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ciniud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ciniud or dil.ie/9138

 

Forms: cined, cine, cinid

u and o, m. Also later cined, and in mod. lang. somet. cine. Vn. of cinid. Appar. state of having been born in: c.¤ iar tuistiu (.i. geinemain do o maithir iar na tuisti o athair) ┐ cin iar cinud (.i. cin do denam do iarna geinemuin o maithir), Laws i 256.19 - 20 , 26 - 27 Comm. fearr fear a c.¤ `a man is better than his descent', v 20.16 .

Usually in concr. meaning offspring, children, descendants .

(a) nicon foigebat c.¤ sainemail dia n-ǽs `a distinguished race', Ml. 69a8 . na bith ch.¤ huadib `let there be no offspring from then', 87a3 . la forcraid cinida `progeny', Laws v 284.z . bés ōenchin(n)eda, Críth G. 72 (see óen) `minor without living ascendants', Gloss. c.¤ `Kinder', ZCP xiv 372 § 34 . borrfad Cuind . . . / cona ch.¤ i n-a díad, Airne F. 277 . do ch.¤ hÍr . . . / atā Clann rēil Rudraige, Corp. Gen. 119.3 . Cond Ēogan Araide ān / it é c.¤ na tri mál, ZCP xi 57 § 11 . do ḟlaith Chruachan in chinid `of the royal line', Leb. Cert.² 2141 ( BB 281b37 ). scret ro rinn / cnet nach cinid sceo fri niad, LL 18480 `a groan that is not natural(?)', PRIA xix 544 § 25 `of some race', Ériu xx 197 . nisbia rigi . . . otch.¤ , Three Hom. 28.16 . niba . . . cland na cined dó, 18.25 . plúr a chine (: dlighe), LBranach 5104 (? leg. chinidh: dlighidh, Ed.).

(b) tribe, race in general: maicne ciniuda, Ir. Recht 30.z . Filistinnai . . . ┐ ciniuda imda aile, LU 64 . gin cindiu (leg. c.¤) do techt fuithib, Laws ii 218.1 . co ngenfitís cinedu iumda di-a shil (of Abraham), PH 2260 . na huilc in chinid da uili `the evils of the race of which thou art', TTebe 571 . c.¤ formtech miscnech, PH 2819 . ar gach chineadh dá chloinn, DDána 3.20 . ag cineadhaibh bochta, TSh. 6048 . With attrib. adj. or gen. of individual peoples: re cineadh Chuinn, Content. xxii 16 . do chinedh T[h]uathail Techtmuir, ML² 1154 . Freq. c.¤ dóenna human race : dar cend in chiniuda dóenna, LU 4251 . in cined doenna, PH 2391 . slanugad in cinedha daenna, Grail 3172R . See doénda. don cinedh fhodhmhordha, Stair Erc. 576 . gurab do chine Scuit . . . athair Ghaedhil, Keat. ii 324 . crodacht in chiniuda . . . Tiauanda, TTebe 569 . an cineadh Iúdaidhe the Jewish race, Parrth. Anma 898 .

In phr. ciorrbhadh cinidh destruction of a race, TSh. 5512 . Note also: ag buain cinidh d'inghin Oiléan (of eulogistic poets), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.z .

Compd. a chraobh chineadhnár Chuilinn ` noble-born ', Magauran 3267 .

didiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. didiu or dil.ie/16223

 

Forms: diṡuidiu, didiu, didu, didhu, dídu, diu, dī, din, dino, diu, dino, dano, d(h)e, Didiu, dī, dō

particle of transition = diṡuidiu (which is used for it FB § 6 ), see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 189 . Written in full, didiu: Wb. 1a9 ; 4a27 , c23 , d27 ; 8a4 ; 11b17a ; 15d20 ; 32c13 . didu: Wb. 8a5 . Hib. Min. 356 , 418 . LL 202a18 (: ¤ligu). BB 397a33 . IT iii 67.3 . didhu, BB 16b20 ; 355b30 = Metr. Dinds. ii 32 (: firu). dídu, SR 1224 . LL 102b38 (= TBC-LL¹ 6019 ). diu: TBC-I¹ 3564 . Hib. Min. 134 , 227 , etc. (reading of Harl.). Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 12 . Corm. Y 1154 . RC xii 74.3 , 8 . Anecd. iv p. xii . BS § 3 . In Ml. and later MSS. however nearly always contracted dī and by earlier editors generally expanded as din (so always in PH) or dino (through confusion with dano), or somet. diu (SG); dni, AFM v 1552 . Expanded as dino in TBC-I¹ 422 , 428 , 434 , 462 , 469 , 472 , etc., where LU reads dano. Later also apparently d(h)e, see Ériu x 155 .

Didiu never begins a sentence. It always has reference to something preceding. Exceptions are only apparent, e.g. Corm. Y 1053 (where puincern has been introduced in the preceding article) and 568 (cf. 519 ). It generally follows a more or less emphatic word, often a noun or pron., but occasionally comes after ocus or nó at beginning of clause (esp. in PH); no dī may however = nō dō (= dano, q.v.).

(a) In logical sequence therefore, hence = Lat. ergo: nitat torbi . . . is diliu lemm didiu aní as torbæ, Wb. 11b17a , 4c24 . d27 , 8a4 , 15d20 . is mōir sléb[e] fírinne Dæ: cid ara fodmaisiu, a Dúaid, didiu a ndu imnedaib fodaimi? `why then dost thou suffer . . .?', Ml. 55d11 . biror .i. bir tibra . . . or .i. mong; biror didiu mong tiprat, Corm. Y 121 . Corbmac .i. corb .i. carpat. Cormbmac didiu mac carpait, 204 , cf. 519 , 851 , 875 , etc. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlæ . . . Fochla didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda hence `fochla' means any exalted seat, 698 . cech fia[d?] . . . acht oenchrann ata dídu for riaguil every food therefore but one tree is under (our) control, SR 1224 . ba miscais lasin righain inti N., ar is dara ceand dorinde in rí fri Cairind he. Ba mor didu dochraidi Chairinde oc in rigain therefore C. was very harshly treated by the queen, RC xxiv 190 . omnia ergo quaecunque vultis, cech maith din is ail lib, PH 5772 . Hence freq. in drawing a conclusion or moral: conid aire sin didiu napo chóir do neoch uabur . . . do denam, LL 279a33 . connach cóir d.¤ lenmain do sholud nó shénairecht, 281b29 . conid ferr do neoch d.¤ a edprait don Chomdid andás dona dóinib, 286b40 (all concluding sentences of tales).

(b) Referring to someth. preceding, introducing an explanation or additional detail (freq. after a noun): rún inna cruche . . . Crúx didu ainm do gním in chrochtho, Wb. 8a5 . mali bare gare . . . Maile didiu .i. olc, Corm. Y 698 (p. 59) , cf. 604 , 860 . bói máthair mac Conaire la Neimed . . . In Nemed hé sin didiu bá ríg-briuga side now this N. was a hosteller, LL 292b1 ( Ériu vi 147 ). tanic aroli fer . . . Marcellus din ainm in fhir sin, PH 950 , cf. 2177 , 3114 , 3342 . is dó ranic inar Ísu . . . corccra d.¤ dath an inair sin, 2861 . Often nearly = for , Lat. enim: cruimther .i. goidelg indi as prespiter. Premther d.¤ a combrec sidie, Corm. Y 211 . Cathal nomen Britonis .i. combrec inn sin .i. catell. Cat d.¤ isin chombreic is cath in scotica Cathal is the Welsh name Catell; for cat in Welsh corresponds to cath in Irish, 206 , cf. 124 .

(c) As a particle of transition in looser signification: bói rí amra . . . Dagan a ainm. Ba mór d.¤ a chumachta, LL 245b43 . is amlaid doraiga intí Ísu Crist . . . Bid mór d.¤ a slóg . . . Is ar bēlaib int ṡluaig-sin d.¤ do aspenfa cách a gnímu, 280b26 - 27 . Common in sequences (often alternating with tra and other particles) = also, moreover, further: is andsin tancadar ina ferchuidreda . . . Is ann d.¤ sin thānic ind nōi carpait di ḟéindidib, TBC-I¹ 3536 . mōr do chētaib . . . mōr do churadaib . . . mōr do buidnib d.¤ robātar oca, 3408 . almsu dia anmain cetus . . . almsu din dia churp, PH 5977 . Ram a ainm ria tusmed chlainde do Abram imorra a ainm iar tusmed . . . Abraham din a ainm in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, 5684 , cf. 2267 follg., 6233-49 . rucsat bentachtain les on aide ┐ rofacsat bennachtain aice didiu, RC xxxv 204.20 . After ocus: ni bia fortamlus a namut fair . . . ┐ din nisbia tedmunna i n-a ḟlathius, PH 4284 . diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin . . . ┐ din do shásad bocht, 6121 . ocus din fáth aile, 5473 ; 5187 . After nó: dia mbé do náma i ngorta . . . nó din dia mbé a n-ittaid, 6043 . doforne sin .i. na tri hetargna . . . no din na trí dána, 7082 . demin leo co mbad comthoitim dóib nó d.¤ inní robíad de co mbad hé a tigerna fén dofáethsad ann, TBC-I¹ 2433 . cia conualaind-se mo charpat ┐ Oen ara Conaill d.¤ ina charput and O. in his chariot as well, 3525 . docer la M. dā fer dēac dīibsom ┐ dā fer dēac dia muinter-som d.¤ , 2904 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indam-sa, adcomchusa a mbiur-sa tria cechtar de -seom d.¤ , 2826 . nicon bia a mbethaid, or seiside. Nicon bia-so d.¤ it bethaid, ol C. then you will not live either, 2771 . ni maith dait, or C., na leigi da marbad . . . Ni maith doibsom d.¤ epert ind uilc frimsa, 2780 . nir lam [Cairend] in mac do gabail cuici . . . ┐ nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a breth leis, RC xxiv 190 . In adversative sense, however: dolēicsed dūnad iarsin do M. ┐ ní gegain-side d.¤ nech dībsom, TBC-I¹ 2906 . dorad seirc dia leasmac .i. do Chorc; ro op d.¤ Corc a coimlebaid, Lec. 454c15 . Muineamon mac Cais . . . Is de sin aderar Muineamon .i. main for muinclaib. Maine Mór d.¤ robe a cétainm, Cóir Anm. 10 . Confirming a foregoing statement: dóig lim rombad hē Cethern mac Fintain; ┐ ba fīr sōn d.¤ and this was indeed the case, TBC-LL¹ 2761 . doringelt Cūrūi dōsom nād bīad . . . Dognith d.¤ and he kept his word too, 2967 . bid les . . . in forlāmus ┐ rīgi nĒrenn ōn uair-se amach. Ba fīr ón didu it turned out true too, RC xxiv 202 . an fil ceithern acut? Atát diu I have (indeed), SG 62 . tabraid cáirde na haidche anocht damsa! Dobéram diu, 56 . Common in statement, question, or command to connect with something already expressed or implied: Mait[h] didiu, a Bélchú well now, B., Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . airg d.¤, ol M., conris Síth Lethet go then, Imr. Brain i 53 . cid dia tutchad diu? why then hast thou come? RC xii 74 . cest diu, caidhe mo airrle-si l(u)at? ib.

(d) Often used to denote temporal sequence, then, thereupon: is iarum foruirmed mind nAileillo forsin coirthi. Fōbair-som d.¤ in coirthi, TBC-I¹ 2883 . is iarum conmelt foroib . . . Focheird d.¤ a sciath ina diaid . . . Roiadh in slōg imbi-som iarum, conmelt som d.¤ foraib, 2889 , 2891 . gabaid L. ríge nhErenn . . . Gabaid ríge nAlban iarsin . . . Gabaid d.¤ L. ríge Gall, LL 311b1 ff. rofoildsic Dia dosam sin . . . condubairt sa rann-so d.¤ , RC xxxiii 354 . etha ó hAilill co Ferchess . . . Fóidis d.¤ Ferchis, Fianaig. 38 . fri re Aeda genfius Tibraiti . . . Et cid bīas and d.¤ (iarsin, v.l.)? ol B. and what will follow? ZCP ix 457 .

fuigell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuigell or dil.ie/24781

 

Forms: fugall, fugell, fugell, fugall, fugill, fugal, fugull, fugiull, fuigle, -i, fuigheall, fuigell, fuidell, fuigli

n O.Ir. fugall, fugell. See GOI § 104 , § 169 . o, m. (gell) n s. fugell, Wb. 9c5 (a prima manu). LL 35b40 . fugall, Wb. 9c4 . g s. ind fugill , LU 2000 . a s. fugal, LL 35b24 . d s. fugull, Wb. 9c16 . fugiull, LU 2061 , Laws i 118.5 . pl. generally fuigle, -i. fuigheall (ó dhá chéill [i.e. = fuigell and fuidell]) IGT, Decl. § 53 .

(a) a judicial pronouncement, a sentence, decision (see fo-gella): gl. iudicium Wb. 9c16 . negotium 9c4 . fuigheall no fughall .i. breitheamhnas, O'Cl. Cōic Conara Fugill, the five paths to judgment `Urteilswege' Thurn., Cóic Con. 15 (title of a law-tract). atbaill a dligid a fuigiull Fene (.i. eiplid uad inī dligis do reir fuigill in fenechais = he forfeits what is his due according to the sentence of fenechus) Laws i 118.5 . breithem bes tualaing f.¤ fris frisind aes ndana (.i. ... fuigill dundara leith risin lucht aca mbi in dan) who is competent to decide v 98.1 . ni rag-sa im oenḟ.¤ ris (= nolo ... ad iudicium venire cum isto) Lat. Lives 10 . nā ructais nách f.¤ anfirén for nech, PH 4145 . dligid fiadnusi fugell, Anecd. iii 14.4 . ni fuigheall feagtha firinne a gcongmháil `it is not a sentence founded on the examination of truth to detain them' (a duly tested decision of justice) ML 108.4 . pl. toga fer fíal firgaeth ... fri fuigli, fri brithemnacht, SR 4592 . berid fúigle fírenu, a rigu!, PH 4128 . ni aidlingcet o nachaib rechtaib nā fúiglib nā brethemnachtaib, Alex. 850 . Frequently of Last Judgment: fri fugall ind ríg hi laithiu brátho, Ériu i 196 § 13a . iar fugiull brátha, LU 2061 ( FA 14 ). tiucfa [Críst] do figill [sic] bratha idir béoduibh ┐ marbuibh, ZCP vi 84.12 . nisbia esergi doib isin ḟuigell, PH 6595 . do ló an fhuighill Doomsday Dán Dé xxv 9 .

As vn. (see fo-gella) passing judgment on: betsium ... oc fuigiull in cinedu dóenna = iudicantes PH 1935 . In fig. sense: ? ticfa ... Cormac fria matin fugail to the morn of decision (by battle) B. in Scáil 13 (: Mumain, see ZCP xx 222 ). as le gach aon a fhuigheall `sein Urteil' ZCP xiv 240.1 (but this belongs rather to fuidel, q.v.). Of other authoritative pronouncements: air [leg. iar] fuigill [ = iull ?] na screptra, PH 4811 . ba dorcha ... in labra do labairsead na filidh isin fuighill sin, IT iii 187.2 (of the colloquy of Fercertne and Néde RC xxvi 14 ff .). fuigli féigi fellsamanda ... filed, MR 194.1 . briathra fádh is fuighle naomh (of prophecies) TD 1.52 . fa ḟuighlibh na n-éigeas, Content. xxii 2 .

Hence in wider sense (b) speech, discourse (generally in pl.): fuigheall .i. briathar, O'Cl. is fuighioll briathor bhuilidh, Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 v.l. Here probably: Eochu ... ān fugell | ba flaith Lagen, LL 35b40 . budh forderg ... na fuighle feichemnuis dogēn-sa friú `debtor's speech' (i.e. answer, justification) Fianaig. 84.20 . fuigli rūin againn duit a secret communication Marco P. 54 . fuicchle fíre, BNnÉ 242.6 . in so fuigli ┐ fregartha na hEoganchlaindi ar hUa A., MR 148.7 . iarrais d'ḟuighlibh banamhla `in a woman's voice' A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 5 . fuighle a beóil ghlóirghlic, Hackett xxi 38 . Answering back, retorting, arguing: ni dleaghar and de sin do mac f.¤ fria mathair YBL 140a39 ( ZCP xx 197 ). nārub bés ó aniu cu bráth / gilla d'ḟuigeall re hóclach, Acall. 1442 (`give language' SG ii 136 ).

Compd. an ḟionn ḟuighillcheart `justly-speaking' TD 39.14 .