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ad-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-reith or dil.ie/544

 

Forms: adreth-, ad-reith, ad-rethar, matrorais, matroiris, ad-roir, ad-rorasdar, atroraisitar, -arustar, -aristar, -airsed, adroreasta, -arraid, ataroirthet[ar, adrartatar, atarethusa, adrethsat, adreithset, árad

v (* ad-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 . The form adreth- is perh. in some exx. to be taken as perf. of at-etha . See also ind-reith and ZCP xxv 246-7 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-reith, ZCP xi 97 § 62 . Pass. sg. ad-rethar, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. matrorais, O'D. 1564 (H 5. 15, 3b) = matroiris, O'Curry 512 (H 3.18, 259). 3 s. ad-roir, Laws ii 122.3 . Cf. atomrai .i. domfainic, RC xxi 401.24 Pass. sg. ad-rorasdar, O'Dav. 91 . atroraisitar, 1372 . -arustar, Laws iv 240.11 . -aristar, 114.27 . ?Subj. impf. 3 s. -airsed, RC xxii 402.1 . pass. sg. adroreasta, Laws iv 104.3 Comm. pret. and perf. 3 s. -arraid, BDD² 300 . 3 pl. ataroirthet[ar, TBC-I¹ 2951 . adrartatar, ZCP viii 313.20 . With s-pret. 1 s. atarethusa, LU 9394 . 3 pl. adrethsat, 5444 . adreithset, Rawl. 84b24 .

Vn. árad?

Cf. ar-reith.

(a) runs towards, attains to: adreith richid réde, Fél. Prol. 120 . adreth (adreith, atreith, v.ll.) riched rúnach, dunad Adriáni, Nov. 6. adreth (adreith, v.l.) buaid úas búadaib `the reward above rewards she has attained', Aug. 30. ?conid iar sin adrith (no rogabh) A. eired . . . alaile miled imbi, BB 495b1 = Alex. 765 .

(b) attacks: dollotar . . . in slōig ataroirthet[ar] araid Ulad the charioteers of Ulster attacked them, TBC-I¹ 2951 . iar sin atarethusa / cíar adbol a ndrong / co ndernus a n-ordnecha I attacked them . . . and crushed them to pieces, LU 9394 . adreidset leirg Liphi láin, Rawl. 84b24 . atreithsid biodhbhaidh fríu fria hedail forta, BNnÉ 106 § 22 . Of attack in chess: gabsait imbirt na fer fithchille . . . adrethsat (adresad v.l., TBC-I¹ 968 ) na firu oír ┐ argait tarsin clár crédumae, LU 5444 .

(c) overtakes; arrests: téit ina ndíaid . . . ┐ nisn-árraid he did not overtake them, BDD² 300 . luid dono Conall Cernach . . . connarruith Ailill ┐ Meidb hi Tailltin, ZCP iv 47.9 . odhilse neich adrorasdar isin ceatramad feis i.e. full forfeiture of whatever shall be caught in the fourth trespass, Laws iv 104.4 Comm. eirlim acht adroirisdair a ndiaid riasiu ro drengad taris, 8 Comm. dilsi neich adroir diib inna thir `such of them as he shall catch', ii 122.3 Comm. mana arustar for a lepuidh, iv 240.11 .i. mana tarrtaither, 242.6 Comm. mas rullatside cona [a]rustar forra `if they have absconded so that they cannot be caught', 240.9 . ?riasiu co narustar co derbḟine, 242.2 . i.e. before a claim is made on the `derbfine', Plummer MS. notes. nechtar da lina adrorastar a crich a cheili, O'Curry 804 (H 3.18, 372b) = hitrorustar, O'Curry 22 (ib. 10 a). ?ní áirsed augra in dá túathmáil `that he should not settle(?) the quarrel. . . ', RC xxii 402.1 . Cf. ní ahurrais augra . . . (ar-fuirig), BDD² 181 n. ?aic-siu macu imin smacht so . . . co neoch adroirter fort di nasc a rer brethaman .i. do neach is adha do tharrachtain do dhlestin dit, O'Curry 2729 (Eg. 88, 61b).

Cf. atnúarat.

ainécoisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainécoisc or dil.ie/1278

 

adj (éco(i)sc) unprepossessing: adgládastar gilla anécoisc don tír ina ndiaid , Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.20 = gilla ēcuisc anindustae, Corm. Y 1059 (91.9) .

amair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amair or dil.ie/3065

 

adj a.¤ seachtmain . . . a ndiaid M. do marbadh ` about ', Ann. Inisf. 1311. 4 . See immar.

? 2 armaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 armaid or dil.ie/4190

 

ind ro laiset Muimnigh shluagh ina n-armaidh, `sent a host to oppose them', AFM ii 1004.16 = ina ndiaid , Tig. ( RC xviii 38.4 ).

at-etha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-etha or dil.ie/4593
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ad-etha, adetha, atnethat, at etha, atethsa, atetha, atetha, atethaid, atethur, attethatar, atethaind, atet[h]ad, atethaidís, atethfat, ad-eath, adethad, at-etha, aided

v (* ad-eth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 ). Properly ad-etha, but us. with mid. Ir. form of preverb (hardly with permanent inf. pron. as suggested by Zimmer KZ xxx 73 ). Indic. and subj. stems identical and freq. with force of a fut. or quasi-ipv., the impf. having that of a condit. (See Thurneysen, ZCP xxii 19 - 20 ).

Indic. pres. 3 s. adetha, Ml. 48d1 . 3 pl. atnethat, LU 5200 . ? Ipv. 2 s. (with inf. pron.) at etha, Blathm. 551 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. atethsa, Vita Br. 25 . 2 s. atetha, IT i 124 § 10 . 3 s. atetha, TBC-LL¹ 1789 . 2 pl. atethaid, LU 9710 . Pass. sg. atethur, RC xxv 35 § 9 . Pl. attethatar, TBC-LL¹ 5239 . Subj. impf. 1 s. atethaind, Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). 3 s. atet[h]ad, Laws i 250.20 . 3 pl. atethaidís, LL 12764 .

Fut. 3 pl. atethfat, LL 400b29 ( TTr.² 326 ).

Pret. 3 s. ad-eath, Leb. Gab.(i) 168.17 . Pass. sg. adethad, Trip.² 2901 . Forms cited above as s-pret. of ad-reith may in fact be perf. of at-etha. Cf. Thes. ii 47.25 cited below under (a).

Vn. aided?

Cf. ethaid.

(a) goes towards, attacks, seizes, takes: adetha ┐ loscaid cech rét frissa-comraic gl. flammam autem ab effectu operis, Ml. 48d1 . adreth (adrech v.l.) gl. corripuit, Thes. ii 47.25 . atnethat láith gaile Emna, LU 5200 (TBC). Dauid cen bini adreth buáid, SR 5877 . focherdat . . . na trualli ┐ na claidbiu ina ndíaíd ┐ atethat na trualli conda samaiget impu, LU 7310 . atetha íach etera da cholptha, LL 14094 . ateta a gaisced `he takes his weapons', Ériu xii 184 § 15 (TE). tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó . . . adetha Cu. iarom assa láim, LL 13890 . atometha lat . . . dianom riri Eochaid `thou mayest take me if E. sell me', Ériu xii 184 § 14 (TE). atetha a tuarascbáil leiss co h-airm i mbái Conchobor `he brings their description with him', CRR 27 . adreith laiss . . . muince ordhai, Anecd. i 57.54 .

(b) finds, obtains, gets: bes atetha a n-adcobrai, IT i 124 § 10 . atethaind ní bad maith lat chena acht is bairnech mo menma frit `I would have wrought something else to please thee', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). dia mbetís eter biu ┐ marbu Ulaid i n-oenbali atethaidís leór a llessaigthi . . . limsa they would find sufficient to maintain them, LL 12764 . mad mo cheile no beth and atet[h]ad anad foraib, Laws i 250.20 . Frequ. in sense gets (payment, gift, satisfaction, etc.): rega ass ar in clam ateth-sa boin im mbaliu aili I will get a cow, Vita Br. 25 . atethaid a innili oca thig ye will receive his gifts at his house(?), LU 9710 . atetha lóg a iasachta, TBC-LL¹ 105 corres- ponding to do-geubair-si, TBC St. 102 . ? eirggi guin ┐ gabail / attetha as cech anáil, TBC-LL¹ 3041 . atetha-som (do geba som v.l.) na comai sin he shall have his terms, 1789 . atetha a Cruachain crúadchosc, 535 = iteta i Cr. a cosg, TBC St. 444 . ateatha Eirinn in mac sin, Anecd. ii 1.11 = gébaid, Airne F. 16 . mad áil duitsiu atetha sin, Ériu iv 142 § 19 . tuc dam indara mac ┐ beir huaim indara n-ingin . . . atetha anisin, ar Feidelm thou shalt have that, ZCP ii 134 § 4 (`take that'). atetha breth do bél féin duit. Ni géb mo breth féin ar Cu C., LL 13002 . attetha cinaid inna slūag thou shalt pay for everyone's sin, ACL iii 318 § 68 = asrire cinaid inna sluag, LB 261a70 .

(c) With écc, etc.: Oirbsen a ainm, iar cced cath, / ecc ad eath (.i. fuair), Leb. Gab.(i) 168.17 . ? bit ili athet[hat ?] martrai, ba dirsun do feraib hĒrend, ZCP xiii 379.5 ; xx 225.2 (Baile in Scáil).

bech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bech or dil.ie/5523
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beach

n o, m., also [ā], f. See Gleasure, Ériu xxiv 186 ff. beach m., IGT Decl. § 171. f., § 39 . See Wagner, KZ 76.81 f. and Hamp, Ériu xxii 184 f. on orig. form and reflex in mod. dialects. bee: b.¤ gl. apes, Sg. 47a11 . síl ṁbúadach ṁb.¤ n-Erenn, Fél. Feb. 13. timthirecht b.¤ the to and fro of bees, BDD² 1169. cobair mb.¤ ┐ bu i noibiull (tasks exempted from the law of Sunday), LB 204b48 , cf. dol a ndiaid mbeuch no bóu a n-aibiull, Anecd. iii 22.8 . cen fhoche, cen chernuban, acht beich duillebhair Temhrach (during the sovereignty of Conn), Airne F. 343. nī rī arm acht arm bec beich the bee's little sting, Measgra Uí Chl. 149 § 18. Freq. in Laws, see in particular the tract entitled Bechbretha, Laws iv 162 - 202 . do tigerna in beich `by the owner of the bee', iii 434.5 Comm. cin b.¤ `injuries in the case of bees', 432.13 . tairgille ar bechaib the t. for bees (of security against damage committed by bees), iv 162.1 . foloingatsom beochu co cend mbliadna aithirruch, 172.15 . cetna breth . . . im chinta b.¤ for Conall (sic leg.) Caech caechsite beich (sic leg.), 178.13 . ili bethamain .i. beich, RC xxvi 34.3 and note. lut[h] b.¤ .i. sail sin ar a blath ┐ ar a canach (name of ogam letter s), Auraic. 5624 , cf. a lūth beach .i. blāth soilech, Anecd. iii 44.10 . dibech . . . . .i. . . . ni-b. quia apes in commune vivunt a non-bee, O'Mulc. 310. beich óghlána d'argain `plundering laden (?) bees' (of a rash act), TD 18.34 . beich gan mhil, DDána 81.34 . amhuil thiaghuid na beich a ndiaigh na meala, Desid. 6710. nid bheach nests of bees (being eaten) (i.e. honeycombs), O'R. Poems 164. léaghthar . . . nach bí cailg i rígh na mbeach, TSh. 9728. Fig. in phr. b.¤ éoluis, b.¤ éoil guiding bee: beach eóluis na héigsi Aodh / do chuir sí a haire d'éntaobh / . . . / fírbheach eóil na healadhan, LBranach 1 , 4 , see n. an éinbheach eoil (of the Blessed Virgin), Aithd. D. 63.24 .

Note also: beith beca bithaille ac dordánaigh ar na torthaibh `little bees', Ériu iii 156 § 9. Cf. 2 bethamain.

Compds. ¤adba apiary; hive (?): amhail teagoid beich a beachadhbha a lo . . . ḟoghmhoir, ZCP x 287.3 . ¤breth: Laws iv 162 see above. fintiu griain i mbechbrethaib isi deirbfine i mbechbrethaib tir bes da nesom fo-da-loing, 172.4 . ¤díbad: bechdibaid `mortality of bees', AU i 468.23 . ¤dín: im turorgain do bechdin, Laws i 166.27 , glossed: i ngait na cesach b.¤ , 170.19 Comm. ¤lann beehive: siubal na saithe mb.¤ os a mbechlannaib i lló ainli, CCath. 5887. foirched fírbeach a bruinnibh b.¤ , AFM vi 2224.3 . ¤lus: saithchi . . . b.¤ os bechlusaib `honey-flowers', ZCP vi 285.26 . ¤ṡlat (?): cath cro cearnach cíchblaith beach slaití, IT iii 89 § 116. ¤ṡlúag: Curoi ro hir dam . . . .x. mbeichluaigh (.i. saithe b.¤ ┐ lestra) buain bee-swarms , Ériu ii 3.11 . ¤theillén, see 1 teillenn.

1 bonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bonn or dil.ie/6385

 

n o, m. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 67.

(a) sole of the foot; foot: b.¤ quasi fond, a nomine fundamentum, Corm. Y 170. ina bond traiged, TBC-LL¹ 2187. co tarla a di bond bána fair so that his two white soles were turned upward (in death), LU 1497 (MU). da bond, 1500 . a mbuind banai forra iarn[a] trascrad, RC xii 90 § 109. glassad ar bonnaib (of damned in hell), LU 2428 ( RC iv 252 § 20 ). buind cholbtha remra leó, BDD² 936 ` ankles (?),' BDD 95. cona assaib . . . ima bunnu, MacCongl. 89.7 . Muire do chumail a céibh / dá bhonnaibh uile, Dán Dé v 27 . o bh.¤ na troighthe = from the sole of the foot, Isaiah i 6. nír cuir do ait a b.¤ é `did not move him from his foothold', Stair Erc. 189. ná ro fágaibh aid (leg. áit) a mb.¤ dá mbiodhbhadhaibh `who had not fled from their enemies', AFM v 1646.26 . do-ber bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on B.'s soil', Ériu vii 224.6 . inis Magdena . . . cach oen nofuirmed a bond fuirre ni aprad gae, Dinds. 100. mé do lá bir 'na bonnaib `into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . gabhla gan greim da a (leg. da) mbonaibh (= bonnaibh, Ed.) `(his) descendants are without a patch of ground to stand on', Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 . leithed do bhuinn do ghabhail dhuit do chrich n-Uladh, TBC-LL¹ p. 869 n.4 . go dtógbhaid ar a bhonnaibh é set it (viz. an upturned tortoise) on its legs again, TSh. 3907. céim a b.¤ , DDána 49.11 . is mithid damhsa bann (b. v.l.) do bhaile `tis time . . . for me to foot it homewards', Ó Bruad. ii 240.5 . Note also: guidmid buind a chos (mistransl. of adoremus scabellum pedum ejus, Psalms xcviii 5 ), Smaointe B. Chr. 5428 (see p. 307). ní ghríosfuinn aghaidh mbuinn mbáin, IGT Introd. 20 § 81.

Extended applications: hoof of horse: buinn na n-each, Keat. iii 1024. do[n] nesgoit boind . . . geir mairt . . . do chur 'na bond, Celtica ii 38 § 18 . sole (of shoe): bróg . . . / nar bhean tall a bél fa a b.¤ `whose upper was detached from its sole', Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z . bunnaighe lethair = `leather soles', RSClára 114a . i mbonnaib bur nguailled (?) `in the bases of your shoulders', CCath. 5039. do sgar méidhe is bas re b.¤ ` trunk ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 14.9 . Of trees, hills, etc.: ó bhonnaibh craobh n-uar n-iobhair, DDána 99.18 . i mbonnaibh beann / 's i gclochaibh aolta Éireann, 100.12 . ? fan mb.¤ ccaluidh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 1.6 .

In phrases: co torchratár bond fri bond ┐ méde fri méde, LU 6510 (TBC). ? co farggaib bond fri méide díb, LL 32302 ( TTr. 1490 ). co mbenadh bond fri medi ┐ medi fri aroile acu (of slaughter), Aen. 2230. an b.¤ ar an mb.¤ oile `one foot trips over the other', PBocht 16.29 . ro thuitseatar b.¤ ar bh.¤ , Duan. F. ii xxxix 62 . do bhí a bhiodhbha b.¤ ar bh.¤ , DDána 86.20 . lurech dé dum imdegail / ota m'ind gom bond (: brond), RC ii 113.4 . ó mullach a chinn conice a bonnaigib (form ?) (= corpus totum), Lat. Lives 84 § 78. o cennaib co bondaib `from head to foot', Cog. 152.11 . om chind codam bond, LL 370e48 = com' dá bonna, Arch. Hib. iv 207 § 18. o mullach co bond `his every joint and limb', Grail 2349 . ó bh.¤ go bathais, Parrth. Anma 1431. marcaigecht a ndiaid a b.¤ (of a corpse) `rides feet foremost', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 . ? betit buind ri harissu, LL 9827 (TBC) = biait fuind fri airise, TBC-I¹ 2057.

Compds. With nouns: .x. mbenda bonn-adharc buabaill blaith `of trumpets' (Gloss.), Ériu ii 4.3 . bondbaine whiteness of foot, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . bonnc[h]osa bana (of fallen warriors), CCath. 6100.

With adjj.: don bondbáin (applied to B.V.M.), ZCP viii 563 § 19. do shluag bhoinnghel tolcha in trír ` white-footed ', O'Gr. Cat. 470.20. ar shluagh bhonnghlan chaomh Ó gC., DDána 95.21 . troigh bhoinnleasg as comhdha cean, 68.42 . ursa sluaigh bhoinnleasgaigh Bhreagh, 75.12 . lanbhile buinnlethan broad-trunked , Ériu v 182.18 . a bhuinnsheing aird fhorbhfáilidh, DDána 80.16 . brosgur bunn-luat[h] (bondluath, v.l.) . . . do tabairt gus na doirrsib `a quick-stepping . . . dash', Celt. Rev. iv 12.2 . With adj. derived from noun: le taoibh gach bhile bhuinnchleachtaigh ` crooked-trunked ' (see 2 clechtach), Aithd. D. 4.10 .

cách

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cách or dil.ie/7529
Last Revised: 2019

 

pron. the one, each, everyone, all, etc. gen. cáich, later also cáig ( chách, Párl. na mB. 985 , 1038 v.l.). IGT Decl. § 64 . Takes sg. vb., in later lang. either sg. or pl. (see PH 1053 , 1426 , DDána, Aithd. D.). As antecedent of rel. clause often with prec. art. in. Note also: cith anidan ind c.¤ `though all (who bring it) be impure', Mon. Tall. 160.2 . don c[h]ach sin to each of those(?), Laws iv 196.22 Comm. Unstressed form cach (separate entry). See GOI 310 - 11 ; O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 351 .

(a) In general sense (the) one, each one, everyone, all, all others, the rest : do Duaid sech c.¤ , Ml. 36c11 . diglae for cach, 37c21 . hua ch.¤ , 56b45 . dibochtai chaich, 61a9 . dulogaid do ch.¤ `ye forgive everyone', 65a10 . it huaisliu c.¤ gl. transcendis, 108d2 . dénum maith fri c.¤ gl. operemur bonum ad omnes, Wb. 20c17 . precept do c.¤ gl. Grecis et Barbaris, sapientibus et insipientibus debitor sum, 1b8 . a n-imdibe adchi c.¤ , 2a2 . doberat maldact in for c.¤ , 2a23 . is dílmain la c.¤ ar n-orcun-ni, 4b23 . is sain dán cáich, 5d5 . nertad ch.¤ `let him encourage everyone', 5d11 . a n-as maith la c.¤ dénad gl. unusquisque, 6b18 . taiccéra c.¤ dará chen fessin gl. unusquisque nostrum, 6b28 . ícce caích tri iriss gl. dies salutis, 15d24 . ni fiad ch.¤ gl. seorsum his . . . , 18d8 . i taig ríg amal . . . i taig cáich, gl. in ceteris omnibus, 23b9 . condid diib ro gab c.¤ deissemrecht gl. omnibus credentibus, 24c14 . nad soiriu cach `is not nobler than anyone (else)', Sg. 161b10 . cáich auuair `every man's in turn', Thes. ii 235.15 . is cāich a hūair a n-āros so, ZCP viii 312.3 . sluind dó ri cāch brēthir, beir dó ri cāch brēthir, xi 80.22 . ma fri cinta caich fadesin gabur athgabail `of the person himself', Laws ii 100.8 . amra! amra! ol c.¤ they all said, TBFr. 290 . lí súla cáich, LU 8319 ( FB 23 ). ropo thír cāich ala n-úair it belonged to others, Hail Brigit 2 . i ndíaid cāich after everyone else, BColm. 94.28 . nach síoth broide cheanglaid c.¤ , DDána 3.9 . mór do ch.¤ do chuaidh, PBocht 5.41 `much of the world', notes. c.¤ `thy foes', Aithd. D. 20.23 . nachar scríobh neach oile do c.¤ `none of the others', Keat. iii 441 . gibē ele do ch.¤ `of the rest', RSClára 134b . ní fiú éin-ní c.¤ = nihil prosunt caetera, TSh. 9402 . fear mar chach an ordinary man, Luc. Fid. 5060 , Dánta Gr. 34.24 . fonn . . . a cc.¤ eile dhá mholadh to be fond of being praised by others, Desid. 765 . arnach dechsad fo cāch inro triallsat `that it might not get about', Grail 3356 . luid L. dano cumma cháich with the rest, Fing. R. 339 . a ccumma chaigh, Hugh Roe² 10.9 .

(b) In sequence cách . . . alaile the one . . . the other, one another, each other : c.¤ fri alaile gl. inuicem, Wb. 1c1 ; 5d15 , 21d12 , 22b9 . is ball c.¤ dialailiu gl. alter altirius, 5d4 . con rochra c.¤ alaile gl. in alterutrum, 6d1 . forcanad c.¤ alaile gl. loquentes uobismet ipsís in salmis, 22c8 . ó ch.¤ dialailiu, Críth G. 9 . cotnerig cach díb diaraili rose up against each other (of three warriors), LU 8993 ( FB 74 ). With céile: natiubrad c.¤ a chéle gl. inuicem, Wb. 9d20 . celebrais c.¤ dia-cheile díb, RC iii 180.5 .

(c) With follg. prep. DI, ó in partitive sense: ní tucai c.¤ dib belrae alaili gl. nulla gens, Ml. 42c7 . cach díb i ndiad alaili gl. ut semen eius continua successione regnaret, 42b5 . c.¤ díob, Mon. Tall. 132.14 . c.¤ úaib contra alium gl. inuicem, Wb. 25a34 . tuitfidh c.¤ uaibh you will all fall, DDána 10.2 . See cach I (d).

(d) With follg. emphasizing word: cach uile, LB 132b11 . re cach etir `with the rest', Cog. 168.13 . do fen . . . ┐ do chach archena, TTebe 1500 .

(e) With follg. rel. clause he (who) (see O'Brien, loc. cit., Bergin, OIPG 208 ) everyone (who), all (who) (the sg. and distributive senses cannot in all cases be distinguished with certainty): aineclann cháich as a aí of the owner (of a mill), Críth G. 240 . bennacht for cach ó tuctha on him who has given it, Vita Br. 27 . bennacht . . . for cach donancamar, Anecd. i 11.19 ( SCano 350 ). ba calma cach isa cend `valorous was he', Ériu v 244.205 . c.¤ thanic and (in cách, v.l.) he who is there, TBC-LL¹ 5290 . In sense of everyone, all : ó ch.¤ nád fil and gl. quicunque sunt fratres, Wb. 24b30 . sech c.¤ fodglein olchene `beyond all others who learn it', Ml. 37b12 . c.¤ rodgab `every one who has sung it', Thes. ii 349.8 (Hy. ii). do-bebae do-beba . . . cāch boī cāch bias, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . mairg c.¤ roda-ortsom, Fél. Prol. 57 .

(f) With preceding article in singular sense: ni thucci in c.¤ rod chluinethar he that hears it, Wb. 12c46 (see OIPG 208 ). in cāch dosfuc do bethu, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). menmain (accus.) iond caich dia n-aisnedtar, Mon. Tall. 127.19 . in cach ferus na fuili he who inflicts, BCrólige 58 n.1 . cosin c.¤ no charim. Fél. Ep. 50 . fo bíth . . . in cháich o tudchad, LU 3431 ( SCC 20 ). mo-ngenar do'n chach do-s-gní, PH 8423 . gach cara . . . / loiteas an c.¤ nos carond `who injures his lover', O'Hara 1270 . croidheadha an cháich léghfeas, Desid. 120 . In sense of everyone, all : in c.¤ dobeir . . . frisin c.¤ diatabir `every one' (he who ?), Sg. 188a31 . in c.¤ gl. omnis . . . qui . . . , Ml. 43a1 . ní lat in c.¤ forsa mmitter, Wb. 6b22 everyone ? (perh. he who , Bergin, OIPG 208 ). tri hiris in cháich cretes, 2b11 . for in cach is rig `against every king', Laws iv 52.12 . dígde ind caich rocradis `to beseech pardon of everyone thou hast offended', Mon. Tall. 141.25 . Pl. sense seems intended in: is foirbthe in c.¤ diaro scribad et ni ecen acairigud ref. to omnibus sanctis, Wb. 23a10 . don chach frisambí immalde de aos sruith `in regard to such elderly people as live with him', Mon. Tall. 152.23 . ag díubhrugud in cháich boí annsa tor, Cóir Anm. 146 . So also: robtar foiltigh remibh an c.¤ baoi fora ccind, Hugh Roe² 50.9 .

(g) In phr. ar ch.¤ , a ch.¤ , sa ch.¤ in general, on the whole : truagh sa ch.¤ an comhorrtha `what a sad portent', O'Hara 1588 . ? aonrāith a gc.¤ do choigleas, Butler Poems 930 `of all dwellings the one I have chosen', Gloss. Usually with comparatives indicating successive increases in the quality denoted by the adj. (Engl. bigger and bigger, the bigger): trummu á peccad ar ch.¤ nachmod formberat `their sin is heavier and heavier as they increase', Ml. 71c1 . combat foirbthiu ar ch.¤ for ṅgnímae `more and more perfect', Wb. 13d29 . ní ba messu ar ch.¤ a ngné, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.56 . is ferr a chāch it is better than ever, Bruchst. i 62 § 141 . iss messa a cach ar cach ló, IT i 121.23 ( TE 7 Eg.). ní ba mó ach.¤ óṡeo immach ever greater, Metr. Dinds. iii 46.83 . ni bot scithæ acach at all, RC xii 82 § 80 . fuaire a ch.¤ a-taoi fám chionn ever colder. Dánta Gr. 86.8 . With omission in writing of unstressed a: iss assu 'ch.¤ lind, MacCongl. 103.18 . budh truime ch.¤ ar gcodladh, Dán Dé xvii 6 . núidhe ch.¤ , PBocht 1.38 . With sa: ní mo ní lugu sa chach hí it is neither bigger nor smaller, BB 262b19 . fa ferr sa c.¤ do bi sí an uair sin féin it grew better and better from that very time, ITS xvi 56.18 . teirce sa c.¤ mo charuid, KMMisc. 358.9 . móide sa c.¤ do chuntas, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 7 . nī lugha-sa-chāch nō `not less than', Fl. Earls 70.8 . ní lughaide-sa-chāch roimeglaighset `nevertheless', 30.31 .

? teccait āigid, fācboit ail, / saigit go glain nGāidil ngil / nocha chumai cāch is cách / dia ferta-sa an fāth, a fir, ZCP xii 292.10 .

2 carr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 carr or dil.ie/8253
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

(a) spear : c.¤ .i. gae, O'Curry 94 ( H 3.18, 67a ) ( Corm. Y 380 ). c.¤ .i. sleagh, O'Cl. a ch.¤ ar bélaib cechtar n-a(e)í, Críth G. 592 . dusleigi in cairr ina ndiaid , YBL 212a34 = Carrfiaclach, RC xiv 243.35 . a gae fodessin . . . .i. in Ch. Mailodrāin, Fing. R. 990 . ic dēcsin na cairre . . . .i. in ch.¤ Belaig Duirgen, 1008 - 9 , cf. Dinds. 14 . c.¤ da dorn, O'D. 943 ( H 3.17, 660 ).

(b) Name of part of a harp: tēta argait inda chruit, carra óir fuirri ` pegs ', Fianaig. 34.3 ` cross-tree ', Meyer Contribb. caissidir carra (carranda, v.l.) menncrott, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 94.7 ). ? Cf. cuir-se téad ch.¤ in do chruit, Measgra D. 7.132 = corr `additional ?' Gloss.

Of shaft of mill-wheel(?): im c.¤ in muilinn isin fothigh, Fing. R. 877 ; mill-shaft, Studies on Early Ireland 17 , but appears to be m. here and so belongs to 1 carr . Note also: dī chairr déc . . . cetri cairr, LB 120b24 - 25 (= cláir, SR 4233 - 7 ).

Compd. With noun: facbad Art oll a oenur / arse in Cond ar carrbaegul, LL 18010 ` spear-fight ', Meyer Contribb. Add. See 1 corr.

cenglaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenglaid or dil.ie/8616

 

v (cengal). IGT Verbs §§ 43 , 124 .

(a) binds, ties, fastens : cenglathar err . . . / i ndiaid erri, LU 8951 ( FB 71 ). nos cengland C. Ercoil fessin i ndíaid a charpait, 8928 ( 70 ). ro chenglatar G. imprisoned(?), 239 . roncengail in ben `tied him fast', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.17 . mur chenglus ben bāidh a mac embraces, Fianaig. 94.21 . indiu cia cheṅglaid chúac[h]a / in rí crínlíath cen déta, LL 2942 ( SG 387.27 ). do cengladh le crios cengail (the infant Jesus), RSClára 7a . cenglait a croinn (to extract juice), Marco P. 163 . Of wounds: o rochengail in co[i]s iar coir, Aen. 3036 . do cengladh . . . a lucht gonta i.e. their wounds were dressed, Cog. 214.25 .

(b) In more abstract applications: mē mac L. do chengladh síth the peacemaker , ZCP viii 225.24 . ceanglam síoth 'na shíoth shuthain, Dán Dé x 2 . is í comairle do chenglatar fixed on, determined , Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.33 . níor cheanglais críoch do chomhráidh you have not summed up your statements. Content. xxii 31 . ós da chumachtaib cach ní do chengeolad a talmain a beith cengailti ar neim (of the Pope), Maund. 26 . an súil ccuirr cheanglus maighden captivates , ZCP ii 356.18 .

(c) With obj. and follg. prep.: uair rom cengladh a [n]dubalcibh in etraid I am tied to, Grail 1319 . do cheangail ar na mnáibh rún maith do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 6360 . do chengail ben an druagh int ainm sin orro, ZCP xiii 182.22 . seanchas fhir na n-earrladh ndonn / do ceangladh go Conn sin sunn `was linked to, was traced to' (notes), Magauran 134 . na secht slabraid . . . ro cenglait do na secht coirthib, MU² 867 . cen co cenglad Dia dítt he, PH 7393 `enjoin', Gloss. [dá] cengailter do'n nuimir sin dá bliadain if two years be added, O'Gr. Cat. 289.33 . do chenglas dam í mar mhnaoi phósta, SG 5.17 . ceangail fád bhraghaid íad = bind them about thy neck, Proverbs iii 3 . do cheangail N. ┐ A. . . . cumann . . . ré chéile, Keat. ii 262 . amail do ceingeoltai én a painter, BCC 112.34 . do cengladh oidhreacht iarla c.¤ d. lé coroin tSaxan was annexed, AFM v 1856.12 . cuinchid mnai . . . ┐ cenglaid in tíí G. oicce, PH 1308 .

(d) Intrans.: ceanglam ar-aon leath ar leath let us join forces, O'Hara 1931 (perh. with obj. cunnradh, 1930 ). craobh rér cheangail Rí na ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiii 1 . do chengail M. . . . le coill o fF. took possession of, AFM vi 2090.2 . go ceingeóladh sé re celi comh daingen re gach cnamh eli that it would knit (of a broken bone), BCC 272.34 .

Vn. see cengal. Part. cengalta.

con-luí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-luí or dil.ie/12205
Last Revised: 2013

 

v (*lu-, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571 ) goes on, proceeds (in some exx. appar. infl. by pret. of téit): comlaid dochum bar muinntire proceed, BB 426b34 .? conos lá in bó uadib, LU 4412 . rochumlúi co rurich . . . Moesiæ, TTr.² 95 . comluuit trá da R. `set forward from R.', Celtica iv 26.338 . rocomlai 'na ndiaid he followed, TTebe 2403 . comlaid (comla, comhlái, v. ll.) C. co C. `fared to', Metr. Dinds. iii 92.40 . ros chomluidh for cula `that returned', MR 274.11 . comluid C. `fled', Dinds. 52 . comluid . . . frisin carpat raced against, LL 14571 . Note also: tóchumluid far n-euchú! Comluid dano . . . far n-euchu, Trip.² 2197 `drive on', Trip. 187.y . ? amal issrubrad .i. conlaui conseolau, ZCP viii 103.26 . ? conlui an aníme in cathaig `lessens', Laws iv 126.1 Comm.

dáistir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dáistir or dil.ie/14316
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dásthir, ndaister, ndaised, rodásed, rodassied, radássed, ndáste, dastar, dastai

v i, only in the 3 sg. pass. (ZCP x 453).

A with slender -st-: pr. ind. dásthir, TTr.² 1432 . imma ndaister , Ml. 50 d 2 .—pret. (perf.) ind. co ndaised , Dinds. 102 . rodásed, TBC-LL¹ (YBL) 700 . LL 258 a 11 . TFerbe 413 . Dinds. 144 . TTr.² 1432 , 1463 , 1609 . rodassied, LL 257 a 22 . radássed TTr. 1705 , 1750 .—pret. subj. co ndáste , LL 169 a 58 .

B with broad -st-: pr. ind. dastar, Three Hom. 8. 23 . pret. subj. amal dastai , Corm. Bodl. p. 32. 21 .

I With imm in the phrase dáistir imbi he becomes mad, furious , synonymous with dechraidir imbi.

(a) of persons: nech lasna bí ciall ┐ imma ndaister ishé asber nád fil dleged remdeicsen Dæ dia dúlib, Ml. 50 d 2 . rodased immi iarsin ┐ ronimmir for sluag na Fomórach, TFerbe 413 . rodassied immi, LL 257 a 22 . rodásed immisium ┐ dorochair cóic læch lais, ib. 258 a 11 . rachomaicsigsetar na catha dá céile cora dassed impu diblínaib, TTr. 1705 . ó raarig Hector a guin ┐ a athchumma radassed immi. raḟúapair fan sluag amal tarb ṅdasachtach, ib. 1750 . dásthir (sic) imbi iarum ┐ rodnimbeir forru amal foelaid etir cháircha, TTr.² 1432 . rodásed iarsin im Achil ┐ roimbir forsna sluagu a bruth, ib. 1609 . is bec ná rodásedh ┐ ná rodechrad impu, ib. 1344 . rodásed imna Mirmedóndaib. is bec na romid an talam la fichud na feirge bái na mbruinnib, ib. 1463 .

(b) of animals; of a horse : rodased imna heocho, TBC-LL¹ (YBL) 700 . of a pig : taraill a bolad mucca Cathair co ndaised impu, Dinds. 102 . ciped áird día mbeth in gæth taris (sc. in daire) ropad maidm cridi do muccaib Hérenn a bólud co ndaste impu oc saigid in daire, LL 169 a 2 f.b.

II Abs. without imm: atagladastar gilldae écuisc amal dastai ina ndíaid den tír called after them from the shore as if he were mad Corm. Bodl. p. 32. 21 . coro dianaigh a eocho coro daised ┐ coro dergenset a aided (= coro dáised impu), Dinds. 144 .

Obs. Cf. dásacht, dásachtaigthir, etc.

1 dam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dam or dil.ie/14462
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: doim, daim, daum, dum, dam, doim, daim, damaib, daumu, dumu, damu

n o,m. g s. doim, daim. d s. daum, dum, dam. n p. doim, daim. d p. damaib. a p. daumu, dumu, damu.

I An ox : dam .i. bos , Goid. 77 a . ní don daum storidiu act is dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . is bés leosom in daim (n pl.) do thuarcuin ind arbe, ib. 10 d 6 . in daim (n p.) dodaascansat, Thes. ii 340. 4 . ech fri aige dam fri har bo fri blicht, Laws i 122. 10 . athgabail cuicthi...im damu nad be tairchesa, ib. 184. 13 . lethmiach cach cuilgaib (sic) ó dam co dartaig fri feis, ib. iv 90. 19 . rotarb suas dauṁa (sic) ┐ dam conchaid ní tiaghad a comraind, ib. iv 100. 25 . fichi bó dá tarbb sé doim, iv 310. 26 . baib blichta daim cacha mamu, v 220. 11 . fuil dam oca ngabáil, ib. 152. 3 . áin dam fri fedain techta ( imain na ndam, l. 14 ), ib. 136. 6 . imfedain i ndamaib, ib. 474. 8 . is irrechtaib bó ┐ dam ┐ ech, FB 24 ( IT i 264. 11 ). (a lám) irraibe ere fichet cuinge do damaib, ib. 91 (l. 20) . méit chore rodaim, ib. Arddān co ndam nó muicc maiss, LMU 17 (l. 7) . in mucc ┐ xl dam, ScM. 6 ; similarly 22 (l. 4) . bérthair dam ┐ tinne di immach, BDD 63 . atcondarc senada gela ┐ dumu finna. daim breca ina ndiaid ┐ daim duba iarmu, Trip. 176. 15 . laulgach no dam timchill arathair in tress sét, Corm. s.v. clithar sét (twice). fichi míli do sumadaib ┐ damaib fri himfedain cruithnechta, O'Mulc. 856 . dam ndartaide (sic) .i. colbthach ḟireann, O'Cl. hoc bostar. buaile dam, Ir. Gl. 1044 . tallsatar na daṁu robhátar isin tigh, Lat. Lives 79. 6 (cf. IT i 45. 1 ). co tardsat an éduighe for adharcuib na ndam cura impaset na daim, ib. 7 . secht ndaiṁ ┐ secht tuirc, IT i 311. 29 . nirbo chommairge doendam, CRR 4 . mo damsa is dam dond Dáire, ib. ar chend mo daim, ib. 5 . ciarsa dam co ndá mbeind óir, ib. dam i ninad cach daim, ib. 17 . cor imbir a búrach forru amal dam ndamgaire, TTr.² 1159 . fuath doim de uma PH 1239 . is iat crecaitt na damu, ib. 4637 . ere deich ṅdam, ib. 6296 . antí docheannuigh cúig cuingreacha daṁ, TSh. 209. 28 .

dam air a ploughing ox : for drumni daim inn air RC xxvi 28. 7 = dam fri har, Laws i 126. 18 .

dam comair an ox of co-ploughing, yoke-fellow; metaph. an equal, peer. Doṁnall mór hUa Domnaill... daṁ comair Cuinn Cedchathaigh ar chlódh gach cliathchai ALC i 352. 29 (synonymous with medh comtrom in l. 30 ).

dam conchaid 'a wolf-fighting ox' EIF 49 . dam dílenn a fabulous ox of antiquity. Originally a stag of flood, according to Stokes, Acall. p. 394 ; rather the ox of Dil, cf. dam dile, H 2.16 , p. 242 : dam dili treasingnadh Glinne Dalláin. asind loch cédna táinic a athair co ndechaid for boin do buaib in bhrughadh robói i fail na cilli co ndergnai in dam de; and Dinds. 44 : dá dam Dile ingine Lugmanrach. ib. 111 : dam Dile. SG ii 472. 10 : Bregh a ainm daiṁ Dhile. LL 210 a 15 : daim Díle. METAPH. of persons LL 9635 . —In `dam Dile' the `i' is short, as is proved by Metr. Dinds. iii 198. 25 ( LL 198 a 46 ): Dile: gile (Gwynn). Díle (LL) interchanging with dílenn (Rennes MS, BB), Metr. Dinds. iii 204. 53 .— geisidh daṁ dilenn dá héis, Acall. 850 . gu Cathair Dhaiṁ díleann, ib. 1250 . atát daiṁ dileann ┐ cliathbernadha cét inniú i Cnuc na Cenn, BLism. 129 b 2 . atberam dano do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craebaib ┐ do daṁaibh dilind ┐ dordaib esoirgni ┐ do ṁergeadaib &c. , BB 452 a. roforbair (in béist) cona ba luga hí oltás dam dílend, PH 7221 . roba coṁrac dá daṁ ṅdíleann in coṁrac sin, ITS v 64. 4 .

dam riattae a trained ox, broken to the plough: screpall ar miaslach luluigh ┐ daiṁ riata, Laws ii 200. 3 . bud daim ríata láig ár mbó, SG 396. 38 .

LOC. Dam drend, TBC-LL¹ 4802 . co Dam ṅderg, ib. 4806 . Dam-inis, Inis na nDam, Onom.

COMPDS. óc-dam: hoc jumentum ógdhaṁ, Ir. Gl. 758 . Hib. Min. 43 (metaph.). ro-dam a great ox ZCP x 369 . cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam, Laws ii 74. 18 . FB 91 .

II A stag : dodúisgeadh agoinn daṁ donn, ITS vii 81. 16 . dam donn, 'fallow deer' Acall. 3521 . conaccatar ... daumu móra mǽla ina ligu, RC ix 482.8 . do bupthad na ndam, 482.10 . daṁ seng ag ithe in ḟeóir nua, ib. 18 . mór ndaṁ ndearg dothuit lea nágh, ib. 83. 7 . marbaid .vii. naighi díb imna trí damaib, Aen. 276 . dam allaid, gen. daim allto (-a) a stag. cervos gl. inna dumu alti, Ml. 48 d 9 . dá dam allaid (dual) LU 41 a 39 . asé roforchongair forin daṁ nallaidh toidheacht do threabhadh chuige est qui jussit cervum in aratro laborare Acta Sanct. 306 b n. 17 . adchi ...tri doiṁ allta romora, Aen. 273 . hoc cubile. leabaid in daim all[ta], Ir. Gl. 858 .

III METAPH. a champion, hero : ric in dam tri coecat ṅglonn, RC xx 144. 23 . am dam (.i. ar treisi) secht ṅdírend, LL 12 b 40 . a leo a ócdaim a aqil (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43. 15 . mac Feideilmid daim dásachtaich, Rawl. 152 a 33 . dongní daṁ dásachtach dím, Aen. 537 . posta...daim na céille, ITS xi 54 § 8 .

PERS. Mac in Daim, Imr. Brain 63. 20 . mac Daim Argait, LL 341. 37 . la Cairpre Dam nArgait, ib. 142 b . Dorcha ┐ Dam, Lec. 548 a 33 . 552 b 32 . LOC. Gleann Daiṁ, Gadelica ii 90. 11 .

Dathí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dathí or dil.ie/14753
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Nathíi, Nahii, Nahi, Nathí, Nathi, Nati, Dathíi, Dathí, Dathi, Dahí, Dahi, Dáthí, Dáthi, Athi, Daithe, Daithem, Daithen, Dathi, Daithi

indecl. npr. m. interchanging with Nathí.

FORMS:—

A Nathíi n s. Trip. 446. 8 ; 448. 8 .

Nahii n s. Fél. Aug. 9 LB.

Nahi g s. BB 199 b 1 . LB 17 e 16 .

Nathí n s. LU 38 a 7 . CS 20. 16 . LL 313 a 9 f.b. 313 a 18 , 32 . 314 b 2 , 22 . Fél. Aug. 9 (MSS B, L). a s. LL 132 b 4 . g s. LU 38 a 1 , 8 , Rawl. 86 b 12 . MacCarthy 212. 2 (LL). LL 314 b 15 , 50 . 313 b 4 f.b.

Nathi n s. AU i 10. 11(A.D. 445). CS 18. 1 f.b. Mart. Don. Aug. 1 , Aug. 9 , Oct. 28 . AFM i 128. 7(A.D. 430). LU 38 a 2 , 14 (margin). YBL 192 b 25 , 32 , 42 . Fél. Aug. 9 (MS R1). Trip. 32. 12 ; 30. 18 . Nati, BB 197 b 5 . a s. YBL 191 b 42 . g s. AU i 20. 9(A.D. 463). YBL 192 b 43 , 48 . Trip. 136. 14 . BB 137 a 22 . MacCarthy 396. 17 (BB). Lism. L. 4637 . d s. LU 38 a 15 margin .

Nathe n s. Gorm. Oct. 28 . Mart. Don. Oct. 28 . — Comp. further Nahie ACMN 70 .

B Dathíi no instance.

Dathí n s. LU 38 a 26 , 28 . Cóir Anm. § 146 (twice). g s. LU 38 a 10 , 17 . Lism. L. xv 12 . d s. AFM i 128. 2 (A.D. 428).

Dathi the common Mid.-Ir. spelling. n s. LU 38 a 22 . 38 a 10 margin . YBL 191 b 13 , 20 , 21 , 23 . 192 a 4 . 192 b 22 . Lism. L. 2706. 2710 . g s. AU i 22. 6 (but only in the MS marked as A). Mart. Don. 62. 20 ; 54. 11 , 13 ; 130. 23 , 25 ; 350. 2 f.b. Dinds. §§ 133 , 160 (twice). YBL 191 b 35 . 192 b 48 . Rawl. 86 b 35 . RC ii 86. 1 f.b. (LU); 88. 1 . MacCarthy 212. 2 (BB); 426. 4 f.b. (BB). d s. YBL 191 b 29 .

Dahí phonet. = Dathí. n s. YBL 191 b 49 . g s. Dahi, BB 57 b 22 . 58 a 40 . Cf. Dahye ACMN 64 .

Dáthí n s. Cóir Anm. § 176 .

Dáthi g s. ALC ii 448. 22 . LL 139 a 47 .

C Athi in late MSS, wrongly abstracted from Nathi (understood as n-Athi) and such phrases as bidathí a ainm, Cóir Anm. § 146 = bid Dathí, &c.

Already in the 11th century the meaning and origin of the name had become obscure to the Irish grammarians. It was associated with daith, daithe, swift, swiftness (and the npr. Daithe, Daithem, Daithen) as is clear from the marginal note LU 38 a : is de atberthea a nainm sin fris conid Dathi a ainm óndní is dathi gabálaid ( ó daithi a gabáltais, YBL 191 b 20 , where the note has been adopted in the text), cf. Cóir Anm. § 146 . The length of the final -í is attested by the archaic spelling Nathíi and the rhyme with trí, MacCarthy 212. 2 (LL). Dathí as the later form originated from the confusion of the N- of Nathí with the eclipsing n- after a preceding accusative or neuter noun: tech Nathí (understood as t. nDathi), babtizauit Echaich mac Nathí (mac nDathi) &c. MacCarthy 212. 2 (LL): cethri cóic bliadna 's a trí: rogiallad do niurt Nathí (v.l. Dathi, BB): i Sléib Elpa na narm nán, &c. I have no example of Dathí alliterating with d- from old poetry. The accent falls on the ultimate, cf. the alliteration Na-thí: tolchar, LL 150 b 30 , 31 b 45 . Nathí trenṡeng, LL iii 15779 (Flann Mainistrech) . Dathī cen tathāer, Rawl. 86 b 34 , Gorm. Aug. 1 . With Nathíi should be compared the npr. f. Daríi, the authoress of the Cáin Daríi; -íi seems the g s. of a npr. m. the nom. of which would be Old-Ir. Eo, identical with the tree-name (cf. the npr. given by Meyer, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxxviii 798 ). This name actually occurs TBC-LL¹ 4870 : co hEo mac Oircne. LL 94 b 7 f.b. : co hEo mac Forne. The genitive Íi, Í occurs in the npr. Mac Híí in the Oir. text Anecd. iii 61. 6 , Mac Hí (the name of a deacon) LL 366 e 11 . Compare the ivo- of Ogh. IVOCATTOS (Eochad), IVODACCA (†Eodach, not Uadag, as Macalister thinks, Epigr. iii 180 ), Gaul. IVORIX in a memorial inscription from Bordeaux. Nathíi `the nephew of Eo,' then, would be (†) in Ogh. NETTA IVI (NIOTTA IVI) of the nephew of Eo, and in the book of Armagh †Nioth Íi, Niath Íi (cf. Nioth Fráich, Ardm. 15 b 2 , Niath Taloirc, 25 b ). For dar of Dar-Íi cf. dar and der; the parallelism between Nath-Fráich and Der-Fráich (niece of Fraech ?) is noteworthy.

Nathí mac Ailello, BB 130 a 22 .

Nathí mac Bresail Einecglais, BB 131 a 37 . 138 a 3 .

Nathí mac Brocáin grandfather of the Druid Nuadu mac Achi RC ii 86 1 f.b. : Dathi LU, Daithi, YBL 175 b 32 . After him or one of his ancestors probably was named the Tuath Dathi in Brega, RC ib.

Nathí mac Bróin, BB 112 b 26 .

Nathí mac Caille, BB 177 d 28 .

Nathí mac Caithri, BB 143 b 24 .

Nathí mac Caur, BB 145 c 49 .

Nathí mac Conaill Gulbain, Fen. p. 433 b .

Nathí mac Crimthainn, LL 45 b 32 . BB 136 a 11 . 137 a 18 . 138 d 5 .

Nathí mac Daigri, BB 144 e 28 , f 4 .

Nathí mac Dolbaig, BB 131 b 23 .

Nathí mac Echach, BB 131 a 26 .

Nathí mac Fiachrach = Feradach mac Fiachrach (his first name according to Cóir Anm. § 146 ). The last pagan king of Ireland, nephew ( ACMN 66 ) and successor of Niall of the Nine Hostages and father of Ailill Molt; killed by lightning at the Alps A.D. 445 (AU), 427 (ACMN), 428 (AFM , CS). (a) Annals and chronicles: AU i 10. 11 (A.D. 445); i 20. 9 (A.D. 463: inicium regni Ailella Muilt mic Nathi); i 22. 6 . ALC ii 448. 22 (A.D. 1582) (Cathal Dubh mac Conchobair of his race). AFM i 128. 2 (A.D. 428). CS 18. 1 f.b. (A.D. 412), 20. 16 (A.D. 428). Mart. Don. 54. 11 , 13 (Colga Naem and Cronán mac Aongussa of his race); 62. 20 ; 130. 23 ; 350. 2 f.b. (Lochan from Cell na Manach of his race). (b) Cóir Anm. § 146 (etym. explanation of his name, see above). Aided Nathí, LU 38 a 1 ( YBL 191 b 13 sq.), 2 , 7 , 8 , 10 , 17 , 22 , 26 , 28 . YBL 191 b 13 , 20 , 21 , 23 , 29 , 35 , 42 , 49 ; 192 a 4 ; 192 b 22 (where buried), 32 , 42 . Nathi mac Fiachrach gabais flaith nÉrend i ndíaid Néill, ib. 192 b 25 . Ailill Molt mac Nathi, ib. 192 b 43 ( Dathi, 48 ). LL 132 b 4 (death of N.). BB 108 a 12 , 53 ( Nathi = Dathi, ib. 38 , 107 a 17 ). 216 a 28 . Trip. 136. 14 . Dinds. § 133 MacCarthy 212. 2 ; 396. 17 ; 426. 4 f.b. Rawl. 86 b 35 .

Nathí mac Garrchon of Leinster (grandson of Fothad), the opposer of Patrick at Inber Deæ. Trip. 30. 18 ; 32. 12 ; 446. 8 ; 448. 8 . .vii. meic Garrchon...Nathí, &c. LL 313 a 18 . BB 124 a 39 . AFM i 128. 7 (A.D. 430).

Nathí mac Luigdech son of Lugaid mac Dalann and father of Barr mac N. Lism. L. 4637 . Mochua Balla, whose life is told BLism. 40 a 1 sq., was a great-grandson of his; he died A.D. 637. The death of Nathí mac L., then, took place probably in the middle of the 6th century.

Nathí mac Maeláin, BB 143 b 9 .

Nathí mac Meldae, LL 316 c 39 .

Nathí mac Rossa Failge: sé meic Rosa Falge .i. Nathí, &c. LL 314 b 22 . BB 130 a 7 .

Nathí mac Sechnaig bishop of Cúil Futhirbe, Mart. Don. Oct. 28 , cf. Gorm. Oct. 28 . Nathi epscop C. F., Gorm. Aug. 1 . Mart. Don. 208. 3 sq. Nathí Cúile Fothirbe, LL 313 a 9 f.b.

Nathí mac Trichim son of Erc Dáire, Fél. 56. 3 . BB 220 c 12 .

Cruimther Nathí of Achad Conairi in Leinster, a contemporary of Colum Cille, Fél. Oeng. &. Gorm. Aug. 9 . Mart. Don. Aug. 9 . Lism. L. xv 12 ; 2706 , 2710 .

Nathí a deacon LL 336 e 6 .

Hui Nathí: Bríon mac Echach mic Dáire...is dia chlaind ind Echach sa húi Nathí a quo húi Connachtaig LL 313 b 4 f.b.

Bile Dathi one of the six wondrous trees of Ireland: bili Dathi, Dinds. § 160 . LL 199 b 61 ; unnius immorro Craeb Belaig Dathi, Dinds. § 160 . Hardly here, cf. the parallel form Bile (Craeb) Daithin (Daithen). Vide 1 and 2 Daithen.

LOC. Belach Dathi, LL 200 a 10 . Dinds. § 160 . Tulach Dathi, MR 152. 8 ; 254. 11 . Togail Bruidne Dathī, Anecd. ii 44 § 5 .

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o, n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg. 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb. glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg. 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Prol. 220 . dead, LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fianaig. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead, SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid, FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud, SR 1568 . dead, LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid, LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid, LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd, SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd, LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd, SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud, SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid, LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . : criaid, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol, LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg. 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid, BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead, SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg. 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig, FDG 376 . déid, ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fianaig. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Ml. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad, Mon. Tall. 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Ml. 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur. 131 . Mon. Tall. 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC-LL¹ 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fianaig. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid, FB § 70 . SCC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC-LL¹ 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh, RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh, AFM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb. 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg. 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód, FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh, AFM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog, RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu, Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . deo, LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé, TBC-LL¹ 1488 Y. deid, Wb. 13 d 9 . Sg. 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CCC § 5 Eg. Mon. Tall. 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid, TBC-LL¹ 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig Mon. Tall. 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú, Mon. Tall. 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . AFM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid , then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde ( .i. i ndígaid sin, Ml. 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Ml. 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); corresponding to Sg. 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb. 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid ; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. do-díat (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Ml. 35 c 30 (dum-dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg. 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Ml. 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably derivatives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh, ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead, LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig, FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a., RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái, FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái, LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire, FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél, RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái, FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái, RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái, FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódhlaoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, AFM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionnsaigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin, ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse, SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle, ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Ml. 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) Mon. Tall. 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead, LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg. 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír, LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó, BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú!, Midnight court 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Ml. 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synonymous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg. 18 b 2 . de spiritali consequenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid, PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: praecedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Ml. 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC-LL¹ 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Ml. 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. successio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg. 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid , Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Ml. 127 a 12a .— is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Ml. 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I., ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái, PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donlevy 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg. 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid , μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Ml. 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb, FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Ml. 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Ml. 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Ml. 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid, Mon. Tall. 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil, FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donlevy vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haithghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin, OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Ml. 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Ml. 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg. 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Ml. 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immediately after Ml. 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensationes.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Ml. 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donlevy 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid, LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is employed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donlevy xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg. 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe, TBC-LL¹ 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni, YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges, ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid, SCC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid , TBC-LL¹ 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donlevy x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum, FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh, OCT 54.21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh, RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled, PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony AFM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile Midnight court 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag, Midnight court 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid, TBC-LL¹ 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis, FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long, OCT 9.4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid , ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus, ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fianaig. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh, AFM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh, 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. Oss. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donlevy xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinneen.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg. 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : trascérthar fa deóid amal salchar, PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig, Mon. Tall. 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid, FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid, RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid, PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.— ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman, SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud, Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC-LL¹ 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid, PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donlevy 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly distinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adamnán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili, RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . Mon. Tall. 153. 22 . CCC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige, PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb. 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Expuls. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Ephesians vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donlevy 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí): Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin, AFM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

1 degaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 degaid or dil.ie/15058

 

Forms: degid, degaid, digaid, dĭgaid, degaid, digaid, degaid, deguid, dedaid, dedaig, degaig, degaich, dega, deagha, dheagh, ndagaid, negaid

adj i, a s. in i ndegaid n-, nom. prep. with gen. Old vn. of †do-saig (cf. con-dïeig) seeks, searches , and regularly developed from †dí-ṡagid > deägid > degaid. Never †dechaid (cf. fochaid). — degid only Acr. 10 c 3 . degaid, Wb. 30 b 14 . Sg. 5 a 2 . 7 a 4 . 7 b 1 , 6 . 26 b 7 . 101 b 1 . Tur. 74 . Thes. ii 357. 14 . The form digaid only in Mil (where degaid does not occur): Ml. 71 b 11 . 78 c 14 . 81 c 3 . 111 a 5 . 138 c 18 ; probably dĭgaid (otherwise Thurn. Hdb. 458 ). For the interchange degaid: digaid, cf. dead: 1 díad, which latter form, like digaid, in Oir. only occurs in Mil (and once in Tur). As to the confusion of degaid, digaid with dead, diaid, see dead under Inflexion.

ECLIPSES a following stressed syllable: i ndegaid nÍsu, Tur. 74 . i ndegaid ṅguttae, Sg. 5 a 2 . i nd.¤ ṅDé, 101 b 1 . —Only Oir.

ASPIRATION only Mid.-Ir. (cf. i ndiaid ). a nd.¤ Chelestíni BB 10 a 32 . a nd.¤ chlainde Morna, Acall. 2817 . —Cf. SR 6042 . SG 67. 20 . ZCP viii 115. 15 .

MID.-IR. SPELLINGS: degaid, deguid, dedaid ( TBC-LL¹ 2187 Y), dedaig ( TBC-LL¹ 400 Y; FDG 340 ), degaig ( TBC-LL¹ 1558 Y), degaich ( Lec. 353 a 47 ), dega ( Laws iii 40. 2 , 4 ). na deagha sin, Lib. Flav. ii 7 a 1. 8 f.b. ina dheagh sin, 8 a 1. 6 (hardly for dead). i ndagaid , Todd Nenn. 48. 1 (confusion of i nd.¤ with i nagaid). PHONET. a negaid , ZCP viii 115.15 . Cog. 164. 8 .

MOD.-IR. i ndeaghaidh, frequent in poetry and also heard in the spoken language. Cf. Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 and dead II A (d). For deabhaidh, v. ib.

Originally in search of. Of serial and temporal order, synon. with i ndiaid ( i ndigaid, Ml. 78 c 14 = i ndiad, 42 b 5 , 72 b 27 . i nd.¤ .i. i ndiad, Cog. 164. 8 ). Translates Lat. post, Sg. 101 b 1 . Tur. 74 . proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 . Refers to Lat. sequens, Sg. 7 b 6 . subsequens, 7 b 1 . successio, Ml. 78 c 14 . Acr. 10 c 3 . — The original sense is still apparent in a phrase like the foll.: conadh aṁlaidh sin fuair (sc. in chaillech) bás i nd.¤ Suibhne in the pursuit of S., BS 82. 13 .

(a) loc. after, behind; of serial order after, following after (cf. dead II A (d α)).post deum .i. i nd.¤ ṅDé next to God Sg. 101 b 1 . i noensillaib disi ┐ in gute inna degaid, 7 b 1 . ib. 5 a 2 . 7 b 6 . dogéntais drúid tinchetla na ndegaid arná fétaitis tichtain arís, LL 13 a 34 . darónad cipi oenchatha do gallaib ... ┐ tucad ina negaid (sic) sen é .i. i ndiad na nanmargach, Cog. 164. 8 . ib. 82. 7 . vii mba ina ndeághaidh sin following them ML 4. 14 . robtis do chethramthain scáilte ricfaidis dochum in dúnaid i ndegaid do charpait TBC-LL¹ 1184Y. rasrengad i nd.¤ a ech ┐ a charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1924 (cf. dead II (d η)).—Often opp. to remi: vi sluaig rempi...vi sluaig na degaid, SR 4876 . Críst reum Críst im degaid, Thes. ii 357. 14 . PH 4383 . — after, in succession to (cf. dead II (d β)): maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . rogab in ríge a ndeadhaidh a athar, BB 9 b 46 . ib. 7 a 46 . 9 b 38 . 10 a 32 . TFrag. 16. 18 ; 50. 19 ; 96. 9 . cech ... i nd.¤ alaili (alaile f.) one after another = cech...i ndiad alaili (cf. dead II d β). continua successione .i. cech rí i ndigaid alaili, Ml. 78 c 14 . Acr. 10 c 3 . Sg. 7 a 4 . cech lathi i ndigaid alaili, Ml. 111 a 5 , cf. lá i nd.¤ alaili, LU 130 a 37 . degaid i ndegaid = diaid i ndiaid: mas dega i ndega, Laws iii 408. 21 .

(b) of temporal order: after, following immediately on. is gnáth lie i naibnib i ndigaid flechud mór, Ml. 81 c 3 . mí rempi ┐ dechmaid ina deghaidh, Laws i 198. 3 f.b. bó ...rogaod a ndeghaidh a daim, TFrag. 36. 3 f.b. foraindi ┐ forár maccaib inár ṅdegaid, PH 2731 .

i nd.¤ sin proinde Ml. 71 b 11 . Cf. i ndiad sin (dead II d γ). ina d.¤ sin thereafter, then , very common in Mir. ina d.¤ sin táinic Conall assin baile amach, Acall. 2711 . ib. 3075 . 3089 . 3234 . 3240 . 3334 . guibhe (i.e. guidh) na dheadhaidh sin cu dlúithdeifirech, Lib. Flav. 23 a 1. 15 . ML 66. 11 . inda degaid sin, 3 B 23, 17 a 11 f.b. na deaghai sin, Lib. Flav. ii 7 a 1. 8 f.b. ina dheagh sin, ii 8 a 1. 6 (or = i ndead). MOD. na dheagha' san, na dheaghaig sin; cf. na dheabhaigh sin ( GJ viii 208 ). ina d.¤ (often referring to a preceding subst.) id., Laws iii 40. 2 . Lec. 353 a 47 . ní dernad remi ná na degaid (sic leg.) mirbail bud mó, PH 32 . BS § 70. 4 . SG 21. 23 .

ina chertdegaid directly afterwards: na ch., MR 200 . 18 . LL 130 a 26 .

(c) after verba movendi, after, to, denoting the aim or object , cf. dead II (d ε). Synon. i ndiaid , occasionally also i ndáil ( i ndegaid catha, Acall. 3440 = i ndáil catha, TTr. 1841 ). dol i nd.¤ like dol i ndiaid : dula dó i nd.¤ in tsluaig SR 3998 . foruirecht...cen dul i nd.¤ Dauid, 6042 . Laws ii 64. 6 . ac dul a nd.¤ catha to go to the battle Acall. 3440 . — ragatsa...inbar nd.¤ , BDD § 12 Eg. tiagait i nd.¤ Diarmada co Teamraig, SG 67. 20 . Snedg. u. Mac R 31. 23 . Laws i 220. 19 . to follow with a hostile intention, pursue. Transl. Lat. insequi: doluid in sindach slán fón caillid ┐ slóg Laigen etir echu ┐ chona inna d.¤ equitibus insequentibus Lat. Lives 85. 15 . Acall. 2817 (= ar slichtlorg, 2777 ). Todd Nenn. 48. 1 .—tic i nd.¤ comes for; also comes in pursuit of. in ned tic ... i nd.¤ a tairb, LL 174 b 11 = CRR 30. 7 . Laws i 104. 15 . doriachtadar...go Róim a nd.¤ Grigair, ZCP viii 115. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 2187 Y. TFrag. 166. 7 ; 172. 21 .—fugiat post Iesum .i. i nd.¤ nÍsu, Tur. 74 .—lingid i nd.¤ jumps after: lingidsom i ndedaig a nónbair, TBC-LL¹ 400 Y. roling sí...ina dh.¤ , BS § 41 .—foceird i nd.¤ throws after: focheirt...in sleig i ndegaig Firbáith, TBC-LL¹ 1558 Y.—Further in ellipt. sentences: fis i nd.¤ mo vii mac send for my seven sons FDG 340 .

(d) beith i nd.¤ to follow or come after , loc. and tempor. Cf. beith i ndiad, dead II (d ζ). `quoniam &c.' do buith i nd.¤ cech ferso, Ml. 138 c 18 . atá lá i nd.¤ alaili, LU 130 a 37 ( TE § 12 ). cid in dirram slóig ... rofail itegaid, LL 174 b 28 . an giolla baoi na dh.¤ , TFrag. 224. 2 . to be born from, descend from: ní ḟuil daṁ at dh.¤ si gan xx ben, BS 78. 2 f.b. to be in charge of (cattle): in comlín bias ina nd.¤ , Laws iv 156. 25 . Also to pursue , RC xvi 407. 5 .

(e) inár ndegaid as a term of reference below, farther on, hereafter = inár ndiad, v. dead II (d δ). mar adéram nár nd.¤ , Laws i 140. 14 . in biad so adérum inár ndedhaigh, ib. ii 234. 12 .

(f) in an idiom. sense after , referring to a departed person. Synon. i ndiaid , v. dead II d θ. Ísu dofuair bás ┐ atát na haspail ac canamain an ciúil so ana degaid, 3 B 22, 67 a 10 . mór ṁban dagéna uch ach i nd.¤ na rouallach, TFerbe 617 . is bethu imaudu [mo bethu] i ndeadaig mo chon, TBC-LL¹ 533 Y. budh henar dhuinn na nd.¤ , Rel. Celt. i 129 . —Cf. also: lelgadar eich Chonchulaind in núr corrice na clocha i ndegaid ind ḟeuir, TBC-LL¹ 249 Y.

deithbrigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deithbrigid or dil.ie/15298

 

Forms: deifrigh

v (2 deithbir)

I hastens: do deifrigetar i ndiaid ffer gConnacht, SG 283.31 . ipv. 2 s. deifrigh, TD 2.2 .

II

(a) Intrans. differs: anmand . . . dethbriges lan that differ to the full, Laws v 84 Comm. is mar so difrigheas sé o tersiana this is how it differs from tertian fever, 3 C 19, 5 rb29 .

(b) Trans. differentiates, distinguishes: nasdefrigidar a tri urlundinnsci their three leading words of gender distinguish them, Auraic. 616 . intan deifriche fri neach n-aili when thou distinguishest (him) from some one else, 587 . is a ndanaib defrighit ┐ dearscaighit gach gradh dibh so o' raile, IT iii 6. 2 v.l.

díliu, díle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díliu, díle or dil.ie/16425

 

Forms: dílend, dílinde, dílind, dilind, díle

n n, f. (*dí-lin-? Cf. GOI § 331 . From Lat. diluvium, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 197 ). g s. usually dílend; occasionally dílinde, rarely dílind (: Find (gen.), Fianaig. 50 , 94.19 ). na dilind , Snedg. u. Mac R 39 . díle, f., IGT Decl. § 145 .

(a) The Noachian deluge: in díle diluuium, Ml. 48d17 . díli .i. diluuium , Corm. Y 480 . amail sóersai Nóë . . . din díle, Fél. Ep. 452 . diliu thromm, SR 2626 . clann Caīn sil Seth na sen | dorigni in diliu a ndilgen, 2724 . otha dilind co Abram, 2297 . iar ndilinn, 2276 . airdde na dilenn o lar, 2525 . o aimsir dilenn, Fél. p. 258 . o rodoirt díliu for bith, Metr. Dinds. iii 238 . robaid in diliu sil Adaim uile ach Noe, LL 1b1 . o dorat Dia in dilind darsin uile ṅdomun ní therna di doenib in domuin on dilind acht mad lucht na hairce, 1b4 , 6 . is mé Findtan . . . d'éis na díleand, Ériu iv 132 . is e oenḟot do thalmain tar na tainic diliu, idon Golgotha, MacCarthy 48 . tarraidh dílind Bith, BB 20b6 . is fir mar rimhim re radh | o Dilinn co Abraham, MacCarthy 260 . san domnach is fath fire | dotraig ar tus in dile, Ériu iii 144 . ni ragbad [Ériu] ria ndile ┐ ni ragbad iar ndíle . . ., Imr. Brain i 286 x . do deoin ríg na dílinne, SG 382 (LL Bóroma). ar teithedh na dilinde (: gan time), BB 22b45 . an chéiddíle . . . | lér dhíoláithrigh Dia an domhon, TD 7 § 29 . is í an díle na danair, 7 § 42 . anall ó dhortadh díleann, 28 § 3 . ó ré dílinne na dtrét | a bfírinne gá coimét, SG 349 . mo ṡáeghul roimh dhílinn duib | cúig bliadhna déc do bliadhnuib | tug Día tar éis dílinn damh | cúig cét cúig míli bliadhan, Anecd. i 25 . rosaerad Noe ar thonnaib na dílend, PH 5884 . créad as a bhfuaradar an drong do bhí ria ndílinn ann ré fhada, TSh. 8528 . iar dturnamh na díleann, 8422 . re hucht na dílinne, 236 . dia hAoine tugadh an díle tar an ndomhan, Gadelica 207 (Eoghan Ó Caoimh). le huisgidhibh na díleann, Gen. ix 11 (Bedell).

(b) torrential rain, wet weather: bláth gach tíre 'na thoradh | gnáth díle mar a dhubhadh | gach fiodh cnó bhán ag bloghadh | gach domhan lán bó is brughadh, G. B. Mac Con Midhe, Book of O'Conor Don 160a(No. 297) . an cheandsachd chaitheas rinde | is grian a ngar dhilinde, GJ ix 307(Tuar feirge § 3) . grian gheal i ndeaghaidh dílionn, TD 24.54 . lá gréine i ndiaidh dílinne, 26 § 25 (doininne, v.l.). Fig. a torrent (of tears): le déaraibh fola dá ndortadh 'na ndílinn, Keat. Poems 944 = Hackett xxxix 312 .

(c) waters of the ocean, sea: Etar étan ri dílind Etar (i.e. Howth Head) forehead to the flood, Metr. Dinds. iii 104 . aés rodmbádi tond dilend (but this may belong to (e)), 106 . Of the names of the Boyne at different stages of her course: Banna ó Loch Echach cen ail, | Drumchla Dílenn co hAlbain, 28 . ardanfud dond dílinne . . . décsiu Cerbaill, RC xxix 211 . dar lebarthonnaib na dileann, Snedg. u. Mac R 33 . da druim ndilinne (: firinne), Rawl. 86b42 . co ti in diliu tar in domun, Aen. 2966 . tar dromchla ndíleann, TD 20 § 33 . fa tholchuibh dílionn, 20 § 35 . siar tar dromchladh na díleann, Keat. Poems 31 .

(d) flood, torrent usually in epithets: ucht ra mór-dilind to breast a great torrent used of facing a battle, CRR p. 46 (§ 40) . Of a warrior in battle: ruc taichim . . . fo cath na nAnmargach . . . mar borbruathur dianbunni dilend, Cog. 188 . ba he tra samail na desi sin (Haemon and Tydeus) amal ro rethidis da buinne (sic leg.) diana dileand a slebtib arda amreidi . . . (Theb.), Celt. Rev. x 318 . Of Caesar's army: . . . an breisim bratha, ┐ an buine dilenn ┐ an diliu ic tuili . . ., CCath. 5376 . as maidhm dilionn ┐ biodhbha sochaide e, ZCP x 280.y . mur buinni ndían ṅdílinn sceithes a hucht airdslébe i n-aimsir thuili, Fianaig. 94 . snámaid sisi ina ndiaid go trén tinnesnach gurba chosmail re buinne mborbruad ndilenn in dá buinne bátar ima taebaib, SG 250 . uaim dhíleann . . . samhuil inntleachta Dalláin, Oss. v 34 .

(e) The gs. is used attributively to denote great size apparently resulting from great (antediluvian?) age: dam dílend (cf. dam ré, TD 14.34 . Keat. Poems 739 ): ┐ xl ar da cetaib dam dilenn leo docum in tuir do cur a fola fai (of the building of the Tower of Babel), BB 14a53 . mar neart ndamh ndighleann, TBC-LL¹ 3870 v.l. roforbair cona ba luga hí oltás dam dílend (the beast slain by Michael), PH 7221 . Dubhchosach Binde Gulban .i. damh diomhór dilean (of a stag 500 years old), Celt. Rev. x 135 . marb eilit Droma Sileann | geisidh damh dileann dá héis, Acall. 850 . an chú glan semhḟáobhrach seng | ór gearrṡáoghlach dam dílenn, Brian Ó Corcrán, Book of O'Conor Don 227a (No. 294). Freq. applied to warriors: ba treass im dam dilend tres catha uime, BB 435a26 . téit fúthaib mar dham ndásachtach ndileann, SG 65 . indsaighis cach a chele dibh . . . mar dhá damh dílind, Ériu iii 170 . In a few exx. there seems to be a confusion in writing between dam Dile the Ox of Dil (q.v.) and dam dílenn: dam dilenn tuargabsat ceann, BB 373b48 = Daim Dile etc., Metr. Dinds. iii 204 . ? ech dílenn: is luaithe mé ná eachradh díleann (Death addressing the sinner), O'Gr. Cat. 593 (but the corresponding line in Cnuasach Comhagall 6 is: is luaithe mé na teacht tromdileann).

Of trees, etc. scolb do dharaigh dileann, CF 712 . Niall mac Echach na ttres ttenn | ríbhile díomsach dílenn, Book of O'Conor Don 155a (No. 59 ). níorbho coinne sgíthbheag, sgathuaimhneach coinne an dá ruire sin acht ba sáthadh dhá charrtha chloch ndileann, ML 140 . gu gluaiste na crega dílinn, Rel. Celt. i 165 (older version?). ar charruig dhíleann, Desid. 649 . dún dílenn a cyclopean fort (cf. dileann firm, solid, sound, strong , P. O'C. ): co fuil and da dun dileann | eargna run re taeb remeand; | uas tuind tibraid fri toraind | sund fri dib imlib Erenn (viz. Dún Sobhairche in the N. & Dún Cermna in the S.), Lec. 578a14 ( LL 17b1 ). cumdach tochair tuir dileand, BB 37a10 ( Lec. 564a37 ). uamdorus dilenn (Antaeus' cave), CCath. 2908 . is tú fa leannán dreach-nár díleann | do ṡíol Éibhir (of a fortress), Keat. Poems 1525 . Fig. uaill dílenn unyielding arrogance (?): laechraid Ulad uaill dileand | ni rorimeam a remeand, Lec. 584a19 .

do-bidci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-bidci or dil.ie/17231

 

Forms: -díbairg, dombidgi, dubidcet, dibairg, dobidced, ndumbidced, dobidgad, dombidctis, dubidctis, d-a-mbidc, dosmbidc, dobidc, nīsndībeirc, nisdibeirg, dorrubidc, darobidc, dobidgsat, díbirciud, díbairg-, díbairc-, díbraic-, díubraic-

v (* dī-bidc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 476 ). Prot. stem -díbairg. See Thurn., KZ xxxii 569 , GOI p. 134 ; RC xviii 6 . Old-Irish forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. dombidgi, Anecd. i 54 § 30 . 3 pl. dubidcet, Ml. 93d11 . Impv. 2 s. dibairg, Anecd. i 5.z . Impf. 3 s. dobidced, RC xii 68.1 . a ndumbidced, , Ml. 53d7 . dobidgad, Corm. Y 975 (83.15) . Subj. impf. 3 pl. dombidctis, Ml. 26d7 . co dubidctis , 30b1 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. d-a-mbidc, Ml. 58c4 . dosmbidc, TBC-I¹ 1743 (YBL); 2135 . dobidc, 2962 . nīsndībeirc, 1231 (YBL) = nisdibeirg, LU. dorrubidc, Ml. 40d9 . darobidc, 58c3 . 3 pl. dobidgsat, Alex. 243 .

Vn. díbirciud.

Later as simple vb. with stem díbairg-, díbairc-, or with metathesis díbraic-, díubraic-, etc. IGT Verbs § 88 .

(a) With obj. of thing cast shoots, casts, hurls (in Ml. gl. iaculari, sagittare): dobidgad Goibne asin tenchair na gai, Corm. Y 975 (83.15) . cruth dombidgi tond íasc, Anecd. i 54 § 30 . nosdíbairg na tri cóecta snáthat cach i ndiaid araili díb, FB § 65 . cinnas dibairgim etir how I make a cast, TBC-LL¹ 1186 . mac diubraices in mbunnsaig, Laws iv 140 Comm. co rodibraicer feb dibraicti-si, CCath. 2184 . cona dibhraictis urcor n-imroill, 5673 . rodíbraicedh aturra frasa d'fogáithib, Fianaig. 88.30 . urchar do dibraic Seiscend, Acall. 3999 . rodibraic saigid a fidbaic ibraide, TTebe 2588 . diubraicfet ind aball sa ar amus chinn ind rig, SG 413.10 . rodiubraicsium rot n-urchair don chloich, 325.30 . sāsa dia ndiubraicfidhi aili dímhora, Marco P. 132 . rodibraigsed uaithib in curach, Snedg. u. Mac R 40.21 . gur sir-dibraiged siartuaig o Erinn iad, KMMisc. 314.1 .

With indirect obj. introd. by DO, FRI, FOR: rodíbairg inn gai dó, RC iii 178 (LL). rodiubraic Conan a tṡleg dó, Acall. 6713 . rodiubraic F. urchur d'én aile, 7066 . dodiubraig urchur don tres hén, 7067 . is iarum dobidc Cūrāi dīb dībrucud ar ceann araile fri hAmargine, TBC-I¹ 2962 . rodibraicedar tri clocha . . . riu, Acall. 7134 . nos-dibraic cloich fair, Moling § 70 . rodíbairg si certli forsin luing, LL 221b46 ( TTr. 344 ). rodiubhraic . . . saiget fair launched an arrow at him, CCath. 3658 . Cf. do diubhraic urchor de dochum muintire Coluim (of a gospel), Cog. 90.24 .

(b) With obj. of person or thing cast at pelts, shoots at, strikes: d-a-mbidc Semei di chlochaib pelted him with stones, Ml. 58c4 . nech doseinn araile . . . nech dobeidg araile, O'Curry 2116 ( H 4.22 79b ). dosmbidc co llecaib, TBC-I¹ 2135 . nīsndibeirc Cūchulaind dadaig asa thabaill, 1231 . dosmbidc C. a Delga, 1743 . intan bātir hēssom huile dobicdis (recte dobidctis) in poll, 498 . dibairg na heounu, Anecd. i 5.z . ar na rasdibairged C., TBC-LL¹ 2742 . nachas diburged C. that C. might not strike her, 1546 . dosbidc in fer co morchlochaib, ZCP ix 192.26 . rogabsat cloch cecha fir cor dibraicset hé, LB 151b36 . intan diubraicther isin cath í do ilar arm when it is hit in battle by many missiles (of an elephant), CCath. 3650 . dibraigid iad do armaib ┐ do clochaib, Aen. 2208 . cia rodiubraic Goll mac Morna? — missi rodiubraic he, Acall. 7928 - 9 . rodiubraic Mane misi, 6795 . co ndibruigidís i nóinfecht é, SG 92.30 . is do guin rig. . . . cibe dibraicius Conn a Temraig, MS. Mat. 618 .

(c) With DE strikes from, cuts off, removes: bainid dorad beim do Nuadhad nair | nocor dibraic de a deaslaim, Lec. 554b3 . no gur dibraigestar a dóid ndeis gá lúithib don laech-milid (of a sword), MR 300 . a rí shíl mínaird Meadba | díbhairg dín ar ndoimheanma, IGT Verbs ex. 854 .

(d) moves quickly, starts up (?): dosbiudc asa aislingi, TBC-I¹ 2956 (perh. reflex.). dobidg amach, RC xiii 222.40 . dobidgsat a l-lamu luathescaide dia saigetbolcaib, Alex. 243 (perh. trans.). Cf. bidgaid.

1 do-etha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-etha or dil.ie/17604
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dóeth, do-sn-ethat, da n-ethat

v (* to-eth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 ) goes to, visits, approaches: aitherruch donethand athach di ghoith tentidi, Ériu ii 122 . tetha Silend . . . adba ná ba tairsech tur visits, i.e. washes (of a lake), Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . doetait (doedait, v.l.; leg. doethaid ?) guth treothu `voice comes through them', Auraic. 363 . nibu degming donetad (= donethad ?) a chorp fadesin `it were not difficult for him to go to his own body', Wb. 13d20 . Pass. pret. impers. ? dóeth cucai, TBC-I¹ 1131 (LU). dóet chucai, 1126 (LU) = doeth Cuchulaind, YBL. Perh. also: tóhet o Chormac i ndiaid maic B., Ériu iii 136.34 .

The forms do-sn-ethat, da n-ethat ( attacks ), LU 5583 , 6073 ( TBC-I¹ 1099 , 1599 ) may be influenced by or belong to this vb. Cf. ad-etha.

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