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adúathmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adúathmar or dil.ie/600

Forms: adḟúathmar, adúathmairiu

adj o, ā (adúath) also spelt adḟúathmar. very awful, terrible: fargsi forgranda adhuathmhar re fegad forra, TBC-LL¹ 5473 . a Dé aduathmair, Hib. Min. 42.33 . cairi dubfhola da lind adúathmar, MU² 730 . mara móra co n-ainbthinib adhúathmaraib, LU 2235 ( FA 30 ). ó esslainte . . . adhuathmhair, Ériu xv 78.5 . arracht áightige a.¤ , CCath. 4019 . cocad aduathmur, Ann. Conn. 1401.26 . co ngol-gaire n-aduathmair, PH 8305 . béid adhfhuathmhar aguibh `an abomination ', Levit. xi 10 . Compar.: adúathmairiu, LU 2220 ( FA 29 ). adúathmuire . . . a ngotha inā torann, RC xxviii 316 § 21 . As adv.: co hacarb ┐ co adúathmar, LU 2131 ( FA 20 ).

1 airecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airecht or dil.ie/1904
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oireacht

n u m. Later also f. Peritia v 91-92 . oireacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 .

(a) name given to the public assembly of freemen and later of the more important families in the territory whose functions included the transaction of certain important legal business; hence court ; see Críth G. p. 73 . On use in titles of Law-tracts see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 188-92 . Sometimes used with dáil (distinction not clear). In more general sense gathering, assembly: airect gl. curia, Thes. ii 42.5 . cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . a cōic: taeba.¤, a.¤ uirdnidhe ┐ a.¤ fo leth et a.¤ fodesin how many kinds of a. are there? ZCP xii 359.13 ( Cóic Con. p. 62 ) (see also cúl, taeba. ¤, oirdnide, leth, fadéin II (g)). ni tualaing rodgaba athgabail . . . manis comtheit suithengthad fó searnad airechta conid fri rosc ruirther who would arrange the procedure of the a., Laws i 84.10 .i. fer gaeth . . . srethaig dligedh in a.¤ , 20 Comm. (see fo-sern). is dithre o lesaibh airechta is excluded from redress in the a., 12 . ecuma airechta i.e. persons unqualified to plead before an a.¤ (?), 27 . co roisc a.¤ do timurcain till an a. has been collected together, 202.11 Comm. tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-a.¤ , v 252.11 . is do anfuiglib airechta wrong judgements of an a., 442.27 . is go airechta a n-astad a false finding of the a.(?), 510.2 . is sed is roairde ngotha and ma[d] mo na lucht na airechta do cluin he (of methods of pleading), Cóic Con. 34 § 36 . inurcra a feib . . . .i. in urcra do dul ina airmitin airechta i.e. his qualifications for the a.¤, O'D. 519 ( H 3.17, c. 422 ). nach dál ┐ nach oirecht conrisar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210 § 33 . a ndail no a n-airacht, Cóic Con. 18 § 10 , 49 § 92 , O'Curry 1206 ( H 3.18, 482a ). bethi fo seilib . . . hi cach airiucht i mbed, Trip.² 1590 . naim airthir in domain ina n-airiucht fo leith, LU 1970 ( FA § 4 ). doscuiched dochum na hairechta . . . ni roairig duine isindairiucht (of a horseman approaching a concourse on a hill), RC viii 50.15 . [l]e toidheachd uī Chuinn chugoibh / ō [a] oireacht, O'R. Poems 2570 . doching side for lar na hairechto, IT iii 239.128 . ro marbhadh somh . . . ar lár an aireachta, AFM iii 48.13 . cen dul ḟer i n-a.¤ ṁban, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.225 . Iuil . . . ro marbad ina h-airect h-fein i.e. the Roman Senate, Todd Nenn. 62.1 . mor-a.¤ na n-uli Iúdaide the Sanhedrin, PH 3711 . Name applied to the collective `ollavs' and pleaders of a territory: gurab ar ollamuin ┐ aighni na crichi tug dliged d'ainm forro airacht eolach no aineolach, O'Curry 2270 ( Eg. 88 fo. 20(21)b ). aighne airechta, name of a special kind of advocate: aighni airechta . . . . fer son ro huca a les do a.¤ ┐ dodnacair indi. Indfiadar do in les. Tanacair iarum on trath co raile . . . aignis lais uile ┐ nascairecht ┐ berrad ┐ comaidhches ┐ cain lanomhnai ┐ maccslechtai ┐ deich seotu uad do fer belrai lais ndeni ┐ a recht ┐ trian cach besa do cadesin ma tobach, O'Curry 813 (H. 3.18, 375a).

(b) Collective name for the leading nobles of a territory: a.¤ na aicme na ard-cinedh d'feraib Ereann, MR 248.26 . Mac D. . . . ┐ gach aon oile dá oireachtaibh `vassal chiefs', Maguires of F. § 10 . a urradha ┐ a ardtóisig . . . ┐ a oireacht, Hugh Roe 12.19 (fo. 3b) . d'éag a huaisle 's a hoireacht, Measgra D. 55.61 . nó go mbeadh oireacht mar ibh / ag toigheacht go teach taoisigh, DDána 71.22 . as iad fa ceud oireacht do ag gabháil righe Condacht, Hy Fiach. 52.14 . atá d'a eagla ara oireachtaib he is so feared by his subjects, Hy Maine 141.1 . mac duine oireachta `son of a chieftain', AFM v 1582.y . oireacht Chonaill mic Aodha `the party of', Keat. iii 1427 . With extended meanings: Oireacht Mhaoise the children of Israel, DDána 74.21 . an t-oireacht brónach (of the damned), IGT Decl. ex. 1170 . oirecht na haithrighe (penitents), ZCP viii 216.5 . do b'é in toirecht gan imsním (of the sons of Morna), SG 138.39 . Of military divisions or levies: ro erig cach saer-slúag . . . .i. cach a.¤ 'ar n-iadud fa'n aird-rig, MR 214.13 . sluag Emna, a.¤ Uladh, 212.10 . tucsat a clár clé fri a.¤ ar ammus ind átha (here the a.¤ consisted of Cú Ch. and Laeg representing Ulster), TBC-LL¹ 1872 . cuir uait t'armu . . . co raccillem in n-a.¤ `till we parley with the host' (of champions in single combat), Metr. Dinds. iv 360.140 . ac forind dona fearaib . . . ac airiucht aile dib, TTebe 1400 . ón oirecht Fhailghech `the host of Offaly', Studies 1920, 417.21 .

(c) patrimony, territory: taisigh [do] nach biad oirreachta no fearann taisigheachta, O'Curry 287 ( H 3.18, 158 ). ni gebhaitt da éis go cert / righe ar iath na ar oireacht (a curse on a family), BNnÉ 285 § 272 . maithi inn arechta `the chief men of the lordship', Ann. Conn. 1225.18 .

ardae, airde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ardae, airde or dil.ie/4046
Last Revised: 2019

n , f. (1 ard)

(a) height: co teit ós goethaib ar airde that its situation is above the winds as regards height (of Paradise), LB 230 marg. inf. .u. ced dég ceim . . . ar airdi isin aill sin `to the top of the cliff', Stair Erc. 633 . fios airde réaltann, Keat. ii 177 . ? cach maith do dé no arddae (: Marggae) (leg. anddae, edd.), Thes. ii 295 § 6 (see ZCP lxi 5 ). In adv. phr. i n-a.¤ up, above: cró a chubat féin imbi i narda the hut his own length high around him, Thes. ii 331.32 . nīnimgēb acht i n-arddai by jumping (of avoiding a spear), TBC-I¹ 1291 . cumgabáil in locha i n-airddi, LU 9098 ( FB 85 ). as a chinn suas anairde, Laws ii 240.2 Comm. slan don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. , cf. cleasamnaig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. With vb. of motion: fos-cerdat i n-ardae up, BDD² 942 . lingid C. i n-ardai, MU² 910 . gebthi . . . in roth ┐ nos cuir i n-arda co ranic midlisi in tigi, LU 8845 ( FB 64 ). Fig. téit a aicned i n-ardde he grows angry, LL 19750 . do chuir a shíth a n-áirde `threw up his truce', ML 72.3 . gur togbadh . . . a cethra . . . a n-airde `were seized completely', AU ii 522.9 . As prep. cúich cúmsanfus i n-airdde do [fh]laithiusai = quis requiescat in monte sancto tuo, PH 8085 . ó'n bfior a n-airde a brinna crucial point(?), SG 321.27 .

(b) height (of person or thing): a arddi his height (a giant), LU 9060 ( FB 81 ). da dornn deg dia hairde, Laws iv 112.2 , 9 . adbal lim airdde ind ethair, LL 12643 . secht troighthi ar cóicait an airdi aeinfhir díb, RC xxiv 380.1 . go mba metithir ra fomóir . . . in milid . . . i certarddi, LL 10761 . tricha traiged i n-ardai (of a house), IT i 309.33 . da-roraind fot ┐ lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi, PH 6352 .

(c) height, high place: dosbertatar dochum na hardda i ndorus na prímrátha, TBFr. 62 . Fir Arddae (n. loc.), ACL iii 293 . is hí so sis . . . in treḟoclach focrai fadesin . . . ┐ do Feraib Arddai dorighne, ib. Cf. Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 96 . i nairdib oireachtais hills of assembly, MR 92.5 . In other nn. loc. Arda Cuis ┐ Arda Cartaind, BB 325b22 = Ard C. ┐ Ard C., Auraic. 1222 . Artda Muirchol, Thes. ii 274.10 = Art M., 278.23 .

(d) In general sense of greatness, nobility, etc.: nī fuil nōeb connī a airde (.i. Pātraic), ACL iii 303 § 3 . Uriél . . . int abb co n-ūaisli ardi (:gairgi) `high nobility', Ériu ii 92 § 4 . gan fechain do cruas a mbethadh nó d'airde a fuirechruis intensity of their watchfulness, BCC 420.22 . co n-airde aiccnidh ┐ co menmain mílidh, AFM vi 2128.14 . In bad sense arrogance, pride: airde mh'aignidh the arrogance of my disposition, Dán Dé xvi 9 . áirde intínne, 2 Cor. xii 7 .

(e) Of sound, loudness : airde ngotha loudness of voice (one of the signs of bad pleading), BB 64f1 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 ). bo i roairde ngotha no [i ro]isli ngotha , O'Curry 228 (H 3.18, 123 ). In adv. phrase: do-ratsat . . . gáir tromm i n-ardi they shouted aloud, PH 771 . ar Brenainn oc i n-airde aloud, ZCP x 410.27 . Of velarisation : dul i n-airde 's i n-ísle, Celtica xxvii 61 § 14 . i n-ísle théid iodhadh án | i n-airde téid ailm iomlán, Celtica xxvii 61 § 15 .

ceól

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceól or dil.ie/8701
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ceul, cíuil, cíul

n o, n., later m. n s. ceul in Ml. Monosyllabic, g s. cíuil, d s. cíul, GOI 68 , 178 . IGT Decl. § 75 (g s. (?) céola unauthorized form, ex. 1578).

(a) musical instrument : cenelae ciuil gl. psalterium, Ml. 2b14 . gl. cyneram, 15 (see Thes. Suppl.). air cech ceneliu ciuil . . . dober som ani as chithara , 51c2 . ciuil són gl. huius . . . generis organa, 116c7 . is organum isainm cenelach do gach chiul, Hib. Min. 1.15 . bid psaltis anim ciuil, 2.35 instrumentum musicum, Gloss. ? a g-ciúil ┐ a g-codail-tighthe, ML 76.13 .

(b) music : inna aidmi in chiuil gl. instrumenta musica, Ml. 75c4 . 89a9 . á ceul ┐ in molad, 126c1 . comopair cach ciul (sic), Laws i 122.12 . inspirut naem dorinfidh . . . inciul . . . fil isintpsalm, Hib. Min. 6.174 . aceol (n s.), 1.24 . Imr. Brain 2 . ceol crott, LL 29055 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 368 ). oc cantain ciúil, PH 7700 . atá . . . / fréamh an cheóil a muigh Mhumhan of the art of music, Studies 1920, 98 § 8 .

(c) In pl. musical performances, compositions; tunes, songs: inna ceul nephgnatha gl. inusitata carmina, Ml. 115b2 . nó cantais céola bindi dó, Trip.² 1310 (ceula, v.l.). a ceóil binni, Hail Brigit 11 . binnithir ilcheólu in domain, LU 2034 ( FA 10 ). na ciuil arda .i. stocairecht no cornairecht loud kinds of music, Auraic. 1477 . a Ch. na cc.¤ , ACL iii 304.24 . ceóla crota ┐ cuisleanna ciúil, CF² 844 . ciuil ┐ adhmolta, Smaointe B. Chr. 5968 .

(d) Of birds, etc.: c.¤ enlathe muintire nime, LU 1993 ( FA 6 ). ceōla fer mbrundederg, K. and H. 24 (emended to c.¤ ferán, Murphy Lyrics 16 ). ? mar búdh inntsecd é o eón / se le ceol ag imdh[e]cht uaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 224.z . ceol in uirc, O'Curry 947 ( H 3.18, 411 ).

(e) Attrib. g s musical, sweet-sounding, melodious : ádhbha ciuil, Oss. iv 4.y . a nguth na n-aighthe ciuil musical instruments, Smaointe B. Chr. 5918 . adhbhar ceoil ar gcomhlabhra `sweet subjects', Content. xxv 1 . ardopetet . . . a n-áes ciúil, LU 8181 ( FB 13 ). iomdha aingel ciuil 'na port, ZCP x 24.4 . is eisrechta cerda c[i]uil, LL 386a21 . coiccetul ciuil, RC iii 347.1 (Aisl. Óeng. 14). ? ro tṡuidhimar ar colba chíuil issin tṡíd, Acall. 5058 ( 5527 , 5667 ). mo chruit ciuil, LL 18578 ( PRIA xix 548 § 24 ). cruit, is e aen dan ciuil . . . dliges sairi, Laws v 106.27 . cuislenna ciuil, Grail 5 . tri meic Dornmair Cheóil, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ). fer cíuil, MU² 197 .

(f) With defining gen.: labhra a hén . . . / ní beag do cheól chodolta lullaby, Studies 1920, 568 § 23 . ? darōnsat aingil 'ga thig / ceōla comarle don chomdid, ZCP viii 114.15 . céol side, LU 3802 ( SCC 37 ).

(g) Rarely as vn.: oc cíul doibh singing to them. RC vi 187.18 . ic ceol . . . reime, Grail 1453 .

Compds. With nouns: Cond dan ceóladart Codal (: Eoganacht) pleasant dwelling(?), LL 2845 ( Fen. 30.7 ). ceoilbinne a ngotha gnatha melodiousness (birds), Anecd. ii 23 § 5 . do cheólbhroghaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 11.22 . cét n-itte, cét ceolcliaraib (sic leg.) in musical companies (of birds), SR 1026 . leig don cheólchroidhe cuislinn `from music's heart', Studies 1919, 611 § 2 . le ceol-chruit, Keat. Poems 107 . cocur ceól-éicse, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.40 . is ciall dá gceolfhoghar `they mean by their melody', Aithd. D. 76.18 . ceoloide master musician, Ó Bruad. iii 190.5 . ó cheoloireacht Ghabhra, DDána 70.7 . le ceolṡeinm téadmhar, Keat. Poems 111 . tir . . . na ceolsuthaine, LB 256b73 marg. ceoltigi béndacha choir-houses(?), Trip.² 348 . With adjj.: dā ngadhraib croma ceólbinna, Fianaig. 64.9 . mor cet ceolcalad (sic leg.) loud-singing (of birds), SR 1027 . conacruittib céolgrinnib, 6670 . cliara caine cet ceolmaith (of birds), 1024 . C. na cruite ceól-míne, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.2 . With adjj. formed from nouns: gan cruitire ciūil-phortach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 161.14 .

gráibre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gráibre or dil.ie/26480

n a pleasant word ; a winning utterance : grāibre .i. magar .i. brīathar grāta, ut est ... binde bar ngotha grāibre (: āille), Corm. Y 724 = O'Mulc. 688 . graibre .i. gāire trom, ib. 708 . graibre trom-re, rissis graece locutio interpretatur , O'Mulc. 626 . ba maith ri cách do gráibri, TFerbe 279 . sund rognid in graibre gel, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.21 . graibhri .i. briathar ghrata, no onórach, O'Cl.

guth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. guth or dil.ie/26848

n u, m.

I voice, sound, a word, a vowel : airis guth de asrubart `for it is the voice of God that said,' Ml. 94a13 . in déni assafoiter guth `the swiftness with which voice is emitted,' ib. 48c8 . is sainreth do interiecht guth formúigthe `a smothered sound,' Sg. 9b18 . ni taet guth isson arna tarmasca in sacardd here no voice cometh ..., Thes. ii 253.7 . guth comdidanta = vox consulationis, guth cursachta = vox increpationis, Hib. Min. 383.4 . guth sechmadachti `a word of the preterite,' Sg. 147b7 . óin guth fri cechtar de a single word for each ..., ib. 147a5 . hi coindeulc in gotho `in comparison with the word,' 3b1 . ní o foilsigud suin ┐ gotho `not by demonstration of sound and voice,' 200a6 . is ansu dam gabail mo gotha dim `that my voice should be taken from me,' Ml. 95d13 . hit cenélcha sidi do guth `these are general to voice,' Sg. 3a10 . toddiusgat guth nintiu `they awaken voice into them,' ib. 7a10 . vocum coniunctio .i. accomal ṅgotha , Hib. Min. 297 . i ngothaib (hi gothaib, MS) ┐ indliucht `in words and meaning,' Sg. 197a14 . ba uisse cenotectad ilgotha, ib. 197a11 . is merb is is marb mo guth, LU 3582 ( SCC 29.22 ). as galar mo guth, TBC-LL¹ 3958 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a cáinurlabra, ib. 210 . guth a gutture , Corm. Y 715 . d'foghar in gotha, ib. 134 (s.v. bó) . dia cloathar do guth cusan airm so, Laws v 188.24 Comm. an ro saigh guth an cluig `as far as the sound of the bell reaches,' ib. 328.11 Comm. tancatar na manaigh fa guth an cluic, ZCP xi 128.21 ( BCC 244 ). robeir Rī in tsrotha ar nem hē | ar trī gotha aithrighe `for three words of repentance,' x 52.32 . guth bínd orgánta occai, PH 1972 . a hidail daill amlabair cen guth, ib. 1367 . atbertsat tra in uli Iudaide o aen guth with one voice, ib. 2298 . sacart cemad garb a guth `though his voice be harsh,' ACL iii 222.16 . teit in ri docum nimhe ... lasin nguth-sin `at that word,' RC xxvi 368.17 . cia doní in guth mór so a-muigh ? `who makes this loud noise without ?,' Ériu iv 116 § 26 . coicetal ... inna ndulerath ... fri gotha na ngaeth, ii 122.2 . no thegtis medon aidche i nHierusalem o gothaib `with musical voices (?),' ib. 100.9 . ni ro labair guth friu `it did not speak a word to them,' CCath. 4205 . gutta .i. guth fotha .i. fotha in ghota in sein no guth fuiti iarsani fuidhit gotha treothu, Auraic. 358.359 . dliged gotha fil itosuch na leathguta do airisim leis fo dheoidh ┐ in dliged consonata fil intib fo deoidh do chur uad prius , 488 . ni dubhairtsiomh guth riamh ré Ferccus acht, a Rígh mhóir ... he never used any other expression, ITS v 38.10 . cē guth ēiside ...? what has been said ?, TBC-I¹ 2238 . guth ind luin the note of the merle, MacCarthy 136.15 . do-chualaidh guth ┐ glór daonna, TSh. 5036 . ináit ... na nguithedh ngaoidelta `in place of the Gaelic intonations,' O'Gr. Cat. 556.23 . guth an té éimhgheas air an bfásach, Matthew iii 3 . táinic amach ... tinnteach agus toirrneach agus gotanna, Rev. iv 5 . muna dtuige mé brígh an ghótha, Corinth. xiv 11 . mar shuidh'dar d'aon-ghuith unanimously , ZCP v 206.70 . guth ochta a deep voice, IGT Decl. ex. 1567 . ? pl. d'fhuasgail osnaidhe goithighe a caointe, ZCP v 209.164 .

Compds. ¤bind : risin ngadan nglésta nguithbinn, Acall. 1702 . As sobriquet : ideo dicitur Guthbinn quia optimus cantator ... fuit , Cóir Anm. 128 . gen. Maelsechnaill mac Maelruanaigh ... mic Conaill guthbhinn, AU i 372.1 . mic Conaill Ghuithbhinn mic Suibhne, Keat. iii 2414 . guth-chlaon, partial , Studies 1922, 584 § 4 . guth-fogrugud (gl. vociferatio), Ml. 51c7 . ¤mall : críoch bhregh na mbuinnedh ngothmall softly-murmuring , O'Gr. Cat. 479.4 . guth-ort .i. guth-orcuin, O'Mulc. 686.

II aspersion, blame, censure, slander : is fada an codlad sin a fhuili ┐ ni guth ort, uair budh é do chodlad deideanach he, CF 595 . ni guth damsa ... bas d'fhagail do cumaidh Chail, ib. 987 . ní guth dó gin fhurtach Naim, ZCP i 366.30 ( Marco P. § 64 ). mo ghol-gháire ní guth linn, Ériu iv 63.7 . nach eistfidís sin aen fhocul gotha [na aithimraidh] aran impire co brath `a single word of slander,' ZCP ii 270 ( Maund. 204 ). mairg dobeir guth ar ḟer ngrāid, ACL iii 222.14 . guth ar mhnáibh is olc an chiall, Dánta Gr. 3.6 . ní fáth gotha mar tá me, | ní don duine féin an grádh, ib. 63.27 . guth dod trilis loig ní lean, IGT Decl. ex. 1565 . neach nach lēig a ghuin don ghuth, ib. ex. 1559 . do-geibh sí gotha gránna, ib. ex. 83 . do sheachnadh gotha d'fhagháil ó'n bpobal to avoid public censure, Eochairsg. 71.10 . is móidi a gráin re a ngothaibh `the greater is his horror at their censures,' Ériu iv 216.4 . do ráidh roghuth has addressed fierce abuse, Content. xxv 5.

ísle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ísle or dil.ie/29115
Last Revised: 2019

n , f. (ísel)

I

(a) Of places or objects, lowness: isind ísli gl. in illa terrae (diuexitate), Thes. ii 11.39 (Bcr.). in t-aeal ... cin ro airde gin ro ísli, O'Curry 2269 (< Eg. 88, fo. 20a ). a fot, a lethet ... | eter i.¤ ocus ardde, SR 2460. ras-cuir imma sech i n-urairdi ┐ i n-ísli ` downwards ,' MU² 544. do íarr ar Día a cur a n-isli ┐ a delb do buain de `besought God to minish his stature,' BCC 362.12 .

(b) Of sounds, lowness: bo i ro airde ngotha no isli ngotha , O'Curry 228 (< H 3.18, p. 123 ). Of vowels, palatalisation : dul i n-airde 's i n-ísle, Celtica xxvii 61 § 14 . i n-ísle théid iodhadh án | i n-airde téid ailm iomlán, Celtica xxvii § 15 . See also ísel.

II Metaph.

(a) lowliness, humility, meanness: bói sund dúib i nísli | bochtán frismbad dénti `here you would have in lowliness a poor wretch to whom it (i.e. charity) should be shown,' Fél. Ep. 391. i númla ┐ i ní.¤ fri Dia, LB 108a75 . is adhnair leisan ḟein isli h'inaid-si isin comlann sin, CF 638. nírb í.¤ dia roblaid `it was no lowering of her fame,' Metr. Dinds. iii 300.48 . ó ghleó an trír-se ní thiocfa | beo acht le hi.¤ aigionta, DDána 5 § 3.

(b) depression, low spirits: sé i gcriaidh dom chur i n-í.¤ , 116 § 7.

(c) Of people, commoners: uaisle ┐ í.¤ na ríoghbhruighne sin, Maguires of F. § 27.

lám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lám or dil.ie/29507
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: laám, láme, láam, láim, láma, láime, nondalámgaba

n ā, f. n s. ind laám , Wb. 12a23 (see GOI 20 - 1 ). g s. láme, Sg. 68a1 , 68b13 . g p. láam, Wb. 9a6 . n s. later also láim, and g s. láma, láime. IGT Decl. § 192.

I

(a) hand: gnúis et láma et cossa, Wb. 12b4 . is sochrudiu láam oldōsa ol coss, 12a21 . precept dosom fri dei et saithar ho lámaib in nocte gl. operantes manibus nostris, 9a5 . ine láim nú ine méraib, Thes. ii 245.37 . ind l.¤ gl. manu, Ml. 36b1 . lam, 131b4 . torad a láam is hed dodtoisged `it is (the) fruit of his hands that used to support him', Wb. 9a6 . orddu lámae gl. pollex, Sg. 68b13 . dunecomnacht Dia inní saúl inna lama som delivered S. into his hands, Ml. 55c1 . ro bendach Pátraic asa dib lámaib in Machai, Trip.² 2799 . conid eiter a lamaib rothathamir cú rui (leg. Cú Roí) `in their hands that C. expired', Mon. Tall. 65 . idna láme (one of the `streams of poetry'), LL 3900 ( IT iii 58.2 ). bud bhinn lam ┐ bel a fine instrumentalist and vocalist, AU iii 340.7 . claidhemh gacha lamha, Cog. 252.9 . ro-gab . . . lān a lām do c[h]ochall an c[h]lērig, BColm. 36.10 . líon mo lámha `the full of my hands', Dán Dé xxx 7 .

With adj. or attrib. gen.: l.¤ bennachtan as opposed to l.¤ soscéli right hand v. left hand (see Stokes, Ériu iii 11 - 12 ): in ferand ar do láim soscéla ic dola sís . . . no ar do laim bennachtan anís, Ériu iii 11.14 - 15 . See soiscélae. l.¤ choitchinn: airgitur langilli na bo iar fir i llaim coitchinn ra aichne `in gemeinsame (neutrale) Hand', Cóic Con. 17.2 . lámh chlé (lámh chlí prohibited form), IGT Decl. § 139 . ros-mugaig, ros-mill, ro tracht / trí coecat barc co laim clí, Fél. 200.28 . na findad do l.¤ chlíí an a n-dingne do l.¤ dess, PH 5950 . lámh deas right hand, IGT Decl. § 137 . bennuch, a Dhe, . . . / cot laim dheis mo cuili-se, Lism. L. 1287 . fíréin láma deise Dé, PBocht 26.34 . l.¤ doí see lámdoé s.v. 1 doé; l.¤ (in) scéith left hand or arm; see 2 scíath and cf. ar laim congmala a sgeith, Ériu xi 189.30 .

In l.¤ des, l.¤ chlé of directions; in a variety of uses: a lleth o laim deiss dexteram ejus partem, Sg. 17b2 . for láim deis aníartúaid . . . for laim chlí anairtuáid, BCr. 19c2 , 3 . éla fort láim ṅdeiss `decline ab eis in dexteram partem', Lat. Lives 80.15 . Fir Domnand co trí rígaib / lam des fri hErinn n-íraig `up the west coast', MacCarthy 148 § 3 ( LL 14718 ). impoit . . . for a láim chlí they turn to the left, AU ii 120.7 . ro ghabsat iaramh laimh cli fris an loch `with their left to the lake', AFM vi 1940.18 . do chuaidh . . . hisin . . . long . . . lamh dhes frí hérinn soirttuaidh, 1966.z . dia lāim deis on his right, ZCP viii 108.3 . Note also: is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh sgéith re Ráith Ḟionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 .

In a number of idioms with vb. gabaid: gabaid láim x seizes, abducts x: nis gebh do laim . . . ar med do nóimhe, BNnÉ 304.17 . gabais laim ingine Foraid . . . ┐ fordoscarastar, Rawl. 131b24 (Cf. Ériu iii 135.4 ). dodechaid in chaillech do béim chluic . . . gabais Ailill a láim, ┐ dos tascar, ┐ dogéni a coblige seized, RC ix 452.14 . See gabál. Cf. ní má ar gabáil ar lámha / úaind, ZCP viii 219.36 . M. . . . do gabail . . . l.¤ Huí L. . . . asint ṡuide apad `expelled', Ann. Inisf. 1052.5 . gabaid láim x dochum leads x to: gabais a chomalta a laim dochum mara led, Anecd. iii 59.9 . gabthe mo laim mattin dochum mara, 1 . With follg. prep. AS expels: ni ragh sa adiu . . . go ro gaba ri no espoc mo laim as, BNnÉ 302.4 . gebatt sa . . . do lamha sa asin suidhi righ ittaoi, 305.13 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a Pardus `on this account they were driven out of Paradise', Ériu vii 164.7 .

(b) arm : cumgabail inna lam i crosfigill is sí briathar l.¤ insin, Ml. 138a2 . tócaib do dí láim i n-airdi frisin Coimdid, MacCarthy 64.10 = suidig do da laim cech thrath / fri ruirig nime, SR 1605 . doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . a di láim tri derca ṡedluch allenith immach, TE 4 ( IT i 119 ). gur ben in lamh des aga gualaind de, ZCP vi 36.18 . lámh on gualuinn a fad, ALC i 184.20 . láma caolrigthecha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.27 . Of clothes, sleeve : lēinte lainneardha lāimhgheala lín 'brilliant, white-sleeved linen tunics', BDC 226.57​ .

(c) Of the hand used in measuring length: on fir do ní in tomus o laimh, Laws ii 232.22 Comm . ocht nduirn a fot, do toimsib laime techta fil fri mesu ┐ toimsiu, Laws ii 246.8 . tinne tri mer a mbun laime, Laws ii 250.2 . See 2 tinne. is í sin is áis do'n ésga do réir láime (of calculating the moon's age by disposing the verses of the Golden Number upon the finger-joints), O'Gr. Cat. 300.14. Of the whole arm as measure: fád láimhe laoich do chrann, Keat. ii 5200.

(d) Attrib. g s. cennach láime: fuair . . . na seacht Laoighise dó féin . . . mar cheannach láimhe i ndíol an cheannais do rinne `handsel', Keat. ii 4812 . cin láime distinguished from cin coise, tengad, etc.: cin laime de guin, no gait, no mi-imirt, Laws i 238.11 . cís láime: ní cíos láime atá acutsa orra acht rígféinnidecht ┐ maer choiméta atá acut innte tribute of the hand i.e. won by force(?), SG 338.22 , 337.17 . triatha uaisle dho i mbuannacht do bhíodar / a chíos láimhe mar ránaig ar ríoghraidh, Hackett² 30.290 . See dígbál. fer láime: fer láma ríg Themra thair / Illand ergna mac Erclaim `henchman', Metr. Dinds. iv 88.13 . Legal perpetrator, distinguished from sellach spectator : mas lethbrostu ┐ ro fes in cu do rigne in fogail is amuil fer laime tigerna in con do rigne in fogail the master of the dog which did the injury is taken to be the perpetrator (of liability for dog injured in a dog-fight), Laws iii 194.y Comm . noco fo lan fir laime icus sellach a lan, 100.z Comm . See sellach. Also áes láime guilty persons: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti (`hand-party'), Laws iii 252.13 Comm . flesc láime see 1 flesc. liacca lamh, CCath. 5657 (see 1 lía). rogad láime, see rogad.

Extended meanings: gesce ┐ lama imda branches (of tree), RC x 74.3 v.l. gur teig lamh na lainne dā lethtaoibh handle, ZCP xiv 233.1 .

II In various abstr. and fig. applications.

(a) prowess, valour, accomplishment: ar eagla a laime ┐ a dighultu[i]s, ZCP vi 273.9 . ni caithimsa sin noco fagar do laim iat (do nert laime, v.l.), RC xix 34.2 . do chuaidh A. a llos a láma as by his own valour, ALC i 302.23 . Cf. CCath. 68 . ba fearr lamh na luighe `one better in deed or word', Duan. F. ii 176 § 5. clú láimhe, Hugh Roe² 104.5 . fer . . . go lán ainm láimhe ┐ tighe aoidhed, AFM v 1628.18 . fear . . . ro ba maith lamh ┐ oineach brave and generous, 1692.10 . teist ┐ tuarasccbháil láimhe ┐ einigh, 1684.18 . Sir Gyi ┐ sir Heront rob ferr lam ar gach taebh acu, ZCP vi 45.29 . ní fuil . . . ridiri is ferr lamh, 52.2 . ni frith fear mo laimhe riam `a man to match with me', Duan. F. i 63 § 33 . l.¤ láitir might: techt do fein ar los a lame laitiri as, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 .

(b) control, power : is he nert Dé ┐ l.¤ Dé, LB 138b46 . san tír dar ghoire do ghrádh / lámh ag rígh oile mon-uar another king rules, DDána 45.6 . as é dob fearr eineach is ágh / ní deachaidh lamh ós a cionn `never was he overpowered', Duan. F. ii 218 § 8 . adubhairt riu gan an rigacht do chur as a laimh, BCC 246.34 .

In phrase l.¤ i n-úachtar upper hand, conquering arm : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ rapo l.¤ i n-uachtur leo Conall, CRR 44.1 . go dtug Dia an lámh i n-uachtar ag Scotaibh is ag Pictibh orra, Keat. ii 6144 . In legal phr. lám gabálae forcible seizure : do-beir in fer ada-gair comrac forsin mil sin co tét i lláim gabálae 'the man who brings a claim against them causes a confrontation over that honey so that it (the honey) passes by forcible seizure', Bechbretha 186 (e) .

(c) Legal active part in crime : icad fer tairce trian . . . a dualgus a tairci; ┐ cutruma re aenfer don dá trian aile a dualgas a láime the inciter pays a third due because of his incitement . . . because of his share in the deed (of fine for killing by soldiers), Laws iii 114.x Comm . asren cāch a chinta ar a láim `for his own hand', Cáin Ad. 43 . im fiach a laime, ┐ im fiach a tairci, Laws iii 116.1 Comm . See tárcud. ? síoll Eoghain ní hosadh ghealloid / ní ghébdís duit díol i láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 223.106 . In phr. l.¤ derg murder, murderer (cf. We. llawrudd) (in latter sense more commonly fer láime deirge): cumal aithgina fo fer laime dergi laes na gona and, Laws i 244.2 Comm . bid fir lāma dergi ina suidedaib apad, BColm. 62.19 . ba comeirque laime derce nach bruidhen an asylum for a murderer, RC xxi 314.6 . bud í in phláig dibse is a bedg / in l.¤ derg dimbert oram murder, SG 55.37 . ná déantar lámh dhearg acht dí / ar ghrá na dtrí ndealg a Dhé `that my body alone be treated as a foe', Dán Dé ix 9 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia, ii 30 .

(d) In metonomy, pars pro tota . Of warrior: dob iomdha lamh áthasach do Dhom[n]allachibh ┐ Ghordonchib do bhi san lathair sin, Rel. Celt. ii 192.13 . ni roibi . . . aenlamh fa crodha coscur a cathaibh, ZCP vi 43.33 . lámh ar nár cheisd an cheisd chrúaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 265.9 . marbthar lais Conn O Concobhair in aen lámh mharcaigh as lugha rob olc i cConnachtaibh, AFM vi 2040.11 . With descriptive gen. of generous person: in l.¤ tidnaicthi (of Cú Chulainn), LL 7962. da láim thidnaicthi ratha (Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), 10729 . lámh chothaighthe deibhléin Dé she who supported God's orphan, DDána 32.24 . Of help: don bocht a tibred laim, PH 6145 . a lámh nach lámh tar threise `o arm unsurpassed in strength(?)', PBocht 23.49 .

(e) In phrases ref. to plighting of troth, wedlock, etc.: dobhi ar fes laimhe ┐ leaptha ag an inghin an oidhche sin, RC xxix 134.18 . roḟai ar laimh ┐ ar leabaid le, RC xliii 24 § 22 . See foaid. sáith ríogh ar leabaidh 's ar láimh / gach inghean ard álainn óg, Dánta Gr. 5.31 . tug mná cneasta i bhfeis leabtha ┐ láimhe married, Hackett² 53.106 . Cf. mé th'éadach láimhe is leaptha (said by cloak to its owner), 32.33 . nascis . . . for láim ind fúatha sin `bound that (boon) on the Spectre's hand', Moling 20 .

(f) In proverbial expressions: ba lam i net nathrach . . . insaigid fair `a hand into an adder's nest', LL 225b7 ( TTr. 608 ). ba luam a net natrach . . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire, RC xii 96.17 . lámh an eirr easguinne unsafe grip, IGT Decl. ex. 587 . l.¤ déoraid (status of) a person whose protection and rights had been forfeited ( ZCP xxxiii 87 ): bid l.¤ déoraid dó, LU 5137 ( TBC-I¹ 654 ); 'he is as good as dead' ZCP xxxiii 87 . See deorad. l.¤ latrainn ba l.¤ latraind i n-árbaig la Hercoil isin chath sain, LL 226a15 ( TTr. 651 ). conid de sin ata `lam clé Ulltain in agaid in uilc', Fél. 200.19 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226.21 (see ZCP xviii 48 ). mairg do loitfeadh láimh eadruinn `it were pity for any to hurt his hand (intervening) between us', Studies 1921 589 § 6 . Legal maxim: ni fognai lam laim, Laws i 228.16 .

III In phrases with follg. prep. (in most cases also with prec. vb.).

(a) DI: dothongusa . . . conna get-sa láma dib, conastarddur uile fo thalmain that I shall not release you, TBC-LL¹ 943 . nír' scar lámha díbh cor' ḟalaigh díden na coilltedh íat fair, CCath. 195. See scaraid. ní thall in gáeth láma de / co foraim bága in bile `the wind withdrew not its hand until it brought down the Tree's pride' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 244.51 .

(b) FO: do-beir láim fo undertakes : ni-s-tibrea liaig doenna laim fo-m leiges-sa, PH 424 . in ni fo dard láimh, CCath. 1795. lámh do tabhairt fán marbh ndíocháirdeach (sic leg.) bhíos i bpurgadóir, dá ḟóirithin as, TSh. 4752 . tabhair mar thugais roimhe / lámh fúm `deal with me', Dán Dé vi 33 . l.¤ fo act of undertaking : ba l.¤ fámórobairsin, TBC St. 3830 . lām fo crābud deduirn dūr, ACL iii 306 § 4 . lámh fá othar mádh áil leo / is beo ar n-a chrochadh dháibh [Dia] `if men wish to touch his wounds', but perh. rather if men wish to attack the wounded, Dán Dé xxvi 34 . Prov. of impossible undertakings: as trágadh lacha as a lār / lámh fa bhádhadh ratha an rígh, IGT Decl. ex. 1036 . is lámh fa chraoibh nach cromann / bheith réd chumann, DDána 4.5 . ríomh réadlann nó gainimh ghil / . . . lámh fa ríomh a sochar sin, Content. xxviii 24. Cf. tabraidh mo lamh fa comhall sin, ar Corbmac. ┐ donaisc orra amlaid sin swear by my hand, Irish Texts iii 8.25 .

(c) FOR: l.¤ for áirithe an undertaking certain of success : níor bó lámh for airidhe a n-ionnsaighidh muna luigheadh líon lam . . . forra, AFM v 1826.8 . ni bad lam ar airgthi doibsium sin mana deonaiged in toichthi, Fen. 138.20 . foceird láma for: foceirtt lamae fair she laid hands upon him, Mon. Tall. 66. Cf. ro láiset láma do they arrested him, PH 3101. Of ordination: cuirfid . . . a lámha arna Lebhítibh, Numbers viii 10. Cf. ni comairleiced . . . dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbaic) cin foghlaim `put hand upon him' (i.e. on Christ in the Eucharist), Trip. xlix 11 . atgeall in filidh lāmh for a dān to attempt, ZCP vii 305.6 . do-beir láim for (ar) proposes, attempts : do beartsatt . . . laimh for imdhecht, AFM vi 1900.10 . gabaid láim (láma) for: si dobeir phoíc la cech n-oendig dó, isí geibes láim for a chuit arranges, TBC-LL¹ 2180 . Gaileoin . . . .i. an trian nó ghebadh lamha for an dá trian oile fo ghail fon airredh (leg. airrigh) excelled, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.16 . Of course of action undertakes: do ghabh lam for an Easpain d'fágbhail, ML 44.2 . do gab E. lámh for imtheacht d'fágbhail na h-innsi, ML 36.9 . Of persons enjoins upon, the action enjoined usually being denoted by imm: rogab A. lama (lam, v.l.) ar Perelass im ergi dochum in cluichi sin ordered P., TTebe 2474 . in tan gaba lam forainn, BB 418a51 gabais lāma for in úathad slúaigh robúi ina ḟarrad im calma do dēnom, Fianaig. 86.23 . rogabhagh lamh ar an oglach im dul dochum na teneadh, Ériu iii 156.31 . Also petitions : ragabsad T. uili . . . lama air um thuilleadh fhís do denam doib `entreated that a further vision should be made', TTebe 4156 . ní rigise a les lam do gabail forainn there is no need to ask us (to protect you), Celt. Rev. iii 314.6 . Note also: ragab láim ar a araid (itbert re a giolla, v.l.) ara ngabad a eochu, TBC-LL¹ 3252 . ní ḟedabair an lá no an uair i ngebthar lamh foraibh `a hand will be laid upon you', RC xxv 388.17 . imm-beir láim for practises violence on, see imm-beir. Med. operates on: ro himred lámu . . . for Eogan co mbí ina chinnte bás d'fhaghbáil do, SG 50.25 . Note also: a thaoibh-se ar a dtá mo lámh on which I rely(?), Dán Dé xxv 43 .

(d) FRI: l.¤ fri act of avoiding, renouncing : lam fri idal ṅglethech ṅgal (command against idolatry), SR 4845 . lāim fri lochta, ZCP vi 264 § 9 . lam fri cath fri cēilide, Ériu ii 56.9 . lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, AFM ii 618.18 . As prep. beside : tainic laim re fiannbhoith mac mBrocain, ZCP xi 40.11 . ealba fhiadh is eadh at conncas / cealga Laoghaire láimh ria, PBocht 10.16 . rohadnaicedh laim re haltóir (sic leg.) Chiarain, RC xviii 182.4 . tarr láimh riom, Gen. xxvii 21 . muna raibh do dhearbhrathair láimh riot, Deuteronomy xxii 2. Also of motion along by (see also under I (a) above): lodar . . . laim re muir siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn, Anecd. i 18.5 . doberat a lam fri h-Etail `skirted', Aen. 138 . tar Dūn ac Loduin . . . / lāim re gach loch go Loch Rīach, ZCP viii 222 § 3 . a lam re fairrge co hAth Cliath, RC xviii 51.26 = laimh fri faircce co rocht co hAth Cliath, AFM ii 1028.x . Note also: tug Muire láimh ris an leas / an uile sháidh do shaidhbhreas `besides salvation', A. Ó Dálaigh l 39. Also compared with: láimh re hAodh ó fhior eile / mion gach taom dá thaidhbhsighe, L. Cl. A. B. 64.159 . ionnus nach fuil i n-uile ṡeanchus . . . láimh re seanchus na hÉireann, Keat. i 44.22 . do-beir láim fri refuses, rejects : na tabair laim frim (Potiphar's wife to Joseph), SR 3182. Of renunciation of world, sin, etc: dia mba maccleirech fa mām / tapuir lām fri holc, ACL iii 319 § 87 . na hulca imgabamít, is e in ecnai erailes ornn laim do thabhairt friu, PH 6867 . do rad láimh ris an saoghal, TFrag. 204.2 . fo-ácaib fri láim excepts: facbaim Concobur fri láim . . . dáig a rige, LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). dochta do neoc[h] dáles dāil / fācbas (?) dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Note also: fa-rácbaisemne fri láim deitsiu . . . nád ṅ-íurmais orguin we stipulated, BDD² 659 . scaraid láma fri desists from: roghabh acc timchelladh in chaithmhīledh co nāro-scar lāmha fris go ro eiderdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe, ZCP xiv 232.12 . ni rosccarsat lamha fris go ragbhatar an caistiall ar eigin, Hugh Roe² 100.16 . Cf. dochuaid re láim he went security, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(e) I: do budh dána dul le bréig / do chur lámh 'n-á (leg. 'n-a) leithéid `to resort to guile in attempting such a thing(?)', Dán Dé xxi 21 . cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug go heasaontach as an mainistir amach é seized, Keat. iii 1948 . dobeir láim i láim neich becomes someone's vassal: ní thug a lámh a láimh riogh occlach dob'fhearr treisi gniomh, ITS v 176.20 . ri Uladh na n-iath solus / . . . dobhera se a lamh ad laimh / gidh be len b'ál gan t'anair, Irish Texts ii 98 § 14. Hence accepts the protection of someone : tuc al-laim il-laim Ḟind, Acall. 5972. Also shakes hands : nach tarmchillend Heriu óclách do neoch do-beir a láim i llaim tigerna nach aichnid damsa, CRR 16.x . tuc a lam in a laim in la sin, Cog. 132.13 . go dtugsad uile a lámha iona láimh, ML 54.31 .

(f) ÍAR: l.¤ íar cúl reserve force : gan lámh ar gcúl uile againn / Muire dhún go n-agaill é `none of us having any support', Dán Dé xix 18 . With cúlu: cusna buidnib medonc[h]aib . . . ┐ cusin laim ar culu, CCath. 5771 . cinnas as áil duit techt i ndáil Medba . . . atágur l.¤ ar cúl aci, LU 6154 ( TBC-I¹ 1669 ).

(g) IMM: gaibid láim imm manipulates : do ghabhadar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabhar-líontaibh, ML 46.24 .

(h) LA: do-beir láim la helps: is olc in lam tucadar na dee . . . linn, Fier. 106 . móide do-bhéara láimh linn the more wilt thou help me, Dán Dé xi 9 . ag tabhairt láimhe liom féin / a-tá meise, xxii 17 . ní fhuil duine agam do-bhéaradh lámh liom, TSh. 4735 . fo-ceird láim la with same meaning: nach áil cur lámha lat `they will not help thee' (of Mary and mankind), Dán Dé xix 25 . dlighidh cur a láimhe linn, L. Cl. A. B. 251.52 . nior chuir an samhradh lámh linn, Rel. Celt. ii 232.35 . Cf. lámh muna chuire re a gcosg, PBocht 15.5 . l.¤ la help, assistance to: lámh linn ar do bhreith ní bhia `to save me will not be in thy power', PBocht 13.38 . do ghuidh é (sic leg.) fa lamh leis chum síobhail ró mhóir do bhí na éigean air do dhéanamh, ZCP ii 558.22 . as maith an tráth láimhe linn / is cách ré'r ndáin[n]e ag doichill, Ériu v 52.15 .

(i) TAR: fochertar lama tairis they seized him, LU 5941 ( TBC-I¹ 1475 ). do-beir láim tar takes possession of usually by force: co tarad láim dar Corco Loígi, Anecd. i 13.21 . co tarat laim dar hIffern (of Christ harrowing hell), SR 7772 . tuc-som laim tarsan tir ┐ do lomarced leis . . . hi, Ann. Conn. 1249.2 . dochoid A. . . . do índriudh innd idhoiltige ┐ doberait laim tairis, LL 402b31 ( TTr.² 505 ). tugad l.¤ tar na luathcrechaib soir go slioschlár sluag Mhaonmaige they were carried off. Caithr. Thoirdh. 53.39 . do rat lá[i]m dar a longphort, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 31 . tuc sisi lamh tar an mbiorar báoi for an sruth, BS 82.22 . Note also with pl. láma: tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, LU 5937 ( TBC-I¹ 1471 ). do-beir láim tar a agaid. Of person waking from sleep: itraacht C. . . . asa chotlud ┐ dobert l.¤ dar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 2495 . do-icc tar láma violates, disobeys : ticcedh thrá Suibhne tar lamha an chleirigh, BS 175.20 .

IV In phrases with preceding prep. (and freq. vb.):

(a) DI: ceb é tan no ghebhudh dia lámh fair `whensoever he should receive the eucharist from him', Lism. L. 2886 . rogab comaind ┐ sacarbaic do laim Tassaig espoic, IT i 22.2 . Of reception of viaticum: téit Comhgall docum nimhe . . . do laimh Ailbhe, Lism. L. 2883 . co nabail dia laimh (i.e. Mochuda) iar mbreith buadha o dhemhan ┐ ó dhomhan (i.e. he died after receiving viaticum from M.), BNnÉ 295.9 . sáeraid di lámaib liberates from : amail soersai Abram / de lamaib na Caldae, Fél. Ep. 456 . rosoirad in chathir di lamaib assar, Ml. 61d2 . See saeraid.

(b) DO: gaibid do (orig. di ?) láim undertakes : ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha. Ro gab-sum sin do laim undertook, Fél. Pref. 12.10 . ro ghabh do láim . . . athaghidh [in muilind], Lism. L. 1969 . rogab Cuipidh do laim o Uenir inni sin, Aen. 387 . do gab . . . Domnall . . . do laim é, Cog. 174.18 . gabhmaitne do laim iatsom `we shall take them in hands', Caithr. CC 63 . do gab du laim cin toidecht i n-agaid mac Ruaidri aris, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . gabh do láimh i ló na héigne / . . . bheith ós ar gcionn mar chrann díona, PBocht 10.49 . sibh-se . . . gabas do láim an t-eolas who profess learning, Content. xviii 10. Note also: do ghabhadar do láimh dhó nách roichfeadh . . . tochradh a dtigearna tairsibh `they pledged themselves to him', ML 116.8 . rogab H. do láim ón tṡiair sein, LL 226b40 `accepted that charge', TTr. 707 . téit (do-icc) do láim goes to communion : oc techt do laim at the Communion, Thes. ii 254.14 (Stowe Missal). in tan na tiagar do láim dia domnaig, tiagar dia dhardaín ina dhegaid, Rule of Tallaght 15 . fecht n-aill do B. ic techt do Laim in epscuip quadam die accessit B. ut Eucharistiam sumeret de manu episcopi, Lat. Lives 84.15 . gab do lāim / cen tabairt ngotha ar fer ngráid / . . . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim, ACL iii 222.18 . ni dlegar escómlad cen dol do lāim (`without being shriven'), MacCongl. 23.9 . as mitidh a n-anmain De techt do laim `it is time . . . to go to communion', RC xxvi 374.11 = do thāed do lāim `for you to take food(?)', Ériu i 44.24 . ic techt do láim in epscuip (`confess'), Three Hom. 80.21 . téit . . . Gillas . . . do churp Crist annsin do laimh Brenainn, BNnÉ 84.14 . sacairt ic dol do laim celebrating mass, Grail 1326 .

(c) FO. In various uses with téit: téid an bhuidhen fó láimh `submitted', ALC ii 350.12 . otcondai[r]c . . . na hairberta móra sin do thecht fo laim lé Césair being undertaken, CCath. 2389 . gur bhó heiccen do . . . dul fa lámhaibh legh (of surgical operation), AFM vi 2232.21 . See síned. téit fo láim n-epscoip receives confirmation : ní thic comlāine in spirta nóim mane tē fó láim n-epscoip īar mbathus, Ériu i 218.24 . confirmatio, no dul fa laimh easpuig, Luc. Fid. 3688 . Cf. Siluestar ap na cathrach / eirg fo [a] laim ar is rathmar, Fél. 46.29 (where however penance may be intended).

fo láim in the power of, at the discretion of: baí sé seachtmuine ina othairlighe fo lamhaibh legh, AFM vi 2116.2 . tug Dia fád láimh féin lesúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt, Mac Aingil 3521 . fuair bás fánar lámhaibh, TSh. 5591. Hence subordinate to: guibernōir ar leith fo lāimh in ierla uassa, Fl. Earls 96.14 . Of swearing : gebatsa a luige fó láim Chiaráin by C., LL 274a16 ( SG 416.5 ). lúghu fo láim rig Caisil `by the hand of', Leb. Cert. 70.3 .

(d) FOR. for láim x beside x: asber fris suide for láim Findabrach, TBC-I¹ 1532 ( LU 6001 ). robéosa fort láimsiu, Fél. Prol. 273 . fer buí for láim Airt, ZCP viii 310.7 . Cf. alaile for laim n-ainsedo `another agreeing with(?) the accustive', Ml. 23c21 . Hence of possession, control: nach raibh ar láimh ní fa nimh in his possession, A. Ó Dálaigh 1(50) 10 . do bhí ar a láimh é d'fheithimh it was in His power to watch it, PBocht 21.33 . a bailte móra ar a láimh, Rel. Celt. ii 182.14 . do-beir for láim places at the disposal of: dos bert for láim Eogain, IT i 81.20 . tug a' Gen. na caisléin an boili ┐ na braighde ar lāimh a' Ninntius, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 46.13 . an tan tug ar láimh na heaguilsi eochracha cengail ┐ sgaoilte cháich, Mac Aingil 179 . Note also: beir an dall ar láimh libh `take the blind man by the hand with thee', A. Ó Dálaigh vi 9. Of imprisonment: do cunnbhad ar laimh é gur fháguibh a dheic bhliaghna fichead d'aois, Rel. Celt. ii 162.21 . do bhi an ri san nam sin ar laimh aga naimhdibh .i. Parlameint Shagsan, 202.31 . Cf. dan-indnacht ar láim `by the hand', Blathm. 90 § 3.

(e) FRI. fri láim on behalf of, deputizing for: is e Niall . . . ro gab rigi nErenn . . . acht cheana is é Brian ba tuairgnid catha fri[a] laim side `in his stead', RC xxiv 180.7 . tigerna airthir Connacht fri lāimh a athar acting for his father, AFM ii 836. 10 . With difft. meaning: nochar gabhadh re lāimh T. T. was unassailable, ZCP viii 225.2 . nech padh calmai fri laim imbertai cloidib when it came to swordplay, RC xii 72.22 .

(f) I: gaib id lāim mo fāesam airtho undertake, TBC-I¹ 409. i láim captive, subservient (to): i láimh atú i ttalmhain, Dán Dé xii 7 . minic mē a láim acc dreasaibh, KMMisc. 352 § 7. do marbad U. isin lam-sin `captivity', Ann. Conn. 1270.7 . mé mar bhráighid bhíos i láimh, Dán Dé iii 32 . Aedh . . . do bí illiamh (leg. illáimh) sa chaislén, AU ii 466.18 . grádh mná 'ga bhfuilim i láimh, Dánta Gr. 8.5 . is fiacha i láimh / na féich ar a bhfuil admháil as good as paid, L. Cl. A. B. 162.13 . do thuaslucud chimmeda bai illāim oc ríg qui erat in vinculis apud regem, Lat. Lives 80.11 . Also in pl.: ro gabad annsin Marcus Crasus, ┐ tucad il-lámhaibh é docum airechta na Partecdha, CCath. 136. Also with gen.: cá láimh ataí, a rioghain? I láimh Anadail mic Rí Conchend . . . ar sí, ITS v 54.8 . tugas grádh éagmhaise d'Eoin . . . / 'na láimh tharla an rí [dá] réir `he can make the Lord obey him', PBocht 27.1 . caide . . . an bean i rroibe mo mac sa laim (na laim, v.l.), TTebe 2125 . tuc i lláim Michil . . . in imerci sin, Ériu iv 118 § 36 . With same meaning: a leith a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

In extended sense: ón bhan-óigh do bheith im láimh / budh dáigh breith ar anóir [uainn] my winning regard is likely, the Virgin being on my side, Dán Dé xxiii 39 . do bhí sise im láimh gach laoi she has always been by my side, 40 . beid go luinneach im láimh thall `shall be active for me' (of saints), xxv 69 .

(g) IMM: atbert int aingel friu ni de min do chummisc doib ar an im . . . arna toitsitis an aes penda immallama die on their hands, Mon. Tall. 73.

(h) SECH: léim sech láim false leap(?) LL 307a12 ( SG 386.23 ). nichat léicfider sech láim (of a sword) thou wilt not be laid aside, RC xx 12 § 21 . ná léicetsom sech láimh neglect, LL 301a48 ( SG 373.y ). ? conralta dibh sech laim, Anecd. ii 63.10 .

(i) TAR: tar láim. In oaths by: dar láimh do chinn ┐ do choise, Gadelica i 44.302 . dar láimh Moling, Ó Bruad. i 54 § 5 . tar láma(ib) in spite of: ro chongaibh an Breifne gan baoghlucchadh tar lamhaibh a chomharsan, AFM v 1804.15 . Legal: i slanuibh dochuaidh an duine . . . ┐ tar a lama tecar . . . tiachtain tara lamuibh, O'Curry 393 ( H 3.18, 220a ). tiachtan fo'n cundrad tar do láma `in violation of thy security', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is e dogab Eirinn dar lamaib Chormuic uí Chuinn (ni th[ar] a lamhaib dogab uair fa gilla og Cormac an tan sin), CGSH § 142 n. k-k​ .

V Adv. phrases. a láim i láim from hand to hand : á tinnacul a llaim hillaim, Ml. 96d6 . l.¤ (láim) ar láim equally balanced : dá mbeith an ní láimh ar láimh / idir Eoghan is Conn cáidh, Content. xviii 35. Also: comhraicis Iollann ar a' traigh / Maghnus lamh ar laimh `hand to hand', Duan. F. ii 326 § 31 . d'óenláim together, unanimously : d'oen láim, LL 296b30 . érgit slúaig Ulad innáig / ┐ a n-ardrí d'oenláim, 299a1 ( SG 368.1 ). nach maithfidhe le Dia dháibh / go ria a n-aithrighe d'énláimh, O'Gr. Cat. 467.4 . fo láim secretly: co ndechaid fein as fo laim, Ann. Conn. 1278.6 . maidhm for Maghnus dana ┐ é fén do dul [as] fo laim `secretly effected his escape', AFM iii 452.17 . gabais reime fó láim for lergaib in tsléibe `privily', SG 381.2 ( RC xiii 92.20 ). l.¤ fri láim side by side : in cailli selga noghabhdais dosreathdais 'na uirtimcill lamh fria laim, Marco P. 89. Note also: lecit sírthi fo cricha na Camandi ┐ in lamh ag aroile dhibh `keeping near one another', Marco P. 10 . (ó) láim do (co) láim one and all : do chuala a chloinn láimh do láimh, DDána 46.10 . leis na haingle ó láimh go láimh, 38.20 . tucsam lughi lámh do láimh / fian meic Cumuill einechnair, Acall. 1443 . l.¤ tar láim: do chuirsead fós lámh tar láimh clú a bh-feadhma ar fud an domhain `upon all hands', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.17 .

cacha láma (láime) on either side : secht cumala gacha laime go tri nonbura, Laws iv 234.9 . annam lend aithled cecha lama itiaid-siu, LL 286b15 . Gall faoi ┐ Gall gacha láimhe dhó, Ériu i 87.14 . gadaidhe gach láimhe leis, Dán Dé xx 24 . breac beó gacha lámha leis / dála an dá eó nír indeis, IGT Decl. ex. 2135. Cf. in literal sense: do bheredh cend gacha láma would take a head in either hand, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.30 .

In nn. pr.: Lām-fri-hēc, Mug láma, see Corp. Gen. Lámh Ghábhaid, Cóir Anm. 280 . L.¤ Luath, Acall. 7476. Cf. Lám áed `hand Aed' (as nickname), Trip. 200.7 .

COMPDS. With nouns: ¤aire, see separate article. ¤anart napkin : teagh budh lonnraighe lámhanart, Studies 1924, 244 § 22 . ¤arm, used of small weapon which a warrior took to bed with him for use in emergency: lámh-arm gach laoich ar a leabaidh, ML 76.10 . ¤brat: lambrat gl. mantile, Sg. 172a3 . gl. gausape, 128a1 , 3 . ¤bréit towel : nipsa lambreid lamhglanta, Anecd. ii 60.7 . ¤bró handquern: ni meath log-einech ar ithlaind ┐ lambroin, Laws v 88.11 Comm . ¤chartad ` masturbation ' O'Dav. 1474 . in sesmac pectac imorro le lamhcartad dogeibh a toil, BCrólige 29 . ¤chlaideb: cen arm occaib . . . acht lamcloidmi becca bidis ina lamaib, BB 439b2 . ¤chloc: iseal a treoir in tan is lamclog (gl. aistreóir), Laws v 22.8. Comm . ¤chloch: gebid lamhcloich do lár thalman dar bo lán a glac, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . ¤chomart clapping of hands in grief, lamentation : darindidar lam-chomairt mor ┐ nual-guba dearmair, YBL 147b8 . lámchomairt . . . ┐ basghari do mathrechaib, LB 141a3 . lamcomairt .i. basgaire, O'Dav. 1193 . oenach ina lamcomarthae in quo ignis ┐ tonitru similitudine die judicii. ind lamhcomart hi feil Michel dianepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.1 - 2 (A.D. 771) = AFM i 370.15 . in chantaicc Solomon ┐ ind Lámchomairt libuir Ieremiae Book of Lamentations, Hib. Min. 26 § 186. ¤chongnam: gan lāmh-chongnamh ar doman, Fl. Earls 72.15 . ¤chor: lámhchara .i. lamhchora .i. cur láimhe ar ní, O'Cl. (cf. BB 419a25 below). corugud (sic leg.) cach cuaille iar n-uachtar, ┐ lamcur doib co nach urfaema in (sic leg.) talam `they are pushed down by the hand', Laws iv 112.11 . dorinne lamhchur air laying on of hands, Keat. iii 1603 . ¤chorrán: rolá . . . lāmhcorrán iarnaidhi [uada] d'fastudh na luinge `grappling-irons' CCath. 2083 . ¤chrann. Of part of a harp: olc a l. olc a corr, Measgra D. 7.121 . ¤chruit: a lámh-chruit do leiséaghuinn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 115 § 12 . ¤déraigthe (cf. 1 dérgud). In phr. ar feis leptha ┐ láimdéraighthe in cohabitation : do berdais a ndaermná (sic leg.) ar feis lepta ┐ láimhdhéraidhthi daib, ZCP viii 545.21 = TBC-LL¹ 1738 - 40 . is and sin ro ḟaietar (sic leg.) in lánamain sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 821. Cf. 7842 . ¤día household god, idol : tuc lea lámdeo á athar (of Rachel), SR 3016 . beir leat t'athair Anachis ┐ do mac ┐ do bean ┐ do laimdea, Aen. 578 . tabhraidh láimhdhia chugaibh, ┐ adhraidh dhó, Keat. i 142.43 . ¤dóe (dóit): lámdoti na laechraidi, LL 235a22 ( TTr. 1345 ). ¤écht: an t-iarla ó Lúcan . . . / triath is iomdha láimhéachta, Ó Bruad. iii 144.z . ¤fheidm manual effort : tar lám-fheadhmannaib na laoch, ML 46.26 . ¤ḟile: Feidhlime Ruadh . . . / gá togha is dírighe do luadh gach láimhfhile poet with a patron(?), Hackett² 43.4 . ¤ḟrestal: láimhfhreastal sámhghasda saoitheadh, Hackett² 28.234 . ¤ḟritheolad: do láimh-fritheoladh Choncubhair `to deal with C.,' CRR² 82.x . ¤gaí: gur tholl an lamh-gai an luireach, MR 286.1 . ¤gésca twig : lamgesca mora, RC x 74.3 . ¤glanad: lambreit lamghlanta, Anecd. ii 60.17 . ¤glés wringing of hands : mor lámchomart ┐ láimglés . . . fógensat cumala, Alex. 389 . ro crochtha oca he isin laimgles doroindi, YBL 172b18 = SG 74.4 . ¤lecc: imbertside na lamlecca foraib, LU 4966 ( TBC-I¹ 479 ). ¤nert: re cumas láimhneirt, Oss. iii 264.14 . ¤maide: na soighde, ┐ na lámhmhaideadha, Ezekiel xxxix 9. ¤raite by-road, secondary road : madh for laimraitib beacaib, is i nde randait, CIH v 1549.37 . lamraiti .i. iter di sligid 'by-road, i.e. between two highways' EIF 538 . See also ¤rót(a) below. ¤ rinda: lamrinda nó luathrinda .i. ligatura inter diversas picturas gl. plectas ( 1 Kings vii 29 ), Thes. i 1.30 . See lúathrinde. ¤rót(a) (? properly ¤raite, perh. confused with 1 rót, rota) by-road: lamróta .i. iter da ṡligid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 38 = lāmrotae, Corm. Y 1082 = lomrottea, laimroitea, Corm. Bodl. 36.38 . lamhrod .i. ród láimh le ród eile, O'Cl. mad for rot mor . . . mad for laim raitib becaib, O'Curry 2004 ( H 4.22, 31 ). ¤scaíled manumission: mic mhuinntire, ar nach déantar lámhsgaoileadh, TSh. 5121 . ¤scíath small shield : tú ar láimh-sgiath lá an ghuasochta, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 4. trí chéud láimhsciath, 1 Kings x 17 . ¤scor: gursad . . . lúthmhar ar lámsgor `till our hand teams are . . . spirited', CRR² 62.12 . ¤smacht: na mic nach bí sgaoilte ó lámh-smacht a n-aithreach, TSh. 5122 . ¤thapadh: tuc in t-iarla lamtapadh laechda . . . fora cloidim, ZCP vi 274.32 . As name of Conall Cernach's shield: Lamthapad Conaill Chernaig, LL 12508. ¤thargair .i. oirchi beg no mesan `i.e. a small hound or lapdog', O'Dav. 1153. Cf. lamtairrṅgir, O'D. 2226 ( Nero A vii, 152b ). ¤thoca. As comic n. pr. Lonidh mac Lamthoca, Anecd. ii 55.x , perh. for ¤thoccad. ¤thomus lit. hand-measurement : tugador dhá fhorghomh . . . do na leabhar-armaibh lámh-thómais with their weapons at arm's length(?), ML 136.7 . ¤thorad handiwork, what is produced by weaving, sewing, etc. as opposed to frithgnam: abras . . . .i. lamt[h]orud inailte, Corm. Y 90 . ben lamtoruid `a woman of profitable handicraft', BCrólige 31 . leath do mnai a etach no lamtorad snithiu handiwork consisting of spun material (of what is due to a woman when separating from husband), Laws ii 372.15 . See Thurn., ZCP xv 340 - 1 . See also sníthe. As comicn. pr.: Lenn ingen Lamthora (Lamthoraid v.l.), Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤thúag: lámtuag gl. hoc manuale, Ir. Gl. 857 . ¤thort. Fig. of warrior: lamtort n-irgala uae beolaig Bressail, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 22 § 2 . meic Labradha lamhtort n-irghalach, LL 393a54 .

With adjj. (many of the follg. are applied to individuals as sobriquets). ¤daith nimble-handed . Of Cú Chulainn: an lāmdhait[h], Fianaig. 42.y . ¤derg: Lugaid lámderg, MacCarthy 176 § 6 . RC xx 136.20 . Frequ. of Leinster and Leinstermen: ri coicid lámdeirg Lagen, CRR 26.7 . DDána 100.26 . ¤des: Loarn laimdheas, Todd Nenn. cv.z . As n. pr. = Manus Dextera, Reeves Ad. 136.z . ¤dóitech. As comic n. pr.: Lámdóiteach mac Lethircind `Wristy-hand', MacCongl. 77.22 . ¤échtach: Mac Lugach [lámechtach], Acall. 227 . re Lúghaidh lámhéachtaicc Lágha, Flower Cat. 401.z . ¤ḟíal: ó C[h]orc . . . lāimhf[h]īal, Ériu ix 177.4 . ¤ḟind: Lugóir . . . lámfind, LL 2428. As n. pr. Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlas, Keat. ii 523 . ¤ḟota: is hé . . . leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400. In n.pr. Lug(aid) Lámḟota: airemh Logha Lamhfoda for na Fomhoraibh, TBC St. 570. As nickname: Osbrit lamfota, BDD 116 . ¤gel: Lughach laimgheal, Duan. F. ii 72 § 22. Fiachaidh láimh-gheal, ML 86.24 . ¤garb: Mani L., RC xiv 426.10 = xxiv 276.16 . ¤gerrtha: laochraidh láimh-ghearrtha, TSh. 6610 . ¤glan: a degmic lāmglain Lūachāin, BColm. 50.17 . ¤glas: Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlass, Keat. ii 523 . ¤grod: go lámh-ghrod dian, Oss. iv 132.22 . ¤idan: d'Aengus Laimhiodhan, Anecd. ii 37 § 2 . ¤licthe: nadh bi lamlicthi (of a food-rent), O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18, 393b ). ¤nertmar: go m-biadh sé láimhneartmhar go leor, Oss. iii 268.19 . ¤rúad: Lugaid Lamruad, RC xx 136.24 . ¤thapaid: ina laem loinrech lasamain lamthapaid, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . go leidhmheach lámhtapaidh, AFM vi 2072.15 . ¤thenn: fear láimh-theann, Oss. iv 110.2 . ad lamchara laímhtheanna . . . bar trenmilídh, BB 419a25 .

With vb. gaibid in artificial formation: nondalámgaba gl. mancipare, Ml. 43a2 .

maeithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maeithe or dil.ie/31240

Forms: maíthi

n [, f.] (maeth) softness in various senses physical and moral. nir fedad a himain re maithi na mona, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 11. Mildness, suavity: ba móeth fri moíthi, Tec. Corm. § 30.9 = maíthi, LU 9334. is e suilber . . . co maethi comairle (of Aeneas), BB 427a51 . Dejection, depression, weakness: maithe tanic risin rig, Fél. 46.21 . meanma a míleadh fá mhaoithe, Keat. Poems 488. fer na fionnadh a mhaoithe na a mheirtnighe i ngurt gábhaidh, AFM vi 2236.5 . Of sound, softness, modulation: teora ranna ngotha, mét ┐ sonairte ┐ maethe .i. ima bhuga no ima tlas no ima binnius, O'Dav. 1205. sail .i. sofillti í ar a maithi flexibility (?), Corm. Y 1190. Moistness, looseness: maoithe na bronn (= alvi humiditates), R.I.A. 23 K 42, 41.2 .

ro-saig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ro-saig or dil.ie/35557
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: rosaig, roig, róig, róich, rosagat, rosegat, roichet, roiched, rosaiged, roched, roichtis, rososs, ros, rús, rūs, rosaís, ró-d-sá, rosso, rosá, roa, ró, riae, rrossid, rrosset, roiset, riasat, conroissinn, rosasad, rosassad, rosaissed, rossed, roisedh, nachas-rostís, rosius, rius, rís, roseis, róis, rosía, rosiass, rría, ró, rosesium, rosesaid-si, rasesset, roisset, roseisead, rosessed, nis-roissed, rosiacht, rosiach, roächt, rocht, riacht, rosíachtatar, ruactar, rosegar, rosechar, roagar, rostir, roṡochta, rochtain, riachtain, rosoichi-siu, rosoich, roisiur, roiser, roa, ria, ria, ria, roa, rua, rua, rúa-sa, rosiacht, riacht, rofuacht, ruacht, ruachtus, rochtus, roachtas

v enclitic stem roich-, s-subj. and fut., t-pret. pres. 3 s. rosaig, BCr. 32c1 . ni roig , 33b9 , cf. Ml. 39c7 . nad róig , SR 512 . ce róich , Sg. 26a11 . 3 pl. rosagat, LU 2150 , 8866 ( FA 22 , FB 66 ). rosegat, LU 7739 ( BDD 130 ). nad roichet , 8149 ( FB 11 ). imp. 3 s. roiched, TBC-LL¹ 533 . impf. 3 s. rosaiged, LL 248b52 ( TBFr. 82 ). conna roched , LU 3261 ( SCC 5 ). 3 pl. conna roichtis , Hy. i Pref. ( Thes. ii 298.9 ). subj. pr. 1 s. rososs, Anecd. i 74.9 . co ros , SR 1271 . da rús , Acall. 5171 . dá rūs , Irish Texts ii 71.2 . 2 s. rosaís, BCr. 41a2 . 3 s. ró-d-sá, LU 4841 (= ra-d-sia, TBC-I¹ 351 , really a fut.). rosso, SR 6123 . rosá, Ériu vii 154.31 . co roa , SR 1368 , cf. 6371 , 8108 , Laws iv 336.14 , PH 1694 . cu ró , PH 6798 . co riae , SR 1600 . 2 pl. co rrossid , TBC-LL¹ 1486 . 3 pl. co rrosset , 1155 . co roiset , SR 4281 . ni riasat , ZCP x 347.12 . subj. impf. 1 s. conroissinn, Wb. 26d17 . 3 s. rosasad, LU 4844 ( TBC-I¹ 354 ). rosassad, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). rosaissed, LL 250a46 (TBFr.). raṡossed; na rossed , TBC-LL¹ 6076 (na roisedh v.l.). 3 pl. nachas-rostís, LL 238a16 . fut. 1 s. rosius, LL 193b36 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 330.19 , used for subj.). cf. nit rius , LU 10906 = nít rís , Ériu xii 184 . 2 s. roseis, Lism. L. 2067 . ni róis , Thes. ii 290.13 ( Sg. 229 ). 3 s. rosía, LU 7243 ( BDD 90 ). rosiass (rel.), ACL iii 326.22 . co rría , LU 9978 . ni ró , LL 108a42 ( RC xiv 404.16 ). 1 pl. rosesium, PH 8070 . 2 pl. rosesaid-si, LU 1850 ( RC ix 494 ). 3 pl. rasesset, TBC-LL¹ 4982 (perh. subj.). ní roisset , Ml. 74a11 . Cond. 3 s. roseisead, Laws ii 370 z . rosessed, ZCP iii 249.20 (Toch. Em.). raseised, TBC-LL¹ 850 . nis-roissed, Ml. 39c34 . pret. 3 s. rosiacht, Ml. 55d2 . SR 2099 , 2528 . rosiach (metri gratiá), 5673 . co roächt , 6446 , cf. LU 3756 . co rocht , SR 3106 , 5872 , 6043 . co riacht (monos.), 2760 , 6408 , LU 8402 (scribe H). 3 pl. rosíachtatar, LU 8570 ( FB 43 ). SR 4033 . co roachtatar, Hy. iv Pref. ( Thes. ii 323.8 ). co ruactar , SR 3540 . Pass. pres. s. rosegar, Ml. 14c19 . rosechar, Hib. Min. 11.352 . roagar (= roṡagar), ZCP iii 453. 14 . subj. pr. s. mani rostir , Mon. Tall. 27 . ? pret. pl. roṡochta, SR 2135 . Vn. rochtain, later also riachtain.

Mid. Ir. development:

(a) in pres. and impf. indic. the stem rosoich- (due to influence of encl. roich-) occurs: 2 s. pr. rosoichi-siu, LU 8149 . 3 s. rosoich, 10034 . SR 435 .

(b) in subj. the stem rois- is generally used (somet. with depon. endings in 1 and 2 s., roisiur, roiser). The orig. prot. form for subj. and fut. 3 s. was roa; later fut. ria (influence of rosia), and then ria becomes the common form for both.

(c) in future, the 3 s. ria continues in use in early Mod.Ir. poetry. The forms roa, rua also survive as fut.: ni rua , Irish Texts i 58 y . 1 s. ni rúa-sa , BNnÉ 295.6 .

(d) in pret. the 3 s. forms rosiacht, riacht continue in use throughout the Mid.Ir. period, supplemented by other analogical forms: cf. reacht .i. riacht .i. táinicc, O'Cl. rofuacht, Metr. Dinds. iii 122.24 . co ruacht , 172.79 . BNnÉ 294.11 . 1 s. ruachtus, MacCongl. 87.27 . co rochtus , Ériu iv 140.15 . pass. pret. roachtas, Ériu iii 136.14 .

The encl. stem roich- (in late MSS. oft. written roith-) is commonly used as a simple vb. in late Mid.Ir., with s-pret. formed from the stems ruacht-, rocht-, riacht-. See 2 reich.

In general sense reaches, comes to, arrives , intrans. and trans.

I Intrans.

(a) in lit. sense: rosiacht corrici nem a trocaire his mercy reached to heaven , Ml. 55d2 . noco ría nech dib ... | co crich Cannan none of them shall reach Caanan , SR 4729 . do thig in ríg acht co rua provided he reaches the king's house , Ériu vii 222.12 . muinter Íaa . . . rosiaa doc[h]um nime, ZCP xii 394.25 . rososim-ne i n-oenló co hEgipt, LB 142a34 . o thiass for cel rososs for nem when I die, may I go to heaven , Anecd. i 74 § 222 . dia seichmis . . . do dhān | roseismis slān co Dīa, ZCP vi 266 § 8 . rosiachtattar slán . . . co Luimnech, Cog. 38.16 . go ruachtattar for rēidh an ruaidh slēibhe, AFM vi 1916.4 . éisdeacht . . . re glór nach ró a fhios go grian `to listen to anything of which he has no deep knowledge', Content. xviii 91 . In impers. constr.: in tan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when he reached his last moments , PH 6602 . pass. impers. innus nach roither [= roichther] chuicci acht d'oén-leth, Maund. 70 . in tan rosoichter ar mullach in tṡleibhe, CCath. 1213 . acht co roistir isin chath, CF 762 . Absol. arrives : ba dorcha . . . an tan rosīachtadur, BColm. 54.19 .

In sense extends . with advl. acc. (of space or time): an rosiacht a radarc, RC xxv 30.10 . issi in faithchi techta . . . ni rosaig guth cluicc as far as the sound of a bell is heard , Laws iv 194.2 . an rosaig bo . . . for ingilt, rosaigh in bech oc tecclamad a thoraid (= the bee takes the same time to gather its produce as the cow takes for grazing), 164.8 . The limit may be expressed by a clause: rossaig meit ┐ binde a ngotha conad airde gothuib, Ériu ii 130 z . Impers. folld. by DE: rosaig do meit in derchainte . . . connā cumcat ainm De do labra so great is the despair , 134 § 111 , cf. § 112 - § 16 , and p. 120 § 58 . Cf. the similar constr. atá de.

(b) rosaig . . . dom comes (falls) to me (as a share, due, turn, duty, etc.): semonn a ngai ┐ dornclai a cloidim . . . rusia limsai doip `I will supply them with rivets', RC xii 88 § 101 . rosoith . . . dā bā dēc don subdeochain the subdeacon gets twelve cows (as his eneclann), ZCP ix 171 § 3 . rosia maine imdha duib fuirri ye shall have abundant treasure (in exchange) for it , Marco P. 18 . acht rosó comand ┐ baithius do anmain chāich provided the soul of each gets communion and baptism , Ériu i 220 § 13 . gach la rosoiched dó ingaire na laegh every day that it fell to him to herd the calves , Lism. L. 1966 . cuirit . . . crannchor etorra . . . cipé dibh dia roisedh dul, BNnÉ 96 § 1 . impers. rosoich iarom co praind ┐ co tomaltus dóib, FB 72 . Cf. in tan rosia agaib co dul asin longphort when ye come to leave the camp , CCath. 5172 .

(c) rosaig lim(m) (folld. by vn.) I succeed (in doing), accomplish: rosiacht leo . . . in col . . . do denam, PH 142 . o rosiacht . . . la Césair gleo[d] cecha les, CCath. 1626 . ro triall . . . a dibrucud ┐ ni riacht les, TTebe 2492 . go roichfeadh leis ríoghacht Chonnacht do bhuain amach dhó, Keat. iii 840 . ro roichedh la hordaibh riagalta . . . a gcūrsa aiffrenn . . . do dēnomh the Regular Orders were able to perform their course of masses , Fl. Earls 56.6 . Cf. gan m'ōid 'na croich dā rīa rium if I persevere in not heeding his cross (?), ACL iii 236 § 11 . Similarly with ó: acht nach roich . . . uaim a bhfaisnéis uile I cannot recount it all , Content. xv 75 . ní riacht úaide tarraing an mhóir-shleighe, ML 88.22 . do rachadh ad'ceann . . . is ní roicfeadh uait imteacht you could not have escaped , Duan. F. ii 182.4 .

(d) comes to an end, is finished : ō rosiact . . . int immon do gabáil, Trip. 384.2 . ruire nad ró `who will not pass away (?)', RC xx 146 x (ACC Introd.). bídh imuigh . . . cu roa in ceileabhrad `till the celebration be over', Lism. L. 1374 . riasiu rosiacht a sílad ro ḟás in buain before the sowing was finished , LB 64a1 ( Three Hom. 68.27 ).

II Trans.

(a) in lit. sense: rosaigi . . . dommain lestair sinks to the bottom of the vessel , Mon. Tall. 74 . tic amach . . . ┐ rosoich in aith, Fél. 12.28 . `In roich . . . bur crich in sliabh thall tair?' . . . `Ni roich' ar siat. `Rosia iar cein', ar P. does your territory reach (extend to) yon mountain? Lism. L. 1832 . rosagat . . . tech nGarmna, FB 66 . nā tabrad a druim fria Ríg | ná ría an tír atāgastar `let him not buy the land which he has dreaded (i.e. Hell)', BColm. 100.20 ( lest he reach the land ?). ní ría a ainim ifern, Trip. 118.2 (fut.). nach clérech nád-airlégfa . . . ní roa a anim nem, Ériu ii 202.13 . nā denaid cathugud . . . no co rosti tachur na Tebi till you reach the fight , TTebe 2576 . Cf. PH 2413 . fada lea Rīg co rūacht nem, ZCP vii 303 y . cu riachtsat adlucud Cangigu till they came to C.'s tomb , Marco P. 118 . go ro riachtsat Sancta M., Fl. Earls 186.28 . co rochtus . . . Inis nG., Ériu iv 140.15 . With obj. pers.: nim-ria olcc no evil shall come to me , KMMisc. 255.8 . no go roissiur mac De, BCC § 373 . no co roisir in Minaduir, ZCP iv 239.33 (2 s.). go roichedh in sacart altora gusin gcloich é (sic leg.) till the altar-priest . . . should overtake him , Fl. Earls 142.26 .

co roa (ró, ria) `till (one) reaches = as far as, up to (cf. co rrici): ferfaid gless snecta fort . . . co roa gluine, Anecd. iii 39.10 . táet . . . co ria medon in maigi, TBC-I¹ 1469 . co rría cend na hērci till the eric-fine is complete , Corm. Y 209 (clithar sēt) = co rí, LB. is dilis uile có ro log cumaile as far as the value of a `cumal' , Laws iv 26.4 . atá an Ethoip sair co ró an fásach mór, Maund. 235 . gidh mór do maith . . . doronuis co ró so up to this (time ), ZCP vi 67.9 . d'ár luaidheamar go ró so, Keat. i 146.17 . Similarly with pres. ind.: ruibér . . . chēimniges . . . go roich Pairis, Fl. Earls 26.29 . go roich deóigh na n-aimser, Duan. F. i 66 z . go reich an orsainn, Ir. Monthly 1919 2.9 . ó a ghlúin go roiche a modharn from his knee to his ankle , Duan. F. ii 4 § 12 .

(b) comes up to, attains (a certain standard): fo bioath [= fó biad] . . . ma rosaigh a broth an rosaig a blas good is the food if its broth is equal to its taste , RC xii 86 § 91 . ni fairgéba-su . . . comlond a áesa ródsá co trían that can equal him as far as a third , LU 4841 = rad-sia, TBC-I¹ 351 . con-roissinn cutrummus friss that I might attain equality with him , Wb. 26d17 . ni rabi di bantroctaib . . . rasessad cutrummus fria saíre, LL 231a36 (TTr.). noco ta[inic] i talmain . . . ni rosossed cosmailius dia blas, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ní fhuil náemh . . . rosoisedh coimhfherta fri Berach, BNnÉ 35.1 . delbad Fainne, . . . ní roacht rígna ná rí, SCC 34 ( LU 3756 ). ni roacht-side . . . cutrummi frie-si im hordon ┐ im erdarcus, TTr.² 489 .

(c) attains to = gets, acquires : is tre ḟīr flaitheman rosaig cech dān . . . mind suithe, ZCP xi 93 § 24 . coro rosind mo ṡaith for t'acaldaim-siu that I might get my fill of discourse with thee , Mon. Tall. 25 . cen co roosa in ingin, Dinds. 126 ( RC xvi 78 ). is aire na rotcet [= roichet] som acht leth-enecland na filed (of the bards), IT iii 6.5 . ni rabi . . . do rígaib Herend rasossed in chumachta rosiacht Labraid, LL 311b14 . hit dī airig dēsa . . . rosaig cach rí there are two `airig d.' for each king , ZCP v 499 § 5 . is tri chaingnímu rosegar . . . ind hires foirbthe, Ml. 14c19 , cf. Hib. Min. 11.352 .

With vn. as obj. can, is able to, cf. mor sreth séis, | nad róig tuirim no aisneis which cannot be counted (lit. attains not to counting ), SR 512 . ní nad roichet Ulaid uli, rosoichi-siu th'óenur what all the Ulstermen cannot do, thou canst do alone , FB 11 . dús in roised marbad Cáic if he could kill Cacus , TTr.² 45 . mani roistis dígail fair, Ériu iv 26 z . nī roacht neach . . . comacallaim fair, ii 20 z . gort . . . nach roich a robáil a field that cannot be harried , Content. xxv 12 . damhna ríoghradh nocha roich | a ngníomhradh chalma do chleith, Ir. Monthly 1919 398.9 . pass. ni roachuir a chobuir there is no help for him , RC iii 345.4 . nipa rochian . . . co roastar immathigid etronn so that mutual visiting may be possible , Trip. 176.5 . ní roachtas greim fair, Ériu iii 136.14 . ord bertha . . . mani rostir isind dardaoin, dognither día háoine if it cannot be done on Thursday. Mon. Tall. 27 .

sin(p)salma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sin(p)salma or dil.ie/37624

n (Lat. loan-word): sinpsalma uocum coniunctio .i. accomal ṅgotha , Hib. Min. 9.296 . is do suidigthir anní as sinpsalma do accomal neich etarroscrad tria mierleginn `sympsalma is put to join together anything that has been separated by misreading', 311 . diapsalma ┐ sinpsalma, 291 . oc cētul a shalm . . . for diapsalmaib ┐ sinsalmaib ┐ decáidib `in dia-psalms and syn-psalms and sets of ten', MacCongl. 13.12 .

sonairte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sonairte or dil.ie/38467

Forms: sonirte

n , f. (sonairt). O.Ir. sonirte (Wb.), sonarta (Ml.). strength, firmness, courage : a ndudaesta airisom .i. líi et sonirte immefolṅgi in corp uile andsom ón, Wb. 12b5 . ni tri sonirti n-irisse damelat, 10c3 . int sonartae, Ml. 34a25 . ní lugu immefolngi sonartai do neuch in cotlud, 135a13 . ro eirpset a sonartai hi suidib `they trusted for their strength in them', 43c18 . sonarte ocae gl. potentiam conlatam sibi, 41d3 . æmid inna sonartae athnuigthe `as of the renewed strength', 61a32 . inna sonartae gl. firmitatis, 48c14 . hont sonartai gl. ualentia, 48c17 . hóssi insin sonartae nime, 51c28 . amal ṁbís slántu cáich ┐ á sonarte, Thes. ii 3.35 (Aug.). ba fer tailc trebur co s.¤ ballraid, LU 6709 (TBC). dogéna Día are-sim a athnuadugud . . . 'sa sonairti cétna, BColm. 104.18 . fortitudinem .i. sonairt[i], RC xxviii 320 § 47 . na cethri suailche airegdai .i. trebaire ┐ mesraigetu, s.¤ ┐ fírinde, PH 4608 . for sonairti irsi na martírech, LB 251a11 . cona tainic nach sonairti aignidh nó nach met[u]ghudh menman doib, CCath. 3128 . go tāinic menma ina maithib ┐ sonarti ina slōg, ML² 718 . at he teora ranna ngotha, mét ┐ s.¤ ┐ maethe, O'Dav. 1205 .

taebairecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taebairecht or dil.ie/39459

n (= taeb + airecht) In Laws an assembly composed of `senchaidi,' `gēill,' and the guarantors called `rāith' and `aitire' (the a. proper consisting of judges and litigants). `Seitenversammlung': is ed is roairde ngotha and, ma[d] mo na lucht na airechta do cluin he, no a dul tar t.¤ amach, Cóic Con. 34 § 36. 62 § 4 . t.¤, is a suidi bit senchaidi ┐ ruirig ┐ géill ┐ rātha et aitiriga ┐ is aire is t.¤ fo bīth is fri senchus na senchaidi ┐ is fri rēllad na sencad dobeir int airecht tāeb, ZCP xii 359.18 .

tairniud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairniud or dil.ie/39786

Forms: tairinniud, tairinnud, thairinniuth, tairinned, toirnem, turnad, turnam, tuirneamh, tornamh, toirnim, tairinnud

n u, m. vn. of do-airindi. O. Ir. tairinniud. tairinnud, BCr. 33d4 . fo thairinniuth , LU 4490 = TBC-I¹ 9 . tairinned, ZCP iii 447.z . Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. frequently toirnem, turnad, turnam, etc. tuirneamh tornamh, lochdach, IGT Decl. § 28 . toirnim, § 149 (149.19) .

Lowering, abating, reducing, descending , etc.

I Transitive.

(a) In physical sense lowering, taking down, putting down : senais úad Patraic a l[l]áma ... conná coemnactar a síniud nách a t.¤ so that they could neither raise them nor lower them, Trip. 110.3 = Lat. Lives 30.8 . i croisfigill cen tairnem lama, RC xv 489 § 17 . ic turnam seolbratt, TTr. 1430 . re toirneamh na dtroigheadh, DDána 98.21 . ré turnamh an abhra in the lowering of an eyelash, Ó Héodhusa 28.y .

(b) abating, reducing : tairneam ngotha , 23 P 3, 22a ( O'Curry 1885 ). mithidh turnamh na teineadh, DDána 58.3 . tes gan túrnamh (of a person), O'Gr. Cat. 510.12. do thúrnam chnocc in chinn to reduce wens on the head, 180.5 . do turnum atta to reduce swelling, Irish Texts v 10.9. da madh doisoineann ... a thurnamh a soininn, Celt. Rev. x 143.23 .

(c) With nouns denoting persons reducing, bringing low, humbling : dligid cach diumsach t.¤ , ZCP xi 84.9 . do tairnium anflatha, Ériu i 130.48 . fúair a tairnem, a tuirim | i nAird Chaindlech, Metr. Dinds. iv 238.3 . do thurnamh na trén, ┐ do thoccbáil na ttruagh, BNnÉ 125.6 . rothoirnem treb Themrach, Lec. 292c16 . is é ar dturnamh do thógbháil (the poet to a cross over his son's grave), DDána 65.1 . batar ga toirneadh `who were for deposing him,' AFM iii 574.21 . craos, lé ndéantar turnamh na hanma, TSh. 7896 . ?Cf. dí thairnech (leg. —ed ?) ... na Troe, TTr. 765.

(d) Of feelings such as honour, pride, etc. : atcota dīmus tornem, Anecd. iii 11.15 . ní turnamh toile | fearg an aosa hionmhoine, Studies 1921, 588 § 3 . a innocbail do thornem, Ann. Conn. 1291.7 .

II Intransitive.

(a) descending, falling : andar lé tinne de ór de thárniud na hucht (in a dream), LL 371az . do ghabh ... re toirrnem hi (of a ball), CF 374 . gan toirnem ... da eoch dismounting , TTebe 3510 . ata ... subaltaidhi ... ar toirnium leit frith, Lib. Flav. ii 6a49 . túrnam cret na mbarc re toinn `heave and pitch,' O'Gr. Cat. 651.21. re tarmanghail na trom-gon ic toirnium ar curaid-rennaib craisech, MR 230.x . go dtuilltear uait ... | tornamh oram, a Uain Dé `that Thou come to me,' Aithd. D. 73.15 . Of natural phenomena : in tairinnud gl. dejectio (lunae), BCr. 33d4 . turnamh don ghréin ` setting ,' Content. v 40 . cec ... ac turnadh ... fon cathraigh, Stair Erc. 780.

(b) stooping, bending, bowing down (in prayer, etc.) : sacart .i. ... ón toirned thoirnes oc tabairt graid fair, Fél.² xlv § 24 . t.¤ form beolu, TBC-LL¹ p. 368 n. 6 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 7 . dlegar ... | t.¤ (? sic leg.) gen trīstt co ba thrī, BColm. 100.14 . a chéasadh ... | toirneamh dhó dleaghoid `they should prostrate before it,' Dán Dé xxxi 27 . ó do sgaoil cunnradh na gcéidfhear | turnamh dhaoibh nírbh éigean air `there was no longer any obligation on thee to obey it,' Aithd. D. 31.26 . ar dtornad ... ar an bfion `applied themselves to the wine,' ALC ii 390.13 .

(c) abating, lessening : ar turnad a treinfergi, ZCP vi 282.22 . iar dturnamh na díleann, TSh. 8422 . cen t.¤ without abatement, unceasingly : borrfad menman cen t.¤ , Ériu vii 164.32 = ZCP iii 26.31 . umalóid trēn gan toirnemh, ZCP i 62 § 41 . dul gan toirnemh ... da noirdnedh, BNnÉ 283.19 . ag a tinchosc gan turnadh do briathraibh ailgena, Études Celt. i 79.22 .

Note also : Fir Domnand tra o doman-toirneadh na huiri rohainmnigheadh, BB 29b26 = Lec. 277b40 (cf. Cóir Anm. 225 ). ? amarus na hanma fana chur 'na curp arís gach doimne ┐ sis da turnadh 'sin glenn, Aisl. Tond. 130.y . dosfuc fo thairniam thaisse | Medb Gailían co nglórmaisse ` impotent abasement ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 368.31 and note (but cf. ZCP xv 196 ).