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2 croch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 croch or dil.ie/13038

 

adj expld. as high, etc.: croc cach n-ard ┐ cach n-ind, Corm. Y 273 . c.¤ , Metr. Gl. 34 § 27 . crochit .i. crochcuit .i. c.¤ gach nard ┐ gach ninn .i. cuit aesa airighdæ in sin, H 3.18, 67c y = Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 180 . c.¤ .i. ard no aireghdha, Leb. Gab.(i) 172 n. 3 . See croichet.

3 Ind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 Ind or dil.ie/28304

 

Forms: nInd, nInn

pn the river Indus : g. co sruth nInd síar in India, LL 135a45 = nInn , Rawl. 77b36 .

1 les

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 les or dil.ie/29990

 

Forms: lessu, leas, lesmac, lesmac

n u, m. a pl. lessu, Wb. 27a28 . leas m., IGT § 95 (127.14) .

(a) The earliest meaning, exemplified particularly in the Laws, seems to be relief, redress, remedy . les(a) airechta redress obtainable through court proceedings. Hence also cause, case; affair, matter : is dithre o lesaib airechta is excluded from redress in the assembly, Laws i 84.12 . is luga ro sailter leas airechta an aide do denam di iar n-aís diailtre (a reason why fosterage fee is higher for a girl than for a boy), O'Curry 281 ( H 3.18, 151 ). athgabāil arindī atgaib cāch a less treithe, Corm. Y 50 . no ainfaind-se al an dalai n-ai, acht is andsa dondni do-boing; is he a l.¤ anas it is his relief that is delayed, Laws i 250.22 . im saige lesa suing for redress (after a killing), O'D. 563 ( H 3.17, 440 ). ní gaibiut athgabháil ima lesa, O'D. 183 ( H 3.17 150 ). secht n-athgabala . . . nacon toibget lesa which do not exact redress, Laws v 254.2 . fris tobug cach a l.¤ .i. resi toibgenn nech in ni dligius, i 256. 6 , 10 Comm . na deoradha ┐ na murchuirthe . . . nocha n-indlighthech nemurfaemad a toicheda . . . cid ima l.¤ uodein, cid im l.¤ neich eile whether it be for their own relief or for the relief of another, 86.23 Comm . cach duine um a l.¤ fadeisin, v 284.5 . less coitchenn la F. insin do cāch, a less fesin immurgu dognī F., ZCP vii 300. 26 - 27 = Ériu xiii 46.22 . arda-lesaib labrait(h)er cirt coir `die für ihre Sache reden', ZCP xiv 379 § 43 ( Laws ii 306.4 ). asbér fris do lesu amuil bid leam fén in ceist I will plead your case, O'D. 945 ( H 3.17, 662 ). tacrait-si far less! ol olldam state your case, Anecd. iii 27.17 . cealla . . . o nach acrait airchindig a leasa `do not sue for their claims', Laws v 118.10 . tacra im leas mna nad eta urlabra, tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht who does not plead his own case, 252.10 - 11 . atat .iii. [meth] fesa do rig, a fuirired, a faigthe, a dligid . . . a dliged adsuidet lesa . . . co nach mbi ┐c. his due which claims establish(?), O'Curry 805 ( H 3.18, 373a ). ríi túaithe di[b] feraib deacc do lessaib túaithe i.e. when he is engaged on the affairs of the `túath', Críth G. 598 (opp. to fria thaiscidi `for his private affairs'). gell slógad, gell rechtge, gell cairddi; ar it l(i)essa túaithe huli insin, 507 . dá ḟer deac dano dám epscuip do les[s]ib ecalsa ┐ túaithe, 600 . breithem tuaithe fri l.¤ tuaithe, ┐ breithemh fri l.¤ eclaisi, O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ). cisne lesa donaibh sen tascnat treise? Sloged, cis . . . fuba ┐ ruba, meth feise la rig . . . rot, ramat . . . matter, affair(?), Laws i 230.21 . ni daim enecland anadh cach l.¤ bes dir aurfognum ┐ imchongnum, 228.17 . ba imned la Fráech cen acallaim na ingine, sech ba hé less nod ṁbert, TBFr. 156 . o rogleset in l.¤ frisa tancatar when they had settled the matter for which they came, Lism. L. 2030. Cf. leas .i. cúis no caingean . . . gléodh gacha leasa .i. criochnughadh, no glanadh gach cúise, O'Cl.

In phrases with vbb. do-gní l.¤ x acts in the interests of x, looks after x: ach be nach aile dorona a lesa .i. . . . ni fagbuit neach eile dfechiumnus a caingin i n-aisce, Laws ii 86.y . dognim less na n-anm[ann]a I look after, SR 1196 . ingen Echdach oc báig mo marbtha frim . . . uair nach dēnaim a ll.¤ frit-so, Fing. R. 50 . rap áil do Choin Chulaind less Ulad do denam, LL 9942 ( TBC-LL¹ 2881 ). indis scēla dūinne, ar siat, ┐ dodēnum do l.¤ in cach conuir ambeir, RC x 180.18 . tri fichit rigan . . . / bátar acum i n-aoinḟecht / do[gh]nínn a leasa uili, Acall. 504. Cf. ar nī dēin a l.¤ intī saltras in lā dognī he who walks (thereon) does not prosper the day he does it, ACL iii 225.31 . gé go ttainic mé as / ní dearnadh mo leas san lá, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 .

Also do-gní do x: Corr Derce . . . / do Ḟothud dogní ard-less, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.14 . do rinne leas nó díoth dhúinn `for our weal or woe it was', PBocht 27.11 .

ro-icc l.¤ see s.v. ro-icc. Add: In RSClára the phr. is usually ro-icc do l.¤ Also once in Carsw.: gach uair dá rigfe sé do leas é whenever he shall need it, 156 . na halmsana . . . do roinn . . . ar an druing ricces do l.¤ (unto those who have need), RSClára fo. 110a . an tan regar do l.¤ leis na Sethruibh a ṡamhail so do ṡáothar do dhénamh, fo. 116a . innach rigend an bhanab náid na Sethracha bráithre túata do l.¤ (where the Abbesse and the Sisters have no need of lay Brothers), fo. 90a . Cf. also ro-s-furic a less in coimdiu (Dominus his opus habet), PH 4373.

Cf. ríachtanas a l.¤ : gidh sochaidhi ita ina riachtanas a leas, Laws iv 162 n . in duine bís it riachtanus do lesa who needs you, O'D. 676 ( H 3.17, 495 ). ro-riachtanus a leas an bídh, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17 423 ). See also s.v. ríachtanas.

fri l.¤ x engaged upon x's affairs : gad ar techtaire .i. re l.¤ fir bunaid rucait on the business of the owner(?), Laws v 492.4 - 5 Comm . ceit[h]re trīr, trī cet[h]ruir, / cuibde re gach l.¤ no matter what activity they are engaged on(?), Ériu i 39 § 6 (`fit for every need'). Ualer lem rom lessaib, Gorm. 14 . mad cumma ech ┐ ech, / . . . / madat comlūatha frim l.¤ , ZCP viii 217 § 2 . ní lim-sa nach carthair, / uair it ráe rem léas (: a ndeas), RC vi 177.100 . inmain triar . . . / ragus lemsa ar chenn in bhuair / inmain triar . . . / do ragat lemsa rom (leg. rem) l.¤ , SG 382.9 . a nglacadh go lompuisneach re na l.¤ , (to take the bare use of them), RSClára fo. 147a . ? inniss dam gach dal ret leass, / co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123.13 ( TE 9 Eg.).

(b) advantage, good, benefit, profit, interest : ni ar less ro bói and gl. quod erat contrarium nobis, Wb. 27a18 . ni táirci lessu utmille `restlessness causes not benefits', 28 . is oc bar less ataat `they are benefiting you', 25c16 . ni aurdallat dāna sona na maíne mára na lessa for lubra léim, ZCP xi 94 § 31 (Audacht Morainn). nī fess coich less coich amless, 84 § 32 (do.). ni fes cuich l.¤ cúich amles, LU 10822 . aithne eich techtaire fri himrim a leasa `for his [sc. the owner's] benefit', Laws v 190.18 . cech airchindech fritái in[na] (sic leg. ?) lessa who opposes (the granting of) these benefits (ref. to the cleaning of oratory and graveyard and the supplying of altar vessels), Ériu i 219 § 7 . is í dias as dech fail i nHerind im less a tigernae, LU 7692 ( BDD² 1220 ). na tiagat ceím forddail acht ammar as dess ┐ as less, LL 189b41 . na légid bar leas do lot `your interests', Cog. 122.28 . cen chessacht lessa begrudging (another's) good fortune(?), Ériu iii 96 § 5 (`wailing after prosperity'). ar daig lessa sochaide, PH 7991 . robé l.¤ Dē ┐ a choimnesa isna cosaib-sea, ACL iii 232.x . mās é a leas a luadh go grod if it is to her advantage(?), Celtica iv 120 § 39 . eochoir leasa `the key of profit', Studies 1918, 98 § 2 . ar tí mo leasa intending my good, Dán Dé xix 2 . madh é a aimhleas, madh é a leas, TD 4.40 . l.¤ ┐ líth advantage and prosperity : ic tairdeilb do lessa-su ┐ do lítha, TBC-LL¹ 216. o thanic mo ṡiur aness / nocon ḟétaim less na líth, LL 208b26 . as cómhairle ar l.¤ ┐ ar lith Uladh an chomhairle sin, ITS v 8.20 . dia forroghena rīghdha ēcnairc / hi lantt leasaibh (? = hi lesaibh lann on behalf of churches), ZCP viii 198 § 23. ? ní léir leo leas a fighe / aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ne, Content. xxii 17n .

ar l.¤ x for the benefit of x: leasaighthear libh ar leas cháich / sguird gheal an ghréasa neamhghnáith, Aithd. D. 3.2 . ar a leas nó i n-aghaidh Airt, DDána 100.26 . bheith dé Luain ar mo leas-sa `to defend me on Doomsday', Dán Dé iv 6 . na biodhbhaidh nach bia ar mo leassa `the band set to ruin me', PBocht 24.5 . go ngabhann fearg . . . an liaigh ris, ar a leas, an tan bhíos ag diúltadh aneith budh mhaith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 8250. Also ar l.¤ do x; [is] ar leas doib icar tar a ceand `for their good', Laws v 184.1 Comm .

In moral sense: tol Meic Dé cech a ndena / iss e do less rochuala, LL 19086 . do inchoisc a lessai dóib, Mon. Tall. § 23 (135.15) . a n-imtheacht do badh hé ar leas / na seacht róid-se . . . (of ways leading Heavenward), Dán Dé vi 12 . nach creidfeadh briathra Dé ná teagasg a leasa, TSh. 1653.

Especially l.¤ anma: ní l.¤ anma ar sui ardon condíath .i. ni fil ocund nech lessaiges . . . ar n-anmain, LU 583 ( ACC 12 ). bad less do anmae dogné, ná bad less do chuirp, Ériu iii 106 § 48 . ar ghrádh Dé . . . ┐ ar l.¤ a hanma (for the health of her soule), RSClára fo. 67a . Cf. Sentainne ┐ Senbachlach / rop seis srofais a crínḟess / acht nocon adrat Mac Dé / nocon ḟagbat a primless, LL 22273.

Attrib. gen. rop soraid in sét-sa, / rop sét lessa im lámaib profitable, Ériu vi 112 § 1 . lucht lesa supporters, advocates : gémadh maith mo lucht leasa / t'ucht deassa ní mhaith meise, PBocht 21.15 . lucht leasa don bhanḟáidh `favorers', TD 21.23 (votaries ?). mo lucht leasa, DDána 30.9 . For lóg lessa see lóg.

(c) usual hospitality provided for guests (as opp. e.g. to `fled' for special guests): boi leor l.¤ oiged .i. robo leor no lesaiged aegedu, LU 928 ( ACC 79 ). boi l.¤ lán .i. boe-seom co tabrad a lánl.¤ do cach, LU 926 - 7 ( ACC 78 ). ceathrur do dus . . . / is triur fri fleada filed, / dias for coe, . . . / is fria leass a aenuran, Auraic. 2246 . dias for fleadhaibh, . . . / oen coe, oen leas roghnathach, 2250 . cétadaig aigidechta duni do thig a cheli conid lánbiathad dliges iarum in n-aidchi-sin . . . Gnáthl.¤ im̄. dó cech tan rachas o sain immach. ní dlig acht leth-biathad, LL 187a48 . cia lin dam na firfhiled / . . . / for gnathlessaib, for fledaib, Auraic. 2222. See also s.v. gnáth.

(d) care(?); manure(?) (see Dinneen , s.v. leas): an treabhadh ar nech téid leas / ní hé trá as taosga gheineas, DDána 121.3 (`the uncared field', Ir. Monthly 1923, 586 § 3 ).

The follg. exx. are obscure: ar cid a lles issa llūam nott-lūathar air, ZCP viii 104.2 . nam iarrair cosin nalaide cúlaid di maith (.i. dirorben) lessa ar fechtaib, LU 5500 ( TBC-I¹ 1020 rhet.). ré bliadna nir luaid l.¤ / cruaid lé ┐ tiamda a torrches good fortune did not move it(?) (of a delayed birth), LL 7110 (line one syllable short). timpān ri cotlud! ar cách, / l.¤ cecha samna, gním gnáth the special advantage(?), Fianaig. 46 § 6 (`the practice at each Hallowe'en'). lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 . sona go ttigit leasa `all is well till claims arise'(?), Duan. F. ii 134 § 40.

Compds. These seem to suggest the meaning substitute, not properly belonging(?) (usually with pejorative sense): ¤ainm nickname, sobriquet : gach frithainme .i. l. a n-aighi a cheile, O'Curry 1763 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). mifocul mna dia raile .i. in drochfocul do beir in ben ar a cheili im a l., Laws i 148.6 Comm . im on lesanma, 236.28 . tubu n-ainme no l., ii 156.19 Comm . l. lenus (one of the seven kinds of satire for which `díre' was exacted), v 228.26 . mac na mbachlach cusna lesanmannaib, LL 13153 ( ScM. 12 ). ní l. dait . . . Cú Chulaind inappropriate name, LU 8146 ( FB 11 ). ó tócbhail a nGulban gairb / lenaidh don laech an l. / Conull . . . Gulban, Irish Texts ii 6 § 4 . ¤anmad vn. formation from preced.: in glaim dicenn, .i. in tuba n-ainme, no in l., Laws i 240.21 Comm . ¤athair: lesathair ┐ lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 . ¤chlann stepchildren: raba miscais léside a leschland, LL 218a26 ( TTr. 86 ). idir fhiorchlainn ┐ leaschlainn na heagluisi, Luc. Fid. 2815 . ¤macc stepson: lesmac gl. priuignus, Thes. ii 231.13 . l. .i. prius genitus gl. priuignus, Sg. 38b6 . lesmac, Corm. Y 798 . robo lesmac di é, LU 319 ( ACC Introd. ). lesmac ecalse an undutiful son, ACL iii 313 § 13 . feochoir mo luan rem lesmac, 310 vii § 1 (B. na f.). Tiberius .i. l.¤ Augusti , Rawl. B 503, fo. 7a (Plummer MS. notes). ¤máthair stepmother: lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 . l.¤ gl. nouerca, Ir. Gl. 48 . huairi cotusaisi a les-mathair on nogatad si cach ni isin thig do cheilib Dé (of Brigit), Irish Texts i 5.9 . breth lettrom lesmathar, LL 4531. Fig. leasmháthair na subháilceadh an conách (noverca), TSh. 8337.

1 mo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mo or dil.ie/32400

 

Forms: mu, -sa, -su, -sea, -siu, mu, mú, Mo

gen. of 1 s. pers. pron., used only before subst. as proclitic, both as poss. and as obj. gen. (e.g. iar mu soirad after delivering me, Ml. 104d2 ); often emphasized by the enclitic -sa, -su or (after palatal vowel or const.) -se, -sea, -siu follg. the subst. The form mu is common in Ml.: mú bás, Ml. 80a9 ; ar mu sémi-se, 22d1 ; mu menma, SP ii § 1 ; mu lebran, ib. § 2 ; for mu mud, § 8 . Lenites a follg. consonant; the lenition is generally expressed in the case of c, t: mu charat, Ml. 73d1 ; tar mu chenn, 76d9 (but: mu cenn, 80b2 ); ar mu chnamaib-se, 58a11 ; mu thire, 62a7 ; mu th[u]aithe-si, 34b6 ; in the case of other consonants occasionally in Mid.Ir. texts (not in O.Ir.): dom ghalar, IT i 124.8 ; mo ṡerc, ib. 10 ; mo phopa, CRR 3 ; mo pheccaid, PH 7359 ; mo dherbrathair, ZCP xii 393.36 ; mo Dhúilem, 394.1 ; mo tsethracha, ib. 2 (ts = ṡ). Before lenited f the usage varies: moisitiu (= m'ḟoísitiu), Ml. 46b12 ; m[ḟ]eulae, 47c4 ; m[ḟ]ithisi, Fél. 76.9 ; but: do ól mo flede, FB 6.

The final vowel is usually elided before an initial vowel or lenited f, but occas. persists: m'ainim, Ml. 55a4 ; m'ernaigde-se, 50d7 ; m'etarcne, 103a9 ; m'íce, 62c7 ; m'athir-se, Thes. ii 291.9 ; but: mo ainech-sa, Wb. 14a4 ; mo anmain-se, 32a8 ; mo ainm, Sg. 200b10 ; TBC-LL¹ 1053 ; mo ærchoíltiu-sa, Ml. 132c15 ; mo aingil, PH 1823 ; mo airchindech, 2064 ; mo uli indmas, 704 ; mo hires, 2325 ; mo á, Corm. Y 70 = mo ha, H 3.17 c. 662 ( O'D. 946 ) = Ériu xi 43.35 .

Affixed to a preceding prep., the vowel is dropped before an initial vowel or lenited f, commonly before consonants also; the letter m is freq. doubled, showing that it never suffered lenition: domm anmain, Hy. vi 8 ; domm [dom v.l.] imthús, vii 35 ; domm anacul, ib. 37 ; imm'aire, IT i 79.12 ; imm drungu, ib. 16 ; imm fochraib-sea, PH 2893 ; lamm Chua, Fél. Dec. 24 ; huam fonnaib, Ml. 78b9 ; óm céliú, SCC 13 ( LU 3341 ); com iarraid (= ocom i.), ib. 44 ( LU 3937 ); but: dommo mnaí, FB 87 ( LU 9126 ); dommo múintir-se, PH 5793 ; oc mu lebran, SP ii 2.

After the particle a folld. by a voc. case, mo remains unlenited: ammo phopa, TBC-LL¹ 1106 ; ammo Choimde, Ériu ii 122 § 62 , ACL iii 293 § 1.

In late language m' is occas. lenited before an initial vowel: mh'occlach . . . mh'oircinneach . . . m'umhla nó mh'urraim, BNnÉ 266 § 234.

Mo is freq. used in combination with a proper name (usually a hypocoristic form), esp. with names of saints, such forms coming in time to be treated as a single word and often replacing the orig. name of a saint in popular usage. See Wortk. §§ 33 , 92 and cf. similar use of poss. pron. 2 do. The follg. are examples: M'Aedóc (Aed, Aedán): Maedocc, BNnÉ 191.12 ; Maodhocc, ib. 17 ; Moedocc, ib. 4 ; Moeóg, 132 § 3 . Mo Barri (Bairre), BNnÉ 11.2 . Mo Becoc (Beccan), ib. 8.9 . Mo Bí (`my living one'?), Fél. 168.40 . Mobí Indsi Cuscraid, 170.29 = Biteus, Mart. Don. July 22. Baptismal name of Brénainn of Clonfert, Lism. L. 3362 , BNnÉ 45 § 7. Mo Briccu, LL 348 c . Mo Choe, Fél. 158.8 , 15 (prob. variant of Mochuae). Mo Choemóc (Coemgin), Fél. Mar. 11. AU 869. Mochaemóc, LL 353 marg. inf. Name of Senan, BNnÉ 87.9 , 89.4 . Mo Cholmóc, Fél. July 25 = Colmán, 170.33 . Mo Chommóc (Commán), Rawl. 89a36 . Mo Chrítóc, Fél. May 11 = Critán, 130.36 . Mo Chuae (Cuae), Fél. Mar. 30 , May 4 ; lam'Chua, Aug. 6 = Cronan, 182.31 . Mo Chumma (Colum), see ACC 140 Comm. ( RC xx 414 ). Mo Chuta, -u, name of St. Carthach, BNnÉ 291. Mo Dimmóc (Dimma, Diarmait), LL 352c1 . Mo Diuit (Simplex), Fél. 72.40 . M'Ernóc (Ernán ?), Fél. Aug. 18 , 186.32 . Mo Eca (= Moḟeca, Fechín), Fél. 48.27 . Mo Lais(s)e (Laisrén), Fél. 208.23 . Mo Locca .i. Locheni, Fél. 48.22 . Mo Lua, Mo Luóc (Lugaid); lam' Luóc, Fél. July 25 . quies Lugdach .i. mo Lua, RC xvii 168 (Tig.). Mo Ninn , Fél. Sep. 16. Mo Nenn, 208.20 (St. Ninian, Latinized form Nynias or Nennius, see Plummer Bede ii 128 ). Mo Ninne (f.), Fél. July 6 = Darerca, 166.19 ; Monanna, ib. 29 . Mo Ṡilóc, Fél. 168.30 , 170.36 . lam Ṡílóc, July 13 . Munnu, -a (= Mo ḟinnu `my white one') = Fintan, Fél. 226.4 . Munda .i. mo a finda .i. ainm bāide, Corm. Y 878. See Thurneysen, ZCP xix 364.