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áil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áil or dil.ie/959
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: áill, ál, ál

n also áill (see GOI § 120 ) and ál. ál (: slán), IGT Decl. ex. 1002 . (: ár), DDána 3.39 .

(a) act of asking; request, wish: á.¤ [.i.] íarraid, Metr. Gl. 10 § 8 . O'Cl. dochúas o Dauid co a thech . . . dia glan á.¤ im feis n-aidche, SR 6304 . fo déig ni ragadsi acht sí cona bantrocht día ailseom because she would go only with her women to make the request of him, LU 6149 (TBC). do ail ┐ do etarguide na ndemna ifernaide, CCath. 4166 . gabhaitt na Goill ag á.¤ ┐ acc atach Neill, AFM vi 2208.18 . foirenn . . . do ail cu roghabad inad reampaibh, Lism. L. 2035 . ail .i. abair no dliged nó guide, O'Dav. 9 . cona tárda oircci i n-á.¤ nō a n-ascaid i tír nĒrenn by request or gratis, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.2 ). is denta ail d'egin a pleasure should be made of necessity, CCath. 2703 . ic cuinchid ail nō aisc soliciting requests or gifts, MacCongl. 49.8 . ar a beith i nail tsuthain in perpetual supplication, SG 47.x .

(b) entitlement : ​sruamnach ail ansruth; | ailidh leth go saoithe | secht sé 'abundant is the entitlement of the ánruth; he is entitled to half of that of a sage, (which latter is) seven sixes', UR 53.29 .

The follg. d p. forms are perh. to be referred to this word: ro da hir . . . ailibh ilibh, G 50 (`requests', Blathm. 416 ). airunsur álaib, LU 10042 = airiunnsu rálaib `than (all) desires', ZCP xvii 204 § 5 , cf. Echtrae Chonnlai 184-87 . cruth rochāin co ndrochálaib (droch + cálaib?), vi 267 § 4 . dit álaib fochen, LU 10430 . L. grían álaib `delightful sun', Fél. Sept. 3 .i. alaind no uasnelaib, etc., Fél.² cxl . cf. O'Dav. 181 .

Used impersonally with copula it is desirable, meet, proper: ní á.¤ tra insin do epirt, Wb. 27c8 . ní ail a tuirem dúib it is not proper to recount them to you, 24c7 . ar ni aill seirge oc cúrsagad harshness is not proper in reproving, 30b29 . 11b21 . ní ail aicsu forsani nothechti `it is not proper to wish for what thou hast', Sg. 149a8 . más amhlaidh as á.¤ a dteacht if their coming is desired, Ériu v 52.5 . is á.¤ a fhis uaib, PH 1067 . cid ail cencop á.¤ , LL 19018 ( KMMisc. 270 § 48 ). acht nach á.¤ cur lámha lat no one thinks it worth while to help thee, Dán Dé xix 25 . sgur dot aighneas munab á.¤ `unless you will desist from your arguments', Content. ix 12 .

In phrase is á.¤ DO wishes, desires: ní á.¤ dún ar condelc friú `we do not wish to compare ourselves with them', Wb. 17b9 . mad aill duib cid accaldam neich diib `if ye desired', 13b3 . ni á.¤ dún buith fo máam legis, 19b20 . ní á.¤ dún tabart testassa dínn, 24c16 . intan bes ná do when it pleases Him, Ml. 94c17 . bés níp aill do dainib / in dubartsa uile, Fél. Ep. 417 . nochorb á.¤ dó creitem dó he did not wish to submit to him, Trip.² 397 . ní bréc as á.¤ dún immut, LU 8813 ( FB 61 ). mad tairgit in fine ferann dó ┐ ní há.¤ dósum a gabail, Laws iv 134.20 Comm. cipé da mbad á.¤ a acallam in ríg, MU² 560 . isatt ailsiu damsa ┐ bidat ail hi céin bat béo I desire thee and shall desire thee as long as I live, LU 3919 ( SCC § 43 ). cidh is á.¤ don oglaech-sa na táinic ríam? what is the matter with the youth that he has not come? ZCP v 523.30 . is pleasing to: bádat ail cach clúain, LU 9863 `every meadow will be pleasing to thee', PRIA xix 535 . is á.¤ LA: cen imfolang in degnimo són as ail lim `without accomplishing the good work that I desire', Ml. 23c25 . atú mar as á.¤ lem fhoghlaidh, Dán Dé xii 7 . neach lérbh á.¤ a thagháil `one who wanted it', xxi 6 . a gcan mé . . . madh á.¤ liom if I really wish it, x 13 . cid ass á.¤ latt dol?, CRR § 23 . nir bo áill lea or nir bo baeth, Ériu v 209.21 . nir bho hail lais a athair . . . do thaobhadh, BNnÉ 52 § 44 . ?Cf. gach ní is ailt o Dia, Laud 610, 8d (Plummer MS notes). See also áilt.

an(d)gaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. an(d)gaid or dil.ie/3494

 

Forms: aingid(e), aingidh, aingidhe

(1 andach) later aingid(e). aingidh (:taidlidh), Studies 1919, 256 § 7 . aingidhe (: maighdine), DDána 22.21 . Also angbaid q.v.

I Adj. i wicked, cruel, merciless: ar a cumactte nangid `the wicked power', Wb. 6a1 . ind indithem andgaid sin `that bad intention,' Ml. 31a12 . Of persons: inna ndoine n-angaid `of bad men', 31a14 . bói alaili duni andgaid . . . écraibdech ┐ macc báiss no bíd oc slaitaireacht, Trip.² 2612 (angbuid v.l., Trip. 482.2 ). andgid (aingid v.l.) cech ecal `every timid person is ruthless', Tec. Corm. § 13.25 . fer angid etróccar (of Herod), PH 818 . ri aingide etroccar re h-esgairdib, BB 333a25 . folāiremh an impire ēttrōcair aingidhe, Fl. Earls 196.29 . duine . . . agarb aindgidh, TFrag. 162.19 . easáonta . . . na ndáoineadh naingidh, Ériu v 92.9 . pa haingidhi adhuathmar é iman egluis, Aisl. Tond. 120 § 1 . ná bí aingidhe, Proverbs xxiv 1 . Of spirits: tédmunda na spirut n-angid .i. na ṅdémna , PH 6248 . co faca in torathar . . . .i. fuath aingeda (corr. man. rec. to aingidh; aingide v.l.), Moling 14 § 15 . na fúatha angedha, 18 § 22 . Of warriors: Barith córaidh andgaidh do Nortmannaibh, AFM i 526.x . fian Eirend aingide / fa Fionn bharrglan o Bhaoisgne, LL 396.3 . sgaíleadh fearchon fir aingidh, MR 288.3 . Of animals: ó ilphiastaibh aingidhe na foraoíse, Ériu v 186. 397 . dreagan uathmhar aingidhe (: neimhe), DDána 75.44 . Of fighting: ro feradh iomairecc uathmhar aingidh, AFM vi 2256.25 . Compar. andgidiu gl. nequior, Sg. 40b5 . a measg dhroinge fá . . . aindéine aingidhe inás a bhfacuidh gó sin, Desid. 4647 . Adv. ind andgid gl. nequiter, Ml. 28a13 .

II Subst. i bad person: a aingid ┐ a bregairi, Aen. 835 . āl cach n-ai[n]gid `every base person is timorous', ZCP xvii 60 § 6 . troethad ina n-aincide, LB 261a16 ( ACL iii 313 § 12 ).

cathugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cathugud or dil.ie/8384
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cathachadh

u, m. Vn. of cathaigid. cathachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 .

(a) As vn. act of fighting, battling : nad choimnactar c.¤ , Ml. 66d6 . c.¤ (cathadh, v.l.) caich `fighting everybody', Tec. Corm. 22 . ic[c]athugud co tren, SR 3975 . tusa do cathachad dar cenn na hecalsa, Grail 2597 . cobhsaidhe fri cathugadh do churadhaibh (of `sheds of war'), Hugh Roe² 108.29 . With follg. prep. FRI: do ch.¤ fri diabol `to fight against', Wb. 22d11 . oc c.¤ fri slúagaib na ndemna , LU 2211 ( FA 29 ). na fir . . . do ch.¤ fri ar ṅdeib-ne, PH 1013 . c.¤ fri hiris an eres, O'Mulc. 419 .

(b) fight, battle ; inna cathigthiu gl. concertationes, Ml. 55d17 . oc in ch.¤ , 65b10 . in chathaigtho gl. luctatús, 128a11 . gebid a erred cathaigthe imme, LU 7861 (BDD). mebuid cathugad for Ailill ┐ Meidb, RC vi 178.133 v.l. ? Cf. cathigud cen chomartha (one of 16 signs of poor advocacy), LL 345e8 . lécset c.¤ do'n béist gave battle to, PH 7228 . gin triall cathaigthi `without going on a campaign', Marco P. 66 . do ni cathughadh a naghaidh na bfiabrus combats fever (of caraway), 23 K 42, 390.14 .

(c) Of spiritual warfare temptation, trial: c.¤ a colla temptation of the flesh, PH 4612 . in cathughadh do cuiredh air, Smaointe B. Chr. 1310 . ná treóraigh don chathughadh sind, Celtica xxii 153 § 6 . ar cathaighthibh na colna, DDána 53.10 . nā fuiling ar [d]tuitim a gcathughadh ne nos inducas in tentationem, Celtica i 171.286 . ēudaigh boga . . . chuirios cathaigh[th]e ar na daoinibh, Beatha S. F. 1806 . ag feitheamh do chathuighthe `certamen tuum spectat', TSh. 10189 . na cuireamne cathughadh ar Chríosd, 1 Corinth. x 9 .

Distress, sadness : cathughadh ┐ buaidhirt inmhedhōnach, Celtica i 189.933 . scrupal ná cathúghadh, Mac Aingil 1798 . bí cathughadh orthi a ttaoibh maithis duine eile (of mens invidi), Párl. na mB. 1459 .

Note also: da ccuiredh clérech . . . cathughadh . . . do chontrárdhughadh `attempt . . . to do contrary', RSClára 52a .

comthetarracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comthetarracht or dil.ie/11846

 

vn. of con-tetarrat: manus . . . arin chomtetracht `for seizing', Ml. 56b3 . ar chomthetarrachta ndemna ` attacks (lit. seizures)', Ir. Lit. 34.z .

1 damnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 damnad or dil.ie/14523
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dambnad, dampnad, damnaṁ, damanto, damnadh, damanta

n u, m., also, after Latin model, written dambnad, dampnad; damnaṁ ( Lib. Flav. ii 13 b 2 . 3 ; 16 b 2 . 5 ). gen. damanto, -a. vn. of 1 damnaid. damning, condemning; damnation, condemnation .

(a) generally a condemning, punishing : athrigad rig ronertmar ┐ a ndámnad ┐ a marbad, Alex. 1038 . is fris (i.e. frissin ríg talmanda) ro herbad o Dia damnad cáich ina chinaid amail bás techta, PH 4081 .

(b) especially in the theological sense condemning to eternal punishment (opp. to togu; to slánugud, Lib. Flav. ii 13 b 2 . 9 . do thṡlánugud nó da dhamnadh duine ar nég, ib. 13 b 2 . 3 ; 13 b 2 . 12 f.b. ). togu indala nai per misericordiam damnad alaili per debitum judicium, Wb. 4 c 3 . iarna ndamnad, SR 4025 . dia ngabtha (sc. in biait) erum do léir ni beind nach céin i ndamnad, LL 286 a 25 . damnad cach eirse cach huilc is lattsu iar fír the damnation of every heresy ACL iii 313. 13 . anaic sinn arár ndamnadh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 382. 3 . for damnad ┐ timorcain na ndrochdaine PH 4204 (cf. LB 38 a 3 f.b. ). do dampnad ┐ do díchor herissi Airr ad damnationem Arrianae haereseos, ib. 5004 . baile i mbia feochracht na ṅdemna oc pianad ┐ dampnad na nécraibthech, ib. 5017 . nách dlegar don eclais oman Dé do beth forri dia pianad nó dia damnad, 3492 . láifither (in ḟoirend sin) iar mbás i ḟúdomuin niffirn dia pianad ┐ dia ndampnad tria bithu sír, 5930 . oirchis dínn ria namsir ar ṅdamunta ar atám chena i pé[i]n, 2204 . do bhrígh go norduigheann Dia dhúinn fá phéin dhamunta bheith uṁal dar naoṁṁáthair, Donlevy 114. 14 . creud fár cúis damanta dhóibh é, ib. 254. 15 . faoi chóir dhamanta under pain of damnation, ib. 396. 11 . is iontuigthe a ṁéad do dhochar ┐ do dhamnadh don drung &c. , TSh. 130. 17 . an drong... bhíos arna ndamnadh sna hionadaibh pianaṁla, ib. 133. 26 .

MOD. damnadh, gen. damanta.

dígáir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígáir or dil.ie/16286

 

Forms: díghair

adj (: gáir, RC vii 296 ; : áig, SG 65.11 ; : prímḟáidh, IGT Decl. ex. 239 ) vehement, impetuous, intense: nárap dígair duairc, LL 306a1 ( SG 383 ). echlach . . . dona digair duilig, YBL 177a11 = BB 257c6 . sluaig d.¤ na ndemna , FA § 30 LU = sloig digaire, LB. munter díscir d.¤ , RC vii 296 . na dobhar-linnte diana . . . díoghaire, ML 46 . comrac dighair, CF 483 . ruac (= ruag) dígáir, SG 65 . sibal digair (opp. to sibal mall), ITS xiv 128 . as dígair tra salach ra bhás 'san taigh sin very foul indeed were the proceedings in that house, TFrag. 24 . Adv. do eachlaisc co díghair iat, SG 25 . romaid roen ar Gallaib . . . co digair, Cog. 190 . rocomhghairset dhóibh go dighair dasachdoch, Hugh Roe 170 . lottar co dian ┐ co dighair, Moling 66 . ag tobairt in chatha co d.¤ , RC xix 366 .

díummusach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díummusach or dil.ie/16984

 

Forms: díumsach, dímsach, diummusach, diumsaig, diumussaig, Diumasach, Diumassach, Dímusach, Diummasaig, Diumasaich, Dimmasaich, Dimmasaig

adj also díumsach, dímsach o,ā (díummus) proud, haughty, arrogant: is diummussag gl. superbus est, Wb. 29b4 . diummusach gl. (a) superba (altitudine), Ml. 48c13 . inna ndiummasach gl. superborum, 56a22 . dedaig diumaschu (diumsachu, v.l.) he thrust down the proud, Hy. iii 4 . diumusach .i. di-ammusach .i. ni tabair ammus for ni acht a tholchaire a oenur . . . his sole aim is (to satisfy) his own will, Corm. Y 410 . diumsach .i. derscaigthech, O'Dav. 690 . ba delbda diummusach (of Samson), SR 5334 . dian drenngalach diumussach (of Lucifer), 944 . slóg dermor diummussach, 5742 . roraidi Lucifur aithesc ndiumosach, 850 . Abisolón diandiumsaig . . . dorodiúsaig (a s. metri causa), 6935 . in diumussaig (n. pl.) the proud, 8343 . nír bat díscir dóichlech d.¤ , LU 3467 . Tarquinn diumsach, LL 143b14 . coscur Fhirdiad diummasaig, TBC-LL¹ 3217 = dimosaigh, TBC-I¹ 2398 . in clam díumsach (= leprosus superbus), Lat. Lives 83 . is amlaid bái in Dond Cualngi diumsach discir, IT iii 245 . dligid cach diumsach tairniud, ZCP xi 84 . ic toirnem na ṅdemna ṅdiumsach, PH 6269 . intí ropo diumsach, co rop inisel, 5622 . diumsacha dagdóine haughty towards gentle folk, Tec. Corm. § 16.38 . a druim re dīmsachaib, a des fri deiblēnaib, ZCP viii 204 . clanna díomsacha Domhnuill, Rel. Celt. ii 260 . diumusaig (diumsaig, v.l.) coin hounds wax insolent, Ériu vii 4 . doberthai fregarta dimsacha air, 3 B 22, 2a24 . a n-agaidh na colla craesaidhe dímsaidhe, BCC § 418 . dob ail linne betha neimdimsach bidh ┐ edaidh do fagbail uaitt an unpretentious life as regards . . ., Lib. Flav. i 35 ra 37 .

As n.pr. m. Diumasach, AU 755 . Diumassach, Rawl. 150a10 . Dímusach, LL 382c12 . Anecd. i 42 . g s. Diummasaig, LL 314d7 . Diumasaich, Rawl. 161a23 . Dimmasaich, 153a42 . Dimmasaig, LL 314b43 .

do-airret, do-áirret

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airret, do-áirret or dil.ie/17156

 

Forms: tár(r)thid, tair(r)thid, tarraid, dusn-arrith, ním-farraidh, tairet, do-da-uret, do-m-airthend, -tairthenn, do-n-airthe, do-n-arraid, da thairthe, doairthend, -táirthe, do-sn-árthet, donairthét, tairthet, to-air-thét, tairthit, táirthed, toirthead, tairset, dafarsed, danarsitis, táirsitis, -táir, tartha, tanáirsed, tarradais, do-m-árraid, du-sn-arraid, do-t-árruigh, dafarraid, do-s-farraidh, -fairraidh, -fairidh, dosfairtestar, rom-farraid, rosfarraigh, tarraid, -tárraid, tarraigh, tharraid, dothairraich, rostarraig, donarthaid, tarthaid, tarthaigh, taurthais, tarthis, táirthis, táirthidhis, tairtemar, tarthamair, tárthamar, donarthatar, do-n-arthetar, du-sn-arthaiter, do-airtetar, dofárthetar, dofairthetar, tarthatar, tárthetar, tartatar, tarthadar, tairthedar, [t]airthiter, tairredar, doairrither, tarrthaitear, tairthither, tarthither, tarthithear, tarrustar, notairister, tarrustar, tharrastá, tarusta, taraisdea, tarrustar, -tairistea, tarras, tarrus, rotharrus, tarrthus, tarrthas, tairtes, tarrassa, tarraid, tárruim, tarar-sa, tarrusa, tarrais, doradais, tathradais, tharr, tharramar, tarabhair-si, tárratar, tarradar, tairredar, tháirsiot, conus-táirsetar, -ttarustar, dofáirthetar

(* to-air-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 , but perh. *to-ad-reth- or a contamination of both. See GOI p. 496 ). Later as simple vb. tár(r)thid, tair(r)thid, tarraid. IGT Verbs § 16 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dusn-arrith, Trip.² 904 . ním-farraidh, RC x 90.4 (LU). ? tairet, LL 179a1 . ? do-da-uret, Laws iv 184.13 . Later: do-m-airthend, Imr. Brain ii 293.11 . RC x 222 § 13 . -tairthenn, RC x 222 § 13 . Fen. 226 . The follg. are apparently either pres. or pret. 3 s.: do-n-airthe, RC xiii 405 § 57 (cf. do-n-arraid, § 56 ). da thairthe, x 222.132 v.l. (doairthend, text). -táirthe, ALC i 132.7 . 3 pl. do-sn-árthet, TBC-I¹ 195 (LU). donairthét, Trip.² 1524 . tairthet, Wb. 27d23 (possibly = to-air-thét, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 840.1 ). tairthit, Alex. 1127 ( -id, 491 ). 1069 . Impf. 3 s. táirthed, LU 5159 = toirthead, TBC-I¹ 677 . Subj. The orig. s-subj. early fell together both in form and meaning with that of do-airicc, from which it is hardly to be distinguished in prose; for exx. see do-airicc, where some of the subj. forms given may belong to this verb. The follg. forms may be assigned to do-airret: subj. pres. 3 pl. tairset, BDD 95 ; impf. 3 s. dafarsed, TBC-LL¹ 4255 . 3 pl. danarsitis, Irish Texts i 12 § 37 . táirsitis, TBC-I¹ 613 (do-airicc?). Also perh. -táir in bardic verse ( Dán Dé xxvii 16 , L. Cl. A. B. 239.62 , etc.). Later forms: pres. 3 s. go nach tartha , ZCP viii 552.4 . Condit. 3 s. tanáirsed, BDD² 1087 (see Gloss. s.v. do-árid).

Pret. and perf. 2 s. tarradais, LL 303b30 ( RC xiii 84 § 95 ). 3 s. do-m-árraid, LU 9361 . du-sn-arraid, AU 912 . do-t-árruigh, TE § 9 . dafarraid, Trip.² 298 . do-s-farraidh, AFM 1101 , -fairraidh, 919 , -fairidh, 430 . dosfairtestar, Alex. 789 . rom-farraid , BNnÉ 301 § 4 . rosfarraigh, BB 50a22 . tarraid, FB § 66 . -tárraid, SR 3019 . tarraigh, RC ix 468 (LU). do tharraid , SR 4157 . dothairraich, Lec. 615b6 . rostarraig, BB 351b20 . Note also donarthaid, O'D. 111 ( H 3.17 90 ). Forms like tarthaid, RC xv 426 , tarthaigh, Imr. Brain i 66.11 , 69.25 , may be presents of simple vb., cf. the later s-pret. taurthais, TBC-LL¹ 1241 (do-tuit?). tarthis, Cóir Anm. 70 . táirthis, RC xiii 106 (LL). táirthidhis, Keat. ii 2334 . 1 pl. tairtemar, TBC-I¹ 2482 . tarthamair, ZCP xii 384.6 . tárthamar, Acall. 2911 . 3 pl. donarthatar, Trip.² 1608 . do-n-arthetar, LL 406b1 . du-sn-arthaiter, AFM vi 2332 . do-airtetar, Lism. L. 522 . dofárthetar, TBC-LL¹ 2489 . dofairthetar, TBC-I¹ 1835 . tarthatar, TBC-LL¹ 677 . AU 961 . tárthetar, TTr.² 722 . tartatar, Aen. 1021 . tarthadar, AFM v 1358 . tairthedar, ii 830 . PH 1913 . conid [t]airthiter , AU 946 . gu tairredar , CCath. 2404 .

Pass. pres. doairrither, Laws iv 140.y . tarrthaitear, IT iii 198.11 . i tairthither , LL 14b10 = tarthither, BB 42a23 . tarthithear, Lec. 571a28 . Subj. pres. mana tarrustar , Laws iv 244.1 ; ii 180 , 288 , 62.3 . ge notairister , 182 (?). nár tarrustar , Duan. F. i 55.29 . Impf. ní tharrastá , TTr.² 181 . co tarusta , Laws v 328 , cf. ii 90.5 . da taraisdea , iii 100.6 . Fut. tarrustar `shall be overtaken', AFM 825 (poem). Condit. -tairistea, Laws iii 528.8 . Pret. and perf. tarras, LU 3121 . tarrus (passim). rotharrus, Ériu i 102 § 59 . tarrthus, Aen. 649 . tarrthas, AFM vi 2010 . tairtes, ii 792.1 . pl. co tarrassa , Rawl. B 503, 39a (Plummer MS. notes).

Exx. of simple vb. tarraid (from pret.?). Indic. pres. 1 s. tárruim (sic leg.?), KMMisc. 366.26 . Subj. pres. 1 s. no co tarar-sa , TTebe 2764 . Pret. 1 s. tarrusa, Acall. 5233 . ? 2 s. tarrais, 5533 (doradais, tathradais, v.l.). 3 s. do tharr , Rel. Celt. ii 192.11 . 1 pl. do tharramar , Duan. F. i 90.16 . 2 pl. tarabhair-si, RC xxix 112 § 8 . 3 pl. tárratar, Fianaig. 91.11 . tarradar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 340.4 . gu tairredar , CCath. 2404 . ní tháirsiot , Hugh Roe 150.23 . conus-táirsetar, AFM ii 1042 . Pass. -ttarustar, AFM i 26.3 .

For vn. see tárrachtain.

I As trans. vb.

(a) overtakes, comes up with, comes upon unawares, catches: araile laech . . . domárraid-si, LU 9361 . do-airthend Cuculaind in Mórrigan, RC x 222 . dolluid Mider . . . rosfarraid dara n-ése, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . ni tharra-sum Patraic, Lism. L. 193 . dosfairtestar ┐ rongeoguin, Alex. 789 . donarthatar tri druíd oc Raith R., Trip.² 1606 . conus táirsetar Goill oc Fiondabhair, AFM 1133 (ii 1042) . dosn-árthet ocht fichit oss n-allaid and, TBC-I¹ 195(LU) . co tairthed C. inn urchur dolléced asa thailm riasú rísad talmain would catch the missile, 1512 (LU). Often in hostile sense attacks, falls on: domfarraid (leg. don-) iarum A. co fiacail fidbi ina eton, YBL 205b35 . a tri dodnairthet (sic leg.) occo; huaill ┐ dimus ┐ ferc three things assail him in pursuit of it (i.e. truth), ZCP iii 450.26 . ? masa log othrusa theit do doarthenn cach ni dachuaid seacha, O'D. 2309 ( Rawl. B 506, 31a ) = Ériu xii 34.10 . Of events, disasters, etc., comes upon, befalls: cid do-t-árruigh? what has happened to thee?, TE § 9 . dafarraid galar sickness seized him, Trip.² 298 . condastárraid tess, SR 3019 . co mbad i llius libsi danarsitis ec that he should die, Irish Texts i 12 § 37 . a ndo doraid tarraid Coinculainn all the misfortune that had befallen C., IT i 299 . nirsam óg; tarrad mór rí ar gach rótt I have overtaken (i.e. outlived) many kings, Fen. 224 . doneoch tharradais do rígaib of all the kings thou hast come across, LL 303b30 = RC xiii 84 , Lism. L. p. 306 . fri cuimne seanchad indraice do[no] doairrither in ime by the memory of respectable antiquaries by whom the fence is overtaken (= in whose time the fence was erected), Laws iv 140 Comm. (cf. Plummer, Ériu viii 129 ). ma[d] gell bes airde ináit a fe[i]ch ┐ foiche De donairrtet, O'D. 122 ( H 3.17 101 ) = ┐ foichid De dia tharrachtain, O'Curry 2691 ( Eg. 88, 59 (60)a ). tarraid me Eri ar da mag I have seen Ireland with but two plains, Fen. 270 . an ttárthaidh tú no ar cuimhin leat leithéad na maidne anae? did you ever experience . . . the like of yestermorn?, Celt. Rev. x 138 . Note also: conid a mmárb tarraid talmain fell dead to the ground, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). rí is ferr tarraid talam, YBL 121a41 . riasiu táirset talmain, BDD 95 .

(b) reaches, comes to: gonach tartha int aitheach int áth ar tús romam, ZCP viii 552 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 1878 . tarthaigh T. tempall Cille C., Imr. Brain i 66 .

(c) catches, seizes, grasps: tarras-[s]a in darna congna de ┐ tarraid D. in congna aile, Acall. 2915 . tarraid C. cruadlann a claidim etarbuas, MR 300 . tairthit a fidbaco ┐ gabait a soighid, Aen. 1127 . tarraidh a láimh leathga robói for alchuing, BS 142 . tarraid a sciath for sdúadhlerg a dhruma girded on, Fianaig. 84 . tarraid gac[h] fer a n-arma ┐ a n-ededh aca, Celt. Rev. iv 10 . Cf. also: ní mó tarrthus cenn furre no for in gaeth it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind, Aen. 649 . ní tháirsiot greim forro they did not come up with them, Hugh Roe 150 . Catches, captures: do-m-airthend línaigi Cairill (said by a salmon), Imr. Brain ii 293 . is 'na lín tarras hí (of Lí Ban the mermaid), LU 3121 ( SG 237 ). co tarrus e ittir (sic leg.) na bú ┐ an lorcc, AFM 1094 (ii 946) . cin co tarrustar in cintuch though the delinquent be not apprehended, Laws ii 288 Comm. Cf. PH 8117 : ní tharraid in animm as in curp ann sin (subj. slóg mór na ndemna ). Note also: tárraid Fertái bóeghal gona forsin rí[g]fénidh seized an opportunity of wounding, Fianaig. 96 .

(d) finds: ni tharraid in t-ór ar n-impod he did not find the gold on his return (?), Lism. L. 193 . romudaigh . . . i tarraid da bur muintir ann such of your people as he found there, CCath. 5155 . co nā tarras acht a cnáma lomma only their bare bones remained (lit. were found), BDD App. 156 . a n-áes in-ob-tarras the age ye have attained (lit. in which ye have been found), RC x 64 .

(e) gets, attains to, secures (common in case of simple vb. tarraid, etc.): for deich treib tarraid a reir he acquired rule (obedience to his will) over ten tribes, SR 6535 . a cūic fichet dib tarthatar raind, inna cūic fichet aile ni tharthatar raind, Ériu iii 140 . na cūic cétfatha triassa tarrthaitear in fis through which knowledge is obtained, IT iii 198 . araba ina tairtemar dā deigchleamnas what we have gained by his becoming our son-in-law, TBC-I¹ 2482 (YBL) = araba a ttaramoir-ne, ZCP x 282 . dot' tharbha ní thárrasa | cuid ghiolla an eich don gheirrfhiadh I never got as much of your favour as the horseboy gets of the hare, Dánta Gr. 61.15 . tnúth ré dtárrthus do ṡochar jealousy of the rewards I have got, Content. ix 28 .

With follg. vn.: sul tarraid a n-etrāin torchratar ocht cét díb before they could be separated, TBC-LL¹ 4580 . ní tharraid etargaire, co romarbait a ndis intercession was of no avail, LL 30b15 = ní tarrus ædarghaire (a e.?), RC xv 281 ( Dinds. i § 14 ) = ní tharthus a edargaire, BB 350a27 . go nach dtárrthas anacal nā imdeaguil ar na hairdrioghaibh sin no protection was to be had against those kings, MR 86 . Note also: tarraidh secht mbliadna . . . C. reigned seven years, BB 47b10 . tarraigh O. . . . fichit bliadan, Lec. 621a39 . Cf. tarraid F. . . . . re ré coic mbliadan . . . ar mag Ailig, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 23 .

(f) visits, avenges (an offence) on (with AR, FOR): no co tararsa ar na Tiauandib crechta . . . mo chuirp till I avenge my wounds on the Thebans, TTebe 2764 . mani tharrastá co luath, ní tharrastá co bráth if it were not avenged speedily it would never be avenged, TTr.² 181 . gach olc darónsat tarras orra, Cog. 116.4 . tren tarras air on rioghain stern vengeance overtook him from the queen, Duan. F. i 32 . So also in Laws Comm. : cach ni roghabh . . . is a cin fair, mana tarrustar for a fine unless (the offence) be charged on his `fine', Laws iv 244 . madh codhnach fuachnuighes fris . . . dia tarrustar fair, ní ícand int aite frisin athair if a responsible adult attacks him (the foster-child) . . . if he is punished the foster-father does not pay damages to the father, ii 180 . Note also: tarrus forro siar ┐ soir | in-deochad ubaill Adaim was visited upon, Lec. 84a27 .

(g) With árach lays, imposes a pledge, bond (on): tárratar in dias [s]in arach comraic ┐ comlainn ar a céli pledged themselves to fight each other, Fianaig. 92 . tarrus arach orum-sa uime sin a pledge has been laid on me to that effect, Ériu iii 154 . táirthis [Moling] bæth n-araig fair laid a deluding bond on him (alluding to the promise exacted by M. from Finnachta for the remission of the Borama), RC xiii 106 . See maeth.

II Intrans. comes up, arrives (but perh. originally with infixed pron.): dofárthetar dā mac B. . . . ┐ rodgonat, TBC-LL¹ 2489 = dofáirthetar, TBC-I¹ 1835 LU. dofarraid leo . . . coruc caerig dia cháireib, SR 5715 . contarthatar coin altai co romarbsad an inilt, Toch. Becfola 176 ( Ir. MSS. Ser. i ). co tarraid debaid iter Aedan mac G. ┐ int Aed mac A. a quarrel arose, YBL 126a14 . Usually with prepp. AR, FOR, DO, I comes up with, overtakes, falls upon: tarthetar sluaig in tíre forru, TTr.² 722 . tarthemar-ne air, Acall. 2911 . uair na tarraidh fair since he could not come up with him, Aen. 3146 . . . . do tharaid ar chath curad chanced upon (was involved in) a contest (?), Todd Nenn. lxix . amal tarraigh don ḟidbuith sin when he reached that wood, RC ix 468 (LU). dotharraid teidm duairc dóib, SR 4157 . dos-farraigh ingnad anaithnigh doibh isin forais, Grail 3392 . mór tarraidh don teguscc riogh, | dīden cōra, cosg feilgnīomh much falls (pertains) to a king's training, ZCP ii 350 . uair tarras-[s]a dot muintirus since I have attained to thy fellowship, Acall. 4118 . co tarraidh colgdés in chlaidhimh . . . 'na cloigenn lodged in his skull, MR 298 . See further Celtica iii 267-8 .

See 1 tárr(th)aigid and 2 tárr(th)aigid.

do-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gair or dil.ie/17726
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cotagart, dorogart, do-da-rogart, d-a-rogart, do-b-rograd, togairm

v (* to-gair-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. dot-gaur, Blathm. 573 . Subj. pres. 1 s. in-dat-togar-sa gl. invocandi te, Ml. 72c4 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. cotagart, TBC-I¹ 3478 . dorogart, Wb. 21d2 , etc. inti do-da-rogart , 22c1 . d-a-rogart, Ml. 20b2 . Pass. perf. s. do-b-rograd, Wb. 24c4 . Vn. togairm.

I

(a) calls, summons: gl. vocare, Wb. 10a12 , 22 , Ml. 69d14 . revocare, 43b15 . dugairet arbar inna n-namat impu, 62b13 . donrogra don ríghlaith may He call us, Fél. Dec. 14 . co ndiuchtrat ... la gotha inna ndracon do-gairet, TBith.² 484 § 68.12 . rontograt diar n-anacul, Thes. ii 301.30 . dorogart Mártain a muinntir, Lat. Lives 96 (= RC ii 396 ). dorogairt in drái ríg Conaille don fhleid (= invitavit), 66 . tógaire iat isin sáire (= in libertatem revocas), PH 3909 . dorograd [Pól] dochum cretmi, 1649 . do tocair [in rígan] dia ndochum Cuipid, Aen. 396 . dorargait (leg. dorargairt) Agamemnon na huile tuisecho cuici, BB 425b13 (*to-air-gair-?). is iar feaba dogoathair ┐ dogairter he is chosen and called (i.e. appointed), Laws iii 78.22 .

(b) calls on, invokes: Ianus ar thūs . . . torogart ainm De Athar I. was the first to call upon the name, SR 2242 . nicon fhiu la credal | dorogra (dogara, v.l.) ainm Neron, Fél. Prol. 112 ( utter?). dorogart anmunna na ṅdemna furri, PH 1190 . dogēra dūileamain sech dūili she will invoke the Creator rather than creatures, Lec. 212c33 . dorogart in drái demna, Lat. Lives 10 n. 3 . dogairthi-si na demna ┐ na deo dia n-adairthi-si, Anecd. v 4 = garthi, Alex. 905 .

(c) calls down, brings (on oneself): mairg atbelaiges do dhainib ┐ dogair londus Dé, LB 12 marg. inf.

(d) proclaims, enounces: cís ní (= císne) doghair oes eiscí who declares the age of the moon? BB 39b37 = cia on cotagair æsa éscai (.i. cia innisfes duib æsa esci), LL 1564 ( IT iii 61 , 62 ) = cis nondogar, Leb. Gab.(i) 264 .

(e) Absol. calls out, cries, shouts: cotagart Badb ┐ Be Neit ┐ Nemain forru ind aidchi sin . . . conid apad cét loech dib ar uathbas, TBC-I¹ 3478 . condegart in Dagda intan atbert . . ., RC xii 108 § 163 (perh. summoned them). dorogairt o diucaire mōir, Anecd. iv p. xiv 29 .

II

a calls (by a name), names: gl. appellare, Ml. 29c6 . ised dogair-som hó anmaim chailich what he calls by the name of cup, 30c17 . ní ho mud neirt . . . dogairemni noibu not from . . . do we call (men) holy, 37b16 . ré Tadc romemaid in cath | is o Chormac dorrogradh it was named after C., SG ii 492.4 . With a subst. without prep. as complement of pred.: do-gair (dogarar) x y he calls x (x is called) y; esp. in pass. constr.: is airi darogart-som noib for this reason he called himself a saint, Ml. 20b2 . dogarar . . . o dib n-anmannaib intíi . . ., PH 6781 . cach dān dognīat lāmhae is cerd dongairther, O'Mulc. 222 . is gae greine dogairter, Laws iv 352.16 . bretha mac do F. . . . Nel darograd he was named N., Todd Nenn. 228 . ó na cnóib . . . dogarar Cnámrus, Metr. Dinds. iii 130 . conid airi dogairther Goedelg ┐ Goedil, Lec. 325b15 .

(b) With DE + subst. as complement of pred.: dogair (dogarar) y de x he calls x (x is called) y; usually in pass. constr.: conid de dogairer Fiacha Foltsnaithech de, RC xxiv 184 . dogairtea Deimne Mael de, v 199 . is aire dogairthe Uathach diside, LL 316c44 . is aiie dogarar soiscela in aingil de, AU 552 . conid húaidi dogairter díndi Scuit from her we are named Scots, Ériu iv 30 . conad dib dogairdis tall | Tuatha delbda Dé Danann, Lec. 84a37 . neasgóit . . . is de sin dogair Ipocras opostema, 23 P 10, 7a50 . dogoirdis na sein feallsamain an craide do bel an gaili used to call the orifice of the stomach the heart, 6b60 . With other prepp.: dosuidib dogairder Connachta indiu, Rawl. 118b8 (perh. de). cid Auguist dogairthi dó, Lec. 46b34 . nir tograd Cesari for rig eile no other king was called Caesar, Todd Nenn. 66 . conid de dogarar Feil Moingfhinde frisin samain, RC xxiv 178 .

doír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doír or dil.ie/17924
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: doer, doír, dærcis, daertuath

adj o,ā. As subst. o, m. and ā, f.

(a) unfree, lowborn, of servile condition or nature; as subst., serf (opposed to soír free, a freeman; sometimes also to mug slave. See 1 saer); doer gl. mancipi, Sg. 51b12 . doer . . . .i. satilitess (= satellites), O'Mulc. 318 . dochraid cach daer, ACL iii 229 . saor ┐ daor, Laws i 40 . masa chudrumus corpdire dair dair ┐ dair urraid, O'Curry 999 ( H 3.18 427a ). daor urrad . . . daor deorada . . . daor murchartha . . . daor daoir, 2351 ( Eg. 88, 27 (28)b ). etir sóir ┐ dóir, Wb. 27c15 . berar . . . 'nas dáer na braiti such of the captives as are serfs, TBC-LL¹ 1696 . áne la dóer skill in a serf, Triads 84 . indogbáil doeir (.i. togbáil a hinde na doerclanna fri sáerudh) uplifting of the lowborn, Anecd. v 26 . saer i suidiu ndaeir ┐ daer i suidiu saeir, Laws v 18 . mac cumaili .i. daire of a bondswoman, 456 Comm. tucait na dáe[i]r ┐ na dorsaire do ḟaire na cathrach, RC xiv 416 ( LL 109b44 ). radeligtar a ndáer (= ndaeir) ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer nhErend, TBC-LL¹ 423 . mod frisa mbitis cumala doera, Corm. Y 324 . dia ructhar ar mnā dōera uand, biait for (ar, LU sic leg.) mnā sāera for brōintib, TBC-I¹ 1129 . etir saera ┐ daera freemen or serfs, Cog. 42 . o saeraib co daeraib, Laws v 466 . admestar doeru drungu fognama fognat, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . foirb daér ar dilse tenant-land held in fee, Metr. Dinds. iii 300 . d'fearann tsaér ┐ dhaor, AFM v 1842 . Servile, menial: oibre daora .i. oibre corpordha, mur ata treabhadh, etc., Luc. Fid. 100 ; Ó Héodhusa 160 .

(b) Of physical and moral qualities base, ignoble, slavish: ní dóir for mbethu, Wb. 5a3 . rāter rand do dréim nar daer (of Adam and his family), LL 136b25 . ba daor a dath, Todd Nenn. 282 . duairc, doer, dressachtach a drech, SR 939 . o Diarmaid nar bo daer drech of no servile aspect, BB 189a34 . a rosg daor an Diabuil, RC xxviii 320 . conacca in n-arracht ndoer ndochraid, LL 117b27 . for iffern ndub ndorcha ndaer, SG 52 . fria ndiumas ndaor ndrocht `enslaving pride' (?), SG 160 = fri diumus ndúr, Acall. 2964 (sic leg.). oc na slogaib dubaib doeraib na ndemna , PH 8308 . Compar.: mo choirthe . . . an duirb is daoire d'fiabrasaibh, Ó Bruad. ii 168 .

(c) enslaved, subject: is daor anois a dhuthaidh, GJ iv 10 . cella daera (a prophecy of evil times), ZCP viii 196 . tiuccfo aimser bus doer eglaiss do thuaith when the church shall be subject to the laity, SG 79 . Derbail . . . dar daer Cul Dremne to whom C.D. owned sway, LL 141a2 . doer o demnaib enslaved (i.e. possessed) by devils, PH 2226 . an uair do bhi t'anam deilte, daor uaidh enslaved by it (the body), GJ iv 20 .

(d) condemned, deserving punishment, guilty: slān cach ditiu(d); daer cach dic[h]ell `every neglect is condemned', Laws ii 2 ; 124 . d'eagla . . . go bhfuighthi daor thú lest thou be found guilty, Proverbs xxx 10 . dochuaidh síos go tigh na ndaor the house of the damned (hell), O'Rah. xvii 20 .

(e) laborious, hard, rigorous, painful: trosgadh, urnuighthe . . . aithrighe dhaor, GJ v 85 . is iontuigthe nach daor . . . an bhreath rug Dia ar Ádhamh, TSh. 3418 . With DO: is daer don liaigh inuair nach eol dó beatha an othair dórdugud it is a bad lookout for the physician, 23 P 10, 153ra22 . atáid trí hadhbhair fa' n-a daoire don droing . . . ioná don chineadh Iudaigheach why those . . . shall fare worse than the Jews, Eochairsg. 100 . innte (sc. isan oidhche sin) rogheinsiodar | Bile Tortan, Eo Rosa, | a n-umhla nochar dhaor dhí `their homage to the night was no indignity' (i.e. it was none the worse for that night that the Trees sprang up), ML 96 . Adv. gabhaidh go d.¤ docamhlach iad with rigour and severity (of captives), ML 108 . foighénaidh go d.¤ do Dhia he will render hard service, SG 24 . gur cheannaigh Críost ár siothcháin go d.¤ ar an gcrois purchased our peace dearly, Eochairsg. 73 . clogat do cheannach go d.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 22 . cruindigh do shaidhbhris gu d.¤ ┐ scaoil gu saor he amass your wealth with pains, Ériu v 130 .

(f) Hence dear, valuable, costly (comm. in mod. lang.; cf. Eng. dear): budh daor a bhfuil iona radharc precious shall their blood be in His sight, Psalms lxxii 14 . an criostal ba dhaoire, O'Rah. xxxiv 54 .

Compds. With subst. and adjj. doír forms compds.

(a) in sense of unfree, servile, base, of low condition esp. freq. in technical terms denoting social distinctions in Laws: ¤aicenta: daoraicinta `natural slave', inferior , Laws v 236 Comm. ; O'Dav. 873 . ¤aicme serf-tribe: athigh ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . daoraicme gacha dúithche, Keat. i 58 . ¤am(m)us serf-soldier: ocht doerammuis dia mbiathad fri seilgg, RC xx 140 . ¤athech serf, `villain': ni haltram nach dóerathig, Fél. 44 ( Fél. Jan. 15 ) (but see CMCS i 46 ). ¤bard a bard of the second class, oppd. to the sóerbard, IT iii 107 . na dærbaird, Auraic. 1691 . aisti na ndærbard, 1590 . ¤ bondwoman (poet.): rohir dam . . . deich ndairbé (.i. bancumala), Ériu ii 3 . ¤ben id.: fo dóerban dul `after the fashion of lowborn women', Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . ¤bíatach: a chuaird . . . for a dóerbiatachu ` base-hospitallers ', RC xxvi 39 n. 5 . ¤bothach serf-cottier , opp. to soerb., Laws ii 288 Comm. doerboth[ach]us, iv 388 Comm. See Críth G. p. 78 , Ir. Recht 81 . ¤chéle base tenant or client: a saerceili ┐ a daerceili, Laws i 40 Comm. doercele ag in rí, ii 94 Comm. ¤cherd: lucht daoircheard, mar atá an drong do bhíodh ré gaibhneacht nó ré ceardacht, etc. artisans of lower class, Keat. iii 656 . ¤chimbid prisoner: é féin . . . d'furáilemh ina dhaoirchimidh díairm do mhuinntir na bainrioghna, AFM vi 2258 . ¤chimbidecht imprisonment, bondage: ar dháigh ná dáoirchimidheachta i mbattar a thír ┐ a thalamh, a chairde, etc., AFM vi 1896 . tromnemhele na daoirchimidheachta dorad Ua Néll don Chalbhach, v 1584 . ¤chís tribute (exacted by conqueror): daircis fodhnama for feraib Eirend, RC xx 337 . dærcis, ib. go gcuirfeadh fá dhaorchíos iad, ML 118.18 . Isaiah lx 17 . a láethibh an dáoirchíosa `of the enrolling', Acts v 37 . ¤chlann serf-clan, inferior classes or race: ho d[ó]erchlandib gl. exiguis nationibus, Ml. 80a12 . cach doerchland, cach merlech lowborn person (?), LL 147a47 . at imdha a saerchlanda . . . at [t]earca a daerchlanda, IT iii 92 . co n-ordnitis doerclanna i n-ard-clannaib, CCath. 249 . can cummusc daerc[h]lann no daescurslógh, 6035 . sé cinéala Aitheachthuath nó Daorchlann i nÉirinn, Keat. iv p. 13 . sochaidhe dia saorclandaibh ┐ dia ndaorchlandaibh, Hugh Roe 108 . adj. ¤chlan(n)da: a ceithri doerclanda, CCath. 3564 = servum pecus, Luc. Phars. vi 152 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha daorchlanda, AFM vi 2146 . ¤ḟer bondsman: a dáirḟir (as term of reproach), Metr. Dinds. iii 154 . ¤ḟognam menial service, bondage: rucadh fa dochar ┐ daerḟoghnam, Ériu v 148 . rochuin[n]ig C. chuccasom daerfoghnomh Temrach, RC xvi 478 ( Dinds. 78 ). ¤ḟuidir (tech. term), Laws ; ¤ḟuidres, Críth G. 580 ; see p. 93 ( base `tenant-at-will'), Ir. Recht 64 , 83 ff. ¤gním: fodailsed Aithechthuacha fo Eirind ┐ rodead daergnim flatha Erend uasaib, Lec. 350b38 (? = greim, BB, see below). ¤macne: bertair dóermaicni dóib their children will be serfs, LU 5614 = TBC-I¹ 1134 . ¤mám servile yoke, servitude: fo d., SR 1776 . doermamu fognamaidh, Laws v 222 Comm. Hence denom. doirmámaigedar gl. vilescere, Ml. 93d9 ; 101a8 . ¤mámaigthetu gl. squalor, Sg. 20a5 . hon doir[ma]maigthetaid gl. squalore, Ml. 28b1 . ¤manach base tenant of ecclesiastical lands, O'Dav. 873 . doermanuch ag in espoc, Laws ii 94 Comm. daermanach eagalsa, iv 196 Comm. Abstr. dóirmanche: cen erchóiliud doermancha, Ériu vii 142 . ¤mesda: luchd daoirmheasda taskmasters , Exodus i 11 . daoirmheasadóir taskmaster , v 10 , 13 ; iii 7 . ¤nemed (tech. term): atat dō neimid . . . saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine . . . Daerneimead imorro, aes gach dāna olchena . . . is do ṡaernemthib fognait, Laws v 14 . ¤opair servile work , TBC-LL¹ 1760 . ¤rath (see 2 rath): daerrath cach tothlu sech fine, ZCP xv 252 § 9 (see xvi 212-13 ). ¤rathas, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18 251). ¤thúath: daertuath ` tributary territories ', Laws i 82 Comm. ba do daertuathaib Herind do subject tribes , YBL 139a36 .

(b) As pref. with pejorative or intensive force, forming unstable compds. ¤bás: fodémat uacht ┐ gortai . . . ria ndaerbásaib éitchib before (dying) a miserable death, LB 206b56 . ¤breth sentence of condemnation: rug Dia an daoirbhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4 . ni dhearnais daorbhreitheamhnas flatha tyrannical judgment , ML 102 . ¤chor: ní daerchor `no sorry bargain', Metr. Dinds. iii 410 . ¤chris: daorchrios diúide `austere restrictions', Ó Bruad. ii 70 . ¤dál hard judgement or fate: daor-dháil, TSh. 6099 . ¤dálach rigorous, severe: cúntas daor-dhálach, TSh. 3750 . ar na hanmannaibh damanta daor-dhálacha ill-fated , TSh. 6264 . ¤dangen: i nhiffern ṅdúr ndáirdaṅgen, SR 1764 . ¤galar: gailcind nó daergalar ` haemorrhoids ', Fél. 44 (Jan. 16) . flux bronn no daorgaluir, 24 P 3, 346.2 . ¤gol: ag daorghol i nguais ghalair, Ó Bruad. ii 108 . ¤greim: fodhailset tuatha aithecha fo Erind ┐ roddet daergreim flatha Erend uasaib they were placed under strict subjection (?), BB 255b36 . ¤méit: o Dealbaeth nach dealbad bréic | cinset Dealbna can daormeit, Lec. 439b4 = gaendaermeit, BB 188b35 . ¤múch: cen dáermūich daille `vile smoke of blindness', Fianaig. 50 .

In adjj. ¤bésach: gomsa daerbésacha macneda Uladh i l-leth o maithrechaibh inherit servile ways from their mothers, ZCP viii 545 . ¤buillech: deilm d. `a dishonouring blow', Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . ¤garg: debtha dene dóergairce, LU 3466 ( SCC § 25 ). Ériu viii 173 .

(c) Rarely with vbs.: ¤brissid: cor daerbris a druim ar dó ann, Acall. 4871 ; 6943 ; 6998 .

drong

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drong or dil.ie/18811

 

Forms: d., d., drong, druing, drung, drong, druing, drungu, druing, drong, drond, drond[a, dronda

n o, m. in O.Ir. and usually in Mid.Ir. (note also n s. d.¤ n-ingen, d.¤ ngilla cert, SR 6279 ; but: in drong , Sg. 159b5 ). Later ā, f. g s. druing, SR 1227 , 1434 , 2619 etc. d s. drung, 249 , 633 , 855 , etc. a s. drong, 1289 . n p. druing, 8284 ; Fél. Ep. 285 . a p. drungu, Hy. iv 3 ; Fél. Ep. 232 . As ā, f. fiad cach druing dēin, SR 4519 . v s. a drong noeb, Fél. Ep. 401 . Occas. also drond: drond[a, RC xiv 404 § 10 . ? dronda, IT iii 98 § 162 .

Indefinite number of individuals grouped together for some purpose, band, crowd , usually of persons (refers to a more compact and precise number than drem(m)): d.¤ .i. imat, O'Dav. 727 ; Lec. Gl. 62 . cach d.¤ imma rig, TBC-LL¹ 458 . cach d.¤ immá deglaech, cach buiden imma taesech, LL 220b38 ( TTr. 266 ). riched co n-ilhur a d.¤ , SR 341 . tigerna os cech drung, 855 . táet nech ammuig ó nach druing, 3911 . do dilgenn a nd.¤ ndalach, a mban, a mac (of Israelites), 5737 . slúaig sil Adaim, aidbli druing, 2673 , cf. 889 . druing cen crabad ar mo cinn, Trip.² 1316 . im Fer nDiad na nd.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2381 . do Crist na nd.¤ , Anecd. ii 26 § 3 . oenta[id] in druing dindgil, Gorm. May 10 . dom dín ar cech ndruing, KMMisc. 255.9 . atrachtsat dronga écraibdecha i n-agaid Pilip, PH 2547 . éirghit siat 'na tri drongaib, RC xxiv 379.15 . ba ri for drungu domain, Lec. 46b30 . do fhágaibh dronga ag coimhéad na críche, Keat. iii 5397 . Commonly folld. by partitive gen. or DE: sech drungu (dhrunga, v.l.) demne (with gloss .i. sech buidne), Hy. iv 3 . la drongaib (drunga, LB) na ndemna , FA § 31 . d.¤ árchaingel nime im Michél, Fél. Ep. 233 . rotgíallsat druing na fían find, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.9 . Brian . . . adrochar le druing nDanar, ZCP viii 120 § 5 . d.¤ d'arbrib angel, SR 791 . d.¤ mor dia miledu armtha lais, PH 848 . roráid fria droing do doinib, 3359 . Of things: in d.¤ briatharde persine tanise the verbal group of the second person, Sg. 159b5 . tria drungo drona dagdrēcht, ZCP xii 246 § 18 . aithne ar dhrongaibh do ceartuibh Gaoidhilgi, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.7) . daronusa doib d.¤ bind bairdne abundance of bardic poetry, Auraic. 5250 = droing mbind, 5247 . saildrong willow-brake (?), 5521 . Of a class or category: atat da droing for ainglib, YBL 169b12 . fó coruib na druingi seo contracts of this class, Laws v 184.23 Comm. do scuibhéaraibh ┐ do lucht bogha ┐ da gach ndruing ré gaiscidh, Keat. iii 5230 . don dá dhroing . . . do chloinn Bhanbha (of two political parties), Keat. Poems 1019 . ag so na sé dronga do Leith Cuinn mar atáid Dál gCuinn, Dál gCéin, etc., ITS xv 13.8 ( Keat. iv ). cia do na trí drongaibh peacthach, TSh. 1515 . na hocht dronga beannaighthe (specified in the Beatitudes), Ó Héodhusa 227.8 . nocon fhaca don droing banda a comālaind womankind , RC xxiii 396 § 2 . don druing daonda mankind , SG 260.12 . an d.¤ maol do ghéill don ccrábhadh (i.e. the clergy), ZCP i 142.4 .

Folld. by partitive DE some of: Ere oll . . . atfeda d.¤ dia dálaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 92.19 . ma's fír do dhroing dona fileadaib, Lec. 243a1 . Absolutely: ata d.¤ aca rāda có roibi mac aili oc Erc some say , 239d22 . drong . . . drong some . . . others: cuimhnighid d.¤ air charbaduibh ┐ d.¤ aile air eachuibh, Psalms xx 7 . Note also: mar bhís a ndán do dhroing dul when it is the destiny of people to die, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150.23 . Folld. by rel. clause those who: nach tuc as acht d.¤ do dligh those who deserved it, Ériu iv 118.27 . mar an druing théid síos annsa pholl, Proverbs i 12 . Iábal . . . athair na druinge gá mbí áirnéis of such as have cattle, Gen. iv 20 . a dhrong is caraid damh (= amici mei, Job xix 21 ), TSh. 3918 .

Compds. with adjj.: ó Drobáis drong-adbail of the mighty throngs, Ériu iv 152 § 33 . ¤ḟoirtil strong in retainers, Keat. Poems 793 . With nouns: ardrí for drongaltaib den `strong hosts' (divers degrees and conditions?), ZCP ix 466.3 . ¤buiden: dā drongbuidhin móra, Acall. 4651 . drongbuidhen deghshluaigh, AFM v 1740.14 . Keat. iii 5271 . ? drongdige (gen.?), Metr. Dinds. ii 30.66 . drongdirma, CCath. 4482 ; Hugh Roe 202.19 . ¤ḟolt: ni dighna d. gan dol | rigraidh Connacht ar creidem the thick-haired kings of Connacht (?), Fen. 242.21 .

dúaibsech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúaibsech or dil.ie/18932

 

adj o,ā (dúabais) gloomy, stern, forbidding; sad, calamitous: painful, irksome, unpleasant, toilsome, difficult , P. O'C. Of living beings: atheach duaibseach (the Devil), Lec. 347b3 . imad na ndemna nd.¤ , PH 8278 . ag drochmuindtir duaibhsigh diabhail, MR 294 . amal atchondcatar na firu duaibseacha, TBC-I¹ 478 . óglaoch dubh duaibhsech diabhluidhe, RC xxix 142 . o'tcuala . . . in caillich nduaibsigh (the witch of Thessaly), CCath. 4004 . cach dūil d.¤ , 4138 . badh . . . duabsech, Cog. 174 . dei duaibsecha diablaidhi (of heathen gods), ZCP vi 57 . seact mba dubha duaibhsiocha dathghránna, ML 4 . Of things: ga duaibhseach díbhfeirge, Keat. iii 2020 (poem). cona n-idna ndubh nd.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5595 (St.). urchor do shoighitt nduaibhsigh, AFM iv 782 . longa dubha duaibhsiocha, ML 44 . teglach dub dorcha d.¤ , PH 8197 . linnti dub-fola duaibsighi, CCath. 964 . tene derg d.¤ , FA 30 (LB). ceo d.¤ dorcha, ITS i 74 . i ndeirc dhuaibhsigh, TSh. 1259 . docum glenna domuin duaibsigh, ZCP vi 42 . Fig. cél duaibhsioch an omen of disaster, TFrag. 200 . cath cruaidh duaibhsioch, 120 . comairli d.¤ demnacda, MR 198 . cathbéim colg-d.¤ , 116 . cach tech suidigther in tucht sin, ní ba d.¤ , Dinds. 1 § 6 ( RC xv 280 ). Ill-starred, unlucky: a Bhanba . . . dhona dhuaibhseach, Keat. Poems 1349 . Compar. (as superl.) rob iat rigclanna Rudraigi . . . ba duaibsige deired `most terrible in the rear', MR 216 . As adv.: is duaibhseach romdúiscis (said by one awakened by tidings of enemies' approach), 170 . As n.pr.: D.¤ ingen Duach Tenga umai, RC xxiii 396 . in D.¤ eclach (name of Cú Chulainn's spear), CRR 51 . an dub d.¤ (name of Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . As subst.: rochoimil se duaibhsech d[ó]ibh ┐ docuir sin dath dubh duaibhsech orra ` black ( stain )', ZCP vi 74 .

feochracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feochracht or dil.ie/21627

 

n ā, f. fierceness, savageness: f.¤ na ndémna oc pianad ... na n-écraibthech, PH 5016 . (as quasi-vn.) co nā comarlecet doib ... f.¤ friu to vent their rage on them 6249 .

forníata

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forníata or dil.ie/23824

 

adj io-iā (cf. 1 nia, niae 'champion'. ?) overbearing, warlike, pugnacious (sometimes in unfavourable sense): fer fergach f.¤ (of Caesar) CCath. 347 . flaith f.¤ , YBL 307b47 (misprinted formata, MR 214.20 ). fodhmoir fíchmar f.¤ , Stair Erc. 715 . cona foirind ḟoirniata ḟír-misgnigh, Hugh Roe 6.7 (f. 1b) . gnúsi na ndémna ... forniatta, PH 4324 . Of horses: sgor fráechda foirniata, IGT, Decl. ex. 94 . cf. do imgabh in Liath Macha ... hé, ┐ do bi co fraochda f.¤ fris, CCC 92.10 . Of actions, etc.: comrucc fichdai forniatai, Stair Erc. 1327 . ba fergach ... f.¤ ... in fobairt tucsat forro, Aen. 3048 . ba foruallach f.¤ ... an feogad [ = fégad] dobertsat ... for a mbidbadaib, CCath. 2840 . gníomh foirniata, TD 25.37 . Of things: fiacla f.¤ , Stair Erc. 1238 . finnfadh f.¤ 1240 .

Advb.: ro thenc co f.¤ fair `looked fiercely ' Stair Erc. 1281 .

fothraicid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fothraicid or dil.ie/24195

 

Forms: fo-truic-, fóthrúicther, foilc, fothraic, dotfothraig, not-f.

v i (usually treated as simple vb., but originally a compd.: fo-truic-, cf. Fél. May 8 cited below) bathes, washes , generally of total immersion, less often of partial ablution; trans., refl. and intrans. pass. pres. s. fóthrúicther, Thes. i 4.25 (Southampton Psalter 47a ). anais co foilc ┐ co fothraic, LU 4782 (in the vocab. to his Stories from the Tain Strachan took foilc and fothraic as acc. sg. and through over-sight the error remained uncorrected in the subsequent editions). fothraic in cétna culén i fín ... forḟothraic in tanaise i corcair, LL 319c38 . sruth tened, sruth snechtaide ... is intib sin nos fotraicet slúaig ... na ndemna LU 2237 ( FA 30 ). nofothraic Lugaid ... il-loch L. ros-fothraic dano Fial ... sind abaind ..., LL 13a7 . ni rosfoilc ┐ ni rosfothraic, CCath. 1170 . fothruicfídh é féin a n-uisce, Levit. xvii 15 . a chuithem ... i na fothraictís na demnu PH 8270 . inna fuil fo-truicset, Fél. May 8 . With A(S) of liquid, etc.: atnaig usce ina chúach ... ┐ fothraicis ass, LU 4262 ( SG 84 ). robhennach ... uiscci ┐ ro fothraiccit an rioghan ass, BNnÉ 14 § 8 . dotfothraig [ = not-f.] eissi (i.e. in the well), Cóir Anm. 251 . With FOR: ro delbad ... .ccc. bo craind cona línphattaib dubodraib ... ┐ fos fothraicit iar sin for dubrota, LL 169a28 (= rofothraicit, Dinds. 46 ). Immerses, plunges: meni fothraicthe sin choire fola ... hí (of a spear) LL 267b28 ( MU² 742 ). By extension, of plunging or thrusting into solids: gur ḟothruicheadar an da laighin ... san laochmhileadh, ML 126.28 (... fothraicedar, etc. ML² 1686 ). Cf. fosnessa sleig culind i n-a bond traiged coras fothraic eter feoil ┐ chnam, TBC-LL¹ 2187 = cur rusfotraic St; Windisch's expl. (as = rus-fothraigd = ro thregd, see tris-gata) seems unjustified; possibly the infixed pron. is reflex. so that it plunged i.e. ran between flesh and bone. rofotraicsidar ... an mbrath luirg ` brandished ' TTebe 1002 = quassabat Theb. ii 619 is evidently corrupt.

Vn. fothrucud, q.v.

1 gláed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gláed or dil.ie/25927

 

n ā, f., also o, m. (?) a shout, a loud call (used of utterances of men and animals): in tan dobeir in leo a glaid ass, RC xx 410.1 ( ACC 133 Comm. ). amal gláid ṁbind ind leoman, 408.15 . éirghis ... in bainléo ┐ dobheir a gláoidh moir osaird, BNnÉ 84 § 172 . doleig F. glaodh mór isin cúan, IT ii2 125.89; 93 . do aitin gurbí glaodh Fergusa í, tucc a ghlaodh churadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 339 n. 4 . glǽdh cuirre, BS 102.y . glaodh O. ag dul do sheilg, Oss. iv 16.13 . g s. ag legen na cétgl[a]ídhi, IT ii2 126.100 . pl. eamnait a nglaedha na sinnaigh, RC i 36.29 (gl. fr. H.3.18). o gloedaib ... na ṅdémna , PH 5625 . nolindais ifern da nglaodhaib et beicethaigh, Aisl. Tond. 104.10 .

Compds. ¤béiccedach: howling, shouting, a blaring sound: glaodvheicet[h]och na piast, Aisl. Tond. 104.19 . glaedh-beccedaigh na stocc, CCath. 3106 . glaéidhbeicedhach, gáir ┐ gredhan a ngalgat, AFM vi 2116.18 . ¤gal bawling (?): demhna ag glaedhgail (blaodhaigh, v.l.), BNnÉ 99 § 11.

glífit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glífit or dil.ie/26092
Last Revised: 2013

 

n i, f. trouble, anguish, pain, calamity (?) ; contention (?) : co comraicet ... na pecdaig fri cétglífit (cetaidber, LB) ocus fri cétchesad na conaire, FA 15 . ronsoera ar gliphiti | [na] ṅdemna in-Iffurnn, SR 8363 . ic fulaṅg gábaid ┐ glífiti a galair, TTr. 752 ( LL 227a46 ). ba dubach ... don mórglifit donn-ánic .i. loscad na Trói, TTr.² 175 . tormach ... cecha péni ┐ cech todernama ┐ cech doccumla ┐ cech tromglífite fri aroli, PH 4341 . lucht cecha tédma ┐ cecha doccumla. ┐ cecha glifíte, 4474 . glifit mór il-lenmain T. de D. `Ca glifit sin ?' ar C. Tri meic rig Ulad ... atait ac fogail forro, Acall. 7074 . muna tísta ré morglifid mhoir, ITS v 20.12 . gairm glífite (: dínirte) a name expressive of affliction, Metr. Dinds. iii 186.36 . robhaoi gach cogadh ┐ gach glifit i Lochlainn, TFrag. 158.10 . tri fichit forcbarc fedair | glifitt im Morc mac Delidh `an outcry,' Leb. Gab.(i) i 110.8 . glifid .i. gair commotion (?), O'Cl. ? robod grifit (: fichit; MS. ghridfit) gléither 'it would be trouble that may be cleared up' Celtica xxv 23 § 7a .

ít(t)u

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ít(t)u or dil.ie/29175

 

Forms: ítu, híttu, híta, iodtha, itaid, ítith, ítaid, itid, íttaid, ítu, itad, hittad, íota, hitaid, ítaid, íota, ītu, iotain, itan, hitun, itain, íotain, híttad

n d, f. Later also n, f. n s. ítu, Ml. 123c2 . LU 1699. híttu, SR 917. híta, Alex. 643. iodtha, Luc. Fid. 225.12 . ? itaid (or n p. ?), TTebe 1810 . a s. ítith, Wb. 11a19 . ítaid, Ml. 121b8 . itid, Mon. Tall. 147.25 . íttaid, LU 1695. ítu, CCath. 2572. g s. itad, LU 7923. na hittad , PH 4329. íota, Gadelica i 49.501 . TSh. 7825. d s. hitaid, SR 5357. ítaid, LU 1280. íota, TSh. 6250. ītu, O'Mulc. 705. Cf. a s. iotain, BNnÉ 70 § 117. g s. itan, Ériu ii 224 § 43. na hitun , Rosa Angl. 38.x . d s. itain, BB 20a30 . íotain, DDána 29 § 26.

thirst: í.¤ ab idor (ὕδωρ) ... dond ī.¤ , O'Mulc. 704 - 5 . ar in n-itaid gl. sitim, Ml. 97d3 . í.¤ ┐ dommatu, 123c2 . ros gab hí.¤ mór ocai, co rucad drolmach medcuisci dóib ó Pátraic, Trip.² 2789. co n-erbalt fer díib ar ítaid, 2791 . arna himfoilnged imned dó ind ro-í.¤ , Mon. Tall. 145.1 . diambai in-hitaid osind leirg | ... dia rodáil dó Dia dig, SR 5357. cumma aranggairtís gortai ┐ íttaid díb na hubla, LU 1695. dofic a mórthart itad ┐ aplis do thám arnach fúair a dig, 7923 . occ īarraidh a íccai ar chraos, ar ithemraighe ocus ar ítaid n-ētūalaing, MacCongl. 119.17 . in tan batar isin morítaid sin ... conḟacutar sruth for a cínd, Alex. 653. bá moidi a tirmach ┐ bá haidhblithi in-ítu (leg. a n-ítu) in saethur mór sin do dénam oc íarraid uisce, CCath. 2518. asbert Ísu isin croich `Ata hittu form,' PH 2868. toirmeasc itan eindeisi `sufficient to quench the thirst of two persons,' Ériu ii 224 § 43. gabhais robor (roburta, v.l.) îtadh hê iarsin `a strong thirst,' RC xxvii 300 § 71. i n-íotain 's i n-ocaras, DDána 29 § 26. risin lasud lanitad bai orro iter ech ┐ duni, TTebe 1757 . itta gan bathad `unquenchable thirst,' Rosa Angl. 270.22 . agá chéasadh ag an íota do bhí air i n-ifreann, TSh. 6250.

Metaph. spiritual thirst, desire: a srúaim mór ind forcitil spirdáldi arrodibaid ítith ind israhel spiurdalti inna nóib `the thirst of the spiritual Israel of the saints,' Wb. 11a19 . íta uirri im sercc nDé (gl. Īte), Fél.² xxxiv 32. dichurid in ngorta ┐ in ítaid suthain o anmain na n-iressach, PH 5191. re ro-met ... a nitad ... 'mon tir, Cog. 52.16 . gi be ibheas don uisge do bheirimsi dho, ni gheubhadh iodtha e go siordhaidhe, Luc. Fid. 225.12 . do ruagadh íota na hantoile ┐ ocrais na hurchóide, TSh. 7825.

Attrib. gen. used in sense of thirst-quenching: a thopur híttad na ndemna , PH 8274. toghuit hī tar gach ndigh íttan for bith `they choose it in preference to any thirst-quenching draught on earth,' Marco P. § 143.

1 lorg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lorg or dil.ie/30682

 

Forms: lorg, llorg

n o, m. lorg (ón tṡlicht), IGT Decl. § 67. ? Orig. n. n s. a llorg so, RC x 216.49 (Echtra Nerai), but reading uncertain.

I

(a) trace, vestige, mark, impression : fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. l.¤) a cos isin cloich, Trip. xlvii 35 . in tin(e)adh a mberthar l.¤ na gaite (sic leg.), muna fedann l.¤ na gaidi do cur dibh, O'Curry 290 ( H 3.18, 159 ). sochaigh do anntestaib ro batar andsin ┐ ro frith in gait acu; no ro dibad l.¤ eturru, O'Curry 352 ( H 3.18 193c ) (i.e. owing to their number the actual thief could not be traced, Plummer MS. notes). aenguin a[n] gataigi, . . . no deargl.¤, . . . no aenḟiacail in meic diri . . . , is slan acht cu taisbentar a mart dun ti isa selb the track of blood(?), O'D. 2410 ( Rawl. B 506, 52b ). an saitheach . . ara mbí l.¤ an bhainne, Rule of Tallaght § 10b . combo léir lorcc a asnaigh triana ionar., Mart. Don. 164.4 . an dealbh gan lórcc áladh uirre, Beatha S. F. 3150 . l.¤ a n-áitighthe (traces of habitation), Content. vi 63 . nī raibhi lorcc nō sliocht loisge air, Beatha S. F. 2174 .

(b) track, trail, path, course : l.¤ .i. slighi, ut est dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, O'Dav. 1155 (but loirge must be 2 lorg). Cf. mna . . . gaibht(h)er do chennaibh l.¤ ┐ conar, O'D. 2356 ( Rawl. B 506, 41a ) (oppd. to ben dligthech, ibid.). hond lurc gl. calli, Ml. 35a15 . lorc gl. trames, Sg. 66b2 . Dīa dam frim l.¤ `behind me', Thes. ii 350.15 ( Hy. vi 2 ). in cu for banlurg co srubluin . . . in cu for dergl.¤ co fir-lomnacht isin caill, Laws iii 412.11 , 15 - 17 (`contrast between an unmuzzled (lomnacht) dog, intended to track and kill, and a muzzled dog, intended only to track and not to kill', Plummer MS. notes). cía ragas ina ndíaid co taesead i ll.¤ chugamsa? that they may come behind me(?), BDD² 297 . Indergi . . . do toitim a llurg Congailaigh i Connachtu on C.'s expedition into Connacht, AU i 472.11 . uch, a Dhé, mo l.¤ tar lionn my journey across the sea, Aithd. D. 53.5 . derc timcholl Laigen a lorcc bloodstained his course, Irish Texts ii 34 § 27 . docondcatar an bachall ag ergi cuca as carruicc cloiche . . . ┐ do ling sreb uisce as a lorc `track', BCC § 133 (p. 134.21) . Of books: ro aithscriobus so an tan so ar mo lorcc fein (i.e. copying my own transcript), BNnÉ 182 § 41 . lorcc na seinleabur do lenmain, 182 § 41 . l.¤ an pinn do leanus i.e. I only followed the copy before me, O'Gr. Cat. 139.8. Fig. cinnus bías an líne / nách l.¤ fíre a mbretha? `whose judgments follow not truth', ZCP iii 31.25 . leanamhain an luirg dhírigh, DDána 52.3 . a fhir nach leanann l.¤the course appointed by God(?), 15.1 . ní handóich d'airigh Boirche, / dá leanta l.¤ breathnoighthe the expected course(?), L. Cl. A. B. 177.158 . rún mo chroidhe . . . / do réir luirg do thoile teilg `according to Thy will', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 5.

As quasi-vn. tre mac aonghuis do lorg linn / bolg tinn ar gach caolbhois chuir[r], Rel. Celt. ii 234.31 .

(c) In phrases, for ¤ , later ar l.¤ , i l.¤ in pursuit, following after : dotháet . . . for l.¤ in tslóig, LU 4782 ( TBC-I¹ 289 (lorc)). an lucht ara tiagar l.¤ who are being pursued, O'Curry 2546 ( Eg.88, 45 ). tainic . . . for l.¤ ┐ for slicht Poimp, CCath. 1372. for lurcc a ech i[arn]a ngaid uad, Ann. Conn. 1295.5 . fer i llurg, Fianaig. 38.7 . hi lorcc, RC x 216.48 . imrulat . . . / i llurg int slúaig following, SR 3443 . gatar dam . . . ó Choncraid. Luitth Conchraid ina lurgc, BColm. 56.14 . do bhádar lá i lurg Muire / muintear Ioruaith, Aithd. D. 49.24 . co riachtatar eing i neing i lurg áonluincce, Hugh Roe² 246.29 . nī daimeōntar go suthain thú a (= i?) lorcc h'aithreachuis, Beatha S. F. 2750 . creda na lorg `a credo after it', Ériu xvi 28.9 . cúicc scillingi . . . i lurcc chiosa na bain-rioghna, AFM v 1842.2 . dia bheith hi rrighi for lorcc a athar in succession to, BNnÉ 3 § 2 . ni aittreba neach dot seimedh Temair for do lorcc, 325 § 41 . bá ar lurg araili no gabhtha righi na Tartraidhi in hereditary succession, Marco P. 83. na dearbhtha baoí aicce ar lorcc a ṡinnsear ar an Moentacht `the proofs that he had of his right to Moentacht, in succession from his ancestors', AFM vi 2350.7 . Cf. ceithri flatha asa l.¤ descended from him, Hy Maine 165.26 .

scíath tar l.¤ see s.v. 2 scíath.

Attrib. g s. cráeb luirg supporting staff(?): craobh luirg na lámh gclóghonta `the tree marked by (the blood of) His wounded hands'. Aithd. D. 60.24 (but: perhaps `walking staff of (i.e. held in) . . .', n. 0 ). ar an gcreideamh is craobh luirg / creideamh ag gach aon dá fheirg, Dán Dé (`the reward of following the faith'). cú luirg sleuth-hound: do léiccitt cona luircc for a foilleacht, AFM vi 1904.3 . Cf. Hugh Roe² 16.27 . Of a warrior: an cú luirg ó Loch Éirne, IGT Decl. ex. 792.

(d) Fig. example, pattern, model (esp. in phrases ar l.¤ , lenaid (do) l.¤ , beirid l.¤ , etc.): ar lorcc a līne reimhe like his ancestors before him, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 92 § 4 . ro chansat fríu nach ar lorcc na righe rob áil le hAbán a ghniomha do bheith, acht lenmain don fír-Dhia, BNnÉ 3 § 4 . do réir mur labharas l.¤ a n-athar . . . dóibh `example', Celtica v 181 § 11 (leanus ┐ labharas, v.l.). a beith 'na heinEaglais; a beith catoilice . . . a beith ar l.¤ na n-absdal, Parrth. Anma 1621 . Similarly do l.¤ : do l.¤ cinidh do bhun bháidhe / dlighidh cur a láimhe linn following the example of, L. Cl. A. B. 251.51 . co lenand fer na leth-fiadnaise l.¤ Iúdais, PH 7623 . inghean nach leantar a l.¤ `maid inimitable', A. Ó Dálaigh viii 10 . ag fágbháil shómpla aguinn do chum sibhse dho leanmhuin dá l.¤ , 1 Peter ii 21 . ag lenamhain . . . luirg an tí do bhochtaighedh ar ar son `the footsteps of him . . .', RSClára p. 50.16 . do leanadar lorcc S. Froinsias leith re haibíd ┐ re crádhbhadh, Beatha S. F. 1397 . sint Aibhisdin san iúl díreach / dual dá bhráithribh breith a luirg, DDána 59.25 . an saoghal do chur do luirg / isteach ar fud an ghlan-uird, Content. xiv 36.

II

(a) rear, rearguard (of a retreating army): co ttarrus e ittir na bú ┐ an lorcc, AFM ii 946.13 . tosach lais a [g]crích anechtair, ┐ lorc iar [g]cách, Leb. Cert. 68.12 . remthus la sil Rosa Failgi a forgabail ┐ a ndeoraid i lurg in aenaigh, LL 215a8 . dlegar do slóg Síl Luideach / rémtus catha sluag Mumneach / ┐ beith i llurg fo deóid, Cog. 54.18 . Cf. Keat. iii 3076 . do congaib [Medb] l.¤ go setrech ar na sluagaib guarded the rear(?), Celt. Rev. iv 208.20 . ? co ndergensat l.¤ ┐ tosach iar suidheiu threw them into confusion, Anecd. ii 61.5 (forthaib iar suidiu, v.l.).

dochor (or dochraite) luirg harrying the rear, inflicting loss on a retreating army : rugadar cuid d'a mhuinntir ┐ do h-imreadh dochar luirg orra le Mac Craith, Ériu i 104.11 . dochur luirg do immirt fair, Rawl. B 503, 25b (Plummer MS. notes). co tarrus drem dia muintir ┐ co ro himred dochraite luirg forro lais, 22d .

(b) troop, band, company : dia nime nim-reilge hil-lurgu i n-eghtiar ar muichtea meit . . . .i. nim reilge Dia i lurg na ndemna . . . i lurg demna icam breth i n-iffern, RC xx 154.1 - 5 ( ACC 3 ). do silad brethre De hi clúasaib cach duine dia thabhairt a lurg Díabail dochum nimi, ZCP iii 210 § 18. trí luirg . . . do Chormac oc tochím do Crúachnaib, LU 4488. in tres lórc . . . broitt chorcra impu, 4497 . Art, . . . / immanaigtís luirg ar leirg `round whom rode troops', Metr. Dinds. ii 14.54 . in mūir im a lína l.¤ , Leb. Cert. 92.6 . .xx. mile traigthech 'na tri lorgaibh, CCath. 4978 . i tosach luirc na n-occ, . . . i ndereth luirc na clérech, Lism. L. 349 - 50 . do bheireadh a lorcc iomlán lais as gach tír i tteighedh, AFM vi 2240.5 . Hence row, array : trí luirg ḟíaclai ón huí diaraile ina cind, BDD² 923 . lánchenn trí l.¤ línḟíaclach, 908 . Of a flock of birds: ba hálaind tra ┐ ba caín in t-énl.¤ ┐ in t-énamar boí leu, LU 10572 . noí fichit én . . . cach fiche inna lurg fo leith noí luirg dóib, 10573 .

(c) progeny, descendants: is l.¤ la síl Lugdach lóir / Laígsig, Metr. Dinds. iii 16.205 . d'imthig . . . gan l.¤ sine prole, Hy Maine 166. 25 .

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤báid: San Clara . . . / tearc a-nuas do lean a lorgbháidh, PBocht 1.12 . ¤buiden: cetheora longbuidhne dia sloghaibh `four lines of troops', Hugh Roe² 116.3 . ina ttríbh lorccbhuidhnibh lerdha, AFM vi 2282.11 . ¤ḟuilliucht trace or track of an army: tancatar for slichtlorg in tṡlúaig. Fuaratar lorgḟuilliucht fer ṅ-hErend seccu assin chrích i n-araile, TBC-LL¹ 641 . ¤líne: do ergittis na cethra uile ina lorccline i ndeadhaid in charpaitt `in their order of march', Misc. Hag. Hib. 25 § 37.

(ii) With adj. ¤úr: drong na scolblong lorgúr leathan `swiftly chasing', Ó Bruad. i 40.11 .

(iii) With vb. ¤íarraid seeks to follow : boirb-bhriathra co mbriocht rē gcois / nach loirgíarfa ar sliocht seanchais, Content. xxi 3.

múcna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. múcna or dil.ie/32655

 

Forms: múchna, mucnae, mmúcnai, múcni, múchni, múcni, múcna

adj io, iā. also múchna (form due to influence of múch?). The sense in O.Ir. appears to be austere, strict, stern , passing into that of crossgrained, surly, hard to deal with , later gloomy, moody . mucnae, gl. austera [severitas], Ml. 109a3 . pl. inna mmúcnai .i. inna imneda (gl. austera neut. pl.), 95c5 . múcni (gl. austera), Thes. i 486.35 ( Tur. 38 ). arndib múcnae . . . a n-étach ┐ a mbiad (= austeram vitam praedicantium), 489.29 ( Tur. 71 ). múchni (leg. múcni), gl. protervi, Wb. 30c10 (= head-strong?). muchna ainm do ghruaim gan ghean, Metr. Gl. 25 § 22 . mucna .i. gruaim, O'Cl. Muiredach muchna .i. M. gruamdai, BB 253a20 . mucna cach mog, Tec. Corm. § 13.16 (` morose, truculent ', Meyer Gloss.). gnúsi na ndemna mucna, PH 4324. Of animals: muc .i. mucna a haigned, ar ni geib a munad o neoch stubborn, refractory (?), Corm. Y 903. borb . . . mucna matnamail (of a hound), TBC-LL¹ 1011. Of places, etc. gloomy, dismal: i nglennaib dubaib . . . muchna muichnig . . . ichtaraig ifirn, FA 30 LB ( IT i 191.28 ). hi tégdais . . . muchna mallachtnach (of Hell), PH 8299. co clóthib nemi muchnai marbthaig, 8304 . i n-aidhchi . . . marbthaigh mucna iffirn, BNnÉ 99 § 9 , cf. Lism. L. 3642. dirae mucnai, O'Mulc. 207. As subst. pl. ? mortlaid . . . i mbiat múcna in tṡlúaig, ZCP xiii 381.27 .

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