Search Results

Your search returned 14 result(s).

7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

airet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airet or dil.ie/1949
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airet, eret, erat, arat

n (*ari + fot, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 177 ff. ?Cf. senairotib, Thes. ii 239.18 . Gender doubtful. Orig. o, n., O'Rahilly. Taken as f. in Sg. 148a6 by GOI p. 157 , see below, and treated as f. in later language. airet, Wb. 25d1 . eret, Ml. 107d8 etc., Sg. 148a6 . erat, Ml. 33a1 . arat, 80b7 .

Length, interval, space (of time, less freq. also of space), later amount, quantity. Very frequent in conjunctive and adverbial phrases.

I

(a) is ed á eret is gessi dia cene ṁbether in hac uita this is how long, Ml. 107d8 . is ed a erat fritammiurat inna huli, 33a1 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís how late E. falls in the month, Thes. ii 39.25 . a oired ba ferr dó ar bánbiudh a time of similar duration during which he fared better as regards white meat, Hib. Min. 67.4 . iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig M., LU 3223 ( SCC § 1 ). Of space: lagat inna saigte . . . ┐ a arat dia tochuirther `the distance from which it is shot', Ml. 80b7 . is he a.¤ sain rosaig / lassar lái brátha brethaig, SR 2531 .

(b) a.¤ as long as, as far as: a.¤ nombeinn isnaib imnedaib, Ml. 59a22 . a.¤ mbete im theglachsa, BDD² 312 . a.¤ bés . . . a cutrumesi do súg inda curpsom `so long . . . as there is this much juice in his body', Mon. Tall. 150.39 (§ 61) . a.¤ nat negar `so long as it is not washed', 155.24 (§ 67) . erett bett aboss 'ga tigh, BColm. 98.32 . Eas Rúaid heret aiges núall as long as Assaroe resounds, Ériu iv 150.27 . airiut ba beo iat, Marco P. 98 . eiret tēiti uiseōc as high as a lark soars, TBC-I¹ 3613 . oiret teit cloch a taball, PH 3040 . See Hull, ZCP xxix 121 - 2 . With co: airet co facaidh cnoc, CCath. 1449 . airet co tainic de, 4622 .

(c) With article: an a.¤ ropsa béo, Trip.² 1434 . a n-a.¤ ro bátar sruithi Eirend occó ari, 2996 . an oired dobi-seom a C.C. as long as, RC xviii 268.11 (Tig.). an oiread ro bí M. ag rádha a shoiscéla, Imr. Brain i 65.4 . in a.¤ bātar ag dēnomh na hadmhāla, Fl. Earls 64.3 . in oiriut tra do geb in tuasal neach bus cutruma res in isul `as long as (i.e. provided) the noble gets an advocate equal in rank to the man of lower class', Laws ii 84.24. Comm. Of space: an airat ro soich a scor sidhe for gach leith `as far as their `scor'-lands extend on every side', Laws iv 226.z . in oiret dochoid how far, PH 3039 .

In mixed construction with both article (or prep.?) and poss.: ina a.¤ báttar fein ar foccra during the period of their proscription, AFM vi 1974.3 .

(d) With cia how long, how far? cia arat gl. quandiu, Ml. 32d22 . cia a.¤ co tíchtin nancrist how long (it will be) till the coming, Wb. 25d1 . ce hairead uathaibh go tír how far they were from land, BB 39a26 . With rel. clause: cia eret mbete oc m ingraimmim se? `how long will they be persecuting me?' Ml. 33a9 . cia hairett atáidh sunn?, RC xxvi 376.8 . nocon fess cairet rochúaid how far, RC xiii 442 § 15 . cia a.¤ imthéit? how far does it go? TBC-LL¹ 1146 .

(e) With article and demonstr. in adverbial phrase for that long, during that (amount of) time (case of a.¤ doubtful, see O'Rahilly and Thurn. ad loc. cit. In most exx. apparently a s. of a fem. noun): ind eret sa gl. tandiu, Ml. 114b14 . ?inn heret sin imbói, Sg. 148a6 (so O'Rahilly loc. cit.; accus., GOI p. 157 ) i.e. during the time he was in Rome. ni rabe isin bith ní dognethe in n-eret sin léu acht cluchi, LU 3225 ( SCC § 1 ). at forbaeltiseom in n-a.¤ sin, 2277 . fífat-sa forsna slógaib in n-a.¤ sin, 6312 (TBC). inn-airet-sain during that time, RC xiii 110 § 147 .

II

(a) amount, quantity, usually in phrases meaning as much as, etc.: in óiret cétna as much again, Maund. 212 . in oirid sin `so much as that', Aen. 2558 . a naei n-a.¤ `nine times the value (of the thing stolen)', Marco P. 41 . is i an oiread (uirid, MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 307.30 . aiseoguidh sé seacht noirid he shall restore seven fold, Proverbs vi 31 . sudh mérsi ┐ sugh fenéil oired da gach sugh `of either juice an equal bulk', O'Gr. Cat. 225.4 .

(b) In phr. in a.¤ sin DI so much (of): inn a.¤ sin da slúag that many of their host, MU² 681 . anuireadsa do chuidiughadh, Carswell 20.7 . an oiret sin do leic oigre, Marco P. 225 . Note also: a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann that it was as high again, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . With mixed construction: a rád . . . co ndingenad Dia . . . ina airett sin d'éccórad `would do such injustice', Maund. 118 .

(c) With prep. FRI: na losa . . . dobertai . . . do C. doberedh oired ris fein d'Fir diad dib sin gave as much to F.D. as he took for himself, TBC-LL¹ p. 517 n.9 . dogebuir oired rium-sa dhe you shall share it equally with me, ZCP vi 99.6 . beth ar uired re og mac to be on the same terms with, Fen. 348.22 . nár tualaing iadsan oiret re Mac Conmara do dénam could not do as much as M., Caithr. Thoirdh. 85.10 . ar oiret aimsire fris of the same age as he, AFM v 1734.24 . go rabhadar Laighin cheithre uiread do shluagh ré fearaibh Mumhan `had a host four times as numerous', Keat. iii 3212 . go bhfuil a urad d'ughdardhas agam fein leis an mbiobla, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . na hiarr duais ach uiread leó look not for any more reward than they do, Measgra D. 7.112 .

(d) With ocus and rel. clause: uiread grádha . . . ┐ atá aige dhó féin, Desid. 6041 . urad as do bhí ag Criosd, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . Note also: a uiread . . . ┐ a ttiobhra Dia dhuit, Desid. 4600 . oiread (uiriod, MS.) a bhfuarais aréir as much as you got last night, Ériu i 97.y .

(e) With gen. as much as, even (in neg. and condit. clauses): gan uiret deilcc bruit do bhúain da fhiodhbadh not to take even athorn, Anecd. iii 6.12 . a.¤ in grain[n]e musdaird do ṡeirc Isa, Marco P. 8 . airead copán as much as a single cup, ZCP viii 563 § 18 . gu hoiread an fhocail dhíomhaoin as lúgha dá ndubhart even the idlest word I have spoken, Desid. 1177 .

Note also: mór da n-uiredaibh great quantities of them, Aisl. Tond. 132 § 6 .

1 camm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 camm or dil.ie/8094
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Cam-achaid, cammchranna, cammderc

adj o, ā IGT Decl. § 40 (bean cham). c.¤ a cammpiclo .i. ō cecht arathair, O'Mulc. 205 .

I

(a) crooked, bent, curved, twisted : honaib crichaib cammaib gl. obliquis sulcis, Ml. 2a7 . conair cham winding, Ériu xiii 14.23 . ar crandaibh camaibh corraibh, IT iii 86.y . trí cloidmi cama caela curved, Leb. Cert.² 566 . benn cham chrom, ACL iii 307 § 20 . a gcornuibh cama, O'R. Poems 2510 . i n-a raon cham, Dán Dé xxiii 4 . ná fuabraid fáisdine beoil / ná ésgaid chaim crescent moon, Caithr. Thoirdh. 19.33 .

(b) Of persons and personal characteristics: sron cham, FB 37 Eg. ( IT i 271.28 ). cainti cam, IT iii 84 § 73 . ní thuca in cóil ngairit, osí c[h].¤ ḟinnfadach (of woman), ZCP viii 112.28 . C. cláen c.¤ , LL 1400 . F. C. .i. claon a rosc. Gorm. Apr. 7 n. Colmán Cam, ALC i 38.28 = Colman Caech, AFM ii 834.12 . quies Cuain Caimb, AU i 210.5 . cusna findchoelanaib cammaib gl. cum tortuosis intestinis, Gild. Lor. 229 . a géag-dhlaoidh cham wavy, curly , Keat. Poems 89 .

(c) Of abstract notions: hon torund chaum gl. oblica significatione, Ml. 55a9 . bainne do chēill chaimm. Rawl. 163a25 . bretha camma false judgements, ZCP viii 196.3 . cen mebail cen meiṅg / cen debaid mad cam `no strife in a crooked cause', KMMisc. 274 § 64 . coindealg comairle nach cam, Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 . tagra cam, Luc. Fid. 4777 . gach tīr bidh cam a coimhēd `treacherous', Ériu xviii 68 § 49 .

(d) In chevilles: cen glór c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 278.41 . ní hiúl cam, DDána 30.14 . atchíther ní cam / ra ríg ríchid rind, LU 9893 . ní cam libh, Keat. i 190.27 .

Superl. an chlí do ba choime cor, Aithd. D. 50.27 . Adv. is cam dochóidh cridhe an pheacthaigh, Dán Dé xxxi 21 . táinnig cám mar bhachaill di, gé bhí díreach aig dul uirthe (the rod) came crooked like a crozier from it (i.e. the fire), ZCP ii 550.z .

II As subst. o: im cam Coraind (sic leg.) (a goblet), AU ii 226.7 = AFM iii 110.3 . a ch.¤ ┐ a dírioch (of a tree), Ériu xiv 158 § 21 . In abstr. sense crookedness, perversity, injustice; flaw, fault : arna roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib, O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). cam dhí doba dodhénta (of monastic enclosure), IGT Decl. ex. 1282 . ceartaigh mo ch.¤ `straighten my crookedness', Aithd. D. 89.19 . cuirfed a negar rann . . . / gan cham don dregan, Rel. Celt. ii 286.21 . mo cham . . . do dhíorghadh `perversity', PBocht 22.30 . gan cham 'n-a chomhdaibh `flaw'. O'Rah. 130.158 . gach cam do-chír, Hackett² xxix 5 . nār lēigis . . . cam do chaithemh re cōir you did not allow injustice to triumph, ML² 1368 .

Compds. With nouns. Cam-achaid, Gorm. Mar. 31 n. tanagas a Ciaraighibh / robo loor a cambuirbe perverse boorishness, IT iii 89.8 . lena gcaimchialluibh fein, Luc. Fid. 3882 . i gCath Camchluana, Keat. iii 1824 . araid camchnama dóib (of joint of meat), YBL 418 . cam-cnaim saillte, Laws v 40.13 . do reir a gcamchomhairle fein, Luc. Fid. 4001 . tar chladhaibh . . . cam-charadh (cora), CF² 1157 . an Cam-corn (a goblet), Ériu ii 186.19 . cammchranna gl. trabes (of ships), Sg. 189a1 . camchúl cladhdhlúth (of lady's hair), Hackett² xxiii 3 . ná bī dá cheilt léd chamdhán, Content. xxiv 23 . on chamdeicsin do-n-gniat `the crooked look', Ml. 55a8 . cammderc gl. Strabo, Sg. 63a4 . 70b8 . Cf. Études Celt. xi 129 . Aed Caimdherc .i. derc chlaen bhaí aci, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 34.5 . camdhúain bhaird `competitive lay', KMMisc. 170.21 . noco choir a cammḟige (of faulty composition of a poem), IT iii 106.24 . a ghiolla(dh) an chaimfhreagraidh, Luc. Fid. 4305 . do camḟolang casbhuarote (fulang), IT iii 92.w . ¤linn in n. loc. see Hog. Onom. ri clerchib na cam-lorg of the twisted croziers, LL 19307 . cosa ar cam-luamain hanging crooked, ML² 1797 . ¤mag in n. loc. see O'Don. Suppl. gad gerinnill / cnap camuilínd (muilenn ?), IT iii 92.z . camnadh (nath) ┐ cáinadh (name of a type of invective), ACL iii 294 § 4 ; 'petulance and upbraiding' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 103 § 4 . claonnos, camnos perverse custom, O'D. 576 ( H 3.17, 443 ). ¤phlumpad see plumpad. ní cammrad `no crooked speech' (cheville), Gorm. May 9 . do chamraidhte-si, Luc. Fid. 4899 . cid nā dénum dá chammrand ? (see Meyer, RC xii 460 ), MacCongl. 15.24 . dīa n-dernsat in dí chammrand, `when they had a duel in quatrains', 53 . tús is tábhacht ar mbriathar / le cam-rannaibh ní cheileam `crooked verses', Content. xxiv 25 . m. Cormaic Camṡrōin, Corp. Gen. 347.21 . re bhar gcamthagruibh, Luc. Fid. 3209 . in chamthuisil `the oblique cases', Sg. 197a2 . forsnaib camthuislib, 207a6 .

With adjj. in dvandva-compds.: tria cleactaibh camchasa a chinn, TBC St. 4556 `very curly' Gloss. claideb camgorm, Ériu iv 102.9 .

With adjj. derived from nouns freq. referring to parts of the body: Tadhg camchosach O Dálaigh `Bandy-legs', O'Gr. Cat. 354.17 . os sí chamḟinnach. LL 346a9 . an eachlach camgluineach (of Lebarchamm), YBL 177a34 ( BB 257b27 ). fa chrúba . . . caimingnecha, SG 290.31 . cosa . . . cam-ladracha, ML² 1595 . ben chamlāmach chomhdālach, Bruchst. 34 § 80 . an Cammuinélach Ua Baoighill `Wrynecked', AFM iii 322.3 . bualadh an chléirigh cham-shúiligh, TSh. 1171 . Muiris camṡrónach, O'Gr. Cat. 34.21 . Note also: a chlaideb camthuagach catha, TBC-LL¹ 3736 . Taediu chorrach chamlindtech, Acall. 2674 `of the eddying pools', SG ii 170 .

With vb.: gur camlubadar a cloidib, YBL 331b16 .

2 ceirt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ceirt or dil.ie/8503
Last Revised: 2019

n f., IGT Decl. § 14 . rag, piece of cloth : dia talta de in ch.¤ būi uime, Corm. Y 1059 (91.21) = ch.¤ combrecc, Corm. 36.39 . negar in ch.¤ dam, YBL 122b45 . in dubaige no in cert for cuaille `the mask or the rag upon the pole', Laws i 178.2 Comm. fear nár iarr do chlóca acht c.¤ , Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . duine déudugadh lé ceirteachaibh = with rags, Proverbs xxiii 21 . Fig. ceirte críona na coire do mhalairt, TSh. 6963 . ? nídam nia acht am geilt ghánd / dia dorad i c.¤ mo chond, Corm. 34 `has brought my mind to little' (spoken by Suibne Geilt? See note), RC xx 412.11 ( ACC 137 Comm. ).

coipp

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coipp or dil.ie/10377

n foam : nodnigh an fer amail neghar c.¤ i llundai, TBC-I¹ 2681 `foam', Faraday 111 = rot snigestar mar ṡnegair (leg. nig- . . . neg-, Ed.) cuip a lundu `as flax(?) is beaten in a pond', TBC-LL² 3305 . rat nigiub mar negair c.¤ a lundu, 4802 . rot-ṡnigestar mar [ṡ]negar [coip] a lundu `as foam is poured', RC xiv 408.20 . in nī ara mbí a cuip [.i.] in lind `froth', O'Dav. 427 . (see BCrólige 24 ) co n-erracht in muir . . . ina coppib glegela, LL 31803 `crests' (lit. `foams', Ed.), TTr. 992 . COMPD. an chuain chuipghil, Top. Poems² 1260 . See copp. Cf. tonn do chuip fhola, Cóir Anm. 200 . ar chuiplestraib (of drinking vessels), Fianaig. 64.3 . cneas mar bhánchuip (: chnuic), DDána 64.30 . (: duit), 19.13

cosmad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosmad or dil.ie/12602

vn. of cosmaid. act of anointing, confirming : negar a c[h]end oc aurfochill a c[h]osmatu isin chāisc, Corm. Y 296 = acosmata (no a chusmada), Corm. 12.5 . a c.¤ ┐ a coisecrad iarum `to anoint and cross themselves', Rule of Tallaght 76.22 . fri hongadh ┐ cosmadh, BNnÉ 21 § 47 .

2 forcor ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 forcor ? or dil.ie/23493
Last Revised: 2013

ind amal negar f.¤ hi lunggu, TBC-I¹ 3626 ; 'as flax-heads (?) are beaten in a pool' TBC-I² 236 = coipp a lundu, TBC-LL¹ 6053 , cuip H., Add.

indlat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indlat or dil.ie/28463

Forms: indlat, indlad, ionnladh, indlat, únladh, indlait, ionnluid, indlut, inlut, innladh, ionnlad, innalta, iondlait, ionnalta, indladh, indlat, indlait

n o, m. (<indmat, q.v., influenced by lám with which it very commonly occurs. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 488 , ii 575 , and Irske Studier § 94 ). n s. indlat, Corm. Y 597. indlad, YBL 137b36 . ionnladh, DDána 70 § 22. a s. indlat, LU 1447. únladh, Midnight court 401. g s. indlait, Críth G. 176. ionnluid, IGT Decl. ex. 767. d s. oc indlut , Thes. ii 249.10 . inlut, LU 3787. innladh [ionnlad], IGT Decl. § 104. In Mid. and Mod. Ir. g s. sometimes as u- stem : innalta ( iondlait , v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 1555. ionnalta, A. Ó Dálaigh li 18. indladh, IGT Decl. § 106.

(a) act of washing the hands or feet (later used also for washing the face. See indlaid), act of cleansing: indlat .i. inde lauat manus et pedes , O'Mulc. 730. ionnlat .i. glanadh, ionnlat a bheathadh ... `purifying his life,' O'Cl. intan adnaim duine a chosa ┐ a lāma indlat innsin .i. inlót, lotum .i. dīunag n-ind, Corm. Y 597. māt .i. lāmh, unde indmat .i. ind na lām negar and. Indlat immorro .i. lat .i. traig. Indlat don chois didiu ..., 943 . it bois láin di uisciu oc indlut, Thes. ii 249.10 . usce loch aelta .i. ni maith do dig ní maith do indlut, LL 283b28 . is lor do indlat a choss nama, PH 5261. icc indlat a haighthi ┐ aglanad a gelglacc, BB 239a52 . buinne lindghlan láimh re leas | gá theas ní háil indladh as, IGT Decl. ex. 1671. d'éis a n-ionnallta a hór ghlan `which have been bathed in pure gold,' TD 40 § 7. tainec go Tibra an Laeich Leisc d'indlad a lam ┐ a gnuísi ┐ a aidhce, BCC 28.13 . Attrib. gen. ambur indlait ┐ long ḟoilcthe[o], Críth G. 176. Fig. gurbh' uisge ionnlaidh dhí a deora, DDána 30 § 19. sruth ionnalta na n-anam (of Christ's blood), PBocht 15 § 14. iad féin d'fhothragadh ┐ d'ionnladh a tobar ... na haithrighe, TSh. 7051. fuair Beannghlan, mór an modh, | a ceangladh d'ór 's a hionnlodh (of a harp), Dánta P. Feiritéir 484 .

(b) In concrete sense, water for washing: tessaigid indlat dóib ol Ailill, LU 1447. cian ō thessaigthe intslatt (leg. indlat), Ériu viii 157.21 . cen dig cen bīad cen indlat, MacCongl. 13.18 . ni raibe tene na indlad na dergad and, YBL 137b36 . Fig. mo chearchuill chodalta, ionnladh mh'aigeanta (of the poet's patron), DDána 70 § 22.

indmat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indmat or dil.ie/28491

Forms: indmat, ionnmad, indmad, indmut

vn. of ind-aim. n s. indmat, Ml. 126c16 . ionnmad, BNnÉ 188.y . d s. d'indmad , Fél.² lxxxix 19. oc indmut , LL 281b11 . Cf. indlat.

act of washing the hands or feet: māt .i. lāmh unde indmat .i. ind na lām negar and, Corm. Y 943. mat .i. lámh. as uadha sin a deirthear ionmmat .i. ionn na lámh, mar atá an crobh nighthear an tan adearar ionnmad, O'Cl. s.v. mat. indmat a washing in: amal immefolngi didnad du neuch i.¤ a chos a findchoriu `as consolation is caused to a man by washing his feet from (leg. in) a water pot,' Ml. 126c16 . oc indmut a lám assin tṡruth, LL 281b11 . i.¤ lam iar n-imbirt aibne `to wash their hands after plying the scourge,' Mon. Tall. 143.27 . aurslucud les, fothugud fes, fodhail deine, ōsaic, inmad, adhlaic uile, tech, trebh, teine, ACL iii 296 § 40. a gabhail ind-uisce occ i.¤ do lámh (of a prayer), ZCP i 456.6 . d'innmad chos na clam, LB 228 marg. sup.

By extension, of washing the face: ingen Foraind oc indmad a haigthi ┐ a gnúsi icon tsruth, LB 117a14 .

lundu, lunggu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lundu, lunggu or dil.ie/31083

n d s. form pool(?): rat nigiub mar negair coipp a lundu (.i. lind usci) as flax tops are thrashed (lit. washed) in a pool(?), TBC-LL¹ 6053 = notninus amail negar forcor hi lunggu, TBC-I¹ 3626 (lungtu altered to lungga MS.) = cuip i lunna, TBC St. 4927 `retting pond?', Glossary. rot ṡnigestar mar negar a lundu, LL 12711 = ṡnegar [coip] `as foam is poured out of a pool of water', Stokes, RC xiv 409 § 19. In glossaries explained as vessel: lunga .i. soigech amail negur curp a lungu, no i lunga tann tacumlai, O'Curry 1296 ( H 3.18, 539a ). amail negar cuip a lunga .i. soighit (sic) no lung tana, O'Curry 1473 ( H 3.18, 653 ). Perh. merely forms of 1 long.

lústa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lústa or dil.ie/31122

expld. by Hull, ZCP xxv 260 - 62 as vbl. of necess. (see lús(aid)): usce asa negar Grip / ni lusta fri sacarbaic is not be drunk at (the) sacrifice, ZCP iii 214.14 (glossed ni glan, LU 9686 ) = LL 277a36 ( SG 399.4 ). usce Mage cen bad sruth / ba lustai cen ḟursunduth, RC xiii 436.15 = LL 288a51 , SG 311.4 `it were drinkable', Hull ib. ZCP xxv 262 .

nigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nigid or dil.ie/33179

Forms: nod-nigh, niges, nestá, not-ninus, nenaigh, negair, negar, negtar, roenastar, naoenastar, nenastar, necht, roenacht, roenacht, ro-aonacht, roanacht, nigid, nige, nigiub, nigfea, nigthe, negar, nighe, nídhfi, nighthe

vb. In Glosses found only in compds. Mid.Ir. pres. 3 s. nod-nigh, TBC-I¹ 2681. rel. niges, LU 2093. s-subj. impf. 2 s. mani nestá , LL 284b16 . redup. fut. 1 s. not-ninus, TBC-I¹ 3625. redup. pret. 3 s. ro nenaigh , Anecd. ii 6.1 . pass. pres. s. negair, TBC-LL¹ 6053. asa negar , LU 9685 , cf. Corm. Y 296 , 943 . pl. rel. negtar, LL 276a39 . fut. perf. s. co roenastar , Ériu ii 222.20 = coro naoenastar , Mon. Tall. 67 ; leg. coro nenastar (Bergin, Ériu iii 207 ). pret. s. ro necht , LL 164b14 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 98.93 ), cf. Cog. 124.19 . ní roenacht . . . nad roenacht , Ériu ii 224.4 , 5 = ro-aonacht . . . roanacht , Mon. Tall. 67. Cf. 2 necht, prob. a participial form from nigid. Vn. nige.

In Mid.Ir. gen. treated as a regular weak vb.; fut. 1 s. rat nigiub , TBC-LL¹ 6053. 3 s. nom nigfea , LU 9897. pass. pres. s. nigthe, Corm. p. 29 s.v. mát = negar , Corm. Y 943.

Washes (in wide sense, of body, clothes, etc.): úaget, negat in bráthair let the brothers sew and wash, Ériu iii 100 § 26 (Rule of Ailbe). folic . . . mo chend ┐ nig mo láma!, PH 5257. arindi berrthar [sic leg.] cach and ┐ negar a c[h]end, Corm. Y 296. ro nigh . . . a gnuis, ZCP vi 25.23 . ro innail S. a lama ┐ ro nigh a ghelchorp, Ériu v 158.224 . do nighis cosa an Tighearna (= tersisti), TSh. 7164. usce asa negar Grip (.i. ech Diarmata), ZCP iii 214.14 ( LU 9685 ). Loch Riach . . . is ann ro nenaigh Caoer . . . cetaig Mic in Óig, Anecd. ii 6.1 . mani nestá th'étach, LL 284b16 . is mōr do ḟodboibh nigius, Fianaig. 16.12 (of the Morrígan). nip inmain lá negtar fuidb, LL 276a39 .

To wash a person against his will is regarded as an insult, hence in threats, etc., nigid = `drub, thrash': rat-nigiub mar negair coipp a lundu (.i. lind usci), TBC-LL¹ 6053 ; rot-ṡnigestar mar ṡnegair cuip, 3789 (leg. -nigestar, negair); cf. TBC-I¹ 3625 , 2681 . a lestraib gloine rot necht, Cog. 124.19 (poem; a taunt to Aed Úa Néill for not offering stouter resistance to Brian). Cf. the Germ. idiom: ich will ihm den Kopf waschen = Fr. je vais lui laver la tête = `I'll give him a sound rating.'

In fig. sense, cleanses, absolves: ticfa in tailcend . . . nom nigfea domm' ucht, LU 9897 ( PRIA iii 524 § 14 ). an t-olc muna nighe , Dán Dé xviii 1 (2 s. subj. pr.) nídhfi [an fhuil] é óna phecuidhibh, Mac Aingil 94.15 . ní bhíd nighthe óna salchar, Proverbs xxx 2 (part.).

sacarbaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sacarbaic or dil.ie/35845

n f.(Lat. sacrificium) in relig. lit. the sacrament, used both of the service of Communion and also in more restricted sense of the consecrated elements, esp. the Host; often coupled with common (communion). ni pa lour do int sacarbaicc, Wb. 11d15 . comna .i. s.¤ , Rule of Tallaght 80.7 ( LB 11b36 ). tabair dún in saccarbaicc, Trip.² 1149 = Lat. Lives 27.4 (sacrificium). sacrafic do tabirt dond aos bís i llobrae, Mon. Tall. 148.9 . usce fhodáilter fri s.¤ ┐ fri affriund, PH 6360 . usce asa negar Grip | ní lusta (.i. ni glan) fri s.¤ , LU 9685 = ZCP iii 214.14 . riasiu tīs do saicarbaic, | coibsen lēire do nertad, ZCP vii 311 § 17 . nad tet do sacarfaic ┐ do aubairt, Laws ii 120.6 Comm . athlaech . . . nad n-ascnai sacarbuic, iv 366.13 . techt du secarfic, Ériu vii 140 § 4 . ro gabh . . . Barrai sacarfaic . . . do laimh Fiama, BNnÉ 21 § 48 . no gabhdais a n-étach sacarbaicce umpu, Anecd. i 43.14 . do chuinghidh shacarbaice, Lism. L. 2403 . doberur sacarbhuic dhoibh, 2347 . maicc sacarfic acolytes, Ériu vii 144 § 28 . go ffuair cumain ┐ sácarfaic o'roile dibh, BNnÉ 273 § 248 . cen chomand, cen cóibsin, cen s.¤ , RC xii 426.8 . arroet commaind ┐ sacarbaicc ó Ninded, LB 66a53 . iar ccomain ┐ sacarfaic, AFM v 1424.20 . In sense of Host, consecrated wafer: triar dag .i. triar s.¤ .i. sacer ┐ pít .i. próind, Corm. 21 fogamur; cf. tair dag tair s.¤ | mo beolu bánchoibsen, LU 1199 ( ZCP viii 287 § 5 ), where dag and s.¤ are not necessarily synonymous. a menistir n-umha cona shacarfaic `his bronze reliquary containing the Host', BNnÉ 16.3 . inti teti . . . do midnocht, do shacarbaicc namá theit ┐ ni théit do chailech, Rule of Tallaght 66.x ( LB 10a ). Cf. sacramuint amhain do beirthi dhoibh ┐ ní tugthaoí cailech doibh, 4.20 .

setrenil?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. setrenil? or dil.ie/37346

ind fo bithin is brat in brat forsarroa ┐ ni roenacht iarna buith lasin lanamin. Cotretiguir demon iarum huare nad roenacht, ar nach brat berar do áes s.¤ cotnimt[h]ét demon eret nád negar , Ériu ii 224.5 .