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anduine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anduine or dil.ie/3527

n (duine)

(a) person of low estate, poor person, wretch: andaoine na hAlban, brusgarshluagh na Breatan Móire, Keat. i 56.24 . la handaoinibh ┐ la mogadhaibh, AFM v 1622.12 . ná tóg mac mogha go hárd / . . . / nuair theannaid ina maoine / ní hiontaobh na handaoine, Dánfhocail 103 (cf. maīn ar mug ni aithenar, Sc.M² 3 ). ón Lios . . . / ní héurthur na handaoíne, O'R. Poems 184 .

(b) evil person, person of ill intent: tria comhairle ┐ asslach anndaoíne ecciallaigh, AFM vi 2230.y . casg aga ar gach a.¤ , O'R. Poems 22 . doní an ta.¤ tionsgnamh a naghaidh an ionnruic, Psalms xxxvii 12 .

? ni bera dire a.¤ recht diamfogladthar, O'Curry 1772 ( 23 Q 6, 37b ). brīg a.¤ .i. ceirtech, Anecd. iii 44.16 = brigh annum .i. quert uadside etc., BB 310a37 .

? bárcach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? bárcach or dil.ie/5403
Last Revised: 2013

= 1 bárc n : a fhir imris an bheag-bhárcaigh (MSS. an bheag-bheargaigh) `oh man who plies the little skiff´ SGS xxiv 443 . ? nuair leigeadh iad a-mach am bárcaidh (MS. barcigh), xviii 106.11 .

crann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crann or dil.ie/12753
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cruinn, crunn

n o, n. later (LU) m. g s. cruinn (later (LU) crainn), d s. crunn (see GOI 50 ). c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 74 .

(a) tree : crand .i. crē a fond, Corm. Y 234 . as máthir aṡotho feissin cach nóen ch.¤ , Sg. 65a6 . luib ┐ ní c.¤ gl. siler, 65a9 . inchruinn toirthig fruit-tree , Ml. 15b13 . dochrunn fessin gl. arbuta, Sg. 61b8 (leg. don . . . ?, Edd.). 61b13 , 65a7 . cranna doiscairi gl. lignorum uilium, Ml. 92d6 . etir anmmann innac.¤ ┐ anmmann atoraid innac.¤ sin, Sg. 61b3 . a (sic MS.) crand mór, Vita Br. 35 . dober donchraunn inn-ubull (Satan to Eve), SR 1272 . no benfad a crand, LU 4829 (TBC). Nath Coirpthe occá chrannaib, 5814 . tri chrand co torud, LL 32927 . ní lassamain cech n-óenchrand `a single log does not flame' (prov.), TBC-LL² 2041 . fear fongaib c.¤ mbech hi faithchi `a man who finds bees in a tree', . . . Laws iv 194.18 . na aidérad clocha ná crunnu, LU 4046 . tregort c.¤ tre c.¤ cu `stake', Ériu xxi 130.13 . crand dond ḟīnemain find, ACL iii 238 § 10 . mac in chraind a parrdus a seedling from the tree . . . , Airne F. 53 . mór do chuid do na crannaibh, PBocht 11.24 (prov.(?), Ed.). fá tharr chroinn under a tree, TSh. 9000 . ? nach fuirmhithe do chodhnach c.¤ occ cuimreach a chórusa, Ériu xiii 21.29 . See 1 fír .

With qual. gen. of particular types of tree: eccla croinn áis an áraidh, ACL iii 216.17 `quick-set tree', P. O'C. im gcrand ngabala appropriated tree, Laws i 202.2 .i. in c.¤ crosta, 206.8 Comm. tria crand in tairmtechtais (tree of knowledge of good and evil), PH 3934 . co crand an imarbois, 2393 . c.¤ na haithne, DDána 10.4 . crand in báis, PH 2392 . crann bethe, Eg. Gl. 705 . coirt croind critaig `aspen', Rosa Angl. 260.17 . crand figed, Grail 1458 . c.¤ fir `test-tree' (1 fír), Laws iv 146.27 . crand gíus gl. hec pinus, Ir. Gl. 563 . crand greni ┐ crand esca, ZCP xxx 136.z (Alex.). crand lauír gl. laurus, Ir. Gl. 564 . duilléag chroinn ola, Gen. viii 11 . dulli crand palmi, PH 872 . ? crann sálais, Keat. Poems 532 . c.¤ Sédair cedar, Psalms xcii 12 . c.¤ teile lime, Isaiah vi 13 . ris a nuile ch.¤ túise, Cant. iv 14 .

Transfd. crand gel is tīr (of ray of sun), Four Songs 12 § 13 . Of persons: ón chronn chnuais, DDána 103.29 . Cairbre an c.¤ fa tiogh dtaraidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 69 § 13 . crainn tug cúl re cáin chléire ` blockheads ', Ó Bruad. iii 150.22 . crann bagair a ghaolta protector , Párl. na mB. 183 . crann mela sponsor, patron (lit. honey tree): Conallaigh mo chroinn mheala | Connachtaigh 's iad m'oideadha 'the Conallaigh were my patrons, the Connachtaigh my teachers', Ériu lxiv 176 § 2.19 . géag chumhra do chin ó Chonn | ag sin mo lubhghort, mo lionn | fáth mo cheana do ríomh rann | ar gcrann meala go bhfíon fionn, Éigse xi 5 . a chroinn mheala `honey-laden trees', O'Hara 4069 ​.

(b) wood (material), timber: c.¤ cruínd immuambiat ocuan denum gl. rotæ, Ml. 18b4 . c.¤ condid gl. lignum `fire-wood', Thes. ii 226.33 . c.¤ a mbís de ós usce . . . íarann a mbís i n-usci, Airne F. 165 . etir cloich ┐ crand (a building), RC xviii 39.31 (Tig.). Cf. a laithe an chrīarta / bud c.¤ leo a cinn wood, ZCP viii 208.32 .

Attrib. g s. claidiub craind wooden sword, LU 5417 (TBC). 5641 . coss chraind, LL 38614 . each croinn (of Cross), Aithd. D. 65.36 . airm crainn, Maund. 161 . caislén crainn, 162 . Note also: saoir chruinn ┐ chloch carpenters and stonemasons, Párl. na mB. 262 .

(c) staff, pole, bar, stock, plank, beam, axis; article or tool of wood: crand tochartaigh, see tochartach. cen garmna cruind `beam of loom', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.9 . c.¤ tara tech (sic leg.) (let) a piece of wood (be placed) over their coop (hens), Laws ii 118.13 Comm. a chrand cromchend crozier (of Patrick), Trip.² 341 . croind croma, SG 44.25 . mo ch.¤ bassa walking staff , Aithd. D. 1.29 . mind lestraib . . . eiric . . . isin crand handle(?), Laws iii 192.2 Comm. dairt i c.¤ n-airidi rail, Críth G. 223 . o crund co fraig, LU 7376 `wooden rail (or partition?)', BDD² Gloss . doratad c.¤ ar chleith (sic leg.) airi the house was firmly secured (i.e. by a wooden bolt?), Trip.² 604 . ni baí crand dond indsi fri aroile beam , Anecd. i 2.5 (SCano). c.¤ mbith see 2 bí. a llos a lín is a craind fishing-rod , LU 3072 ` boat ', Fél. 52.31 . dá chrand cháela (of bier), Bard. P. 53.13 . an c.¤ baoi tresen idh ` bar ', Hugh Roe² 14.17 . glaisíarna . . . / do cuireadh leo for crannoibh frames , Duan. F. i 92.1 . c.¤ crithir `unsteady plank', Dán Dé viii 6 . c.¤ mna fighi distaff , BNnÉ 191.24 . c.¤ suaite na braisce ` mixing-stick ', Lism. L. 302.18 . do ch.¤ tealaich fire-raker , Oss. ii 38.w . doiligh léimeanna c.¤ gceart (of steps of ladder), Aithd. D. 62.20 . c.¤ snais, 27.34 (`some weaver's tool(?)', note).

Of spearshaft, spear : for crund a duirnd Diarmató, LU 9690 . gai . . . gormrúadh . . . fora chrund, 7202 (BDD). la crand for scīathu banging spearshafts on shields (in driving a bull), TBC-I¹ 1357 . núall fri crunnu sleg, Metr. Dinds. iii 22.287 . síodh fan gc.¤ do chuaidh treimhit ` lance ', Dán Dé iv 9 . croinn fhoghadh spearshafts , O'R. Poems 15 . sróll taisgreanta ar c.¤ (um ch.¤ v.l.) ga chur (of battle-standard), IGT Decl. ex. 1227 .

Of Cross (calque from Lat. lignum Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): crist coc[runn achr]uche foir gl. cum lignis, Tur. 123 . conidainm dunchrunn gl. crux Christi, Wb. 8a5 . dul sa ch.¤ going on the cross, Dán Dé vi 15 .

Mast, steering oar : dorat . . . c.¤ fri tír he pushed off, Trip.² 359 . ar[r]o-tógaibseat . . . na séola for na crundu, BDD² 477 . seólad crand dar muir ` ships ', ZCP i 112.z . nuair a shuidheadh iad air a crann cèille 'mast (?)' SGS xviii 106.25 .

Of bed or part thereof: Conall . . . etir ┐ crand, LU 3299 (SC). nonbur for craund siúil, 7607 (BDD). See séol . luid do crunn ┐ do uaitni (of childbirth), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43.34 .

Of axis in ogam writing: is amlaid imdreangair crand . . . saltrad fora freim in croind ar tus, Auraic. 949 .

Of wooden musical instrument: cuisle .i. c.¤ ciuil, O'Curry 963 ( H 3.18, 415 ). trí duirn isin crand chiuil (of harp), Acall. 617 . téda do chroinn, Bard. P. 25. 3 . crand glesta gl. plectrum, Ir. Gl. 719 . Laws i 126.32 Comm. in c.¤ cíuil aicci . . . a thimpan, Acall. 3456 .

Note also: crand airgit post (?), LU 3700 ( SCC 33 ). sdiall ar chapur a cc.¤ ┐ a ccrannoca airgid `bars and ingots of silver', TFrag. 8.10 .

(d) wooden piece used in casting lots; lot, destiny, fate: di chorcruinn gl. de ligno sortis, Tur. 132 . tri craind do cur a n-usci .i. crand na flatha ┐ crand in ollaman ┐ crand in lít[h]igh (that belonging to the guilty party sank, etc.), IT iii 192.7 - 8 . a leith craind cuirithir, O'Curry 437 ( H 3.18, 236a ). co[r] c.¤ fors in lestrai naile (leg. n-uili) lots are to be cast between all the hives (to determine liability for a bee-sting), Laws iv 178.10 . focherdsam crandchur . . . Mo chrandsa . . . taet ass ar tús . . . is cétchrand co torud chraind dedenaig, LL 12684 - 6 `a first lot with fruit of a last lot', RC xiv 407 . forcerdar c.¤ eturru, Laws iv 172.9 . ni bia . . . na ccrand cóir in their true destiny, Cog. 98.10 . do thuit an crand for righ Midhe, BNnÉ 298.6 . Cf. is e crand t'fhir phosta . . . an gradh, mar is e c.¤ an diabhail an fuath, Smaointe B. Chr. 1888 - 90 (see n.).

Compds. With nouns: bolg as ambid crannbelan little wooden opening, Laws i 152.27 Comm. im crandbolg `leather scoop', 150.9 . delbsat crann-búar cobsaid `stout kine of wood', Metr. Dinds. ii 218.41 . crandc[h]aingel .i. crannc[h]līath andsin .i. clīath isin c[h]rann eter laocha ┐ clēirc[h]u, Corm. Y 371 , see caingel O'Cl. acc imordughudh cranncaistiall `wooden stands', Stair Erc. 142 . ní rucsat úaim acht crandchert `justice dealt by a spear', TBC-LL² 3052 . an chrannchruit, Hackett² 17.w . croicionn crannchon na coille, Duan. F. i 33.23 ` pine-martin ', iii 332 . crannchú bís ic roduine, Acall. 5573 . crandord do gnídh, Manners and Customs 376 n. (cf. c. fri scíathu supra). crann dordan .i. crónán ┐ dordán, O'Cl. cranndretel cuirn (in list of dispensers), Triads 231 . lorg na crannlachan, SG 264.12 ` teal ', Contribb. 506 . don chronnlaoch `decrepit old man', Ó Bruad. i 106.21 . ? gur éirig in grian ina crandmill cró, CCath. cited Contribb. 506 . mors . . . Conaill Chrandomnai, RC xvii 211.6 (Tig.) (leg. -domna ?). cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi carpentry, Laws v 92.z . do crannsciathuip, CCath. 4949 . ? deadlaid craisech re crand-scem (leg. -éim: thréin), Metr. Dinds. iii 358.44 . ó rinn crainn-shleighe ` spear-point ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 9 . do scríobh i gcranntáibhlibh 'wooden tablets', Keat. ii 101 . With adjj.: a chraoisioch crann-adhbhal his large-shafted spear, MR xiv 31 . an bachlach crandbriathrach of dull (?) speech, BNnÉ 305 § 19 . go sleaghaibh crann-bhuidhe, CRR² 25 . ablach crannchaem having beautiful trees, Acall. 2738 v.l. doire crannrabhán (= crann + ro + bán), Magauran 436 . cath . . . crann-ruad, ML² 1182 . With vb. gur crannbrissedh a craiseacha, CF 130 .

crinchánaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crinchánaid or dil.ie/12953

v (críncán): D. ┐ T. . . . noch do chrioncháin a naghaidh Mhaóise . . . a nuáir do chrionchánadar a naghaidh an Tighearna = strove against , Numbers xxvi 9 .

cúartugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúartugad or dil.ie/13366

Forms: cúartachadh

u, m. vn. of cúartaigid. cúartachadh (cuardachadh, v.l.), IGT Verbs § 106 (245.7) .

(a) act of going around, making a circuit, visiting, traversing; circuit, visit : grian a gyrando terram .i. a circuitu .i. on cuartugud, Corm. Tr. 88 . ar cuartugad an c[h]atha after he went round the battle, ML² 1792 . an doman do chúartugud tís ┐ túas ┐ ina timchill `to go round' (of circumnavigation), Maund. 155 . ag cúartugudh criche Connacht `wandering . . . through C.', BS 134.17 . nír fhéad cách a chuardoghadh `no man could have faced it', Aithd. D. 60.41 . Fig. visiting, penetrating, assailing, afflicting : truma ná gach trén-ghalar / a chumha gum chuartughadh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338.8 . doighthe cuartaighthe croidhe `pangs that search my heart', Bard. P. 35.4 .

(b) act of searching (a place), reconnoitring, exploring; search: do buí E. . . . a[c] cuartughudh na cathrach, Stair Erc. 2203 . C. . . . do dhul do chuartachudh a Muigh-Luirg `to reconnoitre M.', AU iii 40.2 . ní bhíodh ó chleasradh na con / . . . / tríocha céad gan chuardughadh `exploring' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 61 § 11 . lámh chúartaighthi Chlann gC. `hand that searches C.C.' (of a patron), Ériu ix 165 § 21 . an cuartughadh crith-eaglach search, hunt (fig. of confession), TSh. 2314 .

(c) seeking, searching, looking for (a person): co ndeochatar . . . do chuardughadh i sliab n-U. `to search (for him)', Laws i 68.9 Comm.

(d) act of examining, perusing (documents, etc.): gan na scríbhne d'fhaicsin nó do chuardughadh `not having . . . searched the records', Keat. ii 6169 . ag cuártughadh na sgriobtúireadh = examining, Acts xvii 11 . a nuáir do ní cúartughadh air fhuil = maketh inquisition for, Psalms ix 12 . cúartughadh nó rannsughadh do dheúnamh ar = examinandi (of vocation of postulants), Rial. S.F. 249 . gan Cuartughadh . . . do dheunamh cia d'ar Cóir é `without making an Enquiry . . . after the Owner', Donlevy 96.x .

gothach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gothach or dil.ie/26445

Forms: g.

adj o,ā (guth) noisy, vociferous : g.¤ `vocal echoing, resounding,' P. O'C. Of demons : slog mor ... gothach goirt gér, PH 8103 . golfartach ... gothach, goirt, BNnÉ 99.13 . nuair leigsid soc is gotach ghadrach bíd, D. MacCarrth. [of Diarmaid Mac Carthaigh] (ed. Torna, Dublin, 1916) 43.3 .

grafand

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grafand or dil.ie/26474
Last Revised: 2019

n orig. o, n. (?) ; later ā, f.

I a horse race, a race : in grafand ro fersam, Fél. Ep. 73 . g s. iar cur grafaind fo tri, FB 66 (Eg.). gaír graifni, Acall. 452 . a n-inadh na graibhfne ┐ na giustala, ZCP vi 29.29 . cia tiasa dia cluithi ind .i. do denam graithfne and, Laws v 484.y Comm. gan dál graifni dá ngredhuib, O'Gr. Cat. 374.31 . ria grafuing na crech `before pursuing the spoil,' Ériu v 246.230 . n pl. cor cuiread graifne in aenaich leo `the fair-races,' Ériu ii 178.22 (Lec.). magh ... mó a aighe .i. a graifne ech, Corm. Y 898 . ? do ronta grafaing mic Feradaich, Cog. 82.4 . merghraifne a ngredh bá ghníomh, O'Gr. Cat. 474.22. g pl. iar cor graphand doib i n-óenach na Cruachna, FB 66 . a pl. rofhersat tri graffne glana, RC vii 290.15 . rognisitt .iii. grafne óenaich do, BColm. 86.1 .

II band of horsemen, drove of horses : for Faffaind ... | fúair grafaind dían díbergach `he met the pursuit of swift spoilers,' Metr. Dinds. ii 68.48 . geltaid an faithchi | nach fácbait (sic leg.) dil aengraifne, Acall. 7131 . a graphainn ar gairdi do gipāin `Du Rennreiter mit deinem kurzen Lumpenkleide,' Bruchst. § 63.

III More generally, assembly, gathering : mór do churadaib ... roachtadar grafaind isinn áonach, TBC-I² 3864 . grafann Chille Scire ro thirchansam and sin 'it was the assembly of Cell Scíre which he foretold then', BCC² 233.324 .

IV noise, tumult : firfid graphainn gergaile, amal choire for fichud, SR 8203 . Crist caid conic cach ṅgraphainn, ib. 8222 .

V grunting, disagreeable noise : gair tafaind ann cech re n-úa[i]r, | truag in grafaing bít im dáil (description of hell), BNnÉ 102.2 . hichtar ifirn cech re nuair, | truagh an grafuing (v.l.) bís fom taobh (Judas Iscariot in hell), ib. 101.4 . gabhaid an chuid oile dona mucaibh ag sgreadadh ┐ ag grafainn 'na timcheall, TSh. 965 . an tan at-chluinid gréachadh ┐ grafainn ┐ golgháire ... na n-anam n-aigmhéil, 6538 . pl. go mbadh é bhus ceol ... dhóibh ... graifne cearc, muc agus mionnán, ITS iii2 268.4 . sul do chuala mē a ngrafainn | truagh nach bodhar do bhī mē !, Measgra D. 67.11 .

1 grennmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grennmar or dil.ie/26608

adj (grenn) o,ā witty, humorous, odd ; affable, lovable : idconnairc in gilla greannmur grádurrlum, ZCP xiii 224.2 . nuair tagainn go tig an tabairne | le gasraid glan greannmar, Tadg Gaolach (ed. Dinneen) 1346 . nach greannmhar ghabhas do láimh, | re daoine tromdha teangbháil, Content. xxv 2 . greanamhar geanamhail gnaoidheamhail, ZCP v 210.214 . a Seámais greannmair grádaig, Eóghan Ruadh 1447 .

grifing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grifing or dil.ie/26648

n groaning, moaning (?): hichtar ifirn cech re nuair | truagh an grifing bís fom taobh (grafuinn, grafuing v.ll.) `wretched the shrieking (?) beneath my side,' where Thurneysen suggests `griffin,' BNnÉ 101 § 15 . See also grafand.

guilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. guilid or dil.ie/26795

v late form of golaid weeps, wails : co n-grechat ... ocus co n-guilet co serb goirt, IT i 191.23 . éghis ar tós goilis fodeod, RC xii 94 § 125 . guilsetar (roguilsed v.l.) na hingena, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.24 . gur ghuil Dáibhidh ag caoineadh Ammon, TSh. 5831 . do ghuilmís, an tan do chuimhnighmís ort-sa, a Shíon, ib. 6030 . do ghuil tú ar son an leinibh, 2 Samuel xii 21 . nuair ghoil sí folcuighthe fíochmhar, ZCP v 209.163 . is moch agus air neóin a ghuilim-se mo dheor, ITS xvii 219.250 . vn. créd do bheir sibhsi ag gul agus ag briseadh mo croidhe ?, Acts xxi 13 .

imbádud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbádud or dil.ie/27286
Last Revised: 2019

[n u, m.] later o, m.

I (3 imm-, im- + bádud) act of contending together in the water trying to duck or drown one another (probably a type of sport) : lodar didiu isin muir do imbādud (imbadad MS) co rambāid in mac fa dō, Ériu i 118 § 11. grennaigit in macrad eisium im techt d'ímbadha[dh] friu ... bádid nonbur dib, RC v 200.2 .

II (2 imm-+ b.)

(a) drowning (in shipwreck), wallowing: rosaertha focétoir dia n-imbádud, Lat. Lives 99.11 . buailis in ainbhthine forbha in loingis fria taebhaibh ... cu mbatar a laeich ┐ a milid for immbathad, Marco P. § 149. bídis araill ele ic imairecc in catha frisna bidhbadaibh tecmhaitis for imbádhadh dóibh, CCath. 2152. gach a ttearna ... on iombáthadh remráite (of the drowning of many people), AFM iii 226.3 . do chóidhsiot an lucht ele fó iombáthadh gus an ccampa, `in danger of being drowned,' v 1846.19 . swamping (a boat) : cid uatha cid sochaide ro-aentaigh inn imbadhudh `whether few or many have consented to swamping,' (the boat), Laws iii 252.4 Comm. immersion ? : tucad ō ḟindĀdham ind | a himbāthad do Iac[h]im (of the Blessed Virgin), ZCP viii 562.2 .

(b) Fig. overwhelming : ag réamhfhaisnéis gacha onfaise ┐ gacha iommbáitte every overwhelming, TSh. 6689. beag gach guais achd a ghábhadh | losgadh ann is iombádhadh burning in it is utter overwhelming (of hell), DDána 37.37 . ní chlaochlóidh cuing a n-oinigh ... le goimh iombádhaidh Éireann neath the fierceness of Ireland's ruin, 102.3 . no bidis araill ele for a n-anfadh ┐ for a n-imbádhudh 'others were at their last gasp and sinking', CCath. 2009 . a núair do bhí mo spiorad ar na iombháthadh `my spirit swooned away,' Psalms lxxvii 3.

iubaile, iubail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. iubaile, iubail or dil.ie/29178

Forms: iubaile, iubaile, iubaile, iuail(l, iubaile, iuboile, iubaile, iubaili, hiubile, iúbili, Iubhile, iubail, iubail, iubaili, iubaili, n-iubaile, iubalaibh, iubile, iubaile

n f. (except for exx. from Bible which show masc. gen.) (Lat. iubileus). n s. an iubaile , O'Curry 1431 (< H 3.18, p. 641ab ). iubaile, Laws ii 196.10 . iubaile, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18, p. 641b ). RC xliii 18.11 . iuail(l, Laws iv 142.1 - 2 Comm. a s. iubaile, Laws v 314.8 . iuboile, Fianaig. 42 § 6. g s. iubaile, Laws iii 6.8 Comm. iubaili, i 280.21 Comm. na hiubile , Thes. ii 309.13 ( Hy. ii 5 Comm. ). iúbili, LU 4044. an Iubhile , Levit. xxv 13. d s. iubail, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18, p. 641b ). iubail, ib. iubaili, O'Curry 635 (< H 3.18, p. 306 ). n p. iubaili, O'Curry 633 (< H 3.18, p. 306 ). LU 3473. g p. na n-iubaile , O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18, p. 641b ). d p. iubalaibh, BB 32b29 .

The masc. iubile, Levit. xxv passim , may be a secondary formation from the Engl. jubilee.

I jubilee (in Jewish sense, cf. Levit. xxv ), a period of privilege and dispensation: fo intamail na hiubile bicce Ebreorum gl. sē blíadnai, Thes. ii 309.13 ( Hy. ii 5 Comm. ). iubail forsint soegul, gl. (Fernae fortren) eobail, Fél.² xxv gl. 198 . conná laimtheá guin duni i nHérind fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadan, LU 4044. is andsin nocinte iubail acco .i. cain na secht mbliadan on feis Temrach co' raile, IT iii 198 § 55 and p. 227 n. a n-inair ... iubaili ilgresacha, CF 249 (cf. dillat n-óenaig, LU 6553 ). nāch cūala in n-iuboile n-airc | da bfūair Iugaine nūall n-uilc `the dispensation of hardship,' Fianaig. 42 § 6. is airim cúmsanta do-gres in árim coecdach, amal is follus sin a desmberecht iúbaile in coecat bliadna, i mbíd cúmsanad do cach co sollonda ic aes rechta, PH 5546. agus náomhochuidh tú an caogadmhadh blíadhan agus fuáigeortháoi sáoirse ar feadh na críche uile, don uile áitreabhach innte: biáidh na Iubile agaib ..., Levit. xxv 10. a mblíadhuin an Iubhile so fillfidhe gach áonduine aguibh dá sheilbh féin, Levit. xxv 13.

II As a law-term, `a fixed period of exemption, privilege, prescription, etc., fixed by law, custom or mutual agreement ' (Plummer MS. Notes): cred is bun ┐ inde ┐ airbeart don focal is iubail. Isedh is bun do dilmainetaid do rada ris .i. dilmain in re ara dilmain gen agra ann o sin. Isedh is airbeart don iubail on ní is ubiliam .i. dilmain. Inann ┐ lipertas .i. saire .i. in re ara saer cen agra o fir adgair, O'Curry 633 (< H 3.18, p. 305 - 6 ) = O'Curry 1430 ( H 3.18 p. 641a ). isedh is inde dó (i.e. do iubaili) .i. áe atbaill do radha ris a lawsuit that dies ?, O'Curry 1430 (< H 3.18, p. 641a ). attat rudrud mair ┐ bic la Fene amail file iubuile beicce ┐ moiri, O'Curry 20 (< H 3.18 p. 9a ). cislir i.¤ do cuisin. Nī. a cethair. Cindus sin ┐ co fuilit .u. iubaili annsa corp. Is amlaid tuicim sin. Co fuilit da iubaili dibsin .i. iubaile mor-cethra (┐) sceo duine in eniubaili .i. iubail na mna doiri, ┐ na mbó, mar ata .ix. misa do boin sceo duine daer, O'Curry 633 ( < ib. p. 306 ). corus i.¤ , O'Curry 993 (< ib. p. 425b ).

(a)

(i) The period of exemption following a certain testing period after the sale of any `sét' (article, animal or slave), sold in good faith without either party knowing of any radical defect (galar bunaid) or hidden blemish (ainim inchleithe). If the defect or blemish did not appear until after the testing period (i.e. during the `iubaile') the seller could not be sued. If, however, the seller knew of such defect or blemish at the time of the sale, its discovery at any time after the sale legalised the return of the `sét' and the repayment of the money (with or without further penalties), that is to say, in such a case there was no `iubaile.' Apparently as well as the testing period, an extra period of 10 days (dechmad na aititen) was sometimes allowed (during which the blemish could be brought to the notice of the seller (?)). The testing period in female slaves and animals seems, sometimes at least, to have corresponded to the period of gestation and O'Don. takes it to mean "period of gestation' but is probably wrong in this. iubaile or ré n-iubaile (ré na hiubaile) are used indifferently. ca trath nach fuil re niubaili do riagailt risin set ... acht a athchur uile ... An uair is fis oc in ti o rucad in set galar buna no ainim inclethe do beith ann, ┐ anfis ac in ti ruc, O'Curry 641 (< H 3.18, p. 309 ). ní fuil i.¤ for ainimh imcleith (sic) iartain co dechmaidh iar fis na hainme, O'D. 804 (< H 3.18 col. 576 ). mas re re imorro na iubaili tanic ris in set in galar bunaidh is fastaigthi fair do gres cidh iar re na hi.¤ no co roib dechmaid na aititin, O'Curry 261 (< H 3.18, p. 151 ). re galur bunaidh ┐ re hainim incleithe aithfégtar i.¤ do grés, O'D. 805 (< H 3.17, col. 576 ). mana ro hairige in galur bunaidh i n-aimsir in cunnartha ┐ ro hairighe iartain cidhbe dib is nesa in dechmaidh no i.¤ in seoit gurab e sin is fastaighe air, ib. (< ib., col. 577 ). cidh fada bes in anfis ni fastaithi fair cidh iar re na hiubaili co roib dechmaid na aititin, O'Curry 262 - 3 (< H 3.18, p. 151 ). ben dia faghabar iubail (? of a female slave), O'Curry 1994 (< H 4.22, p. 27 ) = ben dia faghur iubuile, O'D. 20 (< H 3.17, c. 19 ). ni fuil i.¤ for ainim inchleithe iartain co decmuid iar fis na hainme `there is no proper period for a concealed defect afterwards till ten days after knowledge had of the defect,' Laws iii 6.3 Comm. atá sechtmain for mis for bliadhain don iubar, ┐ iar ndenam aicce de aithfeghar re n-i.¤ ris (i.e. in the case of an article made of yew-wood, the testing period is 1 year, 1 month and 1 week), O'Curry 1431 (< H 3.18, p. 641ab ). ni íadat iubaili for étechtu ail `let not legal periods close upon an unlawful blemish,' SCC 274 ( LU 3473 ).

(ii) ? By transf. the testing period itself: iubaili in lachta iar niubaili na colla. Cred hi .u. in lachta iar .u. na colla re rad .i. cid isin log dedenach don iubaili beires in bo in laeg, ┐ noch ar aitin lochta fuirre in la sin in chunnrad, no co roibi re ré .iiii. nuair fichit iar na fis in aitin, ┐ si sin .u. in lachta iar .u. na colla gan amaras, O'Curry 635 (< H 3.18, p. 306 ). ocus coma hi iubail na n-i.¤ .i. i.¤ in lachta iar n-eg na colla, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18 p. 641b ). masa indlaegh rugadh amach hi ┐ ise indlaegus ata indte farrlaegh ... mas amaigh ag an fir amaig tarrla é nocho nduil nach ni and gemadh re re n-i.¤ ro fartraigedh he that it was made manifest (of a cow sold while in calf), O'Curry 690 (< H 3.18 p. 334 ). masa fis ag in tí rucustar cidh fis cidh ainfis ag in tí o rucadh, nocha nuil re n-i.¤ do riaghuil ris, O'D. 802 (< H 3.17, col. 575 ). nocha bi smacht ro airde gotha no ro isle gotha dona feichemnaib na orra iar cindiud a fiach don breitheam cumad i.¤ sin fri hagra na smacht, O'Curry 1871 (< 23 P 3, fo. 20d ). cidh galur bunadh, cid galur cundtaburtach, cidh difoichidh dē tí friu ré ré n-í.¤, a n-aithgina beos d'aisic on athair don aiti transltd. `within the proper period of the fosterage' (of animals supplied by father to fosterfather), Laws ii 162.10 Comm. cidh be aighaigh, gnath no ingnath, beirus iat iar re n-i.¤, munu mairit budein iar n-ais diailtri, seoit a comaicinta on aite don athair, 170.17 Comm. iubail chon tri chaicis, acht ata chu and is dia leithbliadain do tuit, .i. is amhlaid seo tocaithis in chu in lethbliadain adeir da mi uil do cach said a choitcindi iar niubail riud sin cona .x. laithi .i. dechmaid ┐ da mi sin ┐ fot cethri chrich ro boi in bidbad on fir aca roibi in chu ┐ cuicthe re iarrata cacha crichi dib sin, cona fichthi, ┐ na .x. laithi o chianaib riu sin cona mí trichtach ind a mi o chianaib riu sin cona tri mi aicenta, ┐ .ui. mi thsaerda thic dib sin ┐ si sin in leith bliadain ro caith in cu and ┐ leith bliadain thsaerda sin, O'Curry 238 (< H 3.18, p. 132 ).

(b) i.¤ ¤ achtaighthe a `iubaile' -period fixed by mutual agreement: créd is i.¤ achtaigi ann, no in fuil fis no trebaire do riaghail risin i.¤ achtaighi. Ata chena mar adeir in leabar. Ni fil dithim fors na setaib si ni is nessa nacha siriu acht ma do coeset for coraibh bél .i. ma dia tisat for trebaire co cor o belaib im achtugudh a ndilmain. Massedh tuic as sin co ndligther trebaire do beith annsa n-i.¤ achtaighi, O'Curry 1432 (> H 3.18, p. 641b = O'Curry 634 (> H 3.18, p. 306 ). ca trath nach fastann a i.¤ achtaigi én réd don cunnradh. Issedh so in tráth doronsat na meamair cunnradh a n-ecmais a cenn tecait na cinn fai, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18 p. 641b ).

(c) Of other fixed periods: ni induth nech di araile iarmotha secht mbliadna. Ar is i.¤ aititen sairi in sain `denn dieses ist das Erlassjahr, wofür (Zins-)Freiheit zugestanden ist (?),' ZCP xv 240 § 3 (of the expiration of the term of agreement between lord and tenant, see p. 243 ). cid beo-elod cid marb-elod, o tair leis a roinn, is i.¤ aon uair e `whether it be `live-absconding' or `dead-absconding,' if he has finished the division, it is iubaile of one hour,' Laws v 508.4 Comm. (i.e. after a tenant has a bsconded and the land held by him is re-divided by the chief, one hour represents the iubaile in this case, and after that the division may not be retracted). uair is i.¤ aenuaire hí `weil es (nur) für die eine Stunde Gültigkeit hat,' Cóic Con. H § 38.

(d) In the case of a wounding, the testing period which is appointed after the healing to allow for the possible breaking out afresh of the wound: o tairgeba in leiges, is ann atá ré n-i.¤ do riagailt ris, Laws iii 348.6 Comm. ma thangatar na cneda ris re re n-iubaille `if the wounds broke out afresh during the testing-time,' 532.24 Comm. (in this case sick-maintenance must be continued). mas iar re n-i.¤, islan, 534.14 Comm. mas tre fuirired drochleigis co fis do liaig, noca nuil re n-i.¤ d'athfegad ris acht a ic do liaig do gres `there is no testing time to be taken into consideration,' ib. 8 Comm.

III (positive) prescription: sealba, seoit, ni dilsigar airgse na haitidiu, iudail (leg. iubail, Ed.) na tren-lide nert `... are not alienated by ... prescription ....' Laws v 496.4 , 13 . berar iubail a comdiden tri comarbaib cengar `it gives prescription of acknowledgment,' iv 378.14 Comm. (note: `it forms a period of prescription if the lordship has continued in the same family for three generations or successions'). atait secht rudarta la Feine conoiscet i.¤ a mbesaib a n-airillten `seven prescriptions which transfer perpetual right,' v 314.8 (i.e. which remove or set aside all time-limits). ni astaid iubail indligead `prescription does not legalise illegality' (Plummer MS. Notes), O'Curry 1745 (< 23 Q 6, p. 32 ), glossed: .i. nocho dilmainigter huad ar apo ecne, no ni astand ni ar nech ind ecen. ni dhene sealbh sarugad ┐ ni toircenn iubail inndliged `la fortune n'autorise pas à commettre l'injustice et l'illégalité ne saurait donner lieu à une prescription,' RC xliii 18.11 . cid clannas aile? Noil ocus iuail. Caíde iuaill? Aile in ime fa tri cen sena `what settles the stake? An oath and prescription. What is prescription? The sticking of the fence thrice without denial,' Laws iv 142. 1 - 2 Comm. ? To this: (of a child whose services were promised while he was yet in his mother's womb) `bid leam in ceile sin,' or in flaith; ni iubail ar in mac .i. gu ra torba do neoch a foghnum `the son is not manumitted (?),' v 218.24 Comm.

lenamain, lenmain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lenamain, lenmain or dil.ie/29898
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: leanamhuin, leanmhuin, lenomnaib

vn. of lenaid. Orig. -amon ā, f., GOI § 737. Later g s. -amna, -mana. leanamhuin f., IGT Decl. § 37. Verbs § 73 . leanmhuin, § 80 . See also lenad, líth.

Act of adhering (to), cleaving (to), following, remaining (with): ua lenomnaib gl. a lituris, Sg. 3b4 . lānamain quasi lenamain, ar nī fil etarscarad dōib, Corm. Y 824 . co lenamain dít gl. coniuncta, Ml. 101b1 . ? nīs dígaib a llenamain `their attachment was not diminished', Hy. v 26 (glossed .i. in lenamain tucsat oegid fuirri `the attachment which the guests shewed to her').

In phr. i l.¤ adhering to, clinging to, stuck in; following, pursuing (?): isin inadh a mbid a leanmhain a nuair easparta stationary(?), Ir. Astr. Tr. 98.y . With gen. a biadh do can inglan ina lenmain, Laws ii 202.8 Comm . fer teid i lenmain tona a mna tar in crich, v 516.19 Comm . is a lenmain in eistechta bis it is inseparable from the (loss of) hearing (an injury), iii 350.8 Comm . hi lenmain a cích-side boi in corran, Fél.² cxlvii 1 . escaine Colmāin . . . hi lenmain clainni Conaill, BColm. 76.7 . cor' ḟácaibh in [n]glaicc i lenmhain na luinge `clinging to', CCath. 2061 . na peccad n-éxamail batar it lenmain-siu cusindíu, PH 8252 . a hiomchar a leanmhain ar long in the wake of, ML 44.8 . co rabadar a chosa a llenmain a rothaib ┐ a refedaib an charbaid, TTebe 4121 . a fhiacla cruaidi . . . i lleanmain in croicind, 449 . téid an mac amach . . . a leanmhuin a mhāthar, Beatha S. F. 3204 . táir (= tóir) dá gach leth ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . da mharbh iomarcaidh laoch iona leanmhain while pursuing him(?), ML 136.2 . Similarly i l.¤ di: in cein do beth sé a lenmain [d]a chéile as long as it held together, Maund. 10 . ceand lín a lenmhain do leirg, IGT Decl. ex. 510 . atá mo theanga i leanmhain dom brághaid (adhaesit . . . faucibus meis), TSh. 4197.

With prepp. With DI act of adhering to, clinging to: lenumain do sruithibh, imgabāil ōcbada, ZCP iii 25.30 . rofuabair Media lenamain dia coraib firaib feib ronaisc attempted to adhere to their agreements, TTr.² 10 = ic acra a cor, LL 221b27 ( TTr. 330 ). d'oslugadh a crecht ┐ da ngortughadh on edach do bi ag lenmuin dibh, Smaointe B. Chr. 3987 . doiligh, a mheabhlaigh mheangaigh, / leanmhain [dá bhur] léimeannaibh (to the body), Aithd. D. 79.11 .

With other prepp.: ac lenamain as persisting in it ( sc. an action), Laws iii 304.18 Comm . iar leanmain cnama bratain ina bragaid, RC xvii 20.4 (Tig.). PH 303. 's iad 'na ndeamhnaibh fa dheireadh | ó leamhain ar (MS eir) Luicifear 'eventually they became demons because they clung to Lucifer', Giolla Brighde 224 § 5 .

II

(a) act of following (a leader, etc.): nech bad ferr lim a chéli do lenmain one I would rather follow than the other, LU 4014 ( SCC 46 ). mo beth agat lenamain / a mullaighibh na mbenn, BS 74.3 . ic lenmain I., Grail 1619 . do chuirfeadh roimhe a mhacnas do leanmhain, TSh. 3655 . níor fhulaing sé neach ar bioth dá leanmhuin, Mark v 37 .

In phr. lucht (fer) lenamna follower(s), adherent(s): a tabairt dá muintir araen ┐ dá locht lenamna, O'D. 1959 ( Eg. 90, fo. 7 ). lucht lenamna Cathucáin, LL 19212 . fer lenamhna dhuitsi mé, ór dobhádhus ag hathair, Ériu v 190.472 . mé aige im' fhior leanamhna, TD 23.11 .

(b) Of following path, track: slighi mu paisi-se do leanmhuin, Smaointe B. Chr. 5740 . ag lenamhain . . . luirg an tí do bhochtaighedh ar ar son, RSClára f. 50b . lenamhuin luirg na simplidhechta `to follow the way of simplicity', f. 42a .

(c) act of pursuing, following (with hostile intent): iar femead a leanmana do Chonall, Dinds. 132 . a lenmain, a lenmain after him, TBC-LL¹ 2885 . nír miad . . . le T. lenmain an lochta sin, TTebe 4868 . a lenmain doib co Credran, Ann. Conn. 1257.12 .

(d) act of following, observing (a command, rule, course of conduct): dá fétmais t'orcátu-sa do lenmain, CCath. 643. in recht . . . do lenmain ┐ do choimet, PH 488 . an modh labhartha so do lenmhuin, RSClára f. 132a .

(e) act of pursuing (a subject, investigation): senchus riogh Eirionn ar na lenmhoin go mbunadh, MS. Mat. 549.y . sgéla láoi an lúain re a lenmhain, / fúair an sáoi sna seinleabhruibh, IGT Introd. § 21 = DDána 29.2 . a leanmhoin (of genealogies), L. Cl. A. B. 227.32 . léigim díom gan leanmhain orra níos faide (of the false statements of Hanmer), Keat. i 54.1 .

(f) act of persecuting, harassing; persecution : a Lucifeir . . . / cid 'moatai diar lenamuin?, SR 1722 . ni ro-lam demun ó-sin a lenmain (of one possessed), PH 2000 . leanmuin ┐ tribloid ar na hapstalaibh, Smaointe B. Chr. 6149.

(g) Of pressing a claim: do lenmain a slanaigechta ar Mac nDiarmata `to exact his guarantee from Mac D.', Ann. Conn. 1315.12 . mithidh liom leanmhain a éarca / áladh an chroinn do-chuaidh tríbh, DDána 30.15 .

(h) consequence, conclusion : nach bhfaghthar uile artegal inchreidthe . . . focal ar fhocal . . . acht a gcéill a ngluais ┐ a lenamhnuibh reasunta . . . tairngnithear as, Luc. Fid. 317.2 . gan ghluais oile, gan mhiniughadh gan lenmhuin, 300.17 . tegsa an bhiobla . . . gan ghluais, gan mhiniughadh, gan chonsequentia no lenamhnuibh, 299.3 . ? tri coicait bratt . . . / nírbo lac in lenamain consequence, result(?) (of a levy), LL 375b4 .

1 ló, lóe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ló, lóe or dil.ie/30379

Forms: ló, lóë

n Pokorny, ZCP xiii 122f ., distinguishes I ló `Wollflocke, Wollhaar, Härchen der Augenbrauen, Schneeflocke', and II lóë a fem. collective `Wolle, Fliess, Pelz, Decke'. A few examples support this distinction but it is frequently impossible to differentiate.

lō .i. olann, O'Mulc. 805 . ló .i. ribe olla. As ló a brut, O'Cl. casla .i. casló .i. olann chas, ibid. `ló a lock of wool, a blade of wool, a single hair', P. O'C. From ON , Bidrag 30 .

(a) single tuft or lock of wool; single hair of a sheepskin(?): a lin lo fil fort chassail, Trip. ii 384.4 . Perh. also: Lomaidhi . . . lo filed bui fora thengaidh, Lism. L. xxxix 6. Metaph. flake (of snow): indar lat it loa snectai breccait a mmag, LL 14122 . 14125 . co ro hairmither . . . loae snechtae, RC xii 104 § 148. Of water, splash(?): atetha . . . cless n-eóin / immelig loa usci, LU 8350 ( FB 24 , rhet.).

(b) fur of an animal, a fleece : cetnait . . . / buaid di a llacht a llóe, LL 13697 . leath do mnai a etach no lamtorad snithiu; trian a cirthu adblam; lethtrian a lloaib ┐ a scuapaib lin (.i. seised na holla), Laws ii 372.16 ( SM Facs. 42a3 ). co lai a olla a n-aimsir a lomartha .i. co n-olaind, Laws i 126.22 Comm . (gl. caura co li, 122.11 ). crín do chengul i llái cecha sinnaig dib, LB 127a33 . lai .i. clumh, O'Curry 2068 ( H 4.22, 67 ). Perh. also: ni dia dainib detnestar / die letharda loe (of a pig), Ériu vii 199 § 8 ( ni ar dánaib dothiastar / acht dia letharthaib lai, LL 13707 ).

(c) sheepskin cloak; fleece of a cloak; wool; nap of cloth : lend .i. . . . lō find .i. ainm do brut find, Corm. Y 837 (lóe, H.3.18). ro ir dom . . . .x. loa lethna, Ériu ii 4.16 (leo leithcnia, v.l.) (glossed .i. bruit derga nó bruit loi .i. pill nó echdhillat) (Amra Con Roí). fola brith .i. fó lóe in bruit bái, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 . dosnimthasa i llai a broit, Ériu xii 154.y (TE2). mala .i. moo a llō oldās in t-ēdan, Corm. Y 919 (a lloig, v.l.). brat cas corcra fo loí chaín, BDD² 7 . bratt derg fa chaslái imme, TBC-LL¹ 5425 (fo casloi, fo loi cain, v.l.). ocht mbruit chorcra bus caemh ló, Leb. Cert. 152.4 (: dó). coic bruit corcra co caemlaeib, Fen. 368.6 (: aíb). for loae (disyll.) mo gaimnén gil on the fleece of my white skin-rug, Liad. and Cuir. 22.14 . in brat uane / . . . / dorat lai fair iar lomain `He has bestowed pile on it', PRIA 1953, 98 § 21 (loi, loa, v.ll.). celtair .i. etach nuair .i. ni maith contui co tuctar a ló as, O'Curry 91 ( H 3.18, 66 ) = a loth, O'Curry 1400 ( H 3.18 633 ). is aire isrubrad Ulaid / . . . / lōä līath uma smechaib, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 15 . Cf. Ulaid .i. oll leith . . . olann líath dochengladar día smechaibh, Cóir Anm. 245.

Compd. ló-chorcra adj purple-fleeced: cét lend lóchorcra, LL 7289 . bratt lómar lóchorcra, TTr. 1039.

núar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. núar or dil.ie/33350

n (variant form of 1 núall?) a wail, lament, sorrow: ard aniu an nuar gáir guil grednaigh | fuil a ttír O tToirdhealbhaigh, Cog. 96.3 (line is hypermetric, om. an nuar?). mo nuair-se my sorrow! (interj.), Keat. Poems 1365. mo nuar, 239 . nuar mo chroidhe-se, O'Rah. xv 173 (ed. 1911) . See monuar.

sáraigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sáraigid or dil.ie/36205

Forms: sáirgid, rosariged, sáruigthe, sárugud

v (1 and 2 sár-) Depon. in O.Ir. IGT Verbs § 106 (244.22) . Perh. also sáirgid, cf. Magauran 4387 cited under II (a).

I violates, outrages, transgresses.

(a) Of laws, commandments, etc.: in rect rósárichset, Wb. 1d4 . rosariged mandatum occo, 3c24 . it hé a t[h]imnae adi . . . rusarigestar `that he had violated', Ml. 71b14 . ma ro sárugus do smacht, SR 1403 . in tíí sharaiges . . . a thimnai ┐ a fhorcetul, PH 7886 . saraigther in aithne-si o thri modaib, 7320 . do sháraigh Eabha an aithne, Dán Dé xxii 28 . seanfhocal nách sároighthear a proverb which holds good, TD 16.1 . ní riaghail sháireochar `a rule without exception'? PBocht 6.9 . monuar d'áitightheóiribh . . . sháruigheas aitheannta an Tighearna = vae transgredientibus, TSh. 5376 . Elliptically: ní sháireocha mé `I will not transgress', Jerem. ii 20 .

(b) of persons: ? sreba siabra saraigter | snimaig for hinn na lasra (descr. of day of judgment), SR 8305 . húair ro sáraigsem Dia dil, 1517 = o ro sharaigsimar in Coimdid, MacCarthy 62.6 . non saraigedar in mac insults us, LU 4872 ( TBC-I¹ 384 ). ar ro sáraig G. hé G. had outraged him (i.e. had disregarded a pledge), LU 9610 = ZCP iii 208.2 . mé Eba ben Ádhaimh uill | mé ro sháraigh Íosa thall, Ériu iii 148 § 1 . soaid . . . Dia o na doinib . . . in tan sharaigit he, PH 2355 . ro-da-sargius I have wronged him, RC xx 54.7 . na sáraigh sinne, arna naeimh, uair da saraighi tu sinne ni bia cumairce a nEirinn, KMMisc. 313.7 . guidhim Padraic naem | nachamsaraighi shín, 319.12 . do sháruigh Éabha go huaibhreach | Athair na ndúl, DDána 41.9 . Fig. gur sháruigh déar a doirseoir till tears could no longer be restrained, 27a.22 . ? beag nar sáruigheadh San Froinséis `is now almost reft of honour', PBocht 1.1 . an té sháruighios an bocht `that oppresseth the poor', Proverbs xiv 31 .

(c) in constr. s.¤ x imm y: saraich[is] an laechradh im lín an fáidh findnech the warriors disobeyed the druid in regard to the number (Maíl Dúin had taken with him a larger crew than ordered by the druid), Anecd. i 52 § 16 . fer rat sháraig im trib maccaib Usnig do marbad far th'einech violated thy honour by killing . . ., TBC-LL¹ 5998 . doruimen E. na saraigfithe imon tech i mbói that the house in which she was would not be molested, Anecd. ii 50.z . da saraiged iad 'man ingin if he flouted them with regard to the girl, TTebe 2133 . Usually in the meaning deprives of, robs of: cia rot-sháraig 'mot' noebthlacht?, SR 1308 . in chaillech . . . | ro shāraigh Bresal 'ma boin whose cow B. had carried off, ZCP vii 306.9 . no shárgind én aith im og I used to rob the keen bird of its egg, IT i 158.12 . is mor fhecht ro-m-sáraig in (leg. im in) forend fora tardus-[s]a daille ┐ buidre `often has he snatched from me', PH 3823 .

(d) of violating a woman: cīa . . . | ro sāraigustar Etain? . . . is ē ro sáruigh Etan . . . gurus toirrc[h]iustur, ZCP xiii 132 § 8 . co ro saraich hi ┐ co ndeachaid na gnais da haindeoin, Ériu ii 180.1 . ro sharaidhiusa in ingin . . . o nach fuarus dia deoin í, Ériu v 148.35 .

(e) of churches, etc.: asren díre a grád dond eclais sāraiget[h]ar, Ériu i 218 § 4 . nír sáraigh Brián Boraimhe | réd lindsi Inis Cathaigh, Irish Texts iv 80 § 2 . maircc sháireochus mo chill cáid, BNnÉ 285 § 272 . sáireochait do thermannsa | do laoich is th'eolaigh féine, Irish Texts iv 82 § 19 . Note also: mad dia sárgid in n-id sin ┐ in rignia doringni, TBC-LL¹ 611 = ma sāraigthe ind n-idse, . . . nō ma tīstai secha, TBC-I¹ 269 . ni shariagum (shaireocham, v.l.) itir in n-id se . . . ┐ ní sáríagum (shaireocham, v.l.) in rignia, TBC-LL¹ 618 - 19 .

II

(a) excels, is better than: ní roclos fri sīl fri cath | nōnbor nodasáraiged, ZCP viii 333.6 . do sháruigh sé fhuil Eoghain, L. Cl. A. B. 71.20 . a bhfuair ó Dhia . . . | cia anuas do sháraigh?, PBocht 10.31 . ? sairghidh rí D. re daidhbhreas | duine gá mbí saidhbhreas, Magauran 4387 (see notes). ní do sháruigh na huile phiana = quae . . . superat, TSh. 6387 . fá héigean don mhnaoi . . . dul do chómhruith re heachaibh Ch. . . . gur sháruigh iad outran, Keat. ii 2421 . gniomh iongnad . . . sháraighes uile chumhachta na ccréutuired (of a miracle), Parrth. Anma 101.20 , cf. Luc. Fid. 57.5 . leogan . . . ro saraidh ind uili anmann . . . for airdi which exceeded all animals in height, Stair Erc. 390 . bean nár sháruigh bean san bhochtacht than whom no woman was poorer, PBocht 9.7 . do sháruigh A. i gcródhacht a lucht comhaimsire, Keat. ii 4846 . mar do sháruigh iad uile a n-umhla, Desid. 2121 . nī hē gach ēn rī . . . sháraigess a gcīss ┐ a ttorba . . . ē not every king excels him in rent and profit, Fl. Earls 82.10 . sai nar saraiged ┐ nach sareochar . . . re dan, Ann. Conn. 1244.7 = saoí nár sáraigheadh ┐ nách sáireochar, AFM iii 308.11 . With follg. prep. (cf. do-róscai): ba tria forcraidh neolusa . . . no saruidhdís I. don na druidhe, Laws i 20.21 Comm .

(b) hence with prep. AR is better than, gets the better of; persuades, prevails upon: gor tsaraigh an salm aíridhe si air he was unable to repeat this particular psalm, BCC 61 (46.12) . a connmhail a cuidechta na n-ordughadh no gur sháruidh orrtha until it was beyond their power, Rel. Celt. ii 188.1 . do sháruigh sé orra go mór `he pressed upon them', Gen. xix 3 . sáraighis N. ara cloind gan dul le díchēill . . . Conaill N. persuaded his children not to join in C.'s folly, ZCP xiv 224.14 . do sharaig in Coimdi caidh | ar clandaibh Sheth co saerbaidh | co nar faema duine dibh | ingena cloena Caïn, BB 7b32 = fuacair, ar in comdiu cáid | do chlannaib Séith . . ., LL 141b46 . Note also: sáraigh t'fheirg dom fhóireithin `repress thy wrath and save me', PBocht 23.48 .

(c) passes (a certain age): gur sháruigh ocht mbliadhna dég dhá aois till he was past eighteen, ZCP xii 396.20 . suil . . . do sháruighid fithche bliadhain, Donlevy xviii 26 . Cf. do sháruigh sé a nuáir chinnte `hath passed the time appointed', Jerem. xlvi 17 .

Part. sáruigthe exhausted, prostrate : go bhfacamar . . . | Bran a's í suaidhte sáruighthe exhausted, Oss. vi 78.14 . dorindi sé breid sínti saraighthi don Afraicc uli `devastated', Stair Erc. 1390 . fa bhréid shladach sháraighthe, TD 32.76 .

Vn. sárugud.

sechataid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechataid or dil.ie/36754

v (? sechat = sech + suff. pron. 2 s.) hands over, delivers up: do bhi do laithair a nuair do sheachaid an clann so . . . an sgribheann so mar sela ┐ mar fhiadhnuisi . . . Sean Buidhe Ó Madhliona, Public Records 29th Report 46.38 . a nuair do sheachaid an túrnáoi . . . an ⃛sealbh so do Ruisdird Ualis, 48.1 . seachuid anté do mharbh a dhearbhrathair `deliver him', 2 Samuel xiv 7 . coróin ghlóire sheachodus sí dhuit, Proverbs iv 9 . `seachadaim I deliver, surrender', O'R.

selaigecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. selaigecht or dil.ie/37030

n ā, f. (sel)

(a) alternation of sovereignty : nachar damadh sīst nō sealaidhecht da bar sinnseraib um an oilén sa, ML² 1546 . conár bhiongnadh . . . Desmhumha d'iarraidh braighdedh ┐ a sealaigheachta ar Dal cCais óir ba hionann fuil dóibh ┐ do Dal cCais, Cog. 216.11 . Mac Giollapatraicc d'iarraidh na sealaigheachta, 13 . do ⃛selbhaidur clann Lochlainn ┐ a slicht hé do comraind ┐ do tselaidhecht, O'D. 1962 ( Eg. 90, fo. 7 ). do caithidur a ⃛slicht do tselaidhecht . . . a ndiag a céile, O'D. 1958 (ib.). cia hiad na flatha . . . | thug dá chéile sealuigheacht, 23 G 24, 344.23 . sealaidheacht bliadhna ag gach fear díobh, Keat. ii 1291 . trí mic Chearmada . . . i bhflaitheas . . . ar sealaidheacht gach ré mbliadhain, 825 . sealuidheacht flaithis, eadhon, gach re mbliadhan (-ain?) ag gach aon díobh ar uainibh, i 222.44 . Cf. gach re nūair, ré sealuidheacht, by courses, Eg. Gl. 363 .

(b) a turn, a temporary assignment : sealoidheacht ní fhuair impe (of standing guard), DDána 96.2 . is dearbh liom nach anfá ar mh'inghin mar mhnaoi phósta acht go madh lór leat sealaidheacht d'fhagáil di, Keat. iii 2794 .

siled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. siled or dil.ie/37514

Forms: siltin, silt

u and o, m. vn. of silid. In later lang. also a d s. siltin f. In OT transl. silt f.

(a) act of dropping, flowing, dripping; a downpour, a drop : doreprendset tri bainne fola eissi . . . ┐ níro ansat do silid co . . ., Trip.² 792 . níco-s-taidled s.¤ sín `the pelting of the storms did not reach them', Metr. Dinds. iv 240.15 . amal silti . . . snechtaide `like snowy drops', CCath. 4954 . tolada . . . alluis ac siliud a slesaibh . . . gacha tighi, 874 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad, Ériu viii 26.15 . risin siltin (sic leg.) . . . sīorfhuair sneachtaidhe, CMT 684 . co lēiciur siliud dom ṡūilib, ACL iii 243 § 31 . srotha segmara silltecha sruthluaimnecha ac siledh as gach aird, Stair Erc. 778 . sileadh phinn, DDána 39.22 . mong a dá súl ag sileadh, Dán Dé v 26 . an bonn do bhí ar sileadh `the foot pouring blood', iii 20 . gan fuil do tsiltin doibh, Rosa Angl. 208.11 . mil imdha ac siledh da cranduib, BCC 355 (392.9) . na heasa ┐ na hinnbheara bhíos ag sileadh ┐ ag snighe, TSh. 6725 . ré sírshilt a ló móirfhearthanna, Proverbs xxvii 15 . silt shíorruidhe, xix 13 . ag silt mhirr, Cant. v 13 .

(b) distillation, evaporation; act of melting : mar thairringeas an ghrian gheal | an t-uisce suas ar sileadh, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xiii . dabeir sin air s.¤ ┐ leagad ┐ fertain da denamh dhe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.18 . Metaph. atá m'anam ag sileadh le doilghios `my soul melteth for heaviness', Psalms cxix 28 .

(c) spittle : sileadh do churi gcuid do luaithreadh na talmhan, TSh. 197 . Cf. 1 saile.

(d) matter, pus; a discharge: sanies est, [etc.] .i. issed is siledh and flichidheacht arna claechlódh ┐ arna truailledh, O'Gr. Cat. 251.7 . is edh [is] digbail, an trath tinnsgnus laigdiugad ┐ aipiugad ┐ teid cum silid, Rosa Angl. 174.x . as ionann pus ┐ silead, 23 K 42, 423.y . a nuáir bhías chréachd ar silt ar áonduine as a fheóil, do bhríg créachd a shilte, atá se neamhghlan `when any man hath a running issue', Levit. xv 2 .

síthóilte, sítháilte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síthóilte, sítháilte or dil.ie/37757
Last Revised: 2013

adj io, iā part. of síthlaid, see also síthalta. McKenna ( PBocht 23.47 ) translates `peaceful joy' (i.e. 2 síd + fáilte) but the word seems always to be an adj. purified, clear; and thence, settled, tranquil: a dhoruis dhúin na sláinte | a rúin sholais shíotháilte, PBocht 23.47 . go ffacattar in fairrce ro-glan, ro-sholus, ro-shiothóilti ina ttimceall, BNnÉ 76 § 143 . dochum go mbeith ar ccroidhe ciuin síothchánta síothóilte, Desid. 2764 . go mbí an inntinn síothóilte, socair, sáor ó bhuaidhirt, Parrth. Anma 39.19 . is iad . . . is cródha de na curaidhibh . . . ┐ is siothealta briathra de na daoinibh, ITS i 170.y .

Adv. an mbíthear sunn go síotháilte `are men at peace (with me) here'? Dán Dé xvi 7 . a nuair atá go suaimhnech siothóilte ina shláinte, Mac Aingil 64.8 . tuig an réad so adéar go sítheoilte `civilly', Ó Bruad. iii 10.7 . go ngabhann . . . | a bhfearantus féin go saoghlach sítheoilte `in peace', E. O'Rah. i 11 .

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