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do-róscai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-róscai or dil.ie/18396

Forms: dirósci, diróscai, diroscai, doroscai, duróscai, duroscai, dorósci, dorusci, doróisci, do-d-rósce, doróisce, do-r-róisce, doróscaigi, -derscaigi, derrsgaigi, derscaig, derscigem, diroscat, duróscat, doróscaitis, duroscaitis, doroscea, doroscat, duroscat, du-d-róscat, duro-scainn, dirosced, durosced, du-nd-rosced, doroscaimis, di-t-róscibea, duróscaibea, duroscaifea, duroscibet, duroscaifet, doróscaisset, daroscaigset, doróscichset, doroiscichset, diroscider, diróscaither, doroscaither, doroschither, duroscaibtar, du-n-dan-roscad, derscugud

v (di-ro-uss-scuich-, cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 618 ); later as simple vb. derscaigid, derscnaigid, q.v. Indic. pres. 3 s. dirósci, Ml. 57a1 , Sg. 42b2 , 3 . diróscai, Sg. 42a1 , 40a18 . diroscai, Ml. 133a4 , Sg. 40a17 . doroscai, Ml. 138c12 . duróscai, 114d1 , 115b16 , 134c4 . duroscai, 129b10 . dorósci, TTr.² 216 . dorusci, BB 491b41 . doróisci, TTr.² 1215 . do-d-rósce, 627 , LU 10827 . doróisce, 2467 . do-r-róisce (rel.) Trip. 398.2 . doróscaigi (contam. with prototonic form), TTr.² 1211 , 1213 . -derscaigi, Sg. 40a17 . ní derrsgaigi , IT iii 239.144 . ní derscaig , Alex. 848 , Anecd. v 2.28 . 1 pl. ní derscigem , Wb. 2a14 . 3 pl. diroscat, Ml. 66d12 . duróscat, 69a1 . Impf. 3 pl. doróscaitis, Ml. 136a7 . duroscaitis, 79c6 , 124d2 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. doroscea, Ml. 56a4 . 3 pl. doroscat, 37b14 . duroscat, 69a17 . du-d-róscat, 121a3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. duro-scainn, Ml. 41c6 . 3 s. dirosced, 58d15 . durosced, 129b13 . du-nd-rosced, 33c5 . 1 pl. doroscaimis, 32a21 . Fut. 3 s. di-t-róscibea, Wb. 1d21 . duróscaibea, Ml. 89c12 . duroscaifea, 139b3 . 3 pl. duroscibet, 84b1 . duroscaifet, 84b4 .

Pret. and perf. 3 pl. doróscaisset, Ml. 119d3 . daroscaigset, LL 235a38 . doróscichset, TTr.² 219 . doroiscichset, LL 399b3 .

Pass. pres. s. diroscider, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). diróscaither, Sg. 42b1 . doroscaither, 43a2 . doroschither, Ml. 107b5 . Fut. pl. duroscaibtar, Ml. 87b4 . Pret. s. du-n-dan-roscad, Ml. 100b4 . Part. 1 derscaigthe. Vn. derscugud.

I Intrans. stands forth, distinguishes oneself, is conspicuous, pre-eminent; absol. or more oft. with prep. DI surpasses; gl. antecedere, Ml. 139b3 ; antestare, 69a1 , 84b4 , 89c12 , 114d1 ; eminere, 32a21 , 37b14 , 41c6 , 66d12 , 79c6 , 115b16 , 18 , 121a3 , 129b13 , 136a7 ; praecellere, Wb. 2a14 ; praeesse, Ml. 129b10 ; praestare, 56a4 , 57a1 , 113a9 , 134c4 , 138c12 . ni derrsgaigi nech hissind airecht none outshines the others, IT iii 239 . ní derscigem nech di alailiu we have no vantage one above another, Wb. 2a14 . ni bi fodord do neoch dib di arali, ar ní derscaig nech dib di araile, Alex. 848 = ni derscaig nech dib araile, Anecd. v 2 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib c(h)enelaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119d3 . diróscai di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, Sg. 40a18 . ni derscaigi dind huiliu cheneul, 40a17 . is do ilib a cheneoil fēn dorróisce, Trip. 398 . dirósci comparit di comparit a comparative surpasses a comparative, Sg. 42b3 . poisit . . . ni derscaigh do ní. Superlait dno ni derscaigther di. Comparait immorro derscaighidh di neoch, derscaigther di the positive does not surpass anything; the superlative is not surpassed; the comparative surpasses something and is surpassed, Auraic. 694 . ata derscughudh di (sc. dind posit) it (the positive degree) can be surpassed, 688 . doróisci ar áni . . . di ócaib in talman, TTr.² 1215 . doróscaigi do láechradaib domain uile ar ánius, 1211 . cathair doróisce do ṡaidbrius ḟer talman, Alex. 414 = dorusci, BB 491b41 . ingen . . . roderscaig do mnaib Érend, LU 3715 ( SCC § 33 ). roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, FB § 1 . atait seacht n-ogha agamsa . . . ┐ ata aen ug and doderscaig dib uile, Aen. 214 . batar sech meic for .xl. la C. Doronad palas righda don mac roderrscaigh dibh, Marco P. 82 (possibly whom he favoured most, cf. II (b) below). asbert nád rabi for fertas in betha cumachta dodrósce de, LU 10827 (confusion of trans. and intrans. construction). With other prepp.: duroscibet . . . sech cech[-a?] ríga, Ml. 84b1 . roderrscaigh C. tar na .u. righuib aile, Marco P. 35 .

II Trans.

(a) surpasses, excels: ditróscibea . . . .i. bid ferr oldái, Wb. 1d21 . doroisce dōine Dubt[h]ach D. surpasses men, RC xx 152 = dorróische, LU 489 ; cf. Auraic. 5388 . desmirecht na deerci doroisce cech ndeeirc, MS. Mat. 614 ( LB 251b35 ). etach doroisce cach netach , Thes. ii 326 ( Hy. iv 10 Comm. ). in Spirut naob doroisce cech spirat, Lism. L. 1776 , cf. PH 3658 ; Anecd. ii 10 . int soilsi doróisce cach soilsi, RC iv 256 = LU 2467 . doróisce int ór cech tinde, PH 7018 .

(b) distinguishes, singles out, gives the preference to: bid amne ind eclas . . . feib dosrora [i]nn int ardrí, | uas cach maig rodasderscaig has exalted it above evey plain, SR 4423 . dia nderscaigind hí dona mnáib aili if I should choose her (i.e. Juno), TTr.² 378 . doroisc Dubthach a chumail dím prefers . . . to me, Lism. L. 1179 . feib radeligetar (amhuil rodearscaighid, Add.) a ndaer . . . de doeraib . . . fer ṅhErend, TBC-LL¹ 422 . an lucht derscaiges nó accobrus na rétta saoghalta seach na rétta nemhdha, RC xxv 392 .

fo-daim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-daim or dil.ie/22560

Forms: -fodaim, fodaimim, fodaimi, -fodmai, fodaim, fodaimem, fodaimid, fodaimet, -fodmat, fadam, fudama, -fodmain, -fordamainn, fondamtis, fondidmae, -fuidema, didmat, fadidmed, forodamar, forrodamar, forodamair, furodamair, forodamair, -fordámair, furodamnatar, fondrodamnatar, forodmotár, fondamtar, rodaim, fodaim, fodaitiu, fodémam, fodémat, rofódmustar, fodmaiter, forodamar, roḟódmatar, ḟódmar, odaim, ḟodhoimh, odaim, adaim, ro-odimset, odaimset, odēmad, fordaim

v (daimid) protot. -fodaim. O.Ir. forms: pres. 1 s. fodaimim, Wb. 23b12 . 2 sg. fodaimi, Ml. 55d11 . -fodmai siu ib. 3 s. fodaim, 38d14 . Sg. 15b5 . 143a6 . 1 pl. fodaimem Ml. 111c13 . 2 pl. fodaimid, Wb. 17b24 , 23c7 . 3 pl. fodaimet 2c10 . -fodmat, 20c21 . pres. subj. 1 s. cia fadam , Wb. 29d27 . 3 s. cia fudama , Ml. 68d14 . past subj. 1 s. -fodmain se, 73c7 . (perf.) -fordamainn, 107b8 . 3 pl. fondamtis, 34b11 . fut. 2 s. fondidmae, 35c33 . 3 s. -fuidema, 56c9 . 3 pl. fos didmat 15c10 . sec. fut. 3 s. fadidmed, Sg. 137b5 . perf. 1 s. forodamar Ml. 22d5 . forrodamar (rel.) Wb. 19d20 . 3 s. forodamair Ml. 54b28 . furodamair, 131b12 . forodamair, PH 1656 . -fordámair, LU 9099 . 3 pl. furodamnatar, Ml. 96b8 . fondrodamnatar, 105b9 . forodmotár, LU 2567 ( RC xxv 240 ). Pass. subj. pres. pl. fondamtar, Ml. 46d6 . rodaim, Ériu ii 130 § 100 is prob. < ro fodaim , perf. pres.

Vn. foditiu (fodaitiu), q.v.

The redupl. fut. gives way to ē-forms early in Mid. Ir.: 1 pl. fodémam, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). 3 pl. fodémat, LU 2749 . Dep. forms occasionally occur, esp. in pret. and perf.: 3 s. rofódmustar, PH 1622 . 3 pl. (pret. ?) fodmaiter , 4325 . perf. 1 pl. forodamar, 2219 . 3 pl. roḟódmatar, 1621 . pres. subj. 1 s. dia ḟódmar , 2428 . With omission of lenited f : (s. pret.) na ro odaim (ro ḟodhoimh v.l.), Cog. 52.20 . nar odaim , ro adaim , 56.16 , 18 . ro-odimset (ro fodhoimhsiot v.l.) 50.18 . nir odaimset , 56.20 . sec. fut. na odēmad , 66.18 .

(a) suffers, endures: transl. Lat. pati, perpeti, sustinere in Glosses. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib, Ml. 68d14 . mad ain[m]netach fondamtar inna imneda, 46d6 . fodamtis ... már do ríagaib, Fél. Prol. 51 . in dabach tanaise nis fodaim nech ar a tes, LU 3795 ( SCC 36 ). fulliuchta na crécht forodaim ó Iudib, LU 2571 . o ro fodaimsium na crechta sin from whom He endured those wounds 2573 (sic leg. RC xxv 240.12 ). fodema do bás ar a ndernais, Mart. Tall. 104 ( LL 358 marg. sin.). ro fódmustar Abél ... [ingreim] o Cháin, PH 1622 . roḟódmatar ingreim, 1621 . co rodiglum ... ar n-ancride fair ... do neoch forodamar of all that we suffered 2219 . mōr ... d'imnedh ┐ d'eccomnert ro ḟodaimsiot ... ó Danmarcachaibh, Cog. 4.13 . fodidmaid itaid ┐ gorta ye shall endure BB 429a49 . fodemaid smacht indara tigerna (= sustinebit) RC ii 384 . Transf. of things: fodaim apostroiph suffers apostrophe Sg. 15b5 . intan fo n daim .i. a cumscugud when `i' undergoes change 11a1 .

Abs.: hissind ingreim-se forodamair Alpan suffered (martyrdom) Anecd. iii 65 (cf. Lat. passus est). roḟodaimh-sidhe sé bliadhna décc i ttrebhlaid, AFM i 406.9 . Gramm.: is hinonn persan gnís ┐ fodaim that acts and suffers (of subj. of vb. in passive) Sg. 143a6 .

In: fordaim dám nónbair, BDD 34 (LU) we perhaps have perf. pres. of this verb; leg. fordaim dāim can support a company?

(b) bears with (a pers.); submits to, brooks, tolerates, allows: fodaimid nech as messa duib, Wb. 17b24 . ar roḟodamar Ísu inti Iudas dia brath, cid ... ar nach fódemaind-sea Bricio dom athisiugud?, Lat. Lives 99z . nicon fordamar suide ... do fir díob he did not suffer one of them to sit down Mon. Tall. § 85 . ni fordámair trá a bruth ... cen techt his ardor did not suffer [him] not to go LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). nad fordamarsa gol ban ... cen etráin forru, LL 119a1 . cona fodema in cissaige éraic a dligid dia flaith ... cona fodema in ben brethir a cētmuintire huasu, Rawl. 111a42 - 44 (uaste v.l., RC xxvi 42 § 222 ). ni fodhemasu tarcasul neich fort, CCath. 636 . ni mo bad é Corc ... na odemad tār na letheti sin (ro démhadh, om. na, v.l.), Cog. 66.18 . gur bhó lais a bhás ... ria siú nó ḟoidhemhadh an dímiadh ... fuair, AFM vi 2360 . go ro ḟodaimh an t-iarla a ghabháil suffered himself to be taken 2168 .

Intrans. with DO (as simple vb.): mairg ḟodmas do dhoman ┐ dinsimiges brethir ṅDé submits to (?) LB 12b47 = ḟoghnus domhan, 23 N 27, 33 . Impers constr.: ní rofodaim dó cen tairniudh dívmais Lámhedhoin could not refrain from humbling the pride of L. TTr.² 63 = LL 397b23 (cf daimid III). There may be a double entendre in follg. ex.: Assu ainm Nessi ... re marbad a móraite: | ni hassu ainm raḟodaim | o ro ḟuapair fri thogail, LL 144b9 = `Assu was no longer the name she bore,' `the name she endured was no easy one.' See Ériu iv 22 § 2 .

fossaimther

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fossaimther or dil.ie/24117

v ni ariu em nad fosad som fri cach nétach ... acht is menciu aracialltar ┐ f.¤ a n-étach líga quam aliud uestimentum the colored garment is more frequently cared for (?) and smoothed (?) Corm. Bodl. s.v. legam (= Corm. Y 799 . Y and LB have araciallathar.