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Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-toing or
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: astoing, etech

v (* ess-tong-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 652 ) refuses (lit. swears away from, removes by oath). Indic. pres. 3 s. astoing diib `he swears away from them i.e. he clears them by oath', Críth G. 496 and n. brimon smetrach .i. ainm nemthiusa dognīat filid im nech atatoing who refuses them, Corm. Y 149 . fer a.¤ cach recht .i. eitches gach duine um biadh `a man who refuses (hospitality to) every class of person', BCrólige 43 . ben istoing cach richt, Laws v 176.4 . astoing .i. eitches, O'Dav. 139 . nicon eitig nach n[d]aim `he refuses not any company', Laws v 76.11 . cairi fir nacon eitid cach reacht, 238.20 . Subj. 2 s. ni ettis nech cen a domanches, LU 3488 ( SCC 26 ). 3 s. ni fuiben enecland arain dar daim techta; ar ni heitech do neoch mad o daim techta ci as-to i.e. it is not a(n illegal) refusal if a person refuse a company in excess of a lawful retinue, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52 § 25 . ata-tó .i. eitech . . . ar ní heitech do nech mana [cin a] daim techta cidh istoo, O'Dav. 139 . cia isto, Laws v 172.16 . ni briugaid m'asto nach berthar enech, O'Dav. 1527 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. Petar apstal, aurtaig tor / . . . / atc[h]uitig fa thrī, ba col who denied thrice, ZCP x 47 § 22 . atguitigh .i. era nó etach, ut est atguitig in scoaire co fa thri, O'Dav. 39 = at-cuitigh, Ériu xiii 24.19 . (With substitution of preverb) rom-cuitigh, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . Pass. sg. adcuitecht in gilla im ōegedacht lasin filid, Otia ii 86 § 2 . pl. Riach ┐ Cosdub adchoitechta [im] na ingena, LL 22531 (= eitigthear iad imna h-ingenaib, RC xvi 275.30 ).

Vn. etech.

Cf. etchid, ustaing.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthes or


Forms: nemthusa

n u, m. (< neimed?).

I Social or professional status or privileges, qualifications? cach nemthas nār [a nar v.l.] `every noble privilege', O'Dav. 1290. midither mind nemthesa nāir `a diadem of noble privilege', 1220 . nach duine las nā bi fosulgud, ni bi nemthes fuiririud lais `no person who has not power of releasing has privilege of binding' (?), Laws ii 122.18 . dith nemthiussa filed, ZCP xv 334 § 26 (i.e. forfeiture of his privileged position). (pl.) a tri nemtigter nemthusa filedh, tenm laegda, imus forosnad, dicedul du cennaib, Laws v 56.22 Comm. (quoted from the Bretha Neimed). neimtheas egulsa `privilege of church-lands', SG 79.2 . co nemtesuibh nemed tromuib, Nero A vii p. 145a ( O'D. 2210 ). is a nemtesaib doecclamar cach direch dana, ib. f. 143a-b ( O'D. 2207 ). Fig. ni haos nennta nemtesa (leg. nemthes?) `it is not the age of nettles that gives them venom' (i.e. their characteristic qualification, the power of stinging), Laws iv 376.21 (legal maxim).

Of chattels, etc., perh. valuation: ech tuaithi ┐ ech sliastai rig is inann nemthes fil forru, H 3.18 p. 373-4 ( O'Curry 808 ). Cf. trian dire neimthusa cathracha fáis `a third of the "dire" of the "n." of an empty church', Laws v 120.4 Comm. on text dealing with `cella' not entitled to `díre' through non-fulfilment of their duties; acc. to the Comm. by `cell' is understood the erenagh (airchinnech) of the church.

II In the follg. exx. neimthes (neimthius) seems to be used of the power which the `filid' possessed of punishing those who refused their demands with degradation or loss of social status. brimon [briamon, LB] smetrach .i. ainm nemthiusa [nemtheossa, LB] dogniat filid im nech atatoing .i. meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer ┐ doecce in duine ima ndene nemt[h]ess. Fīrmod sin, amail is fri duine anechta[i]r ata in ball sin, sic is fri daoine anechtair ata in duine se, Corm. Y 149 ; transld. in Corm. Tr. 22 `the name of an operation which poets perform on a person who refuses them [aught]'; perh. rather the name of the power (privilege) which the `filid' exercise in the case of a person, etc. , the `neimthes' being in such cases expressed by a symbolic action, the `briamon smetrach'. Cf. the gloss on `briamon smetrach' in LL 187a-b (quoted RC xxvi 55 ): .i. cles briatharda sin dognitís ind ḟilid .i. cenéle nemthiusa insin .i. smitt a cluasi do gabáil inna láim; amal ná fil cnáim andsin is amlaid nā fil enech nó nert acontí écnaiges in file.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. smetrach or


n (smit) In phr. bri(a)mon smet(h)rach, explained as the act or rubbing or pulling the lobe of the ear as a means of coercion, a device used by poets in order to obtain the granting of requests. For full discussion see ZCP xxi 324 ff . brimon .i. ainm nemthiusa dognīat filid im nech atatoing .i. meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer ┐ doēcce in duine ima ndēne nemt[h]ess, Corm. Y 149 = briamon smethraige, Corm. p. 8 . briamon smethrach (brimon smetrach, v.l.), RC xxvi 24.78 (see Gloss.). brimon smitrach . . . .i. fourrach neich o smit a cluaisi .i. cleas briatharda donidis na filid fo daigin ecnaig go bfourrgitis nech tria smiot a chluaisi do tarraing, Auraic. 4645 ff . = b. smetrac[h] . . ., 1328 ff . ? Cf. n.loc.: Magh Smeathrach i nUibh Fáilghe, Keat. ii 1961 .