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ad-guid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-guid or dil.ie/467
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aicde, adguidhi, -aic[d]im, -aicde, ad-guid, ad-guidet, ad-guidter, -aic[d]ither, ad-guiter, -aicditer, aicc, ciatgeis, adrogestar, -argesatar, -aiciste, adrogesta, atgaith, adrogatsa, adrogaid, adroegaid, adraeghaid, -urguid, -árgaid, atraegatar, atrogessa, aicde

v (* ad-(ath-?)-guid, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 551 ). Palatal quality in pres. forms prob. due to the influence of the vn. aicde, see GOI p. 355 . Indic. pres. 1 s. adguidhi, RC xvii 230.15 (Tig.). aicdiu (prot. for deut.), Bürgschaft 15 § 51 . -aic[d]im, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506, 35c). 2 s. -aicde, Bürgschaft 28 § 75 . 3 s. ad-guid, Laws v 272.8 . 3 pl. ad-guidet, Laws iv 346.17 Comm. Pass. sg. ad-guidter, O'Curry 853 (H 3.18, 386b). -aic[d]ither, ZCP xiii 22.8 . Pl. ad-guiter, -aicditer, ZCP xiii 22.16, 17 . Ipv. 2 s. aicc (see GOI § 588 ), Laws ii 130.9 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ? ciatgeis, ZCP iii 37.33 . Pass. pl. (with ro) adrogestar, O'Curry 2396 (Eg. 88, 31a). -argesatar, Laws v 366.1 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . With ro: adrogesta, Laws iv 210.8 . Pret. 3 s. atgaith, Ériu ii 4.6 ? Perf. 1 s. adrogatsa, O'Curry 876 (H 3.18, 393a). 3 s. adrogaid, AU i 368.18 . adroegaid (cf. ad-goa), LU 9810 . adraeghaid, Anecd. i 42.15 . -urguid (leg. -árgaid), Laws v 476.24 . 3 pl. atraegatar, Anecd. i 42.16 . Pass. pl. atrogessa, Anecd. i 42.18 .

Vn. aicde.

Used with 2 macc, naidm(m), 1 ráth as obj. in sense of invoking sureties or guarantees for the fulfilment of legal obligations: dlega[i]r do cach déorad dé saigid a nadma[e] amal ad-rogesta[e] ind `for every exile of God is obliged to invoke their suretyship as though he himself had been invoked for it', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.8) . ní i n-aiccditer fir nime ┐ soscéla[e] Crist, ib. adrogatsa macu id gialli, O'Curry 876 (H 3.18, p. 393a) `i.e. I bound pledges [binding myself] to thy service', Plummer MS. notes. fiach dleghar dim . . . ad-guidiu macu inna híc, Bürgschaft 17 § 53 . `aicdiu' ol in feichem dia ndligther I give a guarantee, 15 § 51 . cadet tri gnima nadma? . . . imc[h]oimet neic[h] a n-aicdither, 13 § 43 . at-guidh in feichem ara-téit nadmen hi slan i.e. the debtor (on whose behalf the surety acts) invokes suretyship as a guarantee of compensation, 26 § 74 . aicc macu i n-ogslan co n-oghicc in[n]a raithe so furnish guarantees for complete compensation . . . of this surety, ib. atait tri nadmanda la feine nad roithead ní a n-aicaidter, Laws iv 56.26 . nit nadmanna na ratha adguidter ina dilsi, O'Curry 1767 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 36b). atait secht nadmand segta ce ni argesatar . . ., Laws v 366.1 . lethnadmann . . . nadmann són ad-guiter dond ala leth ┐ ni aicditer dind leith eli i.e. suretyships which are invoked by one side but not by the other, ZCP xiii 22.16 , Bürgschaft 10 § 27 , ZCP xv 366.11 . lethslan fir (leg. fair?, ed.) .i. lethslan forsan mbidba[i]d, a lleth n-aill forsan flaith ad-guid in giall, Bürgschaft 77.26 . flaith atnuguid (leg. at-nguid, Bürgschaft 77 ), Laws ii 136.22 Comm. saigid feich a naicditar o mnai i.e. claiming a debt for which he has been invoked as surety, Laws v 308.18 . im coimet neich a naicdicher ar na tormastar ni fair, O'Curry 58 (H 3.18, p. 21a). is tar folta adguidet armaic friu, 803 (H 3.18 p. 372a). aic maccu dó samlaid 'appoint sureties for it thus', Cáin Ónae 38 § 2 . ? ben adguid aitire De no duine i fomatu a cuirp (of a woman for whose violation a man is not fined), Laws v 272.8 ( O'Dav. 913 ) (`eine Frau, die die `aitire' Gottes (eines Geistlichen) oder eines Menschen erbittet unter Darbietung ihres Leibes', Bürgschaft 73 ). ? nocu naicim imm[f]oichid air imma scuicthib acht maine tistar fo dochor chunnartha, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506 fo. 35c). adguiter fír hOengasa (leg. nO.) . . . fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi `the pledge of O. and of the princes of the Déisi is requested as a guarantee for it', Ériu iii 140.170 . adraeghaid . . . Bran . . . ratha i n-ogh na saire seo, atraegatar na flaithi olchena airriu fadeisne . . . it é na ratha atrogesa sunn, Anecd. i 42.15 . conidh and do dechaidh Osraighi i n-dilsi fri leth Cuinn ┐ adrogaidh Maelgualai ri Muman a dilsi, AU i 368.18 `it was there that O. was alienated to Leth Cuinn, (i.e. came into direct dependence on the king of Tara), and Mael Gualai king of Munster warranted this alienation (i.e. pledged himself to renounce all claims to overlordship)', Binchy PICCS I p. 130 (1962). imroraid ni bad shairiu ara n-aiciste a chumachta that his power should be invoked, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . Note also: duli Dé adroegaid raith / tucsat dal bais forsin rig which he invoked as sureties(?), LU 9810 .

ad-rími

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-rími or dil.ie/550

Forms: adrímiu, -airmim, -airmiu, adrimi, -airmi, adrimi, atarimi, atrim[i], adindrími, -áirmi, -ármi, adrimet, atarimet, adrimther, adrimter, adrímter, adrimiter, adrimetar, -ármidhter, -áirimh, adrimtis, atarímtis, -arim, adríme, adrimet, adrimther, -árimther, adrímed, -airmed, -airmitis, adrimfem, adrímfiter, adrímfetar, adrímfinn, atarurmius, adruirim, -arraim, barruim, adruirmisset, a-ta-ruirmiset, adruirmed, aírmithi, áram, áirmid

v (* ad-rím-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 602 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. adrímiu, LU 9323 . -airmim, Sg. 205a2 . -airmiu, Thes. ii 338.2 . 2 s. adrimi siu, Ml. 24b6 . -airmi, LU 10269 . 3 s. adrimi som, Wb. 14d2 ; Ml. 24a13 . atarimi, 111c17 . atrim[i], 49a11 . adindrími, -áirmi, Wb. 13d17 . -ármi, 6a1 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 129d19, 22 . atarimet, Sg. 26b6 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Ml. 46d24 . Thes. ii 246.26 . Pl. adrimter, Ml. 99d9 . adrímter, Sg. 202a5 . adrimiter, Thes. ii 246.28 . adrimetar, Ml. 111a10 . -ármidhter, TTr.² 193 . Ipv. 2 s. -áirimh, Ériu ix 177 § 7 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. adrimtis, Ml. 91a6 . atarímtis, Sg. 188a3 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -arim, Wb. 14d17 . 2 s. adríme, Thes. ii 28.32 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 103b5 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 . -árimther, Críth G. 2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adrímed, Ml. 21a4 . Sg. 69a5 . -airmed, Ml. 46b31 . 3 pl. -airmitis, Trip.² 1885 . Fut. 1 pl. adrimfem, Ml. 14d5 . Pass. pl. adrímfiter, Sg. 153b1 . adrímfetar, Thes. ii 229.30 . Condit. 1 s. adrímfinn, Trip.² 2107 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. atarurmius, Hib. Min. 3. 383 . 3 s. adruirim, Ml. 28d5 . -arraim, 49c9 . barruim, TBC-LL¹ 4761 . 3 pl. adruirmisset, Ml. 101b2 . a-ta-ruirmiset, Sg. 188a1 . Pass. sg. adruirmed, Wb. 2d7 . Part. of necess. aírmithi, Wb. 8c13 . See áirmide. Vn. áram. Later as simple vb. áirmid. IGT Verbs § 68 .

I

(a) counts, numbers, computes: amal as ndliged fir bís i n-arim do neuch atarimi `to one that counts them', Ml. 111c17 . ar mad iar n-aicniud adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 (Bcr).— atairim-si, ol si. Atairimi iarom — count them . . . he counts them, Irish Texts i 3 § 9 . rimfed rind . . . .i. no airmebad rétglanna nime, ACC § 64 ( RC xx 258 ). tuccait . . . a murthréta mucc a fedaib . . . ro rímit ┐ ra hármit, TBC-LL¹ 76 . ada usce nosbera . . . for nim atrímther a laug, LB 228 marg. sup. og iarraid co nairmither fri re `full price of fosterage is reckoned by the time', Laws ii 174.19 . iss é dédenach roarmed it was the last that was numbered, BColm. 92.21 . noco n-airimther ganim mara ni hairemthar ar marbad do macaib ríg, RC xviii 173.12 . co-n-airmestur gainemh mara, RC xxiv 381.4 . do áirmhius noí fichit scíath, ZCP viii 223.1 .

(b) In more general sense of records, recounts, mentions: in gnímai adrimter hi libur iudicum , Ml. 99d9 . nī rurīmiu nī āirmiu / a ndorigēnai ind nóebdūil `I cannot reckon, I count not what the holy creature hath done', Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). co n-árimther inna grá[d] téchtu that he may be reckoned in his proper grade, Críth G. 2 . in tan nach a ngradaib flatha airimter na riga sin, Laws v 24.z Comm. cech martir adrímem, Fél. July 17. Ep. 87 . roairmiustar (roairmestar v.l.) D. douibhsium a n-anmanna, Anecd. ii 55 § 17 . ni roarmide hicond rig Leue no Beniemin it has not been told that L. or B. were with the king, Rawl. 79a7 . atrímead filid na n-G. comtís . . ., Alex. 249 . airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire relate to them, Alex. 191 . ní ruirmiu, ní airémha . . . / a tainic de ancessaib Eireann . . ., AFM ii 600.17 . ni aireomamaid a cogtha, L. Chl. S. § 37 . a ccreacha . . . ni hairimter hi leabraibh, Cog. 38.21 . d'eis ar áirmemar / ar M. in addition to all we have recounted of M., BNnÉ 223.11 . ar áirmhis oruibh d'eachtaibh / do shíol E. `as for the deeds you have told of the race of E.' Content. iv 18 .

(c) takes into account: ni armim-sea ón I take no account of that, TBC-LL¹ 5085 . cona hairmithea bunad eitir `original ownership is not reckoned (i.e. taken into consideration) at all', Laws ii 370.3 Comm. nír airmedar na h-esbada sin o ranic an Maél Flidaise leó they did not count (i.e. they made light of) these losses since they had the M.F., Celt. Rev. iv 206.31 . díanam airmitis-[s]e mu bráthair oc raind a feraind if my brothers should take me into consideration in the dividing of his land, Trip.² 1885 . mad t'árim . . . bail i m-biat dagláich . . . nít ármem itir ┐ nít imradem, TBC-LL¹ 1853 .

(d) counts as, regards as; considers to be: is samlid atrim[i]som in forcomet sin amal bid coscrad dognethe do `it is thus he reckons that protection as though it had been destroyed', Ml. 49a11 . bāeth, buide . . . macne Ailb (nailb v.l.) āirmi (airmighther v.l.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 13 § 1 `thou reckonest the sons of A.,' Ériu xii 201 . ise an Toirrdelbach sin as mó airmhid Conallaig orra do brisedh catha Chnuic an Bodha `it is to this T. that the C. give the most credit on their own side for winning the battle. . .' L. Chl. S. § 56 .

(e) searches out, investigates: adrimisiu gl. rimeris, Ml. 24b6 . adrimi son gl. adpendit examine, 24a13 .

II In idioms with prepp.

(a) ascribes, assigns to (DO): a nadruirmed do Abracham .i. fírinne tri híris `what has been counted unto A. even righteousness through faith', Wb. 2d7 . is secht ṅdana airegda airmither do'n Spirut noem `seven excellent gifts are assigned to the Holy Ghost', PH 8029 . ní armither . . pian . . . dona anmannaib, the souls are not considered to suffer pain LU 2120 ( FA 18 ).

(b) counts as (AR): ni áirmi som ón ar chumscugud `he does not count that as change', Wb. 13d17 . ní nairmi ar bethaid etir `he reckons it not as life at all', Ml. 82a8 . combad ar gair aicnid adrímed in suidiguth `so he would reckon the position for shortness of nature', Sg. 69a5 . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath `fellow-suffering is counted as a kind of cross', Thes. ii 246.26 . adrímfinn ar nempní i condiulcc in maithiusa tarfas dam, Trip.² 2107 . Hence a.¤ ar x do y counts as x on the part of y: adrimtis-som ar aithissib dunni buith fut recht su `they used to count as reproaches to us', Ml. 91a6 . dorolaig in peccad ┐ ni narraim ar chaire do, 49c9 . fis timnae ndæ . . . is ar sainemli adrimther to neuch rudfinnadar `knowledge of the commandments of God is reckoned as excellence to him that knows it', 46c24 . iss ed sin armither ar adnacul dóib for that is regarded as their burial place, LU 2533 . is ar martrai atrimther dó `it is reckoned to him as martyrdom', Mon. Tall. 146.19 . atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar im a athair nach airmead (= áirmet) liubair na Feine do ar ingaire a tindtog, Laws v 436.23 . ar ní armide ar laechdacht duit-siu comrac frim-sa sund it would not be reckoned as bravery for you, LL 14137 .

(c) considers as, places in the same category as (LA and ETER): participia .i. ataruirmiset la gerind `participles i.e. they have reckoned them with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . is la noeb scriphinna atarurmius I have included them among the sacred writings, Hib. Min. 3.83 . cid nácham airmisiu . . . lais na trén-firu sin . . . cid dam nachat airmébaind etorro? why dost thou not reckon me among those strong men . . . why should I not reckon thee among them? LU 10269 . uair airemthar do-sum itir deib é da eis `he shall be numbered among the gods', TTebe 2187 . do bhríogh go n-áirmheann an eaglais idir na hoibreachaibh trócaire . . . é, TSh. 5624 . With AR: áirmid eólaig ar mnāib āill[e] a haimsire ī the knowledgable consider her as one of the beautiful women of her time, ML² 485 .

(d) a.¤ x for (ar) y reckons x against y, blames y for x: ba treissi . . . don aithrighe . . . inas dona holcaibh ro áirmittis deamuin form which the devils reckoned up against me, RC xxvi 372.7 . nā hāirimh ar Chorc na cclīar / gē do-bheradh toir is tīar do not blame C., Ériu ix 177 § 7 . oramsa do hairmhedh riamh / a n-dernsabair . . . / daibh fein áirmeocthar anois, Caithr. CC § 60 . With FRI: nicon airmi fri nech cia ba menic thi does not count it against a person, Laws v 76.11 .

? ainbchellach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ainbchellach or dil.ie/1165

Forms: Ainfceallach, Ainfcellaig, Anbchellaig

adj a.¤, a mo popa a Fergais, ol Cormac, foichleach nairfoichlech insin, a popa Fergais, nāimtidi in chairdine, TBC-I¹ 3589 = aicclech nad aicclech sain a mo phopa Fherguis, náimdemail nad charddemail sain, a mo phopa Fherguis. anchellach nad anchellach, a mo phopa Fh., LL 12260 (TBC) = anbceallach nat narbhceallach, foichlech nad [nurfho]ichlech, naimhdighe nit cairdine sin, [a Ferguis], TBC St. 4876 . ainbhcheallach .i. ainmín nó garbh, O'Cl. As n.pr. Ainfceallach, AU i 170.3 . expulsio Ainfcellaig , 146.14 . mac Anbchellaig , LL 350e18 . Cf. anfochell.

airmaisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmaisid or dil.ie/2238

v (airmaisiu)

(a) hits the mark, aims at, strikes: ni anad co n-ermaised in ubull no bíd for cind in chualli until he hit the apple, LL 14424 . dus an ermaismís a lín an tsluaigh, CS 52.23 (perh. a mistake; in ruirmemis, RC xvii 143.18 , Tig.). rodiormuis an teidhm tar nach dtíaghar `the disease from which there is no escape attacked him', ALC ii 402.4 . a Éisirt nit lenbaide / is fer fíre rot ermuis, SG 241.5 . commáin ria cur romermais `it has fallen to my lot to make requital therein', Metr. Dinds. iii 54.13 . rosirmais óen-ainm uile `one name served for all', iv 136.40 . ór do urmaised sén . . . do'n ard-fhlaith `was ordained', MR 106.7 . caoi . . . gur ur[mh]ais `till she had recourse to weeping', A. Ó Dálaigh li § 24 . urmaisdir `it is ascertained', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 152.4 . With FOR (AR) hits on, comes upon, finds: da n-urmaisi tú uirre, ní roithfe tú tairrsi even if thou dost find her, Ériu iii 164 § 20 . nir urmaiseadar ar h-Isu, YBL 147b39 . nir urmais ar a leas `he could find no way of bettering his case', Duan. F. ii 110 § 38 . ro urmais bó . . . foran erlamh, `one of the cows . . . chanced on the patron', BNnÉ 127 § 15 . is ann sin ro h-úrmhaisead aco-sum ar aenchomairli, MR 314.13 . na hescaraird ar a nuirmeosadh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.24 . amail roermais forro `as they came to his mind', Grail 2567 . Equivalent to fétaid: ro tinnscain . . . for tabairt a coibsena . . . amail is dicra ro fet ┐ ro irmuis forro, Grail 1133 . With I: rourmais se . . . isin glenn i rabadar na Coin chanced to come into, ZCP xiii 214.3 .

(b) manages to, succeeds in, can: innis dūn nī dia maithis. ni ermaisim or seisen, Ériu ii 28 § 10 . cure airddmes dun tarsin slōg . . . is mesc lemsa anisiu, ni ermaissim, TBC-I¹ 294 . níro hairmised cóir a dénma . . . cusinnocht, Airne F. 207 . co na ro-ermaisetar . . . descaid do chumasc ar in mein, PH 5076 . conar urmais ríghi . . . d'ordugud `he was unable to rule . . .', Ériu iii 150 § 2 . ní urmhais neach ní do rádh, DDána 29.18 . co nár urmaisettar a neolaigh saighidh gus an ionadh chinnte, AFM vi 2282.x .

Cf. ar-midethar.

anál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anál or dil.ie/3335
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: anál

n ā, f. Orig. vn. of anaid. Celt. Verb p. 186 . Pedersen, Litteris ii 77 - 94 (Best Bibliogr.), LEIA anál f. IGT Decl. § 149 . n. sg. anáil, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 31 . act of breathing; breath: donanáil gl. anele, Gild. Lor. gl. 123 ( anhela, Du Cange , see Ascoli xxxiii ). ic egmig impu . . . fot a n-anali till out of breath, LU 1902 ( RC x 56.15 ). anála fer ┐ ech, 9246 . anáil nathrach, 5442 (TBC). rob imda airech . . . ica urgabail ar n-urnaidm a anala air through shortness of breath (of fleeing men), MR 318.11 . tocbaid bar n-anála i núachtur bar cléib du bar n-étrummugud tairis, Mer. Uil. 65 . tromtínfed a mbrenanala, BB 495a8 . bolad fína lía anóil (: óir), LU 3640 ( SCC 31 ). a.¤ mnáa lat ingin breathes like a woman, Fing. R. 373 ( ZCP iii 5 § 14 ). omun iar sin hi cride / iss a.¤ hi trommchride (on the situation (in the body) of the passions and propensities), ACL iii 223.10 . lán dom anáil ón uabhar puffed up with pride(?), Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . cuir mar thúis anáil th'ochta / fam ghnúis d'fhagháil fhurtochta, DDána 67.30 . goill dom athchur 'sdom arguin / . . . / rug a hanáil óm inntinn, 90.5 . do-bhir dá ḟine a n-anáil `who gives life to his kinsfolk', TD 32.80 . lé anáil na nél um nóna / fér ag fagháil chóra a críaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1153 . d'anáil óirmheirgeadh the breeze caused by the waving of ensigns, L. Cl. A. B. 100.200 . lé séideadh nó lé súghadh a anáile, TSh. 1896 . oiret anala géoid the slightest breath, RC xxiv 381.18 . táinig d'anáil chuaigh fa Chormac `such fumes arose from the goblet', TD 29.34 .

In various phrases. do-beir a.¤ fo breathes on: a ndorat a anáil foí when he blew under it (of a fire), Trip.² 132 . tuc a a.¤ fai iarsin `the Devil breathed on him them', BCC 454.28 . do-beir a.¤ for: dobeir an sacart secht n-[an]ála Dē for a muin the priest breathes seven breaths of God on his back (significance obscure, apparently a form of appeasement), BColm. 96.27 . dobeir íarum an t-airchindech secht n-anāla Dē for a muin corigci an lic i ndorus a tighi apad, 29 . gaibid ar (for) a.¤ : no co ngaba for thrí ara anáil till he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . rogab for a anáil, CCath. 2072 . do léici, léicid a.¤ exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach? PH 8136 . ro teilgedh a anál, CCath. 2164 . aithinne dubh . . . léicis Mlaise a anáil foillsigh / fúithib gur shoillsigh, SG 27.33 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala get breathing time, AFM v 1766.24 . do-léici, léicid a.¤ do: ma tarlaic a nanala doibh if he gave them a breathing space (of driving cattle), O'Curry 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)b ). ro léc a tri nanala doib, O'Curry 2341 (ib. 26 (27)c ). intan dorelced mo anāl damsa provided I can breathe, TBC-I¹ 2192 . nír léig Gall ort a anáil 'no foreigner breathed upon you', Giolla Brighde 40 § 5 .

In descriptions of heroes' feats (precise application not clear): rothchless ┐ otar ┐ cless for análaib (of Cú Chulainn), LU 5972 (= gless (cleas St.) for a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2111 ). eter chles for análaib ┐ ubullchles ┐ siaburchles, 8442 ( FB 30 ). léim tar neimh ┐ cleas fur anala, RC xxix 128 § 35 . ro clisius for analaib / uasa uíb ( ? uas aúib) na n-ech, LU 9345 . immasleig cach la beirt immin n-araid gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib ┐ análaib, 9294 . Cf. in descriptions of fighting: is amlaid bís mo chú . . . oc imguin ós analaib, TBC-LL¹ 531 . arfich ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). atrácht a én gaile osa anáil co m-búi for folúamain imma chend (of Hercules), LL 225a48 ( TTr. 600 ). rachomaicsigsetar na catha da ceile . . . co raeirgetar a n-eoin gaile ósa n-analaib, 239b42 ( 1706 ).

Of recitation, ref. to the number of words, etc. to be spoken in one breath: intan ba roscadh . . . cindas nothomsidhe? . . . do focul forba anaile no-taispenta don choiceadh focul, uair is coic focail romesadh i n-anail in filed by a word completing a breath which was indicated by the fifth word . . ., Auraic. 930 = 3860 . dilius do bair[d]ne a tomus et coir n-anala their measure and correct phrasing (lit. breathing), 3528 . is é cóir nanála .i. narop sia las in bfer nít gaib (= nodgaib ?) ó aná[i]l cen (leg. cech ?) leth ┐ gach cethruma inás a céile, ar na roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib . . . that the man who recites it in (one ?) breath may not prolong any one couplet or any one line more than another(?), O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). Of the chanting of psalms: a sailm iar fersaib ┐ linib ┐ adhantaib ┐ analaib, Laws v 24.9 Comm. oc cetul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, MacCongl. 13.11 . Of the recitation of a magic formula: D. doroine dic[h]etal do cennaib for enanail do cuingidh feraind for C., LL 392b53 . Similarly: for óenchoiss ┐ óenláim ┐ óenanáil rachain dóib insin uile, LU 6983 = BDD² 562 . Legal: tucait mbinniusa .i. a foclaib ┐ a nanalib diction and enunciation (of speaking in court), O'D. 849 (H 3.17, c. 603). fot naen anala do boaire, ┐ .u. focuil inti, a dó do filid . . . a tri do flaith . . . a secht do eclais, ┐ nai focail cethrachat indtib, O'Curry 698 (H 3.18, 337). go deich do foclaib ┐ vii nanala don eclais ┐ vii focail in cach anail . . . da anail don fili ┐ v focail in cach anail, 227 (122).

On the connection between a.¤ and poetic art (aí), see Celtica vi 215 ff. do glaine n-anáile, Ériu xiii 37.15 . do-glind anáil / ailibh caoinibh / inghen gaoithe . . . eisimh teisimh / eallaing, teallaincc, 16 . a hainm (i.e. aí) i ccaoimthecht fria hanail, 39.24 .

Compd. anal-utmall of quick breath, panting , CCath. 4956 .

? anúair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? anúair or dil.ie/3832

n (2 úar) evil hour: nít infhuirig cusin a.¤ , MU² 50 `thou art not to be delayed (or thou art not to delay) till the evil hour', note. ? anuair do ríoghnuso / rith frí ghealtacht, CRR 90.3 (`when I acted (?) running through panic').

barae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barae or dil.ie/5381

Forms: barann, barainn, -ainne

n n, f. Also barann, barainn (g s. -ainne). anger, hostility (with subj. and obj. gen.); vehemence, excitement, exaltation: bare .i. búre, Corm. Y 155. Cf. bara fri búre, LU 10833 (prov. anger in return for anger). barann .i. biubhanas ut est beógudh barann, ┐ adfét brigh barann, O'Dav. 267. barann .i. ecraiti, ut est. atfeth brigh barann, O'Curry 2046 (H. 4.22, 61b). `barann' gach béimneart, Metr. Gl. 13 § 22. barann .i. béim, O'Cl. bara .i. fearg, ibid. im (sic leg.) barain gl. in ira mea, Wb. 33a13 . diar ṅéis arnáp b.¤ , Fél. Ep. 419. cía b.¤ ro boí día sruith fríu whatever anger, Trip.² 1521. hin fil ní hi crádind do Día, nó in fail a baraind frim?, 2763 . lin a barann ṁbúan, SR 7934. nīcon mela in fersa a baraind for Ultu nī bus moo, TBC-I¹ 3596. mas co mbaraind dotæt cucunn, IT i 279 n.21 (Eg.) = co féirg, LU 8698 ( FB 52 ). bráo mara / bara bledmaill, LU 8682 ( FB 52 , rhet.). atcota brīgh barann / atcota barann bidbaid, Anecd. iii 11.23 , 24 . cech long rasmbia a bara / ni ragha cen badhad, ii 41 § 11 . fer do baraind bruthaigte, TBC-I¹ 1817 (rhet.). cid mor a bara fort . . . nit aghamar though you are very angry at it, IT ii1 181.199. indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 ( TTr.² 927 ). barand immais `fury of inspiration', RC xxvi 24 § 81. bruth ┐ barand, TBC-LL¹ 1932. imir do bharainn fair, BNnÉ 300 § 4 . 's na teinntibh i mbia a mbara the anger inflicted on them (?), PBocht 12.51 . dimbirt a ainchridhe ┐ a bharainde, Hugh Roe² 42.19 . cūach Dīarmada do Breg barainn as a cause of the enmity of Brega (?), Corm. Y 950.

Attrib. g s. angry, hostile: bret[h]a barann, AFM ii 594.19 (an. 917 ). bag barand, LL 23560. lonnbruth barand, TBC-I¹ 3237. mac barrainde (: arrainne), IGT Decl. ex. 564.

Compds. With nouns: co mbarannbāigh, Otia ii 83.1 . re barann-beicedhaigh na n-os, CCath. 4351. Bairnech barannbél, Metr. Dinds. iii 444.52 . nād bad fornn nimbræ do borann (no a suprascript over o) -borrfad (sic leg.) barainn, TBC-I¹ 3561. tri barannghlaedha badhbha, Acall. 908.

With adj.: baighbriathar baronnborb an Goibernora, Hugh Roe² 224.19 .

braithid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. braithid or dil.ie/6524

v (brath) betrays: ni braitfithar tusa de sin, TBC St. 968 = nit merad-su (.i. nít mairnfed) sain, TBC-LL¹ 1081. cétaín ro braith (: ṡaich) Ísu n-ard, Murphy Metrics 52 § 15 . ro-braithed o desciplaib fén he, PH 2298. in tan ro-braithestar . . . Ísu Crist, 8191 . is aen uaib no-m-braithfi-sea, 2373 . braithfet dit mo chele `I shall betray to thee my spouse', TTebe 1505 . an biodhbha do bhraith sibse `who betrayed Thee', Aithd. D. 73.2 . ná braith = betray not, Isaiah xvi 3.

In wider sense espies, spies, points out, discloses; perceives, notices, considers: brathim-se duit in baile i fuigbe é na chotlud, Corp. Gen. 403. do bhraithfinn daeibh an uaidh ann `I would point out to you', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.17 . braithim do . . . / an craobh thoraidh on tuaiscert I proclaim to . . . (?), ZCP ii 335.3 . sa chaithir i gcrú an asail / braithidh lasair thú ar tosaigh `reveals', Dán Dé vii 12 , IGT Decl. ex. 427 (brath-, v.l.). bratir (brathir, MS.) dūn ardabstail Ērenn let us observe the high apostles (?), ACL iii 303.9 . ná braithtear maoith 'n-a meanmain let no dispiritedness be seen, O'Hara 2767. do braith (: flaith) bean / . . . ar techeadh `sensed our banishment', Magauran 673 . braithim-se dhuit cá bhfuighbhir . . . L. `I can tell you', Keat. ii 4500. an tan . . . bhraitheas a bhríogh spioradálta agá chlódh when he perceives, TSh. 183. tresa mbraithfidhe dīomháoinius . . . orra = by which . . . they might be noted of vanity', RSClára 116a . ros-braith tria báig in bine `the ill deed . . . wrought their ruin', Metr. Dinds. iv 130.113 . is í ben do braithedar dó .i. inghen I Chonchubair `they chose', L. Chl. S. 3. nír braitheadh linn liaigh ar gcabhra `we had no hope of a leech', Aithd. D. 66.16 . tiodhlaicthe Dé dár bhflaithibh / a gcur ar gcúl ná braithidh `think not to put aside', Content. vi 66.

1 búan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búan or dil.ie/7263

adj o, ā lasting, enduring; constant, firm, persevering: biothbhuan ` everlasting ', Eg. Gl. 729. clár nderccóir bithbalc buan, Blathm. 435. in grian b.sa `lasting', Fél. Prol. 302. din bith b.¤ sa `enduring world', Ep. 19. do fir in berlai buain .i. inna canoni naími, LU 9792 , cf. bérla bán, etc., s. biait. o gein De buain, MacCarthy 434 § 6 . is b.¤ / huli hi fola luimne `all is lasting in a cloak of sackcloth' (to a student poet beginning his studies), Imr. Brain 52.19 ( LU 11003 ). trī rátha / robsad buana bith ghnātha, ML² 2084. [tri leaca] robaid .i. ro-buana (referring to immemorial laws or rights), Laws v 450.6 Comm. is b.¤ in bes, LU 3712 ( SCC 33 ). is mé Fintan, am beó b.¤ `I have lived long', Ériu iv 160.17 . bidh buán a dochar `perpetual shall be its misfortune', Cog. 92.9 . an gcein robadh buan a fearg while his anger lasted, TBC St. 3738. rob būan slūag richeid dia rēir continue to be (?), ACL iii 308 § 32 `may the host . . . be for ever at his behest', Measgra Uí Chl. 155 § 32. tre aithighidh na n-olc mb.¤ `constant evils', Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . buan fám thuaraim taom ón triar continual . . . is the attack (of the world, the flesh and the devil), TSh. 2145.

In chevilles: buan a mbladh, ML² 134. buan in cusc, Laws v 40.21 Comm.

With beirid: ní dom breith buan `not to save myself', Dán Dé xxvi 41 . an síltí go mbéarainn buan that I should be able to escape, Hackett ix 1 .

Equat. búanidir fér in Broga `fresh as the grass about the B.', Ériu iv 96 § 16.

Compar. ní buaine / ná ceo, Dán Dé viii 2 . níor bhuana dhóibh, Content. v 25.

Adv. go buan ` constantly ', Donlevy 62.29 .

Compds. ever-, lasting (freq. as mere alliterating prefix). With adjj. incl. adjj. derived fr. nouns: cethracha . . . ar secht [m]blíadnaib būanad[b]lib, BColm. 14.5 . trí locha bord-ghlana buan-áille, ML 96.2 . im Bh. mbuanbhladhach `of lasting fame', Dán Dé xxv 64 . folt . . . búanchlechtach `ever-curling' (Gloss.), MU² 762. Baiscenn buaineascrach, Caithr. CC 80. bloisg-easa beann-gharbha buan-gháibhtheacha, TSh. 6629. sech a bráithribh buanmasa, Leb. Cert.² 160.16 . gluaisit rompu ina mbuidhnibh . . . buanoglacha (sic leg.) (ocla), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1885. pecud būanoll brath gach mbī, ZCP x 47.25 . nárbat buainscélach brégach, SG 107.19 . go buainsheasmhach steadfastly , TSh. 2232. seacht m-bliadhna bláthmhura buan-torthacha, ML 6.16 . an basgaire buantruag (of Doomsday), RC xxviii 318 § 33.

With nouns: Clanna B. in buan-áig `of the ceaseless strife', Metr. Dinds. ii 78.14 . ruc . . . Lasair a bhuidhe ┐ a bhúanaltughadh sin risin ccoimhdhe `eternal gratitude', Ériu v 84.21 . gusin mbúanbrath `till doom', Duan. F. i 66.2 . trí lá ro bhatar somh ag buanchaithemh an bhaile `they continued battering, etc.', AFM vi 2030.14 . rucsat . . . / i Crích B. in ṁbúanchend `the long remembered head', Metr. Dinds. iii 398.26 . ag a mbuancesad a carcair . . . itfrinn, RC xxviii 318 § 36 . bledheda ┐ buancopain ailli, Aen. 371. fer bagha ┐ buancosanta Lethi Cuind, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). na fineadha ag báidh dá bhuan-dhíochur `for his perpetual banishment', ML 80.22 . fa borb buainferg, LL 396.5 . a bachla ┐ a bhuainmionna `enduring relics', BNnÉ 236 § 160 . deighenach a bethadh ┐ a bhuan-tsaogail do bheith cuicce `of his length of days', 265 § 228. nit-raib brig do buanseilbe (rhet.) `have thou no worth of thy goods', Dinds. 21. an tí do-ghéana buainsheasamh go deireadh (= qui perseveraverit usque in finem, Matthew xxiv 13 ), TSh. 2235. an Buainsheasamh (= Span. perseverancia, Gloss.), Desid. 2951. go Banba d'a buantadall `to permanently occupy it', MacCarthy 314.18 . im brat no im biadh no im buan-tiodhlaicthibh `fixed contributions', BNnÉ 266 § 234 . do bhuantoil `thy unfailing kindness', Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 21 . do biadh ┐ do buan-toradh, ML² 83.

With verbs and part.: fiche bliadhain buan-fhoirfe, Content. xxx 11. cathracha ina mblodhuibh brisdi, buanrebtha, ZCP vi 103.30 . Benén co becht rabúan-scríb `B. prescribed . . . for ever', Metr. Dinds. iii 18.22 . gur bhíogadar ┐ gur bhuain-sginneadar, Atlantis iv 148.9 .

bunad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bunad or dil.ie/7450
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bonadh, bunada, bunadana, b., bunadcineoil

n o, [n. ?] (1 bun). bonadh, CCath. 2515. gan bunaid (: Ulaidh), BB 51a29 ( MacCarthy 432.11 ). ? fer in bunait `the original owner', Laws iv 180.24 (sic also Facs.). a bhunaidh tuaighe (: chulaidh), TD 44.8 . pl. bunada, BB 203a6 . Todd Nenn. 26.1 (sic leg. for bunadana ?).

(a) origin, basis, source: ón bunud gl. a principali, Sg. 33b2 . don chétni persin as b.¤ do `which is its origin', 52a19 . ? fri báig is búnad prímda, Thes. ii 295 § 7. in slíab dianid b.¤ B. whose name derives from B., Metr. Dinds. ii 54.16 . nit scela cen b.¤ unauthorized (?), LL 6578. do b.¤ imthechta Eoganachta in so, ZCP viii 312.10 . a buna cunnartha `his original bargain', Laws v 504.29 Comm. do bhéar bunadh ris I shall give authority for it, Content. xviii 76. as é a b.¤ the fact is, Ériu iv 218.25 . `a funo' a b.¤ Laitne (of word fid), Auraic. 3551. b.¤ . . . don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. ? Of a person: eirig suas a Oscair / ro fes is tu in b.¤ `that thou art (of) the true stock', SG 117.5 `that thou art the mainstay', Duan. F. ii 176 § 1. ? co ria b.¤ brechtaig, Leb. Cert.² 203.

Appar. also dwelling, habitation: b.¤ naem is chell is chros, Metr. Dinds. iii 424.31 . bhar mbunadh, DDána 74.9 (see Gloss.). bunaidh, dún `a habitation', Eg. Gl. 81.

(b) Of families etc. origin, stock, race: b.¤ mo chlainde gl. ex semine Abracham, Wb. 5a19 . is iesse as b.¤ dossom . . . iár colinn gl. erit radix Iesse, 6d10 . in bunaid gl. originis, Ml. 68c5 . do Bretnaib . . . b.¤ Lomáin, Trip. 68.3 . ō Loch Echach a mbunadh, ZCP viii 307.21 . an buna ┐ an bhanntracht `la famille, les femmes', RC xxiii 10.7 . sleacht B. bunadh na fola / ó dtáid síol mB., Content. xxix 20. ceann bunadh Gaoidheal, ML 22.2 .

(c) Freq. with gs. ceiniuil: ceili bunaid-selba ┐ bunaid-ceiniuil iar saire `ein Genosse, der ihm nach (Land-) Besitz und nach Geschlecht angestammt ist seiner Freiheit nach', ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 306 ). sechtar b.¤ a ceníuil outside the family, LL 318c36 . b.¤ a cinil, Grail 824 . A. do bunadh-ceneil I., TTebe 3776 (leg. b.¤ ch. ?). gur fhágaibh . . . gach bean aga bunad-chineóil, ML 88.34 . Also bunadhchenél as compd., see below.

(d) In Laws original stock, stock belonging to the family, etc.: b.¤ `das Stammvieh', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 30. b.¤ cethra, Laws ii 394.23 . is se an bunadh tharb ┐ bo, O'Curry 2163 ( Eg. 88, 4d ). Hence freq. fer bunaid owner: d'fir bunaidh, Laws i 172.18 Comm. , etc. Of bees: is in tire insuidigther as coir b.¤ a tuisten `their young offspring belongs to the land in which they settle', Laws iv 190.16 . Of water for a mill: nicon fess cate b.¤ ind uisci `the origin (i.e. the original stock) of the water', Ériu xvii 64 § 1 ( Laws iv 206 ). Cf. trī randa dorigne don lind .i. b.¤ ┐ tānaisi ┐ īarlind, BColm. 74.25 .

(e) V. freq. in gs. as attrib. original, fundamental; native, hereditary; inherent, own, proper; basic, established; certain, veritable, real, etc.: amal ind claínn bunid `like the original clan', Wb. 5b33 . mo chorp . . . / nach léic úad a olc bunaid that does not cast off its inherent evil, ACL iii 216.23 . dunarus bunaid permanent abode, LU 3211. fích bunaid eter maccu Morna ┐ Find feud , 3183 . in farainm . . . in ainm bunaid family name , Cóir Anm. 13. galar buna[id] inherent defect, Laws i 280.21 Comm. isat brāthir bunaid dom saerad, MacCongl. 57.8 . fis bunaid marbhtha a ceitri mac certain knowledge, BB 363a20 . sgarum fris gach mbāes mbunaidh, ZCP vi 264 § 13 . an briathar bunaidh atberat an fhiledh . . . gurab buaine bladh nā saogul `das Sprichwort', xiv 251.1 . breith bunaid true interpretation (of a dream), BB 238a22 . Cf. breath bhunaidh (sic leg.) .i. as bunáiteach a bhreath, O'Cl. ar scél bunaid innossa . . . tanic scel É. etraind ┐ se, LB 147a31 `our original story' (i.e. after a digression), Introd. 9. tic fer bunaid in baile the owner (?), Rawl. 87a39 . ? boí dano noí mís fo chleith ingeni détlaind bunaid (rhet.), LL 13932. adhbhar oilithrigh bhunaidh / réim tighe chuirr Chonchobhair real grounds for a pilgrimage (?), DDána 116.18 . ár lá brátha bunaid `our veritable Doomsday', Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.36 . bés bunaidh an established habit, Hugh Roe 226.14 . amal mac mbunaid do fen as a son of his own, TTebe 98 . a berla bunaid his native tongue, Lism. L. 2538. a bídbaid bunaidh hereditary enemies, ZCP xiii 196.15 . Used more vaguely (note alliteration): ar thegmáil mbunuidh Í Bloid, Ériu iv 216.19 . dia slog bunaid bithgrada, BB 360b24 . ocht ccéd do bhliadhnaibh (sic leg.) bunaidh, KMMisc. 56 § 6. P. . . . / deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23. fágbhaim fōs beannacht bhunaidh `heartfelt blessing´ Celtica iv 118 § 23 .

(f) In phrases. a b.¤ in reality, actually: sacart Insi Bó Finni me a bunud as a matter of fact I am . . ., LL 35694. ní do chathughudh a bunadh . . . acht . . . do theichem, TFrag. 208.3 `in reality', Plummer MS. notes. a buna `originally' (in fact ?), Laws i 120.9 Comm. co b.¤ : uair is co b.¤ bríg bermait / cech ní is dír dlegmait do rad since we give authority for all we say (?), LL 17003 ( RC xlvii 304 ). bar nglóir do bhreith go bunadh `test your words by a fundamental principle', Content. xviii 85. go roich do mhac Bh. go bunadh `till things become serious for him (?),' Magauran 2998 . do b.¤ always, perpetually, for ever: 'san bhailei-se do bhunadh / bhíos mo chara C., DDána 66.7 . gá doilghe béad do bhunadh what grief is ever more bitter ? Arch. Hib. i 84 § xi . ní mhaireann grádh do bhunadh, Dánta Gr. 84.2 . rob īat sin . . . muinter Cairill do b.¤ , ZCP vii 308.4 . 'cum an dunaidh a ngnáthuigigh do bhunadh, RC xxix 116 § 12.

Compds. dochum bar ṁbunad-chineoil (original) family, Acall. 6256. do bunadcineoil (g s.), TTebe 4786 . ar mb.¤ chenel, PH 2680 (written as compd., LB Facs.). arcenn ar mbráthar bunadchineoil, Lism. L. 3171. See section (c) supra. a bunudh fiach `the original debt', Laws ii 4.15 Comm. gó a mbraithribh ┐ go a mbunaidh-fhremhaibh to their original stock, Leb. Gab.(i) i 80.9 . dia bhunadh freimh, AFM vi 1906.3 . origenistum .i. bunadgein, Sg. 181a4 (see note). bunadh-indruim na T. `to describe the origin of the Thebans', TTebe 9 .

cáinid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáinid or dil.ie/7838

v (cáin, O'Brien, Celtica iii 172 ) reviles, rails at, reproaches : cía nomcháne ol C.C. nít génsa fo bíth Fergusa, LU 5658 ( TBC-I¹ 1181 ). mairc hUltaib ol niscainedar angle (rhet.), TBC-I¹ 3426 . cuinghidh . . . ḟir chaines, ḟir cainter, Ériu xiii 17.29 . dia mbuailter iat no dia caintiur (of sons of kings), Laws ii 156.12 Comm. comēt dam mo thenga[id] . . . / nār' cāiner araile, ZCP vi 259.16 . mairg duine cāines clēirech, ACL iii 222.12 . cáinis a chomdhalta . . . eisium trít sin rebuked him because of that, SG 58.6 . cainit na naimh co hegair, Fen. 128.4 . fer do c[h]āinius can c[h]inaid, CCellaig 717 ( SG 61.6 ). tríath rom-cháin, ZCP v 523.24 . níor cháin an fear, níor aor ibh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 46 § 8 .

Vn. cáined.

? callai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? callai or dil.ie/8059

v Celtiberdai nit c.¤ (: Espándai), Rawl. 76b33 .

caraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caraid or dil.ie/8212
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -carim, -cairim, caraim, -caraim, -caru, -cari, carid, caraid, -cara, carthai, caras, charas, caris, carthar, -charam, carait, charaíd, -carat, cartae, cardda, carda, carde, cartar, car, carad, caram, carid, -carid, -carad, carad, carthae, -chartais, carddais, cardáis, care, -charae, -carae, cara, -rochra, -chara, cara, -carat, -carad, -charad, cechar, -cechra, -cechra, cechras, -chechrat, -cechrainn, carais, carois, -cair, carsait, carsat, charus, rob-car-si, ro-car, arro-car, char, rondob-carsam-ni, charsat, charsad, ros-carsat, serc, carthain, carthi

weak vb. with reduplicated fut. on analogy of canaid ( GOI 402 ). Ind. pres. 1 s. -carim, Wb. 5c7 . -cairim, 23c12 . caraim, Thes. ii 293.16 . -caraim, Ml. 79d1 . -caru, Fél. Ep. 311 . 2 s. -cari, Wb. 6c8 . 3 s. carid, Wb. 25d5 . caraid, Ml. 75c4 . -cara, Wb. 27d9 . With suff. pron. 3 s. m. carthai, Fraech 10 . Rel. caras, Wb. 25c19 . Ml. 91b17 . charas, 30c3 . caris, Thes. ii 247.4 . Pass. rel. carthar, Ml. 75c4 . Sg. 193b3 . 196b4 . 1 p. -charam, Fél. Prol. 134 . 3 p. carait, Ml. 124d13 . ? charaíd, BB 40b1 . -carat, Ml. 123c8 . Wb. 5c6 . Rel. cartae, Ériu iii 7.14 . cardda, TBC-LL¹ 1655 ( cardid, TBC-I¹ 2413 ). carda, ZCP x 339 § 16 . carde, ACL iii 313 § 12 v.l. Pass. rel. cartar Ml. 78a2 . Ipv. 2 s. car, ZCP iii 448.6 . 3 s. carad, Wb. 22c19 . 23c12 . 25a35 . 1 p. caram, Fél. Prol. 264 . 2 p. carid, Wb. 27d11 . -carid, Ml. 68a15 . Impf. 3 s. -carad, Wb. 23d10 . carad, Bruchst. i 55 § 2 . Ériu xiii 34.27 . Pass. carthae, Fél. May 9 . 3 p. -chartais, Fél. Nov. 16 . carddais, LMU 17.41 . cardáis, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. care, Ml. 43a21 . -charae, 56b31 . -carae, 39 . Ériu i 199.6 . cara, 202.2 . 3 s. -rochra, Wb. 6d1 . -chara, LU 5797 . ro cara , Laws ii 210.14 . 3 p. -carat, Wb. 11b6 . Impf. 3 s. -carad, Ml. 14a8 . Wb. 4d17 . -charad, LU 3269 ( SCC 6 ). fut. 1 s. ? cechar, SG 396.23 . 3 s. -cechra, ZCP iii 449.6 v.l. (-cechraear, text). -cechra, O'Dav. 459 . ZCP xii 364.30 . ? Cf. atcechra, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 25 . Rel. ? cechras, O'Dav. 342 . 3 p. -chechrat, Wb. 30c4 . ZCP xii 364.31 . Condit. 1 s. -cechrainn, Auraic. 534 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. carais, Fél. Jan. 15 . carois, ACL iii 220 § 3 . -cair, Thes. ii 328.2 . 3 p. carsait, Fél. Mar. 15 . carsat, Hail Brigit 13 . With ro: 1 s. rot charus , LU 6084 . 3 s. rob-car-si, Wb. 23d4 . ro-car, Ml. 65d5 . Blathm. 133 . arro-car, Sg. 193b1 . 196c3 . rot char , Blathm. 134 . 1 p. rondob-carsam-ni, Wb. 25a35 . 3 p. ro charsat , Fél. May 8 . ro charsad , Snedg. u. Mac R 9.2 . ros-carsat, Metr. Dinds. i 46.2 . Vn. serc, later carthain. Vbl. of necess.: bad carthi gl. amatus sit, Sg. 148a2 .

(a) loves (persons): nád carad som Iudeiu, Wb. 4d17 . carad uir mulierem, 22c19 . carsus fiadhu, Snedg. u. Mac R 11.5 . rot charus ar th'airscélaib I have fallen in love with thee, LU 6084 (TBC). nít charadar nít tágedar, TBC-LL¹ 2032 = -chara, LU 5797 . car do chomnesam amal no-t-cara fén = dilige proximum, PH 5837 . gé no charfuinn fiche fear, KMMisc. 362.7 . a fhir Chola charuid mná `beloved of women', SGS iv 62 § 10 . ní charabh bean tsean ná óg, Dánta Gr. 78.11 .

With Vn. in figura etymologica: frisin seirc rocar Crist in n-eclais, Ml. 65d5 . don t-seirc rochar mac in Oicc Chaire hEabarbaithi, RC vi 191.10 . sercc tecmuis rotcaruis, iii 344.14 . ? caem rocarsat a cairdeas, BB 412a16 .

Note also: car Diaa, cechdat (? leg. cechratat) (cechdut, cechtat, v.ll.) cach love God, all will love thee, ZCP iii 448.6 .

(b) loves (things): inna tuari no cari, Wb. 6c8 . an ro chara, dagné dímsa do what you like with me, Fraech 272 . ní charand mo menma múad, LU 3964 ( SCC 45 ). sliocht Cathaoir Mhōir . . . / do char Frémhann, Butler Poems 10 `to whom the High-kingship was hereditary?' n. dēde nād carann duine / a aor ┐ a ghuidhe, ZCP vii 298.6 . la Māel Dūin / nād charad cuindeilg, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 35 . carsam cāemhacht, ZCP vi 258.3 . nā carum crāes nā cinaidh, 264 § 13 . níor char fód oile acht Éirinn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 2 . Goll nár char séad, Oss. iv 52.18 .

(c) loves, likes (actions) (with follg. vn.) : carais Reachtabra a dinge / co lar Cilli Cluana, BB 299b5 . carsat boith i nAlind aird, Hail Brigit 13 . mainipdis gnāth / nī cara (caire v.l.) cāch cosg a bāise, ACL iii 295 § 16 . trōethad inna hainngide (n-a., v.l.) / carait (carde, v.l.) dēnam huilcc, 313 § 12 . fothragad uiscce ḟūair / isin gháoith cruaidh rochara, ZCP i 66.121 . ro charsat sidhe a cloidhmeadh . . . ┐ ro ḟuathaighsiot a ḟuasccladh, AFM v 1754.10 .

Celtiberdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Celtiberdae or dil.ie/8579
Last Revised: 2019

n io, m. (Lat. Celtiberi) Celtiberian : Celtiberdai, nít callai 'the Celtiberi, they are not criminal', Sex Aet. 102 § 70 (40) . Tubal, a quo sunt Hiberdai ┐ Hespannai ┐ Celtiberdai, Sex Aet. 74 § 25 . Espandai ┐ Celtiberdai ┐ Édaldai, ITS xxxiv 154 § 95 (K) . cinedha na Celltiberdha, CCath. 2277 .

cerbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerbaid or dil.ie/8744

Forms: cirrbaid, cirrbaigid, cerbad

v later also cirrbaid, cirrbaigid. IGT Verbs §§ 67 , 82 . See Ériu xxii 48 .

(a) hacks, lacerates, cuts (off): nos cerband ┐ nos bruend iat combo lán in glend día fulriud, LU 8881 ( FB 67 , H). nír sguir gur cirrbad a chnes, Anecd. i 37 § 97 . i ndígail M. rocerb, TFerbe 657 . mor cnes curad ro cerbbait do saigtibh, CCath. 6016 . cerbsat colna fa cra ruad `hacked', Celt. Rev. iv 216.15 . ri is mo . . . ro chirph do merlichib, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 (`mutilated'). gur chréachtnaigh ┐ gur chiorrbhaigh sochaidhe . . . dhíobh, CRR² 37 . ? o cearptardi a cuctlí / atbertar cid Picti, Todd Nenn. 130.19 (? leg. cearptar dia . . . ).

(b) diminishes, cuts short : c.¤ sam súaill sruth `summer cuts the stream small', Ériu xvii 89 § 3 . lúdh mo chuirpse go gciorrbhaid, Aithd. D. 92.13 . ciorrbhuighthear bliadhna na bpeacthach (breviabuntur), TSh. 2678 . ciorróig Dia dream na fallsóireachta (perdere), Párl. na mB. 1872 .

(c) mortifies : go gciorrbhadh a cholann féin, TSh. 7220 . do ciorrbhadh a chorp lé Colum C. . . . lé troscadh, Keat. iii 1635 .

? a Medb . . . / nīt cerb cāime nūachair, TBC-I¹ 2283 = nít chredb, TBC-LL² 2696 .

Vn. cerbad.

cétamus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétamus or dil.ie/8889

Forms: cétmus, cétus, cétomus, cétmus, cétus, cētomus

conj (1 cét- + tomus. See Éigse vii 157 - 8 , CRR Gloss.). Earlier cétmus, whence cétus (-ús?). Also cétomus, -tumus. Freq. with len. ch-. GOI 248 .

(a) In phr. bad chotamus doṅ chetamus fair sin measure for measure, tit-for-tat , CRR 7 , 8 . ? Cf. ceadamus .i. in cetna ai for seis no in cetnai fis no in cétna amas forsa ḟaisnes, Lec. Gl. 180 . cetamus .i. cetna, Stowe Gl. 273 .

(b) Adv. firstly, to begin with, originally : ceadas .i. ar tús, O'Cl. cétmus `in the first place', Wb. 23b34 . ríi benn c.¤ (in list), Críth G. 448 . ropa cridiscel dam cedamus `my first wish was', Mon. Tall. 136.21 . cétus, Trip.² 635 . cētomus, Sc.M² 11 . itosuch chetumus, LL 13296 ( RC viii 48 ). cetar-cubaid garit dialtach cetomus (in list), IT iii 15 § 33 . cid ma tanic tu-su chidus . . . isin n-eclais?, YBL 146a15 . rob í ar gceardcha céadamhas (: solas), Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 5 . soil cédus, IGT Introd. § 23 .

(c) In wider sense however, moreover, indeed, even, etc.: ni aurtet ní laisim cetamus a tabirt `he does not hold it admissible, however, to give it', Mon. Tall. 143.14 . saer i suidiu ndair . . . daer i suide saeir cetamus on the other hand(?), Laws v 20.13 . nit athgénmár or E. Atotgénsa chetus ol in t-ócláech, LU 10801 (TE) `however', Ériu xii 175 . adfét dó . . . ainm cech prímdune . . . adfét dó chetumus a n-íathu ┐ a n-áthu moreover, LU 5106 = chetamus, TBC-I¹ 621 . con-aitchecht C. dig . . . Nís-fil and ch.¤ unfortunately there is none, BDD² 1432 . damad d'escairdibh cetamus noberad cosccur if only, CCath. 3700 . ni thuicemni cedus a raidhit we don't even understand what they say, IT iii 187.4 . chetus in ben sa is sí in glan genmnaid indeed(?), LU 3907 ( SCC 42 ). na hidail-sea citus, ni dat dee, PH 2353 `indeed', Gloss.

credba(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. credba(ig)id or dil.ie/12821

Forms: credbad

v (see credba) shrinks, consumes, gnaws : nis credhba linn na tene .i. nocha credhbhann `does not corrode', O'Dav. 556 . amail a colla credbaither cin baisted, O'Curry 2140 ( Eg.88, 1(2)d ). manī credbatis inna tola `were not made to wither', Celtica viii 72.121 . diambad Conchobar credbaigte, LU 3537 . nimcredbod catha fri cricha, ZCP xii 403.4 (rhet.). nom credba(d) ceo trommchumad, Ériu viii 172.18 . nít chredb caíne núachair `does not touch you', TBC-LL² 2696 . cáin in crand ná creadhba corp, YBL 12b22 . gnúis credbas midend, TFrag. 200.5 = crédhbhas, AFM i 562.10 . ? tré . . . dilgud an airttrich roncredbais it ṡethnach hsartalach riamh, Aisl. Tond. 106.21 .

Vn. credbad. Part. ceithre cumala 'na chru creabhdhaiche coagulated (?), O'Curry 1041 ( H 3.18, 435b ). crua credbaigthi, TFerbe 185 . corp crédbhai[g]dhe, AFM ii 618.16 (Arch. iii 311 § 5).

crích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crích or dil.ie/12912

Forms: críg

n ā, f. ?d s. críg, Ml. 131c10 (leg. cathraig? note).

(a) boundary, limit (of territory), end; aim, purpose, etc. (partic. in later lang.): honaib crichaib cammaib gl. obliquis sulcis, Ml. 2a7 (of furrow which marks boundary, see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168 ). ba samla fri c.¤ in da chlod doriṅgensat roith . . . carpait C.C. furrow, LL 12808 . bieid crich fortimtherecht cacha dúlo gl. deinde finis, Wb. 13b28 . innacriche gl. limitis, Ml. 37d7 . tri deligud innac.¤ , 11 . cona tiagat taracricha corai (of waters), 51d3 . rasaig ac.¤ cuccai `their boundary extends to it', 102a8 . c.¤ gl. ωρα, Sg. 9b12 . gl. limes, 66b4 (see n.). muir dar críchu a flood, TBC-LL² 4493 . isedh is crich ann, gort feoir no arbair, no ard-urchur flesca ┐ tri deisceimann o tire tuaim . . . no comadh é bu crich ann, cenn in baile ┐ na .iiii. guirt atta nesa dó, O'Curry 2330 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)d ). óthá c.¤ drommo nit. cuglais tamlachtæ, Thes. ii 238.8 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). co ndichet tar c.¤ , Críth G. 29 . in cloch criche boundary-mark , Laws iv 8.7 Comm. doragad dochom críche (of Cú Chulainn), LU 4830 (TBC). dodechaid iarom c.¤ mór ond loch distance(?), LL 14043 . nech nát comfa in domnach . . . ina críchaib córib `within its proper boundaries', Ériu ii 194 § 8 . eter dí crich in dómnaig, LB 204b11 . go ttangador criocha deiridh don lo soin i.e. evening, ZCP x 290.32 . rotuilsit . . . in aidchi sin co crīchuib na maidne till dawn, ZCP xiii 240.5 . dothuitetar . . . a crīchaib in c[h]omlainn (used for alliteration?), Fianaig. 64.21 . ní-co fil c.¤ for a flaithius, PH 1809 . co crich do bais, ZCP vi 26.24 . críoch a riaghla is nár anois `that their rule has come to an end', Bard. P. 5.10 . críoch ar gciunais `the consummation of our peace', Arch. Hib. i 96 § x . guais do chách críoch a faghla ` outcome ', O'R. Poems 3450 . mór críoch a shuirghe aim , Aithd. D. 95.12 . crioch ar ccomhraidh uain̄ fa fhód object , Rel. Celt. ii 240.13 . do b'í an chreach-sain críoch ar leoin peak , DDána 79.8 . ag moladh bhar ccríche maithe = resolution, RSClára via . an chríoch dhéidheanach final end, TSh. 725 . ga mhēid crīoch dhēidheanach ann? A ceathair .i. an bās, an breithiomhnas, ifrionn ┐ flaitheamhnas, Parrth. Anma 5962 .

In phrases meaning act of completing, fulfilling, etc.: críoch do chur ar an suirghe, A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 13 . smúaineadh gan a chur a cc.¤ , Bard. Synt. Tr. 210.6 . a chur a gc.¤ uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . do bheir sé olc chum críche, 30 . chuige sin . . . do thabhairt chum críche, Párl. na mB. 255 . táinig an aisling sin i gc.¤ do Chormac `this vision was fulfilled in C.', Keat. ii 4665 . go ttáinig gach nídh do thairngair Fíonán do chum críche, ZCP ii 558.16 . do-chuaidh críoch ar an gcunnradh `has been carried out', Aithd. D. 21.2 .

(b) confines, territory, district, land (in sg. and pl. See Ériu xxii 162 ): hifar crichaib fadisin gl. finibus vestris, Ml. 115b10 . intseuit bite hí cách c.¤ , 122a4 . cacha críche condelg `to every territory its covenant', Celtica vi 237.21 ( ACL iii 226.16 ). tar nos crichi no cana, Laws v 254.7 . comhadh cách a chríoch, Ériu xiii 20.9 . líth línass crícha, Fél. Sept. 9 . an can criocha im ghalail (sanchán crícha im Galail, Ed.), Blathm. 26 . im cert filid tar crich crossing a territory (border?), Laws i 184.17 . i críchaib cíana comaidchi, MU² 220 . do ḟascnam a crichi bunaid, RC xxiv 178 § 8 . i crichaib echtrand, CRR 6 . imthecht a crich n-ecailsi hi crich tuaithi, Ériu ii 202.2 n. dorigne c.¤ claidim di swordland, SG ii 464.26 . críoch Cuinn (poetic name of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 4 . críoch fhionnchorr Éirionn, SGS iv 140 § 9 . ro fagaib . . . cricha na Greige, Stair Erc. 1375 .

In n. loc. see Hog. Onom. In n. pr. Fer dá ch.¤ , Fél. Aug. 15 .

Compds. With nouns. T. M. / is mín críochbhuird, Ir. Syll. Poetry 55 § 7 . do chlíu nad chliss crichbrugi Macha, LL 14222 (rhet.). ó chríochbhun an dá chomhairle ultimate basis, DDána 70.1 . teine í . . . chraos-shloigeas go críochcaitheamh = usque ad perditionem, TSh. 7958 . mendudai ┐ críchdoirsi a námut frontier passes, Alex. 200 . im chricheasbaid a chuigid `circumscribing', MR 110.7 . tír dúthaigh chláir chríchfhionnMhonaidh, DDána 89.6 . fa críochḟorba ḟear nÉireann (of Ireland), Content. xxx 19 . do b'é críochrún a gcagaidh, DDána 121.15 . With adjj.: i ttimcheall Chaisil chríochbháin, Top. Poems² 1194 . Banbha . . . badh críochcoganta, DDána 89.9 . ríogha Crúmhthainn chríchfheadhaigh, Top. Poems² 816 . do'n chined choitchenn crich-fhuinedach `western', MR 294.26 . caith-chrios . . . crioch-niamhtha, xiv 3 . fa chnoc gcríochruadh gC., DDána 111.39 .

See críth.

díchoém

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchoém or dil.ie/16135

Forms: dīc[h]ōimh, Díchóem, Díchóime, Díchaem

adj (coím) uncomely, ungracious; of inferior rank: is tech ndagfir . . . nit dichoim a dorsidi `not unlovely (not of base degree?) are its doorkeepers, Thes. ii 292 (Ml. poems ii). ba maith in máthair, ciarbo díchoem, Otia iii 47 . ni basi (leg. ba-sa?, ed.) dichóim inbi | la ríg Maige F., ZCP ix 340 . ochtar saerdha . . . ┐ dias dirdha dicaemh two vassals, persons of inferior rank (the allusion is to the migration of Partholón who with his three sons— cethrur airech, LL 5a13 —and their respective wives formed the `ochtar s.'), BB 23a52 . rannais do cach oen | eter dícháem . . . ┐ fáth bas chaem both to lowly and exalted (?), LL 29b49 . diles cach rochoém, indles cach ndichaém everything very precious . . . everything of lesser value, Laws iv 312.21 . cid cóem cid dícóem, 25 . As subst. ní bu hētach nach dīc[h]ōimh the raiment of a churl, Fianaig. 14 .

As n.pr. f.: Díchóem, BDD 62 . bá Díchoem ainm a máthar, Otia iii 47 . gen. mac Díchóime , ib. Aengus mac Dichoeme, ib. As name of a river: Díchaem, TBC-LL¹ 4228 .

1 dil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dil or dil.ie/16365
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dile, dilem

adj i dear, beloved, precious, profitable (applied to persons and things. Cf. ¤dil in beodil, marbdil? See also Celtica i 369 ): dile (gl. carior), Ir. Gl. 1121 . Cf. gaoith-dh.¤ .i. grádhuightheoir na heagna . . ., óir is ionann d.¤ is grádhach, Keat. ii 156 . g s m. iar mes cech deg-athar d.¤ (: éistid), Metr. Dinds. iii 8 . Undecl. in: do Thuathaib d.¤ Dea, Metr. Dinds. iii 300 . mise fort greis, a rí rīchid . . . corbam d.¤ , 380 . nit roib anaill bas diliu have thou naught else dearer, Ériu i 194 . carsait Crist as diliu (sic leg.), Fél. May 7 . ní ḟuar riam bad dile I never found anyone dearer, TBC-LL¹ 3471 .

With prep. DO dear (profitable) to: d.¤ damsa, Thes. ii 295 . is diliu dūnd briathar Déi, Imr. Brain ii 286 . is diliu dait th'anim | indāite na sēoit, ACL iii 318 . diliu duit imbeirt fidchille it is better for thee to play, RIA MSS. Ser. Ser. i 142 . Superl. dilem, Wb. 22d26 . dilium damsa taithmed nĪsu, ACL iii 298 . intann bus ndilium ndoib, Anecd. iii 25.10 . With -u-: as duliu lium cech indiub `which I prefer', Ml. 45a4 . 106b6 . is ed asdulem dún `most desirable ', 14d7 ; 103a9 . Infl. of 2 dúil, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 341 .

With LA dear to (an object of liking): is d.¤ laee maid do dénum dúibsi, Wb. 14a37 . d.¤ lasna ceathra in lem, Auraic. 5618 . issé is diliu diar slōg | liar n-athair, SR 3595 . diliu lim longud oldás cach ni, FB 32 . ba diliu lais imdegail (sic leg.) a mennato feisin he preferred to defend, TBC-I¹ 1345 . cid . . . is dilium lat do ḟiarfuidig what do you wish to ask? IT iii 241 . ba hē a dún hi T. ba dili (inmainem lais dia dúinib, v.l.), TE 1Eg. ( IT i 118 ). ní théit immach . . . as diliu lind oldammit fadessin (duini as andsa lind . . . ina sind fen, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 199 . CCath. 5108 . do neoch bá dile lais dib, PH 980 . an tí fá dile ┐ fa díoghraisighe leis an marbh, TSh. 5704 .

Note also: ním d.¤ cid dīthrub Temair `it is not dear to me that Tara should be desolate', Hy. ii 44 ( Thes. ii 317 ).

As attrib. used of persons and things dear, beloved, precious, valuable, etc. , but often loosely to imply commendation in general: a chomalta d.¤ díchra fodeisin, TBC-I¹ 2317 . mo mac dil fén (= dilectus, Matthew iii 17 ), PH 3798 . Compd. ? ¤guth dear word (a rough approximation of Hieronymus 'of hallowed name') (?): ro coiglestar Dilgud Grinde ingin n-aircind fris sin '"Dear Word of Exactness" has thought of, with regard to that, a chaste young female (or bird?)' Peritia iii 449.11 .

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