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ad-caíni

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-caíni or dil.ie/379

Forms: accaíne, accaíned

v bewails, laments, complains . Usually as simple vb. accaínid. bebaid C. . . . ad-coinfet Goidil, ZCP xx 223.12 . mōr marb . . . atcinfet (cainfit, v.l.) Goideil, xiii 381.8 . egid ┐ accainid in ben co bronach, LB 115b13 . iachtuis ┐ acainis a ben `he bewailed and lamented his wife', Ériu iii 150 § 3 . ní hiat a cnedha fen roacain, TTebe 3837 . roaccainset . . . ara airscélaib they lamented him because of the noble tales about him, TTr.² 1216 . dá n-acaoineadh sí Seaán, L. Cl. A. B. 155.52 . In phrase a.¤ x fri y complains about x to y: acainit a muinter re Senán beith cen usce occu his people complain to S. that they are without water, Lism. L. 2375 . accainis Prespiter Seon fria ṡlōghaibh in dāeirse i raibhi ō Darius, Marco P. 98 . ro acaoinset Cruithnigh friu-somh cumga a bforba, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.13 . agaoinsiot a nimneadh fris an righ, AFM i 408.10 .

Vn. accaíne, accaíned. Cf. éccaínid, attcuinti and athchaínid .

2 adrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 adrad or dil.ie/534
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: adartha

g s. adartha. Vn. of 2 adraid, act of adhering to, following: fri foglaim écnai imláin / 'co a.¤, . . . / rohuc hed do cach ardríg he surpassed all kings in pursuing wisdom (of Solomon), SR 7039 . maith in talman . . . / 'ga adrad as truag mar tad, ACL iii. 237 § 31 . me úaim gan (leg. 'ga n-) adhradh a fad / sluaigh na talman o tanag, Prolegomena 44 § 12 . airrdena na n-athardha . . . d'fír-adhradh, MR 150.13 . a aés cumachta ┐ a lucht adartha his followers, LU 8401 ( FB 28 ). adhradh ceall frequenting, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . a.¤ lītha going by omnes, Hail Brigit 14 § 14 . adhradh a bhfóid díobh do dhligh | ar marbhadh ríogh fhóid Oiligh 'they should have stood their ground when the king of the land of Ailech was slain', Giolla Brighde 42 § 11 . fearr suth na talmhan tréigthir / 's is guth adhradh d'fhuairshléibhtibh, DDána 74.13 . a n-ógbaid ag adhrad ar a n-áille dá n-órarmaib `keeping to their gilded weapons because of their beauty,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 40.7 . tabhair a.¤ an iúil dó / a sdiúir m'anman . . ., A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 3 . neamhadhradh do reacht an ríogh, DDána 3.6 . ó taoi-se ag adhradh don tsíoth, / . . . / badh lugha id chogadh ar suim, Content. xxvii 3 . With other prepositions: gan adrud re testaib no re antestaib, Cóic Con. 40 § 58 . ro aghair in Coimdídh o uirisle ┐ nir caemclai adradh inte, BB 492b7 . tic . . . muinter Irua[i]th na n-a.¤ following them (i.e. Mary and the Saviour?), ACL iii 245 § 29 . aos dána an talmhan n-a thaigh / na dámha ag adhradh n-a fhail, Magauran 164 . Cf. 1 adairt.

ad-treba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-treba or dil.ie/589
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: atreba, attreba, -atreba, -atrabhai, atrebat, atrebthar, -roaitreba, atrebom, ro-atrebam, atrefea, ad-id-trefea, -roatrebatt, -aittrebtha, adrothreb, rosaitrebsad, attrab, aittrebad, aittrebaid

v (*ad-treb-) Indic. pres. 3 s. atreba, Wb. 16a17 ; Sg. 33a6 . attreba, Ml. 51d28 . -atreba, Wb. 27d26 . ?rel. -atrabhai, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . 3 pl. atrebat, Sg. 198a23 . Pass. sg. atrebthar, Sg. 198a19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -roaitreba, Wb. 6b3 . 1 pl. atrebom, LU 4400 . ro-atrebam , Trip.² 3121 . Fut. 3 s. atrefea, Wb. 30b18 ; Ml. 107a15 . atrebea, Ml. 35 b 24 , Ériu xxix 20 . With inf. pron. ad-id-trefea, ib. 3 pl. -roatrebatt, BColm. 78.9 . Condit. pass. sg. -aittrebtha, Trip.² 2267 . Perf. 3 s. adrothreb, Wb. 27a12 ; BB 316a30 . 3 pl. rosaitrebsad (= -t), RC xvii 29.32 . Vn. attrab, aittrebad. Cf. ad-aittreba. Later as simple verb aittrebaid.

(a) inhabits, dwells in (with prep. I N- or accus.): is oendia atreba indib, Wb. 16a17 . is hé loc inatreba, 27d26 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig, Ml. 35b24 . sund romaltsa . . . ┐ atrebom sund let us abide here, LU 4400 . ro rádi P. nád aittrebtha in dún, Trip.² 2267 . ní aitreba a tīr so co brāth, Ériu iii 140 . 182 . múinter romín . . . attrebus in catraig sin, IT i 177.23 ( FA § 12 LB) = is iat attrebait in c., LU 2042 . ro-aittrebam isna hinata sin, PH 756 . in teglach inar aittrebais, 8198 . na cineda atrebait im sruth Ailp, CCath. 1542 .

(b) possesses (with accus.): amal attreba nech á orbe saindiles is samlid adrothreb dia maccu israhel, Ml. 51d28 . aní atreba leis (gl. in posesione), `that which he possesses', Sg. 33a1 . airindi atreba æsorcuin (gl. fiunt igitur possessiua uel a nominibus, ut Caesar Caesareus) `because he possesses destruction', 3 . airindi atreba leiss adrad martis (gl. Martius) `because he possesses the worship of Mars', a4 . sanctáir: arindí atreba rétu nóiba and (gl. sacrarium) `because it possesses holy things therein', 6 . innani atrebat gl. possessorum, 198a23 . doadbat són a cenél atreba a n-atrab atrebthar (atrebtar MS.) and (gl. genera etiam possessorum demonstratio ostendit) `that shows the gender which the possession that is possessed possesses', 24 . co n-atrab cach miad, RC xx 50.23 (ACC). na fes cissi dealb n-atrabhai nach rēt do neoch atcither isin bith `the shape that aught visible in the world possesses', Ériu ii 98 § 1 . trocaire De . . . ro-hisumm uli, ro-s-airillem, ro-s-aittrebam, PH 1446 .

aicbéil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicbéil or dil.ie/750
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aicméil, aichbéil, aighmhéil

i also aicméil. With -ch-/-gh- aichbéil, MR 308.20 . aighmhéil, TD 24.10 . See aidbéil.

Adj. with a wide range of pejorative meanings which may be classified approximately as follows.

(a) fierce, severe, harsh: rom-sáerat . . . ar cach n-ammus n-aicmeil (: Aipréil), Fél. 120.z . . . . amais aigmheile easscardemhla, AFM vi 2112.2 . gním aígsech acbeóil, LL 298b50 ( SG 367 ). T. na dtreas n-aigmhéil, DDána 64.34 . ar ndul i gceann a chéile / don dá fhoirinn aigmhéile, 85.16 . gor ba airbe aighbéil anrata iat-sein eturru, MR 140.11 . sharp, acute: dind ḟochaind amnais acbéil, Metr. Dinds. ii 68.42 . tria intliucht n-amnas nacbheil, BB 332a7 . Compar. and superl. mar is . . . ágmaire ┐ is aigbéli ro fédadar, MR 222.24 . aighmhéile, Desid. 4647 . Adv. co hacbéil, LL 244a10 ( TTr. 2025 ).

(b) dangerous, perilous: masa clesa neamaicbeile . . . masa clesa aicbeile, Laws iii 284.22 Comm. cid fodera o rab aicbeil hi cen a dilsi uile? `dangerous', 220.6 Comm. as aigmhéil toghluasacht do theacht uadha sin periculum est ne abortiat , 23 K 42 , 73.17 . do budh aigmeil gortugud . . . na menman timendum est de laesione . . . mentis, O'Gr. Cat. 204.26 . gona aigbeili, TTebe 4519 . sbairn 'na n-aghaidh dob aicmeil it was dangerous to fight against them, Ériu iv 222 § 39 . urchor . . . aighmeil, MR 284.27 . ar armaib . . . aigbeli, Cog. 158.z . aigmhéil dá (do v.l.) bharr / béim súl ar chách ré a chladhfhaicsin (complimenting a lady on her hair), DDána 114.8 .

(c) terrible, awesome: co nderna thúaig n-uathmar n-acbéil . . . de (of Cú Ch.'s distortion), TBC-LL¹ 3804 . sech ifrenn n-ūathmar n-acbē[i]l (: cēin), BColm. 48.9 . sechnon Ēirenn aigbēile, ML² 155 . dol d'argain an ollomhan / . . . / mon ngníomh n-éagosmhail n-aigmhéil `for the unseemly, woeful deed', TD 3.27 . adhnaicit siumh gerbh aiccméil / in gobainn isin aiccen, BNnÉ 65.5 . Of a person: an t-iarrla aghmhor onconta aigmheil `awful', Rel. Celt. ii 260.30 . da congbad a muinter fein / a gesa don naem aigbeil, Fen. 270.14 . Lasair inghean Ronáin réidh / an bhannaomh uásal aigmhéil, Ériu v 80.36 . lucht crúadhaighthe caingneadh réidh / grúamaighthe airrdhean n-aigmhéil, Studies 1919, 256 § 4 .

Compar.: aigmeili lais in ugdar in set do gait a haentig oldas a haenmaigin `the author of the law viewed the stealing of the seds . . . as of greater enormity', Laws i 164.31 Comm. aicbeile don rig a facbail amaich, iii 496.17 Comm.

(d) wretched, despairing: iachtadh aigmeil ┐ gair truagh, RC xxviii 312 § 12 . éagcaoine na n-anam n-aigmhéil, TSh. 6540 . bertaid-si aichni aicbeil for in scel sin ┐ teid a ciall uaithi `she turned a terrified attention to that tale', Aen. 791 . Adv. go haccaointeach aigmhéil, TSh. 4010 .

As subst.: i naicbelib in armuigi amid the horrors of the battle-field, MR 316.19 .

aicil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicil or dil.ie/798

Forms: acail

n (with voiceless -c-) f. (Lat. aquila). Also acail. Freq. with Lat. -qu-. eagle: delb aquili, CCath. 487 . fuath aiquile, Marco P. 5 . tecut na haicile anuas, 178 . conad iat na nat[h]racha sin thoimhlit na haquile dímhora, ib. iar gcur na n-aiquiled dhibh, ib. gu n-aquilibh geala, ib. Fig. of persons: is é inn accil ómnach (sic leg.), TBC-LL¹ 5417 . ag siud . . . aquil dib . . . .i. Capeneus, TTebe 1237 . ann acil ra-imig imshlán (of Adrastus), 1244 . secht n-aquili aduathmara . . . secht rig na nGreg, 1235 . a fírDé . . . a aqil . . . airchis dín (in a litany), Hib. Min. 43.15 . Sant Aibhisdín an acuil úd . . . an Sgrioptúir, Desid. 4622 . is sí an aquil Críost cain / siad na heóin an chlíar chrábhaidh, O'R. Poems 3057 . As n.pr. f. Aquila: muinter priscill et aquille, Wb. 7b9 .

airglaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airglaine or dil.ie/2048

n (airglan) clearness, brightness: is blath lighda ara erglaine, Ériu iii 6.17 . da cét naem co n-árghlaine / muinter Choimded chumachtaig, SG 367.9 ( LL 298b13 ).

amsaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amsaine or dil.ie/3223

Forms: amhsaine

n , f. = amsae. amhsaine f., IGT Decl. § 3 . ro naisc sium a munter . . . a n-a.¤ for rig A., RC xx 430.4 . in lanamain bis i n-a.¤ , Laws ii 356.24 Comm. do chuaid . . . for fecht do dol a n-a.¤ co rig Connacht, Fél. 48.z . atá sin ac rí Albun a n-a.¤ , RC v 200 § 13 . battar acc reicc a n-amhsaine . . . le hUltoibh, AFM v 1564.12 . a haithli m'amhsuine, Prolegomena 44 § 11 . aes ámsaine, LB 236 marg. inf. a nduasaib dligthech re hamsaib gabus greim a.¤ re dethberus uile . . . ┐ re hamsaib na gaibh greim a.¤ ┐ an gein tuillmidhachta, O'Curry 2318 ( Eg. 88, 24a ) `? compositions for military service', Plummer MS notes. duine . . . denaid a.¤ no faichill fris, O'D. 781 (H 3.17, c. 560-1). amhsoine as fhada iarmuirt `campaign', Studies 1921, 76.22 . cuairt a.¤ , Grail 2523 . Fig. muinter an mōrchoimdeg . . . tāt ina a.¤ gan aos, gan ḟás, ZCP viii 201 § 13 . innmhe is uaisle / go dtibhre uaimse ar amhsaine, Dán Dé xvi 6 .

adj In transferred meaning: gnúis úathmhar na hamhsoine ` of the soldiery ', Studies 1919, 256 § 2 .

1 anart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anart or dil.ie/3370

Forms: a n-a., a., anairt

n o, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 47 . Orig. n. n s. a n-a.¤ , Críth G. 312 . Later m. and f. a.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 25 . anairt f., § 13 . linen cloth: [amal a]nart no amal [l]índæ gl. uelut linteum magnum, Thes. i 497.9 (Ardm.). a.¤ .i. hin-irt .i. hirt bás . . . a.¤ didiu in bāis ar a bāine. Is cosmail fri líi bāis ar bāini or nā bī nī do dergge and, Corm. Y 37 . slíc ┐ uisce ┐ a.¤ , Críth G. 309 . ro thinól . . . na línbroit na h-anartai, SR 5972 . Of the drapery of the tabernacle: gníthi on drumslait immach / sithbi n-a.¤ . . . / oena.¤ tairsiu anechtair, SR 4284 - 4285 . a.¤ sróil, 4319 . muinter na sacart . . . / oc immarchur na n-a.¤ , 4886 . Of altar-linen: oc dénum na n-a.¤ altóra, Trip.² 2963 . .l. clocc ┐ .l. cailech n-altóre ┐ .l. a.¤ , 1700 . anarta coisecarthai, Ériu i 219 § 9 . tri hanairt slana . . . / ecortar im chorp n-Adaim gravecloths , SR 2221 . tárfaid dam in a.¤ tucas imme, PH 3735 . a.¤ and co fuil Críst (a relic), Trip.² 2824 . atnaig fót suide isin carput ┐ a.¤ léined imbi, LU 5412 (TBC). fuil for anairt namharcaigh .i. o tairisis fuil ar an anairt taithnemhaigh, O'D. 555 (H 3.17, 438). gorma.¤ cáel corrtharach, LL 11942 . tri .l. c. n-a.¤ n-imda / co ndath n-adarc mirrda mán, 296a21 ( SG 362.14 ). dos ligh d'anairt is d'uisce, Aithd. D. 57.14 . Cf. a.¤ ainm do mhaoithmhín, Metr. Gl. 15 § 34 . a.¤ .i. maoth, O'Mulc. 56 . anairt .i. máoth no mín, O'Cl. Cf. 2 art.

Compd. ¤-gel: ro tuirrnadar a seola . . . anairtghela, CF 73 . See 2 lín compds. and lám compds.

athmuinter

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athmuinter or dil.ie/4833

n ( muinter ): cech aen is tarrnocht fuil fer / ní blais biad a a.¤ posterity, descendants(?), Acall. 212 v.l. mad aithed and, nír' chlunter / cid athḟer cid athmunter second wife(?), Metr. Dinds. iii 18.228 . imdergad . . . don mnai . . . ag imradh a hathmuindtire ina fiadnaise the wife who preceded her(?), O'Curry 1010 (H 3.18, 429a).

aurrae, aurrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurrae, aurrad or dil.ie/5034
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aurrai, urra, orra, earra, urradh, orradh, earradh, urrada, urrad, urradha, urraidhe, uraidhe

n t, m., also o.

Not freq. in the earliest texts. Oldest ex. prob. aurrai (sic MS), Críth G. 457 , where used in the apparently secondary sense of leader, chief . If the form aurrad is old it could be < *ar-fo-rath, cf. deorad < *di-fo-rath, with which it is frequently contrasted in legal texts (thus Wortk. viii § 175 ). But derived by Binchy from 1 ráth ZCP xxxiii 88 . The inflexion and meaning are against treatment of aurrae as vn. of a compd. of renaid. urra, orra, earra f., IGT Decl. § 7 . urradh, orradh, earradh m., § 11 . Also with n s. -aid, Ir. Gl. 304 , Tec. Corm. § 31.17 (?), Ériu i 126.12 , Cog. 118.16 . g s. urrada, O'Curry 630 ( H 3.18, 364 ). urrad, ACL iii 228.74 . n p. urradha, AFM v 1654.5 , Cog. 206.21 . urraidhe, TSh. 71 . g p. uraidhe, BNnÉ 318 n.18 . Note also d. sg. uirridh, Celtica xxi 8 .

(a) person who is native within the bounds of a `fine', `túath' etc. , person whose protection and rights have been vouchsafed Wortk. viii § 175 , ZCP xxxiii 88 , as oppd. to `deorad'; native freeman, landowner, person of standing: indigena .i. urraidh, Ir. Gl. 304 . isiat na hurraidh atbeir and:—fir aen eirce, no aencriche, no cid lucht aen choicid ar meadhon dia cheile . . . ┐ dia mbedis fo smacht aen rig . . . asiad na deoraid, na cuigeadhaidh dia cheile, O'Curry 2011-2 (H 4.22, p. 34). mad mac imurro berus cetmuindtir do urradh is dilus da trian na n-orba sa do, uair berait mic na nurrad cinaid `because the sons of native freemen bear (i.e. pay for) liabilities', Laws iv 44.17 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili amuil cach nurraid, 42.z Comm. muinter Cennansa erraid deoraid, Misc. Arch. Soc. 128.3 (`both natives and pilgrims?' Plummer MS notes). ro edpairset . . . disiurt Choluim Chille . . . do deoradaib craidbechaib . . . cen seilb ṅdilis do nach erraid ann trea biuthu, 130.7 . urraid cách co fócra, Tec. Corm. § 31.17 . do maccaib deórad . . . do maccaib aurrad (urradh v.l. St.), TBC-LL¹ 19 . bud aurchur deoraid sin ┐ ni ba hicht urraid, 1289 . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.26 . maccaib sceo ingenaib deoraid aurraid láichaib, LL 215a25 . ag dícendadh urradh ┐ easurradh na ccendtar . . ., AFM v 1698.2 . a thermainn toghaide d'fagbáil 'ga nurradhaibh ┐ 'ga noighredhaibh iomcuibhde dia éis, BNnÉ 264 § 225 . teagh ríogh Chruachan cuma a luadh / is (um, as, MSS) nach uathadh urra um Aodh, DDána 119.23 . idir urra is anurraidh `both freemen and wanderers', TD 16.53 . na huaisle ┐ na hurraidhe gentry, TSh. 71 . Attrib. g s. fer iar n-iocc recht (? secht) cumal urraid .i. in deora frecair, Laws v 185 n. c . aire urraid, O Cl. 959 (H 3.18, 413b) `a native noble', Plummer MS. notes. gataide urrada . . . g. deorada, 630 (ib. 364 ).

(b) leader, chief: ríi buiden, cid ara n-eperr side? airindí as n-a.¤ dá buiden nó theora mbuiden, secht cét cacha buidne, Críth G. 457 . bassa hurræ alma, Imr. Brain ii 288.32 (Laud 610 f. 102a) = bá-sa thóisech-sa do almaib, 21 ( LU 1274 ). torcrattar . . . ceithre hurradha gall, Cog. 206.21 . catluan catha ┐ urraidh ┐ airsid ímbualta, BB 490b47 . mac ógh-Mhuire is urra dhún, A. Ó Dálaigh v 4 . má tá tusa . . . / it urradh gliadh, Content. xxvii 11 . go reich urra a n-eadrána `until their defender come', TD 17.16 . ceann urraid soighdiúiridhe . . . Séamus, Párl. na mB. 173 . a bheith na chenn don Presptri ┐ na urruigh mhóir dona chovinentears, Rel. Celt. ii 178.33 .

(c) surety, guarantor (`?because only a native landowner could act as such. Cf. trebaire', Plummer MS. notes): ro gap F. ratha et urradha ar M. im na comhadaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 461 n.2 . dona hurradhaibh fuair Adamnan na mná do shaoradh . . . Moshacra i.e. that M. was one of the guarantors A. got to secure the freedom of women, Mart. Don. Jan. 8 . iarrois a fiacha ar a urrad (translating debitor), Aisl. Tond. 120 § 2 . ro luaidhedh siothchain . . . gan urradha gan árach, AFM vi 1988.16 . bíaidh agamsa ina earruidh / mac Donnchaidh Í degCealluigh, IGT Decl. ex. 291 . sgéal gan urra unsupported, Aithd. D. 32.27 . urra an sgeóil `the hero of the story', TD 24.19 . bhíos durraigh ar son fhíach, Proverbs xxii 26 (`that are sureties for debts'). ós urra gan bhaoi gan ionamhus inn, Ó Bruad. ii 170.12 . urra an chonnartha is fearr, Hebrews vii 22 . ni abair an biobla amhluidh, no aonurradh, no aonughdaras nach breugach any authority, Luc. Fid. 5864 . uisge is teine mhór / 's urradh badh lór leat (of brewing ale) `materials' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 8.40 .

With FRI (RE): cia as earradh re hionnramh gcáigh? O'R. Poems 1551 . tapoir urra damhsa risna comhadha re geallois a Mheadhbh, ZCP x 277.33 . dá mbeith Dia ag cuma fa cheart / cia bhus urra re h-imtheacht?, DDána 23.1 . mairg as urra re héacht ríogh `it is a grave thing to be responsible for (ordering) a king's exploit,' Aithd. D. 59.1 .

With gen. of vn., used of a person who can effect the action of the vn.: fá tú urra m'anacuil you were the one who could protect me, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 334.3 . urra a ndīona ar Danaruibh, ZCP ii 339.25 . urra ar sásaidh-ne is sé sin, DDána 20.29 . tú urra cobhartha cáigh the certain help of all, 19.15 . níbu hurra deabhtha ad dhál he will be no match for you in contest, O'R. Poems 1818 .

bláith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláith or dil.ie/6057

Forms: mláith, bláth, mblāith, bh., blaithi, bróg bhláithghreanta

adj i earlier mláith q.v. Also bláth [o, ā]. n s. f. mblāith, ZCP viii 202.13 . bean bh. g s. f. blaithi, forms given as `cáol uile,' IGT Decl. § 136. bean bhláth, § 137 .

(a) smooth (in orig. sense from subjection to grinding, friction, etc.): bláth (leg. bláith, ed.), mín, réidh `smooth', Eg. Gl. 68. (Of objects of metal, wood, stone, horn) filet ann brugi bláthi, SR 477. deich mbeanna bōnadarc būabaill mblāith, Ériu ii 28.20 . bogada blathi ` polished ', Cog. 158.23 . do bleidedhaibh blaithe, 114.20 . fidchell . . . cona foirind blāith bricc bendaig, MacCongl. 69.26 . do thighibh bláithe, Ériu v 58.27 . ar slios bh.¤ an bhrogha te `on the smooth wall', 62.5 . a measc na ccloch mb.¤ , Isaiah lvii 6. dia mbiailibh bláithibh, AFM v 1556.4 . garbh ṡáithe ┐ mín mheile / sgín eibhe bláithe buidhe with a smooth yellow haft, IGT Decl. ex. 1119. (Of skin, leather; cloth) a inar b.¤ bíannaide `soft tunic of skin' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1871. fa mbratachaib blaithi, MR 224.3 . geabhuidh lamhuinn mbreacchuirr mb.¤ , KMMisc. 170 § 12.

(Of food and drink) fít bec b.¤ a small light ration, Ériu ii 65 § 8. bid b.¤ do deog, iv 106.8 . blongi bláthi `smooth lard', MacCongl. 81.24 . In comic n.pr. meic borrchrothi blāthi, MacCongl. 33.16 .

? fosair blaith boairech . . . cred é b.¤ annsin. Inand é ┐ dag boaire co mbail foranaeí ┐ isé sin b.¤ atber ann, H 3.18, 646b32 ( O'Curry 1449 ).

(b) (In fig. sense) smooth, gentle, soft; comely: is amlaid sain bis ríge / garb a thús . . . / b.¤ a mmedón, Ériu iv 106.6 . i márḟlaith . . . / indat bláithe beccáin, Fél. Sept. 4. muinter b. romín (the inhabitants of Heaven), LU 2041. ind ḟírflaith blaith builid búan (of Conn Cétchathach), Airne F. 267. blaith .i. suthain, Stowe Gl. 245 (an inference ?). in énlaith búan b.¤ , LU 3696 ( SCC 33 ). fer blaith cennais ` mild ', PH 1974. Bēbinn blāith, ZCP vi 269 § 6. mor . . . do bhann- trachtaibh blaithe bíthe, Cog. 42.15 . [fi]r bláthi bithi borba, Ériu viii 70.7 . blāith ro-gabais cucut corp (to Christ), ACL iii 242 § 16. a abhlainn bh.¤ bheannaighthe `O bright . . . Host', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 6. in troigh ṡlisseang, boindgeal b.¤ `smooth . . . foot', Ériu iv 218.15 . brēthir b.¤ `with gentle word(s)' (Gloss.), Sc.M² 21f . gut[h] blāith, ACL iii 306 § 9. na tuill buide mblāith / fria duine nach dlúith, KMMisc. 274.15 . oentu . . . blaith, Cog. 122.17 .

Equative: bláithidir scotha, Eg. 1782, 18a1 (cited Contribb. 225 ).

Compar. bláithe ná blaosg na huighi smoother (of a mansion), O'Gr. Cat. 354.1.

Superl. is é rígh as bláthem ┐ as mínem . . . dod-ánic, BDD² 1072.

Adv. atá slíghe . . . déanta go b.¤ = the way is made plain, Proverbs xv 19. gi-bé thairgfeadh a riar go b.¤ ` satisfactorily ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 29.4 .

As subst. tairm na bláithe buige of the smooth, gentle (harp), SG 108.25 .

Compds. With nouns: ag binnghabháil a bíáidae ┐ a blathurnaighthe gentle prayers, Ériu v 86.17 . blāthc[h]aomna bocht, ZCP viii 215.16 . im bláitheing mbric ngreanta `neat border' (of embroidery), Magauran 2086 . ar beinn a bruit ┐ a bláithédaigh, Ériu v 76.38 . blaithliag `a pumice-stone ', Eg. Gl. 735. an cethramhad mionn dibhsin, / an mblaithminestir mbuadhach `smooth . . . reliquary', BNnÉ 270 § 241 . bláthoige gach ball id mhiocht smooth perfection, Magauran 2077 . Aedh mac C. . . . /. ui. bliadna fa blaithríadail, BB 59a31 .

With adjj.: i n-iomdaidh bhuiligh blaith-bind full of soothing sounds, BNnÉ 273 § 245 . is mic Cairbre bhuig bhláithcháoin fair and gentle, Ériu v 86.8 . mias . . . bhláthchaoin (of fine earthenware), TSh. 889. do breacsrol blathetrocht `smooth -bright', CCath. 4665. la C. mbúan mblaithfial soft and modest C., Gorm. Jan. 12. righti . . . blaithghelai smooth, white arms, TE 4 Eg. cona dib caelspeltib blathmaetha biannaide (of a sword-case of skin), CCath. 4692. blaithmín fri boctaib, Gorm. Sept. 25. re táobh na learg mbláithslim mbán, IGT Decl. ex. 417. beith ind-ēccmais Brīain bláith-rēidh, ZCP viii 218.31 . a bodhadhaibh blaithrighne smooth, tough bows, AFM v 1646.5 . With part. bróg bhláithghreanta, Magauran 4133 .

bunad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bunad or dil.ie/7450
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bonadh, bunada, bunadana, b., bunadcineoil

n o, [n. ?] (1 bun). bonadh, CCath. 2515. gan bunaid (: Ulaidh), BB 51a29 ( MacCarthy 432.11 ). ? fer in bunait `the original owner', Laws iv 180.24 (sic also Facs.). a bhunaidh tuaighe (: chulaidh), TD 44.8 . pl. bunada, BB 203a6 . Todd Nenn. 26.1 (sic leg. for bunadana ?).

(a) origin, basis, source: ón bunud gl. a principali, Sg. 33b2 . don chétni persin as b.¤ do `which is its origin', 52a19 . ? fri báig is búnad prímda, Thes. ii 295 § 7. in slíab dianid b.¤ B. whose name derives from B., Metr. Dinds. ii 54.16 . nit scela cen b.¤ unauthorized (?), LL 6578. do b.¤ imthechta Eoganachta in so, ZCP viii 312.10 . a buna cunnartha `his original bargain', Laws v 504.29 Comm. do bhéar bunadh ris I shall give authority for it, Content. xviii 76. as é a b.¤ the fact is, Ériu iv 218.25 . `a funo' a b.¤ Laitne (of word fid), Auraic. 3551. b.¤ . . . don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. ? Of a person: eirig suas a Oscair / ro fes is tu in b.¤ `that thou art (of) the true stock', SG 117.5 `that thou art the mainstay', Duan. F. ii 176 § 1. ? co ria b.¤ brechtaig, Leb. Cert.² 203.

Appar. also dwelling, habitation: b.¤ naem is chell is chros, Metr. Dinds. iii 424.31 . bhar mbunadh, DDána 74.9 (see Gloss.). bunaidh, dún `a habitation', Eg. Gl. 81.

(b) Of families etc. origin, stock, race: b.¤ mo chlainde gl. ex semine Abracham, Wb. 5a19 . is iesse as b.¤ dossom . . . iár colinn gl. erit radix Iesse, 6d10 . in bunaid gl. originis, Ml. 68c5 . do Bretnaib . . . b.¤ Lomáin, Trip. 68.3 . ō Loch Echach a mbunadh, ZCP viii 307.21 . an buna ┐ an bhanntracht `la famille, les femmes', RC xxiii 10.7 . sleacht B. bunadh na fola / ó dtáid síol mB., Content. xxix 20. ceann bunadh Gaoidheal, ML 22.2 .

(c) Freq. with gs. ceiniuil: ceili bunaid-selba ┐ bunaid-ceiniuil iar saire `ein Genosse, der ihm nach (Land-) Besitz und nach Geschlecht angestammt ist seiner Freiheit nach', ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 306 ). sechtar b.¤ a ceníuil outside the family, LL 318c36 . b.¤ a cinil, Grail 824 . A. do bunadh-ceneil I., TTebe 3776 (leg. b.¤ ch. ?). gur fhágaibh . . . gach bean aga bunad-chineóil, ML 88.34 . Also bunadhchenél as compd., see below.

(d) In Laws original stock, stock belonging to the family, etc.: b.¤ `das Stammvieh', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 30. b.¤ cethra, Laws ii 394.23 . is se an bunadh tharb ┐ bo, O'Curry 2163 ( Eg. 88, 4d ). Hence freq. fer bunaid owner: d'fir bunaidh, Laws i 172.18 Comm. , etc. Of bees: is in tire insuidigther as coir b.¤ a tuisten `their young offspring belongs to the land in which they settle', Laws iv 190.16 . Of water for a mill: nicon fess cate b.¤ ind uisci `the origin (i.e. the original stock) of the water', Ériu xvii 64 § 1 ( Laws iv 206 ). Cf. trī randa dorigne don lind .i. b.¤ ┐ tānaisi ┐ īarlind, BColm. 74.25 .

(e) V. freq. in gs. as attrib. original, fundamental; native, hereditary; inherent, own, proper; basic, established; certain, veritable, real, etc.: amal ind claínn bunid `like the original clan', Wb. 5b33 . mo chorp . . . / nach léic úad a olc bunaid that does not cast off its inherent evil, ACL iii 216.23 . dunarus bunaid permanent abode, LU 3211. fích bunaid eter maccu Morna ┐ Find feud , 3183 . in farainm . . . in ainm bunaid family name , Cóir Anm. 13. galar buna[id] inherent defect, Laws i 280.21 Comm. isat brāthir bunaid dom saerad, MacCongl. 57.8 . fis bunaid marbhtha a ceitri mac certain knowledge, BB 363a20 . sgarum fris gach mbāes mbunaidh, ZCP vi 264 § 13 . an briathar bunaidh atberat an fhiledh . . . gurab buaine bladh nā saogul `das Sprichwort', xiv 251.1 . breith bunaid true interpretation (of a dream), BB 238a22 . Cf. breath bhunaidh (sic leg.) .i. as bunáiteach a bhreath, O'Cl. ar scél bunaid innossa . . . tanic scel É. etraind ┐ se, LB 147a31 `our original story' (i.e. after a digression), Introd. 9. tic fer bunaid in baile the owner (?), Rawl. 87a39 . ? boí dano noí mís fo chleith ingeni détlaind bunaid (rhet.), LL 13932. adhbhar oilithrigh bhunaidh / réim tighe chuirr Chonchobhair real grounds for a pilgrimage (?), DDána 116.18 . ár lá brátha bunaid `our veritable Doomsday', Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.36 . bés bunaidh an established habit, Hugh Roe 226.14 . amal mac mbunaid do fen as a son of his own, TTebe 98 . a berla bunaid his native tongue, Lism. L. 2538. a bídbaid bunaidh hereditary enemies, ZCP xiii 196.15 . Used more vaguely (note alliteration): ar thegmáil mbunuidh Í Bloid, Ériu iv 216.19 . dia slog bunaid bithgrada, BB 360b24 . ocht ccéd do bhliadhnaibh (sic leg.) bunaidh, KMMisc. 56 § 6. P. . . . / deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23. fágbhaim fōs beannacht bhunaidh `heartfelt blessing´ Celtica iv 118 § 23 .

(f) In phrases. a b.¤ in reality, actually: sacart Insi Bó Finni me a bunud as a matter of fact I am . . ., LL 35694. ní do chathughudh a bunadh . . . acht . . . do theichem, TFrag. 208.3 `in reality', Plummer MS. notes. a buna `originally' (in fact ?), Laws i 120.9 Comm. co b.¤ : uair is co b.¤ bríg bermait / cech ní is dír dlegmait do rad since we give authority for all we say (?), LL 17003 ( RC xlvii 304 ). bar nglóir do bhreith go bunadh `test your words by a fundamental principle', Content. xviii 85. go roich do mhac Bh. go bunadh `till things become serious for him (?),' Magauran 2998 . do b.¤ always, perpetually, for ever: 'san bhailei-se do bhunadh / bhíos mo chara C., DDána 66.7 . gá doilghe béad do bhunadh what grief is ever more bitter ? Arch. Hib. i 84 § xi . ní mhaireann grádh do bhunadh, Dánta Gr. 84.2 . rob īat sin . . . muinter Cairill do b.¤ , ZCP vii 308.4 . 'cum an dunaidh a ngnáthuigigh do bhunadh, RC xxix 116 § 12.

Compds. dochum bar ṁbunad-chineoil (original) family, Acall. 6256. do bunadcineoil (g s.), TTebe 4786 . ar mb.¤ chenel, PH 2680 (written as compd., LB Facs.). arcenn ar mbráthar bunadchineoil, Lism. L. 3171. See section (c) supra. a bunudh fiach `the original debt', Laws ii 4.15 Comm. gó a mbraithribh ┐ go a mbunaidh-fhremhaibh to their original stock, Leb. Gab.(i) i 80.9 . dia bhunadh freimh, AFM vi 1906.3 . origenistum .i. bunadgein, Sg. 181a4 (see note). bunadh-indruim na T. `to describe the origin of the Thebans', TTebe 9 .

calléic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. calléic or dil.ie/8066

Forms: calléice, colléic(e), colleg

adv conj calléice, colléic(e). colleg, Aisl. Tond. 106.5 . (from co-lléic, -lléice `till I leave, till thou leavest', GOI 30 . See also 72 ).

(a) In O.Ir. with adversative force nevertheless, however, for all that: delb anmandae foraib ot he marbdai c.¤ gl. licet inanimata, Ml. 130a3 . amal nin fessed cách et ronfitir c.¤ gl. sicut qui ignoti, et cogniti, Wb. 16a2 . nonanich dia c.¤ gl. ut castigati, et non mortificati, 5 . ammi fáilti ǽm c.¤ in tribulationibus `nevertheless', 6 . is ferr limm rafesid cid c.¤ gl. de spiritalibus autem nolo vos ignorare, 12a1 . calleice gl. autem 23d7 (`for the present'). nirbu cognomen ch.¤ `yet it was not cognomen', Sg. 31b22 . nibí digbail folaid and c.¤ , 45b7 . ní aiccidit sibi c.¤ , 71b10 . nísta-som immurgu calleic cumang `for all that', Ml. 60d3 . 16d2 . 28c12 . 31a24 . 31b24 . is di hilib immurgu a cheniuil feissin diroscai c.¤ , Sg. 40a17 . ni bí sem són immurgu c.¤ gl. quamvis videatur . . . poni, 203a27 . Prob. also in: dugní trocairi frinni calleic (`at present'), Ml. 106c12 . dorónta col-léce / slébe donaib glinnib on the other hand (`forthwith'), Fél. Prol. 239 .

(b) After the O.Ir. period the (orig. ?) temporal force of the phrase (cf. editorial translations above) is more apparent, the sense being meanwhile, for the present; with negative yet: téit int-ara calleicc co gaotha ulath `in the meantime', Ériu xvi 38 § 7 . boí a muinter colléic oc fuiniu na fíadmil, TBFr. 98 . baī dano in F. hi fus colēic, Corp. Gen. 148.14 . ba gleu gothuib doine colleic `at the same time', Ériu ii 100 § 8 . nofeithedsom a cluichi collēicc he went on playing, TBC-I¹ 515 . eiseum coleic ic ol meda, Anecd. i 1.14 ( SCano 13 ). Áth Cliath fégaid lib colléic (: imthéid) `behold . . . awhile', Metr. Dinds. iii 100.1 . cid mor a anoir colléicc, bid mo i ndail bratha `at present', Three Hom. 124.12 . bídh i muig colléic `paulisper', Lat. Lives 72.14 . anum coleic `let us tarry now', BCC 155 . Introducing new section or subject-matter: do fastad breithe co léicc, O'D. 532 ( H 3.17, 431 ). scéla Césair atfiadhamar . . . coleicc, CCath. 2263 . With neg.: ni fetatar cia dogene colleic co tainic a scel-sa `still they knew not', Ériu ii 98 § 3 . ní co ndercius colleic an drong sin = adhuc non, Aisl. Tond. 106.25 . fri fēghadh fair / andsom nā raibh / ær callēice (: dēte), ACL iii 295 § 26 . ní thiber-sa in caire duit-si coleic `as yet', MR 54.1 . ceni ba forréil fair coléicc, Hugh Roe² 92.20 .

ceilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceilid or dil.ie/8460
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -cleth, cleithe, cleithi, ceilemain, ceilt, celad, cleth

v On indic. pres. 1 s. *cilu, *-ci[u]l (- cill, ACL iii 296.37 , cil, Fél.² lxi 7 ) see Bergin, Ériu xi 137 . For ā-subj., ē-fut., t-pret., pret. pass. -cleth see GOI 380 , 404 , 422 , 439 . For fut. with short vowel see Celtica xiii 23 (note to l. 189) . Part. cleithe, Vbl. of necess. cleithi, Vn. ceilemain, ceilt, celad, cleth. IGT Verbs § 34 .

Hides, conceals (ar, for from).

(a) Of objects: nudachelat gl. latentes, Ml. 54c9 . nuda-chéiltis cliatha (do.), 61a2 . nichelt [in] macc sochuide a multitude did not hide the son(?), Thes. ii 291.11 . ō Chríst nād cétla celar `who is not concealed in song', 352.1 . ro cleth cruth shapes have been obliterated (i.e. by snow in winter), LU 859 . rocleith Nia ben Lugnao indala coic lie do Corbmac, ZCP viii 103.3 (B. na f.). gid í Meadhb do célta a clú, IGT Verbs ex. 333 . créd fa cceilfinn ar mo rí[gh] / a bhfuarus uadha do mhaoín?, KMMisc. 368.9 . coro ceilti iatha . . . in talman foraib, Grail 2810 .

(b) Of facts, statements, information, etc. : dia celmis Crist do ergi o marbaib if we concealed the fact that, LB 224a16 . celid . . . diabul in fers = male . . . interpretatus est diabolus, PH 4842 . do ceileadh fios ara bh-faidhibh ann sin, ML 74.3 . docheltatar tra a muinter ar P. aní etc., Lat. Lives 56.9 . go gceilfeadh gach ní do nochtfadh seisean . . . dí that she would keep secret, Keat. ii 5276 .

(c) V. freq. in neg. does not conceal the fact that, a fact ; hence by litotes admits, allows, concedes; states, declares : ní ceilsom tra asné crist inlie, Wb. 4d16 (ref. to sicut scriptum est). nicheil cid dabíd gl. et Dauid dicit, 5b5 . nichélat indécnaide, / leir adfiadat . . . , SR 8181 . ni cheil in banḟaith Fedelm says so, LU 4585 . ní chélam as banchomarle that is obviously womanish advice, 4636 . ní chéltar orut ón I shall tell you that, TBFr. 324 . níchelam inráithe dothét foir .i. samrad, ZCP viii 175.29 . ní cheil mé ar máthair an Dúilimh `I say plainly to', Dán Dé xix 20 .

(d) Hence in chevilles: lúad nad cél I shall declare it plainly, Thes. ii 290.7 . ni-n-ceil (sic leg.), SR 7443 `es ist uns nicht verborgen', Wortk. 129 (950.y) . na ceil, LL 15393 . ni chelar, BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(e) withholds, hoards, stints; suppresses, destroys : do ceiled athair ar a mac, LL 270a8 . ceilter in comrād-sin acu ōsin amach `thenceforth they ceased from . . .', Fianaig. 64.1 . ní chéala a chrodh will not stint, Magauran 4165 . ar a gceiltear fala whom none can hate, DDána 102.42 . cadad le ceiltear séimhiughadh an fhocuil bhíos na dhíaigh (as in bean trom etc.) is cancelled, IGT Introd. § 50 . ro ceilid uisceda an tire forro, Grail 1434 . is é an gníomh soin . . . / cheileas a shéan, TSh. 5461 `destroys', Gloss.

(f) With prepp. other than ar, for: ni celt ceis ceol de cruit Crabtene, LU 622 `concealed not music', RC xx 167 ( ACC 20 ), cf. Corp. Gen. 18.25 , Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9 § 1 , Fing. R. 384 . nā ceil dam-sa in fírindi, BColm. 100.19 . fá cheann ní céaltair a n-iocht, Dán Dé xxvii 7 .

(g) The following are unclear: nī chēl a dōe ar Loge, Corp. Gen. 404.27 `his arm doth not fail L.', RC xvi 70 ( Dinds. 118 ). M. celas clú, LL 6384 ( MS. Mat. 480 ) = 380b33 . aro cheil cách corp an rígh `since the body of the king was hidden from all', AFM ii 898.7 . M. cheileas mná, Magauran 287 (`who entertains'? notes).

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle (i.e. husband, Thurn.), ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

1 ceó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ceó or dil.ie/8696
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ceo, c., ceoa, ceu, ciá, chia, cíach, cíaich, -g, cíachaib, cíach, ciach, ciaich, chiaidh, chiach, ceó, cíach, ceoa, ceoand, ceouib, ceu

n us. f., later(?) also m. (g s. ceo dermair, CCath. 3694 , in c.¤ , Smaointe B. Chr. 4851 , an ceoa , Rosa Angl. 280.11 ). n s. ceu, Corm. Y 226 . a s. ciá (= cia : dia), Blathm. 100 § 31 (see p. 161), c.¤ (= cia : dia), RC xvii 143.17 (this form also found as g s., GOI 204 ), d s. chia, Ó Bruad. iii 202.12 . In mid. Ir. us. as k-stem (g s. cíach, a d s. cíaich, -g, d p. cíachaib), but also freq. with ceó throughout sg. In late texts somet. with n s. cíach ( cíach .i. ceo, O'Cl. ciach, Anecd. i 79.5 , in ciaich , Marco P. 10 , ? g s. an chiaidh (: diaidh), Arch. Hib. i 83 vi , d s. chiach, Hackett² xlvi 17 ). ceó f. (g s. cíach), IGT Decl. § 97 , m., § 108 (undecl. in sg., pl. ceoa, cf. g p. ceoand, Rosa Angl. 50.8 , d p. ceouib, O'Gr. Cat. 254.24 ). Composition-forms cíach-, ceó-. See ZCP vi 437 .

(a) mist : ceu graece ceus .i. nubs (= nubes?), unde bith cē, Corm. Y 226 , O'Mulc. 219 . ro artraig in ceo druidechta, LU 8531 ( FB 39 ). is iat dodróni in smúitch.¤ ndruidechta sin, 6749 . con n-accamár . . . in tromchíaich máir, 9244 . dech do ṡínaib ceo, LL 345a14 . cid at-chíu / tresin céo (: gléo), MU² 415 . búi do mét na cíach, CCath. 471 . cona ceō uscaide, MacCongl. 123.15 . tre chiachaib, TTebe 597 . dorn im cheó (prov.), Laud 615, 23 (cited Meyer Contribb.).

With prep. I N- of confusion, perplexity, uncertainty : nim lot i ciá (restored as ní imlod i ciä) `I was not befogged', Blathm. 100 § 31 . urcur anfis fir hi céo, LU 3864 ( SCC 38 ). gubreth i céo, RC xiii 462 § 65 . tria cheó ngó (: beó) `cheating illusion', Metr. Dinds. iii 220.51 .

Attrib. g s misty, impenetrable : in dorcha ciach, CCath. 3962 . na trí neoil chiach, SG 230.34 . tromfhlechadh ciach, Stair Erc. 481 . i coepaib cíach cíar in masses of dark mists, Ériu iv 132.10 . inis na cuantaoibh ceo, Keat. Poems 325 . Fig. scaoilfead aithcheódh ciach na gceast, Celtica ii 179 § 82 . See dall.

(b) fault, stain, blemish : nír fhás . . . ceo ar do chlú, DDána 21.30 . mé ó chiaigh na fola fóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 11 . Freq. in phr. cen ch.¤ of persons, etc.: in corp rolaad . . . / for lige lór Helessé / atraracht cen cheo unharmed , SR 7183 . rítheagh geal Coimdhe gan cheo faultless , Aithd. D. 62.18 . ro cherbhus in láoch gan chíaidh, Duan. F. i 19.17 . gnáthchuimhne air sin diagh a ndiágh / coimed gan ciaigh iad duinn, Ó Héodhusa 247.16 .

(c) gloom, sadness, grief : coe (ceu, v.l.) bachi dī .i. mor uar (leg. monuar) a bachi, ł dirsan sain a bachi 'the grief of Bacchus, then, i.e. 'alas, O Bacchus', or 'that is sad, O Bacchus' ' CIH ii 610.30 , iii 1072.3 , O'Mulc. § 213 , CMCS lix 29 . tréig do mhaoithchiaig `quit dejected melancholy', O'Gr. Cat. 457.9 . re béin cloinne a ciaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 8 . damhna ciach, Ériu xvi 133 § 21 . máthair chúisi mo choimhchiadh, Ó Bruad. ii 120.23 .

(d) Various Fig. and extended applications: ceo crini `a mist of withered eld', TTebe 2705 . glenn . . . iarna dorchuguth do chiaich an báis, Aisl. Tond. 96 § 1 . amal chíaig do rigbrudin smoke, LU 6476 (BDD). fó cíaigh fó corthair thened, TTr.² 156 . crú an bhuinnse . . . / 'n-a cheo ar do chronn `covering', PBocht 5.23 . beanaidh ciaigh don fhíoch fholaigh, O'R. Poems 3486 . ar luighe ceo ar ghrís `when dust had settled on embers', Content. xiv 19 . céo for a derca (of the soul in hell), Aisl. Tond. 99 § 3 . th'airm curadh go gceo nimhe. DDána 97.39 . ná tréig an Coimdhe ar cheo for what is illusory, 45.10 .

Compds. With nouns: nó go dtuitidh an ciach-bhrat . . . anúas orainn (i.e. the sky), ML 102.27 . ciachbrat codalta, Ériu iv 50 § 5 . le ceóbhrat tinnis scale (on the eye), Párl. na mB. 3447 . térnam ó chiachbrot chumad gloom , O'Gr. Cat. 476 . ? dememsatár claidib cech uí muinter céochlessaib imbret . . . (rhet.), LU 5467 = coechlesaib, TBC-I¹ 991 . ós cheochuan `misty bay', O'Hara 4051 . ? la ciamdorcacht na hoidhchi, Grail 1212 (ciaid ndorcha, v.l.). tug ar chroidhibh ceoidhiamhair, DDána 118.1 . mo cheotuirse cléibh, Keat. Poems 93 . With adjj.: tar chisealaibh . . . ciach-bhraonacha na g-caladh `misty-dripping', ML 46.31 . crábhadh nár cheodhoilbhthe clouded by mist, Ó Bruad. iii 48.2 . fo cnocuibh ciachdorcha, Stair Erc. 1608 . a chraoisioch . . . ceoi-neimhneach, MR xiv 32 . Note also: ceóbera di far mór-dí belgib brassaib (rhet.), LU 6642 .

1 cét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cét or dil.ie/8862
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: céit, cét, céta, cét, céta, cēt

num o, n. hundred . GOI §§ 390 - 1 . Also long hundred, one hundred and twenty (more specifically gallchét): da ced .i. da gallced (sic leg.) bairgin, Laws v 110.21 . se fichit in gach ced, O'Curry 1853 ( 23 Q 6, 51b43 ). g s. céit, later cét, céta. In pl. short form cét regular after numerals, otherwise céta (in late texts also céadta). cēt a cetu (leg. coetu) multitudinis , O'Mulc. 224 .

I

(a) With follg. g p. cóic c.¤ fer, Wb. 13b2 . c.¤ rámæ gl. centenaque arbora, Sg. 36a7 . di chlaind chéit rig ceit rignae, IT i 320.14 . in t-organ céit búadae `the organ of a hundred victories', Fél. March 12 . c.¤ ecnae, Blathm. 36 . la c.¤ martir namrae, Fél. Jul. 4 . c.¤ n-armach n-álaind n-argda, LL 28391 . ré céd mblíadhan (: ríaghal), IGT Decl. ex. 333 . an céad cath, DDána 84.33 . dá chéad fionnbhan, 99.28 . a cinn ceta bliadan, Laws iii 156.x Comm. iomad do chéadaibh bliadhan, Keat. i 150.62 . In chevilles: cetaib omun, SR 8102 . cétaib gal, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 18 .

(b) Later also with n s.: deich gcéad cú, Duan. F. i 32.1 . naoi gcéad bliadhain, TSh. 91 . chúig céad bean, Párl. na mB. 272 .

(c) With DI and d p. co torchratar tri ch.¤ de Ultaib, IT i 76.18 ( LMU 16 ). cēt do chētaib ēn íallaib hundreds and hundreds of birds in flocks, SR (Adam and Eve) 22.1025​​​​ . cet do buaib, TTebe 2271 . tri ced dibh, Stair Erc. 191 . uilc céada do dhaoinibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 8 . as croidhthibh na ccéada dhíobh, Párl. na mB. 1889 . With collect.: cet cacha raithe d'indile `one hundred cattle in each rath', Laws v 514.25 Comm.

II

(a) Without accompanying noun a hundred persons, warriors etc. (somet. also vague and of objects): do[naib] coic cetaib, Wb. 13b1 . do briugad direnar cetaib `who is paid díre for his hundreds', Laws i 40.17 . C. tríb cétaib cáinib `C. with three fair hundreds', Fél. Oct. 16 . in cathmilid ┐ in cliathbern ch.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 776 . ól c.¤ `drink for a hundred', Dinds. 42 . nert céud, Duan. F. ii 170.11 . nert céit ann, Cóir Anm. 40 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . aon do chéad nar chlaoi `that not one in a hundred surpassed', PBocht 5.57 . duine do chéad chuimhneigheas, TSh. 1970 . [mac] E., le cclaoitti céda `who vanquished hundreds', BNnÉ 252 § 208 . na céadta, Keat. Poems 176 . ar na céadaibh oile, TSh. 2259 .

(b) More specifically in pl. troops, battalions , etc. (freq. with accompanying allit. words): catha ┐ ceta, ZCP vi 281.20 . gusan lion ced ┐ cathbhuidhen ba móamh, Hugh Roe² 194.18 . iomat long ┐ laoidheng, céd ┐ caiptínedh, AFM v 1654.4 . do c[h]ēdaib nó do c[h]uradhaib, ML² 1395 . mór di airbrib ┐ cétaib ┐ mílib, TTr.² 638 . 'na carnaib ┐ 'na cetaib comascthi `in heaps and in hundreds confounded', Cog. 192.5 . Cf. trícha c.¤ s.v. trícha.

III fo ch.¤ a hundred times: fo ch.¤ cét it uaisliu, Fél. Prol. 151 . co fa ch.¤ , Trip.² 1423 . fa chéad, DDána 23.22 . With compar.: céad féile `a hundred times more generous', Aithd. D. 58.11 . With prec. AR (FOR) in compd. numerals: coic míli ochtmugat ar ch.¤ , Ml. 34b17 . cethorchae de rígaib / ar díb cáinib cétaib, Fél. Ap. 3 . di bliadain cóicat for c.¤ , PH 1065 . Note also: dá ch.¤ sescat, Fél. Oct. 30 . da cet .m. ┐ a cethar cethrachat `two hundred and forty-four miles', Laws i 28.9 Comm.

Compds.

(a) With adjj. derived from nouns: ropo chētach cētblīadnach, Misc. Hib. 20 § 3 . comarba cētbūadach Pōil apstail airdd hundred-gifted . ACL iii 218 § 7 . Conn Cēdc[h]athach C. of the Hundred Battles, ML² 114 . With intensive force, battlesome, bellicose ( Celtica xii 192 ): tīr boīe (?) Chuind chētchoraig 'of the hundred treaties (?)' Ériu xvi 46.1 ; 'der Erstvertragliche' ZCP xviii 102 . cendtarcluais a ainm .i. cétcluasta ` "Century-ear", that is, having a hundred ears', RC xv 426.25 . isin c[h]ēdāin c[h]édchrot[h]aig hundred-formed , ZCP viii 206.3 . ingen C. chetchurchaig of the hundred coracles, LL 21066 . rechtaire múad muinter cech cétglonnaig, RC xxii 194.9 .

(b) Miscellaneous: roithchleas, corpcleas, cét-chaithchleas, `hundred-battle-feat', RC xxix 128.3 . ? fear céadmhaoidhte curadh / ní héagcaointe a eidhear, DDána 98.23 . cēdmarbtha, ML² 1236 .

cétmuinter

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétmuinter or dil.ie/8942
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. (1 cét- + muinter ) primary member of a household; spouse .

Of wife : c.¤ co córus lánrechta lánamna comcheníuil, Críth G. 410 . folach cetmuintire, Laws i 230.24 . ben urnadma (= bé n-urnadma) na be cetmunnter, ii 380.25 . log nenech na cetmuntire, 384.2 . fer cétmuintiri urnadhma . . . c.¤ aititin . . . fer cétmuintire foxail `betrothed c.¤ . . . acknowledged c.¤, a c.¤ by abduction', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 160 ff. cetmuindtir urnadma, cetmuindtir croli[ge], ┐ cetmuindtir for muin araile, Laws v 144.7 Comm. c.¤ croligi, O'Dav. 483 , see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 83 . clann cetmuinntire, Ir. Recht 53.19 . creic cētmuintire, ZCP xv 311 § 7 . In other texts: cona . . . l-lāichib . . . cona cētmunteraib tēchtaidib, Cáin Ad. 34 . Dauid . . . / do sargud 'mo chetmuinntir, SR 6260 . comhmáim . . . ┐ cédmhuinter, Hugh Roe² 4.14 .

Of husband : ada-gair a cetmuinter i-mbi be cetmuintere, Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . eiric tar cend cet-muindtire fonocair a cetmuinntir, Laws v 182.12 . 224.5 . risin cetmuindtir mna . . . na cetmuindtire fir, 200.8 Comm. ardum cetmunter caín cathbuadach ciallastar (of Cú Ch.), LL 14231 . conna fodema in ben brethir a cétmuntire uaste, 24811 (RC xxvi 42 § 222 ). cētmuntar , Corp. Gen. 13.34 . bá messi do ch.¤ , LU 10772 . mo ch.¤ .i. Find mac Cumaill, Acall. 2151 . cech fer di Ultaib doberad ingin macdacht, a feiss la Conchobar in chetaidchi, co mbad hé a cétmunter (jus primae noctis), Ériu iv 24.21 .

ciúin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ciúin or dil.ie/9274

n i calm, quiet : ciuin gl. ainmnit. Trip. lii 30 . cettemain caín ciuin cucht (of colour), RC v 202.11 ( ciuin om., Ériu xvii 91 § 14 ). rop é cond mo ṡlúaig/rop é mo choll c.¤ , LL 18576 . gné chiuin fháilid, PH 8359 . neoill chiuine comdorcha `still', TTebe 4264 . guth ciūin `soft voice', RSClára 13b . a neamhthruáilleadh spioruide ceannsa ciuine, 1 Peter iii 4 . gerbo ciuin cennuis in muir, Grail 4228 . Of persons gentle, mild : int escop ciuin, AU i 596.y . Níall c.¤ cróda Calle, LL 15929 . ré bheith c.¤ , 1 Thessal. iv 11 .

Compar. ? niba cīuniu Feradach, Corp. Gen. 2.53 . nirbo ciuine doib, Ann. Conn. 1225.14 . nir chiunaide C. . . . a muinter do marbad `nor was C. the calmer', MR 266.14 . Adv.: co ciuin cennuis, Grail 3625 . co ciuin cennuis cairdemail, Stair Erc. 1659 .

? As subst. cach c.¤ celar (rhet.), LU 9304 .

Compds. With nouns: a ciunlabhra gentle speech, DDána 49.11 . re ciuin-fhogar na cuisleann ciuil, MR 168.22 . ó chiuín-réidhe caladh, ML 46.7 . 'san chiúin-ghrinn-ló, Keat. Poems 378 `calm pleasant day', Gloss.

With adjj.: C. ciuinbind, Gorm. Apr. 9 . mo C. ba ciuinboc, Gorm. Nov. 9 . airthossach cíach cíuindorcha, LL 32187 ( TTr. 1375 ). o chiúmhsaibh ciúin-réidhe, ML 44.28 .

1 coillid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coillid or dil.ie/10126
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: collud

v (2 coll). Also ca-, cu-, coll-. IGT Verbs § 77 . Cf. nadro choilset ... tempul, Ml. 48d28 .

(a) damages, violates; destroys : tuil a cuirp cuillsius .i. ro choillestar, LU 1044 - 5 ( ACC 102 ), condocoilliut ainbtine, ACL iii 315 n. 21.2 . ro choillsiut sithchaire Muighi B., IT i 130.17 ( TE Eg. 20 ). C. . . . / coilles cludu cocriach, Corp. Gen. 9.2 . is coll ro coillead, BDD² 160 . ? co teintib blathaib sceó cholet(= choillet ?) muinter sceó chenel, LU 6632 (TBC rhet.). amser i coillter in beich 'at the time when the bees are deprived [of their honey]', Bechbretha 186 (e)​​ . ni coill dath a mmaforta `it spoiled not', Thes. ii 339.48 (Hy. v). ro collad .i. ro bacad, O'Mulc. 242 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath, Ériu xiii 18.18 . ro collis . . . a Choluim you have sinned, YBL 126b5 . riasiu no coilltea a hoighi, Grail 2432 . daithle Corbmaic ro cuilleadh `who was dishonoured', AFM ii 572.9 .

Of laws etc. breaks, violates: fir coillis cain, Laws v 236.13 . ro choillset a cobhfolaidh `they violated their counter-obligations', Blathm. 106 . ma rochoillset fīr, TBC-I¹ 265 = máro choilled fír, LU 4758 . mo chin ler cailleadh an cháin `who abolished the Tribute' (notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 214.14 = IGT Verbs ex. 694 .

(b) In later lang. loses: radharc na gloire do chaill sé (of sinner), ZCP iv 430.6 . do chaill mé an sáirfhine sonn, Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 12 . nā ro chaille mōr-lōigidheacht, Fl. Earls 156.21 .

(c) In phr. c.¤ x for (ar) y x fails y: rocalled for cairde friends have been defeated (?), TBC-I¹ 3591 . cend nār cháill ar comhairce `who never failed those under his protection', ZCP xiii 11.3 . Cf. slat nar chaill a comairghe `whose protection failed not', O'Hara 1444 (see n.). luigim . . . / nár chailles riam ar oclách, SG 262.10 . ar chách do choill Ádhamh ann, DDána 31.9 . do chaill ar an ccéadainm the first name faded away, Bard. Synt. Tr. 192.31 .

Vn. collud.

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