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1 banda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 banda or dil.ie/5335
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj io, iā (ben)

(a) feminine, female, womanly; pertaining to a woman: i n-ecosc b.¤ , LU 2619 (H). todh cach mb.¤ .i. cach ball b.¤ ┐ cach comna b.¤ `every female member and every female condition', Auraic. 1464 - 1465 . celad bain-fesa .i. . . . o dichlit a feis mb.¤ intercourse with a woman, Laws v 452.26 Comm. im cach techtughadh mb.¤ .i. im cach ni dlegait na mna, i 144.18 Comm. briathra b.¤ banamla, TTebe 4415 . a chraobh bhíthe bh.¤ , DDána 80.28 . feardha ┐ bannda do chruthaidh Sé iad, Gen. v 3.

As subst. a dagben in banna bán the fair womanly one, Mór M. 11. an feardha ┐ an bannda araon, Numbers v 3.

(b) womanish, effeminate, weak: a mil banna banamail (sic MS.), SR 1226 (Eve to the serpent). Cf. 1195 . narab b.¤ bar n-aigenta, TFrag. 180.z . i nbar ndainib b.¤ meta gan gal gan gaiscidh, Aen. 2252. a leabhruibh b.¤ bhíos lān do cheasduibh collaidhe effeminate, Mac Aingil 4835 . Adv., in positive sense: ro fhreaguir hé gu banda bithumal 'she (Mary) answered him modestly and ever-humbly', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 197 § 44 .

2 dath-, daith-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dath-, daith- or dil.ie/14729
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Dathgus, dath-imdae, dathchalmae

adj in -n compounds. 1 dath colour, complexion , 1 and 2 daith bright, nimble . It is not always easy to decide between dath- and daith- as the latter undoubtedly already in early Old-Ir. before broad consonants occasionally assumed the form dath-, cf. the cpds. with taith- and aith-. In Mid.-Ir. daith- and dath- are equivalent as far as the pronunciation is concerned. dath-aigthech bright-faced, of a bright appearance : do bhocóidibh donn bhána dealbhsnuighte dathaightheacha duinnsgiath, ML 128. 17 . dath-álaind of lovely colour, fair of hue or complexion; opp. dathgrándae: déd dathálaind ┐ láṁa dírgha datháille ┐ corp sneachtaighi, Ériu iii 152. 22 . colptha dírgi datháilli, RC xxiv 200. 2 . a dathaib dígraissi dathálli, TTr. 141 . a sgiath dubhghorm dathálainn, OCT 17.6 . in dias niamdha ndatháluinn, Acall. 1871 . dá óclach donna datháille drechṡoillsi, TBC-LL¹ 5458 . buiden eile...pa dígrais dathalainn étrochtglan fociochlatar isin tulaigh, ib. 5545 . a láim Dhúthaigh dhatháluinn, Oss. vi 140. 12 . Of the Tuatha Dé Danann: roghabh flaitheas ┐ forláṁas air Thuathaibh datháille D. D., OCT 1.3 . datharmach of bright weapons: rothuitset .u. fir déc díghraisi datharmach do maccaib Morna, Acall. 2134 , Rawl. (degarmach, Lism.). Cf. claidmi...datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 . dathballach with a speckled skin, speckled, spotted. Of a hound: iomdha cú dathbhallach dian, Duan. F. 83. 9 . dath-bind: atgeoin dán dathbinn nach dreis, B IV 2, 143 b ( ACL iii 308 § 33 ). Cf. dán dathglan, Keat. 3419 . dath-bord only in poetry: Druim drechṡlemon na ndathbord (: rathbard) Druim Dairbrech of the coloured banks LL 192 a 20 (cf. bláthbord LL 154 b 41 ). dath-buadach: Dairmach d., Reeves Ad. 272 . Dath-cháin npr. m. (of lovely colour), Acall. 6589 . Dathchaoin, SG 259. 5 . dath-chlód a change, variation or diversity of colour P. O'C. Cf. 1 dath III. Dath-gal ā, npr. m. gen. mac Dathgaile, Rawl. 161 a 14 . See Daith-gel. Cf. Dath-gus, Dathnat, Dathge. dathgel white of skin, of a fair complexion. Moelsechluind mac Domnaill dathgil (v.l. daithghil) IT iii 71. 2 . re hingin daithghil an ríogh, Ériu i 16. 14 . Ádam ┐ Eba cona ndáinib daithgela, Lec. 347 b 29 . Daithgel npr. m., v. supra. dath-glan pure coloured: Aed Glas dathglan delbda, Gorm. Feb. 16 . ri déine...clainni dathglaini Dardáin, TTr. 1690 . craeb dh., SG 351. 38 . la dán ndathnglan, Keat. 3419 . Daminis...na ndán ndathglan LL 141 b 25 . dath-grándae hideous of colour or skin; opp. d.¤-álaind, d.¤-grinn: .vii. mba dubha duaibhsiocha dathghránna, ML 4. 13 . na duibhnéallaibh doiṁne dúaibhseacha dathghránna drúise, TSh. 58. 15 . dath-grinn = dathálaind: a ṁáthair daithgrind dhíles, BB 406 b 15 . Dathgus u, npr. m. (1) Son of Baeth, king of the Dési. (2) Son of Aed. (3) Son of Lachtnán. (4) Son of Máiltenn. Daithgius mac Aeda, BB 86 a 46 . gen.: guin Dathgusa mic Báith rí na nDéssi, Tig. RC xvii 236. 5 . Dathgusa meic Lachtnán, BB 195 c 47 . Dathgusa meic Máilteinn, 194 b 38 . Daitusa (sic) meic Aeda, 86 a 53 . iugulatio Daithgussa AU i 184. 5 f.b. (A.D. 731). mac Daithgiusa, Rawl. 154 a 22 ; the form Daithgius, g s. Daithgiusa, points to a compound with 1 dath or 2 dath-. dath-imdae many-coloured . Of the ships of the Spaniards: a long dúbha dúaibhsiocha dathiomdha, ML 44. 24 . Daith-lenn bright mantle, the name of a hound: Dóilin ┐ Daithlend .i. dá choin Mæle Ḟothartaig, RC xiii 377. 21 . dath-muirnech: dobudh ruathar réidh roṁuirneach rabharta an réim sin ┐ ba tinneanas tineadh déine dathṁuirnighe doṁainloisgthe an ionnsaighe, ML 114. 4 ; cf. the cpd. ciothṁuirneach, ib. 102. 27 . dath-ogom the ogham of the colours BB 310 b 27. dath-óiph beauty of complexion: rí co ndathaeb (: tatháir) SR 5255 . dath-órda golden coloured ZCP i 429. 10 f.b. dath-phell a coloured skin: lí dathpill (: rí Raithlinn) IT iii 96. 22 . dath-rath: Domitian co ndathrath (: cathbath), Gorm. Jul. 1 . Stokes' explanation in the vocabulary is wrong. dath-rind: atchiu carpat co ndathrind tauthat sluagu is bodbdae, TBC-LL¹ 1088 LU (v.l. condatrindi Badbae YBL). Dath-snatha gen. of artificial npr.: Lesan mac D., Anecd. ii 55. 17 (v.l. dagṡúaithe, v. Manners and Customs ii 133 ). dath-ṡúairc of bright, cheery colours, bright-hued: tig nech...fri dered domain datṡúairc (v.l. dathálaind), Fen. 298. 20 .

II daith bright , v.s. I.

III daith swift, nimble , q.v. Here probably dathchalmae: Budi mac Deirg dathchalma, Ériu v 221. 6 , ib. 248. 10 ; but this was hardly the reading of the original.

IV Interchanging with dag-, deg-: dath-armach: degarmach, Acall. 2134 , v.s. I; in such cases deg- seems due to confusion with Mid.-Ir. dadh- = dag, deg; cf. the phon. spelling Daith-gel BB 76 a 30 = Daithgil.

1 dé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dé or dil.ie/14794
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dé, diad, déithe, diaid, diaig, dé, dé, déith, diaid, díaig, died, diaid, dé, diadh, déithe

n t, f. Smoke, haze , &c. n s. dé, from the Glosses (dæ, Ml. 57 a 10 ) up to the present day. Rhyming with clé BB 31 b 8 ; with gné, LL 199 b 47 . Seldom diad, modelled on the ā-stems, BB 450 b 12 , EIS 140 § 22 . g s. diad, Ml. 40 c 1 . TBC-LL¹ 187 . CCath. 1502 . Hy Maine 57 a 2 . AFM vi 1962. 12 ; 2198. 3 . TSh. 187. 23 ; mod. id. and déithe (Kerry).—The derivative dethach points to disyllabic diäd. Unfortunately I have no instance from old poetry. a s. diaid, Expuls. 187 . RC ii 396. 1 f.b. LL 110 a 12 . BB 365 b 17 . PH 2407. 7109 . MacCongl. 63. 6 . O'Dav. 632 . 1586 . diaig TBC-LL¹ 5508 . Superseded by the nom. form dé, AFM vi 2116. 8 f.b. ; mod. dé and déith (sic W. Kerry). d s. diaid, LL 124 a 41 . díaig, PH 2505 . died, RC iii 344. 12 = diaid.

I Smoke, fume , as opposed to lasar `flame' and 1 teine `fire.' It renders Lat. fumus. diaidh .i. múch smoke, vapour P. O'C.

(a) uice fumi omnis eorum elatio euanescit, gl. amal arindchrin dæ ┐ asindbail as smoke perishes and dies Ml. 57 a 10 . rothin (sc. in diabul) fochétóir amal diaid, RC ii 396. 1 f.b. Todd Lect. v 97. 11 . attáit tenti ┐ fóidit diaid in teined sair co hOsseirge, Expuls. 187 . atáid tenid cáin...cen diaid cen chiaig cen crithir, MacCongl. 63. 6 ; 117. 21 . dath na diad, Hy Maine 57 a 2 . amal téid de do deightheinidh, Lib. Flav. 33 b 2. 14 . is cumair in pian aimserda ar is fri diaid thened is casmail, PH 2407 . teine diad a smoky fire : teanndáil nó t. dhiadh, TSh. 187. 23 . the smoke from an encampment: ragabsatar dúnad ┐ longphort inn aidchi sin cor ba dlúim diad ┐ tened (a standing phrase) etir chethri áthaib Ái, TBC-LL¹ 187 . the smoke from a volcano: co maiged (i.e. maided) a duibdiad ┐ a lasra a huamaib ┐ a hairchelaib in tṡlébi sin (i.e. Etna) BB 450 b 12 . the smoke from a devastated country or city: dar leo is tre smúitcheo diad ┐ tre corrthair lasrach nolaefedh in cathraigh uile, CCath. 1502 . dé is dethach smoke and vapour : robad smúittcheo diadh ┐ dethaighe in tír uile dia néis, AFM vi 2198. 3 . an dlúiṁcheo diadh ┐ dethaighe roleth óna forloisccthib, ib. vi 1962. 13 . ib. 2116. 8 f.b. dochuireadar an baile uile tre smúr dhiadh ┐ deataigh, Caithr. 52. 15 .

(b) a smoking fire = teine diad: a thócbáil ┐ a chosa suas...┐ de mór fói, PH 1238 .

(c) the smoke of a fired gun: roleiccsiot dé ┐ detach a ndubhpúdair foa súilib, AFM vi 2116. 8 f.b.

(d) odorous smoke as that of incense : túis...athascnaid a de side iarna hadandad i núaislib nime, PH 7020 . amail diaid thúsi, ib. 7109 .

(e) smoke, fume as the symbol of Satan and the demons : dochonnaic sí in satan...a dhe ┐ a lasair asa chraes ┐ asa ṡróin, Lism. L. 1409 . Todd Lect. v 74. 13 . a dé ┐ a lassar asa chraess ┐ asa ṡrónaib sechtair, Three Hom. 72. 30 . dochóid ass in draicc ┐ tórruma demun impe coro lín in tempul dia díaig ┐ dia bréntur, PH 2505 .

(f) smoke or fume, arising from the anger of the righteous: in dé iarum tánic dítsu ar thimdergad foloi side i nardda coro scáil na demna LL 273 b 48 , ZCP x 378 .

II Esp. the smoke from the hearth or house-fire (tellach); hence sometimes, like teine and tellach, as a symbol of the house or the home. hi tellach thírmaide...nárotlosci a lassar nárotbena a dé, MacCongl. 95. 27 . dé do thig, LB 156 a 57 . nocho bia i nÉirinn...teag ná treb ná ten ná de (: clé) BB 31 b 8 . co facca a dún fornocht cen diaidh cen teach cen tenid, ib. 365 b 17 . biaidh gan diaigh Eaṁuin Uladh, 3 C 13, 659. 9 .—According to old beliefs the smoke of the hearth betrays the secrets of the house and the fate of its inhabitants, cf. adgníed din died ( diaid, LL 124 a 11 ) notheche din tich a llín nombíd co nngalur ann (┐ cech galar nobíd and, add. LL), RC iii 344. 12 . asé sin dobeir aithne ar galar in duine tre diaig in tigi i mbí dḟaicsin TBC-LL¹ 5508 .

III Vapour or steam, arising from heat: coire airgdidi do ná tic dé ná deathach, FDG 507 . de en foulachtae the vapour of the concoction RC xii 100. 10 .

IV Haze, misty appearance, watery vapour : siadair denn do cach dinn: dé do loch linn lán haze from the lake of full waters Four Songs 10. 8 = RC v 202. 1 .

V Like Lat. anima breath, the breath as the principle of life, soul : dend .i. de ut est denn a nanma .i. dé a[n]ma i ndáinib hí .i. in anál. nó amail diaidh do theinid, O'Dav. 632 . dé den anam a little breath of life P. O'C. In this sense still common in the spoken language: tá an déith as he is dead, efflata est anima, opp. tá an déith ann he is still alive (W. Kerry, Conn.). cuireadh go dí deireadh na déithe é ach dochas sé airist, or dochuaidh sé go dí d. na d. he was on the point of death but recovered (W. Kerry, Conn.).

VI PROV. proprium fumi est ut ignem nuntiat secuturum, gl. is gnáth lassar hi tiarmoracht diad flame is customary after smoke Ml. 40 c 1 . is dorn im diaid tor mbriathar a multitude of words is a fist round smoke O'Dav. 1586 (Stokes' translation gives no sense); cf. as dorn im dhiaidh, BS 54. 27 .

VII COMP. mí-dé: is míde tucad dún tair. dorat mígne dár menmain, LL 199 b 47 .

MOD. dé, g s. diadh, déithe, v. V, VI. Obs. in Sc. P. O'C. also gives the sense ` grief, sorrow, sadness .'—Cf. dethach.

6 ré, ría

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 ré, ría or dil.ie/34869

 

Forms: re, r, ri, ria, re, ré, ría, re, résin(d), riasin(d), résna, riasna, reum, róm, remum, remut, remut, riut, rōt, riam, ríam, reme, roime, remi, remi, romi, rempe, roimpe, reunn, remond, remaind, remhainn, riun, remunn, remainn, round, romainn, remib, romaib, remib, remaib, roaib, rempu, rompu, rompoibh, rom(h)am, rom(h)at, rém, rom, rét, rót, réna, riana, rem, reim, roim, roimh, roimhe, rem-, remi-, reim-, réimh-, rem-

prep. gov. dat., eclipses follg. initial. In Glosses generally re; r, Sg. 169a1 , Wb. 9b16 . ri, Wb. 28c4 . ria, Thes. ii 240.19 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). Mid.Ir. re, ré, ría. In later Mid.Ir. somet. confounded with re (ri) < fri. Folld. by art. résin(d), riasin(d); pl. résna, riasna.

With pers. pron. suffix.: 1 s. O.Ir. reum, Thes. ii 357.14 (Hy. vii); Mid.Ir. rium; róm, SR 1270 ; remum. 2 s. O.Ir. remut; Mid.Ir. remut, riut; rōt, SR 1273 . 3 s. m. n. O.Ir. riam (disyll.); Mid.Ir. ríam; a form which comes to be used as an adv. and is supplanted by reme (remi, roime). 3 s. f. O.Ir. remi; Mid.Ir. remi, romi, later rempe, roimpe. 1 pl. reunn, Thes. ii 325.18 ( Hy. iv 4 , reading of T; remond, remaind, remhainn v.l.); Mid.Ir. riun, remunn, remainn; round, TBC-LL¹ 992 , 1132 ; romainn. 2 pl. Mid.Ir. [remib?], romaib. 3 pl. O.Ir. remib; Mid.Ir. remaib; roaib, LL 198a19 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 80.46 ). Early in Mid.Ir. the 3 pl. form is replaced by rempu (-o, -a), rompu; rompoibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 2 (metri gratiâ). In later Mid.Ir. and in mod. lang. the pronominal forms are added to the stem rom-; rom(h)am, rom(h)at, etc.

With poss. pron.: rém, rom; rét, rót: 3 s. and pl. réna, riana.

In late Mid.Ir. the simple prep. is freq. displaced by rem, reim, ( ZCP xii 292.21 ; Ériu ii 174.10 ), roim ( PH 7774 ), mod. roimh, roimhe, leniting follg. consonant. ría .i. roimhe, O'Cl.

In compos. with vb. rem-, proclitic remi- (O.Ir.), later rem-, reim-, mod. also réimh-.

In compos. with verbal nouns and other nouns, rem- (reim-).

I In general sense before :

(a) of time: ut fuit Adam ré n-immarmus, Wb. 9b16 ; cf. ria n-immarbos, SR 1040 ; roim peccad, PH 7774 . ma théis . . . rium-sa before me , Wb. 14a14 . re ngrád et iar mbathis before ordination , 31b4 . rem chuimrig before my captivity , 30a5 . rena galar-som before his sickness , 23d5 . di bliadin re mbas, Thes. ii 238.18 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fubíthin creitme ria cách because of believing before all others , 240.19 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). ni longe co longe céle Dé remut till a Culdee eats before thee , 258.31 . is me ra chunnig in coibchi na ra chunnig ben riam remom which no woman ever asked for before me , TBC-LL¹ 30 . ní buí róm, ní bia tar m'éis | nech bus eólchu, Metr. Dinds. iii 304.7 . co na boi remut nach hi [leg. hit] diaid rig bus ecnaide, PH 3968 . corub ed connesum . . . in ní ro chuinnig in fáith romaind that we should ask what the prophet asked before us , 7966 . nárbh eól dá rabha romhat unknown to all before thee , Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . cerd do shen rót the profession of thy ancestors before thee , O'Gr. Cat. 392.10 (early 17th cent.). ni dernad aer dia n-aithrib . . . reimibh | nach dia senaithrib re suidhibh to their fathers before them nor to their grandfathers before those , ACL iii 297 § 59 . ata ann o aimsir na dílend ┐ do bí roimpi, Maund. 42 . ríasind trath cóir, Mon. Tall. 9 . résan dílinn, Keat. i 146 y . is cian ria gCormac do céadtógbhadh Teach Miodhchuarta, ii 4745 . ri techt gráid foir before taking orders , Wb. 28b32 . ria n-airnechtain duib before the invention of ink , Hib. Min. 8.242 . in adaig [sic leg.] reim chath D. do thobairt, Ériu ii 174.10 (re v.l.).

The Mid.Ir. 3 s. m. (orig. f.) pron. form remi (sin) is used freq. as adv. before that, previously : ind úaburdelb tárfás dóib in adaig sin reme the night before , LU 6539 = riam reme, TBC-I¹ 2022 , TBC-LL¹ 2710 . ro chrithnaigsetar tri tonna Herend remi sin in n-aidchi sin previously that night , CRR 16 . co n-acatar he remi sin co menic, PH 3418 . gar reimi sin a short time before , ACL iii 225.20 . See ríam.

(b) Implying preference: lánbendacht . . . for Máelruain ria ṅdaínib before all (other) men , Fél. Ep. 64 . sluind dó ri cāch bréthir announce the word to him before all others , ZCP xi 80 § 4 . buaidh ria mbannaibh a victory above all achievements , vi 264 § 5 . neamh ré ngach ní iarram ort, Timth. vi 17 § 2 .

(c) Used with reflex. pers. pron. in adverbial sense referring to a previous statement or passage, previously, above : amal ra scribsam remaind, TBC-LL¹ 1470 . amal ro ráidsium remaind, PH 1082 , cf. 6424 (romaind). tugsad Gaoidhil, mar tá róm as I have said , Content. vi 96 . as na mallachtaibh do luaidheamar romhainn, TSh. 9726 . See remainn.

(d) occas. with reflex. pron. of that which awaits a person in the future: do chaith na hocht mbliadhna déag do bhí roimhe do fhlaitheas Néill the remaining eight years of Niall's reign , Keat. iii 206 . in meide bui rompa don lo the remainder of the day , Fl. Earls 14.32 . fech leathanach ród a page further on , Hy Fiach. 46 .

II In local sense,

(a) before, in front of : ní airecar .b. remi ( the letter) b is not found before it (the letter m), Sg. 20a9 . a thitol re cach libur, 2a8 . ni feil titlu remib (of the psalms), Ml. 2b4 . (with acc.) atat cethri tituil resna psalmo, Hib. Min. 8.272 . Christ reum, Crist im degaid, Thes. ii 357.14 ( Hy. vii ). bid reid riam cach n-amreid, Thes. 235.16 (Bern. 117a ), cf. rop reid rémunn cech n-amreid, Thes. 304.2 ( Hy. i 34 ), ZCP vii 268 § 2 (riëm). imreditis a t[h]raigthi iarma ┐ a escata remi, TBC-I¹ 1451 . ro díbairg in ṅgai dó 'sa urlond reme butt foremost , RC iii 178.9 . feib théit echrad láir rena serrgraig, TBC-LL¹ 6103 . in redlu resna draide preceding the Magi , PH 7067 = resna draidib, 7094 . luid in t-aingel roim Finnén, Lism. L. 2636 . Labion . . . rompo L. leading them , CCath. 177 . Diarmait Gall ré nglasláith nAirtigh, IGT Dec. ex. 641 .

In Mid. Ir. the pron. form is often preceded by a prepositional form ríam, so that the preposition is doubled: ciataim ane ar loṅgais riam reme, though we are in exile before him , TBC-LL¹ 874 . ni thechiub-sa riam remut I shall not flee before thee , 1861 . co mbatar riam remi, 2596 . For further exx. see remáin, ríam.

In fig. sense: cid dam-sa na curfind mo chomlund a chetóir romum why should I not resolve on (undertake) my combat at once? CRR 25 , cf. 26 . aní se do chuireamair romhainn do chríochnughadh to finish what I propose to do , TSh. 31 .

(b) with reflex. pron. after vb. of motion on, forwards (very common in Mid. and Mod.Ir.): luid in mac remi, TBC-LL¹ 886 . lotar rempu connice in dún, 1227 . raghat-sa róm gonige an baile, BS § 30 . imthigh-si romhad go Sord, Ériu i 88 § 34 . tibra ita i Loch Con . . . teit 'na diaid in tan traiges, inn uair linas in loch lan teit romi subsides when (the lake) ebbs, rises when the lake fills , ZCP v 24 § 11 (cf. Todd Nenn. 195 n. d ). luidsed fo thuaid rompo, viii 274.12 . In the follg. exx. the pron. is virtually reflex.: tair round timchull na Emna come on , TBC-LL¹ 1132 ; cf. TBC-I¹ 461 (tair ruind = reond, LU). dó run co tech Conaill let us get on to C.'s house , RC xiv 418 § 36 . Ellipt.: rout, a gillai, dar druim sair `forward, boy', Metr. Dinds. iv 348.23 . By extension, of progress or continuance: tuigium romaind gu ria aris let me go on thatching , ACL iii 236 § 9 . Cf. innis rod, TD 28.1 .

(c) after vbs. of fleeing (= Eng. before, from, Germ. vor): dochuaid rim-sa for teithed, TBC-I¹ 1262 (= reomsa, LU 5736 ). in tan teithes ria n-oenḟer, 1268 . TBC-LL¹ 1861 , 6060 . for teched re guth in duileman, MacCarthy 58.1 ( LB 111b14 ). beit ina rith romaind, CRR 22 . With ellipse of vb.: Slige Dalo, fosfuair Setna . . . ria ndrui[d]ib hIrmuman, Dinds. 58 ( RC xv 454 x .), cf. is rempu-sin . . . fúair rót Dala `fleeing before them', Metr. Dinds. iii 282.81 . Cf. cia bemni for loinges riam, TBC-I¹ 372 .

(d) after maidid the victor is expressed by RÉ, the vanquished by FOR or FRI: in tan rommemaid re nAbracham forsna cóic riga, Ml. 127d 6 . ho rumaith fora naimtea remib 51c9 . go tiasur-sa da ḟiss cia riasa maidend in cath fa thrí ruind (leg. frind), TBC-LL¹ 5972 = cia resa maid in cath frind, TBC-I¹ 3575 . reime no maidsed ┐ ni fair ro rainfide he would win , TBC-LL¹ 830 . is rem Eogan ro moigsed na catha sin, ZCP xii 292.21 . ro meabhaidh riamh forro he defeated them , AFM v 1524 z . See maidid. Similarly: ro roína reunn cathu cach thedme may she break before us the battles of every plague , Hy. iv 4 ( Thes. ii 325.18 ). After a noun: mad romum bus róen if I rout (the enemy ), TBC-LL¹ 3753 . cath Formāili rīam for Conall he won the battle of F. over C. , Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 54 ( LL 183a49 ). Cath Chind A. . . . risna [= riasna] tri Chairpri . . . for Lugaidh, RC xvii 10.25 . coscradh Atha Cliath ria Ciannacht for hU Teig, AU 769 .

(e) after vbs. of opening: hoslaic róm dorus Parduis, SR 1270 . conérget . . . cach fer díib do oslogud ríana mnaí to let his wife in , LU 8271 ( FB 21 ). cor oscail roaib in rígthech, Metr. Dinds. iii 80.46 . ro oslaic in dorus re Cesair, CCath. 3334 .

(f) in fig. sense after words expressing welcome, etc.: rom chrideōn is mochenōn welcome to my heart , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, xxv 439 § 9 . don mhór-fhuil ré mbiodh fáilte . . . gach fóirne, Keat. Poems 174 . rob suilbhir aghaidh gach fhir | róibh-si, Studies 1921, 74 § 6 . forffailidh e rompa ag toigeacht, Fl. Earls 100.31 . ní foláir don uile dhuine bheith ollamh roimhe to be prepared for it (i.e. death), TSh. 131 .

(g) after words expressing fear, abhorrence, etc., of cause of feeling: na gabad oman sib reme, PH 2100 . ata do meit in omhain ann for na hanmunnaibh riasna pianuibh, Ériu ii 134 y . corab mór mh'[im]egla resan mac mallachtan, ZCP viii 203.11 . fer is mó gráin . . . re n-urcharaib the most terrified at shots , Ériu iv 214.24 , cf. is móidi a gráin re a ngothaib, 216.4 . cia an duine . . . nach géabhadh gráin rompa?, TSh. 6753 . déistin roimh dhrúcht nimhe, loathing of manna , Hackett xlii 53 .

(h) after words expressing protection, warning etc., against : rabadh . . . roim mailis na mban, RC xix 152.16 . ar comairci Colmain dūnn riasin ngabad-sa we put ourselves in the safeguard of C. against this danger , BColm. 86.28 . atu-ssa ar comairge Concobair romut, Ériu v 72.13 . comhla gen gobi rem' baeis though there be no guard against my folly , ACL iii 236 § 9 .