Search Results

Your search returned 170 result(s).

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

ad-ella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ella or dil.ie/433
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ataella, -aidle, adnellat, aidlidh, ad-ellad, -aidled, ad-rella, atella, āirle, roadelta, atdubelliub, adnelliub, adeilliub, -adliub, -aidlibe, -aidliba, -aidlébthai, ad-ella, ad-ell, edla, ad-rell, -adallsat, adalsad, ad-ralsat, aidled, aidlid, adall

v (* ad-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ataella, Wb. 19b15 . -aidle, LL 204a32 . 3 pl. adnellat, Ml. 102a15 . Ipv. 2 p. aidlidh, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 53 ). Impf. 3 s. ad-ellad, Mon. Tall. 132.1 (§ 11) . -aidled, ACC 94 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. (with -ro-) ad-rella, Fianaig. 14.29 . 3 s. atella, Trip.² 2158 . nīs āirle , CB 180 § 59 gl. 9 . Impf. 2 s. roadelta, RC iii 176.34 .

Fut. 1 s. atdubelliub, Wb. 7a4 . adnelliub, 14a6 . adeilliub, a7 . -adliub, RC ii 176.33 . 3 s. -aidlibe, Trip.² 864 . -aidliba, BDD² 1251 (= -aidléba, LU 7718 ). Condit. pass. sg. -aidlébthai, BDD² 709 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ? ad-ella, Thes. ii 320.7 (or historic pres., Ped. loc. cit.). ad-ell, LU 4981 . ? edla, Ériu viii 28.24 . ad-rell, SR 7631 . 3 pl. -adallsat, Blathm. 72 . adalsad, TBC-I¹ 2908 . ad-ralsat, Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . pass. sg. cen cor aidled , O'Dav. 1373 . Later as simple vb. aidlid.

Vn. adall.

Visits, approaches: is cuit adaill adnellat sidi in fini, Ml. 102a15 . adella in Patraicc naile, Thes. ii 320.7 ( Hy. ii 65 ). ataella-som he draws nigh to her, RC iii 177.5 . nī adalsad a mendot for Bōaind they had not gone near his dwelling-place, TBC-I¹ 2908 . aidlis Eochaid in lúachair `E. approached the rush bed', Metr. Dinds. iii 344.73 . aidliss do chelebrad de Fhiachraig, LL 7301 . is annsin edla Ruad mac Mogairn anair . . . i cenn Maige Nia `sped', Ériu viii 28.24 . niconaidlefa a anim pé[i]n n-iffirn, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . intí nād adli in crois, nico n-arfaem cēsad Crist aire, ZCP v 498.25 . With prep. co: adella cuccu, LL 14133 . ad-ella in ben . . . a dochomb, BDD² 1503 ( chuice, LU 7968 ). With prep. LA referring to subject: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . is dual deit-si, sét nāch lag, / m'fithchell, adarella lat approach it(?), Fianaig. 14.29 . adell Conchobar lais a cluichimag, TBC-I¹ 492 ( LU 4981 ). adellat leo cu teach F., TE² 56 § 20 . In extended meanings: ataella indbennacht doratad for abracham `passes to them', Wb. 19b15 . fó lemm ci atella méithe though fatness visits them, Trip.² 2158 . nomaidlet ilcēola, BColm. 30.20 . suil adralsat a ngliaid nglé / rogabsat a commairge `entered on' Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . ní aidleth toinn ná féoil (of a carver) touched, TBFr. 127 . aidlid a lám scoith `his hand touches a flower', Fél. 40.12 . ní aidlébthai innd orguin the slaughter would not be undertaken, BDD² 709 ( LU 7110 ). co tagaib nech ní adella `how does one recover his security?' Ériu xi 51.1 . Perh. also: eneclann cáich iar nairille atren atidella .i. ícuidh in eneclann sin in cach aidlis in cinuid, O'D. 629 ( H 3.17, 468 ) = adaella, O'D. 2220 (Nero A 7, 150a) (Cf. O'Dav. 44 ). ? ataella .i. tadall, ut est is iar suide ataella fiacha elguin in cluichi so .i. is iarsan mbasugud ata tadhall do fiachaib comhraiti isan cluichi so, O'Dav. 157 . Of sexual intercourse: indí . . . adellad ilsétchi ┐ duamberar cland `those that frequent various mates and have children born to them', Mon. Tall. 132.1. (§ 11) . maccleirech adella banscail, Ériu vii 142.18 . cin cor aidled nechtar de in dá imat sin, O'Dav. 1373 .

ad-gnin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gnin or dil.ie/463
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -athgniniu, adgniatt, -aithgnintar, -aithnentar, atgnied, -aithgnead, conatcomgeontais, -athgneorsae, -aithgné, -aithgnet, atgnead, adgneth, asaithgned, atagensa, -aithgéna, atatgentar-su, -athgnitae, adgén-sa, -athgén, -aithchéin, -aithgein, ad-geúin, ad-id-geúin, -aithgeuin, -aithgiuin, atgeóin, aithgeóin, adgenammar, adrogenmair, -orgenamar, -aithgenamar, -athgénmár, atgenatar, -athgéntar, atgensat, aichensat, aithgensat, aithgeonadh, aithne, ætgnithi

v (* ath-gni-n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. -athgniniu, Liad. and Cuir. 16.4 . 3 pl. adgniatt, O'Dav. 156 . Pass. sg. -aithgnintar, Sg. 29b10 . -aithnentar, Triads 188 v.l. . Indic. impf. 3 s. atgnied, ZCP vii 300.11 . -aithgnead, LU 5921 (TBC). Cf. 3 pl. conatcomgeontais `so that they knew not', CCath. 4777 , cf. 4800 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -athgneorsae, BDC 126.354 . 3 s. -aithgné , LU 5870 (TBC). 3 pl. -aithgnet, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atgnead, LU 10323 . adgneth, O'Curry 2165 ( Eg. 88, fo. 4(5)d) . With inf. pron. in rel. clause asaithgned, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ).

Fut. 1 s. atagensa, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). 3 s. -aithgéna Liad. and Cuir. 22.4 . Pass. sg. atatgentar-su, Ml. 121d22 . Condit. 2 s. -athgnitae, IT i 144.21 .

Pret. and perf. (in early lang. frequ. with meaning of present) 1 s. adgén-sa, Wb. 12c13 . -athgén, LL 274b32 . 2 s. -aithchéin, TBFr. 206 . -aithgein, RC iii 345.25 . 3 s. ad-geúin: ad-id-geúin, Wb. 12c13 . -aithgeuin, Ml. 52 . -aithgiuin, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . atgeóin, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.11 . ro aithgeóin , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . 1 pl. adgenammar, Wb. 14d28 . adrogenmair, O'Curry 1887 (23 P 3, fo. 22a). Cf. also -orgenamar, CRR 17 , 33 ? -aithgenamar, RC xiii 222.33 . -athgénmár, LU 10800 . 3 pl. atgenatar, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). -athgéntar, RC xxv 348 § 3 . With s-pret.: atgensat, AFM vi 2214.11 . ro aichensat , CCath. 5558 . ro aithgensat , 5560 . ? Pass. sg. aithgeonadh, SG 121.33 .

Later as simple vb., see 2 aithnid.

Vn. aithne. Part. (pl.) ætgnithi (corrected from angnithi), Wb. 1b14 . See also as-gnin.

See con-gnin.

(a) knows, recognises: air nicon bia-som manibé aní hua n-aithgnintar ┐ hua n-ainmnigther, Sg. 29b10 . atatgentarsu gl. cognosceris, Ml. 121d22 . ni naithgeuin ┐ leicsi huad `he did not recognise him', 52 . ni rabi la Ultu fer asaithgned amal ro salchad, conid i n-a labrad atgenatar there was not . . . anyone who recognised him . . . so that it was by his speech that they recognised him, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). ecmaic atgeoin-sium for erlabrai ind fir co mbo druth he knew by the man's speech, LU 5874 (TBC). atgéoin ba doib forruised in praind, 1715 . aithgin a athair and ornasc imma meor, his father recognised . . . the gold ring, RC xii 72 § 44 . Pret. frequ. used with pres. meaning: adgenammar a séis `we know his meaning', Wb. 14d28 . a mbelra-sa no labraimsi . . . atgenatarside they know it, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . ? nis fuighli nad ergeouin, Laws i 296.20 . atatgen, is tú rommalt I know thee, it is thou who fostered me, SR 2887 . atgénammár asa samail in fer sin we recognise, LU 8605 ( FB 46 ). aithgén ar a mbernaib beit mairt ili, LU 6623 (TBC rhet.). atgeon-sa isat filid, MR 68.3 .

(b) perceives, is aware of: ataat tri laa . . . o atam-ni ic imbirt na fidchille acht nat aic[h]enmar lasin mbansoillsi, TBFr. p. 18.10 . atgniat na Gaill gur bhó celg rohinnledh, Hugh Roe 84.17 (fo. 22b) . atngneadh i n-aghad hin duine in galur no-m-bid fair atgnied . . . al-lín no-mbid conn galur ann (of a physician), RC iii 344.11 . roaithgeóin (conaithgéoin, v.l.) smacht féig fíadnach he experienced keen well-known discipline(?), Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Of knowing sexually: nír forfáemusa mnaí atgnead fer, LU 10323 .

1 adraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adraid or dil.ie/537

Forms: ad-or, -adraimse, adras, -adrat, adorthar, adordais, adram, adrat, adhar, -roadrae, -adraither, adrorad, adrodar, -radrāb, ad-n-orfa, -adrafa, -aderthar, [a]draibther, atror, adrorsat, roaidraiset

v (Lat. adorare, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 450 . GOI p. 576 . Vendryes, Études Celt. viii 311-4 . Marstrander, Lochlann ii 205 .). In O. Ir. generally as a compd. vb. ad-or, with short ŏ, but sometimes also as a simplex. Indic. pres. 1 s. -adraimse, Ml. 132c1 . ? Cf. atnora .i. adhrad, O'Dav. 10 (cf. 1612 ) = ecnaidh cach adnora ughdair aon reir, O'Curry 1606 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) = ada nora, O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ) rel. 3 s. adras, Wb. 9c33 . 3 pl. -adrat, Ériu iii 98 § 18 . Pass. sg. adorthar, Fél. Nov. 23 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. adordais, Ml. 36d16 . Ipv. 1 pl. adram, SR 1585 . 3 pl. adrat, Wb. 6d7 . Subj. pres. 1 s. condar adhar , Gael. 50 , 123 ( Blathm. 56 ). 2 s. -roadrae, Trip.² 457 . Pass. sg. -adraither, Rawl. 125b23 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adrorad (sic leg. Ped. adrodar, MS), Ml. 14b4 . Fut. 1 s. -radrāb (: dán), Ériu xvi 164 § 36 . 3 s. ad-n-orfa, Ml. 81d6 . -adrafa, Rawl. 125b22 . Pass. -aderthar (adrabthar, [a]draibther v.l.), RC xxvi 38.3 . pret. 3 s. atror, Ml. 69d3 . 3 pl. adrorsat, Wb. 1b19 . roaidraiset, Trip.² 1016 . Vn. 1 adrad. IGT Vbs. § 45 .

Adores, worships . Folld. by accus.: adrat Dia, Wb. 6d7 . in doini adordais inna idlu, Ml. 36d16 . tūatha adortais síde / ní creitset in fírdeacht, Thes. ii 317.4 (Hy. ii). it hé side ro aidraiset in n-ídal, Trip.² 1016 . si dea tened adraim-se, 584 . ro ráidseom na aidérad clocha ná crunnu acht no adérad intí dosroni, LU 4046 . cia dosruirmend nis adrand, LL 1257 . adraid ainm ind Ríg, 1258 . bid sochaidi do rígaib . . . aidheorus he, Lat. Lives 101.11 . no-adraddis airm ó dáinib isin ré-sin, RC xii 106 § 162 . tearc . . . ní ar talmhain nar adhair é, DDána 17.10 .

Also with prep. DI. In this use prob. influenced by 2 adraid, q.v. In mid. Ir. the two verbs overlap considerably in meaning (see also LEIA s.v. adr- ): in duine adras don dédiu sin `the man that worships these two things', Wb. 9c33 (2 adraid?). dothung mo deo da n-adraim, TBC-LL¹ 143 . don Dia dian-adrann Abrám, SR 3308 . trí nert ind Ríg dia n-adrad, LL 537 co ru-édrur dot deeb-siu, PH 1346 . nī adra do hīdlachtaib, ACL iii 312 § 3 . iodhbartha do dhéanamh don airddia da n-adhradaois, Keat. ii 3827 . is fāid gūach in t-Iosa dia n-adharthai, Marco P. 8 . roadhair do Macametus, 18 .

ad-roilli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-roilli or dil.ie/558

Forms: ad-roilliu, as-roilli, -airilli, ad-roilli, as-roilli, atroilli, attroilli, asidroilli, isatroilli, -áirilli, as-roillet, assidroillet, ad-rollat, -airillet, adidroillither, -airiller, -airle, as-roillea, as-roillem, roairlem, rosairillem, -airillid, atroillet, -arillet, -airillet, as-rollfe, ataroillife, araillfa, adidroillifet, as-roilli, asndaroilli, asroairli, asroilli, asindroillissem, -arilsem, -arilsid, adroilliset, atroillisset, assidroillisset, adidroillisset, asidroilliset, assidroilliset, -arillset, -arilset, -áirillset, -airilset, as-roilled, airillte, airílte, airilti, airilte, airílti, airiltib, airillti, áirilliud, áiriltiu, atroillid

v (* ad-ro-slí-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 630 ). On substitution of as- for ad- in pretonic position, see GOI p. 496 . Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-roilliu, Ml. 75a11 . 2 s. as-roilli, 130b8 . -airilli, 55d13 . 3 s. ad-roilli, 61a20 . as-roilli, atroilli, 51d12 . attroilli, Wb. 2d13 . In rel. position with inf. pron. asidroilli, O'Dav. 225 ; isatroilli, O'Curry 2255 (Eg. 88, 18(19)d). -áirilli, Ml. 84c13 . 3 pl. as-roillet, 40a4 . assidroillet, 54d6 . ? ad-rollat, LU 8954 . -airillet, Ml. 40c12 . Pass. sg. adidroillither, Rawl. 125b32 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -airiller, LB 191b13 . 2 s. ? -airle, Fél. 154.17 . 3 s. as-roillea, Ml. 107b6 . 1 pl. as-roillem, Thes. ii 349.6 (Hy. v). ad-roillem, SR 8385 . roairlem, Ériu ii 144 § 162 . rosairillem, Three Hom. 46 . 2 pl. -airillid, Ml. 115b9 . 3 pl. atroillet, -arillet, Wb. 31c23 . -airillet, Ml. 90c2 . Fut. 2 s. as-rollfe, Sg. 66b19 . 3 s. ataroillife, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . ? araillfa, Laws ii 98. 28 Comm. 3 pl. adidroillifet, Ml. 61a20 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. as-roilli, Ml. 111b28 . asndaroilli, 124d7 . asroairli (.i. asroilli ), RC xxi 382.8 . 1 pl. asindroillissem, Ml. 119d8 . -arilsem, Wb. 20d14 . 2 pl. -arilsid, 21a17 . 3 pl. adroilliset, 4c35 . atroillisset, c15 ; Ml. 46d9 . assidroillisset, adidroillisset, 61b17 . asidroilliset, 77a15 . assidroilliset, Wb. 17a9 . -arillset, 4c39 . -arilset, 4d10 . -áirillset, Ml. 114c9 . -airilset, 54d9 . Pass. sg. as-roilled, Ml. 122b13 . Part. airillte, Ml. 61a20 . airílte, 122b13 . airilti (gl. debitam), 56c6 ; airilte, 113b3 . ind airílti (gl. meriti), 61b17 . airiltib (gl. meritis), a19 . Part. of necess. airillti, Ml. 22d22 . Vn. áirilliud, áiriltiu. Later as simple vb. atroillid and áiriltnigid, q.v.

Deserves, is entitled to: ní arilset geinti a fírianugud `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified', Wb. 4d10 . don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud i.e. it gets its name from the silver given as tax to the Fomorians, Corm. Y 304 . cren dímsa m'ingin dochum fognuma duit, ar atrolleset a (m)besa, Irish Texts i 5 § 13 `for her manners have deserved it', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 124 . do neoch atroille iffernd díb, LU 1404 . duilgine cac aesa danu adroille duilgine who deserves remuneration, Laws v 264.15 . la biathad ninnraic adroille in gradh, Ériu xii 18 § 21 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14 .y ( .i. ro hairelltnigedh do dlestin do cintuch, 16.3 Comm. ). diablad fiach nech atroille[d], 98.15 ( adruillter, O'Curry 2721 (Eg. 88, 61 (62)b). cunic in cintuch cin a tabuirt a bfiachuibh . . . acht araillfa dono, Laws ii 98.28 `if only he be entitled to do so', Plummer MS. notes. ?nis nellne a baes .i. nís airle ni dia baís that he does not incur anything by his folly, iii 56.14 Comm. mairg immorro asroairli (as-roilli v.l.) assa churp fessin in falti sin diabuil, RC xxi 382.8 . gach aon . . . atruilles . . . bāss d'f[h]aghāil, Fl. Earls 70.26 . co ro airiller rochtain parrthais, LB 191b13 . fodail na pían cosind lín ataroillife, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . ni farcbad nech cen dire . . . act inti adroille olc asa besaibh, Ériu xii 44 § 56 . adroillem adaittrebam / oentaid aingel cech tratha, SR 8385 . amhail asad-roillfea gach buasach bíaidh, Ériu xiii 22.30 (= asidroilli, O'Dav. 225 ).

1 ainis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ainis or dil.ie/1421

n f. (Engl. or Lat. loanword Celtica x 101-2 ). Also ainís. anise, aniseed: saus . . . do canel ┐ d'a.¤ , Rosa Angl. 118.19 . ainís, andiuia, 142 § 33. curtur a.¤ fariú oir coiscid a teinnes, 218.11 . sugh . . . a.¤ , 232.8 . sil fenel ┐ merse ┐ a.¤ , RC ix 230.13 . deachmhuidh an mhionnduis ┐ na hainíse, Matthew xxiii 23 . ainís, TD 34.20 . ? gabh cocain na measog ocus lignum aloes ocus nis (leg. anis) ocus sil fenéil, O'Gr. Cat. 207. y , Éigse iii 226 .

airchoillte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchoillte or dil.ie/1735

part. of ar-cuilli

(a) forbidden, prohibited, debarred; person or thing prohibited, debarred: di nech is aircoillte brithe, BCrólige 17 . a log o fine fofich fris cidh aircuillte, ib. biada urcoillte `prohibited foods', 25 gl. 12 . cis lir a nircoilte `how many of them are debarred?', 30 . dlomtair a urcoillte ina otharli(u)g[i]u len `let it be proclaimed what things are forbidden . . .', 61 . cach ben . . . di aircuiltib brite for otrus, `of those debarred from being brought away . . .' 35 . mas e in liaig rofocail ni dona hurcoilltibh so, 25 gl. 12 . nis gaibet ecuma airechta na aurcuillte rath[a], Laws i 84.27 (one debarred from rāth, Bürgschaft p. 4 ), glossed .i. bard ┐ lethcerd ┐ cáinti .i. in ti is urcuillti do gabhail a rathachus, 86.1 Comm.

(b) In abstr. sense prohibition: asbert N. druí bátar n-é airchoilte a flatha ar ná hechtrad a Temraig etc., LU 8020 . robdar ietsic . . . ercailti a hsaeguil .i. geis do etc., RC xxi 152.6 .

altram(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. altram(m) or dil.ie/3039
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: t-altrum, altruim, altraim, altrumu, altruma

n orig. n, n., see GOI § 731 . Later o, m. in t-altrum , Laws v 134.12 Comm. g s. altruim, DDána 105.5 . Note d s. altraim, Fél. 44.8 . n s. also altrumu, Laws ii 168.z. 170.1 Comm. altruma, 146.21 Comm. Vn. of 1 ailid.

Act of nurturing, fostering; nurture, fosterage . On the custom of fosterage see the treatise Cáin Íarraith, Laws ii 146 ff. Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 187 ff. altram .i. ab eo quod est alo .i. ōn brēthir is alo ailim atā, Corm. Y 9 . breth et altram, Wb. 10b1 . amal dorígensat sidi a altram si, 28d19 . fri altrum mic in ais araile, Laws ii 172.14 . trian fir altrumu .i. fir ailes, 184.14 . altrum cen ainmi ar dlighedh cacha altruma diainme, 150.6 . altrumu seirce cen iarraith `fosterage of affection without fosterage-fee', 168.z . cia lin altrum . . . a do . . . ite . . . di altruma, 146.5 Comm. am tualuing mu dalta altrammo do rig I am able to give my fosterchild the fosterage suitable for a king, IT i 142.5 = am tūalaing altrama do rīgh, ZCP v 503.24 . alltramm mac rig ┐ rignui, IT iii 239.148 . dogniu dochor cach thríuin tri altram Fergusa form, LU 10296 . ar inn airer ┐ ar inn altrom ra bertus-sa fort, TBC-LL¹ 2874 . gabais mac n-altrama ō D., Fianaig. 28.6 . do chuindchid á altrama, Thes. ii 291 § 3 . ni haltrum, ni hiarrathuis, Cog. 54.23 . ro chuiris ben dot' chenel . . . dom' altram sa, MR 34.8 . lucht altruim Chuinn ┐ Conn, DDána 105.5 . amhuil . . . buime ag altrom a cloinne, 1 Thessal. ii 8 . Altrum Tige Dá Mhedar (title of a tale called `Oileamuin' in l. 13 ), ZCP xiii 17.1 . In phr. do-beir for a.¤ co gives in fosterage (to): conid é doratsat Ethni cucu for altrom, LU 4436 . With DO: tucad side ar altram do Choin Ruí, MU² 351 . Mac . . . do thabairt ar altram d'Art, Ann. Conn. 1261.15 . do-beir (or other vb.) do a.¤ (do) gives for rearing (to): co tuca [a Mac] . . . dia altraim, Fél. 44.8 . tuc do lucht na Tebi da haltrom. TTebe 1724 . atnoí do epscop B. día altrum, Trip.² 1611 . nís-léicide C. dia máthair di altromm, BDD² 73 . In abstract sense: altram dualchi nourishment of vice, Mon. Tall. 152.12 (§ 63) . altrom glaine `a fostering of purity', Ériu ii 66 § 12 . ar tí altruim fhaladh bent on cherishing a grudge, Dán Dé vi 21 . ni d'furtacht na d'altrom al-lassar, CCath. 4422 . a.¤feeding the poor, ZCP xii 291.14 = GJ iv 107a . In concrete sense fosterling, child : arindī folongat na mnā cach altrom fora rigtib 'because women support every child on their forearms' O'Mulc. § 114 , CMCS i 46 .

ar-dalla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-dalla or dil.ie/4053

Forms: airdallad

v (dallaid) blinds: ar-da-dalla amail cēo, ZCP iv 243.22 ( Ériu iii 6.13 ). apair fris, ni aurdallat dāna sona . . . for lubra léim rich gifts must not blind him . . . as regards the poor (?), ZCP xi 94 § 31 . Cf. niba dallbrethach nid urdalla[t] dana nis n-urfaoma o beguib na moruibh, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b).

Vn. airdallad.

ar-derca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-derca or dil.ie/4065

Forms: airdercaid

v (dercaid) looks: nīs fil uaib d'ōc . . . ara-ndercfa ar gnúis Meic Dé, Celtica ii 29.19 . As simple vb. airdercaid: do orrderc tes ┐ thuaith `he looked south . . .', Celt. Rev. iv 216.7 .

ar-foím

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-foím or dil.ie/4118

Forms: ara-foimi, arafoim, arfaom, ar-foem, -eróim, -arfaem, -eroemaid, araḟóimat, arfoemat, -eroimer, araḟóimtar, eróimsiu, aurfhoímsiu, urfoem, íroimed, aurfaomaid-si, -airoemath, -aurimeth, -auremeth, arfoemtis, -aurfóemha, -urfaoma, arafoima, arfaoma, ara-faema, -eróima, -eroema, arfoimam, -arroímat, -eroimet, arfaomtar, araḟóimtar, -arfaomad, arafoimtis, eróimtis, ar-foímae, arfaemfet, ar fo et, arfoet-som, ar-roiéitsa, arroet, arroét, arróet, arároét, arroéit, arróit, -arroit, -arroet, arrohet, arroet, arraet, -roiat, in ara-roiat, ar-róet, ardosroet, a- are, ad-cota (-ét), eimid, roet, orohet, diaroet, o ra ét, araróitmar, arróittid, arroétatar, -arroetatar, -arróimsat, arfōitea, -arroeta, airfaomaid, airaímid, airḟáemad

v See remarks under ar-eim. Indic. pres. 2 s. ara-foimi, Ml. 68a8 . 3 s. arafoim, Ml. 17c7 . arfaom, Mon. Tall. 132.24 (§ 14) . ar-foem, Auraic. 1617 . -eróim, Sg. 139a5 . -arfaem, ZCP v 498.26 . ? 2 pl. -eroemaid, LL 13784 . 3 pl. araḟóimat, Sg. 50b17 . arfoemat, Wb. 34a6 . Pass. sg. -eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . Pl. araḟóimtar, Sg. 156b4 . Ipv. 2 s. eróimsiu, Ml. 132c15 . aurfhoímsiu, TBFr. 118 . urfoem (urfaom v.l.), O'Dav. 1610 . 3 s. íroimed, Wb. 6d4 . aurfaomaid-si, O'Mulc. 327 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 216 ). Indic. impf. 3 s. -airoemath, Ériu vi 134.20 . -aurimeth, 22 . -auremeth, 29 . 3 pl. arfoemtis, Ériu vi 134.24 . Subj. pres. 2 s. -aurfóemha, O'Dav. 1610 = -urfaoma, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii, 145b). 3 s. arafoima, Ml. 17c3 . arfaoma, Mon. Tall. 160.16 (§ 79) . ara-faema, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 316 ). -eróima, Thes. i 498.3 . -eroema, Ériu vii 168 § 12 . 1 pl. arfoimam, Thes. ii 245.12 (Cambr.). 3 pl. -arroímat, Wb. 14d37 . -eroimet, Ml. 30d13 . Pass. sg. arfaomtar, Mon. Tall. 148.18 (§ 57) . Pass. pl. araḟóimtar, Sg. 156b4 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -arfaomad, Mon. Tall. 150.19 (§ 61) . Pl. arafoimtis. Ml. 28c18 . eróimtis, Wb. 26a22 . Fut. 2 s. ar-foímae, Ériu xviii 26 § 3 . 3 pl. arfaemfet, Otia ii 94 § 4 . Pret. 3 s. ar fo et (three sylls. required), Blathm. 179 . arfoet-som, Ériu iii 140.177 . Perf. 1 s. ar-roiéitsa, Wb. 6d14 . 3 s. arroet, Ml. 17c3 . arroét, 7 . arróet, 16a4 . arároét, 25d10 . arroéit, Wb. 28d28 . arróit, 32d10 . -arroit, Ml. 36a34 . -arroet, 25d11 . arrohet, SR 2439 . arroet, 7597 . arraet, Ériu vi 135.55 . -roiat in ara-roiat, Ml. 24d28 may be disyllabic, see GOI 685 . The follg., guaranteed by metre, may have been infl. by prot. stem of ad-cota: ar-róet, Corp. Gen. 281.17 ( Rawl. 158b4 ). ardosroet, ZCP iii 21.13 . Disyll. forms without initial a- are to be explained either by elision, as due to infl. of prot. stem of ad-cota (-ét), or possibly even as forms of an uncompounded verb *eimid: roet, BB 259a58 (= aroet, YBL 179b10 ). orohet, SR 1058 (= arroet, LB 110a ). diaroet, 7510 . o ra ét (oráet MS), LU 2984 . Note also monosyllabic róet, Metr. Dinds. iv 316.16 . 1 pl. araróitmar, Wb. 9c10 . 2 pl. arróittid, Wb. 13a30 . 3 pl. arroétatar, Trip.² 2642 . -arroetatar, Ériu vi 134.30 . With s-pret. -arróimsat, Wb. 26a23 . Pass. pl. arfōitea, ZCP viii 312.19 . -arroeta, Ann. Inisf. 887 .

Later as simple vb. airfaomaid (airfoemaid, airaímid) with vn. airḟáemad. Cf. 1 airitid, airitnigid.

(a) accepts, receives, assumes, takes with a wide variety of objects (persons, orders, sacraments, etc.): is hó athir arroét macc cumachtae, Ml. 17c7 . anarróet deacht doinacht, 16a4 . aróittid dano mo precept, Wb. 13a30 . ní tio araḟóimat sidi oca cruthugud ó anmmanaib diil tanisi `it is not -tio that these assume', Sg. 50b17 . o rohet Adam anmain, SR 1058 . ar-foímae it brú gein `thou wilt receive', Ériu xviii 26 § 3 . arin mathair mbáidh o ro airimis (ór airaemhais v.l.) by the loving mother from whom Thou didst receive it (of Christ's humanity), Ir. Lit. 20.15 . anti ardo[b]foim si as messe ar[a]fóim gl. qui uos recipit, me recipit, Ériu iii 4.18 . nicon arroet iarum duine etir asenath do anmchairdiu, Mon. Tall. 135.20 (§ 23) . arrōet Cāier Nēde hi mac dō fobīth nī rotecht mac cena, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 58 ). ni urfaoma righ . . . hi rathaighes fruit `do not accept a king . . . as surety for you', Ériu xi 73 § 1 . ardafoem in carpat he, vi 135.51 . ar-us-fōet caill i.e. they have been buried in the wood, Fianaig. 10.z . is é in coimdid no-s-eraimend, PH 6146 . aurfoemaid in coimdiu chuci ina múinterus, IT i 170.7 . is dó sein arroét-som in n-ainm as Cothraige, Trip.² 202 . arroétatar . . . sacarbaicc, 1150 . arfoím C. . . . in n-imarchor o Fergus, LU 5650 ( TBC-I¹ 1173 ). corugud cach cuaille iar nuachtur ┐ lamcur doib conach urfaema in talam that the ground may not receive it (i.e. that it may not sink into the ground entirely(?). Of making a fence), Laws iv 112.12 . urfoem (urfaom v.l.) .i. fir[ḟ]aom, ut est ni aurfóemha (urfaomha v.l.) dana na cloen, O'Dav. 1610 cf. O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii, 145b): dana nis n-urfaoma o beguib na moruibh. aurfaomaidsi gnīma (a) fir, O'Mulc. 327 `let her accept the duties of a man', Ériu xii 216 . arróet Ísu barghin i n-a láim, PH 5048 . secip erfhoemus brothairne do t'étach whoever receives, 1429 . ní fúair mnái ronirḟáem (ronfirfaem v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 300.28 . conad do sil Meic Milead arroḟaetar (ro ḟeadadar, roedattar v.l.) mna, ZCP xiv 64.9 . arroet Ceallach gradha uasalepscoip C. received the order of bishop, AFM ii 984.2 .

(b) agrees to (a proposal), consents to: ? ol issed aroai[t] doib in inbaid sin comrag ar galaib aenfer, BB 495b 8 = ar ba head roimraided leó, Alex. 774 . mad ro urfaem in bidbaid apadh i faesam, Laws i 98.25 Comm. ben ara-fuim imurfhis do chind a ceile a woman who agrees to be unfaithful to her husband, Laws v 272.7 . aroét an ben on (don v.l.) Dagda acht nibad oman E. `would have yielded', Ériu xii 142.7 .

(c) accepts (ill-treatment), submits to: aroet maithe Ulad . . . tuitim im Chuscraid `it was the lot of the nobles of U. to fall around C.', Ériu viii 176 § 10 .

(d) permits, allows: arfoemad immurgu aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti `he would sometimes allow holy persons to consult him', Mon. Tall. 135.22 (§ 23) . is dlighedh urfaemus a toichedh, Laws i 90.22 Comm. taithbec ind uilc . . . nád eroim a ícc tria guidi, Ériu vii 162 § 5 .

ar-léici

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-léici or dil.ie/4178

Forms: airlicid, airlighid, airlicud

v (* air-léic-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 563 ). Later as simple vb. airlicid, airlighid. Vn. airlicud.

(a) lets go, releases: co n-arleicthi a geill `that his hostages should be released', Dinds. 6 . ni arlaic a búachaill dóibide Dond C., TBC-LL¹ 2054 . nis arlaic sech ard a glúne súas (a ball), 901 . Abandons: a Chríst . . . / nach arlaic Bith co bith-búan `that didst not abandon B.', Metr. Dinds. iv 76.22 . Permits, allows: ni arlacair Medb ara turnta a carpat no ara scorthea a eich, LL 7877 ( TBC-LL¹ 408 ). ni arrlaic Midir Mide / in Líath dochum a thige, Metr. Dinds. iv 228.17 . ni arlaic Tadg in cath do thabairt co matain . . ., LL 328b39 . ni arlaic sochaide dib ina tírib fessin, Alex. 36 . ? con arlaic do . . . / siriud slán na saccraide, SR 3035 .

(b) lets out, lends: hondí asren ní araléicthar do `because he pays back anything that is lent him', Ml. 127a18 . arleicfither . . . dun pecthach gl. motuabitur, 57a13 . ní doromlad fadesin conrairleced do, 36a29 . asren fuilem fuaní arareilced do gl. reddit amplius quam accipit, 36a30 . ararelicc nechtar ai di araile what one of them lent to the other, O'Curry 831 ( H 3.18, 380a ). airlig trí haráin damh accomoda mihi tres panes, TSh. 8888 . eich ┐ ór airlicfe, Aithd. D. 20.10 . áirligidh sé don Tighearna lendeth unto the Lord, Proverbs xix 17 .

(c) In follg. perh. borrows: intí dianairlicther ni gl. fenerator, Ml. 127a15 (`is lent'). caínairlice, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 . See SGS vii 80 ). mar bhías ag a náirlictheach, is marsin bhías ag an té áirlictheas, Isaiah xxiv 2 . Part. airgiod airligthe borrowed money, Nehemiah v 4 .

? ar-len

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ar-len or dil.ie/4179

v beas airbernach airilliudh arlen a leth, Laws v 50.y Comm. ( BB 341a15 . YBL 197a2 ). beas airbern[ach] a.¤ leth, 70.20 Comm. ( arlena l., BB 343a29 ) = ara len leth, O'Curry 191 (H 3.18, 102); ar lena leth, 205 (ib. 106 ). nis nellne a baes .i. nis airle ni dia baís, iii 56.14 Comm. ? arlenaigh a ninchaib caich, O'D. 1205 (H 2.15, 82a). Cf. ad-len, as-lena.

ar-peiti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-peiti or dil.ie/4244
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: arabeiti, airfitiud

v (* ar-sét, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 627 ). Presumed short vowel of root due to infl. of prot. forms, ib. Initial p- (somet. b-) usual in deut. forms, f- in prot. forms, see GOI 124 . Freq. also with -tt- in deut. forms. Cf. also peited, peitid. Somet. treated as simple verb airfitid (see also airfitigid).

For the orig. literal meaning blows or sounds before see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 627 , 480.3 . In the exx. us. sounds to, plays for, entertains, etc., with subject meaning music, entertainment , etc.: arpeti cech díne it entertains (edifies?) every group, Fél. Ep. 79 (of the Félire). aruspeittet céola ┐ airfiti music and entertainment perform for them, TBFr. 287 . fūaim na gāithe frisin leman ardonpeiti makes music for us, ZCP vii 310 § 7 = ardos peti, Reeves Ad. 274.19 . arpetitis rīgu . . . ceōl na n-ēn . . ., ZCP iii 39 § 12 (ceōl neut. pl.?). don fir roairfitset uili whom all amused, xii 291.3 (of musical instruments, etc.). is tṡenchoss ardospeitted `in the legend that chanted to them', Metr. Dinds. iii 104.11 . dáig nosoerfeted a medar because their mirth used to entertain them, Ériu iv 124.y . is ed no-arfitedh Connachtai gach lai, eisin ac a indisi doip . . . this was what used to amuse, ZCP i 103.y . atat . . . brechtrad fors na cetfadaib ┐ fors na h-ulib ailib arpetet do duine which give pleasure to man, Alex. 998 . atat araile . . . arpetet o ṡúilib i fégad cumtach gémm . . . ┐ nis oirfitet diar cluassaib ná sróna, arpetet caínbolud . . . ┐ nirpetet (= ni arpetet) o ṡúilib, 1001-4 . Note further: arbeittet bairdni bindi / . . . ainm nAeda sweet poems extol (`modulate') the name of A., Thes. ii 295 § 8 . arrospetti mael an animal's head is their portion (at a feast), LL 3773 (see 1 mael (f)). arpéite na hócasa (of the head of a dead warrior), SG 412.15 . Exact application uncertain (and vb. perh. redundant) in: bao sūan ┐ ālgeni arapete in mac dēgenuch ar thrumma ina brithi, ZCP iv 36.19 = arabeitte, TBFr. 115 . See Études Celt. ii 16 . In TBFr. 114 , where MS has arbíth = ara bith, ZCP iv 36.17 , and where ed. has emended to arabeiti, the verb should perh. be referred to ar-tá.

Later (?) with subj. meaning musician(s), etc.: aruspettet (.i. sennit) a n-áes ciuil their musicians play to them, LU 4736 ( TBC-I¹ 250 ). ardopetet iarom a n-áes ciúil ┐ airfite, 8181 ( FB 13 ). cāine ailme ardommpetead `the bravest band makes music to me', K. and H. 30 . arrospedet ceól . . . na mna maithe the good women play music to them, Anecd. i 61§ 98 . airfid Laigniu anocht feib roairfedis do thigerna o chianaib `amuse the Leinstermen . . . as thou amusedst . . .', RC xxiv 62 § 21 . airfided nech aili thu anocht `let someone else amuse thee', 50 § 7. ? arpetend carbach fo chruch, LL 20178 ( Oss. i 49 . Leg. -ind?).

Vn. airfitiud. IGT Verbs § 83 .

as-gnin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-gnin or dil.ie/4436

Forms: ecnae

v (* ess-gni-n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 ) recognizes, understands, knows. Indic. pres. 1 s. sapio .i. asagninaim, Sg. 146b16 . Pass. sg. asagnintar as nduine . . . intan asmberar Uirgilius assagnintar assin doacaldmaiche tre dilsi, Sg. 29a3 . is i foilsigud frecṅdairc asagnintar in ego, 197b4 . asagnintar int ainmnid in uerbo, 210a10 . Pl. asagnintar, Sg. 209b13 . is and asgniintar in charait intan mbither in periculis , Ml. 108b4 . Subj. pres. pass. sg. co asagnoither nand sechmadachte `so that it may be understood that it is not preterite', Sg. 180b2 . Subj. impf. pl. 3 ciat ngneitis if they had recognized him, Blathm. 391 . pret. and perf. 2 s. mea cognitione .i. asgensu . . ., Ml. 140b3 . 3 s. nis fuigli nad ergeouin na bi mesach slan he cannot give judgement who doesn't know . . ., Laws i 266.13 .i. in ti nach athgheoin, 296.21 Comm. is dithre o lesaibh airechta neich nadi ergeoin, 84.12 .i. in ti nach aithnenn, 25 Comm.

Cf. ad-gnin, 1 ecnaigid, in-gnin.

Vn. ecnae.

as-lena

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-lena or dil.ie/4450
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: éilnid, aslenaimm, arruneillestar, aslentar, aslentae, asrollennad, roheilled, asrulenta, asrulenta, éilned

v (* ess-len-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 566 ). Also as simple vb. éilnid. pollutes, defiles, violates: aslenaimm gl. luo, Sg. 54a8 . gl. attamino, 17a1 ; aslennim gl. attamino , ZCP xxi 281.13 . gl. ceno (= [a]caeno, Ascoli 155 ), Sg. 173a4 . aslenim no fledigim gl. ceno coeno, ZCP xxi 281.21 . aslentis a menma fadesin tri adéitched, Ml. 74c3 . in loc diambu thabarthi ermitiu feid . . . atléntaissom, 22a4 . arruneillestar gl. profanante, 63a14 (see GOI 418 ). lase nad reildisem-ni, 63d15 . lase asrulensat gl. ritús profanando, 74a3 . dun elled asslentar huanaib salaib corpthaib . . . du cach escmun aslentar hua drochgnimaib, 92d12 . aslentar gl. profanari, 129c17 . aslentae gl. reconcinarier(mistaken for conquinare, Thes. ii 117 ), Sg. 64a18 . asrollennad gl. pulluta est, Ml. 124d17 . roheilled gl. uiolatus, 127a13 . asrulenta gl. inquinatæ sunt, 28a22 . asrulenta gl. impiata sunt, 100c18 . arnā hēilnet a cairpthiu oc dul for cāi that they may not dirty their chariots when going on a visit, Corm. Y 1082 . uball .i. . . . Eba-eill .i. īarsindī roellustar Eba fair isind imarbus, 1272 . eillneadh .i. cinidh, ut est, ni eill Iacob ar lepaid a mic .i. nirbo cintach, O'Curry 573 (H 3. 18, 285). ar na roelnitís roisc in nóib o básaib na n[d]óine necraibdech, RC ii 388 § 13 . ro elnebair . . . in eclais, PH 4590 . rohelned . . . hi o sacurd in tempuil she was violated, Rawl. 73b28 . gura héilned ┐ gura coirbed in fhuil ass isna lestraib, Alex. 539 = rohelnistair ┐ ro corp in fuil ┐ dodechaid asna leastraibh, IT ii2 98 . michoimédaich ┐ elnid ar soboid-ne (sic) they defile our sabbath, YBL 141a26 (cf. PH 2587 ).

In Laws freq. of the besmirching of a man's honour and resulting cancellation of any legal privileges due to his position (Plummer MS notes): nach sal aslén(n)a ainech duini bíit a trí ocá díunuch, Críth G. 308 . a tri . . . atlendai miadh, Laws iv 344.15 . ceithre gona . . . nad eillnet coimge laime, 252.18 folaid core fri fine . . cennib gaeth acht nis nellne a baés, iii 54.4 . it fastaide a sochuir ┐ a dochuir . . . acht tri cuir .i. manchi ┐ gialna ┐ ni as-lēn fini, ZCP xv 311 § 7 gl. 1 . cuir aslénat orba .i. mainche no giallna, ZCP xiii 23.21 . cach indligid atlen ua ┐ iarmo ┐ innua, O'Curry 2246 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)a ). les-ainm lenus .i. inní islen . . . co n-aslenand, Laws v 230.3 Comm.

Cf. éilnigid.

Vn. éilned.

báes, baís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báes, baís or dil.ie/5136
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: baíse, báos, báois, báosa, báeis, báeise

n ā, f. (1 báeth). Also baíse [, f.]. báos m. g s. báois, báosa, IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . báeis f. g s. báeise, § 14 (69.1) .

(a) folly, levity; play, sport; frenzy: inna baise gl. hebitudenis, Ml. 33c2 . in ṁbáis gl. chebitudinem, 124c17 . mōr mbāis, . . ./ mōr coll cēille, ACL iii 215.y . na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig, SR 3890 (to complaining Israelites). baes fomrig folly holds me back, IT iii 12 § 22. gabala báise cis lir ? . . . bretha díana, dúscud ferge, folabra gúach, Tec. Corm. § 14.1 . atái ar báis/a chléirigh ní chanai gáis, SG 26.41 . Cf. Dán Dé ix 8 . is mé ar baois ag caoineadh an áirdfhir distraught, Keat. Poems 423.

(b) Legal, incapacity, lack of judgment: cennib gaeth acht nis n-ellne a baes provided that his incapacity does not defile it (sc. his `fine'), Laws iii 54.5 . tre feirg forrain (leg. feirge forrán ?) sceo baisi buaidred, 112.3 Comm. [ g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged .i. is taidbsi baisi don fir cachtus . . ., ii 76.20 Comm. baes inna mbretheman nad inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130.16 Comm.

? baís(e) banapad: siachtatar .ui. haidhicha ina baisi banapadh `six `seds' is the extent of the fine for entertaining a proclaimed person unawares', Laws iii 60.3 Comm. aidech .i. cumal nó fiach slān do lāimh rathe .i. aidech sies teora aidecha ina baos ban-apad, O'Mulc. 102.

Attrib. g s. wanton, frivolous, sportive, playful, appertaining to play; frenzied: gebid a bunsaig ṁbáisi, TBC-LL¹ 888. rith báise a wild rush, 893 . taem báisi risin mbas-crann `the knocker had been smitten with frenzy', Ériu iv 116 § 25. comhrádh baísi, IGT Decl. ex. 633. amhail fhear baoise nó buainghealtachta, TSh. 5957. For phr. baire baíse, see 1 báire.

(c) wantonness, lust: ní ar báes nach ar báegul ro dalus-sae friss, IT i 127.4 = ní ar chul no amles . . ., LU 10769. nach ingen dogníd buís dar cenn aurnaidm, LL 37043. romet a bais intib 'very much lust in them', TBith.² 196 § 77 . baos .i. drúis, O'Cl.

As quasi-vn. an rí 's a rígan . . ./ ic baeis dōib ann, ic búaphud, BColm. 88.21 .

bailiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bailiud or dil.ie/50059
Last Revised: 2019

n (2 baile) confusion, madness; becoming mad : ro bui in bioth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir(e) bel, Laws i 40.24 . astad caich . . . argair bailiuth in betha, Laws i 50.30 = bailidiu, Laws iii 14.3 . bith-builed betha iar mbas .i. nis cian rombatar a ngente (? na gente) i mbailiud ainfesa esergi iar mbas, O'Curry 477 ( H 3.18, 249 ). comba mesc . . . . Dolluid iarum for bailegud meraigthi, LL 22214 (= for builiugud a mescdha, BB 388b4 . bailiudh, Dinds. 75 ). Cf. bailiugad.

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

1 boc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 boc or dil.ie/6217
Last Revised: 2013

adj o, ā (see GOI § 150 ). soft, gentle, tender: b.¤ gl. tenor (leg. tener, ed.), Ir. Gl. 1094. righti boga blaithghelai, TE 4 (Eg.). cóica ar cét bó mbocc (: -chnocc) `tender kine', Metr. Dinds. iii 166.5 . dod ghnúis bhuig (to Mary), Aithd. D. 97.16 . an bhaintreabhach bhog, Keat. Poems 1145. issin grinne buc barr-úr `soft' (of a bundle of wood), Metr. Dinds. ii 58.8 . na neithi maotha no boga (of foods), Reg. San. 28.27 . an oireamhuin d'aois bhoig, mhaoith na leanabh `to the tender age', Donlevy vi 3. Of sound: guth blasda bind b.¤ , BB 427a32 . as bind bocc síthamail tḟet (to a blackbird), LB 36 marg. sup. ( Bruchst. 66 § 151 ). a fhile bhuig, Oss. iv 8.27 . do-ghénsa marbhna mbláith mbuig, IGT Decl. ex. 152. (Of water, juice) tepid: fotrachad uisgi te, no buig, Rosa Angl. 58.23 . sug athar talman is e bog `warm', 158.10 .Of weather moist, `soft' : feadh sróllBhanbha na síon mbog `soft-weathered Banbha', Aithd. D. 34.10 . Of landscape, etc. marshy, boggy; soft, gentle: d'fhéinidh Bhóinne buige, Magauran 3553 . fri ráith mbuig mBrénainn (`fertile'), SG 65.5 . do dhénair bog é re ceathaibh, Psalms lxv 10. do chuin (= choin) chaomhanta an chláir bhuig `gentle', Ó Bruad. iii 202.10 . Of persons etc. generous: rath bog, MR 40.12 . ón lósa oighidh Bhriain bhuig `generous', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170.3 . is ē mac na mbronnad mbog (of a prince), ZCP viii 228 § 21. bog fine Bréanainn im buaibh `lavish with', Magauran 153 . uair robsat boga . . . a brughadha, MR 102.21 . easy, lacking in severity: a riaghail ní bud róbhog (of a saint), SG 18.35 . i bpianuibh nach peannuid bhog, Aithd. D. 78.19 . beir-si oraind-ni breith mbuic (`a light judgment', Aithd. D. 70.30 ), ACL iii 243 § 30. (Of verse in an uncomplimentary sense) dán bog `free and easy verse', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 . rabhán gnáth briathra boga / nach beg a mbeith comfhoda `soft vocables' (i.e. with unstrict or faulty rime), O'Gr. Cat. 392.14. i ndán bhog `in a vulgar poem', Content. xxv 5. weak, foolish: a senchas cen baethrún ṁb.¤ , LL 26422. ní haigneadh bog, Aithd. D. 75.10 . In expressions of time easy, untroubled: secht. mbliadna bocca blaiti beoltoirteca, BB 238a45 (Scél SR). ri bliadain mbuic `for an easy year', Metr. Dinds. iii 310. 11 . In gramm. con(n)suin(e) boc (boctha) voiceless plosive: do-ní brígh connsuine bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh , IGT Introd. § 105 . connsuine crúaidh no bog , § 55 .

Equat. boigithir fri boigsibind for lār aba, TBC-I¹ 2367. Compar. nís buigi gl. mollior, Ir. Gl. 1119. bá buige a fhocail ná ola = softer than oil, Psalms 1v 21 . ca maith as buga bronntar, Hy Fiach. 296.2 . As superl. ní hann as bhuga (: dtuga) an bhreath, DDána 3.34 . drem as buga buan bhronnadh, Hy Fiach. 224.10 .

In n.loc. mag mbogc, BB 399b5 = Mag mBolg, Metr. Dinds. iv 90.23 .

Compds. With nouns: cona mbrotharcertib bocbrechtāin, `soft custard' (s. curds ?), MacCongl. 91.9 . bogfhuil Bríain generous blood, O'R. Poems 2377. a bhoglaomscaire re brugadaib `indulgent liberality', Caithr. Thoirdh. 34.27 . bocmaerdachd banamail ina glór `gentle dignity' (Gloss.), BDD² 39. re bogmalldacht a banchuire `mild bashfulness', MR 102.19 . See boicṡimin. ag bruithion ná ag boigṡín `wet weather', Ériu ix 163 § 7. ni boi tra arm la Hiruath . . . acht boc-shlaitt moir a big pliant switch, PH 850. a bocc-thairisem in chrais O feeble resistance to gluttony, YBL 162b30 . boigtheith = luke-warm , Rev. iii 16 (1810) . na bocctonna the yielding waves, BB 240b39 .

With adjj.: folt . . . fororda 'sé buidi boccálaind soft and beautiful, Acall. 381. bliadain do Lorcan na lloṅg / diamair is bocban a band, LL 4333. bogchroidhtheach = tender-hearted , 2 Chron. xiii 7. bog-chroidheach, sochróidheach, Eg. Gl. 77. gan do cheimniughadh do bheith eadtrom na bogcuisech (= levis, mollis . . .), ITS xxix 138.31 . See bocaes, bocaised, bocás, bocásach. bocdālach ratha in rī rēidh, ZCP viii 228 § 22. co C. meann mbocḟoclach of weak speech (?), Anecd. i 33 § 63. ionnlach na mbalg mboig-ghéar bhfis, Content. xxv 13. gabor bocglas light-grey horse, TBFr. 28. tre san mBanba mboigimlig B. of the marshy bottomlands, Manners and Customs iii 273 note . bean bhogamh (-omh) dá déinimh dhí (of Éire), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 6 . Cf. a Bhanba bhog-omh tender and bleeding . . . B., Keat. Poems 1349. brat . . . bruachbrisdi bogsnaithech uimpi made of poor thread, RC xxi 396.9 .

With vb. and vn. roboccbertaich in sleig rindger (= librabat, Theb. vii 676 ) `shook and brandisched', TTebe 2848 . tug se bogbertugudh air a medhon a iarnaigh shook himself slightly (of miraculous falling-off of fetters), ZCP vi 287.9 (see bocad).

Load More Results