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? baed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? baed or dil.ie/5126

v ri ro dealb nem nasad nait/noco ro baedh a Cormaic, YBL 140b42 . ? = robaíd.

cluiche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cluiche or dil.ie/9644
Last Revised: 2013

n io n. ? (cluiche ara-fuīretar fo mórslúagu dūlecha 'games which have been prepared for eager hosts' ZCP xlvii 55 ) (see Bergin, Ériu xii 205 n.1 ) game, play, sport (used both of athletic contests and of board-games); aigid, feraid, do-gní, imm-beir, -cuirethar c.¤ plays; very freq. of the celebration of commemorative games at an `ōenach': cluche n-óimin n-inmeldag / aigdit, Imr. Brain 41 (cluithe, v.l.). ferais cluichi la maca, Blathm. 102 § 40 . ni curtar ilach na gair cocluiche .i. golium cona c.¤ in tres bundsach `prattle(?) and playing', BCrólige 61 . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig `no games are played in the house', ibid. fuil mic a cain cluithe `in lawful sport', Laws v 142.10 . monuar, a dhaoine maithe, / ba fearr a laithe cluithe, / mór liach Cionaedh mac Conaing, / hi lomaind do cum cuithe, AFM i 480.12 . c.¤ nō aonach, is dō is ainm nāsad , Corm. Y 796 . aenach . . . cia tiasa dia cluithi ind .i. do denam graithfne and, Laws v 484.y Comm. ferr c.¤ gairbe, / ferr grūad grīsadh a game is better than rough play(?), Anecd. iii 18.12 . cluchi ┐ céti ┐ ánius ┐ aibinnius (at an óenach), LU 3225 ( SCC 1 ). niro tairmesc a cluchi immi, 5008 (TBC). nín tairmesc día chluchiu, 1707 . conid cles ┐ cluchi lim comrac fri óenfer, 8469 ( FB 32 ). nimda sátech dom cluchi béos, 4996 . bīit trī chōecaid macc and . . . oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 369 (oc cluchiu, LU). bāi C. . . . oc a cluichiu oc dul adochum in gillai, Ériu i 118 § 8 . baei Conairi a ceithri cairpthig i lLifiu occa cluichiu, BDD² 128 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 ( SG 416.3 ). radis in mac bec . . . ar co ndigsed dá chluchi do chluchemaig na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 878 . maccáem do thichtain in far cluchi can chur a faisma foraib, 908 . cluche ban Lagen (at Óenach Carmain), Metr. Dinds. iii 14.173 . i Muig Ḟind, ┐ ba sead on tir cluichi Aengusa ┐ Midir, Dinds. 79 . cluithe gl. iocus, Ir. Gl. 518 . dena c.¤ re do comais `play with', TTebe 3781 . ic imbirt cles ┐ cluithe ┐ iomána, TBC St. 770 . cluithchi fithli aga imirt acu, ZCP vi 44.17 . cluiche .i. imteacht, Lec. Gl. 288 (perh. a mistake for imirt, Stokes). an tan is caeine an cluiti is and dlegur a discur (prov.), Grail 226 . éanlámh don ch.¤ `the only player in the game', Content. xvi 125 . breith an ch.¤ `winning card' (Gloss.), xiv 55 . c.¤ .i. comhrac. cluithe .i. imirt no súgradh, O'Cl. óna huile chluichthibh díomháoine domhanda `playes', RSClára f. 116b . ag cur ch.¤ `whilst playing a game', ALC i 98.20 = AFM ii 988.16 . an cleasradh nó na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4160 . bert chluichi a move in a game: tecascidsi beirt chluthi for a hathair and, LB 275b21 . beart cluiche ní dheachaidh dhe `never was any point in the game lost by him', O'Hara 1381 . Cf. batar ic imirt fichilli . . . beirt diarbo cluchi for M. a move owing to which the game went against M., Cog. 144.4 .

c.¤ caínte(ch) funeral games : ara nderntais . . . / c.¤ caíntech dia caíniod, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.44 ( LL 27812 ). fo ch.¤ Charmain cháintech, iii 24.304 . dorónta c.¤ chointe dó, TTr.² 1229 . ro haghadh a cepoc ┐ a cluichi caintech, RC xxiv 282 § 24 . na Greic do commorad cluichi chaintig i n-onoir . . . mic L., TTebe 2191 . Cf. láiset gair chaíne . . . / . . . / ro acht leo a cluchi cned, LL 26277 .

mag (in) c(h)luichi playing field : oc āine līathrōidi i maig in cluithi, TBC-I¹ 428 . i maig cluithi, 477 .

With various defining genitives: cluichi puill fognithi for faichthi na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 972 ( LL 8393 ). Téite . . . do dul ann (i.e. to Tráig Théite) . . . do ch.¤ thuinde co ro báidhed ann iat, Acall. 3824 (`a wave-game i.e. surf-riding', SG ii 200 - 201 ). cluichi disci . . . .i. cluichi méisi `the game of the discus', TTebe 2468 - 69 . c.¤ lúibe the name of some ball-game, taken to be hurling s.v. lúb q.v. and in CF² Gloss . but lúb may refer to a hoop through which the ball was driven, not to the club. Cf. Celtica viii 150 .

beirid (-cuirethar) c.¤ (AR, DO = DI ?) wins the game against: noco berad orm . . . / cluchi erail ar fidchill, LU 3974 ( SCC 45 ). nobered C. cluithi na nona for Illand (of fidchell), Anecd. i 11.26 ( SCano 358 ). bean mé ar ar cuireadh c.¤ , DDána 120.24 . do beredh [Laog] gac[h] re ccloic[h]e do (for, v.l.) Coin Culainn, TBC St. 1622 .

Legal. col cluichi (colchluiche?) foul play, breach of rules of play : ataitt ceithre col cluithi la feinee (sic), uatha fri hilar, ┐ cros diubrucad ┐ taithe tuilche, ┐ bundsach in airecht, O'Curry 2376 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). fiach fiancluiche . . . fiach cola cluichi `fine for fair-play . . . fine for foul-play', Laws iii 258.19 , 21 Comm. fiach col cluithe, O'Curry 2377 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). Cf. bad c[h]ert do chluichiu frim, TBC-I¹ 750 . muindtir rig . . . ac fromad a nirt is éric cola cluithi uaithib, O'D. 1568 ( H 5.15, p. 4 ) (in the case of an injured animal). See fían-, medón-, col-.

(b) jest, sport : a denam ar daigin c.¤ for sport, Laws iii 250.14 Comm. `tabraidh dantmír dó' or fer dubh docluiche (leg. do ch.¤ in sport, by way of a jest), ZCP i 464.z (`evil-jesting', Meyer). ? c.¤ gu bás Bríain Banda / loisgthi as marbtha is madmanda, IGT Decl. ex. 1145 .

(c) feats of strength, feats of arms : immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. Tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB 39 ). tiagam far cluchi inn átha, TBC-LL¹ 3763 . ro thuairc cach a chéile combó derg ind aband dib. Fortressiu iarum a chluchi in Chonaill, LL 13511 .

c.¤ ind ríg the name of some epidemic : cluichi an Rig a nErinn uli . . . ┐ Risderd Sabais d'ec de, Ann. Conn. 1361.6 . c.¤ in righ do beith co tiugh isin bliadhain sin i n-Erinn, AU ii 512.9 . Cormac . . . do dhul d'eg do c.¤ in righ, Aedh . . . don plaidh cetna, 540.5 . See Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 178 .

As quasi-vn. catt bec boí forsind lár oc cluchiu, LU 1705 . luid-seom . . . do chluchi frisna gillu isin léna, Fing. R. 427 . fecht . . . do P. ic cluithiu itir a comaistiu ludebat, Lat. Lives 46.3 . ? gabaidh C. for eiliugud Mic Coisi, ┐ a chluiche (cluithe, MS.) ime, ZCP viii 559.16 (? leg. ┐ ic c.¤ ). acc c.¤ ┐ acc fanamhatt impaibh, AFM vi 2324.10 .

? cluichi ar chaill, LL 27427 (= Clochar nGuill, Metr. Dinds. iii 306.32 ). sin an chéad lá do sgaoileadh / fuireann d'ar saoithibh con a gcluithche `in the chase', Oss. iv 22.6 .

Compd. ¤-mag playing-field : adell C. laiss iarom a cluchemag, LU 4981 . laa dó . . . isin chluichimaig oc immáin, Fing. R. 334 . bui-sium ara clesaib cluithemuige co dered laei, TMoméra 156.4 .

do-imnai, do-imna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-imnai, do-imna or dil.ie/17862
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: t-animmairni, dothimarnae, doimmarnad, timna, tiomnain, Thelephus

v (* to-imb-ad-no-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 585 ). Perf. 3 s. t-animmairni, Thes. ii 289 . dothimarnae, LL 117a17 . Pass. doimmarnad, Ml. 34a6 . Vn. timna. See also timarnad, where only the exx. from CCath. and O'Cl. are unequivocally nominal.

(a) commits, entrusts, bequeaths (with DO): na foachta fo[ḟ]echar i Cain Adomnan, dligith munter Adamnain forbach de . . . cit maicc ennaig, cit cléirig nó do neoch dian timnat `to whom they commit it', Cáin Ad. 43 . aithne timantar a charge that is committed, Laws v 196 Comm. [a]ní dobeir ┐ doimnai a mathair di, O'Curry 834 - 5 ( H 3.18 387b ). timna fri eg .i. inní timnaiter i neg, in ferann, 428 (233a). secht cét ṁbó . . . timnad dó tuc a Lagnib which had been delivered over to him, LL 161a28 (taken as vn., Metr. Dinds. iii 106 ). roaithne (.i. rotimain) a eclais do Pátraic, ACL iii 18 . in loc so tanimmairni Ternohc . . . er cul Peter Apstel T. has bequeathed it, Thes. ii 289 . tiomnain (leg. tiomnaim) mo bhú do bhochtaibh I bequeath , O'Gr. Cat. 28 . rotimná Teosforus . . . a ríge dia éis do Thelephus , LL 234a15 ( TTr. 1263 ). rostiumuin don eclais gl. ag doradtar do Dia, Laws v 270 Comm. do thiomain flaitheas na Scitia do M. an mac fá sine aige, Keat. ii 168 . do thiomain sé don eaglais ar a anmain í bequeathed it for the sake of his soul, TSh. 5211 . nír thimna athair da mac the father leaves nothing to his son, LL 346a42 . dá dtiomnadh neach ní nach leis dá chloinn, Content. v 141 . Commends, entrusts: timnaim ar deirc m'anum duitt-si a glaicc in diabail, Lib. Flav. i 23ra7 . tiomnuim mo chorp ┐ mh'anam . . . ar ionchaibh do thrócaire, Parrth. Anma 294 . tiomnaid a n-anam do Dhia, a gcorp don uaigh, TSh. 8682 . do thiomain a chorp ┐ a anam ar a chomairce, Keat. iii 1954 . cur-ro[t]timnor . . . mor don ingnad atconnarc `that I may confide to thee', BColm. 48 .

(b) In follg. cases where obj. is a clause, meaning seems to pass into that of promises: beo-thimnaim do Chass | bid cuibrend cu sliss, | biat ecla ria Cass, LL 147a36 ( PRIA xix 550 ). doraind Pátraic Ráith nAirthir | . . . | timarnae na túa sa, | céne marus bith, | bes n-ed násad inna túad | . . . | nád mbíad acht óenguine | fora fout co brāth he left as bequest to these ramparts that, while the world endures, thither the tribes shall gather . . . that there should be but one slaughter (committed) within them (?), Trip.² 755 . timarne Patraic nat bé rí hi Caisiul acht di chlaind Nad fráich, ZCP viii 315 (cf. Trip.² 2293 ). timarnad duit ó Día . . . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére acht duit t'oenur, Trip.² 2764 . timarnad duit óm céliú . . . dobéra deit in mnái, LU 3341 ( SCC § 13 ). timarnád duit úad, doticfa slóg uad, § 20 .

(c) enjoins, commands (with DO of pers.): doimmarnad hosenachrib `that was commanded by S.', Ml. 34a6 . dorimnai Dia . . . a cosc, SR 4153 . airmitiu do thustidib, rothimna in ri, ACL iii 312 , cf. LB 261a6 . Patraic timairne in figill seo, RC xv 491 . timarnasat cethri prīmsuidi Erenn gres fria do gach mac bethad, ib. timarnai Dia doitsi dul do proicept, Lism. L. 222 . timnais Eochaid troscad ara macaib, RC xv 148 . timmarnad tene ruad, IT iii 39 , cf. Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 26 . timarnad duit-si o Día techt doc[h]um nÉirenn, Trip.² 255 . timarnath duit on Dagdo con-comthastar, etc., RC iii 345 . timarnad duit nád dechis for taired, Ériu iii 108 .

(d) In phr. do-imna celebrad (do) takes leave (of): timnait celebrad dond ríg, FB § 65 . tiomnait celeabhradh dhó, AFM vi 1900 . Hugh Roe 16 . timnais celebrad, LU 10346 . rotimain ceilebradh doibh ┐ roimigh, Ériu iii 162 . rotimain celebrad do A., Aen. 1450 . timnas an ingin celebrad do na banfeindedaib, RC v 199 . tiomnais celeabrad doib, MR 42 . rothimainsed celebrad do, RC xxvi 134 . do thiomnadar ceileabhradh araon took leave of each other, Ériu v 78 . do hiomnadur (leg. do th.) cheiliubradh do Coinchulainn, RC xxix 114 . Acall. 825 .

2 fásach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fásach or dil.ie/21330

Forms: fasaig, fásaig, fasaig, fássaigi, fhásaighed, fásaigib

n o, s, n. (1 fás) d s. fasaig, LL 264b9 ( MU² 336 ) but g s. regularly fásaig.

I An uninhabited spot or region, a waste, wilderness: Femen indiu cid fásach (: násad), Metr. Dinds. iii 200.1 . is aróen imthéigmís ... cach fid ┐ cach f.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 3531 . slicht sinnaig ... i fasaig, LL 264b9 ( MU² 336 ). dobeiread cella in tíre uli i ḟásach, LB 276b18 = SG 64.5 . an tír uile etir ḟasach ┐ áitiucchadh both waste and inhabited land AFM v 1562.6 . go fassach na hEigipte, Fl. Earls 228.12 . ┐ in tír na fásuch, LL 160a39 (= Dinds. 155 "where the land was a desert"). g s. ic cuairt in fasaig , CCath. 2907 . i n-imchian an fhásaigh, TSh. 639 . As attrib.: disiurt ... .i. locc fássaig .i. roboth and ríam cia rodēracht nunc , Corm. Y 433 (cf. O'Mulc. 495 ). corca fasaig wild oats IT iii 105 § 210 = Bruchst. § 164 . a ssencaislén fásaigh desolate Maund. 33 . Cf. gach baile fassaigh gach fiodh `townland of forest' Duan. F. i 59.22 . fá ḟoraoisibh fásaigh, Keat. ii 6098 . pl. foithri, fássaigi , Acall. 2500 . do rinnedur fasaigi doimne doeoluís da tirthaibh, ZCP vi 294.31 . a fásaighe, a fiadhamla, O'Gr. Cat. 459.5 . g p. ar mét a foithredh ┐ a fhásaighed , BNnÉ 266.24 . d p. i fedaib ┐ fásaigib TBC-LL¹ 554 . a fassaigib, ACL iii 224.18 . fá fhásaighibh fiadhamhla an pheacaidh, TSh. 7456 .

II adj o-ā waste, uninhabited: aran oilén ḟásach, Ériu v 198.626 .

gnáthugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnáthugud or dil.ie/26204

u, m. vn. of gnáthaigid using, practising, frequenting ; use, wont, custom : gl. usum, BCr. 33a2 ( Thes. ii 20.35 ). gl. uti (wrongly taken as vb.), Gild. Lor. 56.246 . gnáthugud dénma na hedparta, Todd Lect. vi 17.9 ( LB 257a8 ). fo gnathugud in use, RC xiv 62.2 . fo bés ┐ gnáthugud na n-Iudaide, PH 325 . issed fa gnathugad doib, Laws v 276.22 Comm. mar gnathachadh, BNnÉ 288.34 . fa gnāthugud dhōib ... fesōga fada do beith orra, ZCP xiii 182.3 . tabraid a radharc ┐ a ngnathugadh do chloinn Ch., allow to inspect and use them, MS. Mat. 560.32 . gnáthughadh an adhaltrannais, TSh. 5387 . an Ghaedhealg i ngnáthughadh i nÉirinn, Keat. ii 817 . nasad .i. gnathugud, Fél.² cliii . do bhadur cach ag gnathugadh uaithi `visiting it' (? better following its practice), AU iii 416.9 . d' fhior Ghráinne do ghnáthughadh `to consort with the husband of G.,' TD 27.43 . Daibhidh ó Bruadair cct. mar ghnáthughadh ar láimhnéachta `in commemoration of the heroism,' Ó Bruad. iii 222.5 . bhur ngnáthughadh féin `your own tradition,' Mark vii 9 . In medicine a recipe, prescription , Mackinnon Cat. 301.10 . g s. do rér gnathaigthi, PH 2909 . do réir an ghnáthuighthe geintlidhe, TSh. 6046. John ii 6 . pl. gnathaigthe scoile Sinchil (a heading) usages (?), LL 371c26 . arna gnáthuighthibh agus ar nósaibh reámhráitte, TSh. 5283 . cuirid i ng.¤ puts into practice : cuirit na poipleach[a] a ng.¤ dealb Muire L. do chomhghairm don pictūir, Fl. Earls 120.14 .

gúr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gúr or dil.ie/26835

adj o,ā sharp, keen ; sore, painful : iar gail gúir glicc, Ériu iv 138.1 . ba gúr dollotar Lagin | do breith for cúl in dligid, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.57 . in tráth nobenad gáeth gúr (: úr) | frissin mbile, ib. 176.129 . soised (leg. sóisit) [for cúl] for techedh ngur, Anecd. i 54 § 27 . ar urcháined ngúr ... | aingil Dé dom dín, KMMisc. 255.19 . amsaig Ailig uill ... | dot chomét co gūr, ib. 268.6 . droṅg adbul Eusébi, | cérbo gúr a slige `though sore was their slaying,' Fél. Nov. 7 . tróethsus mór ṅgúr ṅgalar, ib. Nov. 16 . rom gabhsat idhain gúra, BNnÉ 3.10 . Enoc crabuid guir (: scriptuir) E. of zealous piety, SR 2517 . gur .i. leir no calma, O'Dav. 1041. The seven gifts of the Holy Ghost : ecna, intliuct, comarle, | nert, fis, gaire gúr, | omon Fiadat `pious zeal and fear of the Lord,' ZCP v 499 § 4 . násad gúr (: dún), TFerbe 837 (cheville). Compar. alt is gúru (: cúlu), ACL iii 295 § 28 . bad duriu ba gúriu crabud `more austere, more strict, in piety,' Mart. Tall. 102.4 .

As a noun pain : gúr a cursu, unde dicitur : gur lamnatha, O'Mulc. 682.

Compd. mná re gúrlámnad `women in painful parturition,' Acall. 433.

lán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lán or dil.ie/29542
Last Revised: 2019

adj o,ā.

I As adj.

(a) full, full (of), filled (with): corbo lān ule an rúsc imme, BColm. 60.15 . secht fichet long lan, Irish Texts ii 3 § 21 . do ghroid-dhíoladh na tonnaidhe lána, Keat. Poems 531. With follg. dat.: cach airfortach lan lubaib, SR 393 = lan do luibib, LB 109a ( MacCarthy 38.18 ). With gen.: croch in martir Phetair / cona ṡlúag l.¤ gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 . ba l.¤ ratha in spiruta noeim he, PH 316 . slatchuill glegheala mar budh l.¤ láeghḟola, IGT Decl. ex. 622 . a n-uaisli fa l.¤ lethtruim, L. Cl. A. B. 258.4 . gach doman lan bo is brugad, Irish Texts ii 19 § 22. With prepp. DI: is lan dineuch thórnther gl. plenum esse aliquem eius quod significatur, Sg. 59b18 . líntar l.¤ di fín, Wb. 11b13 . corupsa l.¤ diib gl. gaudia, Ml. 104d3 . inna maige robtar lana di assaraib, 48d12 . lestar lan do rath in spirta naim, Laws i 6.20 Comm . oighen l.¤ do grísaig, Hib. Min. 77.14 = aigen lain grischa, 34 . gebid lamchloich . . . dar bo l.¤ a glacc, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . bat lana beóil fer ṅ-hErend ┐ Alban din anmum sin, TBC-LL¹ 1055 . isat lana renda nime . . . do nuallguba, IT i 191.23 . at lána na dúile dím-sa, ar in cóimdiu, PH 3405 . in méis lan do bíud, 1318 . do bhí mé . . . / l.¤ dom anáil ón uabhar `puffed up with pride', Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . don anam bhíos l.¤ do theasbhach ó theinidh purgadóra, TSh. 4429. With ó: ro-ptar lana na hapstail o fhín in ratha spirutalda, PH 5510. (cryptic) loscan .i. lan, Goid. 77 § 152 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

(b) Various other applications: os gach luing láin ample, IGT Decl. ex. 750 . intan bus l.¤ a rig don dornaisc when his wrist is big enough to fill the ring, Ériu i 124.5 . Of space of time whole, complete : mí l.¤ , Thes. ii 339.2 ( Hy. v 46 ). fer dorigni inna gnima sin i nraptar l.¤ a cóic bliadna, LU 4968 (= slána, TBC-I¹ 482 ). batar lana trí coícait bliadan, LL 22267 . secht ṁbliadna lana, SR 3381 . bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, LU 8042 ( FB 1 ). bliadain láin for a whole year, Auraic. 5299. dí bliadna lána dóib iarsin i ndelbaib sen-én, LL 246b6 . re leith bliadain lain, BB 53b25 .

Of full tide etc.: in tan bha lan in muír dothigeadh tar in dor sin, BB 26b20 . ucht ar indber l.¤ , Ériu iv 220.5 . sruth locha láin, Dán Dé xxvii 28 . do dhorchuigh an ré d'éis bheith l.¤ di, Keat. Poems 495 . For phrase ina linn láin see 1 linn.

As vague alliterating laudatory epithet: croch l.¤ Laurint deochain `full cross', Fél. Aug. 10 . na tair chucum a láich láin accomplished, TBC-LL¹ 3487 . Labraid Loṅgsech l.¤ , Hail Brigit 5 . as mē Laitheōcc láidhech l.¤ , ZCP viii 110.1 . colg in laoích láin, Duan. F. ii 124 § 1 . Longaran l.¤ `opulent', Cog. 104.13 . la Cormac Cond-Loṅges l.¤ , ZCP xi 109 § 11. luchtlach l.¤ cech laithi, Fél. Ep. 21 . ba hed násad Loga lain Metr. Dinds. iii 50.41 . in carn fil il Lotain láin, `faultless', iii 200.21 . Fergna, fer gaí lethain láin `weighty', iv 88.21 . a haithle in ḟleachaid láin, ACL iii 305.4 . atbert-som o luige lan "itchonnarcsa fen hí", PH 99 . don loinn nior l.¤ , Irish Texts i 26 § 11 . ar ndóchas l.¤ ar laogh búidh (of chieftain), Aithd. D. 25.6 .

In chevilles: gein Laurint, l.¤ frecrae, Fél. Feb. 22 . i mBrí Léith ba láthar lan, LU 10706.

(c) covered with: áth . . . nach l.¤ d'á ngraigib ┐ da ngillaib, CRR 38.5 . a chorp lan do créchtaib, PH 377 . co mba l.¤ in sliab uli dia indilib, 7177 . fiche céad laoch l.¤ d'éideadh ó mhullach go lár, Ériu i 84.5 .

II As subst. [n.].

(a) the full, complement, whole (with gen. of that which contains and freq. of that which is contained): nochur gabh Laighnech lan Erenn all Ireland, MacCarthy 432.20 . becc i n-óenḟecht dia lánaib / slog sáer-chert síl sen-Ádaim `to fill it', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.20 . l.¤ is línad `fullness and increase', 70.24 . fa l.¤ aoibhe an ḟir `by the fulness of his charm', Arch. Hib. i. 91.4 . atá an crann fa l.¤ anóra acu, Maund. 55 . l.¤ an arrthruigh, IGT Decl. ex. 903 . caorthann fana l.¤ duille, Duan. F. ii 354 § 66 . batar . . . ica imradh cia lan bud maith la cach dibh do beth acu isinn eclais. Robo maith leamsa, ol Ciarán, a lan do macuib ecalsa they were considering what each of them would like to have the church full of, Lism. L. 867 . l.¤ dearnann do ghorm-ghaghéar, DDána 106.11 . l.¤ duirn gach milidh, Duan. F. ii 4 § 12 . le l.¤ duirn do dhán éadtrom, Content. xxv 6 . l.¤ glaice laich na timcioll, Duan. F. ii 26 § 26 . aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach, an uair imduiges na lenna, Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tugadar lán na [n]gunnaidh mōr ┐ beg dia roile, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 42.1 . gach dara lān pāirce, 20.6 . lan leighe, Irish Texts v 24.36 . tóimhsigh dá l.¤ an chroicinn, Atlantis iv 200.29 . mairg do-nī lān don lestar (of gluttony), ACL iii 240 § 37.

Of full moon, full tide etc. teacht ┐ l.¤ na gealaighe, Corp. Astron. 182.10 . sul tí an l.¤ (of tide), Irish Texts ii 49 § 32. tibra a Slīab Gam . . . / da lan inti 'san aenlō / indarna lān sāl . . . / in lan eli is fīruisce, ZCP v 24. 1 - 2 . intan atraig in muir, comard hé fria l.¤ (of a grave), Triads 237 . tiocfa an l.¤ eadruibh is é, IGT Decl. ex. 1041 . abhann dá loch ar a lár / is in l.¤ do'n leith aniar (of a valley), SG 148.20 . meinic ón linnsi l.¤ fala tide of blood, SGS iv 64 § 20. Of Archangel Michael and the sinner: cara na héigne is é an l.¤ / is mé an t-éigne ar an éadtrágh, Dán Dé xiv 6 . Fig. of Christ: is é an l.¤ robhorta an Rí, A. Ó Dálaigh xxix l . See robarta. l.¤ mara full tide : robbadhad sochaidi . . . i llan mora, AU i 238. 4 . robui in lan mura fái in ngrianan, ZCP vi 94.22 . co táinic an l.¤ mara tarsta, CF² 707 . ar dteacht don l.¤ mara fútha, Ériu i 92.4 .

In other phrases: l.¤ beóil subject of praise : l.¤ beoil nach bréagtha molta, A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . énl.¤ beóil ḟileadh Éireann, Ériu ix 167 § 35 . do l.¤ beoil na bantrochta (of Our Lady), A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 3 . fa l.¤ toile `in fullness of love', PBocht 1.15 . l.¤ súl(a) cynosure: ac sin Clar Una gan urraid / a l.¤ sula cumaigh cach, Irish Texts ii 45 § 2 . re l.¤ súl na seacht nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 12 . l.¤ súl re budh deacra deaghoil, L. Cl. A. B. 190.11 . See súil. fo lān seōil `under full sail', Fl. Earls 10.21 . See séol.

In legal contexts: inti is mo l.¤ the most guilty, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ). eisinnruic láin liable to full penalties, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). damad e in cintac rooclad, ma dorormacht cneid is mo is tuilledh re heirec na cetcnede ┐ re heneclainn co rab lan na cnede dorormacht ann ┐ a otrus, BCrólige 25 n.12 . doníthar trócaire re urradh im lan in marbaidh do gabail uadha, Laws iv 252.3 . cor itir da lan contract between two persons with full rights(?), iii 4.10 , glossed .i. folad comtoirnithe `equal value on both sides', 13 . tabair se scribaill for in triar lain, ┐ tri screpaill for sellach lethi, i 246.4 Comm . muna roib urrad mar aen ris da tarrustar a lan `unless he has a native along with him who has full honor-price', 104.25 . mad do [t]argaidhsimh fein a l.¤ amach `if he himself has offered to pay the full amount out' iv 256.16 Comm . arindhi it cetheora primfodlai fil for-suidib (sic leg.) .i. lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ cethramthu (of fines), i 258.z Comm . tecait i cuibdius fo lan in deoradha `the full amount of the fine of the stranger', 88.15 Comm . sellach láin, sellach lánḟéich, see sellach.

In gramm. term a l.¤ (its fullness) the ns. or np. of a word without any change by reduction or augmentation: a lan (.i. can dichned, can dochned), Auraic. 5073 . ben a oen, ben a lan, 1845 . aen ainces ar ilar ndan / ar uathad ainces a lan, 2160 .

(b) In general sense of abundance, plenty : nobíd l.¤ adbal . . . / ar lar talman dia thorthib `vast plenty', Metr. Dinds. iii 176.131 . roinn leabhra go l.¤ bhuinnigh, `full of vigour', Ériu ix 164 § 18.

With poss. a l.¤ much of, many : a l.¤ many people, DDána 84.3 . bi eagla theineadh ifrinn ar a l.¤ `multi', TSh. 6394 . 'gan druing as a ndéine a l.¤ `of which you make much', Content. v 67. Folld. by prep. DI: ré a l.¤ d'feruib, Irish Texts ii 58 § 12. a l.¤ do snechta sléibhe Elpa, CCath. 451 . a lan d'ainglib o neim, Grail 4313 . do chluinim ó n-a l.¤ do dhaoinibh, Keat. iii 1424 . a l.¤ den chogal, Keat. Poems 36.

Compds. Extremely common in compds. of all kinds. Freq. prefixed merely for alliterative purposes, e.g. ar lanbreithem ar lanrí, ZCP viii 24.21 . co lúth ┐ co luas ┐ co lánglicus, Comp. CC 100.18 . int aislingthe laind landes, SR 3350.

(a) With nouns in meaning full, complete : ¤áer: lanæir .i. corob ainm ┐ uss ┐ domghnass inti, IT iii 105.29 . lan-aer ┐ glam diccind, Laws v 234.11 . ¤airches: lán aircess fri ecrata complete trap, TBC-LL¹ 599 . ¤arrae: lán arra na cairdi `full hostage-pledge', Laws iii 134. 10 Comm . ¤biathad full refection : a lanbiathad do gac grad flatha do saill a ndomnac ┐ a ndardain, BCrólige 46 n. 12 . ¤biattach: ochtur lanbiatach do maithibh Cene[oi]l-Moen, AU ii 190.z . ¤brón: nírbu l.¤ Sg. 42a8 (see GOI 678 no. 82 ). ¤brostud: l.¤ ar nech, LL 230a28 ( TTr. 959 ). ¤búaile: dá lanbuailigh déc `full byres', RC xviii 159.8 . ¤cháin: dobeir a lanchain, RC xxiv 184.12 . ¤charna: maeth bo-shaille ┐ l.¤ muilt, LB 216b75 . ¤chasbairdne (metr.), IT iii 26.14 . ¤chíall: is lánchiall indib chenae gl. verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ¤cháechad: tugaibh S. a lánchaochadh `so long as ever he can see', O'Gr. Cat. 128.28 . ¤choire: lanchoire .i. coire iomlán, O'Cl. ¤chonách: ní bidh cen cech lanchonách fair, Acall. 577 v.l. ¤chor: l[u]irech lineach lancuir, CCath. 3132 (`full-right'). Cf. ross is ael is lín lanchuír (of materials of Tor Nemrúaid), BB 317a44 ( 14a57 , 300a24 ). ¤chúairt: co tucc a lán chuairt, AFM ii 984.1 . ¤chuibdius (metr.): salcuibdiusa ┐ lancuibdiusa, IT iii 25.22 . ¤chumang: lancumang inntib uile full force (of vowels), Auraic. 4313 . ¤dám: cethrar a lan-dam, Laws v. 30.23 Comm . a landamh leis amach fo cetoir `his full retinue accompanying him', BCrólige 12 n. 14 . ¤déiche: cen blae .i. cen lan-déiche do breith uaimm ar mo rosc, LB 241a73 . ¤deimnigud (gramm.) perfect tense : ar a fíafruighidh ar láindeimhnioghadh, IGT Introd. 7.x . ¤díre: is co na landire asrenar, Laws ii 402.2 . Cf. ZCP xiv 388 . ¤dírech: landírech sund `full uncovering', Thes. ii 251.4 (Stowe Missal). ¤dílsi: dorat E. lándílsi na hinghine, TTr.² 1891 . ¤ecar: bretnais fo al-lānecor de ōr full decoration, TBC-I¹ 3247. As attrib. gen.: dealg láneccoir, Irish Texts iii 18 § 10 . cetheora lanna lánecair, LL 237b32 ( TTr. 1543 ). ¤edbairt (see idbart): cu lanpairtib (leg. lanedpairtib) toghaidhi, Lism. L. 4494. ¤eneclann: geall laneneclainne uadhsomh don fir roferustar croligi fair, BCrólige 56 n.5 . ¤éraicc: fuacraid . . . cath. . . . nó lanéraic a athar do thabairt dó, LU 3196 ( RC ii 90.17 ). ¤esair: in dairthach fo lánessair glain, Irish Texts i 34.27 . ¤ḟáesam: leath suire fri lan foesum, Laws ii 34. x . ¤ḟaite: dhí gan lánfhaide is córaide it is more proper that it be not too long (of poem), L. Cl. A. B. 149.96 . ¤ḟer: airccindech (sic leg.) . . . no lan-fer (fer graid, v.l.) man in full orders, Laws v 178.26 Comm . lainfear gradha `thorough friend', CCath. 6049 . ¤ḟéth: muir fo lanfeth `in perfect calm', RC xii 60.10 . ¤ḟíach: sellach lan feich, Laws i 240.25 . ¤ḟocul; tabair mo tri-lanḟocull dam full demand, IT, ii2 227.8 . ¤ḟogal: .vii. lānfogla etar-scartha inna mnā, ZCP xv 356 § 44 . ¤ḟlaith: suide lānflatha, ZCP xi 91 § 3 . ¤ḟogur: lanfogur ┐ defogur da dual na nguta `full tone and diphthong', Auraic. 343. ¤ḟolad: anscuiche cach lanfola[d], Laws iii 12.12 . ¤ḟolt: gid a leathfolt gid a lanfolt, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. B. 506, 36b ). ¤gille: lan gille no smacht gille, Laws i 118.25 . lan gille no leth gille, ii 98.3 . langilli in corpdire, BCrólige 61 (50.8.) . ¤ḟoirgell: lan foirghell co neithech lui sechtar fathchi, Laws iii 396.10 Comm . ¤ḟuigell: gu tisat a reir a lan-fuigill, Laws v 252.17 Comm . ¤grád: bai ina langradoib `in C.'s favour', CCath. 3555 . ¤imme: dar lan ime, Laws v 464.2 Comm . ¤immirce: itir da tir dligid lan ímirche `full passage', Laws iv 156.17 . ¤lóg: is gell lanloige [enech] (d)esec, BCrólige 61 (50.4) . a lanluagh dia reir féin do iarsein, BB 263a30 . ¤lott: lánlott Herenn dóib, Trip. 528.9 . ¤nert: gan a lainnert do ghabháil dóib in airett sin, AFM iii 474.7 . ? ¤od: don tuisech lanod `of full privilege', Laws iii 136.z Comm . ¤óentu: a lanaenta complete unity, Lism. L. 3869 . ¤phennaid: lanpendait fair `full penance (must be laid) upon him', Mon. Tall. 147.32 . ¤phinginn: sé lethpendinge is trí lán pendinge, O'D. 903 ( H 3.18, 645 ). ¤ré: as lan re dorca againne `full dark moon', Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.24 . ¤réimm (gramm.): is taebreim cach ni nach lanreim `full declension', Auraic. 796 . lanreim . . . Coulum caid cumachtach full alliteration, 3745 . ¤reimes: a lanreimis Loegaire, MacCarthy 410.10 . ¤rí: full king as opposed to leth-rí: dá ríomhthar gach duine dhíobh, eider leithrígh ┐ láinrigh, ZCP ii 357.34 . ¤ríar full satisfaction : co tardsat a lanriár dó, RC xviii 47.7 . ¤ríge: illánrige n-Israhél, SR 6704 . ¤robarta: Aedh Ollán . . . lán rabarta ann intan rugadh, Cóir Anm. 122 . ¤ṡaíre: co ro caithe a lan saire, Laws i 200.1 Comm . ¤ṡáith: lān shāit[h] gl. plenitudo, O'Mulc. 513. ¤ṡibal: ata uidhi .iiii. mís do lansiubal tarsna na hÍnnidha `to cross India completely', Maund. 251 . ¤ṡíd: lánsíd i n-Érind hi flaith Conaire, BDD 24 . ¤ṡlúaiged: déana lánṡluaigheadh, TD 2.15 . ¤ṡós full (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ¤ṡoud: ar lanṡodh muilind, O'Curry 1027 ( H 3.18, 432b ). ¤ṡoillse: lá cona lánṡoilsi, TBC-LL¹ 3284 . ¤taísech: meg ragnaill lantaoiseach muintire hE., AFM iv 1054.3 . ¤tegdais: ní lán techdais bes sestu `full house', Thes. ii 294.11 . ¤tol: lāntol menman, ACL iii 296 § 42 . ¤tomus: lantomus duaine, MacCarthy 138.w . ¤torad: in fhínemain apaid fo lántorud, LB 133a4 . ¤ugtar: lanugtar, Laws i 24.z .

With adjj. fully, entirely : ¤apaig: dā dēis dēe lān-aipchi, ZCP v 24.z . ¤cáech: recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 . ¤chomlán: Lucas . . . liaig lanchomlan, PH 5397. ¤becc. As subst.: ní cluinter ... acht lánbec do ráith, LU 2072 ( FA 14 ). -chóir. As subst. réim luinge fa lánchóir, PBocht 4.27 . ¤chubaid. As subst. (metr.) full rhyme : lancubaidh no taebchubaid, Auraic. 929 . is lancubaid insin, 1014 . ¤daingen. As subst.: do landaingnib an domain, CCath. 3410 . ¤derbtha: bíodh gach énduine lándearbhtha, Romans xiv 5 . ¤dorcha. As subst. ro laighset landorca na haidhchi forro, CCath. 2693. ¤ḟáilid: nírbu lánḟálid, Sg. 42a7 . ¤gairit: co llangairit `full shortly', CCath. 5137 . ¤méth: meic indrechtāin lánméith, MacCongl. 33.19 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤dénmach: ben . . . landenmach, BB 16b27 . ¤ḟechtnach: do éc co lanfechtnach, AU ii 176.z . ¤ḟíachach: in seallach lanfiachach, O'Dav. 123 . ¤ithmar: filad mo cíchi gu lachtmur lánithmhur ag tibirsin 'my breasts are flowing freely and abundantly with milk', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 173 § 25 . ¤lógmar: an irrand as lánlogmar, LB 236a56 . ¤onórach: co lanonorach, AU ii 178.8 .

With vbs. ¤daim: fuair a réir mar rolándét, Ériu viii 70.92 . ¤lína: inrí rán rodaslanlín, SR 5076. Note also: dia laneimde gaire, O'Curry 1995 ( H 4.22, 28 ).

Lugnasad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Lugnasad or dil.ie/30960

Forms: Luglasnad

n o (Lug + násad ). Also without -d, a form not permitted in classical verse (cf. IGT Decl. exx. 340 , 423 ). Luglasnad, Laws v 406.7 and Comm . luglas nadh (leg. Luglasnadh), O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18, 394b ). IGT Decl. § 11 (54.23) .

Festival of Lug, Lammas, first of August : lúgnasad . . . .i. aurtach no cluiche Loga maic Ethne . . . nofertha lais um thaide fogamair, Corm. p. 26 = L.¤ .i. nāsad Logha maic E. .i. aonach nofertha lais im t[h]aite foghmair in gach bliadhain im thoidecht L.¤ , Corm. Y 796 . gonadh desin ata lughnasa beos .i. nasad Logha maic Eithlínd, BB 33a6 . óenach Tailten cech lúgnasaid, LU 4212 . coícthiges ria l.¤. ┐ coicthiges iar l.¤ , LL 1090 . targlaim Lug slogu Gaidel leis . . . do cained na mban sin im Kalaind Auguist cacha bliadna, conid de bai nasad Loga unde L.¤ .i. comarc Loga nó cuimniugud nó aithmed nó feil bais, Dinds. 20 . Aine ria Lougnasad, Ann. Conn. 1249.16 . fo Lughnasad `about Lammas', Cog. 134.y . ní tíaghad oirc na huain a comingaire co lunasadh, Laws iv 100.y Comm . go Día Lúain re Lughnasad, IGT Decl. ex. 341 . ō thart láinlebhar Lughnasaidh, ex. 342 .

Regarded as the time when fruit and crops were ripe: rofás co mba habaid imm L.¤ , Lat. Lives 110.11 . lá aipchi na n-uili thorad immarach .i. la Lughnasad, ZCP iv 31.10 . See 1 násad , and Máire MacNeill, The Festival of Lughnasa passim.

mad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mad or dil.ie/31224

Forms: ma-, mo-, mu-, man-, mad-génair, mad-génair, mod-, mon-

adv. (a weakened form of maith, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 272 , Thurn. Hdb. 230 ).

I Well, fortunately , used as prefix with prototonic vb.-form ( ni mad-bui, Ériu ii 3.4 ; ni ma-bi, YBL 140b23 , from subst. vb.); in Mid.Ir. final d is generally dropped after neg. before a consonant, and ma- often becomes mo- or mu-, cf. dag ocus fó . . . so is mo . . . anmanna sin do maith, LB 93 m. inf. ( Metr. Gl. 3 ); also man- before a vowel (or lenited f) or d ( ni man-ḟacamar, SR 1346 , cf. 1858 ). Lenites follg. consonant: mad-chin, LL 369 m. sup. ; ni ma-chualamar, Fél. 48.3 , cf. ní math d'ḟerus baíg ( = ní mad-ḟerus?), TBC-LL¹ 3963.

(a) in affirm. sent.: in rí cain . . . mad-génair ó Mairi he was happily born of M., Fél. Prol. 251. mad-genatar á thimthirthidi (= beatos appellat servientes), Ml. 90b12 . mad-bocht it was well reaped, Hy. v 29 ( .i. maith ro boinged, Comm. ). a máthair mad-chin i crí was well born, LL 369 marg. sup. ( Arch. Hib. i 365 ). mad-gab nāsad noibrainne well hath he entered the assembly of the holy host, Bruchst. i § 108 = mad-gabh, AFM 870 ; do ghabh, TFrag. 196. mad-deochaid a ṡenchass his story has spread far, Metr. Dinds. iii 450. madochód i n-echtra n-áin well I fared, 120 .

Rarely with cop.: Félix ba mad tuluid he came well, Fél. July 12 (maitulaid, maith t. v.l.), cf. O'Dav. 1240. ba mad ladsaid it was well you went, TBC-I¹ 823 = bá mád lodsaid, LU 5300.

Exceptionally as attrib. (in B. na f.): mad re n-irtar cond sceo colt happy he on whom raiment and food are bestowed, ZCP v 486 § 6.

(b) usually in neg. sent. With pres. tense: ní ma-teit du rigi rand (any poet who does not observe these rules) does ill to proceed to evolve stanzas, Auraic. 2121. n[i] ma tæt fort beolu (such language) comes ill from thy mouth, RC xiii 440 § 12. ní ma-ráidi in focal, SG 348.1 . in ro-álainn cen céill | ní mad-aicci gréin dia len (= woe betide the man he cleaves to), ZCP vii 268 § 3. With fut.: lasanais [leg. lasin aís?] ón . . . ní ma-ricfe (that plan) will not turn out well (?), TBC-I¹ 175.

Most commonly with pret. or perf. did not well to . . ., often = would that . . . had not . . . (= Lat. utinam ne). ni mad-airgenus flid would that I had not prepared a feast! TBC-I¹ 532. ni mad-lodmar dō, 290 = ni má l., LU. ní mad-biadsam ar cono, Triads 236. do chath . . . ni ma lott would that I had not gone to the battle! BS 38.10 . ni ma-lotar luan for fecht, AU i 529 n . ní má-rulaid Loegaire cosnam cirt curadmír, FB 71. ní ma-tulaid co Connachta, Ériu vi 150.5 = ma da luidh, IT iii 202.6 . ni ma-tulaigh [= tulaid] Donnbo bare, AU 758. ni ma-rucsam ar mbāire, | ni ma-lodmair sec[h] Lere, | ni mar-gabsamar Eogan, CS 827 , cf. AFM 826. ní ma-frith in fáth forúair ill-found was the cause, Metr. Dinds. iii 324. ni-mman-ḟacamar do gnúis would I had never seen thy face, SR 1858. ni man-dernais da ḟled d'Ultaib, a Ch.!, LL 268b43 = MU 44.30 . ni mon-decha[d] budeine do chath C. would I had not gone myself, ZCP vii 309.27 = ni ma ndechus, Reeves Adam. 274. ni-mmun-aicces int ardrath would that the high rath had never been seen! ZCP viii 264 § 23. Folld. by another neg. before the vb.: ni má . . . na tangabhair fer gach fir dúin you did ill not to come a man for each man of us, ZCP viii 219 § 17 (poem of late 10th cent.).

II The combination mad-génair (3 s. pret. of gainithir) `luckily was born' comes in Mid.Ir. to mean fortunate, happy (for transition of meaning cf. Fél. Prol. 251 , Ml. 90b12 quoted under I (a)); mad-génair>mod- (mo-, mon-) -génair (-génar), and is used alike with a sing. or pl. subj., at first folld. by a rel. clause, later regarded as a pure adj. and used with copula or in neuter sense folld. by DO; rarely with neg.

(a) modgenair doss-uc well for him who has taken her, IT ii1 176.3 (oppd. to: mairc dosn-uc). mogenair bias co ndegarliud, RC iv 256 § 26 ( LU 2487 ). mogenair no bíad i rricht na mbratán, LU 3088 ( SG 236.20 ). mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul neimni, ACL iii 221.20 . mogenair crístaidhe no comaillfe, ZCP viii 214.29 . moghenar tuath . . . bias ar cul in meic-sin, Lism. L. 1853. ciall . . . ocus cruth | mogénor dian suidhiughudh happy he who is so constituted, ZCP vii 268 § 3. moghéanar as duine di happy he who is one of hers, A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 23 . mangenar gairmebhus Brenainn happy is he whom B. will call, BNnÉ 78 § 150. mongenear fuair a beannacht, ZCP viii 230 § 13.

(b) with copula: is moghenar theit in turus happy is he who goes on that journey, Lism. L. 1559. is mogenar aga mbeith an ridiri sin, ZCP vi 100.26 . is moghenur bes co ndeghbésaibh, RC xxviii 322 § 52. is mongenar rí ros-beir, SG 249.6 . corab mogenair ga mbí C.C. 'na chara, BCC § 82. bá madhngénar . . . do chluin ina cluin sidhe happy would the man be who heard what he hears, ZCP x 339 § 13. With neg. (in cheville): rus-frith deabhadh, ní moghenair unhappily , Duan. F. i 17.21 .

(c) with DO: mongenair don ḟairind attrebait i[t] tegdais-[s]iu, RC xxv 248 § 28 ( LU 2673 ). mogenar don tí bus ríarach dhó, Lism. L. 2012. mogenair duit ro hadlaiced issinn inudh it is well for thee that thou hast been buried, Acall. 2609 , cf. BNnÉ 192.31 . moghenar duit it bhethaidh, AFM ii 1046.6 (poem). is mongenar dod mathair . . . a hēg remut it is well for thy mother that she died before thee, Aen. 2708. ma mongenar do mac Dima 'n-a chill credlaig if D.'s son is blest, ZCP vii 309.28 .

naiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. naiscid or dil.ie/32953
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: naisc, nascat, nais, na, nenais, nenais, nenasc, nenasc, nenaisc, nenscais, nascair, fora-nascar, nasair, nasar, nastar, nasatar, nasaiter, naisidar, nensitir, nas, nass, nais, nassa, ronnassa, nassa, naidm, naiscea, nasciub, nascestar

v i. Early forms: pres. 3 s. ni naisc , Laws i 86 n. 1 . 3 pl. ni nascat , 186.14 . s-subj. 2 s. pres. ni nais , Laws iv 36.1 . O'Dav. 1505 , cf. 1256 . 3 s. ro na , O'Dav. 1378. fut. (redupl.) 2 s. ro nenais , O'Dav. 1594. 3 s. *nenais, cf. neanais .i. ceanglais, O'Cl. (taken as pret.). pret. 1 s. ro nenasc-sa, LU 9373. 2 s. ro nenaisc, LU 5662 = TBC-I¹ 1185 (rectius nenasc). 3 s. nenaisc, Laws iv 346.5 . neanaisc no ro neanaisc .i. do cheangail, O'Cl. (with pron. suff.) nenscais, Rawl. 116c29 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 11 (where Meyer emends: nenscus). Pass. pres. s. nascair, Laws i 210.25 . fora-nascar, 194.23 . subj. s. nasair, ii 126 z . ro nasar , ii 122.13 , iv 100.10 . coro nastar , LU 4898 = TBC-I¹ 411 , cf. Laws v 370.7 , 378.2 . pl. ro nasatar , i 50 z . ro nasaiter , v 254.2 . ro naisidar , 430.2 . fut. pl. nensitir, ZCP xiii 378.7 ( B. in Scáil § 18 ). pret. s. ro nas , Laws i 216.24 ; ii 14.28 . Corm. Y 645. ro nass , LU 4894 = ro nais , TBC-I¹ 407. ? nassa , ZCP xv 365 § 50. viii 118 § 25 . (pl. ?) ronnassa , ACL iii 1.10 . part. nassa, TBC-LL¹ 4567. vn. naidm (see also nascad).

Already fairly early in Mid.Ir. commonly treated as a weak vb., stem naisc- or less commonly nasc-: 1 s. pres. subj. ara naiscea , LU 5870 ( TBC-I¹ 1401 ). fut. 1 s. rat nasciub , TBC-LL¹ 6054. pret. 3 s. rat nascestar , 3791 .

In general sense binds, makes fast. nas .i. ceangal; ro nasa .i. do ceangladh, O'Cl.

(a) in lit. sense: rat-nascestar mar nasces feith fidu he has clasped thee as woodbine clasps trees, TBC-LL¹ 3791 ; cf. 6054 , RC xiv 408 § 19 (rot-naisc). ro nascadh [in sín] ima bragait, ZCP xi 65.4 . in cruit ara nenaisc [in Dagdae] na ceola had bound (i.e. silenced) the melodies, RC xii 108 § 163 . In sense makes captive: nenaisc iathu fer Fēne `er legte in Bande', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28 (< Laws iv 346 ). nenaisc niathu Alinde, Metr. Dinds. ii 82.36 (see note): the sense in both exx. may possibly be secured, made firm or safe .

(b) more often as fig. & legal term binds, exacts a pledge (promise, obligation, payment), with acc. of thing and FOR of pers.; in Laws often glossed by fonaisc, cf. O'Dav. 1256 , 1378 . See Bürgschaft 83. ni nais uma nā hairgead nā hōr acht for māl, Laws iv 36.1 (only a chief is to be bound to pay in copper, silver or gold). ni nais etach for nach nocht thou shalt not bind a naked person to pay in clothes, ib. 3 , cf. O'Dav. 1505. do fiur adbaill de na-ro nastar tasicc fair `upon whom repayment cannot be imposed,' Laws v 370.7 . ro nenasc-sa foraib . . . .vii. cét talland argait I bound them to pay, LU 9373. ced nāro nais [ro nass, LU, sic leg.] do ḟoesam-su forsna maccu? why were the lads not bound (made promise) to protect thee? TBC-I¹ 407. nenaisc dag-eraic a mucc foraibh, Irish Texts i 3 § 9 = coros-naisc eraicc, LB 62b52 . naiscset a coma fair they made him promise to grant their boon, PH 896. ro naisced orm airfided dom thigerna anocht, RC xxiv 60 § 19. naiscis inti Ruadhan forna demhnu triall rempu, BNnÉ 319.7 . tugsad dó an uile umhlacht dar naisg orra san chonnradh all the obedience he had exacted from them, Content. xvi 161. do naiscius air . . . techtairi do chur chugam, ITS xix 104.5 . ro naisgetar ar inchuibh in Coimdhe fair cen anadh a nEirinn (sic leg.), RC xlvi 232.4 . Cf. do naiscetar sin a briathar fair . . . im chomall dōib na brethi bound him under a promise, ZCP xiv 149.8 . With acc. only: ro nasctis giallu cáich, LL 146a43 = fonensaitis, ZCP xii 379.16 . ro naisc Tuathal in bórama, LL 23b40 . nenaisc a dín he bound [Senán] to protect him, ZCP iii 222.7 . Secures (by pledge, etc.), makes sure (a bond, contract, promise) : atait secht nadmand nascar la Feine, Laws v 364.12 . ni nascar dilsi for mac ┐ a raith a thing the ownership of which is secured by `mac' and `raith' sureties, 314.19 ; cf. 292.16 , 430.2 . in cor amra ro nenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC-I¹ 1185. fiadnaisi .i. fiadae ro nass in cor, O'Mulc. 499 , cf. Corm. Y 645. da naisc ar mummi . . . ar cró cotaig bound our blood-covenant, TBC-LL¹ 4134. imon ccodach . . . ro nenaisg Nel fri macaibh Israel the covenant which N. made with . . ., Leb. Gab.(i) i 200.12 . With acc. of guarantees: tar sárugad . . . na ndūl ro naisc-sium forro, MR 4.2 = FDG 1.9 (i.e. violation of an oath taken on the elements). Cf. nassa fīr na ndūla de the `fir' of the elements was pledged thereto (?), ZCP viii 118 § 25 = násad , LU 9814 ( RC vi 165.31 ). With obj. omitted: naisc-siu . . . for deiss rig is ruirech (= take the right hand of kings . . . as security), TBC-LL¹ 3069. Rarely with acc. of pers. who becomes surety: ollam ard . . . naisci[d], ni nascar `he binds, he is not bound', Laws iv 358.14 . naisc Carpre mín Manand take C. as your security, TBC-LL¹ 3090. a Dail Cais . . . rob-nais Banba co mblaid may B. bind you (to defend her), Cog. 56.2 (poem).

(c) betroths; unites in wedlock: ro chendaig [Míliuc] cumail corus-naisc do Patraic hi (= voluit ancillam illi adiungere), Lat. Lives 59.15 = LB 25b36 . ni hí ro naiscedh dō acht a siur, Todd Nenn. 178.4 . sochaidhe diár naisged Fionnabhoir, ZCP x 290.5 . ros-naisg i llanumnus do A., BB 424b22 . part. ba nassa dam-sa ind ingen, TBC-LL¹ 4567. See also ? nassaid Celtica xi 169 .

? nás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nás or dil.ie/32981

n o, m. death (poetic term). nas .i. bás, O'Cl. nas .i. bas, ut est nasadh Beoain Mellain, H 3.18 p. 416 ( O'Curry 965 ); the quotation is from Fél. Oct. 26 , see 2 násad . nas .i. cel, MacCongl. Gloss. p. 189 (< H. 3.18). g s. mo ríg-se . . . dobeir for buidne buad nāis `victory over death', MacCongl. 7.30 . amal rus-gellsad draide . . . doib, nā comraicdis a mbethaid ┐ conricfaidis iarna nás, RC xiii 222.24 . ? pl. nassa nin .i. bas arna tonnaib, H 4.22 p. 36b ( O'Curry 2018 ).

A death-commemoration? nas .i. cuimniughadh no féil bháis, O'Cl. (cf. 1 násad ).

1 násad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 násad or dil.ie/32982
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: nassad

n also nassad (form in SR); in poetry freq. rhymes with sásad. Neut. gender? eclipses follg. initial in ns. in chevilles (but: nassad glan, SR 8141 ; nassaid gle, 4315 ). Poss. from nascid, ZCP xxxi 13 n. 18 .

A word of doubtful meaning, apparently a gathering or assembly of a festive or commemorative nature (esp. a periodically recurring one), and by extension the place where such is held: nasad Loga maic Ethlend .i. aonach no ferta lais . . . in gach bliadhain im thoidecht Lugnasad. Cluiche no aonach, is dō is ainm nasad , Corm. Y 796 = násad , Corm. p. 26. nasadh .i. cuimniughadh ut est Lughnasa .i. nasadh Logha mic Eithninn, H 3.18 p. 534 ( O'Curry 1282 ). Lughnasa .i. násadh nó cuimhniughadh Logha, Keat. ii 3859. nasadh .i. áonach; nasadh .i. gnathughadh nó clú `custom or fame', O'Cl. nasadh .i. gnathugud ut est: nasad Beoán Mellan .i. nó sasadh ut est: sceo nemnasad, O'Dav. 1292 ; the former quotation is from Fél. Oct. 26 : Nassad Beóán Mellán = nassad Beoain, LB (with gloss nasad .i. gnathugud, Fél.² cliii ); Nassan, Laud; the Comm. p. 226 gives Nassan as name of a saint, and Stokes takes Nassad in that sense; the gloss in H. 3.18 gives: nassad .i. gnathugud no násad .i. clú, Thr. Ir. Gl. 137 ; perh. the commemoration of B. and M. nassad sīde siráidde (= sír-óite), SR 8369 (description of Heaven). nasad noibrainne (of Heaven), Bruchst. i § 108 . a nasadh na n-aingel n-ān, ZCP x 47.21 . óenach Talten . . . ba hed násad Loga, Metr. Dinds. iii 50.41 . Temair indiu cid fásach, | baí ré ba násad niad place of assembly, i 28.8 . Femen . . . ro boí nech diarbo nasad , iii 200.2 . násad inna túad (of Ráth Airthir), Trip. 70.21 . ? gabais Nuadu nassad n-iath, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 29 § 26 = gabais N. nassad iath | sail (? fail) find, Rawl. 116a51 (leg. n.¤ niath Fáil the gathering-place of the warriors of fair Fál? but perh. a cheville). ? násad fír na ndúla de [= Dé?] | iss ed ro marb Loegaire, LU 9814 (of the fall of Loegaire m. Néill Noígiallaig; by Stokes, Trip. 566.28 , rendered `the true sanction of God's elements', cf. RC vi 165.31 ) = nassa fir na ndula de | ba de arbath Lægaire, ZCP viii 118 § 25. ? in fail anaill násad n-án?, TFerbe 797 (`giebt es eine andere glänzende Zusammenkunft?' Windisch).

Common in chevilles: rodṁbia nem, nassad ṅdangen, SR 811 , cf. 4175 , 1093 , 2537 , 2731 . atat fo néim, nassad ṅgle, 467 , cf. 4315 . ocus Nóe nassad ṅdil, 2242 , cf. 2587 , 4931 . Prob. used as cheville in follg. exx.: comsid na náem násad n-ān, LU 3041. násad dín `his fame was a shelter', Metr. Dinds. ii 38.43 (leg. n.¤ nin? see Glossary). lúadim Loch Néil, násad nglé place of assembly, iii 404.1 . násad gúr, TFerbe 837 .

As adj.? nasadh .i. oirdheirc, O'Cl.

2 násad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 násad or dil.ie/32983

n death; putting to death (cf. nás)? nasadh .i. bās, ut est a comrag Fir Dia ┐ Conculaind togbus Fer Dia a sciath suas d'anacal uachta[i]r a chuirp ger bi in copair iar iar [sic] nasadh though it was help after wounding to death (i.e. that came too late), H 3.18 p. 534 ( O'Curry 1282 ). nas .i. bās ut est nasadh Beoain Mellain, ib. p. 416 ( O'Curry 965 ); quotation from Fél. Oct. 26 , see 1 násad . Cf. also LU 9814 quoted under 1 násad .

násadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. násadach or dil.ie/32984

adj o, ā. famous, memorable ? Druim Lis . . . mennut násadach namat, LL 369 m. inf. = Arch. Hib. i 364.35 (the sense of násad `gathering-place' may be here implied). ainm hui nassadaig Neil (.i. ainm hui erdarcaig N.), Rawl. 106b25 . ainm húi nassadaigh Neill .i. clu Coluim Cille, Thr. Ir. Gl. 137 (< H 3.18 ).

noíb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. noíb or dil.ie/33244

Forms: noíb, noeb, noíb, noíb, noeb, noiba, noíbu, noíb, noibaib, noeb, noem, naeb, naem, noíb, noem, naem(h), naomh, náoime, náoimh, náomha, noíb, noemu, noemu, noím

adj o, ā. O.Ir. n s. noíb. noeb, Thes. ii 294.30 ( SP iv 4 ). g s m. noíb, Wb. 6d11 . n p m. (as subst.) ind noíb , 21c5 ; noeb, SR 441 , 8193 . a p m. noiba, Ml. 37b4 . (as subst.) noíbu, Wb. 7b2 , Ml. 37b16 (noibu). g p. noíb, Wb. 13c26 . d p. noibaib, 4c37 , Ml. 51a16 . In Ml. generally written without accent.

In early Mid.Ir. the commonest form of n s. is noeb (SR), with variants noem, naeb, naem (all of which occur in LU), naob ( Mon. Tall. 127.12 , 130.27 , 131.17 ), the form noíb being used in g s m. and n p m. Later noem prevails (commonest form in PH), giving way to naem(h) and mod. naomh. croch náom, IGT Dec. § 196 (g s f. náoime, d s f. náoimh, n p. náomha).

Of persons holy; of things sacred, consecrated; used both in inflected forms after a noun and as indecl. before one, the latter usage being common with proper names in the sense saint . In Glosses renders Lat. sanctus. is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294.30 . corrop noíb for n-anim, Wb. 16a21 . i mbethid noib a holy life, Ml. 74d9 . Críst macc Maire noíbe, Fél. Prol. 338 (noeime, nóebe v.l.). v s m. á rí noíb! ib. Ep. 37. v p m. a aithrecha noemu!, PH 19. v p f. a chaillecha noemu!, 3399 (for noema). Of things: huanaib aidmib noibaib ro batar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . for altórib nóebaib, Fél. Ep. 348. superl. cona chléir as nóebu, Fél. May 27 , cf. Jan. 20. Iacob as noíbem, July 14 . With npr.: itge ind noíb Thomáis, Dec. 21 (noeib v.l.). admuinemmar noeb Patraicc, Hy. iii 1. gnúis náem Míchil, PH 6389. sancta Brigida .i. noem Brigit, Lism. L. 1218 .

As subst. neut.: dugén a nnoib-sa I will do this holy thing, Ml. 69a21 . Very common as subst. m. and f. a holy person, a saint , in Mid.Ir. relig. lit. generally in technical sense either of a professed religious or of a saint; also applied to the spirits of the blest after death. ind noíb ata ellachti hi Crist, Wb. 21c5 . comthinól inna noíb, ib. 7 . cech nóeb boí, fil, bías, Fél. Ep. 289. taithmet nóeb ṅ-óige, ib. 131 . naim íarthair in domain the saints of the western world, FA 4 ( LU 1973 = noím LB). ind aine . . . dos-forslaic [sic leg.] Colum C. for noebaib Herenn C.C. relaxed the fast for the religious of Ireland, Mon. Tall. 68. ag naomh nó ag ban-naomh, TSh. 1048 (of canonized saints). Of the elect in heaven: indocbáil inna noíb i nnim, Wb. 13c26 . na noeb is ind noebaiṅgil, SR 8193. ni fil . . . fíal . . . eter mu[n]tir nime ┐ inna nóemu, FA 5. tír na naeb, 4 (LU = na noem LB). goirthear naoimh dona marbhaibh bhíos i bpurgadóir, TSh. 4868.

Compds.

(a) common. with nouns. in sense holy, sacred, pertaining to a saint or the Church , etc. ¤aingel: n p. noebaiṅgil, SR 8193. tongu-sa . . . tar mo nóebaingliu, Ériu ii 196 § 13 . PH 8085. ¤ainm: nóebainm Petair apstail, Fél. Prol. 109. ¤apstal, Fél. May 30 . PH 1630. ¤arbar: muinter nimi noebarbar a holy host, SR 8255. co nóebairbrib aingel, Fél. Ep. 344. ¤canóin: g s. ina noebchanone, Hib. Min. 12.395 . ¤corp: ic foillsiugud na noemcorp, PH 1580 (of bodies of saints). naoimhchorp Antonius, Keat. iii 779 (leg. naomh-). ¤decheṅg `a holy pair', Fél. Nov. 21. ¤dúil a holy creature , Hy. v 41 (nóeb-). SR 7422. ¤epscop, Fél. Ep. 253. ¤erlam: naomhērlamh a holy patron, Ériu iv 236 y . Colum Cille an naoímhérlamh, AFM vi 1968.5 . ¤fis(s) : naoimhfhios, Keat. iii 466 (poem); a name given to the Senchas Mór. ¤fót: naomhfód (of site of a monastery), BNnÉ 262.24 . ¤gein holy offspring (child), Ériu i 122.16 (noeim-). ¤gérat holy champion , Fél. Aug. 4. ¤grád: noí noebgraid (of the celestial hierarchy), SR 1811. ¤ingen : i n-enccai nóebingen, Hy. vii 20. ¤itge, Fél. July 19 . Hy. v 92 . ¤légend: do néblégund sacred reading (literature), Mon. Tall. 25. ¤mairtirech: PH 6173. ¤máthir, Fél. Aug. 16. ¤muinter, Fél. May 13 . ¤nem: do noebnim, SR 312 , 6842 , 7116 . ¤óg (úag) f. a holy virgin: n p. nuíbhuaga, SR 441. nóemóga, LU 1991 ( FA 6 ). deich nóebóga, Fél. Feb. 28. drong nóebúag; ib. Ep. 252. i n-oentaid noemóg, PH 6172. ¤port: naomhport do Connachtoib (of a religious centre) BNnÉ 258.4 . ¤prainn: nóebphroinn cen ṡáith, Ériu ii 65 § 8 . nasadh naebhprainne, AFM i 514 x (poem) = Bruchst. i § 108 , where Meyer emends: nasad noíbrainne the assembly of the company of saints. ¤rath, SR 7154. ¤reilic: féil nóebreilce ṅ-úasal `of holy relics', Fél. Oct. 1. ¤rí, SR 7975. Ériu iv 236.4 . ¤riagal: fo noíbriaguil recht, SR 2339. ¤scríbend: a p. noimscribinna, Hib. Min. 3.87 ; ib. 82 (noeb-). ¤scriptuir: g s. noibscreptra, Hib. Min. 12.409 . ¤senchas : duain naoimhsheanchais of ecclesiastical history, Keat. iii 749. ¤spirut, Fél. Ep. 354. ¤tech: dochum naemtaigi sanctuary, church, Ériu v 120.22 . ¤teglach: Ériu i 122.34 (naob-). ¤tlacht, SR 1308. eter náemtlachtaib spirtáldaib nimi, LU 2473. ¤trethan : n p. noebtrethna, SR 494. ¤trínóit: g s. na noemtrinoti, PH 1603.

In mod. lang. somet. forms a genuine compd. with noun, modifying the meaning of the latter; e.g. naomh-athair a Father of the Church, see TSh. 6715 , 8272 . naomh-athais blasphemy , defined as: athais do thabhairt o breithir do Dhia no do náomhaibh, Parrth. Anma 157.13 ; 71.19 ( Luc. Fid. 96.8 , 37.4 ).

(b) with adj.: neimhedh naem-ainglech, Acall. 500. nemh naemhcert `heaven of holy right', BNnÉ 268.4 . o ríg nime nóebfind, SR 5488. do ruirig nime nóebgil, 6886 . Noe nóebglan, 7302 . for nim noebnár, 782 . o ruirig nime noebuáig, 5878 , cf. fri loscud n-edpart noebúaig, 4262 (g p., form due to rhyme). ? naombrethach gach n-iardaighi .i. isi in naomad breath doberar do iaramdighe, 23 Q 6 p. 10a ( O'Curry 1637 ) = naoimbrethach, H 3.17 c. 439 ( O'D. 561 ); taken by glossator as a compd. of noí which, however, aspirates the follg. initial consonant in composition.

(c) exceptionally with vb.: co noebthanic Dia do nim, SR 2153. briathra lé naomhchoisrighther í with which it (the Eucharistic wafer) is consecrated, Ó Héodhusa 198.14 , cf. Parrth. Anma 209.16 , Luc. Fid. 133.1 , and the vn. naomhchoisreagadh, Parrth. Anma 211.3 , Luc. Fid. 134.7 .