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ainetargnaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainetargnaide or dil.ie/1306
Last Revised: 2013

n (ainetargnaid) strangeness, unfamiliarity : robaoi . . . d'ainetargnidhe na druimleice duibhsleimhne because of unfamiliarity with, AFM vi 2031.z . ainetarghnaidhe na habhann, Hugh Roe i 156.26 . d'ainetargnaidhe a narm , 64.22 .

aurradus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurradus or dil.ie/5033
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: urradus

n u and o, m. (aurrae).

(a) native law . `The common law obtaining between members of the same `túath', oppd. to `cáin', a law imposed by a king (perhaps an over-king) or by the Church', Ériu xii 69 . See also Bürgschaft 75 n. a.¤ (urradus) ' current law' signifies the ordinary law current at the time of writing, whereas cáin 'book law' refers to the earlier state of affairs found in the commentaries of old law books Ériu lii 136 n. 39 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 . See cáin. fēich erradais liabilities within the kin, Cáin Ad. 40 . nac[h] tan . . . bīt[h]er cen rīg isnaib tūathaib is brāthcāi fognī[at] etorra .i. fria urradus, Corm. Y 144 . Cf. tigradus .i. tigurradus, 1230 . ni coirpdire cana na urraduis é, O'Curry 1443 ( H 3.18, 644b ). coirpdire deisi i nurradus no aen duine a canaid . . . cid ima ndebert sin? . . . uair ni haicinta coirpdire cana d'fognam i nurradus cein fogabar i nurradus in coirpdire, 650 (ib. 314 ). saire ar fiachaib ata sin i nurradus ┐ nocho nuil saire ar biadh i nurradus amail ata a cain; ise fath fodera sin ar teirce bidh urraduis ┐ ar imad bidh a cain, 695 (ib. 336 ). da secht cumala eisein no cethre secht cumala urradhuis, 995 (ib. 426a ). inund ropdach na narm ┐ ropdach na slibri i nurradhus . . . acht in deithbhir uil eturro is i cain ata injury by weapons and by animals count equal in native law, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B 506, 33b ). is mo cumal cana na cumal urraduis . . . nocha mo seoit cana ina seoit urraduis, O'Curry 1207 ( H 3.18, 482ab ). coirpdire cairde ind . . . eraic . . . urradais ind, 1005 (ib. 428a ). brethamnus urraduis imurro in tan na bí rí sundradhach isin crích judgment according to native law, O'D. 632 (H 3.17, c. 470).

(b) the state of being an `aurrae'; leadership, supremacy: ? is deora nech ina crich urraduis ┐ is urra neach ina crich deoraidheachta, O'Curry 2334 ( Eg. 88, 26(27)a ). hi tir nad bi urrathus duit in which you have no standing, 2026 (H 4.22, p. 52) = urrus, 468 (H 3.18, p. 246). cach urrudus co deoraidecht / cach deoraidecht co hurradus, ACL iii 227.56 . ca tír a ḟuil t'urradhus?, Anecd. i 34 § 71 . dligim a hurradus d'iarraidh, / bunadas diamair a dind (of Banba), Ériu x 76 § 3 . ní trén th'urradhus, BS 16 . ar Mhagh Luirg . . . / dá n-áirmhinn a urradhas his supremacy, DDána 82.32 . Ó Briain ga mbí ar n-urradhus who rules over us, IGT Decl. ex. 1038 . ní dar íribh nó ar ábhacht / d'urradhas nó dh'éadánacht `in assurance or timidity', TD 17.60 .

(c) suretyship; guaranty: antí théid a ráithiges nó a n-urrughas, Triads 39 § 139 . ni laimter arratas ar cin a leten `responsibility', BCrólige 34 . Aedh epscop . . . in urradhas mna do shaoradh, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . fúaslaicter di Mac Conglinne for errudus Picháin, MacCongl. 117.18 . gach dimain da leigfi rig (leg. ris?) beith a tír gan a cur ar urrudus without requiring him to find security(?), O'Curry 290 (H 3.18, p. 159). urradus .i. cin, 1478 (H 3.18, p. 654) `i.e. the liability of a surety', Plummer MS notes. cró ó inn dano, is hēisidh[e] saighes fine ar urradhas ar athathgabáil (sic), Ériu i 214.26 . ciniud sin do nach dlegar cis no cain . . . no ediri, no irradas . . . acht atitiu nama, Cog. 54.7 . biaidh misi a nurrudhas duit air, Gen. xliii 9 . má bhíonn tú a nurrugas ar do charaid if thou be surety, Proverbs vi 1 .

(d) Various: urramhas nachar dhluigh dhó / do chuir d'urradhas orra obliged them to show a respect (?) which was not his due, DDána 74.26 = IGT Decl. ex. 1026 . ? in cath ní heol nirradais, LL 276b32 = ní hórd i., SG 396.31 . ? clú . . . nó mórurradhnós (órnós v.l.) do bheith orm `reputation', ITS i 6.21 . Cf. lean d'urradhus ┐ d'éifeacht, MS. Mat. 565.24 . Perh. also with this meaning in: ar n-iomthus-ne ┐ ar n-urradhas, ML 112.27 .

breisimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breisimnech or dil.ie/6692

n [ā, f.] (breisim) noise, din, crash: atchondairc iarsin in ṡaighnēnrath ┐ in mbreisimnich ┐ in tornich, TBC-I¹ 3114 . in breisbēmnech ┐ in tromgal ro chūalusu . . . breisimneach na narm , 3128 . bressimnech na mborbḟer, LL 32322 `noise', TTr. 1510. in bressimnech brathamailsin, 32242 ( TTr. 1432 ). bressimnech in chathbarr (na ccathbharr, v.l.), TBC-LL² 2853 .

brisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brisc or dil.ie/6835
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā brittle, fragile, easily broken: b.¤ .i. ab eo quod est priscus ar is b.¤ [cach crin ┐] cach ṅarsaid, Corm. 7. carnae . . . is b.¤ ūair is bruithi, ar is rigin intan is feōil, Corm. Y 261. arán briscc, Misc. Hag. Hib. 161.8 . bá b.¤ fidbad i llámaib láech, LL 32794 ( TTr. 2006 ). Of land, soil: ós Bairind b.¤ `crumbling B.', Metr. Dinds. iii 366.15 .

With more abstract meanings: buidhne . . . briscci . . . Bretan ` brisk ', CCath. 5367. is b.¤ . . . in gloir saegalta, YBL 168a30 . b.¤ . . . a derid unsolid . . . its end (sc. Roman rule), ZCP xxx 100.42 . conách diombuan / an domhain che briosg braithleaghtha ` fragile ', Dán Dé xxx 2 . mairg bias isin mbriaidh mb.¤-sin under that critical verdict (of Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15.

Equat. goma brisgidir re barraib feda ag a tesgad do thuagaib as easily broken, Ériu viii 44.29 . Superl. ? ango dano . . . adfía basa lecht bas briscium, LU 7500 ( BDD 102 ). As compar. cid as briscim (briscidh, briosga, v.ll.) cuirir what is more brittle than the earthnut? (answer: a jealous woman's temper), ZCP xiii 272.1 .

Adv. réad do bhronnadh go briosc `to be brisk in giving', Ó Bruad. iii 196.14 .

As subst. senbrisca a salcha (read asalcha as in FB) má chossa dirty old tattered things, LU 8520 ( FB 37 ). Cf. senbrisc, s.v. 1 sen.

Compds. With nouns. briscbemneach na narm `the crashing strokes', Ériu v 238.7 . doringni briscbruan ┐ minscomartach din charput ` fragments ' (Táin 641), LL 8204. briscbrúar na clocend ica n-erlech shattered fragments of skulls, TFerbe 333 . With adjj. crínbhriathrach .i. briscbhriathrach, O'Cl. na trí badhbha brodla, brisg-dhéadla `saucy, impudent . . . witches', ML 118.30 . briosg-ghlórach ` Babling ', Eg. Gl. 105 (Acts xvii 18).

cnaïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnaïd or dil.ie/9709

Forms: cnaídid, cnám, cnaí(ded)

v later cnaídid. IGT Verbs § 42 . gnaws away, consumes, disperses : ro cnaí daíl a choiss, Trip.² 2862 . tart / cnaifes Araind n-ain, Anecd. ii 41.y . cnáifed dia álaig óg n-ell `would have wasted' (of a serpent), Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . gerden ros cnái ... / trénfer cech lae dia ndigbail (of Goliath), SR 5787 . nochnaife in muir (of land), Lism. L. 2184 . leath somuine le rath narm ... fo bith no chnoíend meirg é, O'D. 513 ( H 3.17, 417 ). mina ḟaghbhuid ni cnaighid (cnaieat, cnaied, v.ll.) nó loiscid (of fires), CCath. 1696 . dona fiaclaib sin no chnaetís taebu na míled, Alex. 742 = rochnaitis, ZCP xxx 132 . do chnaei lé teas in tarad / nach ragad fuí meas Muman, IGT Verbs ex. 380 . ar gach fonn / do cná an tonn, Rel. Celt. ii 238.26 . cnaiigh in tes `heat resolves', Rosa Angl. 98.8 . do chnaoi an doirche deamhnoidhe (: caoi) `dissolved the demon murk', Arch. Hib. i 92.6 .

Of mental anguish: do cach cheist chialchaid rotchná (: Pedamachá), SR 6975 . rom chnaoi i gceas (of death of noblemen), DDána 79.30 . sna croidhibh do chná (: dtá) which he has afflicted, 23 . ro-d-chnaoí mur othar easlán, KMMisc. 244.24 . Rarely wastes away (intrans.): go gcnaóighid ... ar son a n-éigceirt, Ez. iv 17 . cnaoididh na spirid = spiritus dissolvunt, ZCP xviii 270.16 .

Vn. cnám, cnaí(ded).

daigrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daigrech or dil.ie/14190
Last Revised: 2013

adj o-ā (1 daiger). Fiery. do ríg daigrech (nō dermar), LL 150 b 38 . Diarmide d.¤ dín | drong d.¤ na Filistín, SR 5593 - 94 . co lin a ndrong ndian nd.¤ , ib. 5887 . co narm d.¤ thírech (díreoch, R. Dinds.) do chur choscair chruaid, LL 195 b 40 (cf. RC xv 423. 9 ). ria sluag ndagrech Dublinni, LL 32 a 14 ( = RC xxiii 314. 10 ). do rígh d.¤ Dárinne, ib. 150 b 38 . dracon d.¤ , 162 b 2 . Domnall dian d.¤ , Rawl. 111 d 19 .

Dathí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dathí or dil.ie/14753
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Nathíi, Nahii, Nahi, Nathí, Nathi, Nati, Dathíi, Dathí, Dathi, Dahí, Dahi, Dáthí, Dáthi, Athi, Daithe, Daithem, Daithen, Dathi, Daithi

indecl. npr. m. interchanging with Nathí.

FORMS:—

A Nathíi n s. Trip. 446. 8 ; 448. 8 .

Nahii n s. Fél. Aug. 9 LB.

Nahi g s. BB 199 b 1 . LB 17 e 16 .

Nathí n s. LU 38 a 7 . CS 20. 16 . LL 313 a 9 f.b. 313 a 18 , 32 . 314 b 2 , 22 . Fél. Aug. 9 (MSS B, L). a s. LL 132 b 4 . g s. LU 38 a 1 , 8 , Rawl. 86 b 12 . MacCarthy 212. 2 (LL). LL 314 b 15 , 50 . 313 b 4 f.b.

Nathi n s. AU i 10. 11(A.D. 445). CS 18. 1 f.b. Mart. Don. Aug. 1 , Aug. 9 , Oct. 28 . AFM i 128. 7(A.D. 430). LU 38 a 2 , 14 (margin). YBL 192 b 25 , 32 , 42 . Fél. Aug. 9 (MS R1). Trip. 32. 12 ; 30. 18 . Nati, BB 197 b 5 . a s. YBL 191 b 42 . g s. AU i 20. 9(A.D. 463). YBL 192 b 43 , 48 . Trip. 136. 14 . BB 137 a 22 . MacCarthy 396. 17 (BB). Lism. L. 4637 . d s. LU 38 a 15 margin .

Nathe n s. Gorm. Oct. 28 . Mart. Don. Oct. 28 . — Comp. further Nahie ACMN 70 .

B Dathíi no instance.

Dathí n s. LU 38 a 26 , 28 . Cóir Anm. § 146 (twice). g s. LU 38 a 10 , 17 . Lism. L. xv 12 . d s. AFM i 128. 2 (A.D. 428).

Dathi the common Mid.-Ir. spelling. n s. LU 38 a 22 . 38 a 10 margin . YBL 191 b 13 , 20 , 21 , 23 . 192 a 4 . 192 b 22 . Lism. L. 2706. 2710 . g s. AU i 22. 6 (but only in the MS marked as A). Mart. Don. 62. 20 ; 54. 11 , 13 ; 130. 23 , 25 ; 350. 2 f.b. Dinds. §§ 133 , 160 (twice). YBL 191 b 35 . 192 b 48 . Rawl. 86 b 35 . RC ii 86. 1 f.b. (LU); 88. 1 . MacCarthy 212. 2 (BB); 426. 4 f.b. (BB). d s. YBL 191 b 29 .

Dahí phonet. = Dathí. n s. YBL 191 b 49 . g s. Dahi, BB 57 b 22 . 58 a 40 . Cf. Dahye ACMN 64 .

Dáthí n s. Cóir Anm. § 176 .

Dáthi g s. ALC ii 448. 22 . LL 139 a 47 .

C Athi in late MSS, wrongly abstracted from Nathi (understood as n-Athi) and such phrases as bidathí a ainm, Cóir Anm. § 146 = bid Dathí, &c.

Already in the 11th century the meaning and origin of the name had become obscure to the Irish grammarians. It was associated with daith, daithe, swift, swiftness (and the npr. Daithe, Daithem, Daithen) as is clear from the marginal note LU 38 a : is de atberthea a nainm sin fris conid Dathi a ainm óndní is dathi gabálaid ( ó daithi a gabáltais, YBL 191 b 20 , where the note has been adopted in the text), cf. Cóir Anm. § 146 . The length of the final -í is attested by the archaic spelling Nathíi and the rhyme with trí, MacCarthy 212. 2 (LL). Dathí as the later form originated from the confusion of the N- of Nathí with the eclipsing n- after a preceding accusative or neuter noun: tech Nathí (understood as t. nDathi), babtizauit Echaich mac Nathí (mac nDathi) &c. MacCarthy 212. 2 (LL): cethri cóic bliadna 's a trí: rogiallad do niurt Nathí (v.l. Dathi, BB): i Sléib Elpa na narm nán, &c. I have no example of Dathí alliterating with d- from old poetry. The accent falls on the ultimate, cf. the alliteration Na-thí: tolchar, LL 150 b 30 , 31 b 45 . Nathí trenṡeng, LL iii 15779 (Flann Mainistrech) . Dathī cen tathāer, Rawl. 86 b 34 , Gorm. Aug. 1 . With Nathíi should be compared the npr. f. Daríi, the authoress of the Cáin Daríi; -íi seems the g s. of a npr. m. the nom. of which would be Old-Ir. Eo, identical with the tree-name (cf. the npr. given by Meyer, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxxviii 798 ). This name actually occurs TBC-LL¹ 4870 : co hEo mac Oircne. LL 94 b 7 f.b. : co hEo mac Forne. The genitive Íi, Í occurs in the npr. Mac Híí in the Oir. text Anecd. iii 61. 6 , Mac Hí (the name of a deacon) LL 366 e 11 . Compare the ivo- of Ogh. IVOCATTOS (Eochad), IVODACCA (†Eodach, not Uadag, as Macalister thinks, Epigr. iii 180 ), Gaul. IVORIX in a memorial inscription from Bordeaux. Nathíi `the nephew of Eo,' then, would be (†) in Ogh. NETTA IVI (NIOTTA IVI) of the nephew of Eo, and in the book of Armagh †Nioth Íi, Niath Íi (cf. Nioth Fráich, Ardm. 15 b 2 , Niath Taloirc, 25 b ). For dar of Dar-Íi cf. dar and der; the parallelism between Nath-Fráich and Der-Fráich (niece of Fraech ?) is noteworthy.

Nathí mac Ailello, BB 130 a 22 .

Nathí mac Bresail Einecglais, BB 131 a 37 . 138 a 3 .

Nathí mac Brocáin grandfather of the Druid Nuadu mac Achi RC ii 86 1 f.b. : Dathi LU, Daithi, YBL 175 b 32 . After him or one of his ancestors probably was named the Tuath Dathi in Brega, RC ib.

Nathí mac Bróin, BB 112 b 26 .

Nathí mac Caille, BB 177 d 28 .

Nathí mac Caithri, BB 143 b 24 .

Nathí mac Caur, BB 145 c 49 .

Nathí mac Conaill Gulbain, Fen. p. 433 b .

Nathí mac Crimthainn, LL 45 b 32 . BB 136 a 11 . 137 a 18 . 138 d 5 .

Nathí mac Daigri, BB 144 e 28 , f 4 .

Nathí mac Dolbaig, BB 131 b 23 .

Nathí mac Echach, BB 131 a 26 .

Nathí mac Fiachrach = Feradach mac Fiachrach (his first name according to Cóir Anm. § 146 ). The last pagan king of Ireland, nephew ( ACMN 66 ) and successor of Niall of the Nine Hostages and father of Ailill Molt; killed by lightning at the Alps A.D. 445 (AU), 427 (ACMN), 428 (AFM , CS). (a) Annals and chronicles: AU i 10. 11 (A.D. 445); i 20. 9 (A.D. 463: inicium regni Ailella Muilt mic Nathi); i 22. 6 . ALC ii 448. 22 (A.D. 1582) (Cathal Dubh mac Conchobair of his race). AFM i 128. 2 (A.D. 428). CS 18. 1 f.b. (A.D. 412), 20. 16 (A.D. 428). Mart. Don. 54. 11 , 13 (Colga Naem and Cronán mac Aongussa of his race); 62. 20 ; 130. 23 ; 350. 2 f.b. (Lochan from Cell na Manach of his race). (b) Cóir Anm. § 146 (etym. explanation of his name, see above). Aided Nathí, LU 38 a 1 ( YBL 191 b 13 sq.), 2 , 7 , 8 , 10 , 17 , 22 , 26 , 28 . YBL 191 b 13 , 20 , 21 , 23 , 29 , 35 , 42 , 49 ; 192 a 4 ; 192 b 22 (where buried), 32 , 42 . Nathi mac Fiachrach gabais flaith nÉrend i ndíaid Néill, ib. 192 b 25 . Ailill Molt mac Nathi, ib. 192 b 43 ( Dathi, 48 ). LL 132 b 4 (death of N.). BB 108 a 12 , 53 ( Nathi = Dathi, ib. 38 , 107 a 17 ). 216 a 28 . Trip. 136. 14 . Dinds. § 133 MacCarthy 212. 2 ; 396. 17 ; 426. 4 f.b. Rawl. 86 b 35 .

Nathí mac Garrchon of Leinster (grandson of Fothad), the opposer of Patrick at Inber Deæ. Trip. 30. 18 ; 32. 12 ; 446. 8 ; 448. 8 . .vii. meic Garrchon...Nathí, &c. LL 313 a 18 . BB 124 a 39 . AFM i 128. 7 (A.D. 430).

Nathí mac Luigdech son of Lugaid mac Dalann and father of Barr mac N. Lism. L. 4637 . Mochua Balla, whose life is told BLism. 40 a 1 sq., was a great-grandson of his; he died A.D. 637. The death of Nathí mac L., then, took place probably in the middle of the 6th century.

Nathí mac Maeláin, BB 143 b 9 .

Nathí mac Meldae, LL 316 c 39 .

Nathí mac Rossa Failge: sé meic Rosa Falge .i. Nathí, &c. LL 314 b 22 . BB 130 a 7 .

Nathí mac Sechnaig bishop of Cúil Futhirbe, Mart. Don. Oct. 28 , cf. Gorm. Oct. 28 . Nathi epscop C. F., Gorm. Aug. 1 . Mart. Don. 208. 3 sq. Nathí Cúile Fothirbe, LL 313 a 9 f.b.

Nathí mac Trichim son of Erc Dáire, Fél. 56. 3 . BB 220 c 12 .

Cruimther Nathí of Achad Conairi in Leinster, a contemporary of Colum Cille, Fél. Oeng. &. Gorm. Aug. 9 . Mart. Don. Aug. 9 . Lism. L. xv 12 ; 2706 , 2710 .

Nathí a deacon LL 336 e 6 .

Hui Nathí: Bríon mac Echach mic Dáire...is dia chlaind ind Echach sa húi Nathí a quo húi Connachtaig LL 313 b 4 f.b.

Bile Dathi one of the six wondrous trees of Ireland: bili Dathi, Dinds. § 160 . LL 199 b 61 ; unnius immorro Craeb Belaig Dathi, Dinds. § 160 . Hardly here, cf. the parallel form Bile (Craeb) Daithin (Daithen). Vide 1 and 2 Daithen.

LOC. Belach Dathi, LL 200 a 10 . Dinds. § 160 . Tulach Dathi, MR 152. 8 ; 254. 11 . Togail Bruidne Dathī, Anecd. ii 44 § 5 .

dechraidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechraidecht or dil.ie/14924

n ā, f. A derivative in -id-echt, a suffix spreading from dental stems and nom. ag. in -id (†dechraid, díchraid).

I Ardour, vehemence, bravery, valour , only of persons: léitmigi na llaech ┐ dechraidhecht na ndegdóine LL 230 b 48 . TTr. 1006 . ri fornert fer na Frigia ri déini ┐ ri dechraidecht clainni dathglaini Dardáin, LL 239 b 20 . TTr. 1690 .

II = 1 dechrad III: co cualai nní...drongar na lúrigi ┐ imchommilt na narm dechraidecht na cless téteinmnech na tét, LL 83 a 4 ( TBC-LL¹ 3311 ) = dechairdecht na cless, LL 96 a 31 ( TBC-LL¹ 5075 ).—Obs.

dedairne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedairne or dil.ie/14981

n ia, f. derivative of prec. Strenuousness, stubbornness : imruth na narm ┐ deduirne na ndeglaech ┐ dúri na debtha, TTr. 1515 .

dom, dam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dom, dam or dil.ie/18054
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: daim, doim, domo, domhu, daim

n u, later i Ériu xliii 194 . (Lat. domus? See Celtica i 332 n. 3 ) d s. daim doim. g s. go ruacht clethi na domo , FB § 101 ( ITS ii 126 ). a pl. domhu, AFM ii 734.13 . See Meyer, RC xiv 459 . House, home . Common in phrase dia (etc.) daim home (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 332 ff . ): tiag dum daim (: glain) I go home, Imr. Brain i 43.21 . collá dot daim . . . uaire doromailt do ré go home, LL 246a8 . fusrumat a n-éin remib día ndaim, LU 10567 . fodruim dot daim, Fianaig. 12 § 23 . ? laudate Dominum de cēlis, in fuair do doma | laudate eum in exelcis, ite connoga, ZCP vi 262.3 . In legal formula: ógdiles du Chummin leth ind orpiso i ndoim i nduiniu `half of this heritage belongs to C. in house, in man' (i.e. buildings and tenants?), Ardm. 17b1 ( Thes. ii 239 . 17 ). domairm (= dom airm) .i. teagh na narm , O'Cl. Common in phrase do(i)m, da(i)m liacc stone house, stone church (usually printed as compd.): dāim liacc .i. tegduis cloch, O'Mulc. 333 . is ann fóidit hit daim liac-su, LB 260a68 (of a king's house). More freq. of churches: in dam liag mása tuige slinnedh fuil air . . ., O'D. 916 ( H 3.17 col. 653 ). Imlech Iubhair do losccadh . . . eittir daimhliacc ┐ cloichtheach, AFM ii 874.12 . dá chéd do daoinibh do losccadh isin doimhliacc, 822.15 . Ard Macha do losccad . . . ettir tighibh ┐ domhuliacc, 734.13 . siatt amhail colúmnai in doimhliacc, Aisl. Tond. p. 98 = mur bid colamain fa egluis, p. 125 . As n. loc. quies sancti Ciannaini Daim-liag of Duleek (Co. Meath), Trip. 572 . la Cianan Doim líacc, Fél. Nov. 24 . epscop Doimhliag i mBreghaibh, Gorm. 224 n.

See domgnas.

duthaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. duthaine or dil.ie/19307

Forms: d.

n , f. (duthain) transitoriness, shortness of life or duration: a methad no a nd.¤ that they should decline and become extinct soon, BB 233a25 = Lec. 123b35 . leath somuine la rath narm no eduigh .i. ar a duthaine, O'D. 513 (H. 3.17, 47). g s. as attrib. domun d.¤ , LL 28a52 . co ndéni duthaini ┐ garsecli, ZCP xi 85 .

grís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grís or dil.ie/26675
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: grís, gríss, grís

n ā, f. m. and f. in Mod. Ir. grís (= gríos) f., IGT Decl. § 39 . gríss (with slender -s-) f., ib. § 14 . grís (= gríos) m., ib. § 38 .

I heat, fire, embers, hot ashes: tene taidlech co ngris goirthi ... na macc mbethad, Trip. i 256.23 . hi tellach ... coratgori a grīss `that its embers may warm thee,' MacCongl. 95.26 . crābud in buirb co n-indmus | los diūit, nit goire a grīs `the piety of the wealthy churl is a flame without fire, whose embers warm thee not,' ZCP vii 311 § 16 . Of the heat of the sun: ó gríis imurcrach na gréine, RC xxiv 378.10 . Of the searing of fetters: roscacht i ngrísaib gemlig | fri tri mísaib mór-gemrid, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.55 . Of the burning of fever: gríss bronngalair glanas broinn, Triads 224 . go gcaomhnann sí grís gan mhúchadh ar feadh bliadhna, TSh. 385 . fá ghrís ndeirg `under lurid glow,' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11. Mac Aodha aighne go dtreoir | gríos oireas dfhuacht fhear n-aineoil `a fire fitted [to warm] the coldness of ignorant men,' Content. xxv 10 . a ghluine mar néimh nuaighrís, Dánta Gr. 16.68 . luaith-ghrís ashes: m'inginí is gruag fa luaith-ghrís d'fhágain, ZCP v 212.298 .

II Fig. glow, ardour, valour, passion: clanda Cēin co ngrís, KMMisc. 266.15 . Of Colum C.: ūasal a grīss (: chíss), ACL iii 217.24 . o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a ndíss ocan-imressain, SR 1881 . ri cen grain, cen gris, cen greiss, 2561 . a pl. cen grissa, ba cain intṡluaig, 3959 . Of the Ark of the Covenant: robai ann fo gris grada | secht mís ..., 5423 . grís ghrádha Dé ┐ na comharsan, TSh. 1707 . ó ghrís an chreidimh, ó ghrádh lasamhain, Parrth. Anma 331.12 . an tshacramuint ... do bheith na béoghrís gacha subhailce dham, ib. 381.15 . re digail an grisa n-imdergtha doberar air a n-a mhnai, Laws v 298.2 Comm. co ro bhethaidhsiot béoghrís a sengomh doridhisi a ttús samhraidh na bliadhna so they requickened the ancient flame of their hatred, AFM vi 2054.2 (an. 1598). gris a crisi. crisis graece, iudicium latine , O'Mulc. 664 . In phr. fo grís aglow, alive (?): nī bía fo griis ... acht noí mís dar m'hēsse-se you will be only nine months ... alive after me, SR (Adam and Eve) 96.2047 ​​. hed beit 'mo-le fo grīs grinn | a ndīs do chorp is t'anim, SR (Adam and Eve) 52.1435 . ? As epithet ardent: re Domnall nglonnmar ngris, Celt. Rev. iv 216.30 .

Compds. ¤ainech adj. with ruddy face, TBC-I¹ 3186 . ¤bhéilín a rosy little mouth, ITS xvii 213.158 . ¤beó: Murchadh ... grisbheó gan bhádhadh `a burning coal,' AFM v 1636.7 (an. 1570). ¤goradh burning heat: tré ghoimh an ghríos-ghortha, TSh. 4071 . ¤leaca a rosy cheek, ITS xvii 120.225 . ¤maileach with shining mail: gormluireach grismaileach, CF 475 . ¤nim glowing virulence: íslig ... | grísnimh anfuid th'intinne, O'Gr. Cat. 457.12 . ¤taitnem burning glow, brilliancy: grístaitnem na narm nglanórda, TBC-I¹ 1777 . gristaitnem ┐ taidlenach na tuag ┐ na claidem, CCath. 5881 . re gristaitnem ┐ re gleordealradh na greini, ib. 4986 . ¤taitnemach burning, glowing: la ruithen na greine griostaithneamhaighi, FDG 255 (note). san ghrianán ... ghríos-taitneamhach úd na glóire, TSh. 2714 . ¤te: tar muir ngríste nguasachtaigh `over the raging, perilous sea,' Studies 1921, 75 § 16 .

léicid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léicid or dil.ie/29766
Last Revised: 2020

Forms: léagar, leice, leigeadh, leagair, leagar, lig, ligfamaid, liged, reilgi, léiciud, léicci, léce

v ī leaves , etc. Later also with stem léc-, leic-, lec-, lic-. See Vendryes, Études Celt. viii 300 - 4 , Greene, Celtica iv 45 .

Stem léic- (the regular form in Old and Mid. Ir.). Later exx.: -léige, Dán Dé xii 9 (: fhéige). -léigear, ii 28 (: éigean). -léigir, xix 8 (: éidir). -léigeadh, PBocht 11a. 5 (: éigean). léig, Aithd. D. 70.4 (bhréig). Dán Dé iv 16 (: thréig).

Stem léc-: -lécob, MU² 181 . lécfat-sa, 187 . -llécfaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . -lécustair, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). léagar, Aithd. D. 30.5 (: ḟéagadh). L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 (: dtégar).

Stem -leice (: -theipe), SR (Greene) 7869 . leic-: leigeadh, DDána 74.25 (: creideamh). -leicfe, PBocht 2.25 (: eitne). -leig, 7.7 (: creid). Aithd. D. 11.3 (: leig a s. of 1 lía).

Stem lec-: leagair, Dán Dé xxiii 6 (: heagail). leagar, Aithd. D. 36.23 ; 77.12 (: eagal). 36.11 (: eagar).

Stem lic-: lig, ZCP vi 32.15 . -lig, 274.15 . RC xix 368.8 . ligfamaid, Ériu xi 190.7 . -licter, xii 24 § 30 n.4 . liged, ZCP vi 50.5 . No rhyming exx.

With ro: sg. 3 reilgi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . -reléic, LU 381 (ACC). -relic, 7750 . 1211 . -reilic, SR 4787 . -roiléig, PBocht 3.22 (: fhoighéig). -relicc, Hugh Roe² 14.28 (f. 4b) .

Vn. léiciud.

The principal meanings are (a) lets go, releases , (b) lets, allows, permits , (c) leaves (behind), allows to remain. These, together with a number of more specific meanings, are found independently (I), and also recur in a large variety of constructions in which prepositions and, to a lesser extent, prepositional phrases and adverbs either modify the meaning or define more closely the relation between the verb and its logical subject or object (II, III). Under II (as well as I) a number of constructions will be found in which the meaning is goes, betakes oneself, enters upon, begins, proceeds , with or without reflexive pronoun, and also a number in which it is throws, hurls (do-léici).

I

(a) lets go, releases : in lecfide in cimbid? would the captive be set free? Irish Texts i 11.7 . bidbu cach leices bidbudu, Laws i 12.20 . ro léic mo da láim / ro chraid mo da ṡúil has relaxed (deprived of power?), LL 18585 . de roléic . . . / Manannán . . . / Loch Ruide let loose, Metr. Dinds. iv 146.9 . Of unyoking or unleashing animals: co rucar da ech a corait ┐ leicar and and are turned loose in it, Laws iv 96.19 . scoirit a n-eochu ┐ lécit a mílchona, TBFr. 57 . ech Guill . . . / tan do léicthe ar sliab, SG 100.26 . Of emitting shouts, cries, etc.: nos-gonat gillai na n-ech . . . ┐ lecit gair impe, Ériu iii 141.196 . co ro leic guth for Adam, SR 1300 . immus naerfat anflathi .i. lécfit a n-aír, LL 188b51 . in t-en beag ro leg feid, IT iii 99 § 167 . lecat anmanda na pecdach nualla truaga toirsecha, i 192.21 ( FA 31 = ferait, LU 2242 ). leagaid iman ceann gair guil, Metr. Dinds. iii 364.111 . do léigset a ilach commaídhmi ann sin, ML² 1925 . léigid míle cnead is uch, Dánta Gr. 9.19 . Of tears, blood, etc. dia lēctis dēra fola, Bruchst. i 54 § 121 . nolēced dēra fola and dogrēs `used to shed', Ériu iii 116.15 . ar na deraib-sea legim-sea, Aen. 2921. ? lēicidh fuili draws blood, ACL iii 297 § 51 (`leaves bloody lesions', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 107 ). leagar an cuisle `the vein must be let', O'Gr. Cat. 182.11. Note further: leagar [dá] sgoil féine an fíon `wine is poured forth for his poets', Aithd. D. 5.5 . din gai . . . roleici Lugaid `which L. cast', RC iii 179.30 . leicthi in Liath M. ┐ leth a chunga fo brágit co ndechaid i lLind Léith i Sliab Ḟuait precipitates itself, LL 14004 . lēiciss drong . . . d'athiarraidh in airgit sent, Fl. Earls 88.9 . can eiric eloid d'ic, cid elod legait `without paying `eric' for evasion, even though they evade', Laws v 184. y Comm . is elodh ro leicedh im na tri cet buaib `it was evasion that was effected', i 66.15 Comm . See also s.v. élúd.

(b) lets, allows, permits (freq. with follg. vn. clause): act nand léicci concupiscentia carnalis `only that c.c. does not allow it', Wb. 3d13 . cenid leci in metur tabairt ind anmae triuin frisan ainm n-adiacht `does not allow the substantive to be added to the adjective', Ml. 30a10 . nileic Duaid anisin, 58c6 . cenid relcset Iudei sin, Blathm. 509 . nis leceth a pater ┐ a mummi would not allow her (to go), Irish Texts i 4 § 12. raléicset na colomain allowed him (to come), Metr. Dinds. iv 50.98 . ní relic Cu Chulaind a mmarbad, LU 7750 ( BDD 131 ). ní léic Sadb aní-sein (sc. marbad Maic Con), Fianaig. 36.4 . na longa . . . na leg a loscad, Aen. 333 . nír leig a fhaisnéis `let not be told', PBocht 14.28 . dá leigeadh Dia Éire dh'uaim, Aithd. D. 22.11 . Elliptically: mac in lega leic liaig de let a physician be made of him(?), LL 18786 ( Ériu ix 49 § 30 ). With follg. clause: adeir A. nar leig Dia nach feadfaidh uile-chumhachta in Chruthuightheora athnuaidhechadh do thabhairt do chorpaibh caich, ITS xxix 184.30 . nar leigi Dia co tibradh, Smaointe B. Chr. 750.

(c) leaves, leaves behind, allows to remain : co léce gl. sinas, Ml. 103d16 . léic gl. sine, Sg. 222b4 . léicid iudicium deo `leave ye i. D. ', Wb. 6b29 . cid dia léicid cundubairt for drecht uáib de resurrectione? why are some of you (still) in doubt? Wb. 13b12 . a theglach . . . / as-bert nád léicfed dílechtu `would not leave his household as orphans', Blathm. 880 . ni léicc a chorp hi timmi `he left not his body in warmth', Thes. ii 315.7 ( Hy. ii 32 ). lécciss coilcthi, lécciss cotludh gave up (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 198 § 17 . romlēicsea oc forairi sund, TBC-I¹ 598 . ingen cen lúad ní leicéb `I will not leave unsung', Metr. Dinds. iii 60.73 . mar leagar mé gan maitheas, IGT Verbs ex. 348 . beag feasta léagar 'nar láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 . na leig sinn for mhéla, Duan. F. ii 180 § 11 . is díleas Dia go nach léigfeadh sibh i mbuaidhreadh tar bhar n-acfuinn (qui non patietur vos tentari . . .), TSh. 9569.

In similar but more specific meanings.

(d) abandons, forsakes : cair rom leicis-se? gl. quare mé dereliquisti? Ml. 44b10 . Cf. Blathm. 289 . ro leicthea cen fortacht du thabairt doib, Ml. 90c9 . nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir may he not leave me in disgrace, Trip.² 1633 . m'óenurán dam ar étib / sech nís n-etaim nis léicim, LU 6217 . miscais fir dia leccar serc hatred of a man crossed in love(?), ZCP xiii 270.20 . nímreilge an Rí díanam gilla, v 497 § 12 . ná leig m'anmuin ar iocht m'ḟillse `leave not my soul at the mercy of my guile', Aithd. D. 73.14 .

(e) l.¤ a oenur lets alone, refrains from interfering with or taking part in: leic a oenur in fognam, RC xxiv 192.17 . léic, ol eat, he a oenur, co n-accamar in ticfa Ely dia thesorcuin, PH 3356 . leic [a] aenur in mignim triallai abstain from, TTebe 2129 . leic oenur na Grecu, 551 .

(f) abandons, forsakes, puts away (a wife): leccis Ailill Aulomm a bein, Anecd. iii 27.11 . bean doberar freithach ┐ leicter ar bein `who is . . . repudiated for another', Laws v 292.22 . o Faind . . . ros léci Manandan, LU 3339 ( SCC 13 ). lecfitir cech ben orut, IT i 120.28 ( TE 5 ). má ligion fear a bhean `puts away', Jeremiah iii 1.

(g) leaves over, defers, postpones : lēcidh duin ind ord annsin, RC xxvii 276 ( Moling 30 ) (duin ethical dative). an té nach dérna an aithrighi . . . achd do léig go ponge an bháis í, Mac Aingil 1532 .

Miscellaneous: [do bhronnadh] sí [an] leig lóghmhair / go leig Órlaidh í ar áirghibh O. used to give away jewels so that she left her (sc. her mother) depending on herds of cattle only(?), Aithd. D. 11.3 . ? is mó léigmid ne . . . tuille cabartha dáil ná d'ár naimdib `we stand in need of succour more than does our foe', Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.31 (seems equivalent to ro-icc les). l.¤ scís, scíth see s.vv. scís, scíth. See calléic.

II

(a) With A lets away from, releases from : nicon reilgi a hīath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . leigid Niall...Fiachra a gemil annsin, RC xxiv 182.18 . Of blood: rolecestar sruth . . . fala . . . asna crechtaib sin, TTebe 638 . do leig mé fuil as cuisleannaibh, 23 K 42, 121.10 . With 3 s. n. as quasi-adverb: lēcair-sium ass ┐ fonascar fair can tudecht forsin slōg he is allowed to depart, TBC-I¹ 1476. ionnus nach leigfiodh duine iná ōinmhide as dībh gan tuitim lana shlóite, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25. 18 . ar mhodh nār léigeadar as dona trí mīle did not allow them to escape, 38.1 . Of a fire: connudh nach leigeann í as `the firewood keeping it alight', Magauran 4019 . In phr. léic as give up, desist : ale leic ass, a Ḟerguis, . . . na bris dúin cairptiu ar túath, TBC-LL¹ 764 . leig as, ar M., Ériu xi 191.16 . leig as a dhaltain, ZCP x 281.8 . leiccem ass imrum ar curaigh let us leave off rowing, Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 7.

(b) With AR (in some cases for earlier FOR): ru léiced Hériu ar raind Amairgin was consigned to, MU² 2 . lēc aire, a chaillech, lēc aire continue, carry on, Fing. R. 880 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi they exchanged power . . . for eternal life . . . , Fél. Oct. 8. ? alleith naill . . . / roleici an (leg. ar?) chaillecha, AU i 208.11 . ar cairde ná leig do lón do not postpone, PBocht 7.7 . cid nam-leig-sea ort, a eich?, TTebe 3494 . . . . go dtiocfa . . . / Goill dá léigthear oruinn iad if they be loosed against us(?), Aithd. D. 24.5 . legis ar lar an bradan laid down the salmon, Ériu xi 199.35 . in baile i llécfaid ar lár / dond airiuch where ye shall unload the packhorse, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . léig ar lár do ṡoitheach, Gen. xxiv 14 . mar bhláth na ccraobh léigthior lé fearthuinn ar lár, Párl. na mB. 1645 . Of kneeling: lēigis Eōin ē ar a glūinibh John sank to his knees, ZCP viii 562 § 13 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī, xiii 182.30 . co lecfedh se (sc. an nēll) ar ferthain moír ass sin co hespart e would begin to rain heavily, BCC 270.37 (§ 266) . do leigsiad iad féin ar trosgadh ┐ ar urnuighthe, Eochairsg. 80.36 .

(c) With CEN: ní liged sin gan díghailt I shall not allow that to go unpunished, ZCP vi 50.5 . leigim mo dheachmhadh gan díol, Aithd. D. 69.8 . do leigfedh lucht eissíodha / craobh chnuais gan bhéin would leave untouched, L. Cl. A. B. 106.138 .

(d) With co allows to go to etc.: in legi mu dhalta cugam, a clerigh?, Ériu xi 201.28 . ni relccitt anonn chuca acht uathadh daoine, Hugh Roe² 8.29 (fo. 2b) . ni leceb-sa miciunus cucaib `I shall leave you in no turmoil', BCC 424.29 (§ 375) . do léig sí a buidhedhlaoi go féar anuas, Hackett ix 5 . In spiritual sense: do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat). tré loighead na ngrás léigios Dia chuca bestows on them, Mac Aingil 769 . In sense of do-léici: ro lēcus-[s]a gaī n-aill cucut-su I hurled, Sc.M² 13 . léicidh co Cet dara bruinde dó (a dead warrior's head), 16 R . lēicit daoine rompa gusin Róimh send . . . to R., Fl. Earls 168.4 . Note further: a n-aghaidh na muintire leigios a bhfiacha go purgodóir defer, Mac Aingil 7087 . lēigmīd-ne a lenmuin na fer / co himlib oirrt[h]ir Laigen we set off, ML² 2075. With personal form referring to subject of vb. feigns: ro lécustair sláetan trommgalair chuci he feigned illness, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). do leicc si galar chuice, BNnÉ 118 § 34 . do leig teinneas mar badh eadh chuige ┐ diarr bainne, ITS xvi 118.3 .

(e) With DI. With personal forms referring to subject of vb. and obj. in accus. (lit. x releases y from him) desists from, abstains from, leaves off, etc.: leigmít dhín labhairt ar na hoibrighthibh selaithe, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.3 . crét fár fágbais t'foraire / . . . / fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260.11 . léigidh dhíbh bhur ndoghuilsi, L. Cl. A. B. 152.50 . anti do leig rigacht Erind de, BCC 2.11 (§ 1) . don druing léigeas díobh gan udhacht an mhairbh do choimhlíonadh who omit to fulfil, TSh. 5204. In more literal sense: ni leigfid maithi na treb Tiabanda misi dib `will not let me away at all', TTebe 844 . Also with prep. governing predicate or complement: aon do laithibh dar leig soin / do shíoladh creidimh a ccathraigh, Irish Texts i 40 § 27 . dar bhfaire ní leagar leis `he ceases not to watch over us', Aithd. D. 75.4 . léig dod chomhrádh stop your talk, Dánta Gr. 39.5 . léigfead do bhaosraidh na hóige, Hackett xxvi 4 . In literal sense of unleashing a dog: lēicthir de, TBC-I¹ 513 . ro léicsed da conaib, RC xiii 46 § 30. Note also: suil ligther d'arm lámh Logha before the hand of Lugh is loosed from (his) weapon(?), L. Cl. A. B. 97.103 . na leic mesi don croich-sin `let me not (be taken) from the cross', PH 2471.

(f) With DO leaves to or for, hands over to, entrusts to: léicfidir dúib in brithemnact sin, Wb. 6b30 . is samlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis dint sens `we shall leave to them the exposition of the sense', Ml. 14d10 . flaithem nime . . . / nád lēic suum prophetam / ulli leonum ori, Thes. ii 303.5 ( Hy. i 32 ). do ḟuaid Eua a leth, nir bu glan, / roleic in leth n-aill d'Adam, SR 1288 . atbertsat . . . co leicfitis dó in curadmir, LU 9023 ( FB 77 ). nach lecedh ach[t]run bidh ┐ mugsaini da rechtairib, Laws v 74.17 Comm . not guidim . . . coro léci dam oen uair i n-ernaigthe, PH 1408 . leagar dháibh rogha ┐ roinn the division and the choice is left to them(?), Magauran 1082 . do léigeadh dhó . . . an cóigeadh the Fifth was assigned to him, Content. xxx 7 . lēigidh dam-sa ē, ar Goll leave him to me, ML² 1509.

Allows, permits (to do, have, etc.): ní relic dia doib orcuin nDuaid, Ml. 23b4 . leig dam tiachtain fon cundrad `let me impugn the contract', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is me . . . nar léc dó th'enech do milliud, IT i 128.2 ( TE 13 ). co lēiciur siliud dom ṡūilib, ACL iii 243 § 31 . mane léice-su dam-sa indlat duit, PH 5254 . léigeadh sileadh do dhéaraibh an doilgheasa, TSh. 201 . da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir . . . na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim innocht I shall insist that the U. come with me, MU² 181 . legar aighideacht duin isin port i tangumar `let hospitality be granted us', Aen. 335 . na leic foirb na fearandus do inti `do not allow him to have heritage or landed property therein', TTebe 634 . lēicidh cairde trī lā . . . dam-sa, ACL iii 309.8 . lecid fuirech bicc dam `allow respite brief to me', MacCarthy 58.13 . níor leig sé fos na comhnuidhe dhó go maidin, Ériu v 100.26 . léic cotlud d'ḟeraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 1755. Appar. in slightly difft. sense in: leig-se dhúinne ad thegasg let us alone with thy teaching, Ériu i 18.42 . léc dun . . . coro díglum h'ancride-siu leave us alone (permit us?), PH 2218 . leic dam co ro marbar anti rom-gonaid `let me slay', TTebe 3797 . léig dhó anois `suffer it to be so now', Matthew iii 15 . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim defer to (of the respect due to a cleric), ACL iii 222 § 4.

Allows (to go) to: ced ara reilcis in fer . . . do éccaib?, Trip.² 162 . in lucht bui co serb domenmnach . . . lecar co foelid somenmnach dia tigib iat, PH 408 . ní mó ro leiccsiot fér nó arbhar dia saighidh anonn (i.e. to a surrounded army), AFM vi 2030.17 .

Miscellaneous: nachatlēic dam la neim lāidhe luinde lūaithe do not come to me(?), ACL iii 295 § 27 . ro léic seirc dó . . . / ard-ben a athar `cast her love (on)', Metr. Dinds. iv 62.71 . tinolsit . . . lucht na cathrach uli ┐ lécset cathugud don béist gave battle to, PH 7228 . do lig si galair ... brēgi da hinnsuigi feigned, ZCP vi 274.14 . rolig a coin(n) dó set his dog upon it, 78.21 . leic tú fein ar tús do chum cos nglormhar daenachta Chriosd throw thyself at the feet of, ITS xxix 215.16 . nar léicce Muire duinne . . . go mbiadh gadaighecht ar ar siubhal may Mary protect us from theft, BNnÉ 55 § 59 .

(g) With ETER: luid Mac Dathó immach ┐ in cú inna láim, co rrailced etorro dús cīa díb do-ngegad the dog . . . was set free between them to see which it would choose, Sc.M² 19. Usually leaves (someth. to be settled) between (without outside interference): leic-siu etruind féin innar n-Ultaib, co fessara cia úain bas chalmiu, TFerbe 217 . léic eadram ┐ Fianna Eirenn leave F. E. to me, Acall. 3565 . lig edrum-sa ┐ in cath sel ele leave the battle to me, ZCP vi 68.13 . leig idir mhac's a mháthair `let the Son and His mother settle it between them', Aithd. D. 68.37 . ná leig eadrainn ┐ inn `do not leave me to my own devices(?)', Dán Dé xxii 17 .

(h) With FO: dobertis da boc leu . . . ┐ no leicthe indala n-ái fon díthrub was set free in the wilderness, Tur. 110c . gipne findruine for a etan nád leced a folt fúa agid kept his hair back from his face, IT i 311.2 . Hands over to, looses among, sends against , etc.: naoi ttuatha re ccertughadh / leigis ri Muman futha handed over to them, LL 396.12 . lecidh in ri na griba futhaibh (i.e. on bird-flocks), Marco P. 91. aithinne dubh in gach deghláim / léicis Mlaise a anáil . . . / fúithib breathed on them, SG 27.33 . do ligeadh frais pilēr fon mboile was fired at, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25.3 . a lucht do marb in ngéig ngil / is do léig fá a narm a fuil stained their weapons with his blood, O'Gr. Cat. 361.13 . do léigidar sirtha lethna . . . fana críchaibh, Comp. CC 80.7 . do lecthí . . . fa cuiced C. . . . faghla, Irish Texts ii 28 § 21. Of kneeling: roleicc Sir Boós a gluine faí knelt down, D IV 2, 78 ra2 . léigcitt a ngluine fútha, Maund. 77 . l.¤ fo lár sets aside, abandons, neglects , etc.: ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ┐ a dībeirg, Fianaig. 76.8 . fa lár do leigeadh a chíos His tribute has been neglected, Dán Dé xxiii 5 . is follus gur léig fa lár / oircheas do ḟéadfadh do rádh `left unsaid', Content. xiv 7 . gur leigeadar fa lár an churum bhudh cóir dhoibh do dhenamh, Carswell 5.12 . Note also: do lēig fā chathaib Cuinn hē d'iarraidh C[h]uinn he made for C.'s battalions, ML² 367. do leigset futha da nár ┐ da noirrlech, L. Chl. S. 13.

(i) With FOR. Hurls at: ro lēcis gaī form-sa co rrabae asmo scíath, Sc.M² 11 . légid Cu Chulaind in ngae fair, LU 5766 ( TBC-I¹ 1295 ). With reflexive pron. feib ras léic seig far mintu as a hawk attacks small birds, LL 12300 . nod lēice tra īar sin for gabāil a hēcnarca began to, KMMisc. 210 § 4. With ellipse of pron.: sets to, sets about: lécfat-sa fair I shall set about it, MU² 187 . dorraíga in cú Ulto ┐ ro-lēci for ár Connacht set about, Sc.M² 19. lecait na Felistina for teiched, LB 129b7. 1 . x for (ar) y lays x to the charge of y, lets y answer for x: léic foraindi ┐ for ar maccu i n-ar ṅdiaid a fuil, PH 2947 . olc tra an iarmairt ro lécsit Iúdaide forru fen, 3286 . cia na lēici fort aicned | condaāera though you do not accuse yourself of satirizing them(?). ACL iii 295 § 19 . In phr. léicid guth/gairm for calls out to: coro léic guth for Ādam 'and she gave a cry to Adam', SR (Adam and Eve) 42.1300​ . go relic gairm ... for mac Sairb 'she called out ... to the son of Sarvia', SR (Greene) 6965 . raleig gairm ard ... ara síair, TTebe 4317 .

With pers. form ref. to subj. of vb. feigns: leicid-sium galur forro, arna tisdais leis pretended they were ill, RC xv 321 ( Dinds. 22 ). reléicset Gréic teiched forru pretended flight, LL 244b11 ( TTr. 2062 ). ro leic eslainte ┐ anḟaindi furri, BB 237a21 . Note also: leiccmitne fen forn . . . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin we admit, CCath. 4071.

(j) With FRI. With reflex. pron. gives oneself over to: erig a gérait Ulad / . . . nit leci re rochotlud, LU 3595 ( SCC 30 ). ros-lecset fri bron ┐ dubha `yielded themselves to grief and gloom', CCath. 1070 . ro leicset re hol ┐ re haibnius iad, TTebe 1885 . Note further: a ri sen / nacham-reilce-sa rem thail do not abandon me to my will, Lib. Hymn. i 17.60 . l.¤ taeb fri entrusts to, puts trust in: ná léigear taobh re Dia dhún let me not be left to God's judgment, Dán Dé ii 28 . lēigim taobh riot mh'uile dhōchas, Parrth. Anma 3993 . Reveals to: ro lig Fer lí comairli in ḟill re hĒmer, Fianaig. 70.13 . an licfidhter fri C. an comrād so?, ZCP xiii 169.25 . nis relic fri haon uaidibh inro baoi ina menmain, Hugh Roe² 292.25 (fo. 73a) . l.¤ fri lár lays down, lets fall, lowers : ro leceastair a chorp . . . co haimneartach . . . re lar, TTebe 325 . . . . mac Néil co mmathius / nar léic a ḟlathius re lár did not allow to diminish, LL 17310 . ro leigsedar a ferga re (ar, v.l.) lar they laid their wrath aside, TTebe 2177 . gur léig soin re criaidh a chneas `till he fell prostrate to earth', Aithd. D. 3.24 . Of kneeling: léicidh bar nglúine re lár, SG 23.3 . lecit uile a ngluine ┐ a cinn fria huir prostrate themselves, Marco P. 85 . do leig ris in coroin ┐ taisi na naem he knelt to the crown, RC xix 376.8 .

(k) With I. Allows to enter : ni licter fair i tech druith na dasachtaig `there are not admitted into the house to him fools nor lunatics', BCrólige 30 gl. 4 . nís relic isin les cuci, LU 1211. ní rolēigcitt indti co mattain `they were not let in till morning', BColm. 78.2 . ro oslaicset in dorus . . . ┐ roléicset [a cocéliu] chuca isin cathraig, TTr.² 1839 . ní léigthí an rí féin i gcath, Keat. ii 5575. Of sin, temptation: nīm-reilce i cair cenna, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . nir lecea sind i n-amus ndofulachtai (et ne nos inducas in tentationem), PH 7826.

Various: a Sbiorad Dé . . . corp Moire rod léig n-a lár / mar théid tré chlár ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . ? do léig 'n-ar n-ucht a aithne `he has turned his knowledge against me' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ), DDána 104.8 . rí nar lean don chreideamh chóir / ní leigeadh seadh i seanmóir paid no attention to(?), 74.25 . leagar mhisi ┐ Donn Cuan a comhairli `let . . . have a conference', Caithr. CC 43 . cumha i gceann chumhadh eile / cumhan leam go leigfeidhe `I remember that any new sorrow would be piled on already existing sorrow', Aithd. D. 23.16 . With refl. pron. goes into, precipitates oneself into: do leigeadur na Sasanaigh [i] raon madhma iad tar a n-ais, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.13 . lēigit amach . . . sa ffairgi iad, Fl. Earls 8.13 . With ellipse of pron.: imthusa na nGall . . . ro leiccset hi ccend tséda . . . go rangattar dia ttighibh, AFM vi 2134.4 . do leiccet i ndeadhaidh uí Dhomhnaill set out in pursuit of O'D., 2206.21 .

l.¤ x i n-agaid y lets x stand as compensation for y, sets x off against y: daradad eraic a athar do G. . . . ┐ ro lecthea in dias aile a n-agaid enigh C. (the deaths of) the other two were set off against (the offence to) C.s' honour, RC xxiv 278.1 . ní liom nach aidhleasg éirghe / i n-ionam na hIairmhéirghe / léig uam i n-a aghaidh sin / gach adhaigh uar dar éirigh, Dán Dé iv 15 . ar fhalaigh dar méid meanma / léig i n-aghaidh m'oileamhna (i.e. set off against my fostering by him the discouragement his death has caused me), Aithd. D. 6.23 . l.¤ i n-aiscid lets go to waste : ná léig fuil Chríosd i n-aisgidh 'do not let Christ's blood go to waste', Ériu lxiii 58 § 38 . Similarly: ar thréig d'fhíon ar an uisge / léig a ndíol an dearmaid-se set against this forgetting (on my part) all the wine he gave up for water, Dán Dé iv 16 . l.¤ i faill neglects, abandons, overlooks : ro leic caillecha ha faill, AU i 208.14 (A.D. 747). dia mbat an[a]mchara neich . . . / nīsreilce hi foill, ACL iii 318 § 65 . ná léigidh sgiathlúireach na deaghuídhe a bhfaillíth, Párl. na mB. 792 . Similarly, l.¤ faill (faíllige) i: faill 'na einech ní lēigenn, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 32 . go leigfid cách faillighe ina ccreideamh . . . , BNnÉ 14 l. 2 of notes . See 1 faill, faillige. léicid x i lleth y commits x to y, charges y with x: lecsiu . . . ildeth nde mess for a menmainsom `leave it to God to judge the mind of such', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . an Coimdhe i n-ar leith do leig / a oighre do bheith i mbroid `the Lord charges us with His Son's captivity', Dán Dé xxiii 9 . luach a chneadh d'íoc nach eagal / ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh, DDána 48.8 .

(l) With IMM: mus lēc fer dīb aigen lāin grīscha moa sūili threw into his eyes, Fing. R. 988 . ro leig a ucht ┐ a urbruindi 'ma claidim . . . co fuair bas, TTebe 4032 . ro leig [Iochasta] co comthrom 'man claidim sin hí, 4577 . cid troscud do legdis ima fiachuibh cuir ┐ cunnurrtha, Laws ii 94.6 Comm . do fhreagra um lár dá léiginn `if I left your answer unchallenged', Content. ix 22.

(m) With LA. Lets go with: srēithi in n-id . . . isin n-abaind, ┐ lēicthe la sruth let it go with the stream, TBC-I¹ 631 . leicis in colaind lasin sruth, TBC-LL¹ 1311 . Camsón ro léic luing cen lúaig / lé dar tuind sáili, Metr. Dinds. i 10.55 . lécfet-sa bendacht let I shall send a blessing with thee, BCC 234.22 . nocha leigfe lais achd lucht a leanamhna, Aithd. D. 55.9 .

In fig. senses concedes to, allows to have, grants to, etc.: leic leis a somaine `permit him to have his wealth', Laws v 498.21 Comm . móide an ní do léigeadh leis, Aithd. D. 31.5 . gach breath dá n-iarr lé go leigthir `she gets all she asks', PBocht 4.2 . ré triall a staid na beatha so nach léigeann leis acht an eisléine grants him only a shroud, TSh. 9950 . nach leicfimisni Ceallachan leo gan cath do thabhairt doibh `we would not let C. be taken away by them', Caithr. CC 63. With srían etc.: níor loc mé mian mo theangadh; / a srian lé do léigeamar gave it free rein, DDána 88.6 . ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . do ghreim-se gé leagar liom `though thy hand is loose upon me', Dán Dé xxiii 18 . Hence (somet. without specific object) forgives, indulges, remits : [an] mhéad leagair leam gach laoi, Dán Dé xxiii 6 . ní hé nach léigthior leam it is not that (sin) that is not forgiven me, iii 16 . léig a bhéalchorcra bharrghlain / anuabhar let ollamhnaibh, DDána 84.15 . a Athair, leic so leo, oir ni fheadadar cread do nid siad, ITS xxix 169.6 . ni fada do leicc Dia . . . sin re Sean `not long did God let that go unpunished with John', ALC ii 454.8 . Reveals to: anti le leigi é (viz. rún), Ériu v 128.32 . do léig le Fachtna . . . an bharamhuil sin, ITS v 6.16 . Cf. an uair leigmíd ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis, Párl. na mB. 561 .

(n) With ó. Always with pers. forms ref. to subj. of vb. lets go, releases, gives up, abandons. Often with more positive sense of dismisses, puts away, sends, throws . Of persons: leicsi huad `he let him go', Ml. 52 . ralleic huaid cen frithorcuin do gl. dimissit eum, 53b6 . lecid uaib mo muinntir cen nech díb do ergabail, PH 3109 . co lēigedh sē a allmaraigh uadha so that he might dismiss, ML² 972 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi, TTebe 1024 . Of things allows to be taken away, relinquishes, abandons : ni léicfemni uaind hé (sc. in curadmír), LU 8554 ( FB 41 ). mana leicid an rigidh uadhaib `if they do not surrender the sovreignty', Laws v 302.16 Comm . asberatsomh . . . nachas relcctís [in fíon] uadaibh for tír, Hugh Roe² 8.11 (fo. 2b) . adubhairt in ní tárraid ní leicfedh uadha, TTebe 831 . nír leig Niall uaidh an t-acra `never did N. forgo any acre of this land', Aithd. D. 21.4 . cidh dia leci uait coir na gaethi? why miss a fair wind? Aen. 879 . gur léig a chluasa uaidh i lámhaibh an duine (of a bear seized by the ears), TSh. 7427. Of actions, etc. desists, leaves off: nach léic úad a olc bunaid (of the body), ACL iii 216 § 7 . léigidh sin uaibh quit that, Fier. 121 . in duine léicess uad arsaidecht a thol collaide, PH 4619. rolecset uadib fógnum ┐ miltnidecht do demun, RC ii 386.17 . Note also: lēic uait, or is anfis dō let be, for he does not know, Ériu viii 157.8 . In positive sense: léic úait inna biada mílsi `cast from thee,' Wb. 6c7 . leic uait do spiorat fein send forth, ITS xxix 162.14 . leig uait do ben phosta ┐ len misi put away thy wife, Smaointe B. Chr. 1593 . do léig se úadha Fionnsgoth ┐ do phós se Mairgréd put away, Rel. Celt. ii 174.1 . ra léic [in corthe] úad ra talmain flung down, MU² 649 . tugad a láimh Eóin in t-ór ┐ do lig uadha he fon aigen, Lib. Flav. i 33 va32 . na leic aen bhreithir uait gan coimhlínadh, ITS xxix 197.29 .

(o) With SECH (usually quasi-adverbial 3 s. n. sechae) allows to pass . Of missiles: tolléci gecán díb fair, leicthe Loegaire secha evades it, LU 9065 (FB). léicis secha leth (a stone), Comp. CC 121.18 . nís relccsetar seacha sein let them go no further, AFM ii 746.7 . nichat-léicfider sech láim thou shalt not be laid aside (a sword), RC xx 12 § 21. In more abstr. meanings: ní léigfe an bás . . . an leanbb seacha ná an seanóir will spare neither . . . , Dán Dé v 8 . ar leigeadh go so seacha / do ríoghaibh gan inchreachadh, Content. xvi 196 . focal seachad san slighidh / féchthar libh nár léig tusa see that thou dost not forget, L. Cl. A. B. 65.11 . léic sechad sin never mind that, Comp. CC 81.17 .

(p) With TAR: long Naoi ó gach linn do lionn / . . . / níor léig braon tuile tairsibh let no drop reach them, DDána 107.21 . Usually with personal form ref. to subj. of vb.: lēig thort do thoirse give up, O'Gr. Cat. 404.10 . ro léigedar sin thársa go maidin `they let the matter stand over', RC xxix 220.9 . leagar thort do thoil `deny thy evil desires', PBocht 5.43 . far léig mé toram dod thoil / a Dhé what I omitted to perform, Dán Dé ix 8 . nír léicc se ní thairis d'aithentaibh Dé neglected nothing, BNnÉ 123 § 70 . leig thort nō sméid ar gach cam do-chír disregard, Hackett i 5 .

Refrains from (citing, etc.) : ligfamaid torainn an laidh ann so we shall not quote the lay here, Ériu xi 190.7 . ni leigim thoram an bhegansa do cur sios `I do not omit', Rel. Celt. ii 188.16 . leigim sin toram (of a catalogue of sins), Mac Aingil 2345 .

(q) With TRE: do leig 'na raon ró-reatha tríd na slóightibh é `he launched himself', ITS i 64.21 . Strains, makes percolate : brister ┐ berbtar ar im . . . ┐ lecar trí édach `strain through a cloth', O'Gr. Cat. 184.32 . curtur bainne almont trit, ┐ leagar tri edach é, Rosa Angl. 96.7 .

III With advv. and prep. phrases: in lece orumsa in cimmid út amach? (dimitte mihi vinctum), Lat. Lives 80.11 . lec Barabás dún amach release, PH 2813 . do leig amach rí Eirionn, Duan. F. ii 358 § 82 . innus nach leagur do a anal do legin amach, Smaointe B. Chr. 3928 . nu-s-léic soigit i ndiaid in toirb shot an arrow after the bull, PH 7184. nocht leaga[i]r gach nech a-nund (sc. to the next world), ACL iii 236 § 5 . a litir léigim anonn, Studies 1918, 454 § 18 . léig Giolla na náomh anunn, IGT Introd. 30.34 . nach in lecar siar tiagam sair let us not go westwards, AU 914 (i 430.6) . leigid airgne síar is soir / fo sliabh Colláin, Duan. F. ii 22.11 . ro lecset ingcorum sis they anchored, IT i 39.12 . léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `the portcullis of the castle is raised', Aithd. D. 3.19 .

1 sain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sain or dil.ie/36008
Last Revised: 2019

adj i

(a) different, distinct, separate (from other things): s.¤ .i. égsamhail no neimhionann, O'Cl. saini gl. aliae, Sg. 6a16 . liter sh.¤ , 6b6 . alaill sh.¤ gl. aliud aliquid, 24 . hi personaib sainib, 28b2 . s.¤ gl. alia, 39b5 . gl. aliud, Ml. 3a12 . s.¤ póc ┐ pócnat, Sg. 46a3 . is s.¤ indí asidrubairt ┐ indí frisanérbrath gl. diversarum personarum, 220a10 . is s.¤ int soilse ┐ it saini inna rinn gl. aliud est quam ipsa sunt, Ml. 145d3 . s.¤ dán cáich `different (is) every one's gift', Wb. 5d7 . níp s.¤ a n-asberthar ho giun et a mbess hi cridiu, 5d14 . cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman . . . is s.¤ cach nae .i. is s.¤ fri cath s.¤ fri scor, 12c46 . is s.¤ aní asberar indi et dogníther, 14c21 , cf. 28c1 , PH 7007 . nách s.¤ sollamain la hEgeptacdu ┐ la heclais in descirt, PH 6922 . nī s.¤ in fīrendacht ┐ Christus, ZCP v 498.6 . slicht s.¤ so (.i. sís) another (a different) version, LU 5211 = TBC-I¹ 733 . sliocht s.¤ sen-leabhair memraim, Geneal. Tracts i 50.12 . gen innile soine do cur an-aon cumusc ria ceile, Laws i 304.5 Comm . ropsat s.¤ ┐ ropsat suaichnid ó cách, MR 214.16 . ropsat saine sloinnti . . . cach deg-slua[i]g, 214.10 . cid at saine laithi i ttangator, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.28 . With FRI different from: is s.¤ dofhoirṅde són frisin roithnigud `what this signifies is different from radiance', Sg. 36a3 . ni s.¤ mo gnim frisaní no radim non aliter esse audeo quam dico, Ml. 47b13 . im chomalliud . . . forcetuil ba s.¤ fria fhor[c]etul fen, PH 6522 . is s.¤ a mbreithamnacht saidhi frisna frithib olcena, Laws v 322.y Comm . ba s.¤ frisin dorala do [d]reachtaib da sloghaibh i tirib ele isin doman fared differently, CCath. 2598 . As adv.: is s.¤ donadbantar sensibus ┐ amal bís it appears to the senses otherwise than it really is, Thes. ii 4.32 .

(b) peculiar, special (of a characteristic which distinguishes one thing from others): is s.¤ ordo dogní cechtar nái, Wb. 10b11 . s.¤ persan sluindes an aiinm ┐ in briathar, Sg. 189a9 . s.¤ gnīm fristēit cach narm úad, TBC-I¹ 70 = is [s]aingním, TBC-LL¹ 276 . is s.¤ dath ┐ écosc cacha húaire tadbat fair it has a different colour . . . each time, BDD² 998 (cf. Anecd. ii 6.3 ). is s.¤ cerd cech uí, LL 147a4 ( PRIA xix 546 § 3 ). ba s.¤ rindaigecht gach sceith dib, Ériu v 72.5 . is s.¤ coir cech oenduine | s.¤ aicned cech uilc every man has his own particular failing, every evil its own nature, LB 261b59 = is s.¤ cōir cech oendīne, s.¤ aicned cach luicc, ZCP xiii 28.3 . forcetul s.¤ don eclais ┐ do lucht in tsoegail one doctrine for the church and another for the laity, PH 1671 . ba s.¤ belra do Petar ┐ dona hIúdaidib, 3190 . secht mbliadna fichet s.¤ sluind | ro pa rí(g) Fland . . . `distinctly tell' (?), Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 27 . in cach lá ra seachtmain s.¤ `for a week set apart', Metr. Dinds. iii 16.191 . co saidbri s.¤ , ib. 199 .

(c) is s.¤ dom (limm) it is (I consider it) something special for me (i.e. something exceptional, an opportunity, privilege. Cf. sainemail and other derivv.). is [s]ain (s.¤ , LU) limsa ōn, ol in lōech. Bid s.¤ duidsea innosa isinn āth ucud, ar C. it will be a fine thing for you (ironically), TBC-I¹ 647 . bidh sain ní (sain-ní?) dōibsom . . . dianragabsa dībrugud isin (asin, LU) tailm, 1054 . ni sáin . . . laiss a tabairt, TBC-LL¹ 2067 (reference to Cú C. who has refused to give Redg a spear demanded by him). But in literal sense: is [s]ain lium ┐ na cuir dligtecha romainn `I consider them different from the lawful contracts mentioned above', Laws i 52.24 Comm .

As subst. with gen.: in dá ech . . . comaille acht nammá co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 9254 (leg. saine?). ? soin fearaind tuccadh ann, O'D. 2400 ( Rawl. B 506, 50b ).

Compds.

(a) with nouns (the more usual construction in attrib. use) different; peculiar, special (of that which is special to the individual), excellent (for this meaning cf. sainemail and other derivv.). ¤accuis: s. do duaid sech cách gl. sibi aliam causam esse quam gentibus, Ml. 36c11 . ¤amor (< Lat. amor): ba sainamor do cech oen atchid he was the special love of everyone who saw him RC xiii 221.6 , 226 (Scél Baili Binnbérlaig) . ¤bás: foircniter hua s. sech cách `by a special death', Ml. 73d7 . ¤buaid: ni clos i nErinn co se | do sainbuadhaibh aenoidhche so many fine triumphs (i.e. great events) taking place in one night, Anecd. ii 5.19 . ¤chais: ba saincais seom di Ailinn A.'s special love, RC xiii 221 = sainserc, MS. Mat. 472 . ¤chenélae: sainchenelae srogill, Wb. 17d3 . ¤chenélchae: ar shainchenélchi gl. specialis, Sg. 28b12 . ¤cherd: bíth a menmasam fri seilgg | mu menma céin im saincheirdd `my special craft', Thes. ii 293.15 . fo láim suad saincherda `some cunning craftsman', RC iii 177.19 . ¤chland: Gaill . . . ainm do sainc[h]landaib nō do saerc[h]landaib Franc particular tribes, Corm. Y 683 (55.z) . re tecmaisin sainclaindi (sic leg.?) re saine n-athar, Laws iii 400.2 . ¤choém: sainchóim ind ríg `the special favourites of the king', Wb. 28d5 . tricha fer di saincháemaib A., TBFr. 253 . ¤chomarde: a s. sin, Wb. 26b31 . ¤chor: tri nata[t] túalaing sainchuir `incapable of special contracts ', Triads 151 . ¤chrod private property: seisedh a saincruidh, Laws ii 386.3 Comm . ¤chron see separate article. ¤dán: cechtar nathar fria saindan his special art, SP ii § 1 ( Thes. ii 293 ). ba s. disi dál pouring out (the liquor) was her special function, LU 10894 . ¤delgna `secret spot', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.23 . ¤díles, ¤dílse see separate articles. ¤doíre: in doich bid saindóire dúnni et barnaip?, Wb. 10d1 . ¤écosc: s. noe `a peculiar species of ship', Sg. 69a24 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for a ccrannaib innaní prechite pacem, Wb. 5a5 . ¤én eagle see senén. ¤eire: conaccasom in clerech oc buain a shaineri cutting his own special load, Ériu v 236.73 . ¤ḟer: sainfer muntaire, Ml. 61c2 . Gobban s. sluagda, Gorm. Nov. 5 . fa slōghaib sain[ḟ]ear srianbalcc, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18 § 1 = sainser, ZCP x 42.17 . ¤ḟeth: ecosc no sainfeth individual aspect, O'Dav. 1417 . ¤ḟolad: sain folad cacha rainne `different meaning', Sg. 26b9 . ¤gaeth: sainghāeth fri dairbhribh Doire. ZCP x 339 § 14 . ¤gemm, Gorm. Sept. 19 . ¤gnúis see separate article. ¤intliucht: ní techta sain intṡliucht and feissin `it has no special sense in itself', Sg. 50a2 (non ab aliqua speciali significatione). ¤ithe: lassin tigerna ragas do shainól nó sh. . . . ar belaib a dámi `special eating', RC xxvi 42 § 223 (i.e. who has special drink and food for himself apart from his company?). ¤lind: brócoit .i. s. dognither do braich special drink, Corm. 7 brócoit. fri hól sainlenda, ib. bóge. ¤maicne: tri senoraig . . . do shainmaicne in lochta ro crochsat Crist of the very descendants of those who . . ., LB 159b24 . ? ¤mesaib (d pl.): a saillméth do s., ZCP vi 271.21 (perquisite of a monk or cenobite). ¤miscais: mac dia tabuir aithir sainmiscuis, Laws iii 62.12 (cf. miscais glé, 3 ). cen ingreim, cen sainmiscuis private enmity, ACL iii 320 § 90 . ¤muinter: ocht fichti fer mór do ṡainmuntir Ailella ┐ Medba retinue, bodyguard, household, TBC-LL¹ 4944 . cethri firu déc dia s. fessin, TBC-I¹ 1675 . sainmhuintir Uí Domhnaill, AFM v 1480.2 , cf. vi 1924.8 . co cóicc lanamhnaibh décc día sainmhuintír imaille friú of their own people, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.28 . ¤muinterus: is aroli sainmúinnterus bói dó fri tigerna na n-ech a special friendship, PH 4441 . ¤ól: tuccad cori cét . . . do loimm . . . dia shainōl don rīg `as a special drink', MacCongl. 107.18 . See under ¤ithe. co ng(h)abhsat occ s. for ar oile `to drink to each other', Hugh Roe 190.13 (51a ). ¤rann: co roselb i sain-rainn son | in slíab `as his special portion', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.15 . ¤ṡerc(ach) see separate articles. ¤ṡlabrae: at-chíusa . . . sainslabra sainigthi remib a special herd, BDD² 462 . ¤ṡuidiugud: ni sainsuidiugad it is not an arrangement different from the usual one, Laws iii 176.16 Comm . ¤techtad: airchinnech . . . cen s. feb `private possession of goods', Ériu iii 106 § 45 . ¤teglach: atúsa sund mo s. díb tríchtaib cét with my retinue, TBC-I¹ 178 . is é a s. sin na trí .lll. maccaem, BDD² 1142 . ¤tintúd, Ml. 60c2 . saintintud, 87b2 . ¤toirthige: ar saintoirthigi `for special fruitfulness', Ml. 83d9 . ¤treb: co riacht in sliab . . . ar ba s. di her own abode, LL 216b12 . saintreabh .i. treabh no teach áiridhe, O'Cl. ¤trebad: combi túalaing saintrebtha separate husbandry, Críth G. 78 .

(b) with adjj. generally in adverbial sense specially , with intensive force (but also peculiar to the individual): ¤airlech: abbair fris, níp sotal . . . s. Ar it ferr airli oldās airle self-opiniated (?), ZCP xi 86 § 42 (`er soll nicht nur mit sich selber Rat halten', Thurn.). ¤amrae: do . . . cumtaigib sainamraib, LU 8064 ( FB 3 ). co ndérgodaib sainamraib, 9049 (79) . ¤brecc: sról santbrecc (sic), TBC-LL¹ 3097 . ¤bres: fri sluag s. particularly brave, IT iii 40 § 36 = Bruchst. i § 3 . ¤dian: na sluag s., Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 46 . ¤díles see separate article. ¤dleith? co tart do Ádam iar sreith | fria danad cach sil sáindleith, SR 1922 (leg. saindil, Wortk. 129 ). ¤fhoichlech: sainfoichlech (sic leg.?) gl. concuriosus, Ml. 90b2 .

(c) with vb.: ¤mescaid: ní nomsainmescca ó mac Dé | dirairmescca mac Dé dia whatever sunders me from the Son of God, ZCP vii 269 § 13 .

1 sen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sen or dil.ie/37090
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sean

adj o, ā old, ancient, long-standing : is airei caruim fer sean, ZCP xiii 266 § 12 . aidche samna co sós s.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 280.61 . do thuitsiod saoithe seana, ML² 1975 . rachat gidh am s.¤ , Irish Texts iv 86.52 . cid sean, ZCP viii 113.33 . a dhá chaomthach re feadh bfaghla | cáolshruth sean is adhbha fhúar, Studies 1919, 75.21 . crich Erne na n-iubar s.¤ , Irish Texts ii 54.36 . tulach géiggeal na ngort sean, TD 4.17 . iath . . . na gclár sean, Content. xxv 3 . long (of life): do gheubha sí saoghal s.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 213.67 . dia ndénae-su a n-uile-se, ainfe co mba s.¤ `thou shalt live to be old', Ériu iii 108 § 54 . Maelsechlainn slemna rop s.¤ | for trebchlaind Temra is Talten, LL 133a45 . rop s.¤ in flaith . . . | tairnec i nAiliuch oebind `long live the chieftain', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.157 . Of a weapon in long use, proven: Sil cColla na ccolg s.¤ , TD 8.41 . A. na narm s.¤ , Rel. Celt. ii 224.18 .

Compar. is siniu in fer . . . quam mulier , Wb. 28b16 . ce méit asinu aís quam abracham `how much older in age he was', 34a5 . intí asiniu .i. isáu, 4c14 . úair ba siniu oldás C., LU 9080 ( FB 83 ). airmitiu d'Adam . . . | ar im siniu, ni thibér, SR 842 . siniu sencuimne co buiresc in betha, O'Dav. 308 . ní sine . . . a chach he, PH 1970 . robo sine arai n-aisi, CCath. 931 . an chuid is sine ┐ is óige don fhéar, TSh. 2645 .

Superl. cethrur gelda . . . | . . . | sinium saegul os cach maig | batar 'sind aimsir toisig, SR 2251 . mású ar aís m'athar as sinem and Éndae Cromm, Trip.² 1485 . issē ba sinem dīb, BColm. 8.1 . sioneim fedha iobair, Auraic. 4300 .

As subst. o, n. and (of persons) m. sean m., IGT Decl. § 65 . that which is old: tucad s.¤ cacha lenna duind ┐ nua gacha bíd, Acall. 5061 . do-súa in fer go colba Crúachna | s.¤ corma is núa lúachra leis, IGT Decl. ex. 685 . Most frequently of an old person : s.¤ gl. senex, Sg. 49b6 . is alind s.¤ sobrich, Wb. 31b35 . ni théid óc ann ré sén (siun, v.l.), TE 48.26 . bat cumnech coisc ót senaib, LU 3491 ( SCC 26 ). ní aisnébet sin ná seanchaid dul damsa ónd orguin, BDD² 720 . airdri domain . . . as giliu grianuibh as noibiu cach s.¤ , Ériu ii 98.5 (cf. is sanct cach s.¤ , Éigse ii 184 § 1 ). a ḟir fadlas sós na s.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 270.1 . mar samlait sin, 274.55 . atchuala ra senaib sund | ferr molad na cech mod, LL 306b24 . comcuimne da tsean .i. in da eolach, .i. cinnus do bearar in cuimne ón tsin don tsin eile, Laws i 36.15 Comm . isedh innisit na sin, 154.22 Comm . sin ┐ sacairt ┐ oirchindig in popuil, PH 2956 . fáid cach s.¤ | sean cach ecnaid, ACL iii 228.81 . dligidh sean sogaire, RC xlv 34.21 . marbhuit a sin ┐ doniat gialla da n-ócaib, Marco P. 10 . an súntach bar sin nō in urlam bar n-óig doc[h]um in c[h]atha, ML² 1487 . an sean ní fhidir ná an t-óg | ceadh as fhód idir don éag, Studies 1933, 140 § 15 . feirrde dhuit nach sibh an sean, | cuid an tsin ag an tsóiser, L. Cl. A. B. 60.27 . doiligh oighidh gach ḟir óig | na sin d'oighidh ní hurchóid, IGT Decl. ex. 1490 . co na roibi d'óg na do shin andsin, TTebe 1137 . In phr. eter ṡen(u) ┐ óc(u) both old and young, all: itir ṡenu ┐ ócu, Tec. Corm. § 29.3 . eter shean ┐ ócc, PH 4292 . eter ócc ┐ shen, Irish Texts iv 86.50 . offrála . . . | . . . | dlighitt eter s.¤ is ócc | d'fior ionaid miadhach Maodhócc, BNnÉ 258 § 218 .

an ancestor : ba handsin dorala chuice Lóchine Lond s.¤ Hua Lonáin, RC xiii 60 § 55 . Cairthenn macc Blait s.¤ clainne Tairrdealbhuigh, Lism. L. 497 . Lōegaire Lorc, s.¤ Laigen ┐ Osraigi, ZCP viii 292.4 . Eochaid tirmcharna s.¤ síl Muiredaig, SG ii 471.6 . is eisen s.¤ Fher mBolg, RC xvi 80 § 128 . cró a shean mur Eunna Aighneach | do-bhéra asteagh go tuillmheach, L. Cl. A. B. 72.21 . crann corcra slánuighthe ar sean, DDána 54.25 . a bhfuarais d'ulc ag troid fá iath do shean, Hackett xiv 5 . tír a sean d'ḟagháil ón ḟior, TD 13.22 . go leanfadaois sompladha a sean ┐ a sinnsear, TSh. 5335 .

Of time antiquity; old age: is hó siun co nuie dam far sercc, Wb. 4b29 . dobi se co s.¤ `it endured to old age', Metr. Dinds. iii 356.15 .

Compds. (sometimes merely intensive or for alliteration).

(a) with nouns: ¤áes: seníum .i. senáis, Ir. Gl. 735 . ¤argat old money : s. fil agot . . . Cidh doghni s. de? I n-aimsir Deic . . . dorignedh, Fél. 184.7 . ¤ben an old woman : sein-bhean na ríogh, Ráth Cruachan, DDána 92.19 . ¤breth an old judgement, a precedent : cia ro bai i sein breithaib, Laws iv 98.13 Comm . ¤chell senior church (?) Stud. Hib. xxxiv 48-50 : Senella Cella Dumiche 'Senchell Dumiche', The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 140 § 23 . dochóid Pátraic do Thopur Mucno ┐ ró insaig (ró insuidig, v.l.) Senchill = fecit Cell[am Se]nes, Trip. 1249 . o cleirc[h]ibh na sein-cheall, Rule of Tallaght 20 (Teagasg Maoil Ruain) . ¤chenél old, original people : cethir chenel (.i. sencinela) fichet batar isin tir, ACL iii 22.26 . ¤chin an old-standing offence : s., uair damad nua cin ro ba sechtmaidh, Laws i 200.9 . an dream dá leanann sal na sein-chion, TSh. 5247 . ¤chomairbert: inna senchomerbertae biuth pecthaige `of the sinful old way of life', Ml. 65d4 . ¤chomrorcon an old error : roásaiset drissi inna senchomrorcan tar sodin, 2a6 . ¤chríonacht prudence : ag saothrughadh na saidhbhreas tré shein-chríonnacht shaoghalta, TSh. 9474 . ¤chrith: mo lám ar sionachrith, othar me faon-lag `tremulous as with eld', O'Rah. xiv 58 . ¤fhairrge: ag siubhal na senḟairge, Ériu v 184.392 . ag silledh na senfhairrgi, Stair Erc. 1405 . ¤fher an old man : epscoip Cille Tidil | na sinḟir co sárgrind, Gorm. Nov. 1 . ¤fhala an old grievance : a sean fholta ┐ a nua fholta, AFM iv 1176.6 . ferr senfīacha senfala `better old debts than old grudges', RC xlv 21.11 . ¤gabair old (i.e. proven) horse: gabtar ar sengabra latt ┐ indliter ar sencharpait, CRR 15 . ¤gaill old English (i.e. Anglo-Normans): ar neach do shliocht Gaoidhil Ghlais | . . . | ná ar Sheanghallaibh fóid na bhFionn, Studies 1919, 440 § 11 . ¤goídelg: ealg ainm do mhuic isin tṡen-gáidhilg, Cóir Anm. 243 . cua ainm na claine isin t-sengaidilc, TBC-LL¹ p. 495 n. 1 . ¤gom old vexation : coro bhethaidhsiot beóghrís a sengomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . ro chuimhnigh cách díobh a seangoimh ┐ a nua-fhola dia roile, AFM iv 1204.20 . ¤laech a veteran : a senlaíach, BDD² 1517 . na senóraig ┐ na senlaich, CRR 15 . ní mó iná trian a scél innisit na senlaeich út, Acall. 298 . ¤lebar an ancient book, Scripture : sen lebár sin, Laws i 240.13 Comm . i n-ar sennlebraib, LB 137b16 . litir in sen libair, más inann ní fogabar ann ┐ isin maclebar the original MS. (as opposed to the copy), O'D. 1581 ( H 5.15, p. 7a ). do fhéagh sinn i seinleabhraibh, Aithd. D. 44.17 . an gcluin sionn an seinleabhar `do I pay heed to Scripture?', PBocht 19.18 . ¤les old or ordinary fort of residence: dul ó faithchi in senlis for airgi, Laws i 132.13 Comm . ¤muinter original people : Senach . . . do ṡenmhuinntir Find meic Chumaill, Acall. 969 . ¤pheccad old, inverterate sin : an dream bhíos dall ó shein-pheacadh na leisge, TSh. 9359 . a thaiscid sen-pheccaid (of the body), PH 8226 . ¤rád a proverb : seanráite Sholaimh `the book of Proverbs', Proverbs i 1 . ¤ridire an experienced knight : gur ferr na senridirdha isin cath naid na ridirdha oga, Fier. 10 . Sir Uuilliem Stanlui, s. saigdiūirthe Saxanach, Fl. Earls 52. z . ¤rúa an old person : mac Senbath s., LU 1253 . Cámha gan mac is gan húa | dorála conadh s., Acall. 46 . s.¤ṡaille matured bacon MacCongl.² 192 ; old hard-cure Peritia xv 320 n. 54 : for thócht sen-s[h]aille, MacCongl.² 100 . ¤scél ancient legend : ni maith senóir gan seinsceoil, Acall. 1385 . nach doilig sin ge senscel, Irish Texts ii 28.25 . ¤scélaige reciter of old tales : Suanach . . . senscélaidi Find, Acall. 5297 . ¤scríbend original document : senscriband deóda, Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . amal frith i seinscribheannuibh na petarlaici, Lism. L. 3672 . ¤ṡlicht an old family : do bhí sí ag seinṡliocht Cholla, TD 24.38 . do ug a huan síoth dá seinshliocht, PBocht 4.19 . ¤ṡruith: oc comrac fri senṡruthe, LU 1292 . na sen sruithe ro-batar rompa-som, PH 256 . ¤tintúd early translation : lasna sen-tintuda (recte -tintudu, Edd.), Ml. 107a3 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤brisc. As subst.: senbriscai salcai móra impi `old faded things upon her', Cóir Anm. 70 ( IT iii 320.1 ). ¤buide yellow from age : a c[h]naim senbuidi (of an old tooth), Trip.² 1625 . ¤ché: buidhne an bheatha ṡeinché, DDána 46.43 . ¤chiathaidi?: rabenastar a seicheda sen-tascidi s. dí, TTr. 966 ( LL 230a38 ). ¤fhoclach proverbial : in snáithi . . senfoclach ro fagbadar na hugdair a slechtaib a senbhriathra, MR 158.10 . ¤fhaltanach: so mar nid na trí naimhde sean-fhaltanacha-so `the three inverterate enemies', Donlevy xx 1 . ¤garb: susta senta sengarbha, Lism. L. 3653 . re táebh gacha seiche sengairbhi, Comp. CC 98.10 . ¤lethan: dá shleig shéta shenlethna, SG 260.16 . ¤óc ever young, or perh., both old and young (dvandva compd.): s. (epithet of the Deity), ZCP iv 243.32 . ¤ṡaeglach: a ṡeanṡaoghlach áith ḟionnḟuar `seasoned' (of a weapon), TD 33.10 . ¤tascide: rabenastar a seicheda sentascidi senchiathaidi dí, TTr. 966 `old-hoarded, long since laid by,' ibid. Gl.

For other compds. with sen see separate articles.

somaíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. somaíne or dil.ie/38435

n , f. (somaín) collective term for dues or services rendered by a client (if they are properly or justly imposed, i.e. correspond to the value of his holding), see Thurn. ZCP xiv 336 : it é fodlai flatha doru[i]rmisem im[m]aberat fuillechtai flaithemnasa a somoínib sét `which bring into play the divisions of nobility according to the varying revenues from their property (i.e. the income received from clients the number of whom varied with each grade)', Críth G. 491 . caiti somoíne ṡét ind ḟir sin, 253 . coro-scarat cen imdiubairt co somaine neich ro-fallaigt[h]er `mit (Nach-)Leistung dessen, was verabsäumt worden ist', ZCP xiv 384 § 49 . cenn caich . . . bes forusta fri hurnaide somuíne ┐ domaoine ` "wohnhafter" (mit besserem Wohnsitz versehen) um richtige und (auch) drückende Leistungen auszuhalten (?)', 369 § 31 . ni techta nechtar n-ae urt[h]echta do somaine na domaine `keines von beiden hat Verpflichtung zu Leistungen nach Busszahlungen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 74 § 36 . ar dia nerlat ni dlegatsom somuine ┐ foloingatsom beochu co cend mbliadna, Laws iv 172.15 . somaine tire; itir fhidh ┐ fer ┐ ínnair, 146.1 . somhuine thuirc . . . somhuine gabur baininn . . . somaine bech, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18, 394b ). secht ratha . . . ni contuillet slan . . . na somaine, Laws v 224.3 . leth-somuine la rath narm no eduigh, O'D. 513 ( H 3.17, 417 ). somaine .i. biatha ┐ fognama, O'Don. Suppl. ( H 2.15A, 15 ). ite cealla indso . . . na tibera somaíne d'aircindech, O'D. 2025 ( Rawl.487, 53c ). cis ar selbach somaine, O'Dav. 1216 . gach flaith ghebhus gort n-gaíne | noch fa holc dó a shomhaíne, Leb. Cert. 240.22 .

In general sense wealth, profit : is tre ḟīr flathemon . . . sothocad somaīne sādaile, ZCP xi 81 § 13 . nach tig sochur no somháine dáeibh si don[a] comadhaibh, ZCP viii 547.21 . frith lé buar is brat naidhe | frith sochar as somháine, Irish Texts ii 73 § 6 . ri ro chaitetur tuatha . . . somaine a king whose wealth was enjoyed by laymen, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 2 . cart[h]air ben ar somáine | ce doghné drūis nó dérach, ZCP iv 468 § 15 .