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ad-treba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-treba or dil.ie/589
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: atreba, attreba, -atreba, -atrabhai, atrebat, atrebthar, -roaitreba, atrebom, ro-atrebam, atrefea, ad-id-trefea, -roatrebatt, -aittrebtha, adrothreb, rosaitrebsad, attrab, aittrebad, aittrebaid

v (*ad-treb-) Indic. pres. 3 s. atreba, Wb. 16a17 ; Sg. 33a6 . attreba, Ml. 51d28 . -atreba, Wb. 27d26 . ?rel. -atrabhai, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . 3 pl. atrebat, Sg. 198a23 . Pass. sg. atrebthar, Sg. 198a19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -roaitreba, Wb. 6b3 . 1 pl. atrebom, LU 4400 . ro-atrebam , Trip.² 3121 . Fut. 3 s. atrefea, Wb. 30b18 ; Ml. 107a15 . atrebea, Ml. 35 b 24 , Ériu xxix 20 . With inf. pron. ad-id-trefea, ib. 3 pl. -roatrebatt, BColm. 78.9 . Condit. pass. sg. -aittrebtha, Trip.² 2267 . Perf. 3 s. adrothreb, Wb. 27a12 ; BB 316a30 . 3 pl. rosaitrebsad (= -t), RC xvii 29.32 . Vn. attrab, aittrebad. Cf. ad-aittreba. Later as simple verb aittrebaid.

(a) inhabits, dwells in (with prep. I N- or accus.): is oendia atreba indib, Wb. 16a17 . is hé loc inatreba, 27d26 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig, Ml. 35b24 . sund romaltsa . . . ┐ atrebom sund let us abide here, LU 4400 . ro rádi P. nád aittrebtha in dún, Trip.² 2267 . ní aitreba a tīr so co brāth, Ériu iii 140 . 182 . múinter romín . . . attrebus in catraig sin, IT i 177.23 ( FA § 12 LB) = is iat attrebait in c., LU 2042 . ro-aittrebam isna hinata sin, PH 756 . in teglach inar aittrebais, 8198 . na cineda atrebait im sruth Ailp, CCath. 1542 .

(b) possesses (with accus.): amal attreba nech á orbe saindiles is samlid adrothreb dia maccu israhel, Ml. 51d28 . aní atreba leis (gl. in posesione), `that which he possesses', Sg. 33a1 . airindi atreba æsorcuin (gl. fiunt igitur possessiua uel a nominibus, ut Caesar Caesareus) `because he possesses destruction', 3 . airindi atreba leiss adrad martis (gl. Martius) `because he possesses the worship of Mars', a4 . sanctáir: arindí atreba rétu nóiba and (gl. sacrarium) `because it possesses holy things therein', 6 . innani atrebat gl. possessorum, 198a23 . doadbat són a cenél atreba a n-atrab atrebthar (atrebtar MS.) and (gl. genera etiam possessorum demonstratio ostendit) `that shows the gender which the possession that is possessed possesses', 24 . co n-atrab cach miad, RC xx 50.23 (ACC). na fes cissi dealb n-atrabhai nach rēt do neoch atcither isin bith `the shape that aught visible in the world possesses', Ériu ii 98 § 1 . trocaire De . . . ro-hisumm uli, ro-s-airillem, ro-s-aittrebam, PH 1446 .

foídid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foídid or dil.ie/22840

 

Forms: foid, foidiu, foides, foedes, faides, foídit, foíte, foíd, -fuide, foídis, foidis, foidsi, foitsi, foítis[s]i, foídi, rofaidi, fuiter, foítir, foiter, foíditir, faiditir, foíté, nomfaíte, rofoíded, foíte, faoite, foite, foítea, -roitea, rofaíte, -iud, foíd-, faíd-, faed-, fóed-, fuíd-, foí, foí, fáise, foi, rofaíd, diarfóed, rofaed, fúid, rofoídestar, fáitte, fáitti, faete, fosroiti, fuithe, foíte, faítti, -e, fáitte, foíté

v ī Early forms: ipv. 2 s. foid, LU 9578 . pres. 1 s. not foidiu , TBC-I¹ 3012 (= ar-dot-faedim, TBC-LL¹ 4767 ). 3 s. rel. foides, SR 1017 . foedes (v.l. faides) Hy i 33 . 3 pl. foídit Sg. 181a2 . rel. foíte, 117a5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. no foíd , Wb. 23d1 . 3 s. -fuide, Laws ii 26.14 . pret. 3 s. foídis, Mon. Tall. § 85 . foidis, SR 1917 . 2565 . (with pron. suff.:) foidsi, foitsi, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242.14 ). (with fem. emph. pron.?) foítis[s]i ... úadi, LU 6147 . perf. 3 s. rod foídi , Wb. 7d2 . rofaidi, SR 2600. 3166 . Pass. ipv. fuiter, RC iii 344.18 . pres. s. foítir, Wb. 25a8 . foiter (rel.) 17a11 . pl. foíditir, LU 2197 . faiditir , 3457 . imperf. s. no foíté , LU 6054 . past subj. s. nomfaíte, LU 5960 ( -foite, TBC-I¹ 1493 ). pret. and perf. s. rofoíded, Wb. 23a7 . pl. foíte, LU 4482 (hence perhaps: faoite teachta .i. do cuireadh t., O'Cl.). Cf. foite dias, 1772 , where it may be s. ro foítea , Wb. 27c35 . -roitea, 5a3 . rofaíte (rel.) LU 2501 .

Vn. foít, later foíded (-iud), q.v.

In Mid. Ir. as well as foíd- (faíd-, faed-, fóed- fuíd-) a stem foí occurs: ipv. 2 s. foí, PH 1569 . Cf. fáise, Ériu viii 22 § 25 . perf. 3 s. rus foi (: -naí), LB 274b2 (= CCellaig 430 ). Usually rofaíd: SR 2177 . diarfóed, 1805 . rofaed, 7071 . 7229 . ro fúid , PH 4554 . rofoídestar, 2601 . For the pret. or hist. pres. 3 s. fáitte, TBC-LL¹ 2422 (= foídis, LU 6268 ). TBC-LL¹ 3017 (= do-bretha, TBC-I¹ 2212 ). TBC-LL¹ 6074 . fáitti, 2400 (= faoidis St). faete, Auraic. 280 , cf. Strachan, ZCP ii 485 - 6 , Ériu xiv 34.75 . Cf. fosroiti, LL 283b4 (has sent him?). fuithe, ZCP xiii 174.23 may be for foíte, pass. pret. s.

The form faítti, -e in: fáitte fessa ┐ tecta uaitsiu cot chairdib, CRR 7 (bis) seems meant for ipv. pass. Can it be verb. necess. understood as such? Possibly an imitation of LU 4482 by one who misunderstood the old form of pret. pass.

Sends (a pers. or thing): transl. Lat. mittere Wb. 23a7 . 23d1 . Ml. 34c9 . faoidh no do fhaoidh .i. do chuir, O'Cl. du foid Pátricc in carpat cu Sechnall ... foidsi S. ... cu Manchán, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). ro fuid-side indi Paladius ... do praicept do Goídelaibh, Trip. 30.12 (289) . mad fuit notfuide neach fri fothugh techta, Laws ii 26.14 . foidis Noe in colum ... | uad for in linnmuir, SR 2565 . faidhis M. ... techta ... don cathraig, Marco P. 24 . rofaidhe uadha ina cona sin for lurg ina n-óg, Anecd. ii 60z . roḟáidh a marcslógh uadh do crechadh in tíre, CCath. 176 . roḟaoídh tra an Iustis on ccampa ... cuidechta do chaptinibh ... do dhenamh creach, AFM v 1586.1 . Abs.: ma thechtai-siu nech is miscais latt, foíd co hIerusalem, ┐ ... ticfa chucat iarna sróigled, PH 6665 . otchondairc Edilfrid rofoi cuccu, Anecd. iii 72 (= in hos arma verti iubet Beda ii 2 ). faidfet-sa anoir co Cruachān, Fen. 402.12 . Impers. pass. no foíté co cach láth ngaile messages were sent LU 6054 (= no faidti cach l., TBC-I¹ 1582 ). Cf. is aire fosroiti i tossaig he was sent (i.e. died) first LL 283b4 = is air do fucadh, Lism. L. p. lx . Of sending a petition, command, etc., the message may be expressed by a verbal clause, or, in an apparently elliptical constr, by a noun: fuiter uaid cusin mB. ... co tu[d]chuid, RC iii 344.19 . fuiter cusin D. tuidecht do accallaim a maicc, 345.1 . With extension of meaning: gébas Ailech acht dréch ros-foid | ni fitir nech coich nā cia save Him that hath sent them none knoweth who shall possess A. LL 182a21 ( Arch. Hib. ii 50 ). Ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm sends away (i.e. lends?) Laws v 278.6 . nosfoidend fein (the voice) emits itself Auraic. 382 .

f.¤ a spirut (dochum nime) gives up the ghost, dies: rofoidh tra H. a spirut, LL 406b3 = TTr.² 1196 . foídis a spirut iar sin dochum nime, LB 151b52 . ro ḟaoidh a spiorad docum nimhi i nDuibhreccles C., AFM iii 8y . comhainm an laoí in ro ḟaoídh Muire a spiorat `on the anniversary of the day on which M. yielded her spirit' vi 2126.5 . tug a osnad mór os aird co rofhaoidh a spiorad dochum nimhe, BS § 86 . ro fhill [Ísu] a chend iar sin, ┐ ro fhoíd a spirut, PH 2900 .

Gramm.: ni in `gi' foídit a sechmadachte (e.g. negligo neglexi) Sg. 181a2 . Cf. bá in `-is' ba téchte tobarthid do thecht a nominibus foíte genitin in `-rum' that make the genitive in -rum Sg. 117a5 . In the latter instance the meaning seems to be throws off, develops .

Occas. used in wider senses of fo-ceird: faítsetar ... étgud Ailella ... immon corthe put TBC-LL¹ 4440 = do cuiretar St. don tenid in ro faíte na tri meic oc Nabcodon, LU 2501 ( RC xxv 234 ). faidhit dín claraigh uasa mbarcuibh they set a covering of planks over their barques Marco P. 145 . foidisium oc slechtanaib for carraic betook himself to RC x 80.14 . fuidis ... Guaire essomuin friu, ACL iii 3.8 (cf. fearus E. esemain fris, ZCP v 523 ).

pupu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pupu or dil.ie/34664

 

n m. (Lat. papa, see ZCP iv 345 - 6 ) lit. `a father', hence a priest: Nem .i. pupu fil a nAraind ┐ comar[b]a Enna Airne he, Fél. 150.1 . pupu apud Scottos id est papa, ib. 6 . Nem tribus nominibus uocabatur .i. Nem ┐ Púpu ┐ Cailbe . . . Pupu apud Scottos id est papa . . . Nem . . . dian chomainm Pupu Airne, LL 373 m. inf. Cf. popa.

suidigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. suidigidir or dil.ie/39208

 

Forms: suidigthe, suidigthe, suidiugad

v (2 suide)

I

(a) places, puts, sets : ní a forcenn ru-suidigsiursa gl. non quem statui, Ml. 59b2 . rosuidigestar dano u(i)rtutibus (i.e. in psalm), 63c10 . is and suidigitir som aní as uinum pro seueritate ultionis , 94c3 . do lár sudigthir ditiu `a covering is set against a floor', 120d9 . rosudigsersu doib, a dǽ gl. intra terminos tuos, 121a12 . huas litir suidigthir leo gl. supra literam ponentes, Sg. 17b3 . nosuidigtis nomina romanorum ante nominibus suís, 28a10 . rosuidiged . . . aibgitir ebra for cach nae, Hib. Min. 6. 180 . is do suidigthir anni is diapsalma, 9. 305 . la tir fris a suiditer (of cast-up ships), Laws i 128.16 Comm . trian di thir fris a suidigethar `in which they settle' (bees), iv 190.9 . alamaith (= ala n-iath?) fo tri triathaib tuidther .i. o suidigther aice é re re tri righ cen fuaider air, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). suidig th'imcaisin ṅgeir ṅglain | súas co leir dona nemdaib raise your eyes, SR 2115 . sudigestár in muince ina inad, LU 1724 . claidbi . . . iarna sliastaib sudigthir, TBC-LL¹ 5687 . ní fólíth nach ro suidigh in toicthi i n-airther . . . in domhain sinn, CCath. 505 . suidigid i m'adnocul-sa he, PH 1520 . nach cend co cendgalar suidigthir do, is [s]lan dudintai huath which is placed against it (a stone), Irish Texts i 10 § 31 . amal do shuidigis titul do gloiri in nim, YBL 153a22 . is ann suigiter an dara cercall is situated, Ir. Astr. Tr. 78.6 . ise Mac Caille do suidhidh caille ar Naomh Brighit who put the veil on St. B., Mart. Don. Apr. 25 . do shuidhigh Dia a fheitheamh ort `God gave thee charge of them', PBocht 10.45 .

(b) seats, arranges in seats : F. . . . | nir shuidigh riamh tech Temrach | gan a minn rig ima cenn, Irish Texts iv 39 § 2 . ro suidiged na sloig iar sin, MR 28.6 . ba hé roshuidigh cāch `arranged each one in his place', Fl. Earls 46.25 . rosuigided in sluag, Ériu v 232.5 .

(c) arranges, disposes (an army): ro suidigit a sloig, MR 140.5 . suidigfet mo sochraide, 178.22 . suidhighther ar sén catha, | ar thaobh tiormfhóid Fhionnmhacha, L. Cl. A. B. 98.149 . Note also: dosuidhighedh . . . in tsealg leó fo fheadhuibh ┐ fo fhāsaigib, Fianaig. 52.9 .

(d) settles: maith do suidhigheadh síol Néill | fa chlár mBanbha, L. Cl. A. B. 101.1 . nír fhágaibh . . . | fód nar shuidhigh dhí (of Ireland), PBocht 10.13 .

II

(a) establishes, founds, sets up, institutes : in timthrecht . . . frissa rusuidiged cech sens `was established', Ml. 23a18 . nech suidigther loc daingen do `to whom is established', 87d15 . rosuidigestar . . . óinchorp di ilballaib has put together, Wb. 12a30 . rosuidigthe na hocht n-airig sūalach . . . fri . . . slānugud na n-ocht n-airech ndūalchae were instituted, ZCP iii 24.30 . ate ind-sin fira ro suidistar Padraic do gleod fer nErend, Laws v 470.y . Of buildings, institutions, etc.: cleithi sūath suidhighthe lais `ein Weisendach wurde durch ihn gesetzt (?)', Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 57 . rosuidig ecailsi . . . isind inut sin, Lat. Lives 30.z . roshuidig [Día] na secht neimhe isin ló cétna, RC xxiv 372.11 . imin clochdroichit suidighus o dourn `which he erected', Laws ii 232.11 Comm . rosuidiged in duma-sa this mound was raised, PH 1576 . do shuidhighadur campa i gCarn tSiadhail, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 22.14 . an saor do shuidhigh gréin ngil, DDána 42.36 .

(b) fixes, assesses, imposes (of laws, fines, etc.): rosuidigestar nó suidigfith dia recht ndo, Ml. 46c20 . air isuide ro suidiged gelfine ┐ derbfine have been fixed, Laws iv 166.24 . landire ro suidiged i comdire la feine fri lu cethra, 200.2 . is for sund ro suidigthi bechbretha la feine, 202.5 . suidigis Cairpre, cét ngal, | cís forru ná fulngetar, Metr. Dinds. iii 442.35 . Note also: ro shuidig in tres cuibrcnd x. cor ba mou e indás cech cúibrend, i n-onoir Ísu Crist, IT i 40.12 . rodosuidighiub-sa dúib sreith seanchusa . . . tellaich Temrach I shall fix for you the progression of the history, etc., Ériu iv 144.6 . amal ro-shuidig diabul tre format bás do dóinib, PH 7071 . tug teacht ríogh . . . | eacht ar síodh nách suidhighthir `resulted in peace-conditions not being arranged (?)' (notes), LBranach 886 . is lasna taisecha sin dosuidhighthe iat du shoeiri no do doire `set free or enslaved', Marco P. 94 .

(c) appoints, sets up (of persons): suidigestar . . . Adomnan deorad etarru A. set a stranger amongst them (as abbot), Mon. Tall. 85 (162.13) . armi hē suidigethar [rīg] for cech tūaeth hi Mumain appoints a king over every t., ZCP viii 315.29 . ro sudiged . . . dorsioir . . . do forcomét cach dorais, LU 2082 ( FA 15 ). ro sudiged . . . fer sainrodach do guin ind arad, 9754 . it e ata uasal airchindech inna spirut n-uasul suidigther fri comus na timthirecht ṅdiada are appointed to, PH 6245 . Note also: ná fuirigh inn i ngioll grása | suidhidh inn ar Íosa (to St. Patrick), Dán Dé xii 10 . suidhidh sinn ar saor nimhe | ná taobh inn re himpidhe, DDána 11.14 .

III Proves, affirms (ar against): an cedrama ar a suideocar fiacha . . . do bed which shall be proved to have debts, Trans. RIA xv 81.18 . suidheóchaidh sinne | ar chathaibh chuain D. | gur chreachsad I shall prove against the battalions of C.D. that they plundered, TD 3.23 . suidheochaidh mé . . . | an gníomh . . . nach dearnais | oruibh, DDána 101.15 . rosuidhigedh . . . sarugad Senan . . . ar an cruadhloingius it was laid to the charge of the cruel fleet, Caithr. CC 46 § 79 .

Part. suidigthe: huare rombu suidigthe ind íc hísin dosom i ndia `was established', Ml. 18d20 . a rrombu suidigthe gl. situs, 48d6 . suidigthe gl. positum, Sg. 4a11 . institutum (.i. possitum .i. sudigthe), Enchir. Aug. 83b ( ZCP vii 484 ). ? hisí mét a suidigthe globus terrae (leg. as s.¤ ?), BCr. 18b9 ( Thes. ii 11 ). amdar suidigthi na bissi ega forsin teinith, Trip.² 131 . claideb . . . for dib sliastaib sudigthi dond-ócláig móir borrfaid fail isin carput ar medon, TBC-LL¹ 1821 . comartha in spiruta náeim do beith suidigthe i n-a chride, PH 7517 . ina sreth-fornib . . . suidigthi sar-laech, MR 222.22 . iar sensgribhnibh suidhighte suadh . . . Erenn proved (?), MS. Mat. 572.27 . tug mar theastas . . . | suidhighte fá scríbhinn a láimhe, Hackett xl 100 . ? As subst.: for suidhich[th]ibh na Roma `inhabitants', CCath. 802 .

Vn. suidiugad.