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airchissecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchissecht or dil.ie/1724

n ā, f. Vn. of ar-ceissi ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 486 ). IGT Verbs § 112 .

(a) act of compassionating, sparing, pitying; pity, compassion: do thabhairt díglae foir nípo dia a.¤ , Wb. 4c21 . is ar airchissecht dúibsi ni dechud sa cucuib, 14c40 . ar is mou ruicim les m' airchissechtae indaas digal do thabairt form, Ml. 22c14 . hond erchissecht gl. [diuina] propitiatione, 32d23 . inna erchisechttæ gl. misserandi, 120a5 . dlegair airchisecht `he deserves pity', Mon. Tall. 144.25 (§ 46) . cia dom chartib . . . dom airchisecht this is one of my friends come to comfort me, LU 6301 (TBC). ? tiumargain cin aircisecht .i. t. in bidbuidh do gin aircisecht in feichemhan toicheda, O'D. 573 ( H 3.17, 442 ). na bad scarad . . . athig ri shétig ac iarraid a airchisechta, LL 243b23 ( TTr. 1995 ). dia rom cur misi dot airchisecht, YBL 158b46 . bid uaite bar nairchisechtai i.e. there will be few to pity you, Alex. 223 . don cholainn tugas treiseacht / móide iarraim m'oircheiseacht, Dán Dé xi 2 . bud étrumaidi a iargnó ┐ a oirchisecht agum my regret and pity for him, MR 122.10 . In passive sense complaining, lamenting: ac écáini ┐ ac airchisecht, TBC-LL¹ 3657 . ni roloing cen airchisecht without pain, TBC-I¹ 1606 .

(b) act of helping, assisting, taking care of: ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht to be kindly treated, LU 4366 = dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 . tainic dia oirchisecht on nairne sin i raibhae ó Find, RC xi 131.70 . oirchiosachd aoidheadh n-annamh (a work of charity), Mac Aingil 3612 . corp na maigdine do anorugad ┐ do oirchisecht `to honour and cherish', Grail 3720 . observatio legis et vitae .i. airchisecht cuirp ┐ anmai, O'Mulc. 297 . ro badus ac modsaine dom curp cin nach oircisecht do denum for m'anmain `serving my body when I gave no thought to my soul', Grail 3838 . Of a sympathetic message of warning, frequ. coupled with robud: tæt nech ūaib co robud ┐ co nairchisecht do Choinchulaind, TBC-I¹ 2319 . nach asrelgfedh ó Domhnaill dia orgain gan rabhadh ┐ airchiṡecht úadhasom dhó, Hugh Roe 158.20 . bertais Fergus rabudh ┐ oircissecht d feraib Erenn, ZCP viii 542.22 . adchonncatar chucu . . . aonmarcach le hoirchisecht rabhta `with an opportune warning', Caithr. Thoirdh. 61.26 .

Concrete alms, pittance see oirchisecht.

1 airne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airne or dil.ie/2310

n m. (1 aire, Wortk. 127 . See also Airne F. Introd. p. xiv , ZCP lii 125-126 , but see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 247 , LEIA A-81-82 ) watching, guarding (esp. at night): a.¤ .i. fuireachras oidhche, O'Cl. cid a.¤ fota in se / i m-bed fot secht gemaidche, Airne F. 22 . cid fota mo a.¤ (int airné v.l.), 41 . sund rognid in graibre gel / a.¤ i ndeochaid Fingen, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.6 . ?g s. a séise barc ar sáil . . ., ag déanamh áirneach da lucht fala, Ó Bruad. i 32 xvi . Cf. 1 nairne .

2 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bir or dil.ie/5934

Forms: beru, B

n n p. na beru-sa, Éigse i 86.3 . Mainly in glossaries and B. na f. and expld. as water; spring, well, stream: b.¤ .i. uisce . . . biror ┐ inbir ┐ tobur, Corm. Y 158. Berba .i. ber nó b.¤ ┐ ba . . . usce balb, Dinds. 13. `bior' ainm da gach uiscce, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . `bior' ┐ `an' is `dobhar' / trí hanmann uisge in domhuin, Metr. Gl. 12 § 15. as ionann bior ┐ uisge, O'Cl. dobur usce . . . nó b.¤ uisge isan bretnais, O'Dav. 745. uth bó bruithi do bior `boiled in water', MR 124.9 . fri do biur bus nairne , O'Dav. 202. b.¤ tipra nō srut[h], Corm. Y 121 s.v. biror. b.¤ tiobra, Metr. Gl. 21 § 70 , O'Cl. B. na f.: sēim nar bach na beru-sa (glossed .i. na huiscidi) mo c[h]odul (glossed .i. mo lethar) `these waters almost broke my shoes', Éigse i 86.3 .

pn As name of river: B, LL 11048 ( TBC-LL¹ 4226 ).

Compds. biorbhogha `a Rain Bow', Eg. Gl. 733. biorbuafan `water-snake', 732 . biordoras `a sluce or floudgate', 709 . .ix. ṁbunnsacha birgaissi ina laim `nine . . . osier-rods' ( SG ii 200 ), Acall. 3798 (or fr. 1 bir + gas ?).

1 bus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bus or dil.ie/7480

n taken by edd. as meaning crystal, glass on basis of: b.¤ .i. gleor nó glaine, ut est fri do biur b.¤ nairne , O'Dav. 202. Name of material from which certain drinking-cups made: na bleighedha buis comardaigther ris na cornaib buabaill, O'Curry 1009 (H. 3.18, 429a). bleidhidha búis ┐ bánóir, Acall. 122. co n-ilar . . . chopan buis, 5018 . 5096 . Fianaig. 56.6 . See 2 b.

éicin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicin or dil.ie/19719

Forms: eic

advb. (dat. of éicen)

I Of necessity, surely, of truth, indeed; used in asseveration, protest or emphasis (see Corm. s.v. nairne ): ecin (v.l. ecen) .i. deimin, ut est, cest in fil tomus forsin mbairdni? fil ecin .i. atá co deimin, O'Dav. 803 . éigin .i. go deimhin, ní hé éigin .i. ní he go deimhin, O'Cl. An ex. of the original meaning may be: is fochen a Buidb. ceinip fochen bid eccin, ol in B. if not welcome it will be so of necessity (? cf. I (b) below) IT iii 239. 122 .

(a) Freq. in response to a question or statement;

(a) In affirmation or asseveration: forcantar écin (gl. nonne perdocentur) Ml. 34b12 . fid inn ogaim, in gne no in cenel? is cenel ecin, Auraic. 857 (= eiccen, 3735 , but the YBL reading is eic, 231a1 ). indad eiside...? at e eicin 'tis they indeed TBC-I¹ 626 . in fail coma gaba-su ...? fail écin, ar C., TBC-LL¹ 1763 . ZCP iv 40.1 . badam slánsa, mád áil daitsiu, ol A. bid áil écin, or sí, IT i 124z . teilc traigid dam, a C., or F. tilcfeseo on damsa arisi, ar C. samlaid eicin, or F., TBC-I¹ 2151 . amlaid sin, ol in gilla. is amlaid eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.24 . is oebind duit, ar iat. is oebind ecin ar se, YBL 329a7 = TMoméra 152.6 . ro ḟorcongairsiot a thabhairt dia saighidh. dorattadh eiccin `he was brought accordingly' AFM v 1864.3 . With another adverbial particle: i fuarais? ar M. fuar omm écin, ar Mac R., TBC-LL¹ 1770 . nach é Iliach? bar D. is me ám écin, bar Iliach, 4632 .

(b) In denial or protest: ni cumgi...ol in t-ara. cuimcim eigin, ar C., TBC-I¹ 685 . nach tussu em dodnarchosaig? nach me ecin, 565 . 1218 . ata in macc ina chotlad (says Ibar of Cú Chulaind). nidam macc eicin, ol C. I am not a boy indeed 645 . ni fhetar nach diobh duitsi. ni diobh éiccin, ar S., BS § 46 .

(c) After interrog.: cóir duit arechus dúin fris sút, a meic bic, ar I. ced ón écin? ar in mac bec, TBC-LL¹ 1262 . 1300 . [a]tūsa i ndulig, ar I. cid són écin? ar in mac bec, 1338 .

(b) In statements generally, certainly, indeed, surely; at any rate: ní ed asbiursa: indingentar, ar dogentarsom éicin, Trip. 242.15 . comad he Ísu écin Jesus to a certainty PH 3095 . is demin écin certain indeed 3855 . nā bī a n-espa, is ed timarna in Rí | lubra, lēgad, ernaigthi, dēnadh ēgin na ní (v.l. éiccen nach ní) let him be doing something, at any rate ZCP vii 310.23 . is doig écin indisfit dún, PH 3758 . atchuala agá phriotchadh nár bhó maith...daoine do mharbhadh...conadh aire sin ro chinn eiccin ina mhenmain gan guin duine, AFM v 1462.10 . Ir, nir b' eiccen (i. deimin) laoch bud lia, Leb. Gab.(i) i 234.25 (= ni roibe BB 19b11 , roibi, Lec. 539b ). robas co foda il-leanmhain an madhma ra macoib Miledh. do-rochratar eccin dá thoisech do muintir mac M. there fell, however 270.5 . Esp. to emphasize some word or member of a statement: guid he co ndingbai oenbliadain ecin a plag dinn one year at any rate PH 344 . corob ann écin connesat he here precisely 3506 . ni hindut fén...acht induind fén écin, 7898 . ni cuincithea anallana...acht is indiu écin connagar, 7934 . nir bo foda an uidhe ruccsat an ló sin eiccin, AFM vi 2198.14 . bá de eiccin ┐ do imtheacht na n-iarladh...tainicc..., AFM vi 2362.17 . roba cinnte...lasna maithibh sin...go ttiubradais tachar d'Ua D ... ┐ ni thuccsat eiccin acht saighin iomruagtha `they did not, however, but merely came to a slight skirmish' AFM v 1432.8 .

II

(a) some, any; some...or other; a certain (L. quidam): eirc ass co locc écin, airm na bia nach n-aittreb doine some spot where... PH 2504 . is oen ecin uaib nom-mairnfise some one of you 5130 . Mart. Don. Mar. 30 . nech eicin uaibh, Lism. L. 1013 . CCath. 2803 . do neoch ecin aile anyone else PH 6040 . no choimthecht ecin do chaimthechtaib Conchobuir, TBC-LL¹ 880 . ni thardsubair etach no tiugnach écin dam PH 6159 . ni ruibend nech hi fhus cen peccad écin ina chomitecht some sin or other 7943 . o mud écin in some way 7979 . o nach mud écin, 7003 . is bés don tsleigsin nachis imrethet impe...na fethana acht gar ré coscur éciṅ TBC-LL¹ 5228 . (of two men): ná tiocfadh...acht fer eiccin dibh that only one of them should come AFM v 1490w . da ceim deg...da taib egin don grein `to one side of the sun' Ir. Astr. Tr. 96.21 . cuid éigin do bhríogh a bhall, TSh. 2222 . nuimir éigin dá fuil leth asdigh da cúig dég any number being less than fifteen O'Gr. Cat. 316.30 . do cuaidh seachrán ecin ar eochrachuibh na ndoirrsech the keys had gone astray some how BCC § 296 . i laithigh nó i ndris nó i n-achrann éigin oile, TSh. 10422 . tabuir bennacht...a duine trocairigh eigin, LB 152 marg. inf. fear éigin ealadhna, TD 33.15 . ar láimh Oirghiallaigh éigin, 9.45 . do féadfaidhe go gcuirfeadh neach éigin i n-iongantas `someone might wonder' Keat. ii 228 . muna ttugaid ar chuid éigin tuitim, Proverbs iv 16 . trath (uair, lá) é.¤ sometime (day), once on a time: lá éigin, TD 1.9 . ná bíodh ar son a séad...acht rádh go rabhsad uair éigin `that once upon a time they were' 16.21 . do bhrígh go mbí críoch...ar aní, ní foláir a bheith críochnuighthe tráth éigin, TSh. 3153 .

(b) In referring to an indefinite quantity or number, some, a certain number, about; (here perhaps: cosced a chrantabaill d'ḟeraib hErend, ocus leiced écin cotlud dona sluagaib some sleep (?) TBC-LL¹ 1697 ; but it may belong to I: let them at least sleep): timchiol da fhichid eiccin tunna saloinn some forty tons of salt Fl. Earls 26.22 ; 86.27 ; 174.26 . meide eiccin tuile a certain amount 64.13 . no biodh eiccin forchoimédaighe...for ind an tslébhe a certain number of watchmen AFM vi 2128.5 .

N

Cite this: eDIL s.v. N or dil.ie/32894

Forms: nin, n, n, N, n, nn, n, n, nd, nn, nd, nn, nn, rn, rd, n, ln, ll, -nl-, -ll-, n, n, n, N, n

was the fifth letter of the Ogham alphabet, and was called by the name nin ` ash-tree '. It was the last letter of the first aicme or letter-group, of which the first two were beithe (b) and luis (l), hence the whole alphabet was often called beithe-luis-nuin; see Auraic. 976 , 1171 , 2806 , 5505 .

In Irish script n, medial or final (rarely initial) is commonly expressed by a horizontal stroke above the preceding letter.

1. Irish n is of four kinds, according as it is unlenited or lenited, non-palatal or palatal.

N is unlenited in the following cases: when an absolute initial; in the combination sn; in gemination; after r; before a dental (d, t). In these cases, (a) when followed by a non-palatal vowel, it is a dental, produced by pressing the flattened tip of the tongue against the upper teeth, (b) when followed by a palatal one, it approximates to the sound of gn in Ital. ogni, Fr. ivrogne. Unlenited n is ordinarily written nn in medial and final position.

Lenited n, (c) when non-palatal, corresponds to the ordinary European pronunciation of the letter; (d) when palatal, is a weakened form of (b). Cf. IGT Introd. § 8 , where apparently `.n. trom' = unlenited n (ceann, corn, coirndearg) and `.n. séimh' = lenited n. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 152 § 95 , Thurn. Hdb. § 132.

2. In loan-words from Latin, n remains; if final in the Irish derivative it appears unlenited, e.g. mulenn < Lat. molina.

3. O.Ir. nd, medial or final, passes into nn during the Mid. Ir. period; e.g. bendacht (Lat. benedictio), cland (Lat. planta, W. plant), find `white', `hair', gránde `horrible', lend, lind `liquid', mind `diadem', proind (Lat. prandium), rind `point, star' = Mid.Ir. bennacht, clann, finn, gránna, linn, etc. This change occurred early in the case of the art.: np. inda, Thes. ii 47.24 (Philarg.), indá, Wb. 20d5 , beside inna, Thes. ii 247.16 ( Cambr. 38a ); but it is indicated in other occasional spellings in the Glosses, e.g. claínn, Wb. 5b33 ; finnae, gl. pilorum, Ml. 72b16 ; linn, Tur. 109a ; proinn, Wb. 28c20 ; pronn, 31b22 ; rinn (np.), Ml. 145d3 . The spelling nd, though no longer corresponding to the pronunciation, continues in use in Mid.Ir. beside nn, and is somet. substituted for nn in words where the latter is the orig. form; e.g. cend, crand, land, mann, rand for cenn (W. pen), crann (W. pren), lann (< Lat. lamina), mand `manna' (Lat. manna), rann (W. rhan). Occas. final rn appears as rd (prob. a mistake for rnd due to omission of the compendium for n), e.g. ocht ṅdúird, LB 63a28 ( IT i 40.22 ) = nduirn (dorn); cartt, ZCP ii 314 x (=carn).

4. Medial ln is assimilated to ll, a change which begins in the O.Ir. period; e.g. élned `pollution' (as-len-), Wb. 11b9 = eilled, Ml. 22b1 ; dun elled, 92d12 ; part. éilnithe, Wb. 31b29 = eillidi (gs.), Ml. 63a16 ; do fuillned (fo-lín-), Ml. 26c6 = do fuilled, 69b6 ; nud-comálnabadar who shall fulfil it, Ml. 46c20 , beside -comallammar, ib., -comallas(atar), 105a6 (< comlán). Similarly -nl- becomes -ll-: brollach (< bron-lach, cf. bruinne and 1 brú, gs. bronn), fiallach (< fian-lach), tellach `hearth' (cf. 1 teine `fire').

Coming between two other consonants n often falls out, e.g. áildiu (< *áilndiu), superl. of álaind `beautiful'; ní cumgat, 3 pl. pres. of con-icc (3 s. ní cumaing); aisdís, forgaire, frecdairc, scríbdid, variant spellings of aisndís, forngaire, frecndairc, scríbndid. See ZCP v 1.

5. Initial n is occas. prosthetic, due either to orig. eclipsis of an initial vowel, e.g. Dún n-Áis (= Dún Náis, mod. Naas?), Loch Nén, (prob. = Loch nÉn), or to influence of the art.; for prob. exx. see Nairmein, 1 nairne , nangtha, napa, ? 1 nena, noll; the word nuimir (Lat. numerus, O.Ir. umir) is prob. a learned re-formation. Conversely, an initial n may be dropped through being assigned to the art.; cf. es `weasel', 3 úall `cry, wail', úna `famine', with 1 nes(s), 1 núall, núna.

6. N marks nasalization of initial vowels and initial d, g, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 261 fg ., Thurn. Hdb. § 237 , and IGT Introd. § 8.

7. In Mid.Ir. n is oft. used in the formation of adjs. in -ach, -aide, abstract nouns and denom. vbs. on the analogy of forms in -ach, etc. derived from n-stems; such derivations are found beside forms without n; e.g. bendachtnach, bennachtnach(bendacht, gs. -an); bertnaigid `shakes, brandishes', beside bertaigid; créchtnaigid `wounds' (crécht); machtnaigid `wonders', beside machtaigid; mainnechtnach, -naige, beside mainnechtach; mairgnech `lamentation' (mairg); malartnach, -naigid, beside malartach, -aigid; neimnech `venomous', neimnige`virulence' (neim); nemnaige `sanctity' (nem).

náiríne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. náiríne or dil.ie/32947

n (dim. of náire) shame, affronted modesty: marb Fithir do nárine, LL 295a27 = do náirine, Acall. 4171 = do nairighe, Keat. ii 3946. See 2 nairne .

1 nairne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nairne or dil.ie/32949

Forms: airne

n a night-watch, a vision (? an expedition, adventure or tale of adventure = echtra) : nairne .i. aislinge nó echtra, ut est Airne Fingin maic Luchta, O'Mulc. 837 = ut est nairne Fingin mic L., H 3.18 p. 637a ( O'Curry 1414 ). For the tale entitled Airne Fingein see Anecd. ii 1. Perhaps = airne with prosthetic n; but cf. tainic dia oirchisecht on nairne sin i raibhe ó Ḟind ┐ ó ḟianaib `to rescue him from the night-watch (?)' (? predicament, jeopardy), RC xi 131.70 .

2 nairne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nairne or dil.ie/32950

Forms: náirne, náirine

n modesty, purity? nairne .i. glain, Corm. Y 972 = nairne (no naire) .i. gláine, Corm. p. 32. If a genuine word, perh. = náirne < náirine.

3 nairne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 nairne or dil.ie/32951

Forms: nairne, nairne

particle of assent or asseveration, indeed, verily ? nairne [no naire, add. LB] amail bid naire no beth and .i. senberla didiu in naire n-i sin. Is inand ┐ isbertha egin. Is gnathberla eisem tra cidh indiu la hIrmumhain maxime, unde dicitur: In fil ní bas toich duit? Fil eigin, ol intí dia n-inchomarcar .i. nairne , Corm. Y 972 = fhil naire, ol intí . . . .i. fil écin, Corm. p. 32 ; i.e. nairne (? naire) is used, especially in West Munster, in the sense of éicin indeed, in truth . nairne .i. deimhin .i. frithaithbhear bus nairne .i. frithaithbhear bhus deimhin, O'Cl. (where the word is used as pred.). náirne .i. deimhin ` sure, certain, certainty ', P. O'C. náirne adj. `sure, certain', O'R.

4 Nairne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 Nairne or dil.ie/32952

Forms: Nairne, Nairniu

pn a name of Tara (or of a mound there)? Narne .i. Tema[i]r .i. do anmaim in foraid ro bai inti, O'Mulc. 831 = Nairne , H 3.18 p. 73a ( O'Curry 115 ). Cf. Nairniu (n s.)., Ardm. 13a2 ; ad Nairniu Toisciurt, 9a1 ( Thes. ii 266.45 , 261.38 ), which seems a place in Connacht.