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2 att

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 att or dil.ie/4926
Last Revised: 2013

n m. (ON hattr, Bidrag 30 , 98 ; probably of Germanic origin, Vendr. Lex.) head-covering, hat, hood, helmet: at lanmaisech lín uma chenn, Anecd. i 76.7 . a.¤ leccda línaide ba clethi a chend-mullaig , MacCongl. 63.4 . a.¤ clúaslethan, ZCP xiii 168.11 . lór lat dḟagháil a n-íarrfa / gabháil chlíachdha ar h'at órtha, IGT Decl. ex. 975 . ríoghraidh na n-at n-óir, TSh. 7875 . as amlaid tanic Colam . . . breid ciartha dar a shuilibh ┐ culpait tairis anuas ┐ a.¤ in cochaill tairis sin anuas, Reeves Ad. 322.15 . at .i. cumdach, H 3.18, 650a6 . galea .i. at cluic, Ir. Gl. 26 . at cluicc, Ann. Conn. 136 (s.a. 1261.9) (these decompounded forms of clocat acc. to Stud. Celt. x 313 ). an tatcluicc tuccustair a teampall easadara, AFM iii 382.9 . pelleus [pileus] .i. at pill, Ir. Gl. 831 . do thoguibh sí in t-at pill da cend ┐ roaithin é, ZCP vi 291.y .

See atán, 1 cenn, clocat, gall-, maelat.

2 cóich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cóich or dil.ie/10068

n (coich ?): sreṅgtha tollḟéithe a mullaig co mbátar for c.¤ a muneóil `nape of his neck', TBC-LL² 2271 = for coich a muineóil, LU 6451 . coich .i. cnaimh, Goid. 75 § 23 (Dúil L.).

fossad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fossad or dil.ie/24109

Forms: ḟoisde, fossudlār, fosta

I adj o-ā (orig. u, see GOI § 358 and cf. fossud TBC-LL¹ 5562 ). ben ḟosadh (ḟasadh), don mnoí ḟosaidh, mac na mná foisdi, IGT, Decl. § 142 (for meaning here cf. ben fosta, Stair Erc. 1106 , see 2 fosta). superl. as ḟoisde ib. IGT ex. 1951 .

(a) stationary, fixed: f.¤ (gl. iacentem) Sg. 13a5 . f.¤ ... .i. fossuid .i. manens in loco , O'Mulc. 586 .

Cf. fossod a tond medrach, LU 2979 .

(b) firm, steady ; (fig.) steadfast, consistent: tochim f.¤ n-álaind, LU 8252 ( FB 20 ). a chéim fosad, MacCongl. 35.7 . a hEua f.¤ herḟind !, SR 1906 . apair fris ... ba fosath, ZCP xi 96 § 55 . nit cualai ... neuch asroepred bat rrofossad ind fer hisin, Mon. Tall. § 76 (= Rule of Tallaght § 67 , cited s.v. fossaid). ria athair f.¤ fírḟial, Ériu iv 98 . aí f.¤ `firm pleading' Triads 174 . doromailt uile co fosadh ┐ co hālainn ` steadily ' BNnÉ 300 § 3 . Here, perhaps LU 2979 cited above under (a). As interj. : fossud a laich, or G., ni áigther ní steady ! LL 287a13 .

Cf. TBC-LL¹ 833 quoted s.v. 2 fosta.

(c) of land (legal or techn. term ?) : tir fosad a mbí maith cech maith, itir ith ┐ blicht ┐ lín ` inhabited land ' (? level or arable land) Laws iv 276.6 Comm.

In compds. apparently in sense either of fixed (firm) or level: ¤chlár : fosadhclár na faithche ` surface ' CCath. 1840 (fossudlar v.l.). ¤chobradh, of boss of a shield , CCath. 5318 . ¤chongbál : ic fosadhcongmhail stiúre an flaithiusa ` steadily holding ' 4620 . ¤glenn : cach fán ┐ cach fosadglenn, YBL 309b52 ( MR 240 ). ¤lár ground, floor ; folld. by gen. middle: a fosadlar Fernmaighi, Fianaig. 70.21 . i bhfosadhlar longphuirt, Lism. L. 3141 . i cathaír ... ar fosadlar in tighi, BB 447a9 = Mer. Uil. 213 . fossudlār, CCath. 1840 v.l. ¤mag : fosudhmagh ` camping-ground ' CCath. 1733 . fos-adhmagh, 2509 . ¤mullach : i f. tṡleibe F., Acall. 3446 . ō ḟosadhmhullach a chinn crown ML 112.2 .

See also fossaid and 1 fosta.

II Subst. o, n. and m.

(a) a fixed or stable position, a station, halting-place ; abode: f.¤ n-aurard (of Tara), Ériu iv 92 § 2 (= f.¤ airard, LL 33b13 ). co tech Eogain ..., co fosud fer Fernmaige, LL 111b32 ( RC xiv 430 ). rogab f.¤ ┐ foslongport, Cog. 48.5 (sosadh v.l.). pl. Troini ... sedes a eterchert .i. fosta , YBL 169b39 = sosta, PH 6239 . Cf. na secht nimi ... cid dosgni fostaib cen bēt ? what makes them stable ? SR 7951 .

(b) halting, staying, abiding (in a place) : ag siubal ... gan anadh gan fhosad, RC xxviii 310 § 5 . is carrag fria fosug a rock for stability (of Cú Chulainn) ZCP x 301.1 . Cf. dia targa [do] foshudsu a nEtail `your settling in Italy' Aen. 1877 .

(c) a flat surface ; a crown, summit (?) : fri fosad a edain IT ii2 242.15 Eg. i fossadh a édain, CCath. 2178 (cf. cava tempora Luc. Phars. iii 706 ). hi fossud a mullaich, TBC-I¹ 1207 bentai hi fossud a mullaich, TBC-I¹ 1207 (= LU 5681 ; i comard a chind, TBC-LL¹ 1899 ). go fosadh mullaigh chnuic F., AFM v 1572.2 . for fosaid mullaig slébi Sióin, LB 130a57 (perhaps a compd. in each case, see mullach, fossad-mullach above).

Cf. do eim f.¤ `it guards the brain-pan' Metr. Dinds. iv 332 .

1 Gall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 Gall or dil.ie/25308
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Gollu, Golla, gaillu, gullu, gulla, Gulla

pn o, m. a p. Gollu, Golla, AU 1026 . gaillu, LL 184a12 . gullu, Cog. 110 n. 2 ; gulla, Lism. L. 202 . v p. Gulla, IGT Decl. ex. 681.

(a) Oldest meaning a Gaul : Gaill .i. Frainc. Gaill dano ainm do ... ṡaerc[h]landaib Franc .i. tribus Gallie , Corm. Y 683 . Labraid for a loinges hi tirib Gall, RC xv 299 ( Dinds. § 9 ). dolluid Forgall Manach ... amail bítís techta ríg Gall, RC xi 438.25 (Tochm. Em.). marggad mór na nGall ngrécach, Metr. Dinds. iii 24.307 . epscop fīna ... .i. escra tomais fīna la ceandaighaib Gall ┐ Franc, Corm. Y 539 . Ériu iii 140.173 . a tuirc óir a tírib Gall, LL 49b40 = Hail Brigit § 11 . In pl. used as a place-name : i ndesciurt Etale ... sed verius ... i[n] Gallaib itá, Thes. ii 311.32 .

(b) a Scandinavian invader (finn-gaill being the Northmen , dub-gaill the Danes ) : Niall Glundubh ... co torchair i cath Atha-cliath la Gallaibh, MacCarthy 404.22 . co Galliathaib na nGall .i. co Ámlaib ... rig Lochlainne, CRR § 7 . Roiniudh for Gallu Locha cuan, AU 942 ; 1026 . Brian ... ardrī Gall ocus Gāedel, ZCP viii 120.1 . ar slanaib ... Turcaill righ Gall, BCC § 435 ; § 373 . Ard Macha do orgain ... la Gallaibh, ┐ ní ro hoirgedh la heachtarchenela riamh go sin, AFM i 444.9 . ? dord gaill iar nderach a bárc, ib. 272.8 . Dánfhocail 271 .

(c) an Anglo-Norman, an Irishman of Norman descent, an Englishman : Díarmait Gall, IGT Decl. ex. 641 . a Gulla Fáil, ex. 681 . langfiter ... .i. glas na nGall, Corm. p. 26 . (Cf. langp[h]eitir .i. anglis insein, Corm. Y 812. ) slóiccheadh lá hUilliam ... de Lathi ... ┐ lá gallaibh Midhe, AFM iii 268.13 . gabháltas Gall the Norman Invasion, Keat. ii 4840 . Fine gaoidel senghoill féin `the old English themselves,' O'Gr. Cat. 467.11 . sduagha do gheibhthe re Goll (of a castle) arches that used to be found with the foreigner (i.e. built in Norman style ?), DDána 119.16 . Applied to the Geraldines, Ériu ix 164 § 12.

(d) a foreigner : fer doberait gaill amach, Laws v 244.18 gl. o luibib gall, 84.6 Comm. cin a gall ┐ a deoraidh, O'Curry 290 ( H 3.18, 159 ). scrisfaid siad goill ┐ allmaruidh a hErind, BCC § 127.

(e) Hebridean : a Ghallmhaoir ó thuinn go tuinn | fleasga donna an díaigh an Ghoill, Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 (NLS 72.2.2 fo. 16) . fiarfaighthior ’nar fearann dúthaigh | dénamh na loingi, a fhlaith Gall, Bard. P. 172 § 15 . Compds. ¤assa a Gaulish sandal : a p. gallasu (gl. gallicas= caligas, Vulg.), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 178b2 ). ¤at foreign helmet , IT iii 100 § 171 . ¤bádach partial to foreigners (?) : comairleda ... guthmilse gallbadhacha in ghlaniarla `prompted by inherent leaning to the English,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.37 . ¤baile a foreign stead : ZCP ii 339.34 . gallbailti gan galldacht, Studies 1920, 416.z . IGT Decl. ex. 1915 . ¤bélre foreign speech, later English speech: sluag guillbelrai, Fen. 222.10 . can latin, acht gall-berla, ZCP xviii 12 , note. milc ... focul gallberla, O'Dav. 1215 . gen cor smuain guth Gaillberla, Irish Texts ii 14 § 27 . ¤biail a foreign (i.e. Scandinavian) axe : O'Dav. 532 . .iiii. sgribaill .x. is fiu in gaillbiail .i. in crostuadh lethan, O'Curry 241 b ( H 3.18, 136 ). slicht gall-bela, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374a ). See Manners and Customs iii 29 . ? ¤blach, IT iii 99 § 163 . ¤brat foreign booty : ? nímo gradh gallbraide, ib. 95.1 . ¤bróc foreign shoe : Guaire na ngallbrocc, ib. 101 § 179 . ¤cerd name given to the Scandinavian sport of tossing children on spears, V. SS. Hib. i 164 § xxxiv (v.l. gialcherd); cf. p. xxii n. 4 . ¤cliar: an ghaillchliar the Reformed clergy , Mac Aingil 4297 ¤cloch ` foreign castles ,' Studies 1920, 416.2 . ¤cochal a Norse hood , KMMisc. 364.9 . ¤cú: Gallchū immorru in forainm ┐ is de atā dia ro marb in mīlig tucad do breith einig fear Muman coro marb cona fhiaclaib amal gallchoin iaruschain (iaroschain, v.l.) a airm uili, Corp. Gen. 377 n. k-k (BB, Lec.) .​​​ As npr m.: Gallchū, Rawl. 151b40 . ¤cúirt foreign palace , Studies 1924, 242.2 . ¤dírna a foreign dírna (i.e. weight), O'Dav. 679 . ¤écosc Gaulish garb: doluid Forcoll M. ... isna Gaillecuscaib, ZCP iii 246 § 57 . ¤écoscda of foreign appearance: cloidemh mor gaillecasgda, TBC-LL¹ 5478 (St.). ¤espoc a foreign bishop: ag an ngaillespuc, ALC i 242.28 . ¤focal: dot dhíon ar ghallfhocal ghall the pledged word of the English (i.e. Punica fides), O'Gr. Cat. 485.8 . ¤fothannán the herb bearsbreech or bearsfoot , RC ix 227.21 . O'Gr. Cat. 184.30 . ¤fuil foreign blood: easbaid Goill ó gleo an Mullaig | ód roinn sa gleo ar an Gallfhuil, Irish Texts ii 60 § 24 . ¤ga a foreign javelin, an English spear , IGT Decl. ex. 967 . AU ii 212.22 . ¤gabul: ? gréas gach gall-ghabhla (from description of a building), DDána 119.33 . ¤glas a foreign lock , Laws i 142.12 Comm. ¤góidel one of mixed race, i.e. Viking and Irish blood . For an account of the Gall-Goidil see RC xxxix 176 - 177 (Sommerfelt); TFrag. 138 n. ; Bidrag, p. 4 seq.; Watson, Celtic placenames of Scotl., 172 seq. In the Annals the word is used of inhabitants of Ireland only between 855 and 858 (Sommerfelt, loc. cit.). In TFrag. 138 (an. 857) the name is applied to the Irish who had adopted Viking ways and relapsed into paganism. Cf. also ib. 232. cocadh mor etir Gennti ┐ Maelsechnaill co n-Gallghoidelaibh leis, AU i 364.x ; ib. 366.8 . loingius na nGall-nGaoidheal (sic) .i. Scuit iad ┐ daltai do Normannoibh iad, TFrag. 128.8 . AFM i 490.8 (an. 856). gic-goc Gallgaidhel, Anecd. ii 72.6 . inghean ríogh Gallghaedheal, Keat. ii 5540 . Used of inhabitants of western Scotland: téit iarum Donnan in Gallgaidelu ┐ geibid aitreb ann (where apparently the island of Eigg is meant), Fél. 116.13 . Bláán .i. Balaan (sic) epscop Cinn Garad hi nGallgaidelaib (Bute), ib. 184.28 . As a place-name connoting Galloway: Suibne mac Cinaedha, ri Gallgaidhel, AU i 568.z (an. 1034) ; ii 234.1 (an. 1200); ii 290.17 (an. 1234). Toirberd mac Gall Ghoeidhil, ALC i 242.25 (an. 1210) = mac righ gallgaoidhel, AFM iii 164.13 . Samaisc ┐ Artúr ┐ Ínber tri meic rig Gallgaeidel anall, AS 4560 . Bressal mac Eirge, mac ríg Gallgaeidel anall, ┐ taissech teglaig rig Eirenn he, ib. 7951 . Watson seeks to explain the form Galloway, Celtic placenames of Scotl. 174 . ¤gruaim: ó ghall-ghruaim a nglóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 5 . ¤gruitne Norse curds: do gallurad gallgruitni, Hib. Min. § 66.32 . ¤iall a foreign thong: pl. gaillialla (.i. oígeich .i. lomhna connaigh), Ériu ii 4.14 . ¤iasc a pike , Iar. Conn. 11 note y . ¤íath foreign territory , CRR 10.y ; 20.10 . ? ¤lorg: do gelugud galluirge 'a foreign club' EIS 138 § 16 . See also uirge. ¤manach, Anecd. iii 9.20 . ¤merge a foreign standard; rie bar ngaillmeirgib grīanṡrōill, Bruchst. no. 25 . ¤mías a quoit (?): in gaillmias (gl. discus), Ir. Gl. 478 . ¤mil a foreign soldier: pl. gaillmilid ... na Gaillia, CCath. 5369 . ¤óclach orig. a Scottish soldier or mercenary, in service of an Irish chief; a `gallowglass' or heavy-armed foot-soldier opposed to the light-armed kerns (see Hayes-McCoy, Scots Mercenary Forces in Ireland, pp. 15-76 ). The word is common in the Annals of the 13th-15th centuries: tre cumachtain cinidh a mathar idon Clainni Domnaill ┐ Gallóglach n-imda aile, AU ii 372.17 . galloglacha uaisli, 426.9 . ocus a ngallógláchaibh ina n-éidedh timchioll chuirp an airdrígh, MS. Mat. 540.36 . AFM iii 450.11 . ib. 588.1 . ¤óclachus: leadership of gallowglasses: fear ... ba mó ainm la gallócclachus, AFM iv 1140.12 . ¤óg an English soldier, Content. xi § 14 . ¤ogam Viking Ogham , Auraic. 6157 (called also Ogam Lochlannach, 6155 ). ¤ráith a foreign rath or fort , see O'Gr. Cat. 502.22 . ¤sail a foreign (non-indigenous ?) willow: i nglotuinn géag ngall-ṡaileach, DDána 85.45 . ¤salann, foreign salt , glac gallsalaind, IT iii 93 § 139 . ¤sax English foreigner: eiritigidh Gallsax, Hy Fiach. 172.6 . ? ¤semind, IT iii 93 § 139 (BB). ¤sét a foreign treasure: pl. na gall-seoit tar muir tocairter, Laws v 220.22 gl. (etym. gl. on gaillite tacair). ¤sgiam: a ghiolla gusan ngaillsgéimh `O youth of foreign beauty', Studies 1924, 241.1 . ¤sciath: Tuathal Mælgarb na ngall-sciath, LL 130b12 . ¤sochraite foreign auxiliaries , Cog. 168.7 . ¤tech foreign palace , Studies 1924, 241.y . ¤Tór: Tór the Viking, Caithr. CC 138.z . ¤trumpa a trumpet, a clarion: itir orgán ┐ gitart ┐ galltrumpa, ZCP vi 52.8 . Matthew vi 2 . ? ¤urad: do gallurad gallgruitni, Hib. Min. 66.32 .

1 ind, inn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ind, inn or dil.ie/28302
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ind, n-ind, ind, ind, ind, hinn, ind, fhionn, ind, enna, n-enna, hinna, eand, indaib, hinnaib, eannaib, n-indib, finnuib, n-ind

n o, n. n s. ind, Ml. 45d19 . Corm. Y 808. cach n-ind , LU 6445. ind mbemmi, TBC-LL¹ 4285. a s. co ind , LU 10847. g s. (? or g p.) ind, RC xiv 242.4 . d s. for hinn , SR 8306. do ind , TBC-LL¹ 676. o fhionn , Keat. iii 1164 . n p. ? ind, Ériu v 238.98 . enna, CCath. 5323. a p. i n-enna , LU 5362. re hinna , TBC-LL¹ p. 233 n. 13 . ? g p. eand, MR 168.24 . d p. assa indaib , Fél. 152.19 . for hinnaib , SR 8265. ós eannaib , MR 198.3 . ara n-indib , TTebe 401 . finnuib, ZCP x 347 § 21. n du. a da n-ind , LU 7227.

end, extremity, tip, point, edge, surface: inn cech barr, Corm. Y 1119 s.v. rind scine. ionn. i.¤ rinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 266 n. 3. ind noc[h] is rind, Laws v 12.y Comm. `ind' ainm gach oirir no gach imil, BNnÉ i 235.30 .

(a) Used of the extremities of the body

(i) the top of the head: lurech dé dum imdegail ota m'ind gom bond, RC ii 113.4 . ba tend in tuargain dobertis ara n-indib ┐ ara n-ochtaib `on their heads and on their bosoms,' TTebe 401 . díreach é o fhionn go bonn, Keat. iii 1164. gúna síoda ó inn go haltaibh `from poll of head to ankle,' Ó Bruad. i 36.6 . co n-accae in ingin ... oc folcud a ind (= a cind, YBL 212a12 ) `washing her head,' (or perh. washing her hands and feet ?), RC xiv 242.4 .

(ii) In pl., the extremities of the hands and feet, the extremities in general ; sg. the tip: robadar sreba fola assa indaib `out of his fingers,' Fél. 152.19 . lāmand .i. lām-ind .i. ind na lāime ēidigthir dī, Corm. Y 808. lūirech Dē fam balluib | ōm mulluch gom finnuib, ZCP x 347 § 21. dobretha roth n-urchair di ... do ind a oenláime, TBC-LL¹ 676. lámanda do shechedaib tarb im lámaib na mmíled ┐ íalla a hinnaib a mér (describing the caestus), LL 223a3 . cach mball ┐ cach n-alt ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-áge de o mulluch co talmain, LU 6445. ó ind a mullaig co hind a meoir, LB 142b z. is dath snechta corp co ind, LU 10847. is beg nar comrancadar ind a mer ┐ a cos, Ériu v 238.98 . timpán 'ga tadall d'aigthib ocus d'formnadaib eand ocus ingen na suad `of the finger-tips and nails ...,' MR 168.24 . o innaib a traiged co remhar a sliasat, CCath. 4663. ar inn a gualann `to the tip of his shoulder,' Stair Erc. 190. for indaib t' abrat, Corm. Y 726.

(iii) the tongue: ind .i. tenga. ut est imdeguil co n-ind Aithirni arm `protection with the tongue was Atherne's weapon,' O'Dav. 1084. ind .i. tenga no ind .i. urlabra ut est targud aurduirn fri Athirne cona ind ... .i. cona urlabra nemhnig `guiding his fist against Athirne with his tongue .i. with his virulent utterance,' 1088 = fria hAthairne ionn, Ériu xiii 21.25 .

(iv) of the eyes, pl. the points (cf. 1 rind) : an féccadh ... forgruamdha do bert cach for aroile díbh d'ionnaibh a rosc rinn-radharcach, AFM v 1614.12 .

(b) the point of a weapon or rod: cresaigthiseom in gaí co comraiged a dá n-ind, BDD² 850. atchessa ... siride folai fordergi ... a hindaib cholg ndét ngéramnas, Alex. 21. gia ra thiasmáis i ndib carptib ánd itte co araile iar n-idnaib na n-arm (ar iondaibh, ar ionnaibh, v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5864. cingis Cuchulaind co mbái for ind uachtarach in bera, 1948 . co cet[h]eora traigedh ... o ta a urdorn co a ind `from its haft to its point' (of a sword), CCath. 5244. co luptais a n-enna `till their ends bent' (of rods), 5323 . ind ind (leg. i n-ind) fleisce, Anecd. i 55 § 36.

(c) the top (of a tree), the summit (of a hill) : cotnoccaib in t-usci súas co mboí i n-indaib crand, LU 5519. cāin cach caill ō inn co clār, Four Songs 10 § 10 . snigid snechta ... d'innaib craeb a caillid chuan, SG 366.23 . corbo chonair letartha cach n-ulind ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-aird ┐ cach n-aircind don charput sin, LU 6403. a n-indib cnoc ┐ carrac, Acall. 3513. do ind gach aird ┐ do tulmhoing gacha tulchi, BS 114 § 57 . co hinn ┐ co hardmullach in tsleibhi, Stair Erc. 636.

(d) In general top, end, point, edge: metaph. ind inna iarfaichtho (gl. sub inquissitionis scemate) 'the point of the question', Ml. 45d19 . delidin .i. deliugud ō ind .i. ō deud a separation from the end, Corm. Y 448. indrosc .i. ind-ārosc .i. ārosc dā ind brēithre, 747 . ind a elle 'n-a oil `the top of his thong in his cheek,' Laws v 80.1 . cislir rann fil for crū ? Nī hansa. A .iii. ranna .i. rann ō bon cétamus ┐ rann ō inn ┐ rand armedōn, Ériu i 214.15 . Ériu uli o ind co fond ` from top to bottom ,' Three Hom. 44.20 . for hinnaib na lasra sin, SR 8265. ba samalta lem re hinna righratha ... in carbad rampart , TBC-LL¹ p. 233 n. 13 .

? In sense of fate: in olc lat ind do thigerna ... a corp do beith fa conaib, TTebe 3979 (MSS. id, leg. [a]ided ?).

Folld. by gen. of substantive in sense of something that is slight, the least degree of anything: enechgris a n-indaib ind foghla. Is cubaidh īarom ind inn-alaill .i. ind érco i n-ind foghla, Corm. Y 533. transltd. `das enech-gris gehört zum Geringsten von Schädigung. So ziemt sich ein Geringstes fürs andere, nämlich Geringstes von Busszahlung für Geringstes von Schädigung,' Thurn., ZCP xvi 267. (Later, ib. p. 408 , Thurn. would read with Book of Uí Maine : enechgris i n-indaib .i. i n-ind fogla ` enechgrīs gehört zu den geringsten (Dingen), d.h. zum Geringsten von Schädigung'). for ind oirggne ... an-ro-saig bó 'co etrud for ingilt, ro-saigh in bech oc tecclamad a thoraid ( Laws iv 164.6 ) `auf das Geringste von Plünderung ...,' ib. an cúiceadh liaigh ... ni rainic acht inn mbeme é, TBC-LL¹ p. 609 n. 6 (Stowe). mas hind póice thucais dam ... ind tadaill duit hi Temraig transltd. `since hasty the kiss thou hast given me ... thou shalt have a hasty visit to Tara,' Ériu iv 102.3 .

(e) edge (of a territory, etc.), surface ? (of water, etc.) : i neich doberar a ind in uisci for ind in bera `of the thing which is taken from the surface of the water on the top of a spear,' Laws v 478.7 - 8 Comm. mod nad resed corr in tṡúil anaill do ind a gruade the surface of his cheek ? (of an eye deeply set), RC xiv 404.6 . tir linde .i. bhis i n-ind in ena [.i.] in uisci at the edge of the water, Laws i 140.16 Comm. co treib no ind ín feraind `to the ... end of the land,' iv 22.23 Comm. i n-inn iarthair inse Ghrég, O'Gr. Cat. 454.30.

(f) Of time end, extremity: o sin amach co hind a forbarta when they have done growing, O'Curry 671 (< H 3.18, p. 328b ). (in cheville) clu co hind, Rawl. 116a30 .

In prep. phrase, cu ind to: ro hindlaiced chu ind a sida (dochum, v.l.), Acall. 5719. tangadur tri meic Buidb co Cormac (cu inn righ Érenn v.l.), 2726 n. ro léicthea ... in cú chu ind Find, 6198 . lá do chur ... cuind na sé seachtmaine, O'Gr. Cat. 313.y . cuir seachtmhain ... cuind gach én nuimreach, ib. 1 .

Compds. ¤cael slender-pointed: ulcha fota indchóel (finncoel, v.l.) dégablach lais, TBC-I² 3616 , TBC(C) 2741 . na mergedha ... inncaela eirblecha, CCath. 4928. ¤ḟoda having long points: nōi mberu indfodai findcuild, MacCongl. 117.23 .

1 los

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 los or dil.ie/30698
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: loise, lois, loss, losa

n o, m. Appar. also ā, f. g s. loise, ZCP ii 556.21 , d s. lois, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.) (= los, CS 274.16 ; loss, AFM ii 842.21 ), n p. losa, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 37a ).

I

(a) end, butt, foot, point (of a staff, stick, etc.): focherded a bunsach ríam conda gebed ar loss resíu dorótsad a bun for lár, LU 4869 . co lois na Bachla Issa, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.). do sgeinn tobar uisge a ndiaig loise na bachaille, ZCP ii 556.21 (= cos, see 19 ). gurab tré bhonn Aonghusa do chuir Pádraig l.¤ a bhaichle, Keat. iii 361 (= rinn, 363 ). buille do l.¤ a throsdain with the butt-end of his staff, ZCP x 10.10 . sciath . . . co n-a loss imthróm iarnaide, LL 189b2 . croch . . . a mbel na piasta, ┐ a cros rena carpat uachtarach ┐ a ll.¤ rena carpat ichtarach, Laud 610, fo. 8a (Plummer MS. notes). tucadur leó he co l.¤ na croichi (pes crucis), Smaointe B. Chr. 3999.

(b) stem of a drinking-horn(?): go n-a naoi gcornaibh do (leg. co?) losaibh óir, Ériu i 95.3 . Of altar vessels: ceithri corn (g pl.) . . . robris imorro ┐ tall a n-innmusa ┐ a lasa[d] (leg. losa) dibh, AU ii 226.9 = lossa, AFM iii 110.4 .

(c) tail of an animal; tip of the tail(?): l.¤ .i. erball, O'Cl. iss ithi lochad co a llos. Slucid iarum erboll na llochad, RC xiii 446 § 30 . luchóg go n-a l.¤ do shlogadh, Keat. ii 2521 . nuimir mor do deilgnibh iarnaidhe ar a losaibh, Aisl. Tond. 104.15 . By extension, of a cloak: bruitt dubglassa fá loss i forcipul impu, TBC-LL¹ 4359.

(d) By transf. gain, increase, result : dober . . . luth ┐ nert céit in gach fer acuibh . . . ┐ dober loss ┐ solad daibh arnach bid urcra, RC xiv 36 § 28. ? crābud in buirb co n-indmus, l.¤ diūit nit goire a grīs, ZCP vii 311 § 16.

(e) In particular, produce or young of cattle , usually in contexts where the cattle, through having been stolen or temporarily forfeited, have been in the possession of others not their owners, and during this period have calved: l.¤ .i. fas, Lec. Gl. 326 (M 139) . l.¤ .i. na laigh, O'D. 1122 ( H 2.15A, 56 ). ní fo-roxla taide no cnet . . . as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile; mad beodile co n-as ┐ l.¤ ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem `Jungen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 . as ┐ l.¤ ┐ geart `Junge (die Kälber)'. ZCP xv 240 § 3 . icuidh aithgin a chota gan l.¤, gan as, gan inorbairt he pays the exact amount of his share without the natural increase, Laws iv 256.15 Comm . (of one who had absconded without payment of his share of a debt but his `fine' had paid it for him. On his return he must pay simply the original amount of his liability). techta fuillema gill dobeir ben bo-aireigh ┐ occaireich la Feine; ni taibret . . . acht lusaib a cethra `they give but in the produce of their cattle' (something omitted before lusaib?), v 386.26 . madh geall do berur fri fiachuibh ┐ bidh l.¤ for in fiach, dia mbe fonuidm in luis is a ícc, i 280.13 , 14 Comm . muna be fonuidm . . . ní híctur acht colunn náma; ┐ taisiuc in gill, cid geall luis, 17 Comm . co fuillem .i. mblechta, no losa .i. innuth, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 379 ) (see indad). cona buar bera acht leth loss, . . . .i. . . . leith in neich ro losustar acut . . . , O'Curry 440 ( H 3.18 237a ). scaile[d] a set arin los, Laws v 438.12 Comm . (? = `alienating the principal for interest on it', Plummer MS. Notes).

II In prepositional phrases and compounded with oen has the meaning end, purpose, consequence (perh. also in: cáit assa tecait? . . . nó co lus tíagait `to what end?', Acall. 6285 ): oen-lus (see also ar oen-lus, below) intention, set purpose : guach cach brathum, aen-lus ┐ taige (= táide) `intentional or with concealment', Laws v 458.5 . it comarda a n-eiric aen-lus ┐ taige, 10 .

ar óen-lus intentionally, deliberately : nach ar ealguin . . . na ar aonlus, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37a ). im cāinte . . . ┐ gona . . . cid ar aon lus dognethur ni digbunn a laneineclunn ium nech, Laws i 58.14 Comm . benaimsi in cluiccīn sae / . . . ar ōenlus / co nā hesboi Doelgus daith, Cáin Ad. 18 . as mor na coirthe do chomaentaigh sibh do denam ar oen l.¤ gl. mor bar ccionta comraite, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n.7 . mad ar oenlus asbera nech in goi `deliberately', Ériu vii 158.7 . banbeim ar aenlus, . . . sarughudh ar aenlus, Laws iv 364.4, 6 Comm . ? Amloṅgaid ān Ōengus / attreb tōeba Temro, dosnort aridn-ōenlus (? leg. arind o.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 (`by his sole strength', Hail Brigit p. 7 ). Also d'óenlus: ba fora iarair d'aonloss do dheochattar, Hugh Roe² 10.13 .

a l.¤ , ar l.¤ , di l.¤ , i l.¤ l. (a) in consequence of, as a result of, on account of: a l.¤ a carut, Laws ii 280.16 (see ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ). l.¤ .i. son, as bhar l.¤ .i. as bhar son, O'Cl. a láimh gach [aoin] aigérus asa l.¤ who shall sue on their account, O'D. 547 ( H 3.17, 436 ). ba cara doib Gorthigern a l.¤ a mna, LU 232. ro gab eacla . . . Find assar l.¤-ne on our account, Acall. 6506 . a ll.¤ crochi Crist didiu nach ecail lind gorta, LB 233b48 . ro mallachtastair Noe Cam a ll.¤ a nderna, BB 5a2 . saiget do chur i Maoilechlainn . . . ┐ a écc as a l.¤ in consequence, AFM iv 800.11 . ar l.¤ corbaidh mhna Cuind `because of the depravity', Ériu iii 154.29 . ar l.¤ aimlesa `on account of a false charge', Ann. Conn. 1254.7 . tú ós ar gcinn-ne, a chros Eoghain, / m'inmhe ar a l.¤ laighdeobhaidh, DDána 65.4 . Similarly, ar losaib: ar losaibh dhoirre Domhnaill `because of D.'s anger', Studies 1924, 242 § 8 , cf. ar losain [leg. losaibh ?] an trír do thuit / an tír fa chosaibh Cormuic for the sake of (the sons of Uisnech). Aithd. D. 6.31 . truagh a Mhuire ar lén da l.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 142.99 . cf. 138.95 . do thromluigh ceas lonn dā l.¤ , Hackett liv 24 . a marbad i llos na n-eladhan sin do beith acco, Acall. 6094 . 'na l.¤-sain 'na loighe atá, DDána 79.12 . go gcailltear a l.¤ an bháis an onóir shaoghalta leis na daoinibh bhíos mórdha ré linn a mbeatha (? simply after), TSh. 916.

(b) by means of, by dint of, by virtue of: a ll.¤ a lín is a craind / Beoan iascairi Comgaill / dosrat, LU 3071 . ceṅglaidsi in fersain a llus nirt, LL 2545 . ro briss a ll.¤ chlaidib chróin / for síl n-airdairc ṅHerimóin / cath Éle, 2000 . nocor' gabh Iúil Césair . . . a l.¤ a lámha, CCath. 68 . gur tairrnccedar . . . an chruit as a lambuibh a los éiccin by main force, Ériu iv 61 § 52 . tairccsin mheallta muinntire Brenainn don diabhal hi llos ítan, BNnÉ 63 § 90 . dochuaid as ar l.¤ a lama, Ann. Conn. 1230.7 . ni claidhfidis fir in talman . . . ar l.¤ nirt na nidhecais é, ZCP vi 44.29 . ar lus na lethláim (sic) using one hand only(?), TBC-LL¹ 2123 (see Études Celt. iv 317 ). dia mbēraind hi lloss retha hí don ḟēin uile, ZCP xii 375.12 . bith a deimin accutt nach i lus ghaile inā gaiscid rachu isin inad naobh sin, Grail 3745 . ? dorala Arcomenus . . . a lloss claidib fri Hechtoir `came to blows with', TTr.² 960.

(c) Of dragging by: a ngabail a l.¤ a mullaig eiste, . . . a tarrung a l.¤ a putrull mun dighsit cena (of an abbot expelling monks), Laws v 208.26 - 27 Comm . coro thairṅgiset . . . chucu in ṁboin sin loch a llus a herbuill, LL 21197 . a tócbail a ll.¤ a fuilt `by the hair of her head', PH 1394 . rotharraing Concubar Ilbreach a l.¤ a chinn chuigi, Caithr. CC 45.15 .

(d) about, concerning : ro doilbit sceoil bregi imda . . . a llus Cesair, CCath. 750. cf. Hugh Roe² 236.21 . scēl lem a llus na mbennacht / fa ḟūair Muiri mōrchendacht concerning(?), ACL iii 244 § 3 . cidh drochcelmaine atcluinim asa loss, CCath. 4051 . a ll.¤ tuarastail, RC xviii 271.30 (Tig.). sith do denam . . . risna hespocaib . . . ar lus feraind Patrisius hi Connachtaib, Ann. Conn. 1241.12 (`on account of').

(e) in charge of, concerned with (cf. i mbun): mac in chírmaire a llus chír, LL 18797 . da m-bammar ac Scathaig / a llus gascid gnathaig, TBC-LL¹ 3466 . in t-aél a llus in bíd / iss ed as chubaid ra hardríg, LL 300ay . fiarfaighis de in bó lonn leis beith a ll.¤ proinne na manach, BNnÉ 28 § 31 .

(f) about to: in tan adconnairc Lusus a athair do thoitim, ┐ Aenias a l.¤ a chind do buain de `about to shear off', Aen. 2631 . truagh fós, gan faicsin t'fhiodhbhadh / liom, ar l.¤ mo cheiliobhradh, Celtica iv 116 § 8 .

Compds. (i) With adj. ¤ard: ? scoirpioin In[d]ecda ba l. side luagh a n-iarcomlai foraib, BB 494b36 = scorpíon Indecda dorala for a iarcómla a mboi ina sesum, Alex. 705 . ¤chael: mil . . . / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56 ( ¤chlaen, v.l. 14 § 30 ). ¤glan: cethri cuirnd losglana im loinn fair-shanked, Fen. 370.16 . ? ¤ḟinn white-tailed, white-tipped(?): cet ndart flann, cet ndairti loisinn, O'Curry 784 ( H 3.18, 367a ).

1 mac, macc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mac, macc or dil.ie/31166
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: macc, mac, maicc, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, meic, meic, mic, macc, maic, maic, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, maccu, macu, macca, macc, maccu, macu, mhaca, mac, maccu, mic, Macniadh, Mág, Méig

n o, m., Generally written in MSS. with contraction m̅c̅ in all forms; when written out, the double consonant is usual in O.Ir., but it is sometimes written single when final, rarely when medial. n s. macc, Wb. 1d9 , 6d6 , 13b29 , 13d10 , Ml. 25b5 . mac, Wb. 13d11 , 32c15 . g s. maicc, Wb. 13b30 , Ml. 17c3 , 7 ; meicc, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 863 , 913 (usual O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. form). meic, Laws ii 162.13 , TBC-LL¹ 847. mec, IT i 107.2 (H.). mic (later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir.); in IGT Dec. ex. 702 `mic' is said to be incorrect, the correct form being `meic'. v s. a meic! Acall. 2933. a mic!, SCC 26 , 29 . n du. da macc , Wb. 4c12 , Ml. 26b14 . n p. (O. and early Mid.Ir.) maicc, Wb. 4c6 , 9a13 . maic, 21b2 , 30b14 . in maic , BDD 9. meicc, Hy. ii 37 ; TBC-LL¹ 6198. meic, 1372 . mec, PH 3770 , 5595 , etc. tri mic , IT i 121.1 (= maic LU); Laws ii 66.15 . Mod. mic. a p. maccu, Wb. 11a30 , 19c15 , 33a15 , Ml. 33c16 ; Hy. i 29. macu, Laws iii 398.7 . macca, Hib. Min. 4.118 . g p. macc, Wb. 23a9 ; Ml. 34c7 . v p. a maccu ! TBC-LL¹ 906. a macu ! ZCP xi 44 § 60. a mhaca ! ib. § 54 . mac, IGT Dec. § 15.

I A son: in Glosses = Lat. filius. gl. filius, Ir. Gl. 407 , natus 408 .

(a) in strict sense: amal ṅguidess athir a macc, Wb. 24d19 . adim-maicc mihi et am athir-se uobis ye are sons, 9a13 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 238.8 . batar oc Saul mac Ciss . . . cethri meic . . . tri ingena, SR 6517. macc int ṡaír son of the wright, Fél. Aug. 14. ro tuisim Noi tri maccu, MacCarthy 286b . teora meic ag Noi, ib. ná caoin inghean, ná caoin mac, Keat. Poems 599. mac athar do Mag Uidhir M.'s half-brother on the father's side, AFM iv 966.13 . mac mathar som do Chiaran uterine brother, ZCP viii 315.4 . mac sethar a sister's son, TBC-I¹ 530. nochon ḟidir mac duine no son of man (i.e. no mortal), ZCP vii 303 § 9. ni muirbithir m.¤ mna lium, PH 400. trí fichid míle mac máthar mother's sons (i.e. men), Hackett xl 112 . Preced. by adj.: ardmac rig, ro-mac Nesa, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.13 = Laws iv 346. degmac Domnaill, SR 2376. drochmac Iesse, 6138 . Abel mormac Adaim, Mart. Don. 22. ríg-mac, ACC § 111. Esp. used in apposition to npr.m., folld. by gen. of father's name: co Duid m.¤ nIesse, SR 2318. rigdal itir Donnchad m.¤ nDomnaill ┐ Fiachnae m.¤ nAedho, AU 783. Rarely with mother's name: Conchobar m.¤ Nessa, Fergus m.¤ Róich, Ailill m.¤ Mata, Muirchertach m.¤ Erca. Folld. by DO instead of gen.: Ailill mac mic d'Ollomain, MacCarthy 168.8 . Othalinus . . . ba m.¤ don Otha hermor, SR 2366.

In relig. lit. of Christ, the Son (as distinct from the Father), oftenabsol. and without art.: m.¤ ¤ na deachte, Wb. 32c15 . is macc míastar in die iudici it is the Son who will judge, 1d9 . asberat . . . as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 , cf. 24d23 . i n-oentaid na trinoti, athar ┐ meic ┐ spiruta noim, PH 1445. Also called mac Maire, Hy. i 1. SR 8145. m.¤ na hOge ebraide, 8277 . m.¤ in duine the Son of man, PH 2272 , 3070 , 3157 . m.¤ duine, 5041 .

Folld. by a gen. or adj. in various semi-technical and legal expressions: atait tri mic beoathar la Fene .i. mac huar ┐ m.¤ De ┐ m.¤ ailte, ZCP xiii 23.10 . mac De, mac som bis i tesgaire a athar ina timaircnib techtaib; co na comidethar cos nā lam, ib. 16 . m.¤ cétmuintire son of a spouse, legitimate son : atáit .ii. ara-randat orba fri mac cētmuinntire, CIH v 1547.6 . mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . is dīles do mac na cētmuinntiri in cinniu[d]-sin, CIH v 1547.26 . mac cope .i. donither re mac caille (leg. maccaillig?) son of a nun (?), O'Dav. 415. m.¤ doirche (.i. in m.¤ donither i ndorcaidetu) a son begotten in secrecy (?), Laws v 452.16 . m.¤ foesma `son of protection' (an adoptive son), see fóesam. m.¤ gor a son who supports his father, Laws iii 56.20 , opp. to m.¤ ingor, ib. 30 . See also 2 gor. m.¤ muini a bastard , see 1 muine. mic mhuinntire (= filii familias), TSh. 5120. m.¤ óg a celibate : Mel Bre(n)ind Ua Ronain, ardepscop iarthar Herend, in mc. og 'eminent bishop of the west of Ireland, the celibate', AI 296 (s.a. 1161.4) . mc. og ┐ uasalshacart 'a celibate and noble priest', AI 324 (s.a. 1197.5) . See also m.¤ óige s.v. III (b). m.¤ óige = m.¤ cétmuintire: mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . mac óigh trā is ē-side fo-coisle orba .i. foxlas seilb .... mac óighe .i. cētmuindter, CIH v 1547.3 . m.¤ sanaise a son not acknowledged by his father, opp. to m.¤ súla an acknowledged son, see Laws iii 542.7 , O'Dav. 1044 , 1245 . m.¤ scrīne .i. m.¤ so rinne re coibdelaig ina richt fein a son begotten in incest (?), H 3.18, 227a ( O'Curry 413 ). m.¤ soirche a legitimate or acknowledged son (?), O'Dav. 95.

Rarely of the young of animals: macc bó a bullock , CRR 4. damh . . . .i. m.¤ bó, BNnÉ 122 § 61.

In compos. with ban-, a daughter: feadair ferinnsce for baninnsce intan asberar: is e in banmhac sa, Auraic. 531.

(b) in looser sense a male descendant; esp. in pl. folld. by gen. of ancestor to denote a tribe or people (not a native usage, the words maicne, maccu and being used by Irish tribes): ar maccaib Israhel, Wb. 11a28 . soirad mac nIsrahel, Ml. 53d1 . meic Israhel, SR 5475. fri claind mac nIsrahél, 3710 . ic maccaib Israel, PH 5071. meicc Emir meicc Erimon, Hy. ii 37. Cf. also: Iohain már macc ṅErenn of Erin's sons, Fél. Sept. 26. eter gelmaccaib Gaedel, Ériu iv 96 § 7 ( LL 33b45 ). m.¤ Goill (i.e. one of English descent), AU iii 506.

II A boy and sometimes loosely a young person in general: sainreth do maccaib a pélogud particular to boys (gl. puerorum), Sg. 45b6 . i tabairt mic for muin i tech carrying a boy, Laws i 174.32 . urcor flescaig is eside macc bundsaighe (.i. mac diubraices in mbunsaig), iv 134.16 , 140.1 . biit tri choecaid macc and oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 368. maic becca doairchellat cethra, Ériu ii 206 § 26. do fhuil mac mbec, PH 382. cen mna cen maccu not counting women or children, SR 4031. ra batar mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindoene ac coíniud, TBC-LL¹ 6198. cu ra ainitis uli feraib maccaib mnaib, PH 6309. idir mhaca mnaoi is fir, Keat. Poems 614. eter maccaib beccaib (alluding to girls), IT i 131.26 . Occasionally of youths or grown persons: ruri anacht tri maccu a surnn tened (i.e. the three Holy Children). Hy. i. 29 , cf. Fél. Ap. 28 , Ep. 507. rí roshicc . . . forsin tsét na dá mac dall, SR 7682. atchondairc-si . . . cruth ┐ comdelb . . . cech meic ┐ cach miled, LL 221a7 . cethrur ingen Dubthaig dil, | cethri maic dóibsium demnig (i.e. lovers), Metr. Dinds. iii 72.

III Folld. by gen. in various fig. and technical expressions:

(a) denoting calling or function: m.¤ eclaise ` son of (the) church', a churchman, cleric: oen m.¤ [ec]ulsa forarsaidh . . . ic cantain a urnuighthe, RC xiv 58 § 72. tri maic ecalsa do muintir na cleirech, Acall. 2888. co tri cetaib sacart ┐ co tri milibh mac n-ecalsa, AU ii 86.2 . clier ┐ meic eguilsi in baile, Fl. Earls 34.24 . AFM vi 1924.22 . m.¤ foglama a student: felmac . . . .i. m.¤ foghlamæ, O'Mulc. 512. oráit annso dona macaib fogluma, Ériu ii 224.11 . m.¤ léginn a (clerical) student , O'Mulc. 688. m.¤ legind, Lat. Lives 82 (= scolaige ib.). i(c) macc leginn i nArdmacha, RC xx 176. Possibly also the expression m.¤ airbe (name for a `macfuirmid'?), see Laws iv 360.6 and muc(c)airbe below.

(b) fig. and alleg.: ce notad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . maicc tairngiri sons of (the) promise , 4c6 . guide cech maicc lére `of every son of piety', Fél. Ep. 428. macc umalóti ┐ erlatad buide do Dia, PH 4204. mac aptha = mac báis: bát úaiti meic aptha (mic bháis, v.l.) na cille so 'the lost souls of your cemetery shall be few', Beatha Bharra 64.128 . m.¤ báis `a son of death', a wicked man , opp. to m.¤ bethad `a son of life', a righteous man (often of a professed religious) : tairbirid illatu pían n-ecsamail dona maccaib bais, FA 1. eccraibdech ┐ macc báis, Trip. 220.15 . a meic in báis!, PH 2426. m.¤ bethad, Trip. 84.20 ( .i. cin pecath, ACL iii 37 ). sochuidhi do macuibh bethad, etir apstala ┐ desciplu, Lism. L. 3938. tigherna . . . mhórtha mhac mbethadh ┐ riagtha mhac mbáis, AFM vi 2296. mainistir . . . i mbáttar meic bhethadh d'ord S. Fronséis, 2218.7 . m.¤ ceanta .i. m.¤ échta, O'Cl. (`a son of achievement' P. O'C. ). m.¤ mallachtan `son of a curse' = m.¤ báis: comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA 1. comaittreb . . . ina mac mallachtan (of Hell), PH 4332. dosbera na maccu mallachtu . . . isin tenid suthain, 7285 . do macaibh mallacht ┐ do lucht dénma uilc, AFM iii 286.25 . m.¤ meda `son of mead', a heavy drinker , Anecd. ii 35 § 8. m.¤ míraith a graceless person (?), Acall. 1884 (`son of mishap' O'Gr.). m.¤ ochta `bosom-son', a favourite, darling: sacart ┐ m.¤ ochta rig nime, Acall. 2462. rob m.¤ ochta aireachta cach mac buan dod bhroind-ḟine, Leb. Cert. 194. See also (c) below.

m.¤ óige a celibate : uasal-easpoc Erenn ┐ an m.¤ oighe, RC xviii 52.4 (Tig.). comharba Colaim Cille, ┐ Adhamhnáin, saoi, ┐ epscop, ┐ mac oicce, AFM ii 762.6 . Oengus mc. Cathain, in t-epscop ┐ in mc. óge 'the bishop and the celibate', AI 202 (s.a. 1036.6). See also m.¤ óg.

m.¤ uilc an evildoer: meic uilc ní thiset n-ar ndáil, LL 308b1 = SG 389.18 . m.¤ na tráth `son of the canonical hours' (of a cleric), Acall. 4614 , 6769 .

(c) of things or animals: m.¤ alla `son of a cliff', echo: co cuala sum . . . guth in meic alla aca ḟrecra asin charraic, LL 165b30 . ro bai a m.¤ alla isna trachtaibh re med a muirni, Aen. 992. ro lin m.¤ alla na gairi sin mothra ┐ caillti, CCath. 5624. ro baoi m.¤ alla gheimi an drúith sin aieor, RC xxiv n. 2 . AFM vi 2130.11 . As name of a drinking-horn , Acall. 133.

m.¤ bronn a species of metrical composition: aircetal aire dna ataait .x. fodla fair-side .i. m.¤ bronn, etc., BB 299a25 .

m.¤ formuin (? for 1 muin) apparently name of some joint or portion of meat allotted to certain ranks in the Tech Midchuarta at Tara: LL 29b19 , 35 and diagram = YBL 419b3 (where the reading of facs. appears to be m̅c̅ armuin), 13 and diagram (in all cases with contraction); mac formuin, H 3.18, p. 362b ( O'Curry 771 ). Petrie's Tara 175 fg. expands as `muc formuin' and translates pig's shoulder , comparing 1 formna.

m.¤ greche .i. eitne cnó a kernel , Ériu ii 5.10 (Amra Conroí).

m.¤ imblissen pupil (of the eye): amal in macc n-imblissen (gl. ut pupillam), Ml. 39c3 . dona maccu imlesaib (gl. pupillis), Gild. Lor. 118. m.¤ imresan (gl. pupilla), Ir. Gl. 80. is he tene na súla in m.¤ imlesen, SCC 17. tri maic imlissen cechtar a dá súla, TBC-I¹ 35. oensúil . . . ┐ tri maic imlessen inte, BDD 44. méit mac imlesan duine, Ériu ii 134 § 115. teit radarc . . . on incind cu mic imrisan na sul, ITS xiv 54.

m.¤ ochta name of a joint or portion of meat?, heart (?) (or read mucca ochta 'suckling pigs', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 65 ). ba si airigid ban Ulad . . . .i. secht ndaim ┐ secht tuirc ┐ secht ndabcha . . . ┐ secht nglaininí ┐ secht m̅c̅ ochta, IT ii1 173 (perhaps a vessel or measure).

m.¤ óe liver: in macc hoe tredluighthe (gl. trifidium iecur), Gild. Lor. 213.

m.¤ snáma `son of swimming' (kenning for some large fish or sea-monster?), Corm. Y 948.

m.¤ tíre `son of (the) country', wolf: Eg. Gl. 313. BDD 66. im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. sod maic tire female wolf, TBC-I¹ 1720. pl. mic thíri, BS 76.3 . (mod.) na meictíreadha ag inghréim an tréuda, Hard. ii 310. (fig.) gach uile Eagluis do chaomhna ó chundtabhartaibh na macdtire, Carswell 77.

With adj.: m.¤ salach `dirty lad', a toad , gl. bufo, Thes. ii 235.8 (reading doubtful).

m.¤ ar muin name of a defect in prosody , IGT Introd. § 2.

IV Folld. by a gen. or adj. mac is often used to form masc. proper names, or sobriquets. Exx. from lit.: Mac Brocc, Cóir Anm. 45. Mac Caille, Hy. v 15. m.¤ Cécht (son of power? of the plough?), one of the Tuathan Kings; cf. Macc Cecht (name of a smith), Trip. 250.24 . m.¤ Cuill (s. of hazel?), a Tuathan king, cf. Trip. 220.15 . Lugaid Mac Con, Cóir Anm. 61.71 . Lugaid Mac tri con, IT i 108.2 . Mac Dā Recht, ZCP xiii 356.7 . Mac Dá Thó (s. of the two mutes), IT i 96 (= Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. vi 1 , and see Preface, p. i ). Mac in Daimh, Imr. Brain i 61. Bec mac Dé in fáid, LL 371b17 . LB 260b12 . Mac Gréine, a Tuathan king. Mac ind Óc (`s. of the two Young Ones', Stokes, RC xxvi 60 ), sobriquet of Óengus mac in Dagda, also called Mac Óc, IT i 132.13 : in mac Óc, ib. 7 . Macc Tāil (`son of adze'), Trip. 250.25 .

With adj. m.¤ Riabhach, m.¤ Solas (names of drinking-horns), AFM iii 110.2 ; 34.7 . AU ii 188.

From history: m.¤ na haidhche, AU ii 72.2 ; 134.19 ; cf. mac(h) na hoidhche (gl. Thitheus), Ir. Gl. 546. Macbeathadh, AU 1014 , 1041 . Macētigh (< étig ugly?), 936 ; Macēitigh, 950 ; mac Mic Etigh, 896 . Maclēighinn, 988 . Mac Líag ardollamh Erend (s. of a leech), 1016 . Mac Lochlainn (s. of a Dane), 1051 . Maccnia, 701 ; Macnio, 708 ; g s. Macniadh , 751 . Cf. Mac Niad (.i. Mac Con), Cóir Anm. 220. Macoac (= m.¤ óc?), AU 787. Macoigi, 801 ; Maccoigi, 874 ; dormitatio Maccoiged, 752 (cf. mac óige III b above). Macoirbb, 809 . Mac Oncon, 729 (see onchú). Macriaghoil, 821 . Mac ind shaer (s. of the wright), 766 . m.¤ na cerda (sobriquet), 874 .

After the introduction of surnames (10th-11th cent.), mac folld. by gen. n.pr. m. becomes a common form of surname and often changes to Mág (gen. Méig); the usage is extended to foreign names. Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, AU ii 442.2 (an. 1327 ). Cormac Mag Coscraidh, AU iii 430.24 . Cormac óg m.¤ C. m.¤ T. Meg Ca, AU iii 428.3 . mac Airt Meg Uidhir, iii 10.9 (1383) . Raghnall mac Mic Raghnaill, ii 196.8 (1179) . do clainn Raghnaill Meg Raghnaill, iii 12.20 (1384) .

COMPDS. Forms less or more stable compds. with a follg. subst., generally with sense youthful, pertaining to a boy or child . ¤bachall f. a boy's staff: macb. a ainm . . . ar bith na [leg. a = i?] laim na macæim, BColm. 46.10 . a s. macbachaill, ib. 3 . ¤brat m., in pl. child's clothes, swaddling-clothes: ba fóglainntid . . . he asa macbrataib ┐ asa naidendacht, Alex. 810. an tan robuí ina mhacbhrataibh, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . asa aóididh ┐ asa mhacbrataibh (sic leg.), fo. 73 a . ¤brethaid son-bearer: v s. a macbrethaig glórdai (of the Virgin Mary), Ir. Lit. 48 = LB 74a53 (see Ériu 9.85 , footnote 2). ¤cerd f. youthful art: pl. maccerdda Conculaind, TBC-I¹ 732. ¤cless m. juvenile feat: do mebhraighis do mhacchleasa, MR 302.5 . ¤comlond m.: ba handsa . . . frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570. ¤dalta m. a young fosterling: caeca macdalta, IT ii2 192 . ¤daltus m.: co m. do chill i forcanar `son-fosterage to the church in which he is taught', O'Dav. 956. ¤dán m.: caraid . . . a maccdán, Thes. ii 293 ( SP ii 4 ); 'youthful art' CMCS lvii 3 § 2 . ¤díre `boy-fine', fine or honour-price payable in case of a boy? cia luigium hi maicdirib? (.i. cia mac is lugu eneclann), H 2.15A p. 17b ( O'D. 1017 ). ¤dond m. a youthful chief? Níall menmnach m., Ériu iv 110 § 72 a . ¤drettel m. a young favourite: Fráech . . . macdreittel ríg Síde ṅHerend, LL 250b36 = TBFr. 262 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v ). a macdrettil Emna!, FB 11. ¤drúth m. an idiot boy: m. .i. a cinn a .vii. mbliadan, H 3.17 c. 265 ( O'D. 344 ). ¤fine sons of a family: mār maccḟine aīn-rīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 ( Rawl. 124a = marfine, LL 387a17 ). ¤firt f. a miracle performed in boyhood: do macfertuibh inni noem-Patraic, Lism. L. 132. i soscéla na mac[ḟ]erta the Gospel of the Infancy, LB 139b8 . See V. SS. Hib. vol. i p. xxxiv . ¤flaith a youthful chief: Mál in mac[ḟ]laith, Acall. 2503. do mhacḟlaith Mumhan, Leb. Cert. 36.1 . ¤gním a boy's deed, exploit: da mbetis na gníma óclachais aice feib atát na macgníma, TBC-LL¹ 984. 1388 . indister a macgnimaib Samsoin . . . iat, LB 128a18 . ¤gnímrad: pl. macgnimrada Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 864. macgnímartha Find, RC v 195. ¤laeg m. a young calf: mac (.i. bec) laog, LL 393a45 (term of endearment?). ¤lebar m. a book copied from another: a maicleabhar Lecan Mhec Fhirbisigh sin this is from a copy of the Book of L., Todd Nenn. p. ciii . leis gach leabhar a mhaicleabhar, Keat. iii 1395. pl. micleabhair, 484 . ¤lenb a boy-child: fad'mhaicleanb, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 12. ¤lendán a sweetheart: is é ba maclendan don ingin, RC vi 175.50 . maicleannan (of a woman), CF 244. ¤léine a boy's tunic: coeca maclene, IT ii2 191 . ¤naidm n. a bond entered into by children: rucus imdilsi eter macnadmann, ZCP xv 332 § 24. ¤noídiu a male infant, a young son: noídiu [maccnaídiu, Eg.] Conaire maic Etersceoli, BDD 106. ¤ogam .i. ogam ban torrach (a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5774. ¤slicht: in pl. macslechta sections in the laws dealing with the various classes of sons: bretha for maicslechta .i. . . . for sloinntib no for aisneithe mac, Eg. 88, fo. 16d ( O'Curry 2231 ). bretha for macslechtaib, H 4.22, p. 26 ( O'Curry 1993 ). ¤thairngertaid m. a boy who was promised: mactharṅgertaid Dé, SR 3077. ¤thairngertach a `promised son': an macthairngertach mórghlondach Aódh Rúadh, Hugh Roe, fo. 10 a . ¤thoísech m. a young chief: bó gach mactoisig, Fen. 92.25 . aenraghu mactaisech Erenn, AU ii 482. With adj. ¤amrae wondrous son: samlai, | a Maire, do macamrai Mary, the like of your wondrous son Blathm. 26 . ¤dall blind person: fége do roscaib macdall 'keenness to the eyes of the blind' 146 . ¤ḟind fair son: ar do macind irgabáil 'for the captivity of your beautiful son' 6 .

With npr.: menmna macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra of young Niall, Ériu iv 98 § 28.

Other compds. treated separately.

maide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maide or dil.ie/31298

Forms: maidedha, maididhe, maideadha, mhaideagh

n io, m.,

(a) a stick, staff, beam or log: m.¤ .i. mō a faide quam a lethet, Corm. Y 938. maidi ibair i cuail crinaig a stick of yew in a bundle of firewood (prov.), RC xxiv 194 § 6 = SG 326. maidi ailig (mate oílig v.l.) a mizen-stick , IT iii 83.1 = Bruchst. i § 64 . lorc-maithi mór, MacCongl. 122.4 . mada Ciara[i]n pastoral staff , CS 296.6 . an tairrnge congbhus an m.¤ gan tuitim the ridge-pole , AFM iii 312.5 (= fécce an tighe, ib.). an m.¤ ar a roibhe an naomh 'na sheasamh ag senmóir, Mac Aingil 506.12 . pl. geibidh . . . maidedha ┐ clocha dó, BNnÉ 34 § 55. maididhe, Exodus xxv 13. maideadha, Ezekiel xxxvii 20. teannfad ort na maidedha ceudna san bpunc so I will ply you with the same sticks (i.e. arguments), Luc. Fid. 368.20 . m.¤ dorais `a bolt ', RC xxxii 134.24 . m.¤ láma a hand-staff , oft. fig.: mo mh.¤ lámha i mbeárnuin baoguil, R.I.A. 23 G 24, 224 . Muire mo mh.¤ lámha, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 13. m.¤ mná a distaff , O'Gr. Cat. 143.5. m.¤ mullaig ridge-pole (of a house); fig. of a leader: m.¤ mullaigh na míleadh, Hackett xxxix 100 ; liii 32 . m.¤ sgine (gl. manubrium) a handle, Ir. Gl. 1139. do buailti m.¤ sgine ar an mías-chuadh, Rule of Tallaght § 92. m.¤ sníomha spindle , Proverbs xxxi 19.

(b) wood, timber: carcair cloiche no maide, Mart. Don. Sept. 4. m.¤ cédair cedar-wood , Levit. xiv 49. déan áirc mhaide an ark of wood, Deuteronomy x 1. deilbh chloch no mhaideagh no airgid, Carswell 218 (g p.?). ar pháipéir nó ar mh.¤ , TSh. 4417.

mín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mín or dil.ie/32283

Forms: mínfir, míngarta

i, adj.

(a) smooth, level, of surfaces; commonly of land, often approaching the sense of arable or fertile . di Moisten míne mrugaib of the marches of smooth Moistiu, Thes. ii 295.5 ( SP v 2 ). Egipt maith mór mín, LL 136a2 . mo ṡlán dá maghaibh míne, Keat. Poems 17. Often as subst. level or arable land: de m.¤ Maige Aí, TBC-LL¹ 107 , cf. TBC-I¹ 1632. do m.¤ Muman, Acall. 5400. i mmin nAiche, ZCP viii 310.2 . min tire, Laws ii 12.24 , glossed .i. curub tir ethimh arable land, ib. 26 . do min tire tri mecon, 238.18 . noí immaire . . . a noí do móin ┐ a noí do mín ┐ a nói do chaill, Lib. Hymn. i 25.6 . edhbrait damh a ttír | eter m.¤ is fráoch, Misc. Hag. Hib. 35.24 . Of rivers, etc., smooth, calm: anfadh . . . ar chuantaibh míne, Keat. Poems 1511. céile Feoire móire míne, 911 . clúmh m.¤ `soft verdure', Gofraidh Fionn ii § 1 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). blá[i]th mín reidh ` smooth ', Eg. Gl. 68.

(b) in moral sense, of persons, conduct, etc., self-restrained, gentle, placid, courteous, docile: ni fuair a samail di rig | eter min ocus anmin, SCC 37. muinter bláith ro-mín, FA 12. ingenai míne, MacCongl. 47.6 . Cog. 78.23 . óenmac Maire míni, RC xvi 382.19 . Tomás m.¤ , Keat. Poems 1098. Goill co mín o a ceim cagaid subdued, tame , Irish Texts ii 21 § 37. ba m.¤ cach meisnech `tame', MR 216.12 . Marcil, m.¤ a medar, Gorm. Nov. 27. doní fiadhchapall don chapall mhín, TSh. 7450. Compar. bá miniu ┐ bá lúathiu a n-imtecht, FB 20 ( easier, freer ? cf. mínluath below). is hé rí as bláthem ┐ as mínem . . . dodánic, BDD 102 (a) . is e bus míne fritso isin teaglach `most civil', Ériu viii 156.11 . ar a druim is mine muir at its smoothest (: righe), Irish Texts 99 § 21. Adv. co m.¤ ┐ co cennais, PH 5829. ro airgestar Medb co m.¤ | co dún Dáire 'n-ar ṅdegthír, CRR 4 (`ravaged easily', Hog. Onom. ; ravaged the land smooth, leaving nothing standing?). ní maoidhte ar Bhrian acht go m.¤ `you should boast in a very restrained way', Content. vi 199 , cf. 143 .

(c) of food, digestible, palatable: is ferr lais . . . ind fit bec m.¤ quam ind fit mór de tuari anmín `a small light pittance', Mon. Tall. § 63. do dheochaibh milse míne, TSh. 562. deocha míne meisceamla, Maguires of F. § 49.

(d) of sounds, soft: .ch. garbh . . . .ch. mín velar ch . . . palatal ch, IGT Introd. § 48.

Compds. Freq. in composition, not always easily distinguishable from min, the sense `minute, fine' of the latter passing into that of `smooth', `exquisite'.

(a) with nouns: ¤acallam: corab tétbind . . . a mínchomrad ┐ a minacallam suave address, conversation , MacCongl. 97.19 . ¤chend: rind ruisc a minchind `of his fine head', AFM ii 870.12 . ¤chomrad, MacCongl. 97.19 . ¤ecor: sioball airgid . . . co míneagur óir `neatly inlaid with gold', BS 4.5 (mioneccor v.l., see min, compds.). ¤fer: pl. mínfir, Gorm. Oct. 24. ¤foirb: ar minfoirbibh an mhuidhe, LL 410a16 = dar minoirbib in muige `smooth surface', MR 176.16 . ¤gaire: dligid mathair m. pious filial care, ZCP iv 468 § 4. mínghaire a mháthar dogníth se, Cóir Anm. 232. fer . . . cen mingaire ` undutiful ', Metr. Dinds. iv 340. ¤gart: g s. a meicc míngarta!, Ériu iv 108 § 69. ¤glór: muir . . . cen m. ` rude-voiced ', Metr. Dinds. iv 234. mínles mór mullaig Hérenn (of Tara), Ériu iv 92.2 . ¤mála: ina minmailgib `smooth eyebrows', BDD 2. ¤mesrad: mínmesraid ┐ daim ┐ tuircc `choice fruit', Ériu iv 124.17 . ¤muir, Oss. iv 262.15 . ¤riar f.: trén ele . . . atá ag gach rí do Laighnibh . . . ocus Maodhocc do mínréir `if M. be propitious (? provided he yields docile obedience to M.), BNnÉ 259.8 ; cf. 251.6 . ¤torad: fo mil fo m., LB 133a18 . mintruaill a smooth scabbard , CCath. 4693.

(b) with adj., forming dwanda-compds. or with those formed from nouns: ¤adbal: ar magh mínadhbul, Acall. 1160. ¤álaind: nónbur ban minalaind, Acall. 7413. ar na macaibh mionnailli, RC xiv 28 § 7. go hEamhain mionálann Macha, xxix 146 § 72 . espug mínbrethach, ZCP viii 215.26 . gné mínchennais, PH 3563 , cf. 4812 . comairli mínchert, LL 209a32 . ¤delbach: port Maodhócc míndealbaigh of gracious form (aspect), BNnÉ 287.24 , cf. port M. míndelbdha , 288.2 . ¤étrocht: i nEmain mínetrocht Macha, CRR 1. Maoisi . . . minettrocht, Cog. 204.11 . ¤find, Gorm. Mar. 21 (min-). ¤gel: aenmac Eithne míngile, Acall. 6812. ¤glan: mac Moire mingloine, Fen. 98.12 . dā cris minglana mesraigthi (the temperate zones), MR 112.17 . ¤gor: mac míngor docile and dutiful, Gorm. May 29. Mane Míngor, BDD 42 , cf. Cóir Anm. 232. frecra mingar moerdaide, LL 149b7 . ¤luath: gadhair a ndegaid míl mínluath muighi, Acall. 7388 ; `after swift and gentle hares', Stokes: of smooth and rapid course? cf. citation from FB 20 under (b) above. ¤maith: meic mínmaithe, Gorm. June 18. ¤málla: mac Muire m., ZCP viii 210.7 . ¤óc: Aed minog ` gentle, virginal ', Gorm. Sept. 22. muinter mínóc, ib. Oct. 4. ¤ráitech smooth-spoken, courteous: ben minraitech, BB 427b4 . ¤réid: a maigib minrédi, LL 233a26 ( TTr. 120 ). LB 123b32 . Maodocc m. `gentle M.', BNnÉ 262.20 . ¤scothach smooth and flowery (? soft-flowering): isin maigin minscathaigh, ZCP viii 562 § 12. mon tir . . . minscothaich Erenn, Cog. 52.17 . ¤seng: Meteill mínṡeng, Gorm. Jan. 24.

(c) rarely with vb.: co ra mínchendsaiged muir was made calm, LL 219b14 (TTr.). dá mínḟéachtar maicne Luirc `if one examines the race of L.', Content. xxix 34 (cf. minféchad s.v. min, compds.).

1 mulach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mulach or dil.ie/32814

n o, m., (cf. mul) some object of rounded form? méit mulaig for gut, BDD 38 , 58 ( mullaig v.l. in both places); `the size of a cheese on a withe', Stokes, who suggests a formation from Fr. meule (de fromage). Cf. mulchán.

mullach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mullach or dil.ie/32822

Forms: mullaig, mullaig, mullach, mullaige, -i, mullach, mullaighi

n o, m., (mul) also treated as s, n.: d s. i mullaig , TBC-LL¹ 1203 ; tria mullaig in chínd, PH 8158 = LB 252a57 (perhaps we should expand mullach). n p. mullaige, -i.

(a) the topmost part, top, crown , generally of a convex surface. din mulluch, gl. vertice, Thes. i 494.31 ( Tur. 140 ). mullach, gl. culmen, Ir. Gl. 1007. di mulluch int slebe, Ml. 58c4 . co mullach na taulcha, TBC-LL¹ 1209. co rom-adnaichthi i m.¤ Temrach (= in cacuminibus Temro), Lat. Lives 22. a p. mullaighi na cnoc, CCath. 2352. co mullach in chairnn, Acall. 7692. m.¤ tighe, gl. doma, Ir. Gl. 838. i mm.¤ thuir, LB 136a27 = Todd Lect. vi 53. a m.¤ caislen Tuama, RC xviii 288.20 . a m.¤ áiteadh árd, Proverbs viii 2. co tuc bulli . . . hi m.¤ chind a brathar crown (of head), PH 855. mullaigi a cend rempu head-foremost , LB 156b45 . ar ammus a chendmullaig, TBC-LL¹ 913 , cf. TBC-I¹ 1961. do thuc bulli . . . i mmulluch in médi, TBC-LL¹ 1999. co tarrla in tṡleg . . . a m.¤ a hochta, Acall. 7710. co mulluch a ghualann, 325 . a m.¤ a láirgi (= buttock?), Comp. CC 107.7 . a m.¤ a cercailli the top of its circuit (i.e. zenith, of the moon ), ITS xiv 44.27 . a m.¤ na firmaminti, 88.9 . a m.¤ in medha[in] lae at high noon , O'Gr. Cat. 246 y . cach mball . . . de mulluch co talmain from top to ground (=from head to foot), TBC-I¹ 1931 ; cf. 1843 , TBC-LL¹ 1256 , 1371 , 2496 . corro loisc hé o mulluch co talmin, Mon. Tall. 72. erradh righ Connacht o mhullach co lar (i.e. a complete outfit), Lism. L. 3152. ro scoilt bendchapur in tempuil . . . ó m.¤ co a lár, PH 2896. ó lár go lánmullach (of a building), AFM v 1732 z .

(b) the crown of the head (= m.¤ cind): mullach (gl. meo . . . cum capillis vertice), Gild. Lor. 98. m.¤ .i. mul-ōach .i. cluasach (i.e. a `mul' with ears), Corm. Y 918 , cf. Lec. Gl. 276. dorega ferg Dé it' m.¤ (= in verticem tuum), Lat. Lives 12 = Trip. 60.3 . in bennacht . . . dobiur-sa . . . fort mullach anuas, LL 147a16 = PRIA iii 545 § 14 . a claideb nocht úasa mulluch, FB 87. hi fossud a mullaich, TBC-I¹ 1207 (mullaid LU). ro bui tre m.¤ ind ḟir folt cass, Ériu iii 196.4 . m.¤ Mo Chutu M.'s brain-pan (a relic), LL 370b32 = Arch. Hib. iv 204 § 15.

(c) fig. apex, acme, chief: m.¤ na míleadh, Keat. Poems 732. cnú mhullaigh degban Eirenn `most eminent' (lit. top nut), AU iii 570.16 . ós cionn mullaigh mo shóláis above my chief joy, Psalms cxxxvii 6.

Compd. ¤lethan broad-headed (cf. mul-lethan), FB 37. Acall. 4080 n . gein mhullachleathan mic, Ériu v 80.30 . tairrnge . . . mullachlethan, Fl. Earls 196.3 .

tlacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tlacht or dil.ie/41005
Last Revised: 2019

n [u,]m. Later slacht, q.v.

I

(a) covering, protection: os talman t.¤ , Snedg. u. Mac R 10 § 14 . a tabairt fo thalman t.¤ | iarsin mo Dia dil tarmart, SR 4743 . noco tard in tarim (leg. talam) t.¤ | tar mac bud danu daenacht, BB 401b41 . (Hence : `tlacht' talamh comhádhbal cain, Metr. Gl. 14 § 27 ). co mbert in macc | co tart fo th.¤ ina thétluing, Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 3 . t.¤ .i. diten, ut est imtongat uill tlachta nobles swear by defences, O'Dav. 1512. conastacmaing t.¤ in trefocuil so that the protection ... encompasses them, Auraic. 1960 . eite lúidh 's t.¤ ar dtreisi, L. Cl. A. B., 256.111 . créad é an t.¤ so ar cheannaibh Éireann ? grief , ITS iii 140.1 .

(b) ornament, finish, beauty: in t.¤ ós ligib, Hy. 4.10 . potestates delbda a t.¤ , SR 695 . for tir, for talam, treb tlácht | coragab fír flathemnácht, 6636 . eirgit sluaig Temrach na t.¤ , SG 368.2 . t.¤ ní thig cen ruad polish , Metr. Dinds. iii 54.7 . ro-choillset torad is t.¤ | i cóiciud chlíarach Connacht, 382.22 . inmhain t.¤ a hisdadh núr ` decoration ,' O'Gr. Cat. 474.18. ní comhrádh ar a bhfuil t.¤ | nach diongnadh do Chorc dúthracht ` plausibility ,' Content. xiii 10 . teacht mar saorchuairt tar sál soir | le t.¤ ó aobhacht an fhir, Rel. Celt. ii 276.26 . aighthe féinneadh feirrde a dt.¤ , L. Cl. A. B., 239.50 . tólaib t.¤ (cheville) SR 15 ; Metr. Dinds. iii 224.13 ; ML² 55 , etc.

Hence skin, hide: t.¤ olla fíraille co cinél cacha datha trít, Cóir Anm. § 38 . brec, dub, odar, tes a t.¤ , `warm was their coat,' Metr. Dinds. iv 170.15 . t.¤ taighleach ó carr go h-ardghoilmhioch air, ML 38.31 .

II garment, clothing: cit úallaig ríg talman | i tlachtaib at glainiu, Fél. Prol. 246 . hi fuil Chríst trea curpu | docóemnachtar tlachtu (: balcu) `they had washed their robes,' Jan. 4 . immutsa co mbánt.¤ , Ep. 331 . do cholcthib gelaib ocus di tlachtaib etrochtaib, LU 1712 . co ndaimtuigdis tlachta áilde ildath, Ériu iv 163.15 . co lluid tarsin t.¤ corcra ┐ tresin léine baí im Ailill, TBFr. 238 . roclaemclai clí, leth an smacht | dorochair di a coemth.¤ , SR 1296 . ronbáe biad, ronbai t.¤ , 1557 . fri tindrem t.¤ , 2495 . bui ingen Ecit i cathair cumtachtai ┐ t.¤ derscaigthe impe issin tig, Irish Texts i 33.7 . tabairt bíd do bochtaib Dé | t.¤ (sic leg.) do nochtaib, BColm. 100.11 . rogha iomdhaigh a nEamhain Macha ... ┐ a t.¤ ríoghdha ró-mhaiseach uirre, Ériu viii 135.8 . tuchtach a t.¤ , Anecd. i 60 § 83 . i t.¤ etrocht, § 89 . at lassar rígthigi di leirgg a tlachta (sic leg.) ┐ a n-errid ┐ a n-éttaid, CRR 28 . doberad a tlachta folaig ... do uilib aittib, CCath. 4318 . do ben in t.¤ carcra de, ML² 534 . aircellad tlachta na dithle tuinech `taking away raiment is every pilfering of tunics,' O'Dav. 1531. t.¤ .i. édach, 1505 . tréigidh a t.¤ iasochta, Studies 1918, 453 § 13 . t.¤ na nemmarbdachta, PH 3520 . ag buain tlaicht taitneamhaigh na ngrás de, TSh. 7003 . t.¤ álainn do cor ar an nanam ccédna, Ó Héodhusa 120.11.

Compds. ¤balc with stout covering, mailclad: túath toimsech t.¤-balc, Metr. Dinds. ii 34.94 . ¤chrích fair land: fa thuathaib, ocus fa thlacht-chrichaib na talmhan, MR 114.13 . ¤dillat clothing: don t.¤-dillat ... do bretha dó, TBC-LL¹ 2586 . ¤mag ornamental lawn?: fá'n gcladh dtlacht-maige, O'Gr. Cat. 508.8. ¤Mide fair Meath: re tuathaib ... t.¤-Mide, MR 124.11 . ¤múad with fine hide: Muc Mic Dá-Thó, t.¤-mūad torc, Sc.M² 22a . ¤réid?: corbo th.¤-réid (macc réid, L.) a menma | macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra, Ériu iv 98 § 28.