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clár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clár or dil.ie/9377
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -mruig

n o, n. and m. IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) board, plank : c.¤ ndara iter cach dí chóemdai, Críth G. 102 . cláraib cainib . . . / do fidrud saindil Secheim (of the ark), SR 4221 . cethri clair . . . / o[c] coṅgbáil na sanctare, 4257 . co nār f[h]āguib in ghaoth aca clār gan crithnugad (of ships), ML² 703 . ’nar gcairbh síos ’gá gcur lé cláir 'are being put down into our ships with gangplanks' CMCS xxxiv 34 § 9 . ba h-é rian a thocht-ch.¤ (sic leg.) thoir / triall tré chorp-lár an chobhluigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.19 . na clara tirma, PH 1257 . gur shín an Rí a chorp red chláraibh (to the Cross), Dán Dé iii 9 . Fig. an dara c.¤ tar éis an luingbhristi (of sacrament of repentance), Mac Aingil 29 .

(b) Of a variety of specific flat articles normally made of wood:

(i) breastwork of a chariot: dofil in carpat afrithisi ┐ dorala c.¤ clé frinn (a challenge to combat), LU 5668 (TBC). tossoísom iarom c.¤ clé a carpait fri hEmain, 5194 (TBC). c.¤ a charpait re broind, ar ná tuitted a ḟobach ┐ a inathar ass, TBC-LL¹ 4430 . carpat . . . co tarbc[h]lāraib umaidib, TBC-I¹ 2549 .

(ii) stave (of a vat or cask): in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 . mar théid c.¤ a taoibh thunna `as a plank goes out of the side of a cask', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 .

(iii) wooden cover : clar fodluta, Dinds. 79 (`a floodgate(?)'). corb écen clár dia dlúthad / ós a lár dia lánmúchad, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.83 (`a sluice'). c.¤ casta a wine-press (gl. torcular), Ir. Gl. 1043 . cláir ṡaltrach duinde ní dúin does not close the covers of the brown psalter, IGT Decl. ex. 2088 . c.¤ ar ṡaltair lé leigthir, Aithd. D. 11.27 . Fig. do theilg sé a ch.¤ dá chroidhe, DDána 23.24 . beanaidh sé c.¤ dhom chumhoigh `lets my tears flow unchecked', O'Hara 3870 . an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a c.¤ dod chumhochtaibh, Dán Dé xxii 12 .

(iv) gaming-board: clar n-argit ┐ fir óir, LU 10807 . adrethsat na firu óir ┐ argait tarsin c.¤ crédumae, 5444 (TBC). ar rop é in síthbe óir dar in c.¤ findruini síl Aeda . . . dar Bregmag, 4269 . pa meitigthir clar fichille cech det, IT i 271.26 . fir chorra ar chláraibh ar sean / do chnámhaibh loma Laighean, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . béim chláir ar fhoirinn óir, Aithd. D. 17.15 . na cláir brannaimh, DDána 106.37 . c.¤ nocha bí gan bhranán, Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . c.¤ na himeartha, Mac Aingil 147 .

(v) table : biad berbtha ┐ clāir lāna, Corp. Gen. 87.29 . clār a nomine clarna i.e. mensa , Corm. Y 359 . scian co cnaim eilipaínt for clar i na comair, BB 497a30 . ni bíd mias nā clar occu, LB 155b53 . os cionn chláir `seated at table', Duan. F. lxii 40 . do shéan-roinn chláir an chomhóil, Keat. Poems 1016 . mírín aráin eorna áin / is í mo chuid-se don ch.¤ , Keat. iii 771 . ceann ar c.¤ (of one who is senseless from drink), Párl. na mB. 3229 . 'na seasamh a náirde ar chlár na mionn witness table, ZCP v 209.152 (Midn. Court). Fig. clār na cléire entertainer of the poets, Butler Poems 48 . c.¤ tiomna na trócaire, DDána 21a.12

(vi) writing tablet (under influence of Lat. tabula, Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ), inscribed tablet: hi claraib gl. in caereis, BCr. 41a1 . c.¤ gl. tabula, Ir. Gl. 67 . in clar i scribad, Lat. Lives 50.5 . na haithneda do-fhácsam ac Moysi . . . iter da claraib, PH 7298 . clar ciartha . . . ┐ se scribtha, Lism. L. 3698 = in tabhuill ciartha, 3704 . clar aircdidi ┐ ainm Magnuis Cam 'arna scribhadh . . . fair, Marco P. 66 . cláir an chonnartha, Heb. ix 4 . Fig. hi claar cridi gl. in tabulis cordis, Wb. 15a11 .

(vii) Of some part of a `cruit', the sounding-board(?): onmhuin an bas do bheanadh / an clar tana taoib-leabar, Manners and Customs iii 273 n. an saoi le seinntear an chruit / . . . / tré ghoradh guith-bhinn a cláir, Keat. Poems 247 .

(viii) Other applications: re denam . . . clar sadall de, Laws i 134.30 Comm. (`saddle trees'). lín . . . mad for a cois beth . . . mad innarta . . . o do choi o clar (implement used in scutching flax), ii 374.6 Comm. = fo c.¤ , O'D. 930 ( H 3.17, 658b ); for c.¤ , 303 ( 237 ).

(c) By extension applied to other materials. strip or plate (of metal), pane (of glass, crystal): clar di argut, SR 4289 . clar nderccoir, Blathm. 435 . c.¤ nglainidi, LU 1796 . lene cona clar argait immi border , IT ii 177.93 ( YBL 115b10 ). c.¤ gemnide do lííc logmair, LL 24905 . ba do claruibh óir aithleaghtha ros-dín `plates' (of halls and rooms), Marco P. 147 . mar théid tré ch.¤ ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . feilm chathardha 'n-a dá c.¤ a martial helmet split into two (metal) plates (?), DDána 91.49 .

(d) Used of various flat parts of the body: tulch.¤ ind étain, LU 4908 (TBC). conici clar a dá imdai, Ir. MSS. Ser. 176.23 . moṅg . . . órbuidi . . . fair co c.¤ a dá leas `to the level of his thighs', Ériu iv 138.x . tugais . . . / fuil croidhe is c.¤ ndearnainne palm of the hand, Dán Dé xxviii 29 . i gc.¤ do bhrollaigh, Keat. Poems 39 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(e) level expanse, plain; surface : clar cosmoil an domhan `a level expanse', Blathm. 951 . am heolach cláir thalman tinn, ACC 45 Comm. ( RC xx 178 ). dia taethsad neam anūas for clār an talman, BColm. 54.29 . a c.¤ findglan . . . / a thír ferach, LU 4122 . Magh Raighni . . . / clar lethan lanḟota, IT iii 95 § 147 . cach caille c.¤ `every spreading wood', Ériu xvii 91 § 10 . bātar cadain for clār chlīu / clār ṅdess gēisse for suidiu, Corp. Gen. 281. 12 - 13 . fo c.¤ nimhe gloin, Ériu iv 238 § 15 . C.¤ Cormaic, C.¤ Cobhthuigh (poetical names of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 5 , 6 . ? Also du Chlár Chonairi, Ériu xxi 137 § 3 . da mbeith an talamh na clar comtrom, Ir. Astr. Tr. 20.x . tri dha poll a da clar `of its two surfaces' (of an astrolabe), 132.27 . ar ch.¤ gach conaire `along every path', LBranach 3268 . c.¤ oighridh ice-flag, Dán Dé xxxi 11 . c.¤ na mara do sgaipeadh le sgála, ZCP v 223 ( Midnight court 742 ). 'na c.¤ choimhréidh chrábhaidh (of the soul), TSh. 10526 . Cf. ar ch.¤ do chroidhe `on the table of thy heart', Proverbs iii 3 . ? clar, bas, a spoke, Eg. Gl. 522 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(f) table of contents, index (infl. of Lat. tabula JCL ix 44 , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): clar . . . iar n-urd aibghidre an alphabetical index, MS. Mat. 541.35 . in dara capidil don dara c.¤ , cited O'Don. Gram. p. 377 fr. Med. MS. ataid x. cclair orra sin an .c. clar dibh neach labrus do na siroipibh, Mackinnon Cat. 301.11 . c.¤ chaibidlech `table of contents', RSClára f. 160b . c.¤ an leabhair, Donlevy xlvi 1 .

Obscure: colla c.¤ cannoe nad léit Lugthiach, LL 287a22 . atait tri tedmanna faillsigthe condad comdire fri bas bet, clar neinech ┐c.¤ , O'Curry 2142 ( Eg. 88, f. 2(3)b ). dichor Cairpri do chlar fiss, CRR 56 .

Compds. With noun. in gach cláradba wooden dwelling (of ships), Leb. Gab.(i) 210.24 ( LL 258 ). lingid bric is eignedha / do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne smooth top , KMMisc. 313.28 . in da bla dec frisi cuindrighter crich . . . Clarbla, ailbla . . . `a flat mark, a stone mark', Laws iv 142.9 Comm. ; clar bla [.i.] crich annsin nad n-incoisceadsiach comarda, ┐ na cuinnridter seancaid which is not distinguished by any landmark, 12 Comm. clár-bhórd taoibhe loinge plank , Hard. ii 224.3 . ina clarcolbadaibh gorma ` board-pillars ', CCath. 4424 . da clárchiste mora wooden chests , LU 179.183 . clārc[h]oilér cressa `a stout corslet ', Fianaig. 84.29 . clarcraithe coimhlethna capcainn-reamra for gach mūl ` blinkers ', Fl. Earls 252.25 . clarchris ` board-baldric ', CCath. 5227 . ro scaoilseat clárdroicheat Cille Dalua plank bridge, AFM ii 1178.13 . lethanchlais . . . ┐ clárdhroicheat comhdhluta fuirre, vi 1896.7 . mó a clárḟíacail (sic leg.) . . . / iná fían-chlár fidchille front-tooth, incisor , Metr. Dinds. iv 138.77 - 8 ( LL 29910 ). dothuit an fer mór . . . ┐ aghaidh ar Coinchulainn, go ttarla cláirfiacail an ḟir mhóir a mullach a ghualann, RC xxix 130 § 41 . lan eneclann isin da clar fiacail anuas . . . leth eneclann isin da clar fiacail anis, Laws v 354.8 , 9 Comm. a clarfhiacla uachtair ┐ a culfiacla ichtair, LB 154a52 . clarland cummaide credhumha `flat plate(?)', CCath. 5229 . in clair-leibind level expanse, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.22 . da thir as uaisli a nEirind / da cúigead in clairleibind, BB 62a39 . etir na clarlestraib út wooden containers, LU 181 . clármachaire in Choruinn level plain, Acall. 1504 . fail ann . . . / mor cet cetach clármaige, SR 508 . dognitis clarmhuige coimreidhe dona slebtibh roardaib, CCath. 3930 . clarmíasa bíadhmhara an tighi co mbíadhaibh examhla wooden dishes, Ériu iii 156.32 . -mruig: ro thidnacht dō tír Caim / ┐ clárbruigi Cannáin, SR 2794 . cláirneamh `Heaven's land', Magauran 1215 . coraib . . . / ríu i clárnimh ar comdál!, Gorm. Apr. 14 . din carpat itir cret ┐ cuing ┐ clár-rothaibh, TBC St. 667 . ¤sceimelta (1 sceimled) wooden coverings : clar-sceimelta cengailti . . . cath-sciath, MR 224.4 (`breastworks'). do chlarscíathaibh aladaib, CCath. 4983 . ¤ṡnaide: inneamh póirghine gach cnó dá clárshnoighe, DDána 83.16 . téada . . . / ar clarṡoileach `a willow harp', Manners and Customs iii 271n.

With adj. an fPailís . . . chlárchorcra `red-timbered', Studies 1920, 262 § 5 . ferais tromṡnechta . . . corbo chlarḟind uili coiceda Herend don tṡnechtu white-surfaced , LL 9026 (TBC). a cúirte clárghorma, Studies 1920, 568 § 21 . ó Chodhal chláirleabhar, Aithd. D. 4.7 . tulcha cláirmhíne Caisil, DDána 74.45 . soitheach cláirniamhdha cloichdhearg `of shining expanse', Celtica ii 165 § 35 . nemh fuair an tanmchara adcidh | ar a thír clár tana coemh, AFM ii 886.x . an t-all cláirthe cuaisleacach `hot-flagged', Magauran 2347 . idir shleasaibh do choim chláirthigh, DDána 122.13 .

With adj. derived from noun. mic Connil Cláiringnig flat-nailed , IT ii2 111.38 . do glaic Congail Chláringnig, LL 15112 . cumhdaighthi clarthairrngeacha `made of boards nailed together' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 108.28 . Niall on Challaind chlartholgaig, LL 15366 .

With past participle: cathbarr ciarrach clardedaighthi, ZCP x 299.10 . do chubachlaibh claruaighte na cceledh nDé made of planks joined together, Hugh Roe² 32.28 .

3 Dea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 Dea or dil.ie/14805

 

Forms: Deae, Dee, Dé, Dei, De, Dé, Dea, Dea, Dedad, Dea, Deu, Dee, Dei, Dé, Dé, Dea, Dei, Dé, Dea, Deae, Dea, De, nDee

pn Deae, Dee, Dé.

A In local names: Mag nDea: co Mag nÉola co Mag ṅDea, LL 94 b 5 f.b. ; in Ulster acc. to Hogan. Sail Dea: óthá Snám Tíri Féicc co Sail Dea, LL 350 a 29 ; confused with Deda: Sail Deaga, Hy Maine 108 b . Sliab nDee, BB 34 b 7 , associated with the Trí Dee Danand: ba ṡiad sin na trí Dee Danand dia tá Sliab nDee. Cf. also Dún Deauae: obsessio D. D. dibsi, AU A.D. 691 . Tech nDé: Tech De, in Húi Degha Móra, in Húi Censiolaigh, MacFirb. 709 . Hogan. Hogan's Tulach Dé is to be cancelled; there is no such name.

B In tribal and personal names: Corcu De, in Húi Fidgenti, Cod. Sal. 261 . de genere Corcu De, Acta Sanct. Aug. I 343 . Mac Néill, Pop. Gr. 66 . Bec mac De BB 48 b 16 . Rawl. 152 a 56 (Dei). Fer Dea npr. m. Rawl. 161 b 24 . Fer Deoda nó Dea, Rawl. 161 b 26 . Cf. dobí Fer Dédh .i. in gilla tened ac fadódh tened, SG i 245. 9 . Indech mac Dei Domnann king of the Fomorians, killed in battle against the Tuatha Dé. Dei, RC xii 62 § 25 ; 84 § 85 ; 96 § 26 (Dei Donann). De, ib. 74 § 50 ; 88 § 94 ; 96 § 128 ; 100 § 135 ; 102 § 138 ; 104 § 147 . BB 33 a 11 . Dé, LL 9 b 10 . 11 a 33 . Dea, BB 33 a 18 . Dé Domnann father of Indech: la De Domnann dḟomorchaib, BB 35 a 44 (in verse) = LL 11 a 26 (la Dé nD.). Cf. RC xii 129 . Mess Dé interchanging with Mess Dead, Mess Dedad. ACMN 37. 13 Dea stands for Dedad. Tuath Dea, Tuath Dé or pl. Tuatha Dé the vanquishers of the Fir Bolg. Dea: Tuath Dea, LL 9 a 11 . 134 b 4 , 19 . RC xii 70 § 40 ; 92 § 121 ; 94 § 124 . Tuatha Dea, LL 245 b 4 , 11 f.b. Cóir Anm. § 149 . RC xii 92 § 122 . coin Tuath nDea, ib. 72 § 43 . oc nertad Tuath nDea, 100 § 137 . cathai Tuath nDea, 94 § 124 ; 96 § 129 . Deu: etir Tuaith Deu, RC xii 62 § 24 . for Tuaith Deu, ib. 74 § 53 . Dee: Tuatha Dee ┐ Ande, LU 16 . Dei: Tuaid Dei, RC xii 58 § 9 ; 68 § 36 . file Tuaithe Dei, 70 § 39 . Dé: Tuath Dé, LL 8 a 41 . itir Tuaid De, RC xii 60 § 14 . imthusa Tuaithe De, 74 § 52 . Tuatha De, ib. 58 § 38 . BB 35 b 3 .—In connection with Danann or Domnann mostly Dé: Tuathai De Danonn, RC xii 56 § 1 ; 80 § 78 . do Thuathaib De Danand, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 4 ; 364. 8 . Tuatha De Dhanand (sic) BB 33 b 19 . do Thuathaib Dé Danann, Cóir Anm. §§ 150 , 151 , 154 . Tuath Dé Danand, Manners and Customs ii 237 n. (LL). genelach Tuatha De Danand, BB 34 a 16 . Cóir Anm. §§ 25 , 76 . uaisle Tuatha De Danand, LU 38 b 7 f.b. Dea: maccæma Tuath nDea Domnonn, RC xii 58 § 12 . Dei: Tuath Dei Dononn, ib. 58 § 12 . Mostly abbreviated, T.D.D. By the Irish themselves explained as `the people of the three gods of Danann' (i.e. Brian, Iuchair, Iucharba) and by Nennius rendered Plebes Deorum: rogab in nÉirind iardain Plebes Deorum .i. Tuatha De Danann, Todd Nenn. 44. 6 . Cf. further BB 35 b 18 : Brian Iucharbha ┐ Iuchair and trí dee T.D.D.; ib. 34 b 6 = LL 10 a 32 : ba siat sin na trí dee Danand dia tá Sliab nDee; BB 35 a 4 : trí dee Danand ó nainmigther in tæs treabair; LL 9 a 11 . Cóir A., § 149 . go trí deo Danonn, RC xii 82 § 83 . But Dé is a genitive singular as it is never followed by eclipsis, and may, as far as the form is concerned, be identical with the Dé of Corcu Dé, &c.—MONOSYLLABIC in poetry: Tuatha De ba tolg tréine, LL 10 b 20 . tucsat Tuath De Danann dil, Manners and Customs ii 237 n. from LL. aco ó Thuathaib De Danonn, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 364. 8 . adocorsat Tuatha Dea, Todd Nenn. 246. 7 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). BB 35 and 36 pass.

Compare Dea, npr. m. and Deae. Fer Dea , Corcu De , Sliab nDee perhaps the man, tribe, mountain of Dea the goddess , cf. Fer Lugo Lug's man, Sliab Lugo.

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o, n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg. 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb. glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg. 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Prol. 220 . dead, LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fianaig. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead, SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid, FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud, SR 1568 . dead, LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid, LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid, LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd, SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd, LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd, SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud, SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid, LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . : criaid, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol, LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg. 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid, BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead, SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg. 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig, FDG 376 . déid, ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fianaig. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Ml. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad, Mon. Tall. 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Ml. 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur. 131 . Mon. Tall. 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC-LL¹ 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fianaig. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid, FB § 70 . SCC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC-LL¹ 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh, RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh, AFM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb. 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg. 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód, FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh, AFM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog, RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu, Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . deo, LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé, TBC-LL¹ 1488 Y. deid, Wb. 13 d 9 . Sg. 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CCC § 5 Eg. Mon. Tall. 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid, TBC-LL¹ 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig Mon. Tall. 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú, Mon. Tall. 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . AFM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid, then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde ( .i. i ndígaid sin, Ml. 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Ml. 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); corresponding to Sg. 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb. 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. do-díat (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Ml. 35 c 30 (dum-dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg. 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Ml. 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably derivatives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh, ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead, LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig, FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a., RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái, FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái, LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire, FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél, RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái, FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái, RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái, FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódhlaoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, AFM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionnsaigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin, ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse, SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle, ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Ml. 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) Mon. Tall. 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead, LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg. 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír, LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó, BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú!, Midnight court 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Ml. 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synonymous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg. 18 b 2 . de spiritali consequenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid, PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: praecedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Ml. 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC-LL¹ 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Ml. 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. successio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg. 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid, Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Ml. 127 a 12a .— is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Ml. 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I., ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái, PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donlevy 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg. 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid, μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Ml. 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb, FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Ml. 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Ml. 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Ml. 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid, Mon. Tall. 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil, FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donlevy vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haithghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin, OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Ml. 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Ml. 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg. 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Ml. 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immediately after Ml. 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensationes.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Ml. 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donlevy 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid, LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is employed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donlevy xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg. 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe, TBC-LL¹ 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni, YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges, ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid, SCC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid, TBC-LL¹ 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donlevy x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum, FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh, OCT 54.21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh, RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled, PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony AFM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile Midnight court 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag, Midnight court 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid, TBC-LL¹ 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis, FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long, OCT 9.4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid, ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus, ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fianaig. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh, AFM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh, 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. Oss. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donlevy xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinneen.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg. 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : trascérthar fa deóid amal salchar, PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig, Mon. Tall. 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid, FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid, RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid, PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.— ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman, SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud, Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC-LL¹ 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid, PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donlevy 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly distinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adamnán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili, RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . Mon. Tall. 153. 22 . CCC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige, PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb. 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Expuls. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Ephesians vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donlevy 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí): Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin, AFM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

díre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díre or dil.ie/16710

 

Forms: d., d.

io, n. later f. Vn. of do-ren. See Críth G. p. 84 and the detailed treatment Ir. Recht 14 ff . (introd.), 22 ff. (texts).

(a) honour-price: cóic ṡéoit in[n]a díriu di neoch as gress dó dia eneclainn, Críth G. 161 . dire la aithgin, Laws iii 320.20 . iter d.¤ ┐ aithgin, iv 120.21 . asren ar cach naithgin cona diriu amail bid gad rogatad, ii 324.3 . athaigh feadha . . . bo a ndire cach ae . . . ┐ ní thuc a naithgin ar aird, iv 146.25 , 148.8 Comm. is d.¤ ar aithgin, 148.10 . [taman] cra[i]nd dia mbentar a barr . . . Ni dlig [d.¤] acht athgin, O'Mulc. 865 . ni dlegaither doib dire .i. in ti . . . noca dligenn se eneclann .i. noca dliginn dire eneclainni do, i 54.25 Comm. athgabail trise . . . i ndire do treibi, 166.23 . .i. eneclann duit i ngait as do threib, 170.6 . d.¤ gl. eneclann, iv 200 Comm. it cetheora eirca . . . aithgin ┐ dire, tairgille ┐ enecland, i 258.26 . na con dlegar diri na eneclann ina sleith who are estopped from claiming d. or e. for forcible abduction, v 272.2 . cipe imress mela . . . fort ní fhuil díri no eneclann duit-siu ind, TBC-LL¹ 47 . im dire do daise arba .i. it cruaich arba .i. diabladh in arba ┐ eneclann ar treisi, Laws i 170.27 Comm. ór derg d.¤ eneclainne in c[h]einiuil sin uile, LL 312a7 . See also Laws i 54.25 . co na lan diri .i. log nenech aiscthir no icthair, ii 390.4 Comm. The d.¤ was fixed by rank and status of person to whom paid: d.¤ .i. dí aire (no digalre .i. dierrithe do nemtib ar a nuaisligetaid), Corm. p. 15 . a nEirind cia dire as uaisle fil inde? Dire espuic oighe cona lanfoltaib, Laws iv 362.20 Comm. aithech arathreba . . . iiii séoit a d.¤ di[a] aír a tenant resident — four `seds' are his d.¤ for being satirized, Críth G. 135 . secht seoit diri airech desa, Laws v 30.16 . is and roairled d.¤ caich fo miad (of Senchus Már), i 40.13 . ni fuillend diri dar sodain the d.¤ paid (by a tenant) does not mount beyond that (i.e. the honour price of the chief), ii 324.5 . se baa d.¤ in asdarceist six cows are the d.¤ of the exorcist, ZCP ix 171.18 . asren d.¤ a grád dond eclais sāraiget[h]ar (of a man in holy orders who violates his celibacy), Ériu i 218 § 4 .

A proportion of the díre-fine exacted seems to have fallen as `dues' to king or chieftain (or church?): in tan geibius in rig ina mama so, is and doranar d.¤ rig, Laws iv 50.24 . Cf. also iii 458 . Sometimes paid in specific metal: or d.¤ in ciniu[i]l sin, LL 380a43 . airget bruinti d.¤ in ciniuil sin, 45 . findruine d.¤ in cheneóil sin ina n-eneclaind, 312b34 .

(b) penalty, mulct: cach taide cach egean cach foxal . . . cona diri is (to be restored) with its d. fine, Laws ii 388.19 . andsum d.¤ treibdire the d.¤ for (injury to or robbery in) a house is the most difficult (to assess), iii 458.12 . asrenar secht n-unga ina dīri, Cáin Domn. § 27 ( Ériu ii 206 ). a ndire na himirce in payment for the carrying off of the cattle, Anecd. ii 65 . fiarfaigis . . . cia d.¤ doberar inn ainmedh ┐ inn āir cen c[h]inta, ZCP vii 300.20 . conid edh tres d.¤ imramach insin dochuisin la Féni, O'Dav. 1118 . nocha n-eirnither d.¤ ina coluinn, Laws v 236.17 Comm. ness ainm don beim .i. don c[h]rēcht, ut est . . . a dirib cuirp duine rohairdiged (rohordaiged, v.l.) ness, Corm. Y 975 . losa feada . . . cura a ndire cach ae `a sheep is the d.¤ -fine for each', Laws iv 148.2 . dire ndarach, 148.19 Comm. leth diri craeb in cuilind is é lan diri bunbeime in eigind, 148.10 Comm. athaigh feadha . . . bo a ndire cach ae, 146.25 . a chathair do innriud cen d.¤ cen mathigudh nách neich dib sin fris, TTr.² 229 . las dorchair cen diri dib | sechtmoga mili daririb, Lec. 79a3 . trí mná ná dlegat díri, Triads 185 . fa ma dalbach dī nā tobngar dīre n-ainech, ACL iii 294.7 . d.¤ .i. éraic no eneaclann, O'Cl. d.¤ .i. Oearaic, P. O'C. payment: in brethem do mesemnugad in dire is coir in cach duil (of poets), O'Curry 2216 ( Eg. 88, 15 (16)d ). dobert Nuadaid in lam nairgid do na dire in payment for it (i.e. for his services), Lec. 558a21 . Note also: ūair nād bī lāndīre na eclaisi Dé acht dú i mbi oés grāid full fines (?), full dues (?), Ériu i 220 § 16 .

(c) one's due or right (in this sense perhaps felt as an abstract of 1 dír, q.v.): dognid sith eter in uli thuath .i. co n-indised a nd.¤ ┐ a ndliged doib, PH 824 . o thugais tímchiolladh flatha for Eir(r)inn gach aon a gceann a dh.¤ ┐ a dhúthchasa (of a judge), ML 102.14 . dire crabaid Erend Fabur, BB 65b20 . dire ceithirliubair soiscéla ocht mbliadna the time due to them in transcribing them, O'Gr. Cat. 80.11 .

dúis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúis or dil.ie/19171

 

Forms: dússi, dúsi, dúisse, dúsi, duissi, dúis

n [i, f.] n p. dússi, Imr. Brain 13 . a p. dúsi, LL 346b3 . dúisse, SR 8294 . ? g p. dúsi, FB § 71 . droncerddach duissi , IT iii 31.17 v.l. dúis, SR 8258 .

(a) something valuable or precious, treasure: d.¤ .i. séd; ōrdhúise .i. séoid ōrdha, O'Cl. barc co nduisib ingantaib .i. co sétuib uaislib, O'Dav. 682 . flesc Aróin ba amra d.¤ , SR 4333 . nassad . . . amru cech ndúis (: gnúis), 8370 . amal rodeccai a ggnuis | dosroega sech cach nderbduis, 1070 . is tre ḟír flathemon dofócbat dúili dúsi ili órdai airgdidi that men lift manifold treasures of gold and silver (from the earth), ZCP xi 82 . ? duise .i. ina fethlai, O'Curry 476 ( H 3.18 248 ). a fánne ┐ a falge ┐ a fornasca ┐ a n-órdúse, TBC-LL¹ 66 . daighḟir dánai, fiala a ng[n]ūisi | acht nā tardsat dūisi (duisiu, MS.) dúnai, ACL iii 298 . tuirmem a deilb nderscaigthi, a dreich uasna dūisib his countenance surpassing treasures, Bruchst. i 6 , cf. IT iii 40 . cétna cennaighe dodechaid . . . i nEirind co nduisib flatha fer nGaeidhel, RC xvi 67 ( Dinds. 116 ). co n-imchomarc dō di ōrdūisib ┐ fīn Gall, RC xi 442 . With extension of meaning: am cumthach dia éis | nidam tualṅge d.¤ I am incapable of (joy in) treasure (?), LL 18580 ( PRIA xix 548 ).

(b) Fig. of persons: roslecht[sat] dia d.¤ dia doss leader (?), SR 3467 . caomh d.¤ fo líogaibh lóraibh `comely chieftain under heavy flagstones', AFM i 532 (poem). a dhuis díona in deg-shlóig, SG 265 . dorar dusi (.i. trenḟer) an encounter of champions (?), FB § 11 . mór do gnúisib Gaedel gnáth, | mór do dúisib laochrad liath `many a chief of greyhaired heroes', AFM ii 594 .

Note also: duis .i. dusma (= θαυμαστός, Meyer) graece mirabilis latine, Corm. Y 501 . duis .i. uasal, O'Dav. 682 .

nech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nech or dil.ie/33014

 

Forms: neich, neuch, nech, nnech, neoch, neoch, neoch

indef. pron. m. (= W. neb). g s. neich. d s. neuch (O.Ir.), neoch; in Mid.Ir. occas. nech; no plural. For neut. forms see 1 ní.

I As indef. pron.

(a) any one ; in positive indef. sent. used like Lat. quispiam; often folld. by partitive DE, etc. Gl. quispiam, Ml. 30d22 . quis (indef. pron.), 19d7 . i nnech , gl. in quempiam, 24a16 . in tan dungni nech olc when any one does evil, 90d12 . día mbé nech occá sirḟegad, FA 10. ind [= a n-] digní neuch [= nech] fria menmain fadesin whatever any one does in intention, Mon. Tall. § 21. coniccim . . . cosc neich I am able to correct any one, Wb. 20d6 . ba chuta dom ṡeilb-se sain . . . for seilb neich n-aill n-aile the possession of any one else, CRR 43. a tabairt i lláim neich uaibsi of any of you, FB 76. cia du neuch, gl. ad quem [angelorum]? Ml. 16a9 .

Freq. folld. by limiting rel. clause in which in strict grammatical construction the subj. mood is used: nech bed chare dō any one that was a friend to him, Ml. 29c16 . arcessi do neuch bes meldach les he pities whomsoever he pleases, Wb. 4c19 . in fagum acaib nech dig do midem bar in slúag? any one who will go to reconnoitre, CRR 25. cebe nech doneth écnach Crist whoever should blaspheme, PH 478. ar lebráin nos-túirfem | fri nech fora n-íarair for any one inquiring for them, Fél. Prol. 290 (ellipt. sent. = for nech bes fora n-í.). (with indic.) in fail d'Ultaib nech is ḟerr andá? any one better than he, TBC-LL¹ 126.

Esp. common after a neg., corresponding to Lat. quisquam: nech, gl. quemquam, Ml. 49a13 . nech, gl. nemo, ZCP viii 174.9 (Fulda Glosses). neich, gl. nullius, Ml. 30a6 . nech huainn cen fochaid, 93c19 (ellipt.). ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt contempt is not to be shown by any one, Wb. 6c19 . nach fail do Ultaib nech dobera a agid ḟormsa, CRR 44. arim cech sluaig . . . ni fail nech rodasfessed, SR 561. asbeirtis ni neich in peccad that sin is no one's, Wb. 4c23 . nīm huain fri acallaim neich, SR 1185. aisneis . . . ní thic do neoch no one is able to declare, FA 9. ní thairce tarba do nech, PH 8385. gin faircsi neich do neoch dia denumh `no one seeing any one doing it', Marco P. 52.

Often in sense of indef. pron. one (= Fr. on, Germ. man), a person (in general): isind aimsir imbi failid nech at the time that a man is joyous, Ml. 86d11 . a mesrugud do neuch buddesin every one should regulate it for himself, Mon. Tall. § 63. mani beth do bochta neich conā raib aicce almsa unless a man's poverty is so great, PH 4973.

(b) in more definite sense some one (= Lat. aliquis); in this case the indic. mood is used in a follg. rel. clause: ata nech du bar ṅdeicsin .i. Dia, gl. est qui inspiciat, Ml. 82a7 . dofoirnde inrucus neich, gl. significat dignum esse aliquem, Sg. 59b1 . amal nech bis i n-aelscud as one who is in longing, Ml. 56b26 . aithesc cungeda neich o neoch the address of [one who is] asking something from some one, TBC-LL¹ 1078. ni he acht nech is casmail dó some one like him, PH 1228. dobér-sa do thorad do brónd nech gébus rigi one who shall reign, 2274 . denad derc . . . mad nech fhuilnges a dhenam uias ann `if he be one who can do so', Ériu xii 252.16 .

II In Mid.Ir. comes to be employed as a subst. = a person (often equivalent to `duine'), used alone or with art. or cach, etc.: corop é in nech ros-ail .i. Cathbad that C. was the person who reared him, CRR 2. in nech ic nach fil almsa the man who has no alms, PH 4974. Riccard . . . do ég: in nech nach tanic a nErinn dibercach as mó ro mill anáss than whom no brigand that came to Ireland destroyed more, RC xviii 294.13 (construction loose). an neach bhus sia . . . d'fhuil Ádhaimh, Dán Dé xiv 2 . gá neach . . . dá ndeach th'aithne a absail? who could fail to acknowledge thee? xii 22 . antí sires ní ar gach nech he who seeks gifts from all, ZCP viii 109 § 2. an t-iarla . . . neach é baí hi ccion one that was in favour, AFM vi 2088.2 , cf. 2092.11 , 2170.6 . neach saer, gl. liber, Ir. Gl. 378. The sense any one is expressed in Mod.Ir. by the prefix aon- (aoin-, én-): gan aon-neach do Thuaith Dé Danann, Keat. Poems 261.

In appos. to a preceding noun: ac so uan Dé nech tócbus pectha in domain, PH 3795 (here nech has become a virtual rel. pron.).

III In later Mid. and early Mod.Ir. used as an indecl. rel. pron. (for all genders) who, which ; generally in the form neoch, or with art. in neoch . crann grēine . . . nech do labhair re hAlaxanndar which spoke to A., Maund. § 266. daine glicca . . . nach [= nech] do innis duinne who told us, ib. gaoithi gairbhi . . . nech le croiter an bith uili by which the whole world is shaken, RC xxviii 312 § 10. Cf. nímt[h]a a dechmad d'indisin nech doní do maith I cannot tell the tenth part of all the good he does, BColm. 70.6 (leg. neich?). d'fechain an oilein . . . neoch atá Dia do gealladh dona dáoinibh which God is to promise to men, BNnÉ 49 § 31 . ag so meissi Muire . . . neoch ro at[ch]aiss whom thou hast besought, Fl. Earls 116.6 ; cf. 134.11 , 256 z . gur cursed ár adbal ar feraib Erenn in neoch dorad brōn . . . dá triathaib (a fact) which caused sorrow, Celt. Rev. iv 206.22 .

With art., freq. folld. by partitive (= Lat. quicquid): in nech doberthar do as uaithib all the milk got from them, Acall. 2070. in neoch thuc Finn do thuarasdal dó .i. .lll. uingi d'ór, 970 . cenmothá in neoch ro marbsatar d'ocaib, LL 241b29 . in neoch narbtar banglasa dib, robtar dubglasa those of them that were not pale green, CCath. 966. aneoch d'innmus do-bertsat na Rómhánaigh ó Anibhal all the wealth the R. had obtained from Hannibal, 1522 . tuc-som leis . . . in neoch roba lor leis dib as many of them as he thought sufficient, Ann. Conn. 1225 § 7. de (do) neoch, folld. by rel. clause, of that (which), of all (that) = Lat. quicquid, Fr. de ce qui . . .; a common constr. in Mid.Ir., always with a sing. vb. in the rel. clause; also in reference to persons of those (who, whom). di neoch atchondarc de delbaib betha, is í delb as aldem díb of all the world's forms that I have seen, BDD 99. ron-bia slán do neoch dorigni-siu we shall get absolution for whatever you have done, Ériu iii 136.44 . nach ret do neoch atcither isin bith, ii 98 § 1 . for cech sechtmad imbairi do neoch imrulaid i mMumain on every seventh ridge he traversed, Trip. 196.7 . trian dō do nech docuirither muir one-third of all that the sea casts up, Laws iv 194.13 . cech dúil do neoch techtus bethaid every creature that has life, PH 4021. Of persons: óclách do neoch dobeir a láim i llaim tigerna, CRR 11. atlugud buidi di cach oen . . . do neoch comallas a ghnim giving thanks to every one of those who fulfil, ACL iii 317 § 53. connach baí d'Ultaib . . . do neoch do nar bo chotlud of all Ulstermen who were not asleep, TBC-LL¹ 2962. carait Césair do neoch ro boí isin Roim dibh all C.'s friends who were in Rome, CCath. 526. fer ro diglastar Ultu for firu Herend .i. do neoch díb ro marbad who avenged all the Ulstermen who had been slain, Ériu iv 28 § 19. mórfesear cecha hairdi i nÉirind do neoch is mó ergna díb the seven wisest in every quarter, 144.11 . as mairg do fhúicfedh Eri do neoch do fhedfadh beith indte, BCC 282.15 . do neoch focheard doman de | a mbreith a ndurthech n-ūre (= all that the earth brings forth are borne to a house of clay), Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 (< Lec. 347b2 ). ro throisc . . . im thuismead cloindi do neoch bad marthanach di do beith eaturru ┐ mac D. (i.e. that children who would survive should be begotten), Lec. 155b22 .

With follg. vb. in pl.: atconnairc sé . . . sochaide . . . do neoch roptar aithenta dó féin, RC xxv 394.9 ; prob. do neoch , generally written as one word, came to be looked on as such, a rel. pron. See also 2 noch.

i nneoch

(a) in something (some place), somewhere (in O.Ir. a neut., d s. of 1 ní): ataat iarum i nneuch forrochongart Dia doib wherever God has ordained them (to be), Ml. 145d7 (of the creatures after creation, oppd. to: in mais = in primeval undifferentiated matter). is ferr liumsa buith i nneuch as doiscairem hi tír Israhel oldaas i nneuch di techdaisib inna [mBa]bellondae I had rather be in the meanest place in the land of I. than in any of the dwellings of the B., 105b7 .

(b) i nneoch má in the case that, if: fer fogaib frith mbech inneoch mad sechtar faithchi if it be outside (his) green, Laws iv 194.20 . dichenglad cor mbel inneoch ma ra latar to dissolve contracts if they have been made, 206.13 . i neoch madrodma in celi in case the tenant has consented, v 384.5 . See ZCP xvi 270 fg . Similarly neoch má: inge .vii. n-uasalchuru . . . neoch ma ro lathar (leg. latar) if they have been made, Laws iv 210.2 . neoch mani ro oiscet crich if [the bees] have not changed territory, 188.10 .

2 saíre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 saíre or dil.ie/36042
Last Revised: 2019

 

n , f. (2 saer) construction: dairt cacha s.¤ co fraig, Críth G. 226 . aurba n-imfheadna s.¤ muilind no duirthige `at the construction of a mill' Laws iv 154.20 .i. sairse, 27 Comm . aneoch ro facaib da degsairi lebarda dara heis i nEirind `well-composed books' iii 88.14 . con-scar in saíre, 'he destroyed the construction', Ev.Inf. (GTh) 461 § 8 .

taithbeoaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taithbeoaigid or dil.ie/39873

 

Forms: taithbeógud, taithbeóghaid

v g (beo)

(a) Trans. restores to life, resuscitates : taithbeoaigi B. hé fochedair, Lism. L. 3682 . ise rothaithbeoig in mac marb, LB 131b15 . rotathbeōaig tri marbu, BColm. 102.17 . ise D. clērech rataithbeōg marb fodeōid i nErinn, ZCP iii 35.25 . an Bachall Bhrandaibh, ler thaithbhéoaighestair Brandabh, BNnÉ 266.4 . taithbeoeochaid corp Adaim ┐ cuirp na marb, YBL 150a45 . dús in taithbeoighfedh in Coimdhiu, Cáin Ad. 8 . conid hé sin marb rotaithbeōgad fodeōid i nEirind , ZCP iii 36.1 .

(b) Intrans. comes to life again : co rothathbeoig, LL 278b30 . lestar do eipled ar dornaib na n-anfiran, no taithbeogad ar dornnaib na firen, Laws v 472.18 Comm.

Vn. taithbeógud : oenmac na fedba ... | do thathbeogud a hécaib, SR 7120 . oc atach anm(a) Dé friss im tathbeougud a meic dí, Trip. 558.7 . fri tathbeōud marb, BColm. 70.8 . ar thaithbeouccad D., BNnÉ 266.2 . taithbheodhadh toile renewal of love, DDána 108.8 . g s. taithbeóghaid, ZCP iii 35.29 .