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bán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bán or dil.ie/5318
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bainithir

adj o, ā

I

(a) white, fair, bright; pure, holy, blessed; of a page, blank: dichennadh Ioain Babtaist bain `pure', Blathm. 247. tara ngnúissi bána (of the saints), Fél. Ep. 339. in grían b.¤ ban Muman / Íte, Jan. 15. timpān .i. tim .i. sail ┐ bān .i. umae bīs inti, Corm. Y 1258 (whence: ban .i. umha, O'Cl.). scíath brec . . . bil b.¤ findruini, LU 8602 ( FB 45 ). braen bat[h]is báin, 2998 (H). co lá brátha báin, 348 . an biadh ban `the white food', Leb. Gab.(i) 46.19 (= good food i.e. milk, etc.?). gabus Eba in t-ubull b.¤ fair, Ériu iv 114 § 10. co tarla a dī bond bána fair so that he fell dead with upturned soles, MU² 988 (cf. bánaigid). libair bána leisa ngabar salmthrátha, SG 52.2 . uch a lám, / ar' scribis do memrum b.¤ , ZCP ii 225.1 . na Bóinne báine, Keat. Poems 432. i mbruighnibh bána in white halls, Hackett xl 266 . ? In pejorative sense: a bachlaig bāin, Bruchst. i 27 § 59 (`blutleerer'). tuata b.¤ `a boorish clown', Ó Bruad. ii 14.z . In n. loc. Benn b.¤ in retha, Acall. 5637. In verse freq. as epithet of blíadain: o gein Crist co bliadain ṁbáin (= this year), LL 15430. arim trí ṅdéich ṁbliadan ṁb.¤ , MacCarthy 180 § 6 . Compar. ba baine (bainithir, v.l.) linscoit lenead arna langlanad, TTebe 480 .

In phr., bélre (bérla) b.¤ , see biait.

(b) pale; of a fight etc., bloodless: b.¤ gl. ex[s]anguis, Sg. 67a19 . ni ban re ndol fri croich `unbloody', Blathm. 234. nidat bána mo chrechtasa, LU 7991 (BDD). beóil bána, TBC-LL¹ 4104. i ndáil bain báis, LL 19352. ina ḟanntassib bána, LB 154b59 . ba bana buadirthi na Greic uili ri heicin na hitad sin, TTebe 1776 . senoir etlaidhe b.¤ . . . gan fuil, gan feoil, BNnÉ 77 § 145 . is b.¤ in gleó sa, TBC-LL¹ 4585.

(c) Of land, etc. untilled, waste, unoccupied: rannchuid di bān ga[n] aittreabadh nō inotacht (of a city), Fl. Earls 70.y . tré fhearann b.¤ fásuigh, Jeremiah ii 6.

II As subst.

(a) fair one; blameless one; of a page, blank space: D. deich ṁbliadna don b.¤ , LL 4379. mochean do'n bh.¤ nach can brég (of Molaise), SG 29.18 . an b.¤-sa a ndeiread na duilleoigi, TTebe xv § 2 . féch féin in beg nó in mór in b.¤ so `this blank space' (in a MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 110.z.

(b) untilled land, lea: thógfadh an spád ┐ rómharfadh an b.¤ , Hard. i 272.10 . pn In placename: B. Leathan, O'Don. Suppl. Cf. bánta.

(c) Expld. as truth: `ban' is `binne,' anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, Metr. Gl. 27 § 34 (perh. arising out of some gloss on bélre b.¤ ). Whence probably: ban .i. fírinne, O'Cl. ban .i. fir, Lec. Gl. 174. Stowe Gl. 238.

? ba b.¤ ar bruid, Metr. Dinds. iv 178.11 (`it was "a white page for a blot"'). ? cíarb éicess Nár cosin neim / dofuc co b.¤ in ben-sin `brought him to pale death', 8 .

Compds. Usu. with meaning white, bright, pale; bloodless ; somet. weakening the implication of the compounded word and contrasted with derg used as intensive prefix (cf. subrufa, mar bhánór. rufa, mar dergór. Subrubea, mar bhanchroch. rubea mar dergchroch. Subrubicunda, mar fhuil uisgeamail no bhanlasair. rubicunda mar fhuil dhegdha(a)tha no dearglasair, 23 K 42 , 162.12 ff.). With nouns: ben chain bánainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314. brettnas bánargait, 5426 . a mbleidedha banóir ┐ banairgid, Acall. 405. reacht bánbathisi `purifying baptism's law', O'Gr. Cat. 100.7. ó bas co banbem a blow which does not draw blood, Cóic Con. 41 § 60. nocha bánbhéim acht cneadh chinn no light misfortune, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.175 . ? ní bán-bhreath (sic leg.) a lenient judgment (?), Leb. Cert. 104.8 . (= ní hainbreath, Leb. Cert.² 745 ). Bóand bánbronnat `white bellied', Metr. Dinds. iii 34.16 . ro ir dom . . . .x. mbanchaimsa (.i. léne beca nó nulam), Ériu ii 5.4 . airitiu ind nóib Ióib / iar ṁbúaid ┐ bánchath (: márrath), Fél. June 8 (.i. nirbo dergmartra rofucc). ? bancloth briugad for tuatha do erdidbud, Laws i 232.2 . ní seagur comtús tar condeilg mbreitheman banclotha tuath .i. ni coir do dul co breithemh eile sech in fírbreithemh bís isin tuaith of fair renown, O'D. 764 (H. 3.17, 549). Banchomrag Ferghusa, TBC-LL¹ p. 418 n.2 . ban(n)esorgain nat faccaib cnoc `white (bloodless) mayhem', Bretha 24 (glossed .i. banbeim, see p. 59). Bandha na mbánḟoithreadh `fair forests', TD 16.1 . Bángleo Rochada (the name of one incident of the Táin), TBC-LL¹ 4555. an béal arna bhán-ghormadh `growing wan, pale-blue' (Gloss.), TSh. 1093. bánlann óir fria hedan, Acall. 3895 v.l. (niamlann d'ór buidhe . . ., text). coic bliadna os cach banleittir, Rawl. 164b28 . . . . an bánmaidhm sin cen go ro fuiligheadh nó go ro fordhearccadh for neach etorra, AFM v 1362.6 . báanmartre ┐ glasmartre ┐ dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.30 cf. BCC 432.37 (§ 391) . issí in bánmartre du duiniu intain scaras ar Dea fri cach réet caris, 247.1 (Cambr.). cond bo buachaill i mbansoillsi, Laws iv 96.23 . bánsuile mora a n-iarthar cind in bathlaig, Acall. 1871 v.l. co ṁbántlacht `with white raiment', Fél. Ep. 331 (cot banlucht, v.l.). cloch is cosmail re banumha `electrum', Celtica ii 84.474 .

With adjj.: doghabh a sciath . . . mbancorcra, Ériu iii 170 § 28 . inneoch narbtar banglasa dib robtar dubglasa (of the sacrificial entrails), CCath. 966. do indrechtānu bó bánméthi, MacCongl. 89.27 . borbdam banodhur, IT iii 87 § 99.

With adjj. derived from nouns: i gcrích mhín bhánacraigh Bhreagh, DDána 118.3 . cléirech bánaightheach brightfaced, SG 30.y . o Boind bind banbruthaig, LL 1027.

With vb.: saoirfhear . . . / dar báinghealadh toradh is meas míon Mhumhan was whitened, ripened, Aithd. D. 4.7 .

1 blad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 blad or dil.ie/6007

 

Forms: blaid, blada, blaide, bladh, bladh, blaidi

n u, later also ā, f. ? Orig. n. n s. b.¤ ṅglicc, Trip. 534.10 . a s. b.¤ , LU 4267. d s. b.¤ , LL 16338 , blaid, 15289 . g s. blada, 15297 , blaide, 4372 . n p. b.¤ , Fianaig. 4.19 . bladh .b. (ón chlú), IGT Decl. § 40. bladh .f. (ón chlú, add. v.ll.), § 95 .

Fame, renown; in pl. somet. famous deeds, glories, triumphs (i.e. of a ruler or a king's reign): bladh .i. clú, O'Cl. blath .i. moladh, ibid. cé tara nech lín a b.¤ `though some famous man should come' (ed. n., SCC² 734 ) LU 3927 ( SCC 44 ). mo briathar is mo b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 3681. ceannach blaidhe .i. bás `purchase of fame', ML 100.16 . rīgfad domhain . . . / muna chosnat fēin a mbladh, K. and H. 28. baile i fuair blaid (: thaig) is bríg `grew to fame', Ériu vii 224 § 40. a b.¤ ┐ a airdercus, TTr.² 755. as fada atú can mo bladh . . . do thogbail `long in raising my renown', TTebe 4061 . do Maolmuadh ba becc a bladh / airdri Cassil do marbhadh, Cog. 88.28 . leath an bhladha ag Bréithneachaibh, O'R. Poems 456. damhna bloidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1122. bladh bréige ┐ āireamh gan fhochonn ┐ clú fáis, Leabh. ó Láimhsgr. xix 758 . a bratt co mblaid `his noble mantle', Ériu vii 225 § 46. na sinnsir . . . / nach bíodh fa bhladh, PBocht 2.16 . ceōl fa bloidh `famous music', Ériu iv 174.15 . aird-cheannas Éireann / . . . ar bhuadh ar bhlaidh (: ríoghaibh), Content. xxx 20. (Of a prince's reign) sé bliadna ar b.¤ , MacCarthy 156.17 . cóic bliadna ar blaid, 164.9 . foruacht fria blada sin Bruig his triumphs were set at naught at the Brug, LL 15856. ba borrband balc for blada / la D., 15904 . dá ndeich sé bliadna ar bladaib, 24139 .

Freq. in chevilles: forcanat b.¤ , Fianaig. 4.19 . tre blaid mbinn, ZCP viii 106.1 . datta in b.¤ , MacCarthy 144.5 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114.29 .

In prov. is būaine b.¤ inā seōid, K. and H. 28.9 . is búaine bladh 'ná saeghal, Imr. Brain 63.2 . As attrib. g s.: cethracha bliadan blaidi `forty famous years', Ann. Conn. 1270.18 . co tuc failte blada doib, LB 238c46 (ACC Comm.).

pn As name of Cú Chulainn's spear: B. ar Bladaib a ainm-side, LL 13941.

Compds. With adjj. isin beluch blad-adbail `high in renown', Metr. Dinds. iii 158.14 . claideb Golai . . . / fri brig ṁbladailc, SR 6183. rogabsat Banba mbladbil of good fame, Rawl. 83a34 . cen nach ṁbríg ṁbládbrais rofeis, SR 1679. os Banba bladbricc ` various-famed ', MacCarthy 424.18 . bricht bladmas, IT iii 40 § 36.

With nouns: mór a bladalt, TBC-LL¹ 3521. samlaithir fri bladbail ṁbla / otha thalmain co hésca, SR 415. B. na mbladbann of the famous deeds, SG 335.34 . bladfhocal ón bladfocal / a Chríst tair dom anacul, 389.15 . nir ba h-aitherrach . . . bisig na bladh-nóis, MR 314.22 . Buais, buinni ar bladaoibh binni `famous delight of melody', Leb. Gab.(i) 64.10 . dar Ard mBresta mbladáibe, SG 373.12 = ṁbladaíbi, LL 6924.

See 1 blá.

? bocet, bochet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? bocet, bochet or dil.ie/6242

 

Forms: buichet, Buichet

n ro hir dam . . . .x. ndeich mbo bo cet (.x. neich bo bochet, .x. mbo mbo cet, v.ll.), Ériu ii 3.13 . Perh. read buichet and cf. n.pr. Buichet, Ériu xvi 7 - 9 . Cf. BDD² 267.

1 cé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cé or dil.ie/8419
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cía

adj in phr. (in) bith c.¤ this world . In a few exx. also cía (with domun). Perh. orig. on this side, here, cf. a dó seacht ndeich ar mhíle / o ghein Críost c.¤ co rímhe, AFM ii 902 ; diminaig snechta coild ch.¤ `the snow has smoothed the wood here', RC xi 131.47 . Cf. also n. loc. (gen.) Cluana C.¤ , LL 22465 . See cen and GOI § 827 ; Ériu v 144 . ceu grec ceus .i. nubs, unde bith c.¤ qui incerta(i)mobilis est , O'Curry 143 ( H 3.18, 80 ). in bith c.¤ .i. in bith cenntarach, Stowe Gl. 437 . díbad bethad c.¤ `of the present life', Thes. ii 332.3 (Hy. v). for bruig betha ce, SR 1886 (bethad, MS). serc bethu c.¤ , Fianaig. 16.24 . do chuaidh don b. cetna che departed this first world, BB 59a4 . sirechtach dál in b. c.¤ , Ériu v 211.5 .

With prec. prep.: o genair mac deodha Dé / for bith c.¤ hi colla crí in this world, AFM ii 616 . ar ór ná ar shéd ar bith c.¤ / ná tréicse do chomairce at all, any(?), SG 107.16 . fon mbith c.¤ throughout the world, AFM ii 530 . i m-bith chee, Imr. Brain 58 .

With other nouns: talamh ce (: dē), Blathm. 65 . fíad Chríst in domain chía, Ériu vi 116.5 = ZCP vii 309.1 . ní bérat buidne a mbuadha / do shluaga domon cia, SG 88.9 . ar toirbeirt dílghadha / don domnán c[h]é, ZCP viii 202.20 . an chruinne ch.¤ , DDána 31.4 . ? With a name: māsa thusa Cormac cé 'if you are earthly Cormac', BDC 232.157 .

Note also: an c.¤ the world , Ó Bruad. iii 58.13 . físi an ch.¤ , ii 46.5 . ? LaochDomnall . . . craeb ch.¤ na lí luath (: Dé), Caithr. Thoirdh. 18.26 . cuirem d'ár naimdeoin uaine / cumha Donnchaid dercuaine; / léig flaith c.¤ ar sechmall mar sin / sechnam go maith é ar éigin, 44.20 . `c.¤' talamh, Metr. Gl. 20 § 64 , 26 § 29 . c.¤ .i. talamh, O'Cl.

deach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deach or dil.ie/14810
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deach, déach, deich, deach, deich, déich, deachaib, deuchu, deochu, deachu

n o, m. A syllable (`dialt') or a combination of syllables up to octosyllables (`bricht') as a metrical unit, a verse-foot . deach .i. siolla, Gloss. no. 1, O'Curry It answers to Lat. pes (rendered by Ir. traig, which latter, however, is not in general use as a metr. term): is traig lasin laitneóir in dech lasin filid, IT iii 129. 1 . BB 327 a 24 . deach dno troich a bunad laiten, BB 321 b 32 . By the native grammarians explained

(a) as de-ḟuach: deach .i. defuach .i. deḟocul. fuach focul .i. comrag focail .i. dialt fri dialt i.e. two words (`fuach' means `word'), i.e. a union of words, namely a syllable with a syllable Corm., s.v. deeach .i. défuach .i. comrac dá sillab .i. traig ┐ cip lín sillab conrísat and iarsin is deeach a ainm beos, H 3.18, 68 a .

(b) as deg-ḟuach: deach... degfuach nó defuach dano a hinni, BB 321 b 32 .—Deach possibly an old derivative of dá (cf. dé-de and dé- in cpds.) and originally applied only to a verse-foot of two syllables ( comrac dá sillab, H 3.18 l.c. ). Deach i.e. disyllabic dĕ-äch with shortening of dē- in hiatus. Mir. déch.

n s. deach: ceist cia cruth suidigthir in deach. ni hansa. nach son oencongbálach dochuissin is dealt a deach. nach son dechongmálach dochuissin is recomrac a deach, ACL i 160. 10 sq. recomarc in deach tánaise iarcomarc in tress deach...bricht in tochtmad deach, Corm. s.v. Thr. Ir. Gl. 16. 4 f.b. sq., ib. 11 f.b. is deach is luigem ar ciatberar déach don dialt ní hirasa (= hirusu) sin, ib. 10 f.b. indles do dhialt deach, BB 321 b 40 . fid ┐ deach letter and verse-foot ib. 321 b 2 . in gné nó in cenél in deach, ib. 322 b 5 . co festar cia deach dona .viii. ndeachaib daroig in aisti, ib. 323 a 4 . deeach H. 3. 18, quoted above. déach: Corm. l.c. 16. 10 f.b. feilis in cethramad déach, ib. 1 f.b.g s. deich: is fotha ṅdeich (sc. in dialt) the dialt is the foundation of `deach' Corm. l.c. 16. 8 f.b. sreatha deich (name of a metre) IT iii 95. 8 f.b.a s. d s. deach: fri fid ┐ deach ┐ réim, &c. LL 37 a 18 . cenmotha fid ┐ deach, IT iii 6 § 3 n. BB 296 b 32 . desmirecht ar gach deach fo leith óthá dialt cotrici bricht, IT iii 20. 18 . dialt ...is aire at berar deach fobíth is fon deach, Corm. l.c. 16. 8 f.b. don deach fil ina dhíaidh .i. in cóiced deach, ib. 17. 5 .—n p. deich (i.e. deïch): ceist cislir deich docuissin BB 327 a 24 . 321 b 38 . IT iii 47. 20 ; 48. 1 . déich: ocht ndéich tra atrímet filid na nGædel, Corm. l.c. 16. 6 f.b.d p. deachaib: is ó dheachaib sluintir alta na nhuad, BB 328 b 21 . deach dona .vii. ndeachaib ele, ib. 321 b 40 isna deachaib, ib. 321 b 35 . ní dlegar dona bardaib eolus i fedaib ná i ndeachaib, O'Dav. 771 . do deachaib, IT iii 20. 18 .—a p. deuchu: genmotha tomus fri fidiu ┐ deuchu, ib. 24. 15 . deochu, BB 321 a 7 . deachu: cenmotha fidu ┐ deachu, IT iii 6. 4 .

dedlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedlaid or dil.ie/15001

 

Forms: dedlaid, deadlaidh, dedlaigh, nosdedlai, nosdedland, deadhlann, ndeglum, corodeglat, deglaidis, dedel, dedél, dedelum, degheolum, rodeghlais, rodedail, -deghail, rodeadhail, rodeghail, rodeadhailsead, rodedlaithseat, rodeighlisiod, deghladar, deadhaltar, deglaiter, rodedlad, dodedhladh, corodeglad, deglad, dedhailti, dedlai, dedlad, dedail, dedél

v -i-, denominative of dedail.—ACT. pr. ind. 3 sg. dedlaid, Laws iv 284. 2 f.b. ; 286. 2 . ; v 360. 4 . deadlaidh H 2.15A, 14 b . dedlaigh, BB 452 b 40 . nosdedlai (: co ndremnai) SR 8348 . — nosdedland, LL 135 a 43 . deadhlann P. O'C. from Keat.—subj. 1 pl. go ndeglum , ACL iii 240 st 43 . 3 pl. corodeglat, ZCP vii 269 § 8 . —imperf. 3 pl. deglaidis (mod. deighlidís), Éigse Suadh 99 .—e-fut. 1 sg. ní dedel (i.e. dedél) BB 270 b 1 (deidél, Lec.). 1 pl. ná dedelum (i.e. -élum), CCath. 1703 (v.l. degheolum). s-pret. 2 sg. rodeghlais, ZCP iv 384. 34 . 3 sg. rodedail, LU 47 a 39 . LL 33 b 10 (ca. 1000). 257 b 20 . CCath. 2053 (v.l. -deghail). rodeadhail, BB 36 b 48 . rodeghail, Acall. 3451 . 3 pl. rodeadhailsead, Dinds. § 79 (v.l. rodedlaithseat). rodeighlisiod, TFrag. 192. 11 .— cor deghladar , RC xviii 193. 7 ( Tig. A.D. 1162 ), depon. ending added to the stem of present. PASS. pr. deadhaltar, P. O'C. deglaiter , BB 309 a 35 . pret. 3 sg. rodedlad, LL 160 b 32 . 191 b 24 . BB 359 a 25 . CCath. 3259 . YBL 338 a 28 (-dh). dodedhladh, AFM v 1582. 9 . corodeglad LB 191 b 27 . nír deglad , 238 c b 11 .—pc. pl. dedhailti, CCath. 5276 . —VN. dedail, q.v. RHYMES : dedlai : dremnai (d s.) SR 8348 . dedlad : sedlad, LL 191 b 27 . dedail : debaid, ib. 257 b 20 . : meraig, LL 211 b 39 . dedél (fut). : chél (fut. ) BB 270 b 1 .

I Trans.

(a) disjoins, severs, parts, separates (from : fri, Mid.-Ir. ri, la). Glossed by deiligid, H 2.15A, p. 14 b , and frequently joined to this (as also to scáilid). deadhlaim I separate, divorce, sever, part, put asunder P. O'C. deadhaltar is parted, ib. — nosdedland Sruth Danai aniar, LL 135 a 43 . nosdedlai, SR 8348 . dascáiled...dodedladh ┐ dodeliceadh in buiden sin re chéli, YBL 338 a 28 . rodedlad rafucsat slóigh, Rawl. 79 b 25 . rodedlad de, 163 a 6 . dind gili druing dedlaid graig, 147 b 48 . tuc in clérech in cend frisin médi. anndar lat nír deglad riam iat, LB 238 cb 11 . rolaad isin roth coro deglad a ṅdeich renda a chorp, ib. 191 b 27 ( PH 1212 ). doḟás gairbhe san ngaoith...┐ dodedhladh ré roile an long ┐ an tarthrach, AFM v 1582. 9 . rodedlad friu lucht tuscairnte na comairli ┐ rodíchennait, CCath. 3259 . Teamair is Ériu ... rodosdeadhail drong dáinech BB 36 b 48 . deglaiter, ib. 309 a 35 . noco rosdedhail bás, ib. 2053 . deadhlann an bás an duine ┐ a ṁaitheas saoghalta, TSh. 17. 3 (v.l. from P. O'C. s.v.). Nathfraech icar deghlad na deighḟir from whom the nobles branched off Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . — Parts from, saves from : Temair breg baile na fian : rosdedail Dia ra domiad, LL 33 b 10 = Ériu iv 92. 1 . rocurad rosedlad sé : rodedlad ra doenmige, LL 160 b 32 . 191 b 24 . BB 359 a 25 .

(b) diminishes, lessens , opp. tuillid `increases' : nofríth i saltair Dé déin : sech ní tuilliub ní dedel : ó init co cáisc ní chél : a Caisil robái Benén, BB 270 b 1 . Leb. Cert. 60. 2 .

II Intr. parts, separates : dobertsa mo bréithir ná dedhelum (v.l. degheolum) don chur sa, CCath. 1703 . ón ló rodeghlais frim, ZCP iv 384. 34 . ón lo rodeghail rinde co ham na húaire seo, Acall. 3451 (v.l. dodealuigh, BLism. 181 a 1 ). rosdedail fri Isaac, Rawl. 73 a 26 . co rodeglat immale, ZCP vii 269 § 8 . rodeadailseat oc Beluch Dá Liag, Dinds. § 79 . dorónsad comrádh tairisi ┐ rodeighlisiod iartain, TFrag. 192. 11 . cor deghladar cen tṡíth cen cath RC xviii 193. 7 .— orba dúthrachta dedlaid fri fine, Laws iv 284. 2 f.b. ; 286. 2 . fuidir dedlaid fri fine, ib. v 360. 14 . co cenglum ár corp sin chath: go ndeglum re port pecthach, ACL iii 240 st 43 ( Hy Maine 122 b ). gurob ann deaghluidh re Tír Fiachrach i naimsir ṁarbhtha Tailtigh, Hy Fiach. 126. 11 . cuin dodheaghail risin mbruidh, BB 40 b 46 .— ABS. ropo chrúaid leo far ṅdebaid: rodedail gleo i nuarcollaib, LL 257 b 20 . — IDIOM. gid ed sin chena dedlaigh ar comáin ort grates persolvere dignas non opis est nostrae ( Aeneid i 600 ) BB 452 b 40 . Aen. 354 .

MOD. deighlim: do deighil se he divided GJ xvi 183 . Deighlim in the sense of Eng. `deal' (of cards) seems a loan from English: deighilmís...do dhein sé na cártaidhe ┐ do dheighil an crobaltach iad, GJ xvii 34. 23 . Cf. mod. deighleáil, déaláil in the same sense.

duille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. duille or dil.ie/19115
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: duilne

n Earlier duilne , f. In later lang. m. (TSh., DDána). See O'Rahilly, SGS iii 69 .

(a) leaf; also as collect. foliage: dulle ┐ bláth ┐ mess, LL 156a21 . i n-óenḟecht . . . ḟásas a nd.¤ 's a mbláth, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . adomchumben a dule | ním-anaicc a fidrube its leaves prick me (of furze), Corm. Y 56 . an tan d'ḟeogh an bile | 'dir ghéag a's d.¤ , Oss. iv 172 . d.¤ feadha, TSh. 3360 . biseach d.¤ re drúcht samhra[i]dh, 3 C 12, 148.17 . comtar lir dulli for fidbaid, RC iii 177.30 . fid cen erchre . . . forsfil duilli co n-órdath, Imr. Brain i 21 . rosétea . . . amal dulli darbri, TFerbe 92 . lia nāt luibi for maigaib | no duili for fidbadaib, SR 936 . ar scāth a féile . . . tucsat duilli na fiche, 1360 = tucsat d.¤ na pailme, MacCarthy 56 . ceitheora duillne fair (of a `dos'), Corm. Y 423 = cetheora d.¤ bit fair, Laws iv 360 Comm. co ndib duillib, ib. do budh breádha a dh.¤ , Dan. iv 12 . do fhuaidheadar duilleadha fíge dhá cheile, Gen. iii 7 . crobuing derg ar duillib corcra | ar choilltibh uaine an fóid mhín, KMMisc. 174 . Freq. in med. texts: duilde sene senna leaf , 3 C 19, 89vb11 . sugh duilli na lili, 42rb3 . deantar aér an tigi dfionnfhuara maille morán duisge ┐ re doille soille sally leaves (?), 3 C 22, 2b10 . Cf. re nenuphar ┐ a gcosmhuile, 3 C 19 , 3va18 . ubhall duilli na darach oakgall , ACL i 327.67 . d.¤ feithe caprifolium, woodbine , RC ix 230 ; ACL i 327 .

(b) Of things resembling leaves: fo duilnib sleg cóicrind cruach blades of spears, LL 7187 ( Hail Brigit 10 ). d.¤ dearg (name of a spear), Acall. 3924 ; cf. duillend. is amlaid rotaisbenad doib-sium he .i. d.¤ oir fair a leaf-shaped brooch (?), Lec. 368a11 . d.¤ óir gold-leaf , 24 P 32, 258.2 . Esp. leaf of a book: scribtar a n-anman i ndulne (ndulind, v.l.), Cáin Ad. § 46 . (with play on double meaning) aluinn d.¤ an liubhair-si | psaltair Chaoimhghin cháidh. | āille d.¤ mh'iubhair-si | i nGlinn Bolcáin báin, BS 140 . d'impód na d.¤ to turn over the leaf (oppd. to lethanach page), MacCongl. 53 . buain d.¤ na ndeich n-aithneadh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 9 . tabhair mar tugadh anoir | crois ó chomharba Peadair | d.¤ doirche gan drud ris a sinister document (of a Papal prohibition) (?), DDána 72.2 .

(c) Fig. co nderna d.¤ siabartha sechránach soghluaiste díob scattered them like leaves, SG 270 . ? triath Oiligh ón uair adbath | ní thug cara nā comthach | buille congnamha fá a ceann | d.¤ urbhadha Eireann, 3 C 12, 319.18 . d.¤ an domain the glory of the world: ag diúl d.¤ dhiombuain an domhain, TSh. 347 . neimh-chion ar dh.¤ an domhain, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 40 . grás M. . . . | ná tréig ar dh.¤ an domhnáin, DDána 22.12 . d.¤ bhetha nach buan seal, Rel. Celt. i 136 . Mac Domhnaill, duille ar gcraoibhe 'the son of Domhnall ... is the foliage of our branch', Giolla Brighde 86 § 19 .

Compd. caill duleglas green-leaved , Fianaig. 10 .

fili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fili or dil.ie/22070
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fili, filid, filid, filed, filid, ḟilid, fileda, filed, file, fileadha, filidh, filed, fili, fili

n t, m. n s. fili, Wb. 31b19 . Sg. 29a3 . LU 10942 , etc. a s. filid, 10944 . d s. filid, Sg. 140a1 . g s. filed, 71b16 . n p. filid 63a14 . ind ḟilid , 162a3 . Ml. 26b10 . a p. fileda, Sg. 63b4 . 212a11 . g p. filed, Rawl. 124a46 . n s. file, LU 10941 . Rawl. 156b5 . IGT, Decl. § 21 . n p. fileadha ( Keat. iii 1239 , etc.) is proscribed as incorrect, IGT Decl. § 21. ex. 784 .

Orig. seer, diviner (cognate with Welsh gwelet, see Thurn. Heldensage, 66 ), and in earlier documents generally implies occult powers or knowledge : fili gl. propheta, , Wb. 31 b 19 . imbass forosnae .i. dofuarascaib sechip ret bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . is a Senc[h]as Mar ro airled comdire do rig ┐ epscop ┐ aige rechta litre ┐ sua[i]d filed for-can di cendaib, Laws i 40.16 ( ZCP xvi 175 ), with gl. : .i. in sui file[d] ... da faillsigend imad a sofesa ... co ndenand rand can smuainedh .i. cen imradud, Laws i 42x Comm. firt filed (a miracle wrought by a poet) AU 1024 . See also ZCP xix 163 , IT iii 96 § 155 , Imr. Brain i 46 , Corm. s.v. Mug eme , Coire Brecain ; RC xxvi 8 . For `fili' and `drui' as interchangeable terms see Plummer V. SS. Hib. i clxi , clxii . Poet (historian, panegyrist, satirist), man of learning (the `fili' in early times was not always sharply distinguished from the `breithem' and `senchaid,' and seems originally to have united all three functions : ni dhligh cúairt no cennaighect | ar ni fili fíreólach | hi feidm eoluis ilcrothaigh | manip co fēigh fessara | cīsa tenna is tuarustla | ... ; ni dlig cuairt ... | file nach dron dechraighfes | sochur dochur dílmaine | drēcht cech tīre thic, ZCP iv 237 . Leb. Cert. 236 . on uair dona ronuc Aimirgin Glungel cetbreth i nEre robu la filedhu a n-oenur breithemnus, cusin Imacallaim in da Tuar i nEmain Mache .i. Ferceirtne file ┐ Nede mac Adna ... Ba dorcha didiu in labrad ro labairset na filid [sic leg.] isin fuigell sin ┐ nirbu reill donaib flaithib in brethemnus ronucsat ... Do allad didiu brethemnus [sic leg.] ar filedhaib iar sin, acht a nduthaigh de, ┐ ro gab cach d'feraib Eirenn a drecht don breithemnus, Laws i 18 Comm. Cf. dichetal filed, one of the things by which law is preserved in tradition, ZCP xvi 175 = Laws i 30 . canaid in breithem fassach firaicnid ┐ roscadh filed, da cois ina brethe in sin, Corm. Y 1224 . See also the tract on The Privileges ... of poets, ed. E. J. Gwynn, Ériu xiii p. 2 ff .) : amal as ho molad ┐ adamrugud in choimded intinscana in salm sa [isamlaid] forcentar dano amal dundgniat ind filid linni cid in sin, Ml. 26b10 . filidh (gl. poeta), Ir. Gl. 1 . Of Latin poets Sg. 63a14 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas ┐ brecht a fuacras in file, Corm. Y 600 . f.¤ ... .i. seircid foglamo. nó ... fī fora aeir ┐ lī fora molad, O'Mulc. 537 . duarfine ... ainm d'filethaib .i. fine duar .i. fine foccul, Corm. Y 445 . rosiachtus glún Amargin filed coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbi, LU 10298 . rātha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, secht n-ócthigirn. na secht ṅdruid dia rímsad tría brichtu, na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra (`the seven druids to bewitch (?) them by means of spells; the seven poets to satirise them and denounce them') Dinds. 161 . nemed .i. fili ... ar is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . nem-uath fri filedaib iarsinni aerait nech co n-epil de, 830 f . asbert in fili nodnaírfed ... ┐ no áerfad a athair ┐ a máthair ┐ a senathair ┐ docechnad fora n-usciu conná gébtha iasc ina inberaib, LU 10946 ( Imr. Brain i 46 ). Applied to Virgil , Sg. 29a3 ; Epimenides Wb. 31b19 . ar ba faith, ar ba file (of David), Hib. Min. 5. 157 . ro can in filid ┐ in faith .i. Bec mac Dé, Cog. 10.22 . Find fili, mac Rosa, LL 311b53 . c56 . Rawl. 118b30 . gen. Find filed m. Rossa, 117e28 . Faifne file, LL 160b11 . Ferchertne file, Rawl. 156b4 . ZCP viii 326.1 . The `filid' was commonly attached to the house-hold of a chief. The calling was hereditary and the office of `fili' to the head of the clan was, in later times at any rate, often the prerogative of a particular family : fili Conchobair in tAed, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22 . Fergus Fínbel, file Find, Dinds. 52 . Fergus Fínbél, fili na Féinde, Acall. 3017 . file Chon Raoi, Feircheirtne a ainm, Keat. ii 3524 . clann Fhir bhisigh .i. fileadha Ua nAmhalghaidh ┐ Cloinne Fiachrach, Hy Fiach. 10 . adubhairt ris file do bheith 'na ardollamh aige féin ar aithris na ríogh roimhe, Keat. iii 1465 .

duais ḟiled is ruidles .i. a ndoberr [sic leg.] i logh natha acht rop iar firinde ┐ choir mbeith in nath the poet's fee is absolutely conveyed, that is, what is paid for a poem, provided the poem be truthful and correct ZCP xiii 20.19 ( Bürgschaft 7 ). coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla fene ┐ fasaige na filed ┐ berla etarsgarta ┐ berla forttide [fortcide v.l.] na filed triasa n-agaillit cach dib a chele, Auraic. 1303 . berla na filed, part of the sixth year's course of the student-`fili' IT iii 38 .

From early times the `filid' formed an important and highly organized corporation classed among the `saer-nemed' (privileged classes) : tri nemid uaisli ... .i. espoc ┐ flaith ┐ file, O'D. 1631 (< H 5.15, 16b ). it e saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh (.i. graid filedh), feine, Laws v 14.10 . There were seven grades of fili, of which the highest was the ollam filed : in t-ollam filedh iarna uirdned ag rig tuath the fully qualified poet when appointed by the king of territories Laws i 42z Comm. ollamh fileadh ` master poet ' Studies 1919, 74 . Cf. O'D. 1214 ff ( H 2.15A, p. 84 ). in t-ollam sair ... adeitig lasin ugdar ni bud mo do na cutruma risin ollamain filed, no risin ollamain mberla no risin fear legind, Laws v 92x Comm. secht ngrad filed : ollam, ansrut[h], cli, canae, dos, mac fuirmid, focluc, O'Mulc. 537 . IT iii 96 § 155 . RC xii 119 . See also Laws iv 358 - 60 . v 26 ; 56 ff . is a ndanaibh defrighet ┐ dearscaighit gach grad filedh o raile i sos ┐ i segda ┐ i n-aircedal BB 296b29 ( IT iii 6 n .). sé dá rádh go riacht tusa | ... seacht ngradh na bfilidh ar fad ..., Gofraidh Mac an Bhaird, 23 L 17, 148b . The fili was at all periods distinguished from the bard (q.v.), whose qualifications and status were inferior (in: a bhfilidh, dá ngairid báird, Keat. i 70 , he is rendering Camden : poetas, quos bardos vocant) : cescc cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh ... ? amhail roghabh rithim arradh Mettuir, as amhlaidh ataid na báird cona mbairdne arradh na ffiledh, Ériu xiii 42.4 . dichlannaigfiter filid cona biat filid etir acht baird tantum , Rawl. 111b14 ( RC xxvi 44 - 5 ). is aire tra na dlegait baird acht letheneclann na filedh uair na frithgh[n]at, uair ni [di]reanar a ngradhaibh filedh neach na frit[h]gnat no o nach frit[h]ghainter the reason bards are entitled to only half the honor-price of poets is that they do not serve [ = practise their art], for `dire '-fine is not paid for any in the grades of a poet who do not serve or are not served BB 296b33 . Amal forber cach gradh filed seach araile im mod soís in oircidail toimside, forber ... cach gradh dibsom [viz. the bards] seach aroile IT iii 24 . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad .i. bairdne na mbard ┐ dlegair dond ḟilid a ḟis, ar is he accept na sechtmad bliadna don ḟilid, 39 . ni dír báird acht dír fileadh | fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182 . The fili in his twelve-year course of study ( IT iii 31 ff .) had to master the various metrical tracts and oghams, memorize a mass of verse and prose tales, and learn certain methods of incantation : is hi ... foglaim na hochtmaide bliadna .i. fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem ┐ reicne roscadach ┐ laíde .i. tenm laída ┐ immas forosnai ( ZCP xix 163 ) ┐ dichetal do chennaib na tuaithe ┐ dín[n]ṡenchus ┐ primscéla Hérend olchena fria n-aisneis do ríghaib ┐ flaithib ┐ dagdhoínib. Ar ni comlán in fili chena, sicut dixit poeta : ni ba dúnad cen rígu. niba fili cen scéla, IT iii 49 - 50 . in-feded in fili scél cacha aidche do Mongán, LU 10942 .

Sometimes in sense a learned man, one skilled in literary composition in Irish, dist. from the Latin author on one hand and the unlearned Irishman on the other : a ngrad con-deilg lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin filid `the comparative degree of the Latinist (writer of Latin) is named inflection by the [Irish] poet' Auraic. 640 . possit ┐ comparait ┐ superlait lasin Laitneoir .i. fothugudh ┐ forran ┐ formoladh lasin filid : maith ┐ fearr ┐ fearrson lasin nGaedeal, 645 . maith, etc. (.i. lasin nGaedel coitchend a n-ecmais in filed, fothugad immorro lasidhe) 657 . ocht ndeich tra atrimet filidh na Goídilce the Gaelic poets reckon eight (metrical) feet Corm. Y 447 .

3 fochair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 fochair or dil.ie/22421

 

Forms: —ech

n some branch of poetic science (?): foghlaintidhe .i. fear aga mbí eólus i ndeich leabhraibh d'ḟochoir aige, sin goirthear de fear tiachtana fochoireach `a man who has knowledge of ten books of science ... a man who is acquiring science' O'Curry MS. Mat. 494 (from H. 5. 30 = fear tiachtana focairi, O'D. 920 (< H 3.17 c. 654 ). desgibal .i. fear aga mbí fochoire uile .i. da leabhar déag na fochoireach ib. The form in —ech may be g p., see follg.

foglainntid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foglainntid or dil.ie/22758

 

Forms: foghlainntidh, faghlainntidh, -idh, -edh, -edh, -idhedh, ḟoghlaintidh, foglainntig

n i, m. (fo-gleinn-) foghlainntidh faghlainntidh (g s. -idh, -edh; g p. -edh, -idhedh) IGT, Decl. § 52 . A learner, a student: rop f.¤ rop ḟelsam (of Nimrod) SR 2702 . ba fóglainntig bescna ... he asa macbrataib, Alex. 809 = foglainti bescnaid, BB 497b39 . foglaindtidh bescna, Anecd. v 1.13 . coictach, descipul, foglaintid (grades in a monastic school) ZCP v 499 § 1 . caecdach ┐ foglaindtig, Laws v 102.19 Comm. foghlaintidhe .i. fear ag a mbí eólus i ndeich leabhraibh d'ḟochoir aige, ... fear tiachtana fochoireach, O'Curry, MS. Mat. 494 = foglaintid .i. deich lebra la foglaintid .i. fer tiachtana focairí, O'D. 920 (< H 3.17 c. 654 ). o rabúi ... Adomnan 'na ḟoglaintid (foglaindtich v.l.) oac RC xiii 112 . v s. a ḟoghlaintidh!, TFrag. 74.10 = sgolaighe óg ib. 2 . g p. triar foglainntig tainicudar ... do denum leiginn; ... in triar foglainntigisi, MS. Mat. 529 (LFlav.). mór n-oideadh ... mór bhfoghlaintidh, Content. xxv 9 .

See foglamaid.

for-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-beir or dil.ie/23374
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: forbiur, forbeir, -forbair, formberat, forberat, -foirpret, formberinn, forberad, forbered, forbartais, forbeir, forbéra, forbre, -foirbret, forbertais, forrubart, -forbart, fororbart, forbart, forrubartmar, forrubartatar, -forberther, forb(a)r-, foirpr-, forbiur

v O.Ir. forms: Pres. 1 s. forbiur, Sg. 173a1 . 3 s. forbeir, 32a1 . -forbair, O'Dav. 465 ( Ériu xii 200 ). 3 pl. formberat (rel.) Ml. 71c1 . forberat, SR 7275 . -foirpret Sg. 48b5 . impf. 1 s. formberinn, Ml. 88a10 . 3 s. forberad ib. forbered, LU 10641 . 3 pl. forbartais, SR 3680 . ipv. 2 s. forbeir, AM 2.12 . fut. 3 s. forbéra, LU 4257 . subj. pres. 3 s. forbre, Ériu iii 4.13 (`one would expect forroibrea,' Strachan ib. p. 5 n. f ). 3 pl. -foirbret, Ml. 27c6 . sec. fut. 3 pl. forbertais, SR 2807 pret. and perf. 3 s. forrubart, Ml. 33c10 : 64c7 . -forbart, SR 5721 may belong to another compd., see fúabair. fororbart LL 6b16 , Fél. Prol. 173 ( GOI § 529 ); ro forbart , LL 168b38 . 1 pl. forrubartmar, Ml. 102a1 . 3 pl. forrubartatar 101a10 . Pass. subj. pres. s. -forberther, Thes. ii 255.18 . Vn. forbart, q.v. In later Mid. Ir. treated as a weak simple vb., stem forb(a)r-, foirpr-.

(a) intrans. grows, increases (in size, quantity, number); in Glosses transl. Lat. crescere, adolescere, inolescere, exolere, pollucere: forbiur (gl. redoleo) Sg. 173a1 . O'Mulc. 637 (gl. glisco). amal formbeir et toirthigedar (fructificat et crescit) Wb. 26c3 . in silne nemda triasa forbair gort na n-irisech LB 257b40 ( Todd Lect. vi 25.9 ). forbrigh [ = -idh] an charrac conidh mor hí, RC x 88x (v.l. roforbuir). feoil lenam dobertha di co raforbreg [ = ro forbred] co prap, Anecd. i 18 . ro fhás ┐ ro fhorbuir in righan co ro aibeil, Études Celt. i 79.9 . ro fhás ┐ ro fhorbreastair an ingen, ZCP xiii 199.9 . darorbair for cnāmaibh ēisc, Lism. L. 3827 (cf. rofhorbair ... co mor, in corresp. text, BNnÉ 77 § 147 ). intan ro orbair ┐ ro eirig a haeis, BB 236a36 . meni thairsed a marbad forbértaís na nathracha sain (= arforbertais, Dinds. 13 ) would have grown so much LL 159b45 . cia forbrid cia sergait in loch, Todd Todd Nenn. 194 . ar na ro foirbre in peccad aitherrach isin indsi seo, Laws i 12.30 Comm. ro ḟoirbriter ... ┐ ro métaighset na teinnte, RC xxv 392 § 8 . With cogn. acc.: in flesc maet[h] ... is suail for-bera forbeirt will have small growth ZCP xiii 264z . Rises (in value, rank, etc.): ma ḟorbera folud a thighe, combifolud mboairech, Críth G. 81 . a sētaib ... forberat fene ... otha isel co huasal (i.e. increase in value of honour-price), Laws iv 354.18 . foirbeir saeiri breatheamain ... corigi biatad dā fear dēg, v 90.30 . Increases in number, multiplies: (dialt:) is fotha ndeich, ┐ is ass forberat co forcend mbrechta i mbiat ocht ndiailt, Corm. Y 447 . ... ilar luba ... forberat uili immalle, SR 7275 . forbrid ┐ imdaigid (= crescite et multiplicamini) Rawl. 70b2 . fororbart a clandside ... obatar i mmílib LL 6b16 . ro forbredar ┐ ro imdaigedur na fir sin i n-ilmilib, Ériu viii 8 § 9 . no tigdis sluaig nuadh cacha bliadna cucu, co ro forbarsead ┐ go ro linsat o Inis T. co C., Todd Todd Nenn. 88 = ro forbriset, BB 210a23 . ro forbretar ... cuirp ┐ cinn ... i mmedhon in armaigh, CCath. 6032 . cech tinne no traeta mó sa mó no forbritis taris (of Israelites in Egypt) LB 117a8 = ro oirbridis, BB 239a45 (= in met fordingtis ... | forbartais, SR 3680 ). Increases (in wealth), prospers: sergait maíne in meic moir ... forbrid ... in ósar co mba saidbre he nā a athair, LB 158b9 ( ZCP xvii 230 ). forbeir a bfágoibh dia éis what he leaves behind prospers ZCP vii 269 § 16 . Grows i.e. comes into being: ró ḟorbratar tri hubla ... for barr na habla, ACL iii 322.27 . can forbeir coimaithces? `whence does co-tenancy arise?' Laws iv 68.19 (with gl.: can asa foirbre ib. 22 ). Trans. increases, makes greater (?): forbeir a gail ┐ a slaine, Dinds. 109 (= foirb-, BB 406a34 , but Ed. has forbraid a ghal, which seems intrans., Folklore iv 490 ). acht mad Mac Con ┐ Cairpre | ni ḟuil ar na fairpre a ḟeirg (: leirg), LL 146b31 `on whom he will not increase his anger' PRIA 1893-6, 542 § 15 . 'against whom he does not prepare his angry attack' Ériu xx 195 § 15 . Perhaps this belongs to ar-beir `uses, practices,' but possibly feirg is used for nom. (see also Ériu xx 200 ); see follg.

(b) sometimes almost = subsists: combo de forberedsi di bolod ... na lubi, LU 10641 (= do forbredsi, Ériu xii 156.5 ). Cf. (f) below.

(c) in follg. exx. folld. by a prep. the meaning seems waxes strong, stout, insolent (against): forbrid ar cách tria lunni | forbrid ar cach n-óen do gnáth | in rí co cuir bróen ar cách, LU 9705 ( ZCP iii 216 ). co forbart Dauid ... co leomain na lonnbága prevailed over (?) SR 5721 (= attacked ? cf. do-fúapair, -fúabair, -fóbair).

In: forbeir for nem, SR 2731 , `for' represents the inf. pron., see 2 for II.

(d) trans. outgrows; surpasses, prevails over: forbéra a bráithriu, LU 4257 ( SG 83 ). fuacht nā forbir loscath cold which no flame overcomes ZCP xii 296 § 7 . Cf. forrubart gl. torsit ZCP vii 482.2 ( Enchir. Aug. 75a ). increases, augments, makes grow : fasaich, forbeir fír 'announce, increase truth', AM 2.12 .

(e) in follg. exx. seems used for fúabair, fóbair: forforbairt Indech a bandāil ┐ ni forfaem Dúirgin dó sought to make a tryst Dinds. 24 . cach aen beres cocair cert | fortbeir bendacht easpoc Earc 'bishop E. confers a blessing on him' RC xvii 126 (perh. corrupt; the varr. are: fortraibh, AFM 512 . fodreith, LB 23 marg. inf.).

(f) confused with ar-beir (biuth)? forberat isnaib muirib i tāt, cu tochratar a mbiasta ┐ a bledmila for tire dia sāsad, Ériu ii 130 § 98 (they subsist?). Cf. (b) above.

forcenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forcenn or dil.ie/23431

 

Forms: forcan, forcenn, forcunn, foirciunn, forciunn, foirchinn

n o, n., later m. (the `e' and `nn' of the second syll. are evidently due to the influence of `cenn' and `for-cenna'; `forcan,' which occurs in Ml would be the regular phonetic development of for + cenn, see Ériu iii 57 ). n s. is he forcan , Ml. 91a21 (but forchenn, 118d6 ). a s. forcenn, Wb. 14c14 . Ml. 110d15 . Sg. 28b19 . d s. forcunn, Ml. 19c12 . 33a9 . 93a16 . foirciunn, Sg. 18b1 . forciunn, 169a1 . g s. foirchinn Ml. 56d8 .

(a) end, final limit (generally of time or procedure, rarely in purely local sense): gl. finis Wb. 14c14 . Ml. 91d21 . exitus 19c12 . foircheann .i. fírcheann no firdheireadh, O'Cl. acht rop ré forciunn robbé `da' ┐ nip hesom bes ḟorcenn is timmorte (gl. `Da' ... ante finem corripitur) Sg. 169a1 . ni fil tossa[ch] na f.¤ fairseom, LL 1a5 . amal nach forcend lipair nach maighin i mbí amen ..., Hib. Min. 2.49 = forcind ib. 47 . tainic forcenn dictatoirechta Césair ár sin, CCath. 210 . foircionn do dhul for ollamhnacht an Dubhshúiligh ┐ Dunlaing `the ollavships of D. and D. were abolished' AFM iii 412.15 . triath cen chenn cen ḟoirceann fair without beginning or end ACL iii 242 § 11 . maith tinscantar ┐ nad berar co f.¤ , Mon. Tall. § 90 . slechdain hi forciund cech sailm, § 5 . i forciunn a aíssi, Trip. 38.15 (407) . arnach ndermanadar Dia hi forcenn that God should not forget him unto the end (ref. to usque quo, Domine oblivisceris me in finem ?) Ml. 32d5 (constr. prob. influenced by the Lat.). a furcinn in comhluind, ZCP vi 280.12 . no go roichidh forcinn a thurais, Fl. Earls 156.34 . go foircheann na talmhan, Isaiah xlviii 20 . A term, limit: is mithich forchenn furi (ref. to indignationis lempus inculcat expletum) Ml. 118d6 . do dhuthaig duit co gairit, ar P. Forchenn air ..., ar in t-óclách give it a definite term Acall. 481 . co rusbāid hí cen forceann, YBL 447b48 (`drowned her finally' Metr. Dinds. iii 36z , but tre foirtheann v.l. perhaps better reading).

Cf. (díalt, dealt :) is fotha ndeich, ┐ is ass forberat co forcend mbrechta i mbiat ocht ndiailt, Corm. Y 447 .

(b) in sense of airchenn, what is in store (for), what is destined: is foirceann gu tora dilind, BB 22a25 . adbērat frit inni ata i forcend duid, 496b14 . Cf. asbert iarom S. friss ... aní aridboí dia forciund, LU 10347 = dia forcenn ZCP iii 255 . Cf. a Meic Dé ... a f.¤ in domain!, Ir. Lit. 80 .

1 fotha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fotha or dil.ie/24155

 

Forms: fotha, fothu, fotha, fotha, fothai, f., fatha, fotha, fotha, -dha, fothada, f., f.

n o, m. (& n. ?). n s. in fotha , Sg. 4b3 . d s. fothu, Wb. 8c18 . Ml. 120d20 . a s. fotha, BCr. 33b4 . n p. fotha, SR 4245 . fothai, 8081 . Treated as neut. : f.¤ ndeich , Corm. Y 447 . f.¤ n-utmall, Triads 173 (but : in f.¤ utmall, Sg. 4b3 ). f.¤ n-aimser, ZCP viii 195 § 2 (chev.). fatha mbúaidre, BS 30.22 (poem). fatha, fotha m., n p. fotha, -dha, IGT, Decl. § 2 ; pl. fothada, LB 1a52 .

Acc. to Thurn. ZCP xiii 301 <*fo-suide `subsidium', hence

(a) foundation, basis, bottom: cumtach don fothu Wb. 8c18 . for fothu (gl. super basem) Ml. 120d20 ; f.¤ (gl. fundamentum) Sg. 4b3 ; (crepido) BCr. 33b4 . iarsnaib fothib (gl. post ... crepundia ; taken as = crepido ? or fig. ?) Ml. 44c13 . f.¤ .i. fundameint, O'Cl. fundamentum .i. f.¤ , Auraic. 400 . fothai fudomnai domuin, SR 8081 . rochraithit fothada na haibesi, PH 35 ( LB 1a ). a[c] cumdach na catrach, ... a[c] cor a f.¤ , Aen. 304 . co ro toccbhadh cúirte cloch ... da fothaibh fulaing, AFM vi 2012.9 . Base, socle (of a pillar, etc.) : se f.¤ dec. ... do arggot ... dá f.¤ dib cech oenchláir (of boards of Tabernacle = bases argenteas Exodus xxvi 19 ) SR 4245 = se ḟ.¤ ... dí ḟ.¤ , LB 120b30 , se fothai, BB 241b36 . cona fot[h]aib clārda[ib] fotae (fothu v.l.) `tabular bases' (of quivers) CCath. 5452 .

(b) in fig. sense foundation, origin, source , often of persons. ba hiat .xii. f.¤ na heclaisi, LB 146b5 . is iat sin [viz. firta Crist] is f.¤ ┐ is bunad di cech ṡoscela ..., 149a17 . brethem cen f.¤ n-eoluis, Laws v 352z . f.¤ n-utmall eolais, Triads 173 (a `door of falsehood'). Eua ... f.¤ febda fírclainne, SR 1064 . na Fothaig ... f.¤ suith iat, ar ísí cetchlann ruc Fuinche `foundation of offspring' Fianaig. 4.3 . Cormac ... ba f.¤ fondbalc flatha, Metr. Dinds. i 36 . Cf. fer fatha na fregra (epithet of the high-king Domnall ua Neill) BB 50b34 ( MacCarthy 424 ). Fotha bec, F.¤ mór (titles of law-tracts), O'D. 1582 , 1584 ( H 5.15, p. 7a , 7b0 ). An extension of this is : f.¤ ` patterne ' RSClára 36b .

(c) cause, ground, reason: Cf. ciho fothaib son (gl. quibus ... facibus accensi sunt ... ut armari ... non timerent) Ml. 16b19 . f.¤ .i. adhbhar, O'Cl. is he tra f.¤ dia raibe in scel sa, ACL iii 4.8 . sé fatha fiadhnach fa fuil | bás F. the manifest cause from which the death of F. occurred Lec. 311r42 (= cf. f.¤ fiamach, MacCarthy 420 < BB 50b8 ). eg don gargfatha fiadhnach ib. Lec. 311r 41 . creac[h]a ... eir nách bí fōir ná fatha without remedy or reason ZCP viii 226.1 . doróni cói ... ┐ nír bó gan ḟ.¤ dhó, TTr.² 1715 . bud forderg in fatha, is olc tachar flatha | re fatha gan chin, Fianaig. 84. 10 - 12 . conid ed sin f.¤ cocaid Connacht ┐ fer Muman, RC xxiv 186 § 19 . conid f.¤ do chosnum ... ib. is e sin f.¤ aideda Fergusa, Laws i 68.17 . fatha marbtha Eóin ain, Ériu iv 174 § 4 . fatha tuidhechta Mu chua a hUlltaib, Lism. L. 4654 . damhna dér ┐ f.¤ fíorchaoíneadh, AFM v 1616.15 . in fatha ara n[d]eachaid sair the reason he went ACL iii 324.9 . ar in f.¤ sin for that reason Cóir Anm. 102 . ar na fothaibh sin, AFM v 1860.7 . ca fatha um nách fuigbeadh ? why not ? ZCP viii 563 § 25 . don fh.¤ ima roluidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 222 . anba in fatha forceatuil (of the warnings of Doomsday) D IV 2, 89ra (= DDána p. 87 ).

(d) by extension used of landed estate or property (regarded as basis of legal status ?) : f.¤ na n-uasal `property' Laws iii 234.20 . f.¤ ┐ rith (= principal & interest) ; bo dona gradhaibh Feine ina f.¤ ┐ bo for rith ; ... ceithre ba ... itir fotha ┐ rith, H 3.17, c. 549, 10 ; 13 ( Laws iii 234 ). raith laisa mbi f.¤ (.i. ac a mbi bunad tochusa) `a surety who has a basis' v 498.8 , 27 . is cumrachta f.¤ fri flaith, fri heclais, ZCP xii 365.25 . Cf. có saorthar filedha ? O neillghibh airchedail, go bḟotha go bfoirbthethaidh foghloma ..., Ériu xiii 17.34 . Tir da locha forsiung f.¤ , LL 37b7 ( Auraic. 5135 ). Cf. Metr. Dinds. iii 408.20 .

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib, Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

1 mind, minn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mind, minn or dil.ie/32297
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: mind, m., ṁmind, m., mínd, mínd, mind, miond, mind, mionna

n o, n. and m. n s. mind n-abstalacte, Wb. 20d6 . (with art.) a m.¤ , Thes. i 491.28 . a ṁmind-sa, Fél. Dec. 18. m.¤ n-óir, TBC-LL¹ 1557. n p. mínd, Ml. 18d14 . a p. inna mínd , Thes. ii 29.29 . For quality of final consonants, see Auraic. 4395 : mind iphin and (i.e. Ogham io). miond (mionn), pl. mind, mionna (anomalous), IGT Dec. § 60.

(a) a distinguishing badge or emblem of honour or rank , esp. one worn on the head, a crown, diadem , etc.: gl. insigne, insignia, Ml. 18d14 , 25d8 , 35d16 , 129c5 , BCr. 41c1 ; stigmata, Wb. 20d6 ; diadema, Tur. 95 ( Thes. i 491 ). m.¤ . . . a mund[i]tia .i. on gloine, Corm. Y 900. m.¤ n-óir budi in folt fordatuigither, FB 45. m.¤ doberar for cend miled (gl. bratium), O'Mulc. 123. barrin .i. m.¤ cind, Aen. 1587 (= tiaras, Aeneid vii 247 ). Worn by kings: stuag . . . os chind ind ordnide . . . amal m.¤ ríg, FA 8. adchondairc na riga . . . oc gabail a m.¤ for a cennai, TBC-I¹ 3464. dia mberad a m.¤ oir do chind na rigna, LU 4224. m.¤ rígda, PH 2118. By druids or sages: tri druide . . . co minnaib airgid (for a g[c]ennaib, Eg.), RC xxiv 144.7 . Anecd. ii 79.12 . is tre fir flaitheman rosaig cech dān mochtaide m.¤ suithe, ZCP xi 93 § 24 (perh. fig. apex of knowledge). By soldiers: a scabail fona minnaib sliptha soradhaircc `their helmets under their diadems' (? crests), Marco P. 61. ro bean a m.¤ catha dia chind helmet (?), D IV 2, 67rb10 . um armaib ┐ um mórminnaib ` crests ', Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.21 . Of other insignia: a dō secht ṅdeich . . . tuidmide dronmind dergóir (of bells on high priest's robe), SR 4506. minn duirn, Anecd. iii 307 § 20. claideb . . . ba m.¤ rígraide Inse Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 122 (cf. 2 mind). m.¤ do luir for a chend a laurel-wreath , Aen. 1027. Cf. Eochu . . . dofeid (.i. aisnéidh) fianna fo minnaib (.i. arraib), LL 393a53 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 , where Meyer explains he leads warrior-bands under crowns (an allusion to winning the kingship); the gl. in LL seems = soldiers' pay (? sureties, oaths , cf. d).

(b) a halidom or venerated object , esp. something connected with a saint, secondary relics Peritia xvii-xviii 223 , Studies in the Cult of Saint Columba 138 ; freq. in religious lit. mo chros . . . minn co mbloidh, ZCP x 342.4 . scrin Coluimcille ┐ a minna olchena, AU 877. minda Colaim Chille .i. Clog na righ ┐ an Chuilebaidh ┐ in da soscéla, RC xviii 12.26 (Tig.). na seacht mionna battar . . . ag Maodhóg . . . .i. an Bhrec ┐ an Bhachall Branduibh, etc., BNnÉ 244 § 195. ceall co minnaib, Laws v 222.17 Comm. do chumhdach minn ┐ mainisdrech, Lism. L. 872. airdmhionn Connacht .i. an Buacach Patraig chief halidom, AFM iv 790.4 . gan leabhair náid mionna i reighléis, Keat. iii 2767 . Such halidoms were frequently used for taking oaths on and making compacts, see Plummer, V. SS. Hib. p. cv and n. 9 ib. iar comlugi fo minnaib Brigti ┐ Caemgin, LL 32a19 (scribal note above line). m.¤ cotaig (of a bell used for swearing a covenant), BColm. 26.21 .

(c) transf. of persons, commonly used of heroes, kings, saints: Moisi minn os betha barc, SR 3865. ar m.¤ n-axal `our diadem of colloquies' (of Colum C.), ACC 82 ( RC xx 266 ). mál m.¤ mór (of the druid Cathbad), IT i 68.16 . epscop Mel m.¤ rígi, Fél. Feb. 6. Feb. 12. Mar. 29. m.¤ slúaig (of Bress), Metr. Dinds. iii 218.23 . m.¤ teglaigh ┐ sloigh, Fianaig. 6.9 . m.¤ amra i[a]rthair domain, Cog. 30.16 . fuair-sum olc dia Mairt in m.¤ the hero himself met with disaster on Tuesday (?), Ériu v 246. 241 . a Muire, a m.¤ mormaisech, Ériu i 122.12 . a Mhíchéil mo mhionn!, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 11. m.¤ .i. uasal no suí, O'Dav. 1220. Of things: celebrad cóir . . . is m.¤ cach muid mōir the crown of every great work, Ériu i 64.1 . Folld. by defining gen.: mionn sgine a treasure of a blade, TD 33.2 . mionn saltrach a precious psalter , Gofraidh Fionn iii 14 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). minn sbuir, Ir. Review 1912 p. 471 § 6 . With gen. in certain stereotyped phrases: ba m.¤ mbetha (of a flock of sheep), Anecd. i 57 § 58. ba m.¤ craidi doib the darling of their hearts, BB 436b32 . ba m.¤ súla sloigh the cynosure , Acall. 147 (of a drinking-horn). mionn súla (of a weapon), TD 33.5 . mionn súl áille gach ubhaill, Gofraidh Fionn v 20 .

(d) an oath, vow , use arising from custom of swearing on halidoms; in earlier exx. the word refers rather to the halidom itself than the oath, but in time comes to mean `oath' in general; both senses are combined in follg. ex.: do ṡín . . . a lámh amach . . . do thabhairt na mionn ┐ níor ḟéad se a chrobh do druid fa na mionnaibh, Ériu v 98.6 . amail . . . dobertha mionna riu, ib. 140 § 130 . iar sarughudh . . . a mhind dó after he had violated his oath, AU ii 138.4 . tucatar cuir ┐ minda dó air sin `sureties and oaths', BCC § 256. tug rí Frangc a minna fon ændia cumachtach, ZCP vi 34.17 . minic dobheirim re bréig mionna an leabhair I swear falsely by the book, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 10. mo chéad-aingeal liom gach laoi | mionn nach caoi éadaingean í `I swear it is (? a surety that it is) no unsafe way', xx 15 . dobheara mhionna shall swear, Isaiah iii 7. do ben minna da ṡiair fa marbad uile he made his sister swear to kill them all, Maund. 82. Content. xvi 169. amail no betais d'áen-mindaibh (i.e. as if they had conspired together), Expugn. Hib. § 83. aingil nó naoimh do luighe mar mhiond, Carswell 219. mionna (defined as calling God to witness that one has spoken truth), Luc. Fid. 98.3 .

Compds. ¤a crowned king: saighfidh mindrígha, Lism. L. 2808. With adj.: míl ¤nár, SR 1210 (leg. mín-nár?). Mainchin ¤bán ` fair-diademed' (?), Gorm. Jan. 13. tocbail croiche caemh-Crist | in meirge moir ¤glain, ib. Sep. 14. Muchius ¤noem, June 15 .

oc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oc or dil.ie/33397

 

Forms: oc(c), ac, oc, ac, ic, ag, ocin, ocind, ocon(d), icon(d), con(d), ocna, ocna, icna, ocum, acum, icum, agam-sa, ocut, acut, acot-su, icot, occo, occa, oca-som, ocae, occai, oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice, aige, occai, occae, occi, occai, acci, aicce, aice, aici, ocunn, ocainn, acainn, ocaind, oc(c)aib, acaib, ocaib, occo, oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu, aca, octhaib, oc, oc, ocom, icom, 'com, occ, oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, cot, occa, occo, oco, oc(c)a, ic(c)a, coa, ca, ga, occar, coar, cár, oc, oc, ocabar, icabar, co, ga, occa, ocua, ocaó, ica, coa-ta, ica-t, ca-tá, ga-tátt, gán, cán

prep. governing dat. O.Ir. oc(c); ac, Ml. 22a5 , 82d11 . Mid.Ir. oc, ac, ic. Mod. ag. Causes no change in initial of a subst. immediately following. In Mid.Ir. often loses initial vowel in composition with art. or poss. pron. With art.: s. ocin bathis, Tur. 68 ; ocind oipred, Sg. 190b3 . Mid.Ir. ocon(d); icon(d); 'con(d). pl. ocna fothaircthib, Sg. 217a4 . Mid.Ir. ocna, icna.

With pers. pron.: 1 s. Mid.Ir. ocum, acum; icum; agam-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2207. 2 s. Mid.Ir. ocut; acut, LU 3917 ; acot-su, 4016 ; icot. 3 s. m. & n. occo, Wb. 5a26 . occa, Wb. 8a11 , Hy. i 36 T . oca-som, LU 9019 ( FB 77 ). ocae, Ml. 41d3 . occai, Hy. i 36 F , ii 55 . Mid.Ir. oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice. Mod. aige. 3 s. f. occai, Ml. 67d23 . occae, 89c16 . occi, Sg. 7a2 . Mid.Ir. occai, acci, aicce. Mod. aice, aici. 1 pl. ocunn; in Mid.Ir. often with palatal final, ocainn, acainn; ocaind, LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). 2 pl. Mid.Ir. oc(c)aib, acaib. 3 pl. ocaib, LU 3243 , 9166 . occo, 8874 , 9018 , 9094 . oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu. Mod. aca. octhaib, Ériu iv 144.1 is a late analogical form.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. oc mo, Wb. 26c2 . oc mu, Thes. ii 293. 16 . Mid.Ir. ocom, icom, 'com. 2 s. occ t'adrad, Wb. 5a25 . ac du guidi, Ml. 22a5 . oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, 'cot. 3 s. occa, Wb. 24c13 , 28d10 . occo, Sg. 67a10 . oco, 213b4 . oc(c)a, ic(c)a: 'coa; 'ca: ga, TBC-LL¹ 5713 , 5720 . Mod. ag a, 'gá. 1 pl. occar n-, Wb. 4b16 , 10c22 . coar n-, SR 1500. cár, PH 1849. 2 pl. oc far n-, Wb. 5d33 . oc bar, 25c16 . ic for, SR 1246. ocabar n-, PH 2669. icabar, LL 238b34 . co for n-, LU 5244 (H). ga bar, LB 110b57 . 3 pl. occa n-, Wb. 16c5 , 20c3 . ocua n-, Ml. 18b4 . ocaó n-, LU 4630 . ica n-.

With rel. pron.: nearly always folld. by subst. vb.; no exx. in Glosses. coa-ta, TBC-LL¹ 1236 (2 s.) co ata, Rawl. 152b38 (3 s.). ica-t, TBC-LL¹ 1616. ca-tá, 120 . ga-tátt, BColm. 80.29 (3 pl.). ca mbia, IT i 190.15 ( FA 30 LB). oca mbaí, TBC-LL¹ 3516. coa rabi, 785 . gá farcgaib, 786 . gar cumad, ZCP viii 114 § 13.

Isolated exx. occur with cop.: pres. sdéd gan dóigh urraim na n-eillteadh, IGT Dec. ex. 1177 = gán, 662 . cán, Hy Fiach. 284. pret. on curi car terc sluaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 418.20 . As preverb, only in composition with ben- (subst. vb.), see ocuben.

In general sense denotes proximity, local or figurative (always of rest in a place or state).

I In local sense

(a) at, beside, close to: oc na fothaircthib at the baths, Sg. 217a4 . occi (gl. iuxta se), 7a2 . imdi noa occai (gl. Tarsis potens navium), Ml. 67d23 . cáingrían ocon tṡléib sin, Fél. Oct. 20. icon dún . . . .i. oc Dún Mac N., TBC-LL¹ 1225. in fetar-su cia fil icond áth?, 1157 . oc cros ind-dorus lis by the cross in front of the hostel, Mon. Tall. § 62. dessid Ísu ic meis, PH 5035 , cf. dessid ocon muicc sat down (to carve) the pig, IT 100.22 . oc Ierusalem, PH 485. fert Fergusa . . . fil ic Findloch i Connachta, ACL iii 5.4 . cantairecht do tocbail agun altoir, ZCP viii 115 § 27. gom thoigh at my house, 219 § 9 . tair ic taurcbáil na gréne in the quarter of sunrise, IT i 129.9 . Cf. is e fil oc mo gerran-sa who is in charge of my nag, Ériu v 30.9 . Exceptionally after vb. of motion (in fig. sense): do impo se na Lumbardaig . . . oc creidium na heclasi, ZCP xiii 184.2 .

(b) in fig. sense, beside = compared with (Germ. neben): luin oc elaib, Corm. Y 69 , cf. gloss in LU 330 : .i. deróli na luin i farrad na n-ela. marbāin inna bliadna so, | nirbo chuīnti nech occo there was none worth bewailing compared with them, Bruchst. i § 96 = níbo caointe ní occa, TFrag. 60.15 .

(c) folld. by demonstr. pron. so, sin, sút and a subst., form- ing an elliptical sent. here (there) is (are) (= Lat. ecce, Fr. voici, voilà). The form ac is always used in this construction, which is unknown in O.Ir. The orig. constr. is prob.: oc so (sin) atá . . . , the prep. governing the demonstr.; but later ac so (sin) comes to be regarded as a compd. adv. and the follg. subst. is sometimes in acc. case. See IGT Introd. § 128 , where ag so, ag sin and ag súd are said to be followed either by nom. or acc., `ag sin bean gheal' and `ag sin mhnáoi ngil' being both correct. ac so me here I am, PH 638. ac so uan Dé, 3794 . ac sin chucut do ríg (= ecce rex tuus venit tibi), 4376 . ac seo in corn-so dúib, LL 301b3 ( RC xiii 62 x ). ac sin bar n-usci dhaibh, Ériu v 158.220 . ag soin . . . an mbunnainn, IGT Dec. ex. 561.

Ac so, ac sin are freq. used like Fr. voici, voilà to indicate respectively a following or a preceding statement, enumera- tion, etc. ag so an tres gniomh diobh . . . fer a ionaid do dermat, BNnÉ 263.1 . ethech ┐ bréga ┐ luigeda dímaine . . . ac sin brissed na cet-aithne, PH 7604. ac sein duit ocht fichit cest rá ernisem, LL 145a52 . ac sin a n-oidid éicin chloinde crōda Cennēidig, ZCP viii 120.7 . o Gabrann co Cnamchaill . . . ag sin in gnathrainn, Ériu ii 50 § 4. ag sin agat . . . slighe na ndeich n-aithne, Dán Dé vi 11.

II Of the time or occasion at or during which someth. takes place (often = Germ. bei):

(a) sulbaire degbelrai cen tognam n-occae (gl. gratia illaborata), Ml. 89c16 . nin-fortéit-ni in spirut oc suidiu the spirit helps us not herein (i.e. when we pray), Wb. 4a27 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib engaged in sports, FB 43. an cetharlebar sosceli do aurlegund oc praind at meal- time, Mon. Tall. 29. crosfigild iarum oc domine probasti at (the words) `Domine p.', § 30. dia mbatar icon choibfhleid, PH 5048 . doratad anmunna forru icon bathis, 970 . fleadh gá sgaoiltir sgéla, IGT Dec. ex. 1051. (For: ic abardorcha, CCath. 1090 , read i cabar-.) Further extensions of this use: cid ar nach sechend ind eclais Crist ic timna na himdibe? why does not the Church follow Christ in the matter of circumci- sion? PH 5765. atbert Esaias oca césad when speaking of his passion, 2275 . atá an ghealach níosa lugha . . . mar deirim aice fein as I state when I deal with it, Corp. Astron. 88.18 .

(b) with 3 s. n. pron. used as advb. = at it, thereat, engaged therein, on that occasion, etc. ní torbe precept . . . mani dénatur ḟerte occa, Wb. 8a11 . oín-menme lib occo (gl. ut unanimes honorificetis Deum), 6d3 . huisque prius in calicem ┐ issed canar occo (i.e. while the water is poured into the chalice), Thes. ii 252.5 ( Stowe M. 64b ). Celestinus . . . isé ro herlig gráda fairseom, Germanus ┐ Amatho . . . ar aird occo G. and A. being present, Trip. 30.28 . ro baí munter P. oc búain orba . . . ros-gab íta mór occai, 236.2 . praind do tomailt . . . is a hurcul acht sailmchetal ┐ aurnaigti occo to eat . . . is for- bidden unless it is accompanied by psalm-singing, Mon. Tall. 65 . cudnód ind prainde arnā bether ocu nach cein that no long while may be spent over it, § 89. dā biait do cetol i crois- figill cen tairnem lama occa, RC xv 489 § 17. ma doragbus ní d'uabar . . . cluinte mo nuallan acai `hear me wail for it', Ériu ii 56 § 15 . nis-fil do plaig . . . nachus-bera sin for culu, acht corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430.6 .

III Folld. by vn. (strictly a case of II).

(a) after subst. vb., taking the place of a pres. part.; corre- sponding to the older Engl. gerundial construction `to be a-going'. ataat oc timthirecht apastolorum they are serving, Wb. 14a30 . ce rudbatar iudei occa thindnacul-som though . . . were delivering him up, 4b13 . Cf. is occ maid atáa he is engaged in good, 6a18 . itu ic frithalim na n-anmanna, SR 1187. bui- siom oc huamim sewing, Mon. Tall. 60. mor fer ro boí com iarraid many men have wooed me, SCC 44. ata mog Dé icot gairm is calling thee, PH 1369. tic Euá asin tsruth, bai for tir co [leg. coa or ca] tirmugud, SR 1686 = oca tirmugud, MacCarthy 66.7 . ro batar . . . duile De coar n-airmitein, SR 1500 = oc ár n-a., MacCarthy 60 z . ata Dia ic for togáes, SR 1246 = ga bar togaethad, MacCarthy 52.18 . ata drong . . . ocabar n-aithceód, PH 2669. ro bátár a cruti ocaó n-airfitiud playing to them, TBC-LL¹ 168 ( LU 4630 ).

Note the irreg. constr. in the follg. exx. in which oc accom- panied by rel. pron. governs a vn. in a rel. clause: fogéba . . . aní coa-taí iarair you will find what you are seeking, TBC-LL¹ 1236. fúr na fleidhi oca rabhadhuis denumh damsa which you were making for me, Lism. L. 2357. fírinde ina núfhiadnaise icca rabatar tairchetul of which they had been prophesying, PH 5768 . With prep. do inserted before vn.: do dhemnaib ca tai d'adrad whom thou worshippest, PH 634. is e so in t-Ísu oca raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 .

With ellipse of vb., in function of pres. part.: cid tu dana icim dail? who art thou that comest to meet me? IT i 127.4 . ingen oc ambrán singing, PH 889. siat oc slechtanaib . . . ┐ oc ádrad Ísu, 2615 . espuig ag adhaltras, ag meallad a ngraidh bishops adulterous, belying their orders, ZCP viii 209.29 . sib-si icc iarraid bar leicctiu don cath ┐ misi ica-for [accabur v.l.] fostadh, CCath. 5129.

After subst. vb. in impers. construction: cia bethir oc far n-ingrim though they be a-persecuting you, Wb. 5d33 . céin both oc taisbenad na flede dóib while they were setting forth the feast, FB 13. is and ro bas oca caíniud lamentation was made for them, 77 . atathar com breith don Teibh they are taking me to Thebes, RC x 180.35 . ru fitir níb uc denam a lessa ro bass and, RC iii 176.18 . The follg. ex. offers an analogous construction: os gar ndola con lō so since we are going to this battle (?), RC xxxvii 352 § 9 .

(b) with other vbs., referring to subj. of sent.: conid oc accaíne sin atbert in rí, PH 4268. ro-bar-n-élned oc adrad cloch ┐ crand by worshipping, 1707 . a fhuair [do máthair] do galar acut breith, 7390 . dorala Cairend doib ic tabairt usci do Temraig as she was bringing water, RC xxiv 192.17 . muna derntaí maith icabhur cosnum, Acall. 5141 = ocabar, Fr. Esp. used idiomatically after vbs. of beginning, continuing, desisting: forópair oc dogru, SCC 44. fecis Ailill oc cóí began to weep, IT i 127.17 . ro gab ac midem ┐ ac mórdescain, CRR 25. gabais Gabriel ga guidi, ACL iii 244 § 11. fuabrais ic troscadh for Ciaran, 5.2 . nā han ag atach Righ nimi cease not to beseech, ZCP vi 272 § 14. Analog. with abstr. noun: fos oc etli `per- severance in holiness', Mon. Tall. 19.

(c) referring to other member of sent. than subj.; imba immalei dō occa[r] taithchricc et occar n-áinsem? will he be at the same time redeeming us and accusing as? Wb. 4b16 . bliadain . . . dō ga hiarraidh he spent a year seeking her, IT i 129.15 . cen fial impu oca n-imdíten, MacCarthy 56.9 . doro- chair ecla forsna huli anchretmechu oca fhacsin sin, PH 2164. coro indisetar don rí cách uli oc édpairt dona deeib that all were sacrificing, 979 . ro brised in cath . . . ar Oilill ┐ ar Mheidb . . . oc tabairt tána bó cuȧilngi, RC vi 178.134 .

After the obj. of a vb. of seeing, hearing, etc., often as complement: otchí Isu in ṅduine ic comallnad a thimna when Jesus sees a man fulfilling his command, PH 4607. itcualamar in t-aingel oc comrád, 2968 .

(d) introducing an absolute adverbial phrase: issed aspered M. oca aurail do neoch fairsiom guidhi Dé laisiom when any one enjoined on him to pray God for him, Mon. Tall. 75. boi ingreimm mor forsna Cristaigib . . . oc eráil forru édpart do génum dona deeib, PH 962. is aire chanait . . . don anmain ic escómlad di asin churp, 8139 (= ica escomlad asin churp). ag clos linn . . . do fhreagra, Content. x 21. The follg. con- structions are mixed: gu rabha oc dul a anma ass he was at his last gasp, Irish Texts i 43.27 . nech lasmbad oc dil occorso do cheli Dē who was wont to satisfy the hunger of a servant of God, Ériu i 46.2 .

(e) after an adj.: it mathi side oc aslug these are good at seduction, Wb. 30c13 . it mathi inna ganema oc óul ind lenda (gl. bibulae), Ml. 129d14 . nitat soír oc tintuúth skilled in translating, Wb. 12b23 . cid trén oc tecmallad . . . cia bo labor oc tecmallad mighty . . . weak at gathering, 16c25 , 26 . nidam maith-se oc immarbaig, TBC-LL¹ 1676. Cf. bid gadhar tafaind Ailill oc iarraid crich ┐ ig cosnum mennato, RC xxiv 176.3 .

(f) the vn. following oc is often used in a passive sense, being in this case always preceded by a poss. pron. In Mod.Ir. g(h)á, d(h)á are used in this way. crann immua-mbiat [inna lestrai] ocua ndenum round which (vessels) are made, Ml. 18b4 . ita in cath oca ferthain indiu the battle is being fought, SCC 33. tintud septin . . . is hé ro malartad occo tintúdh [sic leg.] asind ebre isin ngreic which was corrupted in being trans- lated, Hib. Min. 10.335 . binnidir téta mendchrot aca seinm, TBC-LL¹ 209. atú-sa icom mess ona dib rigu I am being judged, PH 1407. dorigne in himaigin . . . co mbeth aice hi oca hadrad, 61 . gair ban ┐ mac aca milliud, TTebe 2155 . fuair se dias do muindtir E. aga ndicennud he found two . . . being be- headed, ZCP vi 281.26 . é féin aga imchor . . . a gcathaóir being carried, Fl. Earls 172.25 . iomad teach n-aoidheadh 'ga ndéa- namh ┐ leabhar da scríobhadh, Keat. iii 3037.

IV Of persons.

(a) with, among, denoting generally not mere proximity but some kind of association , corresponding to Lat. apud, Fr. chez, Germ. bei; often = at the house of, in the country of; used of an author in whose work some statement occurs, etc.

robem occa i mbithbethaid may we be with Him, Hy. i 36. ní n-accathar nech aile occut let no one else see it in your possession, FB 59. is acainne ḟuarais crích ┐ ferand among us (i.e. in Connacht), TBC-LL¹ 5944. nico raga do chorp-sa i n- ádnocul ocainde, PH 3693. iar n-a gabail doibh for creich occo after he had been made prisoner by them when he was raid- ing amongst them, MacCarthy 396.11 ( BB 48b ). ocut-sa dogním in cháisc (= in thy house), PH 5032. an agum-sa 'gud leig[i]us stay with me for thy healing, ZCP vi 37.12 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess though I should spend a month with, ACL iii 304. 21 . anais octhaib .xl. láa he stayed with them, Ériu iv 144.1 . eoangelium ic grecaib, bonum nuntium . . . ic auctoraib na Roman the Greeks call it euangelium , ZCP viii 113 § 5. `amen' . . . is é a etarchert ic Aquil `fideliter'; is e imorro a etarchert oc Cirine `uere', PH 7982. ata tuaruscbail er in peccad-sa ic Solam i nEcclesi[asti]co , 7769 . léaghtar ag Iul Caesar isan seiseadh leabhar d'á stáir, Keat. i 72.95 . Esp. after fo-ácaib, of leaving someth. with some one: facbaid mallachtain aice ┐ berid mallachtain uada, PH 8289. fáccbais comarbus na cille sin ag Urcain, BNnÉ 264 § 226. iar faccbail [sic leg.] imcho- mhairc occa chele after bidding each other farewell, 328 § 56 . ó Ghuaire . . . gár ḟagaibh dámh mór mbennacht, ZCP viii 109.22 Cf. mod. `slán agat!' said by a departing guest in response to the host's `slán leat!'

In many cases oc in compos. with a plural pron. and follow- ing an interrog. or indef. pron. or numeral is used almost in a partitive sense like ó (see 1 ó vii); in early exx. there is a difference in meaning between oc and ó in such cases; in Mod.Ir. ag is freq. used in partitive sense. cia nod-máid acaib-si sin? who among you makes that boast? TBC-LL¹ 1974. cia bad chóir da ḟúapairt Conculaind accu which of them ought to attack C., 2077 . cach mac gaibes gaisced acaib, IT i 101.5 . denum tuidecht cen comlabra do neoch fri araile ocaind with- out conversing with each other, MacCarthy 64.5 ( LB 112a49 ). gach laoch aca-sumh, ML 132.2 . gá méad aca how many of them, Dán Dé xvi 23.

(b) with subst. vb. to denote (temporary) possession: ata x ocumm I have (am in possession of) x; to be distinguished from: is limm x x is mine (belongs to me).

uccu .i. aicci a oenar ata se (i.e. a man's choice rests with himself alone), Corm. Y 1295. árchú fil ocom, TBC-LL¹ 1003. a mboi de ór ┐ argut oca all the gold . . . they had, PH 999. nech ic nach fil almsa, 4974 . do thorad in chroind ic ata fiss uilce ┐ maithusa, MacCarthy 52.20 ( LB 110b58 ). is aigci ata cach maith, . . . ic mac mo Dé, BColm. 100.16 . dā mac dēc ic Coscrach . . . a hocht diib co-ata sil who have posterity, Rawl. 152b38 . ni fhuil ag fissid ar ndil, acht ag Rig na rígh our destiny lies not with the seer, ZCP vii 301 § 9. cia aga bhfuil dúil i lúth? who has any desire for, Keat. Poems 522.

Note follg. constructions: ni boí occo-som do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichenned it was not in their power to remain alive, FB 77 (the subj. is the vn. a mbith). duine ga raibe dolás a ngar dó to whom sorrow was nigh, BCC § 147. Occas. atá ocumm folld. by vb. nearly = I am able (to): indar leosom bai aici-seom a sechna he would be able to avoid it, TBC-LL¹ 2208. ata oen-ní ocund do denum `I have yet one expedient', PH 1192 .

Often with ellipse of vb.: bél aicce i tallfad cú, Ériu iv 100.14 . proinn aige da gach aoidhidh, ZCP viii 109 § 4. tucad claideb . . . ac Pilasceius . . . do Plicigias `a sword which had belonged to Pelasgus', TTebe 2499 . ni fhetad duine biad folaig ece [= aice] ann none could have any hidden food, LB 155b59 . ni muirbither mac mna lium cen chin aice, PH 401. uchán! gan againn oinniuin is gáirleog alas that we have not, Keat. Poems 1245.

(c) in sight of, in judgement of (cf. analogous use of la): ro bámar-ni fecht co cátaid acut, SCC 43. ni lia esbaid daim acaind . . . nā esbaid laich the loss of an ox is not more to us than the loss of a warrior, CRR 4. ar bam anoraigti-sea oc Dia dia fhódmar martrai honoured in the sight of God, PH 2428. co nachat anmand uaisle . . . noemait nech icon choimdid, 5087 . nach fil clerech is amru ac Día oldas-[s]om, BColm. 102.13 . olcc occo-som máthair Néill they disliked N.'s mother, Ériu iv 92.11 . inn edh dobeir fort-sa [sin] ar n-etairisine acut? CCath. 634 (= is it because you deem us disloyal that you act thus? = deeratne tibi fiducia nostri? Luc. Phars. i 362 ). co flaith Dúrlais 'cán mór me (= who thinks much of me), Hy Fiach. 284.5 . ní hé as daidhbhre ag Dia, Dán Dé xxxi 22.

(d) used with reflex. pron. after vbs. of saying, observing, thinking, etc.: atrubart aice fén he said to himself, PH 1046. déchaid-si acaib fén masa me see for yourselves if it is I, 3108 . is tria úmla ro chind aice a chlood that he had resolved to vanquish him, 4814 . ro imraid aice ina menmain deliberated, ZCP v 502.8 . do smuain sé aige gumadh ferr leis, Maund. 268. mesait ┐ tuicit aca badhdein, Fl. Earls 228.2 .

The vb. gaibid is similarly used; nā gebed nech aicce fén combad, etc. let not any one conclude, PH 4954. nā ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa doratait dúin let us not count as our own property, 6123 . Similarly techtaid possesses: ni ro techta occut feirg harbour not anger, PH 4094. is aen-athair techtmait-ne uli ocaind, 6004 : cf. 4025 .

(e) almost in sense of agent, cf. analogous use of la. Strictly, oc indicates, not the agent, but the quarter, group of indi- viduals, etc., in which the action takes place or has its origin. With pass. often employed instead of do where that prep. is needed in another sense. (In Mod.Ir. ag is commonly used to denote the agent after a part. in periphrasis for perf. tense: atá an litir scríobhtha agam I have written.) co torchair acu iarsin iar cur a n-āir he fell at their hands after slaying many of them, ZCP i 105.31 = co torchair leo, ib. 10 . idrochadar sin uili ic feraib Muman, Cog. 22.17 . is dethbir det-siu cia fogabad mor d'imned ocut-sa it befits thee that he should meet with much tribulation from thee, PH 3828 (Satan addresses Hell). co coí n-étarbaig ic anmannaib na peccdach ica pianad oc na slogaib na ndemna, 8306 . iarna marbad ocin rig (i.e. by order of), 6650 . ni lamtís beos icon rig Crist do adrad co follus `through fear of the king', 1016 . ídpairt inn uain oc macu Israel, KMMisc. 144 § 4. With pass.: ra cruthaiged comairle acu, TBC-LL¹ 702. ro benait na cluic ac na cleirchib, ACL iii 225.23 . ro hádnaiced in cend oc Herudiátis by command of H., PH 916. cia coa ndernad in chet-long? by whom was the first ship made? ZCP iv 236.6 . oilén R. atá a laim muindteri Eoin Baisti arna thabairt ac in imperi dóib, Maund. 35. Grigair . . . 'gar cumad in cantairecht (= who was the originator of church music), ZCP viii 114 § 13. gabhthar . . . gá n-aos ceoil . . . laoidh, Gofraidh Fionn iii 46 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). is é ní ar ar fanadh againn what has been decided on by us, Maguires of F. § 17 .

Here may be placed the use of oc after vbs. of learning, hearing, etc. (strictly local): ros-fóglaim ocumm nu [leg. mu?] gnímu-sa, PH 1790 , cf. 281 . co ccualaidh féin ag an ccleirech an fís sin `from the cleric's mouth', RC xxv 396 § 13. fear ilchleasach do hoileadh ag Scáthaigh, Keat. Poems 527.

1 rann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rann or dil.ie/34804
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: rand, rann, ran, rán, rainn, rain, rainn, rainne, rainn, ranna, rann, rannaib, rainn, roinn, rann, rann, roinn, roinne, ronna, rann

n ā, f. (cf. W. rhan `part') in Mid.Ir. somet. written rand. O.Ir. n s. rann, Wb. 10d18, 14c15, 25c26 ; ran, rán, Wb. 12c13 . a s. rainn, Ml. 63c18 et pass. rain, 24c2 . d s. rainn, Sg. 18b1 . g s. rainne, 26b9 . a du. etar ṅdi rainn , 2b2 ; 74b3 . g du. ó chechtar in da rann, 74b5 ; 75a3 . d du. ó díb rannaib, 75a1 . a p. la ranna , 26b6 . g p. rann, 2b3 , 95a3 . d p. onaib rannaib , 202b3 . In later Mid.Ir. somet. o, m.

During the Mid.Ir. period the a d s. form rainn, freq. written roinn, comes into use as n s. and gradually supplants rann in the sense of part ; rann however persists in early Mod.Ir. (chiefly in the sense of party, side, adherent ), being treated as o, m. roinn f. (g s. roinne, ronna), IGT Dec. § 42.9 . rann (carad) m. § 73 .

Oft. confounded with rind.

I

(a) a part (of a whole): rann airegda inna anme, gl. spiritus, Wb. 25c26 . rann do loscud . . . rann aile do airbirt bith, 10d18 . aisneis rainne for tóit, no aisneis tōite for raind (definition of synecdoche), PH 5656 . ro thescc hi i ṅdíb rannu, 7240 . coro deglad a ṅdeich renda [sic] a chorp, 1212 ( LB 191b28 ). ros fodail a thorud i ndíb rendaib déc, IT i 40.12 ( LB 63a17 ). tri renna dogníd don aidchi ┐ cethri huaire cacha raindi, BColm. 104.29 . co ríg sechtmad rainni de Lochlainn of the seventh part , CRR 7 (cf. ríg in sechtmad raind do L., ib. 10 ). co fuilid dā rand fuara and ┐ aon rann te, Rosa Angl. 112.27 (i.e. two-thirds and one-third). intlecht i ndreich sech cech raind above all other parts (of the body ), ACL iii 223.8 .

Of a main part or division of the earth, passing into specific sense of continent: ro rannad in domun i tri rannaib .i. Eoraip. Afraic, Asia, LU 13 . ra roinn i trib rigrannaib . . . Assia, Eoraip iss Affricc, SR 2650 . ní bhfuil aon ríoghacht de thrí ronnaibh an domhain nach raibh sé ann, Eochairsg. 8.17 ; cf. Keat. i 98.20 . tú . . . dod chor i n-iongnadh | ó aos timchill na dtrí rann `celebrated by those who travel the three continents', TD 29.29 ; but cf. saoi na tTri Rand, AFM ii 708.11 (i.e. Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man, O'Don. note). In looser sense: atát péste i n-aroile randaib thair in certain eastern parts , Ériu ii 192 § 3 (rendaib v.l.). do chuaidh B. isin rann siar went westwards , BNnÉ 52 § 43 . tar cethri rannuibh an betha quarters (cardinal points ), RC xxviii 310 z .

In fig. sense: is becc rand áos túate `the laity are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 26 . Cf. the chevilles: óclach . . . maelgorm san treas, ferdha in roinn, Acall. 2002 . angbaid in raind, MR 210.1 .

Of part or section of a book: do réir S. Tomás san dara rann don dara cuid dá Dhiadhacht, TSh. 4955 .

a rainn (= Lat. ex parte), folld. by gen., as regards, on the part of: adib mairb a rainn pecctha dead as regards sin , Wb. 3b6 . a rrainn ind aitrebthado on the part of the possessor , Sg. 198a12 , cf. 204a2 . co techtand bethaid as ind raind is deróile and .i. i rraind a chuirp, ni thechtand as ind raind is uaisle .i. i rraínd a anma, PH 4809 . a rraind a doennachta . . . a rrind a diadachta, 3834 - 5 . ní dlig ni a raind ecaillsi Dé he is entitled to nothing on the part of the church , Ériu i 218 § 4 . do síl Il . . . dó a rraind a máthar on his mother's side , CCath. 107 (a rinn v.l.); cf. AFM vi 1924.4 . brathair dhó eisidhe i rainn a máthar, Hugh Roe 228.20 (f. 61a) . Cluain E. do losccadh ass an raind as mo `for the most part', AFM ii 1070.7 . ni cóir deit immarbáig rim as cách raind on every score , LL 265a24 ( MU 22.21 ).

(b) rann insce a part of speech (= Lat. pars orationis), Sg. 3b15 , 26b6 . folad cach rainne, 26b9 . raind indsce, Auraic. 316 . itat. viii. randa insci and .i. nomen, pronomen , etc., 317 .

(c) a share : ruuc cách a rainn dísin, Ml. 63c18 . oen chóiced ic Feraib Bolg . . . tri cóicid in rand rucsat Fir datta Domnand, LL 127a33 ( MacCarthy 148 § 4 ); cf. coica toirge lasna Déisi. a cuic fichet díb tarthatar raind (i.e. they acquired territory), Ériu iii 140.55 . guala ríogh, roinn a chuilte `the sharing of his bed' (privilege of an ollave), O'Gr. Cat. 475.16 .

Lot, portion : nachan-tecma drochrann an evil lot , Fél. Jan. 10 . nach bhfuil roinn nó oighreacht . . . ag Lébhi, Deuter. x 9 . ní léigthear flaithios faoim roinn does not fall to my lot , Hackett x 19 .

With FRI, participation (communion) with: a banchumal im [ic, do v.l.] raind ris `his maid-servant having dealings with him', Ériu ix 46 § 12 . oircheas roinn ris an ríoghraidh, Studies 1919, 439 § 8 . ionnas nach biadh roinn risin saoghal aige that he might have no dealings (intercourse) with the world , BNnÉ 146 § 4 . do bhríogh nach raibhe rioth ná roinn aca acht ris an saoghal, TSh. 10144 .

(d) the act of sharing, dividing ; oft. of dividing food, esp. meat (hence freq. rendered carving ), oppd. to dáil = dispensing liquor. do raind na mucce, IT i 101.2 . dobretha a cuit . . . tíagait na randairi dia raind, FB 72 ( LU 8968 ). tráth tánic dóib . . . co roind ┐ dáil, FB 90 . ro gabad dáil ┐ raind ┐ fodail i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1195 . fer uird rainne butler, dispenser , 134 . roind an aird-rig . . . ag Ua Urain (i.e. office of carver or butler), Hy Maine 86.11 . doroine roinn dia aigedhaibh, ZCP iii 32.28 . batar ... ic roind chruid ┐ sēt, ITS xliv 14 § 381 . in lá do raind i trí, TBC-LL¹ 869 . sanntaigit . . . roind m'etaig aterra (leg. etarru), PH 1416 . fig. cumha Rois Gredha gum roinn rending me , Anecd. i 25 § 3 . i gceart na ronna dorinneadh idir Mhogh N. ┐ Chonn by right of the partition , Keat. iii 3087 . mar shaidhbhreas réna roinn idir a chloinn for dividing among , TSh. 238 . trian gach cíosa . . . dliccid Férna . . . do chuid ronna a third . . . is due to F. as its portion , BNnÉ 259.19 . tug mé dhuit-si cuid ronna ós cionn do dhearbhráithreach, Gen. xlviii 22 ; cf. Isaiah xvii 14 . is í Alba do ráinig mar mhir ronna dó as his share , Keat. ii 5820 . cen rainn without division, entirely : báidid and sin Rí cen raind `it drowns R. completely', Metr. Dinds. iii 456.93 . ro rígad cen raind Fiachu, 460.17 (perh. without opposition , see follg.). beanaid Meic Míleadh Easbáin | gan roinn do tharbha troda | Banbha do chloinn C., TD 28.16 . ba lais Mumha gan roinn ris M. was his alone , Ir. Monthly 1919, 400 , 26 (quoted TD ii 270 ).

(e) passing into sense division, strife : ná beth ria chlaind . . . | cosnam nó raind, Metr. Dinds. iii 410.23 . muime Chuinn no charad raind `who loved strife', iv 266.9 (see note). ? rann isteach tháinig tharsa | sa leath thall don talamh-sa `an invasion has come in upon them', Content. xi 2 (roinn `part' occurs in same stanza; see follg. head).

(f) in the two follg. senses rann is in classical and mod. Irish distinguished from rainn (roinn) `part' and treated as o, m., the plural form rannta (perh. a distinct word) being used in sense partisans .

A party, side (of persons concerned in a controversy, legal transaction, etc.); cf. mairg bale bís ar dā raind (= that is divided against itself?), LL 296b39 ( SG 363.27 ). quinta etas mundi, idon, nóe mbliadna ochtmogad . . . do reir in dā rand (i.e. the Hebrew Masters and the Schoolmen), MacCarthy 278 (a) ( BB 9a41 ). eittirbretha . . . do bheith eidir dā rann (i.e. the men of Breifne and the community of Druim Lethan), BNnÉ 262.15 . do thoil in da rann by agreement of both parties , Hy Maine 162.13 . in tan bis dligthe na rann comdorca (gl. cum sunt partium iura obscura ), H 3.17, c. 603 ( O'D. 848 ). breitheamhnas do dhéanamh idir an dá rann, TSh. 3002 , cf. 6789 . ag a rádh ris an rann eile bheith ar a gcoiméad telling the other party (in a combat) to be on their guard , Keat. i 42.76 .

(g) partisanship, faction, alliance : do bhíodh . . rann cinnte carad ag gach cúigeadh i nÉirinn don leith thall d'fhairrge `a special friendly alliance beyond the sea', Keat. ii 2608 . ni coir don righ taoph do thaphairt . . . re duine bus rann da esccaruit who will side with his enemy , Ériu v 132.65 . gach aon agá mbaoi báidh no rann lé Gallaibh, AFM v 1660.3 . ní ro fháccaibhsiot toíseach . . . nár chuirsiot a n-aonrann coccaidh friu `whom they did not induce to become their confederate of war', 1660.11 , cf. 1770.17 . fear rainn ┐ pairte a partisan , iv 1092.22 . an tí cheanglas rann ris who joins his party , TSh. 7029 . ag denum rainn ┐ comaenta ina adhaigh le slicht mic Feidhlimthe, AU iii 8.18 , cf. 126.23 . do rinne ar námha rann rinn, Ir. Monthly 1930, 590 § 3 . See rannta.

II Sometimes used for 2 rind star, point (esp. in oblique cases where the stem rend- should be used): rith rann ┐ reltann of the constellations and stars , Ériu iii 156.5 . indis . . . duind na hilcenela rann, YBL 84b47 = inna ilceneuil rend, Ériu ii 126.3 . So in: rí na rann, freq. title of Deity in poetry, ZCP v 263 § 8 , 268.11 , BNnÉ 85.20 , 23 . ar sgáth fola Thriaith na rann, Dánfhocail 200 (Bonaventura Ó Heoghusa). Cf. randmas below. ar cara . . . rand 'na láim `in his hand a spear', RC xxix 211 § 2 . ? roinde (v.l. renna) na n-ardchúiced ind-Uisnech rúitt `the points of the great provinces run towards U.', Ériu iv 154.8 (perh. parts ).

Compds. ¤chara: ba ranncara[i]t dhó Mac U. ┐ Ua C. partisans, allies , AFM iv 1048.6 . ¤chobfodlaid a participator, sharer : ranchobfodlaid tristitiae meae (gl. particeps), Ml. 86d5 . ¤chuit part, portion : rannchuid don chroich chēsta, Fl. Earls 10.7 ; 166.22 . fidhair chroiche Crist issin egluiss a rannchuid ro-onoraigh mirbhailigh `in a splendid miraculous position' ( part , niche or chapel?), 182.24 . ¤chuitiugud participation, alliance : co ḟuidbet comlaintes ┐ randchuitiugud maroen fria Muire, LB 232b30 . o ghniomh an teasa . . . ┐ é ag ranncuidiughadh dorcachta (i.e. by the co-operation of heat and darkness), 23 K 42, 171.18 . ¤leth a moiety, share : dlighid . . . roinn-leath toighe na Teamhrach, Content. xxx 24 . ? ¤mas(s): an rí randmais, Anecd. i 63 § 112 : leg. rindmass ( ZCP xi 156.1 , Meyer's emendation) and see II above. ¤páirteach participant: an bhfuilid na heithricedha rannphairteach don loghadh?, Parrth. Anma 109.1 = rannphartach don leaghas-so, Luc. Fid. 62.16 .

síl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síl or dil.ie/37503
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: silta, sīlta, siltaib, sīltaib

n o, n. Later m. In Mod.Ir. dental forms in pl.: n p. silta, ACL i 326 § 46 . a p. sīlta, RSláinte 1160 . d p. siltaib, Irish Texts v 1.3 . sīltaib, RSláinte 5062 .

The seed of plants and animals : s.¤ gl. hoc seminum, Sg. 63b9 . s.¤ gl. semen, Ir. Gl. 1009 . is a chorp fessin arafoím cach s.¤ .i. mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr is diass cruithnechte rl., Wb. 13c24 . a s.¤ inrolad hisin mais nécruthaigthi gl. creaturae seminibus, Thes. ii 10.19 ( BCr. 18a1 ).

(a) of plants: Abellanium, is as tucad sīl n-aball leo, Corm. Y 1272 . is dilsi in air cona ṡil `the tillage and the seed are forfeited', Laws iv 132.26 Comm . ceithre meich fichet do sil brach[a], ii 200.26 Comm . coconidium .i. sil lauiri `laurel-seed', ACL i 332 § 48 . luibi cach shīl | shīlas ar gach slicht guidheasun, iii 235 § 23 . do shilaib ┐ do thorthib ┐ do chethrib na tuath, PH 6288 . gnáth folamh síol na sligheadh the seed by the wayside, PBocht 12.3 . sil cnaibi, Irish Texts v 6.15 . moluim sīlta osglus na dūinti do bearbad ar na sīrōipib sin, mar atāit so, .i. sīl melones ┐ cucurbita . . ., RSláinte 1160 - 1 . ag cur ṡil sowing, Mart. Don. Sept. 9. 60 boirilli sīl, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 33.17 . toradh an tsíl do chuir tú, ┐ toradh na fíneamhna, Deuteronomy xxii 9 . Freq. used figuratively: síol glan ní hionchuir im fhearann, PBocht 4.29 . iomdha a thoradh tearc a dhuille | dlúth a ghéaga glan a shíol (of Franciscan Order), 1.22 .

(b) metaph. cause, origin : sila ┐ adbair in chatha, CCath. 3852 .

(c) small amount, trace : torsig, truagaig, cen sil foiss `wearying, wretched, without germ of rest', MacCarthy 58.25 . cen sīl n-úabair nā haincceiss 'without a trace of pride or wickedness', SR (Adam and Eve) 30.1126 . do-rimnai Día ... a cosc cen sīl comairge 'God commanded ... that they should be punished without any ounce of pity', SR (Greene) 4153 . cen sīl ndogra 'without a trace of sorrow', SR (Greene) 6131​ .

(d) the semen virile : ó oínsíl rogénartar da macc de `of one seed have been born two sons of him', Wb. 4c12 . immefolngar dund s.¤ ferdu, Ml. 44a10 . intan dofuissemar sechtair a sil sin ┐ gainethar hon mathir is and is ainm do fructus, 44a11 . teistiu int s.¤ immefolangar tri . . . peccad, 71c6 . a shíol do dhórtadh tré na chionta féin, Donlevy 94.4 .

(e) very freq. in sense of race, progeny, descendants : dar cenn peccati . . . s.¤ Adim, Wb. 15d20 . fognífi do s.¤ do sílaib do bráthar, ┐ nocho [bía rí dot sil co bráth], Trip.² 740 . re s.¤ dálach dóine `before men's multitudinous race', Fél. Jan. 1 . toisech sil nAnmchada, AU i 516.x (A.D. 1006) . mairc ócán dom s.¤ | asa holc donruá, LU 9907 . s.¤ a féola the issue of her body, Laws iv 44.7 . isedh i tabuir duine a fearunn . . . do s.¤ a cholla, iii 46.28 Comm . in s.¤ ro sílaig Neimed, LL 7a20 . ní roclos fri sīl fri cath | nōnbor nodasáraiged, ZCP viii 333.6 . Síol gConaill ag teacht tharainn, DDána 113.29 . sgaoilid síol Eóghain ag Aodh `at Aodh the seed of E. divide', TD 26.15 . do bhi a síol ó sin i le | ag leanmhain luirg na deise, 26.11 . íarsma degsil na ndeich righ, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . ba medithir re hArcail mac Amphitrionis ar met ┐ ar mesnig in milid sin, uair ba da s.¤ do, TTebe 2557 . a síol fá dhruing ndanardha (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1184 . Of a single individual (viz. Níall Noígíallach): do dhiúlt Corc . . . | do shíol mhór (do mhór shliocht, v.l.) Chuinn Cheudchathaigh, L. Cl. A. B. 108. 198 . Freq. in sept-names, see Hog. Onom. s.v. síl.

(f) of animals, offspring, breed; act of breeding (?): sil cethra do luad .i. na cethra siles ac neoch do cennach doib, Laws ii 358.4 and 28 (`Kauf von Samen vom Vieh', Thurn. Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 23 ). saithe . . . do sil bech, Laws ii 122.1 Comm . bliadain a dtuisten, bliadain a seoil, bliadain a sil `the year of their breeding' (of bees), iv 164.3 . .iiii. fir eich ┐ da ban each riata cenmotha a groig uair dlegar do a da cutruma fri sil do groid, O'Curry 239 ( H 3.18, p. 133 ). culén do shíl in chon út, TBC-LL¹ 1048 . nī hē sīl in maigri maill | āsas a hiuchra ālaind, ACL iii 238 § 3 .

Compds. ¤aicme race, descendants : i síol-aicme Ádhaimh, TSh. 3261 . ? To this: ¤búalad act of threshing (?): ruc ruathar fuatha . . . da silbhualad `to utterly smash them', CF 683 (`with sil- Professor Rhys compares W. chwil- in W. chwilfriwio', Meyer). ¤cháith chaff, husks : nocho gran seang silcaith slethcraiti, IT iii 89 § 116 . dā óibell tened i mmedón suipp sílcátha corcca, MacCongl. 15.2 . ¤chur act of sowing: gurab é an diabhal do-ní síol-chur ar na coirthibh i n-aigeantaibh na ndaoine n-urchóideach, TSh. 6334 . ná déantar libh síol-chur idir na dreasaibh = nolite serere super spinas, 10475 . aimsir an tsíolchuir, Gen. viii 22 . Metaph. silcur na tragha ona fearaib 'na faenluighi, CF 810 . aimsior tháinig Pádruig . . . do shíolchur chrábhaidh ┐ chreidimh, PCT 27 . Hence: sílchuirid sows, propagates : an ithir go n-a harbhar | . . . | ós libh do síolchuireadh soin | críochnuigheadh sibh an síolsoin `as Thou didst sow the seed', Aithd. D. 50.32 . mar gur síolchuireadar craos i n-áit an troisgthe, Eochairsg. 3.15 . do bhris sé síos an chathair ┐ do shíolchuir sé í le salann, Judges ix 45 . síolchuiridh sé imreasuin, Proverbs vi 14 . ¤pheccad original sin : bheith damanta trés an síl-pheacadh sinnsir, TSh. 3260 . ¤treb descendants: Naoi 'na fhíréan 'na shíl-treabhaibh féin = in generationibus suis, 3181 .

tuidmide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuidmide or dil.ie/42309

 

adj io, iā part. from *to-di-men (see tuidme). fixed, bound: céin nombetis inna saigtea tuidmithi inna feuil, Ml. 58a9 . huare as t.¤ in posit cen fhodail `since the positive is fixed,' Sg. 41b3 . a do secht ṅdeich ... | t.¤ dronmind dergóir (of bells), SR 4506 . canait atlaighi buidhi do Dhia ┐ a menmanna tudmidi ind (of devout contemplation), Lism. L. 3879 = Lat. Lives 109.9 . a menmanna tuidhmhidi i nDía, BNnÉ 78.33 . ? tōeb t[oll] tana t.¤ | tadbanar for slīastaib snīm, Ériu vii 6.23 , taidmidi, v.l. = taidmige, 199.9 (see taithmigid). Legal: tuidhmithe .i. fastaighthi, ut est tuidhmithe cach cor doninnlaic bel ┐ lam ┐ tenge, O'Dav. 1522.

? As subst. a fastening: iar tuidmidib, togach tóir | sechtmoga folach ṅdergóir, SR 4291.