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2 áe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áe or dil.ie/605

n (a) law-suit, litigation: ima ae .i. ima caingin, Laws i 82.5 Comm. aí cuis no caingen, Eg. Gl. 666 ; O'Cl. ae .i. dliged, Laws v 14.3 Comm. ; Stowe Gl. 18 . cid indiu améind re cech nae .i. ae caingen isin tsengaedeilg .i. caingen na nemed re cech nae, LB 238(c)b54 . aigne .i. fer aiges ái, Corm. Y 74 . inti aigas in ae, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, c. 36 ). is dilmain do cach aighne ciped adbar do-bera do cumtach a aie, ZCP xii 364.9 . fírchetal n-ai .i. noís ar ní beredh [acht] bretha fíra, Cóir Anm. 233 . airbert aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). cis lir meic alaither gan aoi gan iarraidh?, Ériu xiii 31.26 ( O'Dav. 42 ). is se so cin imur gabhadh ai, Laws i 302.29 Comm. ni tuitet smachta ai, ii 126.22 . diamba brethem ni bera ae nad urscartai. arabeir corus nae, ai flatha etc. .i. ni ro brethemnaighsiu um an caingin, O'Curry 2203 (Eg. 88 f. 8(9)c). tri ái nad eplet faill: ái dochuind ┐ dochraite ┐ anfis, Triads 153 . ái fossad, 174 . bered firbretha / bíathad cech n-aí / uaged cach síd, Tec. Corm. § 1.39 . ái útmaille, § 25.5 . measam ai udmailli, ACL iii 230.151 . nipsa hái (aei, v.l.) cin imditin (cen diten, v.l.) nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 . dirgiatadh gacha haoi ┐ cecha caingne, AFM i 116.6 . In title of legal tract: i nAi Cermna, Cóic Con. 25.6 . i nAe C., 61.11 .

(b) fault(?): ae .i. aithgin ut est, cin ┐ dibaid, æ ┐ eiric, O'Curry 2077 (H. 4.22, p. 67c). as cethardae fris gaibther aithgabail; cin ┐ gnim, ai ┐ eiraic, Laws i 258.10 . Adam fein cen ae cen locht, SR 1303 .

See 3 aí.

áilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilid or dil.ie/1021

v (áil)

(a) In forms of address: a Chommdiu non-áiliu `o Lord whom I entreat', Fél. Ep. 559 . Osualt nóeb ṅáilme `holy Oswald whom we implore', Aug.5. epscop Iacob . . . non-áilem, July 14 . not álim a Chorán, LU 10011 . ailiu (.i. cluintí) Dia, dirged mo set, Laws i 10.15 . ailiu (.i. alim) iath ṅHerend, LL 1634 . Eber alius (.i. ro alius), 1653 . See 4 aill.

(b) requests, entreats: sic ailes som fordiuclaim . . . inna námat, Ml. 104b5 . ailme trocoiri [De], Trip.² 3092 . áilsi P. . . . ara tailced maccu C. `P. besought him to let back C.'s sons', Thes. ii 240.22 (Ardm.). āilfithuss F. `F. shall demand it', Ériu xvi 146.17 . ailsius A. A. demanded it, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 17 § 8 . áiltius n-écces go líon bertus, Ériu xiii 41.7 .i. guidhe in t-eces iar [n]imat a briathar, O'Dav. 246 . áile laith go meala maith, Ériu xiii 40.20 = ailiu laith lam co meild maith .i. guidhimsi, O'Dav. 1218. 1199 . costud sída .i. álim síd do chách .i. brithemnas do chach, LL 187a41 (cf. RC xxvi 24 ). alid in fer / concerta do chách, LU 8475 ( FB 33 ). concertfa fír foraib / feidm airg ailfes alid, 8487 (ib.). tiagam . . . co ro aileam ar n-eolus i tig ar n-athar, YBL 181a32 . almini a n-itge / náchan tecma drochrann `we pray a prayer to them that an evil lot may not happen to us', Fél. Jan. 10 . ailim th'itchi a Mhaodhoíg mhais, SG 29.34 . aílit na naeimh anti Ruadhan . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu, BNnÉ 321 § 23 . ailiu uisce co torair muir, O'Dav. 569 . ro ailestar he co ro leced dond arrucht labrad, RC xlvi 236.5 . ail dún co rodilgaithe triut ar tarmthect trogh intercede for us, Ériu i 122.7 . á.¤ x im y asks x for y: áliss P. Dubthach im damnæ nepscuip, Thes. ii 241.7 (Ardm.). ailthus Eogan imm esomon E. prays them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . á.¤ x for y asks y for x: ben Adaim alainn nadchres / furri alim mo lanles, SR 1192 . ális Patraic fair ócláig n-álaind, Trip.² 2221 . ronáil fair cona tormaigfed `bound him not to add', Mon. Tall. 150.3 (§ 61) . ised rusáil Finn fuirri, RC xi 129.27 . ro ailsiot na cloimh almsain fair, BNnÉ 325 § 44 .

(c) is entitled to, deserves, requires: ni alet na daine so acht log a notrusa (.i. ni dlegaid), BCrólige 12 . atat .iiii. airig i tuaith alid annlunn . . . amal no[n]dalett miad a fer . . ., 26 . ailid carnai cach aire `every freeman . . . is entitled to fresh meat', ibid. ata .iii.[ar] i tuaith nad ale (.i. na dlig) otrus na fiachu `there are three men . . . who have no right to either nursing or fines', 43 . atá fóessam . . . nad áili acht tri séotu ara c[h]uru bél, Ériu xvii 64 § 4 . ailid nemed trian tora[i]d, Laws iv 186.1 .i. airiltnigid, x Comm. ailid gach rath a somaine, 376.19 . alidside taurgille nairib (bees), 162.1 . ma dosraid nech do gort ┐ ma alaid aithgin `? if it (the trespass) is entitled to restitution', (Plummer MS. notes), i 182.9 Comm.

? 4 aill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 aill or dil.ie/1040
Last Revised: 2013

ind hear Ériu xl 39 : a.¤ .i. cluinti, ut est a.¤ mo Coirpri clú .i. farsan .i. faillsigh nó cluinti, O'Dav. 14 = O'D. 2203 (Nero A vii, 141a). a.¤ .i. cluin, O'Cl. a.¤ mo Morann mo coscc duit it cluais, cluinti clothuib lana, O'D. 2210 (Nero A vii, 145a); 'hear … my admonishing of you in your ear, hear with full tidings [i.e. retain all you hear]' Ériu xl 39 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) . ? Ulaid acot gairmsiu / ra ṅgabastar aillsiu, TBC-LL¹ 3446 = rotgabsad ar tfaillso, TBC-I¹ 2645 . ? canam alam aisneidim / . . . / cia ága . . . / dobeir do cac oen, LL 3710 . Cf. áilid, aille, aillóir?

airaccomol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airaccomol or dil.ie/1582

n (accomol) legal first binding, lien: uracomol cis neimid, Laws iv 6.10 `i.e. a (special) tribute to a ` nemed ' person is a first charge (on the land)', Plummer MS. notes.

1 anáeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anáeb or dil.ie/3274

n (oíb) that which is unpleasant; discomfort, distress; discourtesy: dorcha co n-anaeb, SR 18 . ar anaeb ar escuni ar dígail, LL 360 left marg. anáeb mór ┐ cumscugud conaich, CCath. 2269 . mór n-imnidh ┐ n-anaoibhe, AFM v 1752.15 . gan anaoibh is gan éiccen, BNnÉ 246 § 198 . M. . . . nar thuill ó énneach anaoibh (tathair v.l.), 289.x. sceith is gnuisi fogeib daib / amail iccait cach n-anaeb, Auraic. 2080 . gan éd gan anaibh, BB 7b47 . ar an-tail ná ar an-aoibh, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 7 . lán d'anaoibh intinne, TSh. 6691 . lán d'ulc ┐ d'anaoibh `surliness', TD 42.6 . bés nach anaoibh, O'Gr. Cat. 518.27 . blemish, disfigurement: no asaitis cnuicc nemed fair . . . co mbid a.¤ fair dogrés, Lib. Hymn. 162.10 .

ansoas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ansoas or dil.ie/3787
Last Revised: 2013

n (sous) un-poetry, un-science (?): ní gonae grúaide gaïb ansóis 'you are not to wound cheeks with the spears of "un-poetry"' Ériu lvi 64 = CIH vi 2218.27 , iii 1134.33 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) .

ar-berna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-berna or dil.ie/3977
Last Revised: 2013

v makes a gap in, impairs, diminishes : ar-berna díre dia tlether enngus 'it diminishes honour-price if innocence be taken away' Ériu xl 14 § 14 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) . minub is[n]a fiachuib eirce airbernu 'unless it [the leech's fee] make a gap in the fines of wergild' Ériu xii 16 § 19 (Bretha Crólige) . isi drochfolaidh airbernus trian, Laws ii 318.19 Comm . See airbernaid.

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed : atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

? ardicomrath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ardicomrath or dil.ie/4069

ind a.¤ .i. ni ma ndibud neimith. Ni brada nach nemed araile, O'Curry 887 (H 3.18, 396a). ?Leg. ar di comrath.

ar-imgaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-imgaib or dil.ie/4163
Last Revised: 2013

v eludes : ar imgaibh dlighi imatimairg mainder .i. inti imgaibes riar dlighi .i. is emh timairctear athgabail de a mainder 'he who eludes legality, an enclosure compels him, i.e. he who eludes the stipulation of law, i.e. it is promptly that distraint is driven from him into an enclosure' CIH ii 725.10 (Bretha Nemed Dédenach) , Ériu xl 30 . ar imgaib comlonn ænḟir o robi cona gaisciud fair, CIH ii 585.12 . riascaire .i. loingsech in sin arimgaib a chenel ┐ a ḟine, 585.27 .

ballán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ballán or dil.ie/5304
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n o, m. (ball ?) a type of drinking vessel (poss. round), vessel for holding drink: bōge dana ainm do ballān beg i mbītis cōic uṅgi óir, sech nobīd fri hōl sainlenna as. . . . Inde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemed: `ballān baissi bōige cōic n-uṅga [bānōir], Corm. Y 142. ballān . . . .i. fūath dercon bīss fair. . . Ballān . . . īan duine beill .i. duine t[h]rōigh, 167 . ballān .i. bill-īan .i. īan bec, 179 . ballān .i. īan mbille .i. lobair, 187 . ballan a mbi baindi loma, IT iii 88 § 108. Bruchst. 34 § 79. ballan bec bocht, Irish Texts i 27 § 19 (`the frailest vessel', Hermathena ci 31). in b.¤ dia ro chan C. . . . Ballan barrglas, LL 370c y - z 0 . tabairt in ballain do, Goid. 93.19 = sinum, 17 . do ibedh as b.¤ na con, SG ii 490.27 . lestar fodlai .i. copana ┐ ballana ┐ milana uma, Laws v 408.17 Comm. ballān dorn, Moling 14 . isin mb.¤ so, Dhá Sg. Art. 1246 (= buidél, 1243). b.¤ Barruinde, name of a spring, BCC 134.23 (§ 133) . ? a gerḟile icait ballaín a cendide cran, IT iii 85 § 78. Fig. ag diúl díoghraise . . . a b.¤ bheannuighthe na sláin-íce, TSh. 881. On use in nn. loc. see Galvia vi 50 - 59 .

bri(a)mon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bri(a)mon or dil.ie/6786

n in phr. b.¤ smet(h)rach (B. na f., formula). See neimthes, smetrach; b.¤ in this phr. expld. as word-feat : bri [.i.] briathar ┐ mon .i. cles (LL), RC xxvi 55 , Auraic. 1329 - 30 . Note also: brī cach n-ogus (see accais), ut est isna Brethuib Nemed: brimon smetrach, etc., Corm. Y 149 , Corm. 8.

1 búas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búas or dil.ie/7292

n ā, f. See Gwynn, Hermathena xxiv 60 ; Thurneysen, ZCP xx 381.

(a) stream, flow, gush (of water): ron tart a brága cen buais, LL 21168 `his throat dried up without water (?),' Bodl. Dinds. 39. cath Buasi co mbuais (: cluais), LL 6760 ( RC xxix 212 § 17 ). tecait co húais, ra gním ngle, / secht srotha, búais cen búaidre `in an untroubled gush', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.14 .

(b) Fig. of poetry expld. as art, knowledge: būas .i. āi, Corm. Y 199. buss (sic) .i. ai, H 3.18, 65a7 . bues .i. sofis, 633b24 . buas .i. sofis naircetail .i. arinni thic imbas iar mbuais, inde dicitur barr buaise, 64c26 . gur 'lus būas bang na Bōinde (B. na f.) .i. guribh sé an elada do bhí 'sna cnāibh imais, ZCP v 489 § 10. erraind nais a sruth buais .i. is uais ind rann fil ocum ar imbud mo dagḟessa .i. ollamnas `from the stream of science', RC xxvi 24 § 80 ( LL 24462 ). būas (leg. B., Thurn. loc. cit.) .i. soes n-arc[h]etail (imais add. , LB, note 2) arinní dothēt imbas īar mbuais (leg. mB., Thurn.). Inde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemed: `barr būaise', Corm. Y 148. Corm. 8. soillsighis sruthlinn mbarr mbuais buadhchu, Anecd. ii 75.11 .

pn As name of river Bush and in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. B. (one of the rígusci Érenn), BDD² 1460. ó Buais co Commur Trí nUsce, Ériu vi 147.18 . d'Inbiur Buasse bruchtait srotha, Todd Nenn. 266.7 .

catit, cataid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. catit, cataid or dil.ie/8386
Last Revised: 2019

n a Pictish-type penannular brooch Medieval Archaeology xlviii 38-44 , JCL ix 73-74 : uinge aile a cataigh cainblath a second ungae in a beautifully conditioned brooch CIH vi 2223.20 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) , JCL ix 74 . uingi .ii. .i. i cataid caoinblath .i. cutendo n̅ accepit; dealg co nduillinn inn sin, ┐ dotuit ara ceanntruime in tan doroltar a cos ara cenn a second ungae, i.e. in a beautifully conditioned brooch, i.e. from "falling, cadendum" [the latter] gets its name; that is a brooch with a leaf, and it falls because of its topheaviness when its fastener is fixed onto its head CIH iv 1473.37 , JCL ix 74 . c.¤ nō cartait .i. delg .i. bērla Cruithnech, Corm. Y 301 . Cf. cartait.

coccáelad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coccáelad or dil.ie/9891
Last Revised: 2013

adj (com + cáelad) narrowing down, defining : cain airlicthe, ni aurasu a c.¤ la Fene ┐ libru, Laws v 370.9 ; 'it is no easier to define it' Mír curad 39 . flaith arubiatur … dligid-sidhe a reir dia ceilib cin combreithe (leg. combreith) cin cocaolud 'a lord is given refection … he is entitled to what he demands from his clients without joint adjudication (i.e. with no outside interference) without narrowing down' CIH vi 2232.2 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) , Mír curad 42 .

1 comrac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 comrac or dil.ie/11625
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Forms: comrag

n o (on gender see GOI 448 . Cf. comrag mbairdne, O'Curry 2773 from Eg. 88, 82b ). Vn. of con-ricc. comrag m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.18) , Verbs § 65 . With final -g in class. verse, in other late texts often with -c (cf. s.v. do-icc). (act of) meeting: encounter; freq. in military contexts battle, fight: a chomraicsom frisaul `of his encounter with S.', Ml. 75a1 , a chomraicsom ┐ Saul, 6a . c.¤ (cobrac, MS.), Thes. ii 237.10 . iar comruc ind crontsale frisind laim `after the spittle touches the hand', Mon. Tall. § 38 . c.¤ a thoíb ri talmain, Metr. Dinds. iv 38.40 . comrug gen curu bel ` combat ', Laws iv 32.4 (of single combat for the purpose of enforcing a claim). derged comraig nad fornastar, v 476.24 cf. c.¤ .i. tobhach, O'Dav. 364 . airligud seoit fris' tabair nemed c.¤ i n-airliccud ` opposition ', Laws v 372.2 . in comruc comarleicti `pitched battle', 148.13 Comm. in c.¤ tulla `sudden collision', iii 254.18 Comm. do chomroc fri fer, LU 5081 (TBC). tri .xx. crand / comraic (leg. comrac ?) nad chomraic a mbarr whose tops all but touch, 3703 ( SCC 33 ). fo-cheird in colcc ndét sin a n-airde co tuit for cenn ind fir . . ., c.¤ nat comraic fris without actually touching him, TBC St. 4458 . A. . . . ba cruaid comhroig (: goid), BB 59a47 . dorala in cath ina comracaib `the battle fell into duels', TTebe 2828 . do chomrag . . . ┐ do chomhdhluthugadh a g-cairdeasa `to unite', MR 96.10 . In religious context: comhrag dá bhall ríogh sa rathoigh meeting (of Christ and the Father), Aithd. D. 70.21 . siati co ticc mo chomrag 'it will be the longer until my meeting comes' (of the soul and Christ) Éigse xxix 172 . With qualifier: cen ch.¤ n-oenḟir single combat, TBC-LL¹ 1232 . c.¤ fir re fer, ML² 1870 . re coimríac[h]tain dúin c.¤ n-immairic `before we met in conflict', TBC-LL² 3418 . a comruc deisi in single combat, Aen. 2288 . Attrib. g s. re comraic `a battle ', Laws v 300.26 . a chath-eirred . . . comraic, CRR 34 . re dliged comraic, O'Curry 1772 ( 23 Q 6, 37 b ). a chéile comhruig, IGT Decl. ex. 590 . ag fuireach ret fhear gcomhruig (: dhuid) adversary , Aithd. D. 8.37 . For cáer chomraic see cáer (d). With vbs. see do-beir, do-gní, feraid, fris-gair, fúacair.

Of legal confrontation : do-beir in fer ada-gair comrac forsin mil sin co tét i lláim gabálae 'the man who brings a claim against them causes a confrontation over that honey so that it [the honey] passes by forcible seizure', Bechbretha 186 (e) ​.

Of sexual relations : ba coindme a c.¤ (of Cú Chulainn and Findabair), LU 6060 (TBC). iar c.¤ dó . . . frisin mnaí, LL 35728 . is hē mac ruccad and din chomruc sin, ZCP viii 309.13 . c.¤ ar eiccin re mnaei H. `to rape', CCath. 3845 .

Of seas, territories, roads, etc.: comruc na n-ilmuire where many seas meet, Corm. Y 323 (of Coire Brecain) = c.¤ na n-ilmuiri aniar ┐ anair, Dinds. 145 . i comracc da ferund border, BB 253b8 . a comrag Allban ┐ Saxan, Ann. Inisf. 1307.1 . do ch.¤ in dá ríg-lind `meeting of the two royal streams', Metr. Dinds. iii 32.78 . for comruc teora sliged, LL 36387 ( RC viii 154 § 4 ). comhrac `a corner, a meeting of two ways', Eg. Gl. 200 .

Other applications: a c.¤ an chathbha[i]rr ┐ na caemhlúirighi, CF² 185 . a ccomhrac a chinn ┐ a ramhar an mhuiníl `base of the head', Ériu viii 139.26 . hi cc.¤ chorráin a gheill ┐ uachtair a bhraghat, AFM vi 2114.y . a comrug da rand bis in gach aisde acht an debhidhe sgailte ┐ a comrag da leathrand bhis inti sen (of fault called ráen) between two quatrains . . . two couplets, IGT Met. Faults 72 . a comhrac an lae ┐ na hoidhche at twilight, Atlantis iv 168.23 .

? comraiter

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comraiter or dil.ie/11645

ind do conn c.¤ . . . gach nae, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37 a ). ni caithfe cach acht cia c.¤ asa nemed , O'D. 2210 (Nero A vii, 145b). Cf. cotrirther.

comreimis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comreimis or dil.ie/11659
Last Revised: 2019

n d s. (reimes): T. . . . / i comremis ri S. contemporary with S., LL 17738 . i comremis fri Nemed , ITS xxxix 158 § 273 .

dán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dán or dil.ie/14559
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dáno, dánu, dánou, dána, dáin, dána, dánai, dána, dánta, dánae, dána, dán, dánai, ndán, dán, dánae

n u, m. g s. dáno, dánu, dánou, dána; mod. also dáin. n du. dá dána , LL 99 a 29 . n pl. dánai, dána (both in Wb); mod. also dánta. g pl. dánae, dána and once dán (supported by the metre) SR 7212 . —Dim. dánán ( ZCP x 370 ), q.v.

I A gift, bestowal, endowment, present , translating Lat. donum, donatio and glossed by ascid, tindnacol, tidlaic, bronntanas. dán do thabairt (do thindnacul, do dáil, do ḟodáil) do to bestow upon. Dán in sense I is not found in the Laws; the legal terms for gift are tidnacol, 2 aiscid.

(a) in a material sense. dán .i. tidhnacul, Stowe Gl. 311 . dán airgid .i. maoin no aisgid airgid a gift of silver O'Cl. P. O'C. alali caillech dobert dán ṁbec disi hi rusc who gave her a little present (of fruit) in a basket Lism. L. 326. 14 , cf. Todd Lect. v 75. 7 . na draid tancatar do adrad Críst co ndánaib examla, PH 7113 . nothictis mic Israel co ndánaib ┐ dliged ┐ idpartaib don eclais sin in choimdhed, LB 122 a 24 . dánai na hecailse gifts given to the Church, its goods : airchinnig bíte ós inchaib martra nannaeb for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA § 25 .

(b) in a spiritual sense.

(α) a gift from man to God, a spiritual offering; often in connection with idpart or dependent on adopair: na trí dána édbras ind eclais do Chríst .i. óige ┐ aithrigi ┐ lánamnus dligthech, PH 7082 . cura edpram dó na dána logmara sa .i. deigimrád ┐ deigbriathra ┐ deiggnim, ib. 7115 . co nérnend na dána trédai iris frescisciu ┐ déircc do Dia, ib. 7093 .

(β) a divine gift to man from God or the Holy Ghost, a Christian virtue looked upon as an emanation from the Holy Ghost , usually plural dánai. donationes secundum gratiam differentes: is sain dán cáich, Wb. 5 d 5 , 7 . sechiphé dán tra doberthar do neuch bad fri cumtach necolso immabera, ib. 13 a 3 (the same thought is expressed Wb. 22 a 11 : in aedificationem corporis Christi (i.e. the Church): is hed dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne). gratia habundans propter multos: mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, ib. 15 c 2 . nítat ildáni do oenfiur et ní oen dán do sochuidi, ib. 21 a 16 . na decad in dán doradad dó fessin acht dán á cheli, ib. 23 c 16 . acht rocretea deacht Críst bit less ind huili dáni et na huili timne, ib. 27 b 15 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran indeb domunde, ib. 28 c 2 . fortgellam Dia dana (: slána) De we declare by God God's gifts SR 3611 . dán buidech briathar dimbrass a grateful gift is speech without boasting Ériu ii 63 st 3 . i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaic Dia do sruthib fetarlaice is dermáir in tidnacul tuc indiú dona hapstalu PH 5450 . in spirut noem inṡorchaidius ┐ ḟoillsigius dána ┐ derritus inna ṅgním ṅdiada, ib. 8082 ; cf. in spirut noeb ...roinṡorched dána ┐ derritiusa na ndliged ndiada don eclais, FA § 1 LB (which seems to correspond to the passage `arfuirid derritussa ┐ fochraice écsamla nimi dona bennachtnachaib' in the LU version). rodánaigthe a dánaib Dé tria secht fáthaib fáthsine, ZCP iii 21. 42 . duine co ndán ndligthech ṅDé, MacCarthy 40. 17 . dánai in spirto nóib the gifts of the Holy Ghost: doadbadar sunt ata nili dána in spirto et as nóindæ in spirut, Wb. 12 a 11 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ; cf. PH 5491 infra ). tairchella híc huili dánu in spirito, ib. 12 b 33 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, ib. 21 c 2 . isé in spirut noeb sin ḟódlas a dhána dilsi do chách, PH 5491 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ). dána examla in spiruta noíb do thidnocul don eclais, ib. 5571 . They are seven: uair is secht ṅdána airegda airmither don spirut noem, ib. 8028 . hí figuir .vii. ṅdana spiritus sancti, Thes. ii 254. 9 . secht ndána in spiratu naoiṁ, O'Don. Suppl. 615 ( = secht tidluice i. s. n., 23 Q 1, p. 24 b 6 ). Their names are wisdom, intellect, counsel, vigour, knowledge, piety and fear of God: ecna intliucht comarle nert fis gaire gúr omon Fiadat for bith ché secht ndána Dé dún ZCP v 499 (stanza 4) .

(γ) in a special sense, a natural endowment, faculty, ability or talent, ingenium . fear creanus ... dliged ... dia tallaind tidnaic Dia do .i. isé Dia dotidnaic na dána sin do, Laws v 20. 13 , 25 .

II Skill in applying the principles of a special science; science; skill applied to the material or subject-matter of art; artistic faculty, art; especially the poetic faculty; the art of poetry . It translates Lat. ars. Synonyms elada, elatha, 1 fis, sous, airchetal. proficiebam in iudaismo, gl. ropsa airchinnech isin dán sin I have been a leader in that science Wb. 18 c 15 . is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammatic cotinola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6. 13 b 1 . badar liubair cacha dana issinn aracal irraibe Colum Cille books of every science Fél. 198 n 2 . ni bói dán aile innte acht legend ┐ scribend nammá quia ars ibi exceptis scriptoribus nulla habebatur Lat. Lives 92. 14 . Lochru ┐ Lucat Mael ithé...roptar auctair in dána sin inna sæbfáthsine inventores doni illius (sc. the druidical art), ib. 2. 6 . ocht ṅdalta do æs in dána druidechta na farrad, TBC-LL¹ 1071 . bar sciam ┐ bar ndán (v.l. náni) la Fiachra, RC xxiv 194. 10 . tria dan ┐ fisidecht a athar, ib. vi 178 l. 132 (v.l. from YBL). dénaid bhar ndána (i.e. music and dance)... Adubradar na mná nách dignidis dán go feastais a dtuarustol, Ériu iv 178. 16 , 18 . is dom sous matchous: a ndorigénai (sc. Brigit) do maith .i. is dom dán .i. is dom filidecht, Thes. ii 337. 21 . bretheam ...co ndán duis dfilidecht aigi a brehon with the skill of a `dos' in poetry Laws v. 92. 2 . aes cach dána núi cen inandus (sic leg.) na nastib, LL 197 a 9 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180. 168 ). mac ind ḟiled cosin dán let the poet's son take to poetry ib. 148 a 11 . filid oldam anroth clí cano doss mac már...morsesser dian dan the seven who practise poetry ZCP v 499 st 7 (the bárd áine does not: ní fil dán lais, IT iii 5. 11 , 24. 10 . ní tuiremar dán lais, ib. iii 28 ). is oendán tegait .i. bairdne, IT iii 24. 18 , cf. ib. 6. 10 . i n(d)airib dána (sic leg.) in oakwoods of poetry ib. iii 106. 10 . dligid dan dúscad dligid fis foillsigud (sic YBL) MR 94. 16 . Gilla Aengussa O Cluman ollam Condacht re dán, RC xviii 165. 9 . beanuimsi fós (says Marvan to the sgeulees) a hucht mu dhia bar ndán díbh uili gan énrand do dhénumb ó so amach acht aenduan namá I deprive you all of your poetic faculty Oss. v 102. 18 . Ecna mac na trí ṅdea ṅdána, RC xxvi 30 , 139 . áes dána people of art ZCP x 370 , After Rome 34 , esp. poets (cf. IV): is annsin doeirgheadar aos dána an rígh do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 15 . re haes dána dénta duán, Acall. 587 . dá tí dano aes dána sin crích...corop siat a duana saṁ ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1154 . oes dana Uladh im Fercertne sin, ib. 5466 . filid ┐ aes dána ┐ aes glamtha gruaidi, ib. p. 441 n. 1 . aos dána in ríg co rinnib, O'Mulc. 830 d . Also áes dán: file bard dúanaire áos dán, Eg. Gl. 350 . Cf. SR 7212 . fer dána (cf. IV)

a poet ZCP x 370 . a chlaidib ríg...fogéba duit thḟer dána tigerna do diṅgbála RC xx 12. st 19 .

atbertatar a chliar risin fer ṅdána...massed bar in file, &c. , Bor. § 132. 3 . Cú Condacht ó Dálaigh in fer dána is ḟerr dobai, RC xviii 157. 24 .

In a figurative sense in the phrases dán ecnai, d.¤ forbai, d.¤ laechdacht: maith dán egna ferr dán forba doiligh dán laech[d]acht...mairg dianad dán laech[d]acht, ZCP vi 261. 30 ; cf. LL 346 a 40 . dán ecna dogní ríg do bhocht the art of wisdom makes a king of a pauper LL 346 a 35 .—PERS.: Dán mac Osmenta Poetry, son of Scrutiny RC xxvi 30. 130 .

III A poem, song, verse, rhyme . dán an ode, poem, lay, song or ditty; hymn. gen. dáin or dána, P. O'C. adrad maicc dé dán búada, Thes. ii 349. 7 . baudar amra [a] dana, Laws i 22 , 28 . i nduais filed....i. logh ar admolad uair ni dlegar dib dan do chennoch, ib. v 129. 1 . érned ar cach ṅdán as dír ┐ is dliged do reicc, LL 215 a 22 . cid i ndeochraigetar (sc. na baird)...i ndánaib ┐ grádaib ┐ anmandnuibb in poems, grades and names IT iii 5. 5 ; 24. 7 . na soerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngradaib. ní hansa asa ṅdánaib forberat, ib. 6. 2 ; 24. 11 . Cid nosdeachraigetar ┐ nosæntaighedar ina ndánaib, ib. 24. 17 . do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 16 . dia seichmis cech dia do dán, ZCP vi 266 st 8 . dá mbeirthea dán lat, ib viii 109. 26 . is fírdliged deit dan mic rigfiled Ruirend, MacCarthy 132 iii a . dagaiste in dána, IT iii 106. 2 . is iat sin ardaiste in dána, ib. 27 . reacfad feasda dán re dia, 23 D 13 , p. 25. 1 . Further examples Exodus xv 2 . Deuteronomy xxxi 19 . 2 Samuel xxii 1 . 1 Kings iv 32 . Job xxxv 10 . dán do chumtach to compose a poem: conutaing duine dán, H 3.18, 53 b . conrotacht dan duib, TBC-LL¹ 1707 Y. dánta diaghachta psalms Donlevy 454. 17 . i ndán in verse : aithghiorra an teagaisg chríosduighe a ndán, ib. v 7 ; cf. lii 18 ; 487. 2 . dán dírech the name of a metrical system used by the Irish: asé dochúm na duanta senchasa so i ndán díreach, AFM v 2320. 5 . dán d., Rel. Celt. ii 297 . 34 . O'Molloy 144 .

IV An industrial pursuit of a skilled nature; a craft, trade, business, office, calling, profession . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from II. Glossed by tidnaiced, Laws v 14. 23 , 26 , ib. 90. 26 ; translating Lat. professio, Sg. 33 a 25 , ars Todd Lect. v 92 , Sg. 156 b 4 , and often used synonymously with cerdd ( Laws i 14. 25 ; Thes. ii 293. 15 ; RC xxvi 21 ff .) and eladu ( Laws v 98 pass.). is ionann dán ┐ ceard, Keat. 666 . dán .i. ceárd, P. O'C. —dán do aittreb to hold or possess a profession (Sg). dán do aurfognom ( RC xii 78. 13 ), d.¤ do frithgnom ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; RC xii 76. 2 ), d.¤ do dénom ( Wb. 27 d 10 , Laws pass. ) to practise a profession. dánae do chongbáil ( Laws v 104 ; RC xii 78 ) to keep up or practise several professions (only pl. dánae). dán do ḟoglaim to learn a profession ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; Laws). dúlchinne or lóg in dáno ( Laws pass. ; ACL iii 227. 29 ) the pay of the profession.

The various dánae were divided into prímdánae (dagdánae) and fodánae (drochdána); compare Laws and LL 215 a 20 : lucht cech dána eter prímdán ┐ ḟodán. The latter class included according to Laws v 108. 20ff . the aes ciúil ┐ oirfidid oilchena monaig ┐ araid ┐ luamain ┐ comail ┐ daime ┐ creccoire ┐ cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseóire ┐ brugedóire ┐ fodána olcheana...nísta saíre cena foleith. While the aes ciúil thus are graded with jugglers and buffoons, an exception is made for the harpers, the cruittiri: cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges saíre, ib. 106. 27 . All who practise a profession are daernemed-persons with the exception of the filid ( Laws v 14 ff ), because they serve saernemed-persons and receive payment from them. `Every profession has its nemed ' (cach dán a nemed ) and `Every profession has its emoluments' (cach dán a duilgine) says the Alphabet of Cuigne mac Emoin ( ACL iii 226. 14 ; 227. 29 ). Highest among the aes dáno rank the saír `carpenters,' gobainn `smiths,' umaidi `braziers,' cerdda `gold-smiths,' legi `doctors,' breithemain `brehons,' and druid `druids' ( Laws v 90. 19 ). Other professionals mentioned in the Laws are the ailtiri (probably a subdivision of saír), cairemain `shoemakers, leathern-bottle makers,' círmairi `combers,' geibich `cloth-figurers,' iascairi `fishermen,' nascairi `chain-makers,' rindaigi `engravers,' tornóiri `turners,' tuathait `shield-coverers,' v. Laws v 106 ff . To these may be added from other texts the senchaidi `historians,' the grammarians, the chess-players, the lucht cumachtai `folk of might' (including the corrguinig, tuathaig `sorcerers,' ammaiti `wizards'), the araid `charioteers,' selgairi `hunters,' deogbairi `cupbearers,' &c., cf. RC xii 76 ff . 88 ff . But farmers of land exercise no dán; in the Tecosca Cormaic LL 375 c 20 dán is used in opposition to orbae 'inherited property'.

The Laws make a distinction between dánae inunna the various branches or subdivisions of one and the same profession, and dánae écsamlai different professions, as is evident from the following passages: cethri dána inunda aigi he has four parallel professions (viz. the building of sea-ships, barques, canoes and vessels), v 104. 7 . fer congeb trede .i. trí dána inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht, v 104. 21 . fer congeb dede .i. fer congbus dá dán examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht smithwork and goldwork v 104. 18 . fer congeb ceatharda .i. cethra dána éxamla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht ailtirecht ┐ gebidecht smithwork and goldwork, carpentry and cloth-figuring ib. v 104. 30 . dia mbeth dána éxamla aice beith eneclann cacha dána dib, H 3.18 , p. 126 . O'D. Suppl.

Salutat uos Lucas medicus, gl. dicit híc ainm dáno dorigéni i tossug, Wb. 27 d 10 . alia a professionibus .i. hua ḟóisitnib inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg. 33 a 25 . ut mechannicus .i. arindí atreba in dán sin. ind ḟiss asberar michanicé , ib. 33 a 26 , 27 . grammaticus .i. airindí atreba in dán inna litredachte, ib. 33 a 28 . dual dán, Laws v 104 . artium vero nomina .i. dana .i. anmman araḟóimtar di danaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . quos multa peritia facit ab eiusdem artis consortibus eminere .i. sainred neulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách fodglein olchene, Ml. 37 b 12 . cechtar nathar fria saindan, bíth a menmasam fri seilgg mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293. 14 . maith la cechtar nár a dán, ib. 294. 2 . isé a prímdán budein filidecht, Laws v 12. 17 . is saer cid cách creanus a suíre dia dán, iv 14. 28 . in cách...cendaigis saeiri dó dun dán bís aigi amail atá in gaba, v 14. 30 ; cf. ib. 20. 14 , 22 , 33 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do cindemain aigi that man is the better of those professions having fallen to his lot, v 20. 28 . cethri ba do ar gach ndán four cows for each profession, v 104. 8 . in dán is uaisli dib, ib. 104. 22 . dá prímdán do beith aigi i fotha .i. clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib do beith aigi i fotha .i. damliag ┐ duirrtech, v 92. 2 f.b. fégad arna dánaib eile, v 94. 3 . in dúil chinntech doberar dontí aca ndéntar in dán .i. lóg in dána, v 266. 12 . seisid doben allógh gacha dána dib, ib. 94. 4 . Cf. sesid do asna dánaib eli, v 104. 25 . saer daer dagdána dáig fogniat ┐ fogníter free, unfree are the good arts, because they serve and are served, v 96. 10 , 13 . in oiret bes (sc. in dalta) ica ḟoglaim .i. ic dénum a dána dligthig (apparently = while he is learning his lawful profession, though dán do dénum usually means to exercise a profession), v 96. 24 . a étail dána uile...┐ cédtuilleam a dána the entire profits of his profession and the first earnings of his profession, v 96. 28 . dia congba dá dán díb if he unites (keeps up) two of these arts, v 106. 8 , 15 . ni ḟuil nach ní doib ara ndán nothing is due to them in right of their profession, v 106. 25 . ma feraind fuair ara dán hé, ib. iii 50. 3 . ara dhán no ara leginn no ara filidecht, ib. 50. 6 . mad étail brethemnasa no filidechta no nach dána olcena, iii 50. 4 . a dualgus a dána in right of his profession, v 108. 16 , 17 , 36 . nach dán asrubartamar dliges saire, v 108. 1 . gan a dán, 108. 2 , 7 . intí aca mbia aendán the person who has one profession, v 108. 13 . intí ca mbed dána ilarda, ib. 14 . ildána (n pl.), ib. 16 . damad hé dán dliged na fine if it was the lawful profession of the tribe, iii 50. 10 .

cipe dán ara corat[h]ar neuch láiṁ ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . cid hé mo dán though that be my craft FB § 92 , cf. Strachan ZCP iii 422 . ni hé mo dan dogrés atát dána lim chena, FB § 93 . a gillai forcitail (a mmo sruith) cia dán dognísiu, RC xxvi 20 § 54 , 22 § 70 . oc dénum a dána, H 3.17 , col. 175 . cia dan frisag[n]eie al sei ar ni teid nech cin dan i Temruig, RC xii 76. 2 (compare ní théiged [don fleid i.e. fleid Temrach]...duine cen dán, Ériu iv 124. 12 ). abair ... an fil les oeinfer codogabai ina danu sæ ule, ib. 78. 9 . na huili dano arufognot det muntir si atát les ule a oenor conedh fer cacha danai ule ei, ib. 78. 13 . bo suí cach dáno é, ib. 78. 24 . ruaicill Lug cach ar uair dib fria ndanoib, ib. 92. 13 . bid furside cech dán, ib. xxvi 36 § 185 . fer sotal im gáis im dán im thocad, Tec. Corm. § 32 . romeasc cách ar dan a chéle IT iii 187 § 7 (= MS. Mat. 511. 24 . BB 261 a 25 ). ro hordaigheadh cách díb fora dhan díleas, ib. ferr dán orbba a trade or profession is better than inheritance LL 345 c 20 . rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib, &c. TBC-LL¹ 997 . rocóraidhid iarum cách fo grádaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ i ndligemnus, Ériu v 234. 9 . na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 . an dán cétna dóib sund, BColm. 20. 23 . dober Colmán dó hi fus in dán cena cétna, ib. 74. 23 . Here also O'Mulc. 222 : cerd graece cires .i. manus unde cernach .i. buaidh lám dicitur. ar cach dán dogniat lámae is cerd dongairther .i. lámdae because every craft, exercised by the hands, is called `cerd.'

dán ciúil the profession of the `áes ciúil.' cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges sairi, Laws v 106. 27 . aes dáno (pl. aesa dána, FB § 12 ) .i. in lucht aca mbí in dán, Laws v 98. 6 . The practisers of a profession, people of any trade or art (other than farmers of land) = aes cerdd, Laws iv 316. 25 , aes tidnaicthe, ib. v 14. 23 , 26 , aes eladan, v 90. 28 , though v 98. 11 a distinction is made between `aes dána' and áes borbeladan 'workers in unskilled professions'. Opp. aes trebtha, Cóir Anm. § 149 . tarrcomlad cach aes dána la hÉrind co tarfen cách a cheird fia[d] Patraic, Laws i 14. 25 . aithgabáil cach aes (sic) dána, ii 118. 21 . breithem bes tualaing fuigell frisind aes ndána, v 98. 1 . duilgine cach aesa dána adroilli duilgine, v 264. 15 . formna láth ngaili Ulad arcena ┐ a maccæm ┐ a næsa dána, FB § 12 (p. 258. 13) . rofáid C. filedu ┐ áes dána ┐ drúdi Ulad dia saigid... rotriall som dano in næs ndána do marbad, SCC § 48 . aragarud...oes danu Erionn, RC xii 84 § 85 . degníth lesin oes ndanou indsen, ib. § 86 . den oes dana, ib. § 124 . do ḟiledaib ┐ aes dána, TBC-LL¹ 2708 . aes cacha dáno, Laws v 14. 18 . rodeiligsid arís æs cacha dána fria aroili, IT iii 187 § 7 ( MS. Mat. 511. 26 ) aes cacha dáno olchenae 'any other professionals': daerneimead imorro aes gacha dána olchena, Laws v 14. 17 . daernemed tra saeir ┐ gobaind ┐ umaide ┐ cerda ┐ legi ┐ breithemain ┐ druid ┐ aes cacha dána olchena, ib. v 90. 21 (gl. .i. lucht cacho tidnaicthi uili cena ┐ na fodhán). iter eclais ┐ tuaith ┐ aos gacho dána olchena, ZCP viii 111. 21 . doescarṡluag ┐ oes dímain ┐ oes cecha dána olchena, LB 116 a 27 , cf. di daoscarsluag ┐ daos cecha dánæ olchenæ, RC xii 104. 2 . cóicedaig Érenn...┐ a rígu ┐ a toísig ┐ a nócthigernn ┐ a namsaid ┐ oes cacha dána gnáthaig ┐ ingnáthaig olchena FDG 158 . aes dánae, aes dán (pl.) = aes dáno; cf. dér as g pl. Fél. Epil. 400 . cen aes ṅdán, SR 7212 , cf. aos dán poets Eg. Gl. 350 . ceth ind táos dánae ol Máolrúin in gobui[n]d ind tsáoir ┐ reliqui , Mon. Tall. 135. 30 . For the use of the pl. compare the synonymous áes cerdd. fer dáno a member of the aes dáno, a professional man: mad fer dána, Laws iii 48. 18 ; in a spec. sense a poet, v. II. Idiomatically in asseverations: dar mo dán by my craft (profession): d. m. d. is luag noragad duid ar sin do dénum, Anecd. i 46. 6 . Cf. fo mo cheirdd, LU 75 b 30 ( TBC-I¹ 1685 ).

V A craftsman : cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa 'every craftsman who manufactures articles for a lord or a churchman', Críth G. 486 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cruit, is ē āendān cīuil ind sein dliges saīri 'a harpist, that is the only skilled musician who can claim independent status', CIH v 1616.31 , Ériu lxvi 2 . sāer dāer dagdāna 'good craftsmen are [at once] noble and base', CIH v 1613.22 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cis lir fodlai for soírneimthib? ... a cethair - ecnae, eclais, flaith, fili; it é doírnemid dánae olchenae 'how many divisions are there of noble privileged ones? ... four, ecclesiastical scholar, churchman, lord, poet; the remaining craftsmen are base privileged ones', Ériu xl 8 § 1 .

VI A profession as represented by its practisers collectively; the members of a trade as a body. cach dán dogní aicdi flatha no ecalsa all craftsmen who make the manufactures of a chief or a church Laws iv 332. 1 . dán cimbeda probably= captives, prisoners (if not corrupt for damna cimbeda, see damnae I (b)): gabtar na fir ┐ ná gontar iter dáig nimmó ná dán cimbeda rothoegat, TBC-LL¹ 5120 . That the sense is a concrete one and Windisch's translation wrong is proved by TBC-LL¹ 5122 : Conchobar gan a guin do gabáil ┐ dán cimbeda do dénam dona deich cét ar ḟichit cét bátar na ḟarrad.

VII An occupation, function, business; an allotted task . dán .i. obair, Lec. Gl. 446 , Stowe Gl. 59 , 330 . cumal .i. ben bís oc bleth brón ar isé dán na mban ṅdáer riasiu darónta na muilind for this was the business of bondwomen Corm. s.v. cumal ; Zeuss² 245 . trí dána dobertsat slóg na Galia fair úir do tarradh ┐ muighi a fedhaib ┐ scáileadh murgabla srotha Ligir three tasks the people of G. imposed upon him RC xv 434. 26 , where dán= obair, l. 29 below (┐ adaigestar obair naile do thabairt fair). tri dán tucsat for R., LL 196 a 36 . olc or sí do dan bith oc buadred na Hérenn LU 53 b 8 (Tuc. Ind. na nD.). trí eoin aregda isin chathair ...┐ a menma ina ndúlemain tria bithu issé sin a ndan FA § 7 . bid hé mo dán iter drungu démnu...beth icot mallachad sa, PH 8263 . Hardly in Mon. Tall. 133. 10 : asrubart M. nibu móo dan lais arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli; the translation given seems impossible.

VIII To give in payment; a payment (cf. dawn bwyd payments in kind in the Welsh Laws). dan .i. ic ut est co hiar nde mis rodantar frit no r[o]dana .i. cidh riut icar cidh tu icas, O'Dav. 693 . So in Alexander 382 : rotustuillset fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib, if it is complete (the line ends with fo chísaib ┐; something might have been dropped at the beginning of the new line). It recalls the passage TBC-LL¹ 997 , containing dán in the sense of profession : rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib ┐ uaslecht ┐ cáinbésaib.

IX PHRASES.

(a) is dán do: bá dán dosom intan ba holc a menma noslocad indala súil conna roched corr inna cind it was his custom (?) SCC § 5 . ar is do is dán tidhnocol for to him `belongs to make presents (O'Don.) Leb. Cert. 192. 14 . gottí an tairrngeartaigh dar dhán sí asa hairmbertaibh diompádh who is allotted to Tadhg O'Huiginn (R.I.A. 23 L 17 , f. 576 § 12 )=dá mbed i ndán. Cf. VIII (b).

(b) i ndán (do) destined to, in store for; espec. destined by fate, fated, allotted ; phonetically i nán. Synon. i cinniud, i tairngiriu.—Only in connection with atá or dorala. The phrase does not appear in the Glosses, and the earliest instances collected here are taken from the YBL and the LB. Dán used independently in the sense fate, destiny , is not common in Irish, though this meaning is frequently given by modern lexicographers (dán .i. cineaṁain P. O'C. , cf. Coneys, O'R., Dinneen ). A late instance is quoted VIII (a). It occurs, however, in spoken Gaelic: is duilich cur an aghaidh dàin to oppose fate is difficult ( Macd. Gael. Dict. i 310 a ); but as a rule in Gaelic also it depends on i n- (ma tha e 'n dàn dhoṁ a bhi beò). robai i ndán ┐ i tairngire in aided úd diar mbreith doréir faistine in druad was fated and foretold RC xxiv 280 § 19 (YBL). aspert in sruith [fri]usuṁ imthecht uair ní hannsut boi i ndan [do]ibh eserghi, ib. xiv 58 § 72 (Book of Fermoy; v.l. nách ann rocinnedh doib a neiséirge). mata a ndán duit, ib. xxiii 420. 28 (YBL; compare l. 24 : do bi i tairngiri dam). ma rocollit riam a gessi rocollit innocht .i. boi a ndán a coll for their breaking was fated MacCongl. 15. 13 (LB). na nethe aurdhalta bis a cinded ┐ a ndan doib, Fen. 38. 17 . ag déunaṁ réiṁḟiadhnuise airna neithib dobhí a ndán do Chríosd dḟulang, RC vii 359. 10 ( 1 Peter 11 ). noco tí an ridiri da fuil a ndán an pócc do thabairt, ZCP ii 24. 28 . ca fis nach da cloidhem féin atá a ndán a marbadh ib. vi 103. 7 ; 'who knows that it is not his own sword that is destined to kill him' x 371 . cip hé for talmain...dia da (leg. dia d[t]a) i nndán a fúaslocod (sc. inna cest), ib. iv 234.1 f.b. , RC xxxvii 18 . a beith i ndán dam bás dagbáil in lá dá gebthasu bás, Cog. 172. 8 . ní fhuil a ndán do bás dḟaghail nó go mbuailtear trí buillidhe don luirgḟearrsaid atá aige air, Oss. iii 120. 6 . fothrugadh luaidhe ar do chind sa óir dobhi a n[d]an do thiachtain annso, Ériu iii 164. 3 f.b. dobhaoi a ndán...tocht do ṡluaigh go hiathṁaigh (sic leg.) nAdhair, Hugh Roe 198. 17 . gach ainiarsma da mbí i ndán dó féin ó thosach a gheineaṁna go síorraidhe tre ṡaoghal na saoghal, TSh. 72. 18 . Further instances Acall. 6876 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150. 23 . SG 65. 45 ; 234. 5 . RC xiii 222. 39 . Aen. 84 , 93 . Gadelica ii 93 . 8. OCL 6 . BS § 76. 2 .—The following examples do not involve the sense of fate or destiny: na cóicedaig archena do ṡuidiugad amail robuí a ndán do chách, FDG 203 . do Luaighni atá i ndán in tres, Fianaig. 68. 11 . dobhraith cách uili den láiṁ (leg. d'ēnláimh) go bfuil caphair a ndán dí, Ériu vi 128. 6 f.b. , ZCP x 371 tárla a ndán di teagṁáil aran gcuid don ṁachaire noch fa le Boas it was her hap Ruth ii 3 .

(c) beith doendán i cenn oppose together, be on the same side against; the same as beith doenláim i cenn, as is evident from the passage LB 140 a 15 : co ndernsat caratrad do beth doeṅdán i cend Aristobuil...o rabtar oentadaig dénlaim i cend A. &c. Developed from sense IV.

MOD. dán (Connaught also nán, nnán, abstracted from i ndán), gen. dáin (dána obs.), n pl. dáin and dánta, d pl. usually dánaibh, a song. fear dáin a poet : is mór an fear dáin docheapadh é (Kerry). i ndán (with tá) fated, in store ; also able to: níl tú i ndán anacht id ṡuidhe ( Finck ii 99. 6 ); cf. Acall. 2396 : ní raibhi a ndán dúinne a marbad we could not kill it (sc. the monster). In the sense of I-II, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII (a) and (c), dán is now obsolete, and in the sense of III words like amrán, dúan, laíd are now more usual.

Compd.: ós cech dándíne drong trén 'over every gifted host of strong bands', SR (Greene) 6703 .

-das-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -das- or dil.ie/14711

Forms: -dos-, -dus-, -tas-, -tos-, -tus-, -as-, -os-, -us-, n, , n,

pron -dos-, -dus-; -tas-, -tos-, -tus-; -as-, -os-, -us- (in connection with co n-, dia n-, &c.) MID.-IR. form of the infixed pronoun of the 3 sg. and pl.; v. Strachan Ériu i 174 sq. The form entered the literature in the early 10th century. Earliest occurrences in Hy. Broc., SR, AU (A.D. 932). Where -da(s)- in early Mid.-Ir. instances is followed by a verb in s- it is uncertain whether the copyist meant -da- or -das-.

I 3 sg. f.

(a) non-rel. use: -das- for OIr. -sn-, -s-. gabais a nathraig do lár Móisi...noscroith nodosai i fleisc SR 3863 (ambiguous). ní ba dícheoil...anim Adaim sunn ifus. rodosamaig hi Pardus, ib. 2200 (ambiguous). rodasbennach, LU 53 a 13 . reraig Hérinn...rodasgab ó muir co muir, LL 146 a 34 . atbiur ná bia Emain feib amal conairnecus. nodasbér i corthair tened, RC xiv 418. 13 (LL). hi Caill hUallech...fordosrala muntir Cluana macc Nóis, Trip. 76. 19 . atát a thaissi hi Ráith Chungai... fordosrala muintir Coluim Chille, ib. 96. 25 .

(b) rel.: -das- for Oir. -da-. ┐ ind crosfigeild fri biad condneoch noduslen (the original had `nodalen') Mon. Tall. 129. 2 . in macc amnas rodasgáid Brigtæ who had besought B. Thes. ii 336. 2 (Hy. Br.). árim cech ṡlúaig...ní ḟail nech rodasfessad, SR 562 . mór in bríg de rodastá ib. 7527 . mael dub fair. ata lim is bó roduslelai (referring to the fem. mael), Siab. Ch. (Add.), Anecd. iii 50. 7 (v.l. rodalig LU; cf. mar bó ataslilad, TBC-LL¹ 1377 ; Oir. rodalelaig). Here also indasfil (Oir. itáa): tecoisc damsa cia airm itá Emain. is cian úait airm indasfil (v.l. áit i bfuil) TBC-LL¹ 884 . is dual deitsi mfithchell...ní cíen di sonn indasfail, Fianaig. 14 st 29 .

(c) after ad-, co n-, dia n-, &c.: -das- for Oir. -da-, -ta-. After ad-: conaccai in ingin oc blegon...atasciid dano oc búain na luachra, RC xxv 28. 3 ( LL 271 a 11 ). a tur Bregoin atchess Hériu...atoscondairc Ith mac Bregoin LL 3 b 9 . mæl glé find fair mar bó ataslilad, TBC-LL¹ 1377 (see b). After co n-: ragsa dochum nEuae conostuc... conasrucur, SR 1665 . tangator in cathraig ele ┐ doráten ri Colum Cille sí...┐ dorodloeg arin mormaer gondastabrád dó, Goid. 108. 23 (Book of Deir). fás tra Hériu... conostoracht Nemed , LL 6 a 12 . conasragaib Partholon (referring to Ériu), ib. 127 a 10 . roinaitcestar spirut deamnata i naraili sruthmáthair...conastuc for dobur so that it brought her CCath. 1060 . focheird rout nurchair din liathróit conastarla dar gincraes a brágat, TBC-LL¹ 1024 . port indasfacca Meidb where he saw her, i.e. Medb ib. 1458 . After dia n-: imsloc in dara súil dó ina chend issed mod dánastairsed fiadchorr tagraim do lár a gruade, LU 79 b 37 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 2603 ). stuag dermár os chind ind ordnide... dianosfaictis roisc doenna, LU 28 a 10 .

II 3 pl. of all genders.

(a) non-rel. use: -das- for Oir. -sn-, -s-. bae dígal for deichtreib...rodoselaig (ambiguous) cech sluag saer rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6549 . rí cos tuctha da galar...immuich ar bélaib in tṡlúaig rodashícc isind oenhúair, ib. 7636 . ní ḟuil olc nár dernsamar riu. ratasairgsemar ┐ ratasindrisem, TBC-LL¹ 5697 . buiden aile and...fir gile glain...ratastriall brón buridach, ib. 5687 . garbat díscailtig tricha cét Galian...rodasfuc in toentricha cét uli na hocht fichtiu oss, ib. 545 . dorat P. ambíaid donab druthaibh ┐ rodosluicc (= ro-dos-sluicc) in talam fochétóir, Trip. 204. 14 . fodosceirdi...it beolu na mírenda, MacCarthy 97. 1 f.b.

(b) rel.: -das- for Oir. -da-. in daim rodaascansat fó leó rodascload nech, Thes. ii 340. 4 (Hy. Br.), v.l. rosclóised. rí rosorddaig rodascinn dá chlár déc ségdai sescat, SR 4231 . rí rodasgní...ildelba na nanmanna, SR 7269 . colba do lepthaib cróda. uatne finna forórda. issí caindell ardustá. in lia lógmar lainerdá SC ( IT i 218. 17 ). gondat Ulaid ardastánic, TBC-LL¹ 704 . fir gondair mná berdair bæ ægtair. cia rodasgon ┐ cía rotasbrat ┐ cía rodasbeir ale (v.l. gonas, beras), ib. 4727 . na slóig...ceist cia rodasfópair (v.l. cia rofuabair iat), ib. 2503 . cach díb...ar mét na hecla rotasgabh, Lism. L. 3800 . nicon bia rí huadaib cu bráth. flaith echtrann nudusfoilnaibed a foreign prince should rule them Trip. 188. 22 .

(c) after ad-, con-, &c.: -das- for Oir. -da-, -ta-. ba gním dodaing daes raith. atascomaing for oenchlaich, SR 5320 . .viii. mbliadna dóib fo dubdóire...conastorslaic uad N. amra, ib. 5287 . Matudhan co cóiced Érenn ┐ co ngallaib co roortadar co Sliab Betha siar...conostarraid Muircertach, AU i 454. 4 (A.D. 932) . crech la Conaille... conustaraid Aed mac D., ib. 502. 6 f.b. (A.D. 995) . is tria áine rosærad I. cona popul...conustánic aingel Dé do chathugud fria tara cend, RC xii 434 § 40 (Ad. 2nd Vis.). conusfarcaib popul na cathrach forsin lomthalmain, ib. § 39 . conusfácaib a chumachtu ┐ a ríge dia éis, ib. § 44 . arná teichtis uad...conastairsed fritharggain na maccraide forru TBC-LL¹ 2647 (H 2. 17).

III 3 sg. m. (and n. when referring to a thing) ; this use spread from the fem. ; in SR still rare.

(a) non-rel.: -das- for Oir. -an-, ¤ n (masc.), -a-, ¤ (neuter). Molúe ind Imliuch Sescainn...fordosrola muintir Cluana mac Nóis, Trip. 78. 5 .

(b) rel.: -das- for Oir. -idn-, -didn-, -dn-, ¤ n , -dan- (masc.) ; -id', -did'-, -d'-, ¤ ' (neuter). rí rán rodasaer Raab di raenaib hEricho, SR 7345 . Mac Cuill...i rRáith Chruachan dodoscelt, LU 38 a 39 . a thigherna aga thraothadh do béimendaibh in trénḟir rodastimairc, TBC-LL¹ 3866 . dreman inathor dímar nodusnigh an Mórríoghan, Fianaig. 16 st 41 (Oir. nodnig or pl. nodanig).

(c) after ad-, co n-, dia n-, &c. : -das- for Oir. -tn-, -tan- (m.), -t'- (n.). atosrolaic (for older atarolaic) AU i 144. 9 (A.D. 694). ní árlaic a buachaill dóibide Dond Cualnge condasrimmartatar co cruind for sciath fair, TBC-LL¹ 2055 (but immediately following : condambertatar and condaralastar). corolaad i nnóid oenṡeched for muir é...conosfuaratar iascaireda i Tráig Brénaind, LL 22 b 30 . conustánic aingel ina agaid, RC xii 436. 2 . is amus didiu for Dia do neoch dianustarda fadéin i ngáibthib tria étrebaire, PH 4858 . conusdíchend hé, ib. 2152 . Further instances from LU, PH, v. Strachan l.c. i 174 sq. cordasmesc, LU 77 b 36 for coromesc LL is no corruption, as Strachan ( i p. 174 n. 1) thinks, for SR 7861 has cordascuibdig and TBC-LL¹ 1783 Y cordasmesc.

Sometimes also -dasn-, -dosn-: (a) 3 pl. corresponding to Oir. -sn-. mór do mílib dorochair díb. rodosnairg Dia ar airgabáil na hairce, SR 5415 . (b) 3 sg. m. (n.) corresp. to Oir. -sn-, s (non-rel.) ; -idn-, -dn-, -d'-, &c. (rel.); -tn-, -t'- (after co n- &c.) : in muirlinn aili isí in muir : fodasniada im thalmain (subj. is `rí') SR 288 , which Strachan, l.c. i 174 , corrects to `fodasriada' ; but it may as well stand for `rodasniada,' the pron. referring to the masc. linn (Oir. n.).

Like -sn-, -s-, -d-, -das- also in time lost its force, as the frequent addition of the noun and independent pronoun shows. It has still some meaning in such phrases as : port indasfacca Meidb, TBC-LL¹ 1458 ; tabair dam béos conusfortachtaige da cechoen, PH 1423 ; conusfortachtaige dona trógaib, ib. 4158 —where the use of the pronoun is proleptical; but finally it lost all significance, and was in connection with co n- and dia n- felt as an inherent part of the conjunction : fuaratar folliuchta beca isin úir...conus-fetatar co mbad hé Míchel roḟoillsig arde a ḟrecnarcusa and PH 6331 —Cf. -da-, -dan-.

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