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1 nós

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nós or dil.ie/33303
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: noos, naus, nous, nós, nóis, nósa

n o, m. (British loan-word, cf. W. naws `nature, disposition', Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 23.49 ; but plausibly a native word. Cf. 1 noes LEIA N-22 ). n s. noos, LL 311a12 , Rawl. 115a8 . ? naus , Ériu iv 163.29 (= g p.?). d s. nous, Laws i 12.4 . Later also treated as i-st., perh. through confusion with 1 noes (possibly a kindred word). nós (m., g s. and n p. nóis, nósa), IGT Dec. § 38.7 .

In general sense, custom, tradition, precedent ; in Laws of regulations established by usage or authority. nos [noes LB] .i. nóe-fiss .i. fios nonbuir .i. tri righ, tri suid, tri hespaic . . . ┐ ro badar uile ag denam ind tSenchusa Mair, Corm. Y 970 (alluding to the revision of the Brehon Law in the time of Patrick), cf. Laws i 16 and O'Cl.: nos .i. náoi fhios .i. fios naonbair. noco comurscaich Patraic a nos [in nous v.l.] fer nErenn iar tiachtain creitme, O'Dav. 423 (where it is wrongly glossed: in t-urdarcugud). nonbar dlegar do denam nosa dlighthigh .i. rí ┐ filid ┐ briugaid ┐ epscop ┐ fer leighind ┐ ollam ┐ aigne ┐ aire forgill ┐ airchindeach, H 3.18 p. 436b ( O'Curry 1048 ). intan donither nos nó dliged do nuaidiged, Marco P. 96. d'fhoillsiugud na nóus, ib. deichnebur . . . do coimetfadh co cuimnech na nosanna ┐ na gnathaigte (of the Roman decemvirs), H 3.18 p. 59 ( O'Curry 76 ). cach cin iar nos, ACL iii 228.26 . do rigustar ar in cairn he do rer nois na naem, Ann. Conn. 1310 § 7.

In wider sense a custom (social or professional): cen biad, cen tenid, cen tech, | cen nós, cen cheol, cen hétach, SR 1892 (of Adam and Eve after the expulsion from Eden). nī bu nōs ardrīg `nicht war es die Sitte eines Oberkönigs', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 1 (= noos, Rawl. 115a8 , LL 311a12 ; nos, 377a26 ; fás, 377b41 ). ba nos bes coitcind la Rómánu can mileda . . . da tigid a longphort inaraili a common custom, CCath. 2424. gur thréigsead nós is seol na suadhfhlaith, Keat. Poems 1367. nóis adhnaicthe burial customs, TSh. p. 178 (ch. 8 title).

Of personal habits, manners, behaviour: a meic Néill cu nós `son of courteous Niall' (? famous son of N.), KMMisc. 260 § 4 (< LL 148a28 ); perh. = 2 nós. nós ┐ niamhcrotha Neill Naighiallaig, MR 116.19 . dá bhfuilngeam nós bhus nós glan if I take upon me a virtuous life, Dán Dé xxvi 14 . fear mar Naoise i gnaoi is i nósaibh, Keat. Poems 205.

Procedure, course of action; wont: ni fiu leamsa in nos a leitheit sin I do not deem such a proceeding becoming me (refusal to do a menial service), Lism. L. 1626 . sealad dóibh ar an nós sin | ag spairnn riú im ríoghacht, Content. xvi 154. fada gabhaim ó bhur nós `I avoid your method', xiv 46 . do réir nóis dáonna, 1 Corinth. xv 32.

do (? de) nós with gen. in the way (manner) of, like: dod nós féin like you, Content. xviii 86. dá mbruithneadh i dteinidh do nós an óir like gold, TSh. 5255. atá slighe na gcionntach do nós an dorchadais, Proverbs iv 19 ; cf. xxiii 34 . tabhair síodh damh . . . do nós Muire Magdáléan `as thou gavest it to M.M.', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 7 . dá nós sin even so, likewise , Studies 1921, 589.1 . do nósaibh cáich like others, in the usual fashion, Hackett vii 3 . ? fó nós according to wont (custom): gan beith 'san cathair fa núas `quitting his accustomed seat' (?), BNnÉ 140.24 (: cúas); if really an ex. of this word. a nós gach laoi 'day by day' Celtica iv 121 § 8 .

For compds. see 2 nós.

snáïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. snáïd or dil.ie/38116
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: snáidid, snáigid

v First vowel prob. short in O.Ir. (see GOI § 47 ). In later lang. freq. snáidid, snáigid, and also often with stem snaí- (diphthong attested by rhyme in bardic verse, see IGT Verbs § 42 ). On pret. see GOI § 680 . Redupl. s-pret. ro ṡenas (MSS. re henaus, re< >naus), Ériu 52, 60.11, 63 .

(a) swims : ro sna .i. dorinne snámh, O'Cl. snáifid Li Ban sair síar sanchan, LU 2965 . With follg. acc. swims across : m'oenurán . . . | ro snó farrci, LU 3016 ( SG 235.25 ). bá samlaid sain ro snausa in farrci, 9436 . ro snadius muir, 3000 . i Fáil Segi snáad lind `in F.S. would he swim the water', Metr. Dinds. ii 80.23 . snait in sruth, Ériu v 225.109 . dosnai (dosnaith, v.l.) co min an sruth, RC xix 262 § 178 (Fier.). do snae roime co sanntach in saile, ZCP xiii 219.1 . i saindelgna rosná (rosna, MSS.) `in the secret spot he swam to', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.23 . indar-latt is muir ro snaidsiut (of galloping horses), IT iii 239.135 . snaeiid sgoth E. . . . | Loch Feabail ó burd do burd, IGT Verbs ex. 377 . With prepp.: ? is tre fhīr flaitheman do hiubla uisce ëisc ar srothaib snaaither (see v.ll.), ZCP xi 92 § 20 = īasc a tonnaib do-snāmaib segar `wird der Fisch . . . im Schwimmen erjagt', 82 § 23 (see note p. 100 ). do hiascaib snait i srothaib, SR 7260 . nad boi muir i snaitis, Ériu ii 104 § 15 . dia snaidhi íasg i ninberaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 237 n. 8 . snaghid co cian o thir, RC ix 460.12 (snaised, v.l.). fororcongart A. . . . ara snáigtis . . . docúm na hindsi, Alex. 677 = aro snaidis, BB 494b4 . snáaid eoin ar indberuib, BCC 384.22 = snaidhit, KMMisc. 313.27 v.l. ( 321 ). co snāifitis maic midaísi foraibh (of streams of blood), ZCP xi 62.5 . is dar in sruth sin rosnoed Leander, TTebe 1531 (rosnoidh, v.l.).

(b) Of a ship, etc., floats, sails: Noe, . . . | rosnái uas tonnaib dílenn, SR 2292 . nach snaighinn longa . . . air, RC xix 270.4 (Fier.) ni snaidhfedh long ele . . . an aband sin fen o laighet a huisce, . . . muna snaidhed[h] long C.C. í, BCC 344.30 . ni hedh amain do snaí si an abond sin (of a ship), 33 . do snaoi mar bu bád ar muir (: bhaoi), Aithd. D. 94.16 (of Christ walking on the water). co snaighdis (consnaetis, text) na copana . . . comola arna lintib fala, TTebe 1909 n. 6 . snaidhid na búideil sin `those flasks swim on the river', Fier. 49 .

(c) creeps, crawls : ? snaifid anmanna ili for sligi richid, LL 284a46 . do chonnairc mé cuma gach uile neithe shnáidhios creeping, Ezekiel viii 10 . na huile neithe snáidheacha shnaidhios air an ttalamh, xxxviii 20 .

(d) Of a river flows: snaid gl. meat, Ml. 93c1 . sruith-lind sin cen bás co bráth, | snás dar Lifi co lond-gnáth `which pours', Metr. Dinds. ii 68.30 . Segsa snás a Síd Nechtain, 82.42 . snáidh gach sreabh gusan moir móir (: Tháil), IGT Verbs ex. 378 . ar Sinainn-ne gusa snáid | dos láid na minaibne a méid, ex. 379 .

2 tiug

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tiug or dil.ie/40992

 

adj u

(a) thick, dense : binit .i. benait .i. benaid in n-as co mbí t.¤ .i. techt, Corm. Y 125 . nas .i. t.¤, naus graece, piger latine, ar is moille in loim t.¤ quam in loim tanae, O'Mulc. 827 . cúlmonga tiuga, BDD² 1274 . croicenn t.¤ uimpi, TTebe 3733 . smerdnide smir guala guirm | buale th.¤ tuirn tulcid ass, PRIA xix C 540 § 2 . for lochaib tiugaib téchtaigib, PH 8295 . a lind báin, tonn-maigrigh, thigh ` turgid ,' Ériu iv 224.7 . srotha móra tonngarbha tiugha teinntidhi, RC xxviii 310 § 6 . cor chuir in tonn t.¤ da treoir | ben Palaip maic Eremoin, Metr. Dinds. iii 434.35 . do-thaét in tond tuile tig | bāidis dia eis in n-ingin, iv 60.47 . an t-ár t.¤ ar chlainn Fheidhlimidh, ML 140.18 . cluiche in righ do beith co t.¤ , AU ii 512.10 . fan gcéibh dtigh ngéig-fhiarbhuig ngloin, DDána 91.37 . madh tiugh an tadhbur, Rosa Angl. 186.5 . in trat teidhfis an taer tiudh sin ` condensed ,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 148.13 .

(b) solid : ní chluinethar in corp t.¤ trom in n-anmain n-aerda, LL 275b18 . senchaide in talman tig, Ériu vii 228.5 . ar techt ar in talmhain tigh, IGT Decl. ex. 772 . ar talmuin tigh (: fuaidridh), ZCP xii 385.11 . is me an chré ['n-a] talmhain tigh, DDána 42.17 .

Equative ba tigither fál fidbaide, Alex. 739 . Compar. as tigiu .i. as methiu gl. crassioris, Ml. 20b1 . innus nar tigi cith cloichsnechta ... inaid clocha na caemtalman, Stair Erc. 1550 . is tighi in fual, Rosa Angl. 270.7 . an cainnleoir práis is tighe ... dá bhfuil ann, TSh. 5049.

As subst.

(a) thick part (cf. 1 tana): o thana [a] thaib co t.¤ a oxaille, TBC-LL¹ 2562 . co ngeib ar t.¤ a bán-ṡliasat co cumtuch a chuirp, LL 189a53 . itir a t.¤ ocus a tana, ZCP xiv 351.13 . re taca ocus re t.¤ na talman, MR 284.25 .

(b) density, press, crowd : ruc tiubh an tsluaigh air, AU iii 40.19 . i t.¤ int shluaig, TTebe 3298 . mara róibhi tiugh na nIubhal, Fier. § 215 . do tanuigheadh tiogh an tsluaigh, DDána 85.22 . tangadur tiugh na Féinde eturru, Acall. 6724 . t.¤ ... in airlig, MR 240.13 . co ro tanaighedh a tiugh co ro h-uirbhernaigh a n-uasail, AFM vi 2072.8 . go ttothacht ┐ go ttiugh a shloigh, 2100.7 . tánic Iarla Urmhumhan go [d]tiugh sluaigh go B[oile] Áth Truim, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 47.29 .

Compds. ¤ár heavy slaughter : slaidfid for slúagu slana | fo chiuchra for tiugára, LU 4582 (TBC). dorad tiughāra mōra foraib, ZCP xiv 263.9 . go rabhadar tiughára mora ar na Gailianaibh, CRR² 44 . ¤ár-dáil meeting of heavy slaughter: ra-chommoratar in tigardail i cend Conaill, CRR § 46 . ¤bainne thick milk: croinntile .i. tiughbainne, O'Dav. 571. ¤déantach closely wrought: go tirim tiuigh-dhéantach, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ¤formnach thick-shouldered: tarb torachta tiugformnach, CCath. 955 . la cúl tuaighe truime tiughfhormnaidhe, AFM v 1818.14 . ¤fhuar frozen: linnte tiughfhúara téachtaighthe, ML 130.14 . ¤gáill thick jaw?: a meic dūir daill iffirnn, a thicāill (: gipāin, Britāin), Bruchst. i 28 § 63 . ¤lagin pottage: doberar seland dóib hi tiuglagin nó for arán, Mon. Tall. 146.z . dogeni fadesin ind tiuglaigin allae sin, 147.6 . ¤lind turgid lake: is fatha trúag in tiug-lind, Metr. Dinds. iii 346.100 . ó 'tbath Rí co ngestul grinn | fo thescul is fo thiug-lind, 458.104 . maidm Locha Rí, dar cach rind | ba tairm tacha, ba tiugh-lind, 108 . ¤nár strong and modest?: mac Tuathail techtmhair tiúgnair, BB 231a47 = Keat. iii 110.8 .