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anall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anall or dil.ie/3340

 

adv. stressed on second syll. (exx. of rhyme and alliteration in bardic verse infra). Written anaill, Alex. 579 , Fl. Earls 166.17 . See GOI § 483 . The form anaill, TBC-I¹ 3615 is taken by Thurn., ZCP xii 410 as standing for inn-all thither . Of place from beyond, from the opposite side, híther: tar muir a.¤ , Trip.² 331 . dar glend a.¤ hither over the glenn, MU² 494 . do-lotar trá forsin farci a.¤ hi tír n-Érend, BDD 23 . ro ráthaiged . . . as[in] tig a.¤ Ingcél I. was perceived from the house, 71 . adainter . . . in Bruden . . . ┐ dorróbdad a.¤ co fá thrí the B. is set on fire . . . it was quenched from within, 143 . isind leith a.¤ on the opposite side, 74 . fá cáin a.¤ a tax (imposed) from abroad, Keat. ii 5754 . Extended applications: transitiuum . . . .i. gním dosom i nnach naile innunn ┐ is césad do ṡuidiu gním o nach ailiu foir sem a.¤ , Sg. 209b12 . is bes tra isind libursa briathra na salm a.¤ (written over the line) do erlabrai ánd ┐ bertair dano briathra asin stoir sea innun fo fuillned inna salm innunn to quote (from another book), Ml. 26c6 (verba psalmorum superiorum, Zeuss 611 ). is airi trimirothorndiussa indium inna huilisa asrubartmar ánáll `we have mentioned above', Wb. 8d26 .

In phrases: innonn ┐ a.¤ on all sides: robaí fe 'nund ┐ fe a.¤ in dúsin essgal ┐ tessgal, LL 12961 . na cathaighthe a.¤ 's anonn `temptations on every side', Aithd. D. 51.13 . ar na bhogadh anonn sa nall `tossed to and fro', Proverbs xxi 6 . (di) ṡíu ┐ a.¤ from this side and that, from both sides: cona díchtheth carpat friae di síu nách a.¤ from either direction, LU 4798 (TBC). roferadh cobleng croda etarru dísiu ┐ a.¤ on both sides, RC x 185.3 . imda . . . sruthide fola for toebu trenfer siu ┐ a.¤ do macu I., LB 129b44 . secht mile isseadh torcair idiu ┐ a.¤ ettorrae, AFM i 318.2 .

With the prep. FRI: fri muir robur a.¤ `beyond the Red Sea', Ml. 124c24 . altarach .i. frie a.¤ (gl. nihil ultra) `on the other side of it', Sg. 71b1 . glend lán di thenid fris a.¤ , LU 2145 ( FA 21 ). coromarb nonbur friss a.¤ `on the other side of him', RC iii 178.10 .

With the idea of motion much reduced (here written andall and perh. a separate word): interrogaverunt horam specialem in qua ille effectus est abbas ┐ ba sí húarsom douargaib A. ind soscele andall (i.e. in Scotland; almost = tall, q.v.), Mon. Tall. 162.33 (§ 85) . co cruthaigfea in Comdiu andall curpu na esergi (i.e. in the other world), LU 2594 (edd. suggest reading thall as in l. 2587 ).

Of time of yore, hitherto, heretofore: fo bith an chotuigh a.¤ `from of yore', Blathm. 311 . ní bíd clad . . . i nHére isind amsir a.¤ co tanic remis mac nÁeda Slani, LU 10569 . analadh a.¤ uile / o tus betha, LL 395a17 . a gabala uili a.¤ hitherto, Fen. 48.1 . rí agá ndubrad nert a.¤ a king ever regarded as powerful, O'Gr. Cat. 378.4 . de cheniul Tuathail Techtmhair ┐ Ugaine Mair a.¤ , MR 1.5 . fedh na bliadhna so a.¤ `in the course of the past year', RC xxix 114 § 11 . With various prepp. With FRI: fris an mbliadhain sin a.¤ `during the preceding part of this year', AFM vi 2274.z . With CO: lase foruillecta béoil inchalich di mil cosse a.¤ `when the lips of the chalice have hitherto been smeared with honey', Wb. 7d9 . rob ainfethaig firu Hērenn a n-imthūs Táno cosin a.¤ , ACL iii 3.20 . co gin Mic Maire . . . / a.¤ o tus domain, LL 395a24 . co sin a.¤ till that happens, Críth G. 264 . mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d] lenat a lepthai cucai a.¤ i.e. the aire échta is not responsible for their protection any longer, 362 and p. 71. With ó: Dathi anall `from the time of D. onward', Ériu ii 186.15 . nī bīad rí ō Ess a.¤ , ZCP viii 223 § 21 . co ro-fíugrad . . . o chein mair a.¤ esergi Crist, PH 3423 . a.¤ ó dhortadh díleann `downwards from the pouring of the flood', TD 28.3 . otha a.¤ `henceforward', Fél. 6.10 .

Extended forms (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 196 - 197 ): ? co Dún Brí anal[l]a over to Dún Brí, BColm. 60.28 . a-nallamhain (: Lughaidh), Ériu ix 165 § 22 . anallamhuin (: mbonaibh) in times of old, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 . a-nalloin (: balloibh), PBocht 5.1 . a-nalloin, DDána 63.27 `already', Ir. Monthly 1928, 156 . a-nallan (: anman), PBocht 10.8 . a-nallan (: fharradh), DDána 64.30 . popul na ngente ro baí i ndorchataid pecaid . . . anallana formerly, Trip.² 50 . cid so or cách. ni bu adas a cóemna rosbai-seom anallana, LL 279a19 . anallana . . ., PH 2244 . analluna (: amudha), Content. ix 23 .

In phr. anois (aniodh) (┐) analla(i)n now and always (of past): congbhaid anos a-nallan, Content. xxviii 3 . t'éighis anois 's anallain, xviii 74 . aniodh 's anallain, DDána 92.4 ; cf. suil tháireas gus a-noise a-nallamhain, 83.6 `from that day till this', Ir. Monthly 1921, 419 . anall-út, -ód: anallút (coming from) over there (of a boat), LU 1869 . Fionn . . . / do bhí neartmhar a-nall-ód, DDána 112.8 . annála na n-ard-fhlaitheadh anall-ód of yore, TSh. 5476 . a nallód of old, Jeremiah xxviii 8 .

Forms with in- for an- (under infl. of prep. i n-): i nallut, Laws ii 94.8 Comm. inallana, PH 4473 . i n-allód (= antiquitus), Keat. i 106.19 . inall, AFM v 1868.14 .

bailiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bailiud or dil.ie/50059
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (2 baile) confusion, madness; becoming mad : ro bui in bioth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir(e) bel, Laws i 40.24 . astad caich . . . argair bailiuth in betha, Laws i 50.30 = bailidiu, Laws iii 14.3 . bith-builed betha iar mbas .i. nis cian rombatar a ngente (? na gente) i mbailiud ainfesa esergi iar mbas, O'Curry 477 ( H 3.18, 249 ). comba mesc . . . . Dolluid iarum for bailegud meraigthi, LL 22214 (= for builiugud a mescdha, BB 388b4 . bailiudh, Dinds. 75 ). Cf. bailiugad.

cíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíall or dil.ie/8983
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cíal, ciall

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . Also somet. cíal in O. Ir. Glosses and in poetry. nessu célaib .i. nesso ciallaib, LL 24378 . cēill: budéin, ZCP xiii 245.6 .

(a) Of persons sense, intelligence, mind : nípí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . druáilnithe a ciall gl. corrupti mente, 30c18 . nad mbí ciall la nech disluindi dliged remdeicsen `has no sense', Ml. 50d1 . nech lasnabi ciall, 50d2 . co mber[at] á céill n-erru, 20b11 . co céill ┐ chond, LU 3910 ( SCC 42 ). rom-snáidet . . . / cund, céill, curp com anim, Fél. Ep. 52 . nocho fom' cheil-si / dochuaidh do chial, IT iii 93.22 . leig as in drochciall fora tai ┐ dena mu chomairli-sea `folly', Aen. 576 . it ferr cīalla oldās cīall two heads are better than one, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ni techta cond 'na ceill fo-mic, Laws v 510.4 ( ciall . . . fomac, SM Facs. 1b ) glossed ciall codnaid, 20 . tanic trell dia ceill, LU 4029 ( SCC 48 ). ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do ceille, 8226 ( FB 17 ). bae c.¤ dunetta aice (of Dond Cúailnge), TBC-LL¹ 6162 . ní réid la céill mbuirp in se `uncouth intelligence', Blathm. 159 . Mugain miadmas co morchéil, TFerbe 824 . in tan . . . roaisicc Dia a chell dó, Grail 3750 . ata saillechta cella (sic) do (of a minor), Laws ii 46.18 Comm. Ailbhe í ar chéill 's ar chuimhne, DDána 99.2 . seacht gcathaoireacha céille (of the daughters of Humility), 55.15 . cíalla glice na ngente , Celtica i 96.260 . dá chrádh céille éadair ann a twofold grief of mind is to be found therein (of death of chieftain), DDána 110.16 . ar mearughadh céilli, Mac Aingil 111 . com[h]lán i ccéll ┐ a ccorp `sound of mind and body', RSClára 114b .

More particularly wisdom, good sense, skill : rángadar na teachta re céill, ┐ re conailbhe, ┐ le hairmhidin `wisely(?)' (`charged with submission'), ML 104.22 . ar sith, as tre cheill do righneadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.16 ( Lec. 272 vb26 ) = iar sisd is iar ceill dorigneadh, BB 23a16 . in rigan ecnaid óg ḟial / tochur ria no co degciall, LL 19297 . tre cell ┐ tre comairli, CCath. 6161 . cend comhairle ┐ céille . . . Connacht (of dead chieftain), AFM ii 1132.8 . Of course of action, ní c.¤ with Vn. it is unwise to, it is imprudent to: nior chiall bheith ag ar mbrosdadh sensible thing, Aithd. D. 3.6 . ní ciall déanamh dearmaid, DDána 14.13 . ní fhuil chéill id dhearadh dhún `twere senseless of Thee to disown me', Aithd. D. 77. 31 . níor chiall uadh it was not wise of him, Ériu i 97.30 .

In transf. sense of a person: gabh, a chiall, mo chomairghe, DDána 67.6 .

(b) Of bodily senses: do chiallaib gl. ad sensus, Sg. 139a1 . cóig cialla cuirp `his five senses', Ériu xvi 135 § 56 . maithi a roisc na nabocc maithi a cialla, v 236.83 . mo chúig cialla 'gum brath bíd, Dán Dé ix 3 . Of feelings, emotions : srian léd chéill níor chuireabhair, Content. xxiii 5 . do oscail se a cial, Smaointe B. Chr. 5250 . Cf. ní frith luth seirce sóerligi / na celle conom thicse, LU 8329 ( FB 24 ).

(c) In a variety of more general applications intention, cause, reason, idea : in chiall toḟaiscthe `der Verstand des Herauspressens' (one of the cóic conara fugill), Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . rinne nir chuimseach a ciall (of a monster), Duan. F. i 79.9 `intention regarding' (Gloss.). flaith nime d'Eochagān (sic leg.) ān / is lān a chridhe dia chēill attention, ACL iii 308 § 32 . fa clé an chiall a perverse intention, Dán Dé xxvi 29 . ann adlecthar mesi fein / . . . rim cheill `with my consent', Fen. 304.8 . cion na sainte / . . . ag sin ciall chaillte na hanma (of the sin of avarice), Dán Dé xxxi 37 . ar iomad ele do chialluibh certa `for . . . many other just reasons', RSClára 95a . ní gan chéill do adhuin t'fhíoch, Aithd. D. 84.27 . caidhe nach córa an chiall `how much greater reason', RSClára 104a . ciall mo gháiri ní léir linn, O'Gr. Cat. 346.34 .

(d) Of words, texts, etc. signification, meaning: ciarid-beram a céill though we express their sense, Sg. 26b2 . immaircide frisin ceill `suitable to the sense', Ml. 27d22 . sechis in chiall gl. intentio (psalmi), 61a29 . forsin dib ciallaib fil isind emulari , 56b37 . huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. huiuscemodi verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . issí inso sís a chiall gl. est sensus, Ml. 50c1 . a folad ┐ in chiall gl. vis et significatio, Sg. 27a8 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 39 . etir cheill ┐ fhogur, LB 241a marg. inf. iar ceill Cirine in Jerome's meaning (of the word), Hib. Min. 9.292 . do-ghén . . . míniughadh céille ar an rádhsa, IGT Introd. 24.12 . re saoibh-chiallaibh `by foolish etymologies', Content. v 8 . ag buain ceille maithe ass, BCC 300.31 . cialla na n-aislingedh, Grail 2679 .

Of grammatical forms force, function, meaning : hua cheill gníma ┐ chesta, Sg. 77a7 . ciall sechmadachti `the sense of a past', Ml. 98c10 . chiall ainsedo, 67d24 . is ilar són hua cheill `it is plural in sense', 45b20 . aithne ar chíalluibh uathaidh ┐ iollraidh, IGT Introd. 2.16 .

(e) In phrases. slán céill safe and sound: no theighdis slan ceill dia tigh, Blathm. 38 . ní ris sís slán céill, BS 72.20 . for (ar) céill in one's senses: mairg dobēradh cath don fēin / da mbet ar cēill, Fianaig. 80.1 . intan nobid Comgan for ceill, Ériu v 20.7 . airis for ceill, MR 8.16 . guais nach bear ar chéill choidhche `I may never have sense', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 2 . cond céille = c.¤: nír chond ceille in col, LL 4378 . arnacha-ndechrad a chond ceille, TBC-LL¹ 1709 . c.¤ chodnaig: ecodnach da frisciter ciall codnaigh `who is expected to come to the use of reason', Laws iii 156.25 Comm. iar tiachtain ceilli codnaig do, v 218.23 Comm. ciall chapaill little or no sense, Mac Aingil 6140 . in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille use of reason, Laws v 508.22 Comm. ( SM Facs. 1b ). táinic an chiall bhreugach chuige .i. an codladh, ITS v 38.23 . étrommae céille loss of reason, insanity : táinic édtruma chéille . . . dó, CF² 450 . Cf. édromacha chéille, Luke xxiv 11 . In chevilles: dia do chéill, DDána 54.15 . fo chiall `good the sense', Blathm. 19 .

Phrases with vbs. do-alla, gataid, benaid, céill di gives up (hope of), despairs of: talsat a céill di ṡaíre, LL 31490 (TTr.). antan . . . tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134.10 . See 1 do-alla. iar ngait cheilli dia n-anmain `after losing all hope of life', ZCP i 406.11 . See gataid. do ben gach neach díbh ciall dá anmain, CF² 736 . iar m-ben . . . do chelli dia bethaid, LB 143a33 . ba buan ceille do chabhair, Stair Erc. 1537 . mairg bheanas chéill don chruinne (`to try to understand'), Magauran 643 . ben do cheill . . . dot tir ┐ dot talmain exi de terra tua, Lism. L. 707 . See benaid. See díscaíl. With cuirid: gur bo marb mórán do clandaib C. ar cur céille do'n cathimresan (`after the effort of screwing themselves up for the fight'), Caithr. Thoirdh. 127.24 . tráth do chuirset céill do'n cath (`when they were baulked of the fray'), 128.1 . Note further: do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 .

do-cuirethar ar chéill (for céill) calls to mind: torala Dia ar cheill do degnimu `let God bring to mind', Ml. 43b15 . intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar céill `when it is . . . kept in mind', Ériu ii 136 § 122 . tachraid forcéill ┐ airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire, Alex. 191 . na healtain do chor ar céill / as blogh d'ḟertaibh in ḟíréin, IGT Decl. ex. 303 . With difft. constr. foceird mo ceill im drungo, LMU 17 (Eg.) `my reason is agitated about the hosts', (LMU2). Later with cuirid and personal object recalls to reason, to sense : a chur ar céill gér chás deacair (of conversion of St. Augustine), DDána 59.11 . meisge an phobail . . . / ní hobair mná a chura ar céill `to bring them to reason', PBocht 9.23 . buime an leinbh (sic leg.) gá gcur ar céill (of Mary consoling the holy women), 13.15 .

cuirid i céill expounds, proves, declares : ní mór dod mhaith chuire a ccéill, Bard. Synt. Tr. 228.17 . lá in Chairn a gcéill cuirfidhear `will be ever remembered', O'Hara 123 . cuir-se i gcéill `explain', A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 10 . as fer tengtha (sic leg.) eile do chuiredh a ceill dó gach ní da n-abradh C.C. ris, BCC 262.32 . m'éigse i gcéill muna chuirinn, Aithd. D. 46.4 . cuir do bhagar i gcéill thuaidh / más ann creidfidhear é uaibh, Content. xviii 168 . ionnus go gcuirfeadh i gcéill do'n léaghthóir nach fuil tabhacht i seanchus Éireann `might give the reader to understand', Keat. i 50.3 . Note also: níor chuir Brian céill na cheanaibh ignored, Content. xiv 18n. ciall do chur san iompódh to take heed of the change (? but see Ed. note), PBocht 22.2 .

do-gní céill takes thought; employs skill : do-ghéanadh chéill rem cháineadh `he would take thought before reviling me', Aithd. D. 74.17 . Cf. nī faigebthar-side itir . . . acht ma doronad cēill occai, TBC-I¹ 1576 = dorónaid ceill glossed ceilg, LU. Cf. nī rādh go cēill (.i. go ceilgg), ZCP v 487 § 15 (B. na f.) = ciall .i. cealg, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). fris-cuirethar céill see fris-cuirethar, frecor.

gaibid céill for, g. for céill expects : hó ro gaibther c.¤ for riuth s ... (? scíth or séim) 'when a tiring (or easy) pace is expected', Wb. 13b13 , Ériu xxxiii 165 . argaibidside céil for báas in tain téte don chath `expects death', 9a3 . fiadnaise fir galair gabes ceill for eccaib, O'Curry 1617 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). diä dardāin gabus-sa / cēill for ingnais maicc m'athar, Bruchst. 52 § 116 ; 'on Thursday I expected the death of my father's son' Ériu xxiii 49 . ra gabsat céill ar a mbreith i tírib ciana, LL 31491 (TTr.). o ro gab ceill for anad, LU 2249 ( FA 31 ). is in coiged uair . . . intan rogabsat cell for a collad ┐ for a cumsanad re seitfidaigh na natrach settled down to, BB 495a16 . ro gabsat ar céill . . . comallad fir na faistine, 429b25 . do gabatar ar chéill gan chunntabairt gurab é in Clárach . . . adchonncatar `imagined', Caithr. Thoirdh. 51.4 .

For ciall .i. tionol, O'Dav. 362 see fo-cíallathar II.

Compds. With nouns.: domrimart gáir na gáithi / im chotlud co cíall-báithe `with vacant mind', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.10 . in fitir for cialbann clú / cia dú cosatiagam dé? SR 7967 . iar ccur do Brian . . . Maolseachluinn Mór as a chiallchogair confidences, Ériu i 105.7 . conad hí ar comcisiu ┐ cottomus ar ciallḟer, LL 32429 (TTr.). cīallḟlaith . . . con gaib side a chrícha cen choscru cen chernu a prudent ruler, ZCP xi 86 § 46 . ciall-gháis Chormaic `wisdom', MR 116.14 . ciallrunugud aicnid, Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . ciallrunugud cert caid, 27.9 . la ciallrunugadh eir[i]c, Laws iii 408.9 Comm.

With adjj.: tricha robhi in ciallbhog caemh / ina ri Diarmoíd na ndhamh simple-minded(?), BB 57a15 . ? is imdha duine data / ┐ cuire is cialbhrata (: dhíarmada), IT iii 68.17 . fear . . . cunnail craibhtech cíallchonaich resourceful(?), RC xii 320 § 1 . saī coitcenn, ciallconaigh, AU iii 46.6 . See féchemanda. co glice ciallgaesmar, Stair Erc. 298 . bhí sé ciallghlan diadha, Hackett² xxx 154 . mná cori ciallmathi, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). gnúis meicc Cairne cíallmíadcha (-miacha, v.l.) `of noble sense', Ériu iv 94.14 . macc slattraim síl Chuind cíallmór, Ériu iv 104.8 . Cf. i nDaim Liac Ciannāin canair / marb hua ciallmair Congalaig, Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25 (see Ed.'s note). na ceithre comhfhocail . . . chumaidhi chialltarctheacha `expressive maxims', MR 90.4 . fer nár certmur cialltreabar, BB 427b30 .

With vb. ¤rúnaigid(ir). Legal. considers carefully; decides after deliberation: nach claoine eile ciallrunaigther ann .i. feall no éithach, O'D. 795 ( H 3.17, col. 570 ) = ciallrunaither, O'Curry 2395 ( Eg. 88, 31a ). cocrathar urchonn urthach .i. ciallrunathar uasal testugh (leg. testughad) ona codhnacha, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 D 6, 37 a ). na cocra cert .i. nech na ciallrunaigenn, Laws iii 34.18 Comm.

2 feis(s), fess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 feis(s), fess or dil.ie/21506
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: feis, -i, fesi, fesa, feisi, fessa

n ā (?), f. (vn.of foaid spends the night). feis (g s. n p. -i) IGT, Decl. § 14.19 . g s. fesi, Liad. and Cuir. 20 . n p. fesa, O'Curry 805 (< H 3.18, 373a ).

(a) spending the night, sleeping: do ḟeiss (fess v.l.) aidche hi linnib from spending the night in pools Hy ii 27 . As cognate acc. : fiba fess (fes, feis v.l.) moch mairb will soon sleep the sleep of the dead (?) Ériu ii 3.6 . Rarely of beleaguering (cf. forbais) : fiibthir Falchaeo feis, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 54.25 . Cf. cathasach .i. cathíesach .i. feis foite ind oig ina cathgreim co matain, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 179 (< H 3.18, 67 ) = Corm. Y 245 . Esp. of sleeping with another person ; coition: hence espousal: co mbi ferr lais feis la gillib, Laws v 292.23 . toet chucum a ben hinnocht do fes lium, IT i 145.8 . fess la mnai óic, Ériu viii 122.31 . laichess .i. laoch ┐ fess, is din feis foas la laoch, Corm. Y 795 . feis re gach mnaoi, Dán Dé xxiv 3 . ma ro carais, dena f.¤ leis, TBC-LL¹ p. 649 n. 5 (St) = faé leis LL. feis dorinne sé re hÁine, Keat. ii 4373 . ní ba gnáth sósar d'ḟeiss i fiadnaisi ṡinsir it was not customary for the younger to wed before the elder RC xiii 36 w ( LL 294b3 ). do éimghidh S. ┐ M. feis `refused to be espoused' ML 12.28 . an ḟ.¤—fa f.¤ degt[h]oraidh— | dār geined Bē binn, ZCP xiii 18.27 . g s. ar imgabail feisi le hÆnias, Aen. 1666 . eiric imgabala feisi, Laws v 294.25 Comm. coraigecht aenmna re bliadhain dam ... ┐ leth feissi do grēs, Acall. 4955 (`a stipulation that for one year I be thine only wife and after that in perpetuity enjoy a full half of thy conjugal society' SG ii 221 ). rucc leth fesi, a inghen fial, | mo b[h]en-sa isin ail-si tiar my spouse on yonder rock (i.e. the church of Cashel) has claimed half your conjugal rights RC xxxvii 350 § 3 . Fig. of assuming kingship : do rigustar (F.) ... et ar f.¤ d'F. re coiced Connacht doronne a oiti a frithailem ... ┐ is i sin banais rige is oiregdo doronad a Connacht riam, Ann. Conn. 1310 § 7 = ALC i 554 (`after F. had espoused the Province of C.' Cf. Ériu xiv 14 ). Cf. feis .i. druis ut est fuba co fessaib lust O'Dav. 930 . f.¤ leptha (láime, lám-déraigthe) cohabiting ; espousal, wedlock: ro ḟáeidur in lánamain sin ind áidchi sin ar f.¤ leaptha ┐ lámdéirigthi, Acall. 7841 ; 820 . do bhi ar fes (feis) laimhe ┐ leaptha ag an inghin an oidhche sin, RC xxix 134.18 ; 26 . ar feis leaptha, 146.8 . fuair rogha ríoghna ar f.¤ láimhe, Ó Bruad. ii 86 .

(b) by extension accommodation for the night, bed: co f.¤, co n-adogh, co tein, co n-aitreb, Laws iv 20.1 (with gl.: co laigi doib ann, 22.30 ). Of cattle, etc.: ina muca i f.¤ i foil a n-aidche housed (sleeping ?) in a stye 96.25 . deithbir idir f.¤ i fual ┐ f.¤ i f. ; buaile glan hi i f. ┐ buaile salach f.¤ i fual (of a foul cattle-booley and a clean one) v 468.9. Comm .

(c) entertainment for the night, food, supper: f.¤ aidc[h]i .i. de biud, Corm. Y 594 . feis .i. cuiriud ... (.i. i n-aidchi .i. co lind), Laws iii 20.17 . feis .i. i n-aidchi .i. co linn, O'Dav. 854 . feiss i Cruachain do grés dó, TBC-LL¹ 1613 , 2269 ( fes; cuirm, Eg. 209 ). fuaradar feiss na hoidchi sin ac C., Acall. 23 . fogebainn biad ┐ fés aidchi duit, MR 68.13 . meth feise la rig `the failure to supply the feast of a king' Laws i 230.22 = meith feisi rig (atat .iii. fesa do rig a fuirired a faigthe a dligid), O'Curry 805 (< H 3.18, 373a ). Hence food, repast in gen. : dús in fogebtha fri f.¤ | do biud dún ní domelmais, SR 1563 . lubai in talman ... nidad tlaithi dun fri feis, 1571 . ce bú for fess and? ol si. Fonoad col carpait dun and, ol se what was your repast ? LU 10243 . ba greis don deora daighfir | fes a feola, BB 370a31 = a chuit feola, Metr. Dinds. iii 162.12 (feis v.l.). gura féis do faelaib do corp ! (an imprecation) MR 188.20 . ac feis ┐ ac fleduchudh, CCath. 2438 . Here, perhaps : cele fesa, Ériu viii 122.26 . Oft. in connection with díthat (q.v.) : feis, fuiririud, dithit, Laws iii 20.13 . co tormalt feiss ┐ dithait, TBC-LL¹ 637 (go ro loing fes et dithat an laoi St). ni fil feis cen dithit, O'Dav. 854 . ní bí feis cin dithat .i. cen fuighell, O'Curry 1426 (< H 3.18, 640 ). dligmít feis dithat [compd. ?] na haidchi so di, Acall. 18 . f.¤ dithat na haidhche anoct uaimsi duit ... .i. naí mbai fichit ..., 0 522. co rotochaithset a ffes dithett, Hugh Roe 242.30 (f. 64b) ; `Almost certainly a compd,' Plummer, Slips.

(d) In Laws, also used of cattle trespass i.e. trespass by (entering and) lying down (and grazing), see below : is feis cach lige, cach tarraidhe, airlim acht na deilset nach tartaidhe (.i. eiric feisi forru o tarraigter and iatt ina lighe, eric airlime orra acht na ro laigit ann), Laws iv 78.8 (80.8) . a feis dighona feoir ethamain geimreta tar lān-ime `for `feis' trespass in a winter grass field over a full fence' 80.21 Comm . da miach ina feis ┐ miach ina n-airlim two sacks for `feis' trespass in them and one for `airlim' 80.25 Comm . feis lae ┐ feis aidhche `f.¤' trespass by day, by night 80.14 Comm . caīrig imorro, it smachta airlime do suidib, ar ni fil fesa doib `fines for `feis'-trespass' 108.6 . nochon fuil dethbir feisi na airlime a leth re fiach duine-caithi, 84 w Comm . The term bō feise, etc. can hardly mean `cattle-feeding' as it is sometimes rendered in Laws Transl., the alternative rendering `the cows forfeited for feeding', O'Don. Suppl. is more likely (in some instances it probably means cows forfeited for (or who have committed) the trespass of lying-down (implying grazing), cf. ethait ní ina feis ┐ ina n-airlim ┐ noco n-ethait ní ina ruiriudh na ína tairsce `they eat something in their `feis' —trespass' Laws iv 138.10 Comm. fiach feisi geimrid a ruiriud aoidhche in geimrid `fine for winter `feis' —trespass is due for a running-over on a winter's night' ib. 12 ). treisi co ndithmuim cach athgabala na mbo feisi, no co tiagaitt ba fesi ina cenn `every distress for cow-feeding' (?) i 222.26 Comm . ba fesi ... ba dithma, ii 134.17 Comm . fiach fesi cach athgabala `debt for the expense of feeding' (?) i 224.6 Comm . cu n-īcand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, Bürgschaft 66 ("Kühe des Übernachtens"). is ed slan nge[i]ll .i. bai fesi ge[i]ll ..., 78 .

(e) a feast, a festival (oft. of an established and recurring one) : ardsollamain na ngente .i. f.¤ Temra, Lat. Lives 5 = Trip. 40.23 . cena (alias feis) Temhra apud (alias la) Loeghaire AU 454 . feiss Temhra la Diarmaid, 559 . fes Temra cacha samna, LU 4211 . do chaithim fessi Temrach, 4209 . do thomailt fesse T., ZCP iii 4.4 (orig. espousal in these exx. Cf. concluding exx. in section (a) above and see Studies in Early Irish Literature 334 ). f.¤ tigi Oengossa, Ériu vii 220.5 = LL 209b43 . f.¤ tighe Bricrenn (name of a tale, probably = Fled Bricrenn), Anecd. ii 45.2 . coro ḟeram feis trí laa ┐ tri n-aidchi i ndunud G. till we enjoy an entertainment of three days, etc. TFerbe 61 . pl. fessa ┐ fuireca, CRR 9 . a bhfeasa ┐ a bhfulachta, ML 76.12 . fessa (title of a class of tales) LL 189c40 (O'Curry MS. Mat. 588 ). Anecd. ii 45.1 .

(f) exceptionally a stay, sojourn: doronsad f.¤ māir thair, Lec. 553a39 ( ZCP x 166.15 ). Cf. bain-, bran-, tarbfeis s.v. 2 feis(s).

Compds. : cf. f.¤ dithat above also Acall. 5036 ; 5381 ; 7301 .

Cf. dusnic dím feis nErenn fós fess nAlban feiss suadh feiss druadh feiss cerda feiss cuthchoire feiss corrguine feiss sedhguine feiss cech duine bí doní olc ... frim corp ZCP vi 258.19 (Colum Cille's prayer).

genti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. genti or dil.ie/25690

 

n (< Lat. gentes) i, m. pl. and see gent.

(a) In Glosses used in Jewish sense of Gentiles : geinti hiressich `faithful Gentiles,' Wb. 4c40 . am forcitlid geinte, 29d26 . de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit, 18d6 . etir Iudeo et genti, Ml. 35a19 . Wb. 19a10 . voc. a geinti hireschu, 3a13 .

(b) In older lit. in general heathens, pagans : ō dēibh no ainmnighdis geinti a llaithe, Corm. Y 419 = genti, LB. fes Temra cecha samna. ar bá híside caisc na ngente , LU 4211 . in conflicht rolasad na geinti and fri Pátraic, Laws i 2.12 Comm. genti bidbaid guilty pagans, Fél. Prol. 175 . g pl. na ngente , ib. 61 , 205 . do thochuiredh gentiu a n-iris, Hib. Min. 324 . na gente chennaigit ... delba hídal, PH 4583 . crand gíuis noadratís na gente, RC ii 394 § 25 . do gentib Gréc, Metr. Dinds. iv 152.75 . fri hindarbud plag ┐ genti ... dib, RC xii 422 § 3 . ar galar, ar geinntib, ZCP x 346 § 6 . faid guach in t-Issa ... ol na geinti, Marco P. § 8 . Isaiah lx 3.

(c) the heathen Norsemen (common in Annals) : amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie as do the heathens of the spoils that they carry off today, Ml. 63c18 . loscadh Rechrainne o geinntibh, AU i 274.z (an. 794) , Cath for Gennti, i 332.z (an. 833) . loscadh Mungairit ┐ alanaile cheall Irmumen o gentibh, i 336.1 (an. 834) . ticfait genti dar muir mall, Cog. 225.9 . Ériu vi 122 § 9 . gennti .i. cenél na pagán, ii 196.4 . coscradh Dunaidh L. ... la Geintibh, AFM i 440.10 . na bhflaitheas ní tharla dhí | plágha gorta náid geinnti, Content. v § 65 . dub-g.¤ (lit. black-haired heathens) Danes ; finn-g.¤ (lit. fair-haired heathens) Norwegians : tancadar Duibgenti da-narda ... ocus dabadar ic diucur na Findgenti a hErind, Cog. 18.18 . is díobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte ... agus Finngheinnte, Keat. iii 2456 - 7 .

1 loscud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 loscud or dil.ie/30713
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: losgadh, lasgadh

u, and o, m. vn. of loiscid. losgadh lasgadh, IGT Verbs § 71. ? loscam, Ériu x 148.3 .

(a) act of burning, consuming by fire; fire, conflagration : loscadh gl. incendium, Ir. Gl. 737 . Crist domm imdegail . . . ar l.¤ , Thes. ii 357.11 (Patrick's Hy.). rann do l.¤ for altóir, Wb. 10d18 . a coscrad ┐ a l.¤ gl. flammísque consumpta, Ml. 102b9 . huand l.¤ gl. combustione, 123c6 . a nguin cosind l.¤ .i. a nguin cosind saigit áin wounding with the burning i.e. wounding with the fiery arrow, 133a4 . loscoth Iarnboidbh mic Gartnaith, AU i 106.6 (an. 643 ). loscuth Maighi Bile cona derthigib 320.11 (an. 825 ). di l.¤ a thige, Críth G. 123 (losca, MS.). loscad luise; loscad guaile, Laws v 474.5 . loscadh anfoit `burning by inadvertence', iv 250.1 Comm . loscad comhraite `wilful burning,' 12 Comm . na loiscthi ac lethnugud . . . fo chathraigh Conchubair, Comp. CC 93.15 . na croind do loscad don grein, Ann. Conn. 1252.9 . Of the fires of Hell: morríg inna ṅgente / bithgolait i ll.¤ , Fél. Prol. 62 . tene . . . dod l.¤ , Mon. Tall. 136.16 . i lō loiscthi na cātha `when the chaff is burned', Ériu iii 31 § 24.

(b) Of injury caused by burning, burn, scorch; scald: da scind deaman dobertach / trēsin teine gan loiscthi, ZCP v 23 § 22 . ar teichedh a loiscidh `to avoid being burnt', CCath. 2145 . losgadh teineadh no uisge, 23 K 42, 356.13 . foirid loscad na tengan (of the virtues of the sapphire), Celtica ii 78.280 . Attrib. g s. fiabras loisce (febres ardentes), Rosa Angl. 250.1 . As medical term cauterising (but distinct from crechad Celtica xvii 119-20 ): ni leighister hi acht maille sinidh láimhe no re loscad, Rosa Angl. 242.3 . losgadh no gearradh, 23 K 42, 113.10 . coisgidh in loscadh a siledh fhola 'firing [i.e. cautery] stems the flow of blood', Ériu lxiv 7 (72.1.2 fo. 59v14) .

(c) Of a bodily process: teinnes ┐ att ┐ loscadh (the result of a sting), O'Gr. Cat. 213.26 . o losgadh lenna ruaidh, Rosa Angl. 54.4 . ticc in gainemh sin o losgad fola deirgi isna cuislennaibh, 188.3 . drithle re losgadh leicne which causes cheeks to flush, L. Cl. A. B. 278.163 . loscam (loscad, v.l.) ┐ tirmacht na slaiti fearrdha 'burning and dryness of the membrum virile ', Ériu x 148.3 .

(d) act of inflicting burning pain; anguish, affliction : huanaib loiscthib gl. pro (suplicio dolentis cruciatuum) adustionibus. Ml. 133a3 . etir na loiscthiu gl. inter adustones (tribulationum), 39a7 (loisthiu, MS.). ata h'ernaigthi 'com loscad, PH 1985 . ba lonn ┐ ba loscad le C. ceithre uaithne . . . oirechais Alban d'foirtchead ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.8 . tríd an sgéal ba losgadh linn `by thy story torturing my heart', Dán Dé xxviii 31 . as foghuil ba losgadh lais / cosgradh a dhomhuin dúthchais, O'R. Poems 1639. Fig. of passions being inflamed, glowing, burning : serapyn . . . re n-abur loscadh in ghrádha incendium, ITS xxix 209.8 . is mar-sin don tshanntach arna loscad ┐ arna brénad on tsaint, PH 7745.