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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa .

adarcach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adarcach or dil.ie/309

Forms: ad(a)ircech

adj o, ā (1 adarc, aiderc). Also ad(a)ircech horned, having horns: in tarbān . . . adircech (adaircech v.l.), Ériu vii 6.2 . trusca na nathrach n-a.¤ , CCath. 4156 . dacitar adharcach iat ar cuma an re nua they appear horned like the new moon, Ir. Astr. Tr. 96.26 . In n.loc. Maidm Indsi Adarcaige Incherky, RC xvii 419.22 (Tig.).

adna(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adna(e) or dil.ie/511

adj Word of doubtful status and meaning. Perh. also aidne. Taken by native glossators as meaning age(d): adna .i. ais [.i. ad-sena] quod ad senes pertinent , Corm. Y 99 . adnai ais .i. ad-sena .i. quod ad senes pertinet , O'Mulc. 27 . adhnáoi .i. áosda, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 657 (as if compd. of núa ). ?adbert nad bói athair derb do / adhnaib saire, Anecd.. i 51.11 = aithnib soire, Immrama 55 § 11 . ba tu tés isan tech ar tuss . . . doroimli co a.¤ ais banrignacht uas bandtrachtaib Ulad uili, ZCP iv 154 § 17 = doroimle caidche ais banrígnacht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). commáin ria cur romermais / oirb-si a a.¤ in dinnṡenchais, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.14 , whence aidhne .i. aos mar atá aidhne na Bóramha ┐ aidhne an dinnseanchais, O'Cl. (perh. for aigne, q.v.). As n. pr. Adna mac Uthir, LL 22578 . Adna mac Uthidir . . . ollam hErenn i n-écsi, RC xxvi 8 § 1 . immar roscum Adna ogh / ni tarba gen a tintod, Auraic. 1968 .

adnúa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adnúa or dil.ie/525

adj (ad + núa ) very new, very fresh: fiadubla adnúi `fresh wild apples', Dinds. 62 ( RC xv 460 ). dar eis meic Āeda adnūi, ZCP ix 468 § 31 .

aicnetae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicnetae or dil.ie/810

Forms: aicenta, aicned

adj io, iā (aicned). Also aicenta. Some exx. included here may be attrib. g s. of aicned.

(a) natural (as oppd. to artificial, contrived): delb aicnete, Wb. 15b16 . nad rorthatar a rriuth na.¤ noreit(h)is dogres, Ml. 129d4 . in timthrecht naicnedti, 23a18 . inna folud naicneta, Sg. 188a13 . dechor ceníuil aicneti, 61a24 . donaib nephacnataib, Ml. 129d3 . in chonar aicenta . . . conar iarsa n-imthiget doine, ┐ conar saerda in chonar fugill, Cóic Con. 25.2 . fid aicenta fid na cailli ┐ fid saerda fid ind ogoim, Auraic. 855 . co na finib aicnedaib .i. a mic ┐ a nua , Laws iii 16.29, y Comm. don brig aicenta, Laws i 36.6 Comm. for ana[d] aiginta an tseoit, ii 18 z Comm. a foesum aicintu, 30.2 Comm. comorba aicinta natural heir (as opp. to an official successor), O'Curry 2318 ( Eg. 88 fo. 24 (25)c ). a aen Meic aicinta inn Athar neamda `only-begotten son', Ir. Lit. 2.9 . ina sosad aicenta `into its natural station', BColm. 54.30 . is . . . aigeanta imchubhaidh do'n ealadainsi, MR 94.13 . nach aitheóntaoi beitheadhach droigheachta seach beitheadhach aicenta, Atlantis iv 172.9 . d'fhaghbhail t-síraidheachta in bhréntuis t-suthain ┐ na pian n-aicinta, ITS xxix 128.21 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn fhíoraiginnta a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219.24 . laithe aicenta the natural day (24 hours) (as oppd. to l. sáerda (12 hours) the working day): a lobad ar cach laithe naicinta, Laws ii 4.15 Comm. laithi aicenta ┐ da laithi soérda, Ériu xi 46.17 . do'n ogh-laithi aigeanta, MR 106.11 . fri re laithe aicenta, AFM iii 42.9 . fín aicneta, see s.v. 1 fín.

(b) spirited, courageous: ris in rigraid n-arnaid n-aiccendta n-allata, TTebe 706 . ceithri ceathramna certa / um ronn is rádh n-aigenta, IGT Decl. ex. 308 . See also compounds of 1 ard with adjj.

aigred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigred or dil.ie/944

Forms: oighredh, eighredh

n [o, n.] collect. of 1 aig. Later m. oighredh, eighredh m., IGT Decl. § 11 . ice: fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud, LU 2066 ( FA 14 ). ticc in t-aighredh mur ghlain nguirmm, Anecd. i 27 § 19 . do aigred for cumaicc in cristal do denum, BB 493b1 . ní biadh eighredh in gach dú, Ériu iii 148 § 4 . mar tic oigred re tāeb tuili, ACL iii 242 § 15 . sicc mor, co téighdis groigthi . . . ar in eighridh, RC xviii 30.15 . in tobair ingnáith dianad aiste óigread in cech lo, Alex. 349 (= dia ndenand oigredh isin ló, BB 488a28 ). nach briseann oigreadh éntráith, Ériu iv 218 § 24 . guirmither oigread a rosc, MR 64.23 . tré oighreadh núa ní chuir crú (a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 862 . Attrib. g s. cuisne eighridh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . lec aigrid, see lecc. síon oighridh `icy weather', Studies 1921, 418 § 9 . ind aidhce adhuair eighridh, Anecd. ii 23 § 4 . i madain oighrid innfuair, SG 172.13 .

airbertach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbertach or dil.ie/1623

adj o, ā (airbert)

(a) practised, skilled, ingenious, accomplished: is a.¤ isind fiss nua (glossing airbertad naiss), RC xxvi 52 n.4 . clanda airbertacha Iacob, BB 238b10 . don droing náir oirbheartaigh fhéil, DDána 117.11 . Of warriors expert, dexterous: fer ansergach . . . airctech, airbhertach (of Caesar), CCath. 350 . sluag a.¤ , MR 214.21 . na honchoin oirbertacha, SG 271.10 . lámh oirbheartach lé mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4 . ionnsoighidh aindiúid a.¤ , Hugh Roe 298.1 (fo. 78a) . In bad sense: an demhon oirbhertach wily, BNnÉ 67 § 106 . As adv. ar caithim a aisi gu . . . aithesach oirbertach `profitably', AU iii 340.9 . As subst. oirbhertach an eccna uill (of St. Maedóc), BNnÉ 253 § 209 . As n.pr. a.¤ . . scailes sūithi, ZCP iii 23.11 .

(b) In sense derived from airbert biuth: a scela cain-airbertacha ar bith stories of their good mode of life, BB 497b33 (IT ii2 105.14). iasc a.¤ a mbith doib, 496a 31 (ib. 101.20 ). cat[h]lac[h] .i. catholicus gréc .i. uniuersalis a laitin .i. aen-a.¤ , H 3.18, p. 633 .

See also under airbert(n)ugud, airnbertach.

airdech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdech or dil.ie/1815
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. See LEIA and Thurn., ZCP viii 70-2 . cup, vessel: creitir .i. sīthal nō ardig nō tulchuba, Corm. Y 392 . creither .i. a.¤ . . . .i. lán ut dicitur dodailed fim i creithir .i. fín i n-ardhigh, H 3.18 67a (cited O'Dav. 353 ), cf. do daile fimm i crethir, etc., O'D. 2216 (Nero A vii 148b). cia dia-tiberthæ ind a.¤ cosin dergḟlaith, ZCP xx 220 § 9 . cia forsindailfidher ind airdeog óir-si cosind ḟlaith? 222 § 12 . dorat . . . loim do neim isin n-airdig, Trip.² 543 . co torchair isin n-airdig n-óir ro boí for láim mná Etair, LU 10650 . aibinn cach airdige ┐ cach lestar fodlai, Laws v 406.26 , 408.5 . tancas ó Ch. 'na díaid co n-airdig meda il-lestur argait, RC xiv 426.y ( LL 12973 ). doradadh do (= dá or dí) ardigh do nua fina for in adnucul ┐ do airdigh ele do lemnacht, Aen. 962 . tic . . . nathair . . . etir na hairdiogha ┐ na telchuma, 965 . ro gab . . . érdig ina láim, PH 1190 .

In legal phrase rath tar airdig, precise meaning uncertain: uii. n-uasalchuru nadat assai do thaithbiuch . . . rath dar airdig `seven high contracts which it is not possible to rescind . . . a grant for extra services(?)', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 (see notes). dilis do ceilib . . . seoit turcluide ┐ rath tar airdig acht fris-rognat a flaithe, ZCP xiv 362 § 22 ( Laws ii 226 ). cia ferthar rath tar airdigh .i. cia ernithar imarcrad ratha don cele ar in urain dighe, O'Dav. 979 . rath tar airdigh, ZCP xiii 23.6 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 34 ).

See eredech, áradach.

airdircid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdircid or dil.ie/1844
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airdaircid, airdraicid

v (airdirc). Also airdaircid, airdraicid, oirdhercaid. extols, magnifies, makes known: ro hairrdircedh Molaise, SG 24.y . ? ro cet urdairc de cuicthe i cuic, Laws i 238.6 . ised urdarcather, v 358.24 Comm. ro erdraic Pilip fo cetoir do Nathuel, LB 145a47 (invenit Philippus Nathanael, et dicit ei, John i 45 ).

Vn. i nos fer n-Eirend .i. a fis nua, no a urdrucud nua , Laws v 472.27 Comm. aniugh thoiseochus mé ar thusa oirdherceadh, Joshua iii 7 .

Cf. next.

airec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airec or dil.ie/1890

o, gender uncertain, see GOI p. 448 . Vn. of ar-icc. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 .

(a) act of finding, obtaining; acquiring: ordd airic fil fuiri gl. x . . . quae nouissime a Latinis assumpta post omnes ponitur, Sg. 4b9 . Cf. ord arric crutha na ndul, Laws i 26.6 Comm. ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu `for its being found in the second declension', Sg. 106b20 . re n-a.¤ éta ┐ω gl. sicut etiam apud antiquissimos Graecorum erant ante inuentionem η et ω, 5a11 . is cuit airicc camai ni gaib airechas gl. inuenio igitur legem resistentem uolenti mihi facere bonum, Wb. 3d8 . is suaichnid sund tra as rect maid asmbeir do airiuc túas gl. legi Dei, 10 . a.¤ .i. faghail, ut est a.¤ cinn Johannis ( Fél. Feb. 27 ), O'Dav. 75 . is andso fri ha.¤ `it is difficult to acquire' (of learning a game), Ériu v 30 z . cuithchi airricc `a pitfall', vii 152.16 .

(b) act of inventing, devising; invention, contrivance, plan: aireacc .i. inntleacht, O'Cl. ēces .i. . . . ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc the cause of composition, Fél. 2 . fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . caide loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu ┐ fath airic in ogaim? BB 308b44 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do díchor in luin crāeis, MacCongl. 3.10 . ros-bendach Dia na dúile ┐ ro faillsig fáth a n-airicc the reason for their creation, Fél. 2.33 . issed cethardha ara taisilbthar int psailm alis personis: airecc intliuchta ┐ gnathugad cetail . . . inventiveness of mind, Hib. Min. 5.160 . frith airecc ingnadh ┐ elada firglicc le muintir C., CCath. 2139 . dognítis airci druadh ┐ brechta nua , 3956 . dus cred aireacc do ghendais da saoradh ar dhilinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 10.7 . in fuigbi airicc dī tresa roised in tarb do comaentugud fria . . . is í airig forfuair in cerd .i. bó cranda do dhénum dhí . . ., ZCP iv 238.27 . conidh edh airecc fuairset cuibhrighi do chur fair (of conspirators), BNnÉ 296 § 30 . is e airic arancatar Greic each cranda do denum plan, Aen. 416 . bá sé airecc ar rainicc lais celcc do indell, AFM vi 1976.y . ba hi so . . . oirecc pene nua fogebthea forru a new means of inflicting pain, LB 156b55 . ? aireg .i. sgíath, ut est Táin: mo a.¤ dam a Láigh or C., Ériu xiii 64 § 34 . aireac .i. sgiath, Stowe Gl. 23 . arach .i. sciath, 200 . ? deil i na.¤ laime, O'Curry 591 ( H 3.18, 291 ). See Lochlann ii 211 . In cheville: amru aireg, Anecd. i 57 § 61 . In phrase A.¤ menman device, plan, project: basedh aireag menman arriocht la hUa nD. `this was the plan adopted by O'D.', Hugh Roe² 168.6 (fo. 43a) . conad hi a.¤ menman forfhuair `project', Marco P. 191 . ba mor . . . aireg meanman na mban so resourcefulness, Leb. Gab.(i) 158 n.8 . contuiled cach n-aidchi oca comaidecht do airic menman conda thainic a sult ┐ a feth `he used to sleep every night by her side comforting her', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE2). In title of a tale: a.¤ Menman Uraird Maic Coisse, Anecd. ii 42 ; `Verstandes-Erfindung', Heldensage 21 .

(c) providing, supplying (food, entertainment, etc.): trian a toraid cacha bliadna doratsat fria haireac (of a feast), BB 255a41 . dochōid for m'einech . . . a.¤ (tairec v.l.) co A. ┐ M. co mbúaib, ZCP iv 44.29 ( TBFr. 363 ). oc airiuc don t-ṡlúag os a cind, IT i 67.3 (LMU). coma hairec(h) aibhnisa d'ocaibh . . . eisteacht . . . , pleasure , BB 257b15 . Esp. in phrase a.¤ tuile waiting on, pleasing, satisfying , see tol I (d).

(d) act of determining, guiding: luamhaire . . . do a.¤ no do fhollamnacht na hecalsa, Lism. L. 2741 . doréir in tsenaidh ┐ airicc in popoil `by the will of the senate and the finding of the people', CCath. 76 .

álaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. álaig or dil.ie/2879

Forms: ālaigh, alaig, álaig, áilche, álcho, alcha, álchaib, álad, aladh, alaig, alaigh

n f. n s. ind ālaigh (: Adhuimh), ZCP viii 195 § 4 . a s. alaig, LU 4267 . d s. álaig, Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . n p. áilche, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . álcho, vii 268 § 5 . alcha, v 485 § 2 . d p. álchaib, Fianaig. 26.7 . Later álad o, m. in phrase a.¤ ┐ airlabra (? infl. of allud). n s. aladh, Hugh Roe² 342.19 . g s. alaig, 2.17 . alaigh (sic leg.), 72.21 .

Habit, behaviour, practice: it olc[a] álcho do chuirp, ZCP vii 268 § 5 . utmall alcha ócduine, LL 121a marg. sup. alcha bár (.i. bēsa súadh), ZCP v 485 § 2 (B. na f.). is di álchaib ind ḟir léith / labrad a cobraud a scéith `it is one ot the habits of the grey-head', Fianaig. 26.7 . Baetán nar brónach á.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 340.15 . it é a n-āilche nasluinniur dūib ... nī gonat cnes, crūaidh a mbara, atgonat cride, ACL iii 297 § 53 . cnáifed dia á.¤ (álaid alaibh falaig v.l.) óg n-ell `it would have wasted by its doings all the kine' (of a serpent). Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . Of good habit, virtue: dech áilche ainmne the best of all virtues is patience, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ere crábaid co censai / álaig (alaib aluigh (.i. besa), aluid v.ll.), Ériu ii 65 § 10 . fer in grāid rogrādhaig Dia / dligid a ālaig nemh nūa , ACL iii 307 § 22 . rúagh ind ālaigh virtue is blighted(?), ZCP viii 195 § 4 . Of good manners: at mathi ... fir Breg ... im gnáis im alaig im sotlotus, LU 4267 . in mind mail (.i. is ferr ict ┐ alaig tainic), Ériu viii 172.20 . Freq. with airlabra: iter gaís ┐ á.¤ ┐ errlabrae, BDD² 1076 . inmain t'á.¤ is t'irlabra, LL 10892 (TBC). gnúis (= gnás § 80 v.l.), alaig, erlabra, Triads § 86 . aladh .i. bésa maith, p. 38 . do raithne a gnuis a aladh ┐ [a] erlabhra, Hugh Roe² 342.19 . Note further: alaigh .i. glicus, ut est: alaigh a cainbesa, Ériu xiii 63 § 24 . aladh .i. gliocas: tré álaigh a urlabhra, O'Cl.

Of an ingenious act: clesradh dognith forsna cairib ingnadh alaig (: lāmaib), Anecd. i 57 § 59 . séig indiu glasreng indé / ingnad alaig utmaille, LU 1328 ( Imr. Brain ii 291 ).

anapaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anapaig or dil.ie/3356
Last Revised: 2013

adj (apaig)

(a) unripe (of fruit etc.): acasia .i. sugh na n-airnedh anabaidh, RC ix 243.2 . ba hanabaid cech torad díb, Ériu iv 140.1 . amhuil theilgeas an crann fíge a úbhla anabuidh, Rev. vi 13 . premature, abortive (of birth): Concobhar anabaidh, AFM iv 772.3 .

(b) premature, untimely (of death of a person): tiagait báas na.¤ .i. gairte sáiguil, Wb. 11d12 . o bhás obann anabaidh, Parrth. Anma 4096 . ēc a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 26 . an oidheadh anabaidh . . . tucadh for thighearna cloinne A.B., AFM v 1676. y . an líon do dheachatar d'oidhedhaibh anaipche, vi 1998.21 . oidead oirlig anabaid / is a gcolna do chrochad, LB 276a60 .

(c) Of wounds fresh, recent: na luibhe . . . a[g] gabail na crecht nua n-urda n-anabaid, ZCP x 308.6 . ? mosbaim fuil anabaid, LL 13804 .

(d) In more general sense awful, terrible, etc. : tarla dhamsa feilbheart anabaidh do dhéanamh, mar atá mo dhalta . . . do mharbhadh `a dreadful act of treachery', Keat. ii 5278 . i spingc anabaidh i.e. a sheer precipice, Mart. Don. June 3 . an roinn dár ghabhadair greim | ba roinn anabaigh d’Éirinn 'the division whereby they took control was an unfortunate one for Ireland ' Celtica xii 130 § 1 .

Adv. agá n-ól go híotmhar anabaigh, TSh. 6972 .

argat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argat or dil.ie/4140

Forms: argad, airgead, argad

n o, n. Later m. argad, airgead m., IGT Decl. § 11 . argad: slabhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 471 . : damnadh, PBocht 7.24 (see note).

(a) the metal silver: a n-a.¤ nglan, Ml. 31d10 . amal slaidred ṅargait gl. reprobum argentum, 85b7 . arged ab argento , Corm. Y 18 . gasne arggait (of a person), Thes. ii 295.15 . in sét argait, 345.1 (Hy. v) = arggait, 346.4 . ríthæ in tech sin . . . ar chumil n-arggit, 240.2 (Ardm.). cumal do or ┐ a.¤ , Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . gell . . . di arggut, Críth G. 283 . a.¤ n-án n-oigthiagerna (arget (arcat) n-ard v.l.), Anecd. ii 58.12 . ra mbiad arcat ┐ ór, LU 3318 ( SCC 11 ). ór nó airccet, Trip.² 1120 . míleach argit, BDD² 673 . cassán gelairgit isin brot, LU 6295 (TBC). tricha escra do airgiut oengil Espáne, TFerbe 404 . loc i mbi mein airgit, Laws i 170.17 Comm. conn-esnaduib oir ┐ arccuid, IT iii 238.107 . arget ar crannaib, LL 13869 . a lámha d'airgead (of an image), TSh. 56 . a.¤ beó quicksilver: detach in airgit beó, Rosa Angl. 258.6 . Cf. airgat.

(b) As object of value, currency etc. (cf. airgeint): cia duberat a.¤ daitsiu nulla argenti . . . permotatione , Ml. 73d12 . du fuillem argait gl. ad usuram, 36a24 . cim .i. arget ┐ don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud, Corm. Y 304 . cimb .i. airget, O'Dav. 354 . cerb .i. argad, Corm. Y 381 . unga arcait for fer imthéit co n-eri, Ériu ii 204 § 23 . ni nais uma na hairgead na hor, Laws iv 36.1 . triar brathar dia tart a n-athair tini argaít, Irish Texts i 17 § 50 . sena.¤ fil acut, LL 361 marg. sup. d'athchuinnge airgeit, ZCP viii 201 § 12 . d'iarraidh airgid, DDána 13.3 . airgead croise caoile nó salfás, L. Cl. A. B. 42.18 .

Of money: monad nua . . . do denam ind Erinn ┐ trecad in arcit do bi inte air-sin, Ann. Conn. 1252.2 . argiod fállsa counterfeit money, Párl. na mB. 3907 . drochairgiod, 1862 .

(c) Of special types of silver: lan ind [ḟ]innfaidhig Patraicc do argut gil o cheniul E. do Patraicc `the full of Patrick's F. (name of a bell) of white silver', AU i 464.z . Cf. tri lan cluicc na rig d'ofrail arcit, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . cuit in cét fir . . . ungi dargut gil, Cog. 94.6 . tri ficit uinge d'airget ghil, AFM ii 818.4 . LL 312a9 ff. mentions three grades: arggat bruthi (refined), argget mar bess (average) and arggat.

Compds. Mainly in nn.pr. and nn. loc. -án: macc Airgetáin, Trip. ii 514.2 (perh. deriv.). ¤-bran: fid nallabrach ┐ arggatbrain, Thes. ii 293.1 . ¤-dán, see Loth, Rev. des Études Anciennes xxi 263 - 270 . ¤-ibar: mac Argatibair, LL 312a55 . ¤-lám: Nuodai Aircetlaum, RC xii 100 § 133 . Núadha Airgettlamh, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.y . la Nuadat n-argetlaim, LL 981 (cf. airgetlam). ¤-már: Argatmár, LL 2508 . Sīrlām mac Argatmāir, ZCP viii 303.6 . ¤-nia: admuiniur m'argetnia I invoke my silver champion, Misc. Hib. 19 § 2 . ? ¤-ṡrón: tri meic Argatroin, LU 7623 . ¤-glenn: i n-Argatglind, ZCP iii 42 § 8 . ¤-nél: isin maig tess Arggatnéul, Imr. Brain 8 . ¤-ros: Argetros, LL 2287 .

arsaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arsaid or dil.ie/4287

Forms: arrsaid, ársaid, airsid, airseda, airsid, airsidi, airsida, airsigha, arsighe, ársaide, airsed, áirsidh, -edh, -idh, -idhe, -idhedh, -edh

adj i. Also arrsaid, ársaid, airsid.

I Old, ancient, aged: ni sin chomairbirt arsid gl. non in uetustate literae, Wb. 3c17 . innar rith arsidni gl. in nostro uetere curriculo, Sg. 108b3 . arsaidh sin a eoúin Accla thou art old o bird of Achill, Anecd. i 24 § 1 . Cf. O'R. Poems s.v. arsaighim . at arrsaig sin samlaid so thou art venerable, Ériu iv 134.21 . tricha cet airech n-a.¤ , LL 19532 . roslen . . . cosin nómad nó n-a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 130.88 . 'ar mbeith dho isan aois ársa[id], SG 16.13 . óg a aois arsaidh a fhos, O'Hara 3483 . ag malairt ban ┐ fer, óg ┐ arrsaidh, Stair Erc. 2380 . ughdar ársuigh `ancient author', Donlevy 400.6 . atáid dá Scotia ann, a haon díobh atá ársaidh . . . an dara . . . atá nua , Keat. ii 5894 . in t-eideth arrsaid, ZCP vi 88.29 . fa Mhúr n-arsaidh n-Úghoine, DDána 92.6 . combrudh arrsaidh `of long standing' (cause of rheumatism), Rosa Angl. 326.21 . fín g[lan], laidir, arrsaidh, 50.15 . Baidhbh . . . ag sléachtain dá arm arsaidh `well-tried', RC xlix 169 § 9 . co n-arm ágmar a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 152.14 .

Compar. ua hairside, TTebe 1471 . do dhaoinibh is ársuighe ioná iad, Donlevy vi 4 .

II Subst. m. g s. airseda, TTebe 3294 . airsid, 2873 . n p. airsidi, TTebe 1493 . airsida, 4443 . airsigha, RC xi 319.y . arsighe, LL 405a7 . g p. ársaide, ML 64.25 . airsed, TTebe 4507 . áirsidh m. (g s. -edh, -idh. n p. -idhe. g p. -idhedh, -edh), IGT Decl. § 52 .

Aged person, patriarch, veteran: riagol arside gl. agnotorum, Sg. 178a2 . áinsid . . . cetni diil la arsidi, 91b4 . la arsaidi, 75b2 . la dligeda arside of the ancients, 207a2 . iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients', 57b1 . senchas iar n-arsathaib, LU 481 . gan dul óig uadh ná arsaidh, Dán Dé xvii 25 . dá mbuaile teasbach grinn áirsiodh uallach . . . `if some eccentric fit should seize upon a bully', Ó Bruad. ii 22.2 . As general laudatory term warrior, hero, champion: airsid Eorpa (of a chief), Bruchst. i 13 § 23 . ársid imdegla Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 1668 . cauraid ┐ arsidi catha, Ériu iv 24 § 11 . a n-ársídhe urgaile, TTr.² 1079 . nert loech ┐ áirsed, LB 129b42 . int arsich engnuma Accíon, TTebe 2905 . rug tóir trom . . . ar an áirsidh, AFM v 1756.1 . arsaidh cródha brave champion, DDána 102.11 . lán d'airsidhibh iorghaile, Butler Poems 776 .

Cf. forsaid.

assen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. assen or dil.ie/4505

n fírbrocóit ┐ núa corma ┐ a.¤ (ahsen with h erased v.l.) do fíandaib ┐ díbergachaib `milk water(?)', Ériu iv 124.20 and p. 165 n. , where taken as compd. of 1 as and en.

1 athach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 athach or dil.ie/4605

n ā, [f.] breeze, blast: is ind athig huasil, Ml. 57c12 . ó cach athig gl. omni uento, Wb. 22a15 . ó adchaib seodoapostolorum gl. paruuli fluctuantes, 22a14 . ba trummu cach othaich dún in cessad nua-sa, ACC 86 (gloss) ( RC xx 268 ). ar athchaib tennide, LU 1180 (ACC). ? ticfe a.¤ écaine / croithfaid inn-huili ṅdomun, SR 8103 . ticfait . . . at[h]cha . . . uathmara, RC xxvi 44 § 230 . dobert an athaig cedna fo É. condo bert asan grianan, Ériu xii 156 § 21 (TE). for foluamain lasna aithechaibh aerdaib, CCath. 5436 . dosní a.¤ a breeze impels them, Anecd. i 53.1 . Fig. nímthísat nímtacmhaisit a n-athc[h]a a miscsin a n-adhbartaighe (of temptations), ZCP vi 258.9 . Frequ. with g s. gaíthe gust of wind: do thaet a.¤ gaethe móre tarsin tech, LL 14594 . conda timart a.¤ gaithi ar troige ┐ lobrai, Ériu xii 156 § 21 . ticeadh a.¤ gaíthi chuici beous, IT iii 195.7 . a.¤ gaoithe .i. sidean gaoithe, O'Cl. As n.pr. A.¤ ┐ Gaeth ┐ Side a tri n-eich, LL 3910 .

athnuigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athnuigid or dil.ie/4845
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ad-nuigedar, athnugud

v (see núaidid) renews, restores, renovates, repairs . Orig. compd. vb. ad-nuigedar: ise . . . adanuidhitar, Ériu iii 2.16 = atanūigethar renews them, ZCP iv 242.5 . co ro athnugter a lestar (of a broken vessel), Vita Br. 32 . figor recto aicnith insin in roaithnuiged Crist, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe Missal). Cf. in roathnuiged aichne Crist tria rúnib, LB 251a34 .

In mid. Ir. treated as simple vb.: nostinolfa ┐ nos athnuigfe, LU 2531 . coro athnuige, 2604 . athnuigfither in uli dúl i n-deilb bus áille ┐ bus ferr, Ériu ii 200.16 . fear ro athnuigh manchine, CS 346.9 . ro hathnuigit briga a cuirp, LB 233b3 . rohathnaiged tria chretium, PH 4621 . techt anda nuadfiadnaise ro athnuidhidh la gein Crist, Grail 2200 . With - núa -: ro athnúaidh a briga, CCath. 2963 v.l. (atnuauigh text, for -nuadhaigh). Catal Crobdearc, ri Connact, i mMumuin gura disgilestar castelu imda, giara hadnuagit daridissi 'Cathal Crobderg, king of Connachta, came to Mumu and demolished many castles, but they were renovated again', AI 320 (s.a. 1195.2) . soillsigid in radurc . . . ┐ athnuaighid an cuimne, Rosa Angl. 142.2 . gidh bé athnúaighios cúis, Proverbs xvii 9 .

Later with stem athnú(a)idig-, athnúadaig- etc.: ath- núidigfiter . . . na dúile, PH 3623 . eirg ┐ athnuidhig iris ┐ creidium a n-Eirinn, Lism. L. 2569 . nodothad isin loch oigre iad co n-athnuaidhighthi iad afrit[h]isi, Aisl. Tond. 104 § 2 . do beanad mo theangad as mo cheann ┐ do athnúagaig Día damh arís í, RC xxiv 370.9 . ní hathnuaigidhter mo radharc, Grail 1839 . do hathnuaidhighedh na piana cedna aris, Smaointe B. Chr. 3814 .

Of texts transcribes(?), edits(?): is e C. . . . ros atnuidh, IT iii 66.3 (Ir. Verslehren). Cendfaolad . . . doathnuaighiuster (sc. inn Auraicept) i nDoire Lurain, Auraic. 2639 . MR 284.3 . do athnuaidhestar ` revised ', O'Gr. Cat. 104.20 .

Vn. athnugud.

augtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. augtar or dil.ie/4990

n o, m. (Lat. auctor). See GOI p. 44 , 574 .

(a) originator, instigator, promoter: ugtar ab augmento, ar donī fēn nī nūa , Corm. Y 1293 . augtor . . . uilc gl. auctorem malorum, Ml. 44d19 . auctair in dana sin (i.e. of magic arts), Trip.² 329 . auctair in deilighthi those responsible for the sedition, CCath. 3260 . a aúctair in báis (to the devil), PH 3927 . is e in spirut-sin is a.¤ do'n labra-sa, 6494 . ughdara gacha earráide, Mac Aingil 6214 .

(b) expert, one practised (in): accaldam auctor ind recto inso gl. scientibus enim legem loquor, Wb. 3c4 (`teachers'). Cf. ugdar (udar v.l.) .i. eolach, O'Dav. 1612 . a.¤ saírsi master wright, LL 3662 . augtair . . . na elathan, LL 219a1 `master-workmen', TTr. 136 . ro ordaigheadar ughdair i n-urthus gacha h-eladna, MR 90.5 . don bhuidhin ughdar wise men, DDána 75.33 .

(c) author, writer, composer (of books, etc.): lasna auctaru `writers', Ml. 35b17 . nach tan do furgaib int augtur brethir for a gin, Hib. Min. 12.410 . auctair ergnaide, SR 50 . augtair ┐ libair aile, LU 5390 . a.¤ inn éolais co n-āeb, ZCP viii 272 § 66 . ic auctaraib na Rōmān, 113.33 . cend na n-áuctor ┐ na ḟátha, LB 137b42 . min-ughdair . . . seach na n-ughdaru toisseacha, Auraic. 58 . ceart rig Laigen roluaid Benen / ar breith ughdair fuarastair, BB 278b8 ( Leb. Cert. 204.14 ). adeitig laisin ugdar, Laws v 92.29 Comm. menma in ugdair, 12.13 Comm. ropu doraidh laisna huctaru na nGáidel cinnas no roinnfitis chrao ┐ díbad, Ériu i 214.3 . deaghúdair, Mac Aingil 5348 . ainm an úghdair, 6199 .

(d) authority: muna bhfuil ughdar agaibh / rét urlabhra . . ., Content. xxii 5 . do nuimhir ┐ d'ughdar aithentadh na hegluisi, Parrth. Anma 2638 .

COMPDS. dál gach ughdair-thim `the man who has no authority on his side', Content. viii 26 . ? augmentum. augtorthórmachtaid fosodain ab augeo , Sg. 65a17 (a. printed as Lat. in Thes.).

berrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berrad or dil.ie/5724
Last Revised: 2013

n u, m. vn. of berraid.

(a) In phr. b.¤ airechta `a survival of the earlier wider meaning' (of b.¤ ), `a denominative vb. formed fr. . . . berr short . . . synopsis, abridgement . . .', O'Brien, Ériu xi 88 , 89 . b.¤ here = summa, Meroney, Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 189. berrad (berr-, MS., wrongly emended to bretha, ZCP xiii 19.26 ) airechta, title of law tract, Bürgschaft 5.13 . amhail do rime a mberrudh airechta, O'Curry 1029 (H. 3.18, 433a). aignis lais uile ┐ nascairecht ┐ b.¤ (of the `aighni airechta'), O'Curry 813 (H. 3.18, 375b). na Bearradha Féine ad-fias `I will relate the abridgments of Irish law ´ Sages, Saints and Storytellers 165 § 6 .

(b) act of cutting, clipping (hair), shaving: b.¤ ná folcad, ná fothrucud `shaving', Ériu ii 200.29 . Moen . . . fer berrtha mac Miled . . . Berramuin .i. muín i commaín berrtha, LL 22248 ( Bodl. Dinds. 25 ). fēsóg do gherra[dh] gan sgīan berrtha gl. (B. na f.) gan altain, ZCP v 488 § 3. fuba berrtha .i. luag fige `the `f.' of napping' (cloth), Laws i 152.7 Comm. a monga do bhearradh to clip their hair, TSh. 5599.

(c) act of tonsuring; tonsure: asbert Dubthach fri Pátricc tair dum b.sa, Thes. ii 241.12 . ord bertha `the regular time of tonsure', Mon. Tall. 137.11 . b.¤ moga slave's tonsure , O'Mulc. 726. berradh manaigh . . . b.¤ mogadh, Trip.² 250.

(d) style of cutting of hair, hence head of hair, hair: forthí berrtha forro . . . berrtha núa léo . . . berrtha lethna léo (styles of cut worn respectively by three successive groups), TBC-LL² 157 , 161 , 165 . trí cruindberrtha foraib it é comlebra for cúl ┐ étan, BDD² 746. bearradh .i. grúag, O'Cl. húasa b. buide-chas, BDD² 1023. duiphithir daol dath a berrda, Auraic. 3497. bas eitir a u (.i. a cluas) ┐ a berrath (.i. mullach a chinn) `a handsbreadth between his ear and his beard (or hair),' Manners and Customs iii 107 n.68 (H. 1.15, 955.7). dorónadh rothnúall corcra óa bhonn góa bherradh dhe, Ériu v 76.22 .

(e) In phr. b.¤ geóin: tugadh . . . / bearradh geóin ar Choin gCulainn a mocking shearing, Dánta Gr. 70.18 . See also s. gén. na fechadh in prelaid do berradh geoine `fools' tonsure' (Gloss.), ITS xxix 201.19 .

1 bert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bert or dil.ie/5735
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: beirt, beart, beirt

n ā, f., also o, m. Also beirt f. (beirid). See Éigse viii 101 - 103 , xii 68 , Language xxix 325 . b.¤ (lúachra) m., IGT Decl. § 15. beart (chluichi) f. (ó bheirt an chluithe ┐ an éduigh, v.l.), § 39 . beirt [éadaigh ?] f., § 14 .

Occas. appar. = breth: b.¤ .i. breth . . . ar ate .ix. mberta maicne insin la Féine .i. .ix. mbretha mac annso anuas, O'Dav. 280. ropat móra do berta (`Rechtssprüche', TFerbe 281 ), LL 33690. co brāth na mb.¤ for ever , ZCP viii 228 § 18.

I Burden, load; bundle: b.¤ quasi port, a uerbo porto .i. imarc[h]uirim, Corm. Y 163. etarport quasi etar-bert .i. itir dā beirt, 529 . b.¤ (beart, IT iii 89 § 115 ) fleda for lomgabail (one who carries) a package (of food) for a feast on a bare fork, Bruchst. i 34 § 80. loman carr ┐ beart `the rope for (tying) carts and loads', Laws i 140.3 Comm. long cona be[i]rt (: ceilt) cargo, Prolegomena 43 § 29 . gan bheirt ar bhoin, DDána 114.34 . birt troma i dtéadánaibh `heavy corded bundles', TD 16.59 . gille ag gabháil a mbeirteadh / fir ag fregra chaismeirteadh bundles (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1127 meirge Suibhne, beart buidhe a yellow burden (?), MR 230.1 . Cf. blaith .i. buidhe . . . eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav. 322. pn In sobriquet: la ríg Eoganachta B.¤ Crechi `Load of Plunder', RC xvii 381.24 (Tig.). bundle, sheaf of thatch, rushes, straw, etc.: colpdach i n-airbir, samaisc i llethbeirt, bó i mbeirt (mbert, v.l.), Críth G. 213. cen co benta acht b.¤ de, manar facaib air ní dá tic dín, O'D. 1695 (H. 5.15, 31b). Cf. O'Curry 642 (H. 3.18, 309). beart don tuighe dá fīghe, LBranach 1450 . ithig b.¤ crema, Anecd. i 48 § 9. is tegar boichti mo beart / seagal is coirci is cruithneacht, IGT Decl. ex. 1064. fuaim na n-each gan beart chum lige `straw for litter', Ó Bruad. ii 192.6 . do-níd aoin bheart amháin da n-armaibh `piled . . . into one heap', Keat. iii 2827.

Fig. burden, weight (of grief, etc.): b.¤ ghoimhe, Rel. Celt. ii 268.33 . nocha nfuil[n]ghim thúas don beirt / o rochuala tásg mh'éinmhic `I cannot bear up against the blow', BS 56.23 . do bhrígh na beirte because of the burden (of oppression), DDána 74.27 . Cf. gár mheisde . . . / a sgaradh (sic leg.) re a mbeirtibh bróin, 79.19 . In cheville: beirt pían, SR 7171. Other applications: dā uigh chirce ar mbúain dā beart `taken from her clutch', KMMisc. 364.16 . a carnn-fhoilt léi 'n a m-beartaibh `tresses', Hard. ii 24.y .

II Clothing, covering, clothes, attire, apparel; accoutrement: beirt .i. cumhdach, O'Cl. tugadh beart (eadach, v.l.) nua do gach aon díobh, idir shlabhradh ┐ léine ┐ bhrat, Ériu i 95.1 . beart do croicend ōglaogh allaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 160. beart allmhurdha `strange garment', O'Hara 1438. beirt righ Laighen . . . a léine sroil ┐ a áon ghae, BNnÉ 257 § 216 . co mbeirt glégil in white raiment, Grail 23 . armghaiscedh . . . etir ghai ┐ sciath ┐ claideb, cona bheirt foithibh casing (?), Lism. L. 1610. tuc beirt ridiri (arm gaiscidh, v.l.) dhoibh ` equipment ', ITS xix 28.12 . seacht mbeirte décc éideadh `suits of armour', AFM iv 1244.16 . a bheirt ghliadh 'his battle armour', Celtica xxvi 101 § 28 . buiden do rāpēroip ┐ do daigēroib . . . go mbeirtibh cloch uaissle cumdaigh ar n-a gcomhōradh `with hilts (scabbards ?) of ornamented precious stones' (?), Fl. Earls 100.33 . ocht .xx. claidimh beirte cumdhaigh le hor, L. Chl. S. 27.

III

(a) deed, exploit; feat, trick; effort, task; action, behaviour: na trī berta buadhnaise . . . sin those three exultant deeds, ML² 1122. Cf. phr. b.¤ búada below. Macha, co mbert- aib na mbergg `with feats of heroes', MacCarthy 182 § 5 . tria beirt n-iṅglicc fria n-athair ( Gen. xix 30 - 35 ) wanton trick, Rawl. 72a36 . in b.¤ baísi `foolish thing', TBC-LL² 1064 . atbath tre beirt láechda lúaith, Metr. Dinds. ii 20.23 . do rigni berta fir baíth, iv 146.6 . ag déanamh beart mbaodhluch `venturesome deeds', O'Hara 1390. Lugaid [luth] la beirt (: seirc), Ériu v 209.20 . beart ullamh hí on aingeal (of the Incarnation), DDána 48.17 . beart do bheartaibh an tṡaoghail `one of the tricks of the world', KMMisc. 350.24 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt (: ardneirt) `as they should achieve the task', Ériu iv 110.2 . In phr. b.¤ búada: co fagba lícc bas b.¤ búada for lecht n-Aeda `stone that shall be a trophy', Metr. Dinds. iv 102.12 . bearta a buadh ar ghléire gall (of Ireland), Hackett xlii 68 . Cf. ML² 1122. b.¤ cháis: Muire ógh ar t'fheart / a brón 's a beart cháis, PBocht 5.54 . In phrr. (attá, do-icc) ar b.¤ : a imscar ┐ Meic Con asin chath ro boí ar b.¤ oco the battle that was about to take place between them (?), LU 9828 ( PRIA xix 532.7 ). tathum domna bróin ar beirt matter for grief has fallen to me (?), Metr. Dinds. iv 284.3 . cia beith olc na crí / connāch tí for beirt `though they meditate evil, it may not come to pass' (?), KMMisc. 268.14 . da ceirtbliadain dó for beirt / i tig Loairnd dó ag Eirc, YBL 317b7 ( Aided M. 800 ). Note also: mar adberaid buidni ar beirt / maraid im' cuimni comneirt, MacCarthy 410 § 6 . (In cheville) caoine (leg. cáiniu) bertaibh, ZCP viii 198.7 .

(b) move in a game, play in a game, game: ro tincoisc beirt diarbo cluchi for Murchadh `a move by which a game went against M.', Cog. 144.3 . an bheart (bheirt, v.l.) eile, Ériu xvii 12.30 . b.¤ indarba agad, a meic `a move of banishment', Ériu iii 154 § 8. [tré]na beirt ndírig ndílis `for his straight and honourable play', SG 124.18 . gairid ar mbúain resin mbeirt / gur smúain an aibhid d'imeirt, IGT Decl. ex. 625. ? dál féirleabtha d'inghin é / imridh sé éinbhearta is í, ex. 1113 .

Compds. brig ar bertblaidh, IT iii 64 § 131.26 . a n-anmann cen bertbrón (mertbron, v.l.: Mercōn), ZCP xii 377.7 .

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