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diumann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. diumann or dil.ie/16982

Forms: diumainn, ndiumund

n [o, n.?] overbearing, contempt: diumann .i. diumus no dímiadh, O'Dav. 707 . munab ar diumunn in ceili lasin flaith unless it be out of contempt for the tenant by the chief, ZCP xiv 385 § 50 . mad in cele tathcuirid(t)er fair ar di[u]mund lais, 390 § 56 . mad ar diumand in ceile in-asa in flaith a seotu if it be from contempt for (to insult?) the client the lord recalls his `séts', 391 § 59 ( Laws ii 318 ff .) (quoted by O'Dav. s.v.). ar diumann, Laws ii 212 Comm. g s. co ndrochcubus diumainn , 320 Comm. n du. a dā ndiumund `their two contempts', 314 Comm.

1 mind, minn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mind, minn or dil.ie/32297
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mind, m., ṁmind, m., mínd, mínd, mind, miond, mind, mionna

n o, n. and m. n s. mind n-abstalacte, Wb. 20d6 . (with art.) a m.¤ , Thes. i 491.28 . a ṁmind-sa, Fél. Dec. 18. m.¤ n-óir, TBC-LL¹ 1557. n p. mínd, Ml. 18d14 . a p. inna mínd , Thes. ii 29.29 . For quality of final consonants, see Auraic. 4395 : mind iphin and (i.e. Ogham io). miond (mionn), pl. mind, mionna (anomalous), IGT Dec. § 60.

(a) a distinguishing badge or emblem of honour or rank , esp. one worn on the head, a crown, diadem , etc.: gl. insigne, insignia, Ml. 18d14 , 25d8 , 35d16 , 129c5 , BCr. 41c1 ; stigmata, Wb. 20d6 ; diadema, Tur. 95 ( Thes. i 491 ). m.¤ . . . a mund[i]tia .i. on gloine, Corm. Y 900. m.¤ n-óir budi in folt fordatuigither, FB 45. m.¤ doberar for cend miled (gl. bratium), O'Mulc. 123. barrin .i. m.¤ cind, Aen. 1587 (= tiaras, Aeneid vii 247 ). Worn by kings: stuag . . . os chind ind ordnide . . . amal m.¤ ríg, FA 8. adchondairc na riga . . . oc gabail a m.¤ for a cennai, TBC-I¹ 3464. dia mberad a m.¤ oir do chind na rigna, LU 4224. m.¤ rígda, PH 2118. By druids or sages: tri druide . . . co minnaib airgid (for a g[c]ennaib, Eg.), RC xxiv 144.7 . Anecd. ii 79.12 . is tre fir flaitheman rosaig cech dān mochtaide m.¤ suithe, ZCP xi 93 § 24 (perh. fig. apex of knowledge). By soldiers: a scabail fona minnaib sliptha soradhaircc `their helmets under their diadems' (? crests), Marco P. 61. ro bean a m.¤ catha dia chind helmet (?), D IV 2, 67rb10 . um armaib ┐ um mórminnaib ` crests ', Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.21 . Of other insignia: a dō secht ṅdeich . . . tuidmide dronmind dergóir (of bells on high priest's robe), SR 4506. minn duirn, Anecd. iii 307 § 20. claideb . . . ba m.¤ rígraide Inse Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 122 (cf. 2 mind). m.¤ do luir for a chend a laurel-wreath , Aen. 1027. Cf. Eochu . . . dofeid (.i. aisnéidh) fianna fo minnaib (.i. arraib), LL 393a53 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 , where Meyer explains he leads warrior-bands under crowns (an allusion to winning the kingship); the gl. in LL seems = soldiers' pay (? sureties, oaths , cf. d).

(b) a halidom or venerated object , esp. something connected with a saint, secondary relics Peritia xvii-xviii 223 , Studies in the Cult of Saint Columba 138 ; freq. in religious lit. mo chros . . . minn co mbloidh, ZCP x 342.4 . scrin Coluimcille ┐ a minna olchena, AU 877. minda Colaim Chille .i. Clog na righ ┐ an Chuilebaidh ┐ in da soscéla, RC xviii 12.26 (Tig.). na seacht mionna battar . . . ag Maodhóg . . . .i. an Bhrec ┐ an Bhachall Branduibh, etc., BNnÉ 244 § 195. ceall co minnaib, Laws v 222.17 Comm. do chumhdach minn ┐ mainisdrech, Lism. L. 872. airdmhionn Connacht .i. an Buacach Patraig chief halidom, AFM iv 790.4 . gan leabhair náid mionna i reighléis, Keat. iii 2767 . Such halidoms were frequently used for taking oaths on and making compacts, see Plummer, V. SS. Hib. p. cv and n. 9 ib. iar comlugi fo minnaib Brigti ┐ Caemgin, LL 32a19 (scribal note above line). m.¤ cotaig (of a bell used for swearing a covenant), BColm. 26.21 .

(c) transf. of persons, commonly used of heroes, kings, saints: Moisi minn os betha barc, SR 3865. ar m.¤ n-axal `our diadem of colloquies' (of Colum C.), ACC 82 ( RC xx 266 ). mál m.¤ mór (of the druid Cathbad), IT i 68.16 . epscop Mel m.¤ rígi, Fél. Feb. 6. Feb. 12. Mar. 29. m.¤ slúaig (of Bress), Metr. Dinds. iii 218.23 . m.¤ teglaigh ┐ sloigh, Fianaig. 6.9 . m.¤ amra i[a]rthair domain, Cog. 30.16 . fuair-sum olc dia Mairt in m.¤ the hero himself met with disaster on Tuesday (?), Ériu v 246. 241 . a Muire, a m.¤ mormaisech, Ériu i 122.12 . a Mhíchéil mo mhionn!, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 11. m.¤ .i. uasal no suí, O'Dav. 1220. Of things: celebrad cóir . . . is m.¤ cach muid mōir the crown of every great work, Ériu i 64.1 . Folld. by defining gen.: mionn sgine a treasure of a blade, TD 33.2 . mionn saltrach a precious psalter , Gofraidh Fionn iii 14 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). minn sbuir, Ir. Review 1912 p. 471 § 6 . With gen. in certain stereotyped phrases: ba m.¤ mbetha (of a flock of sheep), Anecd. i 57 § 58. ba m.¤ craidi doib the darling of their hearts, BB 436b32 . ba m.¤ súla sloigh the cynosure , Acall. 147 (of a drinking-horn). mionn súla (of a weapon), TD 33.5 . mionn súl áille gach ubhaill, Gofraidh Fionn v 20 .

(d) an oath, vow , use arising from custom of swearing on halidoms; in earlier exx. the word refers rather to the halidom itself than the oath, but in time comes to mean `oath' in general; both senses are combined in follg. ex.: do ṡín . . . a lámh amach . . . do thabhairt na mionn ┐ níor ḟéad se a chrobh do druid fa na mionnaibh, Ériu v 98.6 . amail . . . dobertha mionna riu, ib. 140 § 130 . iar sarughudh . . . a mhind dó after he had violated his oath, AU ii 138.4 . tucatar cuir ┐ minda dó air sin `sureties and oaths', BCC § 256. tug rí Frangc a minna fon ændia cumachtach, ZCP vi 34.17 . minic dobheirim re bréig mionna an leabhair I swear falsely by the book, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 10. mo chéad-aingeal liom gach laoi | mionn nach caoi éadaingean í `I swear it is (? a surety that it is) no unsafe way', xx 15 . dobheara mhionna shall swear, Isaiah iii 7. do ben minna da ṡiair fa marbad uile he made his sister swear to kill them all, Maund. 82. Content. xvi 169. amail no betais d'áen-mindaibh (i.e. as if they had conspired together), Expugn. Hib. § 83. aingil nó naoimh do luighe mar mhiond, Carswell 219. mionna (defined as calling God to witness that one has spoken truth), Luc. Fid. 98.3 .

Compds. ¤a crowned king: saighfidh mindrígha, Lism. L. 2808. With adj.: míl ¤nár, SR 1210 (leg. mín-nár?). Mainchin ¤bán ` fair-diademed' (?), Gorm. Jan. 13. tocbail croiche caemh-Crist | in meirge moir ¤glain, ib. Sep. 14. Muchius ¤noem, June 15 .

1 muin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 muin or dil.ie/32713
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: muntorcc

n f.

I

(a) the upper part of the back between the shoulders and below the neck . m.¤ .i. muinél, O'Cl. (but the two words differ in meaning). ? is corcair maige cach maín, LU 10852 = IT i 132 y (: luin). ceand is grānnium . . . do neoch fil for m.¤ (= the ugliest head on any pair of shoulders), Auraic. 549. sengobi cona indeuin fora m.¤ on his back , Mon. Tall. § 19. sciath . . . fora m.¤ , IT i 131.18 . co tucsat . . . in tēig dō fora m.¤ , PH 931. ruc in lenam ara m.¤ istech, Laws i 178.12 . ina fil for ar m.¤ de uigib (= all the eggs we are carrying), MR 22.2 ( FDG 148 ). in druim ara ndechaid m.¤ the back on which he went, was carried (the child Jesus), ACL iii 246.2 = druim a ndeachaigh ara m.¤ , R.I.A. 23 I 40 p. 147 . do chuir mo chéill ar mo mh.¤ deprived me of my senses, Measgra D. 57.30 , cf. KMMisc. 50.18 . mac ar m.¤ `a child on the back' (technical term for a certain metrical fault), IGT Introd. § 2. Cf. adubhairt . . . léigion dá spior spar ┐ dá mhac ar m.¤ humbug , PCT 642 ( Gadelica i 129 ). air mh.¤ an eich on horseback , Oss. iv 244.17 . tarlaic C. aurchur . . . do m.¤ a mairc, IT i 158.3 . Cf. ar monaib a n-each, Laws v 108.26 Comm. (by Atkinson referred to this word, but see mon). gibé thoigeóras dol ar marcaigheacht go neamh .i. . . . a anam do chur ar m.¤ anma a phréaláide to mount his soul on his prelate's soul, TSh. 10665. ar m.¤ an mil mhoir (of St. Brendan), ZCP i 62 § 37. ar m.¤ na muice on the pig's back = in luck , see muc(c).

(b) in wider sense of upper part, top, surface: an trath bís imforcraidh snechta ar m.¤ an oigre, Maund. § 114. de m.¤ cairge māre Manann, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 93.16) . marcach na tond . . . ar m.¤ mhara, ACL iii 235.6 ; perhaps in sense (a), the sea being likened to a horse. Of the top or ridge of a hill (?): sechtmad coirpdire . . . isa n-iumrad sechtar m.¤ tuilche . . . ┐ trian coirpdire . . . isiniumrad for m.¤ tuilche (referring to the hill of assembly), H 3.18 p. 458b ( O'Curry 1154 ). issed is imradud ar m.¤ tuilche and, imradud a marbtha i n-oentig no i n-aenairecht ris; issedh is imradud sechtair m.¤ tuilche ann, a denam in cach inad otha sin amach, ib. 303 - 4 ( O'Curry 628 ). Cf. O'Mulc. 388 : Emuin .i. eo-muin . . . moin a monte .

(c) in various idiomatic phrases with prep., folld. by gen.

ar m.¤ (see for muin below)

(a) on, on top of: ag iarraidh . . . ar na sléibhtibh thuitim ara m.¤ to fall on them, Ó Héodhusa 68.18 . cuiridh pecadh ar m.¤ pecaidh, 151.17 . muinchille sróill is muinchille inair óir uimpi ara m.¤ sin besides, as well , Anecd. i 30 § 43. do bi bréid tar a suilib ┐ do bi a birrét ara m.¤ sin anúas, BCC § 320. m.¤ ar m.¤ in succession: fríoth an saidhbhreas m.¤ ar mhuin | is fríoth an daidhbhreas 'na dheaghuidh `that I got riches on riches', Ir. Monthly 1928, 265 § 23 .

(b) for the sake of (?): `ga iarraid ar m.¤ Muiri, ACL iii 245 § 25 , cf. de muin (b).

de (do) m.¤ at back of, behind , hence

(a) following on, subsequent to, in consequence of: cath do m.¤ bescna `a battle after a "bescna"-contract', Laws iii 216.24 . aisic na set rugadh do m. na comairce 'restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', Laws iii 232.25 . duine fil ar comairce ┐ dorinne fogail do m. na comairce, 23 Q 6 p. 36a ( O'Curry 1763 ). maini tainic re dligedh gu tanic do mun toicheda, ┐ ma thainicc re ddlighedh gen tiachtain do mun toicheda, is ericc ... 'if she did not submit to the law, until she submitted as a result of suing, and if she submitted to the law without submitting as a result of suing, payment ... ', Mar. Dis. 40 § 20 . maith in talman [sic leg.] . . . rachdæid da mh.¤ raen as rōd | gach tæb ōg ar nach fuil fat every young and heedless person will follow . . . after it, ACL iii 237 § 31 . rēim soirbh Mhuiredaigh da a [leg. dá] m.¤ the prosperous reign of M. after them, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 6. do mh.¤ a séimhsheilbhe on account of , Content. x 17. do mh.¤ comairle Ganalonais on G.'s advice, ITS xix 78.21 . do mh.¤ tindlaicthi De by the gift of God, 92.12 . a luighi do choimlínadh do mh.¤ ghnima `by carrying it into deed', 98.23 . claidemh . . . is daingne do mh.¤ laidirechta in respect of , 84.23 . do mh.¤ chroidhe with all one's heart, sincerely , TSh. 10147.

(b) protected by, under the guarantee of, on the strength of (?) . Vendryes, ZCP ix 295 , LEIA M-72 , would refer exx, with this meaning to a different word 6 muin = `defence, guarantee', cognate with O.H.G. munt, A.S. mund (cf. Germ. Vormund, Mündel). athech do m.¤ commairchi `a boor who is under patronage', Triads 232. ro bí (.i. ro marb) Æd de m.¤ (.i. de chommairgi) Cormaic in rig, LL 314a27 .

for m.¤ in addition to: dobert .s. [= set] gabla for muin dire ... .i. brethemnaigter .s. do gablugud for muin eneclainni, CIH iv 1159.37 . c[et]muindtir for m. araile, CIH i 7.34 . In follg. ex. seems nearly = de m.: techt for m.¤ mo mic `that I should go on my son's guarantee' (lit. on my son's back), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 § 5 ; but see Vendryes loc. cit.

i mm.¤

(a) on the back (top) of = in addition to: indech ┐ di bai inna m.¤ two cows in addition, Laws ii 126.18 Comm. dairt i m.¤ cach oen-seoit a `dairt' along with every `sed', v 340.21 . it ē a fēich .i. cetheoir samaisci . . . ┐ es [leg. is] fiach gaidi bis ina m.¤ , Anecd. iii 22.16 (i.e. the person who steals on Sunday pays the fine for breach of the Sabbath and the fine for theft as well). mad roastar cach mil dib i mbethu lasin merlech adrén diabul .i. mil i mm.¤ alaili, Ériu vii 154 § 3 (i.e. the robber not only restores the stolen animal but gives another in addition).

(b) on account of: diabul aithgena a m.¤ cach ae double restitution for each, Laws v 250.8 . cúic seoit in muin [leg. i mmuin] a cinaidh gach sochuinn five seds is the fine for the crime, ii 70.1 . Cf. also: Maelmithid . . . do dul co Genti fri cosnum tuaiscirt Breg a m.¤ Gente `with a view to defending the North of B. by the aid of the Gentiles' (?), AU 917 ; acc. to the Engl. transl. (quoted AFM ii 593 n .) `M. . . . went towards the Gentyes to save Tuaiscert Bregh from them'.

In Ériu iii 154 § 8 : ro cuiredh draighthi na hErenn uile a muind a ḟesa . . . da ḟoillsiugud `with the help of their science', read: i mmuinidin (= muinigin).

Compds. (gen. mun- before a follg. non-palatal):

I With noun. ¤bráge a neck: secht cubait . . . i tacmung a munbrágat, Metr. Dinds. iii 258. secht cubait . . . moa munbraghaid, BB 378b5 . ¤chobrach see 1 muinchorach. ¤torc m. a collar, torque: muintorc, gl. torquis, Sg. 70a21 . muntorc .i. slabrad oir fo braigid, BB 254a2 . muntorc .i. slabhradh, O'Cl. muntorcc , Fianaig. 6.6 . scel an mundtuirc, TTebe 827 . sreth di muntorcaib óir . . . mar chirclu dabcha, LU 1710 ( RC ix 476.12 ).

II With adj. corresponding to Engl. -necked ; freq. in sobriquets. ¤brec: a Condlai Rúaid muinbricc chaindeldeirg, RC v 390.2 = muinbrec, LU 10006 (expld. by De Jubainville as referring to colour of C.'s neck and the royal collar encircling it). See munbrec. ¤caem: Muirne Munchaem, Acall. 6553. m. Munchaim, RC v 197 § 1. ¤cáin: Maine Muncháin, ZCP viii 314.29 . clann Maine Munchain, 309.2 . ¤cam(m) wry-necked: Morna Muncham, RC v 197 § 2. ¤derg: Aed m., ZCP viii 301.14 . Muredach Munderg, 327.20 . ¤gairit short-necked: Mám Mungairit, LL 48b35 . ¤gel: ben munghel mín, Anecd. i 60 § 89 . ¤glas: tar tondaib mara munglassa (.i. tar tonnaib muinél-glasa no mong-glassa), Leb. Gab.(i) i 254.5 . munghlasa .i. muinélghlasa, O'Cl. ¤remar: læch munremar collach, TBC-LL¹ 5268. moṅgach munremur (of a bull), IT iii 246.82 . As npr. m.: Muinremur mac Geirrgind, FB 12. Munremor, IT i 102.7 . Loch Munremuir, LL 7a6 .

raithnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. raithnech or dil.ie/34775

n ā, f. (cf. 1 raith) fern, brake-fern (coll.): raithnech ab eo quod est ratis latine .i. raith no raithnech, Corm. p. 39 . ni ḟaca ann . . . acht mad raithnech ┐ clocha, RC xxiii 416 § 29 . dorigne . . . mucca . . . don raithnig, 408 z . tresin raithnig ruaid, LB 274b21 , cf. CCellaig 467 . ruadgaiss raithnigi the red stalks of the bracken , Ériu vii 2.10 . claochluighthear luaith na raithnighe i ngloine, Eochairsg. 59.13 . pl. in distributive sense: dogenaind . . . muca do raithneachaib, RC xxiii 408 § 6 . a bfās mar na raithnechaibh, BNnÉ 180 z . ri raithneach, ACL i 334.49 , perh. the royal fern or osmunda regalis, cf. raithneach ríoghamhail `waterfern, flowerfern or o[s]mund royal', P. O'C.