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ad-fét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fét or dil.ie/440

Forms: adfediu, adfiadu, adféidim, adonfedi, adfeit, adfét, adfet, adfiad, adféidend, asidfet, adfiadam, asṅdafiadam, adfēdem, adfiadhamar, adfédid, adfiadat, adfethet, atfetet, as-fiadat, adfiadar, ad-iadar, adfedar, adfiadatar, adfethed, adféded, attafeid, adf, adféta, atchous, at-coïs, atchois, ad-cois, asidchói, ad-cæstar, adfeissed, atcoad, atchosse[d], ad-fias-[s]a, adfias, addéos, addíus, -adius, ad-fiassar-sa, ad-fessar, adfesar, ad-fii, adfí, itfe, adfessam, adfíastar, atfesedh, at fiad, adfíadar, atfiadhamar, adfiadatar, adfétaiter, adfedsat, adfes, ad-fessa, adféta, adchoad, adcuaid, adchuiaid, adcuid, itcuaid, rachuaid, adchuadamar, adcóidemmar, choidemar, adcuademar, atchuamar, adcuadatar, atchúidetar, atchuatettar, atcuatar, atchuas, adcuas, atcóas, adchoas, adcos, hitcós, racuas, rachoas, dofedisiu, dofet, dofeid, dofedat, dos-féta, dochúaid, docuas

v (* ad-fiad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 518 . GOI p. 520 . See also in(d)-fét). Indic. pres. 1 s. adfediu, LL 662 . adfiadu , CCath. 4518 . adféidim (: Erinn), LL 513 . 2 s. adonfedi, BB 498b35 . 3 s. adfeit, Ml. 111c4 . adfét, 62a6 , 87d1 ; Sg. 18a1 , 103a1 . adfet, Ml. 99d9 . adfiad, SR 2518 . adféidend (: Ērenn), ZCP xiv 178.5 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asidfet, LU 3626 ( SCC § 31 ). 1 pl. adfiadam, Ml. 14d10 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asṅdafiadam, 93d14 . adfēdem (: Erenn), LL 6292 . With depon. ending adfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 2 pl. adfédid, Snedg. u. Mac R 14.7 . 3 pl. adfiadat, Wb. 28c23 ; Ml. 51d2 . adfethet, Metr. Dinds. iii 410.1 . atfetet, TTr.² 346 . as-fiadat, IT i 137.22 . Pass. sg. adfiadar, Wb. 18c8 ; Ml. 128a15 ; Sg. 74b8 . ad-iadar (rel.), Wb. 27a10 . adfedar, RC xvi 83 § 130 . Pl. adfiadatar, Ml. 23a13 . Indic. impf. 3 s. adfethed, Rawl. 84a20 . adféded, IT i 74.16 . Ipv. 2 s. attafeid, ZCP xiii 372.26 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. adf, H 1.18, 23 b (cited ZCP xviii 318 ). adféta, TBC-LL¹ 1764 (or fut.?); Metr. Dinds. iv 284.5 . With perfective -com-: 1 s. atchous, Tec. Corm. § 2.3 . 2 s. at-coïs (ad-coois, atchois v.l.) Fél. Prol. 182 . ad-cois, Imr. Brain ii 286 (see Celtica v 135 , vi 126 ). 3 s. rel. with inf. pron. asidchói, Metr. Dinds. ii 24.96 . Pass. pl. ad-cæstar, Bürgschaft § 59 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adfeissed, Hail Brigit § 21 . ? atcoad, LU 3323 ( SCC § 11 ). ? atchosse[d], 5616 ( TBC-I¹ 1136 ). Fut. 1 s. ad-fias-[s]a, SR 1785 . adfias, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.21 . addéos, LL 462 . addíus, Lec. 13rb4 . -adius, 11rb47 . With deponent ending ad-fiassar-sa, Anecd. ii 43.5 . ad-fessar, Trip.² 2628 . adfesar, Ériu iv 152 § 33 . 3 s. ad-fii, Imr. Brain 52 . adfí, ii 285.25 . itfe, Laud 610 , fo. 12b (Plummer MS notes). 1 pl. adfessam, LL 1461 . Pass. sg. adfíastar, LU 3514 ( SCC § 28 ). Condit. 3 s. atfesedh, Ériu ii 126 § 81 .

Pret. and perf. (on the pret. forms see GOI 430 ). 3 s. at fiad, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 73 ). adfíadar, LU 3454 (SC § 23). adfiadar (rel.), 3436 (§ 20). rod fét, TBC-LL¹ 5670 (St.). 1 pl. atfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 3 pl. adfiadatar, RC xi 442 § 5 . adfétaiter, MU² 818 . adfedsat, Fl. Earls 118.23 . Pass. sg. adfes, Mon. Tall. 141.5 (§ 34) . Pl. ad-fessa, TBC-I¹ 331 . adféta, TBC-LL¹ 866 . See adbas. With perfective -com- 1 s. adchoad, Arch. Hib. ii 74.68 . 3 s. adcuaid, Wb. 21d11 ; Ml. 65a1 . adchuiaid, Ml. 123d4 . adcuid, Ml. 110c5 ; 126b2 . itcuaid, Alex. 491 . rachuaid, LL 219b19 ( TTr. 182 ). 1 pl. adchuadamar, LU 19 . adcóidemmar, Sg. 43a6 . at choidemar , Gael. 50, 129 ( Blathm. 370 ). adcuademar, Trip.² 3095 . atchuamar, BB 38a15 . 3 pl. adcuadatar, RC iii 346.1 . atchúidetar, Trip.² 634 . atchuatettar, 928 . atcuatar, PH 3775 . Pass. sg. atchuas, IT i 76.12 . adcuas, Cog. 98.3 . atcóas, TBC-I¹ 1162 . adchoas, LL 245b25 . adcos, CS 8.24 . hitcós, Alex. 159 . racuas, TBC-LL¹ 4591 . rachoas, TFrag. 62.8 .

With substitution of prefix do- for ad-: Indic. pres. 2 s. dofedisiu, LB 211b48 ( dofeidiusu, Anecd. v 5.4 .). 3 s. dofet, Lec. 31ra29 . dofeid (.i. aisnéidh), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 (cf. do-fed) ( LL 393a52 ). 3 pl. dofedat, Rawl. 69a35 . Subj. 3 s. (or fut.?) dos-féta, TBC-LL¹ 1773 . Perf. 3 s. dochúaid, TBC-LL¹ 5034 . Pass. docuas, CRR § 17 .

For forms apparently due to conflation of ad-fét and do-adbat see do-adbat, and also árfas, ar-fét .

Tells, relates (DI of, DO to): o adcuaid rúin ícce in cheneli dóine, Wb. 21d11 . senchassa rechta adfiadat sáibapstil, 28c23 . a n-adiadar di crist, 27a10 . is ed adfet a legend, Ml. 84d4 . manip ecoir frisin stoir ad-fiadam-ni, 14d10 . adfiadar . . . airechas du thabairt do macc, 128a15 . iarsindí adcuaidsom di neuch, 65a1 . ciasu du duaid adfiadar isin titul though mention is made of David in the title(?), 72d9 . ní etarscarad comsuidigthi file and huare is fo oen (sic leg.) aicciund adfiadar `since it is pronounced under a single accent' (is described as having?), Sg. 74b8 . is airi adfét de `therefore he discourses of it', 18a1 . adfii rúna `he will make known', Imr. Brain 52 . inbat la comorbu cuimne cen ogom i n-ailcib . . . ci ad-caestar, cia for curu sen siastar `when heirs have (only) memories without ogom on stones . . . although these (i.e. their memories) have been proclaimed how shall the contracts of the deceased be enforced? Bürgschaft § 59 (see Ériu xi 155 , xii 207 ). adfiasa duit cen bréc ṁbrais / . . . / féib leir donralad do nim , SR 1785 . ? in breth berar adbia do dia tigh, O'D. 518 ( H 3.17, 420 -1). atdius dāib a n-aicned fīr / in[n]a nder . . . I will tell you the true nature of tears, ZCP vii 299.14 . iarsin gním adchuáid Fergus, LU 4974 (TBC). adfeta don mac sin scéla na maccáem, LL 8308 (TBC. = o'tt-chuala an mac . . . scéla, Stowe 776). ros bīadh mōr do scēlaib atfesedh manus-beth tenga dia rēlad, Ériu ii 126 § 81 . dothiasar fair ma atchosse nech dúib, LU 5616 = ma atchoise, TBC-I¹ 1136 (?read atchoí or atchoised) it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells it to you(?). o 'tcuas d'feraib Eirenn marbadh na mbeo, Laws i 14.16 . maso amnne adonfedi if it be thus thou relatest to us, BB 498b35 = dofedi, LB 211b48 ( doedi, Alex. 920 ). adfét a aithesc, LL 12698 . adfét dóib uli amal atchonnairc, LU 3332 ( SCC § 12 ). addíusa dúib . . . écta Guill, LL 204a34 . adfias (atcías, v.l.) dúib . . . a senchas, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.1 . mat cias (?read ma'tcúas or ma'tcess, edd.) a maith `if his virtue was reported', Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . adcós úaim duib I have told you, CS 8.y . is ann . . . atfiadar lith ┐ sollamain inti noem C. i mi nouimbir `is celebrated', Fen. 6.5 . adfess forru corbo miscais leo a cheile it was told of them(?), SG 51.27 . amail adfedar ar Macgnimarthaib C. as is related in(?) RC xvi 83 § 130 = atfegar, BB 410a29 . eos no adéos .i. sloinnfeadh no inneosad, O'Cl.

ad-rími

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-rími or dil.ie/550

Forms: adrímiu, -airmim, -airmiu, adrimi, -airmi, adrimi, atarimi, atrim[i], adindrími, -áirmi, -ármi, adrimet, atarimet, adrimther, adrimter, adrímter, adrimiter, adrimetar, -ármidhter, -áirimh, adrimtis, atarímtis, -arim, adríme, adrimet, adrimther, -árimther, adrímed, -airmed, -airmitis, adrimfem, adrímfiter, adrímfetar, adrímfinn, atarurmius, adruirim, -arraim, barruim, adruirmisset, a-ta-ruirmiset, adruirmed, aírmithi, áram, áirmid

v (* ad-rím-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 602 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. adrímiu, LU 9323 . -airmim, Sg. 205a2 . -airmiu, Thes. ii 338.2 . 2 s. adrimi siu, Ml. 24b6 . -airmi, LU 10269 . 3 s. adrimi som, Wb. 14d2 ; Ml. 24a13 . atarimi, 111c17 . atrim[i], 49a11 . adindrími, -áirmi, Wb. 13d17 . -ármi, 6a1 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 129d19, 22 . atarimet, Sg. 26b6 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Ml. 46d24 . Thes. ii 246.26 . Pl. adrimter, Ml. 99d9 . adrímter, Sg. 202a5 . adrimiter, Thes. ii 246.28 . adrimetar, Ml. 111a10 . -ármidhter, TTr.² 193 . Ipv. 2 s. -áirimh, Ériu ix 177 § 7 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. adrimtis, Ml. 91a6 . atarímtis, Sg. 188a3 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -arim, Wb. 14d17 . 2 s. adríme, Thes. ii 28.32 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 103b5 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 . -árimther, Críth G. 2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adrímed, Ml. 21a4 . Sg. 69a5 . -airmed, Ml. 46b31 . 3 pl. -airmitis, Trip.² 1885 . Fut. 1 pl. adrimfem, Ml. 14d5 . Pass. pl. adrímfiter, Sg. 153b1 . adrímfetar, Thes. ii 229.30 . Condit. 1 s. adrímfinn, Trip.² 2107 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. atarurmius, Hib. Min. 3. 383 . 3 s. adruirim, Ml. 28d5 . -arraim, 49c9 . barruim, TBC-LL¹ 4761 . 3 pl. adruirmisset, Ml. 101b2 . a-ta-ruirmiset, Sg. 188a1 . Pass. sg. adruirmed, Wb. 2d7 . Part. of necess. aírmithi, Wb. 8c13 . See áirmide. Vn. áram. Later as simple vb. áirmid. IGT Verbs § 68 .

I

(a) counts, numbers, computes: amal as ndliged fir bís i n-arim do neuch atarimi `to one that counts them', Ml. 111c17 . ar mad iar n-aicniud adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 (Bcr).— atairim-si, ol si. Atairimi iarom — count them . . . he counts them, Irish Texts i 3 § 9 . rimfed rind . . . .i. no airmebad rétglanna nime, ACC § 64 ( RC xx 258 ). tuccait . . . a murthréta mucc a fedaib . . . ro rímit ┐ ra hármit, TBC-LL¹ 76 . ada usce nosbera . . . for nim atrímther a laug, LB 228 marg. sup. og iarraid co nairmither fri re `full price of fosterage is reckoned by the time', Laws ii 174.19 . iss é dédenach roarmed it was the last that was numbered, BColm. 92.21 . noco n-airimther ganim mara ni hairemthar ar marbad do macaib ríg, RC xviii 173.12 . co-n-airmestur gainemh mara, RC xxiv 381.4 . do áirmhius noí fichit scíath, ZCP viii 223.1 .

(b) In more general sense of records, recounts, mentions: in gnímai adrimter hi libur iudicum , Ml. 99d9 . nī rurīmiu nī āirmiu / a ndorigēnai ind nóebdūil `I cannot reckon, I count not what the holy creature hath done', Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). co n-árimther inna grá[d] téchtu that he may be reckoned in his proper grade, Críth G. 2 . in tan nach a ngradaib flatha airimter na riga sin, Laws v 24.z Comm. cech martir adrímem, Fél. July 17. Ep. 87 . roairmiustar (roairmestar v.l.) D. douibhsium a n-anmanna, Anecd. ii 55 § 17 . ni roarmide hicond rig Leue no Beniemin it has not been told that L. or B. were with the king, Rawl. 79a7 . atrímead filid na n-G. comtís . . ., Alex. 249 . airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire relate to them, Alex. 191 . ní ruirmiu, ní airémha . . . / a tainic de ancessaib Eireann . . ., AFM ii 600.17 . ni aireomamaid a cogtha, L. Chl. S. § 37 . a ccreacha . . . ni hairimter hi leabraibh, Cog. 38.21 . d'eis ar áirmemar / ar M. in addition to all we have recounted of M., BNnÉ 223.11 . ar áirmhis oruibh d'eachtaibh / do shíol E. `as for the deeds you have told of the race of E.' Content. iv 18 .

(c) takes into account: ni armim-sea ón I take no account of that, TBC-LL¹ 5085 . cona hairmithea bunad eitir `original ownership is not reckoned (i.e. taken into consideration) at all', Laws ii 370.3 Comm. nír airmedar na h-esbada sin o ranic an Maél Flidaise leó they did not count (i.e. they made light of) these losses since they had the M.F., Celt. Rev. iv 206.31 . díanam airmitis-[s]e mu bráthair oc raind a feraind if my brothers should take me into consideration in the dividing of his land, Trip.² 1885 . mad t'árim . . . bail i m-biat dagláich . . . nít ármem itir ┐ nít imradem, TBC-LL¹ 1853 .

(d) counts as, regards as; considers to be: is samlid atrim[i]som in forcomet sin amal bid coscrad dognethe do `it is thus he reckons that protection as though it had been destroyed', Ml. 49a11 . bāeth, buide . . . macne Ailb (nailb v.l.) āirmi (airmighther v.l.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 13 § 1 `thou reckonest the sons of A.,' Ériu xii 201 . ise an Toirrdelbach sin as mó airmhid Conallaig orra do brisedh catha Chnuic an Bodha `it is to this T. that the C. give the most credit on their own side for winning the battle. . .' L. Chl. S. § 56 .

(e) searches out, investigates: adrimisiu gl. rimeris, Ml. 24b6 . adrimi son gl. adpendit examine, 24a13 .

II In idioms with prepp.

(a) ascribes, assigns to (DO): a nadruirmed do Abracham .i. fírinne tri híris `what has been counted unto A. even righteousness through faith', Wb. 2d7 . is secht ṅdana airegda airmither do'n Spirut noem `seven excellent gifts are assigned to the Holy Ghost', PH 8029 . ní armither . . pian . . . dona anmannaib, the souls are not considered to suffer pain LU 2120 ( FA 18 ).

(b) counts as (AR): ni áirmi som ón ar chumscugud `he does not count that as change', Wb. 13d17 . ní nairmi ar bethaid etir `he reckons it not as life at all', Ml. 82a8 . combad ar gair aicnid adrímed in suidiguth `so he would reckon the position for shortness of nature', Sg. 69a5 . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath `fellow-suffering is counted as a kind of cross', Thes. ii 246.26 . adrímfinn ar nempní i condiulcc in maithiusa tarfas dam, Trip.² 2107 . Hence a.¤ ar x do y counts as x on the part of y: adrimtis-som ar aithissib dunni buith fut recht su `they used to count as reproaches to us', Ml. 91a6 . dorolaig in peccad ┐ ni narraim ar chaire do, 49c9 . fis timnae ndæ . . . is ar sainemli adrimther to neuch rudfinnadar `knowledge of the commandments of God is reckoned as excellence to him that knows it', 46c24 . iss ed sin armither ar adnacul dóib for that is regarded as their burial place, LU 2533 . is ar martrai atrimther dó `it is reckoned to him as martyrdom', Mon. Tall. 146.19 . atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar im a athair nach airmead (= áirmet) liubair na Feine do ar ingaire a tindtog, Laws v 436.23 . ar ní armide ar laechdacht duit-siu comrac frim-sa sund it would not be reckoned as bravery for you, LL 14137 .

(c) considers as, places in the same category as (LA and ETER): participia .i. ataruirmiset la gerind `participles i.e. they have reckoned them with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . is la noeb scriphinna atarurmius I have included them among the sacred writings, Hib. Min. 3.83 . cid nácham airmisiu . . . lais na trén-firu sin . . . cid dam nachat airmébaind etorro? why dost thou not reckon me among those strong men . . . why should I not reckon thee among them? LU 10269 . uair airemthar do-sum itir deib é da eis `he shall be numbered among the gods', TTebe 2187 . do bhríogh go n-áirmheann an eaglais idir na hoibreachaibh trócaire . . . é, TSh. 5624 . With AR: áirmid eólaig ar mnāib āill[e] a haimsire ī the knowledgable consider her as one of the beautiful women of her time, ML² 485 .

(d) a.¤ x for (ar) y reckons x against y, blames y for x: ba treissi . . . don aithrighe . . . inas dona holcaibh ro áirmittis deamuin form which the devils reckoned up against me, RC xxvi 372.7 . nā hāirimh ar Chorc na cclīar / gē do-bheradh toir is tīar do not blame C., Ériu ix 177 § 7 . oramsa do hairmhedh riamh / a n-dernsabair . . . / daibh fein áirmeocthar anois, Caithr. CC § 60 . With FRI: nicon airmi fri nech cia ba menic thi does not count it against a person, Laws v 76.11 .

ad-selba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-selba or dil.ie/574
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: asselbaid, asseilbiud

v (* ad-selb-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 623 ; ī: asseilbiud gl. adtestatione, Ml. 102 d 3 , Ériu lvii 43 n. 19 ). Later also as simple vb. asselbaid.

(a) testifies: ádsélbem gl. contestificabor, Thes. i 6. 1 .

(b) takes possession: a Issu co fírbail / fortselbai (asselba v.l.) do blíadain possess thy year, Fél. Ep. 4 . aselbaid in flaithius ro fuired duib inherit the kingdom which has been prepared for you, RC xlvi 233 § 1 . do neoch dīb asselbus / óighe gan acht, ZCP viii 216 § 80 . do nim asselbaim na bulla-sa, PH 6587 .

Vn. asseilbiud gl. adtestatione, Ml. 102d3 .

aidacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidacht or dil.ie/827
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: audacht, idacht, udacht, edocht, aidachta, aidechta, udhacht, udhaicht, udhachta, udhachda, udaichd, hudhachda, udhachtain

n (Lat. ēdictum, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 209 . See LEIA Perh. rather adoptare, Marstrander, Lochlann ii 206 . Not a loan-word, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 161 n. 4 and see also ZCP xxxix 53 , Ériu xxiv 183-85 , xxix 154 ). Also audacht, idacht, udacht, edocht, aidachta. Decl. varies: as m. g s. in aidechta , AU i 54.2 . udhacht m. (g s. and n p. udhaicht, udhachta), IGT Decl. § 25 . udhachda m., § 2 . Also ā, f. a s. udaichd, Parrth. Anma 5688 . g s. na hudhachda , 5875 . Note also a s. udhachtain, RC xiv 62 § 77 .

Will, testament, bequest: issí inso coibse Fétho Fio ┐ aedocht di bliadin re mbas dáu du manchuib Drommo Lías `this is his bequest two years before his death to the monks of Druim Lías', Trip. ii 338.21 ( Thes. ii 238.18 (Ardm.)). ba hésin a hedacht adbul / dia chlaind, LL 16091 ( Todd Nenn. 248.203 ). Audacht Morainn, name of a tract, precepts to a young king given by Morann at his death, ZCP xi 73 . udhucht Aithirne ann so do thairchedal gheine Criosd, Ériu xiii 18.24 . fáidis Morand in n-audacht sa chuice, ZCP xi 80 § 1 . a n-aimsir ar mbáis; ar n-udhachd do dhéunamh gan mho[i]ll, Parrth. Anma 5864 . do réir udhachta Oiliolla Óluim, Keat. iii 3118 . lá an udhochta day of my death(?), PBocht 17.22 . ge ratuillsium mallachtain / nir' millsim ar n-udhachtain we have not perverted our confession(?), RC xiv 62 § 77 . In strict law a name for a will made in articulo mortis (3 imna name for one made in bodily health), Plummer, Ériu ix 31 . The distinction, however, is not always observed: cach n-ord iarna cirt . . . ┐ a nudacht a nimna co rabat don eclais iar netla uird, Laws iii 32.z . a nudacht .i. fri bas, 34.14 Comm. is amluidh sin ranntar a imna ┐ a udacht, 68.4 Comm. cuit neclaise fris a mbi audacht, iv 194.26. mád espug cin uducht, i 202.y Comm. ro fag mac Seain a nudacht nar gabudur . . . cóir na cert uaid timcell Anaidh moir `Mac S. provided in his will that they should derive no title to Annaghmore from him' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 1961 ( Eg. 90 fo. 7(8)c ). muna tarraid ughacht itir é a denam donti ro marb he co nach roibe caomthachta a fhastaithi aici, O'Curry 1651 (26 Q 6 p. 21a) i.e. if he (the slain thief) died without confessing, the slayer must prove that he had no other means of stopping the thief than by killing him, Plummer MS. notes. Attrib. g s. doḟagaib in scrin ac a comarba udachta testamentary successor, ZCP xiv 152.13 . cloc in aidechta, AU i 54.2 (a famous bell at Armagh said to have been bequeathed by St. Patrick, see Reeves Ad. pp. 205 , 323 ). i ndigail sharaighthi cluicc ind edechta, 582.12 . cleirig an Chluig n Udachta do marbad ann, RC xviii 268.18 (Tig.). Solamh . . . maor cluig an edhachta, AFM iii 608.13 . delg aidechta, a brooch bequeathed to Iona by Colum Cille, Reeves Ad. 205 .

The thing bequeathed, bequest, legacy: Epscop Aed bói i Sléibti luid du Ardd Machae. birt edoct cu Segéne du Ard Machae. dobert Segene oitherroch a.¤ du Áid ┐ adopart Áed a.¤ ┐ a chenél ┐ a eclis du Pátricc cu bbráth. fáccab Aed a.¤ la Conchad Aed was bishop in Slebte . . . he brought a bequest to Segéne in Armagh. Segéne gave the bequest again to Aed and Aed offered his bequest and his kin and his church to Patrick forever. Aed left his bequest with Conchad, Thes. ii 242.17 (Ardm.) ( Trip. ii 346.22 ). audacht ceneoil a tribal heirloom, IT iii 199.29 .

In phrase fri a.¤ (báis) at the point of death: robái fri feba cach thucht / a ben Eua fria iducht i.e. at his deathbed to receive his last words, SR 2028 . dollotar fir . . . / . . . fria hedacht `to receive her last behest', Metr. Dinds. iv 148.40 . cach bean fri hudacht mbais, Laws v 454.28 Comm. nā bad marb hé co mbeith-som fria hudacht a báis that he should not die till C. should be at his deathbed, BColm. 46.16 . erbaidh do A. co mbeth F. ria udhacht, Lism. L. 2885 . in tan robui Alax. fria hidhacht a bais i mBáibiloin when A. was dying, Alex. 1108 . fā[g]bhuim-si an peacthach bochd reum udhachda báis, Parrth. Anma 5877 . Note also: audacht .i. uath fri feacht .i. antan tēte in duine fri fecht n-ūatha .i. bāis, Corm. Y 38 .

In more general sense: do ním d'udhachta ar a fhuil / a cumhachta gur cubhuidh `I solemnly attest his race', Arch. Hib. i 91 § xv . fa hí ughachta mhóráin / nár dhíol róghráidh ar ndáinne `many protested', Studies 1918. 617 § 3 . ?budh árus ócch d'udhachtuibh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 218.3 .

áirem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirem or dil.ie/1927
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áram, áireamh, -imh, -mhe, áirimh, -mhe

n ā, f. Later also m. O. Ir. áram. áireamh (g s. and n p. -imh, -mhe) m. IGT Decl. § 101 . áirimh, f. (g s. and n p. -mhe), § 150 . Vn. of ad-rími.

(a) act of counting, reckoning, estimating; number, numeral: tri thogairm nanmae dæ ┐ arim a degmaine, Ml. 102d17 . ārem gl. et in calculo, Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen 18 . bidh i a n-arim [fír]chert / do gaethaib da gaeth deec, SR 51 . baí ica n-áirim tria fisidecht, LU 2852 . Forgall . . . ansu árim a ilcumachta impossible to count, 10265 . teimel imorbuis Adaim / dodonarcheil ar araim `hath prevented us from being counted', Ériu xii 180.z (TE2). ocht míli déc a n-arim míli eighteen thousand reckoning by thousands, LL 219b5 ( TTr. 173 ). sé rígh ḟichead d'áireamh flath `in the reckoning of princes', TD 7.46 . is ed ro harmed ann xx. mili ar arem ainfir `twenty thousand to a man', Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . go ráinicc trí chétt cenn in airemh dibh, AFM iii 588.11 . áireamh a fhearta / lia ná áireamh sneachta sin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 10 . airim craeibhi ar conuibh Finn i.e. Finn's hounds are as numerous as branches, Acall. 192 . snaidhm díamhair ar tháobh na táibhle / sáor ag íarraidh áirmhe as, IGT Decl. ex. 1385 . dofarcat cech nárim `who surpass every number', Fél. July 15 . co ndechaidh tar airem a nesbadha their losses were innumerable, RC xviii 173.2 (Tig.). ni fuil airim ara med do clēirchib . . ., 30.33 . ro femed a airium and ar marbad do gallaib, Cog. 38.1 . number, numeral: huare is haram foirbthe ind aram séde `because the number six is a perfect number', Thes. ii 31.25 . numerus .i. is á n-aram `it is their number', Ml. 18d3 . isí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . na nota áram gl. numerorum figurae, 6b21 . frisin n-araim ṅgrecdi gl. ad Graecum numerum, Thes. ii 34.28 . fotha airim (airmi v.l.) = fundamentum numeri, Auraic. 690 = fotha airme, 3319 . lochdach iomurbháidh a ttús chomhfhocuil . . . no áireamh i.e. a numeral is not to be used as first element in a compound, IGT Introd. 24.23 .

(b) certain collective quantity, amount, sum: in n-arim gl. summam, Ml. 36a27 . amal bid i n-araim gl. in summa, 88c12 . In Laws used in the technical sense of the proper number of stock which a claimant may place on land to which he lays claim, Plummer MS. notes: biri airem lat .i. da ech i llaim, O'Curry 850 ( H 3.18, p. 386a ). dobeir do airim isa tir, O'Curry 851 (ib.). berid forcraid nairme hi tir, ib. dilse nairme i.e. forfeiture of the cattle in an illegal entry, O'D. 746 (H. 3.17, col. 541). dia mbera airaín (sic leg.) for airím teachta do dainib ┐ eachaib if he brings any persons or horses in excess of the legal number (it is all forfeited), Laws iv 26.3 Comm. is leth dilsi nairme i sodhuin, 26 Comm. fiac techtai[g]the . . . ┐ dilsi nairme, iii 148.6 Comm. cenmotha airme ata mo, ii 110.14 .

(c) reckoning, computation (of time): 1602 do réir airmhe na Saccsan ┐ do reir rímhe na Romhan as 1603, AFM vi 2322.y . re n-aiream suas co saerNín, BB 14a5 ( MacCarthy 316.z ). do réir áirimh na nEabhraidheach, Keat. ii 124 . ind áireamh na naes, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.13 .

(d) grammatical number: áram inchosaig dede ar is áram ilair . . . acht asringba óen, Sg. 71a2 . dobriathar áirme `numeral adverb', 71b14 . ar is coitchen ade cacha áirme, 198a14 . dechor nuird in arim fil indib ┐ it anmmann uirdd fo ṡodain, 41b7 . ní aiccidit di aram air cia beit dobriathra persandi robiat sidi cen áraim, 71b8 . ni techtat arim, 161a2 . doḟoirdet áraim, 203b11 . do chenelaib ┐ áirmib ecsamlib `to different genders and numbers', 211a14 . etir di árim, 72a2 . trissin n-airim nilair, Ml. 48c19 .

(e) act of enumerating, recounting: ni tairesad a thuruim, no a asneis, no a arium no a innisi [an] ro odimset Gaedil, Cog. 50.18 . Machabeus . . . / cen árem ni foelab, Gorm. March 31 . áireamh ┐ iomrádh a n-éacht ┐ a n-áitheas do dhéanamh, TSh. 5578 . beag dhe ré n-áireamh na aghaidh little can be said against him, Content. xxv 10 . cóir a n-anmanna dh'airemh, IGT Decl. ex. 1136 . gi bé do dáileadh damhsa / gan é d'áireamh oramsa that you did not count against me, TD 14.9 . ní chlos éin-bhean aca sin . . . ós breacmhoigh Éireann d'áireamh no woman amongst them is heard of as having ruled over Ireland, Content. xxx 21 .

(f) estimation, repute, account: docuala h'airem ┐ h'ardnos, ZCP vi 25.21 . fuair ar eachtra áireamh ríogh `wins kingly glory on foray', Magauran 1683 . aon dhuine ba mó . . . aireamh, AFM iv 680.5 . ant aentaisech dob ferr icht ┐ airem ┐ enech, Ann. Conn. 1281.3 . [ní dearnadh] . . . ó ló [th'éaga] . . . / míorbhail nar chuir áireamh ort, DDána 59.32 .

(g) act of reckoning with, among (LA, I N-): is la brethir a n-áram gl. quare non sunt separanda a uerbo, Sg. 26b17 . nephdenom rainne di foleith acht a aram la ainm, 188a22 . mad t'árim immorro bail i m-biat dagláich, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . 'sgan mindeabhaidh ann d'áireamh, TD 4.18 . In phrases: téit i n-a.¤ : tet i n-airium aitgina do cuic seoit na hoidhche sin the five seds of that night are reckoned as part of his restitution, Laws ii 16.28 Comm. ni teit i nairem cinad do cuilain do breith having brought forth whelps is not taken into account in its trespasses, iii 416.1 . do-beir i n-a.¤ takes into account: nim-mór as tabart[h]a i n-árim na tacair, LL 229b44 ( TTr. 932 ). ni tardat i n-airium cenela n-examla, BB 3a7 . ní thibérsa tusa i n-áirem `I will hold thee of no account', PH 1804 .

(h) regarding, reckoning as (AR): ba háiremh ar easbuidh dUltaibh a iondsoigid fothaibh his attack as good as meant defeat (lit. loss) to the men of U., ZCP xiv 232.1 . meic ríogh san fhochla fhéinneadh / fíon gléigheal ortha d'áireamh they were reckoned as, IGT Decl. ex. 139 . clann M. . . . gé fhuairsed urri áirem though they have been reckoned amongst them (lit. her) (?), Hy Fiach. 214.2 .

1 airide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airide or dil.ie/2091
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airidi, airidiu, airide, aridi, aeridi, airidin, airidni, airiten, hairidhni

n (air + 2 suide?) Decl. varies. As io-stem g s. airidi, Críth G. 224 . d s. airidiu, LL 3763 . n p. airide, O'D. 393 ( H 3.17, 299 ). a p. aridi, RC xxvi 26 n.6 . g p. aeridi, LU 3685 . Also as n-stem: d s. airidin, LL 7491 . n p. airidni, CRR § 3 . g du. da airiten , YBL 419a5 . Also f. g s. na hairidhni , BS 39 .

Part of the standard furnishing of a house, associated with, but distinct from, imdae. See Críth G. 228 n. , SCC 39 n. 485 . arsiasir airimdha esrada sceo airidhíu `he presided over(?) front couches, strewn (couches), front seats', Ériu xvi 179 § 2 . cuslennaig ḟéil fidchellaig / i n-airidiu airthir (of the Tech Midchuarta), LL 3763 (cf. cuslennaigh . . . a noirtiur fhoitsi, Laws iv 338.14 Comm. ). díles n-indles n-a.¤ do brúud . . . forrán a chuile a chumat dírech n-airidi, Críth G. 226 `(the fine for) pillaging his kitchen is the same as for stripping a couch' p. 30 . direch n-airidi nó es nue dia esair stripping of a dais, new straw to cover it(?), 228 and n. eter imda ┐ aridi, RC xxvi 26 n.6 . a ha.¤ . . . ┐ a hinuta soillsi (of a house), O'D. 393 ( H 3.17, c. 299 ) = a hairmedha, Laws v 326.12 Comm. dogní toil maic Dé do nim / is grian etrocht a mbi sam / is airithe Dé do nim / is lestar glainide glan, Fél. 156.10 (`he is a dais of God in Heaven'). da imdai dec tar a da leithi triar in gach imdáei ┐ ví fir dec hi cechtar a da airiten (of the Teach Midchuarta), YBL 419a5 . co n-accar in coimriti in fer isind a.¤ , ZCP viii 120.17 . atchonnarc triar n-aile isind airidi, BDD 120 ( LU 7642 ). tuc Cerball lua da choiss friasi ┐ si fo chossaib sinn airidin, LL 7491 . conid corustar asa imda go riacht ind aridin ina suidiu for lar, IT ii2 241.x = asa imda for lar i n-airrthur in tigi, Lec. tuc leis anund [in congna] co laechlar in tigi . . . cor' lín o airidin co hurlár, Acall. 2935 v.l. ro-loscit ar ṅdúnaid . . . connach arddi íat 'nas a n-airidni ┐ a n-immellaige, CRR § 3 , § 15. Cf. connarbdar airdiu a déntai andat a immélaig, TBC-LL¹ 1314 . imdhadha ┐ airighne `bunks or sleeping benches' (of a boat), Éigse vii 284 . rolincc . . . léim tar colbha na tuilgi co ráinic cenn na hairidhni síos, BS 39 . fochla didiu cach suidiu n-ai[r]echda; faitsi cach n-a.¤ , Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 59.y ). faitsi gach n-a.¤ nó gach imdae, O'Dav. 841 . airidhe .i. aurshude, O'Mulc. 78 . eridhe .i. irsuidhe, 426 . Cf. 2 airge?

airrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airrann or dil.ie/2356
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: urraind

vn ā, f. (ar-ranna) part, division, portion . Of territory: nocodlegat . . . aurraind tíri na túad, SR 4917 . tangadar Dail riadai corgabadar iraind Cruithneach began dividing the Cruithnech, BB 206b31 . cóic hurrunda Érind . . . cecha huirruind díb (coicid, urrann v.l.), Ériu iv 152 § 33 . can a ríg n-aurraindi eturru territorial king, TBC-LL¹ 5693 . an urraind (a s.) bud mō da rigi, ZCP xiv 150.3 = int errandus, PH 907 . ra hairecrad a óltech . . . ar gnímaib ar irrannaib ┐ cenélaib according to territories, MU² 210 . In other contexts: cor bo ball da ballaib a mac ┐ cor bo irrand da irrandaib, TBC-LL¹ 2932 . is amnas an urrand `allotted task' (Plummer MS. notes), TBC-I¹ 2265 . Cf. ind orrain gaiscidh, AFM ii 582.9 (? forráin). urrand argait ┐ oír, LL 276a3 . is amlaid rasuidiged lathrach in taige hi sin leithred foe fothúaid ┐ airrand (aurard v.l.) andess the other half(?), 3851 . niconbie errann do a nim la Crist, Anecd. iii 26.15 . urrann do tháobh thuirc allaidh (as food), Duan. F. i 33 § 5 . urruinn an mhadra don mheall `the share of the haunch that goes to the dog', Content. xxvii 15 . na huronna portions of food, Lism. L. 1256 = na herranda, Three Hom. 60.6 . urranna caebacha . . . cro `clotted particles of blood', CF 515 . urunda fedma fir do caebaib fola ┐ feola, RC xi 32.23 = ZCP x 305.18 . go nderna di urranna so that it was in two, BNnÉ 228 § 131 . urrann duaislibh ┐ daireachaib some nobles, AFM v 1626.2 . Legal: ni aile(t) nach sesc air[r]ainn la Fene, BCrólige 24 . fir errainne, O'Curry 18 (H. 3.18, 8b11) `participators', Plummer MS. notes. Sense not clear in: erraind (eirand v.l.) nais a sruth buais .i. is uais ind rand fil ocum ar imbud mo dagḟessa, RC xxvi 24 § 80 .

aithéirgid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithéirgid or dil.ie/2618

v (éirgid) rises (again): ar aithéirigh, ar fhás d'olc / trē bhás gcaithfhéinidh gConnocht the evils that arose, O'R. Poems 1319 . gur atheirigh o bhás, BNnÉ 227 § 130 . innis do ri cur aith-eirgidar sil Cobthaigh, RC xxxix 12 § 7 . ni aitheirgeann a nim as a haithle (of the bite of a dog), 23 K 42, 353.17 . ro aitherig C. . . . (of a combatant knocked down in a boxing-match), TTebe 2539 .

Cf. also ad-eirrig.

aithis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithis or dil.ie/2716

Forms: a., aithis(s)i, aithisse, athais, -scél

n f. See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 214 . n a s. a.¤ , n a p. aithis(s)i, g p. aithisse, g s. (mid. Ir.) aithise. Later also athais.

(a) insult, reproach, reviling. gl. dedecus, Ml. 100b4 (opprobrium, Psalms lxxvii 66 ); contumilia, 62c15 ; calumnia, 54c11 ; opprobrium, 36a1 ; improperia, Wb. 6c29 ; conflictio, 29b10 . aithissi, Ml. 90d17 . dorat Saul athissi foir, 54c16 . trisna aithissi (trisnaithissi MS.), 110c9 . donaib ulib athisib gl. ad probra . . . omnia, 33c7 . iarna aithisib, 54c10 . figor na n-aithisse, Thes. ii 253.15 . trist do tabairt for nech nó a.¤ `to lay a curse on anyone or revile him', Mon. Tall. 141.24 (§ 36) . atrubairt-sium a.¤ móir ra Fergus, TBC-LL¹ 6136 . ail dno .i. ail leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbrethri cidh tria cuidbius cid cen cuidbius, BB 299a13 . dobert cach dib aithisi mbriathar diaraile, D IV 2, 77va39 . ána athise `quick to revile' (of women), Tec. Corm. 30.z . a.¤ do-berar do Dhia blasphemy, ITS xxix 107.30 . ag sgeith blaismhémiodh aor ┐ aithisiodh, Desid. 4293 . athais gach aoin orra (a curse), BNnÉ 257 § 215 . aitheis oireachtais the reproach of an assembly, IGT Decl. ex. 1015 . As quasi-vn.: ag a.¤ ┐ iomcháineadh air, TSh. 473 .

(b) disgrace, ignominy: is aithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cen precept don aís anfiss, Wb. 13b11 . ni aírmithi ar a.¤ a mbás nisin ar asreracht, 15d12 . ar athis leusom a nintamail fria ndeu they are ashamed, Ml. 138c10 . ar aithissib dunni, 91a6 . domrosat fo baithis gil / nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir, Trip.² 1633 `ne me laisse en la disgrace de personne', Études Celt. iii 101 . ba ha.¤ leis a ingen do brith macc do, Rawl. 143a26 . beth fo athis he would be disgraced, LU 2932 . nar bad athis do Mend . . . dunad ┐ longphort d'ḟalmugud dó, TBC-LL¹ 4540 . nach raibhi athais na mebul do Priaim in gach ulc doronsat Grec fris, BB 422a6 . d'a.¤ as an insult, Dán Dé ii 19 .

(c) Concr. blemish, disfigurement: athais maíli fair, BDD² 1163 . d'imgabáil a hathise / ar nách acced nech a cned `to escape her blemish', Metr. Dinds. iii 30.66 . bid athis duit (of a healed wound), LL 14348 . ail ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 . on ┐ ainim ┐ a.¤ , RC xxiv 278 § 15 . corab athais for do curp-su, YBL 172b50 . trí aithise . . . d'O. . . . a bheith cluaslom dó ┐ a dhéad do dhubhadh ┐ a anál do bheith bréan, Keat. ii 4399 .

COMPD. ¤-scél: aithisscél ` shameful tale ', CCath. 5580 v.l. (aitscel, text, cf. aithscél(e)?).

1 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithnid or dil.ie/2761
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aithnigid

v (1 aithne). Also aithnigid. Replaces earlier ad-noí, q.v.

(a) commits for preservation, delivers to, deposits with: ro aithne a eclais do Pátraic, Trip.² 723 (= commendavit). commenda .i. aithnem (leg. -nim , Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 298.21 Comm. mo charpait, m'eich uili n-og nosaithnim do Maine mór aithnim m'elgnatus uili d'Ḟiachaich I bequeath, Rawl. 138a32 . ini ro haithned o'n fir isa hae co facus tar a eisi isin tig, Laws v 196.18 Comm. dia n-aithnir iat cin co be buachaill, 126.28 Comm. (of cattle). don daer . . . ro haithnid na seoit . . . i necmais a tigerna, iii 230.19 Comm. na haithne aithniter don duine in eislind, 220.11 Comm. na huile aithne ro haithnigedh do duine, ii 304.15 Comm. co roaichni in conair fuigill is fir 'that he pledge the Path of Truth' CIH v 1590.11 , ZCP xlix-l 314 . in fear naithnigther in aithne, O'D. 1180 (H 2.15, p. 25 col. 2). ro haithned . . . i n-ērlaim espuic C. `it was then given into the hands of the bishop of C.', MacCongl. 43.5 .

(b) entrusts to, commits to the care of, commends to: ros aithne di alaili óig día forcitul commended her to a certain virgin to be taught, Trip.² 2081 . aithnid occ Cassan do legund, 835 `del- ivers him to C. (to learn) to read', Trip. 77 . atnaig in clēirech leis co C. nD. hī ┐ mos-aithin (leg. nos-a.?) aicce í do lēigenn lē. ACL iii 308 vi 8 . ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht, LU 4365 = ngiallu dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 bestowed their hostages to be looked after. co bo thrí didiu non-aithned Mac con do Chormac offered himself (?), RC xiii 462 § 68 . robi bliadan lan i mbadhud conid iarum ronathnai airisi `then (the sea) gave them up again', Folklore iv 477 § 57 (Edinb. Dinds.). aithnim thú do Rígh na rīgh, ZCP vii 301 § 11 . aithin mé dot oide a Eoin commend me to thy Master, Dán Dé i 1 . is duid aithnes anmanda do carat ┐ a laimdeo `to you she commits the souls of thy friends and her household gods', Aen. 525 . aithnim m'anmain it lámaib, Ériu vi 114 § 2 .

(c) commends, prescribes (a course of action) to (DO): ro athne dam náro chreitind, Trip.² 801 (= non siniuit mihi credere). in tan aithnes aní seo dia apstalaib, LU 2579 . aithnit do (= dó) cogad do denam they exhort him to make war, Cog. 146.16 . d'athain Crist can sin d'innisin `forbade [them] to tell that', Maund. 107 . inní aitheonus mé . . . dogéntar inni sin, BNnÉ 67.y . aithnidir is-ind recht in timna-sa na déirce, PH 5845 . do chuir i gcéill dá fheartaibh / bás t'oidhir nach aitheantair `that His death was not imposed on Him (against His will)', Aithd. D. 59.25 . aithin damsa an tinad point out the place to me, SG 2.29 .

With DE orders, commands: atberim frib . . . ┐ aichnim díb I tell and demand of you, LB 143a45 . ro athain da aes grada can a adhnocol isin brug, YBL 181b19 . aichnigid dia muinteraib can a corpu do chumhscugudh, Todd Nenn. 204 note p. issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 § 8 . do aithin de . . . beith ag frecor ecluisi Torón, xi 138 § 255 . aithnighis (ro fuagair v.l.) di gan urcóid do denamh, BNnÉ 8 § 27 . ná bíodh uirre aithnim dí / cumha a meic, DDána 76.13 . ar na neithibh do athain an Tighearna dhíot, Desid. 4883 .

(e) Exceptional usages: ro athain a mathair é ri techt enjoined on him not to go, TTebe 3729 . ? do athain an Coimhdhe re n-a ndídean `called upon the Lord', Maguires of F. § 3 .

amnas,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amnas, or dil.ie/3185
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: amainsi

adj o, ā pl. amainsi (see GOI p. 225 , Vendr. Lex., ZCP ix 289 ff. ). a.¤ .i. dana, Lec. Gl. 333 . amhnas .i. doilidh no amhnáireach, O'Cl. a.¤ quasi amnes, ab eo quod est amnestia .i. uile-dīlgend, Corm. Y 34 . ? a.¤ a graeco amnestia .i. obliuio peccati (.i. nempeccad), O'Mulc. 97 .

(a) strong, hard, rough, cruel, etc. Of persons: in macc a.¤ (of a robber), Thes. ii 336.2 . am a.¤ ar gail ┐ gaisciud, LU 10293 . ba ha.¤ fri ecrata, IT i 79.7 (LMU). co slúag ámhnas áichthidi, TTr.² 418 . tri ánchaindli amainsi (of warriors), LL 225b23 ( TTr. 619 ). gríobh amhnas, TD 26.6 . Compar. mac Naithech is amainsi cech rét, Anecd. ii 55 § 16 . Of animals: béist lánámhnas, TTr.² 1151 . fúargg ind eich angbaid amnais, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.82 . Of a place: ic cosnamh chuain . . . crichi fíramainsi frithbertaigi Frigia, LL 235a21 ( TTr. 1344 ). Of the sea: tar muir nIcht na.¤ `stormy', Todd Nenn. 272.10 . Various: nīm thairle erchor a.¤ (.i. temptatio diabulica .i. aminnas .i. drochinnas), Thes. ii 352.3 (Hy. vi). a rruisc roamnais, LU 7733 . sleag aithger a.¤ , TTebe 3053 . geimel alainn a.¤ , Ir. Gl. 59.17 . cath a.¤ , LU 1610 . Of sounds: conggairet gairm n-a.¤ fair harsh-sounding , LU 9092 ( FB 84 ). as amhnus an sgeamhach chinn chon do-bheir an t-aitheach dhūinn, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 174.12 . severe, trying, irksome (in subjective sense): at amainsi na fuili rabertatar fort, TBC-LL¹ 4383 . na .x. plaga amainsi, BB 240a37 . oenét a.¤ Ailella `the sole keen jealousy of A.', RC xxiii 308 § 21 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin, Laws i 6.26 Comm. is a.¤, is andiarraid (of monastic rule), Ériu iii 104 § 37a . Superl. cainte ba geriu ┐ ba gortiu ┐ ba amainsiu bai in hErin, Rawl. B 512, 114c52 (Plummer MS notes). Adv. gonais . . . co ha.¤ Fiachra `wounded F. severely', RC xxiv 184 § 16 . ro chathaigsetar . . . co ha.¤ , LU 220 . amhnus rohaithisighedh sharply He was reviled, ZCP viii 205.y .

(b) keen, clever, crafty: ciamad amnus co ngais he, Laws i 156.8 Comm. tria intliucht na.¤ , BB 332a7 . na mná (g s.) . . . amaindsi `cunning', Ériu xii 152.7 (TE2). batar amainsi bar comairli, BB 490a28 . níp a.¤ `too eager', Ériu iii 98 § 9 . a ing[en] ālainn a.¤ vivacious, quick-witted(?), ZCP xiii 170.20 . a órcháin a.¤ brilliant(?) (of the morning), SG 56.31 . Compar. tressiu cach gniaid éolchu cach druid amainsiu cach filid, LU 10266 .

As subst. cruelty, harm: feiss cech duine bí doní olc ┐ amhnus frim chorp ┐ mh'anmuin, ZCP vi 258.21 . na h-amainsi ┐ na h-ainigne tucais ar Ulltaibh, MR 202.6 . ocum imdegail ar amainsib in chentair ┐ ar phein in alltair, Ir. Gl. 140 n.147 . ? amansi mora na mac, IT i 158.16 . Cf. amainse.

anbúais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anbúais or dil.ie/3428

n ni sinn fotragluais do nim / a h-anbhuais! triat' imresain (Adam to Lucifer), SR 1742 (perh. an + 1 úais O ignoble one).

1 anmann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anmann or dil.ie/3675

Forms: anmanna

n (cf. prec.) indecl. in sg., n p. id. and anmanna (?) animal: eirc is-in dithrub bail na fil aittreb nach n-anmand, PH 2082 . arailí a.¤ aitrebas i traigh mara, BB 330a8 . a.¤ amuil é fein, Laws i 278.24 Comm. miach ar gach naen a.¤ do innile cintuig, Laws ii 76.6 Comm. bleith aen a.¤ , i 108.25 Comm. , 110.27 Comm. na huili a.¤ fo nim / dosrossat mo Dia . . ., SR 1501 . na huile anmand (anmanna v.l.) rothecht crí ┐ bethaid, MacCarthy 50.1 . cutruma fri da hanmanna fair do smacht ┐ fri haen anmann daithgin, Laws iv 110.12 Comm. biad nan-anman n-indligtech, SR 1570 . oc frithailem na n-uile anmand [n-i]ndligthech (n-anmanna n-indligtech v.l.), MacCarthy 52.5 . cuit na n-anmand (n-anman v.l.) n-indligtech, 62.x. na mbóthainteadh ┐ na n-a.¤ neicciallaidh, AFM vi 2016.15 . for seilg na n-anmunn n-aerdha, Marco P. 90 .

anúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anúas or dil.ie/3838

(1 ós) adv. stressed on second syll.

(a) from above, down; somet. simply above: itius anuas ┐ dusclaid anís, Ml. 102a15 . is anuas sennair (a harp), Hib. Min. 1.23 . canas tánic int armgrith . . . inn a haéor anúas . . . ?, MU² 513 . focoisled súas R. ┐ dolléced a.¤ co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, Trip.² 1507 . dolléici . . . sleig . . . dí a.¤ i.e. from the bank above the water, TBFr. 234 . súas dochum nime ┐ anuas, RC xiii 44 § 25 . mé tuc an t-uball anuas that plucked the apple, Ériu iii 148 § 3 . go ttuitfeadh se anuas chum iffrinn, Párl. na mB. 3103 . brechtān aníss ┐ anúass a roll of bread buttered below and on top(?), BColm. 84.7 . With prec. DI: it é side combidgtais in cath dia anuas, Alex. 569 . See also denúas. With FOR. Usually for . . . a.¤ lit. down on, in contact with from above . Later also a.¤ for . . .: ind uisci forind nim anuas `the waters that are above the heaven', Ml. 120d7 . boí ind ordnasc óir forsind éicni a.¤ the ring was on the top of the salmon(?), TBFr. 320 . a aithindeada . . . air anuas on top of him, TTebe 3144 . in bennachtsin . . . dobiursa . . . fort mullach anuas, LL 18538 , in t-éo óir . . . fair a.¤ (airsin anuas fogeba v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3032 . ac toitim anuas for Ercuil, Stair Erc. 341 . sruth . . . síothchána do thuitim anuas oraibh, Párl. na mB. 281 . go tuiti an f[h]irmaimint anuass oraind, ML² 1379 . In sense of over and above, in addition: céd bruithne do dherg-ór farris sin anuas besides that, Ériu viii 139.19 . dam in n-inad cach daim et in Dond Cualngi fair a.¤ as well, CRR 24.6 .

(b) In chronology downwards: o feil Michel induas, LB 8 marg. inf. anuas ó aimsir na nApsttol ever since the time of the apostles, Desid. 4152 . anuas ó aois óigleanaibh, Dán Dé xvii 4 . o cath Muige Ratha 'núas, Cog. 110.14 . triúr anuas . . . d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . sé rígh ḟichead . . . / a.¤ ó Niall . . ., TD 7.46 . a.¤ go hAodh, 26.14 .

(c) In phrase do-beir a.¤ brings into a discussion, cites, quotes: tugsad anuas an oiread sin do bhríathruibh an sgrioptúir, Desid. 4649 . is iomdha sompla oile do fhéadfamaois do thabhairt anuas, TSh. 293 . is iomdha suidhiomh . . . eile do bhéarainn anuas, Eochairsg. 33.9 .

(d) In cross-reference to a passage higher up from one under discussion: a trede asrubart a.¤ , Wb. 10d2 . is hed dosaig a.¤ , 15a22 , 23c23 (see Sarauw, Irske Studier 81 ). opus in cúrsagthaso a.¤ , 14d6 . isind almsan arafocair a.¤ , 16d7 . rotracht som riam anuas forsin canoin se `he has commented before above on this text', Ml. 121a8 . cesad Stephain in-sin anuas written above, PH 1482 . is hé in so anūas miniugud crōibe coibniusa na Bretc[h]a, ZCP viii 299.31 . With FRI: rinn anuas above (in a book), Laws i 16.z . See anúasan, -ana.

1 árach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 árach or dil.ie/3926

Forms: arag, airge

n o, n. n p. arag, Laws i 260.15 . airge, Cóic Con. 15 § 2 (see GOI § 280 ). Later m. Vn. of ad-rig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 592 .

(a) act of binding, tying; bond, fetter: res in coin na fetar d'arach, Laws iii 416.16 Comm. cibe inad . . . i nderna fer araigh arach `wherever the man who ties [the cow] performs the tying', 228.13 Comm. fot in araig, 412.21 Comm. airge con anaithne, O'Curry 2510 ( Eg. 88 41b ) = erge con, Laws iii 416.6 - 11 (see eirge). būrach .i. bō ┐ ārach, Corm. Y 131 (cf. bárach). a druith na halla / sen araigh corra / croma cama fodchossaigh bindings, shoes(?), IT iii 99.1 . cú áraig `a chained hound', Triads 168 . loman áraig leash , see loman and cf. cona.¤ dog-chain, leash , TBC-LL¹ 1003 .

(b) act of binding, guaranteeing (a contract or other legal obligation or transaction); bond, guarantee: ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding (i.e. must be secured) by contracts', BCrólige 55 . a harach: arach fir fri firgilli the binding of evidence takes place with proper pledges (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 17 § 4 . issed coir cach troiscthe . . . arach for soraith nad elai `the security of a good surety who would not evade', Laws i 118.6 . faill . . . do feichemnaib lecud a naraig do derna dar a cenn `breaking their bond', Laws iii 512.1 ( O'Dav. 169 ). mad tuc arach re airisemh uirre, O'D. 538 (H 3.17, c. 433) `if he gave surety to abide by the decision', Plummer MS notes. gell ria narach geall iar narach, O'Curry 2719 ( Eg. 88, 61(62)a ). breth gin dilsi gin arach, 2290 ( Eg. 88, 21(22)d ). inann a nepert ┐ a ná.¤ , 535 (H 3.18, 265b) `their word is as good as their bond', Plummer MS. notes. ? dul do chennach gin airrchi, Ériu xiii 62 § 7 ( Triads § 74 ) (cf. airrach). If certain relatives of a dead man have all pre-deceased him then the person who inherits his `díbad' is: in fear uasal a.¤ in geilfine, O'D. 740 (H 3.17, c. 538).

In literary texts: dogen-sa aní . . . acht nar milter úaib-si a n-arach on condition that the pledge be not violated by you, LU 5849 (TBC). ní géb-sa gan á.¤ / dáig nim láech gan lámach I will not undertake it without security, TBC-LL¹ 3044 . tan nad rabe naidm nó á.¤ nó aitire acht fiadnaissi namma, LL 4996 . do tarlaic dar ārach uad `in violation of a bond', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.3 . gan urradha gan á.¤ , AFM vi 1988.16 . ro naidhm árách (sic) ┐ rátha fair, 2046.18 . fonaiscis fair araige, ZCP iii 247.6 . ocht dtrátha ar atach á.¤ / [. . .] na n-ocht ndubhálach `to implore safeguards', Dán Dé xxiv 2 . fagaibh-si Teamhraig . . . re bliadain . . . dóigh tarrus á.¤ orum-sa uime sin `I have pledged myself to this', Ériu iii 154 § 8 . is andsin tarroidh Meadhbh modh n-aroidh ar Fer nDiag um an comhrag do dhénamh, ZCP x 278.8 = ra siacht M. máeth n-áraig bar F., TBC-LL¹ 3163 . táirthis baéth n-araig fair, RC xiii 106.8 ( LL 306b15 ) (see maeth).

(c) favourable opportunity, advantage, opening (frequ. with for (ar) of dat. incommodi): ōtconncatar dā mac Sgōrāin . . . á.¤ comlainn uirri `a chance of fighting against it', Fianaig. 64.19 . iarras do námhaid á.¤ ort seeks an opportunity against thee, TSh. 7762 . iarrais a.¤ ar an rígh gur marbhadh leis é `sought an opportunity and killed the king', Keat. ii 660 . mná i n-iodhnaibh . . . / gan á.¤ ar sgur dá mbrón, Measgra D. 5.34 . do-chuaid d'iarraidh áraigh air to get a chance to reform him(?) (Monica and Augustine), DDána 59.10 . á.¤ na humhlachta d'iarraidh to seek an opportunity to practise humility(?), TSh. 185 . fo-gaib (gaibid) á.¤ for (ar): ní faghthar, ní fríoth, á.¤ / orra fa Art Chaomhánach no chance was found to attack them under Art, DDána 100.24 . fuaradar Fionnlochlonnaigh . . . á.¤ ar bheith ag aithmhilleadh Éireann, Keat. iii 2911 . á.¤ ní fhaghaim ar shuan, Measgra D. 5.45 . nir gabadh á.¤ oruinn osin alé, ZCP i 131.24 .

Note further: in uair na raibhe á.¤ acut fén ort `when you had no power over yourself', PH 7391 . gidh nach bhfuil arach air though there is no help for it, Fen. 69 n.7 . ríodhamhna saor somholta / ar nach bhfuil neart nō á.¤ , O'R. Poems 1090 . an uair is mó bhíd i n-á.¤ a n-ilchleas rely on, TSh. 528 . conid he arach a raíníg . . . a cor a tenid ┐ a losgadh plan, BB 417a16 .

See also árad.

ar-cela

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-cela or dil.ie/3999

Forms: arcelt, airchell, airchellad

v ( air-cel-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 482 ). Note t-pret. arcelt, AFM i 180.1 .

Takes away, steals, carries off: arcelim gl. aufero, Sg. 9a7 . arachela no dogaitha gl. frustretur, Ml. 31a13 . arcelith ar chách et dioiprid chách gl. fraudatis, Wb. 9c23 . arachelat gl. depraedantium, Ml. 134b10 . ni ercheltar gl. aufertur, 21c12 . arascelatais ar écin gl. quosque praedam sibi rapinamque faciebant, 26b19 . rapere . . . .i. aracela, 36b2 . in tol arachelfea gl. uoluntasque raptura, Ml. 18c9 . as mmé moínur aridrochell gl. egomet rapui, Sg. 202a7 . ibine . . . arroichled iarom edhad as co nderna ibne de an `i' has been taken from it, Corm. Y 1301 (see edad). is deamna rom aircellsat leo `it was demons that spirited me away with them', Todd Nenn. 210.5 . cach fuith a mac noco n-eirceltar de .i. secht cumala dó, ACL iii 226.16 . arcelt Slicech do mur már / fuile fear lia feóil S. carried away to the great sea the blood of men, AFM i 180.1 . ? guinfa dimecfiter Medb ilgnússi archel a rroíb rindechaib (rhet.), LU 5488 (TBC). ? nīm-romhūchat nīmradhmillet nīmforbriset nimnert uile earcoél—, ZCP vi 258.12 .

Cf. ar-cíallathar.

Vn. airchell, airchellad.

ar-coat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-coat or dil.ie/4025
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airchót, erchoissi

v ( air-com-fed-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 515 ) prevents, hinders. Indic. pres. 3 s. nícon fil ní arachoat a n-argat nglan acht á techt i n-aicdi (gl. sed ita ut egresa est in opus effectumque ducetur) as there is nothing which hinders pure silver from passing into structure, Ml. 31d10 . Indic. impf. 3 s. arachoided gl. inpedientis, Ml. 83d2 . Subj. pres. 3 s. co arcói gl. ad nocendum, Ml. 46d11 . Subj. impf. pass. pl. ar na hercoi[s]tis dig `that they might not be injured by a drink', Blathm. 343 . Pret. pass. sg. ol nad n-airchós gl. nec . . . impeditum est, Ml. 97d1 . With refl. inf. pron. refrains from, delays (an action). Subj. impf. 3 s. arnach naurchoissed som friníi duronad nach aile `so that he might not be hindered at (i.e. by doing) anything which any other could do', Wb. 8a4 . Fut. 3 s. rofetar níimirchói nach géin libsi I know that I shall not be delayed with you any time, Wb. 7a11 . nim erchoisse guin na erri ucut killing...shall not delay me, LU 5964 ( TBC-I¹ 1497 ) = niba hedh fhuireoc[h]as sib guin na heliti, TBC St. 1863 .

Vn. airchót.

Part. n pl. erchoissi, Ml. 73c9 .

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

ar-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-reith or dil.ie/4267

Forms: arriuth, ararethi, arareith, arrethat, -aratha, -arrais, -áirsed, -arrais, -arraid, aroírachair, arroerachair, -arrass, -arrus, airrecht

v ( air-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arriuth, Thes. ii 228.31 . 2 s. ararethi, Wb. 6b22 . 3 s. arareith, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 46a). 3 pl. arrethat, Ml. 56d12 . ? Indic. impf. pass. sg. -aratha, Laws ii 128.2 Comm. Subj. pres. 2 s. -arrais, TBC-LL¹ 1282 . ? Subj. impf. 3 s. -áirsed, RC xxii 402.1 . Fut. 2 s. -arrais, TBC-LL¹ 1283 . Pret. 3 s. -arraid, Hib. Min. 70.20 . Doubtfully as depon.: aroírachair, Trip.² 727 , arroerachair, 1169 , 1179 (see GOI 432 ). Pass. sg. -arrass, LL 3828 . -arrus, Dinds. i § 14 ( RC xv 281 ).

Later somet. with f- in prot. forms.

Vn. airrecht. Cf. árrachtu.

In O. Ir. arriuth gl. adorior, Thes. ii 228.31 ( PCr. 60a6 ). arrethat gl. quare peccatores aduersus iustos arma corripiunt, Ml. 56d12 . Perh. with meaning accuses, brings to trial in: ní latt aní ararethi et ní lat in cách forsammitter, Wb. 6b22 (assails, OIPG Vocab.). ? fer arareith fer arareither, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 146a).

Usually sets out for, captures, overtakes: aroírachair . . .F. . . . in n-abdaine = tenuit . . . principatum, Trip.² 727 . aire coisring iss esidhe arareith tus tuaithi who is head of the túath, O'Dav. 92 (where glossed by fóirethin). ní arraid a gabair ó D. did not get his horse from, Hib. Min. 70.20 . rogab cach ṅdiriuch . . . fo digas na Temrach síar co n-arrass and, LL 3828 . saig brot dún forsin n-echraid dús ar con n-ársimmís (dá ḟios in n-gepmaois v.l. St.) ní díb to see if we can capture any of them, TBC-LL¹ 1321 . meni arrais din chétbulli . . . ní arrais eter chaidche [ar] a amansi . . ., 1282 ( mani thetarrais issin chetforgam . . ., LU 5134 ). nim farraid gaeth, RC x 90.4 . nafairthet (nosfairset; nos fairsidh; nostarrtat; gabaid he v.ll.) 'con tiprait tall, Metr. Dinds. iii 174.83 . ? nos leici uaidib asin tig ina diaid cona harrus, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 182.8 . With FOR (AR): conarraid . . . comrád ḟorru he joined in their conversation, TBC-LL¹ 123 . ro arraid orto `overtook them', Cog. 148.10 . ? muna adma neach asreith (? leg. ar-reith) ar na litheachaibh it accrues to the accused(?), O'Curry 290 ( H 3.18, 1593 ).

arthraigid(ir)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arthraigid(ir) or dil.ie/4334

Forms: arthrugud

v also ardraigid(ir) (cf. 1 airdrech).

(a) appears (to DO): ardrigid gl. [ap]paret, Thes. ii 23.35 (BCr.). ardrigiter (rel.) gl. parent, 31.23 . roardrigestar dúnni ó an[g]lib, Wb. 28c12 . coro árdraig dó in Coimdiu, Trip.² 280 . ? arddruig a Ch., 1591 . nó ardraigdis foillechta in gelcréchta and, 142 . artraigfid isind aeór i soilse, LU 2508 . isin méit inro arthraig dia apstalaib iar n-esergi, 2548 . niconn artraigfeth ind Áí, RC x 226.183 . in magin in ro artraig in ceo druidechta do L. artraigid dano in dubnel cetna, LU 8531 ( FB 39 ). dia ṅdibairgtis ní arthraigtis `if they were shot at, they used to disappear', RC xiii 448.z . manar artraig an galar bunaid i naimsir in cunnartha ┐ do artraigh iartain was not apparent, O'Curry 656 (H 3.18, 319). ni roarrthraidi in t-usci, ZCP xii 368.32 (= ni ro artaige (sic), RC xlvi 234 § 4 ). artraigheadh in tirim let the dry land appear (i.e. after the Deluge), BB 15b1 . i ndomnach roarthraig (roartraigestar; atraicestar v.ll.) túag nime iar n-dílind, Ériu ii 198.7 . ni arrdraigestair a ndūn, ZCP xiii 373.30 . ro artra[ig]setar doib tengtha fódlaide, PH 5455 . da cuiread daine da n-idlocad as in tir ar na harthraigdis o sin amach isin pobul sen, YBL 147b6 . ro artraigset . . . renna . . . na ro artraigset in nim remi sin riam, CCath. 826 . ro artraigh an gaoth doib asahaithle, Leb. Gab.(i) 258.14 . ro artraigh toirneach ┐ teinnteach mór, AFM ii 804.8 .

(b) makes manifest, shows clearly (trans.): a trí i nardraighther in which it is apparent, O'Dav. 1132 . gemadh re re niubaile ro fartraigedh he, O'Curry 690 ( H 3.18, 334 ) = ro artraighedh é, 1108 (ib. 448a ) = ro rathaiged he, 654 ( 317 ). in galar bunaid . . . nochan artraigther ann fo cétóir, O'D. 1692 (H 5.15, 31a). Cf. arthraighis .i. gnímhaighis, O'Curry 970 (H 3.18, 416). .i. métaigis, O'Cl. (cf. 2 arthrach).

Vn. arthrugud.

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