2531 ( Eg. 88, 44ab ). In fanciful n. pr. Cuad, Anecd. ii 55.21 v.l.

Compd. go raibh a fis agat cuich in coimpert dar chuadh-laitrigeadh do biudh ┐ do leabaidh for which rearing was provided (?), O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 a, b .).

1 cúan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúan or dil.ie/13334
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f., later o, m. (cú). c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 39 . c.¤ (na con) m., § 96 .

(a) litter (of pups or other young animals): cuilén di [a] cuain `litter', Corm. Bodl. 18 Mug Eme, Corm. Y 883 . cuilēn den chūain (chuáni, LU) cētna, TBC-I¹ 537 . in cú-sa do choimhéad . . . ┐ go bfuil c.¤ maith inti, Feis Tighe Chonáin 754 . atáid cúain (cuan, v.l.) an chon otraigh / ag dol a n-úaill n-imarcaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1724 . do na brocaibh / . . . 's a gcuain (: suain) aca, Measgra D. 43.16 .

(b) pack (of dogs, wolves, etc.): ilar cuan ṅgér, ciasta, cerb, SR 891 . glasreng (.i. torc) me . . . eter cuanaib, LU 1287 . ní bía a choland fo chúana he shall not be attacked by packs of wolves (?), LL 39189 ( RC xiii 114 § 157 `under packs of hounds'). la demna ┐ cuana ┐ drochdaine, Fél. Notes 152.33 . cluinit quana a nditrubaib, Ériu vii 198.1 = cúana `wolf-packs', 4.12 . niba tech cuan na cethra `shall not be a house for hounds or beasts' (Notes), Ériu xiii 40.11 . comdal cuan `meet of hounds', Auraic. 1177 . More generally: dá chompán gacha cuaine 'two companions of every species', Giolla Brighde 248 § 3 (of Noah's ark).

(c) family; band, company , etc.: cúana .i. buidhne, O'Cl. nachat loisc (leg. sloic, Ed.) . . . cuain (a s.) truaigh `miserable pack' (of the Jews), Blathm. 274 . Partholon cona chuain chétaig with his band amounting to hundreds, LL 581 (Leb. Gab.). cūan nō caibden dia horgoin `Kriegerschar', Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 31 . can cuan, no cenel, no ciniud `of what breed', ML 154.9 (TMoméra). dream do chuan róghlan an ríogh, Atlantis iv 140.6 . c.¤ breflech `brood' (of demons), Metr. Dinds. iv 84.z . cuan Innse `soldiers', O'Hara 3893 . cuain (cuan, v.l.) gach cille `all churches' clerks', Ó Bruad. ii 180.18 . is antt choiscther in cūan clam 'the leper-band' Ériu xix 77 § 1 .

Compds. ceitherna cūainbérla with wolfish tongues (?), ZCP viii 209.1 . cú do-chóidh ós chuainfhearchonaibh (sc. Raghnall), DDána 89.15 . fria sluaghadha fri cuanghala fria chaipdeana, Ériu xvi 180 § 9 ; 'valorous bands' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 131 § 9 . comét . . . in buair . . . ar chonaib, ar chuan-meirle `from . . . thievish wolves', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.z .

See cúainmér, cúallacht.

1 cumal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cumal or dil.ie/13806
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cumaile, cumle, cumail, cumhal, comhail

n ā, f. g s. us. cumaile; cumle, Ériu iii 135.3 . a p. cumail (= handmaids), Gen. xxxiii 2 . cumhal (ó thrí cíallaibh) f., IGT Decl. § 12 . comhail (n du.), Eochairsg. 86.35 .

(a) female slave, bondwoman; later woman-in-waiting; servant, maid: c.¤ .i. cum mola .i. ben bīs fri bleith mbrōn, ar is ē mod frisa mbītis cumala dōera riasíu dorōntais muilind, Corm. Y 324 . cacht .i. c.¤ .i. bantraill, O'Mulc. 265 . cumala caínógat a ngnímu, Críth G. 485 . bla cumaile lec ┐ losat, Laws iii 274.18 . mug, c.¤ cimid (in list of seven things incapable of being given in fief), v 222.2 . do dechaidh co a cumhula, Blathm. 213 . da chumail, ┐ ocht ndoerammuis, RC xx 140.29 (ACC). hi foxal do moga, do chumaile, O'D. 73 ( H 3.17, 63 ). atconnairc c.¤ ele he (i.e. Peter), PH 3183 . cumhal Chríost (of Mary at annunciation), PBocht 9.2 . mac do chumhaile, Exodus xxiii 12 . ro ghabh a heirred cumuili, Caithr. CC 29 . co[n]a comail coimidechta maid-in-waiting , RC vi 184.21 . bert D. . . . Brigit dia reicc . . . do cumail fognuma, Vita Br. 13 .

(b) Name of a variable unit of value; generally fixed at three milch cows (see Thurn., ZCP xiv 341 ; Críth G. pp. 81 - 2 ) or equivalent to thirty-five acres of land Ériu xlix 27 , xxii 84 n. 10 , but note the follg. variations: teora cumala . . . .i. secht mba in gach c.¤ dib, O'Curry 1829 ( 23 Q 6, 47 b ). c.¤ sé mbó ┐ leth eneclainne isin crolighe cumaile, ┐ is í in c.¤ smachta metha ┐ c.¤ techtaighthe, O'D. 833 ( H 3.17, 595 ). c.¤ fichi(t) seoit . . . Leth-cumul, dech seoit, ZCP xiv 368.10 - 11 . cutruma c.¤ cana Padraicc ┐ c.¤ cana Cormaic . . . uair ni fuil isin c.¤ is mo acud acht ocht mba . . . c.¤ eladnach hí . . . .i. c.¤ do thabairt ar boin ar fichit, O'Curry 577 - 8 ( H 3.18, 278 ). bo ar fichit . . . do lulacubh, cunute sin secht cumulu urruduis, Laws ii 134.15 Comm. is mó c.¤ cana no c.¤ urraduis, Cóic Con. 50 § 97 H. an c.¤ sin is ar cethraime .vii. cumala ata, O'Curry 2577 ( Eg. 88, (49)d ) (of c.¤ aintestais. See aintestas). c.¤ ocht mba smacht nemdénma in gairi, O'D. 934 ( H 3.17, 658c ). is for cumail deich set conamas in c.¤ sin la Feine, Laws v 400.23 - 24 . cumala beca dibside, di uingi go le[th] cach cumaile, acht aon ch.¤ tri nuinge, O'Curry 962 ( H 3.18, 415 ). tucsad sgreball cumaili gacha tuaithi . . . .i. tri ba, Irish Texts iii 4.31 . Cf. ech c.¤ x. set . . . ech c.¤ trichat set horse worth 10 séts, Laws v 414.22 , 24 .

(c) Less specifically: ríthæ intech sin fri C. . . . ar chumil n-arggit, Thes. ii 240.2 (Ardm.). tri .vii. c.¤ , LU 5589 (TBC). ocht cumala a eneclann (of a `rí buiden'), Críth G. 469 . ba gabálta i cumail é (of ram) `the equivalent of a c.', TBC-LL² 63 . carpat trí secht c.¤ , 97 . in cocholl . . . / cemad fhiū trī secht c.¤ , MacCongl. 111.4 . carpat cethre cumala (sic), TFrag. 44.14 . .uii. cumala . . . .i. colg déd ┐ eó-ch.¤ (.i. dealg) ┐ sgíath-ch.¤ ┐ cris-ch.¤ ┐ brat-ch.¤ etc. `c.¤ of brooches, a c. of shields', Ériu xvi 67.113 - 5 . .x. cumala bana .i. di argat nó findruine, ii 4.10 . forgu cumaile c.¤ airgit, O'Curry 578 ( H 3.18, 287 ). de chumalaibh airggididibaon dan .i. ni thed na aill inn acht airgget, 472 ( 247 ). caéca eoch n-ændátha . . . a carbad cumhaile, ZCP xiii 175.19 . Cf. .uii. ancellas redere, Trip.² 2495 . See 3 airer, etc.), crólige, máithre, senorba, 1 tír.

(d) In wider sense of fine, mulct, compensation : c.¤ .i. éraic, O' Lec. Gl. 372 . M 186 . dia do chumail am chinaid `as sufficient fine for my offence', Metr. Dinds. iii 62.106 . cia file ar ccumhaluibh dlighidh?, Ériu xiii 18.4 . go ceithre sédoibh a cumhuile curp, 22.28 . do chuinghidh a cana ┐ a chumhaile, RC xliii 44.20 . c.¤ cís ┐ cáin, Leb. Cert.² 1644 . d'iarraidh chumail[e] Airt, RC xliii 26.7 . is greim cumaile pennaiti gabas a cur for muir no dul go eclais, O'Curry 2251 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)c ). c.¤ .v. seoit x, 246 ( H 3.18, 141 ). icfad sí cumalo a mac ro marbadh, Ériu viii 175.4 . c.¤ inn o Fh., RC xliii 14.11 . ic iarair na c.¤ i ndiguin a brathar, RC xx 140.24 (ACC). asrenar c.¤ cana cach fecht `a cumal prescribed by law(?)', O'Dav. 744 . créacht gan chumhail `a wound entailing no fine', Aithd. D. 74.4 .

In prep. phr. i cumail, i cumalaib in recompense for, as penalty for: uinnsiu . . . hi c.¤ do céile cōeca sleg, ZCP xiii 175.24 . ná sir cert a cumhail deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1237 . ro iarr si umla fort-sa a cumail in gníma sin, Grail 2232 . a gcumhoil ó othar fhuair / a thochmharc le tuloigh mBriain, O'Hara 2575 . co tuc da .xx. déc bó . . . i cumalaib meic C., Ann. Inisf. 246.4 .

curatóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. curatóir or dil.ie/13986

n i, m. (Lat. curator): .xxx. míle mug ┐ viii míle curatoir (of Solomon's workmen on the temple) overseer , LB 130b54 .

debuith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debuith or dil.ie/14851
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: debthi, debtha, déne, deabhaidh, debuith, debaith, debaich, debuid, débaid, debaid, deabhaidh, †debtho, debtha, detba, deabhtha, deabhaidh, deabhadh, debuith, debuid, debaid, debuid, debthi, debtha, deabhtha, debthu, debthi, debtha, debthib, debthaib, deabhthaibh, de-buith, deabhthar, deabhfar

n i, f. Strife, contention .

GENDER: inna debthi (as a p.), Ml. 100 c 7 . debtha déne (g s.) LU 46 b 1 . dochum na debtha, TTr.² 1154 . dogéntar debaid rib ┐ ná fuilngid si hí, LL 303 a 6 .—In Mod.-Ir. f. and m. le dásachtaighe an deabhtha, OCT 52.7-8 . g s. deabhaidh, see below.

INFLEXION: n s. debuith, Wb. 10 a 8 . 28 b 25 . debaith, Rule of A. § 15 v.l. debaich, ACL iii 230 l. 147 . debuid, Wb. 31 d 19 . Expuls. 175 . Rule of A. § 15 v.l. LU 21 a 2 , 4 . Triads § 98 . Ériu iv 216 st 18 (deabuid). O'Mulc. 302 . débaid, FB § 33 . debaid usual Mid.-Ir. spelling, already Ml. 19 c 15 . Mod. deabhaidh (Don.) and deabhadh, O'Gr. Cat. 132. 25 . W.K.—g s. Oir. †debtho; Mid.-Ir. debtha ( deibda, LL 17 a 45 ; detba, O'Mulc. 348 ; deathpa, Celtica xiii 14.268 . dethfa, ACL iii 296 n. 4 ); Mod. deabhtha and deabhaidh (corresp. to n s. deabhadh).—a s. debuith, Rule of A. § 15 . debuid, Wb. 30 b 26 . LU 74 a 17 . debaid (debhaidh), usual Mid.-Ir. spelling; Mod. as n s.d s. debuid, LU 69 a 14 . MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). Mid.-Ir. debaid; Mod. as n s. ( deabhadh, AFM ii 1046. 20 ).—n p. Oir. †debthi; Mid.-Ir. debtha, TBC-LL¹ 246 . LB 123 a 23 . Laws i 58. 14 . PH 4230. 8394 . deabhtha, AFM vi 2250. 9 . debthu, Ériu iv 162. 21 . Mod. as g s.a p. debthi, Ml. 100 c 7 ; Mid.-Ir. debtha, Bodl. Dinds. 25 . Cog. 116. 18 .— d p. debthib, Wb. 6 b 6 ; Mid.-Ir. debthaib, ML 134. 6 . deabhthaibh, ZCP i 406. 26 .

RHYMES: : mebail, LL 148 b 46 . : mebaid, LL 182 a 25 , 257 b 20 . : Dedaig, 129 a 24 . : fledaib, CRR 30. 6 . : Muredaig, MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). ceatha, OCU 41. 10 . deabhtha (n p.): treabtha, BB 204 a 50 ( Todd Nenn. 132. 3 ). In Debide: debaid: ail, LL 155 a 5 .

ORIGIN: de-buith, old vn. of di-taa distat, differt ( Ml. 113 a 2 , 117 b 9 ); orig. difference (of opinion). De- probably from dis-, v. s. 1 de, di; cf. 1 dechor. Originally the opposite of com-buith `a being together, companionship.'—By Cormac connected with déde: debaid .i. dede baothi aci nó dede buith oci, Corm. Tr. 59. 5 ; by O'Mulc. traced to Lat. devotio (debuid, pron. devuidh): debuid .i. óndí as deuotio .i. maledictio , l.c. 302 .

I A diversity of opinion or purpose; difference, variance; a dispute or quarrel (arising therefrom), a contention, controversy, often with a notion of vehemence.

(a) in general sense. Frequently in opposition to síd, cáinchomrac, óentu. Synonymous with bara: bara .i. deabhaidh, H 2.15A, 117 b ; betlim: b. .i. deabaid, Dúil Laithne 268 ( Goid. 79 ); cosnam PH 8394 (vide b); dechétfaid : PH 4230 . Hugh Roe 32. 19 (v. b); drenn: d. .i. debaid, H 3.18 p. 422 ; discell: d. .i. debaid .i. ciall dis, O'Mulc. 338 ; dorbcas: d. .i. debaid nó dormaineacht, ib. 330 ; essoentu: fochunn deabtha (sic leg.) nó essoentad, TTr.² 264 . a bráthri...dia mbad oc debaid nó ic essaentaid, PH 4519 ; immargal: less didiu quasi líss .i. debaid nó imargal, Corm. s.v. leasmac (cf. in lite .i. i nimmargail, Ml. 16 b 8 ); mesbaid: in mesbaid .i. in debaid, Ml. 19 c 15 .—It renders Lat. disceptatio, Wb. 6 b 6 (vide b). Lat. discidia, Ml. 100 c 7 (vide b). Lat. lis: non litigosum .i. ní bii debuith do fri nech, Wb. 28 b 25 . seruum Domini non oportet litigare, gl. ní uisse do mug Dæ buith fri debuid to be bent on strife ib. 30 b 26 . líss .i. debaid, Corm. s.v. leasmac . Lat. simultas: depossita simultate, gl. a mba diuscartae in mesbaid .i. in debaid, Ml. 19 c 15 . Lat. rixa: contigit eis rixari, tr. cu tarla deabhaidh etarra Todd Lect. v 75. 16 . Lat. certamen: deabaid certamen, Dúil Laithne 268 ( Goid. 79 ). Lat. dissentio: gleu .i. gle enim graece .i. disentio debaid, O'Mulc. 635 . —debuith fri nech im ní to contend or quarrel with somebody about something, to be at difference or at variance with, &c. ná bíth debuith duún fri nech, Wb. 10 a 8 . robói debuid do Philomóin fri suide, ib. 31 d 19 . abraid ishé bar naithrech debuid fris, Expuls. 175 . atá debuid dún fri Ailill, LU 21 a 2 . bói debaid dia chlaum fri Patraic he had a dispute with P. (or if Stokes' transl. is right, cf. IV.), Trip. 84. 3 . IT ii 212. 2 f.b. ná ferad debaid fri Dia she should not be at variance with God (because of the death of her son) ZCP vi 269 st 2 . dodealuigh ár ngleic gan goin: is deabuidh meic rea ṁáthair 'twas but the difference of a lad with his mother Ériu iv 216 st 18 (proverbial, cf. MR 134. 15 ). immacomarnic dóib débaid do dénam imman curadmir, FB § 33 . — is dóig liumsa debaid dúib ria nimscar, TBC-LL¹ 1805 . co mbaraind debtha LU 106 a 11 . co tláthugud a debtha, ib. 16 . debuid ar do chinn, Triads § 98 . ní ba muine debtha, Tec. Corm. § 19. 20 . comérge debtha the arising of a controversy FB § 29 . debaid do delbad to stir up strife : delbaid d.¤ dúrglaccaib, Ériu iv 108. 9 , cf. ib. 16 . Frequent in the phrase síd cen debuid LU 33 b 39 . RC iv 256. 5 . PH 4355 . 5022 . 8072 . cáinchomrac cen debaid, LU 120 a 11 . lán do dheabhaidh ┐ do dhoghraing, TSh. 185. 4 f.b. PROV. ferr dála iná deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 7 f.b. find cach cóir dub cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 l. 127 . messam dál debaich, ib. 230 l. 147 .

(b) with the definite article or pl.: an occasion or instance of strife or controversy . futura discidia, gl. inna debthi (a p.). nobetis Ia hIsraheldu iartain, Ml. 100 c 7 . in disceptationibus .i. ná bad i ndebthib, Wb. 6 b 6 . debtha comaithchesa strifes of co-occupancy Laws i 58. 14 . betit debtha ┐ irgala ┐ scandlacha eturru im chomriachtain tossaig, TBC-LL¹ 246 . debtha ┐ cosnuma i naimsir áine, PH 8394 . deabtha buana ZCP viii 195. 17 .—atraig d.¤ a controversy arises : atrachtatar deabhtha ┐ dechétfaidhe etorra, Hugh Roe 32. 19 . d.¤ do thodiuschud to arouse strife : tódúscthar debtha ┐ dechétfaide etarru, PH 4230 . d.¤ do ṡídugud to settle a controversy Acall. 3121 .

II n Act of fighting (fri, for with; im about, Cog. 122. 7 ); an armed conflict, a hostile encounter on land or sea, a combat, a fight; esp. a skirmish as opposed to cath `a regular battle' ( Cog. 116. 18 ).

(a) Often connected with gleo: gleu .i. debaid, O'Mulc. 635 . is mana mórgliad sain ┐ is adbar ṅdegdebtha, TBC-LL¹ 5765 ; with cathugud: ic debhaid ┐ ic c., CCath. 2239 ; with comrac, Laws i 126. 16 .— ar debaid noenlái, LU 44 b 29 . tintái Fergus do debuid fri Coinculainn, LU 69 a 14 (also with for: do d.¤ for muintir Poimp, CCath. 2317 ). Cog. 120. 20 ; 122. 7 . dogéntar debaid rib, LL 303 a 6 . in ed tic do debaid i ndegaid a tairb, CRR 30. 6 . mór a ndíth ón deabhaidh sin, AFM v 1580. 14 . leathtrom deabhtha a disadvantage of conflict Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344. 24 . d.¤ do thabairt to give battle: tucsad d.¤ dóib iman áth, RC xviii 187. 12 . tuc d.¤ dóib, Tig. A. D. 1166 . ní tharat cath ná debaid dóib, SG 411. 4 . cor debtha, id. Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356. 23 . d.¤ do iarraid to seek battle : iarraidh deabhtha ar theaghlach Ṁogha Néid ML 16. 5 . elóatar drem duaislib amach diarraidh debtha RC xviii 274. 10 . deabhaidh deachaibh, BB 34 b 55 . Donnchadh ┐ Maolsechlainn do dheabhadh fri aroile co ttorchrattar coṁthuitim, AFM ii 1046. 20 . a single combat : ar dáig co forgénmáis ár ndís debaid, LU 74 a 17 . bairr debtha, battlements Eg. 158 , Contribb. 182 . caislén debtha a howdah ZCP i 390. 19 . cnoc debtha a fighting-mound CCath. 1748 . dorus debtha a port-hole , ib. 1816 . istad debtha a fighting-place , ib. 1716 . láthar na debtha battle-field : tig A. co nGrecaib co mbátar for láithir na debtha, LL 404 a 52 . stoc debtha a war-trumpet TFrag. 190. 10 .— Laws i 176. 13 ; iii 278. 8 ; v 280. 19 . LU 46 b 1 ( IT i 213. 18 ), 22 . LL 129 a 24 . 289 b 1 f.b. 290 a 31 . Rawl. 106 b 36 . RC v 197 = Oss. iv 288. 1 . IT ii 185 l. 285 (comrocc fri d.¤ níthaig). Misc. 344. 24 . ZCP i 406. 26 .

(b) with the definite article or pl.: a particular fight . berid bare mbrúthmar dochum na debtha co torchratar sochaide...leis, TTr.² 1154 . dorochair Art sin debuid la Fiachra, MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). slecht Stairn isin debaid la Febail, ib. 146. 5 . na debtha na duinorcuin, LB 123 a 23 (cf. AFM vi 2250. 9 : iomdha a ndeabhtha ┐ a ndunoircne). ML 134. 6 . le déine an deabhtha, OCT 52.8 . Opp. cath: cúicc catha fichet...genmota debhtha besides sundry skirmishes Cog. 116. 18 .—docer re Eochaid i ndebaid Dromma Líathán in the skirmish at D. L. LL 17 b 35 .

III debuid duirn fisticuffs : nárop debaid duirn, LL 148 b 46 . KMMisc. 270. 16 .

IV In a special sense of a married woman: the state or condition of having left her husband or being put away by him; a law-term. Concluded from the foll. passages: lécid in fear a cétmuindtir...┐ dogní neach mac fria iarum ┐ dobeir sim aitherrach ní dlegar iarrad disi. intan bís for deabaid is ann toirchither frisin fear, &c. , if the husband puts his wife away and somebody gets a child with her and the husband takes her back again, then she is not entitled to the fosterage-fee. It is while she is at `debaid' (at variance with her husband and away from him) that she is got with child Laws v 200. 17 . Gormlaith ingen Ḟlaind tanic ar debaid ó Cherball do thig a athar i cinta ind imdergtha tuc Cerball di, LL 52 b 1 ; ib. 13 (of Gormḟlaith who returns to her father after being badly treated by Cerball her husband). This sense arose from I (controversy as a cause of separation). A similar usage FDG 32 : codlais Domnall...atchí fís ┐ aislingthi ┐ ised atchonnairc .i. cuilén con rohailed lais fora glún fésin a dul for debaid uada (the hound gathers the dogs of Ireland and gives battle to Domnall). for d.¤ , which refers to the relations between Domn. and his dog, was misunderstood by the copyists and replaced by `for duible ┐ dásacht' (adopted by O'D.). Cf. also LU 21 a 4 ( IT ii 212. 1 f.b. ): mád nech dít muintir noragad for debuid noanfad limsa co róisced a síd.

V Haste, hurry , only Mod.-Ir. deabhadh maille ribh a Domnaill, O'Gr. Cat. 132. 25 ( Eg. 88, marg. ) ma bhí deabhadh ag teacht ortha go raibh deabhadh ní sa ṁó ag imtheacht ortha, KMMisc. 380. 14 . cuirfead sa deabhadh air ag glúasacht I will hasten his departure Éinín Órdha 41. 8 f.b. —b'ḟéidir nár chás duit deabhadh dhéanaṁ; dein deabhadh! goidé an deabhadh atá ort? (W.K.). The sense-development is strange; probably a contamination of debaid with deibed.

MOD. see Inflexion and V. Sense I preserved in Don.: coingbheochaidh mé ag deabhaidh leat (= Oir. fri) godí go rabh sin déanta I shall keep on worrying you Quiggin Dial. Don. p. 57 ; ib. 18 . and in the common bean an deabhaidh a midwife, Dinneen. In Sc. obs. in all senses.—Hence mod. deabhthar (i.e. deabhfar) adj quick, speedy .

do-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-aig or dil.ie/17119

Forms: taig, taga, dosnacht, doagatar, táin

v (* to-ag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 541 ). Ipv. 2 s. taig; subj. pres. 3 s. taga, O'Dav. 66 ; pret. 3 s. dosnacht, LU 792 ( Laws i 64 ) (later with s-pret.); pass. pres. pl. doagatar, Laws ii 118 Comm. Vn. táin.

Drives off, drives away (in leg. phraseology almost = seizes): is iarum doagatar hi comund `(the cattle) are put into a comann-pound', Laws ii 118 Comm. teora ferba fira dosnacht Asal ar Mug mac N. which A. drove off from M., i 64 . ecosc na n-erc . . . dodoacht Cur[o]i for Ultaib, Corm. Y 585 = toacht, LB ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 ). ceit fear bāite . . . dosonacht tonn forsin trac[h]t, Lec. 556a9 = dosrinart (leg. dosrimart), BB 31ay . With cogn. acc.: conid Ailill iarum doacht Tain Bo Cuailgne who made the foray for the bull, Rawl. 118b13 . Fig. fēl Coemhain Léth i corghus | doaig bliadhain do anfuth ushers in a stormy year, AFM 917 (ii 598) . Intrans.: ceithri barca . . . lodar tar muir . . . xv. lanomna is amhos | in gach bairc dotaghas tall came back, BB 19b23 = ise lin rothagas and, Lec. 540a6 . is ann rothaigestar in úir indledhech . . . Electó ar certlár clēib ┐ craidhe Congail `took up her abode', MR 166 (or leg. -thaiglestar from do-aidlea?). Esp. in conjunction with aigid in sense drives (goes) back (again): ma imaga taga .i. imāin amuigh drive in again, O'Dav. 66 . aigh taigh . . . .i. eirigh . . . ┐ tair doridhisi, 67 . The phrase aig taig became petrified as a subst. and was used after prep. in meaning to and fro, hither and thither, vagrant: luid David . . . hi t[i]rib minib Maob | co n-aes lathair, co n-aig thaig, SR 6239 . mar aes ṁbraith for aig thaig, | bis o chathraig do chatraig like spies roaming, on the move, 3477 ; 5639 , 7087 . ara burba fri aig thaig | is ar chumga a menmannraid | Nabál . . . rofemid imm oenbargin because of his churlish disposition towards vagrants (? cf. 1 Sam. xxv 10 , 11 ), 6305 , cf. 3241 . níba turas ar aig thaig ón (aig baig, MS.), TBFr. 87 . in charpait for aig thaig immo thenid, YBL 418b13 . Cf. further LU 180 ( Todd Lect. vi 10 ): atát dā clārchiste mora and (sc. immedón ind locha) i n-agid tagid swaying, tossed about (?) = inn-agaid a n-agaid ` face to face ', Todd Nenn. 94 . See 1 taig. Cf. also: rothaigir na Laidinta fo dī dochum a cathrach were driven back, Aen. 2816 . cech dúil doadas tadas `that moves about'. Cáin Ad. 26 . ám thám sochaide, MU² 367 (see Gloss.).

Doet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Doet or dil.ie/17597

Forms: Doet

n.pr. m. gen. bretha Doet Nemthinne, Laws i 18 Comm. = bretha Doet Nemthi, IT iii 187 ( BB 261a ). mac Moga Doet, Rawl. 161b14 . Mug Doeth nó Mug Doit nó Mug Tuath, 24 (= Doet? cf. 1 doé).

doír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doír or dil.ie/17924
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: doer, doír, dærcis, daertuath

adj o,ā. As subst. o, m. and ā, f.

(a) unfree, lowborn, of servile condition or nature; as subst., serf (opposed to soír free, a freeman; sometimes also to mug slave. See 1 saer); doer gl. mancipi, Sg. 51b12 . doer . . . .i. satilitess (= satellites), O'Mulc. 318 . dochraid cach daer, ACL iii 229 . saor ┐ daor, Laws i 40 . masa chudrumus corpdire dair dair ┐ dair urraid, O'Curry 999 ( H 3.18 427a ). daor urrad . . . daor deorada . . . daor murchartha . . . daor daoir, 2351 ( Eg. 88, 27 (28)b ). etir sóir ┐ dóir, Wb. 27c15 . berar . . . 'nas dáer na braiti such of the captives as are serfs, TBC-LL¹ 1696 . áne la dóer skill in a serf, Triads 84 . indogbáil doeir (.i. togbáil a hinde na doerclanna fri sáerudh) uplifting of the lowborn, Anecd. v 26 . saer i suidiu ndaeir ┐ daer i suidiu saeir, Laws v 18 . mac cumaili .i. daire of a bondswoman, 456 Comm. tucait na dáe[i]r ┐ na dorsaire do ḟaire na cathrach, RC xiv 416 ( LL 109b44 ). radeligtar a ndáer (= ndaeir) ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer nhErend, TBC-LL¹ 423 . mod frisa mbitis cumala doera, Corm. Y 324 . dia ructhar ar mnā dōera uand, biait for (ar, LU sic leg.) mnā sāera for brōintib, TBC-I¹ 1129 . etir saera ┐ daera freemen or serfs, Cog. 42 . o saeraib co daeraib, Laws v 466 . admestar doeru drungu fognama fognat, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . foirb daér ar dilse tenant-land held in fee, Metr. Dinds. iii 300 . d'fearann tsaér ┐ dhaor, AFM v 1842 . Servile, menial: oibre daora .i. oibre corpordha, mur ata treabhadh, etc., Luc. Fid. 100 ; Ó Héodhusa 160 .

(b) Of physical and moral qualities base, ignoble, slavish: ní dóir for mbethu, Wb. 5a3 . rāter rand do dréim nar daer (of Adam and his family), LL 136b25 . ba daor a dath, Todd Nenn. 282 . duairc, doer, dressachtach a drech, SR 939 . o Diarmaid nar bo daer drech of no servile aspect, BB 189a34 . a rosg daor an Diabuil, RC xxviii 320 . conacca in n-arracht ndoer ndochraid, LL 117b27 . for iffern ndub ndorcha ndaer, SG 52 . fria ndiumas ndaor ndrocht `enslaving pride' (?), SG 160 = fri diumus ndúr, Acall. 2964 (sic leg.). oc na slogaib dubaib doeraib na ndemna, PH 8308 . Compar.: mo choirthe . . . an duirb is daoire d'fiabrasaibh, Ó Bruad. ii 168 .

(c) enslaved, subject: is daor anois a dhuthaidh, GJ iv 10 . cella daera (a prophecy of evil times), ZCP viii 196 . tiuccfo aimser bus doer eglaiss do thuaith when the church shall be subject to the laity, SG 79 . Derbail . . . dar daer Cul Dremne to whom C.D. owned sway, LL 141a2 . doer o demnaib enslaved (i.e. possessed) by devils, PH 2226 . an uair do bhi t'anam deilte, daor uaidh enslaved by it (the body), GJ iv 20 .

(d) condemned, deserving punishment, guilty: slān cach ditiu(d); daer cach dic[h]ell `every neglect is condemned', Laws ii 2 ; 124 . d'eagla . . . go bhfuighthi daor thú lest thou be found guilty, Proverbs xxx 10 . dochuaidh síos go tigh na ndaor the house of the damned (hell), O'Rah. xvii 20 .

(e) laborious, hard, rigorous, painful: trosgadh, urnuighthe . . . aithrighe dhaor, GJ v 85 . is iontuigthe nach daor . . . an bhreath rug Dia ar Ádhamh, TSh. 3418 . With DO: is daer don liaigh inuair nach eol dó beatha an othair dórdugud it is a bad lookout for the physician, 23 P 10, 153ra22 . atáid trí hadhbhair fa' n-a daoire don droing . . . ioná don chineadh Iudaigheach why those . . . shall fare worse than the Jews, Eochairsg. 100 . innte (sc. isan oidhche sin) rogheinsiodar | Bile Tortan, Eo Rosa, | a n-umhla nochar dhaor dhí `their homage to the night was no indignity' (i.e. it was none the worse for that night that the Trees sprang up), ML 96 . Adv. gabhaidh go d.¤ docamhlach iad with rigour and severity (of captives), ML 108 . foighénaidh go d.¤ do Dhia he will render hard service, SG 24 . gur cheannaigh Críost ár siothcháin go d.¤ ar an gcrois purchased our peace dearly, Eochairsg. 73 . clogat do cheannach go d.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 22 . cruindigh do shaidhbhris gu d.¤ ┐ scaoil gu saor he amass your wealth with pains, Ériu v 130 .

(f) Hence dear, valuable, costly (comm. in mod. lang.; cf. Eng. dear): budh daor a bhfuil iona radharc precious shall their blood be in His sight, Psalms lxxii 14 . an criostal ba dhaoire, O'Rah. xxxiv 54 .

Compds. With subst. and adjj. doír forms compds.

(a) in sense of unfree, servile, base, of low condition esp. freq. in technical terms denoting social distinctions in Laws: ¤aicenta: daoraicinta `natural slave', inferior , Laws v 236 Comm. ; O'Dav. 873 . ¤aicme serf-tribe: athigh ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . daoraicme gacha dúithche, Keat. i 58 . ¤am(m)us serf-soldier: ocht doerammuis dia mbiathad fri seilgg, RC xx 140 . ¤athech serf, `villain': ni haltram nach dóerathig, Fél. 44 ( Fél. Jan. 15 ) (but see CMCS i 46 ). ¤bard a bard of the second class, oppd. to the sóerbard, IT iii 107 . na dærbaird, Auraic. 1691 . aisti na ndærbard, 1590 . ¤ bondwoman (poet.): rohir dam . . . deich ndairbé (.i. bancumala), Ériu ii 3 . ¤ben id.: fo dóerban dul `after the fashion of lowborn women', Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . ¤bíatach: a chuaird . . . for a dóerbiatachu ` base-hospitallers ', RC xxvi 39 n. 5 . ¤bothach serf-cottier , opp. to soerb., Laws ii 288 Comm. doerboth[ach]us, iv 388 Comm. See Críth G. p. 78 , Ir. Recht 81 . ¤chéle base tenant or client: a saerceili ┐ a daerceili, Laws i 40 Comm. doercele ag in rí, ii 94 Comm. ¤cherd: lucht daoircheard, mar atá an drong do bhíodh ré gaibhneacht nó ré ceardacht, etc. artisans of lower class, Keat. iii 656 . ¤chimbid prisoner: é féin . . . d'furáilemh ina dhaoirchimidh díairm do mhuinntir na bainrioghna, AFM vi 2258 . ¤chimbidecht imprisonment, bondage: ar dháigh ná dáoirchimidheachta i mbattar a thír ┐ a thalamh, a chairde, etc., AFM vi 1896 . tromnemhele na daoirchimidheachta dorad Ua Néll don Chalbhach, v 1584 . ¤chís tribute (exacted by conqueror): daircis fodhnama for feraib Eirend, RC xx 337 . dærcis, ib. go gcuirfeadh fá dhaorchíos iad, ML 118.18 . Isaiah lx 17 . a láethibh an dáoirchíosa `of the enrolling', Acts v 37 . ¤chlann serf-clan, inferior classes or race: ho d[ó]erchlandib gl. exiguis nationibus, Ml. 80a12 . cach doerchland, cach merlech lowborn person (?), LL 147a47 . at imdha a saerchlanda . . . at [t]earca a daerchlanda, IT iii 92 . co n-ordnitis doerclanna i n-ard-clannaib, CCath. 249 . can cummusc daerc[h]lann no daescurslógh, 6035 . sé cinéala Aitheachthuath nó Daorchlann i nÉirinn, Keat. iv p. 13 . sochaidhe dia saorclandaibh ┐ dia ndaorchlandaibh, Hugh Roe 108 . adj. ¤chlan(n)da: a ceithri doerclanda, CCath. 3564 = servum pecus, Luc. Phars. vi 152 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha daorchlanda, AFM vi 2146 . ¤ḟer bondsman: a dáirḟir (as term of reproach), Metr. Dinds. iii 154 . ¤ḟognam menial service, bondage: rucadh fa dochar ┐ daerḟoghnam, Ériu v 148 . rochuin[n]ig C. chuccasom daerfoghnomh Temrach, RC xvi 478 ( Dinds. 78 ). ¤ḟuidir (tech. term), Laws ; ¤ḟuidres, Críth G. 580 ; see p. 93 ( base `tenant-at-will'), Ir. Recht 64 , 83 ff. ¤gním: fodailsed Aithechthuacha fo Eirind ┐ rodead daergnim flatha Erend uasaib, Lec. 350b38 (? = greim, BB, see below). ¤macne: bertair dóermaicni dóib their children will be serfs, LU 5614 = TBC-I¹ 1134 . ¤mám servile yoke, servitude: fo d., SR 1776 . doermamu fognamaidh, Laws v 222 Comm. Hence denom. doirmámaigedar gl. vilescere, Ml. 93d9 ; 101a8 . ¤mámaigthetu gl. squalor, Sg. 20a5 . hon doir[ma]maigthetaid gl. squalore, Ml. 28b1 . ¤manach base tenant of ecclesiastical lands, O'Dav. 873 . doermanuch ag in espoc, Laws ii 94 Comm. daermanach eagalsa, iv 196 Comm. Abstr. dóirmanche: cen erchóiliud doermancha, Ériu vii 142 . ¤mesda: luchd daoirmheasda taskmasters , Exodus i 11 . daoirmheasadóir taskmaster , v 10 , 13 ; iii 7 . ¤nemed (tech. term): atat dō neimid . . . saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine . . . Daerneimead imorro, aes gach dāna olchena . . . is do ṡaernemthib fognait, Laws v 14 . ¤opair servile work , TBC-LL¹ 1760 . ¤rath (see 2 rath): daerrath cach tothlu sech fine, ZCP xv 252 § 9 (see xvi 212-13 ). ¤rathas, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18 251). ¤thúath: daertuath ` tributary territories ', Laws i 82 Comm. ba do daertuathaib Herind do subject tribes , YBL 139a36 .

(b) As pref. with pejorative or intensive force, forming unstable compds. ¤bás: fodémat uacht ┐ gortai . . . ria ndaerbásaib éitchib before (dying) a miserable death, LB 206b56 . ¤breth sentence of condemnation: rug Dia an daoirbhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4 . ni dhearnais daorbhreitheamhnas flatha tyrannical judgment , ML 102 . ¤chor: ní daerchor `no sorry bargain', Metr. Dinds. iii 410 . ¤chris: daorchrios diúide `austere restrictions', Ó Bruad. ii 70 . ¤dál hard judgement or fate: daor-dháil, TSh. 6099 . ¤dálach rigorous, severe: cúntas daor-dhálach, TSh. 3750 . ar na hanmannaibh damanta daor-dhálacha ill-fated , TSh. 6264 . ¤dangen: i nhiffern ṅdúr ndáirdaṅgen, SR 1764 . ¤galar: gailcind nó daergalar ` haemorrhoids ', Fél. 44 (Jan. 16) . flux bronn no daorgaluir, 24 P 3, 346.2 . ¤gol: ag daorghol i nguais ghalair, Ó Bruad. ii 108 . ¤greim: fodhailset tuatha aithecha fo Erind ┐ roddet daergreim flatha Erend uasaib they were placed under strict subjection (?), BB 255b36 . ¤méit: o Dealbaeth nach dealbad bréic | cinset Dealbna can daormeit, Lec. 439b4 = gaendaermeit, BB 188b35 . ¤múch: cen dáermūich daille `vile smoke of blindness', Fianaig. 50 .

In adjj. ¤bésach: gomsa daerbésacha macneda Uladh i l-leth o maithrechaibh inherit servile ways from their mothers, ZCP viii 545 . ¤buillech: deilm d. `a dishonouring blow', Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . ¤garg: debtha dene dóergairce, LU 3466 ( SCC § 25 ). Ériu viii 173 .

(c) Rarely with vbs.: ¤brissid: cor daerbris a druim ar dó ann, Acall. 4871 ; 6943 ; 6998 .

drúthán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drúthán or dil.ie/18913

n o, m. (2 drúth) little jester, little fool: di heis d.¤ Dāríni, Fianaig. 34.9 . daréis drútháin Dárine, RC xiii 460 ( SG 317 . 16 ). ? As n.pr. m. hinc venit Mug Ruith de tegosg delbai doin Druithain meic hui Dremain, Lec. 269b45 .

em, eb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. em, eb or dil.ie/20013
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: eimh, emh, eabh, eimhe

n f., perhaps originally neut., g s. ina (v.l. ind Bodl., ann Harl.) eimh, Corm. Y 883 . emh eabh (g s. eimhe, etc.), f. IGT, Decl. § 39 . haft, handle: scían la C....imdenam de ór...ima heimh...Rogab in t-oirci cocnam ind eme, Corm. Bodl. s. Mug eme = Corm. Y 883 . mo scian cona heim do líg loghmair, Acall. 3933 . garbh ṡáithe ┐ mín mheile | sgín eibhe bláithe buidhe a blade of [i.e. with] a smooth yellow haft IGT, Decl. ex. 1119 . eabh in oighe, ex. 1097 . no gur chaith a eibh, ex. 1098 . comfat eim na sceine do saill, Laws i 132.20 Comm. Cf. coimhṡleamhain re héimh (leg. eirr?) easguinne as slippery as an eel's tail RC xxix 118.17 .

et(a)im, aitim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. et(a)im, aitim or dil.ie/20864
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: etim, eataim, aitim, etim

n f. (earlier n, n. ? *ess-dithaim ?) etim, eataim, aitim , IGT, Decl. § 13 . The primary meaning is uncertain; Meyer's analysis ( Wortk. 134 ) is wrong, as the initial is short and the following cons. voiceless ( etim: etill IGT, Decl. ex. 636 . Cf. Bürgschaft p. 12 ).

I Spring, leap (?); thrust (?): rucsat da eitim edtroma fírluatha i certcomdail a chele, MR 266.15 . Cf. do rug sí eitim is sceinnim, ITS iii1 146x . As vn.: bui dibergach...oc eitim ┐ oc ingreim ar P., Acall. 4049 .

II Chance, opportunity; breach (?): eitim .i. báoghal, O'Cl. ? cach aigni a etaim, ZCP xvii 50 § 19 , Celtica xi 24 . Usually with vb. of reaching or seizing: tancatar ┐ rusc mor leo do gabail etma for B., ┐ dia doerad iarsein mani hetar im imda acce to take B. by surprise (?) Thes. ii 332 z = Lism. L. p. 320 w . ba gabáil etma don ríg | immar tharras ina thír, Metr. Dinds. iv 46.49 . ni riacht ceachtar de eitim gona na letartha for araile, Aen. 3130 . tárraidh mac I. eitim ngabala ar dhaghbhaile daingen, AFM v 1674.16 . táraidh E. eitim gona ┐ baeguil for P., D IV 2, 77 [71]va 41 . ar in mbráen mar do úair etim | do-chúaidh cráebh d'etill tar ais, IGT, Decl. ex. 636 . fuaratar etim ar ghlaslaith an iarla coro marbhadh a ngar do ched dibh, AFM v 1600.10 . no gu faicim fear na scél | ní ḟear dér acht d'aitim úam, IGT, Decl. ex. 637 . dus an ccaomhsatais d'eisleis no d'etim rochtain aissidhe go S., Hugh Roe, 278.24 . d'aitim no d'uaicnes, Celt. Rev. iv 208.21 . Cf. eo gan eitim `salmon unfailing' [never off guard?] Ó Bruad. iii 150 .

III In Laws applied to a species of pledge , apparently in a transferred sense; the most explicit ex. recorded is: etaim .i. gell do thuit ar eit do buith i tir comaithig a pledge which is forfeited (?) for cattle being on a neighbour's land O'Mulc. 467 . ettim ebraice robustoria (?), ar is ar niurt berair ib. diles cach n-etaim acht diroth cach techta iar re ┐ aputh, ZCP xiii 23 y (see Bürgschaft p. 12 ). leath gacha hathgabala ina hindligedh athgabála...┐ ní tét etuim (.i. smacht) tar cúic bú do tuaith, Laws i 270.8 . ni [leg. in ?] mug...ni gaibther an-aetaim fri dlighidh...he, acht cos i nglais, 104 y (with gl.: noca gabur a netmanughadh neich eile fris..., 106.12 ). ni bi eataim iar fiachuib .i. nocha bi smacht roairde gotha no roísle gotha dona feichemnaib na orra iar cindiud a fiach, O'Curry 1871 (= ataim 2281 ). i tuillem do febe .i. etuim slóigidh, O'D. 72 (< H 3. 17, col. 62 = Laws i 162.11 Comm. ). mad cona n-etmannaib .i. ma methaid ni dinn reir ┐ dind aurdligid .i. cona dilsi don flaith .i. narup gat na aurrach `mit ihren Verschul- dungen' ZCP xvi 206 (= O'Curry 828 < H 3.18, 380a ). In these passages et(a)im evidently is used of the act for which a certain fine was due.

Cf. cach aigni a étaim `to every pleader his decision' ZCP xvii 50 § 19 . étaim .i. cinne[d] ut est etaim dligid .i. in cinned ata do réir dligid ar na haighnidi, O'Dav. 783 .

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