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1 airechas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airechas or dil.ie/1900

n u, m. Later o. (1 airech). In Laws position of an aire; rank, legal status: ócaire, is ardu a a.¤ adi, Críth G. 87 . is di búaib atá a a.¤ ┐ a eneclann, 153 . do cuaidh as a bo-airechus ┐ ni riacht in t-oirechus desa, Laws v 32.12 Comm. cach aireachas [bes?] ardu i.e. each higher step in the rank of `aire', ii 12.4 Comm. is aire desu cu nairechus echta, 266.8 Comm. dair, cidh dombeir nairechus hi? iv 148.z . ni bis i m(b)iad a aireagais `in accordance with the dignity of his rank', BCrólige 24 .

In more general sense precedence, sovereignty, superiority, importance: a.¤ ind rig `the preeminence of the King', Ml. 46b6 . a.¤ do thabairt do macc `that principality (i.e. sovereignty) is given to the Son', 128a15 . rohucad a.¤ inna róma co constantinopoil, Sg. 174a1 . a.¤ ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd.) ní a.¤ fidei, Wb. 1b12 . dorochóinset arndabeth . . . ind a.¤ cétnae `they despaired of having . . . the same pre-eminence', Ml. 131c9 . ind airechsa ┐ inna soire rotecht in popul, 5 . huand a.¤ , 113b10 . hó airegas gl. a principio, Wb. 7b11 . in n-a.¤ nísin , Ml. 64d11 . ni gaib a.¤ , Wb. 3d8 . ithé rogabsat airegas gl. quosdam . . . possuit Deus . . . primum apostolos, 12b13 . ardri ar airechus, LU 8485 ( FB § 33 ). is la demnaib a n-oenur a airichas its sovereignty belongs to the devils alone (of hell), 2222 . tilach airechais ┐ tigernais Herend, 3439 ( SCC § 21 ). rígi ┐ airechus hÉrenn, BColm. 72.18 . is acco bái in t-a.¤ mór in ard ruide, LL 206a30 . teilccfidher a n-a.¤ / o sain collaithe mbratha, Anecd. ii 31.14 . a.¤ nEchach iarsin / sáegul noídecdai i nEmain, Metr. Dinds. iv 68.134 . gur bhean ríghe ┐ aireachas . . . de, Keat. iii 1436 . riasiú ro chaith bliadhain iomlán i n-aireachas a athardha, AFM v 1706.9 . gur maidset meic E. airechus coscair na cath-laithrech `gained the victory of the battle place', MR 244.8 . airechus engnuma, 160.18 . a nirt ┐ a n-airechus, ZCP viii 107.11 = a nert ┐ cumachta ┐ niachus, Anecd. ii 54.10 . ro chumhdaigh . . . cathair . . . is innte sein do caittí inmhe ┐ oirechus an ferainn sin go hiomlán, BNnÉ 236 § 158 . Frequ. coupled with ordan: t'ordan ┐ t'a.¤ , Trip.² 2971 . mór d'ordan ┐ d'aerechas, LU 10118 . tuile ordain ┐ oireachais na hErind (of a person), RC xvii 407.21 (Tig.). So also: ordan ┐ oireachas Mumhan, AFM ii 912.18 . As defining gen. port airechais seat of government, residence of a chief: ardphuirt aireachais an tíre, AFM v 1688.12 . port airechais Iarla C. R., vi 2200.13 . ardphuirt aireachuis Éireann `Ireland's capitals', TD 1.5 (see note, ii p. 188). cathair oirechais chief city, capital, Marco P. 3 . dothaithtin leo . . . in tinbher eisg ┐ oireachuis fuaradar ann `the noble fish-abounding estuary', Ériu v 90.22 . In comic n.pr. Ordan mac Airechuis, Anecd. ii 64.1 .

aithis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithis or dil.ie/2716

Forms: a., aithis(s)i, aithisse, athais, -scél

n f. See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 214 . n a s. a.¤ , n a p. aithis(s)i, g p. aithisse, g s. (mid. Ir.) aithise. Later also athais.

(a) insult, reproach, reviling. gl. dedecus, Ml. 100b4 (opprobrium, Psalms lxxvii 66 ); contumilia, 62c15 ; calumnia, 54c11 ; opprobrium, 36a1 ; improperia, Wb. 6c29 ; conflictio, 29b10 . aithissi, Ml. 90d17 . dorat Saul athissi foir, 54c16 . trisna aithissi (trisnaithissi MS.), 110c9 . donaib ulib athisib gl. ad probra . . . omnia, 33c7 . iarna aithisib, 54c10 . figor na n-aithisse, Thes. ii 253.15 . trist do tabairt for nech nó a.¤ `to lay a curse on anyone or revile him', Mon. Tall. 141.24 (§ 36) . atrubairt-sium a.¤ móir ra Fergus, TBC-LL¹ 6136 . ail dno .i. ail leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbrethri cidh tria cuidbius cid cen cuidbius, BB 299a13 . dobert cach dib aithisi mbriathar diaraile, D IV 2, 77va39 . ána athise `quick to revile' (of women), Tec. Corm. 30.z . a.¤ do-berar do Dhia blasphemy, ITS xxix 107.30 . ag sgeith blaismhémiodh aor ┐ aithisiodh, Desid. 4293 . athais gach aoin orra (a curse), BNnÉ 257 § 215 . aitheis oireachtais the reproach of an assembly, IGT Decl. ex. 1015 . As quasi-vn.: ag a.¤ ┐ iomcháineadh air, TSh. 473 .

(b) disgrace, ignominy: is aithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cen precept don aís anfiss, Wb. 13b11 . ni aírmithi ar a.¤ a mbás nisin ar asreracht, 15d12 . ar athis leusom a nintamail fria ndeu they are ashamed, Ml. 138c10 . ar aithissib dunni, 91a6 . domrosat fo baithis gil / nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir, Trip.² 1633 `ne me laisse en la disgrace de personne', Études Celt. iii 101 . ba ha.¤ leis a ingen do brith macc do, Rawl. 143a26 . beth fo athis he would be disgraced, LU 2932 . nar bad athis do Mend . . . dunad ┐ longphort d'ḟalmugud dó, TBC-LL¹ 4540 . nach raibhi athais na mebul do Priaim in gach ulc doronsat Grec fris, BB 422a6 . d'a.¤ as an insult, Dán Dé ii 19 .

(c) Concr. blemish, disfigurement: athais maíli fair, BDD² 1163 . d'imgabáil a hathise / ar nách acced nech a cned `to escape her blemish', Metr. Dinds. iii 30.66 . bid athis duit (of a healed wound), LL 14348 . ail ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 . on ┐ ainim ┐ a.¤ , RC xxiv 278 § 15 . corab athais for do curp-su, YBL 172b50 . trí aithise . . . d'O. . . . a bheith cluaslom dó ┐ a dhéad do dhubhadh ┐ a anál do bheith bréan, Keat. ii 4399 .

COMPD. ¤-scél: aithisscél ` shameful tale ', CCath. 5580 v.l. (aitscel, text, cf. aithscél(e)?).

attrab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attrab or dil.ie/4959
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aittreb, atreba, -btha

o, n. vn. of ad-treba. Later aittreb, ā, f. Cf. g s. atreba, Laws iii 388.13 Comm. (leg. -btha?).

(a) In Ml. and Sg. glossing Lat. possessio, possessiuum: ní nuae ṅdo ana.¤ sin gl. non . . . uelut nouellam habet possesionem, Ml. 17b5 . cach la drécht diib is atrab alaill ní atrab . . . is inrecht dano a n-atrab nisin ref. to haec quoque inter possessiuorum species posuimus, Sg. 38b8 . is ciall ind ildatad ind atraib file inddib ref. to possessiua quidem egent adiunctione nominum ad plenam significationem, 198b3 . arrainn indatraib atrebthar and ref. to meus, etc., a19 . dondatrub, gl. possessiua uero transitiua sunt, b10 . is ecrichthe a n-atrab ┐ ní fintar cid attrebthar and conducthar nomen fris gl. infinitae possunt intellegi possessiones, 200b13 .

(b) act of taking possession of, occupying: i n-aittreb do thigi, ina folomrad, Laws i 162.24 (`squatting?' Plummer MS. notes). ? arus arach ┐ atrabh iar sin, iv 104.4 Comm. fir Hérend . . . do aitrib for tíre, MU² 931 (LU). is ann robúi i tarngaire do aitreab a chille to take possession of, Fen. 112.5 .

(c) act of inhabiting, living (in), dwelling (in) (us. with obj. gen.): ni síratrab act is cuit fresligi gl. adiacet mihi, Wb. 3d4 . bad atrab ná bad cuit tadill gl. uerbum christi habitet in uobis abundanter, 27b25 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi in order to dwell for ever . . ., Fél. Oct. 8 . cléchtait méirlig . . . atréb and, Trip.² 1847 . do bithaitreb pene, LU 1405 . síraittreb flatha nimi, 2283 ( FA 34 ). boi oc aitreb innte, PH 938 . in Craeb Ruad gan curaid . . . 'ga ro-aittreib, MR 218.4 . uair nirbo maith a aitreb thoir tar eis Ḟlidaisi, Ériu viii 175.31 = a trebad, 12 . péist aitribh an fhuaruisge, O'R. Poems 205 . cin aitrib hi Sil Muredaig orra they could no longer live in S. M., Ann. Conn. 1237.2 .

Hence gramm. locative case: fer a ainmniugud . . . i fiur a aitreib, Auraic. 1518 = a aitreb, Goid. 73.14 . na bia in tregdad cen [ind] aitreib, Auraic. 1725 .

(d) In concrete sense dwelling, habitation, house: abid a.¤ do dia infectso gl. in habitaculum Dei, Wb. 21c8 . donaib atrabaib saindilsib gl. reuersus ad propria, Ml. 47b14 . fuidir foxail a aithrib (sic) `who has removed his habitation', Laws v 360.14 (taken as d pl. of athair, Ir. Recht 73 ). ó aitrebaib teinntidhi an mhara `les demeures enflammées de la mer', RC xxiv 378.7 . iar ndēnam atruib, Ériu iii 138.87 ( iar nd. a naittreib, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 14 ). imaittreib (leg. imba attrub; immarthrub, v.l.) doib alla aniar hi Commur Tri n-Usce when they settled, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 14 , Ériu iii 138.6 . lucht uaislighthe th'aitreibhe, DDána 81.35 . aitreabha an ḟine Ulltaigh / tighe slaitgheala slinntigh, IGT Decl. ex. 11 . a aitreabh ┐ a áras, Desid. 6201 .

béstatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béstatu or dil.ie/5767

n t, m. (béstae) morality, morals: dind béstatu . . . inna ndóine, Wb. 5c16 . trissin precept bésti i tuisemar bestatu cáich et ní fristait in béstatid nisin , 12d39 . precept béstatad, 16d7 . is do bestataid (bestaid, MS.) infét gl. est ergo moralis psalmus, Ml. 14b12 . in bestatad `of morality', 72a3 . gnim ┐ bestata ┐ morolus `virtue', Hib. Min. 11.358 . iar mbésdataid according to the moral sense, PH 4611.

2 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cía or dil.ie/8966
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ce, ci, cení, ceni, cini, céa, gia, ga, cethuc, ciaso, ciarba, ciaso, cia, cesu, ceso, cinidlúith, cinid, cinith, cenid, cenid, cenutad, cenotad, cenuded, cetothóisegu, cetu, ceto, ciato, ciabaderóil, ciabaloingthech, ciafa, cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth, cinip, cenip, cenib, cit, cinbat, cenibed, citis, cetis, ciabsa, cepu, ciabu, cíabo, ciaptar, cebtar, céptar, cíaptar, ciarpsa, cíarbu, cíarbo, cinirbo, gidh, cíasa, cidat, cesu, cīas, cíammin, gidat, ge, gé, gé, ceinip, cenip, cér, cepsi, cíamtis, cía, cíambad, ciambad, cemadh, gembo, gémadh, ciamdis, cíamtis, cenptís, ciarb, cer, gér, gér, gé, cersat, cid

conj. (a use of 1 cía, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 206 , Bergin, Ériu xii 206 . Not a use of 1 cía, Greene, Ériu xxi 92 - 3 ) In O. Ir. also ce ( GOI 34 ). Before initial vowels also ci. Neg. cení, ceni, cini ( GOI 561 ). céa, Trip.² 444 . gia, SR 2885 . ga, LL 8354 (TBC). In later lang. gé ( GOI 111 ). giodh re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil, ┐ gé re hucht n-oibrighthe, acht gurab cóir giodh gonta no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. 8.1 (for giodh see infra). On gé do in past tense in class. lang. see Duan. Finn Gloss. gér chreid, Dán Dé xx 38 . gé go ttainic, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 . In later lang. often reinforced by acht: acht gé tá, DDána 20.17 . acht ge bhadar, Stair Erc. 1471 . As a rule unstressed, cf. TD 15.28 note. But the form giodh is in list of words which may rhyme, Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.27 , the sense in available exx. being even (see infra): giodh: miodh, 39 = DDána 84.18 . As a rule leniting, GOI 561 . But not in copula forms ce-pu, cia-ptar. Isolated exx. with gemination (no ref.), GOI 145 . Not a conj. particle, and takes absol. and deut. form of vb. in O. Ir. (though it takes conj. form of pret. of copula, GOI 491 ). Cf. also: cethuc, Thes. ii 225.19 (PCr.). cé betis secht tengtha / im gin, Fél. Ep. 125 . See Mulchrone, Celtica v 143 . Occasionally folld. by rel. clause: ciararubartat biuth, Ml. 91b1 ( GOI 320 ). Cf. acht gé bhíos 'na bheathaidh, TSh. 1222 .

Somet. replaced as simple conj. by cid etc. (presum. cía + subj. pres. 3 s. of copula, see infra): ced donecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . cid dognether ess usci, 143.18 . cid arfaomtar ní, 148.17 . cid fogluasa though . . . may, 152.1 . cid chodala a lórtid, 161.27 . cid ro chloí, LL 521 . gidh atá, ML 56.11 . gidh atáid, RSClára 54a . acht gidh do bhí, Eochairsg. 31.3 . acht cid bíd, Maund. 215 .

Forms with copula. Indic. pres. 2 s. ciaso, LL 344a32 = ciarba, Tec. Corm. 12.7 . 3 s. (leniting) ciasu, Wb. 11c17 . 12a5 . 19a20 . Ml. 26c4 . 26d12 . 67a4 . 67d24 . ciaso, Wb. 28c14 . Sg. 211b7 . cia so, 204a8 . cesu, Wb. 21d13 . Sg. 38a1 . 41b10 . 59a6 . 78b2 . 90a5 . 91a3 . 137b2 . 158a2 . 217b12 . ceso, 21a1 . 206a3 . With neg. cinidlúith lib, Wb. 12b9 . cinid airi, Sg. 35b13 . cinith mút, 5b4 . cenid, Ml. 42b7 . 44c26 . cenid, Sg. 181b4 . 202a5 . 2 pl. cenutad, Wb. 4a10 . cenotad, 33b8 . cenuded, Thes. i 713.25 . (archaic, GOI 485 ). 3 pl. cetothóisegu, Wb. 18d14 . cetu chummascthai, Sg. 62a2 . ceto écintecha, 203b10 . ciato chomṡruithi, Críth G. 493 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ciabaderóil, Wb. 18a7 . 2 s. ciabaloingthech, Wb. 6c9 . ciafa firián, Ml. 36a32 . 3 s. cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth passim (see below). cinip, Wb. 11d15 . cinip . . . cenip , Ml. 59a23 . cenib, 24d22 . 3 pl. cit, Wb. 4d4 , 5 , 9a12 . 12a13 . Sg. 207b11 . cinbat, Wb. 4d6 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ce bad hé frisandénte, Wb. 9c24 . cenibed áainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . 3 pl. citis, cetis cited GOI 490 . Pret. 1 s. ciabsa .i. ge do bhí mé, O'Cl. 3 s. cepu, Wb. 2c25 . 4c35 . ciabu, Ml. 24c12 . cíabo cited GOI 491 . 3 pl. ciaptar, Ml. 98c5 . cebtar, Wb. 4a8 . céptar, Fél. Prol. 74 . cíaptar, Ep. 14 . Perf. 1 s. ciarpsa, Wb. 30a6 . 3 s. cíarbu, 13b8 . cíarbo, ibid. cinirbo, 24c22 .

Forms from later sources. Indic. pres. 1 s. gidh um, RSClára 55b . 2 s. cíasa, Trip.² 1282 . cidat, TFerbe 638 . 3 s. cesu, LU 3799 ( SCC 37 ). MacCarthy 400.6 . cīas, Sc.M² 22d . 1 pl. cíammin, BDD² 329 . 3 pl. gidat, Anecd. ii 24 § 14 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ge, ZCP viii 116.28 . gé mídhiongmhála mé, RSClára 39a . gé leor, TD 20. 13 v.l. (more correctly giodh as in text, IGT Introd. cited above). ceinip, IT iii 239.122 . cenip, MU² 905 . cér' maith dogné, MacCarthy 66.4 . ? cepsi derb `of a sooth', Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 16 . Impf. 3 s. (cíambad, cíamtis perh. from cía no bad, betis, IT i Wtb. s.v. 3 cia ; modelled on díambad, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 n.2 ): cíambad, MU² 140 . ciambad, Airne F. 89 . cemadh, CCath. 5415 . gid mad, TTebe 1011 . ? gembo, IT iii 94.12 . In later lang. freq. gémadh. 3 pl. ciamdis, Anecd. i 21.5 . cíamtis, LU 2285 ( FA 34 ). cenptís, Fing. R. 230 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ciarb, LL 22662 (CRR). cer gním, 28196 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 74.30 ). gér mhaith, TD 14.29 . gér ba, SG 168.z . gé gurb, Dánfhocail 64 . cérbat, LB 138a23 ( Todd Lect. vi 64 ). cersat, 4a5 ( PH 250 ).

I With follg. subjunctive.

(a) if, even if, in the case that, in the event that (often almost identical in meaning with má, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 ): ceimroimsimmis `if we should sin', Wb. 9c10 . batorad saithir dúnn . . . cedumelmis cechtuari et cedugnemmis andugniat ar céli, 10c21 . cia sulbiriger gl. si orem lingua, 12d10 . ceni-thaisid ar ois `unless ye go thus willingly', Ml. 33b15 . cenis-nícae `if Thou save them not', 88b7 . ci insamlar gl. si eos imitor, Sg. 1b1 . ceni et huaitsiu if I don't get (it) from you, Vita Br. 25 . trí toichnedai . . . cia be[i]th rí etc. (one is) the case in which a king is . . . , Críth G. 548 . cenis beith biad acht rusbeth deog, Vita Br. 23 . ceni therna if he should happen not to return, Irish Texts i 21 § 17 . cia dogne ín bean cinnta should the woman commit crimes, Laws iv 60.26 Comm. ni imdich cia beth cuit do indib `it shall not shelter him that he has a share in them', iv 202.2 . cia fo-certa míach . . . for a mullach if, BDD² 347 . sund cia no chráidem in Ríg / batin aithrig is tir thall, Ériu i 68.14 . ciathias ann, LB 126b33 . ro badh iongnadh . . . / gémadh . . , DDána 42.34 . cía . . . cía, ceni, cen co whether . . . or (not): cenonmolid cenon airid `whether ye praise us, whether ye blame us', Wb. 16a1 . ciatroillet ciniarillet `whether they deserve it, or deserve it not', 31c23 . gerbh āil gin corb áil leō whether they liked it or not, ACL iii 5.33 . cia fogabad cenco fagbad, LL 7328 .

(b) As explic. and final conj. that (but see Ériu xlii 53 ) (frequ. in clauses depending on words meaning good, fitting, permissible , etc. See ZCP xxix 181 . Somet. with perfective subj., GOI 343 , 562 ): is cett lem don aegaire / cía nobeth sund co sona that he should be here happily, BColm. 98.7 . bacoir cena-chomalnithe, Wb. 13a33 . cubaid . . . cé mad i lub-gort, PH 3020 . is dedbir duib ciforrgot `that they destroy', Thes. i 714.14 . badethbir do cinifesed . . . , 3.39 . is dual ┐ is duthaig duib ciadogneiti calma, BB 429b41 . isfo lium ciarafesid `that ye should know it', Wb. 14b20 . immaircide . . . cerubet ipéin ladiabul, 26a23 . cia dulogae doib a nuili torgabala on gl. licet indulgenter omnia contuleris semel electis, Ml. 138b7 . is licet cia nospromae, Ériu i 202.7 . ba loür . . . / . . . comrac frium / ceni lomardais tre barr / mo dá n-ó dim chiunn, Blathm. 94 § 17 . ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . nec mirum .i. ciasingbat árim déṡillabche compariti ┐ superlati, Sg. 44b3 . ní mebul lemm ciafadam `I am not ashamed that I suffer it', Wb. 29d27 . ní mór duib cia chomallaide aní . . . `that ye fulfil', Ml. 95c3 . ciat ngneitis niba romh `they should have recognized him immediately', Blathm. 391 . Note also: nísnain ciasberat níntánicc recht the fact of their saying . . . will not protect them, Wb. 1d1 . amal nandéni mascul dindí as auxilium cebeith genitor áarrad the fact of its being accompanied by g. does not make a. a masculine, Sg. 125a6 (alternatively: a. does not become masculine even though accompanied by g.).

(c) although, in spite of the fact that, even though ( GOI 561 ): bésu dagduine ciniestar cachtúari, Wb. 6b23 . ciachondesin farsúli `though I had asked for your eyes', 19d24 . cini eperthe frinn `even though it should not be said to us', 19a5 . cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud even without its being increased, Ml. 20a20 . ciarubé cenní diib nirubai cenaib huli, 20d4 . cechonístis nombetis archuit analoige `though they might be as regards analogy', Sg. 138a9 . canair son ce beith tuaslucud `it is sung, though there be a relaxation', Mon. Tall. 139.4 . cīa dofaetsad nem for talmain, BColm. 104.17 . ? céini rogalta in fēin `though thou hadst not promised', Fianaig. 12.18 . darbord cia bé `haughty though he was', MacCarthy 186.7 . ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin, ZCP viii 116.21 . gé bheith duine go díomhaoin, Dán Dé xxii 5 .

Very freq. with subj. pres. 3 s. of copula cid though (it be), granting that it is: ced nessa cenél neich alailiu, Ml. 115d7 . cid doib doarrchet, Wb. 5a16 (where cid is perh. used as indic., GOI 484 ). cidmebul lib, 3b30 . cith .m. namma scríbthar and, Sg. 28a15 . ceith dichrai a ndaithrigi `however fervent their penitence', Mon. Tall. 134.12 . cid dīthrub Temair, Thes. ii 317.7 (Hy. ii). cit (pl.) réidi reba, Trip.² 1278 . cenid mé in murgelt már, LU 3022 . gidh aoibhneas an domhan mín, Dán Dé xxiii 35 . ciodh glan mo chrábhadh, Keat. iii 1703 . Perh. also: cid etir in fact, indeed, LL 31730 (TTr.). cidh on in any case, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). Note also: gidhedh nogabdais / ō Bh. co B. though they should go from B. to B., ZCP viii 110 § 7 . ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte / a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though that is what I desire, Dán Dé xix 6 . ? cipithair mo mac inn nī romarbthar though my son come, ZCP xiii 178.19 (cf. cid bé s.v. 1 cía ?). With impf. gémadh naomh even though he be a saint, Dán Dé vii 29 . gemadh fili, Stair Erc. 1231 (even ? see infra).

cid . . . cid whether (it be) . . . or: cidcían cidgair, Wb. 3c5 . cid in imniud cid hisocumail beusa, Ml. 53b8 . cid bec cid mar, Sg. 2a7 . ceith mín cid anmín `slightly or strongly', Mon. Tall. 148.24 . cidh islip cidh uaislibh `whether they be plebeians or nobles', Laws iv 26.20 Comm. ainmne is umaldóit certae / cid maith, cid saich, cid bochtae `which set right good and evil and poverty', Ériu iii 104 § 38 . gidh sunn, cidh tall no mairmis, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . With gé: ge garid gé étgene / dit álaib fo chen, LU 10429 ( ZCP iii 258.9 ). With ellipse of second cid: cid cian gairit, IT i 118.13 (TE Eg.). gidh mór beag do bhéaradh sibh be your gift great or small, Dán Dé vi 21 .

Hence in adv. phr. (┐) cid ed however, nevertheless : ┐ cided ón nislán térnatar, LL 256b26 ( TFerbe 429 ). gided tarcid C., LL 11391 (TBC). cid edh, CCath. 3004 . is gidh eadh, DDána 91.12 . gidheadh ag nach bí éinní `yet hath nothing', Proverbs xiii 7 . ┐ gideth, ZCP vi 34.10 . cid ed, CRR 26.3 . ged ed, TTebe 2092 . In narrative: cērbh eadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 518 .

With subj. pres. 3 s. of copula in sense even (somet. as mere emphasising word). Twice with pl. ending in Wb.: bieit cit geinti hiressich, 4c40 . muscreitfet cithésidi, 5c2 . Apart from these exx. cid is used irrespective of number of follg. noun or pronoun (see GOI 562 ): corrici cíth besti béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . ba apstal cidmoysi `Moses too was an apostle', Wb. 32d14 . ní comalnatsom cid feissne recht `even they themselves fulfil not the Law', 20c22 . amal dundgniat indfilid linni cid insin `even as the poets with us do', Ml. 26b10 . cid na hualcha gl. superba (loquentes), 31c22 . cidnanguide gl. etiam supplicationum (similitudine), 32c18 . cid ostú a Dé `even Thou, O God', 43a18 . cid inna hí ata beca, 62b10 . iscuse cidedon gl. et id actenus, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). ceth anísiu `even this', Ériu ii 224.3 . ro thóraind gid tige in dúine sin, FDG² 30 .

Hence in isolated glosses on Lat. particles: cith gl. et, Wb. 22a5 (a prima manu). cid gl. et, Ml. 14a1 . gl. etiam, 24c2b ; Sg. 9a4 . gl. etsi, Ml. 23c4 . gl. iam, 15b2 . 48b14 . gl. quamlibet, 46c16 . gl. quamuís, 55c12 . gl. (iusti)que, 38d3 . gl. quidem, 14a15 . gl. quippe, 127a8a . gl. quoque, 101a13 . Sg. 16a2a , see Études Celt. xi 112 . gl. saltim, Ml. 86c7 . gl. uel, 99a1 .

With follg. prep. and noun: cid cossin nóin, Wb. 2a21 . ceith cenmathá integdais nucut `even besides yonder house', 33a4 . cid etir na cumcai, Ml. 18d24 . cid a techtugad tire, Laws iv 24.20 Comm. nī tibur-so in tinnscra sinee (leg. sin ?) cid ar Meidb Crūachan feissin, ZCP iv 39.9 = ní thibrind i tindscra cid Meidbi insin, TBFr. 185 . cid aire sin namá if only for that reason, Ériu ii 194 § 7 . cid īarna ētsecht `even after his death', BColm. 98.25 .

With adv. cid indemin `even assuredly', Wb. 9c18 . cid inbiucc, Sg. 39a25 . ceit co matain till morning, Mon. Tall. 152.6 .

With verb: cid átrebfea gl. et habitaturum, Ml. 36b14 . cid reminota .i. cid remínetarcnaigedar `that it even prenote', 18c12 . cithisse gl. et qui, Wb. 22a7 (a prima manu). Usually with clause introduced by conj.: cidamba cocuibsid, Ml. 32b21 . asber cid arind molatar inna nime fesin `he even tells the heavens themselves to praise Him', 145d4 . cidrisíu robǽ cland les, Wb. 29d23 . cid co tisad gáeth etorro ┐ talam even to the extent that, LU 8389 ( FB 26 ). is bec cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 . cid intan ná torsed F. chucu `even if Ph. should not return', Ériu iv 142.7 . níor fhás giodh acht cáora con not even (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.38 .

With follg. itir: génnti na rochretset cid itir at all, RC xii 426 § 13 . is fodāig na mnā cid etir roferfaider si (sic) fāilti frit `that you get a welcome at all', ZCP v 501.30 . fri re naenuaire cidh itir `even', Ériu 22.31 . acht másu ḟerr cid etir do ḟlaithseo, LL 278b49 .

In more generalized meaning of as to, as regards, as for : ceth Máolruoin nipo calad `as for M. he was not stiff', Mon. Tall. 135.24 . cid aidchi lúoin ma dorona `as to Sunday night, he is to do so if he can', 132.28 . ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe `both as to the bread and the "selann" of butter', 151.24 . is cid Nuadu Necht . . . / romarb Eterscél . . . / . . . is cid Fergus mac Róig, LL 6429 ff. cid cath Ailbe as for, LL 4127 ( RC xxiii 312 ). cid C. dana as regards, TFerbe 326 . In later lang. somet. very vaguely applied. Cf. atbath cidh araill dibh dfuacht, AFM iii 250.5 . ciodh iar ttriol `not long afterwards', 312.11 .

In later lang. somet. with supporting pron.: gidh é doighech na ndernann even the pang, IGT Decl. ex. 799 . cidh iad fiora F. tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042.x . ┐ gidh esidhe ni tearna uadh, v 1484.x . Meic Mh. fós—gidh iad ann, TD 4.15 (see note).

With subj. impf. of copula: gembad gar even for a short time, Metr. Dinds. iv 52. 133 .

II With indic. (see GOI 561 . As a rule concessive in this use, but cf. Wb. 16b9 cited below).

(a) With inf. pron. (on the form of 3 s. m. n. see GOI 269 ): cinid arillset, Wb. 4c39 . ciasidroilliset `though they have deserved it', Ml. 77a15 . ni indráigne dúib cininfil lib it is no detriment to you that we are not with you, Wb. 16b9 . cenis pendid `though they do no penance', Mon. Tall. 135.13 .

(b) Where the sense does not require an inf. pron. a particle -(i)d- is infixed, if necessary by means of no- (see GOI 269 , 324 -5). cerudglanta tribathis, Wb. 4a6 . ciarud chualatar ilbélre et cenuslabratar, 12d28 . cinidfil chairi linn, Ml. 30a2 . cenidfetarsa andliged nisin , 55d21 . ciaridberam a céill `although we express their sense', Sg. 26b2 . cenod filchotarsnataith etarru, 29b17 . cenodfil, 192b5 . quanquam .i. cinud, 17a3 . cenit fregart mac ind righ, Blathm. 96 § 24 . méti cénid chocerta, LU 8899 ( FB 68 ). Note also (with subj.): cinidaccastar `though he be not seen', Wb. 26a12 (see note).

Somet. without infix in O. Ir.: ciasbiursa deus etc., Wb. 2b18 . cerubaid fopheccad `though ye were', 3b19 . ciadurat som digail forassaru, Ml. 94c17 . ciabatar degtacrae les `though he had good arguments', Tur. 81 . So regularly in later sources: cení frecmairc coibsina `though he does not ask for confessions', Mon. Tall. 135.15 . cé dogénsam ainmne, ACL iii 295 § 22 . gé ro sgoilt cuirr a chroidhe, Dán Dé xx 29 . gé 'tú, TD 25.42 . gé a-tád, DDána 3.32 . ge ro baoi, AFM v 1734.13 .

danó, dano

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danó, dano or dil.ie/14616
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dā, dano, dana, daniu, daneu, dano, dono, dana, danau, dā, dā, dō, dano, dono, dona, dana, dāa, dōo, denu, doná, nú, dno, dna, d, do, no, dono, dano, dana, denu, dā, dno, no, dno, no, dā, No

sō: da-nō, Ir. Gosp. Thom. § 22 . shō: 'nō, DDána 175 § 29 . 'nó, LL ii 11121 (TBC) . See Ériu liii 139: of unknown origin in spite of Zeuss 1005, n. 3 . Perhaps da-no, da-nu, cf. co-nu, ACC 66 , nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 : dā .i. da nui insein; daniu, Cambr. (modelled on didiu? daniu: danu = didiu: didu); niu the dative of ní in Mil seems a late form and should not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Enchir. Aug. 85 a ( ZCP vii 485. 6 ) Lat. denuo is glossed by nuu. The oldest meaning of dano is that of denuo ` anew, again ' (e.g. Mon. Tall. 149. 26 ). All other meanings arose from this.

A OLD-IR. Usually written dā = dano or dana.

daniu, Cambr. 37 d .

daneu, Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .

dano in full, Wb. 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Ml. 43 a 22 .

dono in full, Wb. 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .

dana in full, Wb. 5 c 18 . Elsewhere always dā in Wb.

danau, Ml. 37 a 8 .

The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta had dā.

B MID.-IR. Usually written dā, as in Old-Ir., and dō.

dano in full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .

dono is the usual form in the Laws; always nó dono; (nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono); Death-tales of the Ulster heroes § 4 ; Lib. Flav. 16 a 1 . 2 .

dona in full RC xi 444. 1 .

dana in full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT i 127. 4 ), Eg. dana supported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .

dāa, RC xi 444. 1 f.b.

dōo, Laws i 8. 1 .

denu in full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.; dē, ib. 86 § 93 .

doná, AFM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ; TFrag. 8. 15 .

nú (: Lúachrú; no, v.l.), Three Historical Poems, 112 q.23Aa .

Syncopated forms:

dno in full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn; but dā, 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn, Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CCC § 2 LU (v.l. dā). TBC-LL¹ 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (: rempo). BB 109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ; 40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ; 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . ZCP iii 227. 21 (Harl.); 249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . ACL iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 . dā = dno supported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 . dō = dno supported by the metre, ACL iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.

dna in full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18), v.l. dā. ScM. § 19 Harl., v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TFrag. 148. 11 . AFM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .

d, TBC-LL¹ (LL) 2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). ZCP iii 249. 25 ; 251. 4 . Lib. Flav. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.); ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18 (l. 449) .

do, RC xii 104 § 149 .

no (short `o,' cf. below; nó, LL 90 a 3 = TBC-LL¹ 4318 ; cf. no rhyming with dó, BB 297 b 42 ; written l-, LL 55 b 27 = TBC-LL¹ 200 ): TBC-LL¹ (LL) 437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 , 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 , 4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 , 5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ), § 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 . LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a 19 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17 (? ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).

for `dni' AFM v 1552 read didiu ( dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).

Of the Old-Ir. forms dono arose from dano, as ocus from acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently as an enclitic, without accent: ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . cepu dono, 7 d 16 . ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48. 24 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).

The syncopated Mid.-Ir. forms dno, no retaining `o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate, as dano stressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.- Ir. dana. The Mid.-Ir. writing denu ( RC xii 72 § 44 , cf. dechum, debert) points in the same direction. Compare also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent falls on the ultimate:

Acall. 3852 : mairg dadhair don luing dana. nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.

The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the convenience of the metre. It appears in several poems ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries, e.g.

LL 144 a 9 : Almon rathuit artús dā (dno leg.) i nEtail ra Troiano.

(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early 12th century).

LL 8 a 39 : anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dno leg.) Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.

(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136; v.l. no, BB 46 a 19 ).

LL 34 b 31 : i ndáil fer talman sund dno [labrad] (cf. l. 43 ) lá is aidchi rempo.

(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).

Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib. Min. 40 st 3 :

fuilriud már guin dóine dno ocus plág for pecthacho.

in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from the middle of the 9th century, ACL iii 297 st 60 :

ní mandingentar dno dóibsium dál ndrong ndelech.

and ICM st 188 :

atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus atreab nálaind &c.

This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis; whence it follows that dno, though not occurring in any MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.— No was developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems impossible to fix the date of this development accurately. The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 , is no test, as no might be a late substitute for dno. The fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the 12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSS dā, dno, and no go hand in hand. The spoken form was dno, later no; but the traditional writing dā lingered on for centuries in the MSS. No is found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th century, when it became obsolete. The FM write doná, dana, dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204 ( AU ii 242. 2 ).

In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between dā, dno, dna, and no. The particle is never placed at the head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy almost any position within it. It follows stressed and unstressed words, and appears particularly often after emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding. The following is a synopsis of the most common positions of the particle:

(1) asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no muinter Fintain, LL 91 a 54 . bemmini dano, Wb. 9 c 10 . mathidsom dano, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . dogénsa no, CRR § 9 .

(2) abi mogasi dano, Wb. 27 c 17 . (is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 . bat roumal dano in fer sin, Mon. Tall. 159. 2 . is ferr dano lais, ní haurcuil dano lais MT.

(3) issí dano, Wb. 19 b 12 . issed dano, Mon. Tall. 136. 13 et pass. cipé no, TBC-LL¹ 200 .

(4) (a) uait no, CRR § 7 . dóib no, TBC-LL¹ 3239 . (b) is samlid dano, Wb. 21 b 2 . etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 . forthusom no LL 172 b 48 . uaimse no, TBC-LL¹ 4305 .

(5) is annsin dano tanccatar, BDD 151. 7 . intan dano, ib. § 162 . on uair dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 .

(6) a forbi tra dano, Mon. Tall. 128. 7 .

(7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative: nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73 a 11 . gabtha díberg dano la suide, BDD § 41 . Diarmait dano abb ĺa lais, Mon. Tall. 153. 17 . acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano, Mon. Tall. 129. 22 . gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no, LL 80 a 44 . bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no, TBC-LL¹ 3885 . dat. do díb lethaib no, LL 175 a 42 . da saigid no, TBC-LL¹ 4261 .

Dā, no (&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often = didiu, trá. In Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange between dā, dī, tra, and imorro is quite common; cf. Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 . dā, LL 316 b 28 = dī, BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common issed dī = issed dā, nó dī = nó dō.

I adv Also, further, in addition, besides, as well, too , as a further point or circumstance tending in the same direction. Often with 1 ocus, acus, íarum, íarom, íaram, iar tain, beus, olchena, opp. cétamus Mon. Tall. 136. 23 .

A In the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a subordinate clause expressing:

(a) comparison : amal gnís tra Críst in iustis...is samlid dā gniith demun in filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the Devil in f.d. Wb. 21 b 2 . amal as hiress ronóib Abracham nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified you ib. 19 b 12 . amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithemnacte bemmini dano, ib. 9 c 10 . amal durígni inna gnímu sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide, Ml. 50 d 10 . amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib. 2 d 2 . Cf. ib. 69 b 3 . amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 . amal nách forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 . Cf. also: amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb. 12 b 12 .

(b) condition : acht robæ quies et tranquilitas regibus bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb. 28 a 23 . dóecastar i mbí hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā if it be the same it is also one part (of speech), Sg. 188 a 6 . madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf. also Wb. 14 d 24 : intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative clause takes the place of a conditional one.

(c) time : o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb. 21 d 11 . ho imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it PCr. 64 a 1 .

(d) cause or reason : hore...adib cretmich infectsa cretmech dā for cland, Wb. 10 a 6 . huare techtas nerta is cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Ml. 85 a 4 .

(e) concession : v. V (a).

B In principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding clause, with or without `ocus'; also, again . Type: dorochair Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana, Aen. 18 .

(a) cop.: ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it is he also that is the ransom Wb. 2 b 9 . ished ón immurgu as fír et is fír dā esséirge omnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 . is oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc. mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib. 29 d 6 . ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is misiu ém dorat...is me dō rothairmisc, TE § 13 Eg. ropa cridiscél dam cédamus ...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐..., Mon. Tall. 136. 23 . ba hamnus muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and, RC xii 98. 17 ; cf. Ériu v 238. 5 . conid desin...is de dno hence also RC xii 106 § 162 . indligid don fechemain apad... indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 . isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais, &c. , ib. 28. 11 , 14 .

(b) subst. verb: cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,', Sg. 209 b 29 . bátar Ulaid oc ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag, IT i 67. l. 3 . atá...atá dā, RC xiii 458 § 56 . ar atát foruis...atá dō forus, Laws ii 128. 19 . dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa com thegluch no, TBC-LL¹ 437 . atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse. ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc, BDD § 48 .

(c) other verbs: ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind apostol, Cambr. 37d . rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg. 174 a 1 . Cf. ib. 73 a 12 (in hilur dā = is in h.d). rodelb iartin dluma in talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 . dorimchell (v.l. rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l. dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin BDD § 155 ; ib. § 95 . tarlaic...dosléicimse dā, IT i 101. 16 . sadais ind snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā, &c. , he thrusts again the needle into her hand Mon. Tall. 149. 26 . dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile ic Drochat Átha, AU ii 130. 8 ; cf. also 130. 6 . asbert... asbert dā, RC xi 450. 130 . dogníth side na harma...dogníth dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn, RC xii 92. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 . ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 . focres forrai dno dus &c....focres forra d dus..., ib. 72 § 44 . dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐ torchratar no muinter F., LL 91 a 54 . issed atberat som ...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 . is amlaid tánic som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no, TBC-LL¹ 2826 . atbert cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig no bar lííc, ib. 2914 . táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho, ib. 2948 . rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no, &c. , ib. 3239 . Cf. also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 . atraacht C....atraacht trian slóig Ulad laisium no, CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad... daronait dā). adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are fallen Acall. 3174 . Cf. ib. 3399 (dō). roíarfacht didiu di araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen. 1519 . dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 . gaeth mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit crann i nDoire C. C., AFM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).

C In principal clauses introducing a new predicate with or without `ocus.'

(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects being the same: robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Ml. 47 a 17 . dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 . rochúm [Día] in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc. in talam)...rodelb dō iartin dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 . in mét dona fuil ó thalmain coruice suide (sc. in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 . rofiarfaig iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair... imcomaircidh dno den deogbori..., RC xii 82. 1 . Amenicán imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, ACL iii 2. 3 .

(b) dā introducing a new subject and a new verb. The sense of dā becomes more emphatic, the statement being strongly marked as additional to what has been said before: further, besides, moreover . cum manu sapere plena fuerit .i. no rapere fit in aliis libris ┐ is manus dā bís indib, Ml. 36 b 2 . inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 . dagnítis dā int Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg. 28 a 10 . sed etiam in accentibus, gl. biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75 a 7 . is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae már foroib dā (dno LU) CCC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 . ní déntar ceth crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e. Maelruain) dā and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . canir dā biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e. Maelrúain) aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 . is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it better, moreover ib. 161. 29 . is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ; similarly: is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 . ni haurch. d.l. 143. 18 ; 161. 26 ; cf. also the common phrases issed dā is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134. 11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ; 161. 13 .— fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri oclaig naile, RC xi 4461. 50 . birt roth leis ond óclaich... dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 . ar ba fáith si dā she was also a prophetess ib. 4481. 81 . inor aodhar imbe ised dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ; cf. 72. 19 . ronaisceatar fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 . ┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and moreover the same man said BDD p. 152 . dorónsat baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R. do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 . dorala dō olc ele and moreover, another evil happened, ib. 484 . loisccthear Slicceach leo. romarbad dana mac Corbmaic, AFM iii 362. 9 . tucsat ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo, AU ii 164. 7 ; 130. 8 .

D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini, quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too, are servants Wb. 27 c 17 . cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 . si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl. bid corp són dā that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 , cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 . duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech ( 77 d 3 )... duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to that too Ml. 77 d 4 . uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum' (solebant proferre), gl. robói són dā leo this, too, they had Sg. 75 b 4 . ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC-LL¹ 4305 , 4318 (nó). corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that I too may LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ). dober comermitin féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Ml. 127 d 10 - 11 . cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb. 24 a 37 . Conchobar dā (v.l. dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l. dō) leo, CCC § 1 . birt macc. laír dā (v.l. dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire, ib. § 3 . in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā do pennait that his wife also should do penance Mon. Tall. 163. 18 . Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 . atá i rriagailib ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ; 138. 36 ; 151. 6 . gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans, too, are a multitude hostile to me Aen. 458 . —In phrases like the following: isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ de Nuadaid, RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered by same. bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b. is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192. 10 . sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 . isin bliadain sin dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 . is annsin dā tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb. 6 b 25 : omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl. aratá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus. ishé side dā as éola and, where dā seems to emphasise the reference to Deus.

E Often in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry). cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi dono, Laws i 242. 12 . lethchumul dno ó fethemuin... lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno..., ib. i 220. 8 - 16 . impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo for Uib Bresail, AU ii 146. 17 . crech la Nial...crech eile dō, ib. i 582. 13 . maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne. maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 . sloghadh la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186. 21 . ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus dā frimsa dadaich, &c. , RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 . Cf. the 12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .

F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ. `auch nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmaldachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb. 5 d 23 . ar ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol apud mulierem, 9 d 18 . nihil enim intulimus in hunc mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i. ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 . et uos, domini, eadem facite illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ; cf. 3 a 14 , 9 d 5 . amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Ml. 69 b 3 . ní díltai dā (sc. Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg. 201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . Mon. Tall. 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ; 143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .

G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno ( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i 112. 1 ), nó no ( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasised nó, often interchanging with simple `nó.' or, or else . Synon. nó didiu, Fél. 2. 13 . PH 7082 . nach dú immurgu inimfogni fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with the ablative or dative Ml. 27 c 10 . nó dō (v.l. nó itá i.e. ita), ACL iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to introduce a new and different opinion. dogabar eneclann do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána ┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5 f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7 f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ; ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. — Aedh Uaridnach .i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara tigdís dó, Cóir Anm. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 . 5654 (dō).

H ocus dano and moreover: rupu accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb. 33 a 11 . ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws i 56. 8 f.b. ┐ dano or si, LU 9052 . aile dano: ainm naild dō din tibroid sin Loch Luibe, RC xii 96 § 126 . Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile do no, TBC-LL¹ 2835 .

I amlaid dano thus, thus also : is samlid dā, Wb. 12 c 46 . pronomen hi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói `modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg. 203 b 5 . is amlaid dō doroimsi in ferta, ACL iii 30 § 83 . sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ; ii 244. 14 .

Jin secondary clauses: is torbach du popul flaith firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Ml. 90 b 11 . adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a coibsen, Mon. Tall. 135. 19 . curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 , &c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .

II Therefore, then, accordingly, itaque, et ita, igitur — both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion from what has been said before. By the Irish themselves translated by ergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus igitur, sic igitur, no ita ( ACL iii 293. 16 ) = loc dā, amlaid dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.—

(a) si autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl. ní bo líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable Wb. 4 a 12 . is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused to do good ib. 5 c 18 . similiter et uir sui corporis non habet potestatem sed mulier, gl. nách móided dā in fer infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 . do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp, &c., be ye not imperfect, then, lest, 12 d 26 . ní derlaichta a pecdæ doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx. from Wb.: 9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 . —interrogemus igitur: imchomarcam dā, Ml. 18 a 1 .— vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum' solebant proferre, gl. daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in its genitive Sg. 75 b 3 . Setum pro Zethum, gl. biid dā sethvs pro z. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 . derbaid cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then, certifies the gender in them, 197 b 5 . Cf. further 38 b 8 .— ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l. dna) limsa, RC xiii 377. 8 .

(b) in a weakened sense utpote, nempe, nimirum; videlicet; namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explanation or conclusion, like German `nämlich.' non enim per legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl. .i. dorairngred dā rombad oirdnide a chland ut `in semine tuo rl.' ( Gen. xxii 18 ) it had been foretold, then, that his children would be distinguished Wb. 2 c 12 . ut et ipsi misericordiam consequantur, gl. bid misericordia dano dodaessarsom nípa meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will save them when they shall believe: it will not be m. ib. 5 c 12 . Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem .i. is per gratiam cotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds you then, 8 c 16 . Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les dano indaingil, 32 c 2 . dico...quod idolum sit aliquid? .i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 . Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary clause: arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 . 27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .

Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. : in uime rocuiris tech andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26. 3 : ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Conchobar let him come then.

III Very common in progressive description or narrative, indicating temporal and logical sequence: then, accordingly, so, upon which, thereupon, now . This usage arose from I, the original sense ` further, again ' being still perceptible.

(a) type: perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā `go to Columba' (said Satan). So he went Mon. Tall. 154. 17 . ercc co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā, ib. 154. 9 . fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil `it would be well for you to take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept, Laws i 72. 22 . telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā issin tech, BDD p. 155. 9 . rotficbam co port i mbia innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l. téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg. raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi, TBC-LL¹ 2839 ( LL 79 b 30 ). raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 . asmbert Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai RC xi 444 l. 34 . asbert fris búi glend már ara chind. oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin , ib. 446 l. 60 . Cf. also: rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh... dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na slógh, AFM v 1552. 1 f.b.

(b) indicating progression in general. dothaet Conaire do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais, BDD § 143 . bátar trí ríg ...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar then he was seen ib. § 14 . dolluid (sc. Derbforgaill) anair irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan. amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 . dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG. umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 . dorragab som iarum ind praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna Mon. Tall. 149. 24 , 29 . rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time Thes. ii 335. 33 . scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain FB § 11 . ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar, RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444. 1 . TBC-LL¹ 2298 . dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman. dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fut Connacht dia thig whereupon D. went home AU ii 90.23 . táinic Murchad cu nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for Gallaib, AU i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .

(c) introducing a new event or indicating transition to an entirely new subject: now, now as to, as for . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are, &c., Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b . ba cara do Patraic hé (sc. Dubthach) ...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P. once went to that D.'s house Thes. ii 307. 9 . nó is Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus uero Diarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to Brigit ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 . intan dā robói Macc Cecht fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield BDD § 162 (the preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib. § 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 . cid Tuath Dei Dononn d derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they lost many men in the battle ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ; 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ; 102. 11 . isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the earth Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph). dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if the defendant, &c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of an entirely new passage: mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a man's hand, 142. 14 . intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non manducat, &c. , as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer, he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following), 146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very common is the following type: teclaim ubald dā dia domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them ib. 145. 17 . gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a servant, 142. 1 . aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as to invalids, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 . Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae as for M. M. BDD § 42 . filedha dana robátar isin indsi si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice who passed false judgment Laws i 24. 28 . in file dō cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime, ib. 58. 17 ; cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ; v 368. 9 .—Cf. also: araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease Mon. Tall. 155. 5 . slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i Craib telcha i llongport, AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the common phrase loc dā as to the place (of the hymn), it was: loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish themselves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .

IV In commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeating the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn. tra, didiu ( Cóir Anm. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ). ┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.: Raith Guthaird dō is airi atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 . senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 . Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél. p. 172. 31 . Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile mór, &c. , ib. 258. 15 . Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na athair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 1 . Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks: Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes. ii 307. 2 . Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318 b 34 .

V However ,

(a) in concluding sentences after a preceding concessive secondary clause. Syn. camaiph. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in céin naili dā (one dā is superfluous, but both positions are allowed) he shall, however, be delivered the other time Ml. 68 d 14 . ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the title, it is suitable, however, to E. ib. 72 d 9 . With camaiph: ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi `altera utra,' Sg. 75 b 2 .

(b) however, but ; the addition introduced by dā is opposed to what precedes: intan conucbad in nél nobíth immun aírc migrabant filii Israhel hisuidiu. intan dā nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when, however, that cloud used to rest Ml. 83 a 4 . aimrit imorro Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was prolific Fél. p. 172 § 31 . co fil in firmamint na trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the angels Laws i 30. 2 . benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir ...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however, was fleeing forth, BDD § 157 . issed as cóir...arnáchad-fercaigthersu (sc. frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā if, however, you are angry with your servant Mon. Tall. 142. 9 . mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 . bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this, however, did not please his son RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came up with them AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly ib. 192. 17 . Same usage AFM iii 40. 6 ; táinic Iohn...do orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave battle to him; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b. (dna); 118. 1 (dna).

VI In a weakened sense with interrogatives. ut quid autem...pro impis mortus est, gl. ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis? gl. cepu dono adrad dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 . omnia enim uestra sunt, gl. ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib. 8 d 15 . cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 . ní fritsa oI sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg. ut est `ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 , cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive cia, cid (like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch erfolge'): cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad, BDD § 38 . cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin, TBC-LL¹ 200 . acht ciat-beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 . gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .

VII Various usages.

(a) rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb. 29 d 3 . ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin, RC xii 70. 14 .

(b) even ? tamquam famulus, gl. rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even (also) a humble position, Wb. 33 a 5 .

(c) aṅgo dā is deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil, BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice), § 102 h ; angó dā, § 105 .

(d) intan imorro rofuidi Feinius a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no further examples of this usage.

fáilid, faílid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáilid, faílid or dil.ie/21104

Forms: faelid, fáelid, foelid, faoilidh, foilid, -ā-, failid, failti, fáilti, failti, failtiu, failti[u], failid

adj i The ái of the Glosses could stand for either form. The diphthong is common in Mid. Ir. and occurs in the St. Paul codex: faelid, Thes. ii 293.25 . SR 5892 (: roemid). fáelid, LU 8750 . foelid, LB 5b53 . faoilidh (: -Ghaoidhil), TD 1.56 . foilid , Aisl. Tond. 1.2 . For the -ā- cf. lánḟalid, Sg. 42a7 . In Mid. Ir. verse: failid (: álid: rádhidh), Gorm. July 31 . fálid (: árim), LL 129 marg. inf. Glad, cheerful, joyful: failid (gl. laetabundam) Ml. 71d3 . 75a5 . n p. osni failti (gl. laeti) 131b10 . ammi fáilti (gl. gaudentes) Wb. 16a6 . As subst.: n p. inna failti (gl. laeta) Ml. 118a9 . compar. failtiu (gl. laetiorem) 47b17 . failti[u] (gl. laetiore) 126b9 . failid ... saluus latine Corm. Y 627 . falith ... saluus .i. failith cech slán, O'Mulc. 487 . faeilidh gach slan, BB 63b1 (= fáilid, Tec. Corm. 13.16 ). fáoilidh .i. lúthghaireach, O'Cl. nírb áelid dóib it was not pleasant for them LU 4441 . In subjective sense, usually as pred. with copula: huare as failith in menmae isin matin, Ml. 21c3 . in tan mberes claind is failid iarsin, 129c8 . is uilliu a somailse isind aimsir i mbi failid nech, 86d11 . fáilti si ye are joyful Wb. 24c13 . nírbu lánfalid, Sg. 42a7 . am faelid, Thes. ii 293.25 . bid faílid (v.l. faeilid) iar ríchtu, Fél. Aug. 4 . it fáilti iar coscur, Prol. 64 . an tíi conessa a pecthae ... bid failid side la Dia for nim, ZCP iii 27.17 . bátar failte LU 8218 ( FB 16 ). batir faelti meisc fir Ulad, LU 10585 ( CCC 3 ). is ann tanic S. hos é fáilid, PH 3789 . it failte na cossa inna roguth cen gluasacht, LL 282a42 . failti na beoil fria blassacht ib. 45 (= GJ iv 216 ). atá ní nad failid and .i. ar n-estecht ib. LL 45 . As complement of pred with do-gní: cid dotgni failid what makes thee glad? Anecd. i 8 y . sursan rig dorigni failid happy the king whom it made rejoice Cog. 32y = rí dia ndearna faoilidh, AFM 866 . With DE of cause: fálid din garg[g]ním, MacCarthy 212y ( LL 129 marg.). bat failid uile de sin, RC xliii 24.19 . intí is láind ┐ is failid don fhailte spirutalta, PH 5830 . ba faoiligh siomh dia rochtain i ttir ..., AFM vi 2292x . With IMM of cause: batar faoilidh [sic leg.] im rochtain E., Leb. Gab.(i) i 10.30 . is f.¤ FRI, RÉ N- rejoices at; makes welcome: frimm anmain rop fáilid (faeilid v.l.) Samthann, Fél. Dec. 19 . ba failidh fri hoígedu bid guests welcome Ériu ii 172 . as fáilidh an senoir fribh, BNnÉ 18.19 . ua foilid a feichemh riamh, Aisl. Tond. 93.13 . nirb ailig lucht an tiri rompo, Anecd. i 21 . ba faoilid a cumpánach roime, Aisl. Tond. 120.11 . faoilidh ród ... atáid fionnGhaoidhil, TD 1.56 .

Less frequently as attrib.: for slog faelid Filistín, SR 5892 . in choland fhailid = caro laeta PH 4946 . don ḟlaith ḟaoilidh ` kindly ' TD 31.4 . pleasing, welcome, agreeable ; is f.¤ LIMM: I am glad of, have pleasure in: ni bu fáelid leis a menma he was not happy in mind LU 8749 ( FB 56 ). ba fáilid lais fegad in choimded, PH 1249 . robo fáilid re (la v.l.) cách a riachtain everyone was glad of his coming Ériu iv 128.13 . ba failid la Cormac in nisin , RC xliii 24.12 . bidh failid rat naimdib sin, PH 1203 .

Adv. co failid (gl. l[a]etus) Gild. Lor. 267 . co faelid PH 408 .

1 imm, imb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 imm, imb or dil.ie/27635
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imm, im, im, im, himm, imm, um, am, ma, mo, uime, um, fa, imm, imma, im, im, um, im, immin, immin, immun, immon, imon, amun, 'mun, 'man, 'mon, imma n-, imma, imma, imman, imna, immum, imam, imum, imumm, umam, umum, ummumm, immut, imut, umat, umaitsiu, iomut, umad, 'mud, immbi, imbi, immi, imbe, immbe, imme, ime, uime, uimme, imi, uime, impe, impi, immpe, uimpe, uimpi, impea, immunn, immund, immaind, imaind, iomuin-ne, immib, imuib, umaibh, impu, immpu, umpu, umpa, iompa, impaib, imum, 'mam, im du, im do, immut, imod, 'mat, imma, imma, immo, ima, uma, má, immo, immó, immua n-, imm

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing the acc. Forms: imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . im anad, 27d19 . im Dia, 4c24 . im hirusalem, Ml. 72d8 . im chrechtu (sic leg.), 144c5 . himm chenn, Sg. 54a11 . imm ṡalond, IT i 43 § 13. um, Laws iv 226.13 , Ériu i 91.10 , PH 3855 , TSh. 2502 , etc. am, RC xviii 184.1 . ma, Ériu iv 174 § 4. mo, Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . uime, um fhear a chíall ┐ bha fhear ┐ ma fhear a chíall, IGT Introd. 19.2 . fa, TTebe 2767 .

In late O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. imm sometimes governs dat. in pl.: imma rusccuib, IT i 120.9 . im slessaib, SR 3742. im ailib, TBC-LL¹ 1544. um a setaib, Laws iv 226.13 . im chorpaib, PH 7022.

With art.: sg. m and f. immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . immin cathraich, Ml. 48d14 . immun aírc, 83a4 . immon coin, Sc.M² § 21 j . imon imdai, BDD² 1108. amun feis, Sc.M² § 23.8 . With elision 'mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. 'man am, ML² 94. 'mon airdrig, TTebe 3912 . n. imma n-: imma nisin , Ml. 56b31 . imma ndelg, Thes. ii 248.7 . imman tech, MU² 871. pl. imna téta, TBFr. 104.

With pron. suff.: sg. 1 immum, Sc.M² § 10. imam, ib. § 13 R . imum, PH 8161. imumm, 8163 . umam, 1800 . umum, 8160 . ummumm, 6159 . sg. 2 immut, Ml. 118c12 . PH 5047. imut, 8184 . umat, 453 . umaitsiu, TTebe 1064 . iomut, DDána 68 § 33. umad, 97 § 34 . With elision: 'mud, 64 § 1 . sg. 3 m. and n. immbi, Wb. 13d22 . imbi, Sc.M² § 3. immi, § 17 . imbe, MU² 705. immbe, PH 873. imme, MU² 716. ime, PH 3301. uime, 2753 . uimme, 509 . imi, TTebe. 1865. uime, IGT Introd. 19.2 . f. impe, Sc.M² § 5 , TBFr. 82. impi, BDD² 539. immpe, PH 7238. uimpe, 8159 . uimpi, Stair Erc. 2076. impea, 1333 . pl. 1 immunn, Wb. 15c13 . immund, TBFr. 188. immaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752. imaind, PH 7945. iomuin-ne, DDána 39 § 21. pl. 2 immib, Wb. 27b16 . imuib, PH 7855. umaibh, TSh. 6949. pl. 3 impu, Ml. 62b13 . immpu, BDD² 681. umpu, 461 . umpa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1778. iompa, TSh. 6958. With dat.: impaib, MU² 774. TBC-LL¹ 938.

With poss.: sg. 1 imum chend, PH 1871. 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . sg. 2 im du chenn, Thes. ii 249.1 . im do tegdais, PH 4525. immut taeb, imod thoeb, TBC-LL¹ 4073. 'mat fortacht, TTebe 3757 . sg. 3 imma chomalnad, Wb. 30b4 , imma thír, Ml. 62b9 . immo chend, BDD² 1455. ima chend, ib. 840 . uma chend, TTebe 971 . With elision : má chossa, LU 8520 (FB). pl. 1 immo ar sáorad, Mon. Tall. 127.9 . pl. 2 immó bar mbeolu, RC ix 484.17 . pl. 3 immua n-: immelotar immuan eclis `they circumambulated their church,' Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). ba cendaib, PH 393.

With rel. pron.: imma n-, immo n-, immua n-: nech ... immandaister (gl. mentis incompotem), Ml. 50d2 . immuambiat, 18b4 . én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv ). imma rrabatar, MU² 861. With elision: aní má tudchatar, LU 9011 (FB).

For Mid. Ir. forms fa, ba=imm see under fo (prep.).

I Of place.

(a) around, about: immib di cach leith `around you on every side,' Wb. 17b19 . condarlicthe tech ... immunn di nim `that a house be let down around us from heaven,' 15c13 . bite im chrechtu (sic leg.) `which are wont to be about wounds,' 144c5 . buithe im hirusalem du assaraib, 72d8 . ara teget immin cathraich, 48d14 . in nél nobith immunaírc, 83a4 . fuslegar de imma ndelg immecúairt `it is smeared all round the thorn,' Thes. ii 248.7 . canir anisiu ... imdu chenn `this is sung about thy head,' 249.1 . (tech) udnocht coíl imbi, Críth G. 102. dodat láim immom bragit, IT i 125.6 . da malaigh ... imma rusccuib `two eyebrows about her eyes,' 120.9 . Ulaid im gnúis Conchobair, 81.10 . ro lásat tri imrothu imma chend, LU 8600 (FB). do ratad ... damdabach dona boccótib immi im(m)a c(h)ūairt an enclosing shelter of shields was put about him all round, Sc.M² § 17. niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, § 5. (imdae) dá aurainech ... impe, TBFr. 82. tucait a trí timchúardda imman tech, MU² 871. in tech íarnaide imma rrabatar in dá thech cláraid, 861 . Benna Iuchna | imma ndessid ilar fert, Hail Brigit § 19. coro lám cor imón slúag, LU 3781 ( SCC 35 ). día mbé nech occá sirḟegad imme anair ocus aníar, 2028 . do-gní íarum foebarchles don chloidem immo chend, BDD² 1455. suidig na slúagu 'na sreith | bii impu do cach oen leith, SR 5014. tuc a da rigid mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. talam ísaind ┐ muir immaind, 4752 . uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmennaib, 938 . gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine, PH 7022. Egeptacda ... filet imon cathraig im Chirinen `circa Cyrenen,' 5384 . do denum na mur imna cethrai, 1034 . atá comrar chloche imbi and hi talmain, Imr. Brain 48.13 . cor íadsattar ... | 'mon ríg ocus 'mon rīgain `till they closed about the king and queen,' BColm. 88.23 . frisna tūatha imdatāat with the tribes around which they are, ZCP viii 315.10 . in fearann uma ndentar in t-aile, Laws iv 70.23 Comm. ro hadnaiced na geill im ḟert Ḟiachra, RC xxiv 184.18 . cuirfed-sa coimghi c[h]onaire umat, ML² 460. roibhadur an dá c[h]omdáil sin leath ar leith 'mun all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 169. na coroni ... atat 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . ro thaoscc an muir bleidhmiola mó a fearonn, Leb. Gab.(i) 66 n 8 . do córaigsium a marcsluagh imma Cunga siar, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 3. fuair Conchubhar ┐ Cúchulainn go gcomhdháil umpa, Keat. ii 3528. do ling ... soighnéan do ghaoith ... um an dteagh, TSh. 2502. Peadar umam i ngach aird `may Peter defend me,' DDána 38 § 32. a throigh im thairnge bhfuar | ... | dearna an Choimdheadh im chló ngéar, Dán Dé xxvi 6.

In a special sense, of the meeting of lines of descent in a person: ní ḟuil do thaobh Chuirc nó Chuinn | umad, a Aodh Í Dhomhnuill | fuil ríogh lér dhligheabhair dol `there is no noble connection whom thou owest to resemble,' TD 3 § 54. atáid uime ... ocht nglúine déug uaisle fithcheid ... ó Aodh go Niall Naoighiallach, TD ii 208 y . Turcuill, Íomhair, agus Amhláoimh | iomad, a laoich Locha Riach `belonging to your family,' SGS iv 66 § 28. da nairfinn an ttainig uime dúaslibh Ghaoidheal `were I to ennumerate all those connected with him of the nobles of the Gael,' Rel. Celt. ii 208.27 . do b'airrdheana dísle dhí | ón dá thaobh táinig uimpe, DDána 7 § 37. ríoghradh Éireann | umut ... | go Conn na gcuan | is an drong uadh go hÉireamhón, 114 § 27. In follg. exx. the sense has been transferred to the presence of the blood of one ancestor in a person: Duach mhac Briain do bheith umad, Aithd. D. 41 § 25. ní fhuil d'urradh ná d'airdrígh | d' fhine Chuinn dá gcuir leis-sean | gan tuinn dá fhuil uimei-sean, DDána 82 § 38.

(b) Of clothes considered as encircling the body, around, about, on: criss fírinne immib, Wb. 22d16 . snáthe nobíth himm chenn na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 . co n-étaigib ... impaib, MU² 774. do-bertatar étach ríg dó imbi, BDD² 158. cassla derga ... impu co lár, LU 2199. arit odor immi, 8520 (FB). asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90. bec in n-étach-sin immpu, PH 8195. do-chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach umam, 7457 . a lamanda ... ima lamaib, TTebe 2504 . cionnas tháinic tusa asteach ann so gan édach bainnse umad, Matthew xxii 12. éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa, TSh. 6958. With gaibid puts on: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . gebid Cú Chulainn a threlam gaiscid immi, MU² 52. gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 352. gab etach ... umat, PH 453. do gab a dhā lāmhaind ... im a lāmhuibh, 1475 . Fig. gabhaidh nua-dhuine umaibh, TSh. 6949. ? To this: ecmaing nís ragbusa immum it happened that I had not taken it (i.e. a ring) about me, TBFr. 335.

(c) more definitely, at, by, along: conaccatar Coinculainn immon corthe `they saw Cú Chulainn at the pillar-stone,' RC iii 182.y . do thuit ma dhoras an gharrdha, Rel. Celt. ii 188.12 . mórchoínd[e] la Toirrdelbach ┐ la Tigernan im Sinaind `a great meeting held by T. and T. at the Shannon,' RC xviii 169.19 . docum na léna boi im bord na habund, RC vi 176.61 . trí meic Tuireann ... | tuitsead im Chnuc mac Miodhchaoin, DDána 64 § 27. a chnuic thoir re taoibh Ealla | ... | giodh 'mud bhruach do hoileadh inn, 64 § 1.

(d) along with, including: coiri cona lánlestrai thige airech im dabaig including a vat, Críth G. 339. humalestrai im chaire, 405 . ro gadatar na huili dúile aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi imna dá apstal déac, Trip.² 1368. corothroiscset maithe fer nErenn im mac nÓida Sláne ┐ im Fechine Fabair ... ┐ im sochaide archena so that the nobles of the men of Ireland including the son of Aed Slane, etc. fasted, Thes. ii 298.13 . ō thucus-[s]a trī laíchcenn ūait im chenn do chétmeic, Sc.M² § 12. dobretha Findabair ┐ cóeca ingen impi hi tech Con Culaind, LU 8837 (FB). Illand im[ma thūaith `with his tribe,' Hail Brigit § 22. co tísat im gaire | im Maire is im Michéol `together with Mary and Michael,' Ériu i 226 § 4. sē dēsa do imforcra | imum-sa fadēin `six pairs besides myself,' 39 § 7 . secht mna decc ruccus im Ceassair `including C.' (the context shows that there were sixteen others besides C.), Leb. Gab.(i) 12.18 . ro triall sechnóin Eireann ... ┐ a bheirt espoc uime `and his two bishops with him,' 86.25 . cella locha Eirne n-uile im chluain Eoais ┐ Daiminis, AU i 338.18 . secht righ Cruithne im Aed m-brec `including Aedh Brec,' 58.9 . aca innisi dho a mhēt do righuibh doghab righi Mhuman uime `in addition to him,' Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . is dá loch um loch nEachach ` besides ,' Content. iv § 30 . aitchim an dá dheagh-fháidh dhéag ... im Aindrias im Eóin nglan-ógh including, Dán Dé xxv 50 - 51 .

(e) After vbs. of motion, to, into, through, throughout (cf. fo): tangamur man caillidh-so `we came to this wood,' ZCP vi 65.14 . docuadhus man coillidh cetna gut' iaraid, 66.22 . dollotar na slúaig ... im ailib ┐ im airtraigib críchi Conaille, TBC-LL¹ 1544. docuadar in .l. ele as dibh man caillidh `the other fifty fled away throughout the wood,' Stair Erc. 2350.

(f) Of impact, collision (more usually fri), against, on: dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.2 co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all combo marb de, LU 8934 (FB). atraig súas īarsin contarlaic imma scín co m-búi triana druim suas, RC xiii 391.8 . commad im claideb dodoléced con n-abbad, RC xvi 414.27 . tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027. do léig Tómas an buille sin um lár agas um lántalamh, PCT 561.

II Of time. Of the approximate time of an occurrence, at, about: atconnarc ... aislingi immón samain innuraid `at Samuin last year,' LU 3331 (SC). macc Murchada ... do écc im ḟēil catrach fīona `on the feast of Catherine', ZCP viii 111.7 . cath iter Delbna ┐ Uu Maine im ḟéil Ciarain, RC xvii 377.21 . ní do denam dó im teirt `he has to do some duty at tierce,' Mon. Tall. 145.9 . cantir salm aurnaigti ... im espartan, 131.9 . im iarmergi indnocht `at nocturns to-night,' BColm. 68.14 . iomdha um nóin seabhac is sodh, Aithd. D. 5 § 13. um thráth nóna, TSh. 3800. im an uair sin, Études Celt. i 85.28 . budh lór d'adhḟuath mun n-amsa, TD 4 § 32.

III In abstract sense, concerning, as regards, in the matter of, on account of, for the sake of: immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . im dethidnea saeculi , 16b11 . im cech rét runecat les `in respect of everything that they need,' Ml. 57b4 . aní imradam-ni impu som di ulc `what evil we are meditating concerning them,' 93a5 . robói dosom imma thír `that he had for his land' (gl. magnitudinem desiderii), 62b9 . luid Sechnall iar tain du chuúrsagad Pátricc im charpat boie lais, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm). (mucc) tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe so that the slaughter of the men of Ireland would come about on account of it, Sc.M² § 5. Derdriu a hainm ocus biaid olc impe, IT i 69.24 . nach airm inda tochrathar im imṡéna `wherever they happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence,' Críth G. 418. dul tria aitiri im ní dichuat fuiri `violating his suretyship in regard to a matter for which he is surety,' 306 . as í sin maigin digona in boaire um a setaib `this is the inviolable precinct of the boaire chief respecting his seds,' 226.13 . Aimirgen ... ruc in chétbreith im Themair, Ériu iv 136.20 . mād imdherccad dagmnā im drūis no im sēna a clainne, Cáin Ad. § 51. is í dias as dech fil i nÉrinn im les a tigerna `about attending to the needs of their lord,' BDD² 1220. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb ... co torchair a ētach ṅde ┐ nī forbai imo chnes did not wound him as to his skin, TBC-I¹ 1203. nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi `not to indulge them with a change of diet,' Mon. Tall. 152.25 . do demniugud a n-irse imon esergi, PH 6686. ticfat aidhedha uaisle sunn aníu ┐ frithailid iat im biadh ┐ im fotraccadh, BNnÉ 18 § 36. ro croch tríchait im óenboin, ACL iii 304 § 3. is faillítheach bhíd na daoine ... um fhóirithin ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5021. iongnadh eagla ar an anmain | ma dhul as an ndrochadhbhaidh, Aithd. D. 80 § 40. is ar tí cumainn chairte | do bhí umainn adhlaicthe `He lay buried for our sake,' Dán Dé xxi 24. bac ar ghriangha um theachta as-teagh `a barrier to keep out the sunlight,' Studies 1920, 262 § 9 . do bhí an fhearthain iomuin-ne for our sake, DDána 39 § 21. do airg teagduis apstolicda San Sem ... uma leabhraibh `plundered of its books,' ITS xix 112.19 .

With the idea of purpose, with a view to: altram Néill im chomga cnes `the fostering of Niall to save his life,' Ériu iv 94.8 . fermaidni nemeli fri rig nime ... immo ar sáorad `we pour forth lamentation ... to gain our deliverance,' Mon. Tall. 127.9 . ar chaínbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi `as regards the fair arrangement of the feast,' MU² 211. ro coraidhid iarum ... cách ... im chosdud na fledhi `to celebrate the feast,' Ériu v 234.36 . ordughadh an ríogh leis um ginleirecht na harmaraile do bheth aige, Rel. Celt. ii 178.17 . an t-augdarrāss ro buī aigi ... um thoigheacht, Fl. Earls 258.16 .

In rel. construction with vb. about which, on account of which, concerning which: atfíadat ... do Úath aní má tudchatar día saigthin, LU 9011 (FB). cia fāth maradgoired isin pupullsa?, TBC-I¹ 2223. in fáth ima nderna peccad, PH 6456. cid ma ragad Condere `why should C. go,' Ériu i 114 § 3. cid imma ngabthar trebad, ZCP viii 112.22 . créd ma tucsabair orm faistine duib, TTebe 1316 . cidh um a faicim marbh thu? cidh um nach faghaim bas leat?, ITS xix 96.13 . ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn, DDána 101 § 20.

As pred. of copula: is ime aderar Glenn na mBodar ris, Comp. CC 86.2 . is uimme tuc Dia chucam thu, PH 509. is uime ro ordaigh Ercuil in cathair sin do dhenum, Stair Erc. 1628. is uime cheana rug Dia an daoir-bhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4.

With certain vbs. and vns.

(i) Of praying, entreating, asking: amal rotgádsa im anad in ephis, Wb. 27d19 . annongeiss cách imma chomalnad, 30b4 . amail tānigc Crīst co Martan dia fagh[d]e ima brat, BColm. 60.7 . ro-guidius he ima throcaire, PH 2786. ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt na fheoland, 6547 . ailthus Eogan imm essomon E. asks them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . do guidh í ... um creidim na hEclusa do comét, RC xix 378 § 255. rosgáid Ái ... im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ 'moa ainm fair, RC xv 469 § 69. an Trīnōit nemda do atach ┐ do etorguide ... um aon tuismedh amhāin cloinni dfagāil dó, Fl. Earls 222.18 .

(ii) Of fasting for : corothroiscset ... im húatigud na ndoine `they fasted ... to get the population reduced,' Thes. ii 298.16 . rotheiscset (rotroiscsit v.l.) imbi fri Dia, Mon. Tall. 157.18 . trosgcis Mocholmógc impu fair `M. fasted against him for it,' BColm. 92.13 . rofágaib Colmán troscud umpi seo `C. left [as an ordinance] that they should fast for it,' 88.13 . rothroiscset na Cristaide fria Dia ... im a fhurtacht, PH 7259. tredan tri laa co n-aidchi for in gCuimdid imo thodūscud dūib to fast for three days and nights to the Lord to have him awakened for you, ACL iii 3.30 .

(iii) Of granting, bestowing: ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267. ronír Brigit immon flaith, ZCP xi 109 § 17.

(iv) Of refusing, denying: coru díultai fri Pátraic imma fleid he refused to invite P. to his feast, Trip.² 2180. noco sénaim-si umat-sa sin, PH 3157. as iad ... nár ér mh'occlach ... im brat no im biadh, BNnÉ 266 § 234. nocot-érfaind imm óenní `I would not refuse thee aught,' Ériu iv 98.4 . eitchither iat im na mnáib `the women are refused them,' Metr. Dinds. iii 324.15 . ar sena féin imm ar n-deilb we ourselves being repudiated on account of our appearance, Mer. Uil. 9. gan duine d'éaradh um shéad ná um biadh, Keat. ii 5183. ro diult Ercuil iat uime sin, Stair Erc. 1876.

(v) Of wronging, violating: sarugad amais um a comairce `the violating of the protection of his hired soldier,' Laws iv 230.17 . mo ṡargud immontí thanic for m'óisam, TBC-LL¹ 1911. a cinaidh sáraigt[h]i Colmāin imon cimidh, BColm. 72.9 . is e in duine-si ro-t-saraig um Lazáir `it is he who robbed thee of Lazarus,' PH 3855. dorūacht cuca in chaillech ... roṡāraigh Bresal 'ma boin, ZCP vii 306.9 .

(vi) Of striving, urging, inciting, compelling: ní etaigthersu imma nisin `thou shalt not be emulous concerning it,' Ml. 56b31 . boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 (FB). bai didu imchosnum ... im forba Echach eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.6 . gabais cách díb immarbáig a mmuin a céli im gabáil na n-én, LU 3245 (SC). cipe do-s-gní imresain im edpart dona deeb, PH 1116. ro-chomecnigestar lucht na cathrach im chomalliud timnai `he forced the citizens to obey a law,' 6531 . nach greisfider im dénum maithiusa, 4657 . ro ghreis Cirion a muindter im calma do denum, Stair Erc. 1573. comraicfit im óenbargin, Ériu i 132.64 . ro grendaig im cath hé `he challenged him to battle,' RC xviii 48.7 .

(vii) Of mocking, laughing at: tibit in macrad im sodain, LU 8845 (FB). ac fonamat imme `making mockery of him,' BColm. 92.15 . fáitbis tra in máthair imon córaid crodai, PH 6626. dorónsat fochuitbiud immun fadesin ┐ fo Troiánaib, TTr.² 304. do maidh a gean gáire for Coin Chulainn uime sin, Comp. CC 110.19 . lúathgair do chor immum-sa `to make rejoicing for me,' Ériu iv 128.17 .

(viii) Of teaching, instructing: ro-forcan Ísu a apstalu imna rúnib diadai, PH 3419. tanic do fhorcetul na n-apstal ima n-il-berlaib, 5446 . co forcanad hé im ord airnaigthi, ACL iii 10 § 8.

(ix) Of judging: fo-gella ... imm appeals to the judgment in the matter of: bertair do Themair ┐ fogellsat in ríg imbi, BDD² 212. fugeallsat immiu, ZCP vii 305.17 .

In distrib. sense with numbers, for equivalent of to in the Eng. idiom two to one: es da mnae im cech oen fer `two wives to every one man,' Todd Lect. iii 26.10 . ticc días im gach n-aoinḟer úaind, ZCP viii 219 § 18. tricha míle marcach in cech cath dibh ┐ di troighthech um cech marcach, Marco P. § 55.

Used with obj. after words expressing (a) emotion, feeling, (b) behaviour towards.

After words expressive

(i) Of desire, greed, jealousy, envy: mét inná imlainne robói dosom im Dia `strong craving (?) he had for God,' Ml. 62a2 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun, 69a6 . ar ét im chrabud `for zeal for devotion,' 36d24 . gabais ... saint an rí impi `the king desired her,' IT i 120.13 . ro gab mian ... imm ṡalond, 43.13 . rom-gab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa anóir na colla, PH 7409. mor menmai ... imma curadmir `great is the eagerness for the champion's portion,' RC xiii 30.35 . rogab ailges ┐ accobur in righ ma fegad int soitig noemtha, D IV 2, 72va 8 . is é Ulcan tre ét umait-siu tuc forru cach col da ndernatis, TTebe 1064 . nocha denaim-se ... fich na formad um airdchendus na Greigi, 834 .

(ii) Of anger and its opposite towards: fích 'mon oirbiri d'aithris `fury at repeating the taunt,' Ériu iv 214 § 8. ocus in aininne mor bis ag neach im a cheli `the great anger which a man has towards his fellow,' v 24.14 . ba lonn ... in ingen imon sgel sin, RC vi 174.18 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime `though we were patient about it,' ACL iii 295 § 22. ba hainmnetach imma chommiledaib, RC ii 388 § 11.

(iii) Of affection and its opposite towards: nípat úarchraidech im chardiu | bat gusmar im naimtiu `be not cold-hearted towards friends, be stern towards enemies,' LU 3493 (SC). co raibhi ic báidhe imme `till he was fondling him,' Moling § 39. ba bádhach (bághach MS.) side im Laighniph `he was fond of the Leinsterman,' § 58 . ar méd a gradha ┐ a deithite uime `by reason of the great love and care he had for him,' BNnÉ 291 § 6. do beith gradach uman creidim cathoilica, RC xix 374 § 247. báidh im congnam re céile affection in the matter of mutual succour, O'Gr. Cat. 354.24. níptor córaigh mo a forba `they were not at peace about their possessions,' Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . nirbho sainsearcach im ó nDomhnoill, Hugh Roe 136.13 . mioscais uí Chonchobair im cenél cConoill, ib. 14 . mise go ndíoghrais uimpi | 's gan í go suilbhir umainn, Dánta Gr. 58.3 . minic nach buan críoch a cumainn | ní fríoth achd fuar umainn í, DDána 36 § 4. na bi-si súarach uime `be not ungracious to him,' Stair Erc. 2073.

(iv) Of fear, anxiety, sorrow for: ba leth ndogra immon coin, Sc.M² § 21j . mairg dorumalt a n-imned dorumaltsa custrathsa imma curadmir, LU 9133 (FB). bui sechran adbul ┐ buaidred ... accu ... imme-sin, PH 12. do gab ag tuirsi uime, ML² 293. ar bhfagail leoin ima righuibh, Lism. L. 3207.

(v) Of mercy: ba trocar im na hulib dóinib, PH 1662. déana truaighe umam, TSh. 4219.

IV In special constructions.

(a) Used idiomatically with the subst. vb.: tá ... imm is engaged in, concerned in, in doubt about: cid nombetha im etarceirt a messa im Dia `on what account shouldst thou be about disputing his judgment with God,' Wb. 4c24 . in ceist immá tú, LU 9208 (FB). cía thíastaís formna laech nErend uile is duitsiu dobérmaís remib aní imo mbethe, LU 8814 (FB). cotaispentar dó cach ní immbambí `everything about which he is engaged' Corm. 25 (s.v. imbas forosnai). baoi seom fechtus ann im aine `he was once engaged in fasting,' Ériu iv 120.12 . cid dochanus beith imme what avails it to be discussing it?, PH 5253. co fhoillsiged Dia doib in ní ima rabutar, 7189 .

(b) Used of person adversely affected by action (=dat. of disadvantage) more commonly expressed by ar: rebthair a étach immi, LU 8877 (FB). do lott a aithrige impe, Todd Lect. iii 66.3 . as mor domhillis umainn `you have spoilt much on us,' Ériu v 172.154 . intí romill immum in estrecht truagh `he that marred for me the poor pet,' Moling § 74. malartfaid do rígi ┐ do fhlaithus umat, PH 1390. co ro melachtnaigem ┐ co robuaidrem ┐ co rasgaoilem a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431. conremesc (conromesc, v.l.) impu `he confused them,' 145 . coillsit tuatha D.D. ith ┐ blicht im maca Miled, D IV 2, 50rb31 . ro mharbh se mac maith umum `he slew a good son on me,' Caithr. CC 38 § 63 .

(c) In impers. const. with vbs. expressing violent uncontrolled action to indicate person affected by the action: nech lasnabi ciall ┐ immandaister gl. mentis incompotem, Ml. 50d2 . ro riastrad immi, LU 8397 (FB). día siabairther immi, 8810 (FB). do luath-lonnaigh im Conall triasa haithesgu sin, ZCP xiv 258.17 . Ercuil ... ro daisedh imbe, Stair Erc. 353.

(d) With vbs. in pass. impers. to express person affected by the action: ēgthir immum, Sc.M² § 10 (for other exx. of this const. see s.v. éigid RIA Dict. Fasc.II). ro gáiredh umpa, ML² 1677 . imdeargthar im Mhaol Mhuire, DDána 102 § 27.

V Used idiomatically with certain vbs., buailid ... imm meets: da mbúailtidhe impodh a ttermann Tighernaigh iad, Ériu v 74.23 . con-gaib ... imm keeps to, perseveres in: anni as a ttarabhairsi bladh ... congmaidh uime an gein mhairfidhe, RC xxix 112 § 8.

gaibid ... imm.

(i) puts on clothes , see supra I (f).

(ii) surrounds, troops around: cid immi gabtais Ulaid uile, TBC-LL¹ 120. coro gabsat immut uli, IT iii 498 § 10. gabsat im Dauid in slóg 'the multitude trooped round David' Ériu xx 120 § 3 .

(iii) seizes, attacks: in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, LU 8206 (FB). roghab in cerd in liathroit ... táinic in fer rosbuail ina diaidh; rogab in cerd uimpi, ZCP iv 240.10 .

ligid ... imm lies with: nolaigdis dá ingin ... immi cach n-aidchi, Fél. 40.16 . in mál maith 'ma laigdis mná, 54.2 . luigid ... imm swears by: luicchim-se um na duilib, Ériu iv 50.2 . tócbaid ... imm (with or without inf. pron.) rises: rothógaibh Suibhne uimi lasodhain `thereupon S. arose,' BS 114 § 57 . rostógaibh-siumh uime rempa tar gach muine, 124 § 64. tairmescaid x imm y prevents or hinders y from doing x: do thoirméscad umat fógnum do Dia, PH 7718. nir thoirmisg Fer D. sin iompasan F.D. did not prevent them from that, ZCP x 291.22 . no tairmisccedh impo daesccur-sluag ... do marbadh `he forbade them to kill the rabble,' CCath. 5994. no co fileat ic tairmisc na sligeadh coitcindi umunn `they are forbidding us the common roads,' 1270 . gur thoirmesc Ercuil impu é, Stair Erc. 2017. do focair fir n-aignaid ocus screbtra impe `for the truth of nature and scripture forbids her,' Laws v 430.24 . gan a fhulang dot chomarsain no dot chompanach drúis do denum da fhétair a bascad immpu, PH 7451. do-beir bréic (or another word of similar meaning) imm deceives, deludes: na taibred cách uáib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . dobertha bréc im nach meraige, LU 8806 (FB). cerbo mór trá a mmuinbech dorat im Loegaire dorat a da cutrummai im Conall Cernach, 8141 (FB). co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1462. inní dobeir bré[i]c umpo `the thing which deludes them,' CCath. 1689. is imaind féin doberum bréicc and-sin we deceive ourselves, PH 7945. dorad-sen brēg impe `practised guile upon her,' RC xv 437 § 45. diberthor muinbech im Fergus occum-sa `F. shall be cajoled by me,' RC xxi 316 § 38. doberthar tra múin impu co fessamar ... `let a trick be played on them,' RC xiii 444 § 24.

impód, impúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. impód, impúd or dil.ie/28011
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: impóid, iompuidhthe, impúd, impúth

n u, m. also o, m. vn. of imm-sói. g s. impóid, BColm. 84.32 . iompuidhthe, TSh. 3997.

(a) act of turning round, overturning, inversion: impúd gl. uersio, Sg. 106b10 . trisin nimpúd nisin `through that turning,' Ml. 93a18 . impud forcmachtae gl. uelut apostropha, 120c8 . tre impúth, Sg. 4b8 . tre ímpuud .i. tucad a tosuch fo diu[d] gl. per anastrophen, 202b8 . tria impúd in anmma is aed dea, Corm. p. 2 (s.v. aedh) (= tria delidin, Corm. Y 33 ). is e so a himpod na hEamna reversing the order of the lines in a metre, Todd Lect. iii 122.16 . is ūasal int impū[d] soḟis frisinní na derna custrásta, Anecd. v 27 n. 6 . amal bis rothmol for luth | tria bithu for bithimputh, SR 200. go rabus ag impod na Temrach ocus conid ann sin ro claenta Temuir `that Tara was being overturned,' Laws i 6.13 . oc impud na bairgine `turning the cake,' i 142.y Comm. icon cloich impóid `at the turning-stone,' BColm. 84.32 . an trath bis la againne ar uachtar talman bigh aitci fo talmain ┐ is mar sin re na impodh `and vice versa,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 24.5 . im-soadh ina crocend .i. an ḟeoil ┐ na cnama do impodh, RC ix 470.9 . cia himpód sin doniat do shuile it chind, PH 8129. ger[b] mór a saethar ic impódh a n-angcairedh `heaving their anchors,' CCath. 1423. an tan teagmhas a dhruim ré lár, nach bí ann féin iompódh, TSh. 3903. do bheirmíd ar a gcorp uile iompúgh fá gcuairt, James iii 3 . bíaidh in tolamhsa atá fúm | lá oramsa gá impúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 718. nar thí dhí an udhuim d'iompódh `may she not displace the harness,' Aithd. D. 81 § 10.

(b) the act of returning ; turning out: senad do sodadh as a nairlisi .i. senad na heclaisi d'impod ass a uasal lis `to turn a synod out of its noble fort,' Laws iv 52.13 . iar n-impo dóibh ō Gyi `after they turned from G.', ZCP vi 76.11 . impo dochom h. Flaithbertaig ar cula, Ann. Conn. 1225 § 16. an fiabras d'iompódh arna bhárach, 23 K 42, 49.5 . adubhairt dha gcur san dún | dob é turus gan iompughadh, Ériu i 18.38 . tig rinn ar ndomhnach go Dún | fa connlach inn ag iompúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 1436.

(c) the act of turning, becoming converted or perverted: int impúd gl. (strati) conuersio, Ml. 61a28 . impúth ` conversion ,' Sg. 60b15a . a popul oc impod dochum n-irse, PH 290. do lean mé sna peacthuibh Pól | sní leantair é ar a impódh, IGT Decl. ex. 765. Pól asbal ... d'iompúdh fa iris creidmhe, Dán Dé vi 35. fearg Íosa do chur ar gcúl | usa ná m'aigneadh d'iompúdh, xxi 32 . ar n-iompódh a thoile ó bheith ag smuaineadh ar na neithibh neamhdha, TSh. 1625. toradh iompuidhthe ón pheacadh `fructum conversionis,' 3997 . acht an bhrég do chur ar gcúl | 's gan páirt araile d'iompúdh `without perverting the other side,' Content. vi 1. gach glór do chansad tar chóir | ... | do bhadh reacht gan é d'iompúdh, xxix 6 .

(d) the act of turning away, warding off: dobhí an donus-so, a Dhé, a ndán | sé ní horusa dh'iompádh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 16 § 12. níor maoidheadh Ulltaigh san ágh | aoinfhear d'Ulltaibh gá n-iompádh, Content. xxx 31. dá bhféadaois a fheirg d'iompúdh, Dán Dé v 9. gidh tearc atá dá fhine | re hiompódh a oirbhire, xxii 34 .

(e) Folld. by FOR (AR), revolt, rebellion against: cia for a ndernsum-ni in t-impod-sin ? against whom have we rebelled ?, PH 2821. cétimpodh Briain ┐ Con[n]acht for Maelsechlainn, RC xvii 353.6 . co tardsat a lanríar dó isin impodh doronsad fair rome `they gave him his full reward in respect of the revolt which they had made against him,' RC xviii 47.8 . impodh do Tuadh-Mumain ... ar Ua Conchobair, 57.13 . ar n-imphod do Cormac ar druidibh, 382.18 .

(f) act of annulling, reversing (of contracts, etc.) : comad amail ingaire do'n mac a n-impod (gloss on : atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar) so that to reverse them is like undutifulness on the part of the son, Laws v 438.6 Comm. atait tri feranna ... noco n-usa dona Feinib ... a n-impod, gloss on : nadat usa ... do tinntogh, v 428.9 Comm. lán doirn dha bhfuil san dún | do leigen let gan iompughadh `the full of thy fist of all that is in the dún to be granted thee without revoking,' Ériu i 20.80 .

(g) act of ripening : fa connlach inn ag iompúdh 'we were stalks just ripening', Giolla Brighde 140 § 15 .

(h) Folld. by FRI turning against, renouncing : Hua Léce do éc iar n-impúd dó fria domun isint shechtmain chetna 'Ua Léce died, having renounced the world in the same week', AI 224 (s.a. 1070.5) .

1 sin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sin or dil.ie/37567
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sin, sein, sen, sain, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sen, sain, sin, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, insain, sain, sain, sain, sain, t-ár-sain, sain, séin, iaid-séin, ainnséin, díbh-séin, ei-séin, sine, saine, sene, sini, saine, sine, furri-sene, īarsine, sinee, sei-sean, choigil-sean, n-ainm-sean, dóibh-sean, thoirnsean, orthaibhsean, sion, aigesion, leision, rision, ṡáithsion, bhfághaid-sion, air-sion, san, ionnta-san, ronua-san, a-tá-san, dhol-san, riu-san, dorat-san, atá-san, siad-san, shon-san, son, aitheanta-son, sin, sraitsin, beathaid-sin, deallraidhsin, ṡáithsion, luicht-sin, Maic-sin, bairr-sin, iaid-séin, aim-sin, riui-séin, iarlaisin, dhoi-séin, hÚnai-sin, issin

adv. and demonstr.pron there; that, those (see exx. cited under II (i) below).

Forms. In O.Ir. Glosses always sin, which is the most usual form at all periods. Later also sein, sen, and sain (after non-palatal ending). sein: iar sein , Thes. ii 308.2 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sein (substantival), ib. Thes. ii 308. 23 (do. Comm.). iar sein , SR 3777 (: oentreib). 3705 (: oengein). sein is the form most freq. used by scribe A of LU: í sein , LU 565 . dóib sein , 111 . iar sein , 1231 . ass sein , 4504 . Rare elsewhere in LU: insind aidchi sein , 1545 . sí sein , 8620 . Other instances: Trip.² 447 , 1162 , 2609 . Hib. Min. p. 5.152 , p. 2.29 . MacCarthy 48.22 ( LB 110a ). Corm. Y 206 . From the second half of the Mid.Ir. period this form becomes rare in prose. It does not occur in PH, Aisl. MC or Maund. It remains in bardic verse: (rug) sein, DDána 40.14 (: neimh), 40.13 (gcneidh). It does not occur in TD.

Less freq. sen: Thes. ii 255.7 (Stowe M.), 253.16 (do.), 252.14 (do.). Laws iv 210.y , 206.9 , 190.14 . Corm. Y 110 . LU 911 .

sain: in LU used by both A and M (H seems always to use sin but material not exhaustive). A: and sain , 13 . iat sain , 27 . in recht sain , 133 . isind luc sain , 50 . M: in sét sain , 2158 . isind inud sain , 4094 . insain, 5544 , 9243 . iar sain , 9251 , 9227 .

Other instances of sain: a macsamla sain, SR 5367 (: genair). doib sain , 2761 (: hilberlaib), 4328 (: glain), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . CRR 21 . Laws iv 176.2 . From bardic verse: dhóibh sain , Dán Dé vi 4 (: Peadair). an t-ár-sain , DDána 115.2 (: mhair). sain (substantival), 69.22 (: thosaigh).

Later soin: ō hoin, RSláinte 4747 . ó shoin, IGT Decl. ex. 315 (= Studies 1924, 80 § 6 ). DDána 110.29 (: goimh). ó soin, 54.8 , 39.5 (: thobhoigh).

A form with a long vowel, séin, occurs only in bardic verse and is usually introduced for the sake of the rhyme: iaid-séin, DDána 54.15 (: chéill). ainnséin, TD 21.26 (: féin). Without rhyme: díbh-séin, DDána 96.25 . ei-séin, 80.21 .

Occas. also sine, saine, sene, regarded by Meyer, Wortk. 228 , as an analogical formation on the model of side, saide, sede: iar sini , LU 5245 (H). iar saine (`apart'), Metr. Dinds. iii 114.59 (= LL 195a2 ). ib. 392.81 (iarsine, v.l.) = LL 198b11 . YBL 126b26 . sine, Anecd. ii 35 § 15 (: aile). furri-sene, MacCongl. 3.19 . īarsine (iarsain, v.l. LL), ZCP iv 40.18 (TBFr., Eg.). in tinnscra sinee (sic), ib. 39.7 (= sin, TBFr. App. § 14 (YBL)).

Forms with neutral final first appear in bardic verse ( frie-seon, IT i 75.2 ( LL 260b27 ) is undoubtedly an error for -seom), sean and sion after a palatal ending, san and, rarely, son after a neutral. They occur only as enclitics replacing O.Ir. -som, -si. sean: sei-sean, DDána 69.22 . do choigil-sean , 104.24 . a n-ainm-sean , 100.15 (: lean). dóibh-sean, 63.7 (: cneadh). níor thoirnsean , TD 32.26 . orthaibhsean, 12.11 .

sion (very common in TD): ei-sion, DDána 98.33 (deisiol). aigesion, TD 23.17 . leision, 16.23 . rision, 16.15 . a ṡáithsion , 33.10 . go bhfághaid-sion , Donlevy 42.23 . air-sion, 56.13 .

san: ionnta-san, DDána 122.17 . a cruth . . . ronua-san , 114.26 . a-tá-san, 71.24 . a dhol-san , 69.21 . riu-san, Stair Erc. 1865 . dorat-san, 211 . amhail atá-san , TSh. 284 . siad-san, 4945 . a shon-san , Donlevy 30.16 .

son: a aitheanta-son , Donlevy 52.9 .

With devoicing and delenition of a preceding final: ant sin , Ml. 36a1 . an sraitsin , IGT Decl. ex. 1012 . na beathaid-sin , Dán Dé iv 13 (: fhaicsin). an deallraidhsin , xiv 25 (: thuigsin). But as a rule the final is not affected: in chruth sin, Wb. 12d19 , 13b17 . in chrud sin, 13a6 . and sin, Ml. 72d1 . na . . . maccáin maith sin, Fél. Aug. 2 . a ṡáithsion , TD 33.10 . In bardic verse, sin palatalizes the preceding final (see IGT Introd. § 150 ): an luicht-sin , Dán Dé xvii 26 . an Maic-sin , v 33 . an bairr-sin , DDána 84.42 . iaid-séin, 54.15 . mun aim-sin , 80.22 . TD 8.9 . ag an chrích Albainsin, 24.2 . So also with glide-vowel: riui-séin, DDána 117.2 . don iarlaisin , TD 17.35 . dhoi-séin, Butler Poems 1582 . na hÚnai-sin , 360 .

Usage.

A As adverb (? original use): `nachamdermainte . . .' ised no biad s.¤ it is `forget me not . . .' that would have been there, Ml. 32d5 . ní epur ní s.¤ `I say nothing therein', Sg. 73b6 . docuirethar cétna persan s.¤ persana aili chucae `a first person here (better there) takes other persons to it', 191a2 . roansat sin in dām, Anecd. i 73 § 214 . cotailsiu s.¤ bic a Chu Chulaind, LU 6310 . ni fil brig s.¤ tra, IT i 140.25 .

B As demonstrative,

I Adjectival (usually enclitic).

(a) with article and noun, that, the above-mentioned, the before-mentioned : in chumal s.¤ , Thes. ii 240.3 (Ardm.). a ndéde s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . dinaib preceptorib s.¤ , 5a4 . a buidigud dosom int soirtha s.¤ `to thank Him for that deliverance', Ml. 62c6b . in Fiac s.¤ , Thes. ii 307.3 ( Hy. II pref . ). cechtar de na da flesc-sain, SR 4328 . in tUath mac Imomain s.¤ , LU 9006 ( FB 75 ). an t-Iruath s.¤ , Maund. 82 . an triur-soin ón tigh neamhdha, DDána 9.12 . mac inghine an Aodha-soin, TD 13.52 . an bhean úd s.¤ , Keat. Poems 76 . Exx. without article: bethusin, Ml. 53c14 . iarsétsain, SR 1687 .

When the subst. is qualified by an adj., sin follows the adj.: a timne sainemail s.¤ , Wb. 3c33 . in euin utmaill s.¤ , Ml. 127c12 . otha na teora bliadna suiri s.¤ , Laws iv 164.6 . dend Eoganacht áinsin, Fél. Oct. 20 . in cumhadh céatna s.¤ , Leb. Cert. 142.15 . fan Magh Laignechsin, Irish Texts ii 28 § 22 .

uile, however, follows sin: ind rétai s.¤ huili, Wb. 5c16 . a met na ree sein uile, SR 141 .

When the subst. is defined by a definite noun in the gen., sin precedes this: don dlúim máir s.¤ inna pecthach, Wb. 9d5 . in gnim s.¤ in tengad, Ml. 31b24 . na bāi s.¤ Echdi Echbēil, Corm. Y 585 . in laithi sen in brātha, 110 . an Maic-sin Dé, Dán Dé v 33 . ic sibul an mhara s.¤ na hIndía, Maund. 240 . mar do bhí an Conaillsin Cuinn, TD 2.36 .

When the dependent genitive is indefinite, sin follows it: a llaa mbrithemnacte s.¤ , Wb. 6b26 . forsa cenélae metir s.¤ , Sg. 8a13 . an lucht feasa s.¤ , PCT 193 . The follg. are exceptional: in cethardoit s.¤ tire, Laws iv 164.10 . ag an chrích Albainsin, TD 24.2 .

Note also: ar nipa dóir a teg n-oiged s.¤ in spirito, Wb. 4a7 .

(b) With O.Ir. (h)í and follg. sin: adib mogæ indí s.¤ `ye are servants of Him', Wb. 3b15 . dindí s.¤ `of Him', 7a2a . talam nání s.¤ `the land of those (people)', 9b19 . inti s.¤ gl. qui, 15d19 . arnaib hi s.¤ gl. illis, Ml. 117b4 . lasinni s.¤ `with him', 36a7 . donaib hi s.¤ `to them', 54b19 . foropoir indhí s.¤ `that man's special business', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.17) . ised dicit hisindi-sein, Hib. Min. 5.152 . ní beram aichni inní s.¤ `we do not know such a one', Imr. Brain 64 .

(c) (h)í-sin with noun and article: int Alaxander hísin, Wb. 28a20 . ní fristait in béstatid n-isin, 12d39 . a mbás n-isin, 15d12 . trisin n-impúd n-isin, Ml. 93a18 . huana fochaidib hisin, 54a18 . ond rainn inmedonich hísin ind aitrebthado, Sg. 198a13 . in fer hísin, Imr. Brain 32 . frissin cróib ísin, 2 . fri ceilebrad ind líthlaithi hisin, Trip.² 439 . forsain choire n-īsin (MS. niṡin), Corm. Y 323 (p. 28.6) . an tech í-sin, Sc.M² R 5 . ind fer ísin, Mon. Tall. 76 (159.2) . forsin n-imarchor n-ísin, LU 5625 (TBC). lasin screich í sin, IT i 67.8 . issé in t-imper ísin Constantinoble doní patrierca, Maund. 30 (transltd. `the Emperor in C.', ? better that emperor of C. Cf. acan imper C., 23 ). forind arracht n-ingnathach hisin, Stair Erc. 1285 . frisin torathar hisin, 1263 .

(d) with noun preceded by possessive (rare in O.Ir.): a fius sin knowledge of that, Wb. 10b27 . a macsamla sain, SR 5367 . a rád s.¤ , MU² 114 . fail a mor-abba dam-sa sain, CRR 18 . a n-anmanna sin, MacCongl. 77.18 . i ló a bheirthei-sean, DDána 17.24 . atá an fairrgi a comard s.¤ ann comadh dóigh . . ., Maund. 180 . a aitherrach s.¤ do fregra, 27 . a bhfulang s.¤ , TSh. 6218 .

(e) with conjugated prepp. (when the pron. implied has neuter or abstract force, and when the prep. retains the stress, i.e. does not merely replace by the form of 3 s.n. the O.Ir. simple prep.). Here, later, freq. but not always, sin replaces O.Ir. -som, -si (see next section): as s.¤ , PH 3186 . Maund. 8 . is samlid s.¤ dano bid ícc disi tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . niba samlid doemsa mo thuaid insin `it will not be so that I shall defend my people', Ml. 37c20 . is samlid insin, 34b6 . amlaid s.¤ , LU 2154 ( FA 22 ). ni hamhlaid s.¤ dobí, Maund. 118 . air s.¤ , Imr. Brain 60 . LU 8555 ( FB 41 ). is airi insin rocualasu guth m'ernaigdese, Ml. 50d7 . is airi insin darigensat, Sg. 213a1 . ? is airi nobíth digaimm leo ante ρ sin, 9b10 (Edd.'s note: ` sin might go with is airi ', cf. Ml. 37c20 , cited above). airi sein, LU 767 ( ACC Comm . ). a testa de-s.¤ , Sc.M² 6 . conid de s.¤ atát na trenae samna, LU 3226 ( SCC 1 ). de s.¤ , Stair Erc. 294 . is dó sein arróet som in ainm is Cotraigi, IT i 17.32 . is dó-sin as-rubrad, Sc.M² R 1 . is úas in sluinnsius foi s.¤ , LU 803 ( ACC Comm . ). is sí cétbaid ala n-aile ant s.¤ `that is the opinion of some there', Ml. 36a1 . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam and-sen oldás . . ., Laws iv 206.9 . and s.¤ , Trip.² 168 . and s.¤ there, LU 2096 . ann s.¤ then, Stair Erc. 838 . iarmu s.¤ after that, IT i 120.30 ( TE 5 ). iarma s.¤ , PH 5656 . i comfhat ro bátar immi sain, MU² 306 . imme-sin, PH 12 . uimme-sin, 625 . leis s.¤ do thréig féin a uile mhaitheas, TSh. 364 . batar fri cíana móir oca s.¤ , LU 3289 ( SCC 8 ). do bhí a ḟios aigesion, TD 23.17 . reimhe-s.¤ before, Sc.M² R 18 . riamh roimhe s.¤ , PCT 170 . ná ciontaigh sinn seacha s.¤ , DDána 25a.15 . trit s.¤ on that account, Maund. 26 .

(f) replacing O.Ir. -som, -si with verbs and pronn.: táncatar s.¤ . . . da mórad áig ┐ urgaile, MU² 577 . ra-chuala sain Carpre, CRR 45 . dollotar sain co Tráig mBále, 10 . ro-ercransat s.¤ uli amal foscad no ciaig, PH 4265 . mar [do] mhaith soin, Dán Dé v 30 . atbert s.¤ , Maund. 34 . iaid-séin (: chéill), DDána 54.15 . eision agus i-se, 98.33 . sei-sean, 69.22 . siadsan, TSh. 4945 . íatsan, Maund. 157 . demmun aridralistar s.¤ `a demon has contrived it', Mon. Tall. 66 (153.27) . dosrat s.¤ ina théig libair, MacCongl. 9.21 .

II Substantival (stressed) (in O.Ir. usually in sin see GOI § 482 ) except after prepp.

(a) after simple prepp. (in some cases later replaced by petrified 3 s.n., e.g. faoi sin, ann sin see I (e) above): a s.¤ `therefrom', Ml. 59a21 . is follus a s.¤ tra `hence then it is clear', Sg. 5a10 . amal s.¤ , PH 116 . nonsóirni a dæ ar s.¤ `on account of that', Ml. 136c11 . a eneclainn co s.¤ anall, Críth G. 264 . cen aithgne a litri có s.¤ , Trip.² 97 . fo anmchairdini E. robúisom co s.¤ anald, Mon. Tall. 136.13 . doruménair co s.¤ combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 1676 . scela in chatha co s.¤ , PH 7267 . di s.¤ dulluid in t-aingel cuci `then', Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). ní torban dom níi di s.¤ `nothing of that profits me', Wb. 12b32 . di s.¤ gl. exinde, Ml. 90d13 . is di ṡ.¤ asberr séra , Sg. 183b3 . ro mórad ainm nDé . . . di sein, Trip.² 548 . coir duit mo marbad di ṡhain, SR 1531 . dessimrecht . . . do s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . is fochetoir trá fo s.¤ `then in that case it is at once (?)', Ml. 42c24 . ind ḟír fo ṡ. `truly according to that', Sg. 106a5 . a canar dind offriund for sen `thereafter', Thes. ii 252.14 (Stowe M.). cid as dénti fri s.¤ , `what is to be done with reference to that', Wb. 12d41 . is i s.¤ rafetar [a]ngil `it is therein that angels know Him', 28c12 . hi s.¤ there, 33b7 . issin therein, 12d5 (ref. to isinbiuthso gl. in hoc mundo, 12d4 ). hi s.¤ here, Sg. 61b13 . ni taet guth isson (`leg. issen = issin?' Edd.) `here no voice cometh', Thes. ii 253.7 (or to son?). dlomis fíacc dóib iar s.¤ `afterwards', 242.14 (Ardm.). isint senmim dedenach ar ni bia senim terchomric iar s.¤ , Wb. 13d18 . iar sein gl. iarum, Thes. ii 315.40 . ní bu chían íar s.¤ coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain 62 . íar s.¤ , MU² 1025 (LU). iar s.¤ , Maund. 154 . la s.¤ `therewith', Thes. ii 291.15 ( Ml. Poems I ). la s.¤ didiu atraigh in t-ēicsīne, Corm. Y p. 70.3 . o sein (o ṡein, v.l.) ille, Thes. ii 308.4 ( Hy. II pref . ). trīcha laithe . . . | ō ṡ.¤ co cenn a uide, Bruchst. 57 § 128 ( AFM 1022 A.D . ). ro gell . . . na fegbad Erind o ṡein immach from that time onwards, LU 306 ( ACC Pref . ). Áth Féinne a ainm o ṡain ille since then, TBC-LL¹ 4948 . ó shoin i le, Dán Dé vi 5 . ó ṡoin, Maund. 102 . ó s.¤ , ib. ó shoin amach, TSh. 75 . ó s.¤ a le, PCT 75 . ac s.¤ chucut do ríg, PH 4376 . ní cúalatar guth dæ re s.¤ `before that', Ml. 102d7 . ná[d] roga(i)b seilb ná comarbus ria s.¤ , Críth G. 37 . an immon (= immáin) sech s.¤ īarom dognīat na bāi, Corm. Y 674 . tri s.¤ gl. perinde, Ml. 60b15 .

(b) with cenmothá and íarmothá: a chommaín cinn bliadna cenmothā s.¤ , Sc.M² 2 . na ocht grad cenmothá s.¤ , SR 785 . cach fuasnud iarmotha s.¤ cin indurba, Laws ii 290.24 .

(c) after acht: acht sain o tat ina mbiu | nochan fuil . . ., Anecd. ii 35 § 12 . duit ra thócbus cend innocht | acht sain ní bia diar comroc, LL 210b22 .

(d) after the equative: is denithir s.¤ ara-chrin cumachtae inna pecthach `even so swiftly does the power of sinners perish', Ml. 57c12 . amal as suthain riuth gréne síc bith suthainidir s.¤ ainm Solmon `even so lasting', 90b10 . amal as ndínim la nech . . . is dínnímidir insin la dia . . . `so little trouble is it to God', 61b28 . is lerigtir sin, RC iii 346.21 ( Aisl. Óeng. 12 ). is denitir s.¤ rosaigh fudumne pene, Mon. Tall. 85 (162.39) .

(e) accus. with verb: ní pí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . fomnid insin `take ye heed of that', 20b15 . Gobban durigni insin, Thes. ii 294.13 ( Ml. Poems III ). asbeir som insin do dia `he says that of God', Ml. 51d25 . mar atchualá Euá insain, SR 1717 . nā ráid ind s.¤ , MacCongl. 61.15 . is i persin Crist dagníusa s.¤ , Wb. 14d26 . intliucht tra conricci s.¤ `(such is) then the sense so far', Ml. 44b10 - 11 . cid ara cuinchi siu sein?, Thes. ii 307.12 - 13 ( Hy. ii pref . ). adcūaid īarom an gilla d'Athairne s.¤ , Corm. Y 690 . ní moladar som s.¤ , Mon. Tall. 23 (135.14) . in ri rodelba sain, SR 331 . ní ḟeadarsa cosaniú s.¤ , BDD² 148 . dorindetur-san s.¤ , Maund. 199 .

(f) nom. with pass. verb: do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin, Wb. 12d26 . coṅgaibther huile hí crist insin, Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.). dogéntar uli in-sin, PH 2248 . increchthar sein ar ní deichned iar ndílsi tormach sillaibi, LU 463 . do féchad s.¤ co menic, Maund. 92 .

(g) nom. with subst. verb: ni pia detsiu insin `that will not be to Thee', Wb. 32c12 . ata di thrummai na fochaide insin that is (so) from the weight of the tribulations, Ml. 23a19 .

(h) nom. of active verb: artáott troscud s.¤ `this serves in place of a fast', Mon. Tall. 80 (161.12) . tre n-a croidhe do-chuaidh s.¤ , DDána 16.6 . creud chialluigheas s.¤ , Donlevy 26.18 .

(i) with copula: nitat midrera óisa foirbthi insin, Wb. 22b17 . ni cosmil fri gnímu angil insin, 32c7 . airde serce móre insin, 24c2 (copula omitted before airde). creitmech s.¤ as messa ancreitmech, 28d23 . is briathar de insin, Ml. 31c7 . fo deud s.¤ `this (is) at the end', Sg. 72a6 . `Fiac s.¤' ol D. `F. is the man', Thes. ii 307.14 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sóerchéli na flatha . . . óes insin bís [i] coímthecht do ḟlaith, Críth G. 594 . athgabail in sin ad fenar fo fio that is a type of distraint that . . ., Laws i 256.6 . cóicc noíb in sin do muintir P., Trip.² 820 . fairend . . . s.¤ dogníat trócaire, LU 2194 ( FA 27 ). ní bréc sain, MacCarthy 210.3 ( LL 129b ). lebor s.¤ i follsigther . . ., PH 3985 . ` Ísu conagum' . . . `Is mesi s.¤', 3108 . mairg gaollucht dan séala sain, DDána 20.14 . breath s.¤ do dhearbh gach duine, TD 15.15 . is hed insin a llínn i ngaib diabul peccatores gl. laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . is hed insin forchun do chách `that is what I teach to every one', 10a13 . in n-ed insin furuar dait, Ml. 44b 10 - 11 . ised dano insin dorosluínd cainchomrac ar mu chnamaibse `that moreover denied peace to my bones', 58a11 . it hé insin .vii. cléithe ó ndírenar cach bóaire, Críth G. 157 . iss é in(n)sin im[m]athoing smachtu, 37 . it é in sin dá macc E., Trip.² 2063 . at he sein in da se rind, SR 257 . bid si s.¤ mini na hesorgni, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). is í s.¤ cathuir is mó sa doman, Maund. 182 . a phosd cothaighthe is sé s.¤ `that is the post on which he is stayed', TD 22a.5 . gonadh é s.¤ an modh ar ar fhágaibh M. . . . a thighearnas dá éisi, Maguires of F. 99 . is hed for n-ainm insin `that is your name', Wb. 5a17 (cf. is hed bunad mo chlainde `that is my clan's stock', ib. 19 . ) issí écmailte in choscair insin `that is the insolence of the victory', Ml. 33c13 . is ed tír mbó la Féniu insin, Críth G. 92 . is hí immurco foropir cáich lindi indsin `this indeed is what we consider to be the additional labour of each man', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.12) . it é dáilemain adad dech fil i nHérinn in sin those are the best cupbearers, BDD² 1160 . fer fothlai, cid ara ne(i)per[r]? Is é remibí bóairechaib insin, Críth G. 249 . conid e epscop insin cita-ro-oirtned that was the bishop who was first ordained, Thes. ii 241.15 (Ardm.). méit donindnagar fornni fochith issí méit insin donindnagar in díthnad `in proportion as suffering is bestowed upon us, so is the consolation that is bestowed', Wb. 14b15 . issí dias insin oingther leusom, Tur. 4 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab duaid, Ml. 35a8 . is hæ lin pars insin bis i n-obli, Thes. ii 254.18 (Stowe M.). ised uatath in sain conoirg fri sochaid those are the few that . . ., Laws iv 176.2 . air it he teora trebuire in sen nad rithrolat . . . comarbai, 210.y . iss ed ārus indsin i rraba Glass, Corm. Y p. 75.17 . bíadd prantigi dano ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam ┐ hi praindtig a cetal, Mon. Tall. 83 (162.2) . ba sí úair insin dolluid Fedelm . . . asind rígthig, LU 8223 ( FB 17 ). iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig Murthemni (leg. eret insin . . .), 3224 ( SCC 1 ).

(j) in vn. constructions: ní áil tra insin do epirt, Wb. 27c8 . ni fíu dúibsi insin do é[it]secht, 18c11 . is mar so is cōir s.¤ do rādh, Corm. Y 684 . ba heicen . . . do ingenaib Emna s.¤ do dénam, Sc.M² R 20 . ro-líset-sum for Ísu s.¤ do ráda, PH 3147 . do gell E. s.¤ do dhigail for L., Stair Erc. 904 .

talam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. talam or dil.ie/39932
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: t., talmain, talam, talman, talmain, talmanna, talmana, talman, talmanib, talmhan, talmha, talaimh, tailimh, talam, taladh, thalaidh, talta, talman, talamgeindi

n n, m. n s. int huile t.¤ , Ml. 69d3 . a d s. talmain, Wb. 33d4 . Ml. 113c2 . 115b14 . 131b4 . SR 2020 . Thes. ii 353.8 . talam, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 45d13 . 68c4 . g s. in talman , Ml. 51c24 . a du. talmain, Corm. Y 516 . n p. talmanna, ML² 1581 . a p. talmana, Ml. 81c14 . g p. talman, Ml. 40d16 . d p. talmanib, 69a10 . See IGT Decl. § 19 . In Early Mod. Ir. also with varying gender and inflection. As n, f. : g s. na talmhan , DDána 3.8 . TSh. 186 . Cf. na talmha (: Torna), Content. xvi 200 . As o, m. : g s. an talaimh , TD 11.12 . tailimh, ITS xxiv 128.11 . g p. talam, Maund. 72 . IGT Decl. § 17 . n s. taladh, TBC-LL¹ p. 135 n. 11 . g s. thalaidh, Maguires of F. 31.12 . a p. talta, Mac Aingil 350.10 . Cf. Corp. Astron. 50.24 , 88.9 . n s. talman (m.), De Contemptu s.v.

I the earth in geographical sense.

(a) the earth, the world : int uile comthirchomracc sanctorum hi t.¤ , Wb. 7c8 . in nule cuaird in talman, Ml. 25a8 . hi fudumnaib talman, 40d16 . aesca bís ... os t.¤ , BCr. 33b1 . i nelluch in talman, Thes. ii 5.32 . tairismige t[h]alman `stability of earth,' 356.3 . ri dorigne ... t.¤ , SR 315 . ríg talman `earthly kings,' Fél. Prol. 245 . manid t.¤ imid-rae, BDD² 501 . in t.¤ condascara ná inné búadrugud mo meic-sea ... for Táin bó Cualnge?, TBC-LL¹ 4690 . Adam ... mac in talman nóim, PH 2023 . for talmuin .i. for talamuin for main dolomartaig in talmun, Laws v 14. 1 , 6 Comm. nāch bīad a dīn for talmain he would have no protection on earth, ZCP viii 114.z . clár ... an talmhan, TD 7.37 . os fheruib in talman, Stair Erc. 499 . sealbh na talmhan, Matthew v 5.

(b) earth as opposed to heaven: ar indocbáil talman `earthly glory,' Wb. 23d21 . eter muntir nime et talman, 26d5 . Ml. 106a3 . 119d9 . Thes. i 484.7 . rosōera mo chorp for talmain | ronóeba m'anmain for nem, ii 353.8 . Ísu Crist ... slaníccid nime ┐ talman, PH 2981.

(c) country, territory: inna ndoine robatar isnaib talmanib sin, Ml. 69a10 . mairg talamh dár thighearna, TD 32.42 . ca talamh duit?, 38.1 . isin T.¤ naomtha `the Holy Land,' ALC i 468.1 .

(d) Hence in phr. tír ┐ t.¤ (cf. W. tir a dayar): di thír et t.¤ ná ní sin, Wb. 9b19 . oc scarad fri Temraig .i. fría tír ┐ fria talmain co bráth, LU 4386 . óna thír ┐ óna thalamh féin, TSh. 2738.

II earth, ground as distinct from air and water (in this sense occasionally in pl. ).

(a) In general sense of earth, ground, soil: far samailsi fri talmain, Wb. 33d4 . ni mesa indas t.¤ for tiresi gl. terram quae est sicut vestra terra, Ml. 34a5 . t.¤ tíre tairngeri, 118d22 . trí indlach inna talman nisin `through the cleaving of those earths' (earthquake), 40d16 . forsna talmana cobsaidi `on the firm lands,' 81c14 . lubai in talman, SR 1568 - 9 . lamcur doib (stakes) co nach urfaema in t.¤ , Laws iv 112.12 . fóid in talman, RC xxiii 414 § 26. maidm talman ... ina faiche `a chasm ... in his green,' Laws iii 254.19 Comm. maidhm talmhan ` earthquake ,' Keat. iii 2400 . a n-īslib ┐ a n-etrigib na talman, ML² 37 . saididh ... an cuailli ... cu raghaibh t.¤ `took root,' Lism. L. 2385 . talta tiorma clochacha dry, stony soils, Corp. Astron. 50.24 . is talamh naomhtha, Exodus iii 5 .

(b) the earth as enveloping medium: as in t.¤ fessin, Ml. 45d13 . fó thalmain, TBC-LL¹ 614 . Hence tech talman an underground chamber, cellar: co seotu is tech talman, SR 3196 . na tairclasa ┐ na tigi talmun, BB 238b2 . airdlestair ┐ tighi talman, ML² 81 . a n-uaim thalman, Stair Erc. 1811 . Hence also the earth considered as burial-place, the grave: asréracht ... | Ísu a brú thalman, Fél. March 27 . i lepaidh talman, ZCP vi 264 § 1 . tabhair [ar] ndal i dtalmhain | neamh dom anmhain, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 11. no go bhfilligh tú chum na talmhan, Gen. iii 19.

(c) the earth as a surface, crust: cach luib ... ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . riasiú táirset t.¤ , BDD² 943 . do tuit ceathruímthe frisin for talmain one fourth of it (the fine) lapses, is annulled (?), Laws iv 126.21 Comm. do thalmain caithid a cuid they eat off the ground, Maund. 39 . fri lár talman, LU 8379 (FB). clār talman, ML² 1375 . Frequently in phr. co talmain to the ground, down: fer co talmain every inch a man, TBC-LL¹ 5322 . cor bris gach oirbi ... co talmuin, RC xviii 151.3 . rug dorn tréinfhir go talamh `brought a strong man's hand to the ground,' TD 10.18 . guna co talmain, Stair Erc. 2137 . o mulluch co talmin, Mon. Tall. 157.11 . cen rochtain co talmain, cen éirghi ar uachtar shaili the bottom of the sea, Lism. L. 3771 . Also with fo: tuc mór slúag fo thalmain laid low, Sc.M² 24.z . bhar bhfuil | ná léigeann tréan fá thalmhain, Content. xxix 10.

(d) the earth in explicit antithesis to sky and water: a muirib ┐ aeraib ┐ talmandaib, Ériu ii 136 § 118 . connar cungain nem nó talmain, LU 8533 (FB). nem úasaind ┐ talam ísaind ┐ muir immuind, TBC-LL¹ 5974.

(e) Hence dry land: dus in fagbad ... | talmain (the dove sent by Noah), SR 2568 . tond fri talmain, LU 8617 (FB). ní fuil t.¤ ann (beyond Pillars of Hercules), Stair Erc. 1383.

III earth as a substance, clay: cona bi t.¤ and gl. (argentum) terrae purgatum, Ml. 31c29 . ? dia tarat Dia tinfed ṅglan | dochum do chuirp i t.¤ , SR 1790 . do delbais in taeb sa ... | do thalmain, ACL iii 242 § 7 . ón thruaill talmhansa `this body of clay,' Dán Dé xvi 12.

Various: etarche ... .i. etartalamh .i. talamh is īsliu eter dā talmain ardae .i. eter dā imaire, Corm. Y 516 . a T. uas talmannaib (God), Ir. Lit. 2.21 . Of the Virgin Mary: talamh í as airde ná neamh, DDána 46.57 `a creation higher than Heaven is she,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 268 ógh ... dar bh'ainm naomhthalamh ós nimh, DDána 49.6 . ? corop ech bas t.¤ tíre | alad úane `a horse of land' (reward for poem), MS. Mat. 489.20 ( LL 45b23 = Rawl. 85b44 ).

Compds. ¤chrith earthquake: mar thrasgarthar an teach ... lé talaimh-chrioth, TSh. 9137 . ¤chumscugud earthquake: ro gab crith ┐ t. mór insi hErend, LU 9759 . trethan ┐ t. mor, TTebe 2932 . tromthorann ┐ talamhcumhsccughadh, AFM vi 2132.6 . ¤geinddae: g s. in talamgeindi gl. terregenae, Ml. 68c4 . ¤minugud act of pulverizing earth: Findoll Caisirni .i. cisternaei ... .i. talamh-mhinugud, ar issé cét-duine lér' tochladh talamh ar tús, Cóir Anm. 254 . ¤nem (dvandva) heaven and earth: tighearna ar talaimhneamh, Aithd. D. 94.1 . ¤thuinide: iat ina lighi ... re lar ... co ngabtais in talam-tuinide `they were taking hold of the site of the earth,' CCath. 6138.

tárcud, táirciud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tárcud, táirciud or dil.ie/40092
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: táircthe

n u, m. vn. of do-áirci.

(a) (in O. Ir.) causing, bringing about: manip ar tháircud fochricce duib `unless it be for the purpose of preparing a reward for you,' Wb. 10b14 . ar far táirciudsi i nindocbáil `for bringing you into glory, 13c9 . 14c9 . oc táircud raith spirito dúib, 14c42 . i tarcud indocbalae domsa dia brátha, 23c29 . ar thairciud ermiten feid do dia `to produce honour to God,' Ml. 47b4 . in clóini nísin du tairciud doib `that that iniquity should be caused to them,' 61b17 . amal nibad cen cinta dugnetis in t.¤ sin damsa `that infliction,' 74a1 . amal as soirb lat tairciud cech laithi i ndigaid alaili `to bring every day after another,' 111a5 . huan tárrciud gl. oblatione, Études Celt. xl 72 ( Ml. 72b10 ). in tairciud ón gl. uini oblationem, 121c2 .

(b) providing, preparing: tárgud amra isin taig do cholcthechaib, LU 11044 . do breith táircthe cruid o Ailill, 1639 . tarcudh solus providing of lights, Snedg. u. Mac R 13 § 69 . Crist do tharcudh bethaidh ┐ sásadh don domhan, BNnÉ 20.32 . is tuirsech mé ó an targad ingnad sin `with this extraordinary compilation,' O'Gr. Cat. 128.7. tan tairgthe a dtuaslaicthe when their salvation was being prepared (?), 567.5 . tarcud do drochmhái providing for a bad woman (?), Triads 72 . Cf. MacCongl. 73.26 . ? is tochrus im oibil .i. tarcud febe im molc fochná, O'Mulc. 758 . itargo lego (=i targud lega), Laws iv 302.4 Comm. Of feasts, banquets: fledh do thargud do thig C. to prepare a banquet in C.'s house, ZCP xi 61.3 . flead do tharcad dia tigerna, Lec. 185d28 . a fleda, a thairgthi, a tighi, Acall. 2502 . tosach tairc[t]hi (sic leg.) is comhóil cain (: failte), BNnÉ 255.19 .

(c) In Laws provision, hence acquired wealth (?): cia imana boaire cid log secht cumal do tarcud a cuirp fadesin, acht for facba da trian a tarcuda la fine collna seven cumals of his own providing (?), iii 48.17 . is cuimgech eiside ni do timna amhail is carthanach leis dia tarcud budein, 44.24 Comm. an cobeis do targud a laime, 45 n. 3 . fer tathaigte cen urgnam, cen urail, cen tarcud, cen tinol, ii 356.9 (but see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 63 , 65 ).

(d) collecting, leading: targadh .i. tionól, O'Cl. targud índ uisci tairngiter and dar ín fearaind, Laws iv 214.10 Comm. masa codnach do rine in targud tre comraiti `if it be a sensible adult that brought (a horse to the place) designedly,' iii 260.7 . codnach do ni a tarcud mar aen (of the damage done by deer and horse in hunting), 456.24 .

(e) Attrib. g s.: fer táircthe inciter, ringleader (?): fir targuda ... .i. ... fer tairce .i. trian cotach cach fir ro taircistar .i. ro thinoilter in slog cen techt leo, H 3.18, 507 ( O'Curry 1256 ). ised is fer tairci ann, duine tairgis iat co haen inadh, 23 Q 6, fo. 13a ( O'Curry 1692 ). cin aenfir for sluagh ... masa targud eicne ... tucastur orru do denam in marbtha ... ma targud aisi ... icad fer tairce trian na secht cumala a dualgus a tairci, Laws iii 114.17 ff. fear taircthi ... re cach foghail dagentar isin crich ... fear coimhgnima, Rawl. B 506 fo. 53b ( O'D. 2414 ). do nem-chintughadh aosa tairce the people led, incited (?), H 3.17 col. 435 ( O'D. 545 ).

targud aurduirn fri Athirne raising his fist to A. (?), O'Dav. 1088. ? Nuald domain targada (targadaig, v.l.) .i. Domhnall, Anecd. ii 52.3 .