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áerad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áerad or dil.ie/637

 

vn. of áeraid. IGT Vbs. § 80 .

(a) act of cutting: aeradh a prim róit . . . i n-aeradh a forróit, O'D. 2017 (Eg. 90, fo. 15 (16)d).

(b) act of satirizing: co nderntais a ǽrad ┐ a aithised, TBC-I¹ 2213 . ní ba sindadh nō aoradh fognīset (of poets seeking vengeance), ZCP vii 305.13 . nā lēgat m'aoradh-sa may He not allow me to be satirised, ZCP viii 217.2 . ro bhattur filidh . . . ag aoradh rí Connacht, TFrag. 104.18 . ima rindad . . . .i. . . . 'na haerad, Laws i 188.12 Comm. is diles . . . ceand [fine] d'aerad, v 388.8 Comm. (gl. aige fine . . . do rinnad). leasg liom uaisle Gaoidheal nglan / d'imdheargadh uaim nó d'aoradh., DDána 95.4 . dá ndearnta ag dáimh ibh d'aoradh, 99.16 . áeradh an éga shame of death (fatal lampoon?), IGT Decl. ex. 1037 .

2 aicde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aicde or dil.ie/770
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aice, oigi, oigdhe

n Also aice. f. oigi, oigdhe (if same word) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Prob. same word as 1 aicde.

(a) material, substance: sruithium a.¤ .i. feirius, Anecd. iii 44.3 . sruithem aicdi .i. o[i]r, Auraic. 5602 . ferr uma cech aicdi aird, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . ad-mestar humae asa daingnib denib dlūthaib dlūmaicdib, ZCP xi 94 § 40 . sug na srona robo i aicdhe ina tinne oir `the mucus which had become the material of the golden chain', RC xii 344 § 38 . suifid a.¤ i n-órdathu, xxvi 48 § 257 . tre-fot .i. tri foide meini (menn, MS.) dibertae as cach tir dib co ndenta oena.¤ dib tre druidecht, Corm. Y 1265 . da aic[dhi]i sechtmogat eter ael ┐ bitumain, etc. `building materials', Auraic. 266 . aigdi, 2580 . ni frith . . . oenchrand . . . na hoicdhe bud chúibde do chumm in tempuil, LB 222a19 . cia du tarclamtais a trelmu ┐ a naicdida tools and materials, ZCP iii 7.13 . aicdi in duine ac[a] denum (of the foetus forming in the womb), O'Curry 557 (H. 3.18 p. 275a).

(b) structure, building, manufactured article: a.¤ .i. ecdoe graece, aedificium latine, .i. cumtach, Corm. Y 84 . aicdhe .i. cumhdach, O'Cl. isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-admat no cech n-a.¤ bes áil dó, LU 2602 . nách n-a.¤ do dénam . . . do adbar, 2728 . adram in coimdid / cusnab aicdib amraib, IT iii 43 § 54 . cluined mo glanitgi / coimde na ndron a.¤ (aigde MS.), ACL iii 220 § 6 . ro rádi P. nád mbíad a.¤ dognethi di fiuth na cailli sin that nothing could be made from, Trip.² 2283 . amal ní confil ní arachoat a nargat nglan acht á techt in aicdi, Ml. 31d10 . cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa, folongar lethḟolug a míad cháich asa a.¤ dogní, Críth G. 486 . batar gobaind Chonchobar oc denam aiccde don rig, IT ii1 178.122 . teora primaig[d]i Erenn . . . barr Breoin . . . fi[d]chell Crimt[h]ain . . . ┐ mind Laegaire, Anecd. ii 3 § 5 . techta fuillema gill a.¤ airgit, Laws v 396.8 . in tuma ina cloithib ar cuicthi na tanalaig ar treisi na aicdib urluma ar aine finished products, i 188.36 Comm. cid ina tanailgib, cid na aic[d]e urrlaim, iii 204.1 Comm. aisic in ethair co na ramadaib ┐ cona aicdib urrlama fittings, 212.9 Comm. in goba acht mo (= má) do rigni in oigdi do gach coimaitech, v 14.y Comm. in soer . . . do rinne in aice . . . dfiur na hoige, ii 36.5 Comm. in bendachadh na haicdi, i 132.26 Comm. a tri ranntar an aice .i. trian d'adhbar ┐ trian do biúdh ┐ frichnam in fir lais i ndentar the cost of an a. is made up of three things, a third for materials, a third for sustenance and a third for the work of the man by whom it is made, O'Curry 2083 (H. 4.22, 70a). na uli aicdi ica recar a les fiallach borbfrithgnama, O'D. 937 ( H 3.17, c. 658 d). ro-fitir intí ro rec in n-aicdi ┐ ni fitir intī ros-cennaig, ZCP xv 307 § 2 . trí ná dlegat turbaidi: athchor maic, aicdi cherdai, gíallaigecht, Triads 156 . mac cerdai no fir fo gní nach aicdi éicin di ór, MR 78.19 . Various applications: bid hé corp ar n-a.¤ / admat na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 (of the structure of the Martyrology). radharc ar aicce an fheallsaimh (ar aittibh feallsamh MS.) / fhuair an t-am fa céidleanbhsain the work of the philosopher, L. Cl. A. B. 176 § 113 . ba coemi esium a oenur inat doine in t-shaegail . . . cid oen a.¤ amra dognithea dib (of Christ), LB 148b32 . Coiri da Ruad in roglas / a.¤ sruthaidi senbras (of a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.y .

(c) literary composition, poem (see also oige): feirrde an aigdhe (oige v.l.) a cur i ndlús, Content. v 48 . n-a oigdhe d'uaim, DDána 38.13 . a fighe d'oige iomshláin (of a `marbhna'), 118.17 . gach oige dar innigh mé, Content. ii 212 n.4 . oige dána ib. snáith th'oige, ib. do bhí . . . / . . . / geall gach oide 'gá ucht ṡlim / a hucht a oige n-inghill, DDána 73.33 .

Compd.: ar gcall a n-oigeaghaoil / gan rann dá oigealaoidh `after losing their poetic lover . . . they got no stanza of his artistic work', Aithd. D. 19.8 .

Note also a.¤ menman .i. doréir menman cáich nom molaim, RC xxvi 24 § 82 . O'Cl. Cf. aiced.

2 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithne or dil.ie/2754
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aithgne, aichinte, aithennta

O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte, PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid). Vn. of ad-gnin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge, recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml. 42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad penitentiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as ionad anma d'a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was being kept, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without knowing his letters, Trip.² 97 . a.¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB 6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 . gin gur ghabhuis a.¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't told by me, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni, O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a.¤ (of the Trinity). DDána 25.6 . a.¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a.¤ to my knowledge, Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .

Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 , do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 . Cf. a.¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd. 2.6 . dlighidh a.¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . . dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .

Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha.¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know no refuse among them, O'R. Poems 3161 . a.¤ dhamh go bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .

Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a.¤ `are you my acquaintance?' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a.¤ `he whom you know', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na.¤ ┐ bhur neamha.¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 . cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a.¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252 (3 aithnid?).

Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized; characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a.¤ na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i. comaircim caiti a.¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.

(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to know: cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a.¤ , Laws i 142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh ag a.¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, AFM v 1646.27 . doním tar muir d'a.¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 . ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 . ar n-a.¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb. and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i 144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl recognized that he was not A., IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.). sáilim a.¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I think I recognize (him) by his clear voice, Prolegomena 44 § 16 . míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a.¤ got to know them, DDána 10.39 .

In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg. accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them(?)', Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou didst not recognize him, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron. 3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a.¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `perceived', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a.¤ gur `he knew that', Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a.¤ doberudh go becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .

Do-beir a.¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only): dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi, LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize them for, TBC-LL¹ 1247 . as é sin do ber a.¤ ar galar in duine, 5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm. 80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a.¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex. 555 . léicid aithne co reveals one's identity to: ro léacceas m'aithne chuicce, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 71.17. do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat).

(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha.¤ , O'R. Poems 71 . fear a.¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra, 1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a.¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha.¤ do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, Mackinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad. i 204 xvii .

(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit was clearest in his countenance', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a.¤ si a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .

amáille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amáille or dil.ie/3060

 

n (Anglo-Fr. *amail, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 207 ) enamel: mur snas a.¤ ar ór nglan (: fhalláine), L. Cl. A. B. 176.124 . ciondus fríth mar fuair Máire / am[h]ladh óir ón am(h)áille, O'Hara 1246 . ní bhia an t-or gan amaille, Ó Bruad. i 136 xix . a snigh do bhraonaibh le feadhaibh fannáille / 'n-a gcraobhaidh a.¤ , DDána 83.17 .

ar-coat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-coat or dil.ie/4025
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: airchót, erchoissi

v ( air-com-fed-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 515 ) prevents, hinders. Indic. pres. 3 s. nícon fil ní arachoat a n-argat nglan acht á techt i n-aicdi (gl. sed ita ut egresa est in opus effectumque ducetur) as there is nothing which hinders pure silver from passing into structure, Ml. 31d10 . Indic. impf. 3 s. arachoided gl. inpedientis, Ml. 83d2 . Subj. pres. 3 s. co arcói gl. ad nocendum, Ml. 46d11 . Subj. impf. pass. pl. ar na hercoi[s]tis dig `that they might not be injured by a drink', Blathm. 343 . Pret. pass. sg. ol nad n-airchós gl. nec . . . impeditum est, Ml. 97d1 . With refl. inf. pron. refrains from, delays (an action). Subj. impf. 3 s. arnach naurchoissed som friníi duronad nach aile `so that he might not be hindered at (i.e. by doing) anything which any other could do', Wb. 8a4 . Fut. 3 s. rofetar níimirchói nach géin libsi I know that I shall not be delayed with you any time, Wb. 7a11 . nim erchoisse guin na erri ucut killing...shall not delay me, LU 5964 ( TBC-I¹ 1497 ) = niba hedh fhuireoc[h]as sib guin na heliti, TBC St. 1863 .

Vn. airchót.

Part. n pl. erchoissi, Ml. 73c9 .

argat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argat or dil.ie/4140

 

Forms: argad, airgead, argad

n o, n. Later m. argad, airgead m., IGT Decl. § 11 . argad: slabhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 471 . : damnadh, PBocht 7.24 (see note).

(a) the metal silver: a n-a.¤ nglan , Ml. 31d10 . amal slaidred ṅargait gl. reprobum argentum, 85b7 . arged ab argento , Corm. Y 18 . gasne arggait (of a person), Thes. ii 295.15 . in sét argait, 345.1 (Hy. v) = arggait, 346.4 . ríthæ in tech sin . . . ar chumil n-arggit, 240.2 (Ardm.). cumal do or ┐ a.¤ , Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . gell . . . di arggut, Críth G. 283 . a.¤ n-án n-oigthiagerna (arget (arcat) n-ard v.l.), Anecd. ii 58.12 . ra mbiad arcat ┐ ór, LU 3318 ( SCC 11 ). ór nó airccet, Trip.² 1120 . míleach argit, BDD² 673 . cassán gelairgit isin brot, LU 6295 (TBC). tricha escra do airgiut oengil Espáne, TFerbe 404 . loc i mbi mein airgit, Laws i 170.17 Comm. conn-esnaduib oir ┐ arccuid, IT iii 238.107 . arget ar crannaib, LL 13869 . a lámha d'airgead (of an image), TSh. 56 . a.¤ beó quicksilver: detach in airgit beó, Rosa Angl. 258.6 . Cf. airgat.

(b) As object of value, currency etc. (cf. airgeint): cia duberat a.¤ daitsiu nulla argenti . . . permotatione , Ml. 73d12 . du fuillem argait gl. ad usuram, 36a24 . cim .i. arget ┐ don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud, Corm. Y 304 . cimb .i. airget, O'Dav. 354 . cerb .i. argad, Corm. Y 381 . unga arcait for fer imthéit co n-eri, Ériu ii 204 § 23 . ni nais uma na hairgead na hor, Laws iv 36.1 . triar brathar dia tart a n-athair tini argaít, Irish Texts i 17 § 50 . sena.¤ fil acut, LL 361 marg. sup. d'athchuinnge airgeit, ZCP viii 201 § 12 . d'iarraidh airgid, DDána 13.3 . airgead croise caoile nó salfás, L. Cl. A. B. 42.18 .

Of money: monad nua . . . do denam ind Erinn ┐ trecad in arcit do bi inte air-sin, Ann. Conn. 1252.2 . argiod fállsa counterfeit money, Párl. na mB. 3907 . drochairgiod, 1862 .

(c) Of special types of silver: lan ind [ḟ]innfaidhig Patraicc do argut gil o cheniul E. do Patraicc `the full of Patrick's F. (name of a bell) of white silver', AU i 464.z . Cf. tri lan cluicc na rig d'ofrail arcit, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . cuit in cét fir . . . ungi dargut gil, Cog. 94.6 . tri ficit uinge d'airget ghil, AFM ii 818.4 . LL 312a9 ff. mentions three grades: arggat bruthi (refined), argget mar bess (average) and arggat.

Compds. Mainly in nn.pr. and nn. loc. -án: macc Airgetáin, Trip. ii 514.2 (perh. deriv.). ¤-bran: fid nallabrach ┐ arggatbrain, Thes. ii 293.1 . ¤-dán, see Loth, Rev. des Études Anciennes xxi 263 - 270 . ¤-ibar: mac Argatibair, LL 312a55 . ¤-lám: Nuodai Aircetlaum, RC xii 100 § 133 . Núadha Airgettlamh, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.y . la Nuadat n-argetlaim, LL 981 (cf. airgetlam). ¤-már: Argatmár, LL 2508 . Sīrlām mac Argatmāir, ZCP viii 303.6 . ¤-nia: admuiniur m'argetnia I invoke my silver champion, Misc. Hib. 19 § 2 . ? ¤-ṡrón: tri meic Argatroin, LU 7623 . ¤-glenn: i n-Argatglind, ZCP iii 42 § 8 . ¤-nél: isin maig tess Arggatnéul, Imr. Brain 8 . ¤-ros: Argetros, LL 2287 .

báegul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báegul or dil.ie/5134
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: báoghal

n o, n. (but see Laws i 90.y below) báoghal m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.28) .

(a) unguarded condition, danger, hazard, vulnerability; chance, opportunity (of taking by surprise, inflicting an injury): amal dotéitside do gabáil báiguil intan nád nacastar gl. sicut fúr in nocte, ita ueniet, Wb. 25b28 . fri homun cech báeguil, Fél. Ep. 202. ro scrutai in ben . . ./ . . ./ forsin ṅgilla ṅglan . . ./ cinnas doberad baegol, SR 3192. ro gab A. a mb.¤ inna cotlud took them unawares, LU 5642. arnachat fagthar i mb.¤ unguarded, 6156 (H). as báoghal do thoidheacht go hionadh comhloinn. . . ┐ tú gan chloidhem, TBC-LL¹ 2866 v.l. baegul . . . gona a chance of wounding, LL 32814 ( TTr. 2028 ). i mbōegul braith in danger of betrayal, KMMisc. 266 § 27. fogeba-sa . . . baegal Eachach anocht icon fleidh, ACL iii 324.11 . fuaradur baegal teined do chur ann, Acall. 2651. is baegul mor siut . . . .i. in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2068. a boegul loṅgphoirt in a surprise attack on a camp, Ann. Inisf. 1068.2 . tre nert sluaigh ┐ tre báeghal, RC xviii 12.8 (Tig.). ata baeghal áonmhná sunna agad opportunity, chance, BS 50.4 . is baoghul lem gan a rochtain slán I fear, RC xxix 120 § 20. baoghal dúinn ar ndíochaisge `my unruliness is my danger', Dán Dé xi 1 . i mbaoghal a n-uaille nó a n-aigeanta d'ardughadh, TSh. 152. is cuimhin gan bhaoghal without doubt, Oss. iii 290.2 . gúas, baoghal, cunntabhairt, Eg. Gl. 382. Prov. boegal . . . i n-ecmais omain a false sense of security (of Peter, Matthew xxvi 33 , 69 ff. ), PH 3010.

(b) Legal, making a mistake in judgement, etc., liability arising from error (or negligence ?), Celtica x 32 n. 45 , cf. ZCP xv 307 (Thurn.) ``bægal' bezeichnet in den Rechtstexten eben die Fehler, die ein sonst Rechtskundiger im Rechtsverfahren begeht'): baegul .i. beo-focul .i. cach brithemain a baegul, O'Dav. 301 = Laws iii 304.4 , ZCP xvii 46. inge tri baegail naigneda (sic) . . . .i. tri hernaile ima baeglaither in t-aigne, no in treidi is baegal dontí aiges in ae, Laws i 90.y ; 92.29 Comm. Cf. Ériu xii 12 § 14. atat . . . da mbaegul n-altrama: baegul donn athair . . . a mbaegul n-aill dond aiti two ways of defaulting in fosterage, ZCP xiii 20.32 , 21.1 . cach báith a baegal, xvii 52 § 32 (`to every fool his risk'). Cf. masa druth ac toirriachtadh ┐ druth ac bualad, conrannat baith baegal (i.e. the consequences of their infringement of the law), Laws iii 162.5 Comm. conrandait baoith baogal .i. is taithnemach roindait na baoith etorru iní ima ndentar in baogal, O'Curry 2331 ( Eg. 88, 25d ).

Attrib. g s. hazardous, unguarded: dat rála i mbeirn ṁbaegail, TBC-LL¹ 3449. uair bæguil an unguarded moment, 3829 . béim baegail, Acall. 6969. conair baegail do thocht ind, Aen. 2002. a shaoghail . . ./ó 'd-chím do dhoirse baoghail, DDána 4.1 .

? Predic. g s. baoghail do dhál, a dhomhain (: tsaoghail), DDána 53.4 .

Compds. a mbaegal-berna (sic leg.), Hy Fiach. 210.11 . ní briathar bhaeghalbhraith no treacherous word, Acall. 1412.

bág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bág or dil.ie/5152
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -aib

n ā, f. Perh. not orig. distinct from báid, q.v. for reff. to IGT Decl.; ascription of certain exx. doubtful.

(a) boast, threat, promise, undertaking, declaration: bagh .i. geall—ut est do bert . . . bagha . . . for sluaigeadh, Thr. Ir. Gl. 58 s.v. barr. baghi (sic). .i. gnim [ut est] baghas ar mbagha finda, O'Dav. 324. bagh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bag ┐ maidhem a threat (to inflict an injury) and a boasting (of injury inflicted), O'Curry 2422 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). bagh .i. ria ndenam chinaidh .i. an bagh re séd sundradach a specific threat (?), ibid. Cf. 2571 . Cf. maidhem iar ndenam cina, 2424 (33c). faisneis fir iar mbagha esamna .i. iar mbagha dó do dén olc frit ┐ adeir go lasamail, do den olc. Ocus is de ata, `ni bera fiacha fear bagha lasaman,' 2595 (50e). rom-ṡóerae, á Íssu,/ ar écnairc do báge, Fél. Ep. 490 (: pláge). ar na ructha do bag it cend that your boasting might not be turned against you, LU 8990. ar ngníma ropsat mára/ar mbága rapsat beca, Ériu i 72 § 4 ( LL 29430 ). ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir i cend demuin, LL 364 marg. sup. na briss brethir [na briss] baíg, TBC-LL¹ 3509. eipstil co mbágaib ┐ tómthaib ┐ ironaib innti, Alex. 782. Cf. PH 1131. borrfad is báig, SG 65.13 . cidat mora bar mbága frimsa . . . ni chumaic nech uaib ni dam, LB 115a32 . nó maided for hUltaib. . . . Nī collad bāg hi suidiu (i.e. the undertaking was fulfilled), ZCP viii 319.8 (Laud Gen.). ní ba bréc in bágh it will be no idle boast, SG 88.2 . do regra na bagi sin to answer that challenge, Cog. 74.23 . cend mic Conaing ina láimh, / do bháigh for ionchaibh mic Taidhg, AFM i 504.z (`to exhibit it before the face of'). anat for mbriatra bági boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 , rhet.). ? sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual, Aithd. D. 63.23 (`the shield of His love'). ? ba b.¤ ám dait-siu ga (= cía) dobertha do greimm catha gan díchill lind i[n]diu (Medb to Fergus), TBC-LL¹ 5942 = ba coir duit-si, TBC St. 4812. ba bāg dōibsom an toitim oc tesorcain a n-eiti, TBC-I¹ 3435. Cf. ba slúagad baga (buadha, v.l.) dó in sluagad a hosting in fulfilment of an undertaking, TBC-LL¹ 463.

As vn. E. oc báig mo marbtha frim threatening to kill me, RC xiii 377.10 . inn ingen asatái oc báig boasting , TBC-LL¹ 3497. do chualaigh . . . na fineadha ag báidh dá bhuandhíochur threatening to expel him, ML 80.22 . bátar occ báigh ┐ acc baccar dul do indradh Tíre Conaill, AFM v 1812.4 .

(b) fight, contest, striving; act of contending, etc.: comrama et baga Poil `P.'s conflicts and battles' gl. bonum certamen certaui, cursum consummaui, Wb. 30d12 . bid adas far mbáich, 5d35 (`proportionate to your struggle', GOI § 249.5 ). a sgel nglan / di bagaib Dhe `contests', Blathm. 93. rugais mac friom baigh to contend on my behalf (?), 156 (`of whom I vaunt'). robūi oc bāid fri Conchobar, Ériu ii 26 § 7. fri báig is búnad prímda `for battle he is a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii 295.14 . ciṅg báge, Fél. July 24 . bagh .i. cath, O'Cl. ni comtig beó da mbágaib, TBC-LL¹ 4390. nonbur 'sa mb.¤ ri Bregmag, Metr. Dinds. iv 340.6 . oen tarb . . . rempu / . . . / oca mbáig ar búaraib defending (?), 70.27 . fri (= frim, TBC-I¹ 1212 ) baga berai fri náimtiu ascada cen claideb fa allud, LU 5686 (rhet.). a cléth bága fría naimtiu, TTr.² 1621. fer bagha ┐ buancosanta Lethi Cuind, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). ar bid tresi ar mbagi anāit baga Foraind, BB 240a18 . buadugad cacha bágha, MR 258.23 . déd ban ┐ bel corcra / dán trén bágh an banntrochta, Prolegomena 45 § 25 . báigh 'na n-aighidh to fight them, Aithd. D. 33.16 . gabhaidh báigh gach aoinfhear undertakes battle (?), 38.23 . i nDruim Ríg . . ./ luid b.¤ for macc nDomnaill the fight went against, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13. is maith chosnaidh a Briain do báidh, Cog. 78.5 . Cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 111.3 . Aithd. D. 39.6 . báidh d'eas nó d'aol do d'fhaoilinn / red chnes chaoilshlim competes (in whiteness) with (the foam of) the waterfall, L. Cl. A. B. 216.35 . iarna luathletradh . . . do bagaid (leg. -aib) bidbad, ZCP xxx 69.1368 ( LL 408az ).

lá bága day of battle; a day's fighting: sind ló baga sa, TBC-LL¹ 444. as usa limsa aisg d'fulang na gan cungnam le mo cairdib is in lo bágha sa aniu, MR 284.23 . naoimh . . . an bheatha / . . . / go dteagaid linn i lá bágha, DDána 25A. 31 . do thabairt a lai bágha lea bunadh ceineoil, MR 284.17 . thugais linn do lá bágha you fought on our side for a day, DDána 30.16 . Cf. fri huair ṁbáge the threatened hour (?), the day of conflict (?), SR 5115.

With various verbs: slúag romaith ind rígsa / lasa tá mo bágsa `along with whom is my fight', Fél. Ep. 162. lámh oirbheartach ré mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4. bágim báig for Laignechaib, LL 6343. na fer báig a Fergus ar buaib sceó mnáib Ulad, LU 6623 (rhet.). na fer baig . . . dit díth claidib, 5429 (rhet.). ni math d'ferus baíg / darochar a Chú (Fer Diad speaks), TBC-LL¹ 3962. a Ḟlaind . . . / nocho lind beri do báig, LL 7531. in oen-ḟecht dobertis a mbaig, CRR 57. cet cia théis fri báig, Fél. 4.14 . fuair a dochar dol re mbaigh (leg. baigh), Anecd. ii 39 Poem 23 § 3 . doconnarc-sa F. ag slaidhe slúagh ar ar bris báigh, Fianaig. 80.22 . do-ní in fer ´s a síd so | báig im a rígaib rompa `boasts (or `contends´) about its kings´ Celtica xix 40 § 2 .

(c) warlike qualities (?), boldness: at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im blad im báig im cridechairi, LU 4267. bar mbaid ┐ [b]ar mbeodacht fen, TTebe 2710 . eter . . . gráin ┐ báig ┐ chostud, TBC-LL¹ 5172.

? nach b.¤ forsa torchair / mo menmae múad medrach `battle,' Fél. Ep. 361 (promise ?). nir ba h-aitherrach báigi na bisig, MR 314.23 . do bhrígh a báigh / le mnáibh síl gCuinn contending (in generosity) (?), L. Cl. A. B. 236. 143 . deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23 (`warlike'). Petrus co mbaig mbunaid, Acr. 27 (`blessing').

Freq. in chevilles: brígach b.¤ , LU 4135. oen-ri bethad bag cach noib, Rawl. 84b37 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114 § 15. ní baid briathrach, BB 273b30 (= bágh, LL). Cf. MR 264.6 . báigh briathar, Aithd. D. 8.22 .

In n.pr. Cú Bage, LL 322f1 .

Compds. With noun: M. bagfer, Gorm. March 31. teichis . . a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM). With adj.: co lathe brātha bāgmōir, ZCP iii 18.20 .

Caid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Caid or dil.ie/7681

 

pn Cato : Catto .i. caid, Ir. Gl. 949 . comhairle C.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 1353 . Cáid na gcomrád nglan , Caithr. Thoirdh. 53.19 .

cani

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cani or dil.ie/8138
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: can, caini, cainipsa, cini, cenita, cain, cain, cáni, canai

neg. interrog., compd. of ní, conj. part., GOI § 38 . can, Wb. 15a1 , Sg. 49b23 . caini, Wb. 1c14 . cainipsa (with cop.), 10c16 . cini, 12d4 . cenita (with copula 2 s. indic. pres.), Ml. 84c3 (see GOI § 795 ). cain, Wb. 2c4 . (see GOI §§ 117 , 465 ). cain, Ériu xii 20 § 25 . cáni, LU 5630 . ? canai, LL 3739 .

As isolated gloss on Lat. nonne, Wb. 10c7 (a prima manu). gl. nonne, Ogma 236 .

With vb.: c.¤ ro chretset have not they believed? Wb. 10c20 . c.¤ epir náte atbeir gl. án et lex haec non dicit? 10d5 . c.¤ accai gl. non uides? Ml. 25b14 .

With copula: c.¤ messe immoforling cretim dúibsi gl. nonne opus meum uos estis? Wb. 10c18 . c.¤ tú féin is it not thou thyself? 8d27 . canipu uissiu a thabairt dúnni `were it not juster?' 10d12 . c.¤ amal no-n-ǽicndichtherni, 2a11 . 5a8 . 5b31 . 5b35 . 13c17 . 20a5 . Sg. 3b12 . nonne . . . incomparabiliter praestat (.i. c.¤ ferr)? Enchir. Aug. 74a ( ZCP vii 481 , 488 ). c.¤ amhra asgel nglan?, Blathm. 369 . c.¤ ōin do decraib Dē? is not that one of God's wonders? Bruchst. i 50 § 110 .

cétluth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétluth or dil.ie/8940

 

Forms: -ud, -úd

n (2 cét- + lúth. See Stokes, KZ xli 382 . Also -ud, -úd) sexual activity, wantonness, cohabiting : bǽs cēdluda, ZCP iii 25.6 . forroimled mo chētluth, Otia i 125 `my wantonness has been used up', Lament 17 . bith icétlud / . . . foainétgud (David and Michal, 1 Sam. xix 13 ), SR 5979 . dofitir si in cetlud (Medb, Ailill), ZCP i 104.15 . in ingen gid cáem a cruth / nochos tibrea re c.¤ , LL 10479 (TBC). Cf. cetsoman .i. cetsámsin .i. cétlúd síne samraid, Corm. 11 (Y 290).

In wider sense state or act of being a bedfellow, boon companion, esp. to a king (see lepaid ); alliance (with), proximity (to): cetlad do fri ríg, Trip.² 2473 i.e. `to be the king's fer leptha', Plummer MS notes. rí Ulad . . . hi cētlud rīg Fochla, ZCP viii 108.6 ( Ériu v 232.25 ). rī Caisil . . . / rī Laigen . . . / hi cētlud fri suidhe, 4 . cétlath fri ríg Cassil, LL 293a3 . c.¤ fri cách, 344b40 . ? ní ro lensat do mícomhull na [do] cédludh a ceneóil Grecdha, CCath. 1647 . Cf. cédla .i. míchomhall, ut est Tecosc Righ, cédla fri cách. Ocus mar adeir sa Chath Chatharrda: ni ro leachtat (leg. lensat) do mhícomall no chédla, Ériu xiii 67 § 72 . ceadluth .i. tosach no míochomhall, .i. cédluthgháire, O'Cl.

In chevilles: cen ch.¤ ṅgle (: chetchruth), SR 163 . fri cetlud ṅglan , 7287 . Cf. 2 cétlach.

Various: co cétlodaib salm slechta (: étgodaib), SR 6871 (deriv. of cétal, Plummer MS notes). Cf. cetlud frislighi, IT iii 63 § 128 (name of a metre, see p. 119. cetal, §§ 125 - 6 ). gé thís uaim aniu co mblad / is cetlud duit ceilebrad, Acall. 3882 = SG 180.2 `a matter of rejoicing', cf. O'Cl. cited above. .x. mbuair mbecfolad no mbec-alma batar cetlud (sic leg.) `rejoicing', Ériu ii 4.11 and p. 8 . ? nert cet cedluid cechtar a da righid, RC xiii 29.28 . See also RC xiv 452.4 .

claischétal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. claischétal or dil.ie/9348

 

n o, n. Later -c- and appar. short -e-. (1 clas + cétal) choir-singing, chanting of choirs : ceirti na cantana / cuibhdhe na claiscetal, ZCP viii 200 § 8 . a classchetal ṅglan / ic molad in Duleman, SR 2211 . co claischétol aircaingel, LU 2011 ( FA 7 ). atchluinim-si claiscettal aingel, BNnÉ 53 § 50 . claiscetail ┐ cantaice ceoilbinne, Hugh Roe² 344.21 . As vn. cecha óenclaisse fil oc classchétol imme, LU 2034 ( FA 10 ). sruthi Erenn oc classcetul imbe, Three Hom. 34.x . choir : concanat . . . / fo chliaraib, fo chlaschétlaib (: rétaib), SR 2166 . See next word.

1 colum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 colum or dil.ie/10546

 

Forms: columb, colam, calam, colaim, calaim, cuilm, choilmnibh

n Oldest form columb, see n.pr. below. Later also colam, calam, rarely colaim, calaim. o, m. and ā, f. IGT Decl. §§ 11 , 12 , 113 . n p. also cuilm, Trompa na bhF. 4153 . Exceptionally: d p. choilmnibh, Fl. Earls 186.16 . (Lat. columbus, -a) dove: in cholaim chumtachta[i] `the ornamental doves', Ml. 84a10 . c.¤ gl. columba, Ir. Gl. 203 . gl. columbus, 504 . c.¤ ar chennsai (of Patrick), Trip.² 648 . foidis Noe in c.¤ ṅglan , SR 2565 ( in colaim (: lainn), 2582 ). is hé fath in choluim gle, 2599 . na cóluimm, PH 4510 ; na colummu, 4586 ; na coluime, 4394 (all a p.). na coluim (g p.), 4633 . atracht . . . in colam . . . docum nime, YBL 156a33 . in spirud naem . . . i richt cholaim, 150a13 . iatlaind mora i meit colump, ZCP xxx 132.26 = coméit columnai, Alex. 740 . cland na coluime, ACL iii 238 § 2 . a chuilim an cheoil bhrónaigh, KMMisc. 50.22 . caluma fan ciúnLife, IGT Decl. ex. 497 . a Eoin go n-aigneadh coluim, Dán Dé xi 19 . tig a ṡíodh a cogur caluim, IGT Decl. ex. 476 . Also én coluim: a eoin ghormcholuim ghil, DDána 42.17 (see also 1 én). teagh (sic leg.) corr colam conical dove-cote, IGT Decl. ex 1343 .

As saint's name: C.¤ , LU 633 ( ACC 21 ). (See also Kenney, Sources 436 ff.). mas fír ar labhrais . . . . / . . ar Colaim, IGT Decl. ex. 1864 . Also C.¤ Cille: Colombcille, Thes. ii 269.37 (Ardm.). ossuum Coluimbcillæ, 39 . Colum Cillecán, Trip.² 1748 . o Chollum Chille, LU 867 ( ACC 64 ). As n.pr. f. a ndí sier .i. Lasar ┐ Columb, LL 350a3 .

See also fíadcholum s.v. 2 fíad.

1 comal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 comal or dil.ie/10704
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: comul, -ol, comall

o, n. later m. vn. of con-lá. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 174 . Earlier comul, -ol. Later somet. comall.

(a) compact, agreement; bond, union; comol .i. cengal, ut est comol caire céit cuired, O'Dav. 577 (`assembling a troop of a hundred heroes(?)). O'Curry 1427 ( H 3.18, 640 ). comhal gle .i. coimhcheangal a ngléo, O'Cl. comhal no accomhal .i. coimhcheangal, ibid. comul caire cét cuire, Metr. Dinds. i 28.2 (`perishable gathering'). nibad aithrech ar comol, LL 14475 . comul scartha fri Riab ṅDerg, 14476 . Céis Choraind na comul cét hundred-strong gatherings, Metr. Dinds. iii 438.21 . comul n-ena `meeting place of waters', 142.3 . comhal bhus olc dom anmuin `a pact ruinous for my soul', Dán Dé xxii 27 . ? dag a dagchomul 'na chēir `goodly union' (of a bee), Bruchst. 68 § 159 (dag a dath cumang a chéir, v.l.), ACC 46 . ba hed ascnam forsin flaith / ma día nernta a comol / in ríí beres breit for cách / a ṡerc ┐ a omon, IT iii 18 § 50 . In etymol. gl. on comla (sluicegate of a mill): .i. comail do neoch iad uili 'i.e. they are all a matter of agreement for a person' Studies on Early Ireland 15 .

With qual. gen., etc.: comul comair fri coibne techta the concluding of a ploughing partnership, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19 § 5 (`Abschluss') ( Laws ii 358.1 ). comol comuir in tan nad n-air la athair `an agreement for reciprocal ploughing' (one of the agreements that can be made by a son without his father's consent), Laws v 284.y ( .i. acomhul a chomuir, 288.12 Comm. ). comul comuir (leg. comair) .i. comthinol etc., ii 358.18 Comm. comul comsa agreement for joint husbandry, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19 § 5 ( Laws ii 358.5 ). comla comsa .i. accomul a comsa muc, Laws ii 358.30 Comm. (`collecting'). ? fine comoil, O'D. 572 ( H 3.17, 442 ) = occamail, Laws v 318.2 . As vn. 'arna comhol ┐ 'arna daingniuccadh innte, 'arna ttionól ┐ 'arna ttiomsucchad (of relics in a shrine) `united', BNnÉ 266 § 232 .

Very freq. in chevilles: cona chléir cain comul, Fél. July 5 (: omun) (`a fair assembly'). comol ngle, LU 10551 . comul sáer (comull, v.l.), IT i 79.43 . comul ṅglan , SR 2463 . comoll ndil, BColm. 88.23 . comhall fedhma an agreement of service(?), SG 21.27 .

(b) Concr. meanings: baill an maic mallachta . . . acht a c[h]umal fir namá membrum virile, BColm. 92.14 . mo c[h]omol-sa, 15 = ball ferda, 9.42 . tuir na n-arbar n-iffernna / cen dil a carcraib comul (: domun), SR 8286 . ? secht tredui immon raith ┐ secht ndoirsi foraib tri cóicait comol 'na timcholl forsin tṡluagh bond, tie? YBL 418b9 = comad, LL 3693 . As n. loc. a crích Comul, Metr. Dinds. iii 134.7 .

comnesam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comnesam or dil.ie/11559

 

Forms: coibnesam, -aim, -om

n (nes(s)am, see 1 nes(s)a)

(a) = comnesa (late use): na curaidh ba coimnesamh doib `next to them', CCath. 5853 . fón fid ba comnessam dóib, CRR 44.3 .

(b) As o-stem ( GOI 233 ). In early lang. usu. as sg., later with collect. force and in pl. The spelling coibnesam, as also no doubt d s. in -aim (if for -aib), due to infl. of coibnius. In PH, Lism. L. etc. often with n s. in -om (-um).

Neighbour (in N.T. sense). Freq. in formula serc Dé ┐ c.¤ (-aim): donimdigid desseirc dé ┐ comnessim in gl. on caritas uestra . . . abundet, etc., Wb. 23b1 . íar seirc Dé ┐ coibnesam, Trip.² 3108 .i. sil Aidaim, 247 . SR 4852 (: ṅglan ). serc Dé ┐ in choimnessaim, PH 4605 . Cf. serc do chomnesom (coibnesaim, v.l.), ACL iii 312.15 . serc nDē ┐ coibnessamh, Fl. Earls 218.11 . Note further: nícon tarat athis fora ch.¤ gl. proximum, Ml. 36a1 . ho ch.¤ , ibid. eícndag comnissim gl. detractores, Wb. 1c6 . do gor inna coimnessam, ZCP iii 29.30 . searc do coimnesaim amlut fodēin, 30.5 . di-ar comnesaim, PH 5820 . carait . . . a comnesmu, 5860 . d'ar comnesamaib, 5836 . o-r cómnessmaib, 5812 .

In secular contexts neighbour(s), relative(s), kin(sman): o cach coimnesam di araili, Laws i 8.4 . ? ní tá Conall c.¤ Cormaic, LL 13784 (rhet.). do guin a charat ┐ a choibnesaim ` relation ', TBC-LL² 2457 = coimhneasa, TBC St. 2451 . rochiset a comnesomh, Lism. L. 104 = a c[h]omnestai, Trip.² 161 . a carait ┐ a coibnesam ` kinsfolk ', Grail 1644 . facoibh . . . do coibnesom collaidi = exi de . . . domo patris tui, Lism. L. 656 .

Note also: na cennacha inda(?) c.¤ `in its vicinity', Stair Erc. 1253 .

cride

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cride or dil.ie/12925
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: croidhe, cridhe

n io, [n., 230 , GOI 179, et al. See also: cride n-ega, ScM. § 15 . cride n-dracon, FB2 56.16 . téit isna cride cáda 'he enters the pious hearts' Blathm. 647 . It is not certain that c.¤ is pl. (and hence n.) in: rombói fíal amirisse eterac.¤ `between their hearts (and him)', Wb. 15a29 . i c.¤ cáich gl. ut sermo Domini currat, 26a33 . badlethan formenme ┐ forc.¤ , 16a15 . Cf. nístabir a c.¤ `their heart brings them not', 16a30 . corop inonn cretem bes hifar cridiu etc., 7d10 . In none of the foregoing has the Latin lemma the word cor. In: cosrid hi far cridib gl. studete, Ml. 68a15 the gloss may have been infl. by corda of psalm]. Later crai-, croi- (infl. by crú, cródae(?), GOI 102 ). As early as LL: craide, LL iv 31176 . ancraide, iv 31575 . croidhe, cridhe, m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.20) .

(a 1) physical heart of humans or animals: .i. ata lobru amal rongab cride et óa et inmedóncha áili 'i.e. which are weaker, such as the heart and liver and other internal organs' Wb. 12 b 1 . .i. is edh is cardiaca and .i. crith gluasachta in craidi 'cardiaca is a tremulous movement of the heart' Rosa Angl. 120.1 .

(a) heart (us. as seat of emotions): imbo hochridiu fanacc, Wb. 27c11 . a thuidecht ic.¤ tar ési dǽ gl. nolite locum dare diabulo, 22b5 . hiclaar cridi gl. in tabulís cordis, 15a11 . c.¤ ┐ óa ┐ inmedóncha áili, 12b1 . cen chongain cridi gl. cum inpunitate cordis, Ml. 90d10 . dirgi hochridiu gl. rectos . . . corde, 30b2 . 56a20 . cenn cridi gl. uiscus `the end of the heart', Sg. 111b5 . ? sén lat cend mo cridi, Mon. Tall. 131.16 (`guard with thy head my heart'). c.¤ .i. don crit[h] forsa mbī, Corm. Y 267 . do airchisiucht do cridhi, Blathm. 144 . cridhe glan, Ériu xiii 26.15 . cid dúrdae a ch.¤ , Fél. Ep. 194 . c.¤ licce (of warrior), Sc.M² 15 . tir doberar do eaclais . . . nad facaib easlan a craidhe `leaves no discomfort of heart', Laws v 428.5 . fo déig cridi do máthar, LU 5021 (TBC). c.¤ níad, LU 3848 ( SCC 38 ). i socraidi (is ó chraidi, SC2) labrait biuil, 3875 (ibid.). maidid a ch.¤ isin gillu, LL 14342 . ba béim c.¤ fri cliab leis (Culann at death of his dog), TBC-LL² 894 . ar crúas a craided, Fianaig. 88.11 . a ch.¤ tairise do rúnaib Dé, PH 8336 . co rotregdastair a craideada, TTebe 2782 . co craidhi maith willingly , ZCP vi 28.5 . See conguin

In phr. do-icc c.¤ x for y x takes pity on y: ní táinic cride neich díb fair acht cride Con-Brettan 'none of them had sympathy for him except Cú Brettan', Cath Almaine 4.43 . tic a cridhi fair ┐ ba trog lais, Aen. 2643 . tanic cridi na nGrec co mor . . . ar I., TTebe 2759 . táinig a chroidhe uirre `his heart yearned to it' (a child), Keat. iii 2119 .

(b) centre, middle part, focus : Mide . . . / c.¤ na Banba bricce, Rawl. 163b20 . C. Hérenn Cell Dara, Triads 4 . i cridhibh pene `in cores of pain', Lism. L. 3637 . di neoch nad roacht c.¤ cathæ, RC xii 104 § 148 . craide chuissi `the sole of the foot', Bretha 2A . ar chroidhibh na ccos, 23 K 42, 166a.6 . c.¤ coise ┐ láime `palm of hand and sole of foot', O'Gr. Cat. 269.12 . cridhe a dearnann gur deargadh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 226.2 . ar a chroidhe don taoibh asticch dā lāmhuinn, Beatha S. F. 3157 . Of wounds of Christ (in classical verse): a chóig chroidhe / cóig róid toighe na trócoire, Aithd. D. 89.16 . ar sgoltadh a chóig gcroidhe, DDána 23.26 . dá chroidhe na ngéag-bhonn nglan , A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 4 . Cf. a chóig créachta ar a chóig cridhibh (of stigmata of St. Francis), PBocht 1.9 .

(c) affection, love; dear one : ferr cride gíallnai (gialla, v.l.) 'better affection than submission', BFF 6.54 . c.¤ he / daire cno, IT iii 100 § 177 . bí 'com chobair a ch.¤ (Christ), Ériu vi 115 § 8 . bíodh a cridhe ag cách `love', PBocht 5.14 . gomadh hé ar gcroidhe an caomhthach darling, DDána 121.18 . mo chroidhe an béal sochruidh saor `dear is . . . ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 6 . leith mo chroidhe an cu . . . ┐ leith croidhe na co(i)n me (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), RC x 337. 8 , 9 . cridhe sgol na tíre thíar, Bard. P. 6. 16 . ar ṅdí gérait chridi dear, Fél. Sept. 27 . a Christ chridi, Ériu iii 31 § 20 . Gaillem ch.¤ `beloved G.', Metr. Dinds. iii 320.43 . ba mind craidi doib uili itir firu ┐ mnaib, BB 436b32 . Cillein c.¤ , Gorm. March 12 . mo chuid cridhe my dear, LBranach 4274 . a cháirde croidhe, Rial. S.F. 213 . See s.v. cnú

(d) valour : ant aenmac rig doba mo clu ┐ c.¤ `courage', Ann. Conn. 1362.9 . gur shní croidhe a gcolga, LBranach 4728 `valour', n. croídhe ┐ caráisti, Párl. na mB. 102 . croidhe ón fheart fhalamh ní uair consolation, DDána 30.29 .

In n. pr. Maccridhe .i. mac craidhe, Mart. Don. Aug. 11 i.e. son by affection or adoption, n.

Compds. With nouns. tucc . . . cridh-airchisecht compassion of heart, BNnÉ 87.21 . forbair derci ┐ cridirchisechta, LB 257a14 . a crithairchisid . . . cecha trōighe `o heart's pitier', Otia ii 98 § 34 (see note p. 104). contrísio .i. croidhebhrúdh, Parrth. Anma 1786 . acfainn . . . a gcreachta 's a gcroidhechéasta power to despoil and torment them, Ó Bruad. iii 12.y . nir bo chridḟer 'mon cóem-ḟlaith `favourite with', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.26 . ba hé-som mo chrideṡerc darling, Liad. and Cuir. 24.20 . cridṡerc mo menman míne, LL 18199 . See cridiscél. With adjj. derived from nouns: bid crid-oirchisechtach dúind, PH 181 . do fhréimh Cholla chridhiorghalaigh, DDána 89.4 . nibacéle cridserccach, SR 6016 . cartanaigh crideshercaigh . . . imoroile, Leb. Gab.(i) 224.18 .

cumachtae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumachtae or dil.ie/13790
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cumactte, cumachta, cumacht, cumachta, cumacht

n io, n. (cf. con-icc, GOI 128 ). Also cumacht, see Bechbretha 157 . Freq. with -ct- in O. Ir. glosses, and in later lang. with com-. On cumactte, Wb. 6a1 see GOI 86 . Later cumachta [] and n, f. and cumacht m. and f. cumachta f., IGT Decl. § 8 . cumacht m., § 25 .

Power, strength, might : co cumachtu apstil, Wb. 29c6 . tre essamni cumachti `through confidence of power', 17a7 . arnab uilib cumactib dichoissin inim ettalam gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem, 21a13 . is hóathir arroét macc c.¤ , Ml. 17c7 . hi c.¤ gl. non tradetur . . . in manu, 34c19 . is ed ac.¤ cétnæ gl. simili potentia, 48a21 . cenduch.¤ siu, 50a6 . a c.¤ gl. manus Dei, 51a7 . ní comtacht c.¤ ṅ diglae foranáimtea, 59c3 . mét inchumachtai ón, 64d7 . innac.¤ nemdi, 108c8 . huanchumachtu gl. nutu, 108d10 . in chumachtai `of the power', Sg. 3b17 . ni cumscaichthi c.¤ nairi, 6a5 . cumachtai (rectius -ae) gl. ylementa, 3b21 . saini archuit cumachti, 7a5 . c.¤ ṅDé dom chumgabāil, Thes. ii 356.7 . do ratadh cumhachta nglan , Blathm. 186 . arindí riges cumachtu(i) chun[d]rig fora thuatha(i), Críth G. 444 `coercive power', notes. cumachta díasnéte in Chomded, LU 2046 ( FA 12 ). gora lásetar in n-abaind assa curp ┐ assa cumac[h]ta `from its usual course and extent', TBC-LL² 3330 . riasin cumachta moir sin, Bodl. Dinds. 14 . dotchumachtaib nemtruailnide gl. potentia, Gild. Lor. 69 . ru-s-gab . . . in plag . . . cumachta fors-in Róim, PH 340 . tred chumachtain fen, YBL 150b27 . cérd a chomhachta `his best skill', Rel. Celt. ii 262.8 . tria cumachtaib chinid a mathar with the aid of, Ann. Conn. 1290.7 = AFM iii 450.8 . cóir creideamh do chumhacht (to the Host), DDána 14.2 . do reir gníma no cumachtan `actually or potentially', Rosa Angl. 50.5 . do réir ar ccomhachd, Mac Aingil 2545 . le cumachtaibh-sin (of precious stone), ZCP vi 325.9 . ar son a beth gabháltach ┐ a comachtain cum na foirme (of materia prima) in potency, O'Gr. Cat. 243.7 . cumhachd, deaghbheatha, ┐ léighionn jurisdiction (required in confessor), Mac Aingil 4465 . trí chumhachda, .i. meabhair, toil, ┐ tuigsi, 583 .

Of preternatural or magical powers: ba mor a cumachta si ┐ a huaman for cach, RC xxiv 190.16 . int aes cumachta ┐ anai ( andéi, LU 6251 ), TBC-I¹ 1751 . itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én sa, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). do immirt mela ┐ cumachta forni, 8554 ( FB 41 ). dar mo chumachtasa, Anecd. i 11.21 ( SCano 354 ). a máthair tuc in cumhachta tṡidhamail sin dó, Cóir Anm. 26 . is imda lucht na cumachta, Mer. Uil.² 278 .

Gramm. of `powers' of consonants (in assimilation): éol ar uile chumhachtuibh connsuineadh, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.14) . an tan bhogthar connsuine crúaidh do chumhacht connsuine ghairbh when a voiced consonant is devoiced by assimilation to a voiceless fricative, § 29 . gé do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha though the s has altered their pronounciation (so that they rhyme), § 31 .

Transfd. uses: na rig ┐ na cumachta (of persons), PH 1216 (cf. Wb. 21a13 cited above). ro teichset . . . riasin cumacht moir, BB 409a43 . o cuadar mo cumachta .i. mo ridiri uaim, Fier. 181 . screapall gacha tighe . . . fana chumachtuibh throughout his dominions, BNnÉ 202.10 .

In phrase fo chumachtu, -e under the power of: do buid fom chumachtu gl. quos mihi dedit Deus, Wb. 32d7 . fo chumachtu na doinechte, 32c14 . fochumachte dáei, 22c10 . nícon béosa fot chumachtasu, Fraech 281 . fom' smacht sa ┐ fom' chumhachta, MacCarthy 48.w . fo chomachtoip rīg na Spāinne, Fl. Earls 24.23 . dosṁbéra fochumachte in maicc, Wb. 13b30 . nim tharberar fochumactu nach sásta diib gl. sub nullius redigar potestatem, 9c31 . dotairbertsat in Asia fo chumachtaib ┐ fo mham, BB 417b20 . iar ttairbert chaich . . . fo a mamus, ┐ fo a chumachtaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.23 . tuccastair an baile . . . fora cumus ┐ fora cumhachtuibh, BNnÉ 264.36 .

With follg. Vn. phrase: cumachtu m'anama do chur uam power to lay aside, PH 2370 . cumachtu laburtha, 2654 . With copula: masa chumachtae n dom gl. si fieri potest, Ml. 118a5 . di neoch bad chumacht, LU 10916 . connaba cumhachta do nach doen a tairchella rosc 'so that no mortal will be able to see them all', TBith.² 213 § 92 . With attá: nímtha cumachtæ ṅdo, Ml. 140b7 .

Cf. cáemachtu.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dá or dil.ie/14080
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dau, dé-, dó, dé-, dó, dá-, dá, dai, di, dí, da, dá n-, díb, díb, dá n-, dá, dá n-, dé, dó, dá, dó, ar dhó, dó, dó, ndó, ndé, dí, dó, dó

num card. number two , preceding its substantive. OIr. m. nom. acc. gen. daᴸ , f. nom. acc. diᴸ gen. daᴸ , neut. nom. acc. gen. da n-, m. f. n. dat. dib n-, deib n- (Sg.).

Abs. dau. Cpd. dé- ( Zeuss 301 ). The mark of length is frequently omitted.

Wb. 2 c 21 . 4 c 12 . 4 d 10 . 13 a 9 . 18 d 9 . 20 d 5 . 24 b 22 . 30 c 17 . ML 2 b 11 . 2 d 2 . 14 c 6 . 26 b 14 . 26 c 1 . 26 c 2 . 31 b 5 . 34 d 6 . 38 c 16 . 44 b 10 - 11 . 45 c 9 . 46 a 21 . 46 a 24 . 46 b 30 . 46 c 30 . 58 a 11 . 67 d 14 . 73 b 3 . 74 d 7 . 75 d 4 . 77 b 11 . 112 d 1 . 131 a 2 . 138 d 1 . Sg. 8 a 11 . 16 b 6 . 32 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 106 b 17 . 120 b 4 . Tur. 2 . BCr. 3 c . 18½ d . 31 b 2 . 31 d 3 . 33 a 4 . 33 b 9 . 35 b 1 . 42 b 1 . 45 c 3 . Bvi 9. 22 . 23. 42 . Computus Vat. 12 . Thes. ii 238. 10 ; 238. 18 ; 240. 16 , 20 ; 249. 2 , 11 ; 253. 20 ; 254. 1 , 15 ; 266. 14 ; 271. 11 . (Cf. ib. 310. 33 ; 311. 30 ; 313. 16 ; 315. 39 ; 325. 5 ; 326. 24 ; 334. 44 ; 335. 27 ; 338. 3 ; 346. 43 ; 347. 3 ; 349. 11 ; 365. 1 ).

Mid.Ir. m./neut. nom. acc. dáᴸ, díᴸ , f. nom. acc. díᴸ, dáᴸ . m. f. neut. gen. dáᴸ, dá n-, dat. díb n-, díb; dáᴸ, dá n-.

Abs. dó (rhyming with óg, LL 155 b 50 . saebró, 156 b 43 ) Cpd. dé-. Mark of length frequently omitted.

MOD.-IR. ' dhá'. Abs. dó. Cpd. dá-.

dá with femin.: dá duain déc, SR 114 b . eter da láim, ib. 5996 . in da sreith, LU 119 b 29 ( na dí sreith, AFM A.D. 1156 ). itir a da láim, TBC-LL¹ 1604 LU (a dai YBL). itir da fert, 690 LU (dia YBL, di fert, 703 YBL). da ingen déc, LL 319 c 13 . Acall. 4090 . 4132 . 4171 . 4637 . ZCP ii 134 § 5 . BB 4 a 22 . 5 a 25 , 39 . mo da láim...mo da ṡúil, LL 147 a 30 . da rígráith, 15 a 14 ( = di r., BB 42 b 55 ). dá ráith, Acall. 4755 . 4757 . 4766 . dá sleig, TBC-LL¹ 1085 . 1780 Y. Cf. further Acall. 4090 . 1979 . 1897 . BB 5 b 29 . Lec. 336 a 21 . TE 4 Eg. RC viii 54 ; xv 203 (179) . Ériu v 208 . Todd Nenn. 126. 10 .

dí with masc.: in dí sceoil seo, Mon. Tall. 154. 26 . dí mér, ib. 150. 38 . dí macc, RC xii 94 § 123 . di each, Laws v 242 . di cháicait, Thes. ii 315. 39 . dí marcṡloigh, AU ii 62 . in dí Chonan aile, FDG 698 . dí salm, LB 251 a 37 .

gen. da'. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, LL 144 b 48 . do thorad a dá lám, TBC-LL¹ 489 Y. BDD § 2 . §58 . §60 . Eochaidh dá ṁagh, Hy Fiach. 4. 8 ; 8. 1 . ib. 164. 13 ; 166. 10 , 16 . Tír da glas, TFrag. 134. 12 . dá n-: Elam na da nglassúl nglan , LL 192 b 39 . Acall. 5251 . imb deithbir na dá nuġ nurchoidech, MR 110. 4 ; 146. 11 .

dat. díb n-: na bu díb nechaib...napu díb lámaib LL 123 b 1 . isa dib noxalaib, TBC-LL¹ 1202 Y. díb: asna dib berlaib, Lec. 338 b 31 . TBC-LL¹ 178 . 523 . 1153 . 1160 Y. Ériu ii 204 § 22 . BB 10 b 33 . Lec. 342 b 3 . 356 b 50 . SG 257. 4 . dá n-: for da nechaib diana, LU 80 a 32 . TBC-LL¹ 1972 . fora da nechaib déc, BB 7 a 25 . dam co nda mbeind óir, CRR § 5 . for dá nócbuaib, LB 128 a. dán dáe : na da feraib déc, TBC-LL¹ 2910 . don dá thóisech déc, Ériu v 152 (126) . don dá chineadh, Hy Fiach. 106. 2 . isin dá dhligheadh, ib. 74. 2 .

Neuter dá n-: da nocht ṁbliadna, LL 128 a 46 . a dá nó, BDD § 88 . loiscis in gaeth mo dhá nó, Ériu ii 229 st 4 . mo da noo, Corm. Anecd. iv p. viii . 6 f.b. . da no pill, YBL 76 a 35 . dá ndroch, TBC-LL¹ 3391 Y. da nall ndualcha, FB § 45 . dá naill nórda, TBC-LL¹ 2560 Y. da nag, CRR 125. 5 f.b. . Replaced by dác (dá chét).

Nom. acc. dá n-: aireccar in da nech, ZCP viii 120. 17 . itir cach dá nánraid nincomlaind, MR 176. 5 . dá bráthair a ndá nathair, Anecd. iii 57. 24 . co nderna dá nordain de. TBC-LL¹ 2501 Y. da noss (nom.) LL 246 b 40 .

dé. Instances of a form dé are: na de lurgain (nom.) BDD § 2 LU. eter dé notlaic, Mon. Tall. 138. 30 ( = dí n., ib. 22 ). a dé láim, ib. 150. 16 (acc.). mo de no, Corm. 1059 Y. (nom. neut.). Cf. further Laws i 228 . O'Don. Suppl. s.v. cuae .

Abs. dó (dau) after the definite article: inna dó aili the other two Rawl. 147 a 50 (cf. inna dau sa ón, Ml. 31 b 5 ), and in the prepos. phrases mentioned below. Elsewhere always a dó (Mod. id.): a dó dá cóic twelve Rawl. 147 b 51 ( = LL 146 a 5 ). a dó nóchat ninety-two ZCP iii 18. 13 ; cf. a dáu coicat fifty-two BCr. 42 b . a dó ille ┐ a dó anund, Corm. s.v. deach . a dó díbhsin, Lib. Flav. ii 15 b 2 . 13 . OCT 5.5 . —a ocht do do Domnall ten (sc. years) LL 182 a 5 .

PHRASES: dib línaib on both sides, both . ba miscuis atroilliset dib línaib they had both deserved hatred, Wb. 4 c 15 . 5 d 38 . 9 d 5 . Sg. 6 a 3 . a mbátar ina tig dib línaib, TE 10 LU. dún d.l., SR 1782 . foraib d.l., FDG 63 . eturro d.l., Cog. 178. 9 . doib d.l., 23 E 26 p. 13 .

cechtar (nechtar) dá líno each of the two, Sg. 162 b 2 . Laws pass. , v. 1 lín.

cech dá distrib. laeg la cech da boin ┐ nasc créduma eter cach da laeg, LL 51 a 18 . itir cach dá nánraid, MR 176. 5 . itir cach da chur, 176. 11 ; 178. 13 .

ar dó (i.e. ar dhó) in two: randsat Hérinn ar do, LL 17 a 28 . ata crand in gói...arna roind ar dó, LB 158 a 28 ; ib. 125 a 1 . TFrag. 136. 13 . cor briss a druim ar dó, Acall. 2161 . ib. 2340 . 4486 . 4872 . 6943 . 6998 . Ériu iv 61 (ar dhó). ar a dó id.: doscoilt a sciath ara dó, RC xix 38 § 43 . dogerr M. ara dó, ib. 154 § 137 .

dar dó id.: ruraind Hérind dar dó, LL 261 b 30 . robriss a druimm dar dó, TTr. 2048 . CRR 51 ; = ar dó, Acall. 2161 .

i ndó id.: romemaid i ndó, Mon. Tall. 157. 9 . Sab rainni Hérend i ndó: Escir Riadda ní roengó, LL 155 b 50 . rorand Muir Romuir i ndo, 154 a 39 . 288 a 18 .

i ndé id.: commemaid a druim i nde, LU 20 b 18 . commebaid in claideb i nde, TBC-LL¹ 1305 1328 Y. rosrand in ninse i ndé (LU; ar do YBL) RC ix 4801 ; xxv 346 . Laws i 130. 25 ; ii 80. 17 ; iv 142. 14 ; ii 190. 12 (i né). YBL 114 b 46 . roscáilted i ndé fíal in tempail, LB 247 b 18 .

fo dí twice : Wb. 24 b 22 . FB § 81 (later co fo dī, Rawl. B 502 84 b 34 . See co bo dō below). fichi fa dí forty LL 181 b 19 . 127 b . fa di, Thes. ii 335. 31 . ba di, TFerbe 676 . fo dhí, AFM v 1334. 21 . BS 28. 6 . coeca laech fo dí twice fifty warriors LL 154 b 6 . a uaig dil fo dí O grave twice dear LU 119 b 41 . ba liach dhún fo dhi it was doubly piteous to us B IV 1, 84 b . Trans. RIA iii 538 § 37 . SG 310. 17 . ZCP viii 104. 17 .

fo dó déc twelve times MR 242. 8 . Acall. 4730 .

co bo dó twice : dá dagmac déc cobo dó: sét co soblad ní saebró twenty-four LL 156 b 43 ( coba do, BB 382 b 23 ).

I Two: dá macc, dí ingin, dí birit, dá nó.

II With following comparative twice as : ba dhá bhrónaighe é an oidhche sin ná an chéad oidhche, Éinín Órdha 63. 19 . dá ṁó twice as great: dochonairc meisi gan gó bean as ba dhá ṁó a beann, GJ vi 76 . Corresp. to Mid.-Ir. fo dí, fo dó.

LOC. (In some of the following Da = Do in hypocoristic names) Cell Dá Druim, C. da Chamóc. Cluain Dá Baetóc, C. Dá Chaillech, C. Dá Chrann, C. Dá Dam, C. Dá nEch, C. Dá Én, C. Dá Ḟiach ( LL 318 a 59 ), C. Dá Gamna, ZCP x 362 , C. Dá Locha, C. Dá Mael, C. Dá Ochra, C. Dá Thorc. Fosad Dá Gort. Glenn Dá Bocc, G. Dá Buaile, G. Dá Chon, G. Dá Dub, G. Dá Gruad, G. Dá Locha, G. Dá Lon, G. Dá Maige. Inis Dá Cháirech, I. Dá Dromann, I. Dá Mael. Loch Dá Chaech, L. Dá Dall, L. Dá Dam, L. Dá Éices, L. Dá Én, L. Dá Gabur. Mag Dá Chainnech, M. Dá Cheo, M. Dá Chlaine, M. Dá Chonn, M. Dá Doss, M. Dá Eo, M. Dá Gabul, M. Dá Gabur, M. Dá Gés. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, S. Dá Chonn, S. Dá Chúl, S. Dá Duma, S. Dá Én, S. Dá Glass, S. Dá Thorc. See Hog. Onom.

1 dánae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dánae or dil.ie/14575
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dáne, dána, dánai, dánu, dána, dánu, dána, dáine, dánaite, dána, dánam, dánae, fíal-dánae, ro-dánae

adj dáne (: áge), dána (: dála, SR 6933 ; : Cannána 7343 ); gen. dánai (: lánai); dat. dánu (: consádu), dána. COMP. dánu (: cádu), dána; dáine ( Gadelica i 90. 10 ); dánaite; ní is dána audacior Ir. Gl. 1131 . Superl. dánam, BFF 164 § 8.5 . Adv. co dánae .

I Of living beings or their attributives: stout-hearted, courageous, daring, fearless; emphasized: bold, brave ; the opposite of etánae, uaimnech, immecal, eclach `timid, fearful,' and often synonymous with essamain, trén, calmae, slattrae. It translates Lat. audax, temer, and confidens. Laws and Glosses offer no example.

(a) Iessu Aaron macc Amrai. Dauid in gille dáne (v.l. dána), Thes. ii 301. 1 . Duid dána, SR 6933 . dána cen ecla, ib. 7835 . Fergus dánae, TBC-LL¹ 2090 Y, ib. 964 . 1084 . 2133 . 2195 . dána cách co hetech every one is bold till he meets with a refusal Tec. Corm. § 31. 19 . dune as dánu corragaib ule a ngiallu, LL 184 a 32 . mór ndrong ndhermáir ndána ndiumsach rodechta and hi mbuaili báis, Alex. 129 . mór ndrong ndhánai ndheigḟear ndhánamail ro hellachtai and, ib. 131 . docomraicset co dána dúrcraidech ris, Acall. 1917 . is tu tánic co dána inar crichaib ne, PH 3907 . rorad Ísu gné ṅgorta do beth fair...co mbad dánaite tísad diabul dia aimsiugud, ib. 4780 . Of a deer: dobhí an fiadh go beannach borb ag seasaṁ san leirg go dána glic, Oss. vi 20. 13 . Of the countenance: is dana drech Doimine iter ocu erigthi bold is D.'s face Corm. Tr. 61 s.v. duillén . Of the soul: is dána cip indus in ainimm is aimnert ┐ is imecal in cholann, PH 3054 . Bold, confident : isat lána do thrócaire in choimded conid aire sin atberat som co dána immalle frisind apstal, &c., ib. 5872 . an tathair neaṁdha do ghuibe ( = ghuidhe) co dana, Lib. Flav. 36 a 1. 14 .—Often applied to the martyrs, the brave warriors of Jesus (mílid dánai Ísu, amsáin Ísu). Dionis derb dáne, Fél. May 25 . féil mo Dimóc dáni (: láni), ib. Dec. 10 . ronsnádat dond rígu cona ṅdúnud dánu (: consádu), ib. Jan. 23 . co mórsluag ba dánu (: chádu), ib. Mar. 20 . findṡluag Epectiti as dánu, May 23 . Andreas as dánu (: nobágu), Nov. 30 .

(b) abs. n a bold man: isé in dána dichondircil, TBC-LL¹ 5417 .

(c) In neg. sense, brash, impudent : nīm dāna iar fīr | imma dāla mo degríg 'I am not truly rebellious about the dispositions of my good King', SR (Adam and Eve) 98.2069 . tusa imorro notpianfaither co sír ar dochathaigis co dána i nagaid in choimded, PH 6605 . fer nosairimend co dána ┐ co slattra, ib. 5326 . sínid Iudas a láim forsin méis co dána ┐ co hesamain, ib. 5137 . risan droing úd dobhí coṁdána sin ┐ teampoll...Dé do thruailliughadh, Donlevy xiv 14 .

(d) is dánae leis he dares , translating Lat. audet: cindus is dána leis a athair do rád frisin coimdid intíí ṡáraiges co follus a thimnai, PH 7885 . manip dána re nech corp Críst do thaiscid i llestar nglan is córu co mór edánus dia thabairt isin corp nélnide o peccthaib, ib. 5331 . So also Laws v 328. 5 f.b. : munob dana re nechtarde díb, and Lism. L. 4712 : damad dana lat fer dár muinntir do dul i ndeghaidh in fiadha for do chomairci riasin péist [noragad].

II Of actions: showing or requiring courage; daring, brave . trít ragonad Lug...doriṅgni in neṅgnam ṅdána a brave deed of valour LL 27 b 38 . co gnímaib danaib, Ériu v 211. 85 (LL). In a bad sense: urchor dána duaibseach, MR 284. 26 . is dána an nídh fá dtugais láṁ, OCT 57.18 .

III Strong, vehement : fá sin dimdheargadar é go dána they strongly reproached him for it Donlevy 128. 22 .

COMPS. fíal-dánae, TBC-LL¹ 2107 . 2110Y. ro-dánae, q.v.

MOD. dána, fear dána a brave (bold) man : dá ṁalluightheacht é bíonn sé na ḟear dhána (Kerry). dá ḟaid iseadh is dána the longer the bolder. Begley and MacCurtin Engl.-Ir. Dict. (1732) give: buille dána = buille láidir a bold stroke; dá mbeinn coṁdána ┐ a rádh if I may be so bold as to say. They also give the meaning `audacious,' which is still heard in the south. dána ar familiar with Dinneen ; cf. 1 dánacht, dánaigecht. The dán = dána, mentioned by O'R. and Dinneen hails from Scotch dictionaries.

díbdud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díbdud or dil.ie/16009

 

Forms: dígbúd, dígbád, dígbhóid, dioghbhudh

n u, m. vn. of do-bádi. Later dígbúd, dígbád, etc., see IGT Decl. § 103 , Verbs § 64 . drowning, quenching, extinguishing; fig. destroying, extirpating, extinction, destruction: in mac rocháem do díbdúd . . . i n-inbiur srotha Cí, LL 220b7 ( TTr. 242 ). teora dabcha úarusci do dibdúd a brotha, LU 3794 ( SCC § 36 ). tucad i trí dabchaib uaruscib é do díbdúd a fherge, TBC-LL¹ 1365 . do didbad (leg. dibdad) inna tenaid, Anecd. iii 34.12 . co tardad Dia dilgud ṅglan | cen nach nd.¤ do Adam, SR 1648 . dia nd.¤ (: dilgud) dia ndianarggain, 5588 . iar ṅdibdud int síl rigda, Rawl. 79b10 . gním da tanic doib dibdad | a ndegathair d' athrigad, LL 151a8 . bá líach d.¤ na flatha sin sad were the quenching of that reign, BCC § 102 e . dligid cach doinnech d.¤ , ZCP xi 84 § 34 b. ic d.¤ góa, Goid. 170.4 . iar ndíbdud toile (ndibdudh, ndibdad, ndibudh, MSS.) after extinction of desire, Ériu ii 66 § 12 . (cheville) fáth cen díbdud, MS. Mat. 488.10 . cen (sic leg.) dibdad, cen dōd, ACL iii 34.3 . digbad a fine, Laws iii 54.1 . innarbadh ┐ dighbhadh na n-imarcrach expelling , 23 P 10, 15 b24 . éacht airdrigh can ionaclann, | a ndíogbhúdh da madh loinn leis (: ríoghdhún), Book of O'Conor Don 348a28 . g s. naithrecha in dígbhóid danair (: rígshlóig) `the snakes pernicious (i.e. who destroy the nestlings) are the English', O'Gr. Cat. 461 . fuigheall tar éis a ndíoghbhoigh (: dóibh), Hard. ii 102 . Treated as fem.: sgriosfuidh sé iad le dioghbhudh móir, Deuteronomy vii 23 . do dhíobadh ┐ do sgrios cumhacht an phobail, Esther vii 11 .

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