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ad-eirrig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-eirrig or dil.ie/426
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aitherrach, aithirge

v (* ath-ar-reg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 593 ).

(a) repeats, reiterates: aderrigsom forsanimchomarc fodí repeats the question twice, Ml. 46a21 . aderriussa gl. adieciam super omnem laudem tuam, 89b3 . atherracht ind co fo trí he repeated it thrice, Laud 610, 117b . nir aitherracht béim do bun chraind díb acht óenbéim co claidiub, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ). Cf. nir aitheraig beim riam do neoch acht oen beim, Cog. 188.26 . roaitherechtha uili limsa they were all re-made by me, Ériu iv 134.16 . quicquid iteratur . . . .i. gach ni athairrigthir, Auraic. 729 = cach ni athraigther, 3485 . Perhaps also in the following: dian ceis imitecht adreis riarra fri ollam nairidhi, O'Curry 1606 (23 Q 6, 5 a) = O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ). adreis .i. aiterrach, ut est Madnai do tes adres anai adgnai in cach oen bliadain adres .i. aitherrach in aithne, O'Dav. 120 . mad eirr (leg. ma ad-eirr?) ind aithgin iar tres cinud . . . .i. madia naitrigh no madia nairghe cin do denumh. Laws ii 188.9, 11 Comm. = dia naithrighe, O'Curry 2369 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)d ). Cf. ZCP iv 348 . ? olliarraid a derigar altrum darese araile, Laws ii 176.1 . With prep. I N- in sense of relapsing into sin (possibly in this idiom *ath-ess-reg-): ma atheirr ind = si iteraverit, Ériu vii 146.5 . inge nād n-aithersed inn but that he should not relapse into it, ZCP x 47.10 . cenibad in olc naill naithirsed unless he should fall into some other sin(?), Laws i 10.6 . Cf. aithéirgid.

(b) changes. In O. Ir. glosses in sense of changes for the better, emends, improves: aithirgid bésu diandaithirsid ón isindeseircc . . . rigthir cuccuib, Wb. 9a23 . dúus indaithirset `if perchance they may repent it', 30b30 (see note). intí adeirrig treprecept do `he whom he brings to repentance', 22c2 (`der sich bekehrt', Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 593 ). atanneirrig gl. qui nos . . . emendat, Ml. 114d10 . robu cho adersetar gl. uel emendentur, 30d11 . arna aithirrestar gl. ne . . . emendetur, 32d13 . Cf. no-s-atherraig as a ulc, PH 5583 . mani aithir `if he does not amend', Ériu vii 162.17 . Hence changes, alters in general: ni aithergem na duile, Alex. 884 . ro hathirged a pell fo B. `was readjusted', Cog. 198.22 . nír aithearraigh aigneadh, IGT Verbs ex. 831 . créud far haithearraigheadh . . . saoire an tSathrainn ar an nDomhnach?, Parrth. Anma 2664 .

Vn. aitherrach. aithirge.

See 1 aithrigid, aithirgigid(ir), athairgtar and IGT Verbs § 84 , §106 .

1 áel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áel or dil.ie/618

 

n o lime, chalk (See ZCP xxiv 93 ): di á.¤ ┐ chrieid gl. onera, Ml. 102d9 . doronad in mur do ael berbthi, Rawl. 74b1 . múr gel . . . amal bad du á.¤ chombruithiu dognethe, LU 1701 . ael Erend all the lime in Ireland, 3147 . á.¤ ná eimer (sic leg.), Cóir Anm. 146 . tuc a inchind latt et cummaisc ǽl air (of preserving the brain of an enemy in lime as a trophy), RC viii 62.18 ( LL 13545 ). findnél na cailce ┐ ind ǽil . . . asnaib sciatha, RC xiii 456.19 . clocha ┐ ael tigi spitel na Trinnoite, Ann. Conn. 1245.3 . foirind ic suathad aeil, `mixing lime', Aen. 305 . clocha chum aoil do denam, ZCP x 22.1 . lucht aoil do losgadh lime-burners, Eochairsg. 114.26 . a dath amar dath an aeil, SG 111.26 . In comparison: aol (aoil MSS.), is rós . . . . . . bhíos ar nós lóchrainn n-a gruaidh do ghnáth, Hackett xxi 34 . g s. as attrib. cloch aeil limestone: cendach na ccloch náoil, ZCP x 22 n.l . cnes amal clochael gen chrūais, ACL iii 308 § 33 . Of a limestone castle: am chloich áoil. Anecd. ii 72.10 . clach aoil, DDána 119.12 . a mhúir ḟinda áoil, IGT Decl. ex. 688 . tene aoil `lime-kiln' AFM ii 1076.9 .

Compds. ¤chinn n.pr. A. Cruachna, CF 857 . ¤-chloch limestone: go ro gabsat acc athnuadhucchadh a n-aitreabh aolcloch built of limestone(?), AFM vi 2186.12 . a n-adhnaice an Ard Mhacha / Ulltaibh as a n-aelchlacha, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 148.6 . ¤-chnes having skin as white as lime: árrachta áluinn aoilchnis, Hackett xxxix 150 . ¤-dorus: ráith na n-ael-dorus n-alaind, ` lime doors (white-washed with lime, or perhaps built of lime-stone)', Hy Fiach. 254.12 . ¤-ecor: gach ceall i bhfuair áladhdoirse / uaidh as fhearr a haoilegair-se every church in which he found gaping doors he was best at repairing it with limestone(?), DDána 89.27 . ¤-gorad lime-burning . Fig. deatach díomusa ag éirghe ón aolghoradh uabhair, TSh. 7938 . ¤-grennad: ní mhar aoilghreannadh th'aighthe (of a ráth), DDána 68.3 . ¤-lis: a hamharc an aoilleasa, DDána 70.11 . ¤-losgad. Fig. teannáil na toile, bhíos ag aol-losgadh na hanma, TSh. 1857 . ¤-mag: n.loc. Aolmhagh, AFM i 50.2 . ¤-ráth: conacadar in aelrāith mōir [ar] a cind, Ériu viii. 157.3 . ¤-tech: aíl-tech emir `lime-white house of granite', Metr. Dinds. iv 108.2 . ¤-tor: gan áoltor ngeal no gan gharrdha / nar legh aentadh t'faghla iad, IGT Decl. ex. 544 . With adj.: ¤-chethach: do chíd adhbha aoilcheathach . . . ar ochtaibh áilne an aieóir a building made of gleaming showers, L. Cl. A. B. 180.2 .

aibrit(h)iud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aibrit(h)iud or dil.ie/746

 

n twinkling of an eye, second: is in dēniu aibritid tresngata na huile dúile súas coricci riched. Is denitir sin rosaigh fudumne pene ┐ rosaig turcbail ┐ funed negrene . . . hisin doen a.¤ ( = isind oen a.¤), Mon. Tall. 162.37 (§ 85) . elivavit manam suam cum evangelio de (leg. d'óen, edd.) a.¤ atarann in tene muindtir cluana mac nois `at the moment when', 25 . aibrithiudh cotulto, Gael. 50 , 135 (`a wink of sleep', Blathm. 720 ). ra loisced . . . / re haidbriud oenuaire, LL 3232 (? leg. aidbritiud, line one syllable short). Note follg. exx. which edd. refer to brothad, brathad: con-das-marband raa braithiud n-óenúaire in a moment of time, MU² 631 . nos ithend fo chétóir friha brathad sula `in the twinkling of an eye', RC x 56.6 ( LU 1895 ).

1 ailid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ailid or dil.ie/1016
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oilid, -ail, ailes, ailit, -alad, ailde, -alar, -aile, rod-alad, no-n-almais, -ebla, -eabla, -eblae, -ai, -ebela, -eblaba, ebeltar, ailebthair, ailf-, -ebelad, -ebalta, ebelta, ron-ailt-siu, romm-alt sa, alta, rodotaltammar, rosn-altadar, alta, alte, altae, ebail, eblatar, eblad, altai, altram, ailemain, oilemuin

v also oilid. Indic. pres. 3 s. -ail, Wb. 5b28 . rel. ailes, Laws ii 184.15 . 3 pl. ailit, Laws v 198.8 Comm. -alad, Marco P. 183 rel. ailde, 202.2 . Pass. sg. -alar, ZCP xiv 347.z . Subj. pres. 3 s. -aile, Laws ii 178.2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. rel. rod-alad, Blathm. 100 § 32 . 1 pl. no-n-almais, Ml. 104d0 . Fut. stem -ebla ( GOI § 649 ; see further Hull, ZCP xxix 173-4). 3 s. -eabla, Laws v 200.20 and n.4 . -eblae, -ai, IT i 141.18 . -ebela, LU 10627 . -eblaba, ZCP v 503.19 . Pass. sg. ebeltar ( ébéltair, LU 5026 ), TBC-I¹ 537 . Later ailebthair, IT i 71.6 . Also ailf-, exx. below. Condit. 3 s. -ebelad, LU 10614 . Pass. sg. -ebalta, BB 397a16 = ebelta, Dinds. 142 ( RC xvi 154 ). Pret. and perf. 2 s. ron-ailt-siu, Blathm. 722 . 3 s. romm-alt sa, Ml. 45c3 . alta-si dano na dá mac 'she reared the two sons', Sex Aet. 87 § 51 (pass. for active). 1 pl. rodotaltammar, ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 pl. rosn-altadar, BDD² 106 . Pass. sg. alta, TBC-I¹ 366 . alte, ZCP viii 311.17 . rel. altae, LU 10602 . With infl. of fut. stem 3 s. rom ebail , LU 10285 . 3 pl. rott eblatar , LU 10284 . Pass. sg. rom eblad , 10278 . Later with s-pret., exx. infra. Cf. roaltsat, O'Curry 127 ( H 3.18, 76 ).

Part. ailte (q.v.), O'Curry 57 ( H 3.18, 20 -1). Pl. altai, Ml. 121c10 .

Vn. altram, later ailemain, oilemuin. IGT Verbs § 73 .

Nourishes, rears, fosters: sund rom altsa . . . atrebom sund, LU 4400 . rom ebail Sencha sobérlaid conidam trén, 10285 . is messe nod n-ailfea, 10627 . ro mbaist ┐ ro n-ail ┐ ro forcan, 256 . ? cia dé delbas faebru. a ndind ailsiu (.i. a ndind itú). cáinté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1569 = cia dia dealbus faebra andiond. indiond ailes cainte, Leb. Gab.(i) 266.4 . ní halar o marbcru, Laws i 140.30 Comm. don re ronailestar, ii 186.4 Comm. ma ro ail co aes diailtri . . . manar oil, iii 504.11 Comm. nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec they fed her on . . ., Ériu iii 138.2 . dlomais . . . a muime fri F. ┐ adbert nad ebalta lee he for lacht, BB 397a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). berthair lim-sa ind ingen . . . ┐ ailebthair (ailibthar, ailfithir v.l.) dom réir fein, IT i 71.6 (L. mac nU.). a incaib caich nodeail, BCrólige 7 . is dilus uaithe di eagluis notnail, Laws iii 70.24 Comm. is mé ro-ailisiu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.25 . ro lesaiges ┐ ro-s-ailius intí N. co lathí a bais, PH 1529 . Gailéoin roalsat Labraid for a loinges, Dinds. 9 (RC xv 299). is mairg ailter cen riagail, ACL iii 215 § 3 . a foghluim óirdhirc a n-oiltí Francuigh, Mac Aingil 6292 . mad ingena nos-berat non-alad fri druine ┐ gresa, Marco P. 183 . an chíoch ar ar oil an ógh / oidhre Dé, Dán Dé xvii 29 . 'na iomdhaidh rod-aileasdar, i 9 . ní ro oil in t-áirdrí in esláinte sin did not nurse (i.e. pay attention to) that illness, Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.10 . Note also: in e a macc oilfaigther na huile si filium eius nutrierunt multi, Trip.² p. 61 n. 1120-23 . Of rearing animals: is hé ro-alt muicc Meic Dathó, Sc.M² 23 . ebeltar cuilēn din chūain cétna leamsa duit, TBC-I¹ 537 . aidhid frisi-n-alar (of a calf), ZCP xiv 347.z . cuilen con ro h-ailed lais, MR 8.2 .

aingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aingid or dil.ie/1370

 

Forms: aingid, aincithi, aingess, -anich, -anaich, -anaigh, aingit, nom-ain, -anaig, ainced, -anagar, ainciter, -anais, ainsium, -ain, roanset, -aunastar, -ansed, anus, -ain, -ainset, -anister, -anustar, -ainsiter, -ainsed, -ansitis, r-an-anacht, anacht, ros-anachtatar, anachtae, anachtai, anacul, anachtae, anaig-, ainge, ronaincea, anachar, -aincfe

v Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 . Indic. pres. 3 s. aingid, Wb. 1d15 . aincithi (with suff. pron. 3 s.), BDD² 143 . rel. aingess, Trip.² 1659 . -anich, Wb. 16a4, 5 . -anaich, Ériu ii 222.21 . -anaigh, O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88 44 ab ). 3 pl. aingit, MU² 1025 . Impv. 2 s. nom-ain, RC vi 175.31 (see GOI § 588 ). -anaig, TBC-I¹ 3640 . 3 s. ainced, Tec. Corm. § 2.15 . Pass. s. -anagar, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.23 . pl. ainciter, BDD² 214 .

Subj. pres. (see Ériu xix 45-6 ) 2 s. -anais, SR 5999 , 6036 . 3 s. (with suff. pron. 1 s.) ainsium, Thes. ii 352.4 . -ain, Thes. ii 303.3 (Hy. i). 3 pl. roanset, Thes. ii 301.3 (Hy. i). Pass. s. -aunastar, RC xii 104 § 150 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -ansed, AU i 202.15 . Fut. (stem indistinguishable from that of subj., see GOI § 662 ). 1 s. anus (anais v.l.), Anecd. ii 67.9 . 3 s. -ain, Wb. 1d1 . 3 pl. -ainset, RC xiv 424 § 45 . Pass. s. -anister, RC xiv 191.z . -anustar, xii 104 § 151 . pl. -ainsiter, ZCP vii 309.12 . Condit. 3 s. -ainsed, SR 5568 . 3 pl. -ansitis, TBC-I¹ 3557 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. r-an-anacht, Wb. 17d6 . rel. anacht, Thes. ii 303.2 (Hy i). 3 pl. ros-anachtatar, BDD² 696 . Pass. s. anachtae, RC xii 66 § 30 . Pl. anachtai, TBC-I¹ 2775 .

Vn. anacul. Vbl. of necess. anachtae, BDD² 1322 .

Later as weak vb. (stem aing-, anaig-) with ā-subj. 3 s. ainge, LU 3352 ( SCC § 14 ). ronaincea, Lec. Gl. 94 . Pass. anachar, Trip.² 1504 . With b-fut. -aincfe, Ériu i 130.21 . IGT Verbs § 52 .

Saves, protects: ro anacht Día B. God protected B. Trip.² 609 . cén-mair nud[a]-ainsed mairg nodo-géna, BDD² 955 . gudim B. . . . rom áin co cían, LU 3054 . anachta la hAilill ara omunson he was protected by A. because of his fear of the other, TBC-I¹ 2898 . aingi in trúagh thou savest the wretch, ZCP vii 269 § 11 . intí ances in ṁbidbaid issé fessin as bidbu, LL 19061 . da mbetdís fir Erenn cut hanacal orm, nach aineocdáis thú, TBC-LL¹ p. 861 n.2 . dia n-innised neach uaib dam . . . ro ainicfind sib I should spare you, MR 78.23 . an fer atá ar tí na caibden / do bí lá 's do aingedh iad the man who is about to attack the troops there was a time when he used to defend them(?), IGT Decl. ex. 563 . maith an bhuaidh do bhí ar an tslait / na sluaigh is í do anaic (Moses' rod), DDána 74.28 . a.¤ . . . DI, ó protects from: nonanich dia di cach imniud `God protects us from every tribulation', Wb. 16a4 . ronnain amal roanacht / David de manu Gólai, Thes. ii 303.3 (Hy. i). ri rodnanacht . . . ond leoamain, SR 6101 . ainci[d] C. īatt uile / . . . / on trāb dobōi ga celgad, BColm. 90.12 . do ainic mé ón ghuais, Desid. 1284 . a.¤ x ar (for) y protects x against y: aingid imdibe ar bibdamnact rectto `circumcision protects from the condemnation of the Law', Wb. 1d15 . nert . . . nos-ainsed for slúag n-Ammón, SR 5568 . slúag . . . ronn-ain ar cech ṅgábud, Fél. Oct. 29 . aincim ar pēin spiraid / lucht m'inait is m'foirme, ZCP xii 389.5 . créd rosainic hí ar in écc?, vii 303 § 7 . ar Ifreann go n-aince mé, Dán Dé v 43 . fala bud olc ní ḟuigeadh / cara ort dá n-anuigeadh, IGT Verbs ex. 442 . aincidh iad ar spasmus (i.e. wounds, by a medicament), 23 K 42, 438.20 .

With extended meanings. serves, avails: ní anaich a chrothad nach a ḟlescad, acht a nige `it serves not to shake it or beat it' (of a foul garment), Ériu ii 222.21 (= Mon. Tall. 155.1 ). takes care, heeds: ainic leat nach saobh dod chéill ` take care ', Content. xxvii 1 . tabhair súil thart ar gach taoibh / ainic nach claon do chathaoir `take care lest your poet's chair be partial', v 186 . Legal absolves from liability: ach ni conanaig deithbire .i. acht ni ainces a deithbhir turbadha, Laws i 102.8 , 20 Comm. aincit na dethbhire . . . ar dithim, ii 84.16 Comm. is do suidiu condinanaic deithbiri .i. co n-aincend deithbirius a galuir hi, v 198.7 , 200.23 Comm. ? luige na hanaighidh .i. luighe a aenur graid feine ar graid fene eile, O'Curry 693 ( H 3.18, p. 335 ). cia trebaire adsuide diubairt ni anaigither fír níme na minna, O'Curry 264 (ib. 151b).

airchót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchót or dil.ie/1757
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: erchot, urchóid

n o, [n.] Once m. in Ml., int erchot , 61c8 , see GOI p. 448 . Later fem. urchóid f. IGT Decl. § 13 . Vn. of ar-coat.

Act of harming, injuring, harm, injury, damage: du erchot doib, Ml. 121d4 . rethes cen erchót á retho, 42c19 . is mou cech erchoat domsa huadibsom, 47c4 . for na fil erchot, 56a13 . airchoid gl. perniciem, Thes. i 714.14 . ni do erchóit duitsiu dodechadus, Irish Texts i 11.30 . ba doíg lim . . . diabul dom' irchót, LL 284b7 . biaid a irchóit ┐ a neim it belaib-seo, 22 . lan do loisgindibh ag urchoid ar cind cháith (leg. cháich, ed.) `toads . . . lying in wait for whoever came', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . in déne erchóit don ṡlúag, LU 4748 ( TBC-I¹ 261 ). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308 z . cen galar cen ercoit, LB 135b4 . met a nemi ┐ a erchoti, LB 147a29 . saer sinn ō erc[h]oit in diabuil, ZCP v 497.28 . cuiridh urchall na hurchóide faoi, TSh. 7353 . aca anacal ar orchoitib na hirgaili, Ann. Conn. 1405.15 . mór dtír dá dtéid i n-urchóid, L. Cl. A. B. 113.70 . harmful or malignant being: confaiccet in fuath ┐ in n-irchóit n-anachnid, LL 273b30 . ni harracht na urchóit mhisi, ZCP xi 40.19 . doémat na trī sailm-sea ar . . . demnaib ┐ erchotib, ZCP iii 30.23 . nos leicid uaib . . . a n-urchod ar ni feas cia theit no cia thudchaid, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 182.9 ( YBL 119a11 ) = in urch—, H 3.18, 756a.3 = Ériu xxxv 76 § 11 ; 'demon, spectre' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 48 n. 89 .

airdircid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdircid or dil.ie/1844
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airdaircid, airdraicid

v (airdirc). Also airdaircid, airdraicid, oirdhercaid. extols, magnifies, makes known: ro hairrdircedh Molaise, SG 24.y . ? ro cet urdairc de cuicthe i cuic, Laws i 238.6 . ised urdarcather, v 358.24 Comm. ro erdraic Pilip fo cetoir do Nathuel, LB 145a47 (invenit Philippus Nathanael, et dicit ei, John i 45 ).

Vn. i nos fer n-Eirend .i. a fis nua, no a urdrucud nua, Laws v 472.27 Comm. aniugh thoiseochus mé ar thusa oirdherceadh, Joshua iii 7 .

Cf. next.

? áithchid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? áithchid or dil.ie/2586

 

Forms: aitchim

v opposes, contradicts. In sense of falsifying, sophisticating: ni aitcim na duili, BB 498a50 = ni aithergem na duile acht nos lecam amal fosracaib dia, Alex. 884 . athgid o fhírinne na screptra cetfaide brécacha diabuil = falsas . . . sagittas diaboli . . . fra[n]git , PH 4852 . aitchim I deny, O'R. Poems Cf. áithcheó(id)id, -fathgathar.

2 aithigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithigid or dil.ie/2690

 

Forms: athaigid, aithige, athaige, athoighidh, aithighidh, athoighe, aithighe

vn. of 1 aithigid. Also athaigid, aithige, athaige. athoighidh aithighidh (guthaidhe leis orra, v.l., i.e. athoighe, aithighe?), IGT Decl. § 150 . Verbs § 65 .

(a) act of visiting, frequenting, resorting to: eglaise d'aithighe, ZCP viii 214. y . dilmainius aigthide (aigthige, MS) co cairdemail iter da rigda in Choimded, Todd Lect. vi 51 § 72 = aithigthi, Rawl. B 512, fo. 70c (Plummer MS notes). dorsi athaigthi access-doors, LB 154a37 . gan athaighe gan iomadhall (of a road), AFM vi 2222.27 . ro b'urusa . . . Ere d'imluadh ┐ d'aithighid, MR 102.14 . With obj. gen.: athigid na tened co menic going close to, BDD² 1221 . do aithidhigh in deissi `to visit the tenantry', Mon. Tall. 156.30 (§ 71) . eoin . . . batar oc athigid Chairpri, LL 22111 . mo Dūilem dom thaithigi / . . . / mo menma dia aithigi `my mind to go out to Him', Ériu ii 56 § 12 . si oca aithidig fon seol sin visiting him during that time, RC iii 344.8 . do thréicis tige nóla / ar aithighe altóra, SG 58.37 . With AR: tré gan aithidhe do dhéanamh ar ṡeinscríbhnibh through not consulting, Keat. ii 6170 . With co: ro būi C. . . . ag a.¤ sair co a muintir, Corm. Y 883 (Anecd. iv 75.y). fri athigid chucumsa `for visiting me', RC xxv 26 § 9 . uair na fil athaigid chucaib no uaib, Alex. 962 = athaigi na tathaigi, BB 499a21 . ma ta aithidhe uatha ┐ cuctha, O'Curry 2380 ( Eg. 88, f. 29(30)d ). With DOCHUM: batar oc athigid dochum C., LL 22114 . With I N-: hic aithigid 'na ōentech, ZCP viii 262 § 8 . an ród . . . 'na mbí triall ┐ aithighe iomad bó, TSh. 10746 .

(b) In a few exx. perh. occupying: dogni E. . . . tech immon tiprait . . . ┐ oen ben ocá hathigid one woman inhabiting it, LU 2955 . do bhádaragaithidhe na tulcha feadh ráithe `occupying' (of herdsmen), Keat. i 124.5 .

(c) practising, observing: ic athaigid trath, Anecd. ii 25 § 9 . ataidhe na trath, ZCP iii 33.8 = tathaighe, BNnÉ 310 . ō aithighidh arm, ML² 1734 . téighim tar teaguscc na n-easbal / tre aithighidh na n-olc mbuan, Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . ar a.¤ in use: nós . . . ar aithidhe prevalent custom, Keat. i 10.6 . beusa . . . na nGreugach . . . a bhfaghāil ar aithidhe ag a sliocht d'á n-éis, 236.5 go bhfuilid [focail na Gaedhilge] ar aithidhe i measc na Fraingcise, ii 973 .

1 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithnid or dil.ie/2761
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aithnigid

v (1 aithne). Also aithnigid. Replaces earlier ad-noí, q.v.

(a) commits for preservation, delivers to, deposits with: ro aithne a eclais do Pátraic, Trip.² 723 (= commendavit). commenda .i. aithnem (leg. -nim, Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 298.21 Comm. mo charpait, m'eich uili n-og nosaithnim do Maine mór aithnim m'elgnatus uili d'Ḟiachaich I bequeath, Rawl. 138a32 . ini ro haithned o'n fir isa hae co facus tar a eisi isin tig, Laws v 196.18 Comm. dia n-aithnir iat cin co be buachaill, 126.28 Comm. (of cattle). don daer . . . ro haithnid na seoit . . . i necmais a tigerna, iii 230.19 Comm. na haithne aithniter don duine in eislind, 220.11 Comm. na huile aithne ro haithnigedh do duine, ii 304.15 Comm. co roaichni in conair fuigill is fir 'that he pledge the Path of Truth' CIH v 1590.11 , ZCP xlix-l 314 . in fear naithnigther in aithne, O'D. 1180 (H 2.15, p. 25 col. 2). ro haithned . . . i n-ērlaim espuic C. `it was then given into the hands of the bishop of C.', MacCongl. 43.5 .

(b) entrusts to, commits to the care of, commends to: ros aithne di alaili óig día forcitul commended her to a certain virgin to be taught, Trip.² 2081 . aithnid occ Cassan do legund, 835 `del- ivers him to C. (to learn) to read', Trip. 77 . atnaig in clēirech leis co C. nD. hī ┐ mos-aithin (leg. nos-a.?) aicce í do lēigenn lē. ACL iii 308 vi 8 . ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht, LU 4365 = ngiallu dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 bestowed their hostages to be looked after. co bo thrí didiu non-aithned Mac con do Chormac offered himself (?), RC xiii 462 § 68 . robi bliadan lan i mbadhud conid iarum ronathnai airisi `then (the sea) gave them up again', Folklore iv 477 § 57 (Edinb. Dinds.). aithnim thú do Rígh na rīgh, ZCP vii 301 § 11 . aithin mé dot oide a Eoin commend me to thy Master, Dán Dé i 1 . is duid aithnes anmanda do carat ┐ a laimdeo `to you she commits the souls of thy friends and her household gods', Aen. 525 . aithnim m'anmain it lámaib, Ériu vi 114 § 2 .

(c) commends, prescribes (a course of action) to (DO): ro athne dam náro chreitind, Trip.² 801 (= non siniuit mihi credere). in tan aithnes aní seo dia apstalaib, LU 2579 . aithnit do (= dó) cogad do denam they exhort him to make war, Cog. 146.16 . d'athain Crist can sin d'innisin `forbade [them] to tell that', Maund. 107 . inní aitheonus mé . . . dogéntar inni sin, BNnÉ 67.y . aithnidir is-ind recht in timna-sa na déirce, PH 5845 . do chuir i gcéill dá fheartaibh / bás t'oidhir nach aitheantair `that His death was not imposed on Him (against His will)', Aithd. D. 59.25 . aithin damsa an tinad point out the place to me, SG 2.29 .

With DE orders, commands: atberim frib . . . ┐ aichnim díb I tell and demand of you, LB 143a45 . ro athain da aes grada can a adhnocol isin brug, YBL 181b19 . aichnigid dia muinteraib can a corpu do chumhscugudh, Todd Nenn. 204 note p. issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 § 8 . do aithin de . . . beith ag frecor ecluisi Torón, xi 138 § 255 . aithnighis (ro fuagair v.l.) di gan urcóid do denamh, BNnÉ 8 § 27 . ná bíodh uirre aithnim dí / cumha a meic, DDána 76.13 . ar na neithibh do athain an Tighearna dhíot, Desid. 4883 .

(e) Exceptional usages: ro athain a mathair é ri techt enjoined on him not to go, TTebe 3729 . ? do athain an Coimhdhe re n-a ndídean `called upon the Lord', Maguires of F. § 3 .

allno

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allno or dil.ie/2981

 

n (ghostword): a.¤ (.i. nos) quasi alud .i. a laude .i. on molad, O'Curry 84 ( H 3.18, 63 ). Leg. allud, CMCS lix 24 .

allud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allud or dil.ie/2992

 

Forms: alluda, allaid

n m. g s. alluda, LL 12516 . allaid, Alex. 394 . fame, renown, glory: a.¤ .i. nōs: nō alad a laude , Corm. Y 86 . rí co nallodaib o[l]lmár (alladaib, MS.), SR 6762 . cudu a.¤ [a] deigloir, AU i 442.15 . ropu lán Hériu . . . dia a.¤ ┐ dia scélaib, TBFr. 12 . at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im a.¤ , LU 4265 . ni fair bías a nós nách a a.¤ nach a irdarcus, 6377 (TBC). niro thallastar a uáill nach a a.¤ . . . i nErind, 9046 ( FB 79 ). ar a.¤ ┐ érgna ┐ aurlabra, 8247 (19). alludh ergna distinguished fame, BB 45a17 . cen a.¤ án, LL 4221 . a alladh 's a aebh, BB 57a4 . ba h-a.¤ mór do Lugaid, LL 14533 . ar a.¤ ┐ gail ┐ gasciud, LU 8815 ( FB 61 ). im echt im alladh im uaill, BB 52b15 . a húaill, a ha.¤, a hindsaigthi, Ériu iv 146 § 25 . in dímolta ┐ int allad ┐ in inocbail ro gab A., Alex. 629 . ? do chungid allaid ┐ étala, LL 217b36 ( TTr. 59 ). tuilleadh gach laoi ort d'alladh, Aithd. D. 11.21 . clū alla ┐ oirrdercus, Fl. Earls 142.6 . urrann dá allamh (.i. cuid dá chlú), Ó Bruad. iii 156.5 . allad gaiscid fame for prowess, YBL 126a1 .

almsa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. almsa or dil.ie/3002

 

Forms: almsan, almsa, -adha, almsan, almsain, almsana, almsaine

n (Lat. eleēmosyna). O. Ir. almsan ā, f. Later almsa m. (pl. -adha), IGT Decl. § 2 . f. (g s. and g p. almsan. n p. almsain), § 8 . Note also g s. (or g p.?) almsana, Ann. Conn. 1336.2 . almsaine, Metr. Dinds. iv 322.36 may be another form of sg.

Alms (usually in sg. but occas. also in pl.): is ind almsan arafocair anúas `it is the alms he suggests above', Wb. 16d7 . ni epur frib in n-almsin berar do hI., ibid. resind almsin, 16c6 . oc ailli a almsine, 16d2 . tabairt inna almsine, 16c21 . dobeirsom ainm bendachtan dond almsin, 16d14 . tabairt almsan, Ml. 103b13 . almsan quasi elim-son ab elimoysina .i. ar is ard fogar na halmsan, Corm. Y 25 . figell, āine, ernaigthe, | almsan tan nos-gēne, Ériu ii 172 § 5 . abstanit ┐ gabail necnairci ┐ almsanae ` almsgiving ', Mon. Tall. 133.26 (§ 18) . doberat almsana bíd ┐ etaig, LU 2384 . mur argdidi . . . día n-almsanaib, LU 2194 . a.¤ ar neamh ┐ neach fāi, ACL iii 236 § 8 . a.¤ menic maith, LL 18896 . go dtug Brian fáinne óir . . . i n-almsain ar altóir Árdamacha, Ériu i 82 § 16 . romarb cách díb araile / ac cosnam a n-almsaine, Metr. Dinds. i 18.68 . monaidh óir a n-almsodha, DDána 100.16 . tabhruidh ní dhamhsa ar mo dhuain / a rí ┐ a.¤ a n-énúair, IGT Decl. ex. 117 . do dhearlaic sibhsi . . . / . . . / do dhá ghoirmdhearc dhamhsa am dhall / a.¤ bhus oirdhearc agam, Studies 1921, 258 § 7 .

amail, amal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amail, amal or dil.ie/3057
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amail, amal, amál, amail, amaltsa, amlut

Prep. and conj. like, as . Unstressed form of d s. of 1 samail ( GOI § 178 , § 826 . But rhymes and alliterates in classical verse, e.g. IGT Decl. ex. 607 ). As a rule contracted to am̄ in MSS. Archaic amail ( GOI § 168 ) ( Wb. 21c10 , 22c14 , both a prima manu, Críth G. 461 , Hib. Min. 188 ). Usual form in O. Ir. glosses amal ( Wb. 6a30 , 10c12 , Ml. 107c8 , Sg. 217a8 . amál, Thes. i 5.37 ). In later lang. amail. Leniting ( amal chlanda, Ml. 123c8 . amal chon-degam, 107c8 ). Glosses Lat. quasi, Wb. 11a11 , Sg. 9b11 , etc.; sicut, Wb. 2a11 , 6a30 , 14c17 , Ml. 34b6 , etc.; tamquam, Wb. 9a3 , etc.; uelut, Ml. 23c9 ; ut, Wb. 10d19 , 22c14 , Ml. 54a21 .

I As prep. with accus. For forms with suff. pron. see 2 samail. Note also: amaltsa, IT i 72.35 = amal tussu, 18 . amlut, TBC(C) 575 . Later somet. with independent pron.: amal tussu (supra), amhail é, DDána 116.5 . Eventually replaced by mar (see immar): amar (amal, v.l.), TTebe 929 . Cf. amair, Laws ii 202.9 Comm. See Bergin, Ériu xiv 142 . like, as, similar to: amal tuthle no ailsin gl. ut cancer, Wb. 30b13 . ní amal inní asóircc gl. non quasi aërem uerberans, 11a11 . amal nahí nadchrenat gl. tamquam non possedentes, 10b7 . amal in n-altain gl. sicut rasorium, Ml. 72b8 . amal in lochairnn ṅaḟfracdai gl. quasi lanterna, Sg. 24a16 . amal inna anman asrubartmar `like the nouns', 188a29 . amal na heliu, 9b2 . amál chócúll dercon no chno, Thes. i 5.37 . amal nathracha bodra sicut , 485.19 ( Tur. 11 ). amal airig ndésa, Críth G. 367 . intan mbete renna nime amail éscai ┐ éscai amail gréin, Ériu ii 200.18 . amal firu cathacha, Trip.² 803 . feil . . . docuiridar echdar corgus . . . amail chaindech `the feast of a saint that falls outside Lent, as for instance Cainnech's', Mon. Tall. 135.2 (§ 22) . amhuil a cinaidh féin `like his own crime', Laws iv 88.8 Comm. nocha tánic amail a samla . . . nocha tánic . . . buiden amail a lethide, Celt. Rev. ii 220.26 (omission before first amail?). amal aig n-allaid, TTebe 1881 . amhail gach nduine oile, TSh. 254 . With dat. amal ruithnib grene, TBFr. p. 15 § 3 . amhail cherdcadaiph, BNnÉ 71 § 123 .

In phr. amal sin, so, ṡodain thus, so, in that case see 1 sin, 1 so, 1 suide.

II As conj., freq. but not invariably with follg. nasalizing rel. clause ( GOI § 498 , § 505 ).

(a) As comparative conj. with verb in indic. as, like as: amal ṅguidess athir a macc gl. tamquam pater filios deprecantes, Wb. 24d19 . amal fondrodil in coimdiu do chách gl. sicut diuisit Dominus, 10a11 . amal nonda thorisse frissintectairecht gl. tamquam misericordiam consecutus sum, 10a28 . amal nát anse dúib, 17c11 . amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. uice fumi, Ml. 57a10 . amal nach fuar fessin inneuch, 57d3 . amal as toísegiu grián . . . ┐ is laithe foilsigedar . . . sic is toissigiu, etc., 85b11 . amal as inna ngnimae gl. ut a sé profecto iure factorum, 17b3 . amal is na nassar gl. sicut Assiriorum, 54a22 . amal ṅ-dond-foirde ainmm `as a noun signifies it', Sg. 26b12 . amal addaas `as it is', Ériu ii 144 § 159 . amal as n-airdirc clearly, Trip.² 2066 . ro chí fora muime amal is bés do naídenaib, 115 . amail nach dentar dia domnaich `just as such things are not done on a Sunday', Mon. Tall. 148.3 (§ 55) . amail bis mes in feóir in ḟamfucht (sic) fa i ngemfucht `according to the appraisement of the grass in the hot or in the cold season', Laws iv 146.15 Comm. dligidh . . . / a bhrondadh amhail chuinghes, ZCP viii 109.13 . dobérthar . . . dia tuca tinnscra amal asbérthar, TBFr. 177 . as-bert in so huile amal rom-múin dó in fer, BDD² 168 . amail indises canóin, ZCP viii 114.2 . amail ba bes di . . . `as was her wont', RC vi 175.1 . amhail thógaibhthear an cháith uas an ghrán, Desid. 2918 . In later lang. combined with ┐, mar: amhuil ┐ chromas an géadh a cheann, Desid. 1923 . amhail mar stiúrionn ┐ mar oibrighionn siad, Corp. Astron. xxiv 10 . amhail ┐ mar atá, 2.7 . amhail mar do rinne Iudas, Donlevy 254.13 .

Folld. by second member of comparison (as . . . so): amal nondubcairimse carad cách uaibsi alaile gl. eandem caritatem habentes, Wb. 23c12 . amal nád robe . . . ní bia, 1d2 . amal as corp do crist æclesia is corp mulier uiro , 22c13 . amal as ndian . . . mbis is denithir sin . . ., Ml. 57c12 . amal durigni . . . dogena . . . `as He has done . . . so also will He do', 50d10 . amal fōides in naingel . . . doróiter dún . . . `as he sent the angel . . . may he be sent to us,' Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). amal soite a shlúaig úad soid a grád ┐ a gráin for cúlu, ZCP xi 86 § 45 . With follg. clause introduced by an adv. (samlaid, etc.): amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nisgaib som lius di . . . , Ml. 34b6 . amal rombói ingnae cáich is samlid . . ., 26b8 . amal fongníter ídil síc fogníther donaib ánib, Wb. 27b9 . amál nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis . . . síc ní déni, Sg. 63a17 . amuil is etarbach grech na cno faisi cen torad aici is amlaidh is etarbach na neiche sin do denam, Laws iv 36.17 Comm. amal do-rala . . . thall . . . is amlaid do-rala sund, PH 146 . amail adcondarcais misi co granna . . . ar tús ┐ alaind fadeoid, is amlaid sin in flaithius, RC xxiv 200.17 . amail teit . . . is amhlaidh sidhe as . . . so, Stair Erc. 499 . amal is e cet lá na sechtmaine in domnach . . . is amal-sin . . . is e is ochtmad lá . . ., PH 3585 . After compar.: is mesu andas amuil robui, Laws iv 156.12 Comm. do badh líonmhaire da n-édálaibh . . . inás amhail ro fhédsat a ttiomáin, Hugh Roe 88.8 (fo. 23b) . bá moa a n ainm ┐ a n oirdearcus inas amhail tangattar, AFM v 1848.z .

In PH with ellipse of verb. (cf. the Lat. construction): co mbí in t-í dobeir hí i n-a shímontaig amal in t-í gabus, 7595 . do thabairt ascad amal rig do as (on) a king, 2838 . fofhuaras duine amal mo chride a man after my own heart, 6479 . Prob. also in: me-si tra amal mo brathri tindnacimm mo chorp . . ., 6640 . Note also: amal alanaile ndoine gl. ut caeterorum, Ml. 54a21 , a literal transl. of the Lat.

(b) With impf. subj. in meaning as if, as though (in this constr. not as a rule followed by rel. clause, see OIPG 209 ): ro pridchad dúib céssad Críst amal ad-cethe `Christ's passion has been preached to you as though it were seen', Wb. 19b6 . is amal bid fri Crist frisorthe `it is as though ye offended against Christ', 10c12 . amal ninfessed cách et ronfitir calléic gl. sicut qui ignoti et cognoti, 16a2 . amal ni bimmis cutrummi frib gl. quasi non pertinguentes, 17b16 . amal ni cuimsimmis a denum gl. quasi [nos] infirmi fuerimus in hac parte, 17c18 . amal ni risinse do bar cosc si gl. tamquam non uenturus sim ad uos, 9a19 . amal nombemmis érchóilti gl. tamquam morti destinatos, 9a3 . amal fid a fondamtis gl. quasi longam famem passi `as (though) it were when they suffered', Ml. 34b11 . amal bid do íc a galair gl. velut in doloris solacium, 23c9 . amal bid ind aimsir feisin, Sg. 188a26 . amal ni bed ad and, 217a8 . amal bith do chonsain, amal as ṅ-dí `as though it were to a consonant, (or) as it is to it', 9b11 . amal bid oc caíned in guḟorgaill, Trip.² 87 . no lastais in aidche amal betis ruithni gréni, TBFr. 27 . amal ní acced is ní cloath ní `as if he saw not and heard not anything', Ériu iii 104 § 40 . amhoil búdh fear fiadhoigh thú, Desid. 3183 . With condit.: amhail do bhiadh gráin . . . aca air, TSh. 4255 . Later a.¤ ┐: amhuil ┐ do bheith riachtanas aguinne réna seirbhís, Desid. 5244 . The following may be elliptical, but could also be referred to I: otconnairc a gnúis amal aingel as (though it had been that of) an angel, PH 1313 . ni hairmither amal duin-orcuin do sin it is not counted as manslaughter, 4208 . atchīam-ne tú amail catharda díless hi neim, BColm. 106.6 . amal tofunn dotṡéstae as though it were a pursuit wherewith thou wert pursued, Ériu i 200 § 25 (supply bid?).

(c) As temporal conj. expressing simultaneousness, while, when: amal immind-ráitset con-accatar F. cuccu `as they were talking about it they saw F. coming towards them', Thes. ii 241.11 (Ardm.). amal batar ann . . . co n-accatar in tene, Trip.² 445 . amail notreigtis addurtaig `when they left the oratory', Mon. Tall. 132.12 (§ 12) . amal atib in dig nirbo chumain laiss F., LU 4030 ( SCC 48 ). amal batar and . . . ico'n ol, PH 76 . amal itcualae . . . H. . . . . a beth i n-oentuma, 834 .

(d) As explicative conj. with adverbial force how, in what state, manner; how in sense of (the fact) that: bá foderc dó . . . amal ro both and how things were there, LU 8219 ( FB 16 ). a scrutan i n-a menmain amal doragad airi, 8223 (17). ni chumaic . . . innisin inna n-airecht sin amal itát what they are like, 1997 ( FA 6 ). indēsad dáib madh āil libh / amhail fūaradar oidhidh how they died, ZCP viii 119 § 1 . atchifet amal digeltar forru, PH 2806 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . do ordaigh Tairrdelbach . . . do lucht túaisceirt amal no raghdais dia taig, RC xviii 55.1 (Tig.). ro indis in echtra ┐ amail dochuadar for iar[r]aid usci, xxiv 202.4 . innister dó amhail ro escain Espuc E. . . . in fled, MR 24.18 .

(e) Doubtfully causal in: amal is i lóu bad sochrud ar n-imthecht gl. sicut in die honeste ambulemus 'since it is in the day', Wb. 6a30 . amal is tre bar tabirtsi dochum nirisse gl. sicut et uos nostra (gloria) . . ., 14c17 . In both cases the use of amal is no doubt due to the Lat. sicut. Possibly also: amail is tre metur ro cet in chantaice, Hib. Min. 6.188 .

Miswritten (am̄) for amlaid (aml—) in: is amal ro-batar in corp ┐ in cend oc tepersain fola, PH 1881 . is amal bói I. oc ernaigthi, 2202 . is amal fo-s-gébtái it é eroslacthi, 3753 .

In IGT Introd. 2.14 , 33.6 in phrase samhlughadh amhuil of adjectives in -amuil derived from nouns.

anfann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfann or dil.ie/3559

 

Forms: anbann, anmann

adj (2 fann). Also anbann, anmann.

(a) very weak, feeble: teach in duine nertmair . . .teach in duine anmaind, O'Curry 562 (H 3.18, 280). oc slait brait sloig . . . anbaind na nÍudaide, LB 157a16 . ag aos anffand anarrachta an tíre, AFM v 1664.21 . sluaghadh anbhfann (: anmann), TD 16.37 . é anbonn ó ṡiled (sic leg.) a fola, Fianaig. 98.12 . anḟand a tāeb / tabram dar sāer in soitheach-sa its sides are weak, let us bring this vessel to our Wright (of the body), ACL iii 234 § 4 . ar it anmand cluithe (= clōithe) cath . . . `since thou art weak in winning battles', ZCP iii 204.5 . ōgh anbann anaesmur `tender youth', vi 48.22 . cuirp anmanna, Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.13 . aran anmfann eórna, Études Celt. i 86.15 . teine do cur a cend teinidh ┐ an condum do beith anmann (debilibus), Rosa Angl. 116.8 . Compar. combad anbainde iat de, LB 144a3 . ōs é rob anmainne isin cathugudh since he was the weaker . . ., ZCP vi 61.19 . Adv. roghab reme iartain co h-anfand co M., RC xiii 60 § 55 . lodsam co scíth anfand ass, LL 207a48 .

As subst.: nos bered in tíí ba tresi dib a chuit on anbhánd, LB 155b36 . noshoerad na bochtu ┐ na ha[n]mhfhanna, Lism. L. 4890 . do chrechadh thrōgh is anmḟand, ZCP xii 392.17 .

(b) sad, dejected. Adv. do bi sisi co hanbann (moestissime), Smaointe B. Chr. 4545 . ag feithemh a celi co hanbhann, 4624 .

arafia

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arafia or dil.ie/3944

 

(see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 271 - 272 ). In phr. is a.¤ do one has it in one's power: isara fia dom gl. numquid manducabo carnem, Thes. i 3.9 . isara fie dúnn gl. non possuit nos Deus in iram, Wb. 25c9 . is farafie duib ni dóir far mbethu gl. vos autem in carne non estis sed in spiritu, 4a3 . barafie (= ba a.¤) dúib darígente `ye had it in your power to do it', 11d5 . is arafíad duitsi, Lism. L. 2180 .

Cf. ar-tá.

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós : alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

ardae, airde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ardae, airde or dil.ie/4046
Last Revised: 2019

 

n , f. (1 ard)

(a) height: co teit ós goethaib ar airde that its situation is above the winds as regards height (of Paradise), LB 230 marg. inf. .u. ced dég ceim . . . ar airdi isin aill sin `to the top of the cliff', Stair Erc. 633 . fios airde réaltann, Keat. ii 177 . ? cach maith do dé no arddae (: Marggae) (leg. anddae, edd.), Thes. ii 295 § 6 (see ZCP lxi 5 ). In adv. phr. i n-a.¤ up, above: cró a chubat féin imbi i narda the hut his own length high around him, Thes. ii 331.32 . nīnimgēb acht i n-arddai by jumping (of avoiding a spear), TBC-I¹ 1291 . cumgabáil in locha i n-airddi, LU 9098 ( FB 85 ). as a chinn suas anairde, Laws ii 240.2 Comm. slan don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. , cf. cleasamnaig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. With vb. of motion: fos-cerdat i n-ardae up, BDD² 942 . lingid C. i n-ardai, MU² 910 . gebthi . . . in roth ┐ nos cuir i n-arda co ranic midlisi in tigi, LU 8845 ( FB 64 ). Fig. téit a aicned i n-ardde he grows angry, LL 19750 . do chuir a shíth a n-áirde `threw up his truce', ML 72.3 . gur togbadh . . . a cethra . . . a n-airde `were seized completely', AU ii 522.9 . As prep. cúich cúmsanfus i n-airdde do [fh]laithiusai = quis requiescat in monte sancto tuo, PH 8085 . ó'n bfior a n-airde a brinna crucial point(?), SG 321.27 .

(b) height (of person or thing): a arddi his height (a giant), LU 9060 ( FB 81 ). da dornn deg dia hairde, Laws iv 112.2 , 9 . adbal lim airdde ind ethair, LL 12643 . secht troighthi ar cóicait an airdi aeinfhir díb, RC xxiv 380.1 . go mba metithir ra fomóir . . . in milid . . . i certarddi, LL 10761 . tricha traiged i n-ardai (of a house), IT i 309.33 . da-roraind fot ┐ lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi, PH 6352 .

(c) height, high place: dosbertatar dochum na hardda i ndorus na prímrátha, TBFr. 62 . Fir Arddae (n. loc.), ACL iii 293 . is hí so sis . . . in treḟoclach focrai fadesin . . . ┐ do Feraib Arddai dorighne, ib. Cf. Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 96 . i nairdib oireachtais hills of assembly, MR 92.5 . In other nn. loc. Arda Cuis ┐ Arda Cartaind, BB 325b22 = Ard C. ┐ Ard C., Auraic. 1222 . Artda Muirchol, Thes. ii 274.10 = Art M., 278.23 .

(d) In general sense of greatness, nobility, etc.: nī fuil nōeb connī a airde (.i. Pātraic), ACL iii 303 § 3 . Uriél . . . int abb co n-ūaisli ardi (:gairgi) `high nobility', Ériu ii 92 § 4 . gan fechain do cruas a mbethadh nó d'airde a fuirechruis intensity of their watchfulness, BCC 420.22 . co n-airde aiccnidh ┐ co menmain mílidh, AFM vi 2128.14 . In bad sense arrogance, pride: airde mh'aignidh the arrogance of my disposition, Dán Dé xvi 9 . áirde intínne, 2 Cor. xii 7 .

(e) Of sound, loudness : airde ngotha loudness of voice (one of the signs of bad pleading), BB 64f1 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 ). bo i roairde ngotha no [i ro]isli ngotha, O'Curry 228 (H 3.18, 123 ). In adv. phrase: do-ratsat . . . gáir tromm i n-ardi they shouted aloud, PH 771 . ar Brenainn oc i n-airde aloud, ZCP x 410.27 . Of velarisation : dul i n-airde 's i n-ísle, Celtica xxvii 61 § 14 . i n-ísle théid iodhadh án | i n-airde téid ailm iomlán, Celtica xxvii 61 § 15 .

ar-neät

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-neät or dil.ie/4226
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: arneutsa, araneutsa, arneat, -airnet, aranethem, arneithet, ar-domne[the]t, -urnaidet, araneter, -aurnaidter, -airnettar, aurnaidet, -ed, ardonethad, aranithead, arunnethitis, ara-neastur, araniastar, ara nestar, araneirnestar, -airnestar, arranethe, ar-ta-nesamar, bar-da-nessat, arutneithiussa, arrotneithius, arroneith, arrúneid, arruneastar, arrunethastar, arruneithset, airnaidid, airnaide

v (*air-ni-sed-. See Bergin, Ériu x 111 ; GOI p. 377 , 523 ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 584 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arneutsa, Wb. 14a18 . araneutsa, 23b27 . 3 s. arneat, Críth G. 414 ; ZCP viii 196 § 20 . -airnet, O'Curry 426 (H 3.18, 232b). 1 pl. aranethem, Wb. 31c17 . 3 pl. arneithet, Ml. 39d25 . ar-domne[the]t, Ériu ii 122 § 61 . -urnaidet, Laws v 370.7 . Pass. sg. araneter, Ml. 42c23 . -aurnaidter, Laws i 266.2 . Pass. pl. -airnettar, Ml. 108c8 . Ipv. 3 s. aurnaidet (leg. -ed), Ériu xvi 37 § 2 . Indic. impf. 3 s. ardonethad, Laws iv 376.9 . aranithead, v 438.25 . 3 pl. arunnethitis, Thes. i 497.43 (Ardm.). Subj. pres. 3 s. ara-neastur, ZCP xiv 371.1 ( Laws ii 282 ). araniastar, O'Curry 2245 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)a ): ara nestar, O'Curry 1999 (H 4.22, 29). Pass. sg. araneirnestar, Ml. 118d10 (see Études Celt. xl 78 ). -airnestar, O'Dav. 1047 . Subj. impf. 2 s. arranethe, Ml. 55a2 . Fut. 1 pl. ar-ta-nesamar, TBC-I¹ 3132 . 3 pl. bar-da-nessat, TBC-LL¹ 5844 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. arutneithiussa, Ml. 46d14 . arrotneithius sa, 46b20 . 3 s. arroneith, Ml. 50b8 . arrúneid, 68a6 . arruneastar, 50b8 (leg. arrunethastar(?), Thurn. ib. n.). 3 pl. arruneithset, Ml. 50b9 .

Later as simple vb. airnaidid.

Vn. airnaide. IGT Verbs § 83 .

In O. Ir. gl. expectare, sustinere.

(a) expects, awaits: iarsind indnidiu araneutsa gl. secundum expectationem et spem meam, Wb. 23b27 . trissa n-ínnaide araneter si ind aidchi gl. in expectationem desideriís, Ml. 42c23 . ararneutsa gl. exspecto enim illum cum fratribus, Wb. 14a18 . a lucht ernaiget na loighe naemhdha, BNnÉ 78 § 149 . ? nocornethdais do daingi (leg. dodaingi ?) they did not expect diffi- culties, Anecd. i 21.6 (perh. for: nocon-etais they did not experience, ZCP xxvii 57 ).

(b) waits for: arunnethitis gl. sustinebant nós ( Acts xx 5 ), Thes. i 497.43 (Ardm.). raairnaidit . . . séna signs were awaited, LL 219b7 ( TTr. 174 ). is letsu ragatsa ┐ ni irnaidiub C.C., LU 4015 ( SCC 46 ). artanesamar we will wait for them (the advancing enemies), TBC-I¹ 3132 . ardomneat anfuth uár / fri uarfarrci . . ., LU 3019 ( SG 235.27 ). andsa piana ardomthaat ┐ ardomne[the]t await me, Ériu ii 122 § 61 . With FRI: ní ro ernaid fri cách he did not wait for anyone, TFerbe 381 . in la frisi n-urnaigsium-ni do tabairt duin na mbuadh, CCath. 5047 . ma ro ernuigh in biuba re toichiud ndlighthi if the defendant has awaited process, Laws ii 72.1 Comm. nirernaigh fria a brogaib do gabail wasted no time, RC xlvi 229.26 .

(c) sustains, supports, upholds, assumes responsibility for: aurnaidet (leg. -ed) a mathair a mifolta `let his mother sustain (responsibility for) his misdeeds', Ériu xvi 37 § 2 . arneat corus i rraith a athar, Críth G. 414 `he sustains (i.e. assumes liability for) legal arrangements (made) under the warranty of his father', p. 35 . im-fuich cach curu(d) a comfocuis mad e ara-neastur a cintu if he assume responsibility for their offences, ZCP xiv 371.1 ( Laws ii 282 ). connaib ardaneithit i.e. with responsible people who assume responsibility for them, 379 § 43 (ib. 306 ). cēin ara-neastar cach cenn a folta cōra fria membru it hē a rīara cōra fil foraib as long as each head observes (einhält) his obligations towards his members, xv 331 § 23 . ni aile otrus ind fine nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib, BCrólige 16 . taisech cacha fine ar donethad feibh ┐ bescna, Laws iv 376.9 = aranithead feib ┐ bescna, v 438.25 . co aurnaidter (i.e. the distress) fri indrucus inableoguin how is it sustained with consideration for the surety-kinsman(?), Laws i 266.2 . slan ngill fir nad urnaidit ceart fri cach, v 178.5 .i. in fer na hurnaidhind ri cach ani dlegar de, 180.7 Comm. mad ferr urnaidheas mac na hadaltraighi in cin ┐ in foladh na mac na cetmuinntire, O'Curry 2246 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)a ).

(d) stops, stays, holds back: ernaighidh beccán da bhar saethar goléicc `stay a little from your labour now', BNnÉ 78 § 149 .

ar-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-reith or dil.ie/4267

 

Forms: arriuth, ararethi, arareith, arrethat, -aratha, -arrais, -áirsed, -arrais, -arraid, aroírachair, arroerachair, -arrass, -arrus, airrecht

v ( air-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arriuth, Thes. ii 228.31 . 2 s. ararethi, Wb. 6b22 . 3 s. arareith, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 46a). 3 pl. arrethat, Ml. 56d12 . ? Indic. impf. pass. sg. -aratha, Laws ii 128.2 Comm. Subj. pres. 2 s. -arrais, TBC-LL¹ 1282 . ? Subj. impf. 3 s. -áirsed, RC xxii 402.1 . Fut. 2 s. -arrais, TBC-LL¹ 1283 . Pret. 3 s. -arraid, Hib. Min. 70.20 . Doubtfully as depon.: aroírachair, Trip.² 727 , arroerachair, 1169 , 1179 (see GOI 432 ). Pass. sg. -arrass, LL 3828 . -arrus, Dinds. i § 14 ( RC xv 281 ).

Later somet. with f- in prot. forms.

Vn. airrecht. Cf. árrachtu.

In O. Ir. arriuth gl. adorior, Thes. ii 228.31 ( PCr. 60a6 ). arrethat gl. quare peccatores aduersus iustos arma corripiunt, Ml. 56d12 . Perh. with meaning accuses, brings to trial in: ní latt aní ararethi et ní lat in cách forsammitter, Wb. 6b22 (assails, OIPG Vocab.). ? fer arareith fer arareither, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 146a).

Usually sets out for, captures, overtakes: aroírachair . . .F. . . . in n-abdaine = tenuit . . . principatum, Trip.² 727 . aire coisring iss esidhe arareith tus tuaithi who is head of the túath, O'Dav. 92 (where glossed by fóirethin). ní arraid a gabair ó D. did not get his horse from, Hib. Min. 70.20 . rogab cach ṅdiriuch . . . fo digas na Temrach síar co n-arrass and, LL 3828 . saig brot dún forsin n-echraid dús ar con n-ársimmís (dá ḟios in n-gepmaois v.l. St.) ní díb to see if we can capture any of them, TBC-LL¹ 1321 . meni arrais din chétbulli . . . ní arrais eter chaidche [ar] a amansi . . ., 1282 ( mani thetarrais issin chetforgam . . ., LU 5134 ). nim farraid gaeth, RC x 90.4 . nafairthet (nosfairset; nos fairsidh; nostarrtat; gabaid he v.ll.) 'con tiprait tall, Metr. Dinds. iii 174.83 . ? nos leici uaidib asin tig ina diaid cona harrus, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 182.8 . With FOR (AR): conarraid . . . comrád ḟorru he joined in their conversation, TBC-LL¹ 123 . ro arraid orto `overtook them', Cog. 148.10 . ? muna adma neach asreith (? leg. ar-reith) ar na litheachaibh it accrues to the accused(?), O'Curry 290 ( H 3.18, 1593 ).

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