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genti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. genti or dil.ie/25690

 

n (< Lat. gentes) i, m. pl. and see gent.

(a) In Glosses used in Jewish sense of Gentiles : geinti hiressich `faithful Gentiles,' Wb. 4c40 . am forcitlid geinte, 29d26 . de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit, 18d6 . etir Iudeo et genti, Ml. 35a19 . Wb. 19a10 . voc. a geinti hireschu, 3a13 .

(b) In older lit. in general heathens, pagans : ō dēibh no ainmnighdis geinti a llaithe, Corm. Y 419 = genti, LB. fes Temra cecha samna. ar bá híside caisc na ngente, LU 4211 . in conflicht rolasad na geinti and fri Pátraic, Laws i 2.12 Comm. genti bidbaid guilty pagans, Fél. Prol. 175 . g pl. na ngente, ib. 61 , 205 . do thochuiredh gentiu a n-iris, Hib. Min. 324 . na gente chennaigit ... delba hídal, PH 4583 . crand gíuis noadratís na gente, RC ii 394 § 25 . do gentib Gréc, Metr. Dinds. iv 152.75 . fri hindarbud plag ┐ genti ... dib, RC xii 422 § 3 . ar galar, ar geinntib, ZCP x 346 § 6 . faid guach in t-Issa ... ol na geinti, Marco P. § 8 . Isaiah lx 3.

(c) the heathen Norsemen (common in Annals) : amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie as do the heathens of the spoils that they carry off today, Ml. 63c18 . loscadh Rechrainne o geinntibh, AU i 274.z (an. 794) , Cath for Gennti, i 332.z (an. 833) . loscadh Mungairit ┐ alanaile cheall Irmumen o gentibh, i 336.1 (an. 834) . ticfait genti dar muir mall, Cog. 225.9 . Ériu vi 122 § 9 . gennti .i. cenél na pagán, ii 196.4 . coscradh Dunaidh L. ... la Geintibh, AFM i 440.10 . na bhflaitheas ní tharla dhí | plágha gorta náid geinnti, Content. v § 65 . dub-g.¤ (lit. black-haired heathens) Danes ; finn-g.¤ (lit. fair-haired heathens) Norwegians : tancadar Duibgenti da-narda ... ocus dabadar ic diucur na Findgenti a hErind, Cog. 18.18 . is díobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte ... agus Finngheinnte, Keat. iii 2456 - 7 .

giús

Cite this: eDIL s.v. giús or dil.ie/25910

 

Forms: giúis, giúsa

n o, m. (g s. and n p. giúis and giúsa, IGT Decl. § 38.7 ) a fir-tree, a pine: crand gíus (gl. pinus), Ir. Gl. 563 . ochtach .i. in crand giuís, Laws iv 148.5 Comm. Auraic. 1194 . gort .i. gius, 5521 . One of the `airigh fedha,' 1153 . cethri fedha na croiche .i. cupriss, cedir, giús, beithe, ZCP iv 235 n. 23 . Cf. viii 107.17 . Cf. also: gius in geind doratad trethe (of the Cross), Goid. 66.10 . giús in crann bhoi etarbhuas, ib. n. = ZCP viii 107.18 . crand gíuis noadratís na gente, RC ii 394.9 . O'Dav. 1253 . a haithin[n]i giuis for derglassad ina láimh (= excutiens pronam flagranti vertice pinum, Luc. Phars. i 573 ), CCath. 903 . Alex. 656 . d'indlucud tri seolcrand ngiusa, Cog. 142 n. 3 (v.l. to giusaig). de gíus dogníth a tech, LL 248b45 ( TBFr. 76 ). gég don ghiús, IGT Decl. ex. 1052 . as fás én ngioghrann tre ghiús, ex. 1960 . rothelc ... an gius ngarbhsnoighthe, TTebe 3674 . an crann giumhais, an crann píne, Isaiah lx 13 . dfíodhbhadh giumhuis, 2 Samuel vi 5 . imat crann giúaiss, Fl. Earls 84.x .

1 síd, síth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 síd, síth or dil.ie/37441
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: síodh, sídh, sídhe, síodha, sídbrugach

n (cf. 2 síd?) but see Études Celt. xix 141 . s, n. later u and o, m. and ā, f. síodh m. and f. g s. sídh, sídhe, síodha, IGT Decl. § 39 , § 46 . See Stokes, KZ xxviii 292 .

I

(a) a fairy hill or mound: sed illos uiros side aut deorum terrenorum aut fantassiam estimauerunt , Trip. ii 315.6 ( Ardm. fo. 12a ) (but side might mean 'fairies' here and be glossed aut deorum terrenorum, Celtic Language, Celtic Culture 76 n. 6 ) = doruimenatar bádis fir ṡíthe no fantaissi, Lat. Lives 25.12 . indrit in sid nuili, RC iii 346.15 ( Aisl. Óeng. 11 ). dolluid . . . co tech mBoidb co Sid Fer Femoin, RC iii 345.13 ( Aisl. Óeng. 7 ). Etain do bith i sith Breg Leith iarna breth do Midir inn, IT i 129.23 (TE Eg.). cid menic imthigi in s.¤ , LU 3541 ( SCC 29 ). ic innisin oibniusa in tsída, LU 3740 ( SCC 34 ). ros dolbsat iarom lucht in tsíde sin hi slúagu, LU 8017 . Étaín missi, ingen Étair rí Eochraidi a sídaib. Atúsa sund fichit mblíadna ó ro génair i s.¤ , BDD² 52 . fir in tsíde eter rígu ┐ chaemu ocum chuindchid, 53 . génait ┐ ní génaiter (sic leg.), úair is a s.¤ doib, 783 . docher Suibni, sid n-uailli `seat of pride', RC xxiii 312 § 34 . teora mna a sidhaib, Laws v 472.14 Comm . iss messe do athair a ssídib, .i. Lug mac Ethlend, TBC-LL¹ p. 343 n. 11 . for a ur . . . | fail a shíd, a sháerduma, Metr. Dinds. iv 2.12 . is fair rogniset fir hErend sid in broga, LL 9b19 . a c[h]araid c[h]umachta do Thuathaib Dé Danann .i. Aodān a Sīdh Dabilla . . . ┐ Derg a Sīdh Deirg ┐ Aongus an Brogha, ML² 1260 - 2 . ar badair oslaicte sidha Erenn im samain dogres, RC v 202.16 . ro tathaigedh an sith cach bliadain aidhchi ṡamna, xvii 416.28 (Tig.). i sithaib ┐ i sithbrugaib, Cog. 172.15 . míle cémeand do-cluinte | sídhe Éreand osgailte, IGT Decl. ex. 1259 . ní fríoth a ndíol do dhigh shúain | an lión do-chúaidh sibh a sídh, ex. 1103 . Very freq. in place-names: Síd n-Aeda, Síd ar Femin, Síd Ban Find, etc. See Hog. Onom.

(b) g s. as attrib.: condat mná sidi rom thathigset, LU 3515 ( SCC 28 ). conid taibsiu aidmillti do Choin Chulaind la háes sidi sin ar ba mór in cumachta demnach ria cretim, LU 4035 ( SCC 49 ). inrice feraib side, LU 3635 ( SCC 31 ). céol side, LU 3802 ( SCC 37 ). do-melom fleda búana . . . cen debaid. síd mór i taam conid de suidib nonn ainmnigther áes síde, LU 9998 - 9 (a play on the meanings of 1 síd and 2 síd, Thurn., KZ xxviii 154 ). tíagar úait . . . co siair do máthar co tucthar ní . . . de ascedaib síde duit úadi fairy gifts, TBFr. 16 . is de atá golgaire ban síde la áes cíuil Hérenn, 275 . lossa síde ┐ lubi ícci, TBC-LL¹ 2478 . a t[h]rī lennāin tshide .i. At ┐ Lann ┐ Lēna, ML² 1272 . siabradh sídhi for saor-c[h]lannuib ar n-eladhain-[n]e, 1602 . re hénuibh sídhi ac sianán, Acall. 799 . céol sirrechtach sídhi, 6565 v.l. a dhúsgadh cealg, a cheo shídhe, | a bhreo dearg an tíre thuaidh, DDána 110.51 . mná siabhartha síodha `phantom women of faery', TD 4.28 . tug Conchobhar an gcruit sídhe `the magic harp', 25.30 . an sluagh sidhe so i nEamhuin?, L. Cl. A. B. 94.1 . do bi companach sithe ag M. .i. ben tsithe do bi aige, L. Chl. S. 3 .

Later in a more general sense, wondrous, enchanting, charming, delightful : do ghlór síthe sáimh (to a woman), DDána 8.11 . a chruth sídhe `o wondrous form', TD 1.48 . fa chuan síthe na sruth mbalbh, 11.9 . macraidh shídhe an fhuinn Ultaigh, 28.23 . mairg fuair a siansán síthe (of certain charming women), Measgra D. 16.45 . le ceol-sheinm téadmhar sídhe, Keat. Poems 111 .

With síd: fri dord s.¤ na sam-guba, Metr. Dinds. iv 4.56 . do chuimhnigh damh a ndíaigh súain | a bfúair do ghlíadh bhur sagh sídh, IGT Decl. ex. 1268 ; cf. an saidh seing sídhe, ex. 1116 . ní budh sáoghlach ealchuing úaidh | cáomhdhach smúail do ṡeanchroinn ṡídh, ex. 816 . ar siansa sídh (a laudatory term), DDána 79.10 . a dhealbh shídh `gracious figure', TD 27.19 . clár Parthais na bport sídh `the wondrous (?) havens of Paradise', 29.32 . ní fuighthe i nEamhuin Abhlaigh | bean shídh . . ., 39.21 . a óigleanaibh shídh shochruidh, 1.25 .

II In pl. = áes síde supernatural beings, fairies: for tūaith Hérenn bái temel | tūatha adortais síde (sidi, idla, v.ll.), Thes. ii 317.4 ( Hy. II ) (or 'fairy-mounds (?)' Celtic Language, Celtic Culture 76 n. 6 ) (glossed: .i. sithaige noadratís ). conid frisna taidbsib sin atberat na haneolaig síde ┐ áes síde, LU 4039 ( SCC 48 ). do-chuatar Túath Dé Danann i cnoccaib ┐ sídbrugib co ra accallset sída fo thalmain dóib, MU² 8 - 9 '; they dug the fairy-mounds underground for them (?)' Studia Celto-Slavica iii 282, 287-88 . See ad-claid. a shíodh sheang (to a woman), Keat. Poems 960 .

Compds. (it is not always possible to distinguish between compds. of 1 síd and 2 síd) ¤bárc: do chrannaibh seólta síothbhárc `of majestic ships', TD 24.36 . ¤binn fairy-sweet : nach canann ceól náid séise síthbhinne, TSh. 7798 . ¤Bóann fairy-haunted Boyne : ráth na síothBhóinne, DDána 109.14 . ¤brug a fairy mansion , fairy region MU2 101 : is dāna drech Doimīne | iter ōcu erigthi, | is a sīthbrug suidigthi | lēigthi duillén deilighthe, Corm. Y 488 . do chuatar tuath d. d. i cnoccaib ┐ sidbrugib cura accallset sída fo thalmain dóib, LL 261b33 . na luibhe ici ┐ legis dobertai a sigbrugaibh Erenn, TBC-LL¹ p. 517 n. 9 . sliab sin . . . ┐ sídbrugh ann, Acall. 5006 . glór nach saoilfidhe a síothbhrugh `a voice one would not think to hear in fairyland', Studies 1920, 99 § 10 . In a laudatory sense, of a human dwelling: an síothbhrugh slim cuanna cuir, TD 11.21 . Hence sídbrugach belonging to, or possessing, the fairy mansions : tri meic sída sídbrugaig, LL 205a36 . ¤búainmer: laoch na ngreagh síodhbhuainmhear seang, DDána 75.16 . ¤buide fairy-yellow (?) (or perh. sith long): mórfesser cornaire . . . co moṅgaib órdaib sídbudib, TBFr. 37 . ¤charae: ro smuainestar Cuchulainn a sidhchairdi ┐ a cumachtaib do tocht da chosnamh, TBC-LL¹ 3835 (Stowe) (a charuid síothbrógha, a ṡiothchairdibh, v.ll.). ¤chéol: chualadar síth-cheól, Oss. vi 28.2 . ¤chrob a fairy-like or delicate hand : síothchrobh meór rólag, Hackett xxi 47 . ¤Emain: gaol na druinge dar dú Sídheamhuin, L. Cl. A. B. 149.101 . ¤es(s): a fhéirmhín na sídheas sean, DDána 68.29 . ¤fhert a fairy grave-mound : os cech sithfert d'Erinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 176.6 . ¤less a fairy (or peaceful (?)) enclosure: i síothlios fhionn an Aodha-sa, DDána 70.11 . ¤macraid a fairy-like (because splendid) band of youths: gidh siodhmhacraidh sin, | ní sluagh sídhe acht ar fhaicsin, L. Cl. A. B. 95.25 . ¤mag fairy (or peaceful (?)) plain: cech airm i mbai sidmag selb, Rawl. 77b10 . re síothmhagh n-arsaidh nAlban, TD 24.17 . ¤marcach: síodhmharcach innill eich dhuibh, Content. xvii 10 n . ¤Mumu: ó sheanmhaigh shíothMhumhan, DDána 70.3 . ¤Róim: do dhíon na síothRómha `to defend stately Rome', TD 24.30 . ¤ruire: síodh-ruire brúaigh Bhreagh `wizard', Ériu ix 2.7 . ¤sheng: dot chneas shíthsheang `shapely of form', TD 2.19 . lucht síthsheang 'wondrously graceful people' Cín Chille Cúile 202 § 8 . ¤shlúag fairy host : iomdha fa chnoc gcríochruadh gCnodhbha | síothshluagh Samhna, 111.39 . ¤shoillse: múr síodhshoillse `of fairy light', O'Gr. Cat. 474.13 .

In adjj. derived from nouns: ¤bennach ` fairy-mounded ' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 591 § 4 ): múr roidhil síthbheannach sliom, DDána 117.4 . ¤shercach attractive and lovable : re a ghné mbúidh síthshearcaigh séimh, DDána 79.22 .