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accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see GOI § 302 ). Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be explained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais, O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ? bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin, 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have committed no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the perpetrator thereof(?), O'D. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Metr. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

ainder

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainder or dil.ie/1225
Last Revised: 2019

n o ? Later f. Explained by native glossators as neg. of der. See LEIA and ZCP xxv 11 , Jn. Celt. Stud. i 4-6, 131-3 .

(a) non-virgin, married woman: ander .i. ben .i. nī der [.i.] nī hingen, Corm. Y 79 . ander .i. muiler .i. ni der ni hingin. nó ander .i. anfer .i. ni fer acht muiler , O'Mulc. 48 . ander .i. nepingen .i. ben. der .i. ingen, O'Curry 864 ( H 3.18, 390a ). fedb aindir be carna, Laws v 448.1 (`eine Witwe, eine Frau (ander nicht Jungfrau), eine Buhlin', Ir. Recht 5 . Stokes, O'Dav. 528 , takes fedb ainder as a compd.). a Euá a andeir Adaim, SR 1208 . dercaid nad decsenach doirb annir (.i. ben) imnair, LU 10255 . bla aindir ēt, Laws iii 292.1 . cidbé a.¤ mná dobéra toil do'n fhior gráid, SG 47.30 . a.¤ gel Glain meic Carbad `bride', Metr. Dinds. i 46.4 . .l. a.¤ la cech n-aen dibh: claeclother cele la gach n-aindir mad doim he, Marco P. 27 . do mnaib ┐ bantrochtaib ┐ andrib ┐ ingenaib, LU 6537 . roscaindre fo Chrúaich Crea / na haindre, na hingena, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.66 . aebhdhacht re h-ainnrib, MR 116.14 . gnímh Úna tar gach n-ainnir, IGT Decl. ex. 1221 . carais Sccuitin . . . / aindre áille uchtgheala, ZCP i 64.2 . aingir . . . dont síol is áirde fuil, Ó Bruad. i 84 xiv .

(b) virgin, maiden: ander gach slan, Auraic. 607 . ainner . . . ac guidhi Muire . . . ima hoighe do coimet, Grail 2428 . an ainnear i n-uair a thuismhidh (of the Blessed Virgin), DDána 17.12 . ainner aluind, ZCP vi 26.7 .

? Of the war-goddess, in the phr. ainder trogain : lúaidi do gabair ngraifnig ngrip | for faithchib andre trogain tricc 'you guide your fast racing steed on the greens of the war-goddess swiftly', Metrik und Medienwechsel 227 .

ainreb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainreb or dil.ie/1497

n (reb) poor trick (Plummer MS. notes): ma beith indarba coir . . . na bit abaid tolaig anreib (ainreb, v.l.) obuill `so dass es nicht mutwillige Abweisungen mit Gaukelkunst sind', ZCP xiv 382 § 47 (= Laws ii 310 ).

ainteist

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainteist or dil.ie/1543

n (teist) lit. `non-witness', legal term used of a person not qualified to act as witness. See Cóic Con. 67 . caite a lucht fira, da-sentar iat? . . . tri fira testa ┐ tri fira cunntabartach ┐ tri arra antesta airmither ann, Cóic Con. 39 § 57a (die drei (Klassen von Eides-)Gutmachungen der nicht Zeugniskräftigen). ni feas in test no in antest he ┐ is adetche leisin ugdar duine do beith isin crich gan adrud re testaib no re antestaib, 40 § 58 . nocha triar bias ann acht fir fo aicne testa no antesta, 41 § 60 . testaigid in boaire test ┐ antest, O'D. 1659 (H. 5.15, 23a). nach andtest do na fiastar test, O'Curry 241 ( H 3.18, 135 ). ní bi fiadha na bi urconn innruic . . . fora ní deine ainntest fiadnaise isin cáin so, O'D. 531 (H. 3.17, c. 431). fastait fiacha for robaib testa . . . ┐ for robaib antesta, O'Curry 540 (H. 3.18 p. 266b). ar ba teist ar-ānic antestai oc mīdēnam, ZCP xv 327 § 19 (cf. xvi 221). berid anteist test do luga, berid test antesd (false witness?) de fiachaib, Anecd. iii 24.7 . ? coicce fri hantesda, Lism. L. 4537 = coicne fri hantestai, ZCP iii 449.21 .

amnas,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amnas, or dil.ie/3185
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: amainsi

adj o, ā pl. amainsi (see GOI p. 225 , Vendr. Lex., ZCP ix 289 ff. ). a.¤ .i. dana, Lec. Gl. 333 . amhnas .i. doilidh no amhnáireach, O'Cl. a.¤ quasi amnes, ab eo quod est amnestia .i. uile-dīlgend, Corm. Y 34 . ? a.¤ a graeco amnestia .i. obliuio peccati (.i. nempeccad), O'Mulc. 97 .

(a) strong, hard, rough, cruel, etc. Of persons: in macc a.¤ (of a robber), Thes. ii 336.2 . am a.¤ ar gail ┐ gaisciud, LU 10293 . ba ha.¤ fri ecrata, IT i 79.7 (LMU). co slúag ámhnas áichthidi, TTr.² 418 . tri ánchaindli amainsi (of warriors), LL 225b23 ( TTr. 619 ). gríobh amhnas, TD 26.6 . Compar. mac Naithech is amainsi cech rét, Anecd. ii 55 § 16 . Of animals: béist lánámhnas, TTr.² 1151 . fúargg ind eich angbaid amnais, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.82 . Of a place: ic cosnamh chuain . . . crichi fíramainsi frithbertaigi Frigia, LL 235a21 ( TTr. 1344 ). Of the sea: tar muir nIcht na.¤ `stormy', Todd Nenn. 272.10 . Various: nīm thairle erchor a.¤ (.i. temptatio diabulica .i. aminnas .i. drochinnas), Thes. ii 352.3 (Hy. vi). a rruisc roamnais, LU 7733 . sleag aithger a.¤ , TTebe 3053 . geimel alainn a.¤ , Ir. Gl. 59.17 . cath a.¤ , LU 1610 . Of sounds: conggairet gairm n-a.¤ fair harsh-sounding , LU 9092 ( FB 84 ). as amhnus an sgeamhach chinn chon do-bheir an t-aitheach dhūinn, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 174.12 . severe, trying, irksome (in subjective sense): at amainsi na fuili rabertatar fort, TBC-LL¹ 4383 . na .x. plaga amainsi, BB 240a37 . oenét a.¤ Ailella `the sole keen jealousy of A.', RC xxiii 308 § 21 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin, Laws i 6.26 Comm. is a.¤, is andiarraid (of monastic rule), Ériu iii 104 § 37a . Superl. cainte ba geriu ┐ ba gortiu ┐ ba amainsiu bai in hErin, Rawl. B 512, 114c52 (Plummer MS notes). Adv. gonais . . . co ha.¤ Fiachra `wounded F. severely', RC xxiv 184 § 16 . ro chathaigsetar . . . co ha.¤ , LU 220 . amhnus rohaithisighedh sharply He was reviled, ZCP viii 205.y .

(b) keen, clever, crafty: ciamad amnus co ngais he, Laws i 156.8 Comm. tria intliucht na.¤ , BB 332a7 . na mná (g s.) . . . amaindsi `cunning', Ériu xii 152.7 (TE2). batar amainsi bar comairli, BB 490a28 . níp a.¤ `too eager', Ériu iii 98 § 9 . a ing[en] ālainn a.¤ vivacious, quick-witted(?), ZCP xiii 170.20 . a órcháin a.¤ brilliant(?) (of the morning), SG 56.31 . Compar. tressiu cach gniaid éolchu cach druid amainsiu cach filid, LU 10266 .

As subst. cruelty, harm: feiss cech duine bí doní olc ┐ amhnus frim chorp ┐ mh'anmuin, ZCP vi 258.21 . na h-amainsi ┐ na h-ainigne tucais ar Ulltaibh, MR 202.6 . ocum imdegail ar amainsib in chentair ┐ ar phein in alltair, Ir. Gl. 140 n.147 . ? amansi mora na mac, IT i 158.16 . Cf. amainse.

1 anacra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anacra or dil.ie/3261

n (acrae)

(a) non-suing, impossibility of suing: anagraitto rig, Laws iv 340.19 = a.¤ do ríg kings cannot be sued (` Nicht-Klagbarkeit'), ZCP xvi 203.1 .

(b) bad suing, unjust suing: mo dháil dá ndaghadmha sibh / ní dáil anagra a haithghin `service like it is worth pleading for', Content. xxix 1 . breth úaibh isan anagra / do-úair nech gu neamogla, IGT Decl. ex. 1202 . uair ni hanagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, MR 160.11 .

1 atmach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 atmach or dil.ie/4888

n (cf. ad-daim) acknowledger: ni bi a.¤ nach n-ap[th]ach, ZCP xiii 23.13 (sei nicht ein Anerkenner von irgendwelchen `Untersagten', Bürgschaft 11 § 36 ). ? See also etmach.

at-roí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-roí or dil.ie/4919

v expld. by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 636 as from *ess-ro-so- with inf. pron. failed (to do or get someth.). `Orig. the person who failed was the object, what he failed to achieve was the subject; e.g. a-t-roi a n-guin "their killing turned him away'' "he failed to kill them'' ( Hib. Min. 70.10 )', Lewis and Ped. 398 . Usage however fluctuates somewhat in the exx., and it is not certain that the verb contains the root *so- or that it is connected with éraid (see as-ren, éraid, as-soí). rabāi . . . orci i seilb charat Cairpri . . . atrōe Coirpri ūad C. could not get it (the dog) from him, Corm. Y 883 . tíagait úad íarum. ata-roí a n-astod they could not stop them, BDD² 308 (`das Festhalten wendete sie ab, sie konnten nicht zurückgehalten werden', Ped. loc. cit.). at-roaside díchleith n-aire ┐ do-beir lán a chúaich de usci as it could not be concealed from him (a well), BDD² 1468 = atroasidé a dícleth, LU 7937 . ad-raī a nguin la toescad in muilinn, Fing. R. 879 (see above).

In follg. application of inf. pron. less clear: tuirsech mo menma. Addro luamain ┐ addagin eónu aili I could not fly, Imr. Brain ii 292.31 (see Celtica v 139 ). doluid críne form assennath ┐ addró imthecht (forémed, v.l.) I was unable to walk, 287.30 .

With subj. indicated by verbal ending: atrōiset Luiguir co ndesetar impi, Otia ii 87 § 8 = adraiset Ligur, BB 135a18 they were unable to cross the Loire. With various pass. endings: ? aradroagas a thedachtsom isin chath had been prevented, TBC-I¹ 3619 . forémdes . . . o Chobthach dul issin tech C. was unable to enter the house, LL 270a12 (atroas v.l., ZCP iii 7 § 24 ). at-rós a thairmesc he could not be prevented, Fing. R. 14 . at-roas techt ar in orggain they were unable, 397 . na conétat comaitecht (attaroet comhaidecht v.l.), RC xxi 376.9 . attroithe a rrím they could not be counted, LL 290a18 ( RC xiii 448.x ). Without inf. pron.: gegnaitsom banb bec díb, asrous iarom a brith día doud they were unable to bring it to be roasted, LU 1742 .

The follg. are unclear: romgobsa mo gesa ule anocht, ol C., hua ro-essa indarboe in tríar sin, BDD² 340 `those three have escaped banishment', ib. n. Fiachra Cassán febda in rí / da biach bar baill broé atróe (: broe), LL 6075 . ? atroroi cat comartan (rhet.), ZCP xii 402.y . ataforroi cath comortai. arotrai, 403.9 . Perh. also: atroebaid Gaidel co mbúaid / dula dó i ndegaid int slúaig / uair ba faith, fri glea scél / uamun Déa mac n-Israhél, SR 3997 = foremdes uad dul in ndegaid mac nIsrahel uair rosgab ecla he resan dia diar adairset, LB 118b52 . Strachan, VSR Index, suggests tentatively that here uaman may be subj., but this seems more likely to be dula.

aurderg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurderg or dil.ie/5015

n noco mberthar uaimse eit na halma ass manip aúrderg (d corrected from b) limsa, LU 5029 ( TBC-I¹ 541 ). ba do geissib Conqlaind cetteit ban asa thir manip a.¤ leis `without his knowledge,' RC x 222.124 ; taken by Meyer as = airderc (airdirc). So also in both passages by Vendryes, Ériu xvi 25 (`à moins qu'il ne soit pas visible pour moi') and Krause, ZCP xxii 138 (`wenn es nicht von mir gesehen würde'). But perh. a use of 1 ardarc.

1 bechta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bechta or dil.ie/5531

Appar. vbl. of necess. from root *beg (cf. 2 taithmechta). See -becht. In phr. ní b.¤ ní tochta to be established by evidence (?); capable of proof, sustainable by testimony (?): is amlabar cach cumscas (glossed: indsci) na fri fiadna fedair farnan bechtæ nan tochtae (nantochtaeich, MS., ? leg. tochtai, ed.) `stumm ist jede Aussage (?), die nicht mit Zeugen gemacht wird über was nicht sicher, nicht beschworen (zu beschwören ?) ist', Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ; read fornád bechtai (`a verbal of necessity') na tochtai, Binchy, Celtica v 81 , 82 . flaith tochta na b.¤ (glossed: toinges for an ceile ni na bethaiget fiadain, na senchaide), Laws v 358.7 . ni b.¤ ni tochta .i. nocha nfastann luighi in inbaid na fuil tuarustal acht a luigh aonar, O'Curry 2239 ( Eg. 88, 17ba ). fear ro ith meirle cia dobera tuarasdal rechtge, ni b.¤, ni tochta, O'Curry 2596 ( Eg. 88, 50b ).

bruithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruithne or dil.ie/7145

n (1 bruth): claidem i mbadar .x. mbruithṅi iaraind aitlegta molten charges (?), BB 433b36 . céd b.¤ do dherg-ór `a hundred ingots of red gold', Ériu viii 139.19 . Goibnenn nírbo baeth b.¤ (bruinnde (?), ed., a bruidne, v.l.) / Luichne saer in cerd Creidne `G., nicht war er einfältig, ein Schmelzer', ZCP xiv 177.1 ; cf. b.¤ .i. bruithneoir .i. fear bhois ag bearbhadh no ag leaghadh óir no airgid no m[i]otal, O'Cl. ceardcha [ar] tí b.¤ `ready to blaze forth', Aithd. D. 62.4 .

ceilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceilid or dil.ie/8460
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -cleth, cleithe, cleithi, ceilemain, ceilt, celad, cleth

v On indic. pres. 1 s. *cilu, *-ci[u]l (- cill, ACL iii 296.37 , cil, Fél.² lxi 7 ) see Bergin, Ériu xi 137 . For ā-subj., ē-fut., t-pret., pret. pass. -cleth see GOI 380 , 404 , 422 , 439 . For fut. with short vowel see Celtica xiii 23 (note to l. 189) . Part. cleithe, Vbl. of necess. cleithi, Vn. ceilemain, ceilt, celad, cleth. IGT Verbs § 34 .

Hides, conceals (ar, for from).

(a) Of objects: nudachelat gl. latentes, Ml. 54c9 . nuda-chéiltis cliatha (do.), 61a2 . nichelt [in] macc sochuide a multitude did not hide the son(?), Thes. ii 291.11 . ō Chríst nād cétla celar `who is not concealed in song', 352.1 . ro cleth cruth shapes have been obliterated (i.e. by snow in winter), LU 859 . rocleith Nia ben Lugnao indala coic lie do Corbmac, ZCP viii 103.3 (B. na f.). gid í Meadhb do célta a clú, IGT Verbs ex. 333 . créd fa cceilfinn ar mo rí[gh] / a bhfuarus uadha do mhaoín?, KMMisc. 368.9 . coro ceilti iatha . . . in talman foraib, Grail 2810 .

(b) Of facts, statements, information, etc. : dia celmis Crist do ergi o marbaib if we concealed the fact that, LB 224a16 . celid . . . diabul in fers = male . . . interpretatus est diabolus, PH 4842 . do ceileadh fios ara bh-faidhibh ann sin, ML 74.3 . docheltatar tra a muinter ar P. aní etc., Lat. Lives 56.9 . go gceilfeadh gach ní do nochtfadh seisean . . . dí that she would keep secret, Keat. ii 5276 .

(c) V. freq. in neg. does not conceal the fact that, a fact ; hence by litotes admits, allows, concedes; states, declares : ní ceilsom tra asné crist inlie, Wb. 4d16 (ref. to sicut scriptum est). nicheil cid dabíd gl. et Dauid dicit, 5b5 . nichélat indécnaide, / leir adfiadat . . . , SR 8181 . ni cheil in banḟaith Fedelm says so, LU 4585 . ní chélam as banchomarle that is obviously womanish advice, 4636 . ní chéltar orut ón I shall tell you that, TBFr. 324 . níchelam inráithe dothét foir .i. samrad, ZCP viii 175.29 . ní cheil mé ar máthair an Dúilimh `I say plainly to', Dán Dé xix 20 .

(d) Hence in chevilles: lúad nad cél I shall declare it plainly, Thes. ii 290.7 . ni-n-ceil (sic leg.), SR 7443 `es ist uns nicht verborgen', Wortk. 129 (950.y) . na ceil, LL 15393 . ni chelar, BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(e) withholds, hoards, stints; suppresses, destroys : do ceiled athair ar a mac, LL 270a8 . ceilter in comrād-sin acu ōsin amach `thenceforth they ceased from . . .', Fianaig. 64.1 . ní chéala a chrodh will not stint, Magauran 4165 . ar a gceiltear fala whom none can hate, DDána 102.42 . cadad le ceiltear séimhiughadh an fhocuil bhíos na dhíaigh (as in bean trom etc.) is cancelled, IGT Introd. § 50 . ro ceilid uisceda an tire forro, Grail 1434 . is é an gníomh soin . . . / cheileas a shéan, TSh. 5461 `destroys', Gloss.

(f) With prepp. other than ar, for: ni celt ceis ceol de cruit Crabtene, LU 622 `concealed not music', RC xx 167 ( ACC 20 ), cf. Corp. Gen. 18.25 , Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9 § 1 , Fing. R. 384 . nā ceil dam-sa in fírindi, BColm. 100.19 . fá cheann ní céaltair a n-iocht, Dán Dé xxvii 7 .

(g) The following are unclear: nī chēl a dōe ar Loge, Corp. Gen. 404.27 `his arm doth not fail L.', RC xvi 70 ( Dinds. 118 ). M. celas clú, LL 6384 ( MS. Mat. 480 ) = 380b33 . aro cheil cách corp an rígh `since the body of the king was hidden from all', AFM ii 898.7 . M. cheileas mná, Magauran 287 (`who entertains'? notes).

comainm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comainm or dil.ie/10620
Last Revised: 2013

n n, n. (ainmm)

(a) (additional) name, cognomen (freq. not different in meaning from ainmm); synonym: c.¤ gl. cognomen, Ir. Gl. 993 . c.¤ Críst ron-snáda / Saluator ron-sóera!, Fél. March 14 (comaind .i. comainm, v.l.). atdeos duib a comanmann, Corp. Gen. 126.26 . in trath dian comainmm compleit, KMMisc. 154.94 . Cumscraidh Mend Macha do c.¤ ond uair-sin ille, Sc.M² 14 R. Mac Dathó a ainm, 1.1 (a c.¤, R). cía do ch.¤ -siu ol M. . . . Fedelm . . . mo ainmsea, LU 4524 (TBC). Sarra dianid c.¤ Iascha cognomen, 160 . da ghadaige . . . darsat comanmann D. ┐ I., PH 2852 . Portt na Cranne darap c.¤ an Fuarchosach, Ann. Conn. 1256.13 . c.¤ carat .i. edadh isin caill `synonym for a friend', Auraic. 5656 . ban-naomh in chomhanma sin, Fl. Earls 176.28 .

(b) (a person of the) same name: coibne .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 496 . cen c[h]umscuguth nadet comanmuin (form ?) na comthuirmi `dass sie nicht gleichnamig sind', Bürgschaft 27 § 74 c.¤ trait do-n-roïg Cū Domna / oc ascnamh a comanmo, Fianaig. 12 § 14 . tricho Fland ┐ tricho Dubthach . . . is ed bui di chomanmanduib i tig Geirg, IT iii 550.26 . cárna a chomanma, LL 13884 (of Cú Chulainn and a hound). batar . . . comanmunna araile dib (of the Apostles), LB 146b31 (com + adj. in -de from ainmm ? Cf. IT iii 550 supra and Celtica x 254 ). Note also: roderscnaigh dan comhainm riamh ar ulc it surpassed anything of its own kind in evil (of a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 100.4 . Attrib. g s. and g p. dá churaidh comhlann gcalma / conghlann cubhaidh comhanma (of 2 Murchadhs), DDána 85.32 . cona ttrí cēd curadh comhanmann, Ériu viii 137.21 .

In phr. fer (lucht) a chomanma a man, etc., of the same name or family: ara uib ┐ ar fer a chomanma, LL 39066 . ni faicim do lucht a ccomhanma acht iad araon I see of the same name only these two, Mart. Don. 58.7 . Cf. lead chéidfhear comhanma the first man of your name, O'Hara 170 . go rabhadar iomad do naomhaibh . . . Éireann 'n-a lucht comhanmann `that many . . . bore the same name', Keat. iii 1714 .

(c) namesake : c.¤ a māthar `every namesake of his mother's', Cáin Ad. 25 .

(d) anniversary, yearly, weekly, etc. recurrence of any day or date: c.¤ in laithi-sa . . . cacha blīadna, BColm. 28.2 . co tucsat noí catha / on c.¤ coa celi `from year's end to year's end', Ériu x 93 § 3 . Adv. doni se aenach festa c.¤ an lae dorugudh é gacha bliadhna, ZCP vi 86.10 . in slabradh . . . ro sgaoil go mīrbaileach comhainm an fhēsta sin, Fl. Earls 244.1 . cuirfet-sa macamh dot shoighidh c.¤ an laithe a ttanacc sunn this day week(?), BNnÉ 319 § 15 .

Various: ? ni ralie an mag so nad rubann c.¤ n-arcaid, ZCP iii 237.15 . ina c.¤ cen leisci / tomaidm Flesci ┐ Maindi, Lec. 283ra15 ( ch.¤ , 6rb24 ; comairm, BB 37b27 ). cían ó chomhainm éantoighe / rádh Thaidhg ris Ó mBríain mBéirre `far from joint-naming from a single house was Tadhg's answer to Ó Briain of Béirre', Ériu xix 92.25 .

comalnaithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comalnaithir or dil.ie/10713

Forms: -chomalnathar, -chomalnadar, comallaid, comalnas, -comalnnamar, -comalnid, comalnatar, -comallatar, chomalnit, comallait, chomallaite, comalnid, -comalnithe, comallaid, -comalla, -comalnadar, -comalnammar, chomallaide, -chomalnith, -comolnatar, comalnither, -comollnither, -chomalninn, comallainn, -chomallada, -chomallad, -chomalnithe, -comallaitis, -comalnithe, comálnabadar, comallaibther, comallaibte, chomallaibtir, -comallaibthe, comallus, chomalnastar, chomallastar, comalnisid, chomalnisset, comallad, comallada, comalnad, comall, chomallas, comullas, choimlios, -cóimlet, comailter, comaill, -chomhaille, -ccoimhle, comella, choimhéollus, -coimeōlad, comaillfithir, coimhéaltar, gcomólladh, coiméoltide, chomhailleas, coimlis, chomaill, chomhall, coimlis, chomailset, coimletar

v (comlann, see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 174 f. ). Forms in O. Ir. glosses illustrating variation nl/ll, depon. and active inflection and variation in endings. Indic. pres. -chomalnathar, Wb. 31c14 . -chomalnadar, 15b14 . comallaid (sic MS.), Ml. 106a2 . comalnas, Wb. 7b15 . -comalnnamar, Thes. ii 247.24 (Camb. Hom.). -comallammar, Ml. 46c20 . -comalnid, Wb. 15a9 . comalnatar, 20d1 . -comallatar, Ml. 94b4 . chomalnit, Wb. 28c7 . comallait, Ml. 146a1 . chomallaite, 114b7 . Ipv. comalnid, Wb. 8d26 . -comalnithe, 30a1 . comallaid, Ml. 115c2 . Subj. pres. -comalla, Ml. 94b10 . -comalnadar, Wb. 29a16 . -comalnammar, 15d27 . chomallaide, Ml. 95c3 . -chomalnith, Wb. 13a32 . -comolnatar, 2c10 . Pass. acht ro comalnither , Wb. 26a15 . -comollnither, 2c17 . Subj. impf. -chomalninn, Wb. 3c28 . manu comallainn , Ml. 131d19 . -chomallada, 70c13 . -chomallad gl. inpleret, 35c12 . -chomalnithe, Wb. 13a33 . -comallaitis, Ml. 95c2 . Pass. -comalnithe, Wb. 3d26 . fut. comálnabadar, Ml. 46c20 . comallaibther, 89b11 . a comallaibte (gl. expleturae sitim), 121b8 . Pass. chomallaibtir, 109c9 . Condit. -comallaibthe, 105b14 . Perf. ro comallus , Ml. 74d5 . ra chomalnastar , Wb. 24a37 . rond chomallastar , Ml. 122d7 . ro comalnisid , Wb. 26b6 . ro chomalnisset , 2c14 . Pass. ro comallad techt doib . . . fo recht n-imdibi (sic MS.), Ml. 81d5 . ro comallada inna imneda, 74c20 . Vn. comalnad, comall.

Forms in later lang. (syncopated forms proscribed in IGT Verbs § 65 ). Indic. pres. chomallas, LU 9208 ( FB 93 ). comullas, Ériu iii 6.7 . choimlios, v 96.3 . -cóimlet, PH 7414 . Pass. comailter, LL 19606 . Ipv. comaill, PH 1848 . Subj. pres. -chomhaille, Irish Texts i 24 § 15 . -ccoimhle, Parrth. Anma 2375 . fut. comella, TBC-LL¹ 1864 . choimhéollus, Ériu v 100.10 . -coimeōlad, ZCP xii 392.7 . Pass. comaillfithir, ACL iii 240 § 1 . coimhéaltar, Measgra D. 18.30 . Condit. go gcomólladh sé, Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.4 . Pass. go coiméoltide , BCC 40 (26.9.) Pret. do chomhailleas , Desid. 1268 . do coimlis , Celt. Rev. iv 18.20 . náro chomaill , LU 2342 (H). nár chomhall , RC xiv 46 § 53 . ro coimlis , YBL 163a22 . ro chomailset , Three Hom. 52.8 . do coimletar , Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.1 .

Fulfils, discharges, performs (a duty, undertaking); carries into effect, brings to pass (a promise, prophecy); fulfils, observes (a law, command); satisfies: ma nos comalnnamar (of the three kinds of martyrdom), Thes. ii 247.24 (Camb. Hom.). forsnahí comalnatar toil Dǽ, Wb. 20d1 . ní comalnat-som . . . recht, c22 . ma chomalnit a ngrád `if they fulfil their orders', 28c7 . cono comalnide a ndurairṅgred do Abarcham, 19b22 . mani comolnatar a n-imdibe rúnde, 2c10 . comallaidi `he fulfils it', Ml. 94b1 . conid chomallada hua gnimaib `that thou shouldest fulfil it in deeds', 70c13 . intan ro comallada i ngnimaib inna testimni gl. cum impletae sint, 38c9 . no chomallad nech dod-fongad, 36a21 . ro comallnadh uile se, Blathm. 233 . sealb aircinnigh craibtig comallnathur riagla soiscéla, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a). co n-aisneis breithre de do cach in-da-tuaise ┐ no-da-comallathar, Laws iii 32.x . nocon ḟúar . . . nech no chomollad fir fer frim imbi, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). comaillfithir d'Ēirinn / īdail dar a hora it will come to pass, ACL iii 240 § 1 . a run do comaill, BB 56b20 . dfior cogaidh comhuilter síothcháin, Ériu viii 86.126 . tuc O B. a bréithir go gcomólladh sé a ndubairt, Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.4 . gaol na ndaoine . . . / maith do chomhaill tú a Thríonóid `well hast Thou fulfilled the claims of Thy kinship', Dán Dé xxviii 28 . mairg dona crīstaidhibh / nāch comhuill compánacht, ZCP viii 208 § 44 . an gcéin mhairfeas Éireannach / ┐ coimhéaltar cairdeas, Measgra D. 18.30 .

Elliptical use: nad-cennaib coirib-comallat `das sie nicht mit (ihren) ordnungsmässigen Häuptern "erfüllen" (vollziehen?)' (of illegal contracts), ZCP xiv 379 § 43 (Laws iii 306). flaith . . . na comallann dia memraib, Laws v 358.14 Comm. comaill obey, MacCarthy 64.16 . ca comairle dobertais do ar in forind ro mairn in catraig no in comaillfitis friu, BB 449a8 . an ceín do coimheoldaís dó fen ┐ do lucht a inaidh `as they were obedient', BCC 243 (246.33) . rí nar chomhuill dá chraidhe Who has not fulfilled the inclination of His heart, DDána 20.34 . do choimhliodur dhā chéile ō sin amach fulfilled (their undertakings) to each other, Beatha S. F. 2975 .

Cf. comlán(aig)id.

con-boing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-boing or dil.ie/12003

Forms: combach

v (* com-bong-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 477 , see GOI 461 ) smashes, breaks; defeats (with FOR); violates (law, etc.): intí do-thuit foir c.¤ a chnámi, Wb. 4d 15 . c.¤ catha cró-chombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ in ceithri tarsna slūagaib sair, TBC-I¹ 1718 = comboing, LU 6207 . fer . . . conboing nītha for nāimdiu, TBC-I¹ 3349 . conbóing airthiu . . . cach cluichiu, LU 4915 = conboiṅgæth, TBC-I¹ 430 `he beats them in every game', Stories fr. Táin Gloss . comboing tar écrait n-écomlund, LU 8687 ( FB 52 ) emended to c.¤ , Celtica vi 231 . cethra conboing for daíngen, Laws iv 140.13 Comm. conbui[n]g in saland hi tri, LB 277a58 . ō chon-abbaing (sic leg.) inna trī fretiuch so when he has gone back on these three renunciations (the world, the flesh and the devil), ZCP iii 453 . 27.8 ( Celtica viii 74 § 30 ). a combongat etarba `they break the cattle-fence', O'Dav. 281 . conbongar in bairgen, Thes. ii 251.12 (Stowe Miss.). diciallaither coir a crotaibh conbongar aontéd, H 3.17, 438.12 ( Manners and Customs iii 255.y ). dia cuimgither cnamu `by which bones are broken', Laws v 138.14 = comgither, O'Dav. 500 . con-boingtis fair defeated him, YBL 136b25 . mallacht for cách conbó in cáin si in domnaig, Ériu ii 210 § 33 . nipo machtad cia chonbosaide (= -ad-de) for écomlond, LU 5209 (TBC) `should rout an overwhelming force', Faraday 34 . arna coimb `damit er nicht zerbreche', ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Cf. arná 'mmacomba doib, Críth G. 519 `lest they destroy one another', Gloss. mad imuich conapastar cnaim . . . ma[d] ina thaig fein co(i)na(u)pastas (sic) `it has been broken', Bretha 22 . cochotabosadsi gl. ut vos comminueret, Ml. 18a7 . conbuig (combaig, combuig, MSS. see GOI 431 ) . . . dā macc būadaig Bresuail `die beiden söhne . . . gewannen einen heftigen Kampf', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.22 . conbuich brōn for a biodbaid, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 29 . in sét arggait nádchombaig / in cherd `which the smith did not break', Thes. ii 346.4 . do chombuich mo chorc-sa (.i. dobris mo craide-si), ZCP v 487 § 2 (B. na f.). conbobig am-mer, RC xi 446.69 . comboacombacht dōib ┐ go robris cāch dīb alaile so that they clashed(?), ZCP viii 103.17 . go ro combuichset gach aird (of a tower) `so that they breached', Leb. Gab.(i) 82.17 . conbocht fír fer fairsom, LU 6239 = TBC-I¹ 1739 . asa chind . . . do comgned (robenadh, v.l.) a hinchind dermait `was removed' (of Cennfáelad), Ériu iv 126.17 . co silfad, co choibsad fir Erenn? `how shall they reap?' RC xii 106 § 160 . conbibsat a fīrdāla, ZCP iii 465.4 . conbibustar fir fer in la sin, IT ii 247.7 .

Vn. combach. Part. see comgithi.

danó, dano

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danó, dano or dil.ie/14616
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dā, dano, dana, daniu, daneu, dano, dono, dana, danau, dā, dā, dō, dano, dono, dona, dana, dāa, dōo, denu, doná, nú, dno, dna, d, do, no, dono, dano, dana, denu, dā, dno, no, dno, no, dā, No

sō: da-nō, Ir. Gosp. Thom. § 22 . shō: 'nō, DDána 175 § 29 . 'nó, LL ii 11121 (TBC) . See Ériu liii 139: of unknown origin in spite of Zeuss 1005, n. 3 . Perhaps da-no, da-nu, cf. co-nu, ACC 66 , nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 : dā .i. da nui insein; daniu, Cambr. (modelled on didiu? daniu: danu = didiu: didu); niu the dative of ní in Mil seems a late form and should not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Enchir. Aug. 85 a ( ZCP vii 485. 6 ) Lat. denuo is glossed by nuu. The oldest meaning of dano is that of denuo ` anew, again ' (e.g. Mon. Tall. 149. 26 ). All other meanings arose from this.

A OLD-IR. Usually written dā = dano or dana.

daniu, Cambr. 37 d .

daneu, Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .

dano in full, Wb. 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Ml. 43 a 22 .

dono in full, Wb. 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .

dana in full, Wb. 5 c 18 . Elsewhere always dā in Wb.

danau, Ml. 37 a 8 .

The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta had dā.

B MID.-IR. Usually written dā, as in Old-Ir., and dō.

dano in full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .

dono is the usual form in the Laws; always nó dono; (nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono); Death-tales of the Ulster heroes § 4 ; Lib. Flav. 16 a 1 . 2 .

dona in full RC xi 444. 1 .

dana in full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT i 127. 4 ), Eg. dana supported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .

dāa, RC xi 444. 1 f.b.

dōo, Laws i 8. 1 .

denu in full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.; dē, ib. 86 § 93 .

doná, AFM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ; TFrag. 8. 15 .

nú (: Lúachrú; no, v.l.), Three Historical Poems, 112 q.23Aa .

Syncopated forms:

dno in full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn; but dā, 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn, Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CCC § 2 LU (v.l. dā). TBC-LL¹ 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (: rempo). BB 109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ; 40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ; 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . ZCP iii 227. 21 (Harl.); 249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . ACL iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 . dā = dno supported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 . dō = dno supported by the metre, ACL iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.

dna in full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18), v.l. dā. ScM. § 19 Harl., v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TFrag. 148. 11 . AFM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .

d, TBC-LL¹ (LL) 2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). ZCP iii 249. 25 ; 251. 4 . Lib. Flav. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.); ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18 (l. 449) .

do, RC xii 104 § 149 .

no (short `o,' cf. below; nó, LL 90 a 3 = TBC-LL¹ 4318 ; cf. no rhyming with dó, BB 297 b 42 ; written l-, LL 55 b 27 = TBC-LL¹ 200 ): TBC-LL¹ (LL) 437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 , 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 , 4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 , 5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ), § 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 . LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a 19 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17 (? ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).

for `dni' AFM v 1552 read didiu ( dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).

Of the Old-Ir. forms dono arose from dano, as ocus from acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently as an enclitic, without accent: ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . cepu dono, 7 d 16 . ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48. 24 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).

The syncopated Mid.-Ir. forms dno, no retaining `o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate, as dano stressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.- Ir. dana. The Mid.-Ir. writing denu ( RC xii 72 § 44 , cf. dechum, debert) points in the same direction. Compare also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent falls on the ultimate:

Acall. 3852 : mairg dadhair don luing dana. nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.

The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the convenience of the metre. It appears in several poems ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries, e.g.

LL 144 a 9 : Almon rathuit artús dā (dno leg.) i nEtail ra Troiano.

(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early 12th century).

LL 8 a 39 : anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dno leg.) Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.

(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136; v.l. no, BB 46 a 19 ).

LL 34 b 31 : i ndáil fer talman sund dno [labrad] (cf. l. 43 ) lá is aidchi rempo.

(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).

Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib. Min. 40 st 3 :

fuilriud már guin dóine dno ocus plág for pecthacho.

in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from the middle of the 9th century, ACL iii 297 st 60 :

ní mandingentar dno dóibsium dál ndrong ndelech.

and ICM st 188 :

atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus atreab nálaind &c.

This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis; whence it follows that dno, though not occurring in any MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.— No was developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems impossible to fix the date of this development accurately. The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 , is no test, as no might be a late substitute for dno. The fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the 12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSS dā, dno, and no go hand in hand. The spoken form was dno, later no; but the traditional writing dā lingered on for centuries in the MSS. No is found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th century, when it became obsolete. The FM write doná, dana, dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204 ( AU ii 242. 2 ).

In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between dā, dno, dna, and no. The particle is never placed at the head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy almost any position within it. It follows stressed and unstressed words, and appears particularly often after emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding. The following is a synopsis of the most common positions of the particle:

(1) asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no muinter Fintain, LL 91 a 54 . bemmini dano, Wb. 9 c 10 . mathidsom dano, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . dogénsa no, CRR § 9 .

(2) abi mogasi dano, Wb. 27 c 17 . (is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 . bat roumal dano in fer sin, Mon. Tall. 159. 2 . is ferr dano lais, ní haurcuil dano lais MT.

(3) issí dano, Wb. 19 b 12 . issed dano, Mon. Tall. 136. 13 et pass. cipé no, TBC-LL¹ 200 .

(4) (a) uait no, CRR § 7 . dóib no, TBC-LL¹ 3239 . (b) is samlid dano, Wb. 21 b 2 . etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 . forthusom no LL 172 b 48 . uaimse no, TBC-LL¹ 4305 .

(5) is annsin dano tanccatar, BDD 151. 7 . intan dano, ib. § 162 . on uair dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 .

(6) a forbi tra dano, Mon. Tall. 128. 7 .

(7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative: nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73 a 11 . gabtha díberg dano la suide, BDD § 41 . Diarmait dano abb ĺa lais, Mon. Tall. 153. 17 . acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano, Mon. Tall. 129. 22 . gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no, LL 80 a 44 . bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no, TBC-LL¹ 3885 . dat. do díb lethaib no, LL 175 a 42 . da saigid no, TBC-LL¹ 4261 .

Dā, no (&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often = didiu, trá. In Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange between dā, dī, tra, and imorro is quite common; cf. Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 . dā, LL 316 b 28 = dī, BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common issed dī = issed dā, nó dī = nó dō.

I adv Also, further, in addition, besides, as well, too , as a further point or circumstance tending in the same direction. Often with 1 ocus, acus, íarum, íarom, íaram, iar tain, beus, olchena, opp. cétamus Mon. Tall. 136. 23 .

A In the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a subordinate clause expressing:

(a) comparison : amal gnís tra Críst in iustis...is samlid dā gniith demun in filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the Devil in f.d. Wb. 21 b 2 . amal as hiress ronóib Abracham nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified you ib. 19 b 12 . amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithemnacte bemmini dano, ib. 9 c 10 . amal durígni inna gnímu sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide, Ml. 50 d 10 . amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib. 2 d 2 . Cf. ib. 69 b 3 . amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 . amal nách forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 . Cf. also: amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb. 12 b 12 .

(b) condition : acht robæ quies et tranquilitas regibus bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb. 28 a 23 . dóecastar i mbí hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā if it be the same it is also one part (of speech), Sg. 188 a 6 . madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf. also Wb. 14 d 24 : intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative clause takes the place of a conditional one.

(c) time : o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb. 21 d 11 . ho imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it PCr. 64 a 1 .

(d) cause or reason : hore...adib cretmich infectsa cretmech dā for cland, Wb. 10 a 6 . huare techtas nerta is cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Ml. 85 a 4 .

(e) concession : v. V (a).

B In principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding clause, with or without `ocus'; also, again . Type: dorochair Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana, Aen. 18 .

(a) cop.: ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it is he also that is the ransom Wb. 2 b 9 . ished ón immurgu as fír et is fír dā esséirge omnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 . is oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc. mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib. 29 d 6 . ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is misiu ém dorat...is me dō rothairmisc, TE § 13 Eg. ropa cridiscél dam cédamus ...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐..., Mon. Tall. 136. 23 . ba hamnus muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and, RC xii 98. 17 ; cf. Ériu v 238. 5 . conid desin...is de dno hence also RC xii 106 § 162 . indligid don fechemain apad... indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 . isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais, &c. , ib. 28. 11 , 14 .

(b) subst. verb: cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,', Sg. 209 b 29 . bátar Ulaid oc ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag, IT i 67. l. 3 . atá...atá dā, RC xiii 458 § 56 . ar atát foruis...atá dō forus, Laws ii 128. 19 . dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa com thegluch no, TBC-LL¹ 437 . atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse. ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc, BDD § 48 .

(c) other verbs: ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind apostol, Cambr. 37d . rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg. 174 a 1 . Cf. ib. 73 a 12 (in hilur dā = is in h.d). rodelb iartin dluma in talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 . dorimchell (v.l. rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l. dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin BDD § 155 ; ib. § 95 . tarlaic...dosléicimse dā, IT i 101. 16 . sadais ind snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā, &c. , he thrusts again the needle into her hand Mon. Tall. 149. 26 . dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile ic Drochat Átha, AU ii 130. 8 ; cf. also 130. 6 . asbert... asbert dā, RC xi 450. 130 . dogníth side na harma...dogníth dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn, RC xii 92. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 . ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 . focres forrai dno dus &c....focres forra d dus..., ib. 72 § 44 . dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐ torchratar no muinter F., LL 91 a 54 . issed atberat som ...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 . is amlaid tánic som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no, TBC-LL¹ 2826 . atbert cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig no bar lííc, ib. 2914 . táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho, ib. 2948 . rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no, &c. , ib. 3239 . Cf. also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 . atraacht C....atraacht trian slóig Ulad laisium no, CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad... daronait dā). adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are fallen Acall. 3174 . Cf. ib. 3399 (dō). roíarfacht didiu di araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen. 1519 . dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 . gaeth mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit crann i nDoire C. C., AFM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).

C In principal clauses introducing a new predicate with or without `ocus.'

(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects being the same: robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Ml. 47 a 17 . dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 . rochúm [Día] in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc. in talam)...rodelb dō iartin dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 . in mét dona fuil ó thalmain coruice suide (sc. in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 . rofiarfaig iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair... imcomaircidh dno den deogbori..., RC xii 82. 1 . Amenicán imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, ACL iii 2. 3 .

(b) dā introducing a new subject and a new verb. The sense of dā becomes more emphatic, the statement being strongly marked as additional to what has been said before: further, besides, moreover . cum manu sapere plena fuerit .i. no rapere fit in aliis libris ┐ is manus dā bís indib, Ml. 36 b 2 . inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 . dagnítis dā int Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg. 28 a 10 . sed etiam in accentibus, gl. biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75 a 7 . is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae már foroib dā (dno LU) CCC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 . ní déntar ceth crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e. Maelruain) dā and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . canir dā biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e. Maelrúain) aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 . is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it better, moreover ib. 161. 29 . is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ; similarly: is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 . ni haurch. d.l. 143. 18 ; 161. 26 ; cf. also the common phrases issed dā is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134. 11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ; 161. 13 .— fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri oclaig naile, RC xi 4461. 50 . birt roth leis ond óclaich... dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 . ar ba fáith si dā she was also a prophetess ib. 4481. 81 . inor aodhar imbe ised dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ; cf. 72. 19 . ronaisceatar fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 . ┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and moreover the same man said BDD p. 152 . dorónsat baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R. do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 . dorala dō olc ele and moreover, another evil happened, ib. 484 . loisccthear Slicceach leo. romarbad dana mac Corbmaic, AFM iii 362. 9 . tucsat ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo, AU ii 164. 7 ; 130. 8 .

D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini, quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too, are servants Wb. 27 c 17 . cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 . si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl. bid corp són dā that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 , cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 . duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech ( 77 d 3 )... duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to that too Ml. 77 d 4 . uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum' (solebant proferre), gl. robói són dā leo this, too, they had Sg. 75 b 4 . ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC-LL¹ 4305 , 4318 (nó). corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that I too may LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ). dober comermitin féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Ml. 127 d 10 - 11 . cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb. 24 a 37 . Conchobar dā (v.l. dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l. dō) leo, CCC § 1 . birt macc. laír dā (v.l. dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire, ib. § 3 . in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā do pennait that his wife also should do penance Mon. Tall. 163. 18 . Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 . atá i rriagailib ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ; 138. 36 ; 151. 6 . gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans, too, are a multitude hostile to me Aen. 458 . —In phrases like the following: isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ de Nuadaid, RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered by same. bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b. is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192. 10 . sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 . isin bliadain sin dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 . is annsin dā tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb. 6 b 25 : omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl. aratá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus. ishé side dā as éola and, where dā seems to emphasise the reference to Deus.

E Often in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry). cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi dono, Laws i 242. 12 . lethchumul dno ó fethemuin... lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno..., ib. i 220. 8 - 16 . impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo for Uib Bresail, AU ii 146. 17 . crech la Nial...crech eile dō, ib. i 582. 13 . maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne. maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 . sloghadh la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186. 21 . ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus dā frimsa dadaich, &c. , RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 . Cf. the 12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .

F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ. `auch nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmaldachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb. 5 d 23 . ar ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol apud mulierem, 9 d 18 . nihil enim intulimus in hunc mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i. ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 . et uos, domini, eadem facite illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ; cf. 3 a 14 , 9 d 5 . amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Ml. 69 b 3 . ní díltai dā (sc. Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg. 201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . Mon. Tall. 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ; 143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .

G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno ( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i 112. 1 ), nó no ( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasised nó, often interchanging with simple `nó.' or, or else . Synon. nó didiu, Fél. 2. 13 . PH 7082 . nach dú immurgu inimfogni fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with the ablative or dative Ml. 27 c 10 . nó dō (v.l. nó itá i.e. ita), ACL iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to introduce a new and different opinion. dogabar eneclann do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána ┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5 f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7 f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ; ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. — Aedh Uaridnach .i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara tigdís dó, Cóir Anm. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 . 5654 (dō).

H ocus dano and moreover: rupu accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb. 33 a 11 . ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws i 56. 8 f.b. ┐ dano or si, LU 9052 . aile dano: ainm naild dō din tibroid sin Loch Luibe, RC xii 96 § 126 . Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile do no, TBC-LL¹ 2835 .

I amlaid dano thus, thus also : is samlid dā, Wb. 12 c 46 . pronomen hi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói `modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg. 203 b 5 . is amlaid dō doroimsi in ferta, ACL iii 30 § 83 . sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ; ii 244. 14 .

Jin secondary clauses: is torbach du popul flaith firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Ml. 90 b 11 . adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a coibsen, Mon. Tall. 135. 19 . curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 , &c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .

II Therefore, then, accordingly, itaque, et ita, igitur — both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion from what has been said before. By the Irish themselves translated by ergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus igitur, sic igitur, no ita ( ACL iii 293. 16 ) = loc dā, amlaid dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.—

(a) si autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl. ní bo líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable Wb. 4 a 12 . is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused to do good ib. 5 c 18 . similiter et uir sui corporis non habet potestatem sed mulier, gl. nách móided dā in fer infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 . do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp, &c., be ye not imperfect, then, lest, 12 d 26 . ní derlaichta a pecdæ doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx. from Wb.: 9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 . —interrogemus igitur: imchomarcam dā, Ml. 18 a 1 .— vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum' solebant proferre, gl. daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in its genitive Sg. 75 b 3 . Setum pro Zethum, gl. biid dā sethvs pro z. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 . derbaid cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then, certifies the gender in them, 197 b 5 . Cf. further 38 b 8 .— ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l. dna) limsa, RC xiii 377. 8 .

(b) in a weakened sense utpote, nempe, nimirum; videlicet; namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explanation or conclusion, like German `nämlich.' non enim per legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl. .i. dorairngred dā rombad oirdnide a chland ut `in semine tuo rl.' ( Gen. xxii 18 ) it had been foretold, then, that his children would be distinguished Wb. 2 c 12 . ut et ipsi misericordiam consequantur, gl. bid misericordia dano dodaessarsom nípa meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will save them when they shall believe: it will not be m. ib. 5 c 12 . Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem .i. is per gratiam cotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds you then, 8 c 16 . Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les dano indaingil, 32 c 2 . dico...quod idolum sit aliquid? .i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 . Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary clause: arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 . 27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .

Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. : in uime rocuiris tech andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26. 3 : ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Conchobar let him come then.

III Very common in progressive description or narrative, indicating temporal and logical sequence: then, accordingly, so, upon which, thereupon, now . This usage arose from I, the original sense ` further, again ' being still perceptible.

(a) type: perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā `go to Columba' (said Satan). So he went Mon. Tall. 154. 17 . ercc co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā, ib. 154. 9 . fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil `it would be well for you to take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept, Laws i 72. 22 . telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā issin tech, BDD p. 155. 9 . rotficbam co port i mbia innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l. téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg. raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi, TBC-LL¹ 2839 ( LL 79 b 30 ). raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 . asmbert Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai RC xi 444 l. 34 . asbert fris búi glend már ara chind. oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin, ib. 446 l. 60 . Cf. also: rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh... dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na slógh, AFM v 1552. 1 f.b.

(b) indicating progression in general. dothaet Conaire do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais, BDD § 143 . bátar trí ríg ...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar then he was seen ib. § 14 . dolluid (sc. Derbforgaill) anair irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan. amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 . dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG. umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 . dorragab som iarum ind praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna Mon. Tall. 149. 24 , 29 . rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time Thes. ii 335. 33 . scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain FB § 11 . ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar, RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444. 1 . TBC-LL¹ 2298 . dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman. dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fut Connacht dia thig whereupon D. went home AU ii 90.23 . táinic Murchad cu nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for Gallaib, AU i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .

(c) introducing a new event or indicating transition to an entirely new subject: now, now as to, as for . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are, &c., Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b . ba cara do Patraic hé (sc. Dubthach) ...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P. once went to that D.'s house Thes. ii 307. 9 . nó is Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus uero Diarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to Brigit ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 . intan dā robói Macc Cecht fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield BDD § 162 (the preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib. § 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 . cid Tuath Dei Dononn d derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they lost many men in the battle ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ; 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ; 102. 11 . isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the earth Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph). dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if the defendant, &c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of an entirely new passage: mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a man's hand, 142. 14 . intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non manducat, &c. , as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer, he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following), 146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very common is the following type: teclaim ubald dā dia domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them ib. 145. 17 . gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a servant, 142. 1 . aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as to invalids, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 . Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae as for M. M. BDD § 42 . filedha dana robátar isin indsi si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice who passed false judgment Laws i 24. 28 . in file dō cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime, ib. 58. 17 ; cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ; v 368. 9 .—Cf. also: araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease Mon. Tall. 155. 5 . slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i Craib telcha i llongport, AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the common phrase loc dā as to the place (of the hymn), it was: loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish themselves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .

IV In commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeating the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn. tra, didiu ( Cóir Anm. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ). ┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.: Raith Guthaird dō is airi atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 . senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 . Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél. p. 172. 31 . Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile mór, &c. , ib. 258. 15 . Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na athair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 1 . Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks: Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes. ii 307. 2 . Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318 b 34 .

V However ,

(a) in concluding sentences after a preceding concessive secondary clause. Syn. camaiph. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in céin naili dā (one dā is superfluous, but both positions are allowed) he shall, however, be delivered the other time Ml. 68 d 14 . ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the title, it is suitable, however, to E. ib. 72 d 9 . With camaiph: ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi `altera utra,' Sg. 75 b 2 .

(b) however, but ; the addition introduced by dā is opposed to what precedes: intan conucbad in nél nobíth immun aírc migrabant filii Israhel hisuidiu. intan dā nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when, however, that cloud used to rest Ml. 83 a 4 . aimrit imorro Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was prolific Fél. p. 172 § 31 . co fil in firmamint na trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the angels Laws i 30. 2 . benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir ...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however, was fleeing forth, BDD § 157 . issed as cóir...arnáchad-fercaigthersu (sc. frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā if, however, you are angry with your servant Mon. Tall. 142. 9 . mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 . bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this, however, did not please his son RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came up with them AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly ib. 192. 17 . Same usage AFM iii 40. 6 ; táinic Iohn...do orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave battle to him; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b. (dna); 118. 1 (dna).

VI In a weakened sense with interrogatives. ut quid autem...pro impis mortus est, gl. ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis? gl. cepu dono adrad dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 . omnia enim uestra sunt, gl. ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib. 8 d 15 . cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 . ní fritsa oI sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg. ut est `ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 , cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive cia, cid (like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch erfolge'): cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad, BDD § 38 . cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin, TBC-LL¹ 200 . acht ciat-beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 . gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .

VII Various usages.

(a) rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb. 29 d 3 . ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin, RC xii 70. 14 .

(b) even ? tamquam famulus, gl. rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even (also) a humble position, Wb. 33 a 5 .

(c) aṅgo dā is deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil, BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice), § 102 h ; angó dā, § 105 .

(d) intan imorro rofuidi Feinius a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no further examples of this usage.

dílse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílse or dil.ie/16453

Forms: dísle, dísle, dílse

n later also dísle , f. (díles) dísle, dílse, f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Abstr. Nouns § 46 . that which is proper to, inherent in, due or belonging to, hence

(a) propriety (i.e. fitness, peculiar applicability, to), passing into notion of appropriation; ownership, possession (of), right over (freq. with obj. gen. and prep. DO of appropriator or owner): asagnintar as nduine . . . intan asmberar uirgilius assagnintar assin doacaldmaiche tre dilsi, Sg. 29a3 . dilse cimbeto a captive's due, Thes. i 484 . cach biad cona dilsi, cona somilsi, cona slāine . . . (sei) eigenes (nicht gestohlen), ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). fiach . . . cona focal ┐ a dilsi ┐ a dilmaine, Bürgschaft 15 § 51a . athgabāil sēt con-imcloī dilsi (.i. a. gabur imin set ┐ imar claechlo a dilsi . . .) distress from `seds' which have changed ownership, Laws i 246 . frithe fairge . . . a dilse uile d'fir frithe sea-waifs become the property of the finder, v 334 Comm. a dilsi do lucht in feruinn cusa tárlu é (of a sea-waif), i 204 . rucus tuinede la fer n-ecoir . . . [Ba] deithbir ar nī bbuī dīlse na aititiu la fer for n-ecrad right of possession, ZCP xv 346 § 37 ( Rawl. 113b20 ). corosgáid A. im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ moa ainm fair entreated them to give him the right of ownership of that plain, Dinds. 69 . tabair-se dilse mo chríche féin damsa, SG 321 . dobreath . . . saer dilsi Muigi mac nErce do is da cloind co brath, Lec. 270a36 asbert M. nach tuc disli a fearaind acht do C. nama (imdillsi, v.l.), Ériu viii 175 . dorat Écubu lándílsi na hingine dó full possession of the maiden, TTr.² 1891 . dorat a ogdilsi fein cona uile maithius dó, RC xii 332 . baile biataigh do iodhbairt don C. . . . it iad slāna na hoghdhilsi go brath, Cadhla Ua D. etc. , `sureties of that perpetual gift', AFM 1176 . Isell C. do cennac ar dilse do Cormac . . . ó h. Flaithnen was purchased in perpetuity by C. from Ua F., CS 1089 . co dardad dilsi fērgleithe co ceann mbliadna, Laws iv 130 . Almu . . . do lecun do ar dilsi, RC ii 90 ( LU 3198 ). dilsi fogla ┐ airgni cathrach na hE. . . . do tabairt do dona hectrandaib the right to plunder and destroy the cities, CCath. 762 .

Hence with subj. gen. property, right, claim: tanic atuaid . . . do thabairt dilsi Gormlaithe ar ecin ō Lagnib, LL 52b15 . freedom, right over one's own actions, emancipation (?): bean nā fuil ac fir ┐ do nā tucad a dilsi, Laws iii 292. 20 Comm. do-rónsam dílsi chennaig frit: latsu 'na rucais linde 'na rucsam we made an appropriation of exchange (i.e. a transference in perpetuity), thine what thou didst take; ours what we took, PH 3217 . feibh mar fuaras dílse an sgéil, | dobhérad díbse a n-iul the truth of the story, O'Gr. Cat. 540 . tenn do denam dind ni as ten . . . is dechned iar ndilsi sin genuinely (?), RC xx 152 . ní dechned iar ṅdilsi tormach sillaibe, 150 . dotuit i ndilsi: dorochair i ndilsi di conid nomen di pudicitia `it has fallen into propriety to her' (i.e. become her special name), Sg. 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsi do, Hib. Min. 168 . direnar in fer uadaib uile, no do rochrathar uile i ndilsi they have all fallen into the right (of compensation), Laws iv 178.21 .

(b) forfeiture . This meaning arises out of (a) in cases where a transference of property is implied, the ownership being forfeited by one of the contracting parties. The follg. instances from Laws illustrate the transition ( ó being used of party which loses, and DO of that which gains possession): mad ro achtaig cin ar ┐ ro hairedh, is dilsi in air cona ṡīl, Laws iv 132 . biaidh dilsi cacha athgabala do eclais and the possession of (right over) every such distraint goes to the church (i.e. is forfeited to it), v 256 Comm. is dilsi a fiach uad `he forfeits the debt' (lit. `it is forfeiture of his debts'), i 114 Comm. dilsi a gill on thi dobeir a geall his pledge is forfeited (lit. the forfeiture of his pledge) by the man who . . . v 188 . dilsi a fiach ōn fir doghni an acra, 310 Comm. When land is seized unlawfully: cach ní berar do techtugadh a dilsi dfir bunaidh, iii 148 . dilsi n-airme `forfeiture of the stock', iii 148 . d.¤ in ratha, ii 270 . dilsi a cotach frithgnuma on adaltraidh, 366 . mleth díchmairc i mmuiliunn mrugḟir, cóic séoit ┐ dílse mine melar díchmairc, Críth G. 239 . trí diubarta forsná íada d.¤ `on which forfeiture does not close', Triads 149 . lánd.¤ do cach láim la fíachu `full forfeiture for every hand with fines' (? one of the duties of a ruler), Tec. Corm. § 2 . druim risna drochgráduib, dílsi gach acabair renunciation of all desire, ZCP viii 215 . imba ar ndilsi co n-ar claind a mainche duit shall it be forfeiture of ourselves with our children into your service? Anecd. i 41 . nech imrét ech i ndomnach, dílsi a eich his horse is forfeit, Ériu ii 204 . a caīrich do dīlsi hi llomrad glassenguirt na rīgna (judgement of Lugaid m. Con), ZCP viii 311 . Note: ni teiged bem i [n]dilsi na [i] ndilmaine uad in vain, TTebe 2526 .

(c) security, pledge, warrant: tucad Pátraic inna dilsi, RC xxxvi 264 ( Rawl. 86a3 ). cach fiach co dísli, cach disli i láim rātha, ACL iii 227 . cach altrom co d.¤, cach d.¤ co rún, 228 . nói ngrad nimi . . . is iat dilsi lúagi lemmthair | dúani Crimthain `they are the securities of the price vouchsafed for C.'s poem', MS. Mat. 491 = LL 45b35 (or pl. of 2 díles?). dodechaid Osraighe i ndilsi fri Leth Cuinn entered into suretyship for (`allegiance with'), AU 858 . rígh Osraighe do bheith i nd.¤ fri L. C., AFM 857 . dobersa dō . . . ┐ doberar Caelaind Craibtheach fris na dilsi I will give him (land) and C.C. shall be surety to him for it (?), YBL 174b39 . ata C. a ndilsi fris fein ┐ fri a ḟearand, 44 . ceithre báis breithe: a breith i ngó, a breith cen dílse . . . (.i. faoi omhan gan árach), Triads 244 .

(d) loyalty, fidelity , (cf. 1 díles (c) loyal ), common in later lit.: issed is dóennacht, dílsi ┐ diute, tua ┐ trebaire, LL 294a34 . d'fiachaib ar Dh. umhla is dísle do choimhéad do R. to be obedient and faithful to R., Keat. iii 5116 . ni raibhe dísle ag duine d'eis Chumhail d'Fionn, 3 B 14, 39 . ní fríth . . . neach . . . do rinne dísle dhoiséin, 41 . ní chomhall sí d.¤ dhamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 3 . i n-aghaidh mo dh.¤ dhuid | m'faghail is tríbhse tánuig, TD 14.147 . ar derbdilsi a thinōil ┐ ar lān-mēt a maicne on account of the loyalty of his assembly, BB 426bz . iar ttabhairt . . . chánóine Patraig dhóibh im dilsi dhó having pledged their loyalty to him on Canóin P., AFM 1196 . go mbí fearg Dé rinn tré pheacadh an tsinnsir nó go bhfaghthar linn d.¤ , TSh. 4084 . a ró d.¤ ag díon gach ḟir, Content. xxx 2 .

(e) security, safety: da bhfaghadh arthrach fria himluchtadh ┐ dilsi fria dul ┐ fria techt security to come and go (?), Caithr. CC § 61 . geallaidh disle no ionniollus (= securitatem pollicetur), 24 P 22, 142 . dísli Dé fuair ré a uaisle peace of God (?), 3 C 13, 939 . fágbhaidh cnuas d'ísle san ḟiodhbhaidh | nár dhísle thuas d'iomdhaidh éoin that there was no safety above for the bird's resting place (lit. that it was not safety, cf. 22.6 ), TD 29. 120 .

(f) The follg. exx. perh. belong to a different word, cf. IGT Decl. p. 39.8 : gan ingin righ . . . dho lamhachtain druine nā dhilsi nā dheghlāmhda `to work embroidery or to practise charity (?)', Caithr. CC § 3 . co faccadar na tri hingena ac denam a ndruinechais (a ndruine ┐ a ndísle ┐ a ndeghláma, Fr.), Acall. 7321 .

Dolar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dolar or dil.ie/17999

Forms: D., Dolair, nDolair

n.pr. o, m. D.¤ Durbha mac Gairb ri mara nIcht , CF 332 . g s. mic Dolair , 106 . fa Elair nDerg mac nDolair , MR 216.9 .

dorthaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorthaigid or dil.ie/18413

Forms: doroethiget

v (1 doraid): at rédi ar conara for ar cind, ar nis dorrthoiget ar mígnímrada `machen sie nicht uneben', Alex. 940 = doroethiget, Anecd. v 5.23 = ni dorthaigedar mignimrada, BB ( IT ii2 106 ).

eslán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eslán or dil.ie/20521

Forms: eslán

adj o-ā (slán)

(a) unsound, diseased, sick: eslán (gl. aeger) Ir. Gl. 393 . (gl. insanus) 634 . bidh a ngalar nech is slán | is bidh slán nech is eslán, ZCP vii 302 w . i seandainibh no a ndainibh easlana, YBL 346b10 . mur othar easlán, KMMisc. 244 § 13 . má ofraltháoi ní bacach no easlán, Malachi i 8 . As subst.: do ibh an t-eslán ní don díneach the sick man Ériu v 88.30 . torramad eslánu let him tend the sick LL 343a31 (= t. lubru, Tec. Corm. § 1.31 ). ag súghadh fhola an easláin, TSh. 345 .

(b) not safe, not exempt: slan cach socobus, eslan cach n-ecobus i cain lanamna `every dishonest act is unsafe' Laws ii 342.7 (with gl.: is eslan do neoch dib drochcubus gaiti do denum ar a cheile, ib. 28 . ` nicht-bussfrei' Thurn., ZCP xv 333 y ).

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