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1 áe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áe or dil.ie/604
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áoi, áoi, ó, áoibh, aeghe, aeghibh

n Mid. Ir. form of O. Ir. óa, q.v. IGT Decl. § 180 (in pl. only. n p. áoi. g p. áoi, ó. d p. áoibh). Not used to form adjj. in -amail or -ach, Introd. § 147 : nor as the first element of a compd. § 148 . Later spelt aeghe, Lament. ii 11 . aeghibh, Ezekiel xxi 21 .

Liver: feóil fhiadha, ae, ┐ blonag, Rule of Tallaght 6 § 8 . mo sháith do bhoin . . . gan ai innti acht geir a n-inat a haei, Oss. v 54.26 . in bo co naib ítha, ZCP iii 218 § 36 . searrach dond ar dath a áoi (háoi v.b.) liver-coloured, IGT Decl. ex. 2068 . ech dond co ndathan a ai fair is é sin ataighsem, RC xxvii 300.7 . is and bit a uighi don circ imo ai, Hib. Min. 47 note b . cum na cuislend cumang bis a ndruim na náo, Rosa Angl. 46.13 . is na cuislennaibh comursanaighes . . . ris na h-aeb, RC xlix 53 § 21 . melancoilia cruthaigther isna haeib, O'Gr. Cat. 262.13 . os cionn na náe , Exodus xxix 13 . In phrase domblas áe, see domblas. In name of a plant, liverwort : a.¤ aba marchantia polymorpha, Rosa Angl. 340 . a.¤ abund gl. epaitica, RC ix 231.13 . epatica .i. na hae abha, 23 K 42, 428.14 .

2 áe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áe or dil.ie/605

n (a) law-suit, litigation: ima ae .i. ima caingin, Laws i 82.5 Comm. aí cuis no caingen, Eg. Gl. 666 ; O'Cl. ae .i. dliged, Laws v 14.3 Comm. ; Stowe Gl. 18 . cid indiu améind re cech nae .i. ae caingen isin tsengaedeilg .i. caingen na nemed re cech nae , LB 238(c)b54 . aigne .i. fer aiges ái, Corm. Y 74 . inti aigas in ae, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, c. 36 ). is dilmain do cach aighne ciped adbar do-bera do cumtach a aie, ZCP xii 364.9 . fírchetal n-ai .i. noís ar ní beredh [acht] bretha fíra, Cóir Anm. 233 . airbert aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). cis lir meic alaither gan aoi gan iarraidh?, Ériu xiii 31.26 ( O'Dav. 42 ). is se so cin imur gabhadh ai, Laws i 302.29 Comm. ni tuitet smachta ai, ii 126.22 . diamba brethem ni bera ae nad urscartai. arabeir corus nae, ai flatha etc. .i. ni ro brethemnaighsiu um an caingin, O'Curry 2203 (Eg. 88 f. 8(9)c). tri ái nad eplet faill: ái dochuind ┐ dochraite ┐ anfis, Triads 153 . ái fossad, 174 . bered firbretha / bíathad cech n-aí / uaged cach síd, Tec. Corm. § 1.39 . ái útmaille, § 25.5 . measam ai udmailli, ACL iii 230.151 . nipsa hái (aei, v.l.) cin imditin (cen diten, v.l.) nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 . dirgiatadh gacha haoi ┐ cecha caingne, AFM i 116.6 . In title of legal tract: i nAi Cermna, Cóic Con. 25.6 . i nAe C., 61.11 .

(b) fault(?): ae .i. aithgin ut est, cin ┐ dibaid, æ ┐ eiric, O'Curry 2077 (H. 4.22, p. 67c). as cethardae fris gaibther aithgabail; cin ┐ gnim, ai ┐ eiraic, Laws i 258.10 . Adam fein cen ae cen locht, SR 1303 .

See 3 aí.

2 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aí or dil.ie/715
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aui, uith, uath, úad, uaidh, n-uath, ái, ai, , aibh

n t, m. (? Orig. neut. Celtica x 83 ). Earliest form aui (monosyll.), GOI 206 and ZCP x 446 . Later f. a s. uith, IT iii 5 § 1 . g s. uath, ib. in úad , O'Dav. 6 . d s. uaidh, O'Curry 370 . (H 3.18, 207a). g p. na n-uath , LL 5088 . With non-dental inflection a s. ái, Corm. Y 74 . g s. inna ai , RC xxvi 21 note 5 . n p. , Auraic. 742 . d p. aibh, IT iii 87 § 96 .

Poetic inspiration, learning; metrical composition: Dlighedh sesa, a treatise on the genesis of aí, Ériu xiii 35ff. (See notes and Corthals, Akten Linz 127-47 ). itat coic æ and .i. æ ailes ┐ æ chanas ┐ æ aiges æ mides ┐ æ suides, Auraic. 408 (see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 65 ). caill crithmon . . . .i. caill asa tāet cless na uadh (clesa n-uad LB) ind airc [h]etail, Corm. Y 237 . felmac .i. mac ūad; fel .i. ái, 599 . ái .i. airc[h]etul, 74 . felmac .i. fel ai ┐ seis . . . .i. mac sesa ┐ mac uadh .i. airceta[i]l, O'Dav. 880 (see Ériu xiii 35 ). ái no áoi .i. éigsi no éolcha, O'Cl. féth .i. áoi no ealadha, ib. ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b34 = LL 187a11 . aithne damh homa re hæi .i. re heladain, ZCP v 483 § 1 (B. na f.). dochanaid aoí do cretaibh féth, Ériu xiii 17.11 . tiasg aoidh no uadh anmain Dé, 38.2 (= tiasc (sic leg.) ai i n-anmain Dé, O'Dav. 1564 ). tuarustal n-úadh ann so, 18 . ara theintemhlacht na mbríathar úadh ar is nemhnech bríathra in dána iter, Cóir Anm. 240 . cetharda condegar co hæs nuath do airic 'ma nuith, IT iii 5 § 1 . is fis o menmuin amh in ae, O'Dav. 991 . alt .i. aircetal, ar is alt in úad for it is a division of poetry, 6 . comiditer alta uad fri haltaib ín duine the divisions of prosody are compared to the joints of a person, IT iii 122.24 . cia halt huad . . . alta nan huad, Auraic. 1577 . tlachtga na n-uath dub a n-aerthar etc. , 5234 . acht mad æ roscichestar inna menmain .i. dliged gotha . . ., 488 = in aei, 2985 . fri comuaim n-uad, 3538 . dia coibdealachas a (=ó) huaidh on account of his artistic kinship with him, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207a ). sai uadh a sage of poetry, Laws iv 358.4 Comm. cain teasbann teim essgal sceo ni ain ni hain ai is mo hae is moam mo ain (.i. mo rosc ar focus no hai is lim indi as moo dom ainius) (the poet Dallán finds compensation for loss of sight in inner hearing and his art?), ZCP iii 224 § 13 (Amra Senáin). almsana is aoi / dá ndáil don lobhar is don lag, Measgra D. 59.14 . d'fhior go n-aoi, TSh. 5766 . Of Muses: da comfoirti na naoi nae , Celtica ii 71.45 . tomus a.¤ measure, quantity in verse(?): caide tomus cach hae a illabaibh? IT iii 24 § 6 . tomus nae [anal] ┐ innsci do cach iar na miad, Laws i 18.y Comm. tommus n-ai, IT iii 187 § 6 . trefocal . . . cen áe for anae (apparently some kind of metrical fault), ACL iii 293.10 ( Auraic. 1935 ). See Celtica vi 215-6 .

In names of metres: dona haibh freslige, IT iii 87 § 96 . aí idhan, 101 § 183. As n.pr. Aoí mac Ollamain, Ériu xiii 38.y . cia ainm regas ar in macsa . . . tabair Aí fair . . . conid assain . . . ro ainmniged aí airchetail .i. ó Aí mac Ollaman, LL 14611 ( ZCP xx 194.6 ).

1 aiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aiscid or dil.ie/2474

v (1 aisc) reproaches, blames: ní aiscinn is nomolainn, Tec. Corm. § 7.25 . ni haiscid (.i. ni heilithi) breth bertair fir feraib laimnighib latharthar nae .i. ni aiscim in breth beraid na fir ata laimtenaigh fri lathar na ae do reir fhír, O'Curry 445 ( H 3.18, 239a ) (where aiscid may be for aiscide, verbal of necess.) = ni aiscim breth berar etc., 2269 ( Eg. 88, f. 20(21)a ). ni aiscim ort in geran dani I do not reproach you with the complaint you make(?), TTebe 1359 .

allabrig, -brug

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allabrig, -brug or dil.ie/2923
Last Revised: 2013

adj (? 1 aile + bríg Ériu xxxvi 166-68 ) in phrase a.¤ n-aí used of one of three sets of circumstances in which honey is due from (the owner of) bees even during their first three years: dlegait beich iii bliadain ( -an, SM Facs. 10b ) suire . . . ni dlegait in cetardoit sin ni doib ach a chain cuisc na allabrig naie no miann ngalair, Laws iv 164.4 . allabrig naie .i. daethain taisig na daime, 166.7 Comm. ollbrughe noe, O'Curry 2197 ( Eg. 88 f. 8(9)a ). ollabruig nai, Laws iv 162.23 Comm. allabrug nae , 174.13 Comm. 24 Comm. allabruig nae , 176.4 . Cf. alabrug under 1 aile C I (a).

anbal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anbal or dil.ie/3392

adj o, ā ( an + fíal, Lochlann ii 218 ) shameless, unabashed; impudent, audacious: níptar ecnaig anbli (ainble v.l.) `were not shameless revilers', Fél. Nov. 9 . tria brichtu ainble anḟír, SR 3850 . ialla ainble engacha (of bird flocks), 8125 . lia do fír fri sena n-a.¤ , Cóic Con. 16 § 3 (`bei unverschämter Leugnung, Leugnung des schlechten Gehabens'). a.¤ gach aon ar tuinidh tarrtachtain .i. is anfial do gach aon . . ., Laws iv 268.23 Comm. ; 382.18 Comm. ; O'Curry 2215 ( Eg. 88, 15b ). in leth-balb tengad ┐ in leth-losc neolus ┐ in leth-anbul nae rude, ignorant , O'D. 1657 (H 5.15, 22b) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20(21)b ). a.¤ (anbail v.l.) cech anecnaid, Tec. Corm. § 13.19 = anbiail .i. anfial, O'Curry 1298 (H 3.18, 539b). a.¤ cech rudrach, Tec. Corm. § 15.12 , cf. ru[d]rach (sic leg.) cach n-ainfial, ACL iii 229.103 (see ZCP xvii 62 ). tláithe timgaire aidble (ainble v.l.) irnaidi (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.74 . amal rauc in chúmal / étig a.¤ écunnal, LL 4463 = in chumal / étig adtrúag . . ., Ériu iv 94 § 8 . ecnaid anettoil a.¤ , i 198.2 . fer garb serb borb . . . engach a.¤ (anbhail v.l.), Tec. Corm. § 28 . coragbatar a sosta / bátar ainble anḟosta, Metr. Dinds. iii 90.28 . nó in ben co n-ét a.¤ , 2.18 . dáig ní herenach a.¤ (amgar v.l.) / a genelach gnáthadbal, 340.28 . fierce, savage: onchoin anbhle, Anecd. ii 60 § 22 . eicethach na n-onchon n-anbhli (anbli, n-anble v.l.), 61.3 . anmargaich anbli allmarda, Cog. 158.13 . laich angbaide ainble (sic leg. ? aimble, text), Todd Nenn. 136.1 .

Cf. ainfíal.

ar-cuilli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-cuilli or dil.ie/4039

Forms: airchoillte

v (*ar-coll-)

(a) prohibits, forbids, bars, inhibits: cen lepaid aracuili liaig which a leech does not recognize, Críth G. 55 . feli napstal i samchorgos ni aurchoil som inn figill `he does not forbid the vigil', Mon. Tall. 145.15 (§ 48) . andand donetarrat míaccobar . . . ma atrocuil am menme nad cometesta dó if the mind forbids that one should indulge it(?), 151.11 (§ 62) . cid nocht-selaind i ndomnaigib . . . ni aurchaill he does not forbid it, Rule of Tallaght 3 . arcuilter he is forbidden (excluded from the community?), Ériu ii 208.4 (one who travels on Sunday).

Freq. in Laws (text) indicating (categories of) persons and things excluded from the operation of legal processes of various kinds: atait secht foruis . . . arachuille coir n-athgabala there are seven pounds for cattle which the legality of distraint excludes i.e. there are seven illegal pounds for cattle, Laws v 266.19 . secht treaba . . . ariscuille coir urnadhma aithne, 160.1 (i.e. valuables deposited in a kiln, a forge, etc. where they are easily destroyed do not come under the ordinary rules for `aithne'). atait secht treba . . . aracuille coir urnadma comloi[g]the, 166.1 .i. is urcuillti . . . do reir coir, 7 Comm. atat da fer dec . . . arroscuile cain otrusa `whom the law of nursing excludes', BCrólige 12 . atat .iii. tarsu[i]nn arachuile cain othrusa, 25 , cf. trí tharsuinn archuillet othras, Triads 184 . nach fer eclusa aracuile cain otrusa, BCrólige 20 . acht m[a] arachuille (sic leg. ?) cleircecht no enudha unless it does not apply because of his being in orders, Laws iii 62.5 . tri meich bracha cen on . . . ara-cuilli(u) eric do flaith three sacks of malt without a fault . . . which exempt from payment of a fine to a lord, ZCP xiv 354 § 11 ( Laws ii 250.1 ). Note further: ni airecht ardocuilli col mbél, col brethe, ZCP xii 364.14 . rotbia . . . acht aen ar[a]-cuillimm airiut `save one that I bar to thee', Ériu xvi 38.4 . na urcuilte[r] rath .i. fear aracuilter a rath amail druth ┐ mac beoathar, O'Curry 787 ( H 3.18, 367b ). ni urcuil Nae . . . is inti Cam, O'D. 971 (H 3.17, c. 679c). ni haile Apraham ara cuille galliud, O'Curry 2529 ( Eg. 88, f. 44(45)a ). ni ma n-urcoillead lanamnus a thing for which marriage was forbidden(?), Laws v 452.18 .

(b) ruins, corrupts(?): naro ercoillet do mifoltae tromthortha na tuath `lest thy misdeeds ruin the heavy fruits of the people', Ériu viii 173.17 (or as in (a)?). fri cech fiss ara-chuiliu corp ┐ anmain duini against every knowledge that corrupts(?) man's body and soul, Thes. ii 357.9 ( = Trip.² 3203 ).

? Vn. urcollud bith brug betha go banna, O'Dav. 312 . Part. airchoillte. Cf. aircholl, aurchail(l).

ar-scarta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-scarta or dil.ie/4299

Forms: airscartad

v (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 616 ) cleans out, clears: rí ro irscart is ro glan / tempul, SR 7669 . nucun urscartann se uad . . . duine glossing nicon urrscair (of the `briugu' who must not refuse entertainment), Laws v 76.22 Comm. ? Part. diamba brethem ni bera ae nad urscartai arabeir corus nae , O'Curry 2203 ( Eg. 88, 8(9)c ) = ni bera ai nad umsccarttha, O'D. 2219 (Nero A vii, 150a).

Vn. airscartad.

bliadain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bliadain or dil.ie/6133

Forms: blédin, -blédni, blédne, blíadhain, bliadna, ṁblíadnae

n ī, f. See GOI §§ 293 , 294 . n s. blédin, Imr. Brain 62. n pl. -blédni, ib. g pl. blédne (bliadna, v.l.), 55 . blíadhain, f., IGT Decl. § 10.

Year: annus .i. bliadain, O'Mulc. 845. hi cinn bliadna, Laws i 28.29 Comm. co cend .ix. ṁbliadan .i. nói mis fá noí (`the [native ?] year has nine months,' Contribb. 228 ), LL 319b3 . isin bliadin sin hi cuiretar salt gl. eo anno, Thes. ii 18.34 (BCr.). hi cach óenbliadin gl. annuatim, 27.38 (ibid.). ar ni tosceli argumint acht bliadni sláin `a whole year' (`was `b. slán' a technical term for a year without inter- calation ?' edd.), 18.32 (ibid.). o thosuch bliadne egiptacdae, 18.38 (ibid.). co cenn ṁbliadne `till the end of the year', 36.29 (Vienna Beda). coic bliadnai deac do tórmuch for saigul Ezechiae, Ml. 43d27 . teora bliadni frithriagla gl. anni tres `three irregular years', Thes. ii 17.35 (BCr.). tri fichtea bliadne, 238.17 (Ardm.). di bliadin re mbas dáu, 18 . maccān sē ṁblíadnae déac, 308.17 (Hy. ii). .lx. bliadan robo lan do P., 313.6 . bó cona timthuch cech 'la blíadnai . . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai (bliadain, MSS.) n-aili, Críth G. 266 , 267 . áes cetheora mblíad nae ndeec, 34 . dlom cóic ar thrib cóectaib / blíadnae, Fél. Aug. 7. ina .vii.-mad blīadain . . . intan ata lāna a .vii. mblīadna dēcc, TBC-I¹ 731 . cinn bliadna at the end of a year, Sc.M² 2. bliadain on ló cu céle, IT i 129 § 17 (TE Eg.). ó'n chind bliadna c'a chéile, CRR 11. Lagin oco dēnam bliadain lāin for a full year, Fing. R. 418. airthend da blíadan do thabairt dia n-echaib two years' (supply) of grass fodder, LU 8834 ( FB 63 ). tri míle bliadan . . . / da bliadain coicat noi cét, / co gein Meic Maire . . . o thús domain, LL 15424 - 5 ( Trip. 530 § 5 ). co bliadain ṁbáin / sechtmaide uate enair, 15430 (§ 6). in chet bliadhain iar n-gabail righe d'E., IT i 118 § 2 (TE Eg.). sé mis ┐ secht ṁbliadné (: ṅglé), SR 6564. cech lathi is cech bliadain, MacCarthy 60.6 . cethri cóic bliadna (fichi bliadan, v.l.), 212.1 . co cend teora mbliadan, PH 6628. da bliadain ria cessad Crist, 218 . di bliadain cóicat for cét, 1065 . bliadna robai-sium 'na mnai `for a year', TTebe 1625 . dobhí 'na fochair ris an mbliadain sin `during that year', RC xxix 138 § 57. isin cethramadh bliadhain do flaithus Laegaire, Laws i 4.18 . mucu gu secht mbliadnu fichet `to twenty-seven years', v 220.13 . gur caitheadh an bhliadhain-sin, DDána 120.21 . fiche bhliadhuin, O'Hara 331. ar fheadh dá fhichead bliadhan (: sgol), 430 . dá chéad bliaghoin (:iarruidh), 2246 . blíadhna do sháoghail = the years of thy life, Proverbs iv 10. ar feadh bliadhna, TSh. 385. táim a n-acharan daingion na mbliadhanta, ZCP v 212. 310 (Midn. Court). ? fuil carpait for bliadain (one of seven special cases of `bloodshed'), Laws v 362.17 .

In phrases: aṁbliadna is lé tuidecht d'indsaigi in tṡída so this year, Acall. 7206 = a mbliadna, SG 223.24 . anuraidh . . . i mbliadhna, O'Rah. 218.x. día bliadna `on that day year', Mon. Tall. 149.16 . ticed dia bliadna co Herind im degaid mad ail di a year from today, LU 10453 (Tochmarc Emire). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cecha bliadna every year, LU 3222 ( SCC 1 ). Lugnassad, luaid a hada / cecha bliadna ceinmara, Hib. Min. 49.12 . gacha bliadna, Ériu iii 150 § 1.

Attrib. g s. mac bliadna a year-old child, LU 9072 ( FB 82 ); mar chuimhniughadh bliadhna `yearly commemoration', Keat. i 220.13 . seirc ṁblíadnae ( a s.), Fraech 300 .

See bisech.

cartana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cartana or dil.ie/8274
Last Revised: 2019

n (g s.) m. (Lat. (febris) quartana) quartan fever : is maith in aigid an chartana it is good against quartan fever, Celtica ii 86.543 . In phr. fíabras cartana: amail ata fiabras cartana ┐ idroipis ┐ galar seilge ┐ duinti na nae 'such as quartan fever, dropsy, disease of the spleen, oppilation of the liver', Ériu x 147.17 . See also s. cuartana.

cechtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cechtar or dil.ie/8437

Forms: chechtair

indecl. pron. (ceachtair (n s.), BDD² 350 . chechtair (g s.), TTebe 4518 ). With follg. gen. or de (see below). See GOI 311 .

(a) each (of), both (of). With noun in g du.: fric.¤ indafersaso, Ml. 112d1 . c.¤ inda leithe sin gl. in duas partes, Sg. 25b6 . c.¤ dalino, 162b2 . c.¤ indapopul `each of the two peoples', Ml. 46b30 . an diall óch.¤ indarann gl. ex utraque parte, Sg. 74b5 . for c.¤ adaṡyllab, 220b8 . baí fer c.¤ a da thóeb, LL 19636 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 54 ).

(b) With follg. pers. pron.: marb c.¤ nathar dialailiu `dead is each of us twain to the other', Wb. 20c26 . maith la c.¤ nár a dán, Thes. ii 294.2 . c.¤ fathar, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . c.¤ nái .i. mulier et innubta , Wb. 10b11 . hic.¤ nái, Sg. 42b5 (see note). is dilmain ṅdo ch.¤ ṅhái, 215a2 . a toirsegud . . . cectarnai diaraile, Cog. 58.25 . With added poss. adj.: a ccura c.¤ nae , Hugh Roe² 188.1 .

(c) With 3 pl. pron. replaced by de (see GOI 280 ): iscosc et cuindrech forcechtarde, Wb. 19c21 . iscoitchen doc.¤ de ainm alaili gl. commoni uocabulo utrumque significatur, Ml. 14d12 . is cummae m bis menmae c.¤ de fri togais alaili, 31a23 . fogur c.¤ de aralailiu gl. alternos inter se sonos, Sg. 4a8 . óin guth fri c.¤ de gl. per haec duo tempora, 147a5 . c.¤ de, Ériu v 222.30 . BColm. 92.19 . i c.¤ de in each case, Laws i 94.23 Comm. See cechtardae.

(d) With pleonastic use of pron. and de: c.¤ n-ai a da brúad each of his two brows, IT i 310.38 . im chechtarnae dhíobh, Hugh Roe² 96.12 . lá ceachtarna aca, AFM v 1358.10 . cechtarde nadaprimleth, SR 4290 . cóeca ban cechtarde na da ban aili the fifty attendants of each of the other two women, LU 8375 ( FB 25 ). ceactar de na da mart, O'D. 1748 ( H 2.16, 937 ). is fiach . . . do ch.¤ de dibh, O'Curry 1930 (23 P 3, 25b). go ro ghon cechtar nae diobh aroile, AFM vi 2162.6 . See cechtarnae.

(e) In later lang. either (of two), one or other (of two or more) (freq. in neg. or condit. sentences): gan ceachtar ag géile (= géillead) ar aon taobh, Oss. iv 112.20 . ma fer lesach acrus c.¤ de `either of them', Laws i 146.28 Comm. c.¤ de glóir ┐ sonus nó . . . `eyther glory and happyness, or . . . ', RSClára 143a .

(f) With DI and dat. or 3 pl. of prep. (DI, OC): ní mó do rinneas aoinní / . . . / i n-aghaidh ceachtar dhíobh, Content. xvi 9 . gur gnáthach ceachtar do cheithre hainiarsmaibh . . . ag toidheacht, TSh. 5424 . c.¤ acu one or other of them, Stair Erc. 1827 . a cceachtar don dá dhoras, Desid. 3443 . an tan nach bhfuil ceachtar dhíobh díleas, Donlevy 478.27 . With DO: nó gur bás do cheachtar dhuinn, Oss. iv 140.4 .

cin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cin or dil.ie/9104

Forms: cinnta, cionaidh, c., c., ceana, cion

n t, m., GOI p. 206 . For n p. cinnta, Ml. 62d5 see ib. 205 . n s. also cionaidh, Ériu xiii 30.18 . a s. gan a cen, ZCP x 49.1 . d s. lán do chen, Rel. Celt. ii 206.z . c.¤ f. (dental infl.), IGT Decl. § 4 adding acht na ceananna; comair na gcenann is noted ceart do chanamain, ex. 247 while co centaibh is prohibited, ex. 246 . c.¤ m. (g s., n p., ceana), § 71 . Latter inflection v. freq. in later language. ? g p. cion, Content. xiv 18 (unrhymed).

I Guilt, fault, crime : ni nach c.¤ aile `it is not any other fault', Wb. 19d26 . brithemnacht forsin c.¤ -sa, 9b10 . ní fil ci[nta] doib fri Saul gl. culpae . . . conscii, Ml. 30b2 . na bad eola inar cintaib, gl. conpati infirmitatibus, Wb. 33b21 . is ái in c.¤ `his is the crime', Sg. 203a18 . it móra mo chinaid `great are my crimes', Fél. Ep. 387 . i cóictidi doluigdís cinaith la hóes rechtgae, Hib. Min. 26.x . cen fīach fair ina chintaib, Corm. Y 472 . bec in c.¤ tria chaingne chon, Sc.M² 21b . din chutrumma chinad noslenand, LU 2094 ( FA 16 ). ní ba c.¤ ṁbreithe in chlaidib beithir dí her crime in bringing the sword, TBFr. 248 (where c.¤ a s. ?, cf. v.l. p. 20). nībbōi c.¤ nombeith dóib, TBC-I¹ 2907 . olc in cosc cinad romchrín (Eve speaks) punishment for sin, Ériu iii 148 § 2 (`the wicked advice'). fiarfaighidh damh créad mo chion the charge against me, Magauran 856 . toil na gciontadh love of sin, Dán Dé xviii 10 . cealg ar gcionadh, DDána 12.4 . bean chúitigheas ar gceana (of Mary), 7.32 . maor measta ar gcean (Archangel Michael), PBocht 2.39 . sein-eol an cheana `the old way of sin', Dán Dé xxi 16 . marbh ó bhar gceanaibh ┐ ó bhar bpeacaidhibh mortui delictis et peccatis, TSh. 1192 .

Attrib. gen.: m'fhear cionadh enemy , DDána 101.52 . im intinn cheana sinful mind, Aithd. D. 92.21 . ní ro-theacht Ísu nach ṅgaile chinad do pecud any stain of the guilt of sin, PH 4826 . dáil cheana occasion of sin, DDána 10.34 . With follg. gen.: co . . . foltaib fíraib . . . cintaib laíme `for crimes of hand', Tec. Corm. 2.24 . silliud súla, cintaib bél, 26 . cin laime, cin coise, c.¤ tengad, c.¤ bel, c.¤ sula, Laws i 238.10 . cin leagha, IGT Decl. ex. 1138 . Prov. gach ciontaigh a chion, Celtica i 103.507 . In cheville: cid lór do chion, BS 68.7 .

Of specific sins, crimes: cion na drúise, Dán Dé xxxi 34 . cin na hecni sin of violence, PH 7537 . cion an fhormaid, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . cion an fhuatha, 38 . cion na sainte, 37 . cen duine do marbhadh ina cintaib comraiti `intentional crimes', Laws i 14.8 Comm. cionta comhraite .i. cionta as a riocht, O'Cl. Of sexual sin: c.¤ do epscop Mél fria fiair, Trip.² 980 . connach fedar-sa c.¤ ó ḟir eli ó ro imig sin (Penelope), Mer. Uil.2 238. go ngébhadh Oigh toircheas gan chion fir, Carswell 114.19 . Med.: foillsigid . . . cionta na nae vitia hepatis, 23 K 42, 125.13 .

II In phrases. Preceded by prep.: ferr duit nech aile ar na cintaibh at fault, ZCP vi 272 § 10 . cen chinta friu-som gl. gratis inimicitias eius patior, Ml. 142b5 . cen cinta `without offence', 74a1 . cen chinaid n-uaim fri nech gl. sine causa, 54d16 . lucht céssais cen chinaid `crimeless folk', Fél. Jan. 17 . in fíren do crochadh cen cinaid, PH 2933 . N . . . . [do marbad] . . . cin chuis cin cinaid, Ann. Conn. 1306.11 . do-rocair . . . / do laimh Cethirn go cciontaibh in return(?), TBC St. 3740 . Ruad mac Baduirn ba d'Ultaib / nuall cach glanuill co cintaib, LL 2589 . co cinaidh, Leb. Cert. 206.9 . di chinaid, prep. phrase with gen.: tuccus doibhsion da chionaid / ionad i ccoraidh mo tempuill in return, BNnÉ 175.3 . ? Cf. do chinaib cuna / guin fiachglanta, YBL 179b12 = BB 259b1 . i cin(aid), i cintaib with gen. or Vn. phrase in revenge, atonement for: cim[b]ith i cinaid .u.ir `a captive for every five persons concerned' (of penalty for breach of a king's protection), Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . i ccinaid a m[e]ic `in atonement for the liability of his son', ibid. a cinta oirccne `on account of injury done', Mon. Tall. 155.29 . a mmbarbad ar Fíanna Fáil / i cinaid marbtha Dubáin, LL 29354 . hi cinta ind fergoirt do milliud, LU 8526 ( FB 38 ). 'n-a chion féin `through its own fault', Magauran 3724 . Similarly tré chin(aid), chinta: tré ch.¤ drochmna, IT i 75.6 ( LMU 13 ). ronlaad a Parthus tria china[i]d imarbois (said by Adam to Eve), MacCarthy 60.23 . tré chenaib in popuil, Caithr. Thoirdh. 4.15 . With follg. prep.: cen chinaid for mnāi / do réir dligid Dé `do not hold a woman liable', KMMisc. 272.1 . ní mó . . . a c.¤ frib . . . indás na tucsaid úadib, LU 8980 ( FB 73 ). ni fetur-sa c.¤ dam frit `I know of no wrong I have done thee', Grail 2109 . ní fhoil cion riomsa ag R. R. has nothing to complain of against me, Aithd. D. 48.16 .

Other phrases: do-gní cin(aid) fri offends against: na cinta aili do niat na daíne risin ferann, Laws iv 140.19 Comm. re ghnuis nderg go ndentar c.¤ `till some charge is brought against his blushing face'(?), Magauran 2997 . With cuirid: dá mbeinn dod chur i gciontaibh if I were to accuse you, DDána 88.22 . cionnta go gcuire ar do ghaoltaibh, Aithd. D. 26.16 . ? Cf. nī mō leis (= le Dīa) blāth droigin duibh / ┐ cāch do chur 'na ch.¤ / . . . inā duille da chor d'fidh taking everybody into account(?), ZCP vi 269 § 13 .

As quasi-vn.: ēside o[c] cinaith frit-sa, ACL iii 295 § 21 `that itself is what's sinning against you,' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 104 .

III

(a) In legal contexts offence, crime, etc. for which the doer is answerable at law, hence with meaning liability, guilt, incurred penalty, etc.: focerdar c.¤ co fergac `liability is attached to the angry man', BDC 25 . imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir (of duties of `flaith'), Críth G. 339 `in regard to liabilities arising from contract?' (Notes). .vii. claid . . . na[d] dírenatar cinaid `whose liabilities are not atoned for', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . óthá suidiu hícad cách cinaid a c[h]laid `the liability of his ditch', 72 § 14 . a ḟrepaid ó ḟi[u]r chinad guilty party, Críth G. 60 . c.¤ comḟocuis responsibility for a relative or legal connection: c.¤ cach comfoguis for araile `liability of each kinsman upon the other' (as with éiric), Laws i 262.16 . imtha fri cion comfocuis `it is likewise with liability of kindred', Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 145 , glossed is amlaid sin atait re hic cinta comfocuis, amail comruinnit in dibad is amlaid comruinnid (ícaid, v.l.) in cinaid. cion comhgais, cáin nó díol do bhuain amach i n-éiric nó i n-eineaclainn an loit . . . doghní neach . . . d'á charaid nó d'á chineadh, Keat. i 68.47 . is mo sidhe do ch.¤ `thy liability . . . is greater than (the value of) this (sword)', IT iii 201 § 75 . Cf. berid-si lib ina c.¤ fén iat (said to tax collectors) `in their own discharge', Todd Lect. vi 44 § 64 .

(b) Hence in sense of payment due, levy, exaction : ? fri commus a cheana ┐ a smachta ┐ a fiadhaig (`rule'), IT iii 199.8 . ? oenach Cuile co cintaib appropriation, LL 25093 . ni beiride acht cethramthain di ch.¤ na somane, di orbu na saetur (of the iarḟine), Laws iv 284.6 . cion do chuir i nDruim Lethan / do rioghaibh mar gnathachadh (of a proposal to billet soldiers on the community of D.L.), BNnÉ 288.33 . can luad cairti 'n-a cenaib `without mention of a charter for their tributes', Hy Fiach. 212.y . ceathruime cidh ima ḟuil / c.¤ leathbaile na lenmain why has a quarter the dues of a half-village? IGT Decl. ex. 194 . gníomh d'fhearann saor ar gach ein-c[h]ion `free from every impost', Misc. Arch. Soc. 190.8 . do bhuain chean `to get dues', O'Hara 2598 . Cf. kinduff alias black rent, Fiants Eliz. 5997 quoted Measgra D. Gloss. p. 243 .

(c) booty, plunder, and hence by implication victory, triumph, success: buáil-si um cheanuibh gach críche `take the spoil of every country', Ériu ix 8.88 . gáir na stoc i n-am na gcean, Measgra D. 57.22 . cena mora ┐ crecha aidbli, Ann. Conn. 1365.5 . urusa dhuit déanaimh cean `to win triumphs,' TD 1.45 . mall ar gcéimne leis an gcion we travelled slow with the `creach', Aithd. D. 6.44 . le neart-ghoil céimeann nó cean `triumphs', Content. xxx 21 . ag cuimhne a gcean `recalling their exploits', O'Hara 4406 .

(d) share, due portion : do chion (sic leg.) d'fágháil do'n éiric, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 364.17 . gan chion i gcogar Dé dhamh `part', Dán Dé xxvi 14 . breith na clainne is cean [do] mhartra is a kind of martyrdom, DDána 32.17 . ? dá shochar do gheibhthear as an Aifrionn . . . cion impidhe ┐ leóirghníomh, Eochairsg. 51.6 . Hence in pl. fortune, weal : daoine ar tí chean a chéile `set against each other's weal', Dán Dé vii 17 . dh'ionnramh chean ó gCéin `to serve (as defence for) their interests', O'Hara 2393 . díon ar gcean `to secure our fortunes', Aithd. D. 84.37 .

In chevilles: ard an cion, DDána 17.23 . mór an cion, O'Hara 3241 .

As quasi-conj.: cion a raibhe do shólás . . . dá bhfuaradar . . . go raibhe sé do dhólás orra . . . the greater the pleasure . . . . the greater the misery . . . , TSh. 3730 . cion a bhfuil d'fhad-dáil . . . atá sé do chaoile tanto . . . quanto, 5405 .

(e) love, affection (for development of meaning cf. cuit, 1 pairt): Críosd dom chion san bhrátha-ló `may Christ love me', Celtica iv 169.272 . maircc as gar da chill go ccion `dear', BNnÉ 286.31 . tarbh tána ar nar ceileadh cion `well-beloved' (of warrior), O'Hara 3469 . ró ceana `great affection', 2993 . onóir ┐ míoonóir (sic), cion ┐ neimhchion, do thabhairt d'én nduine abháin, Desid. 2367 .

(f) esteem, respect : menicniugad cena do denam (of a `céile' rising up before his `flaith'), O'Curry 621 ( H 3.18, 300 ). gan a cen ar naomh nō ar dhān, ZCP x 49.1 . a chion do réir a ríaghla, Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.22 . mic Uisnigh dhár chóir c.¤ , IT ii2 115.25 . is beg in c.¤ ata acan tren[n]íadh ugud oirne `respect . . . for us', Stair Erc. 1477 . méad an cheana do bhíodh ag cách ar an inchinn `how highly everyone prized', Keat. ii 3085 . ní fhuil cion innte ar fhéiltibh (of Ireland), Measgra D. 55.17 . With defining gen.: cion áonanma as .c. orra they are to be treated as one noun, Bard. Synt. Tr. 203.11 . ní bhíodh cion fírinne ortha `were not regarded as genuine', Keat. ii 3878 .

In phrases. cuirid i c.¤: m'anam thuas dá chur i gcion being honoured, DDána 12.8 . do cheird féin ní chuire i gcion `you do no credit to your art', Content. xxiv 8 . túis dod ghuidhe cuir i gcion `urge thy most zealous petition', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 1 . féile an leinbh gá chora i gcion `making it manifest', Ériu ix 166 § 32 . roinn ar ar chuireadar cion the division which they fixed, Content. xi 7 . téid i c.¤: ní théid a rún cliachdha a gcion does not go into effect, LBranach 3543 . fo ch.¤ respected: gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . do ghlac an rígh an macaomh go honórach ┐ do bhí fá cion aige, Eochairsg. 114.13 .

In phr. c.¤ fátha (printed as compd.) occasion (of sin, etc.): ar ngabáil chionfátha dhon pheacadh, Romans vii 8 . do chum nach tiubhruinn cionfátha don druing lé na mían cionfátha dhfaghail, 2 Cor. xi 12 . Cf. cennḟáth and Dinneen s.v. fáth .

Compds. do chleith mo cheanfhaghla, Aithd. D. 55.3 . le Dia [gidh] cin-iomdha ar gcás, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 10 .

combádud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. combádud or dil.ie/10776

[u, m.] vn. of con-báidi. act of (mutually) drowning, submerging: for commbadhadh a ceile i fudomain in mara, BNnÉ 77 § 147 . for a combádhudh drowned, CCath. 793 . Of shipwrecks: bla nae imram no combadud sinking, Laws iii 250.24 . lucht in combaiti, 252.9 Comm. ar combadad after shipwreck, Aen. 332 . Dia beatha . . . / fhóireas cách ón chomhbháthadh, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvi 3 . See 2 nó. ? mo sherc . . . is combath- fri huacht, IT i 124.17 taken as combáthud fri husce, Contribb. 434 .

? comfoirti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comfoirti or dil.ie/11201

n da c.¤ na naoi nae , Celtica ii 71.45 `perhaps a back formation from comhfhurtach', note p. 87 .

? comraiter

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comraiter or dil.ie/11645

ind do conn c.¤ . . . gach nae , O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37 a ). ni caithfe cach acht cia c.¤ asa nemed, O'D. 2210 (Nero A vii, 145b). Cf. cotrirther.

con-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-cuirethar or dil.ie/12039

Forms: cocur

v (cf. con-ceird, 1 cocraid): tonna mora . . . inna churchān flescach fann / for Conaing concoirsetar, Bruchst. 39 § 92 `arranged themselves against', CS 76.13 . dicedal concuir in file composes , O'D. 1191 (H 2.15, 78b). cia concorad cét churu dúra dedoirne `though he contract first covenants firm (and) sure', O'Dav. 736 . ginib do conn comraitear concurtar gach nae , O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37 ). ? conralat conralsat (rhet.), ZCP xii 362.30 . tangadar bharsan áth . . . ┐ conroladh doibh ann they fought there (rel. con-?), RC xv 66.10 . See con-lá.

Vn. cocur.

con-léici

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-léici or dil.ie/12201

v (léicid): con-leicfi loṅges dia mbia a tesbaid fri re nae mis he shall let go together(?) (rhet.), Ériu xvi 83.60 ( SG 254.27 ). assa mmidchórdaib comtháirgetha, combuithe, cuirmthigi comlabartha comléicther 'that is expelled from her central quarters of common supply, common living, common conversation in the ale-house' Peritia ix 107 § 2 .

crúaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crúaid or dil.ie/13191
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: crúadh, cruaidhe, crúaidh, cruadha, crúaidh, cruadha, cruaidhe

i

I As adj. hard(y), harsh; stern, strict: daingen no cruaidh gl. durus, Ir. Gl. 674 . bidh cruaidh cuiglidhe, Blathm. 237 . miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid hardened, ZCP xiv 355 § 13 . in moin cruaid, Laws i 132.4 Comm. crūaid a gal, Sc.M² 21 g . gabur . . . c.¤ , LU 8626 ( FB 47 ). gairid cāi crūaid den, Four Songs 8 § 2 . ticfait cruaidi casracha, SR 8039 . nae m-bliadhna cruaidhi coimsigh `strict', MacCarthy 418.w . fairrci cruaidh ` rough ', Leb. Gab.(i) 266.15 . crabaidh cruaid strict, BB 296b11 . bás cruaidh, PBocht 12.50 . na neithi remra ┐ na neithi cruaidi, O'Gr. Cat. 265.2 . aisgidh . . . ┐ í cruaidh, Aithd. D. 43.1 . fa cruaidh an tseanmhóir hard to understand, PBocht 11.21 . isin phrisun cruaidh, Smaointe B. Chr. 4736 . re hēudaighibh cruaidhe garbha, Beatha S. F. 1805 . cennaighe crūaidh, ZCP viii 208.20 . mochen daonna as cruaidh creidme, BNnÉ 280.19 . cruaidh fa rún, DDána 117.40 .

Transfd. meanings: gér' budh cruadh a chroidhe, RC xxix 112.16 . ar gcairde croidhe cruaidhe, Measgra D. 22.34 . Gramm. voiced (of sound, consonant): do-ní brígh connsuine bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh, IGT Introd. § 105 . connsuine crúaidh no bog, § 55 (15.24) . an tan bhogthar connsuine crúaidh, § 29 (10.25) . is caeli ┐ is cruaidhi inas inni eli (of sounds), Auraic. 1481 . In phr. is (attá) c.¤ do (for) it is hard for: fa cruaid d'E. eturra `E. was hard-pressed', Stair Erc. 2003 . ar pearsanna . . . do ghlacadh da madh cruaidh do `if he were obliged', Trans. RIA xv 87.w . atá cruaidh ortsa difficult for you to understand, Desid. 3635 . Of cream or curds, thick : for foesam duit na crothi cruadi cúl-budi, MacCongl.² 32.989​ .

Equat. cruaidhither ri crandlæm, TTebe 3364 . Compar. nís cruaidhi gl. durior, Ir. Gl. 1118 . crūaidhi indāt clocha a cridhi, Ériu iii 29 § 2 . gá cruaidhe ceisd ?, DDána 12.1 . Adv. cu cruaid, Lat. Lives 103.17 . neach dá mbí go cruaidh ad chionn `one who is bold against thee', Bard. P. 20 § 9 .

II As subst. crúadh f. g s. cruaidhe, IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . crúaidh m. g s. cruadha, § 41 . crúaidh f. g s. cruadha, cruaidhe, § 42 . tri meich . . . do cruaidh cruithnechta of (hard) dried wheat , Laws ii 200.30 Comm. fer ler robhog ar ccruaidhne `my hard (verse)', Bard. P. 30.10 . dia do chruaidh stubbornness (chev.), Aithd. D. 73.4 . do chomhshnoidh cruaidh a chridhe, DDána 20.44 .

Usu. in meaning steel (?): ? conid fri c.¤ n-aurdairc n-aister, LU 7415 ( BDD 100 ). frisna gaibed iarann na cruaidh do cruaidhiph na cruinne, CCath. 5247 . cruaidh shídh na ndealg ndoidhíolta `the steel in the peace made by the priceless nails', Aithd. D. 65.19 . crúaidh a gcindbeirte, IGT Decl. ex. 615 . crúadh a ṡleighi, ex. 1084 . a chrithear do chruaidh nimhe, Aithd. D. 46.23 . do dhearbhadh chrúaidh cheann choirrshleagh, O'R. Poems 2484 . cnedh ó chrúaidh gurm, IGT Decl. ex. 1129 . a dtuagh ghualann, a gcruaidh róghlan, O'Rah. 74.50 . Transfd. sreith mholta . . . do chruaidh chorcra ar gceirdeine, Aithd. D. 46.11 . Attrib. g s. sa mbró crúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1156 . mír cruadha . . . ar gurt gabhaidh (of a warrior), AFM v 1602.6 . a mhír chruadha `thou piece of steel', O'Hara 2926 . a mhír cruadha dár fháomh Íle, SGS iv 144 § 31 . tinne cruadha (a chief), AFM v 1292.20 .

Compds. Frequ. in alliteration. With nouns: diar cobair ar cruadhag `hard battle', Gorm. 30 . cruaidh-bhéim trasgartha, MR 274.1 . is mi-cinelta cruadbeil (of horse), Celtica ii 42.136 . dā cruadh-buillib, ML² 1732 . tar crūadchaircib gered `hard rocks', MacCongl. 85.20 . tanic immach . . . ina chrúadchippi chatha, LL 32757 ( TTr. 1967 ). a cruadhchorpus Gaodhailgi, H 3.18, 157.13 . cruadhcosaige, ┐ haitt glun (disease of horses), Celtica ii 34.45 . fuasgail sinn as an g-cruadh-chás, Oss. iv 276.16 . fochicher achruadchasra, SR 8205 . ech . . . círdub crúaidchend (as adj.), LU 8665 ( FB 49 ). frifúrad . . . / . . . nacruadchorad, SR 5886 . luind cendach corr cruadeigme, Ériu vii 197.z . clann Chraith chrodha i gcruaidh-fheirg-bheirt `in deeds of fierce anger', Content. xxix 23 . Coire mac Cruadhgabann, Anecd. ii 55.18 . riacruadgail nacórad, SR 6911 . cernach caur cruaidgniad, Corp. Gen. 9.8 . corp crist . . . / forraolangair cruadhgubha `severe lamentation', Blathm. 66 . co cethra uvullmellaibh . . . cruaidhiarainn, CCath. 5268 . dronga ar nár cheisd cruadhlaoighe `hard poems', Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 9 . cait[h]chressa ic a cruaidhletradh, CCath. 6083 . cruaidrī, Corp. Gen. 9.16 . crúaidhrinn chaoilṡnáithaide, BS 10.12 . ? iar catha cruaidriss, Corp. Gen. 2.35 .

With adjj.: cruadhbhog caismirteach (of sound), Hackett² xxxiii 5 . fri cernu crúadchassa, LU 7424 ` stiffly-twisted(?)', BDD² Gloss . imdho cridhe cruaidhetaidh (: edaigh), Reeves Ad. 286 . cloidim cru[a]idgher curata, Aen. 1954 . cona cennaibh . . . cruaidrinnai[g]the hard-pointed, CCath. 5460 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a cath Gabra cruadhairmigh, Acall. 4019 . ada cloitine cruaidhbeimnecha (sic leg.), RC xi 30.10 . i mbíd cruind-ḟer crúad-buillech `stern- smiting', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.20 . in bhuide Chonaill chruaid-chnedaig, SG 21.17 . resin cothucud . . . cruad craidech, Cog. 192.8 . in cunndais cruadcuisech `hard-spirited', ZCP vi 273.16 . ar na ccur chuige go crúadhchúiseach = hardly bestead, Isaiah viii 21 . cruadh-chūiseach in bhar ccreideamh tenacious, Mac Aingil 6311 . maic Sailt chláraig crúaid-íachtaig `hard-groaning', Metr. Dinds. iv 248.16 . talum . . . cruadlasrach, IT i 190.33 (FA). ná bithí . . . cruádmhuineulach, Deuteronomy x 16 .

With vbs. crúadh-cenglaidh an olann dábar n-aighthibh, Cóir Anm. 245 (388.14) . in chuirp ra chrúadchlaidbius which I mangled cruelly, TBC-LL² 3393 . co rachruad-chrithnaigseatar snaitheda saignen tened, TTebe 280 . ra crúaidgéraigit a claidib, LL 31920 . docrechtnaigheadh ┐ docruaidhghonadh, Ériu v 102.1 .

cuithiugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuithiugad or dil.ie/13738

n (cuithe ?): amail anfot indethbiri im c.¤ no im fliuchad tucadh air (sc. fear na nae `boatman'), Laws v 206.25 Comm. capsizing(?).

daimid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daimid or dil.ie/14221
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: damuid, -daim, -dam, -daimenn, -damann, damand, damait, -da[i]met, daimes, dama, -dama, rodama, -damat, daimtis, nodaimtis, daim, dam, dáṁ, damaid, -dém, -déma, démait, -démaitt, -didam, -didem, -didma, -didemam, -démad, rodémad, rodá- mar, dámair, -dámair, rodámair, dámatar, rodámatar, -rodmatar, dámatar, damnatar, damhnatar, rodamnatar, furodamnatar, dét, rodét, -dam, -rodam, dam, rodaim, rodamastar, damsat, rodamsat, damsat, daimset, radamsatar, damth-, damd-, -damthat, dam- thatar, damdatar, damhdhatar, daimtis, damhdaois, damair, damar, -damar, -damair, -daimt[h]ear, -damthar, -damthair, damthar, damtha, -démt[h]ar, -démt[h]a, -demthaoi, dét, rodét, nirodamad, damad, détiu, damthain, -ditiu, -ttiu

v pr. i. ACT.—pres. ind. 3 sg. damuid, -daim, -dam ; -daimenn, -damann, damand after negation, Laws (Commentary). 3 pl. damait, -da[i]met. rel. daimes. pres. subj. 2 sg. dama. 3 sg. -dama, co rodama . 3 pl. -damat. ipf. 3 pl. daimtis, nodaimtis. ipv. 2 sg. daim, dam, dáṁ. 2 pl. damaid. future (a) ē-fut. 1 sg. -dém. 3 sg. -déma. 3 pl. démait, -démaitt. (b) red. fut. 1 sg. -didam, -didem. 2 sg. -didma. 1 pl. -didemam. sec. fut. 3 sg. -démad, rodémad. pret. perf. (a) pret. with no suffix. 1 sg. rodá- mar. 3 sg. dámair, -dámair, rodámair. 3 pl. dámatar, rodámatar, -rodmatar, nir dámatar ; damnatar, damhnatar, rodamnatar, cf. Fél. Oeng. and furodamnatar, Ml. 96 b 8 , 105 b 9 . Thurn. Hdb. 401 . (b) t-pret. dét, rodét. For dĕt see det. (c) s-pret. 3 sg. -dam, -rodam, nár dam ; rodaim ( Cog. 56. 11 ). depon. rodamastar. 3 pl. damsat, ni rodamsat , ní damsat , nir daimset ; depon. radamsatar. (d) pret. damth-, damd-. 3 pl. -damthat ; depon. dam- thatar, damdatar, damhdhatar. Cf. Thurn. Hdb. 401 . Zeuss 1092 b . Pret. subj. 3 pl. daimtis, damhdaois.

PASS. pres. ind. 3 sg. damair, damar, -damar, -damair ; -daimt[h]ear, -damthar, -damthair. subj. damthar. ipf. 3 sg. damtha ; subj. id. fut. 3 sg. -démt[h]ar. sec. fut. 3 sg. -démt[h]a. -demthaoi ( ZCP viii 223. 19 ). pret. perf. (a) dét, rodét. (b) nirodamad, nir damad . Cf. ACC § 75 (damad leg.).

VN. détiu, damthain, enclit. -ditiu, -ttiu.

I Endures, suffers : dia nnama noe (.i. dia ndama duine) for tír, Corm. s.v. noe . Cf. ar is nae duine ut est dia ndama nae for tír .i. duléici in duine céssad fair, BB 328 b 43 . damhdhatar .i. doḟuilngeadar, O'Cl. damdatar (v.l. damthatar, damadar) mór tadlech they endured many afflictions Fél. Oct. 15 . riana techt don rígu rodamnatar (v.l. rodamdatar, rodamatar) saethu they have suffered tribulations ib. Prol. 32 . rodamnatar uili (v.l. rodamdatar, rodamatar) they have all suffered ib. Prol. 53 . ni rodamair huar na te I have not suffered cold nor heat Trip. 140. 16 . cech dochruide rodámair ó ṡíl Ádaim cin teirci, 23 P 10, 95 .

ABSOLUTE : holds out, goes on with : damnatar la tri laaib ic ol, Mesca Ulad. suffers = dies. o rodamuir when she died Laud 610, 100 b . brooks, vouchsafes : ni rodamsat Ulaid co mbuaid choscair do Emain Macha in tsechtmain sin. Rodamastar immorro anim Conculainn co tárfad don .l. rígan, LL 122 b 30 . With fri stands, bears up against : ar is derb lind ni déma siriti bras birda na letheti út fri brúth ┐ feirg niad do letheti siu, LU 76 a 25 .

II Submits to a judgment, stands by, assents to a decision, accepts law. Frequent in the Laws in connexion with breth, 1 cert, cóir, dliged, etercert.

(a) trans. uair nár dam sam dligedh as he did not submit to the law Laws ii 304. 3 . intan damuir dligedh iumpu when law is submitted to respecting them ib. 298. 14 . inge mad nech ná dama coir iar séta táide, ib. iv 184. 17 . v 318. 16 . is innles dóib in tochus dia ndamat dliged iar ndénam indligid, ib. v 120. 10 . muna damunn dliged intí risi ndeachaidh lámh is éicin íc tara chend. ma daimet dliged &c. ib. 226. 18 .—nír daimset in fir aile do Coinculainn in breth rodnucad do they disputed the verdict, given in favour of C. FB 78 . acht go ndaṁdaois a eidircheart provided they submitted to his decision, 23 E 26 p. 289 .

(b) intrans. with for. nách dernad etercert dúib? ol B. dorigned om for C. ┐ ní daimet ind fir út fair eter. ni didemam om oldat ind fir aili ar ní breth eter aní rucad dún they do not stand by it FB 75 . asbert U. friu nod lémad a mbrethugud acht co ndaimtis nammá fora breith. fodémam or iat provided they would adhere to it, etc. ib. 76 .

III Submits to, i.e. permits, admits of, lets . noca damann in lanad imdegla enech in lulgach anad is sia ná anadh naine, Laws i 120. 29 (commentary). ni daim anad isia ina anad náine, ib. 31 . ní daim ( ní dam, i 120. 19 ) enecland anad non patitur honoris reparatio moram ( Zeuss 430 a ), ib. 228. 16 . ii 100. 7 . dáig ainech ná daimet anad, i 236. 12 . nír dama[d] dóib dul fri lias fobíth in coctha búi itir Féine ┐ Ulta, i 74. 28 . is indligthech sum ce daim a cairiugad ┐ ni daim a car[iug]ud dab annóiti, v 122. 14 . mad neach ná daimenn a gaire do reir chóir, ib. 318. 29 . eich no daim ná daimet firiu na fedna foraib which permit not men nor carriages upon them 250. 5 . na daim ná damand fir orra, ib. 19 (comment.). Similarly Laws i 150. 21 : conid táinic C. nád rodamair nach ndligedh nád beith for úin acht a beith for treisi.—rodamasdar iarum a cur a nurlaim coitchind he allowed it (his possession) to be put into common patronage O'Dav. 1362 . a Eua daim dún do thinchosc let me instruct thee SR 214 . ni rodmatar a mbrethugud innach baliu aili acht ocutsu they did not permit of their being judged anywhere else than here by thee FB 56 . tarraid ... do chuinchid bíid. ni damthatar (v.l. damnitatar) erchoimded they suffered no excuse Trip. 204. 1 . ni rodámair in mórbríg do Mani bith ina thost did not allow him to remain silent TFerbe 299 . Cf. ní damair a bruth co fe[i]rg: co ro thogla innocht for Glend Geirg, ib. 360 . in didma tanoccol? nocho didem, TBC-LL¹ 754 Y. rodemadh a losgad siú rotruaillfitis a cuirp ar gradh De who would allow themselves to be burned Aisl. Tond. 119. 3 . ni didamsa, Laud 610, 99 b 2 . dam thumalfossaic a manum a Cháilti. ni dém etir ar Cailti, Acall. 5033 . dá cét laech rolámair sium | damair a ndimdaige, LL 192 a 12 . a díth rodámair sin chath, 132 a 26 . geguin tricha fer narmach | iarsin damair a marbad, YBL 124 a 24 . gur damair in togmac a urgabail (dhamustar, Stowe MSS) suffered himself to be taken prisoner MR 246. 20 . is aire rodamair Ísu do diabul a aimsiugud, PH 4893 . nir dhamh eadh ná hosadh dóibh aga slaidhi he allowed them neither space nor truce, slaying them Aen. 2148 ( BB 473 a 6 ). nách ar dámadh sísd no sealaigheacht dha bhur sinnsearaibh that your ancestors were not allowed their proper time ML 116. 32 . níor damhadh sealaidheachd dóibh no change was permitted them, 23 E 26 p. 35 . níor dhamsat ceannus dá chéile they did not permit superiority to one another ib. 180 . do smachtadh ara muintir gan éisiom do mharbhadh da ndamhadh a ghabháil if they could take him prisoner AFM iv 710. 8 . Here prob. also Ériu iii 136. 1 : daimthi dal cuind dosom innisein. ni didam sa caimme, ol O. Cf. Rawl. 131 b 29 : daimthi dail cuind damsa. Archena demasu cenco damasu.

IMPERS.: ni rodam dó cen tinntud fri M. he could not bear not to turn against M. TTr.² 1562 . ní rodaṁair do can a innsaigid he could not refrain from seeking him, CCath. 2920 . ní rodamair do gan dol dia ffurtacht, AFM vi 2250. 17 . berid leis iarum in mnái. ní rodamair tra do Chormac innísin, BB 262 a 35 . ┐ ní rodamair dó co ndeachaidh dia feg fegsin, 258 a 26 ( dia feg forcsin, YBL 177 b 39 ). Cf. ótconnairc...daigh na hoirgne fora daltae ni rodamair do he could not endure it RC xvi 82 (quoted from H 3.18 , p. 717 - 718 ).

IV Allows, i.e. concedes, accords to, grants, yields. Common in the Laws and sagas with 1 cert, cóir, cubaid, dliged to yield justice, cede law and right to (do). With fír fer, f. comlaind, comland oenfir in the sagas to grant single combat. With dílgud to forgive, with trócaire to vouchsafe mercy. geall do incaib fri nech ná daim ceart, Laws ii 268. 4 . fer ná daim ceart ná dliged do duine, v 206. 2 . dia ndamt[h]ar cert dó. muna damthar cert dó, iii 4. 3 . nír damad dlighedh do Feinib, i 74. 17 . nocho damand dliged dogrés in taire sin, v 174. 27 . co [n]damann sí d., 432. 12 . damhar d., 210. 9 . gabáil oc marbchrud dona daimt[h]ear d. ar uair tarrachtain, 430. 27 . doná damhthar dligi[d], ii 70. 24 . imná damt[h]ar d. dó, iii 318. 2 . muna damt[h]ur d. dó, iv 4. 12 . masa cindti lais ná demt[h]ar d. dó...co ndemt[h]ar, 12. 7 . is cindti lais ná demad bodein d., v 174. 29 . masa cinnte leis coná demtha d. dó, v 206. 13 . ná demt[h]a d. dó, iv 4. 14 . in inbaid is cunntubairt lais i ndemt[h]a nó ná demt[h]a d. dó, 12. 10 . giall in fechemun toicheda do thócbáil nocon damtha d. dó until what is lawful is given him, ii 140. 2 . ní dam trócaire trinóit, i 12. 6 . dáimhes d., O'D. Suppl. (Not here, but to con-daim, Laws v 174. 18 : aire ná condaim ceart..., cf. nád condaim c., v 202. 5 . asná condamar, 160. 4 .) ni dámair cert dóib, Expuls. 6 . Cúchulainn ní damair c., ScM. 21. 12 . ná dam cert do deman dúr, LB 237 m . ní damhsat c. dia fithidir ZCP vii 305 . baithgér...in imtuarcain ┐ ní rodam neach c. dia céli, BB 438 a 43 . ní damann sé cert dam...┐ ticfa aimser ann ┐ ní dema nech cert dá chéile, Fianaig. 74. 4 . co rodama cert in toenḟer, Rawl. 113 a 33 . nocho damand findchert, Anecd. i 48. 12 . nir damad c. dó YBL 123 b . ní demaitt cert man tír thair they will not observe right towards the eastern land Fen. 378. 9 (perh. to II). nocho cert na cubaid damait dairecht Breg CRR 22 . nír dam Conall cóir ná cert do bidbaid C. accorded not justice nor right to an enemy Fen. 312. 23 . dó nochur dam cóir na cert, Fianaig. 66. 33 . ní rodamsat cóir na cert, Rawl. 156 b 44 . dErinn nír damatar cóir to E. they did not grant justice. acht cor damthar fír fer dam ...atbér, FB 94 . intan nach démt[h]a córdus doib uime sin, Cog. 54. 13 . a láich...ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, LL 209 a 53 . ní fír fer ná comlond oenfir radamsatar dó, TBC-LL¹ 2910 . ní damar (níor damadh, Stowe) fír fer dam ná comlond oenfir, 4706 . 4733 . ní ba cumland oenfir démait duinn, 3972 . ní rodamad fír comlaind dóib, Bor. 10 . noco damthadar comraind do thuathaib De Donann, ZCP x 365 , Rawl. 135 b 20 . rí rodet dílgud ... do Dauid, SR 6873 . rodet .i. rodam .i. rodet a cron iarsin do mend, O'Dav. 1362 . rodet it was granted BDD 143 . dAed Dub rodét, Rawl. 165 b 54 . mo manchine is duit rodétt, BColm. p. 48 . a bo do ní demad certa: cen bad leo a lachta, Anecd. i 47. 14 (v.l. ní dhema a certa). dámh comhrádh red chomhalta, B IV 1, 87 a .

ABSOLUTE: maith lind dia ndama dúin féin if he spare us RC vii 300. 7 ; the prose has die coigle, RC xiii 6. 16 .

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