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1 adrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adrad or dil.ie/533

u, later o, m. Vn. of 1 adraid. act of adoring, worshipping; adoration: dom a.¤ , Wb. 5a27 . a.¤ dǽ, 6d8 . etarcnae ṅdæ ┐ a.¤ gl. cultura [divina], Ml. 129c13 . ní fíra.¤ . . . bís leu du dia., 42a14 . mor do rat . . . du læri frit a.¤-su, 136c11 . adrada idal gl. profanitate, 49a23 . adartha gl. adorandi, 116b4 . occ t-a.¤-so, Wb. 5a25 . do a.¤ bachal `to worship Baal', 5a29 . dia molad ┐ dia a.¤ , Ml. 67b24 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . condechuid-som isna adradu hisin `so that he came to those adorations', 65d12 . o a.¤ ind idail áin, SR 7045 . conscerthar ar n-a.¤-ni ┐ ar ngentlecht, Trip.² 352 . sollamon n-adratha .i. Casc no Nollog, Laws v 398.11, 17 Comm. aes . . . adhartha idhul, Ériu ii 114 § 38 . lucht adhairthe an anma-so Iosa, Parrth. Anma 3913 . ar son a adhartha, DDána 37.42 . deuna gníomh adhraidh `make an act of adoration', Donlevy 406.2 . ag adhradh do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1923 . In phrases. dia adartha: Coll, Cécht ┐ Grian fá déé adartha dhóibh, Keat. i 222.25 . asé is dia adhartha dhó `the god whom he worships', Marco P. 161 . do bheannaigeas dhōibh treasna dēibh adharthae, Feis Tighe Chonáin 167 . ail adartha rock of adoration: ail adrada (as a landmark), Laws iv 142.16 Comm. cranncor no airisem iman ailig nadhartha (as means of decision), O'Curry 2569 (Eg. 88, 48(49)a) = 2587 (49(50)d) with added comment: ar ni tualaing nech duine ro mestar fir d'anteist acht inti uma aici menma na nuile . Perh. a christian explanation of some heathen mode of divination (= incubation), Plummer MS. notes. fir n-airisme fri haltoir .i. in t-airismetu im ailig n-adartha, Laws v 470.34, 472.21 Comm. (where text has substituted the Christian analogue while the comment preserves the heathen aspect, Plummer). ?As n.loc. rocumsat a.¤ and conid de asbert A.¤ ingene Lūachāin, BColm. 18 § 17 .

bláesc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláesc or dil.ie/6030
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: pláesc, bláosg

n ā, f. Also pláesc. bláosg (pláosg, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 39.8 . (a) integument : bloesc gl. testa Ir. Gl. 179 . ? ro glanad | mo bluísc (MSS. blus) `my covering has been cleared´ Sages, Saints and Storytellers 26 § 15 (Amra Senáin) . (b) eggshell, nutshell: amal bis a bloesc imm og, SR 165. do blaeisg uighe, SG 249.19 . .uii. lán .xx. et na blaisce circe sin ba hi sin a mead tomais, LB 155a51 . leathlan blaoisge uighe circe, 23 K 42 , 381.22 . con accatar . . . blaesca cno mor, RC ix 466.10 . gach cnú chorr ag cur a bláoisce, KMMisc. 172.31 . croiceann ocus blaesc (plaesg, v.l.) ocus etne, ITS xix 56.11 .

Other applications: lann, bláosg, slig[e] `a scale', Eg. Gl. 426. a nuile íasc ar a mbia . . . bláosca, Deuteronomy xiv 9. scamae ( Acts ix 18 ) gl. cenni aut bloscc (leg. bloescc, Edd.) aut lanna, Thes. i 497.1 (Ardm.). mar blaeisc chrin (= tanquam testa, Psalms xxi 16 ), Smaointe B. Chr. 4041. fá thuairim thaobh na gcléireach gcinnsealach, / nó anuas fá a mblaoscaibh maola millteacha pates, Hackett² li ii 11 . re blaosg tana . . . an aiéir firmament, Dhá Sg. Art. 1220.

Compds. blaescbheol duvglass . . . le `scaly lips', CCath. 4025. blae maidm mic (leg. .i., ZCP xvii 156 n.14 ) la blaesc maidm (of lightning), O'Dav. 222 (cf. Ériu xiii 24.26 ). Cf. cnó-mhaidm, ZCP xvii 154.4 , and see cnú compds.

clithar, clethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clithar, clethar or dil.ie/9513
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cluthar, clothar, cluthair

o, ā (clith). Later also cluthar, clothar, cluthair.

adj I sheltering, protective : ro scucsat iarsin i nglend ┐ i fidbaid clicair, BB 496a39 . cuan cluthar, comdaingen, ZCP vi 294.23 . fidh cluthur caointortach, Grail 3695 . lucht na mbrat gclúmhach gcluthar, Hackett lvi 49 . suadhach shámhghlan shármhaith shearccluthair (epithet of a woman), xii 11 . an treabh chumhthach . . . / cluthair a grádh liom go luan `will by me be warmly loved', Ó Bruad. ii 130 xviii . ? roir dom . . . .x. mbruit cuinsce c.¤ , Ériu ii 4.17 (cheville?). Adv. protectively, closely(?): bīaid relec d'arc[h]anglib / im c[h]lūain co clothur (clothaib, MS.), BColm. 30.22 (: atlochur). dfhagháil cumainn go cluthar ó dhaoinibh, Hackett xxxix 188 . clothar .i. toghaidhe no toghtha, O'Cl.

II As subst. o, m.

(a) shelter, covert, fastness : mor fer ro boí com iarraid / eter chlitar is diamair, LU 3938 ( SCC 44 ) (`both roof and hidden place', SC2 n.). gáir na Gairbe, c.¤ fid, SG 366.3 ( LL 297b50 ). gēsid ōs caille c.¤ above the fastness of the wood, IT iii 67 § 2 . i clithor .i. i mbuaile, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). c.¤ mbaiscaill .i. buaili, Auraic. 5551 . c.¤ boiscell kenning for quert apple-tree in Bríatharogam , Auraic. 5552 (cf. clithc[h]ar boscill .i. eilit nó geilt, Anecd. iii 43.16 ). fidbuid . . . / re haltrom én [n-]ilgothach / ria c.¤ dia cleith `hiding it with its shelter', Ériu i 39 § 3 . ō c[h]luthraib crīc[h] ┐ ō f[h]osgaduib iath, ML² 666 . do-rataid a long ar feisted a cluthur an cuain, Grail 3298 . as cluchar a coillte, BCC 282.17 .

In n. loc. ro láiset a nernail búair ┐ braite seoco fodess i C.¤ Bó Ulad, TBC-I¹ 1774 . hi C.¤ Fidbaidi hi Commur Cetharsliged, LU 8510 ( FB 36 ). pl. Clothrén i maigh Chliach atá. is úadh Cluithri Chlíach, Cóir Anm. 195 . in tan bátar hi Cluichrib, LU 5403 (TBC) = cluithrib, TBC-I¹ 926 .

(b) Fig.

(i) protection, shelter : is ruca don righ olc do dhenumh . . . is ina chlit[h]ur imteit cach, O'Curry 478 (H. 3.18, 249). fer gonur fia sochuide, cia tuilledh for slogh fiadh ndéntur, no as a clithor a ndéntur, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ).

(ii) Of a prince, protector, refuge: clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, ar is ainm do rīg isin Dūil Feda Māir c.¤ , Corm. Y 209 . is e in t-ard-ḟlaith hUa Ainmirech c.¤ dana craeb coibneasa ro raidsiumar romaind, MR 98.x . ata triath os cionn Ruarcach / . . . / isse cleathar is cuibhdhe, H 3.18, 766.22 . ? c.¤ .i. urachill, ut Udhacht Morainn: ar clitharsidhe (? sīdhe) sgeó thuatha, Ériu xiii 67 § 69 ; cf. ZCP xi 97 § 60 .

In phr. c.¤ sét appar. the `sét' of highest value, a milch-cow, an in-calf cow or a ploughing ox. `sheltering sét' or `insurance sét' Plummer MS. notes (comparing gell tóirithnech). clithar sēt. Alii dicunt do mbad ainm do boin inlāig .i. arindī doceil a llōeg n-inde [quod non est uerum, sed uerius] Clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, Corm. Y 209 . clithear set, slaindte forgu na nuile .i. cleithe ar set .i. loilgech, Laws iv 28.4 , and 16 Comm. c.¤ sed .i. laulgach no daum timchella aratar no buo inlaoge, O'Curry 852 ( H 3.18, 386b ). Also sét clithair (attrib. g s.): ro saig set clithair enech bo-airech coruicce cumal n-uinge no boin nu-da-craid, Laws v 392.1 . set clithair gill ainech boairech inna muin, 390.z . .i. clethe or na sed, gellas tinchaib (= do inchaib) in boairech mailli ris imuig .i. in lulgach, 392.14 Comm.

Compds. With noun. a cliotharchuan D. sheltered harbour, Hugh Roe² 6.11 . do clithardiamaire (sic leg.) an inuid, Acall. 2332 v.l. (do dhiamhair, text).

With adj. cuan cobhsaidh. cluthardaingen, ZCP vi 28.y . in cheirt combrec clithar-diabultae (sic leg.) bui uime, Anecd. iv xiv 27 (`? folded as a covering', Plummer MS. notes). tresna coilltib clithirdiamraib `with their secret shelters', TTebe 312 . tug corn . . . a clithardíamuir a édaig `hidden shelter', Fianaig. 58.17 . rotheichset fo clithárdiamraibh in tíri, CCath. 1249 . fo chailltib clithardlúithe `close-sheltering', Fianaig. 52.11 . mo chroinn . . . cliothardhlúithe, Buile Ṡ. 82.x . imdatuigethar celt clithargarb finna, LU 7732 (BDD). cuan cluthar-mīn Celga, ML² 721 . a da sgiath corcra clithir mora, ZCP x 306.23 .

con-berba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-berba or dil.ie/12001

Forms: combruithid, comberbas, combruth, comberbad, combruithe

v (berbaid) later combruithid, cooks, boils together: bru con-berbha búas, Ériu xiii 26.9 . con-berbha ina chráos crú, 34.15 = comberbas, O'Dav. 393 . coire conberba gach nuile nom, O'D. 2200 (Nero A vii. 139a). conberbtar brachta, Auraic. 4541 = conberbar bracht, Laws i 140.x Comm. O'Dav. 1026 . nos-combruithiter lei `are boiled together with . . .', RC xii 86 § 89 . cuid d'ieronn na greidle . . . for ar commbruithedh ē, Fl. Earls 194.23 .

Vn. combruth, later comberbad. Part. combruithe.

cráibthecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráibthecht or dil.ie/12730

n (crābud) devotion : a nuile chráibhtheacht, 1 Timothy ii 2 (1685 ed.). buidhe nó Cráibhtheacht, Donlevy 240.14 . Cf. religio .i. craphacht, Auraic. 4216 .

crann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crann or dil.ie/12753
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cruinn, crunn

n o, n. later (LU) m. g s. cruinn (later (LU) crainn), d s. crunn (see GOI 50 ). c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 74 .

(a) tree : crand .i. crē a fond, Corm. Y 234 . as máthir aṡotho feissin cach nóen ch.¤ , Sg. 65a6 . luib ┐ ní c.¤ gl. siler, 65a9 . inchruinn toirthig fruit-tree , Ml. 15b13 . dochrunn fessin gl. arbuta, Sg. 61b8 (leg. don . . . ?, Edd.). 61b13 , 65a7 . cranna doiscairi gl. lignorum uilium, Ml. 92d6 . etir anmmann innac.¤ ┐ anmmann atoraid innac.¤ sin, Sg. 61b3 . a (sic MS.) crand mór, Vita Br. 35 . dober donchraunn inn-ubull (Satan to Eve), SR 1272 . no benfad a crand, LU 4829 (TBC). Nath Coirpthe occá chrannaib, 5814 . tri chrand co torud, LL 32927 . ní lassamain cech n-óenchrand `a single log does not flame' (prov.), TBC-LL² 2041 . fear fongaib c.¤ mbech hi faithchi `a man who finds bees in a tree', . . . Laws iv 194.18 . na aidérad clocha ná crunnu, LU 4046 . tregort c.¤ tre c.¤ cu `stake', Ériu xxi 130.13 . crand dond ḟīnemain find, ACL iii 238 § 10 . mac in chraind a parrdus a seedling from the tree . . . , Airne F. 53 . mór do chuid do na crannaibh, PBocht 11.24 (prov.(?), Ed.). fá tharr chroinn under a tree, TSh. 9000 . ? nach fuirmhithe do chodhnach c.¤ occ cuimreach a chórusa, Ériu xiii 21.29 . See 1 fír .

With qual. gen. of particular types of tree: eccla croinn áis an áraidh, ACL iii 216.17 `quick-set tree', P. O'C. im gcrand ngabala appropriated tree, Laws i 202.2 .i. in c.¤ crosta, 206.8 Comm. tria crand in tairmtechtais (tree of knowledge of good and evil), PH 3934 . co crand an imarbois, 2393 . c.¤ na haithne, DDána 10.4 . crand in báis, PH 2392 . crann bethe, Eg. Gl. 705 . coirt croind critaig `aspen', Rosa Angl. 260.17 . crand figed, Grail 1458 . c.¤ fir `test-tree' (1 fír), Laws iv 146.27 . crand gíus gl. hec pinus, Ir. Gl. 563 . crand greni ┐ crand esca, ZCP xxx 136.z (Alex.). crand lauír gl. laurus, Ir. Gl. 564 . duilléag chroinn ola, Gen. viii 11 . dulli crand palmi, PH 872 . ? crann sálais, Keat. Poems 532 . c.¤ Sédair cedar, Psalms xcii 12 . c.¤ teile lime, Isaiah vi 13 . ris a nuile ch.¤ túise, Cant. iv 14 .

Transfd. crand gel is tīr (of ray of sun), Four Songs 12 § 13 . Of persons: ón chronn chnuais, DDána 103.29 . Cairbre an c.¤ fa tiogh dtaraidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 69 § 13 . crainn tug cúl re cáin chléire ` blockheads ', Ó Bruad. iii 150.22 . crann bagair a ghaolta protector , Párl. na mB. 183 . crann mela sponsor, patron (lit. honey tree): Conallaigh mo chroinn mheala | Connachtaigh 's iad m'oideadha 'the Conallaigh were my patrons, the Connachtaigh my teachers', Ériu lxiv 176 § 2.19 . géag chumhra do chin ó Chonn | ag sin mo lubhghort, mo lionn | fáth mo cheana do ríomh rann | ar gcrann meala go bhfíon fionn, Éigse xi 5 . a chroinn mheala `honey-laden trees', O'Hara 4069 ​.

(b) wood (material), timber: c.¤ cruínd immuambiat ocuan denum gl. rotæ, Ml. 18b4 . c.¤ condid gl. lignum `fire-wood', Thes. ii 226.33 . c.¤ a mbís de ós usce . . . íarann a mbís i n-usci, Airne F. 165 . etir cloich ┐ crand (a building), RC xviii 39.31 (Tig.). Cf. a laithe an chrīarta / bud c.¤ leo a cinn wood, ZCP viii 208.32 .

Attrib. g s. claidiub craind wooden sword, LU 5417 (TBC). 5641 . coss chraind, LL 38614 . each croinn (of Cross), Aithd. D. 65.36 . airm crainn, Maund. 161 . caislén crainn, 162 . Note also: saoir chruinn ┐ chloch carpenters and stonemasons, Párl. na mB. 262 .

(c) staff, pole, bar, stock, plank, beam, axis; article or tool of wood: crand tochartaigh, see tochartach. cen garmna cruind `beam of loom', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.9 . c.¤ tara tech (sic leg.) (let) a piece of wood (be placed) over their coop (hens), Laws ii 118.13 Comm. a chrand cromchend crozier (of Patrick), Trip.² 341 . croind croma, SG 44.25 . mo ch.¤ bassa walking staff , Aithd. D. 1.29 . mind lestraib . . . eiric . . . isin crand handle(?), Laws iii 192.2 Comm. dairt i c.¤ n-airidi rail, Críth G. 223 . o crund co fraig, LU 7376 `wooden rail (or partition?)', BDD² Gloss . doratad c.¤ ar chleith (sic leg.) airi the house was firmly secured (i.e. by a wooden bolt?), Trip.² 604 . ni baí crand dond indsi fri aroile beam , Anecd. i 2.5 (SCano). c.¤ mbith see 2 bí. a llos a lín is a craind fishing-rod , LU 3072 ` boat ', Fél. 52.31 . dá chrand cháela (of bier), Bard. P. 53.13 . an c.¤ baoi tresen idh ` bar ', Hugh Roe² 14.17 . glaisíarna . . . / do cuireadh leo for crannoibh frames , Duan. F. i 92.1 . c.¤ crithir `unsteady plank', Dán Dé viii 6 . c.¤ mna fighi distaff , BNnÉ 191.24 . c.¤ suaite na braisce ` mixing-stick ', Lism. L. 302.18 . do ch.¤ tealaich fire-raker , Oss. ii 38.w . doiligh léimeanna c.¤ gceart (of steps of ladder), Aithd. D. 62.20 . c.¤ snais, 27.34 (`some weaver's tool(?)', note).

Of spearshaft, spear : for crund a duirnd Diarmató, LU 9690 . gai . . . gormrúadh . . . fora chrund, 7202 (BDD). la crand for scīathu banging spearshafts on shields (in driving a bull), TBC-I¹ 1357 . núall fri crunnu sleg, Metr. Dinds. iii 22.287 . síodh fan gc.¤ do chuaidh treimhit ` lance ', Dán Dé iv 9 . croinn fhoghadh spearshafts , O'R. Poems 15 . sróll taisgreanta ar c.¤ (um ch.¤ v.l.) ga chur (of battle-standard), IGT Decl. ex. 1227 .

Of Cross (calque from Lat. lignum Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): crist coc[runn achr]uche foir gl. cum lignis, Tur. 123 . conidainm dunchrunn gl. crux Christi, Wb. 8a5 . dul sa ch.¤ going on the cross, Dán Dé vi 15 .

Mast, steering oar : dorat . . . c.¤ fri tír he pushed off, Trip.² 359 . ar[r]o-tógaibseat . . . na séola for na crundu, BDD² 477 . seólad crand dar muir ` ships ', ZCP i 112.z . nuair a shuidheadh iad air a crann cèille 'mast (?)' SGS xviii 106.25 .

Of bed or part thereof: Conall . . . etir ┐ crand, LU 3299 (SC). nonbur for craund siúil, 7607 (BDD). See séol . luid do crunn ┐ do uaitni (of childbirth), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43.34 .

Of axis in ogam writing: is amlaid imdreangair crand . . . saltrad fora freim in croind ar tus, Auraic. 949 .

Of wooden musical instrument: cuisle .i. c.¤ ciuil, O'Curry 963 ( H 3.18, 415 ). trí duirn isin crand chiuil (of harp), Acall. 617 . téda do chroinn, Bard. P. 25. 3 . crand glesta gl. plectrum, Ir. Gl. 719 . Laws i 126.32 Comm. in c.¤ cíuil aicci . . . a thimpan, Acall. 3456 .

Note also: crand airgit post (?), LU 3700 ( SCC 33 ). sdiall ar chapur a cc.¤ ┐ a ccrannoca airgid `bars and ingots of silver', TFrag. 8.10 .

(d) wooden piece used in casting lots; lot, destiny, fate: di chorcruinn gl. de ligno sortis, Tur. 132 . tri craind do cur a n-usci .i. crand na flatha ┐ crand in ollaman ┐ crand in lít[h]igh (that belonging to the guilty party sank, etc.), IT iii 192.7 - 8 . a leith craind cuirithir, O'Curry 437 ( H 3.18, 236a ). co[r] c.¤ fors in lestrai naile (leg. n-uili) lots are to be cast between all the hives (to determine liability for a bee-sting), Laws iv 178.10 . focherdsam crandchur . . . Mo chrandsa . . . taet ass ar tús . . . is cétchrand co torud chraind dedenaig, LL 12684 - 6 `a first lot with fruit of a last lot', RC xiv 407 . forcerdar c.¤ eturru, Laws iv 172.9 . ni bia . . . na ccrand cóir in their true destiny, Cog. 98.10 . do thuit an crand for righ Midhe, BNnÉ 298.6 . Cf. is e crand t'fhir phosta . . . an gradh, mar is e c.¤ an diabhail an fuath, Smaointe B. Chr. 1888 - 90 (see n.).

Compds. With nouns: bolg as ambid crannbelan little wooden opening, Laws i 152.27 Comm. im crandbolg `leather scoop', 150.9 . delbsat crann-búar cobsaid `stout kine of wood', Metr. Dinds. ii 218.41 . crandc[h]aingel .i. crannc[h]līath andsin .i. clīath isin c[h]rann eter laocha ┐ clēirc[h]u, Corm. Y 371 , see caingel O'Cl. acc imordughudh cranncaistiall `wooden stands', Stair Erc. 142 . ní rucsat úaim acht crandchert `justice dealt by a spear', TBC-LL² 3052 . an chrannchruit, Hackett² 17.w . croicionn crannchon na coille, Duan. F. i 33.23 ` pine-martin ', iii 332 . crannchú bís ic roduine, Acall. 5573 . crandord do gnídh, Manners and Customs 376 n. (cf. c. fri scíathu supra). crann dordan .i. crónán ┐ dordán, O'Cl. cranndretel cuirn (in list of dispensers), Triads 231 . lorg na crannlachan, SG 264.12 ` teal ', Contribb. 506 . don chronnlaoch `decrepit old man', Ó Bruad. i 106.21 . ? gur éirig in grian ina crandmill cró, CCath. cited Contribb. 506 . mors . . . Conaill Chrandomnai, RC xvii 211.6 (Tig.) (leg. -domna ?). cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi carpentry, Laws v 92.z . do crannsciathuip, CCath. 4949 . ? deadlaid craisech re crand-scem (leg. -éim: thréin), Metr. Dinds. iii 358.44 . ó rinn crainn-shleighe ` spear-point ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 9 . do scríobh i gcranntáibhlibh 'wooden tablets', Keat. ii 101 . With adjj.: a chraoisioch crann-adhbhal his large-shafted spear, MR xiv 31 . an bachlach crandbriathrach of dull (?) speech, BNnÉ 305 § 19 . go sleaghaibh crann-bhuidhe, CRR² 25 . ablach crannchaem having beautiful trees, Acall. 2738 v.l. doire crannrabhán (= crann + ro + bán), Magauran 436 . cath . . . crann-ruad, ML² 1182 . With vb. gur crannbrissedh a craiseacha, CF 130 .

cummatóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cummatóir or dil.ie/13867

Forms: cumadóir

n i, m. (cummae). cumadóir m., IGT Decl. § 50 . fashioner, maker : cumadoir, ceard = Potter, former , Eg. Gl. 186 . a cumadoir rom cumsa, Flower Cat. 25.23 . cumadóir na ccleas ndoilbhthe (of harper), Bard. P. 54.10 . eision cumadóir na nuile neitheann, Jeremiah x 16 . cumadóir an dlíghe, De Imit. 324.12 . cumodóir molta, Fier. 91 .

doíre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doíre or dil.ie/17939

Forms: doire, doire, doiri

n , f. (doír)

(a) captivity, bondage, slavery: doforsailced in doire the captivity has been loosened, Ml. 131d1 . amal bid iar mai[d]m chatha forru dubertis ba samlid a ndoire leu, 84c9 . ni bai dóere bad teinne, SR 3675 . a bithdoéra (: do-t-rega), 3344 . daire amlaid . . . ni tharlaid for bith buide, 3667 . daoíre a cuinge the oppression of her yoke, O'Gr. Cat. 518.3 . g s. inna doire , Ml. 61d9 . in calamitate .i. inna doire, 14b10 . fo brón na dóiri, Thes. ii 308.25 , gl. fo déraib, Hy. ii 2 . isse seo fochond a doere, Thes. ii 309.14 . for tuatha De tabrad (leg. -aid?) cach tormach ndoére, SR 3884 . inaimsir na tromdaire, 3694 . d s. conairleicthea asin doire ho Chir, Ml. 34d21 . reversionis .i. macc nIsrahel a dóiri, 46a5 . taidchuir macc nIsrahel a doire, 46a26 . issi a lobrae in popuil son isin doire, 45c9 . nonsoerni . . . di doiri babelon[e] doratad fornn, 46b26 . ar comthod ni as in doiri, 111a5 . arna tormal mo saigul nuile i ndoiri, 119b6 . nachabticfed for ri . . . a toiri, 46a14 . Codrige a ainm inna doere i nErind, Thes. ii 308.36 . comboé fo daire in-Egept, SR 3168 . in cethramath toisich . . . dodechaid asin dore (leg. doíre), Hib. Min. 212 . de dóiri Égipte, Fél. Ep. 532 . combái . . . oc ingairiu in dōiri, Mór M. § 3 . Patraic . . . ind inbaid sin i ndaíre in hErind, LU 266 . nis bia i n-daire damsa acht fogain don choimdid, IT i 40.39 . aititmit . . . ar mbeith fén a ṅdoire ar ar pecthaib, PH 7977 . i ndaeire ┐ i ndochraite ┐ i cumalacht do Eogan, SG 313.3 . a s. re techt in doiri , Ml. 80d9 . roétrummaigset in babillondai són doiri forsna cenela echtranna, 113c8 . ructha som i ndoiri, 102c7 . i mblogaib . . . cusin doriu (leg. doíri) baibilonde, Hib. Min. 209 . is 'na comar rugad ind airc isin daire, Todd Nenn. 40.10 . dosratsat fo thromdoere, SR 3664 . ruccsat a ndocar . . . ┐ i n-daire tar fairrge . . . leo, Cog. 42.19 . fogebtís . . . gorta ┐ doire, PH 4050 . traill a nomine trulla .i. lossat . . . ar d.¤ a fognama baseness , Corm. Y 1249 . dorat Eithne dáire fuirri ┐ rop í in dáire .i. nái méich arba do bleith cech lái servitude , SG ii 491.37 . daig fognait do na maithibh, is i a ndairi that is what constitutes their base status, Laws v 96.14 Comm. ní ar dhaíri na fineadhach sin acht ar dhaíri fhéir ┐ fhearaind ` liability ', Leb. Cert. 96.16 . In sense of stock held by a base client: nochon i athcuirther acht in daire, Laws ii 208.27 Comm. Cf. 1 saíre. Of the relation of a pupil to his teacher: cach felmac i n-aimsir daire do fithidir, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 ( Laws ii 288.7 ).

(b) dearness, costliness: (of Gobbán saor) go rodallta la hoirbire na naomh for a dáoire friú ┐ méd a loighi for charging them so much (for building), BNnÉ 10.14 . in tan do-chuaidh an fearann a ndaoire, PCT 801 .

Compd. ¤lige servitude: nos marthait a ndaoiriligi la Neimhedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 74.17 . in daoire lige, 19 .

garasún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. garasún or dil.ie/25379

Forms: garasdon, gairessún, garasuin, ngarasunaibh, ngairisionaibh

n o, m. a garrison : a nuile garasdon , Rel. Celt. ii 156.34 . gairessún, Fl. Earls 40.27 . ib. 44.3 . pl. garasuin saighdiúiridhe, AFM vi 2110.15 . ina ngarasunaibh , 2058.10 . ar a ngairisionaibh , 2014.2 .

1 grés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grés or dil.ie/26613

n m., u.

I handicraft, workmanship, ornamentation, artistic work : gréss i n-óentig fri muintir, Triads 70 . ferr grés soos, LL 345c51 . columhain marmair ... cu saine gacha gresa fair, ZCP i 254.24 . Cairnech ... scribnid Ciarain, is iside roscríb in scribenn amra ... cona hilgressaib `with its many illuminations (?),' Fél.² lxii 5 . glantar do tech gressa lat `let your workshop be cleaned by you,' Ériu v 72.18 . Of the work of building a tower : iar scur in gréssa (: béssa) glanúair, Metr. Dinds. iii 412.26 . togbhus an eaglas go ndealbhadhaibh iongantachaibh ┐ go ngresaibh bregha `with wondrous carvings and brave ornaments,' BNnÉ 188.36 . seacht mbliadna tra robatar na descipuil forsin cuairt ┐ teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa i fus displaying their accomplishment at home, Auraic. 239 . indeoin in Daghdha ba druin | do grés Grinne, Celt. Rev. x 345.z . iomdha gréas na ghlas cherdcha ar an gcrannghail gcoinnealta, Ériu v 62.1 . a greis (leg. grés) gan locht ar a lār ornament without a flaw on its surface, Ériu ii 164.3 .

II needlework, embroidery, female accomplishments : fuath in gresa the pattern of the needlework, Laws i 152.24 . mad ingena nos-berat, non-alad fri druine ┐ gresa, ZCP i 422.1 . ni raibe bíad aile isin tigh acht ina fagadh-si ar a grés, RC xxvii 292 § 53 . ba halaind an ingin sin, eter cruth ┐ chéill ┐ gais ┐ gres ┐ genus, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . asaid in ingen iarsin eter ghenus ┐ grēs ┐ lēigenn, ACL iii 308 vi 9 . go niomad gach nuile ghrés ar thaobhuibh an thaorchotúin (= tsaorch.), Rel. Celt. ii 260.39 . is ré n-a linn fos do cuireadh gréasa is corthaire ... ar bhrataibh ar dtús i nÉirinn embroideries and fringes, Keat. ii 1915 . clūimh arna grés le gallmhnaoi, L. Cl. A. B. 98.128 . is meadhrach bíd maighdeana ag gréas a mbrat embroidering their cloaks, Ó Bruad. ii 206.1 .

III poetical composition, a work of art, a poem : ní gres luighthi co luathbras `no epithalamium rashly or perfunctorily made' (O'Gr.), Acall. 818 . do mheas mé ar mhalairt cceirde | seachna na ngréas ngaoidheilge, KMMisc. 242 § 3 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . ní rob gerr mo grés glé-maith, Metr. Dinds. iii 346.102 . gréas do rithlearg composition of rhetoric, Content. xii 5 . ra ghreas laoidhe ar ar luigh san `in the poem on which he worked,' ib. xxii 13 . dealbhfad do Chormac mo chēidghrēs droighnighe, L. Cl. A. B. 146.1 . grés oirrdheirc do bhegan rann | do dhealbh misi, Rel. Celt. ii 289.16 . ná tug geall dod ghréaslaoidheadh, Content. xii 6 . luach mo ghréas im láimh, Hackett xix 16.

IV work, doings : i ciniudh imdergtha gach duine allos a[r] ngresa, RC xiv 54.2 . ro taisben doib a gres o ro scarsat, Laws i 22.2 . teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa `three years in displaying their studies,' Auraic. 239 = 2554 .

imm-ticc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-ticc or dil.ie/27942

v (a) comes about: gādatar tíssed in nōeb | ara nimthised lethu `that he would walk with them,' Thes. ii 313.1 ( Hy. ii ). folld. by AR protects: Noe ocus Abraham | ... | immuntisat (.i. tísat immund) ar tedmaim `may they protect us from pestilence,' Lib. Hymn. i 26.8 . Fig. includes ? ar ecnairc na nuile screptra i n-immecur (imm imthecor, immidechaid, v.ll.) do shoscele, Ir. Lit. 42.16 . ar ecnairc ina huile fhirinde i nimthecor t'esergi, 17 .

(b) ? To this, screens, defends: dia mbe bothar do, do follaigear saide, dia mbed da cladh ime no dí coraidh adsuitear leo ar ad fiadain annsni ... muna bed acht don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib (of cows going through land without a road) he is not protected by them (i.e. the witnesses (=the walls) ?), Laws iv 158.5 . ? condaig raith fris in dilsi sin acht is in adaig imtecar im comraic na scur no na cor indilsi sin, O'Curry 854 (< H 3.18, p. 387a ).

? ir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ir or dil.ie/29030

n a gift: i.¤ .i. tabartus, O'Curry 1298 (< H 3.18, p. 539ab ). Neimedh co nir na nuile `with the rewarding of all' (glossed: N. do beireadh tíodnacal do na huilibh, no ag a mbaoi feronn na nuile aicce), Leb. Gab.(i) 98.5 .

láige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láige or dil.ie/29383

Forms: lága, lágha, láighe

n also lága. lágha láighe, m., IGT Decl. § 2. f. in TBC-LL¹ 1820 n. cited below. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 152 , Mac White, ZCP xxv 11 - 12 .

(a) mattock, spade : gabais . . . l.¤, ┐ ro thochail . . . in talmain, LB 230b45 . mé an fear re hagaid na húaigi / tabair let an láighi, IGT Decl. ex. 73 . laige no sluasat do adnacal na luatha naime, Laud. 610, 25c (Plummer MS. notes). laighedha ┐ fiodhbhadha, Misc. Hag. Hib. 14.z . a nuile chnoc rómharthar le láighe, Isaiah vii 25.

(b) spear: foga .i. cruisech lagae, Rawl. 143a51 . is amlaid ticfa cath Cir / ┐ laige i llaim gach fhir, BB 7a9 . indtech na laidhedh moire, TBC-LL¹ 1820 n . = ZCP viii 550.5 (of Fergus' wooden sword). gabh do lāgha (: cāra), IGT Decl. ex. 957. Cf. Āed Gustān ba grānna a gal / lusca lāgha lethanchar, Anecd. iii 47.12 .

In g s. in n. pr. Lugaid Lága: Lugaid Lága, glossed .i. lágine mór no bíd ina láim, RC xiii 442.6 . So in Cath Crinna: la Lugaid Lága, LL 328b9 = Lughaidh Lámha, Keat. ii 4501 = Logha lagha, AFM i 110.10 . Ellipt. ni chela ha dde for Laga, LL 331a20 ( AFM i 110.16 ).

scíathánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíathánach or dil.ie/36460

adj (scíathán) winged : ris a nuile éun sciathanach, Ezekiel xxxix 17 .

sirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sirid or dil.ie/37676

Forms: siriud, súr

v i (see Bergin, Ériu viii 196 and IGT Verbs § 71 ). Trans.

(a) orig. ranges, traverses, wanders through; of disease, spreads through: sírid in rindide ṅuile ó hisul co huasal, Thes. ii 22.39 ( BCr. 33d3 ). in Bude Conaill, co rosirestar Hérinn hule, ┐ conafarcaib acht cech tres dune . . . i mbethaid, 299.1 ( Hy. i pref . ). sirem .i. īarsannī sires ō luc do luc in capite et in toto corpore , Corm. Y 1138 . donn .i. cuirm, ut est siris donn dibeoil .i. srethnaigi[d] in donn sin .i. in linn, do urlabra do neoch, O'Dav. 666 . taitnet gabra lir i sam | sella roisc roṡíri Bran, Imr. Brain 36 . siridh ┐ feghaidh brughe parrthais, Lat. Lives 109.7 . sirfid in noíndin hi fot, LU 6605 . no sirfed in Cú in m[b]ith mbras | co fagbad liaig da leges, 3554 ( SCC 29 ). ro ṡirsit . . . hErind hule oc iarraid mna . . . dó, IT i 118.19 ( TE 2 ). ra ṡirset na daim hErind uili inn aidchi sin `durchjagten', TBC-LL¹ 6166 . coroshir Herinn da bliadain, Mór M. 2 . iasg ingnad sirus an sāl, Ériu iii 145 § 24 . ro sir [in teidm] fo chethri hairdib Erenn, RC xvii 416.24 (Tig.). dia sirmis Ere ni fuigbithea ni bud mó, MR 16.y . an t-each . . . | as ferr dosir fér is fonn, BS 106.18 . sirfidh Éirinn na gheilt ghlas, 6.y . siridh uile Fiadh Fuinidh, TD 10.26 . sir na margaidh, a mheic Airt; | bíoth ad bhél: búta ar mhalairt, L. Cl. A. B. 121.49 . ac Cluan Ferta na sreabh mbán | sire Mágh Life lomlán (to a blackbird), Celt. Rev. x 137.23 . ní fhuil baile . . . | nachar shíreas don fhionnmhuigh Fháil seo, Keat. Poems 448 . Note also: ro-shir diamra in tshlebi do'n tarb, ┐ nocon fhuair searched, PH 7181 . ? Intrans. ranges : abb Ēirenn Amalgoidh ōg | fa sir danarghraigh (sic leg.) dar drūcht, ACL iii 307 § 23 . ? To this: roelai nó rosír (gloss on conselai), Thes. ii 342.34 .

(b) betakes oneself to, seeks out, has recourse to: dosir lega Erenn dia legius ┐ ni fuair slánti uathaib, RC xii 326 § 14 . siridh draoithe ┐ deghealadhnacha an domhuin ┐ dénaidh fios ┐ fogluim aca, Comp. CC 72.27 . sirthar duinn in fer-sin, PH 205 . do shir mé an Tighearna, Psalms lxxvii 2 . níor fhágbhas ann rígh ná flaith | nochar shíreas, Oss. iv 86.23 . ? To this: bean do ṡir ḟear n-úaigneasa | budh bean ḟir at égmhuissea, IGT Decl. ex. 1056 .

(c) seeks for, asks, demands; beseeches, implores, solicits: in talamh ica tái iarradh ar Dhia . . . is amhlaidh sin fagheba in talamh shire, Lat. Lives 108.13 . an scur rosirsiubair ar in cat[h] cathardha, CCath. 5483 . co sir a berradh air, Laws v 472.10 Comm . in tiasacht sirit na baith, O'D. 1338 (Eg. 3.5, 18, col. 2 ). an tí ṡires ní ar gach nech | ní dhlighenn beith gan oinech, ZCP viii 109 § 2 . dā sirinn a meic nō a mnā | ar an laochraid sin, 219 § 9 . rosir maitim a pecadh dó, RC xii 324 § 8 . sirid in caire do biathad rig Ulad, MR 54.4 . ac comhall cach itchi dá sirfider fair, SG 24.14 . ro sirit braigde fair, Cog. 118.23 . roshirset logad ┐ leges a peccaid doib, PH 244 . sirid cend Eoin Bauptaist, ol in máthair, 901 . do ṡiredar ar deseirc ar mac Uilliam can beth aca in oidche sin, ALC i 300.6 . ro sir se tend ┐ tigernus ar Mac nDiarmata iar sin `demanded (recognition of his) dominion . . .', Ann. Conn. 1315.7 . 'ca imradh an cath rocomorfad no an sid rosirfead ar cach, TTebe 1185 . lus na sláinte siridh dhamh, DDána 2.1 . ní shirfeadh éaraic eile | orra ar-aon acht aithrighe, 5.20 . cairt ó rígh Shaghsan do shir, Aithd. D. 30.21 . siridh Dia lá éigin air | iodhbairt a éinmhic ionmhain, PBocht 23.31 . siris Domhnall . . . | sgéal ar an ollamh, TD 3.29 . ná sir forus nach foighi, IGT Decl. ex. 1127 . ag siredh a n-iderghuidhesion do chum De, Luc. Fid. 205.x .

(d) inquires concerning : ro sirmais a n-anmand uile, LL 210a37 . is aire shirim fort a ndelb, co findara in n-iat tanic chucam hir-rer, PH 440 . do shireas ortha adhbhar na muinighine ata aca, Donlevy xxii 9 .

(e) seeks (to do or to get), attempts, desires; cach fer accaibh iarrus rochtoin . . . co a muintir sired alloss imberta a claidim, CCath. 5486 . gibe díbh gebhus righe, | ná siritt (= -et) slata 'na ndoid | acht ó fhior ionaid Maodhóicc, BNnÉ 258.y . dá sirinn clódh an chroidhe | fa chumann d'éis Órlaidhe `if I tried to check my heart', Aithd. D. 12.24 . dol lem shúil gé do shireadh `though it sought to please me', PBocht 3.25 . féuch ceann Isboset . . . do shir do bhás, 2 Samuel iv 8 .

Verbal of necess. ní sirthe dhuit | . . . an chlú, PBocht 6.39 .

See sechem sirite, s.v. sechem.

Vn. siriud, súr.

sluindid, sloindid, slaindid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sluindid, sloindid, slaindid or dil.ie/38007

Forms: sluinnte

v ī (slond)

(a) expresses, signifies : ar sluindid ainm persain `for the noun signifies a person', Sg. 71b5 . sluindith folad ind epert, 25b10 . ní sluindi so hi suidiu naṅd eper nach aile it chóimthecht `thou dost not signify herein that no other says it in thy company', 208b5 . huare is moo sluindes pronomen . . . cia sluindid briathar persin ní fris arícht fri slond persine . . . cenud-sluindi persin, 197a11 . is and sluindid aimsir nindeirb `therein it signifies an uncertain time', 66b9 . iss inunn sluindess plerus ┐ plerusque , 75b5 . do thintud in suin ebraidi sluindes ilsesu, Ml. 37a10 . is hinunn intṡliucht sluindite diblinaib, Sg. 76b5 . issed a folad cétnae sluinditae, 9b5 . huare nád rosluinter tri brethir in persan sluindte tuisil, 189b2 . amal mbis inne neich sluinde inna anman, Ml. 37a12 . is salm sloindes mórnert, Fél. Ep. 155 .

(b) declares, mentions, tells, describes : sluinnsius léig libru `he made books of law known', ACC § 55 ( RC xx 254 ). id inso ced sloindes dún what does it tell us?, LU 4744 (TBC). tiaghar do cum faithce fir asa tir toxlaither do cum foruis iar sen fir as a seilb sloinnter in whose possession they are stated to be, Laws i 268.13 . clithear set slaindte[r?] forgu na nuile `styled the choicest of all seds', iv 28.4 . sloinnfi duit iar ndiutius, SR 1212 . do Dauíd . . . sluinnit seissi senchassa, 6638 . slaindid in gilla indn airchedal do, Anecd. i 9.6 . sluind ar delbthar ṅdennmaisi `mention as (= describe as) a comely tower of beauty of colour', BDD² 1025 and Glossary. sluind céssad ind epscop | hi rRóim, Fél. March 4 . sluindfemmi col-luithi | sóerchaindlea cech laithi, Prol. 287 . in slainnid dam-sa bar n-echtra?, CRR 19 . Elend . . . ro fhreccair ┐ ro shloind hi fen . . . isin uli screptra diada ┐ in uli grád ┐ anoiri aicce do Dia she confessed herself, LB 228a38 . lethat Tūadmuman a tūaid | sloinnfet trē dūan-molad dōib, Ériu ii 50 § 3 . it e a n-āilche nosluinniur dūib, ACL iii 297 § 53 . sloinn-se festa na comadha is āil let d'f[h]agāil uainne, ML² 105 . scéla in croinn 's an leanaibh leis, | do sloind tre medhair mhileis, Ériu iv 116 § 21 . Fine Luirc . . . ná sloinn ríge do rochtuin `nor once proclaim that ever they attained to sovereignty', O'Gr. Cat. 392.27 . sloinn do cháirdeas dúinn `trace back your friendship with us', ITS i 84 § 24 . créad é an riocht i raibhe sibh | i gcomhḟlaitheas Clann Neimhidh? | sloinn duinn, TD 28.8 . ógh lér slonnadh síodh | gach uird bíodh dom chosnamh, DDána 38.31 . sluinn .i. aisnéidh, no innis, O'Cl. Common in chevilles: Aeine, Satharnd, sluind go lu, Laws iv 218.3 . fil fos casol Senaich sunt | ┐ Senain sloind `Senach's cloak is here | and Senan's announce it', Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 11 . Verbal of necessity: ba sluinnte ┐ ba geisi da gach duine Coimde nime the Lord of Heaven should be confessed and supplicated by everybody, Rawl. B 512, fo. 37d (Plummer MS. notes).

(c) names, calls after : runsluinfemni didiu `we ourselves shall, then, be able to name ourselves', Wb. 15a4 . nodasloindet íarum iarna slontib fíraib, TBFr. 66 . is and nodasloinne `then she tells her name', Mór M. 263.5 . is uatha san slointear na hionada sin, TBC-LL¹ p. 901 n. 3 . is úadh tṡloinnter in rí dhe | dárbh ainm Fíacha Sraiftine, Cóir Anm. 115 . o Galil sloindset for a altram ┐ a thócbail i nGalil, PH 4491 . nachasloindedh do aenfer `let him not make himself known to anyone', Ériu i 114 § 1 . sloinntear ó a mháthair gach aon, L. Cl. A. B. 116.23 . ar slicht bar sen-athar, o sloindter bar saerthuatha, MR 150.20 . an céidfhear ór slonnadh sinn `the first man from whom we were surnamed', Studies 1918, 99 § 10 . ó chine Scot do slonnadh an chríoch, Keat. ii 5872 . sloinnfidh é féin le hainm Israel `surname himself', Isaiah xliv 5 .

1 so

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 so or dil.ie/38191
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: so, sa, se, seo, sea, so, sa, -siu, su, si, siu, se, so, se, se, síu, arse, airsiu, cose, cosse, cuse, síu, se, síu

demonstr. pron. this. Prob. adverbial in origin, see 1 sin, síu, and GOI § 475 .

Forms. In O.Ir. Glosses usually so, sa after non-palatal final, and se, seo, sea after a palatal, but so, sa occasionally also after a palatal consonant and after -e and -i, and se always in Blath., without any correlation with the quality of the preceding sound ( ITS Sub. xxvii § 7.2 ): ind epistilse, Wb. 27d13 . ind epistil so, 3b20 . an uile se, 16c8 . an uile so, 15d13 . in chomairle se, Ml. 88b15 . dund lobrai se, 61b3 . in cethardai seo, 36c23 . dunaib trebaib so, 101c6 . a nnoib sa, 69a21 . in n-insci se, Sg. 210a1 . isnaib dobriathraib so, 201b14 . isin bith frecnairc sea, LU 1996 . With prec. (h)í always -siu, see I (b). Later also su after non-palatals: in liachta su, PH 3534 ; si, siu after palatals: ind lipuir si, Hib. Min. 2 . don ingen (leg. -in?) siu, IT i 120.12 . When se follows a word ending in -e a glide-vowel -i- is sometimes inserted (freq. in bardic verse): is éiseo, TBC-LL¹ 1776 . na guidhei-se, DDána 67.51 . an líog . . . cloichei-se, 20.42 . a dhaoinei-se, Dán Dé vi 23 . an tighei-se, ix 26 . On the delenition of a prec. final before the initial s of so, see GOI § 139 , IGT Introd. § 30 - § 39 . With long vowel in stressed position só (see Ériu liii 137-38 ): só: bó, Leb. Cert. 2178 . sō: dō, BColm. 12.30 . só sis, LU 82 (A) , 1938 (M) . insó sis, 113 (A) . insó, 2783 (M) . ann só, CIH iii 1079.42 . só: dó, Aithd. D. 30 § 21 . clé: co se: gne, LU 4576 (TBC) . co sē: ré, LL v 36166 (= Metr. Dinds. iv 306.12 ). sē: nglé, Metr. Dinds. ii 32.77 . cosē: dē, BNnÉ i 97.17 . ro lá insé, LU 4746 (TBC) . go sé: dé, Magauran 10 § 23 .

Usage I Adjectival (usually enclitic, but in bardic metres freq. as stressed word, see (d), (e), and (f) below).

(a) with article and noun this expressing present place and time: in fect so now, Wb. 13d7 . a ndede so, 12d1 . a nuile se, Ml. 55d21 . dund lobrai se, 61b3 . ind óin ainmnedo so `of this one nominative', Sg. 209b11 . in n-insci se, 210a1 . don grád so Críth G. 272 . forsin cathraigse, Lib. Hymn. i 30.4 . on trath sa, LU 8334 ( FB 24 ). in genid seo, MU² 908 . in corthi cloichi sea immuich, 646 . lasin crosfigillso, Mon. Tall. 28 (137.27) . an teachso, TD 6.6 . Exx. without article: cen hí se, Blathm. 361 . il-leth-sea, Lism. L. 1962 . re tāeb saltrach so, BColm. 12.30 . cia sloigh so, ITS vi 1318 . See also digammsa. In continuous speech so generally refers to what follows: á trede so .i. bona et placens et perfecta, Wb. 5c22 . arna tri remeperthise .i. ueritas rl., Ml. 65a11 . rabertsi na briathra sa: crennait brain | braigte fer . . ., TBC-LL¹ 5730 . ba-cachain in laid seo `A Chruim Darail, cid at-chíu . . ., MU² 413 . Freq. with follg. sís: in salm so sís, Ml. 52 . ar in trediu sa sís, 60a7 . in dí cheil se sis, Sg. 209b28 . inna rundu sa sis, LU 3307 (SC). Referring to what precedes: cid dinig di inchaib neich inna .vii. sa?, Críth G. 308 . in fers áirithisea (already mentioned), PH 6501 . When the subst. is qualified by an adj. so follows the adj.: do thol in maith mórsa, Fél. Prol. 267 . atbéra . . . in n-athesc n-acarb n-adúathmar sa, LU 2342 . ind inbaid garb gemretta so, MU² 341 . feil Assáin baín bindsea, Gorm. Apr. 27 . a chraobh fhionn-sa dot aimhdheoin, DDána 80.31 . uile, however, follows so: inna druingsea uili, Fél. Ep. 285 . atá uisci in mara so uile bren, Maund. 93 . When the subst. is defined by a definite noun in the gen. so precedes this: int aithesc[s]a Apaill, Aen. 94 . do'n beind aird-se in tempuil, PH 4830 . san chríchse chlann Rudhroighe, TD 7.30 . Note however: a chlann Chuirc-se (: dtuigse) 's a chlann Táil, DDána 91.16 . When the dependent genitive is indefinite so follows it: ar gnúis ind ríg nélsa, Fél. Ep. 398 . in méit n-imme sea, IT i 40.30 . issin ló bhaga sa indiu, TBC-LL¹ 5235 . an líog chomhthrom chloichei-se, DDána 20.42 .

(b) With O.Ir. (h)í: anísiu, Wb. 12d21 . innahísiu, 6c7 . Hence emphatic form (h)ísiu (with stressed (h)í, see GOI § 475 - 6 ): in taidbsiu hi siu, Wb. 13b1 . cach fer dinaib feraib hí siu, 12d40 . ní díltai dano in cetbuid nísiu, Sg. 201b10 .

(c) after the vocative: a c[h]uirp-seo, ZCP vi 265 § 17 . a chliar sa, BNnÉ 288.7 . a fhir-se, DDána 53.5 . a dhream-sa, 29.32 . a chairt-se, Dán Dé iii 12 .

(d) with a noun preceded by a possessive. No exx. from O.Ir. of this usage, but for early exx. of a similar constr. see 1 sin. Later: a shamail seo, PH 7328 . ic a furail so, 7393 . atá an t-áer a chomglan so ós cinn an tsleibi, Maund. 22 . briathra a maca samhla so, TD 2.22 . tar éis a suidhighthe so, DDána 85.45 . mairg dá dtig a seach[h]na so, Dán Dé v 31 . os a cheann so, Desid. 60 . 'n-a dhiaigh so, 1141 . dá éis so, TD 26.17 . 'n-a aithle so, Dán Dé v 25 .

(e) with conjugated prepp. (for earlier usage see II (a) below): is amlaid-so . . . do foirned, PH 371 . is amlaid-seo dochuadar amach, TTebe 3024 . gonadh aire so, Desid. 2026 . asta so is follus, TSh. 1697 . ní hiarrthar mórán leabhar chuige so, Desid. 5955 . is slan gach aithne dib so uile, Laws v 190.27 Comm . di ernail . . . dibseo, RC xx 144.z . gurab díobh so ghoireas Pōl . . ., Desid. 4067 . as é as ainm . . . dhi so eile, 6689 . dhóibh so, 5595 . denam-ni fris so, PH 131 . fá ris so, Desid. 2400 . ríu so, 4433 . as uime so nách áil leam, 2011 . tig leis so aní léaghthar, TSh. 672 . as aite leó so comhluadar, Desid. 6348 . nit acca riam remi seo, IT i 120.25 . táinig . . . roimhe so | gorta, TD 15.29 . nachas linub-sa secha so, TBC-LL¹ 2887 . tairis so, Desid. 2061 .

(f) replacing O.Ir. -som, -si after verbs and pronn.: nua na calla sul chríonai-se, Dán Dé xvi 8 . go bhfuilid so, Desid. 3867 . an bail atad so, TTebe 4856 . atáid so ar na suidheaghadh, TD 39.6 . an uair smuainim iad so, Desid. 5774 . iad so uile do bhreith leam, 2954 .

II Substantival (stressed). In O.Ir. freq. in so , more rarely in se (in = article?, see GOI § 482 ) except with prepp.

(a) with simple prepp. O.Ir. a s n. se. d s n. síu. bid amal so, PH 3373 . ní nád mbed arse di chorp `not that it is not therefore of the body', Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 . airsiu therefore, Wb. 1b12 . do chuir mé mo lámh ar só, Irish Texts iii 80.10 . as so go Sliabh gCrot, DDána 74.19 . cose, Wb. 3c15 . cosse hitherto, 1b4 . 7d9 . cuse, 33d8 . diammad chara dam co se | Cu Chulaind mac Soalte, LU 3320 ( SCC 11 ). do claoiiodh leis an nEagluis gó so, Desid. 4057 . With corrici, etc.: corricci se, Wb. 9a9 . connice so, PH 1181 . go roiche so, Desid. 1199 . co ro so, Stair Erc. 1993 . de ṡíu hence : fri alpai ṅdesiu, Sg. 217b8 . fri crích deṡiu, 217b12 . centarach .i. frie deṡiu, 71b2 . do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall, BDD² 421 . romsnāidhet de siu | ar demnoibh na ceo, Ériu iv 238.8 . hi síu here: massu bethu Crist . . cretmeni issiu, Wb. 13b21 . intain ṁbís hísiu, 17b3 . Cf. and so do-rala caínchomrád (position of stress doubtful. Cf. mod. use of faí, tairis, etc., as simple prepp.), MU² 136 . la se when see lasé. ó so amach, TD 1.28 . ó sho, DDána 76.3 . oc so, see oc I (c). re síu before see resíu.

(b) with cenmothá: cenmitha se, Wb. 8a2 .

(c) with acht: acht so amháin, TD 20.6 .

(d) with the equative: is lerithir inso nonguidimse, Wb. 27d19 .

(e) acc. with verbs.: labraid in spirut noib . . . inso, Ml. 115a2 . is dun foccull sa adfet inso hule `it is of this word that he declares all this', 125a11 . rogab inso `he sang this', 35b24 . cid aratodlaigther inso `why seekest thou this?', 32a5 . is tussu rogni inse, SR 6147 . asbert Cathbath inso sís, LU 8940 ( FB 71 ). as-bert in so huile, BDD² 168 . ro-chan in fáith in-seo, PH 4838 . cip e duine do-bris so, 7770 . grás na maighdine sir so, DDána 22.21 . In tautology with infixed pron. 3 s. neut.: darigensi (leg. darigénsid or darigénsidsi, Stokes) inso uile `ye have done all this', Wb. 9c29 . atber som inso, Ml. 124b3 . atrópert flaith . . . inso huile, Thes. ii 238.13 (Ardm.).

(f) nom. with pass. verbs: dognither inso, Ml. 32a10 . tuicther so, PH 7697 .

(g) nom. with subst. verb: ata so de, LL 332c56 . bíaid ocut so, LU 4227 . ata so i n-agaid aithne, PH 7566 .

(h) nom. with active verbs: forsaní as iniquitasodium trachtid so sís, Ml. 55c14 . dogní so gadaige de, PH 7600 . eagail dóibh dá ndeachaidh so | i n-éadóchas ar Íosa, DDána 22.4 .

(i) with (i)ná (comparative): dearbhadh as fearr iná so, Desid. 6285 . díoghrais molta as mhó iná so, DDána 13.2 .

(j) In constructions with the copula:

(i) barbár inso `this is a barbarian', Wb. 12d6 . desimrecht fetarlicci inso `this is an example from the Old Law', 29a13 . a montar som inso `this is his household', 7c5 . briathar dǽ inso, Ml. 30c16 . trop les inso, 18b1 . óen desimrecht so, Sg. 49a12 . coitchena so etir di arim, 72a2 . is fo chetbuid ala n-aile beos inso, 201b15 . amra so rig `this is the praise of a king', RC xx 136.16 (ACC, Bodl.). id inso ced sloindes dun, LU 4744 (TBC). Freq. with follg. sís: cosc inna mmoge inso sis, Wb. 29b1 . beím foris inso sís uile `all this below is a recapitulation', 25c18 . foxlidi tres diil inso sís, Sg. 104b1 . do tathmet na rig . . . batar 'sin mórdail inso sis, RC xx 136.17 (ACC, Bodl.). cesad Stephain in sin anuas do fáillsiugud a chuirp so sis `this following refers to the discovery of his body', PH 1482 .

(ii) is hæ inso in fognam, Wb. 27c18 . is sí inso fedb as uisse do goiri in æclis, 28d24 . is ed inso far nindas, 33c14 . ithé inso boill ind sendúini, 27b8 . is he inso in nertad, Ml. 53a18 . issi inso ind insce, 80c3 . issi so a chiall, 65a3 . ised inso a n-aill, 14c3 . ised inse an ecnæ, 128d9 it hé inse ind remerersidi, 115c1 . issí inso sís a chiall, 50c1 . issed inso a frecre `this is the answer to it', Sg. 200a10 . issed inso nád chumaing aranísar and, 209b13 . issed se an dliged, 206a2 . it hé se inna bríathra `these are the words', 4b12 . it é inso trá gníma bóairech, Críth G. 183 . is é so a desmerecht sede, RC xx 150.22 (ACC, Bodl.). at iat so . . . ríg bátar isin dail sin, LU 3444 ( SCC 22 ). is éiseo óenni moedim-se chena, TBC-LL¹ 1776 .

(iii) is he á thuasulcud inso, Ml. 53c14 . issí ind frescisiu inse, 114a1 . issí ind remaisndis inso, Tur. 24 . is é aithech baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, Críth G. 142 . it é fodlai boáirech inso, 314 . ise bes aen ciniuda inso, Laws ii 234.2 . Note also: isí inso ind rún inso .i. esséirge inna n-uile marb, Wb. 13d16 . it he inse ind focháinn inso, Ml. 86c3 .

(iv) issí inne inso fil and, Ml. 91a18 . issi chiall so fil and, 114c7 . is si figell indso dogen, Mon. Tall. 47 (144.30) . ite secht mbeocaindle and so forosnad gae cach rig, Laws iv 52.9 . ate donadmand innso diceanglad a feicheamna, 60.14 . iss ed laithe inso as síam limm, TBFr. 133 .

(v) with interrogatives: in cumtubart lib inso?, Wb. 3c3 . cía and-so?, Sc.M² 11 . cia so?, MU² 802 . cia fuaim so?, BDD² 500 . inn é so Muinremor? Sc.M2. inni so in Effis?, PH 1059 .

(k) in vn. constructions: ro-dligfithea dítt so do denum, PH 7404 . is coir . . so do fhis, 7986 . is cóir so do thuigsin, Desid. 2320 .

1 tre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tre or dil.ie/41608
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tri, tre, tri, tre, tré, trí, -i, thr, thrempi, tria, trie, tríd, tríd, trit, trit, tres, tre, tres, tresin, tresind, tresan, trésan, trisin, trissin, triasin, triasand, triasan, tresa, tressa, tres, trisa, trissa, triasa, tresna, trésna, trisna, triasna, trium, tríom, triut, triut, trit-su, treot, treót, thréodsa, thriodsa, tríod, triit, tríit, tríit, triitt, trit, tríd, th-, thrít, thríd, tree, trée, treæ, trea, tre(i)the, -i, trithe, trithi, tríthe, th—, thríthi, thríthe, triunni, tríonn, trín-ne, th-, thrínn, thrín, triib, triuib, tribh, treu, tréu, treo, tréu, tréo, treothu, treotho, treotha, tretho, tretha, trithu, tritha, tríotha, thríotha, trithibh, treamhum, tréamham, treamham, tremut, tromud, tromhat, tre(i)m(h)it, -d, treimheit, treimhid, trempi, troimpi, thrempi, trempu, treampa, treampa, treompo, trompa, triomhtha, tríom, tromham, treamham, tríod, tríot, tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat, tríd, troimhe, treimhe, tríotha, trithe, troimpe, treimpe, troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit, trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn, tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh, tríotha, trompa, treampa, trem, trim, triam, trit, triat, tret, tred, trét, tria, tría, triánn, trea, tr, thre, tré, triana, trena, trina, tréna, treimhid, trīd, triar, trear, tre, trénar, tri, tri, tre, tre, tre, trialaile, trinaroile, trenaroili, trít, tremi-, tris-, tre-

prep. with acc. (later also with dat. Cf. tri suidib, Ml. 56b15 ), leniting (see GOI § 856 ). Apart from Ml, tre is the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses. tri, however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml (tre, Ml. 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly than tre) in Sg. (27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 , 213b8 ). tré is written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and frequently in the later language. trí (with length-mark) occurs at Wb. 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml. 2d5 , 14c16 , 22b1 , 30a9 , etc. The form in -i is infrequent after the Old Irish period ( tri, Sc.M² 5 , Rosa Angl. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 , 70.8 ). With lenition of t- thr, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi, PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff. infra). The form tria is fairly common in all periods outside the O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD² 1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR (168 , 1926 , 3128 ). trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff. 3 s. tríd is used as simple prep. in Mod. Ir.: tríd fhear, IGT Introd. 19.5 , trit stól, 23 K 42, 404.19 , trit na scelaib-sin, ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives, see infra. Note also tres gach, DDána 66.1 ; cf. tre gach bhfear .l., tres gach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .

With art.: sing. m. and f. tresin, Wb. 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg. 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , BCr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr. 238 , PH 8086 . tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z . tresan, TBC-LL¹ p. 837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 . trésan, TSh. 190 , Ó Héodhusa 46.1. trisin, Wb. 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 , 68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml. 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 , etc. trissin, Wb. 12d39 . triasin, SR 7580 , Sc.M² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand láim, BDD² 1511 . triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 . neut. tresa, Sg. 32a8 , 197b2 . tressa, Wb. 32c20 , tresṅgné `by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . trisa, Wb. 13a10 , Ml. 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 . trissa, Wb. 4d33 , Ml. 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 , etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.

Note also trit an firt, BColm. 88.2 . tríd an sgéal, Dán Dé xxviii 31 . trit an talmain, Maund. 8.

Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis Tighe Chonáin 779 . trésna, Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 . trisna, Wb. 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml. 25b7 , 36c19 , 38d18 , etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .

With pron. suff. 1 s. trium, Wb. 23b30 . tríom, DDána 3.16 . 2 s. triut, Ml. 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , Sc.M² 9 (tréot, v.l.), Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 . triut, LU 3255 . trit-su, PH 2664 . treot, RC xxvii 276.3 . treót, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thréodsa .i. thriodsa , O'Cl. tríod, TD 14.20 , DDána 110.47 . 3 s. m. and n. triit, Wb. 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 , Ml. 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth G. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 . tríit, Ml. 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 . tríit, TBC-LL¹ 1184 . triitt, BColm. 66.12 . trit, Wb. 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 , Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tríd, DDána 32.35 , Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenited th-: thrít, TBC-LL¹ 3264 . thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 . 3 s. f. tree, Wb. 2c4 , 5c17 . trée, Sg. 25b14 . treæ, Ml. 88b15 . trea (trethe, v.l.), BDD² 1231 . tre(i)the, -i, Sc.M² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 , TBC-LL¹ 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), tréthi, PH 2385 . trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 . trithi, Stair Erc. 2493 . tríthe, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD 10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited th—: thríthi, TD 13.8 . thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . 1 pl. triunni, Wb. 14c16 , Ml. 129d20 . tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána 40.17 . trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenited th-: thrínn, Dán Dé xxvii 32 . thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . 2 pl. triib, Wb. 3b22 . triuib, TTr.² 1766 . tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 . 3 pl. treu, Wb. 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml. 42b13 , 42c11 . tréu, 42d2 . treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth G. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu, tréu, v.ll.). tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH 1216 . treotho, AU i 578.7 . treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm. tretho, iii 362.22 . tretha, Ériu xii 190.y . trithu, PH 4637 , MR 194.15 . tritha, Marco P. 145 . tríotha, TSh. 8342 . thríotha, A IV 3, 771.x . trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .

In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead of -e- (infl. of ré n-): 1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréamham (: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham .i. thriom, O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 . tromud, YBL 149b7 . tromhat, SG 69.34 . 3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it, -d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 , Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), AFM iii 128.x , CCath. 3944 . treimheit (: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid .i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 . troimpi, IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi, v.l.). With lenition thrempi, PH 268 . 3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 . treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 . treampa .i. triotha, O'Cl. treompo, TTebe 1909 . trompa, 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab.(i) 104.16 , Lism. L. 4609 . triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .

The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard. Synt. Tr. 7.21 : tríom, tromham, treamham; tríod, tríot tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat; tríd, troimhe, treimhe; tríotha, l. a ghearradh, trithe, l. a shíneadh, troimpe, treimpe; troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit ...; trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn; tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh; tríotha, trompa, treampa.

With poss. adj.: 1 s. trem, Wb. 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 , TBC-LL¹ 3132 , TD 39.2 . trim, Ml. 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 . triam, RC vi 176.59 . 2 s. trit, Ml. 62d4 , 87a9 . triat, SR 1484 , 1727 , TBC-I¹ 2811 . tret, Sc.M² 11 (triat, v.l.), DDána 101.8 . tred, TBC-LL¹ p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 . trét, PH 2599 . 3 s. and pl. tria, Wb. 1b5 , Ml. 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth G. 214 ; f. Wb. 10a3 ; pl. Wb. 8a14 , Ml. 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 . tría, Ml. 30c5 . triánn drochgnímu, 84c14 . trea, Wb. 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib. Min. 214 ; f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.); pl. Wb. 19a12 , 29a7 , Fél. Jan. 4 (tria, v.l.). tr, TTebe 1017 . thre, Ériu i 28.193 . tré a, TSh. 472 . triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ; f. IT i 125.24 . trena, LU 3292 ; f. DDána 16.6 ; pl. PH. 7056 . trina, Maund. 44 ; pl. TBC-LL¹ 3616 . tréna, TSh. 8343 ; f. Dán Dé xxv 49 ; pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhid a tromaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n. 2 . trīd a (sic MS.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 , O'Cl. s.v. tré. 1 pl. triar , Ml. 83c11 , 100d14 . trear, Wb. 26a27 . tre ar, DDána 10.5 . trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 . 2 pl. tri bar, Wb. 9d24 . tri far, Ml. 115b8 . tre bar, Wb. 14c17 , 27a1 . tre far, 23d16 . tre bhar, DDána 95.22 .

With aile: trialaile, Wb. 10a4 . trinaroile, Stair Erc. 2156 . trenaroili, 809 .

With rel.: trisa mbí, Wb. 3d21 . trissa nétatsat, Ml. 57a3 . trisnansoirthae, 124a8 . trisá netar, 126b19 . trisin-damrobae, 126d11 . tresa mbí, Wb. 23b5 . tresindippiat, tresindabia, 25d8 . tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 . tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH 6250 . trias-a roichet, 5904 . triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 . tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 . tre' tig, PH 7792 . tré dtuillmid, Donlevy 152.12 . tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 . tre ar fhás, 10.17 . tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 . trina tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 . trinar marbh se, 279.2 . tríd nar bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 . thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 . tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

I In local senses.

(a) through . Of countries, territories, etc.: dia luid duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml. 58c4 . rethid ... tré airechtu athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha (of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 . do hionnarbadh inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . along roads, across bridges, fords, etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beus gl. hii psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur per ea interualla ... `through the steps on which they continued to halt,' Ml. 133b4 . trisna foirthiu ailitherdi gl. peregrina per marmora `through the foreign fords (?),' Tur. 65 . ni bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 . triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of apertures, doors, etc.: ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho, Ml. 74d13 . do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i 16.6 . cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu, SR 4311 . bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar, BDD² 1295 . tria tholl na comla, ACL iii 308 vi 20 . nos tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . trit in dorus sin, ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst of a crowd of people, army, etc.: acht mad treo docoí `except he have gone through them (the enemy)' (note), Críth G. 540 . culu tria neit ... .i. amal teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 . dolen Sir Heront trit in cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 . dol trempa gan airisiumh, AFM vi 2162.x . Of buildings: cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria lías, Críth G. 214 . ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi (a sword), BDD² 1248 . secht sligeda trethe (of a bruden), Sc.M² 1 . Of garments, shields, etc.: co tregda in fer tria scíath, Críth G. 555 . atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 . ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 . Of the body or parts of the body: ? rog[lan]ad són tria deis gl. arcton [dextra tenet] (simile of the four parts of the Cross and the four cardinal points), Tur. 142 . bróenán fola ... | tria thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 . triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 . triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead, TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earth etc.: cach luib tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid `there is no verdure on the rock but trusts ...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 . Cf. co faisctis a drucht ┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed from it (of the moon), CCath. 3944.

Various: anadchither tri themel, Wb. 12c12 . ni forcmat óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera `through all their tenses,' Sg. 157b9 . arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni ainm nAeda `melodious bardisms modulate through pools of liquor the name of Aed,' Thes. ii 295.17 . condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared through the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 445 . atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he arose then out of his sleep,' SCC² 82 . ionmhuin taidhbhse táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 . íar ndul triit after it has leaked (of a cauldron), Críth G. 549 . comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín `all that we uttered was childish talk' (lit. all that was mentioned among us), Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . re dul thríd in going through it (a book), Donlevy iv 11.

(b) Implying mixture, mingling, etc.: imchomarc co naithisib triit `a question with revilings through it,' Ml. 54c13 . snechta tria shín lūades gáeth `through a snowstorm,' Thes. ii 331.4 . fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh, Aithd. D. 98.30 . fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a healtan, TD 13.5 . an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod. Ir. tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-ruaide (of a burning wood), ML² 958 . cáer theinntidhe dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 . fuair a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu v 76.24 .

(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting : co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī (a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 . gur comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean through the couch, MR 202.1 . roscris in t-eideth ara druim ┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle, ZCP vi 70.28 .

(d) 3 s. trít in adverbial phrases. t.¤ sís, anuas, siar throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 . greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid [uile] tríd anúas (of nouns declined in same way), § 37 . a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar `all through the house,' TD 11.17 . t.¤ amach absolutely, completely: aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach `absolute fulness,' Rosa Angl. 40.3 . Note also : ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it measured (the earth), SR 172.

(e) téit tre lit. goes through (of an attack, battle-charge): rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . docuatarsom foithib ┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45ra44 . is trithu nach tiaghar, MR 194.15 . violates, breaks (an oath): arna te nech tria lugae, Ml. 36a23 . dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 . Cf. nach ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 . ? cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu, v.ll.), BDD² 740 (see note).

II In temporal senses.

(a) tri rei ciana `for long times,' Ml. 90d14 . condib tria nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree `that it should be so through their whole life,' Tur. 71 . do toscelad áiss aescai ... tri bliadni incholnigtheo `through the years of the Incarnation,' Thes. ii 41.24 . isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena `(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,' Mon. Tall. 154.3 . tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week, PH 461.

(b) In adverbial phrase tre bithu, tre bith sír, etc., for ever, everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 . do gress doib, ... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 . tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 . tre bhiotha síor, TD 15.18 . tria bith sir, PH 1938 . tre bhioth síor, TD 13.39 . tria bithu betha, TBC-LL¹ 2704 . tre saeghul na saegal, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . tré shaoghal na saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.

III Indicating the medium or attendant circumstances of a communication, action, etc. (in many of the follg. exx. the meaning approximates to that in tre IV infra).

(a) tri insci redi ... duadbat som ... `through speech ...,' Ml. 51c11 . dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba ban, 65c16 . tri throp ` figuratively ,' 65b14 . in moltai dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 . rosluinter ... tre rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 . doasilbthaer triit som gníim ... do neuch (of the word sui), 209a1 . in tre prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 . titul do scribend ... tria litrib Ébra, PH 2877 . cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 . cōic anmand dēc tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 . tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib ... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans, TTebe 1233 . coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism. L. 4609 . nolabraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath. 886 . adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht glōir ... go raghadh, Fl. Earls 50.3 . Note also: ata dedi ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.

(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication: trí ilbélre gl. linguis loquens, Wb. 12c34 . co n-epistlib immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 . berla na filed, triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 . bennaighes tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .

(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir `in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 . do sloind tre medhair mhileis `told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 . roboi cinniud tria chombáig `a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 . adeirid cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 . "cuin do bhí againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána 29.25 . do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. S. 4.1 . Cf. adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving, TSh. 190.

(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the person or thing invoked, etc.: is tri ísu predchimse, Wb. 1d9 . guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 . soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . do bheannaigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 779.

IV Instrumental and causal. These two meanings merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many exx. will bear either interpretation (cf. Fraser, ZCP viii 61 f. ).

(a) Instrum. through, by means of: condagaibtis int ais amprom tria nintleda `through their snares,' Ml. 31c6 . adchotadsam triar saithar, 92c5 . amal is trí accomol nildule conterissedar in domon sic imfolangar oínmolad do dia tri chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . á híc tria fuil, Wb. 2b11 . ce rudglanta tri bathis, 4a6 . in tan dombeir in dea aithesc tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 . tre airde ┐ firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib. Min. 356 . ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . donrat fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio `thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 . do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile `overcome by the great signs and miracles,' Laws i 14.19 . tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe (of a pig), Sc.M² 5 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, PH 4657 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] badais crodh cain `whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu iv 174 § 9 . co findud slondud trit beos `he discovers the name by this means,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn ... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 . foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L., IT i 129.22 . do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi `I should learn thy strength by it,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 . Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

(b) Causal on account of, by reason of (frequent with follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom adruthreb side indib, Ml. 92c4 . amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 . is tria hiris rambái cach maith, Wb. 2c13 . is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na persan `through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of the persons,' 22a11 . tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61 . tré chin drochmna, IT i 75.6 . co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu, PH 7431 . tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 . is treothu na mortlaidi (faults of a prince), ACL iii 315 § 36 . do chogadh tre chloinn nUisnigh `to avenge,' Aithd. D. 6.31 . tre bheith do shluagh flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 . is glór tré dhlús dighe soin `they (i.e. words) are inspired by hard drinking,' Content. xxv 4 . ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair ┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 . is í cúis uma dtáinig Partholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair `because he had slain his father,' Keat. i 160.74 . na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ... tre ghuidhe orra in return for, on condition of , TSh. 4513 . tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐ maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain tar a n-ais `if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrase trít sin therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 . tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 . treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 . tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 . do-icc tre is brought about by, is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 . na huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 . nó go ndéanann mo chlí cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 . is tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .

In compds. tremi-, tris- with vbs., tre- with nouns and adjj. (often as intensive prefix), see separate articles.

trécud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trécud or dil.ie/41685

Forms: trécun, tréicen

n uand o, m. vn. of 1 tréicid. Also trécun, tréicen. IGT Verbs § 71 . act of abandoning, forsaking, foregoing .

(a) Of places: teach Dé 'gá thréagadh ar theach `bartering God's house for another,' Dán Dé xxvii 19.

(b) Of persons: ar ro midair in rí a t.¤ uli, LU 4236 . doirb da trēgan it is difficult to forsake Thee, ACL iii 235 § 27 . is mor in bráth ┐ in trecun dabertatar fir hErend fort, TBC-LL¹ 4030 . comairle braith ┐ trécthi Conculaind, 2751 . iarna trecad da muintir bodein, Ann. Conn. 1234.3 . a threcudh don atharda his being abandoned by his fatherland, CCath. 3203 . tréigean a mhic móide as náir, DDána 21a.7 . fala Dhé ar tí mo thréagaidh | gur mhéadaigh mé `I have ... increased the Lord's anger when it was about to leave me at peace,' Dán Dé vii 11 . gan Dia do threigion ar maithios, ZCP iv 426.12 . an Tigherna ... do thregan, Smaointe B. Chr. 4641 . ar na threigsin do nuile dhuine, Rel. Celt. ii 204.11 . tregan sochaidi, RC xiii 86 n. 6 (tessarcon, text).

(c) Of occupations, habits, etc. abandoning, giving up: tregen cech deg-obri, PH 7606 . in t-animm ... do thrégen uirre, 7462 . treicen anma `giving up of life,' Stair Erc. 1536 . iar ttréccadh a righe ar chléirceacht, AFM i 326.15 . iar ttreccean aibiti manaigh fuirre, v 1344.1 . mo creidim fein do treiccen, Maund. 47 . a uile mhaitheas do thréigean, TSh. 951.

(d) Various: leabhar Maodhócc ... | a tregad dím ni dligid, BNnÉ 260.27 . monadh nua dordughadh ... ┐ an taircceat boí innte ria sin do trecceadh `the money previously in use was discontinued,' AFM iii 346.8 . ō 'd-chonnairc cāch ag trēigen a tōgbhāla (sic leg.) failing to lift it (a stone), ML² 20 . Med. iarraidh an aicid i fein do leigis ┐ in galur ┐ in cuis do treigin, RC xlix 15.2 . ar treicin a fhola `from loss of blood,' Stair Erc. 756 . iar dtréigean iomad fola dhó, Keat. ii 4544.

trétaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trétaige or dil.ie/41845

n [io],m. (trét) shepherd: is gráineamhlacht a nuile thréaduighe cáorach ag na hÉgiptibh, Gen. xlvi 34 . éighimh an tréduighe, Jeremiah xxv 36 . In fig. sense pastor: ni bhfuil aoinneach inte (i.e. the church) acht caora no treudaidhe, Luc. Fid. 361.14 . pasduiri no treudaidhthe, 17 . creud é ar ndualgas do thaobh ar dtreuduighe nó ar sagairt féin, Donlevy 138.23 . a shréadaidhe, O'Gr. Cat. 578.1.

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