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accrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accrann or dil.ie/174

n [ā], f. sandal, shoe ; airis inunn oín diatét lessom ind acr[a]nn ┐ ind chos gl. on calciamentum, Ml. 56b1 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for accrannaib innaní prechite pacem, Wb. 5a5 . coica acrann corcra co snathib argait estib (of the trappings of a horse), TBFr. 30 (= coica sadall corcra, TFerbe 18 ).

achad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. achad or dil.ie/186

n o, m. expanse of ground; pasture, field: nochon ássa froíchne isin maigin sin sech i nn-achud olchenae, Trip.² 1022 . in temairgnechus (= t-imairgnechus) do niat imuich ar in n-a.¤ (of oxen), Laws iii 266.19 Comm. ri achaid uír ibhardraignígh, IT iii 12 § 17 . is clár tilte do thoighibh / druim an achaidh fhionnchloidhidh, Ériu v 60.2 . síl nÁdhuimh ar gach n-a.¤ , iv 118 § 33 . is ris samlaim-si Rathen / re hachadh do mhuigh nimhe, BNnÉ 313 § 6 . drumchla áluinn gach achaidh, DDána 37.25 . ní faicfidhear mé ar achaidhibh ná ar bóithribh, Hackett xxvi 17 . ? coma suaiti achaidi (acuraidh v.l.) slebe Menail, TTebe 1555 . Of a field of battle: dolluid Bress co mbruthgail / dia mesc co lar n-achaid, LL 214b35 . fir allaid ar cach achud, Metr. Dinds. iv 284.19 . Eochaid, ba airech achaid, 23 . ilcinela na hAffraici . . . ar aenachadh, CCath. 4746 . bacc n-achaid an (enclosed) corner or angle of a field used as a paddock(?): firgabail . . . ic a thig fein .i. isin druim fri lias, no isin mbac-nacha[i]dth, Laws i 92.11 Comm. for conuir . . . cin a lecud isin mbac nachuid, ii 84.12 Comm. in bo ina foxul as in mbac n-achaid no as in druim fri lias, 464.19 Comm. See also 1 bacc.

Common in n.loc., see Hog. Onom. Also in synonyms for Ireland: coíc achaid Uisnig, LL 295b32 ( SG 361.22 ). Achadh Airt, Content. xv 69 . ceann muirir chraobhAchaidh Chuinn, TD 18.7 . ar fud chladhachaidh Chobhthoigh, 4.26 .

adart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adart or dil.ie/314

Forms: adairt

n o, m. (? orig. n.) later also f. d s. adairt, 1 Sam. xxvi 7 . Eochairsg. 2.35 . some kind of support for the head in sleeping or reclining; pillow: a.¤ quasi ad-irt .i. adae mbais, ar is bas do-rimther codlud ┐ is ainm irt do bás . . . Aliter a.¤ .i. ad-ardd, ar is ardi oldás in imda archenae, Corm. Y 43 . adhart ┐ adhartan a bolster, a pillow , Eg. Gl. 649 . a.¤ .i. da cloich, ar ba hē bith fo cind apud ueteres , O'Mulc. 90a . a mbátar Ulaid imbi isin taig . . . Lugaid R. etir ┐ a.¤ , LU 3300 ( SCC § 10 ). sé os a.¤ fir i sirc, 3456 (ib. § 24). eter Mongán ┐ fraigid for sind a.¤ , 10977 . téit for teched . . . co mbói for adurt imdai C., 4917 (TBC). itge degmná dia hadurt, LL 344a10 . tanac mór fecht co mbínd / for cinn t'adairt oc neméle frit, 278b16 . dochum an adhuirt i nimdaidh, Ériu v 122.57 . coimitecht ┐ comét adairt guarding, O'Dav. 1153 . ní fuil clúim ria bar n-a.¤ your case is a hard one, LL 257b14 . dairt ar oen adhart i.e. for disclosing something to a bed-fellow, Laws v 134.21 Comm. ni acaltar tarais nach thar a.¤ , Ériu xii 48 § 61 . for adhart i bhfail fhir eicin, Lism. L. 1335 . fo chinn na raibhi acht cloch doghnath do adhurt, 4493 . a ghlún dob é th'adhart-sa, Dán Dé i 10 . bás (écc) fri ha.¤ lit.: death against a pillow i.e. a natural as oppd. to a violent death: ar cech mbas acht éc fri a.¤ , Lib. Hymn. i 65.72 . dochúaidh bás fri hadhart, Cóir Anm. 64 . air ise aenfer docuaid eg re h-a.¤ dib, BB 251a29 . Also : i n-adhartaibh éaga, GJ xviii 31.31 . bas adhairt a Chonaill cernaigh, BB 53a43 . In phrase cenn adairt: dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, Críth G. 229 . Fig. Bun Loinne ┐ Loch Gile / . . . / is iad amhairc budh fhearr linn / mar cheann adhairt fam intinn, DDána 88.32 . a cheann adhairt gach eolais (of a person), 90.14 . Cf. a.¤ fo chenn naisdísen anisiu gl. perfectionem, Sg. 198a10 .

Extended uses: re ha.¤ n-úar (of the grave), LL 4195 . ri ha.¤ tend tricc mad truit / ni gabat greim grip guip gai (of a shield), 18399 ( PRIA iii 540 § 5 . ) Rest for weapons: ro coraigit . . . a claidbe for a n-adartaib, LL 12965 . intsin do chinteador a ccleaso uatha a lamhaibh a n-arad ara n-aghartoibh urdherghoighte, ZCP x 287.12 . Pebble-ridge, high water-mark(?): amal ruc . . . a chosa tarsin adhart suas for tír, Lism. L. 1948 . In phrase a.¤ olc, uilc high-water mark of evil: is adart uilc, is fír trá, / is malairt (leg. malart) cuirp ┐ anma, LL 19310 . an brath . . . colann do fāgbadh ann sin a fothraicthib fola ┐ a n-adhartuibh uilc ┐ a sruth-linntib crō, ML² 1745 . ar dtonn bháidhte, ar n-adhart olc, Dánta Gr. 28.23 . Perh. also: adarta dochraite in étraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 .

2 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áes or dil.ie/645
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áes, aeis, aesa

n u, m. áes m. (g s. and n p. aeis, aesa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

People, folk, those who, etc. Almost invariably with qual. clause, adj., or noun in gen.: áis fil oc turcbail grene gl. qui primi hominum solem uident, Ml. 94b18 . ?dommuinetar indóini is (indoiss, MS.) ferc do insin, 49b7 . dond aos bís illobrae `to those that are lying sick', Mon. Tall. 148.9 (§ 56) . genaiti áesa a Tenmag Trogaigi, LU 3521 . a Athair na n-uile aos `Father of all folk', A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 4 .

With follg. adj.: int ais amprom `the wicked ', Ml. 31c6 . int óis anfoirbthe `the imperfect folk', Wb. 13c13 . ind aiso boicht `of the poor ', Ml. 31c1 . in n-áis déed `the lazy folk', Wb. 25c19 . aithbeoadh aois éidtreoraig `a resurrection of all feeble folk', O'Gr. Cat. 485.1 . int ais firian `the righteous ', Ml. 55d11 . tairisem ind aiso firien, 54a13 . ni forcital óisa foirbthi `of perfect folk', Wb. 8c3 . ind aosae galrich `of sickly persons', Mon. Tall. 146.27. (§ 52) . dar cenn ind óesa lobuir `for sake of the feeble folk', Wb. 10c11 . int ais lósc `the blind ', Ml. 45c9 . in n-aés moith ┐ anfoirbthe `the tender and imperfect', 45b17 . ind áisso noib `of the saints ', Ml. 27c2 . inna fochaide dobertar forsin naís noib, Ml. 27b15 . in t-aes ócc óetedhach the young , TTr.² 1218 . aes sruith superiors , Trip.² 2115 . cen imcomet aesa sruith, Laws iii 510.2 . With follg. noun in gen. (for similar phrases see fer, lucht): áes . . . airechta members of an assembly , O'D. 544 ( H 3.17 c. 435 ). bhur náos énúaire sojourners , Levit. xxv 23 . áos aithrigi ` penitents ', Mon. Tall. 131.z (§ 11) . in t-aes cairdiusa ┐ caradraidh friends , CCath. 233 . óis carcre ` prisoners ', Wb. 28d30 . áes comchotaig allies, partners , LU 4637 (TBC). aes comgnima co-operators, fellow-workmen , Laws v 156.18 Comm. aes cotalta sleepers , Laws iii 220.23 Comm. don aes na deiccsin (leg. -sen) the watchers , BDD² 589 . aithgabail aesa ecolsa ` ecclesiastics ', Laws ii 120.5 Comm. fíad áes enig, LU 3903 ( SCC § 41 ). áes gráda retainers, counsellors : ar marbad a muintiri, ocus aessa grada, ocus a comalta, Cog. 62.2 . tugudur a aes gradha mur comurle dó, ZCP vi 273.4 . is and sin do gluaisetar a glanaos gradha gu hO mBriain, ITS xxvi 63.25 . do gluais uathad da aes grada, Ann. Conn. 236(s.a. 1315.11) . ro airc Feidlimid iar sin aes grada Ruaidri h. Conchobair, 1316.4 . for aes n-imthechta messengers , TBC-LL¹ 148 . mian ngalair aesa inhuitir `sick craving of invalids', Ériu xii 20.1. (BCrólige). á.¤ láime actual perpetrators: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti, Laws iii 252.13 Comm. ( lucht laime, 8 ). æs mancuine `personal retainers ', Ériu xii 40 § 50 (BCrólige). oís muntire gl. domistici Dei, Wb. 21c4 ; 21b12 . do óes oifrinn congregation at mass, Trip.² 1386 . ar n-óis rechto `we folk of the Law', Wb. 31d1 . int ais sechmaill `the passers-by ', Ml. 102a15 . romtar óis teglig `folk of (His) family', Wb. 7b13 . ond áes tuaithe from the laity , Wb. 28b32 . Esp. to denote an occupation or calling: óes cherdd craftsmen or poets , Críth G. 281 . int aos creth poets , ACL iii 310 viii 3 . a.¤ dána artists, poets , see dán. a.¤ gráid men in orders, see 1 grád. a.¤ gráda favourites, confidants, etc. see 2 grád.

Folld by gen. of a place-name: áes an Arda (= Firu Arddae § 1), ACL iii 296 § 35 . for aes mbabelone `the Babylonians ', Ml. 107a5 . áis inna ethiobae `those of Ethiopia', 94b22 . á áis siriae `O Syrians', 66c12 . aes na Temrach, BDD² 159 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

aicce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicce or dil.ie/753
Last Revised: 2013

n , f.

(a) nearness, proximity: a.¤ ab accula (leg. accola , Meyer, ZCP xiii 185 ), O'Mulc. 13 . ?rom gab B. . . . cucai for aicci (aicti v.l.) a treibe cor ferad mo théchtae oca because of the nearness of his people(?), Comp. CC 29.12 ( LU 10289 ) (cf. 1 aicde?). In phrase i n-aicci near, beside: his i nn-accai muilenn echtránd no beitis co bráth, Trip.² 2456 . co mbeth mís i n-acci cech fir díb, LL 315b53 . a naici a namat gl. a namait naici, 393a44 . eirigh ar h'ech ┐ cuir in t-ech maith-so a t'aici `take . . . beside thee', ZCP vi 73.34 . airc an Tighearna . . . ┐ an cófra do bhí na haice, 1 Sam. vi 15 . ceiltear neimh glaice gonta / libh i n-aice th' óghachta `in presence of thy virginity', Aithd. D. 59.32 . aice .i. i n-aice. Acall araice Teamhair .i. in aice Teamhrach atá, O'Cl. See ar-aicci. besides, in addition to: geanmnaidheacht i n-aice umhla, PBocht i 6 . is beag an tiomsughadh laidhnea fhoghnus a n-aice an bhromurruis nadurtha very little Latin suffices if added to . . ., 23 I 1, 109 .y . guin an chló do-chuaidh 'n-a throighidh / trom re híoc i n-aice ar ngníomh, DDána 30.11 . ? Also ina aicci in a short while (?): níba hannsae duit són … ’na aicci 'that will not be difficult for you [to know] presently' Immrama 50.837 , ZCP xxxii 121 . With follg. LA: nec[h] ris ar b[f]iu each do breith inaci leis who thought it worth while to bring a led horse with him, Cog. 132.11 . As adv.: ech acam dúib i n-aicce `I have a horse for you hard by', Metr. Dinds. iii 454.49 .

(b) fosterage: hore is na n-aicci atái since it is fostered with them that thou art (`near them', Thes., see O. Ir. Par. and Glosses, 3rd and 4th edd., Vocabulary), Wb. 5b27 . altrom a meic eter [t]heora a.¤ , BDD² 105 . atnoad (ailed, v.l.) Conchubur . . . ol is cét-a.¤ Finnchóem, Comp. CC 8.17 (text?). icht aicce (.i. gnim) ar iss i n-aicci bis in descipul icon aidi, Auraic. 1112 (cf. ZCP xvii 289.21 ) = Corm. Y 88 . bi a mic inmhuin . . . i n-aice do braithrech co mba seitrech (a dying father to his youngest son), LL 386b24 . atat dano da mbaegal naltrama baegal donn athair dia rogha laim dia mac iarna tabairt i naice corop altar manip deithberus, H 3.18, 19aw . dianduca as cin dethbeirus nimbera isin naice sin aitherrach, z. aice .i. aiti nó altrum, ut est urail coimperta i sóaici sochrait . . . ┐ aderr fos trian n-airir i tres n-aici, O'Dav. 137 . aici .i. ucht, ut est conad ragbad mac nó ingen de asa aici, 63 . log na haici, O'Curry 1989 (H 4.22, 25). aice .i. oileamhain, O'Cl.

ailén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailén or dil.ie/995

Forms: a., ailéan, Aileóin, ailiuin, a., ailéon, oiléna, ailena, ailean, ailénaib, oilén, oilén, oiléin, oiléin, oiléna

n o, m. (1 ail) n s. int a.¤ , Trip.² 2425 . a s. ailéan, LL 228a2 . g s. ind Aileóin , Ann. Inisf. 881 . ailiuin, ZCP v 496 § 1 . d s. a.¤ , ailéon, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 9 . n p. oiléna, AFM ii 610.14 . a p. ailena, ZCP x 411.8 . g p. ailean, Ann. Inisf. 1015.8 . d p. ailénaib, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . oilén m. (g s. oilén oiléin. n p. oiléin, oiléna), IGT Decl. § 35 .

Island: atá a.¤ ar in muir-sea . . . ┐ dúnad ann, Acall. 2086 . boi C. isinn ailen ┐ a chend frisin coirthi rombai inn iarthar na hindsi, IT ii1 181.194 . mellach lem bith i n-ucht ailiuin, ZCP v 496 § 1 . tú it'luing ó a.¤ d'aileón (of St. Brendan), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 9 . ro indirset innsedha ┐ oiléna an locha, AFM ii 610.13 . inis dimoir is mo do oilenuibh talman, Marco P. 186 Frequ. in nn.loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. ¤-chnoc: ailénchnocc re gréin re graig, Ériu iv 92 § 4 . ¤-phort: a. Néill Noigiallaig, ib.

ainmm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmm or dil.ie/1471
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a., ainm, ainm, ainim, a., ainm, anmae, anme, anmma, anmme, anmaim, anmin, anmmaimm, anman, anmmann, anman, anmann, anmanaib, nainm, nainmm

n n, n. Later m. int a.¤ , Trip.² 305 . ainm m. IGT Decl. § 41 . n s. ainm, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 30a11 . ainim, 30a9 . a.¤ , Sg. 56b10 . a s. ainm, Ml. 30a10 . g s. anmae, Ml. 30a10 . anme, 36b1 . anmma, Sg. 26b11 . anmme, 211b6 . d s. anmaim, Ml. 30c17 . anmin, 17b9 . anmmaimm, Sg. 54b3 . n p. anman, Ml. 104a4 . a p. anmmann, Sg. 61b3 . g p. anman, Ml. 87a12 . anmann, Sg. 27a9 . d p. anmanaib, Ml. 30a8 . n du. da nainm , Ml. 34d6 . a du. da nainmm , Sg. 28a7 . For Ogam ANM see Vendryes Études Celt. vii 139-46 (= inscription? mortal remains?).

(a) name: anman na coic cathrach, Ml. 104a4 . hond anmim asberr iesus, 17b9 . is ed dogair som ho anmaim chailich which he calls by the name of, 30c17 . do dechor etir anmmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid inna crann sin, Sg. 61b3 . ind anmma dilis `of the proper name', 26b11 . Calpurnd ainm a athar, Trip.² 82 . Gnimcinnsiolaigh la ainim by name, TFrag. 168.10 . oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, Sc.M² § 12 . cechlabat fir hErend . . . inn ainm sin, TBC-LL¹ 1056 . ainm n-ogaim, 582 (See Études Celt. vii 139-46). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh (required in certain kinds of satire), IT iii 105 § 210 , see p. 122 and Éigse v 231 . Dismus ┐ Geomus anmand Grécda na latrand, Ériu iii 198 § 25 . sgríobhaid . . . anmonna ar slógh i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . anmanda na seacht fear ndeg, Auraic. 125 . da n-ainm fuirre she has two names, ZCP viii 106.5 . Inis Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn / do shlonn sí trí hanma ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1152 . suairc an daingean anma d'Aodh this fort called Aodh's, DDána 119.10 . a.¤ baiste Christian name: Tadhg no Domnall, atá sunnradh anma baisde ionnta, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.21) . an Colum Cille . . . is é fá hainm baiste dhó Criomhthann, Keat. iii 1575 . i n-anmain in the name of: combad a n-anmaim cruichi Crist noragadh a n-agaidh Tholamir, RC x 184.7 . i nn-anmaim Athar ┐ Maicc ┐ Spirtu Noíb, Trip.² 668 . nach óen dobéra ní it anmaimm, 1343 . dia nglacadh . . . a n-ainm diūc de parma `to . . . receive them in the name of the D.', Fl. Earls 102.26 . baí ssidhe . . . leith bliadhain in ainm ┐ in ionad an prionnsa inErinn, AFM vi 225 § 11 . Meaning uncertain in phrase a.¤ rainde ('share, proportion (lit. a division in name only)' Ériu xl 104 n. 9 ; `proportion', Laws Gloss.; 'specified or fixed amount; designated fraction' EIS 102 ): in tainmrainne gabus in crann ina cloich gurab é in tainmrainne sin do leth logh bes fair ┐ is é rainn rachus ar na anmannaibh rainne sin, O'D. 916 ( H 3.17, c. 653 ). in tainmrainne gabus éric nochtaithi tige . . . bes a mbuain a tuige dib, 1696 (H. 5.15, p. 31b). in t-ainmrainde gabus aen trian secht cumal indtib uile, Laws iii 116.9 Comm. in tainmrainne geabus in sine isin uth, 366.5 Comm. in t-ainmroindi dun cethraimthi eneclainni . . . gurub a leth bias do, Laws v 34.17 Comm. in t-ainmrainde gaibis an sechtmad isin mis curob e an t-ainmrainde sin don dechmaid bes tis, 308.2 Comm. in tainmraindi d'a eniclainn fen do biad dosum, 72.10 Comm. Title, heading: an t-ainm iasachta uarais the foreign title thou hast got, TD 22a.8 . gan ainm ríodhamhna gan rígh, 32.44 . do chailleas onóir mh'anma, DDána 90.3 . ní dhé sin tré cheart n-anma / goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra `such a man cannot strictly be called opposed', Content. vi 138 . is anmmaim ona attat `under the name of loan', Laws v 368.x Comm. toirmisgther ann so a nainm gada . . . gan fiacha nó cíos do dhíol under the heading of theft, O'Gr. Cat. 113.32 .

(b) reputation, repute, renown: dia lotar fo-dess for fecht | fo ainm Iosēph i n-Ēgept 'they went southwards on a journey under the protection (lit. name) of Joseph into Egypt', SR (Greene) 3647​ . forbīad a ainm ar gnīmaib gaiscid firu Érend, TBC-I¹ 551 . is í T. cathuir is mó ainm indti `the city most of name', Maund. 228 . ? bidh ainm cintaig in gairm ndodhad / bid ainm cinadh, ACL iii 295 § 29 ; cf. 296 § 35 . ainm uasal san Eoruip ort, DDána, 90.6 . bhar n-ainm féile re fada / méadóchaidh Mac Diarmada, 68.35 . ar mhéad anma is einigh, TD 10.2 .

(c) Gramm. noun: ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud gl. nominis, Sg. 211b6 . intan nád ṁbí conson etir peneuilt ┐ uilt isind anmmaimm chétnidiu gl. in nomine, 54b3 . nibí dechor etir diall nanmann ┐ pronominum `there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns', 27a9 . a.¤ (= nomen) ┐ pronomen ┐ briathar, Auraic. 300 . a.¤ scoilte noun composed of different words: ainm sgoilte nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil: Fégh fa lighe, no Giolla na naomh, no Mac Raith, IGT Introd. § 124 (28.23) . So also: ainm sgoilti, ainm ceirde, § 97 (24.27) . a.¤ substaintech concrete (as oppd. to abstract) noun(?): ar an méd as pearsuin di (i.e. don ghaoidheilg) seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha, § 2 (2.10) . gan aithearrach oghuim do dhénamh ar chonnsuine láir anma subsdainntigh fhocuil nach comhfhocal, § 102 (25.33) . a.¤ trén substantive, see trén. a.¤ adiecht(a) adjective see adiec(h)t(a). a.¤ úathaid simple (i.e. uncompounded) noun , see 1 úathad. Cf. doaidbit ainm hi suidiu gl. nominatiui casus uim habent (of verbs), Sg. 159a2 (noun). Nominative case: ag sin, ag súd, is ag so comchóir réim is ainm orra, IGT Introd. § 128 (29.8) . co ír [réim] ┐ ainm na mbéluibh sin, ag sin mhnaoi ngil, ag sin bean gheal, ibid.

airecal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airecal or dil.ie/1892

Forms: aracol

n o, [n.] (oraculum, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 206 ). Also aracol. The original(?) meaning oratory (perhaps to be inferred from the derivative airiuclán) seems to appear only in nn.loc., e.g. prinnceps ind airecuil Dociaroc, AU i 296.11 . Cellach . . . princeps ind airicuil Dosenchiarocc, 340.6 . A.¤ Adhamhnain, Reeves Ad. lxiv . Daciaroc Sanctus Aracuil .i. Cell, CS 134z . See also Hog. Onom.

Chamber, private apartment: is amlaid . . . doroimsi P. in fertai .i. secht fichit traiged isind lis ┐ secht traiged fichet isin tig mór ┐ secht traiged déacc isin chúili ┐ secht traigid isind aregal, Trip.² 2807 . dochum ind arucuil, S Cano 99 . rucad ind rīg i n-a.¤ codultae ┐ rofolmaiged in tech mōr, MacCongl. 128.12 . tenecol nach traighedhdubh / airegar i nairegal, IT iii 89 § 110 . ircha .i. cuiltech no a.¤ no tech in bidh, O'Dav. 1107 . fod a airecail .i. tech a bhidh, O'Curry 1265 ( H 3.18, 512 ). na hocairigh . . . da traigh dec fod a [n-]aracail, 324 ( H 3.18, 179a ). baí airecol amrae hi toíb thaige na lánamnae, LU 11023 . con lotar issin less. tíagait isin n-arecol n-amrae and, 11042 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, 3374 . ( SCC § 16 ). issind arucol mac n-Æda Slane, Anecd. i 3.7 ( S Cano 50 ). oentech mbec . . . .i. arocul becc deroil . . . is arocul oiged inso, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 , 4 . gach laech laa setigh . . . ina n-araglaib badēsin, Marco P. 183 . ro ionnsaighsiot an taireccal i mbaoí A., AFM v 1872.24 . fuair siumh aireccal deirrit d'A. `procured a private apartment for A.', vi 1922.5 . ruccadh iad i n-aireccal uaigneach, 19 . dorala don rīguin . . . dul a n-orecul uáignis dia fholcud, ZCP xiii 201.16 . bearthar i dTeamhraigh isteach / an rí i n-aireagal uaigneach, DDána 71.16 . a huamaib ┐ a haircelaib in tshlebi sin, Aen. 142 . asa n-uamaib ┐ asa n-aircelaib (of winds), 219 .

aired

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aired or dil.ie/1915

Forms: Airid, Eiridh, Eiriudh

n g s. Airid, Gorm. Apr. 8 . Eiridh, Jan. 28 note 2 . d s. Airiudh, May 11 note 3 . Eiriudh, Feb. 28 note 1 . See Vendr. Lex. and Lochlann ii 210 . tilled land(?): bendachais in n-airiud ┐ a insi, Trip.² 2423 . a.¤ cech etraige, Anecd. iii 62.10 . Frequ. in nn.loc. see Gorm. Index and Hog. Onom.

1 airgdech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airgdech or dil.ie/2022

Forms: airgthech

adj o, ā Also airgthech etc. Some exx. may indicate a deriv. of argat, but in others perh. = 1 aircthech. See also Jn. Celt. Stud. i 130 . airgtech (airgdech v.l.) a person rich in silver(?), Corm. Y 851 . argenteus .i. airgedach, Ir. Gl. 607 . ba hān ┐ ba airgteach intí Fothad Canainde, Fianaig. 6.9 (`ingenious'). ? a tir Roís argaid airgtith / forsin crich cairbthig cetnaí, BB 44a48 . In nn.pr. Fothad find A.¤ , LL 7039 . F. Airgtheach, Fianaig. 4.4 . ulad Fothaid Airgthig . . . ataat a dí ḟoil argit . . . ┐ a muintorc argit for a chomrair, Imr. Brain 48.12 . Enna Airgthech . . . .i. Enna Airgdidi; isdó doronta scéith airgdidi a nAirget Ros, Cóir Anm. § 3 .

1 airlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airlann or dil.ie/2174
Last Revised: 2013

n [ā, f.] (air- + 2 lann Ériu xlviii 154 ) open space before a residence, fort or city: aurland Temrach, Ériu iv 124.5 . for blai (.i. faichthi H) óenirlaindni rom altsa, LU 10280 = for blae oenurlaindie, ZCP iii 235.17 . Cf. ní ar bhladh éan urlann (sic MS.) rom alt, Content. xxiv 7 . for urla[i]nn (faithce v.l.) an dúin, BNnÉ 4.2 . dún . . . tig Fechín amach forsin erloinn, RC xii 348 § 41 . forsan erlainn fri taob in regles[a], § 43. a irlann ┐ a fhaichti, Fen. 206.1 . d'aicthib ┐ d'urlannaib ┐ redib, TBC-LL¹ 68 ( LL 7610 ). for erlaind in baile, RC xiii 56 § 44 ( LL 300a40 ). dolluid M. for fordorus ind liss immach isin n-aurlaind, LU 8719 ( FB § 54 ). urland a liss d'ar `the ploughing of the front lawn', Ériu ix 46 § 12 . cena betha ac acra ar nech dul ar a nurlainn . . . uair dicomais cach nurlaind `green', Laws iii 252.19 Comm. urland sealb ┐ ceathra, iv 102.17 Comm. dochum in tobair . . . bui i n-urlaind in Sídha Nechtain, RC xv 315.7 ( Dinds. 19 ). Sadhbh . . . / finnbhean a horlainn Áine (i.e. from Áine Clíach), DDána 99.3 . os ferlannaib . . . prim-rédi in prephir . . . talmantai, MR 112.10 .

2 áith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áith or dil.ie/2547

Forms: á., áithe, átha, aithiu, háthaib, athanna, athandaib

n i, f. á.¤ (g s. and n p. áithe, átha) f. IGT Decl. § 42 . Note also a p. aithiu, O'D. 2270 ( Rawl. B 506, 23b ) (= re háthaib , Laws iv 118.22 Comm. ) and n p. athanna, Ann. Conn. 1235.17 . d p. athandaib, Hib. Min. 66 § 6 . See Lochlann ii 214 .

Drying-kiln (for grain): criathar atho gl. cribrum areale, Thes. ii 235.7 . canaba .i. aith, Codex Salmanticensis col. 379 (Plummer MS. notes). cóic lethunga argait i tírad i n-á.¤ aidchi domnaig ┐ loscad na hátha, Ériu ii 206 § 27 . tirad a n-aith, bleith a muileand, Laws v 474.2 . tech dia ndentar aith, 162.17 . in ni fobentar a caisiul na hatha tar eis in tirtha, 488.13 Comm. athgabail chota i n-aith muiland in dunad, i 216.3 . bla susta aith, iii 220.15 .i. slan a mbrisenn in tsuist isin aith, 16 Comm. tellach na hatha, 264.3 Comm. cuit i n-á.¤, i mmuili[u]nn , Críth G. 96 . indtechta tria críathar n-átha i.e. ground to pieces, BDD² 1295 . ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha, Fél. 12.10 . ? ar (amail) dorucastar ┐ dofuarcar al-lár n-athae, O'Mulc. 424 . gabais tene in aith, Lism. L. 4303 . ro loiscsem bar n-átha de / is ro millsem bar muille, SG 247.37 . sgriostar leis go bruinne mbrátha / a muille a n-átha a n-iothlanna, TD 16.23 . bárr áithe, GJ vi 149a35 . áit[h] na mbríceadh `brickkiln', Nahum iii 14 . sórn áithche (sic) na mbríceadh, 2 Samuel xii 31 .

2 aithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithech or dil.ie/2606

Forms: haithighe, aithig

n in phr. a.¤ tige o, m. master of a house, husband . As ā, f. (g s. na haithighe , O'Dav. 98 . d s. aithig, Ir. Recht 4 § 2 ) mistress of a house, wife . Treated as distinct from 1 aithech by Stokes, O'Dav. 58 , LEIA etc. a.¤ tighe .i. fer tighe, ut est luighe in aithigh thighe ┐ na haithighe tighe `the oath of the master and of the mistress of the house', O'Dav. 98 . [ben] aititen .i. ad-daimther i nn-aithig tigi ┐ ni prim ben, Ir. Recht 4 § 2 . trian do aithiuch tige, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 29 § 11 . nī uīth cuit don m[n]ai sin . . . a n-ōentig aithig tighi, acht a bith i n-uarboith fri less amuig, Cáin Ad. 2 . a macc ar a.¤ tighe (list of pledges for debt), 26 . arces an fer maith hisin ┐ a a.¤ tige the good man complained and his wife, Rawl. B. 512, 33c20 (Plummer MS. notes). ar na tērglas a.¤ tige (céili dingbala v.l.) di in Hērind for a husband had not been chosen for her, Fing. R. 363 ( ZCP iii 5 § 13 ). Without qual. gen. fighting-man, warrior (1 aithech?): a.¤ . . . .i. ni hainm acht do deglaoch, Corm. Y 51 . a.¤ .i. laoch, ut est ar is eccsi iarmofoich . . . ni haithechus .i. ni laochdacht, O'Dav. 53 . is tríut ro marbad m'athair / ro bo deglaech degathaig, TFerbe 691 .

aititiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aititiu or dil.ie/2815

Forms: aididi

n, f. vn. of ad-daim. aididi (ón umhla) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . act of acknowledging, admitting; acknowledgement .

(a) Legal meanings. Of recognition of ownership of property: deit[i]u didiu saegal comarba, a.¤ saegal a dó . . . is ann as rudradh o rosaigh co cuiciur, ZCP xii 363.19 i.e. when heirs to land succeed one another d. is the name of a claim to ownership made by the first, a.¤ by the second, see ZCP xv 347 . Cf. aiditiu .i. aith-dēti .i. dētiu iterum īar n-aditiu la nech ele prius , Corm. Y 36 . fuaslaicthi cach rudrad forsna hiadha aititiugh every prescriptive right that acknowledgement does not close is annulled, O'Curry 425 (H 3 18, 232a) = Laws v 496.2 . gellta dib . . . la C. . . . di detiu di comdetiu di aircsiu di a.¤ i.e. pledges were given for them by C. in regard to the various forms of claim (of stolen cattle), Laws i 64.8 . air naisc[id] re ┐ a.¤ ┐ degbal . . . is de ata . . . dilsighther for aititin, ZCP xiii 24.2 `Anerkennung (von der andern Seite) . . . bindet . . . festgehalten werde auf Grund von Geschehen-Lassen (von der andern Seite)', Bürgschaft 12 § 39 . nī bbuī dīlse na a.¤ la fer for n-ecrad `der Mann, gegen welchen (as) besetzt wurde, hatte weder Eigentumsrecht noch Zugeständnis (des Eigentümers)', ZCP xv 346 § 37 . dechmaid na aititin i.e. a testing period of ten days during which the defect in a purchased article could be brought to the notice of the seller, O'Curry 261 (H 3.18, 151). Of recognising a transaction: is iubaile aititen saire in sain (of the expiration of the term of agreement between lord and tenant), ZCP xv 240 § 3 . baeth cach crecas fri mac mbeoathar i necnairc a athar cen forgaire cen aititin i.e. it is foolish to deal with a son whose father is absent without securing a prior direction or acknowledgement (of the transaction) by the father, Laws iii 8 y . a n-aititin tighi fithi do denam ar a ferand, v 316.9 Comm. duine ro bai a naiditain fogla . . . do denam fris `who was cognizant of the commission of a trespass . . . against him', iv 50.7 Comm. sena iar na.¤ denial after acknowledgement (of a crime), iii 108.8 .

Technical term for a type of marriage where a simple acknowledgement (a.) by the father or family of the girl sufficed. A woman married in this way was known as ben (or bē) (n-)aititen and her status was lower than that of the cétmuinter. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 109 f. , Ir. Recht 27 f. ben aittiten aranaiscc fine, Ir. Recht 27 § 30 . ben aiteten nad aurnascar nad forngarar, 28 § 31 . mad iarnu urnadmaim no aititen dia finib, 64 § 4 . aititen .i. ad-daimther i nn-aithig tigi ┐ ni bi primben ┐ ni haurnascar, 4 § 2 .

G s. as attrib.: aithne n-aititen, a special kind of deposit , SM Facs. 55b40 ( Laws v 196.3 ). ? eoin aititin (leg. -en) `domestic fowls', Laws v 166.6 .i. cerca ┐ geodh, 19 Comm. aenach n-aiditan (sic) `an acknowledged fair-green,' 484.3 .

(b) In general sense: senae iar naititiu, Gael. 50, 129 ( Blathm. 396 ). co sid ┐ co tairisi do ┐ co n-aididin clemhnusa fris, Aen. 1610 . ferr atitiu acsin, RC xlv 23 § 25 = ferr aicsi aitidin, 86 § 72 . ? a.¤ (aidide v.l.) cech indraic, Tec. Corm. § 15.37 .

(c) act of submitting (do to); recognition, submission: fo dáigh a naitide do M. `because they had submitted to M.,' AFM ii 640.x . gan umhla gan aittidin, vi 2034.10 . do rinne gach uile aiditte ┐ umhla dó, ITS xvi 34.25 . cinuid sin do nach dlegar cis . . . acht atitiu nama `but were bound to give recognition only', Cog. 54.8 . do-beir a.¤ do submits to: tabhraidh aitídín dam-sa ┐ dober ceandus daibh, BB 22a27 . cia toíseach . . . da ttiubrattais umhla no aidide, AFM iii 366.13 . aen ammait . . . da tabratis uile aitite ┐ uaisle (Erictho), CCath. 3954 . ní thabuir cách aididi d'Áed, IGT Decl. ex. 186 .

an-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. an- or dil.ie/3240
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: an-, am-, in-, im-, an-, in-, an-, é-, an-, am-, an-, am-, an-, am-, am-, am-, an-, an(n)-, an-, n-

neg. pref. (IE vocalic *n-), appearing as an-, am-, in-, im-(?), é- before different initials. See GOI § 869 ff. , Dillon, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1944, 94 ff. Even in O. Ir. the original phonetic distribution has been disturbed by analogical formations, e.g. an- for in- before d, g (andach, anglan); an- for é- before c in nouns (aincél, aincride); both an- and am- before vowels (anecne, amulach). This becomes more widespread in later lang., where in addition to regular formations of the type éccóir, étrócar we find the unphonetic édaingen, édána, édlúith, édóchas, édóig, édomain, éiderb, éidrímtha (with extension of -d-), éigrinn, éscus (scís), étriad (anríad, v.l.): énirt occurs in Wb. The form in-, regular before d-, g- (indles, with recomposition indíles, ingnad, also ingnáth) appears later in inḟebda, inḟoltach (= anfoltach), inísel, inmall, inmálla, innáire, intinne (teinne), inúath; note extension of -d- in ind(ḟ)úar, while imbil is a possible ex. of im- before b- (see GOI p. 543 ).

The forms an- and am- eventually become for all intents and purposes interchangeable in meaning (a), and many doublets arise (aindeóin, aimdeóin; anglan, amglan). But there are no exx. of an- before p- nor of am- before m-, s-, and t- (before i- only in amaires, before p- only in amprom, where prom is a loanword). Acc. to GOI p. 104 the neutral quality of the nasal seems to have been preserved before palatal vowels in the early language (note also amraid, anbal, etc.). The later tendency is for m and n to be palatalized before front vowels and palatal consonants. Cf. ainfírinne, Wb. 2a17 . The form am- presumably lenited l, r, n. In the case of initial b- the group -mb- later becomes -m(m)- (aimbrit aimrid). In its later extension am- lenites all other consonants before which it occurs. The original mutation after an- in the case of f, g(?), c was nasalization (anbal, anglan, aincride). In the later language an- lenites b c f g m (cf. aincreitem later ainchreitem, etc.); t apparently remains unchanged (ainteist aintenn); an- before d gives an(n)-, this combination falling together with original an- before n- (aindeoin, -nn-; aindíaraid, -nn-; ainnert). In old compds. a long vowel in the second element is shortened (anbal, amraid with subsequent recomposition ainfíal, aimréid) (cf. indles, ingnad above).

In frequent composition with nouns and adjj., and rarely with vbs. (ainlenaid, anadnaid, anaibsigid).

Though a few forms like aineóil strange occur fairly frequently these seem to be g s. of the nouns rather than adjj. of the type sochineóil etc. However, énirt is no doubt correctly given as adj. i-stem. The same may apply to the later aimnirt. See also aindeis, aindíles (see aindíles), ainféich, ainéitid.

(a) not, non-, un- (aimecna, aimles, ainbthen, aincreitem, aindebaid, aindeóin, aindíbad, aindliged, aineól, ainféile, ainfis, ainteist, am(a)ires; aimbil, aimdis, aimglicc, ainfesach, 2 anglan, amraid etc. For exx. with é-, in- see Fasc. E, I).

(b) The (later?) meaning bad, undesirable, unsuitable (with nouns) is found e.g. in ainben, ainbreith, aindía, aindíl, anduine, ainécht, 1 ainfine, anflaith, anfolad, aingním, ainimme, ainmían, 1 ainrecht, ainríad, ainricht, ainríge, aintír, anchruth, antocad. Words with a(i)m- in this sense are less frequent (aimbés, aimbéscna, aimles(?), aimricht; the adj. ainíarmartach is derived from a noun.

(c) As intensive prefix great, very (see Dillon ad loc. cit.). Though this meaning becomes common only in the later language there are some early formations; inglan is found in SR, ind(ḟ)úar, innáire in LL, ingarg in Todd Nenn., though inḟebda, iníchtar etc. are late. The form. a(i)m- is not found with this meaning (aimlesc is for aidlesc), in which a(i)n- has the widest extension and is still current in the spoken language. The follg. are early exx.: anfann (usual from the mid. Ir. period on), 2 aingel (Corm. Y), ainéitig (LL), ainecla (CCath.). The follg. are later: anbrath, ainching, andána, aindíchell, aindíummus, andóchas, ainfergach, ainnert, aintreise. With late byform ana- cf. anbroic, anbroit etc. Some forms are of doubtful origin. Cf. an-, am-, dīultadaig gāidilge, amail rongab . . . nert ┐ amnert, Corm. Y 23 . is inund in t-am fil ann ┐ mors nó . . . nem (etym. explanation of amrad), ACC § 140 ( RC xx 414 ). am .i. aigheadh, H 3.18, 416b23 . amh .i. olc, O'Cl. amh .i. diultadh, ib. Emain .i. amhaon; amh, aga dhiultadh nach aon rug Macha . . . acht dias, Keat. ii 2426 . ? and .i. deliugadh nó dethbir, Ériu xiii 81 § 291 .

aníar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aníar or dil.ie/3645
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aníarana

(cf. 1 íar, tíar etc.) Adv. of place stressed on second syll., see Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 § 217 and rhyming exx. infra. Also aníarana.

(a) from behind: in fobairthi-si éirgi tairis a.¤ ? Mer. Uil. 60 . occá sirḟegad imme anair ┐ a.¤ anes ┐ atúaid, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). iter armaib . . . na laechraidi . . . uime anoir ┐ a.¤ `in front and rear', TTebe 983 . In phr. fri x a.¤ towards x from behind, behind x (indicating position rather than motion): condechaid triana chend ┐ co romarb nónbar ris a.¤ behind him, RC iii 179.12 ( LL 13994 ). cethraimthe Taige Midchuardda / bíd fri ríg aniar /teora cethramtha aile / sair co dorus dian, LL 3707 . Perh. also in: fer gill do gíal(d)naib friu a.¤ , Críth G. 586 . triar fris a.¤ ┐ anoir, BDD² 677 .

(b) from the west (very often implying position rather than motion): duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ a.¤ , Ml. 67d8 . co nn-aca in scath chuci a.¤ , LU 9058 ( FB 81 ). ro-dālsat-som etir a.¤ ┐ anair, Sc.M² 5 . tuc leathtorad maistirtha aniar brought in (i.e. from the kitchen), Lism. L. 1296 = protulit, Lat. Lives 65 . Of the west wind: aniar (anair MS) ind odur engach, SR 72 . i n-aghaidh na gaoithe aniar, TSh. 10718 . With the idea of motion much reduced : coinnm[h]e a-níarana 's a-noir / foirne íarradha eallaigh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 § 218. 9 ( Ériu v 56.59 ). bean do ḟréimh Uidhir fa an-iar / ag réir chliar dar dhoiligh díol a woman . . . from the west, DDána 103.2 . inghean Con Connacht fa a-niar, 12 . fa a thuathaibh do iadh 'n-a fhéithleannaigh / gur léircheangail a-niar go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . do fholchadar . . . / . . . / an maghsain a-noir 's a-niar (: Ghailfhian) on all sides, 33.21 . detiu . . . tair . . . aircsiu nama aniar `in the east . . . in the west', Laws i 66.21 Comm. airm itát na laith a.¤ bérait toilg trisin cath sair, TBC-LL¹ 5773 . do-bhir an ghrian fa Lach Léin / a dath féin a.¤ um nóin, IGT Decl. ex. 884 . don taoibhse aniar `to the west', TD 14.20 . In phrase fri x a.¤ west of x (of position): fri abinn a.¤ , Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). fri grecia a.¤ `west of Greece', Wb. 6d17 . fri iordanen anear, ZCP xxi 288 § 42 . (cryptic) aninchiar (MS. aninoibiar) .i. aníar, Goid. 78 § 192 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

Compds. ¤-dess from or in the south-west: aneordes, Thes. i 3. 18 note c. and p. 715 . adchíad nell a. a ndochum, RC x 72.17 . aniardess (of the wind called Favonius), Hib. Min. 40.10 . ¤-túaid from or in the north-west: a. (of the wind called Circius), Thes. ii 13.30 (BCr.). aniarthuaid (of Pessima), Hib. Min. 40.25 . don aird aniartuaidh, Ériu viii 121.28 . fri Domnach Mór aníartuaith north-west of D.M., Trip.² 2411 . re taobh Themrach aniartuaidh, ZCP xi 44 § 63 .

annland

Cite this: eDIL s.v. annland or dil.ie/3718

n o, m. (We. enllyn, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 115 . See also Phil. Soc. Trans. 1944, p. 103 ). condiment, savoury, relish accompanying another food, such as butter with bread etc. Frequ. used in association with tarsand but distinction not clear. For suggestions as to the difference see BCrólige 25 n. , ZCP xiv 362 § 20 . gafand .i. sann .i. nomen sasta .i. anland tarsand, O'Mulc. 612 . anland de saill na him `condiment of bacon or butter', Mon. Tall. 144.10 (§ 45) . da laa deac for dhib bommanaib du cach bargine toimsi cona nannlund di ass cen chroith `with their condiment of skim-milk', Ériu xix 66 § 28 . aran . . . ni bi imthormach de . . . acht do dhig ┐ andland, Rule of Tallaght 64 § 3 . braissech dino ni dígband in aran . . . daig is andlann side leo-sam .i. ass fuirri ┐ ni himm, § 4. boim . . . do bairgin eorna . . . ┐ da mecon do murrathaig do anlann fair, Fél. 88.27 . liach immi a n-anlond, LL 206a8 . anlonn trí cét bargen, BColm. 60.17 . bairgen . . . cona handlonn, Laws i 106.3 .i. do im no do loim. 28 Comm. atat iii tarsu[i]nn arachuile cain othrusa .i. annla[i]nn , BCrólige 25 (= Triads 184 ). atat .iiii. airig i tuaith alid annlunn `who are entitled to relishes', 26 . gan greim do annlann . . . gan mír nannlainn, Mart. Don. 224.15 , 19 . ocht nándlaind cacha bairgine ┐ ocht torsnu fria cach nandland, MacCongl. 99.7 . gan feoil, gan a.¤ , BNnÉ 233 § 149 . terce arbha ┐ annloinn, AFM ii 884.13 . dá lón . . . / d'fhios an aonaigh anaithnidh / an abhlonn . . . / 's a hannlonn d'ḟuil an ḟíréin, DDána 20.3 . Fig. seacht ngarbhchailleacha go n-a n-annlann síodhbhraidhe góstaidhe with their accompaniment of spectres, O'Rah. 296.26 .

ar-cuilli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-cuilli or dil.ie/4039

Forms: airchoillte

v (*ar-coll-)

(a) prohibits, forbids, bars, inhibits: cen lepaid aracuili liaig which a leech does not recognize, Críth G. 55 . feli napstal i samchorgos ni aurchoil som inn figill `he does not forbid the vigil', Mon. Tall. 145.15 (§ 48) . andand donetarrat míaccobar . . . ma atrocuil am menme nad cometesta dó if the mind forbids that one should indulge it(?), 151.11 (§ 62) . cid nocht-selaind i ndomnaigib . . . ni aurchaill he does not forbid it, Rule of Tallaght 3 . arcuilter he is forbidden (excluded from the community?), Ériu ii 208.4 (one who travels on Sunday).

Freq. in Laws (text) indicating (categories of) persons and things excluded from the operation of legal processes of various kinds: atait secht foruis . . . arachuille coir n-athgabala there are seven pounds for cattle which the legality of distraint excludes i.e. there are seven illegal pounds for cattle, Laws v 266.19 . secht treaba . . . ariscuille coir urnadhma aithne, 160.1 (i.e. valuables deposited in a kiln, a forge, etc. where they are easily destroyed do not come under the ordinary rules for `aithne'). atait secht treba . . . aracuille coir urnadma comloi[g]the, 166.1 .i. is urcuillti . . . do reir coir, 7 Comm. atat da fer dec . . . arroscuile cain otrusa `whom the law of nursing excludes', BCrólige 12 . atat .iii. tarsu[i]nn arachuile cain othrusa, 25 , cf. trí tharsuinn archuillet othras, Triads 184 . nach fer eclusa aracuile cain otrusa, BCrólige 20 . acht m[a] arachuille (sic leg. ?) cleircecht no enudha unless it does not apply because of his being in orders, Laws iii 62.5 . tri meich bracha cen on . . . ara-cuilli(u) eric do flaith three sacks of malt without a fault . . . which exempt from payment of a fine to a lord, ZCP xiv 354 § 11 ( Laws ii 250.1 ). Note further: ni airecht ardocuilli col mbél, col brethe, ZCP xii 364.14 . rotbia . . . acht aen ar[a]-cuillimm airiut `save one that I bar to thee', Ériu xvi 38.4 . na urcuilte[r] rath .i. fear aracuilter a rath amail druth ┐ mac beoathar, O'Curry 787 ( H 3.18, 367b ). ni urcuil Nae . . . is inti Cam, O'D. 971 (H 3.17, c. 679c). ni haile Apraham ara cuille galliud, O'Curry 2529 ( Eg. 88, f. 44(45)a ). ni ma n-urcoillead lanamnus a thing for which marriage was forbidden(?), Laws v 452.18 .

(b) ruins, corrupts(?): naro ercoillet do mifoltae tromthortha na tuath `lest thy misdeeds ruin the heavy fruits of the people', Ériu viii 173.17 (or as in (a)?). fri cech fiss ara-chuiliu corp ┐ anmain duini against every knowledge that corrupts(?) man's body and soul, Thes. ii 357.9 ( = Trip.² 3203 ).

? Vn. urcollud bith brug betha go banna, O'Dav. 312 . Part. airchoillte. Cf. aircholl, aurchail(l).

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

ardae, airde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ardae, airde or dil.ie/4046
Last Revised: 2019

n , f. (1 ard)

(a) height: co teit ós goethaib ar airde that its situation is above the winds as regards height (of Paradise), LB 230 marg. inf. .u. ced dég ceim . . . ar airdi isin aill sin `to the top of the cliff', Stair Erc. 633 . fios airde réaltann, Keat. ii 177 . ? cach maith do dé no arddae (: Marggae) (leg. anddae, edd.), Thes. ii 295 § 6 (see ZCP lxi 5 ). In adv. phr. i n-a.¤ up, above: cró a chubat féin imbi i narda the hut his own length high around him, Thes. ii 331.32 . nīnimgēb acht i n-arddai by jumping (of avoiding a spear), TBC-I¹ 1291 . cumgabáil in locha i n-airddi, LU 9098 ( FB 85 ). as a chinn suas anairde, Laws ii 240.2 Comm. slan don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. , cf. cleasamnaig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. With vb. of motion: fos-cerdat i n-ardae up, BDD² 942 . lingid C. i n-ardai, MU² 910 . gebthi . . . in roth ┐ nos cuir i n-arda co ranic midlisi in tigi, LU 8845 ( FB 64 ). Fig. téit a aicned i n-ardde he grows angry, LL 19750 . do chuir a shíth a n-áirde `threw up his truce', ML 72.3 . gur togbadh . . . a cethra . . . a n-airde `were seized completely', AU ii 522.9 . As prep. cúich cúmsanfus i n-airdde do [fh]laithiusai = quis requiescat in monte sancto tuo, PH 8085 . ó'n bfior a n-airde a brinna crucial point(?), SG 321.27 .

(b) height (of person or thing): a arddi his height (a giant), LU 9060 ( FB 81 ). da dornn deg dia hairde, Laws iv 112.2 , 9 . adbal lim airdde ind ethair, LL 12643 . secht troighthi ar cóicait an airdi aeinfhir díb, RC xxiv 380.1 . go mba metithir ra fomóir . . . in milid . . . i certarddi, LL 10761 . tricha traiged i n-ardai (of a house), IT i 309.33 . da-roraind fot ┐ lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi, PH 6352 .

(c) height, high place: dosbertatar dochum na hardda i ndorus na prímrátha, TBFr. 62 . Fir Arddae (n. loc.), ACL iii 293 . is hí so sis . . . in treḟoclach focrai fadesin . . . ┐ do Feraib Arddai dorighne, ib. Cf. Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 96 . i nairdib oireachtais hills of assembly, MR 92.5 . In other nn. loc. Arda Cuis ┐ Arda Cartaind, BB 325b22 = Ard C. ┐ Ard C., Auraic. 1222 . Artda Muirchol, Thes. ii 274.10 = Art M., 278.23 .

(d) In general sense of greatness, nobility, etc.: nī fuil nōeb connī a airde (.i. Pātraic), ACL iii 303 § 3 . Uriél . . . int abb co n-ūaisli ardi (:gairgi) `high nobility', Ériu ii 92 § 4 . gan fechain do cruas a mbethadh nó d'airde a fuirechruis intensity of their watchfulness, BCC 420.22 . co n-airde aiccnidh ┐ co menmain mílidh, AFM vi 2128.14 . In bad sense arrogance, pride: airde mh'aignidh the arrogance of my disposition, Dán Dé xvi 9 . áirde intínne, 2 Cor. xii 7 .

(e) Of sound, loudness : airde ngotha loudness of voice (one of the signs of bad pleading), BB 64f1 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 ). bo i roairde ngotha no [i ro]isli ngotha, O'Curry 228 (H 3.18, 123 ). In adv. phrase: do-ratsat . . . gáir tromm i n-ardi they shouted aloud, PH 771 . ar Brenainn oc i n-airde aloud, ZCP x 410.27 . Of velarisation : dul i n-airde 's i n-ísle, Celtica xxvii 61 § 14 . i n-ísle théid iodhadh án | i n-airde téid ailm iomlán, Celtica xxvii 61 § 15 .

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