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cachtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cachtaid or dil.ie/7534

Forms: coimdegh

v (1 cacht)

(a) shackles, fetters; imprisons, confines, subjugates : rochacht cach rí, SR 7075 . cachtus Elga ollbuidhne, KZ xxxiii 82 (see BB 378b9 ). cachtsus rosacht ind rigain, LU 4279 = LL 18212 ( SG 84.17 ). condot rodbsat / condot chachtsat, LU 3523 ( SCC 28 ). cachtsus cách . . . / i nInis ṅdualaig, LL 19449 . roscacht i ngrísaib gemlig, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.55 . ro chacht éc . . . / mac Domnaill, LL 15840 . ro chacht, ┐ ro chuibhrigh lucht mortha foghla, Cog. 136.25 . Dianim . . . / roscacht greimm Righ na ndúile, AFM ii 576.11 ( TFrag. 240.9 ). In Laws in sense of impounding distrained cattle: ni cachta cethra, O'D. 2222 (Nero A vii, 151a). don fir cachtus in athgabail, Laws ii 76.20 Comm. ? im cobair do fuidir cachtair (cach tair, text) etechtu who is distrained unjustly(?), i 124.12 .

(b) restrains, disciplines, curbs : rochachti iarum commór corroabstinit, Mon. Tall. 159.10 (§ 77) . fer na cachta (? no chachtad) cu mor, LB 11a35 . rochachtsat a colla, Gorm. Nov. 16 . ro chacht ar Crist a colaind, LL 371d17 .

Vn. coimdegh, ┐ cachtad, Laws ii 308.8 Comm. is indsa don memor cachtad in cínd, iv 54.23 Comm.

clannaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clannaigid or dil.ie/9369

v (clann)

(a) plants : ce ro clannaigeadh se roid ┐ . . . arbar fair, O'Curry 1901 (23 P 3, f. 23). nos clandaigim forsin faithchi mo lis, Ériu iv 134.6 (nosclandaim, v.l.).

(b) Fig. implants, establishes : clandaiged dliged cosced indliged `let him plant law', Tec. Corm. § 2.11 v.l. (clandad, text). clannuigheadh dlighedh .i. fasdadh, O'Don. Suppl. fr. Tec. Corm. cumhachta ó n-ar nAthairne / . . . / do ghrádhsa go gclannaighe, / . . . im spioraid, Aithd. D. 57.6 .

(c) begets (children) on (fri), procreates: a log do na setaib o ra clannaiged he boden (gl. luchar set dia cholainn), Laws v 410.19 Comm. ro forcoṅgair Dia . . . na ro chummascdais fri clanna Cain ┐ na ro clannaigdis friu, Rawl. 70a2 . Cf. 4 . ni roclannaigset acht triur dona maccaib, 69b11 . co tuc da ingena Labain .i. Lia ┐ Rachel co ro clannaigh friu ┐ co ro clandaigh fria n-inaltaib, BB 5b26 . ro clannaigsedar iar sin isna fearannaib sin `took root', RC xx 423. 21 (ro silsat, v.l.). Perh. in sense (d). Note also: níor chlannaigh fa choim na neamh / ní nach fuair fios a airrdhean `planted', Studies 1918, 281 § 12 (`or "propagated", or taking the verb as intransitive "there has been propagated", ed.'s note).

(d) increases, multiplies : ro forbair a sil . . . ┐ ro chlannaigestár co rrabatár cethri míli . . . lanamna and, LU 1281 (H). con chlannaigset dia n-ēis / clann mac Mīled, Corp. Gen. 119.9 . dona mórulcaibh ro síoladh ┐ ro clannaigedh i nInis U. . . . allos écca an Aódha . . . , Hugh Roe² 346.x .

1 cúairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúairt or dil.ie/13327
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cōirt-, -rd

n [i], m., later f. Arch. cōirt-, see compds. c.¤ , -rd, f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

I

(a) circle, ring; circuit, circumference: ánus cuáirt `a circle', Sg. 59b13 . in chuartai frithsuidighthi gl. oppossitique orbes, Ml. 39c12 . dun chuairt gl. giro, 84a9 . a chuaird corcorgemmach its circlet of crimson gems (a brooch), LU 7400 ( BDD 100 ). cuaird (cuairde v.l.) bec . . . amal circáill ḟeta (necklet worn by Morann), IT iii 190 § 15 . cuaird uilche aos na fer midba, O'D. 1952 (Cod. Clarend. vol. 15, f. 7, p. 2 col. b) (see compds.). fochress cach cúaird immalaile etc. arranged themselves in concentric circles, LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). Cf. cuaird .i. buidhin ┐ is buidhen ar chath sunn . . . .uii. chuarda . . . ┐ .7. nimdha, etc. (= FB 55 ) ┐ isíat na .7. cuárda .i. .7. catha Ulad taken to mean troop, battalion , H 3.18, 608b5 , 7 , 8 ( O'Curry 1324 ). do ḟiannaib Erenn, cach cuaird im araili im Temraig `each (band) encircling the other around T.,' Ériu xii 182 § 13 (TE2). tanic Fiac ┐ a chuairt leis `circuit' (sc. the poets or druids on F.'s c.), Thes. ii 307.15 .

(b) circuit, globe (of heaven, earth); area, territory, district; inner space, enclosure: no línfed . . . in n-ule cuaird in talman gl. omnem terram, Ml. 25a8 , 11 . rígi inna huili cuarta, Trip.² 2106 `of the whole globe', Trip. 180.8 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel `the circuit of the celestial vault', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . dá arrig dec . . . / cach for a chuaird . . . / for dá thuaith dec Israhél district (?), SR 7011 . caille comhfhada / cladh na cúarta-sa `circuit' (enclosure or district (?), cf. crioch, 4), BS 98.10 . cru tire do telluch .i. cuairt in tíre .i. guirtt .i. cro .i. ime, O'D. 415 ( H 3.17, 317 ), cf. Laws iv 20.5 . uii. cúarda . . . ┐ uii. n-imdada o thein co fraig circular compartments (?), LU 8730 ( FB 55 ). for cuairt an rígh .i. istigh i mbi an Rí (under heading dámh cháe na ngradh ffileadh), Ériu xiii 52.10 . See midchuairt. cuairt .i. crich . . . ma rofiastar a ratha a mignima in-óen chuairt urraduis .i. i n-aon crich urraduis sin `in one circle of urradas (the customary law of freemen)', O'Dav. 503 . iter da cuairt ingelta ro marbad é (a dead beast), O'Curry 2102 (H. 4.22, 76a). See comaithches, comingaire, comingelt, ingelt .

(c) circuit; a turn around, revolution : cuaird cech laithe a daily circuit (of horse-races), LL 25101 . en cuairt o oirrcir co hiartar an domain revolution, course (of moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 108.22 . ? do chuir sé c.¤ air ághaidh a naigéin = he set a compass upon the face of the deep, Proverbs viii 27 (1827). Hence of a recurring event, turn : in cuairt muilinn, Ériu xvii 64 § 1 n. 4 `the circuit (`rotation') of the mill', see 62 , 63 . tossach cuarta in so doridisi, 76.5 . timchelsat teora cúarda cech ḟir díb ir-ríge .i. lxiii. (of 3 kings who held sovereignty in turn for a septennium), Dinds. 161 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn, LU 6699 (TBC). in tan rosiacht do Chua . . . c.¤ a cometa `his turn of guarding', Dinds. 157 . táinic naí cuarta fó[n] cath attacked the host nine times, CF² 1111 .

(d) circuit, tour, visitation, journey and related meanings: a cuardaib ane .i. a caí uird inna fíraí .i. inna fíréicsi poetic visitations, LL 24320 (see RC xxvi 18 § 25 ). for chuartaib cloth, Ériu xiii 38.15 . ni far cuairt parche do-coid `diocesan visitation', Wb. 21a12 . ɔral c.¤ fuirib-si gl. praeter[i]ens uideam uos, 7a4 . do dechaidh . . . / du cuaird is naibh hifernoibh `went . . . on a visit to Hell' (of Christ). Blathm. 696 . Felix fuair cuairt (cuaird, v.l.) céoldai `sojourn', Fél. Jan. 22 . rolá P. cuairt Lagen = migravit . . . ad fines L., Lat. Lives 61 § 53 . D. comarba Patraic for cuairt Muman, AU i 486.11 . mac in chléirig ar in cuairt `let the cleric's son go on the circuit', Ériu ix 49 § 29 . congbail tsenad na hEclaisi oc cuingid cuarda `visitation', Laws i 158.18 Comm. dia ndeochaid . . . ar cuaird ardrīg i nInis Bretan, Corp. Gen. 132.19 . tinoilis H. . . . slog mor . . . amal tísad for cuairt rig, PH 844 . cuaird Erend do chur co n-acamar a ndingnu, etc., Anecd. i 9.26 ( SCano 293 ). dochoid side (sc. a poet or druid) for cuairt i Connachtaib, Thes. ii 307.14 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchúairt Hērenn ┐ Alban dia fochmurc the poets make the great tour of Scotland and Ireland to seek it (sc. the Táin), ACL iii 3.25 . dā mbeirt[h]ea dán lat bothúaid / . . . / nī budh lúgha let ale / nās ō chūairt Érenn uile, ZCP viii 109 § 9 . luidh-siumh (the young Molling) . . . do c.¤ na Lúachra wandered about L., RC xxvii 268 § 15 . ropo chūaird `a visit' (of a battle), Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 65 . mithigh cuairt a gceann Fhiacha it is time to visit F. (a patron), LBranach 2181 . logh an chuairt-se do-chuamar the visit I paid (to a patron) was payment, DDána 67.49 . taispenad a cuarta (.i. a n-imdeachta) `their journeys', Auraic. 193 . Of reconnoitring, etc.: luid Conall ┐ Bricriu du chur cúarta to search (for shelter for the night), LU 10579 ( Comp. CC 3 ). dolá F. cūairt co tarrla docum tighi, ZCP v 501.12 . gin a cuairt do cur without making a tour (of inspection) of it (a green), Laws iv 196.6 Comm.

(e) With following descriptive gen.: cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . dia cuairt cairte .i. cuairt flathamnais, O'Curry 480 ( H 3.18, 250 ). a c[h]uairt certaigthe = his Visit iuridicall, RSClára 130b . ar cuairt chrábaid, SG 39.25 . dolluid . . . do chūairt ectra la Ulto `went upon a round of adventures in U.', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 . cuaird erlama `the visitation of a patron saint', Laws v 450.8 Comm. gl. sen-dliged, 4 . for cuairt gemridh a farrud rígh Osraigi (of a fili), Ériu xi 47.4 . O'D. 952 ( H 3.17, 666 ). níor mhian leis an lá do mhair / gan chuaird ollaimh 'n-a ḟochair (in elegy for prince and his ollamh), DDána 73.21 . cuaird retha canait / cínticha clíí (a division of poetry), IT iii 31.18 . is amlaid ro chiṅged ri Temrach for a chuairt rigi, RC xxiv 176.25 . lodsamar ar cuaird selgga `went on a hunting round', vii 304.1 . luidh-sen . . . do chuairt teglaig co a tiagherna, Anecd. ii 42 § 2 . See s.v. amsaine , cáe, cenél, rígdomnacht , 1 selg, scís.

(f) What is levied, or requested on a c.¤ , tribute, dues, claim (otherwise Contribb. 544 ): cuairt fer Midhe etir chill ┐ tuáith `visitation of, etc.' (i.e. collection of tribute from them), RC xvii 345.3 (Tig.). Moling . . . / dligidh cuarta ┐ cealla, Anecd. ii 23 § 14 . rocind . . . cūairt do-som uáid fēin a tribute was fixed for him from, etc., BColm. 88.10 . tabrat a cuart dom catraig `tribute' (claimed by ecclesiastic), Fen. 80.16 . co ttucc a lán chuairt etir screpall, ┐ edbarta `a full visitation tribute', AFM ii 894.17 .

(g) As attrib. and descr. gen.: i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta, ML² 1133 . mur ollamh cuarta . . . / na mes misi a mic Siobháin do not look upon me as a poet on a round of visitation, ZCP ii 348.18 . Note also: Fergus file . . . esgra márchuarta, Ériu xiii 30.14 . ar ḟior gcuarta visitor or guest, DDána 110. 21 .

(h) In legal contexts: ordaib neimid nuither cuardaib, Laws iii 26.6 .i. ordaithter . . . iar cae uird . . . cidbe cuaird i mbe `circle', 12 Comm. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine `the succession shall not devolve upon, etc.' (of property), 78.20 . cuairt .i. tiumarguin . . . airbert i cuairt cach slan `restraint', O'Dav. 405 . ? cuairt saigeas a comnaidm la fear foirgeall fiadnaise, Laws iv 8.24 .

II In adv. and prep. phrases. Preceded by imm (fa) + an ( GOI 517 , 1 imm ) imma(c)cúairt round about, around ; im na insi immacuairdd (ma over line, note), Ml. 89d18 . forda-rubai . . . F. imma cúaird strikes them all around (?), MU² 1017 . secht n-imdai ó thein co fraig . . . imme cúaird, Fraech 66 . im chomm, Laws i 124.4 .i. ima cuairt, 134.3 Comm. is mar so gerrtur an crann sin fácuairt co gar do talam `round about near the earth', Maund. 160 . atá folach i sléib Fuait / do chuirfedh Eirinn má cuairt `set . . . on the move', SG 180.y (Acall.). a himpod ima cuairt `to whirl it (the discus) round', TTebe 2471 . ben fuil astu . . . fo guairt (maguairt, v.l.) le tingin `extract the blood all round' (from warts), Rosa Angl. 206.5 . imthighios fá gcuáirt = that goeth about, Proverbs xx 19 . Note: áonrotha . . . ┐ sé ima ccuairt = so compassed, RSClára 92b (appar. the Engl. (= contrived etc.) was misunderstood, Gloss.). With follg. IMM, etc.: fuslegar de immandelg immecuáirt `it (butter) is smeared all round the thorn' (in charm), Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). atacordat . . . imacúairt imon torad sin `roll about in the fruit', Ériu ii 192 § 3 . isiarsin dodechatar na fir immacuairt immi `then came the men all around him', RC iii 181.30 . tangas ma ccuairt orrtha `they were . . . surrounded, etc.', Rel. Celt. ii 202.37 . go mbeinn mágcuarda / idir na daoinibh duarca `should live with sullen men around', Ó Bruad. i 130.y . In phr.: don ch.¤ sea (aniugh, v.l.) on this occasion (lit. visit), at this time, Mer. Uil.² 149 . In prep. phr. i cuaird bethad brigadbuil `around the . . . world', Hib. Min. 39.5 . birt būaidh [n]-eaccna hi c.¤ Ēirenn all round (?) Ireland, ZCP viii 197.11 .

Compds. With nouns. cuart-anáir (: uachtaráin) Bhanbha `honour-circuit', Content. x 13 . inna cuairt roth `in its circle-wheel' (of particles of the host in the form of a cross), Thes. ii 255.4 (Stowe M.). See Plummer, KZ xxvii 445 . With ¤sel rotation, gyration, whirl (see Wortk. 47 , Celtica i 378-80 ): is cicul dūn ol in duine quasi dixisset is cuairdfell dun son, Corm. 10 cicul = cūairtfell, Corm. Y 264 . a gyrando on cuairtfell bis fuirre `circular flight' (of a goose), Corm. Tr. 88 gigrand. a coirib cuairdill `from whirlpools', Laws iii 422.11 Comm. a ro-domain, v 298.10 .i. caire cuairt-bill ┐ a murlochaib, 17 Comm. coirt-tobe gl. circumcissio, Wb. 23d24 (a prima manu). ¤ulchaige beard encirclement (the stage at which a boy becomes an adult) Críth G. 90 , ZCP xliv 167 . co cúairtulchaigi (-ulcaid MSS) lit. `encircling beardedness . . . or read c.¤ n-ulchaige ?' (Notes), Críth G. 67 , see p. 90 . With adj. delb chuairtchruind `shape of a round circle', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . ropo chúairddulchach , Críth G. 68 .

1 inis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inis or dil.ie/28744
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: inis, insi, indsi, indse, insi, innsi, indsi, inse, índis, inse, inseo, insi, insi, indsi, inis, indsi, inse, inseda, innseadha, insi, insiu, indse, inseadha, inse, insi, innsi, indsedh, inseadh, insib, innsib, indsibh, innsibh, insedhaib, innseadhaibh, insibh, inis, nInis

n ī, f. In Mid and Mod. Ir. freq. inflected in pl. as dental stem. n s. inis, Corm. Y 744. Imr. Brain § 4. LL 13a31 . insi, Anecd. i 1.4 . Laws i 16.12 LL 13a20 . indsi, Anecd. i 1.7 . indse, Metr. Dinds. iv 92.15 . a s. insi, Imr. Brain § 61 . LU 3358. innsi, Lat. Lives 107.8 . indsi, Laws i 78.12 . Anecd. i 1.7 . inse, Thes. ii 299.7 ( Hy. I pref. ). LL 181a38 . índis, LL 395a31 . g s. inse, Thes. ii 241.18 (Ardm.). Imr. Brain § 61. Fél. July 7 . inseo, Thes. ii 241.18 (Ardm.). indse, LU 3356. insi, Trip.² 2427. LU 9150. d s. insi, SR 4008. LU 3379. indsi, Anecd. i 1.6 . SR 4009. Laws i 12.z Comm. inis, Anecd. i 1.3 . Fél. Aug. 8. Laws i 16.6 (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. p. 22 ). Acall. 6558. n p. indsi, IT i 190.31 . inse, Todd Lect. vi 2.13 . inseda, Cog. 140.3 . innseadha, AFM i 564.6 . a p. insi, Ml. 89d18 . Trip.² 2424 ( insiu , v.l.). indse, Alex. 884. inseadha, Keat. i 200.59 . g p. inse, Ml. 89d18 . Imr. Brain § 25. insi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, xxv 439 § 7 . innsi, AU i 512.x . indsedh, i 490.13 . inseadh, TD 20 § 49. d p. for insib , Thes. ii 299.15 . innsib, 312.1 ( Hy. II ). indsibh, SR 3396. innsibh, Aithd. D. 29 § 18. insedhaib, SG 64.x . innseadhaibh, Dán Dé xxviii 39. insibh, AFM iii 326.x . n du. di inis , ZCP i 420 § 183. See IGT Decl. § 150.11 and KZ xxviii 146 § 3.

an island (very common in place names, see Hog. Onom., Indexes to FM., AU, etc.). i.¤ ab insula , Corm. Y 744. inis .i. nesos graece, insola interpretatur , O'Mulc. 734. cen muir dia etarscarad fo chosmailius n-inse, Ml. 89d18 . lasinn uile talmuin ón file im na insi imacuairdd, ib. dul for insib mara immach, Thes. ii 299.15 . muchatócc inse fáil augustín inseo bicae, 241.18 . immeraad in n-i.¤ immecúairt, Imr. Brain § 61. Manandān mac Lir, cendaighe amra robūi a nI.¤ Manann, Corm. Y 896. Máel-rúain ... grían án inse Góidel, Fél. July 7 . maicc Nessáin ónd i.¤ , Fél. March 15. corogab tir ... | i n-insi Deprofane, SR 4008. i n-insib i mmedón in mara tened, LU 2193. ingen ríg Insi Fer Falga, 9150 . la tri cenela saera randsat in indsi so, Laws i 78.12 . muirinis mara ina beir ceathra (one of the places into which distress is not taken), iv 6.10 . Siuchraidh mac Loduir iarla Innsi orcc of the Orkney Islands, AU i 532.10 . a n-indsib Orcc ┐ Catt 'Orkneys and Shetlands' Celtica xiii 4 , Peritia xii 315 n. 85 . Ragnall mac Gothraidh, rí na n-innsi `Lord of the Isles' (i.e. of the Hebrides), 512.x , Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 . rí Innsi Gall, AU 989.4 . a hInnsib Gall, CMT² 38 § 51 . tri longa do longaibh Gall na n-Innsi do shlat do Ulltaibh, ii 58.17 . inghion Rígh innsi Fionnghall, Caithr. CC 24 . a hinsib Mod muirech `sea-girt islands of Mod' (i.e. the islands in Clew Bay), Metr. Dinds. iii 408.5 . as na hindsib .i. a Créit, a Cicir, a Sicil, a Corsic, PH 5388. atat di i.¤ a fudomhuin in mara sin, ZCP i 420 § 183. Cathal ... do mharbadh la Cénel Eogain na hInnsi (i.e. of Inishowen), ALC i 70.10 . an bhréiginsi lér fhaoi Art (of Ireland), Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . dá ghimhis don ghoirmṠinainnsi | uman n-i.¤ adhmholaimsi, IGT Decl. ex. 1395. for insedhibh uisccidhe no for olénibh mara, Hugh Roe 178.14 . As nom. loc. Ennis, co. Clare: dá bhrághaid uaim i nInis , DDána 77 § 1. mainistir Inse i ttuadhmhumhain, AFM iii 326.6 .

an island (often artificial) used as a storehouse or fort: 'na duinib trénaib daingnib | inna indsib eradblib, SR 3396. daroclasa a n-indsi ┐ a nduini ┐ a ndingnada, BB 500b35 . ni chumdaigem mura na paláti na tegdaise rígda na indse for uscib, Alex. 884. ro daingnit leis ... dúin ocus daingni ocus inseda, Cog. 140.3 . M. ... do indradh Condacht ┐ do thoghail a híndseadh `M. harried Connaught and destroyed its (artificial) islands,' RC xvii 344.13 .

In many poetic names of Ireland , e.g. rannsadar a maic ... | i.¤ n-Airt, Metr. Dinds. ii 38.46 . i.¤ Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn | do ṡlonn sí trí hanma sin, IGT Decl. ex. 1152. mór antrom inse Banbha, Keat. Poems 981. i.¤ Bhreagh, TD 1 § 2. i.¤ Ealga, eadhon, oiléan uasal, Keat. i 98.23 . go hi.¤ aoibhinn Ealga, Keat. Poems 10. Gnia ... cenn crabhaidh insi hEmhir, AFM i 514.20 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh | a héineing d'I.¤ Ḟuinidh `they rule Ireland without reproach, from one corner to the western land,' TD 10 § 11. cid mesc lib coirm inse Fáil, IT i 133.1 . is ferr d'andrib Inse Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 202.45 . an seachtmhadh hainm (i.e. of Ireland), I.¤ Fáil, Keat. i 100.52 . fata srúm gimhsi gach gille | ag súr Innsi finne Fáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1405. ar fhud Innse Laoghaire, DDána 77 § 8. an ceud ainm tugadh ar Éirinn, I.¤ na bhfiodhbhadh, eadhon, oiléan na gcoillteadh, Keat. i 96.11 . an t-ochtmhadh hainm, Muicinis, 100.66 .

3 mell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 mell or dil.ie/31898
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: meld

adj (O.Ir. meld) o, ā. pleasant, delightful: meall .i. aibind, Lec. Gl. 25. meall aoibhinn, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35. In lit. the word seems used either as pred. with cop. or as a subst. ba mór meld a acaldam `his converse was very delightful', Thes. ii 291. 14 (Ml. Cod.). ba mór meld a gnás, Ériu iii 106 § 47 (in both exx. the word might be taken as g p. dependent on mór). cach a foferad a midcuardta medracha ara mesce m.¤ , Ériu iv 163 § 27 (perh. subst. preceded by gen.). ? gabh lat go mín milis m.¤ [mall MS.] | t'urnaighthe ┐ do leighend ` pleasantly ', BNnÉ 170.21 (late ex., reading doubtful).

In follg. exx. seems a subst. (ā, f.?) sport, game, revelry? Mag Meld (name of the Irish Elysium), Imr. Brain §§ 34 , 39 (mell v.l.), prob. g p. rí dhúine Muige Mell, SG 256.23 . i ndúnad Muige m.¤ , 257.7 , 9 . ferrdi in liath a Muig Mell (of Christian heaven) Éigse xxix 172 . i n-inis na mell, LU 10097 = i nInis Subai, Imr. Brain Meall ┐ Tēidi ┐ Rocain a tri muige cluiche (of the Tuatha D.D.), BB 35a16 = Mell ┐ Teiti, Lec. 25 a 47 . Cf. further: ailiu laith lam co meild maith, O'Dav. 1218 (I ask to have ale with revelry?); dobeir macdath for cach meild (casts astonishment on every festive gathering?), LL 49b16 ( Hail Brigit § 3 ).

Compds. slogu na maccradh isnaibh meallmuigib `pleasant fields' (? play-fields ), Ériu ii 124 § 69. ? hi meiltmaigib, TBC-I¹ 1064 (rhet.) = hi meltmuigib, LU 5546. ? ni gáubu cetchinta for mnaib meldrígi, LU 5439 = meldirgi, TBC-I¹ 963 (rhet.); 'in truth the first offences are by women of pleasant rule' ZCP xlvii 54 . See also mellbreth.

1 saíre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 saíre or dil.ie/36041

n , f. (1 saer)

I

(a) freedom, liberty : is dessimrecht . . . sóire do chách ar sóireni, Wb. 14b11 . huant soiri gl. liberalitate (misread as libertate?), Ml. 81c10 . tuidecht asin doiri i soiri, 131c10 . do chumtúth a sóere gl. pro libertate, Sg. 31b8 . saire cen sáethar cen shním, LU 2469 . iar . . . comattrib na colla . . . cona sádaile ┐ cona sáire, 2078 ( FA 15 ). in t-shoire etaide o'n choimdid the freedom got from the Lord, PH 8041 . rat-fia lúach mór . . . | ra sáire do chlainne, TBC-LL¹ 3037 . ar sairi dia chlaind, Ériu iii 141.190 . ar shaoire ┐ snádhadh don chách do deachatar for a ionchaib, Hugh Roe 48.15 (13b) .

(b) nobility (of race, character, etc.): i sóiri ceneóil, Wb. 17c15 . fo bíth sóire ceneiuil inna [n]grec, Sg. 40a4 . ar sáire do chiníuil ┐ ar mét do chumachta, ZCP v 524.19 . roinnis a hsaoire ndóv told him he was noble, vii 305.4 . sóire (one of the fifteen tokens of a good woman), ZCP viii 113.19 . fo suire cacha feda `according to the rank of each tree', Laws iv 168.21 .i. fo uaislidetaidh gaca feadha, 170.10 Comm . `Beschaffenheit', ZCP xvi 210 . seoit saire, xiv 384.6 (see note p. 385 ). aiged . . . h-ui A. . . . co n-a saire, MR 114.17 . enghlas as lór sairi sin sufficiently noble, Irish Texts ii 69.9 . fios a seanchais ná a saoire nobility, DDána 72.30 . In chevilles: sét saeire, SG 148.14 . re saeri seing, BB 22b53 .

II

(a) legal privileges, immunity, etc., enjoyed by members of the free classes, churches, etc. (see 1 saer (b)). Transl. `freequarters', Laws ii 20 - 32 . lan saire caich dia aithuir, 20.13 .i. a lainbiatadh, ┐ a lanfoesum, ┐ a lan dam, ┐ a lethenechlunn, 19 Comm . leath saoire dia primmnai, 22.24 Comm . , cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 92 . saoire ` " saire" -privileges', Laws ii 18.15 Comm . , see n . munub imscar a cobra sairi `from desire of changing to "saer" -stock tenure', 206.23 . cach creanus a suiri dia dan, v 14.28 .i. cendaigis saeiri do dun dan bis aigi, 30 Comm . (free status?). dleagait mic leigind o sin alle saire . . . air ni fuil in legend cen saire, 102.7 .i. cen eniclann, 20 Comm . iss ī tra sōeri cach aitere dothēt frimtobach (sic) na cāna sae .i. nī téit cin fine forru céine folōsat aideri (`exemption'), Cáin Ad. 49 . sic clí eter filedaib: is balc a ṡūire inna crīchaib feisin, is sēimiu i crīchaib sechtair, Corm. Y 275 . nī dlig sāire nā eneclainn fhir gráid, Ériu i 218 § 2 . conid aire sin doratad s.¤ do chill R., LL 301a28 ( SG 372.22 , RC xiii 60.25 ). D. . . . do thabhairt a riara don eacclais .i. óghshaoire do Dhia ┐ do Chiarán co lá mbratha, AFM ii 846.6 . doberait na slúaig saeire don adnacul `leave the tomb intact', Marco P. 118 .

(b) more specifically exemption, period of exemption (cf. fáes(s)am, turbaid, etc.): iarnaib teorai [b] bliadnaib saire, Laws iv 176.5 . re re na saire, re re anta aicenta in seoit, i 98.19 Comm . saire dechmada `respite of ten days', Laws v 308.8 Comm . leath saire .i. leth foesum, ii 26.14, 16 Comm . , cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 43 . ni saire bidh na fognuma do rimhe sund `exemption of food or service', Laws v 306.24 Comm . nochun ar saire na hicta gl. saorraith it is not so called because of any exemption from payment, ii 194.19 Comm . Note also: iubaile aititen sairi `Erlassjahr wofür (Zins-) Freiheit zugestanden ist (?)', ZCP xv 240 § 3 . epscuip dano ┐ dúini sruithi doberad súiri figli is coir a denam airriu `when bishops and elders grant exemption from vigils it is right that this should be done for their sake', Mon. Tall. 132.34 . suiri ┐ dilmaine dóib . . . etir praind ┐ lanamnais `they are given exemption and licence both for meals and conjugal intercourse', 145.26 . suire dóib . . . o matin dia dardáoin co matin día aoine, 145.y .

III

(a) eccles. holy day, saint's day, church festival, holiday : gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul o'n eclais, PH 7372 . a saoire san foghmar, Mart. Don. xlvi 8 . i nInis Eoghain ata a cheall ┐ a shaoire, 296.12 . briseadh saoire, DDána 25a.6 . ruc sairi uasal orra `a high feast-day', BCC 54.12 . d'fagbail tsáire na bliadna `to find the Holy-days of the year', O'Gr. Cat. 294.6 .

(b) of specific days. Of Sunday: cinnid cāin domnaig . . . | saeiri do Chrīst comlān cain, Ériu iii 144 § 22 . is amlaid timarnad do nim sóire domnaig, ii 194 § 6 . forrochongart Día sóire Domnaig do choimét, 200 § 16 . ní chaith fhleidh d'éis na haoine | go mbeir saoire ar géis Gh. `the feast-day (Sunday)', Aithd. D. 11.7 . ruc saíri an domnaigh air, BCC 148.1 . Of the Jewish Sabbath: ón lá . . . d'éis na saóire, Levit. xxiii 15 . air an tsáoire lá na saboíde, Matthew xii 5 . Note also: ar deireadh saoire na cascc, AFM vi 2108.14 . lá saoire corp an Choimdheadh, Aithd. D. 94.1 .