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ad-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-aig or dil.ie/259
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a-tom-aig, a-tob-aich, a-tn-agat, adagar, adagatar, a-tn-aig, ad-aigtis, ad-n -agad, atagtha, a-tan-ebla, adeblad, adacht, adachtatár, atachtsat, adacht, adachta, at(n)aigid

v Usually given as compd. of aigid ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ), but in conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig, a verb of the type described GOI § 543 (a) (ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.

Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 . 3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl. adagatar, Críth G. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC-I¹ 935 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n -agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 . Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12 v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár, LU 5344 . atachtsat, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl. adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb. at(n)aigid.

(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you to it?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what thou doest', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that may have been done to you?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of the sea impels one to drink', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér . . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . . docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinstermen before him, LL 4899 . a.¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ? adadar (adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr. xiv 114.13 .

(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, MacCongl. 65.11 ( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F. grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts him under it again (of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) = TBC-I¹ 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii 122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it (of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they ravage them LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they prosecute a valiant fight TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for Jacob, LB 114a5 . a.¤ aithne (for) recognises: ad-n-aig Corpre Músc aithne conarb' é Mac Con 'Corpre Músc realized that it was not Mac Con', CMMucr. (CCA) 92 § 13 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair, IT i 126.9 .

(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu `he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat (.i. tucsat) doeire forra, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, MacCongl. 23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 . cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'Curry 830 (H 3.18, 380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M. obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf, BB 241a47 = atnaig, LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .

(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐ atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598 = dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 . ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi Ulad do Choin Chulaind, LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.22 . adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender it, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SCC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL 329a7 .

(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 . atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .

(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat (atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi 382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon for aird, LL 12897 .

(g) a.¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .

(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait (leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set to wrestling, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv 102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig `he began smacking his lips', MacCongl. 47.12 . Note also: atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .

(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass, Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern strife', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he betook himself to flight', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain student, MacCongl. 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig, RC v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair, MacCongl. 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z 0 . Impers. atnagar hi cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .

aillóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aillóir or dil.ie/1056

 

n in dinochtad corrici leth . . . ┐ acanar occo itir soscél ┐ a.¤ corrici oblata `Alleluia', Thes. ii 253.1 (Stowe Miss.) = itir ṡoscel ┐ alleoir, LB 251a42 . Taken by MacCarthy, Trans. RIA xxvii (1889) 248 n. 9 as compd. of aille and 2 ór `benediction-prayer' (so also Plummer MS. notes).

ainmne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmne or dil.ie/1478

 

Forms: a., ainmnedha

n nt, gender uncertain in O. Ir., see GOI p. 208 . Later f. a.¤ (g s. id. n p. id. and ainmnedha), IGT Decl. § 3 . See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 208 .

(a) patience, forbearance: is hécen a.¤ occo gl. per patientiam expectamus, Wb. 4a26 . a.¤ do chach fria chéile, 27b17 . a.¤ frim peccad, 28a14 . remcaissen ┐ ainmnet (g s.), Ml. 114a18 . iar n-ainmnit cen digail fora naimtea `after patient waiting without punishing His enemies', 83a8 . na dene ainmnit gl. noli in tua patentia sustinere, 55a1 . inna ainmnetea gl. patientias, Ml. 99a5 (an artificial pl. formation, GOI loc. cit.). dech cecha áilche a.¤ , LL 294a39 . a.¤ cen debaid, Tec. Corm. § 1.4 . a.¤ a.¤ a Patraic . . . ropridchais dilgud tabair dilgud dún, LU 9763 ( RC vi 164.25 ). íar mórenmne ┐ iar mórṡóethar, Trip.² 3101 . trí maic beres féile do ainmnit, Triads 143 . celebrad cóir co n-ainmnit, Ériu ii 64 § 4 . a.¤ fri cech rēt cor imrāiter, ZCP iii 25.15 . rop forus [n-]ainmnet an abode of patience (of a ruler), Críth G. 529 and n. maniba t'ainmnet . . . nut scaílfeth nert cumachta Dé, Trip.² 860 (g s.? manibit ainmnit (.i. ciúin) v.l.; cf. ainmnet .i. ciuin (quoting this passage), O'Dav. 189 ). do-gní a.¤ has patience: lúagh na hainmne[t] doronnai in gilla(i) forsin fairgi, SCano 142 ( Anecd. i 5.21 ). cé dogēnsam a.¤ uime though we are(?) patient about it, ACL iii 295 § 22 . doronsad a.¤ co cend tri la, BB 266a24 . mo chean do-rinne an a.¤ , DDána 120.21 .

(b) forbearance from food, abstinence: ba a.¤ ara mbeba (.i. do ítaid atbath .i. do lugu digi), ACC § 82 ( RC xx 266 ). ra threic a chraes ar anmne, ib. ara ainmni ┐ ar a oene, § 121 (ib. 400 ). ró aslacht foraib a.¤ do dénum ó theirt co hesbartain, Trip.² 2790 . atá sund lūag th'a.¤ seo, Ériu i 46.8 . a.¤ ara tibertar fochraic, Lism. L. 4406 .

airet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airet or dil.ie/1949
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airet, eret, erat, arat

n (*ari + fot, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 177 ff. ?Cf. senairotib, Thes. ii 239.18 . Gender doubtful. Orig. o, n., O'Rahilly. Taken as f. in Sg. 148a6 by GOI p. 157 , see below, and treated as f. in later language. airet, Wb. 25d1 . eret, Ml. 107d8 etc., Sg. 148a6 . erat, Ml. 33a1 . arat, 80b7 .

Length, interval, space (of time, less freq. also of space), later amount, quantity. Very frequent in conjunctive and adverbial phrases.

I

(a) is ed á eret is gessi dia cene ṁbether in hac uita this is how long, Ml. 107d8 . is ed a erat fritammiurat inna huli, 33a1 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís how late E. falls in the month, Thes. ii 39.25 . a oired ba ferr dó ar bánbiudh a time of similar duration during which he fared better as regards white meat, Hib. Min. 67.4 . iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig M., LU 3223 ( SCC § 1 ). Of space: lagat inna saigte . . . ┐ a arat dia tochuirther `the distance from which it is shot', Ml. 80b7 . is he a.¤ sain rosaig / lassar lái brátha brethaig, SR 2531 .

(b) a.¤ as long as, as far as: a.¤ nombeinn isnaib imnedaib, Ml. 59a22 . a.¤ mbete im theglachsa, BDD² 312 . a.¤ bés . . . a cutrumesi do súg inda curpsom `so long . . . as there is this much juice in his body', Mon. Tall. 150.39 (§ 61) . a.¤ nat negar `so long as it is not washed', 155.24 (§ 67) . erett bett aboss 'ga tigh, BColm. 98.32 . Eas Rúaid heret aiges núall as long as Assaroe resounds, Ériu iv 150.27 . airiut ba beo iat, Marco P. 98 . eiret tēiti uiseōc as high as a lark soars, TBC-I¹ 3613 . oiret teit cloch a taball, PH 3040 . See Hull, ZCP xxix 121 - 2 . With co: airet co facaidh cnoc, CCath. 1449 . airet co tainic de, 4622 .

(c) With article: an a.¤ ropsa béo, Trip.² 1434 . a n-a.¤ ro bátar sruithi Eirend occó ari, 2996 . an oired dobi-seom a C.C. as long as, RC xviii 268.11 (Tig.). an oiread ro bí M. ag rádha a shoiscéla, Imr. Brain i 65.4 . in a.¤ bātar ag dēnomh na hadmhāla, Fl. Earls 64.3 . in oiriut tra do geb in tuasal neach bus cutruma res in isul `as long as (i.e. provided) the noble gets an advocate equal in rank to the man of lower class', Laws ii 84.24. Comm. Of space: an airat ro soich a scor sidhe for gach leith `as far as their `scor'-lands extend on every side', Laws iv 226.z . in oiret dochoid how far, PH 3039 .

In mixed construction with both article (or prep.?) and poss.: ina a.¤ báttar fein ar foccra during the period of their proscription, AFM vi 1974.3 .

(d) With cia how long, how far? cia arat gl. quandiu, Ml. 32d22 . cia a.¤ co tíchtin nancrist how long (it will be) till the coming, Wb. 25d1 . ce hairead uathaibh go tír how far they were from land, BB 39a26 . With rel. clause: cia eret mbete oc m ingraimmim se? `how long will they be persecuting me?' Ml. 33a9 . cia hairett atáidh sunn?, RC xxvi 376.8 . nocon fess cairet rochúaid how far, RC xiii 442 § 15 . cia a.¤ imthéit? how far does it go? TBC-LL¹ 1146 .

(e) With article and demonstr. in adverbial phrase for that long, during that (amount of) time (case of a.¤ doubtful, see O'Rahilly and Thurn. ad loc. cit. In most exx. apparently a s. of a fem. noun): ind eret sa gl. tandiu, Ml. 114b14 . ?inn heret sin imbói, Sg. 148a6 (so O'Rahilly loc. cit.; accus., GOI p. 157 ) i.e. during the time he was in Rome. ni rabe isin bith ní dognethe in n-eret sin léu acht cluchi, LU 3225 ( SCC § 1 ). at forbaeltiseom in n-a.¤ sin, 2277 . fífat-sa forsna slógaib in n-a.¤ sin, 6312 (TBC). inn-airet-sain during that time, RC xiii 110 § 147 .

II

(a) amount, quantity, usually in phrases meaning as much as, etc.: in óiret cétna as much again, Maund. 212 . in oirid sin `so much as that', Aen. 2558 . a naei n-a.¤ `nine times the value (of the thing stolen)', Marco P. 41 . is i an oiread (uirid, MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 307.30 . aiseoguidh sé seacht noirid he shall restore seven fold, Proverbs vi 31 . sudh mérsi ┐ sugh fenéil oired da gach sugh `of either juice an equal bulk', O'Gr. Cat. 225.4 .

(b) In phr. in a.¤ sin DI so much (of): inn a.¤ sin da slúag that many of their host, MU² 681 . anuireadsa do chuidiughadh, Carswell 20.7 . an oiret sin do leic oigre, Marco P. 225 . Note also: a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann that it was as high again, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . With mixed construction: a rád . . . co ndingenad Dia . . . ina airett sin d'éccórad `would do such injustice', Maund. 118 .

(c) With prep. FRI: na losa . . . dobertai . . . do C. doberedh oired ris fein d'Fir diad dib sin gave as much to F.D. as he took for himself, TBC-LL¹ p. 517 n.9 . dogebuir oired rium-sa dhe you shall share it equally with me, ZCP vi 99.6 . beth ar uired re og mac to be on the same terms with, Fen. 348.22 . nár tualaing iadsan oiret re Mac Conmara do dénam could not do as much as M., Caithr. Thoirdh. 85.10 . ar oiret aimsire fris of the same age as he, AFM v 1734.24 . go rabhadar Laighin cheithre uiread do shluagh ré fearaibh Mumhan `had a host four times as numerous', Keat. iii 3212 . go bhfuil a urad d'ughdardhas agam fein leis an mbiobla, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . na hiarr duais ach uiread leó look not for any more reward than they do, Measgra D. 7.112 .

(d) With ocus and rel. clause: uiread grádha . . . ┐ atá aige dhó féin, Desid. 6041 . urad as do bhí ag Criosd, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . Note also: a uiread . . . ┐ a ttiobhra Dia dhuit, Desid. 4600 . oiread (uiriod, MS.) a bhfuarais aréir as much as you got last night, Ériu i 97.y .

(e) With gen. as much as, even (in neg. and condit. clauses): gan uiret deilcc bruit do bhúain da fhiodhbadh not to take even athorn, Anecd. iii 6.12 . a.¤ in grain[n]e musdaird do ṡeirc Isa, Marco P. 8 . airead copán as much as a single cup, ZCP viii 563 § 18 . gu hoiread an fhocail dhíomhaoin as lúgha dá ndubhart even the idlest word I have spoken, Desid. 1177 .

Note also: mór da n-uiredaibh great quantities of them, Aisl. Tond. 132 § 6 .

airḟocal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airḟocal or dil.ie/1971

 

n (focal) antiphon: dí salm .x. canticorum(?) occo cona n-urfoclaib, LB 277b41 . canaid an airḟocul remeperta, 52 . tinnscna . . . aurḟocul na tri salm, 57 . canait uli in ḟurḟoccal sa, 278a47 .

airlam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlam or dil.ie/2167

 

adj o, ā (*air-fo-lam). See GOI p. 497 and Vendr. Lex. urlamh .i. ésgaidh no ullamh, O'Cl.

(a) Of persons ready, prepared, willing, etc. (to do something ): am irlam gl. promptus sum, Wb. 1b9 . is erlam gl. paratus est, Ml. 29d11 . With gen.: irlam techte martre, Wb. 13c8 . urlamh oidhidh, Dán Dé xiv 2 . With prepp.: is irlam ind anim do thuil dée `the soul is ready to [do] God's will', Wb. 5c18 . combad aurlam cách dia bathis, 8a4 . airlama do denum uilcc, 3d12 . ammi irlaim . . . do dul martre, 4b21 . robtar irlim do thecht martre, 7b5 . urlam do rath prompt at bestowing, LU 3398 ( SCC § 17 ). aurlam fri firecrat, 3851 ( SCC § 38 ). comtis irluma fri crábud, LB 144b34 . am erlum-sa letsu `I am ready [to go] with you', BNnÉ 304 § 16 . mata morsodethbir agutsa bidam urlum-sa lat, CCath. 3348 .

In phrase is a.¤ la is ready: ba erlam leo techt they were ready to go, BB 497a25 . urlam leis ac Luigeach Lis he is ready at Lis L., Cog. 120.19 . in tan . . . bus urlum lat docum na Trae, BB 418a51 . as errlam leam sin I am ready for that (i.e. to do it), Lism. L. 1015 . Perh. also: dáib gér orlam aimréide though they might be on the point of falling out(?), O'Gr. Cat. 354.24 .

(b) Of things ready, prepared (for use): it digla erlama lesom do neuch inna dualchi do denum, Ml. 18c6 . erlamae gl. opportunae (raptoribus), 110b3 . promptum est .i. is aurlam, Enchir. Aug. 74a ( ZCP vii 481 ). i n-óenló ra fúaprait ┐ i n-óenló rapsat irlama, MU² 150 . os aurlam if it is fully prepared (of wool), Laws ii 370.4 Comm. biad . . . isé urlamh, 202.8 Comm. im denum liacc bron .i. is i cet ceptha . . . si cet urlum . . . si lan urlum roughly finished . . . fully finished(?), i 188.23 Comm. 'na aicdib urluma finished products (of articles made from metal), z Comm. gním erlam, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.24 . cor iarfaig in ba herlam in essair, Three Hom. 120.18 . batar a n-eich urlama inimtechta occo ready for departure, CCath. 4917 . comad erlam fria thaispenad, Fél.² vi 40 . an síoth an uair do b'urlamh, DDána 48.14 . gidh bé lá cheannghar an chairt / earlamh atá dá tabhairt, Dán Dé xiv 17

. (c) In more general sense of ready, prompt, swift, skilful: ba herlam ic tuaslucad cest, RC ii 402.1 . d'ollamh orlaumh, ZCP xii 295.29 . mná áille urrlamha, xiii 167.13 . ro seol . . . o imrum urlum urmaisnech, Aen. 208 . ecnaidh urrlamh irisech, SG 32.10 . sebhac urlamh, O'Gr. Cat. 510.11 . hi ccath erlamh Almhaine, AFM i 316.9 .

Gramm. a preceding word used to indicate gender of a follg. one: a tri urluimi indsce .i. hic h[a]ec hoc .i. ise isi ised `leading words', Auraic. 524 ( = a tri herlanna, 3026 YBL). (The form urluime, Auraic. 524 , if genuine, belongs rather to airlaime).

Equative: is erlamaidir sin `even so ready to hand', Ml. 36c21 . Compar.: armbad irlamu de don buáith, Wb. 11a7 . lōech budh urrlaime nā Frōech, ZCP xiii 167.25 .

ar-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-icc or dil.ie/4161

 

Forms: ar-icc, -airicc, -airic, -airicc, arrecat, -arget, arecar, -airecar, aranecatar, arrecaiter, -ierichter, -arí, -airi, -airsead, arisar, aranísar, arahīssed, -airsitis, arista, aristae, -airesta, arricfam, ar(r)icfe, arricfa, araanic, -airnicc, -fairnic, -farnaic, -airnettar, -airnechtatar, -fairnechtar, arícht, -airecht, airicta, arriachta, airged, arath, -airg[f]e, fuircéba, furcéba, -fargebasu, -arnecair, arriacht, ariacht, arerāncatar, -airnecht, arrancas, airnechta, air(i)cid, aircestar, airic, ḟairig, airich, hairced, hairged, airec, airechtain

v (* air-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 ). Sometimes with initial f in prot. forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. ar-icc, BDD² 1306 . -airicc, Wb. 9b24 . -airic, 19b2 . -airicc, Sg. 137b4 . 3 pl. arrecat, LU 1746 . -arget, LL 344d47 . Pass. sg. arecar, Sg. 59a7 . 66b16 . 137b2 . 145b3 . -airecar, 20a9 , 145b3 , 162a1 , 173b6 . Pl. aranecatar, Sg. 8a5 , 65a11 . Ml. 19d21 . arrecaiter, Hib. Min. 2.30 . ? -ierichter, IT iii 24.23 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -arí, -airi, Ml. 30d24 . ? 3 pl. -airsead (= airset), Laws iv 130.13 Comm. Pass. sg. arisar, Ml. 30d23 . aranísar, Sg. 209b13 . Subj. impf. 3 s. arahīssed, Corm. Y 825 . 3 pl. -airsitis, Vita Br. 1 . Pass. sg. arista, Sg. 184b3 . aristae, Ml. 110d6 . -airesta, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . Fut. 1 s. arricfam (aricfam, ar(r)icfe v.ll.), Fél. Dec. 30 . 3 s. arricfa, LU 7343 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. araanic, Sg. 217a4 . -airnicc, Trip.² 1257 . -fairnic, Anecd. iii 57.27 . -farnaic, SR 3736 . 3 pl. -airnettar (read -airnectar, Sarauw, Irske Studier 139 ), Ml. 108c8 . -airnechtatar (airnecht— v.l.), Trip.² 1110 . -fairnechtar, LL 276b3 . Pass. sg. arícht, Sg. 197a11 . -airecht, 198b3 . Pl. airicta, Hib. Min. 8.265 . arriachta, Auraic. 1110 .

Later forms. ? Ipv. 2 s. air .i. éirigh, O'Cl. ? 3 s. airged (= eirged, text), RC xxi 380.14 v.l. ? Subj. 3 s. arath, LL 394.56 . Fut. 2 s. (forms with -éb- are due to infl. of fut. of gaibid): -airg[f]e, TBC-LL¹ 854 ( -fuaircifesa, TBC-I¹ 354 = fuircéba, LU 4843 = furcéba, ZCP ix 129.36 , included under fo-ricc). 1 pl. -airg[f]em, TBC-LL¹ 849 (cf. -fairgēbasu, TBC-I¹ 349 . LU 4838 . -fargebasu, ZCP ix 129.30 ). Pret. and perf. 3 s. -arnecair, TBC-LL¹ 2983 . ? arriacht, RC xii 80 § 74 . ariacht, xxiv 178.7 (infl. of ar-saig?). 3 pl. arerāncatar, ZCP viii 308.34 . Pass. sg. -airnecht, Thes. ii 348.1 , SR 2705 (see GOI p. 440 ). arrancas, SR 1249 . Pl. airnechta, Hib. Min. 8.262 .

As simple vb. air(i)cid. pret. 3 s. ro aircestar , CCath. 993 . ro airic , ZCP iv 239.12 . ro ḟairig , 240.2 . ro airich , RC xii 96 § 125 . Pass. sg. ro hairced , TTr.² 368 . ro hairged , RC xii 78 § 69 .

Vn. airec, airechtain.

(a) comes upon, meets, finds: issed inso nad chumaing aranísar and `'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . inmain féil . . . / i ṅairecht . . . / corpán . . . S. `in which the body of S. was found', Fél. Aug. 3 . co n-airesta ┐ co fogabtha set bethad `might be ascertained', Ériu ii 98 § 1 . ferr in cosmail caol fodae / dūs in airsed (airsidh v.l.) ecc occa in the expectation that he might meet death there(?), ZCP vii 311 § 15 . ní arnic A. a dáil A. did not keep his tryst, LU 10767 (= Ériu xii 170 , fairnicc v.l.). is hé arddaánaic acht .u. oss arránic in slóg ule díib it is he who got them except five deer which the rest of the army got, LU 4660 ( TBC-I¹ 197 ). arránic-som . . . maiss n-óir, Trip.² 1057 . arrecat abaind they meet a river, LU 1746 . Ceasair . . . cetna arriocht (.i. rainicc) Éri reached, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.3 . deda airegar ann, BB 323b33 . arrecaiter . . . da gne for suidiu, IT iii 8 § 8 . ? tenecol nach traigedhdubh / airegar i n-airegal, 89 § 110 . ind inchinnib dracon arrecar (of a precious stone), Ériu ii 116 § 46 . aranic rainn de o . . . some of it he got from . . ., ZCP ii 322.11 . fer laisi fuirecar set . . . .i. ac a nairgither, Laws v 262.23 Comm. na bésa arichta on maighister, Lism. L. 3961 . a tri on airecur tol Dé, LB 71 marg. is Dala fodessin ros airnecht dó `D. himself that discovered it for him', Dinds. 58 ( RC xv 454 ).

Perh. intrans. in: cia arránic? what has happened? LU 6363 (TBC). Note also: ni arnecair úad a rádha acht Fiach Fiach (ni tairnic les do rada acht F.F. v.l.) all he could say was F.F., TBC-LL¹ 2983 (cf. 645 , 2071 ). See cíar(r)icc.

(b) effects, contrives, brings to pass (freq. with vn. obj.): ní airic ní césad crist gl. Christus gratis mortuus est, Wb. 19b2 . ar-icc arechtain cacha himdae . . . di lind he contrives to serve each bed(?), BDD² 1306 . nuchun airrecht in druí mór nimthathand a tuarascbáil do thabairt ó sin immach, MU² 785 and n . is amlaid so arricht compert Bresi `came to pass', RC xii 60.7 . ? co n-airnecht a (om. v.l.) inndliged friss he was treated unjustly(?) (con-airicc ?), Anecd. ii 42.7 .

(c) devises; composes, invents: aire arrancas in crann ṅgúr (hypermetr.) for this the tree was devised, SR 1249 . lais cetna airnecht in sain . . ., 2705 . coimsid . . . las' n-airnecht a n-ōenach n-ān `the lord . . . by whom was established the famous Fair', Ériu xvii 38 § 8 . A.¤ Mac Coissi arainic in n-airec menman-sa, Anecd. ii 42.4 . is e Cendfaelad arainig in lebar-sa who composed this book, Auraic. 81 . Of inventing an implement: resiu arista brao `before a quern was invented', Sg. 184b3 . F. . . . cruisech la gae inhEire ise roairnecht, Rawl. 143a52 . is leis ariact carpaid cetra n-each, BB 254b13 .

(d) decides on, purposes: is i comarli arranic, LU 6143 (TBC). issi comuirle arriacht Nuadha `the decision to which N. came', RC xii 80 § 74 . conadh i comhairle arriacht lá cleirchibh Éireann, AFM ii 952.11 . conid e aireacc arrainicc leo corbmac . . . dfaoidhedh, iii 320.6 . issed tra arrícht occo and sin im dála dilgotha that was what was decided by them, LU 9783 ( RC vi 165.6 ). is ed arrícht leo Eochaid do marbad, Ériu xii 190.17 .

at-reig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-reig or dil.ie/4913
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ineresomni, a(t)fraig(id), atré, atraacht, atraracht, atomriug, atomregar, adreig, atraig, attruic, adraidhe, adraigi, atfraigh, affraig, afraig, atafraig, atragat, afraigid, atra, ardotrái, atrōi, érig, eirig, érged, afraigid, atraiged, atraidis, -erus, -eirreis, adré, -éir, condaǽrset, -eirset, -érsat, atressed, adtresed, -eirsed, atammresa, -érus-sa, ad-reis, atré, asr, atresim-ne, ata reset, atresat, atrésit, addreset, attrasatt, atresed, dotresed, atrestáis, atreistis, -eirsitis, adomracht, atomraracht, érracht, rotéracht, -errachtair, atracht, atarecht, atraacht, atráracht, asráracht, a-dreacht, a-drécht, erracht, -érracht, -erracht, -errecht, atra, at-re, adre, dotracht, atrachtabar, asrarachtatar, atarachtatár, atráchtatar, atrachtár, -errachtatar, atrachtus, atrachtais, atrachtsat, -setar, atraighsiot, atraidhset

v (* ess-reg, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 594 ) with inf. pron. agreeing in number, person and gender with subject in meaning rises (often also rises and goes, goes). Perh. archaic use without pron. in: ineresomni gl. suscitare, Thes. i 713.26 (`in which we will raise(?)', note). Note also: atomrachtatar, ZCP xii 365.17 (meaning not clear). Later with gradual obsolescence of inf. pron., beginning where verb is in dependent position, and ultimately as simple verb éirgid, q.v. Some forms of the s-subj. and fut. may explain exx. given under dreisid. In mid. Irish a form a(t)fraig(id) arises with inorganic -f- prob. originating in cases where the inf. pron. ended in a vowel (cf. ataregat, LU 8191 , atafregat, 8200 ). (Leniting forms a more likely starting-point Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 85 ). The ipv. atré, etc. is an orig. s-subj. form ( GOI 375 , Watkins, Celt. Verb 139 , Zimmer, KZ xxx 118 - 119 ). The s-subj. and fut. are distinguishable only by context. The form atraacht occurring occas. in mid. Ir. may be a dissimilation-form from the perf. atraracht. Cf. also atralacht cited below. For archaic forms permissible in classical verse see IGT Verbs § 17 .

Indic. pres. 1 s. atomriug, Thes. ii 354.24 (perh. rather to be referred to ad-rig, see Binchy, Ériu xx 232 - 234 ). atomregar, MacCongl. 83.26 . 3 s. adreig, Wb. 13a12 . atraig, LU 8191 ( FB 14 ). attruic, LU 633 (ACC). adroigh, Studies 1918, 282 § 17 . ? adraidhe (: slaidhe), SG 148.11 = adraigi, Acall. 2421 . atfraigh (see above), ACL iii 3.31 . affraig, LU 8196 ( FB 14 ). afraig (atfraich v.l.), IT i 265 § 27 . atafraig (fem.), LU 8810 ( FB 15 ). 3 pl. atragat, 8843 (ib. 64 ). afraigid, RC xii 100 § 137 . Ipv. 2 s. (see above) atræ, Ml. 126c3 . atra, LU 3533 ( SCC 30 ). ardotrái (attraicc, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 4766 = atrōi, TBC-I¹ 3012 (cf. ar-éirig and artotroi (.i. eirig) a Chuscraid, Ériu viii 173 § 3 ). érig, LU 3592 ( SCC 30 ). eirig, IT i 125.1 . 3 s. érged, LU 8130 ( FB 9 ). 2 pl. afraigid, TBC-I¹ 3081 , 3456 (afraighid suas dénaidh eachd, O'Cl.). Indic. impf. 3 s. atraiged, Rawl. 84a53 . 3 pl. atraidis, BB 300a12 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -erus, Thes. ii 357.17 . 2 s. -eirreis, SR 1172 . 3 s. adré (: sé), IGT Verbs ex. 215 . -éir, TBC-LL¹ 3752 . 3 pl. condaǽrset, Ml. 46a12 . -eirset, TBC-LL¹ 2797 . -érsat, 769 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atressed, LL 12574 . adtresed, YBL 214b15 (printed addrecht , Ériu i 118.1 ). -eirsed, Trip.² 463 . TBC-LL¹ 4543 .

Fut. 1 s. atammresa (= res sa), Ml. 31c14 . -érus-sa, MU² 1047 . 2 s. ad-reis, Lism. L. 2660 . 3 s. atré, TBC-LL¹ 985 . asr, Anecd. ii 14.11 . 1 pl. atresim-ne, PH 3531 . 3 pl. ata reset, Blathm. 955 . atresat, TBC-LL¹ 985 . atrésit, PH 3596 . addreset, Gorm. Apr. 22 . attrasatt, ZCP x 344.6 . Condit. 3 s. atresed, PH 4753 . With change of preverb dotresed, PH 1859 . 3 pl. atrestáis, TBC-LL¹ 1166 . atreistis, CCath. 1093 . -eirsitis, BNnÉ 33.38 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. adomracht, RC x 88.1 . atomraracht, MacCongl. 83.31 . conom érracht , LU 10761 . 2 s. ni rotéracht , Trip. 458.29 . -errachtair (erachtais v.l.), Lism. L. 2660 . 3 s. atracht, LU 8420 ( FB 29 ). atarecht (with fem. subj.), Vita Br. 33 . atraacht, TBC-LL¹ 1941 (see above). asraracht, LU 10790 . atráracht, Trip.² 612 . asráracht, 2287 . Cf. atralacht, LU 3655 ( SCC 32 ). a-dreacht, Dán Dé xxvi 32 . a-drécht (: écht), IGT Verbs ex. 216 . ro erracht , ACL iii 14.26 . -érracht, LU 312 . -erracht, 313 . -errecht, Todd Nenn. 180.6 . Note also: atra, LL 398b13 . at-re, ACL iii 311.1 . adre, Marco P. 8 , 54 (? scribal errors). With change of preverb: dotracht, RC xxiv 377.11 . 2 pl. atrachtabar, PH 3769 . 3 pl. asrarachtatar, Trip.² 2719 . atarachtatár, LU 4900 (TBC). atraachtatar, TBC-LL¹ 2643 . atráchtatar, 3601 . atrachtár, SR 4461 (guaranteed by metre). atrarochtor, RC xii 96 § 127 . -errachtatar, Alex. 895 . With endings of s- pret. 1 s. atrachtus, PH 1540 . 2 s. atrachtais, PH 1245 . 3 pl. atrachtsat, PH 1286 . atráigestar, TBC-LL¹ 3970 (sic. Leg. -setar?). atraighsiot, AFM vi 2098.y . atraidhset, Ann. Conn. 1230.4 .

Vn. éirge.

(a) rises: nach tan atraig ┐ . . . noch dand suides `whenever he rises and whenever he sits down', Mon. Tall. 140.20 (§ 32) . atresat uile la hescomlúd duitsiu `all will arise at thy going forth', TTr.² 101 . Of arising from sleep, etc.: geiss dó grian d'ergi fair . . . acht combad é atressed rempe, LL 12574 . ni indnais fort lepuidh dia not-erruis, ZCP xiii 280.15 . dorochair cotlud form conom érracht innossa, LU 10761 . Of recovery from wounds: atré slemun slán-chréchtach `he shall arise smooth and sound of wounds', Metr. Dinds. iii 166.28 .

With follg. accus. attruic (.i. atraracht) roard tráth Dé Colum cuitechta ascends to the company of God, LU 633 (ACC). adrē frach (? leg. fráech ed.) fírbrātha, ZCP viii 211.25 . at-rae buaíd ┐ bennachtain (a greeting), Grail 1690 . With cogn. accus. at-raachtatar Ulaid érgi n-aínfir ar a fathchi . . . amach arose as one man and went out, MU² 246 . la sodhain tra attrachtsat lucht na cathrach ēirgi athlamh aoinfhir, Fl. Earls 120.29 .

In various extended applications: atraidis bolga nemi for a ngruaidib appeared, BB 300a12 . Of noise, emotions etc.: asraracht a interiecht ngallraigthi, Anecd. ii 48 § 9 . ni errachtatar lind . . . ferga, Alex. 895 . atracht en gaili . . . ind, Cog. 188.15 . Arises, occurs, happens: conerrachtatar catha ┐ debtha occo fein, Anecd. iii 68.20 . Grows up, matures, extends: feib atré in mac bec atresat a gníma óclachais leis, TBC-LL¹ 985 . atraracht nert claindi Dedad the power of Clann D. increased, ZCP viii 303.14 .

Meaning frequently more closely defined by prepp. and advv.

With A: atrecht in lūan lāth asa mullach, TBC-I¹ 397 . co n-érsat Ulaid assa cess, TBC-LL¹ 769 . intan adregat asa suan, Ériu ii 130 § 98 . in t-inad asa n-errachtair (erachtais v.l.) innósa . . . is as adreis do mórdhail bratha it is from there you will arise and go to the great meeting of judgement, Lism. L. 2660 . adreisit na huili marbh a talam, RC xxviii 316 § 21 . atracht a bás, BNnÉ 14 § 18 . atrarochtor na Fomoire asa scoraibh sechtair `marched out of . . .', RC xii 96 § 127 . atracht as cach fasach i n-a cele she passed from one wilderness to another, v 199 § 5 .

With co: hi tiugnair atreset sil nAdaim cusin ḟuigell n-aurdeirc will rise to meet, KMMisc. 146 § 7 . atrachtsat na ríghu gusin airdrí, BNnÉ 324 § 37 .

With DI: atré lassar lond de loiscfess talum uli, KMMisc. 146.20 .

With DO rises to meet, to attack, makes for: co n-érracht cach di alailiu isin dail co rabi cach díib i n-ár a cheili, Trip.² 497 . ataregat ind fir dó the men attack him, LU 6164 (TBC). atractatar na slóig aile dóib, CRR 34 . atomregar dō . . . co herard `I advanced to meet him', MacCongl. 83.26 . atraacht glass-anfud in mara . . . dóib, CRR 10 . atraig Fergus dia chlaidiub F. rises to get his sword, LU 5412 (TBC). atrachtsad (adraigseatar v.l.) Laigin do gabail foraib, Anecd. i 18.1 . atraig Brían don tiprait tall goes, Ériu iv 102.1 .

With FOR (later AR): at-raachtatar . . . ara n-armaib they made for their weapons, MU² 161 . tecuit uile ┐ atraig forru they all come and she overpowers them(?), ACL iii 326.18 . co n-erecht a neart for Saxana his strength grew over the S., Todd Nenn. 180.6 . adre in sliabh . . . for an sliabh naill `the mountain arose and went on the other mountain', Marco P. 8 . at-raracht matin . . . for [rig]raith na Temrach went out on, ZCP xx 218 § 1 . ataregat int shlúaig huili ara chend rise before him, TBFr. 276 . atbertar sund asregad sidi ar cend a martra would go to meet, YBL 121a28 .

With FRI: ciphe gním frisan-erreis whatever deed you may undertake, SR 1172 . in t-epscop . . . na hérracht fri humhalóit asré fri denam cuil the bishop who did not rise up as a mark of respect from humility will arise to do evil, Anecd. ii 14.10 . atrestáis mathi in choicid rit báig the nobles of the province would rise to your call, TBC-LL¹ 1166 . atracht in mílid frisin mbéist the soldier attacked the serpent, PH 7234 . co n-eraig fri cach lin immodcing `rises against' (of a stream), Ériu ii 114 § 40 . at-racht grían ra lecnib na hIrlúachra, MU² 457 .

With I: adomracht am ṡeasam, RC x 88.1 . atraghat . . . Túath Dé imbaidh na nAthnensta then the T.D. form a confederacy with the Athenians, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.26 . ni eracht an fer aile ina aididh no cia atracht did not attack him, Laws v 304.19 Comm. atraghat an aenfecht (v.l.) ina[n] dóchum they arise to attack them together, CCath. 1886 . atracht Pilip i n-agaid Hiruaith co fhalti fris rose to welcome H., PH 844 .

With IMM: atresat righ ┐ rigfile[d] . . . iman orgain-si, Anecd. ii 50.8 .

With LA: genco heirset Ullta aile léo `should go along with them', IT ii2 123.35 .

With ó: atré slán o neimib a n-arm, Dinds. 39 ( RC xv 427 ). an doigh do chuaidh ad chridhe / adroigh uaibh ar mh'impidhe, Studies 1918, 282 § 17 . ? ar[n]a heirsed cogad uaidib doris asin Troi for Greco, BB 444bz .

With ÓS: re fiuchud na ferge fírgarge hitrácht úasto, LU 6466 (TBC). tic . . . tond baiti . . . ┐ adraig (adraid MS) a n-airdi uasin luing, Aen. 248 .

With RÉ rises before (in token of respect): is e ceta neracht riam, Laws iii 28.10 . rofuacradh lasind righ connach h-eirsiud nech reme-seom, Anecd. iii 34.z . ní érrac[h]t nech dibh reme, ii 14.5 . feraid . . . fāilte fris ┐ attraig riam, ZCP viii 311.38 . atrachtatar remi huile `they all rose up to greet him', Ériu iv 128.14 .

With advv.: adre amach dar beōlu in dūin `goes out', Marco P. 23 . at-racht sūas, Sc.M² 4 . afraighídh suas, dénaidh echt, marbhaidh an tréd immon torc, AFM i 506.14 . afraigidh .i. éirghídh amhail atá . . . afraighidh suas dénaidh eachd, O'Cl.

benn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benn or dil.ie/5654
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: b(e)inn, beinde, Binde, Beinne, Binne, benna, benna, benn, bennaib, bend, bend, bend, beinn

n a d s. and n du. b(e)inn. g s. beinde, O'Curry 1021 cited infra, Binde, Celt. Rev. x 135.7 . Beinne, Binne, Hog. Onom. n p. benna, Críth G. 450. n a p. benna, g p. benn, d p. bennaib, f., DDána Gloss. Note also a s. bend, PH 2792 , IGT Decl. ex. 643. d s. bend (: lenn), K. and H. 10. n du. b.¤ , CCath. 1337. `n. (? later f.),' Críth G. Vocab.

(a) mountain, crag, peak, point; crest, summit: o Shliab Belgadain don B. / ard in b.¤ imarbaigem `lofty is the mountain', Ériu viii 26.7 , 8 . ar binn ós Loch Feabail aird, ZCP viii 223.26 . Liath na trí mb.¤ , Acall. 936. ar bennaibh is ar barrgail on hill- and tree-tops, Anecd. ii 23.23 . beinnini ar gach mb.¤ , BS 80.4 . as súd soir go beinn Bóthair, Oss. iv 20.25 . [in] ceín bess bend ar in bith `for as long as the hills shall stand', Ériu vii 229 § 77. ó bheannaibh Béirre `from the hills of B.', Aithd. D. 11.7 . ar beinn Chliachmhuighi, IGT Introd. 23.25 . (of the edge (?) of an Alpine crevasse) tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . i mbeannaibh sliabh on the mountain tops, TSh. 3491. as ris shamhlaim th'aiscin-si / is ra bend i nnimh star (?), Anecd. ii 25.11 . Fig. of a pre-eminent person: Gobán sáor . . . / b.¤ ar shaoraibh, BNnÉ 241 § 179 .

Transf. of outline of land: da b.¤ cumga do thír `two narrow horns of land', CCath. 1337.

(b) pinnacle, spire; gable; corner, etc. of building, structure, etc. ; ette nó b.¤ múir gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . bend a pinna muri , O'Mulc. 136. for béind aird in tempuil . . . = super pinnaculum templi, Matthew iv 5 , PH 4712. Caisel . . . / b.¤ im a téigenn teine, SG 206.9 . ar beinn inna scríne, Trip. 86.10 . ar bind mhór chluigtighe Chluana pinnacle of the round tower, Celt. Rev. x 143.16 . ar chomhairle clog na seacht mbeann, Oss. iv 42.16 . . . . na múrrtha mbeann of the battlemented walls (?), KMMisc. 50.23 . ar beind chloche, ZCP xii 273.24 . in mac . . . co farcbad for beind chroisse i ndorus chille (an abandoned child), LL 36996 = Fél. 242.7 . fer coirthe .i. in fer curthur for beinn croise gan feronn, O'D. 462 (H. 3.17, 357). Laws v 134.17 Comm. mac toc[h]air .i. do binn croisi, O'Curry 399 (H. 3.18, 222b). ingen do cuirthear do cill, i mbulg no for beinn croisse, O'D. 529 (H. 3.17, 428). fágbhais ar beinn croise . . . an mála `on one of the arms of a cross', Keat. iii 2122 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of a castle), DDána 119.16 . gur thúirrlind Léithin (an eagle) ar bind don lomán `a corner of the rampike' (p. 124), Celt. Rev. x 135.21 . beann do bhúain da thalamh `to take a piece of his land' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1627. beinn `a high top, pinnacle ', Eg. Gl. 104. do bhennuibh bhárc `poops of ships', Rel. Celt. ii 228.9 . Hence in plant-name: beand múir (lit. projection on a wall) `houseleek?' (Index), ACL i 335.71 .

(c) wing of an army, fleet: i mbeind cli in catha `in the left wing of the battle', CCath. 5781. do bennaib cath, O'Dav. 1335. tig féin is beann don chabhlach i dtír `a wing of the fleet', Keat. iii 4828.

(d) horn of animal: inna benna duacarbat gl. corn[u]a, Ml. 87b12 . b.¤ gl. cornu, Sg. 63a6 . cornua .i. b.¤ , Thes. ii 46.31 . co mbert a inathar as fora beandaib (a bull), TBC-I¹ 880. for bennuib na mbó, Airne F. 353. dá beind for trí fichtib rend sixty-two points (?) (of stag's antlers), Imr. Brain ii 288.18 . benna na n-aigi, TBC-LL¹ 1342. tucsat didiu a mbenda ┐ a n-dedu docum na scor their (sc. elephants') tusks, ZCP xxx 136.6 (Alex.). (of a whale ?) na blaith ┐ na benna sin, Éigse vi 119 § 16. gell tar benna i.e. a pledge given in respect of impounded cattle: ata, dono, gell tar benna . . . di athgabail iar ndithim, Laws ii 128.29 Comm. ni dlig feichem acht apad cuicti . . . acht geall tar benda . . . dar benda na bó uair is fri logh enech teid(h), O'Curry 519 (H. 3.18, 261b).

b.¤ (búabaill) a (buffalo) horn; hence drinking horn, goblet: atraacht Conchobor ra beind breccṡolais buabaill a speckled and shining buffalo horn, LL 34745. crúaidi . . . / immar bít benna búabaill `hard . . . as a buffalo's horns' (of a hag's teeth), Ériu iv 102 § 45. etrocht bass fo beind buabaill, IT iii 47 § 76. ar ól mb.¤ `quaffing goblets', O'Gr. Cat. 479.13. See also s. búaball.

Of musical instruments b.¤ (búabaill): ro bidhgsat . . . lasin fuaim . . . do ben Ercuil asan mbeinn mbuabuillsidhe `which H. made on that trumpet', Stair Erc. 177. ro hir dom .x. ngrib ingne .x. mbenda (.i. .x. cuirn buabhaill) bonnadharc buabaill blaith, Ériu ii 4.3 . searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall `ivory horns', TD 4.32 . píp trí mbeann `the three-droned pipe', Ó Bruad. iii 130.12 .

(e) prong, point (of various forked and pointed objects): gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti a two-pointed fork, Ériu v 72.20 . aél co mbennaib braine, LL 38335. for cetheora benna na gabla (in c[h]raind, TBC-I¹ 308 ), LU 4799. trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, secht mbenna fair forsa mbítis secht sutrulla `seven branches upon which were seven lamps', Celtica iv 32.18 . beanda . . . slegh spearpoints, ZCP xiv 230.2 . seacht cumala go leith lenta locht mara bennaib Baisgne, glossed: .uii. cumala . . . i cinaidh do beinde it armaib a ua Baiscne, O'Curry 1021 (H. 3.18, 431a-b). beann bhrasbhaoghlach thréan nách trom, Measgra D. 14.12 . b.¤ gher do beith agud, ┐ fend lesin mbeinn `have a sharp point and lance (?) it with the point', Celtica ii 46.3 . cen slegha, cen bera cen benna `points' (of a fence), Laws iv 114.9 Comm. ? carbat bo bricci for beind (benn, v.l.), IT iii 81 § 57.

(f) crest, diadem, etc. (of a helmet, head-dress, etc.): buidne bend `crested bands', Hail Brigit 20 . beann oir . . . as gach cathbarr, Anecd. ii 77 § 3. pn In epithet: Findchad Fer Bend Uma, MU² 36. donn a cuach ballghlas a beann `her coif (?)', Aithd. D. 1.34 . beann eich uaibhrigh `frontlet' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.20 ), DDána 111.20 . By metonymy (?) of a horse: an bheann (perh. = bean) is fearr cluas is cos, Measgra D. 15.1.4 .

(g) Various applications: bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib yards , TTr. 1420 ( LL 32231 ). uagais brigais beand siuil, ` sail-tops ', Ériu xxiv 14 § 13. Of a shield: cetheora benna óir fair, TBC-I¹ 3580. Of a garment (see Ériu xvi 201 ): a dá beind imo brágait the two corners (of the cloak) about his neck, MacCongl. 65.2 . ocht mbruit co mbennaibh (mbuindibh, v.l.), Leb. Cert.² 1314. co r-gabus bend etaig Isu `hem', PH 2792. ar beinn a bruit on the skirt of her mantle, Ériu v 76.37 .

In phr. rí b.¤ king of peaks (?), one of three classes of kings enumerated in Críth G. (see p. 104 ): ríi b.¤ . . . Is hé rí túaithe insin las mbiat .vii. ngrá(i)d Ḟéne cona foḟodlaib i céilsini, ar it hé benna flatha doruirmisem, Críth G. 448 - 450 . O'Dav. 1335.

(h) In adverbial phrases: immo rēir a b.¤ i mb.¤ `from height to height' (Thurn.), for ever (?), ZCP xi 57 § 10. co bráth b.¤ for ever (and ever): ni theit co brath buidneach beann / neach it relcib in ifernd, YBL 318a58 . o sin amach co brath mbend, Anecd. ii 40.7 . re mbrath mbend, BB 17b32 .

(i) Freq. in nn. loc., usu. in senses point, peak, hill , see Hog. Onom. B. Étair, ibid., also ZCP xv 195.

In late use heed, attention, regard: gan beinn air bith air na haitheanta do choimheud `without any care to keep the commandments', Donlevy 176.24 . ní bhí beann agad orum = thou regardest me not, Job xxx 20 . nách fuil . . . beann aco air, Párl. na mB. 625 . gan beann do chur ar raidhtibh na heagluisi coitchinne, Luc. Fid. 3993. na cuir beann, suim, spéis, seadh, ann `regard', Eg. Gl. 71.

Compds.

(a) With nouns: don bheannabrog bhuadhach bhán gabled mansion, 23 G 24 , 388 . dá cromsciath ┐ da bendchlaidiub mara occo , LU 7671 (BDD). ōs Bregmaig na mbendchros ` peaked crosses', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25. re fogur thet mbeandchrot, Lec. 174rb3 (for mennch. ?). sreatha . . . téad mbeannchrot, Maguires of F. 86. cloidme m[ora] benndorncair horn-hilted, TBC St. 4524 , Gloss. cuirn mc Donnchadha / dleghait buideachus / buidhe bendgealla securities of horn (?), IT iii 91 § 128. do bheannmhoighe `thy lofty plains', Gadelica 11 § 3 .

(b) With adjj.: faoidh a stoc mbennbuidhe ` yellow-tubed ', O'Gr. Cat. 474.20. táin láoghach bhenncor bhó with pointed horns, KMMisc. 174 § 33. do dhromchladh na Bóirne bennghairbhe ` rugged-topped ', AFM vi 2102.11 . laogh Droma bheinnghil Bhó `white-peaked D.B.', Aithd. D. 25.12 . rosaich co Cua cendmar cain / comét bend-glan in buair sain, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 .

(c) With adjj. formed from nouns: múr na sgiath mbeannbhladhach mbláith with fair-famed and gabled buttresses, DDána 119.1 . tar beilgibh bennchairrgidhe `rocky passes', AFM vi 2198.8 . brocc bendchoprach (sc. Cell Dara), RC xiii 114 § 160 (see ¤chopor supra). cloidme benndornachae 'swords with hilts of horn', BDC 106.37 .

céilide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céilide or dil.ie/8461

 

n io (céile). m., IGT Decl. § 1 . visit, act of visiting : céilidhe .i. muinnterus no cuaird, IT ii2 255.26 . corran célide libsi `on a visit', Wb. 7a17 . celide et buith cendenum neich ref. to circuire domus, 29a4 . acht do dichisiu . . . / do chelidhiu chugomsae `on a visit to me', Blathm. 148 . co mbuí for célidi occo , LU 1548 (MU). is maith . . . limm célide libsi, TBFr. 149 . aes celide visitors, Alex. 935 . co héill fir célide .i. cuirm, MacCongl. 99.21 . ? ní théid do chlú ar céilidhe, O'R. Poems 146 . re linn a chéilidhe id chlí, Dán Dé xv 15 . do choidh fecht for ceilidhe chuga, Hugh Roe² 16.16 . Céilidhe Iosgaide Léithe (a tale), Celtica iii 232 .

In relig. contexts implying a fault or undesirable behaviour: dar ndrut ōn chēilidi clāen, ACL iii 237 § 19 . One of the fifteen tokens of a bad woman, ZCP viii 113.23 . (remedies against lust) imgabail mesca miscais célithe, Ériu vii 138.24 ( ZCP iii 25.29 ). Note also: trí airisena boccachta: sírch. etc., Triads 102 .

cendail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cendail or dil.ie/8597

 

n f. (cenn, for the form cf. carnail) heads (of decapitated enemies): ceanndail .i. eallach na gceann, O'Cl. ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire, LU 9093 ( cendail, 9096 , g s. na cendaile, 9154 ). indrema a cendaile `the tokens(?) of their head-spoils', Ériu vi 149.66 . in chennal ┐ na fuidb, iv 26 § 15 . taiselbthar in c.¤, do Dauīd, ZCP xiii 178.32 . connfaco c.¤ am-muinntiri, RC x 216 § 6 . Perh. orig. same formation as cenngail. See cendar.

1 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cía or dil.ie/8965
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cía, ci, cá, gá, cá, gá, cár, cá, cía, citné, cia, ciodh, cisne, cipé, cipé

interr. and indef. pron. Given in list of interrogatives, Laws v 6.1 ff. Comm. ; for forms permitted and prohibited in classical verse see IGT Introd. § 16 . See GOI §§ 456 - 460 , Strachan, Ériu i 6 ff. , Bergin, Ériu xii 205 ff.

A As interrogative.

I General form cía (ce, ci) (`unstressed or weakly stressed,' GOI § 456 ) without indication of gender. In later lang. freq. cá, gá (cf. gia, TBC-LL¹ 56 , giá, 730 etc.). who? what ? (in direct and indirect interrogation).

(a) With dependent verb (as conj. part. or in accordance with Bergin's Law). As subject of vb.: cia beir búar o thig Temrach who takes? LL 1566 . cía rét Brega?, LU 9306 . ? cia saig do rús Herind. . .?, LL 1787 . cía taisiu?, LU 6307 . cia bátar do bésa?, Tec. Corm. 7 . ní fitir R. cía-rraba / crích `whose was', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.45 . immoscoemorcuir ceptar hé, Corm. Bodl. 34.21 . As object: ce róich `how far . . . extends', Sg. 26a11 . cia roich eneclann?, Laws iii 536.1 . cia-roig dire? Ir. Recht 13 § 14 . cia fairneac?, Ériu xi 44.3 . cia acca whom didst thou see? LU 7135 . bec a ḟis duid cia do ordo, Anecd. i 7.5 ( do(o)rdo, SCano 198 `what I croon', Gloss.). So also in cíar(r)icc (separate article). Rarely cid in this use. Nom. cid dernad?, LL 251a18 . Accus. cid dernais?, LL 251a39 .

With inf. pron. usually cich-: cichib foruireth? . . . fon-roireth imned what has been caused to you? TBFr. 399 = ZCP iv 45.28 . cichib-roerad? what has been prepared for you (i.e. how have you fared?), IT iii 237.62 = cichib roér ol Bodb. Nin foruireth nammaith olse, LL 246b24 . mnā brataiter . . . cichi brata? cichi aig? cichi goin? who abducts them? TBC-I¹ 1081 (cicen, cíche, ciche, LU). ? ciche bárogell a regg / sonend ┐ dubdonend, LL 376a4 . Exceptionally: ar feisidh ciab dergeine `who has made you', Blathm. 91 § 6 . fir gontair, mnā brattar, bai agthar . . . cistabrata, cisdagata, cisdabeir? TBC-I¹ 2989 . See ZCP xxii 29 .

With copula: innaní asbertis cipad a déne ind hesséirgi `that used to say what would be the swiftness of the resurrection', Wb. 25b27 . conid fessed cia bed flaith inna diad, Ml. 89b7 . For cía ba chan see can.

Hence in various adverbial meanings. (b) how ? cia Ulto ána acca?, LL 13439 . cumma cīa-thōetsat imbi, Sc.M² 3 (`how', Gloss.). cía festa `how should ye know?' Metr. Dinds. iii 48.12 . cia ḟacci ar sluág?, TBC-LL¹ 223 . is cuma dó c.¤ eipli, Liad. and Cuir. 20.17 `how he dies', Contribb. 363 . With deut. form: cía dorochair Cróeb Dathi?, Metr. Dinds. iii 148.1 . Note also: cīa tairicc? Tairic hi cind teora mblīadna when? ZCP viii 312.29 .

(c) where ? In later lang. cá, gá (nasalizing), with narrative tense cár. cá `lochdach', IGT Introd. § 16 . Orig. with téit: ni fetatar cia deochaid where he went, LU 3329 ( SCC 12 ). nocon ḟess cia deochatar, LL 290a27 . With deut. form of vb. cia dochuatar ass? where did they go? TFerbe 565 . In later lang.: cá ngabhaid?, Oss. iii 232.5 . Keat. Poems 1545 . cá bhfaighion tú an raidhirc so?, ZCP v 215.419 . cā ndearnais do c[h]ēadc[h]reach?, Feis Tighe Chonáin 145 . cár ghabh, 490 . cá ar fríth é?, ZCP v 215.418 . carbh ail les dul, Stair Erc. 981 . With attá: ga ffuil maithe na Féine?, Duan. F. ii 322 § 15 (see iii 151). ga bhfuil suim . . . na naitheantadh `what is the abridgment?' Donlevy 52.22 . ro fhiarfaigh I. ca rabe A., Stair Erc. 25 . do f[h]iafraigdur dī cā raibhe sí whence she was, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1666 . Note also cia racha, ITS xvii 188.1526 etc.

(d) With fíu glossing Lat. quam, how (great, etc.): cia fíu .i. mór ní gl. quam admirabile, Ml. 17b12 - 13 . gl. quam (sollicite), 23a10 . ce fiu gl. quam maxime, Sg. 114a3 . See Dict. Fasc. fíu and compare cia fiú me bheith beó etc. how can I remain alive? ITS xvii 159.963 .

(e) With follg. noun (often as antecedent of rel. clause). With masc.: ciachruth gl. quomodo, Sg. 212a1 (see 1 cruth). cia dune ind inni-sseo gl. qualem . . . hominem, Ml. 35c33 . cia mod .i. imba do gres . . . `what measure', Ml. 100d4 . Perh. also in the follg.: dús cia port indib maith óigedacht `in what place', Wb. 26b24 . cia salmscribdid conicfed són `what psalmist?', Ml. 14a6 . amal nad finnatar sidi cia loc sainriud dia regtais, 99b10 . cia randdatu bis indi, Sg. 27a12 . cía cethrar? Rí ┐ brithem etc., Críth G. 536 . cia file ar secht ccumhaluibh dlighidh what poet . . .? Ériu xiii 18.4 . cia fot atúsa isin chotlud sa how long? LU 6359 . gá fad?, TSh. 1618 . ca sén dob ferr?, Ériu iv 224.13 . ca ræt in muirn . . . ar-at-cluineam?, TTebe 1901 (see crét). ca hinad?, LB 137b51 . gá cara don uile as fhearr?, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5 . DDána 50.12 . gá fhios nach . . . (ḟ = bf?), O'Gr. Cat. 456.10 . gá chúis fá . . ., 12 . cár bh'iongnadh?, Hard. i 204 .

(f) With fem.: cia airm `what place', Wb. 12d18 (see cairm, cáit). ceseirc gl. quam caritatem habeam, 14d15 (differently GOI 289 ). ce meit gl. quanto, 33a1 . ce mét aimmser bes indi `what times may be in it', Sg. 25b16 . ce méit a[s] sinu aís quam A. `how much older', Wb. 34a5 . See méit. cia dú gl. quo, Ml. 40c7 . cia inni soas `how He turns', 123d8 (see note). cá huair díscáeilter in doman nó cá tráth thiucfus Dia?, RC xxiv 382.32 . ca delb rogabais? Ériu iv 104.15 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib?, ZCP viii 113.11 . cá slat is slimghile bas?, O'Gr. Cat. 332.27 . ga hobar dhíbh nach doiligh?, Studies 1921, 588 § 1 . gá breath rug féin ar an bhfear? Dán Dé xxv 16 .

(g) With neut.: cia eret mbete oc m'ingraimmim-se `how long?' Ml. 33a9 . cia airet bis micomus etc., Laws ii 186.6 . cia hairet, PH 1501 . See airet, cairet. anfis ca cinel aire nos beir etc., Laws i 188.6 Comm. cia forcenn doberthar foraib, Ml. 33a9 . na fetar . . . ca galar . . ro-t-básaig, CRR 3 . cia indas conaittechtatar a n-íc, Ml. 90b16 . décaid . . . a arm cia indas rundgabsat, 55c1 (see indas, cindas). cia leath reghma?, Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). cia tír, ZCP viii 318.33 .

(h) cía with follg. prep. and noun or pron. rendering oblique cases of Lat. pronn. (see GOI 228 - 229 ): cia ar neoch gl. ad quid, Sg. 217a5 . Cf. cia erneo gl. quam ob rem, Ml. 101a4 . ci erniu gl. quamobrem, 47b1 . cairhe biit, Sg. 242b1 leg. ciairneo = quamobrem, n . ciarrét gl. quamobrem, Ml. 48c2 . cide gl. de quo (cia de? cid de?), Sg. 3a9 . cia du neuch gl. ad quem . . .? Ml. 16a9 . cia dunaib hi do foirmsed gl. de quibus adderet? 35a17 . cia du forcunn gl. quem ad finem, 33a9 . cia du rét gl. cui rei? 121d1 . cia isnaib hí gl. in quibus, 49c13 . cia in n-erbirt ṁbiuth gl. in quem ussum, 46b28 . cia i n-olcaib gl. in quibus malis, 23b2 . ci onaibhi, gl. quibus, 47a10 . cio ainmnid dixnigidir gl. ex quo sit nominatiuo? Sg. 207b3 . ciofut gl. usque quo, Ml. 20a17 . 93a15 . ci ho fothaib són gl. quibus (dementiae facibus accensi sunt), 16b19 . ci o retaib gl. quibus rebus, 35c35 . gl. ex quibus rebus, 44d24 . cio thomus gl. qua libra etc., 55d16 . So also probably in later lang.: cia chuige a ndírighmid ar nurnuigh, Donlevy 364.16 . ca as a tangadar, Stair Erc. 1412 . casa ticit siat, Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.1 . Hence perh. in later phr. gá d'ulc what is the harm of? (see olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z ). gá d'ulc bogur an bhása?, IGT Decl. ex. 758 . gá d'ulc mé gan mothugadh?, ex. 224 . gá d'ulc óigrí eslobar?, O'Gr. Cat. 470.9 . Cf. 2 cair. See Éigse xii 136 .

(i) In phrase cíadono why (then)? (see GOI 289 See further Éigse xii 136 .): ar cia dono gl. ut quid autem, Wb. 2d10 . hóre ro-n-ortigestar dia cedono tuidecht friss `why then?' 6a4 . ce dono rigne occo `what, then, is the good of prolixity in it?' 8d15 . cepu dono adrad dǽ do thabirt do Pool?, 7d16 . ciapu dono dún indarpe geinte `why should we then expel the Gentiles?' 19a14 . ? ēludh ann for romhuir / nícon fess cia dona, ZCP x 344.13 .

(j) In various constructions with adjj. In early legal texts with superl.: cia measom do cain ts.? `what is the worst of . . . ?' Laws ii 194.1 . cia dilsiumh d'ḟiledhoibh, Ériu xiii 31.2 . cía háithemh eó? acais dlighidh, etc., 25.6 . Prob. also: cia so do rinnibh etc. 20.30 = ciaso do ninnaib, O'Dav. 1289 . In later lang. in phrase gá beag is it not enough? ga beag mur ḟáth duilghis, IGT Decl. ex. 1057 . cá beag d'fhiadhnaise? Studies 1920, 97 § 2 . gárbh fhearr céim, 98 § 6 . gá bheag dhúinn dá dhearbhadh ort is it not proof enough for you? Content. vi 25 . Freq. with compar. in rhetorical questions. Cf. ga meisde ┐ ga c[h]an ┐ ca d'ulc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z . gá cruaidhe ceisd what more difficult question (is there)? DDána 12.1 . ga deacra ní do neithibh?, IGT Decl. ex. 938 . car doilge [le] inghin Taidg / éc Aodha aird . . . / inā d'Echtaigh a bás bróin / Corbmaic hūi Cuinn . . . , ZCP vi 269 § 4 . ca ferr duind ar mbeandacht do chur . . . go fer in liubair sea na a fágbail aigi?, LU 2769 (colophon). gá fearr m'áis-se ná m'aindeoin how is it better to get my consent than to constrain me? Dán Dé i 5 . ga feirdi me do m[healladh]?, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.2 . cá bud fherrde, PH 7582 . gá misde don cholainn chriadh / an t-anam d'faghbháil ilphian what harm? Dán Dé xxv 41 . m'uabar gá mó mínáire?, O'Gr. Cat. 346.33 . do Mhuire gár mhó guasocht?, Dán Dé xx 47 . Note also: cá minic do chionntaidh sé `how often', Donlevy 320.28 . an lícc dimor uccat fil forsan tulaigh, cía mó atá i ttalamh dhi na uása how much more of it is in the earth than above it? BNnÉ 8.16 .

II Inflected (`more fully stressed', GOI § 456 ) cía, cisí cid, citné etc. In classical verse the forms cia and ciodh are stressed, see DDána 12.1 , 58.35 . `cía, can, cúich . . . were in direct interrogation used with the copula *esti (cf. mod. Ir. cé h-é) . . . ', O'Brien, Féil. Mhic Néill 88 .

With indep. form of verb (a) cía m.: cia beraid doib a remeperthe `who will refer to them the aforesaid?' Ml. 37a9 (perh. transition from I(a) above). Usually with rel. clause: cía rédes ruind?, BDD² 294 etc. cia dib gebus t'forba?, RC xxiv 194.1 . cía de as sru[i]thiu?, Críth G. 492 . cīa nād cūala?, ZCP xi 109 § 7 . Prob. also in follg., where there is no mark of rel.: cia con-icc ní dúun?, Wb. 4b11 . cia folínfea? 12d14 . cia dobera íc do Sión?, Ml. 34d5 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig `to learn who will dwell in the city', 35b24 . cia de dogega `which of them I shall choose', Wb. 23b33 . dús cīa díb do-ngegad, Sc.M² 19 . caidi bad ferr la hUltu, a mmarb nō a mbeo . . . ?, TBC-I¹ 681 (cia dé, LU). do fiarfaidh A. de cia dá cloind do beith etc., ZCP xi 128.34 . quis est horum qui vicit . . . .i. cia ro blaiss bethaid?, LL 281a32 . cia aca is rogha leat?, Hard. i 274.y .

(b) cid n. (rel. frequently marked): cid aem no-dom-bera-sa cucuibsi, Wb. 1a8 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi `what impels you . . . ?', 9c20 . nícon fitir cid asbeir, 12c22 . ro fitid cid aridfuirig a foilsigud, 26a11 . dús cid forchomnacuir indi `to learn what hath happened therein', Ml. 16c5 . cid du-gén-sa osme `what shall I do, even I?', 30b9 . ní fintar cid attrebthar and `what is possessed there', Sg. 200b13 . niconfetadar cid fodruair `they . . . knew not what had caused it', Mon. Tall. 147.13 . asbert nicon feddur cid fil do sirgabail na biaide I do not understand your continual singing of the Beati, 127.2 . cid dogén?, ZCP viii 113.9 . cid tuccais ō Guaire what hast Thou got from G.? ACL iii 2.10 . With subst. vb. in nasalising rel. clause what ails, what is the matter with? see attá. With copula: nad fes cid as maith no as olc [do] denum, Ml. 51b7 . dober Dia aithesc cid as denti no cid as imgabthi, 51b8 . cid as dech do mnáib? what is the best type of wife? ZCP viii 113.5 . Note the variation in: na cóig guthaidhe, cía dhíobh as glan no as neamhghlan, no ciodh as cáol no as leathan da bfeadhuibh oireaghdha, ┐ créd atá na ndefhoghrachuibh etc., IGT Introd. 1.10 .

With nouns in sense who is? what is?

(c) m. cía (also occasionally with other genders, and regularly with ainm, see Ériu i 9 ): cia haes esca?, SR 7964 . cía méit in gill?, Críth G. 282 . cía [a] míad sidi?, 586 . cia th'ainmsiu?, LU 10774 . cía hainm? what's your name? BDD² 264 . cía hainm dá mnaí?, 365 . cia n-anmand what are their names? TFerbe 357 . cīa cétliaigh robūi ind-Ēirinn?, ZCP viii 105.12 . cía bar lín-se is[in] indsi-se?, Ériu iv. 142.21 . nī hētur cia hainm in maic aile, ZCP viii 293.24 . cia don teora crannsa an chroch, Dán Dé iii 27 . cia an monghar mór-sa?, DDána 85.6 . cia an duine bhias beó = quis est homo? TSh. 3125 .

Forms in -so, -su etc. (cf. indic. pres. 3 s. of 2 cía. See Celtica vii 38-42 ): ciaso baili ata in crann?, SR 7931 . ciaso buaid duinne?, Bodl. Dinds. 27 . cia so gním what deed? TBC-LL¹ 958 . cíasu anmann bai for suidiu?, IT ii2 195.153 . nī fetar-sa ciasu adba etc., Fing. R. 969 . ciasa bas . . . do bean . . . in bas-crann?, Ériu iv 116 § 26 (`whose hand?'). ciasa fogealtad son? .i. miach cacha mis, Laws iv 106. 15 Comm. ím comirc doib ciasa hairm ín ro scuirsid, 106.22 Comm. ciasa run, Auraic. 5210 (císi, v.l.). ciarsat comainm celisiu what's your master's name? LL 9041 (TBC). carsat comainm?, Acall. 390 . ciarso choma no bértha dó?, LL 8937 (TBC). garsa gním sain?, 9990 (TBC).

(d) cía with pron. who is? cia tussu díxnigedar who art thou? Wb. 4c24 . cia hé nu-n-dixnaigther-siu gl. qui sis, Ml. 75c9 . ciahé gl. qui (sit), 14d14 . cia hé `who is it?' 46c17 . ce hé roscríb `who it is that has written', Sg. 197a19 . cinní sin frisnaiccai siu `whom dost thou expect?', Thes. ii 227.30 (from intí-sin, GOI § 460 ). cia so who is this? Anecd. i 8. 23 ( SCano 257 ). cía so?, Sc.M² R 10 . cīa and-so?, 11 (for inso?). cia tusu?, RC xxiv 200.9 . fochtuis Feilis scela de, ce he budein, ZCP vi 25. 18 . cīa pad cīa . . . acht . . . Condere . . . who should it be but C.? Ériu i 114 § 3 . beag a fhios agad . . . / cia misi d'fhearaibh Eireann, Studies 1924, 243 § 17 . With -so, -su: cía so thú?, LU 10768 = ciasu tu, Ériu xii 170.3 . cársa cúich thú?, Mer. Uil.² 90 . cársa cía[s]ib-si etir?, 250 .

(e) cía with follg. prep. as antecedent of rel. clause (cf. I (h) above): cia dia fiachaigedar gl. ad quem debeat, Ml. 44b3 . cia forsa tiagat? `on whom do they fall? Laws ii 178.3 . nicon-fes cīa ō-tucad, Sc.M² 3 . cia ar nach tug a thrócuire? Dán Dé xxv 46 . cor dib Painiel dian / Gabriel cia ar nach cor?, KMMisc. 254.14 . d'iomad rogha ag Día dá dhiomda / fola cía dá ttiobhra ar tós, IGT Decl. ex. 109 .

(f) cisí, ces(s)í with f. noun: cisí chomairle ǽm `what indeed is the counsel?' Ml. 34c18 . cissi slabrai in díscer sa? LU 5162 (TBC). cissi gáir seo?, 4475 . císí (sic) suillse mór sucut?, BDD² 591 . áil dūn a ḟis . . . cisī rāth so, Ériu viii 157.6 . Freq. with follg. rel. clause: cessi aimser hi rogbath `at what time it was sung', Ml. 24d10 . cisi aimsir hi for-comnactar in gnimai, 97a5 . cisí digal didenach dumberaesiu a Dǽ, 100d5 . co n-eperthae cia aiccent ┐ cisi aimser derb thechtas, Sg. 26a6 . cisi rann dogéntar di, 27a13 . cesí aram gl. ad quod genus uel numerum refertur, 197b3 . cisi chiall bís indib `what is the meaning that is in them', 217a2 . cisi muime bat tualoing what fostermother could have? Blathm. 100 § 32 . cisi mathair con bert / an geinsi? ib. (MS. cisi in, text). cisi gnuis . . . forta napsalmo?, Hib. Min. 3.76 . cise noail noclanna `by what oath shall it be settled?' Laws iv 142.3 . cisi airm hi tá L.? LU 3620 (SC. 31). rāidh frim cisé (ciséd, v.l.) dāil di ṡund dogénum, ACL iii 294 § 13 . cisi breth rucais?, Rawl. 113a2 . cissí dichuimni rod dall?, LL 21767 . fég darisse . . . cisi chonar dotháet `look again, what road is he coming', RC iii 183.33 . inderb . . . cisi uair no cisi aimsir regthair, Ériu v 120.3 . cisí hairle do beradh, Hugh Roe² 292.14 . With ellipse of rel. clause: tair limsa . . . co ndérais. Cisí dígal?, MU² 1034 . Also somet. with other genders: ciasi animnairme (ainm n-áirme) fil . . ., Hib. Min. 2.41 . ciasi ord fil forna psalmu, 6.196 . ra iarfaig . . . cissi log conattaig, LL 30975 ( TTr. 156 ). occa scrúdadh . . . cisi cruth no aithfedh, Hugh Roe² 96.15 . Note also: atbertsat cipsi magen i ferfaithe in cath, Dinds. 188 ( RC xvi 274 ).

(g) cid with n. noun. In sense what is? cid aes ṅ-esci? BCr. 32a9 . cidh dire Mac-ḟuirmidh?, Ériu xiii 25.27 . cid an ní seo?, BDD² 242 . cid damhna bar ndocesaid?, ACL iii 310 viii 3 . ciodh achd ar ghrádh no ar ghrádsa / clár págsa d'fhior ón Aodhsa?, IGT Decl. ex. 137 .

With follg. rel. clause: imrádat imráti cid maith as déntí `as to what good is to be done', Wb. 1d7 . cid ḟolad ṡluindes, Sg. 25b17 (see note). ce torad gl. quem . . . fructum habuistis? Wb. 3b29 . cid chenél gl. quod genus . . . refertar, Sg. 197b3 . Perh. also: cidechor (= cid dechor) gl. quae sit differentia, 23a2 . In difft. constr. (cf. II (c) above): ced torbe doib etarscarad . . . fria tola what does it profit them? Wb. 13c6 . ce torbe dúib-si . . . in fogur-sin, Ml. 12d5 . ced slīab inso thall?, TBC-I¹ 614 .

(h) cid with pronoun: ced ed tra `what is it then?' Wb. 3b28 . cid so?, Mon. Tall. 130.15 ; YBL 118a23 ; ZCP xiii 179.3 . cid sin?, BDD² 448 . cid ón `what is that?' RC iii 184.25 . ceadh sibh acht na seacht dtroighthe what do you amount to? DDána 53.21 .

(i) cid with DO. With follg. neg.: cid dait-siu . . . nád bod latt curadmir, etc. why shouldn't you have? LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). cid daib . . . nach mair[b]fed sib?, TTebe 1865 . cidh damhsa cen dul d'iarraidh a maithme why should I not go, etc.? RC xxvii 294 § 38 . Note also: cidh duibsi what think ye of it? (?), RC xxvi 366.13 . cidh dhúinn déanamh a bhfeasa `why need I tell of them?' Content. iv 27 .

(j) cid with DI: cid de ón what does that matter? LU 6361 . cid de-side why so? TBC-LL¹ 5580 .

(l) cid with prep. and rel. clause: cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the on what basis have the lay grades been laid down? Críth G. 6 . Sliab B. cid diata whence is it named? RC xv 301.5 . cídh día ndearnadh Adhamh, 23 E 26, 5.18 .

(m) In similar construction in meaning why? With AR: cid arind epur frit why do I say it to thee? Wb. 5a31 . cid ara ndluthid caratrad friu iterum?, 27a30 . cid ara todlaigther inso, Ml. 32a5 . cid ara fodaim int ais firian inna fochaidi? 55d11 . cid armad machdad etc.? Sg. 167a4 . cid arṅdid huathuislib ildaib disruthaigedar?, 198b3 . cid ar bad?, Thes. ii 227. 34 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach?, Críth G. 1 . cidh ar a fhuil Cuncha ar in inadhso?, ZCP xi 40.35 . With DI: cid dia leícid cundubairt for drecht uáib?, Wb. 13b12 . cid dia n-éirena(i)tar?, Críth G. 121 . rofiarfaig . . . desim cid dia mboi fora iarrair, Grail 1522 . With IMM (later FÁ): finnaid . . . cid imma ndernad in t-id, LL 8053 (TBC). cidh ma tancais alé `why hast thou come . . . ?' Ériu iii 158 § 11 . cid 'ma n-iarthai?, TTebe 1700 . cid . . . 'mara loirgis, TFrag. 118.15 . ciodh far dhoilghe trí thairnge?, DDána 40.10 . innis dúinn ciodh fa ttánghuis, Duan. F. i 78.16 . ciodh fa ttiobhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 1311 .

(n) cid as adverb, why ? cid no mbetha . . . on what account shouldst thou be . . . ? Wb. 4c24 . cid na déccaid?, Fél. Prol. 201 . ced nach maith?, Trip.² 1968 . cid nabsin Fedelm-sa . . . cichsed, LU 8296 ( FB 22 ). Tond Chlidna cid aréracht?, Metr. Dinds. iii 214.54 . cid éige, a bean?, Celtica iv 16.154 . cidh tāi a[g] gul?, ZCP viii 559.5 . cid . . . na caithi do chuidich? Ériu v 36.19 . do chách ciodh nach aithréasda?, DDána 58.35 . cidh na ro chomaillis an gealladh doradais?, BNnÉ 295 § 22 . Cf. cid ane . . . meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram cucum what business have the sons of rustics to be contending with me? Sc.M² 12 .

(o) where ? whither ? With téit: co n-at[h]comaircter nde cid ted, RC xiii 222.5 . cid nothēigid ?, ZCP xiii 176.8 . co fesamar úait . . . cid thége whither thou goest, Ériu iv 140.5 . ní fedar festa cidh rachad, Anecd. i 77.9 . cid lotar ?, LL 12826 . cid ghébmoe ?, BDD² 245 . Exceptionally with attá: d'iar[r]aidh fhessa . . . cuith a roiphi in ingen where, TTebe 33 (leg. cáit ?).

(p) In phr. cid tra acht, see trá.

Plural forms.

(q) citné, citni (prob. from cia ata n-é ` who, what (is it) that they are?', Thurn., ZCP xx 372 , GOI § 456 ). assindet sunt tra citné cumacte diandid cóir infognam what are the powers, Wb. 6a9 . citne gl. (sí . . . quaeritur) quae (gentes), Ml. 16b13 . cit né briathra robatar `what were the words?', 61b7 . cit né robatar `what were they?', 8 . asindet ón ciné (leg. citné? edd.) fochainn . . ., 101a3 . citni rig reachta . . . / robatar 'sind amsir sin?, SR 2347 . citni trenfir dotiarmórsetsu?, LU 10261 . cit n-é uisce . . . do-ríadhad?, BDD² 456 . ni fetar citne briga / mo dul i teach cor-riga I do not know what good there is in my going into the house to kings, Ériu v 30.2 . citni cenela na fuillet, Rawl. 69a29 . indis . . . dam . . . / citne clerig notrefet, / citne oic notndeirget, Three Hom. 110.16 , 17 . citne tire in geinseadar?, Leb. Gab.(i) 234.20 = Keat. ii 741 . Without follg. noun: citné foruar what are they which He has prepared? Wb. 8b5 . citne and dī rott eblatar?, LU 10284 . citn-éisidi?, BDD² 555 . ? citne in ferand?, LL 15993 = Todd Nenn. 222.3 (ceisi urrand, v.l. 223 n.).

(r) cisne (described as an `iarmberla', Auraic. 1308 ): cis n-é amuis ata chórai?, Críth G. 578 . cisne lesa . . . tascnat . . . ?, Laws i 230.21 . cisne tri leaca robaid?, v 450.1 . cisne sgéith sguirde caithche?, Ériu xiii 17.15 . cisne trí gealla nád fuilled . . .?, 33.28 . cisne tri horba doranaiter la Féne? O'Curry 2167 ( Eg. 88, 5(6)a ). cisne a trí a nemtiger cléirech, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). cís ní doghair oes eiscí? IT iii 262.12 . cia on cotagair æsa escai?, 61.18 = cis non dogar eassa uiscci?, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.13 . Exceptionally with pl. ending: cisneíd side ? . . . baes ┐ aneolus ┐ eitges, ZCP xii 363.2 .

(s) cis (see ZCP xx 372 , Ériu xiv 140 ): cis tána? ZCP xx 372.19 . cis n-dithle `welches sind Entwendungen?', 17 . cis duirn díolmhuine dlighther?, Ériu xiii 23.5 = O'Dav. 584 . cis dúar dían drongaighther . . . ?, Ériu xiii 26.2 = cis [i] duar etc., O'Dav. 883 . cis daghmaine domain dingnaith? O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, 37(38)c ). cis rechta na gaibter a fiadhnaisi? 2600 ( Eg. 88, 51 (52)b ).

(t) Phr. cis lir how many (are) ? See Bergin, Ériu xiv 140 ff. cislir .i. cia lear no lin na sochaidi, Laws v 4.x Comm. cis lir tairgsin cach fine `how many are the . . . ?', 463.13 . gabála báise cis lir `the ways of folly, what is their number?' Tec. Corm. 14 (24.2) (gabail, v.l.). With follg. noun and rel. clause: cis-lir fir for a nasgar how many men are there who are bound? Ériu xiii 31. 21 . cis lir lanamna docuisin la feine? Laws ii 344.1 . cislir fodhla fil forsan mbron?, Anecd. v 24.16 . With follg. rel. verb: cis lir ata chóra[i] do ríg do giull how many (things) are legal . . . ? Críth G. 505 . cis lir congellait? Laws i 230.3 . cair cis lir dos-liad . . . ?, Ériu xiii 30.33 . Rarely with pl. -t: cesc citlir topuir, O'Curry 505 ( H 3.18, 257 ). See 2 lir.

(u) c(i)ata: ciata glinni con-daigi?, MU² 65 . cata cuir con-daigi-siu?, 72 . ciata builg itir ón?, RC xiii 66 § 67 . ni fedadar ceta inada . . . no indsechtais, CCath. 776 . Note also: cialín nasluag . . . / . . . ceti arbair, SR 7907 .

B As indef. in a variety of phrases.

(a) cía with noun: cia port i mbai a mathair wherever her mother was, Vita Br. 4 . cía baili i ffod as iatt sin / oidheadha na n-ócc eistidh `whatever place they may sleep' (reading i ffaoíit with note), Leb. Gab.(i) 188.3 .

(b) cía with vb. (conj. and prot.): cia tīasam wherever we go, Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). cia bronntar indi, Críth G. 234 . cia taccra(i) whoever may claim (them), 425 (see 398 n.). cía denar cia therar whatever I do, whatever I say, Ériu i 227.5 . nocha n-érlai asin chathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gai, TTr.² 158 . a n-athair rempu cia thé `where'er he went', Ériu iv 100.2 . In chev. with adverbial force: cia bé however it be, LL 382 , 15039 . cia bia, Rawl. 137a38 . cia de do teacomnacair whichever it happened to be, Blathm. 98 § 25 (see notes). Cf. ciade gl. uter, Sg. 242a1 . ? is derb ní báes cia 't bera, Metr. Dinds. i 36.95 .

(c) cía with indic. of attá: cia bai dia chalmacht . . . bái dia nertmaire however brave he was, TBC-LL¹ 773 . niconibdis bandai cormmai . . . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib `they used not to drink a drop of beer whomsoever they might happen to meet', Mon. Tall. 129.19 . ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipia frisa ferthar tnú whoever shall be an object of envy, Ériu v 211.69 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cía búi de `whatever came of it' (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 396.23 . cía baoi dhe .i. gibé dobhi dhe, O'Cl.

(d) cip, cib with noun: cib cenél tra diaro scribad ind epistil to whatever people, Wb. 3b20 . cip port i ndēntar, Cáin Ad. 36 . Usually with cruth however it be, at all events: cipcruth bíid páx libsi etc., Wb. 5d33 . cipcruth tra, 12d24 . ni confetor cib cruth ind aingel fa dia, Blathm. 100 § 31 . See cipindus.

(e) cecip with noun (see Contribb. s.v. cech ): cecip maighean i raegbadh wherever, AFM i 30.3 . cecib tan tiostaois, v 1552.4 . tre bithin gona, no fiabhrasa cecib diobh whichever it was, vi 2024.5 . cecib nech tairisnighes iniort an coimdheadh, 2126.1 . cecip cruth foghabhtais, Hugh Roe² 86.2 . In follg. the use is strictly speaking interrogative: ní feas cecip tucht i tudchaidh, AFM iii 286.3 .

(f) cipsi with noun: cipsi aitt i loich dosfail, Rawl. 127a44 . cepsi cruth, BB 22b13 ( for cip c.¤ , Ériu xii 208 n. ). cipsi cruth `no matter how', Hugh Roe² 290.22 . cipsi mbith dáil for congra, Hard. ii 292.y . airlim n-eicne cipsí whatever it may be, Laws iv 92.z .

(g) cissí: ro geall Sir Persaual di sin cidhsi cor ara fetfad, Grail 1979 . case chruth i mbet, TBC-LL² 348 .

(h) cía bé, cipé, cid bé etc. with noun ( Ériu xii 208 ): cia bé a mmet `however great it may be', Ml. 61b28 . cipé leth tiasam, Thes. ii 299.42 . gidhbe an smólach ní chodhlann `even the thrush does not sleep', Duan. F. i 84.30 . cipe cruth, LU 3870 ( SCC 38 ). cipé rí bes hi Caisiul, ZCP viii 315.27 . ce-b e nech and do-neth . . . , PH 478 . cipé tan bud ríg tusa for Érinn 'whenever', FDG² 11.327​ . cipé a léire baistither in duine however devoutly, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gidh bé neimhdhéine do neinn, Dán Dé xiii 8 . cidh bé dhíobh staid, TSh. 3986 .

(i) cía bé, cipé etc. with verb: ciphéade (sic leg.) asberam `whichever', Ml. 25d11 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipé da mbad áil etc., MU² 560 . céb é uabsi comallas frimsa hé, LU 9013 ( FB 76 ). atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gidh bé ara geall, 16 . cibé labhras, TSh. 1781 . acht gidh bé éistios riomsa, Proverbs i 33 . gidh be ar bith bheanas ría `whosoever', vi 29 . Note also: mairbt[h]eim coich bē a dīe, Corm. Y 419 .

(j) cipé as adv. at all events , etc.: cipé gl. ubilibet, BCr. 31c2 . do gessaib ríg T. . . . / . . . cocad ruind co bráth ce bé `howsoever it be', CRR 54 . fiū cōicait cumal cipē, Fianaig. 50 § 27 . is maith liom a theacht gidhbé, Oss. vi 166.12 . ciphe de, BB 398b6 .

(k) cíabed, bad, beith etc.: ciabed ammet inna fochaide however great, Ml. 39a13 . cia beith a lin na noged however numerous the guests, Vita Br. 7 . ce bad hé frisa ndénte to whomsoever ye should do it (so Ériu xii 210 ), Wb. 9c24 . ciabadh hé richt a mbeith `in whatever shape she might be', Ériu xii 154 § 18 (TE). cebedh si maigen . . . a mbeith `in whatsoever part of Ireland she might be', ibid. cé beth da lánáille, ZCP viii 208.29 (but see Ériu xii 206 ). ge do beith do méit a tindenuis, Mer. Uil.² 146 . ciabadh e, Blathm. 96 § 20 , restored as ciabad de `whichever it be'. cia beith no co bia-so fó mebail whatever happens, LMU 10 .

(l) ciped (see Ériu xii 208 ): ciped techtas nech `whatever it is that anyone has', Wb. 12d41 ( Ériu xii 210 ). gip ed no raditís, TBC-LL¹ 152 . cipead dommaire `whate'er befall me', Ériu ii 90 § 16 . gibedh o ttíosadh whencesoever they shall come, TFrag. 190.16 . ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089 . giped chuin at some time or other, 3338 . ciped laa . . . forsa m-be notlaic mór (cidped, cipe, gebe, cip, MSS.), Ériu ii 208 § 28 . cip ed de at all events, CRR 4 .

(m) cid: cidh urrunnus nodleisead in t-athair `whatever proportion . . . the father is entitled to', Laws iv 60.24 Comm. cidh dergoine daon, O'Dav. 585 = cib dergona daon, O'D. 2199 ( Ériu xii 206 ). cid dusgní whatever he do, BColm. 100.9 . Cf. cidh ead dogneth hEchtair do calma imon Troi whatever brave action . . . , BB 433b24 .

(n) cid cía: cid cía bes inti whoever be in it, BColm. 52.21 . seanfhocal súd solus a chiall / ciodh cia do chum, Ériu xvi 132 § 2 . cidh cia ro chodail and 'san aidhchi sin nochur' chodail Didho, Aen. 873 . cidh cía donī, ZCP x 51.7 . na cionnta gidh cia 'gá mbeid whosoever shall have (i.e. commit) sins, Dán Dé v 13 . ? gidh cia frí senadh atúaidh, Duan. F. ii 166 § 44 . Note further: cia bad cia dia theilcfead (sic) sop, Ériu v 34.8 . cid bé cia thú `whoever thou art', TTebe 4720 . ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús, RC iii 183.8 . gidh créd do íar Aitheirne, IGT Decl. ex. 1377 .

See 2 cía and 3 cía, 1 cóich.

cinniud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cinniud or dil.ie/9150

 

Forms: cin(n)te, cinneadh, cinniomh

m. g s. cin(n)te. Vn. of 1 cinnid. cinneadh, IGT Verbs § 71 . cinniomh, CRR² 27 .

I As vn. act of fixing, defining, deciding . In Sg. always in phr. c.¤ persine glossing Lat. demonstratio, etc. = defining (grammatical) person: cen chinniuth persine, Sg. 27a6 . gl. discretionis uel significantiae, 198a5 . gl. demonstratio (ostendit), 24 . 200a4 . Ref. to finit, 197a11 . Other contexts: iar c.¤ na fiach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). iar c.¤ cach thuir thogaig, SR 967 . tabartar tennta . . . ima cindiudh ┐ ima comailliud, BB 238a41 . ced smuainiud cindti cacha caingni the first consideration with a view to the solution of every problem(?), MR 94.2 .

In phrases: c.¤ bethad act of dedicating one's life : I. . . . d'facbail an tsaeguil . . . ┐ cinned a bethad do . . . a manestir na mBrathar Preciur, Ann. Conn. 1269.2 . ri is mo ro toccaib do . . . chomtinolaib cinti bethadh `religious communities' (of Cathal Crobderg), 1224.2 . c.¤ catha, comlainn etc. act of terminating battle etc. successfully : atragat díb días aile / fair do chinniud chomraime `to win a triumph over him', Ériu iv 100.y . im thincem a tressa ┐ im ch.¤ a cath, LL 31635 ( TTr. 823 ). ar c.¤ cacha ruathair `after completing', MR 242.11 . ní cinneadh cogaidh, DDána 78.3 . c.¤ comairle act of deliberating, making a decision: co ndernsatar c.¤ comairle, LL 31893 ( TTr. 1080 ). cáirde trí lá . . . re cinneadh comhairle, ML 22.14 . With ar: iar gcinneadh ar an gcomhairle sin, TSh. 5494 . measaim gurab oircheas dam cinneadh mar úghdardhás air, `to rely on it as authority', Keat. i 90.38 .

?tirud, ┐ cirud, ┐ c.¤ do munudh doibh measuring (?), Laws ii 152.11 Comm. (` wood-cutting ').

II (a) certainty, limit, definition : dentadha . . . arnar cind ugdair cinnedh denmha `structures for which the authors have not specified a particular type of construction', Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 11 . cate deochraigter eter c.¤ ┐ cintech[u] . . . C.¤ in aipigitir Grecda `definite, more definite', Auraic. 1254 - 5 = cinnedh, 4366 . is se seo cindead et comhair, tosach ┐ tren-deirid . . . na h-aisi, BB 236a1 . i comhflaithes gan cinned (of heaven) limitless, BNnÉ 274.10 . ní cíndedh fil ure `there is no limitation upon it', Laws iv 166.2 Comm.

(b) decision, decree; agreement : ro boí c.¤ tria chombáig . . . eter Choin C. ┐ Conall, LL 14097 . is iat so cinte ┐ gnathaighthe búi oc scoil Oíc-Sinchill arrangements , Hib. Min. 41.20 . o atchuala . . . na cindte, PH 611 . do f[h]āem-sabair orum-sa / c.¤ cruaid nach téit taithleach, CCellaig 371 . dorónadh cinniudh senaidh occo `passed a decree', CCath. 389 . nír-bo choir duit an cinnead sin do denam, TTebe 4791 .

(c) destiny, fate : ni heidir dul sech an cinneadh `there is no avoiding destiny', Stair Erc. 745 . ōn chinneadh nī thēid gach ní, O'R. Poems 1964 . olc d'Ibh Cobhthaigh a gcinneadh evil their lot, DDána 110.30 . In phrase at-tá i c.¤ (do) is fated (for): día mbia i cc.¤ aittreb na carcrach sin (i.e. hell), LU 2459 ( RC iv 254.17 ). ata i cinnedh dhamh dhul ann, Acall. 774 . nethe . . . bis a cinded which are fated, Fen. 38.17 . an bith cé . . . / do bhaoi dé (sé, MS.) i gcinneadh a chríoch, Dán Dé iii 8 . See cinnemain.

cobair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cobair or dil.ie/9802

 

Forms: cobir, cobuir, cobar, cobrith, cobraid, chobrad, cobraid, chobrait, cobra, cobartha, cabra, cobra, cobra, cobhraidh, cuibre, g[c]abartha, cobair, cabhair, cobair, cabair, cobra, cabra, cobhair, cabhair

n f. (*com-fo-reth, Thurn. ZCP xxii 26 ). Inflexion very variable. n s. cobir, Wb. 5c5 . 16a31 . cobuir, Ml. 44c9 . cobar, TBC-I¹ 2189 . a s. cobrith, Wb. 7c4 . cobraid (: don-formaig), Fél. Oct. 18 . Imr. Brain 46.23 v.l. g s. chobrad, Cymmr. xiv 132 § 25 . Corp. Gen. 26.24 . d s. cobraid, O'Mulc. 779 . chobrait, LB 262a63 . Later with g s. cobra, cobartha. cabra (: Abla), Metr. Dinds. iv 184.12 (see Thurn. loc. cit.). ? cobra, ZCP iii 466.19 . a s. cobra (: mogda), Metr. Dinds. iii 380.10 . ? n p. cobhraidh, AFM ii 588.17 . g s. cuibre, Ériu vi 115.2 . a p. g[c]abartha, Auraic. 2126 . Note also combair (cobair, cabhair, v.ll.), Fél. Prol. 243 . cobair, cabair, g s. cobra, cabra f., IGT Decl. § 10 . cobhair, cabhair, Verbs § 124 .

(a) help, assistance: lase dombeir dia cobrith n-occo `when God gives help therein', Wb. 7c4 . cotarat c.¤ trein trait, SR 3767 . ní cobuir ín tasc `the notice is of no avail', Laws i 60.x Comm. (cobraithir?). MoChonne coemh cabair, Gorm. 25 . teasda c.¤ múir Mhaicniadh ` guardian ', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 9 . is adbul a c.¤ , Fél. July 28 . is ar ch.¤ ocon Táin dorigni (of infidelity of Medb), LU 5410 (TBC). is mithig in chabair, TBC-LL² 2890 . giarb i in ch.¤ iar n-assu `help that came too late', 3353 (see 2 assa(e)). c.¤ fo-gēba `you shall be comforted', Ériu xvi 163 § 28 . ? mun is cobuir coiblis, Laws v 242.11 Comm. d'iarraidh cabhra air, Keat. ii 6058 .

With DO: ropo ch.¤ dond Érinn / tīchtu Patraicc, Thes. ii 312.5 (Hy. ii). a ndogena cách is hed bes chobuir dó, Wb. 20c10 . ro pad mór a ch.¤ dia chomaltu, TFerbe 630 . im chobair do fuidir, Laws i 124.12 . 138.27 Comm. cindas for cobarthasi damsa?, Anecd. i 11.8 ( SCano 336 ). robadh couradh damh, Ériu iv 236 § 9 .

With descr. gen.: cabhair fhaghla military help, Aithd. D. 26.22 . Clann Charthaigh . . . / gan chabhair anfaidh aco `help against the storm', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 16 . guth gan chabhair choigcríche (of Irish language), Keat. Poems 2 . Attrib. g s. a chelg nir chelg chobartha `helpful cunning', Metr. Dinds. iii 77.132 . a Chríst cobra `Oh helpful Christ', Ériu vi 114.17 . ba h-édāil c[h]abhartha do c[h]uradhuib, ML² 1577 . a sgiath cabhra na gcóigeadh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 8 . luibh chabhra, DDána 70.7 .

(b) As vn. act of helping, assisting . With subj. gen.: dús in táir c.¤ Ulad foo, LU 5620 (TBC). With obj. gen.: dom cobhair, Ériu xiii 38.6 . robatar ac cobraid Ailillæ, O'Mulc. 779 . c.¤ fir a culchi chíar, LU 3053 . connā cumaiṅg nech dīb cobair araile, Corp. Gen. 205.9 . tancatar do cabair in tighi, Lism. L. 1210 . mo cobair-si help for me, ZCP vii 306.17 . In other Vn. constructions: dotaísed . . . do chobair dún, Fraech 158 . gan nert cobharta forra féin, BNnÉ 5.9 . an marbh do chabhair, TSh. 4874 . ? cobhair .i. comhorgain, O'Cl.

coimét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimét or dil.ie/10185

 

Forms: coméit, coimhéd, -éid, -éada, coiméadaighthe

u, m. vn. of con-eim and con-oí, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 511 , 586 . n s. coméit in Wb. coimhéd, g s. -éid, -éada m., IGT Decl. § 38 . In Párl. na mB.with unlen. -m- and with length-mark somet. on -é- somet. on -á- (see Gloss.). g s. coiméadaighthe, Párl. na mB. 3176 .

(a) act of keeping, guarding, preserving : is fíu [a] choméit gl. omni acceptione dignus, Wb. 28d3 . is samlid a choméit `preservation', 29c9 . a chometa (g s.) ┐ a soertha di lamaib Saulis, Ml. 55d6 . comét gl. (pomorum) custodiarium, 100c19 . o[c] comét ubúll, 21 . oc comet ind fír, 112b20 . comét timnae ṅdae gl. custodia, 135c7 . occo chomet, Vita Br. 13 . is cathir do chomét (of Félire), Fél. Ep. 149 . coimhéd cuirp, ZCP viii 231 § 3 . ina coimeit sium ro bui, O'Curry 1692 (23 Q 6, 13a). tre coimed C.C. `through C.C.'s protection', ZCP xi 142.10 . ar coimheitt flaiteimhnas `maintenance of sovereignty', Cog. 204.10 . ris an gcreidimh do choimhéad, Dán Dé xv 20 . ni maith cnedh gan a coméd should be bandaged(?), Prolegomena 43 § 22 . ar fhír-cheart dá mbeith coimhéad, Content. xiii 3 . coimhéd . . . ar chaol re leathan guarding against, RC iv 355.13 ( O'Cl. ). ag coimhētt dia chéile `protecting one another', Fl. Earls 68.11 . i gcoimhéad ort watching you, Dánta Gr. 39.16 . acc coimhett forsna conairibh, Hugh Roe² 220.20 . Attrib. g s. isincarcair coímeta, RC x 180.28 . fer coimhéid, IGT Decl. ex. 1011 . lucht coimeta, O'Curry 2108 (H 4.22, 77).

(b) container, case : cosmailius chometa libair Iohain, Trip.² 944 . forordha a comet (a sword), IT iii 199 § 59 . a coimeta leghis medicine cases, TBC-LL¹ 5509 . c.¤ t'urged-su scrotum, YBL 208a49 . comet lachta name of alder, Auraic. 5622 . Fig. a choimet na fergi (soul to body), PH 8241 .

(c) guard, custodian : ni cen chomet atá a tech, LU 1720 (ICM = RC ix 478.10 ). a feolae comed. Anecd. i 57 § 53 . coimhéd coigcríche, Ériu ix 167 § 40 . coiméd cuain `garrison', Duan. F. ii 222.3 .

In phr. ar ch.¤ : ar choimhéad uainne (: foighéag), `in safety', Aithd. D. 25.11 . do cuirius ar c.¤ F. iad entrusted them to F., Fier. 126 . ar coimhéd preserved, Celtica i 103.503 . Usu. with poss.: ar a choimhéad ar Chonn on his guard against, Content. xv 35 . bí ar do choimét guard thyself, O'Gr. Cat. 456.6 . dá gcor ar a gcoimhéad to warn them, TSh. 6834 . ar a gcoimhéad gan fearg . . . dá nglacadh at pains not to become angry, Rial. S.F. 1485 . Búrcaigh . . . do dol ar a ccoimhed, AFM vi 1880.8 `took up arms to defend themselves', note. do chuaidh an slúaigh . . . ar accoimeid, Rel. Celt. ii 184.5 .

In nn. loc. d'Úib Téig comēta, Corp. Gen. 341.7 . Hūi Āeda Comēta, 343.1 . co h-inis coimet, SG 27.23 .

cóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cóir or dil.ie/10380
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: co(a)ïr, cooir, cáir, cocorib, cáir, -a, -e

adj i Orig. co(a)ïr ( coair: doaib, Fél. Ep. 432 (coir MSS), cooir, SR 1102 ). Later often cáir (see Bard. Synt. Tr. cited below). See OIPG 20 .

1 In physical sense even, well-proportioned, straight : mná córi, LU 3887 ( SCC 40 ). fer c.¤ cutrumma, LL 11917 (TBC). a dá malaig chóiri, BDD² 853 . do grúadaib córaib, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . mani dirgisiu corop c.¤ unless you right it (a leaning house), LU 8394 ( FB 27 ). lenti . . . cori, Cog. 160.y . in cruindi cōir, ZCP viii 114 § 1 .

2 proper, correct, right; suitable, fitting, just : int ord coir, Ml. 29a6 . tara cricha corai, 51d3 . a siansu corai (a p.), 94c3 . taithesc coir, Wb. 27c29 . ? cocorib gl. congruentibus (uerbis), Enchir. Aug. 81a ( ZCP vii 483 ). ríasind trath c.¤ , Mon. Tall. 131.19 . cách 'na cert c.¤ , ZCP viii 200.4 . a comairci cāir, BColm. 88.24 . cauraid cára (: rodána), Rawl. 158.17 . is anima as choair hi sunt a. is the correct form, Ml. 130c10 . ba hed ón ba ch.¤ , Wb. 10b9 . ar ni c.¤ in fotha utmall, Sg. 4b3 . ind pennit bes ch.¤ fort-su `the penance that is meet for thee', Mon. Tall. 130.23 . damadh c.¤ é if it was right (a grammatical procedure), IGT Introd. 29.33 . bés nī bat cōrai just (of persons), ZCP viii 318.32 . Legal: teora tomalta ata chórai, Críth G. 502 . flaith ciniuil coir, Laws ii 202.24 . a mama core, BCrólige 43 . eallach déne cóire, Ériu xiii 18.16 . With n. pr. in voc. a mmo ch.¤ Cathaīr, Fing. R. 484 . a Ch. chóra (: chróda), CRR 26.y (ch.¤ , 4.11).

3 is c.¤ with follg. verbal or vn. clause: is coir a tuic i ndiad á prosperum , Ml. 84c19 . is coir a thabairt doib (sc. tributa), Wb. 6a21 . ni coir descad pectho do buith i sollumun, 9b13 . ba coir ce na chomalnithe you ought to fulfil it, 13a33 . is c.¤ apronomen diainchosc, Sg. 208a4 . is cōir cīa noderba it is fitting that you should confirm it, ZCP viii 108.9 . gan caoineadh na gcorp is cáir, Ó Bruad. ii 122.9 . c.¤ with semi-adverbial force: mé Eba . . . c.¤ is me dochóidh 'sa crand `by rights 'tis I that should have gone upon the cross', Ériu iii 148 § 1 . cáir do-chuaidh na chomhoideacht fittingly , DDána 73.21 . c.¤ do ghabh T. ré dtaoibh, Content. iv 44 . Cf. is coir do marbhus, Stair Erc. 2215 . See compds. with vbs. With added DO: ni coir do neuch rosacht ronícad Duaid one should not hesitate, Ml. 18d20 . doadbadar híc as coir do chách guide dée lia chéle, Wb. 7a13 . ba coir dúibsi cia doberthe testas dinni you should bear witness, 15d8a . amal as coir domsa gl. sicut est mihi iustum, Wb. 23a21 . c.¤ dhó dol 'n-ar sealbha, Dán Dé viii 17 . With LA: ní coair leu a denum gl. minus dignum est, Ml. 48a8 . issed is choir lais . . . inda sacairt doellad . . . arna tiagsad fo graid nepscuip in his opinion erring priests should not become bishops, Mon. Tall. 134.11 .

4 Compar. and superl. ba coru tra bid adnuntiabit no beth híc a. is the better form here, Ml. 45b14 . conid córu suiscélaigthi da rád fris quam fáith, Trip.² 12 . eirg do Themraig . . . Is córu deit, BDD² 149 . nech dar córa creidemain (with intensive force?), BNnÉ 227 § 130 . cára almsa lem anmuinn, Hackett li 16 . coraite a taithmech `it is all the more proper', Ériu xvii 66.19 . go madh córaide dhó sin do dhéanamh `that he might the more easily do this', Keat. ii 3495 . ba sí . . . as córam, BDD² 41 .

5 Adv. co c.¤ gl. effecax, Ml. 69d12 . go c.¤ properly , Celtica i 95.238 . Without co: ferr co mbad chōir nogabtha | comarbus in Rīg, ACL iii 316 § 45 , CMCS i 50 . ? cōic bliadna cethrachat cōir, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 46 .

As subst. i, f. (in older lang. often with nasalisation of follg. vowel; n., Críth Gabl.). c.¤ , cáir f., IGT Decl. § 42 (g s. -a, -e). Only c.¤ (as against cáir) correct in verse in phrases ar c.¤ , c.¤ gháoithe, Bard. Synt. Tr. 5.29 . Freq. with k- inflection in later lang.

6 rightness, justness, propriety; that which is right or proper; right, due, justice : ro laad cech alt asa choir dam gl. totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . find cach c.¤ , ACL iii 229.126 . cona tochmaghad a choir cirt, Ériu xiii 17.16 . do ná gaibhter a coir chirt, 31.5 . coir iar n-ecoir, Laws i 254.12 . do reir cora, v 62.33 Comm. do reir coir, 132.10 Comm. ma dognethea a choïr if you did right, ZCP vii 498.7 . fa cheart córa mo bhaile, KMMisc. 56.11 . a coraigh ┐ a n-egoraigh, Hy Maine 161.3 . fer . . . congbala corach for in popul `maintaining the law', PH 2578 . fagháil na cóire, IGT Decl. ex. 1166 . ag cosnamh a gcórach, 1170 . ar an córaidh right (in their teaching), Mac Aingil 6696 . más í a ch.¤ for that is fitting (chev.), SG 390.6 . ar son . . . na cōra, Beatha S. F. 356 . dí maithtear c.¤ na cána the full amount(?), A. Ó Dálaigh vii 8 . an ch.¤ the correct (weight), TSh. 3636 . atorra sin atá in ch.¤ `between them is the golden mean', SG 242.7 . Cóir Anmann `Fitness of Names' (title of tract), IT iii . In phr. tar in cóir: maoin tar an ccóir 'more wealth than you should have', Ériu lxiii 56 § 30 .

7 See also s. córanna. In sense of claim, due, tribute; hence recompense, compensation, penalty, retribution, punishment (partic. in relig. class. verse): ba mor a chair ┐ a chonach, YBL 159b15 . gan coir as O. . . . ar son mairt do gait T. O. not to be held liable for(?), Trans. RIA xv 19 . do ch.¤ aca nī anfodh, O'R. Poems 2254 `what is justly yours', Gloss. da ndernum cáir if I claim my due, Ériu iv 220.17 . ata coir fer talman air ┐ ní fail a coir ar aennech acu, Stair Erc. 702 . gurab orra sin amháin bhíos a ch.¤ (of death), TSh. 754 (`power, authority', Gloss.). do gheabhadh sé c.¤ it ḟeirg `will bring on you punishment', Content. xix 6 . sgaoil do ch.¤ an chíghshéala `lessen the just claim', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 7 `requital for', Gloss. c.¤ ghuine Dé the price to be paid for, Aithd. D. 64.25 . na lean c.¤ meidhe an mheasa, Dán Dé vii 16 . maithiomh cóire m'anma `the offences of (claims against) my soul' (notes), LBranach 3616 .

8 Freq. with follg. gen. correctness, correct form (of); proper (legal) arrangement (for); procedure, device, means (of doing someth.): tre cōir bæguil ar demhan a chance of catching the devil napping, Irish Texts i 42.z . coir n-urnadhma `das Ordnungsmassige' (`hier ist es vornehmlich materiell zu verstehen'), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 109 . nídamcuirfe ar ch.¤ cháirde `reduce me to terms of postponement' SG 111.44 . inna coir chétmuinterasa as an accredited c.¤ , Críth G. 200 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre `a fort as it were a capital letter', Ériu v 60.4 . c.¤ clann a chúil arrangement of locks, Magauran 906 . co na hirmaised coir a dhenma the right method of making it, Anecd. ii 7.3 . ní hí an choir égára is fherr unfair method(?), Rel. Celt. ii 291.10 . c.¤ gaíthe favourable wind: techt la reith choir gaithe `with an unfavourable wind', Ml. 126a5 (leg. la frithchóir gáithe ? note). dorala coir gaethi dóib, LL 1654 . coir na gaithi, Ériu v 156.179 . So also: robu ḟearr in choir dunn co S. inas co hE. etir risin gaeth sin, BB 459a39 . coir seolta, 450a20 . c.¤ gáoidhilge correct pronunciation, IGT Introd. 14.z . dēni cōir ṅgaiscid frim fight fair, TBC-I¹ 1289 . c.¤ n-imdegla means of defence, LL 8437 (TBC). tri chōir nindlaig ┐ imc[h]osāidi in order to create division and strife, TBC-I¹ 2237 . c.¤ irnigde `the right way of prayer', Wb. 4a27 . hi coir lanamnusa `in a proper union, BCrólige 56 . coir molta .i. molad laech do forlaéch, BB 301b46 . c.¤ ortagraiph (sic leg.), Corm. 8 s.v. Cormac = ordagraiffe cōir, Corm. Y 204 . tre ch.¤ séisi `skilful arrangement', ZCP i 64 § 81 . coir cach troiscthe `das ist ordnungsmässig bei jedem Fasten', xv 262.1 . c.¤ tuarastail a fair recompense, Metr. Dinds. iii 352.54 . Perh. with ellipse of noun in: dochansaidhe c.¤ , Ériu xiii 42.17 . canaid c.¤ / coscrach cridemail, LU 8694 ( FB 52 ) (perh. adv.). With adj.: c.¤ tessaide `a febrile (pestilence)', Ann. Inisf. 1093. 10 . See athchomarc, athgabáil, cethrochair, comrád etc.

9 In prep. phrases (see Celtica i 349 and comair): ar ch.¤ choróine in the form of, Dán Dé xx 21 . ? fótha ar c.¤ troda, IGT Decl. ex. 1049 . do coir a coinghilla `by right of', Laws i 266.7 . dá coir near it, BCC 51 . ó nach fuil comhghar dhar gc.¤ (: seanóir), Ériu i 16.15 . cunnig dam mnaí menmnag móir / bess ria c.¤ mo theglaich thúaid, LL 29524 `who can watch over', Ériu vii 232 . re c.¤ mara (: dóibh) beside, LBranach 778 . re coir a cheilebartha `for the purpose of', MR 300.12 . a gc.¤ feadhma ready for, LBranach 6246 . a c.¤ (ar ch.¤, v.l.) druidealta ar dorchacht like, IGT Decl. ex. 672 . tiagait . . . A. ┐ S. a coir a seda co sruth A., Aen. 1311 . tangattar i cc.¤ thurasa d'fios a ttíre fén on a journey, BNnÉ 12.10 . Cf. iar coir Parduis towards P., SR 1180 .

10 In adv. phrases: ní thaudchaid a brú for c.¤ never recovered, LU 6078 (TBC). a thabairt fór c.¤ , PH 2128 . co ná rabhadar rechta nó cinnti senaidh ar coir occo `were rightly with them', CCath. 251 . nī bīat rīg is nī bīat suïdh for a coïr as they should be, ZCP viii 195.12 . fon c.¤ cetna in the same way, Rawl. 87a48 . cona facbatís cnáim . . . i c.¤ re cheli, LB 154a61 . gan clērca iar cōir `without proper clergy', Ériu xviii 60 § 12 . co no fil iar n-a choir, PH 4239 .

11 Compds. With nouns: coir aisneis, Laws i 80.27 Comm. a chóirchloch `o chiselled stone', O'Gr. Cat. 492.33 . i gcóirchuibhreann, DDána 20.24 . coirdírgi, BDD² 31 . coirseis gl. corus, Laws i 132.3 Comm. With adj.: cúinge an chreidimh chóirshlighthigh, Ó Bruad. iii 80.24 . With vb. cairemain .i. is coir-fuaiprid (etymol. gl.), Laws v 106.21 Comm. cōir fūaigt[h]er, Corm. Y 340 (crūach). Perh. as conj. Part. in: nad coir canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 (= c.¤- chanat ?). niba hegna nad coir coiccerta canoin, 31.13 .

costud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. costud or dil.ie/12636
Last Revised: 2019

 

u, later o, m. vn. of con-suidi, whence properly act of placing together, arranging, establishing, setting up; checking, restraining ; but used vaguely and in such a wide variety of applications as to render classification difficult and uncertain.

In follg. act of checking, restraining : c.¤ co numlai restraint, ZCP iii 447.4 = castót, Celtica viii 58.1 (earlier reading than c.¤ , note). a ch.¤ i Temraich `he was checked', Ann. Inisf. 840 (see note). tenga do c[h]., ZCP viii 231 § 4 . in nert . . . / na fētaider cosc na c.¤ , RC xxxvi 262 § 6 . c.¤ ruirech a match for (?), TBC-LL² 492 (`sustainer'). re c.¤ ┐ re cúrsuchad a cheli, MR 224.15 . ? Ísa Críst costadha, ZCP viii 204.w . a comdail . . . mait[h]e chostaidh an caomh-sluaig `the sturdy chiefs', Celt. Rev. iv 110.21 .

With follg. IMM (stereotyped expr.): ba c.¤ im churaid sain ┐ bá tairisem im thigerna, LL 32761 (`a halting', TTr. 1971 ). ba cosdad im righ leo ┐ ba treass im dam ndilend taking a stand (?), BB 435a25 . ba costudh imm righ costudh imbe (of Hector), ZCP xxx 65.1210 . c.¤ im dagḟlaith `good behaviour', Tec. Corm. 4.4 . mithig frim c[h]orp . . . / costad im chrābud to engage in (?), ACL iii 311 § 5 . With cath, etc.: fri catha castud (: astud) `beim Ordnung der Schlacht', Ält. Ir. Dicht. 39 § 6 ( Corp. Gen. 2.31 ). co nderna costadh catha, CCath. 3072 . cath gan chostadh `without check', Caithr. CC 54 . C. re costad catha, MR 150.7 . itir ch.¤ ┐ chorugad catha, 214.16 . ba costadh sloigh iar sraoineadh forra (of person), Hugh Roe² 54.y . With cenn: in cend costuda ┐ in cirriud mór-ṡlúaig (of Cú Chulainn) `supporting leader', TBC-LL² 397. 658 . a ccenn costadha ┐ comhairle, Hugh Roe² 182.32 . Cf. c.¤ Ulad `the men of Ulster', TBC-LL² 2421 . With feis, fled: c.¤ feisi for feoil tairb Dairi (of prohibitions of king of Ulster) `to celebrate . . . ', Leb. Cert. 6.3 . rocoraidhid . . . cách . . . im ch.¤ na fledhi, Ériu v 234.36 .

Behaviour, manner : ar ro bói drochc.¤ is'taig, there was trouble inside, Sc.M² 17 . dorōnsad . . . na slúaigh micostadh .i. a aonbhó do mharbhadh `maltreated (him)', RC xxiv 46 n.14 . is ē trā c.¤ inna clērchechta ` practice ', Celtica viii 58.12 ( ZCP iii 448.8 ). de déscin cathai ┐ cosdotha Túath nDéa 'to reconnoitre the battle and the practices of the Túatha Dé', CMT² 56 § 124​ . ? báig ┐ ch.¤ , TBC-LL² 4302 (`contention'). Appearance : is rígda in c.¤ , LU 7065 (BDD). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái? Asa deilb ┐ asa c.¤ , ZCP viii 112.22 . cech dírim i ndegaid araile for oenchóe fó oench.¤ , LL 31086 `in one guise', TTr. 267 . eter lín ┐ ch.¤ ┐ timthaige, TBC-LL² 4330 . ? cinnus in tsloig ┐ in chostaid atchondcatar, RC xxi 318 § 43 ` usage '.

Miscellaneous: ? ruc do chaithrib (chathrachaib, MSS.) c.¤ clārach, Bruchst. 6 § 4 . ? fora chostathaib cuicilche arechta rān riuth, ZCP xi 93 § 28 . cinsiu di churp ríg sceó rígnai / richt for caíni c.¤ , LU 8283 (rhet. FB 22 ). hi c.¤ forchaíni, 10312 . in c.¤ febda fedes `excellent restraint', Ériu ii 65 § 9 . cunnlacht an c[h]ostudha, ZCP viii 200.13 . costadh, ceōl, cumsanadh celebration (?), 204.8 . c.¤ réil `clear arrangement', RC xxvi 24 § 84 . cert cech cana ┐ costaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.214 v.l. do ch.¤ mo lenna ┐ do chathim mo bíd `to consume ', TBC-LL² 898 . co fáiter i nEmain ra c.¤ a ríg ┐ ra bréthir a flatha `at the behest', 4104 . feochra costoda, 4661 . níam .i. dath ut est costadh néime .i. fasta[d] iarcae in datha `the staying of niam', O'Dav. 1295 . costad sída .i. nin sen (letter n in Briatharogam Morainn), Auraic. 5543 , 4270 . cosdudh sidha uindis `a check on peace', 1174 . c.¤ sida `establishing peace', RC xxvi 24 § 72 . ar cill Ciarain do chostad occo `because C.C. was disputed (?) by them', Fél. 88.14 . ic dún Chairin cét c.¤ `of a hundred feastings', Metr. Dinds. iii 278.31 . sgol 'n-a cosdadh ós mo chionn `in ordered rank', Aithd. D. 1.28 . ? co facadar ann ar castadh / teine ar lasadh thuas na thaigh, SG 22.z . do bai-sem ┐ a costad ar mullach in chairn `he kept to his position', Ann. Conn. 1230.6 . co rochtain dóibh gus an ccosttadh ┐ gus an ccomnart ` camp ', AFM iv 1936.w . isé Ciarán ro uraib (leg. -l) dóibh air Chill Ch. do chostadh aici ar tus `to grant him', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 22.3 .

2 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dál or dil.ie/14345
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dálae, dála, dáil, dáil, dála, dálaib, dáil

n ā, f. g s. dálae, dála. a s. dáil. d s. dáil. pl. nom. acc. dála. d p. dálaib.—n s. later dáil.

I

(a) A meeting with (fri): bái oc frithairi na aidchi contuli tráth a dála, IT i 126. 19 . ticc iarum in ingen assa dáil, ib. 11 . ní arnicc Ailill a dáil, ib. 127. 18 . noco dernad ríu mo dál, ib. 224. 20 . Aas and nobidh a dalsom fri Creid, Anecd. i 14. 25 . dál itir Aedh ┐ Cathal, AU i 194. 2 . is truag in dál, TBC-LL¹ 4098 . dursan do dál dédenach, ib. 4036 (but dál, 3512 is probably the vn. of the preceding radáled). dálas dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . fil mo dáilse (mo dálsa l. 3 ) fris innocht, Hib. Min. 77. 21 . docein doroacht do dáil, Fianaig. 10 , 11 . inna cóic dáloi a ricfom .i. dál fri cneid dál fri bás dál fri muintir nDé dál fri demno dál fri hesérgi allaithiu brathæ, ZCP iii 455. 2 . atá ar ndal go ríg na roth, ib. vii 304. 12 . druim re deman dál re Dia, ACL iii 306. 10 . dail fria cnes fria caemchichi, LL 179 a 40 . dogén airius dála frib ann, PH 3008 . dál báis a meeting with death (cf. IV): co rosfargbais i ndáil báis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20. 8 . darsin ndáil i tiagsa .i. dál báis, RC xiii 387 . ria ndul i ndáil báis, MacCongl. 29. 26 ; 81. 11 . conid foichlidhi do cachæn in dal derb ┐ an dal inderb... .i. dail bais, Ériu v 120. 1 . dál éco ( = W. dadyl angheu) id. dochta do neoch dálas dáil facbas dáil néco fri láim, Fianaig. 10. 5 . Cf. da ttecmadh éc dála dam is ar méd grádha Gaoidheal, Reeves Ad. 288. 3 . Without qualifier: hi llaithiu dāla, Rawl. B 502 124 b 55 = ina ló dála, Fing. R. 261 . dál fo demi, v. 1 deime below.

(b) a hostile meeting, an encounter: tiagam issin dail sea do chosnam ind ḟir sea, TBC-LL¹ 3258 . techt i ndáil ailt Ulad is dal dia mbia pudar, ib. 3271 . ratfíat láich rat láma noco raga ar dála, ib. 3053 . dian a buille dond a dál, Metr. Dinds. ii 16. 4 . ... in debhaid dál adcíu, ACL iii 297. 1 (cf. bág atchíu, 294. 19 ), cf. 297. 7 . cia robói do dál ri nech robí do dál dedenach, TFerbe 453 . meni thæth...lemsa man dailse, CRR 8. 14 . gair ri dogur dál ri dimbuaid, ib. 44. 22 . LL 195 a 39 , 43 . ropsat liri a ndála ropsat láma trena, ib. 46 a 19 . gan dáil gan glíaid ZCP viii 229 st 7 . dáil glecach gonach, Cog. 158. 4 . dál díbeirge, Lec. 353 b 24 . druideamaoid na choinne san dáil, Oss. i 128. 3 . is nach cuibhe dhuit gan seasamh le Daolchiabh a ndáil, ib. iv 154. 28 . dob iomdha buille ┐ béim san dáil, Stowe-MS F iv a, p. 78. 6 . gur bhain lena chloidhiomh san treas deich ndála asa chorp caoindheas, ib. 9 . dál-ingabáil avoiding of battle MR 294. 17 .

prep do dáil towards, against : ná toraig dot dáil in bé thondgel, LL 147 a 6 . eirc...┐ finnta latt cid thacras Déicc diar ndáil, PH 1042 .

prep i ndáil n- (acc.) towards (cf. i comdáil n-, i coinne): co ti a ndrong im dhail sea, Gorm. Aug. 19 . totáisiu imbarach im dailsi, IT i 126. 17 (cf. l. 2 ). do fóidiudsiu im dailse, ib. 126. 25 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, 127. 20 . dul it dail, 128. 1 . tinóilid a slóghu libh im dáil-si. CCath. 1358 . intan ba mithigh do dul ina dáil, IT 126. 6 . luid ina dailseom, 126. 20 (cf. l. 7 ). tráth a dála totaet Étáin ina dáil , 127. 16 . tic ina dáil, 127. 2 . ní bá rí noco tí nar ndáil, LU 119 b 11 . ní thíset nar ndáil, LL 308 b 1 . is mochergech in læch radáil nar ṅdáil, TBC-LL¹ 3296 . in fer thic it dail, ib. 3075 . techt i ndáil, ib. 3270 . tancatar...i ndáil in chatha to the battle TTr. 1841 . tair im dáil, Ériu v 223. 69 . rachaid misi a ndáil éga, Anecd. i 39. 17 . gan ergi ina dail, Fen. 234. 14 . Danuib ria [n]dess sair na dail (sc. the river Don), Rawl. 78 b 19 . tuic inní atá id dál, SG i 18. 40 . dul i ndail chuirp Christ, PH 5340 . ní doilge leiss dul na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid chena, ib. 5348 . manip amlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta mori se, ib. 5349 . ar eagla feirge chur na ndáil, Oss. iii 282. 7 . rochuimhnigheas ar theacht am dháil, ib. 248. 11 . an dís úd ag teacht na ndáil, iv 96. 2 ; 254. 2 . asa dtigeadh nach iad na dháil, 126. 12 . tionól do bhuidhean ad dháil, 68. 2 . ag triall na dháil, 250. 7 .— triallaidh im dháilse na huile ṡanntuigheas me, TSh. 52. 7 (similarly 245. 18 ). tiocfad id dháil, ib. 4. 34 ; 74. 13 . fógair dhain teacht id dháil arna huisgib, 60. 24 . ag teacht na dháil, 66. 35 ; cf. 248. 21 . rachad i ndáil mathar féin, 244. 17 . gurab gan ḟios tiocfas i ndáil an duine, 74. 12 ; 74. 14 ; cf. 90. 7 , 192. 29 , 206. 2 , 244. 17 .

prep i ndáil (dat.) near, along with (cf. II), cf. i comdáil. Mod. i ndáil le near, Aran and W. Conn. ( GJ xxxii 128 ); in mod. MSS sometimes a ná le. im dhail ad dirim, Gorm. March 22 . Petar Subhne Seuer...co deghmin nar ndailne, ib. Jan. 11 . Perpetuus Cathub...nar ndailne, ib. Apr. 8 . sciath rígh Teabhtha seo na dáil together with it ZCP viii. 227 . im dáil: Fionn san ḟiann gan stad am dháil, Oss. iii 290. 16 . dá mairfeadh Conán am dháil, iv 22. 27 ( am chomhdháil, vi 14. 22 ). iv 80. 3 . it dáil: an bhfuil Fionn san ḟiann ad dháil, iii 248. 27 . ó tá truagh as taise ad dháil, iii 274. 27 . beidh ad dháil Aodh Beag, iv 74. 3 ; vi 26. 15 . (in)na dáil: rochuir chugam an tṡáith aráin as deoch na dháil and a drink together with it iii 278. 24 . is leor do ṡeanoir an phian mar atá as gan tuilleadh na dáil without adding to it iii 286. 3 . dothriall annsúd aran bhféinn Oscur as Aodh na dháil, iv 82. 18 . gan sluagh ná tóir na dháil, iv 120. 3 . ní iarann (sc. Dia) tóir catha go deó na dháil, iv 122. 22 . (in)nár ndáil: san ḟiann uile nár ndáil go dlúth, vi 10. 2 . dḟág sinn uile faoi gheasaibh na dtuile nár ndáil, vi 48. 10 . (in)na ndáil: gan teirce a bhfonn na ndáil, iv 140. 36 .

prep imm dáil n- around, near, along with: beit mom dáil cen dimbaig Cionia chaid, Gorm. Apr. 3 . beit móm dáil in dremsa, ib. Apr. 27 .

prep ó dáil away from: an ḟiann óm dháil ar cheal the fiann being gone from me Oss. iii 276. 2 .

II A meeting, conference, assembly, convention; a legal meeting, court . Often connected with 1 airecht, comthinól, 1 oenach, terchomrac, tochomrac. For -dál as a collective suffix see ban-dál. dál .i. airecht ut est robbé uas bar ndálaib ( = Fél. Ep. 63 ), O'Dav. 644 . dál as chomtig fri dáma, Thes. ii 329. 1 . Frequent in the Laws: caite dail? ní adgelltar .i. in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala uad ... mada ndech noco nuil smacht urcraidi dala uad, Laws iii 330. 1 . fuírech i ndail i mbi ri, ii 128. 19 . do les dala nó airechta, ii 214. 17 . teora tomaltu ata córai do ríg fora tuaitha oenach ┐ dal do cundrech ┐ tocomrac do chrich, iv 332. 17 . co dail críchi búi la tri cenéla saera a territorial meeting i 78. 17 . athgabáil dechmaide fil...im cach ndail críche, i 192. 11 . im lot do aibinne .i. do suide dala thy convention seat i 170. 15 (cf. dál-ṡuide below). má teccmai líth laithe nó dail no thochomracc tuaithe, v 396. 21 (gl. l. 25 : dail .i. oenaigh). fri gell fri dail fri dígail, ii 268. 16 . bla dúnad dal, iii 240. 22 (cf. is immi conéirgitis fri dala ┐ dúnada RC xiii 373. 4 ). dal .i. in dal ima comtinoilter ann, Laws 25 Comm. . timtach fir is gnáth a ndáil, v 238. 19 ( .i. a ndail aonaig, ib. 242. 17 Comm. ). iar tiachtain dóib don dail ropritchad soscéla Críst dóib, i 14. 15 .— is fairsing a ṅdálsom, Fél. Oct. 28 . attecham na hóga doairset ar ṅdála, ib. Sept. 20 . robrúithea i ndálaib, ib. Prol. 33 . it ruama co ndálaib co cétaib co mílib, ib. 211 . noddlomaim fíad dálaib before assemblies, i.e. openly ib. 133 . robbe uas bar ṅdálaib, ib. Ep. 63 . addreset na degḟir...mor ndalaib, Gorm. Apr. 22 . is iatso ríg bátar isin dail sin, IT i 212. 26 . rohordaigeadh smachta ┐ rechta ┐ dligheadha... isin dail sin, ib. iii 198. 22 . Feis Temrach...┐ fir nÉrenn isin dail sin uili, ib. 198. 25 . nach dal ┐ nach oirecht con-rísar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210. 5 . terchomrac dagdaoine dala menci, Tec. Corm. 3 . fá ma nadhmolad fiad righaibh isnaib dálaib, ACL iii 294. 4 . ó dosnectar ina ndalaib, ib. 298. 3 , cf. ib. 294. 24 . is ferr (var. lect. maith) cech dal dia tic síd, LL 147 b 26 . (fir Hérend) i noenbaile ┐ i noendáil ┐ i noentochim, TBC-LL¹ 820 . intan nothéigmis don dáil, Festschr. Stokes 3. 12 . i ndálaib ┐ airechtaib ┐ i comthinoltaib læch ┐ clérech, FA 31 . isé dano (forcetul) nopridchad i mmórdáil fer nÉrend, ib. 32 . Ériu co nimad ndála (g s. or of 4 dál RC xxxvii 14 ) FDG 532 . dochumm na dála, Three Hom. 60. 14 . boi dail (sic) mor la Bretnu...luidsom don dail, Lism. L. 48. 3 . ocht neascoib deg ar tri cetaib isin dail sin, MacCarthy 284. 19 . egnaidh Insi Fáil do díth a dáil nGaeidheal, AFM ii 602. 12 . cen luige do thabairt fo dáil ar domun, PH 2684 . amal dogniat inna brécaire i ndálaib ┐ i ndairechtaib, ib. 5947 (cf. 6055 ).

aes dála advocates : mná nád éta urlabra .i. ná fuair aes dala, Laws v 252. 26 .

dál brátho, in dál mór the last judgment : bid mou a onóir i ndail bratha, PH 1601 . is imalle ticfat i ndáil brátha, ib. 1652 . co nérius fén...i mórdáil lai brátha, ib. 3444 . bidat marthanaig...co mórdáil bratha, FA 6 . co tí in dál már, ACL iii 313. 17 .

III A law-case, a cause, case; a dispute, controversy (W. dadl debate, dispute): dal .i. caingin ut est dal dia ngetar a mbrugh .i. is caingin dia ngetar, O'Dav. 586 . ó bus tar muir ticfa dacra a dala a roga brethemon i nÉirinn dó, Laws i 6 22 . isé is fiadh naise imna dálaib ima fuiglither he is witness in the cases which are decided H 3. 17, O'D. 580 . aes dála advocates , see II. dala ile fri aes cerd, RC xxvi 40. 1 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin itir dia ┐ duine, Laws i 6. 25 . imodcuiri fein it [d]alaibh act for thyself in thy causes IT iii 200. 29 . is mór nodcuiri ┐ nodgabai féin id dhalaib, ib. 201. 1 . nír bo chucumsa robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . bretha córa for cach dáil ised dlegair do cach ríg, Rawl. 158. 9 . gan dáil gan gliaid gan gaisgead, ZCP viii 229 . na tagra a dáil co fergach, ZCP vi 271. 24 . dál do gleod to settle a controversy, decide. bid aingcess la hUltu in dal so do gleod FB 16 . ní gleter dála lasna Déisi acht ind aidchi, Trip. 208. 23 . noglédís dála, Leb. Cert. 6 . ar ndemnigud a ndála ┐ ar cinniud a caratraid, TTr. 1764 . court : cuisnit .i. cosnait .i. cosnam dala no cos na dála forsa nairisethair in dálaige, Corm. s.v. cuisnit .

IV

(a) A judgment, decree, sentence, award, ordinance, law , decision ( legid dam-sa ar dail, Fen. 182.8 . ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698 . Cf. is mor dogni d'imrateib, 1694) : dáil .i. dlighedh. gach uile dail tobhaigh is maortigherna, H 3.17 , p. 167 . ni techtat for dail is for dail a ndligid ( .i. is for dail na haili ata doib ani dlegait, 146. 11 ), Laws i 144. 22 . Similarly 146. 10 . dál Dé, SR 3891 . do ḟochmarc a dhála imon caingin sin, IT iii 200. 27 . ná rop guach do dál, LL 148 a 30 (= KMMisc. 260 st 6 ). ná rop dál co nattail, ib. 147 a 53 . conid sí dál forsṅdesid, ib. 163 a 45 . iar ndáil dligid, ib. 163 b 2 (= Todd Lect. vii 4. 28 ). ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, ib. 209 a 53 . corbom etal risin dáil, ib. 374 c 19 . roptis fíra mo dála, ib. 307 b 28 . ní theilgset dáil ná dliged, 10 b 18 . rachunig ba fír in dál: a ainm arin cnocc comlán, Metr. Dinds. ii 72. 11 . meni digius guigfitir dala fer ┐ fírfaitir briathra ban, TBC-LL¹ 560 . in dáil adcluine así in cóir, Acall. 599 . da tísadh fo breith dála, ib. 2384 . is ann cachain in dail nasdadha do Gaidelaib, RC xii 116 . fuirech re dál rígh nime, ZCP vii 301 . mesrugud for dalaib Dé ní tarda nech for bith cé, ib. vii 307. 12 . i tucsin dála na ndéi ┐ derritiusa nimi robui sen, CCath. 998 . in cogar dorigneabair léigid damsa ar dáil, Fen. 182. 8 .—Prov. ferr dála ina deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 18 . dál báis sentence of death (cf. I above). tucsat dal (dail LL 299 b 45 ) báis ( dáil mbáis, CS 26. 10 ) forsin ríg, LU 118 b 35 ( Trip. 566. 25 ). tucsat na dúle dáil báis do Loegaire, LL 299 b 40 .—Here also: dal a talione .i. o eruic ...dal didiu arindi asrenar do cach iarna ngním, O'Mulc. 291 .

(b) an agreement, a contract, covenant; espousals; betrothal: dála gl. ceart daingin orra, Eg. Gl. 243 . dála .i. mionna, O'Cl. naidm a cor ┐ a ndála, TBC-LL¹ 2249 (YBL). dúle Dé darstánic dáil, Bor. 40 . dosgní didiu Concobur a dail (betrothal) le Subaltaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43 § 6 . na deun banais iar ndáil o thús corghais go mioncháisg, Donlevy 116. 14 (with solemnity Donl.; with solemnity or public proclamation, as of marriage Dinneen s.v. dáil ; with this meaning still in use in Donegal).—Cf. athair dála he that delivers the bride or bridegroom to be married P. O'C. , the bridegroom's man O'Br. dáil statute, treaty, contract, covenant, alliance P. O'C.

V (a) A case, matter, affair, state, condition, circumstance : in dail eile fores é a leth acobar a geill aga fuasluga, Laws i 282. 27 . rofitir Ádam a dáil, SR 2029 . ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic, FB 58 . inniss dam gach dal ret leass co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123. 16 . dal bróin is milti do Moen, LL 33 a 32 . sírechtach dál in bith cé, Ériu v 211. 5 . scarad friu bid dál éicne, ib. 210. 1 . ingnad dal (cheville) RC xiii 74. 3 . dál cen séna (chev.), ACL iii 295. 15 . dál arcanai (cf. mod arcanai, 298. 5 ), ib. 297. 11 . dál nad bine, ib. 15 . is dál deimin, ib. 28 . conad hé a saebforcetul sin fodera dósum dúscad cacha drochdála MR 166. 23 . innsaigeas hua Ainmirech im dáil nach dlig, ib. 158. 6 . ór thaitnid frim do dhála the manner of thee (O'Gr.), Acall. 645 . rob olc a ndála ┐ robuaildis mná, Anecd. i 46. 16 (D). in dails[e] ga trialltar lib, Fen. 350. 17 . uair is minic fásus irchóit desnadudh ┐ dimḟuirech na ndál nurlumh dogrés from delaying and procrastinating things always prepared CCath. 551 . do rédugad ┐ dordugad dhál eglasdacdha, ALC i 262. 29 . ná len don dáil fora tái do not persist in the course you are pursuing Aen. 580 . iar ccríochnucchadh a dhál ndoṁanda don iarla having settled his worldly affairs AFM vi 2234. 30 . iar ccor dal niomdha na leith having brought many other charges against him ib. 2142. 21 . gan dáil a rochtain for ccúlaibh without knowing whether they should ever return ib. 2358 , cf. mar nách biadh dáil imthechta aca, Celt. Rev. iv 206 . dobeir (cuirid) for dáil mbicc he makes little account of: doradsom for dáil mbicc ┐ for neiṁní fuighle na nuasal AFM vi 2124. 25 . rogabsom for neiṁsnim do denam de ┐ ica chur for dail mbicc ┐ for neimfni to treat it as a small matter CCath. 5014 . — tuc a ḟis lat gach dál fora mbiat, Marco P. 97 . iseadh is dáil dona mnáib this is the way with women Keat. ii 5323 . an fíreolas atá aga seanchadhaibh ar dhálaibh a sean, ib. i 104. 12 . dáil na foirne áitigheas í (sc. in críoch), ib. i 2. 4 . da madh linn gach ní ar domhan...folamh ár ndáil fa dheireadh, TSh. 167. 8 . do bhrígh gurab ionann bhur ndál, 105. 14 . ní thuigid ...gurab ionann dál don duine ┐ don ghort bheantar, 73. 24 ; similarly 4. 7 ; 4. 15 ; 7. 21 ; 21. 32 ; 65. 14 . dáil an pheacaidh, ib. 260. 8 . is iontuigthe gurab saobh an dáil don druing, 130. 11 . nó fós dáil na speile ag buain an ḟeoir, 73. 26 . ni hiongnadh an cholann do bheith tréith ré méid a duaidh ┐ a doghrainge óna dálaibh sin for these reasons 82. 24 . is minic ṁothuighmid duadh na dála sin ag buain rinn féin, 84. 18 . don druing rér bhean dochar na dála so, 152. 5 . gan anacal air ná dáil chabhra na chionn, 31. 25 . ionnus nach bí dáil chabhra na chionn, 254. 28 . dál nóentuma lot of virginity Metr. Dinds. ii 58. 12 . Probably here: intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when his last hour had come PH 6602 (but cf. deden-dal the last tryst); cf. s.v. déidenach, dídenach. Personified: slán riot a Ḟinn...slán riot a ṡárdháil na gcríoch, Oss. iii 256. 7 .

don dáil sin by this occurrence, on that account ML 8. 28 .

ó nach dáil innach dáil in any way: is nemphní ┐ is nemada lind tregdad in talman ó n.d. (o nach nd. R), Alex. 859 . ní chuindig nech fortacht o [a]raile innach dail (o nach mudh R), Alex. 845 . i ndeired na dála at the end, finally , a common modern idiom. Trí Préach. 7 . Páidín 15. 22 .

(b) circumstance, event, adventure, course, story : tánac dia innisin duitsiu mo dala chucutsu siar, LU 41 a 1 . is fuilled nága dála in da ingen, LL 297 b 3 . admaim ar in rechtaire a dhala in chlaidib the story of the sword IT iii 201. 28 . oca iarfaigid cindus douicemni dála geni Críst, LB 139 a 8 . Crístt mac Muire mó gach dáil (d sg.) ZCP vii 303. 19 . roinnis Fionn dóib dáil an echtra sin, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 206 .

prep fo dáil, fo dála as regards, concerning : rochuir techta uadha go Cormac fo dháil na corma, ITS vii 61. 33 . fáitsine do dénam don ríg fo dala a ingeni, ML 154. 11 .

prep im dáil, im dála: dochuatar i comairle im dáil Stephain LB 229 b 7 . innis daṁ an ḟírinne um dáil an ṁacaoiṁ ITS v 164. 6 . nimdana...imma dala mo degríg, SR 2070 . is de bói in comthinól sin occo im dála na creitmi, LU 117 b 23 . nuchumtha ní rádim de im dala mic Deichtire, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 1484 . gnísit comuirle im dalai and óglaich, RC xii 80. 9 . um dala reatha na gréne, ib. xiv 365 . dorala do Andromacha aslinge dúaigh do ascain im dala a fir, TTr.² 1128 . mina abarthi fír frium im dála in chroind roḟalchubar, LB 232 a 22 . ata ingantus...acainde imat dalasu cindus rucad tu asin carcair, ib. 224 a 58 . indisidh in scél cétna im dála in claidib, IT iii 201. 30 . asin libar rosscríb imm dála na caingene fuil acaib, PH 21 . amal roscrib...imm dalai paisi ┐ césta himáigine Crist, ib. 28 . inní rofaillsig Dia dam im dála chuirp Stepháin, ib. 1487 .

Often only dála: dala immorro Eochada, IT i 122. 11 (= TE 8 , Eg.). dála na dá bhanchaointe, TBC-LL¹ p. 879 n. dála Ḟinn dobhér sgeula ós árd, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 66 . dála an abbadh, TSh. 140. 1 . dála ríogh na Sorcha, ITS x 82. 5 ; 110. 8 , cf. ib. 76. 30 ; 84. 11 ; 88. 1 ; 92. 15 ; 114. 21 ; 170. 28 . Keat. ii 47 , 253 , 363 , 1262 , 3098 , 6071 , &c.

do dálaib: bae in rí fo glámaib gné: do dálaib a aislingthe, SR 3278 . do dalaib ind escra sin, ib. 3580 , is derb ní tuilter do de: do dálaib na comrainne, LL 14 b 14 (= do dhaltaib, BB 42 a 26 ).

VI Astrol. a conjunction : dail go soirb re seachtmad, MS. Mat. 72 .

PERS. Gilla na nóg mac Dál-re-dochair, ALC 1281 . LOC.: Cnoc na Dála, Dinds. 132 . Cnoc Dála, Sliab Dála, P. O'C.

COMPS. generally = meeting, assembly .

(a) attáil another meeting, another decision, ban-dál, dam-dál, deden-dál, deg-dál, dóer-dál, droch-dál, écen-dál, gó-dál, grían-dál, min-dál, mór-dál, olc-dál, ríg-dál, ro-dál, tiug-dál;

(b) dál-luc, dál-ṡuide, dál-tech, q.v.—MOD. dáil, g s. dála. i ndáil towards. dála as regards. dálta, dáltha mar just as.

danó, dano

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danó, dano or dil.ie/14616
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dā, dano, dana, daniu, daneu, dano, dono, dana, danau, dā, dā, dō, dano, dono, dona, dana, dāa, dōo, denu, doná, nú, dno, dna, d, do, no, dono, dano, dana, denu, dā, dno, no, dno, no, dā, No

sō: da-nō, Ir. Gosp. Thom. § 22 . shō: 'nō, DDána 175 § 29 . 'nó, LL ii 11121 (TBC) . See Ériu liii 139: of unknown origin in spite of Zeuss 1005, n. 3 . Perhaps da-no, da-nu, cf. co-nu, ACC 66 , nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 : dā .i. da nui insein; daniu, Cambr. (modelled on didiu? daniu: danu = didiu: didu); niu the dative of ní in Mil seems a late form and should not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Enchir. Aug. 85 a ( ZCP vii 485. 6 ) Lat. denuo is glossed by nuu. The oldest meaning of dano is that of denuo ` anew, again ' (e.g. Mon. Tall. 149. 26 ). All other meanings arose from this.

A OLD-IR. Usually written dā = dano or dana.

daniu, Cambr. 37 d .

daneu, Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .

dano in full, Wb. 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Ml. 43 a 22 .

dono in full, Wb. 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .

dana in full, Wb. 5 c 18 . Elsewhere always dā in Wb.

danau, Ml. 37 a 8 .

The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta had dā.

B MID.-IR. Usually written dā, as in Old-Ir., and dō.

dano in full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .

dono is the usual form in the Laws; always nó dono; (nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono); Death-tales of the Ulster heroes § 4 ; Lib. Flav. 16 a 1 . 2 .

dona in full RC xi 444. 1 .

dana in full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT i 127. 4 ), Eg. dana supported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .

dāa, RC xi 444. 1 f.b.

dōo, Laws i 8. 1 .

denu in full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.; dē, ib. 86 § 93 .

doná, AFM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ; TFrag. 8. 15 .

nú (: Lúachrú; no, v.l.), Three Historical Poems, 112 q.23Aa .

Syncopated forms:

dno in full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn; but dā, 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn, Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CCC § 2 LU (v.l. dā). TBC-LL¹ 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (: rempo). BB 109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ; 40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ; 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . ZCP iii 227. 21 (Harl.); 249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . ACL iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 . dā = dno supported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 . dō = dno supported by the metre, ACL iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.

dna in full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18), v.l. dā. ScM. § 19 Harl., v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TFrag. 148. 11 . AFM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .

d, TBC-LL¹ (LL) 2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). ZCP iii 249. 25 ; 251. 4 . Lib. Flav. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.); ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18 (l. 449) .

do, RC xii 104 § 149 .

no (short `o,' cf. below; nó, LL 90 a 3 = TBC-LL¹ 4318 ; cf. no rhyming with dó, BB 297 b 42 ; written l-, LL 55 b 27 = TBC-LL¹ 200 ): TBC-LL¹ (LL) 437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 , 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 , 4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 , 5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ), § 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 . LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a 19 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17 (? ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).

for `dni' AFM v 1552 read didiu ( dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).

Of the Old-Ir. forms dono arose from dano, as ocus from acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently as an enclitic, without accent: ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . cepu dono, 7 d 16 . ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48. 24 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).

The syncopated Mid.-Ir. forms dno, no retaining `o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate, as dano stressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.- Ir. dana. The Mid.-Ir. writing denu ( RC xii 72 § 44 , cf. dechum, debert) points in the same direction. Compare also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent falls on the ultimate:

Acall. 3852 : mairg dadhair don luing dana. nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.

The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the convenience of the metre. It appears in several poems ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries, e.g.

LL 144 a 9 : Almon rathuit artús dā (dno leg.) i nEtail ra Troiano.

(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early 12th century).

LL 8 a 39 : anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dno leg.) Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.

(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136; v.l. no, BB 46 a 19 ).

LL 34 b 31 : i ndáil fer talman sund dno [labrad] (cf. l. 43 ) lá is aidchi rempo.

(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).

Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib. Min. 40 st 3 :

fuilriud már guin dóine dno ocus plág for pecthacho.

in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from the middle of the 9th century, ACL iii 297 st 60 :

ní mandingentar dno dóibsium dál ndrong ndelech.

and ICM st 188 :

atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus atreab nálaind &c.

This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis; whence it follows that dno, though not occurring in any MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.— No was developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems impossible to fix the date of this development accurately. The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 , is no test, as no might be a late substitute for dno. The fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the 12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSS dā, dno, and no go hand in hand. The spoken form was dno, later no; but the traditional writing dā lingered on for centuries in the MSS. No is found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th century, when it became obsolete. The FM write doná, dana, dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204 ( AU ii 242. 2 ).

In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between dā, dno, dna, and no. The particle is never placed at the head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy almost any position within it. It follows stressed and unstressed words, and appears particularly often after emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding. The following is a synopsis of the most common positions of the particle:

(1) asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no muinter Fintain, LL 91 a 54 . bemmini dano, Wb. 9 c 10 . mathidsom dano, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . dogénsa no, CRR § 9 .

(2) abi mogasi dano, Wb. 27 c 17 . (is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 . bat roumal dano in fer sin, Mon. Tall. 159. 2 . is ferr dano lais, ní haurcuil dano lais MT.

(3) issí dano, Wb. 19 b 12 . issed dano, Mon. Tall. 136. 13 et pass. cipé no, TBC-LL¹ 200 .

(4) (a) uait no, CRR § 7 . dóib no, TBC-LL¹ 3239 . (b) is samlid dano, Wb. 21 b 2 . etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 . forthusom no LL 172 b 48 . uaimse no, TBC-LL¹ 4305 .

(5) is annsin dano tanccatar, BDD 151. 7 . intan dano, ib. § 162 . on uair dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 .

(6) a forbi tra dano, Mon. Tall. 128. 7 .

(7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative: nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73 a 11 . gabtha díberg dano la suide, BDD § 41 . Diarmait dano abb ĺa lais, Mon. Tall. 153. 17 . acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano, Mon. Tall. 129. 22 . gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no, LL 80 a 44 . bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no, TBC-LL¹ 3885 . dat. do díb lethaib no, LL 175 a 42 . da saigid no, TBC-LL¹ 4261 .

Dā, no (&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often = didiu, trá. In Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange between dā, dī, tra, and imorro is quite common; cf. Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 . dā, LL 316 b 28 = dī, BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common issed dī = issed dā, nó dī = nó dō.

I adv Also, further, in addition, besides, as well, too , as a further point or circumstance tending in the same direction. Often with 1 ocus, acus, íarum, íarom, íaram, iar tain, beus, olchena, opp. cétamus Mon. Tall. 136. 23 .

A In the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a subordinate clause expressing:

(a) comparison : amal gnís tra Críst in iustis...is samlid dā gniith demun in filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the Devil in f.d. Wb. 21 b 2 . amal as hiress ronóib Abracham nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified you ib. 19 b 12 . amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithemnacte bemmini dano, ib. 9 c 10 . amal durígni inna gnímu sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide, Ml. 50 d 10 . amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib. 2 d 2 . Cf. ib. 69 b 3 . amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 . amal nách forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 . Cf. also: amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb. 12 b 12 .

(b) condition : acht robæ quies et tranquilitas regibus bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb. 28 a 23 . dóecastar i mbí hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā if it be the same it is also one part (of speech), Sg. 188 a 6 . madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf. also Wb. 14 d 24 : intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative clause takes the place of a conditional one.

(c) time : o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb. 21 d 11 . ho imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it PCr. 64 a 1 .

(d) cause or reason : hore...adib cretmich infectsa cretmech dā for cland, Wb. 10 a 6 . huare techtas nerta is cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Ml. 85 a 4 .

(e) concession : v. V (a).

B In principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding clause, with or without `ocus'; also, again . Type: dorochair Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana, Aen. 18 .

(a) cop.: ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it is he also that is the ransom Wb. 2 b 9 . ished ón immurgu as fír et is fír dā esséirge omnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 . is oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc. mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib. 29 d 6 . ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is misiu ém dorat...is me dō rothairmisc, TE § 13 Eg. ropa cridiscél dam cédamus ...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐..., Mon. Tall. 136. 23 . ba hamnus muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and, RC xii 98. 17 ; cf. Ériu v 238. 5 . conid desin...is de dno hence also RC xii 106 § 162 . indligid don fechemain apad... indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 . isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais, &c. , ib. 28. 11 , 14 .

(b) subst. verb: cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,', Sg. 209 b 29 . bátar Ulaid oc ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag, IT i 67. l. 3 . atá...atá dā, RC xiii 458 § 56 . ar atát foruis...atá dō forus, Laws ii 128. 19 . dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa com thegluch no, TBC-LL¹ 437 . atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse. ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc, BDD § 48 .

(c) other verbs: ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind apostol, Cambr. 37d . rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg. 174 a 1 . Cf. ib. 73 a 12 (in hilur dā = is in h.d). rodelb iartin dluma in talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 . dorimchell (v.l. rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l. dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin BDD § 155 ; ib. § 95 . tarlaic...dosléicimse dā, IT i 101. 16 . sadais ind snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā, &c. , he thrusts again the needle into her hand Mon. Tall. 149. 26 . dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile ic Drochat Átha, AU ii 130. 8 ; cf. also 130. 6 . asbert... asbert dā, RC xi 450. 130 . dogníth side na harma...dogníth dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn, RC xii 92. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 . ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 . focres forrai dno dus &c....focres forra d dus..., ib. 72 § 44 . dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐ torchratar no muinter F., LL 91 a 54 . issed atberat som ...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 . is amlaid tánic som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no, TBC-LL¹ 2826 . atbert cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig no bar lííc, ib. 2914 . táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho, ib. 2948 . rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no, &c. , ib. 3239 . Cf. also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 . atraacht C....atraacht trian slóig Ulad laisium no, CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad... daronait dā). adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are fallen Acall. 3174 . Cf. ib. 3399 (dō). roíarfacht didiu di araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen. 1519 . dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 . gaeth mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit crann i nDoire C. C., AFM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).

C In principal clauses introducing a new predicate with or without `ocus.'

(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects being the same: robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Ml. 47 a 17 . dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 . rochúm [Día] in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc. in talam)...rodelb dō iartin dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 . in mét dona fuil ó thalmain coruice suide (sc. in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 . rofiarfaig iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair... imcomaircidh dno den deogbori..., RC xii 82. 1 . Amenicán imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, ACL iii 2. 3 .

(b) dā introducing a new subject and a new verb. The sense of dā becomes more emphatic, the statement being strongly marked as additional to what has been said before: further, besides, moreover . cum manu sapere plena fuerit .i. no rapere fit in aliis libris ┐ is manus dā bís indib, Ml. 36 b 2 . inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 . dagnítis dā int Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg. 28 a 10 . sed etiam in accentibus, gl. biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75 a 7 . is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae már foroib dā (dno LU) CCC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 . ní déntar ceth crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e. Maelruain) dā and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . canir dā biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e. Maelrúain) aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 . is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it better, moreover ib. 161. 29 . is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ; similarly: is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 . ni haurch. d.l. 143. 18 ; 161. 26 ; cf. also the common phrases issed dā is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134. 11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ; 161. 13 .— fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri oclaig naile, RC xi 4461. 50 . birt roth leis ond óclaich... dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 . ar ba fáith si dā she was also a prophetess ib. 4481. 81 . inor aodhar imbe ised dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ; cf. 72. 19 . ronaisceatar fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 . ┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and moreover the same man said BDD p. 152 . dorónsat baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R. do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 . dorala dō olc ele and moreover, another evil happened, ib. 484 . loisccthear Slicceach leo. romarbad dana mac Corbmaic, AFM iii 362. 9 . tucsat ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo, AU ii 164. 7 ; 130. 8 .

D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini, quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too, are servants Wb. 27 c 17 . cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 . si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl. bid corp són dā that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 , cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 . duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech ( 77 d 3 )... duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to that too Ml. 77 d 4 . uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum' (solebant proferre), gl. robói són dā leo this, too, they had Sg. 75 b 4 . ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC-LL¹ 4305 , 4318 (nó). corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that I too may LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ). dober comermitin féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Ml. 127 d 10 - 11 . cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb. 24 a 37 . Conchobar dā (v.l. dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l. dō) leo, CCC § 1 . birt macc. laír dā (v.l. dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire, ib. § 3 . in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā do pennait that his wife also should do penance Mon. Tall. 163. 18 . Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 . atá i rriagailib ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ; 138. 36 ; 151. 6 . gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans, too, are a multitude hostile to me Aen. 458 . —In phrases like the following: isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ de Nuadaid, RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered by same. bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b. is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192. 10 . sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 . isin bliadain sin dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 . is annsin dā tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb. 6 b 25 : omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl. aratá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus. ishé side dā as éola and, where dā seems to emphasise the reference to Deus.

E Often in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry). cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi dono, Laws i 242. 12 . lethchumul dno ó fethemuin... lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno..., ib. i 220. 8 - 16 . impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo for Uib Bresail, AU ii 146. 17 . crech la Nial...crech eile dō, ib. i 582. 13 . maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne. maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 . sloghadh la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186. 21 . ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus dā frimsa dadaich, &c. , RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 . Cf. the 12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .

F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ. `auch nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmaldachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb. 5 d 23 . ar ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol apud mulierem, 9 d 18 . nihil enim intulimus in hunc mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i. ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 . et uos, domini, eadem facite illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ; cf. 3 a 14 , 9 d 5 . amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Ml. 69 b 3 . ní díltai dā (sc. Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg. 201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . Mon. Tall. 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ; 143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .

G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno ( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i 112. 1 ), nó no ( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasised nó, often interchanging with simple `nó.' or, or else . Synon. nó didiu, Fél. 2. 13 . PH 7082 . nach dú immurgu inimfogni fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with the ablative or dative Ml. 27 c 10 . nó dō (v.l. nó itá i.e. ita), ACL iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to introduce a new and different opinion. dogabar eneclann do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána ┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5 f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7 f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ; ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. — Aedh Uaridnach .i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara tigdís dó, Cóir Anm. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 . 5654 (dō).

H ocus dano and moreover: rupu accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb. 33 a 11 . ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws i 56. 8 f.b. ┐ dano or si, LU 9052 . aile dano: ainm naild dō din tibroid sin Loch Luibe, RC xii 96 § 126 . Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile do no, TBC-LL¹ 2835 .

I amlaid dano thus, thus also : is samlid dā, Wb. 12 c 46 . pronomen hi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói `modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg. 203 b 5 . is amlaid dō doroimsi in ferta, ACL iii 30 § 83 . sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ; ii 244. 14 .

Jin secondary clauses: is torbach du popul flaith firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Ml. 90 b 11 . adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a coibsen, Mon. Tall. 135. 19 . curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 , &c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .

II Therefore, then, accordingly, itaque, et ita, igitur — both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion from what has been said before. By the Irish themselves translated by ergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus igitur, sic igitur, no ita ( ACL iii 293. 16 ) = loc dā, amlaid dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.—

(a) si autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl. ní bo líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable Wb. 4 a 12 . is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused to do good ib. 5 c 18 . similiter et uir sui corporis non habet potestatem sed mulier, gl. nách móided dā in fer infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 . do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp, &c., be ye not imperfect, then, lest, 12 d 26 . ní derlaichta a pecdæ doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx. from Wb.: 9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 . —interrogemus igitur: imchomarcam dā, Ml. 18 a 1 .— vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum' solebant proferre, gl. daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in its genitive Sg. 75 b 3 . Setum pro Zethum, gl. biid dā sethvs pro z. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 . derbaid cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then, certifies the gender in them, 197 b 5 . Cf. further 38 b 8 .— ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l. dna) limsa, RC xiii 377. 8 .

(b) in a weakened sense utpote, nempe, nimirum; videlicet; namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explanation or conclusion, like German `nämlich.' non enim per legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl. .i. dorairngred dā rombad oirdnide a chland ut `in semine tuo rl.' ( Gen. xxii 18 ) it had been foretold, then, that his children would be distinguished Wb. 2 c 12 . ut et ipsi misericordiam consequantur, gl. bid misericordia dano dodaessarsom nípa meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will save them when they shall believe: it will not be m. ib. 5 c 12 . Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem .i. is per gratiam cotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds you then, 8 c 16 . Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les dano indaingil, 32 c 2 . dico...quod idolum sit aliquid? .i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 . Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary clause: arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 . 27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .

Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. : in uime rocuiris tech andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26. 3 : ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Conchobar let him come then.

III Very common in progressive description or narrative, indicating temporal and logical sequence: then, accordingly, so, upon which, thereupon, now . This usage arose from I, the original sense ` further, again ' being still perceptible.

(a) type: perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā `go to Columba' (said Satan). So he went Mon. Tall. 154. 17 . ercc co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā, ib. 154. 9 . fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil `it would be well for you to take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept, Laws i 72. 22 . telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā issin tech, BDD p. 155. 9 . rotficbam co port i mbia innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l. téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg. raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi, TBC-LL¹ 2839 ( LL 79 b 30 ). raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 . asmbert Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai RC xi 444 l. 34 . asbert fris búi glend már ara chind. oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin, ib. 446 l. 60 . Cf. also: rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh... dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na slógh, AFM v 1552. 1 f.b.

(b) indicating progression in general. dothaet Conaire do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais, BDD § 143 . bátar trí ríg ...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar then he was seen ib. § 14 . dolluid (sc. Derbforgaill) anair irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan. amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 . dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG. umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 . dorragab som iarum ind praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna Mon. Tall. 149. 24 , 29 . rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time Thes. ii 335. 33 . scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain FB § 11 . ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar, RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444. 1 . TBC-LL¹ 2298 . dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman. dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fut Connacht dia thig whereupon D. went home AU ii 90.23 . táinic Murchad cu nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for Gallaib, AU i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .

(c) introducing a new event or indicating transition to an entirely new subject: now, now as to, as for . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are, &c., Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b . ba cara do Patraic hé (sc. Dubthach) ...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P. once went to that D.'s house Thes. ii 307. 9 . nó is Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus uero Diarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to Brigit ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 . intan dā robói Macc Cecht fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield BDD § 162 (the preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib. § 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 . cid Tuath Dei Dononn d derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they lost many men in the battle ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ; 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ; 102. 11 . isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the earth Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph). dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if the defendant, &c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of an entirely new passage: mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a man's hand, 142. 14 . intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non manducat, &c. , as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer, he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following), 146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very common is the following type: teclaim ubald dā dia domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them ib. 145. 17 . gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a servant, 142. 1 . aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as to invalids, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 . Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae as for M. M. BDD § 42 . filedha dana robátar isin indsi si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice who passed false judgment Laws i 24. 28 . in file dō cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime, ib. 58. 17 ; cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ; v 368. 9 .—Cf. also: araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease Mon. Tall. 155. 5 . slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i Craib telcha i llongport, AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the common phrase loc dā as to the place (of the hymn), it was: loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish themselves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .

IV In commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeating the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn. tra, didiu ( Cóir Anm. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ). ┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.: Raith Guthaird dō is airi atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 . senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 . Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél. p. 172. 31 . Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile mór, &c. , ib. 258. 15 . Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na athair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 1 . Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks: Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes. ii 307. 2 . Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318 b 34 .

V However ,

(a) in concluding sentences after a preceding concessive secondary clause. Syn. camaiph. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in céin naili dā (one dā is superfluous, but both positions are allowed) he shall, however, be delivered the other time Ml. 68 d 14 . ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the title, it is suitable, however, to E. ib. 72 d 9 . With camaiph: ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi `altera utra,' Sg. 75 b 2 .

(b) however, but ; the addition introduced by dā is opposed to what precedes: intan conucbad in nél nobíth immun aírc migrabant filii Israhel hisuidiu. intan dā nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when, however, that cloud used to rest Ml. 83 a 4 . aimrit imorro Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was prolific Fél. p. 172 § 31 . co fil in firmamint na trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the angels Laws i 30. 2 . benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir ...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however, was fleeing forth, BDD § 157 . issed as cóir...arnáchad-fercaigthersu (sc. frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā if, however, you are angry with your servant Mon. Tall. 142. 9 . mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 . bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this, however, did not please his son RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came up with them AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly ib. 192. 17 . Same usage AFM iii 40. 6 ; táinic Iohn...do orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave battle to him; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b. (dna); 118. 1 (dna).

VI In a weakened sense with interrogatives. ut quid autem...pro impis mortus est, gl. ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis? gl. cepu dono adrad dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 . omnia enim uestra sunt, gl. ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib. 8 d 15 . cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 . ní fritsa oI sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg. ut est `ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 , cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive cia, cid (like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch erfolge'): cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad, BDD § 38 . cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin, TBC-LL¹ 200 . acht ciat-beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 . gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .

VII Various usages.

(a) rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb. 29 d 3 . ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin, RC xii 70. 14 .

(b) even ? tamquam famulus, gl. rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even (also) a humble position, Wb. 33 a 5 .

(c) aṅgo dā is deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil, BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice), § 102 h ; angó dā, § 105 .

(d) intan imorro rofuidi Feinius a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no further examples of this usage.

5 de

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 de or dil.ie/14791
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: de, dé, dæ, de, -de

prep -te, -ti added to comparatives, corresponding in sense to Lat. eo, Eng. the. Identical with 1 de, di from it, because of it. In Oir. still treated as an independent word and always written de ( dé, Wb. 22 d 2 ; dæ, Ml. 90 a 11 = de); in Mid.-Ir. wholly enclitic and written together with the comparative, the unaspirated, now intervocalic, -d- according to the rules of spelling being written -t-: córaite (Oir. córu de). -d slender at all phases of the language and never discarded (Quiggin's explanation of `a chách,' Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 34 , is wrong). Its place is immediately after the comparative, only exceptionally separated from it by an enclitic word as Ml. 23 d 23 : [im]mi ardu ni de; ib. 83 b 11 : bid étrummu doib de.

In certain points the Mid.-Ir. usage diverges from Oir. In the Glosses -de is used proleptically, referring in a general way to a cause which follows introduced by the prep. di or trí, e.g.:

A robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forru they were the more famous for the evil that was inflicted on them Ml. 47 a 18 . airmi ardu ni de tri dul isna lucu arda for we are the higher for going into high places ib. 23 d 23 . is huilliu de mo ḟreiscsiu do (= di) neuch rorádis su, Thes. ii 2. 34 .

.

B (di, tri + vn. + gen.) conid étrummu dæ in bochtae...tri frescissin messa fíriéin ind ríg doib iarum so that the poverty is the lighter through their expectation of the just judgment of the king afterwards Ml. 90 a 11 . is moltaidiu de tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachidáirilli it is the more praiseworthy through giving help even to one who does not deserve it ib. 84 c 13 . ( LU 60 a 38 fri seems used in a similar way: rafetammár ém in gilla sin ┐ ní messaite fria fis is dalta dún.)

— In Mid.-Ir. the prepositional expression was completely abandoned. The usage is illustrated by the following examples.

A corresp. to A above: is moti a pian som cach olc dorónsat their suffering is the greater for the evil they have committed LU 33 b 3 . ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla adfiadar dó in gilla, SCC § 20 . is córaiti hí a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been tested Laws ii 252. 12 . ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrlum the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. ii 414. 23 . Cf. i 152. 23 ; ii 88. 5 ; iii 418. 5 . finnaid dún in líon atám. ni meisde nech uaib a rád, Acall. 1101. 6528 . comad móti in pian dó beth beo co fotai isin croich, PH 2439 . rocumbrig Ísu in ernaigthe sea...co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair that it should be the easier to remember to every one for being short ib. 7862 .

B corresp. to B above: ni mescaiti hé in lind dól he is none the more intoxicated for having drunk the ale Laws iii 202. 6 (Oir. † ní mescu de dóul (or di óul) ind lenno dó, RC xxxvii 218 ). is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan lé the bellowing of the cow is the more melodious for her calf being left with her ib. v 62. 19 . ib. 20 , 27 ; 40. 10 . i 138. 4 f.b. ropo móde in firt sa do dénam it was the greater for the working of this miracle (note on Broccán's Hymn), Thes. i 346. 21 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do dénum that the more attention would be paid them for their much speaking PH 7840 . ni feirrde neach bás súaiṁneach dḟaghbháil ara leabaidh dhó, TSh. 236. 10 .— Sg. 2 a 7 : bith má de do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco it will be the greater for thy being associated in it, does not represent the Mid.-Ir. type, as do is not the possessive but the prep. di.

Often corresponding to preceding cach + subst.: cach mét donóir ṡægalta i mbía nech is móiti a guasacht the more a person possesses of worldly honour the greater his danger YBL 167 b 32 . cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim the higher the fruit...the heavier ib. 167 b 35 ; but Mod.-Ir: dá aoirde an toradh iseadh is truime , &c. Already Laws iii 420. 3 f.b. : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú. cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú the more sensible...the more unlawful, &c.

With multiplicatives: áibinniti fo deich ten times as beautiful LL 151 b 1 f.b. áigthidiu de, áigthidite the more dreaded : arimp áigthidiude, Wb. 23 d 23 . ansu de, ansaite the heavier , eo gravius: air is ansu de a dothaim mani airissedar ind lám fri talmain occo , Ml. 131 b 4 . curap andsati (v.l. ánsude), Trip. 218. 20 . ardu de, ardaite the higher : cia thés hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23 d 23 . airtem .i. airdiu de indem a eiṁ fair, Laws ii 240. 1 . armad ardiu crand is móide co mór benaid na gætha fris the higher a tree is the more do the winds beat against it YBL 167 b 32 . roimpá form Finnachta ní ba airdite a ḟine, LL 308 a 22 . assu de, usaite the easier : is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig, Ml. 107 c 16 . usaite le in torad dogní ó láim inn [f]uath ledb ina fiadnaisi, Laws i 152. 23 . comad usaidi do bidbaid a fagail (sc. the debts), ib. iii 152. 13 . ussaite, Fél.² xxxii 34 . bindiu de, bindite the sweeter : is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan le, Laws v 62. 19 . buidechu de, budigiu de, budechaiti the more satisfied: tabar in deired fledi do mathib Lochlainne corop budechaiti iat, CRR 20. 8 . calmu de, calmaite the braver : is nertmairite┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . córu de, córaite the more proper : is córaiti hi a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been proved by its tests Laws ii 252. 12 . dánu de, dánaite the more audacious : co mbad dánaite tísad diabul dia aimsiugud, PH 4781 . deccru de the harder : deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . BS 54. 10 . deissiu de: deiside the nicer, &c. P. O'C. 1531 . dligthigiu de, dligthigite , dligthechaiti the more lawful : cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú, Laws iii 420. 1 f.b. dligthidiu de, dligthite the more lawful : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú, ib. 420. 2 f.b. Cf. dligite, indligite in the corresp. passage, ib. 198. 17 sq.; but dlighthighi, ii 202. 6 , dlithidhe, iii 524. 2 do not, as Atkinson thinks, contain -de. dóchu de, dóchaite the more likely : dochaite in gním do dénum dó uair adeir it is more likely that he has committed the deed for he says so Laws iii 110. 3 f.b. Lism. L. 390 b . Anecd. ii 36 § 21 . Bor. 105 . dochaidi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332. 15 . dothíde, Seanchaint 205 . doilgiu de, doilgite the more difficult: anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad...ó bias fola lánlóige and, Laws iii 12. 19 . duibiu de the blacker : duibhide, P. O'C. 1531 . dúthrachtachu de, -taigite the more zealous, earnest : cumad dúthrachtaigite dobérmaisne ár menmain inár nernnaigthi, PH 7849 . erdarcu de, erdarcaite the more famous Ml. 47 a 18 , quoted above. erusu de, erusaite the easier: co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair, PH 7862 . essamnu de, essamnaite the more fearless: it essamnu de ar rofitetar is, &c., Wb. 23 b 12 . étrummu de, étrumaite the lighter Ml. 90 a 11 , quoted above. dia tartaid si fortachtain doib som bid étrummu doib de, ib. 83 b 11 . ferr de the better : ciarud-chualatar ilbélre ┐ cenuslabratar nípat ferr de, Wb. 12 d 28 . bieid [ní ?] bes ferr de, ib. 32 a 13 . cumad ḟearrde áith that its strength might be the better Laws ii 240. 6 . acht ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrluṁ the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. 414. 23 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do chindemain aigi, v 20. 27 . nír bo measaiti seom ┐ níbot ferdi sio, YBL 112 a 48 . ferrdi a Íssa haithnisi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338. 3 . conid ferrde lemsa cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé, PH 2427 . dá mad hé in bith uli dogébtha maille re díth tanma cá bud ḟerrde dosin, ib. 7582 . ní ferrde le Find féin scél do dénam fair, Acall. 5358 . fíriánu de the more righteous : condid f.d., Wb. 2 a 7 . fotu de the longer : faidite, Acall. 6811 . gairddiu de, gardditi the shorter : gardditi lind éistecht riss mad colléic, LL 96 b 54 . Acall. 6815 . Laws ii 216. 7 . gairdi is used in the same sense as gardditi, cf. siaiti, ib. l. 10 . giliu de the brighter : gilide, P. O'C. 1531 . imdu de, imdaite the more abundant : ut gratia habundet .i. corop imdu de duún, Wb. 3 a 12 . condib imdu de torand inna forgnúso, Sg. 198 a 4 . inducbaidiu de the more glorious : robtar i. de apud deum , Ml. 47 a 18 . irlamu de, urlamaite the readier: omnis autem qui in agone contendit ab omnibus sé abstinet .i. armbad irlamu de don buaith, Wb. 11 a 7 . is bés dósom cosc inna mban i tossug...armbat irlamude ind ḟir fo chumachte Dæi, ib. 22 c 10 . irlithiu de, irlithite the more obedient: armbat irlithiu dé mandatís dei , Wb. 22 d 2 . ísliu de the lower : íslide, Lec. 534 a 11 . lainniu de, laindite the more eager : co mbad laindite leo in forcetul do gabáil do láim, PH 6759 . lemnethu de or slemnethu de the more willing : ardislemnethu de do hícc inna fiach, Wb. 4 a 10 . lethnu de the broader : leithneide, Rel. Celt. i 159. 101 . lia de, liaiteeo plus, eo plures : hóre am essamin se precepte...is lia de creitfess, Wb. 23 b 7 . imurcruidh dáine do thiachtain do chaithiuṁ in bídh célsine uair nocha liauite in biad...cia beth, &c., for the food is not the more plentiful though, &c., Laws ii 28. 17 . luathu de, luathaite the quicker: is airi doníthar in tréiniugadh so orra comad luathaide dosoisdís a féich dḟeichemain toichida, Laws iii 152. 12 . lugu de, lugaiteeo minus : ní lughaiti dlighes in gairi do dénuṁ they are not the less bound to undertake the maintenance Laws ii 192. 5 . noco lugaite smacht ná díre in coma bith indligedh, ib. iii 418. 5 . cé beith nech...noco lugaiti dligus a fochraic díc ris, iv 48. 24 . nuchu lugaidi is grád hé céli do beth aigi, v 40. 10 . dothéged Étáin cach dia dia athreos ┐ ba lugaide a galar som ón do suidiu, TE § 9 LU. rodígaib a thuara ┐ nírbo lugaide a nert Lugdach, Thes. ii 344. 29 . is aire roartraig in taingel hi ṅgné solais in tṡnechta comad lugaiti nobídgtis na banscala riana ḟacsin, PH 3384 . co mbad lugaide, ib. 5207 . (rotescad a tengaid) arái ní lugati dogníd sum forcetul in popuil inní sin, ib. 2549 . scarad cuirp ┐ anma ┐ ni lugaite marus in tanumm, ib. 7480 . mailliu de, maillite the slower : is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine i nadnocul conid maillite thinaid, PH 7023 . mescu de, mescaite the more intoxicated: noco mescaiti hé in lind dól, Laws iii 202. 6 . messa de, mesaite, meiste, miste the worse. messude, Trip. 218. 9 Eg. mesaidie: cia...nir uó m., IT i 109. 6 . messaite: rafetammar in gillu sin ┐ ní m. fria fis is dalta dún, LU 60 a 38 . mesaite LU 54 a 17 . messaiti, SR 1244 . LL 106 b d . measaiti YBL 112 a 48 . SG 70. 24 . mesaidi FDG. MR 14. 22 . meisti: is m. lóg a roind, Laws iii 462. 17 , 19 .; ib. 478. 24 . mana derntai...bud meisti dáibh, RC xiv 56 . CRR 20 § 14 . cá bud ḟerrdi ┐ cá bud mesti, PH 7582 . ní meisde nech uaib (a rád), SG 118. 25 . miste, ib. 97. 35 . misde: is m. nár bhuan a leithéit, Atlantis iv 226. 4 .—Cf. messa s.v. olc. moltaidiu de the more praiseworthy: is m. d. tri tabairt fortachtan, Ml. 84 c 13 . móo de, móite eo maior, eo maius. móo de, Wb. 2 a 8a . SCC § 10 . mou de, Ml. 53 c 13 . moaide Laws ii 404. 11 . mouite, ii 22. 1 . moaite, ii 202. 1 . mó de, Wb. 29 c 4 . mode, Thes. ii 346. 27 . bith má de eo maius erit Sg. 2 a 7 . maiti, Trip. 114. 22 . cumud móite, Laws ii 22. 17 . noco moite, iii 406. 7 f.b. ba mote, LU 121 b 33 . móti, LL 206 a 21 . PH p. 806 b . bid moti bas trén mo scél, LU 119 b 3 . nucu moiti, Laws ii 414. 2 . móide, ML 40. 9 . moide, Laws ii 88. 5 . moidi, ib. 350. 18 . YBL 158 a 46 ; 167 b 32 .—Cf. mór. nertaidiu de the stronger : nertiti, SCC § 20 . nertmairite the stronger : is nertmairite ┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . óibindiu de, áibinnite the more beautiful : is áibinniti fo deich, LL 151 b 1 f.b. prapaiti the quicker : comad prapaidi noḟoirbred, Lec. 441 b 35 . sia de, siaite the longer: condib sia de, Sg. 201 b 16 . siaiti, Laws ii 216. 10 . is siaidi a anad, ib. i 282. 43 . siaide, MR 318. 17 . siauite, Laws ii 28. 18 ; 114. 5 . socomlu de, socomlaite the easier : co mbad tṡoccomlaite do Ísu marcachus do dénum, PH 4455 . soimbertu de the more easily plied: bennachais Patraic na iarnu comdar s.d. (v.l. soimberta de), Trip. 218. 21 . soirthiu de, soirthite the easier: s.d. in labrad di, &c., the easier is the pronunciation from, &c., Sg. 15 a 4 . suthnu de, suthnaiti lasting the longer Lec. 441 b 37 . tanu de, tanaite the thinner : á sémigud co mbí tanu de, Ml. 34 a 27 . tressa de, tressaite the stronger : co mbad t.d. hiress apstal do fulung tribulationum, Wb. 25 a 14 . Mid.-Ir. treisidi, TBC-LL¹ 2484 Y. trummu de, trumaite the heavier : trummute, Lism. L. ix 13 LL (trumaidi, Lism.). cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom oc toitim, YBL 167 b 34 . tromaide, AFM 1768. 19 . truimite, Acall. 5152 . uilliu de, uillite the greater : Thes. ii 2. 34 . uilliti hé in dá sreith do beth air, Laws i 138. 4 f.b. iv 34. 29 .

MOD. Suffixed to any adjective: ní folláinede madra marbh é bheith san uisge glan. Ní milsede an domblas é bheith i nárthach airgid. Níor ṁeasa do dhuine rud do ghearrfadh a sgórnach ná sgian óir. Aran gcuma gcéadna ní folláinede ┐ ní milsede ┐ ní macántaide sgéal neaṁcháidh é bheith dá innsint i ngaedhilg uasail, P. O'Leary GJ vi 110 . Other comparatives from the mod. literary period are deiside, gilide, giorraide, liaide, siaide, teoide, usaide. —But in the spoken language usually confined to a small number of adjectives. Very common are fearrde, miste, móide (q.v.), idiomatically used with the copula and the prepositions la and do. The original sense has been obscured and as a living comparative particle -de seems obsolete.

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