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níth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. níth or dil.ie/33196

Forms: nithe, nítha, níthu, nitha, nníth, nithu

n m. (orig. neut.? cf. níth nglé, SR 5967 : n.¤ ṁbras, 3615 ; in both cases the word might be construed as acc.). g s. in nítho, Trip. 92.8 . nithe, Laws v 240.11 . nítha (usual form). a p. níthu, LL 365 m.sup. Rawl. 116a13 . nitha, TBC² 3349. g p. na nníth , SR 6041.

(a) fighting, conflict , and in concrete sense (esp. in pl.) a fight, combat: poet. and lit. word. nith .i. guin duine, Corm. Y 967 , cf. 973 , Lec. Gl. 26 M , Met. Gl. 26.1 , O'Cl. níth .i. deabhaidh nō cathughadh, O'Cl. nith, arin conflicht ro lasad na geinti and (explanation of n.l.), Laws i 2.11 . ní rubaim níth n-erred n-án, LU 6230 ( TBC² p. 64 n. 5 ). etach fri lith, arm fri nith , Laws i 122.9 (t.). comtís nertmenmnaig fri cach nith , LL 219b25 ( TTr. 186 ). dagaes n-imgona fri fuabairt cach nitha, TBC² 3181. mac Nesa noithech nitha renowned in battle, TFerbe 850 . ón áth a bhfuair Neimheadh níoth, Keat. i 172.1 (poem) = níth , BB 25a14 . as nith for naimhdibh (of a hero), TBC 5556 St. pl. fich nithu Nuadu Necht, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 27 § 7 ( = Rawl. 116a13 ). fer . . . conboing nitha for naimdiu, TBC² 3349. árad fri nime níthu a ladder to take heaven by storm, ZCP xiii 144.11 = fri nimib n.¤ , LL 365 m.sup. = fri nimhe nithiu, FM i 336.5 . Míchol na nníth contentious M., SR 6041. ar trommníthaib i críchaib ilib echtrannaib, TBC 3537. ? cath Glasse Críche ra chlóe | nithe dia mbae bretha ar báig, LL 44b37 , cf. 380b44 . In chevilles: níth ṅglé, SR 5967 , cf. 3615 . nith im gail, ZCP viii 106.2 . deilm nitha, LL 7a33 = delm ndíotha, Leb. Gab. i 110 y .

(b) spirit, pugnacity, mettle: ní ḟuil indum-sa níth ná nertt, Acall. 39. huathmar . . . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde ┐ ind nítha tucsat léo isin chath, TTr.² 927. mo chorpan cen nith , LB 141a29 . Anecd. ii 49.6 .

(c) anger, resentment: ba níth mór la Fergus oén do maídim thechid fri Coinculaind, TBC 1964. rapa níth menman . . . ┐ rapa anforlond aicnid lé, LL 222a16 ( TTr. 378 ). ba nith mór leó a mbuar do marbhadh, Cog. 210.21 .

Compds. ¤gal: im nithgalaib, TBC² 3422 , cf. TBC 5738 , 5511 St. ¤galach: ro airigh an tṡleigh nithghalaidh `battle- strong spear', CF 876. ¤gonach: Neide n. `of the deadly wounds', Met. Dinds. iii 320.25 . ¤gubach: in Bé n. Néit, MR 242.1 (i.e. who wails over the fallen on the battle-field). ¤mass (epithet of Conchobar m. Nessa), IT i 77.21 .