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ad-caíni

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-caíni or dil.ie/379

Forms: accaíne, accaíned

v bewails, laments, complains . Usually as simple vb. accaínid. bebaid C. . . . ad-coinfet Goidil, ZCP xx 223.12 . mōr marb . . . atcinfet (cainfit, v.l.) Goideil, xiii 381.8 . egid ┐ accainid in ben co bronach, LB 115b13 . iachtuis ┐ acainis a ben `he bewailed and lamented his wife', Ériu iii 150 § 3 . ní hiat a cnedha fen roacain, TTebe 3837 . roaccainset . . . ara airscélaib they lamented him because of the noble tales about him, TTr.² 1216 . dá n-acaoineadh sí Seaán, L. Cl. A. B. 155.52 . In phrase a.¤ x fri y complains about x to y: acainit a muinter re Senán beith cen usce occu his people complain to S. that they are without water, Lism. L. 2375 . accainis Prespiter Seon fria ṡlōghaibh in dāeirse i raibhi ō Darius, Marco P. 98 . ro acaoinset Cruithnigh friu-somh cumga a bforba, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.13 . agaoinsiot a nimneadh fris an righ, AFM i 408.10 .

Vn. accaíne, accaíned. Cf. éccaínid, attcuinti and athchaínid .

aithber

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithber or dil.ie/2557

n o, m. See Lochlann ii 214 . act of rebuking, blaming; blame, rebuke, reproach: do thabirt dígle et do aidbiur foirib `to punish and to reprimand you', Wb. 14c40 . . . . illa prophetica detestatio .i. indath[b]er mo indasfenad, ZCP vii 481.22 (Enchir. Aug.). ferais in slúag athber ṅgúr / forsind ríg . . ., SR 6093 . cia focerdaiter do aithbiur, Laws iv 60.19 Comm. na ben-sa aithuer (frim-sa add., do add. v.l.), Anecd. ii 60.12 . nocha ragha aithfer fort, 28.1 . ro bás acc tabairt a aithbhir fairsiumh they were laying the blame for it on him, ZCP x 4.10 . co comraicet . . . na pecdaig fri cetaidber ┐ fri cetchesad na conaire, IT i 180.23 = -glífit, LU 2087 ( FA 15 ). na tabra ai[th]bhir na litir orum `do not reproach me concerning the letters' (appended by scribe), Ériu ii 224.y . fors in rig ba coru a aithbhir do bheith, MR 50.11 . a ndiongna sé d'aithbhear oirn to reproach me for what he will do, Dán Dé xix 14 . atá mé i n-aghaidh na n-aithneadh / faghaibh gan é d'aithfear (the sinner appealing to St. Patrick), xii 27 . an chlann dar dual dola ar neamh / ag tuar a fhola d'aithfear i.e. the human race was destined for heaven but had incurred the blame of shedding Christ's blood(?), DDána 27a.29 . a fúair sé dh'aithfer an ḟill blame for the treachery, IGT Decl. ex. 872 . aithfear do thabha[i]rt dár bhfearaibh, Párl. na mB. 2712 . gan aighfer a phecaidh do chor ar dhuine oile, Ó Héodhusa 211.2 . ba roscremda ind aithbiur, ZCP iii 228.20 .

With immaithber (-ir): bai aithber imaithber ogaib in aidchi sin: bai dono a n-aithber uili for Tuirrn there was reproach and mutual reproach amongst them that night but they all blamed T., Aen. 2886 . do badur ac aifer imaifir fria cheili, YBL 158a38 = co n-aithber imaithber occu fria araile, LB 111b58 . ar rob iomdha aithber iom aithbher mairgnech ┐ meirten . . . reproach on reproach, AFM vi 2288.20 . róide ar n-aithredh dob aithnidh / móide in t-aithber imaithbhir, IGT Decl. ex. 896 . In concrete sense of retribution, punishment (cf. perh. aithbe, 1 aithe): genaid cach fer araile ár nibá hecal leis a aitber fair that he will have to make retribution for it, LU 9749 . cual . . . no imarchainn gacha domhnuigh . . . ┐ is e a haitfer sin roberar orm `this is the retribution that is inflicted upon me', RC xiv 54.13 . With subjective gen. ar oman Foruinn ┐ a aithbhir, Laws i 20.26 Comm. ní hé a n-aithfer féin téit ḟorro . . . acht aithfer mh'uabair-se they are not being punished on their own account but in revenge for my pride (of slain enemies), RC xiii 86.3 . leic a.¤ na ndea formsa `let the gods take vengeance on me', CCath. 1784 v.l. With oc: ag aithbear an uilc ┐ an eccóra ar lucht m'inghrema, BNnÉ 266 § 233 . gib é do dhéna ingreim . . . ar I. C. beid na deich cet naomh . . . aga a.¤ air, ZCP x 22.19 .

astud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. astud or dil.ie/4546
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: astad, astád, astúd, astód

u, m. vn. of ad-suidi. Also astad, astád, astúd, astód. IGT Verbs § 64 , § 106 .

(a) act of holding back, detaining, keeping (in a place): cen nach n-a.¤ gl. sine ullo . . . adpensu, Ml. 15a15 . a.¤ gl. qui non digni aliquo aestimantur adpensu, 15c4 . in Satan aridralastar insin dot astad etir tuaid `to detain thee among the laity', Ériu ii 222.6 . dodechoid . . . inna diaid día a.¤ , Trip.² 2682 . Ui Neill ic triall a thabarta do A., Ulaid occa a.¤ occu , 3015 . ata-roí a n-astod (astód v.l., LU 6793 ), BDD² 308 . cen caemachtain astada, Laws v 468.32 Comm. rogabastár éssi astuda a ech, LU 6398 . ic arichill astuda na laédeṅg, LL 236a26 ( TTr. 1425 ). rogabh gá astadh a brat she took to holding him by his cloak, BS 6 . fastod na fola mista 'suppression of the menstrues' Ériu x 148 § 4 . Of holding back an enemy: a mbī ēcmacht / hūë nAirt a.¤ / ar cūl cāich / ni bu tlāith fri catha castud, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 39 § 6 . ? gabul asta echtranda, Laws iv 38.15 . astúd rurech, LU 4755 (TBC). ac trena.¤ fer ṅ-hErend, TBC-LL¹ 3195 . ? cachain in dail n-asdadha do Gaidelaib: gebat foss findgrinde (sung by Lóch who had undertaken to ward off the Fomorians), RC xii 102 § 141 . Of retaining, keeping (in service): do a.¤ inna filed . . . ar robas ica n-innarba (sic leg.), LU 300 (ACC) (corresponding to fastódh na bhfileadh, Keat. iii 1453 ). Note also: cia bet . . . carru . . . / oc breth imerge . . . / is astadh doib in aidchi sin / dia mberther bo cach aicme do rig `they may rest for that night', Laws i 136.6 .

(b) act of fixing, establishing: ni ar far n-a.¤ i n-ógi gl. [porro autem ad utilitatem uestram dico] non ut laqueum uobís ineiciam (iniiciam, 1 Corinth. vii 35 ) to bind you to celibacy, Wb. 10b14 . do asdud pectho . . . foir gl. adversus prespiterum accusationem noli recipere, to convict him of sin, 29a15 . astad caich in[a] sochar ┐ ina dochar `binding of all to their good and bad contracts', Laws i 50.30 . ni conberedh breth . . . gin teora ailche astudha cacha breithe, 24.23 Comm. is i cetna leac astuga cacha sealbha .i. is e in cetna ni amail lic astus dilsi caca feraind, v 498.8 , 500.2 Comm. ? ni fulangar cuccai go tairi no ast— uadh fri laim brithi in laa sin, Anecd. iii 24.1 . rucus oenfer do a.¤ for diis one binds (proves) against two (Thurn.), ZCP xv 327 § 19 ( xvi 221 ). rucside deichenbur ar fhichit dá fastud `to bind him in his rights', Ériu xi 48.2 . dligid āi a.¤ , Anecd. iii 14.z . ferr a.¤ (astúd v.l.) amaires certainty is better than doubt, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 15.27 . co nastudh sualach, Lism. L. 2460 . do astad a císa ┐ a righi ar eigin foruib, RC xii 74 § 50 . a asdadh i n-aen .i. in trefocal, Auraic. 1027 . a asdadh a ndeichthe `its establishment' (of alphabet), 1022 .

Cf. fastód, fostad, aitside, astaithe, astaigthe.

4 ba(i)slec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ba(i)slec or dil.ie/5260

Forms: Bassilici

n Orig. ā, f. ? Also as o-stem. (Lat. basilica) church: baislic .i. eclais righ, O'Dav. 258. baslec .i. a basilca graece, eclesia latine, tec[h] ríg nime, O'Mulc. 182. baslic .i. rigdae, basilion graece, rex latine, unde basilci .i. relci, ar batar ríg tantum no adnaictis intib, 128 . ráid cosecrad ṁbaslic Eoin, Fél. Nov. 19 (mbaislic, v.l.). iar mbreith ind ríg do baislic, SG 396.22 . do-rónait tra baslicc moir occu dó, co tucsat a chorp innte, PH 2157.

As n. loc. mors Fiachrach . . . abbatis Baslice, AU i 230.1 (an. 764 ). Imgoe Baislice (Baislicci, v.l.), Trip.² 1185. Sachelus Basilice (Bassilici, v.l.) Móire, 1212 . See also Hog. Onom.

bráthardacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráthardacht or dil.ie/6589

n [ā, f.] (bráthardae) brotherhood: dia mbe occu . . . cocridetu ┐ brathardhacht, PH 6822.

clár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clár or dil.ie/9377
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -mruig

n o, n. and m. IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) board, plank : c.¤ ndara iter cach dí chóemdai, Críth G. 102 . cláraib cainib . . . / do fidrud saindil Secheim (of the ark), SR 4221 . cethri clair . . . / o[c] coṅgbáil na sanctare, 4257 . co nār f[h]āguib in ghaoth aca clār gan crithnugad (of ships), ML² 703 . ’nar gcairbh síos ’gá gcur lé cláir 'are being put down into our ships with gangplanks' CMCS xxxiv 34 § 9 . ba h-é rian a thocht-ch.¤ (sic leg.) thoir / triall tré chorp-lár an chobhluigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.19 . na clara tirma, PH 1257 . gur shín an Rí a chorp red chláraibh (to the Cross), Dán Dé iii 9 . Fig. an dara c.¤ tar éis an luingbhristi (of sacrament of repentance), Mac Aingil 29 .

(b) Of a variety of specific flat articles normally made of wood:

(i) breastwork of a chariot: dofil in carpat afrithisi ┐ dorala c.¤ clé frinn (a challenge to combat), LU 5668 (TBC). tossoísom iarom c.¤ clé a carpait fri hEmain, 5194 (TBC). c.¤ a charpait re broind, ar ná tuitted a ḟobach ┐ a inathar ass, TBC-LL¹ 4430 . carpat . . . co tarbc[h]lāraib umaidib, TBC-I¹ 2549 .

(ii) stave (of a vat or cask): in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 . mar théid c.¤ a taoibh thunna `as a plank goes out of the side of a cask', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 .

(iii) wooden cover : clar fodluta, Dinds. 79 (`a floodgate(?)'). corb écen clár dia dlúthad / ós a lár dia lánmúchad, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.83 (`a sluice'). c.¤ casta a wine-press (gl. torcular), Ir. Gl. 1043 . cláir ṡaltrach duinde ní dúin does not close the covers of the brown psalter, IGT Decl. ex. 2088 . c.¤ ar ṡaltair lé leigthir, Aithd. D. 11.27 . Fig. do theilg sé a ch.¤ dá chroidhe, DDána 23.24 . beanaidh sé c.¤ dhom chumhoigh `lets my tears flow unchecked', O'Hara 3870 . an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a c.¤ dod chumhochtaibh, Dán Dé xxii 12 .

(iv) gaming-board: clar n-argit ┐ fir óir, LU 10807 . adrethsat na firu óir ┐ argait tarsin c.¤ crédumae, 5444 (TBC). ar rop é in síthbe óir dar in c.¤ findruini síl Aeda . . . dar Bregmag, 4269 . pa meitigthir clar fichille cech det, IT i 271.26 . fir chorra ar chláraibh ar sean / do chnámhaibh loma Laighean, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . béim chláir ar fhoirinn óir, Aithd. D. 17.15 . na cláir brannaimh, DDána 106.37 . c.¤ nocha bí gan bhranán, Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . c.¤ na himeartha, Mac Aingil 147 .

(v) table : biad berbtha ┐ clāir lāna, Corp. Gen. 87.29 . clār a nomine clarna i.e. mensa , Corm. Y 359 . scian co cnaim eilipaínt for clar i na comair, BB 497a30 . ni bíd mias nā clar occu , LB 155b53 . os cionn chláir `seated at table', Duan. F. lxii 40 . do shéan-roinn chláir an chomhóil, Keat. Poems 1016 . mírín aráin eorna áin / is í mo chuid-se don ch.¤ , Keat. iii 771 . ceann ar c.¤ (of one who is senseless from drink), Párl. na mB. 3229 . 'na seasamh a náirde ar chlár na mionn witness table, ZCP v 209.152 (Midn. Court). Fig. clār na cléire entertainer of the poets, Butler Poems 48 . c.¤ tiomna na trócaire, DDána 21a.12

(vi) writing tablet (under influence of Lat. tabula, Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ), inscribed tablet: hi claraib gl. in caereis, BCr. 41a1 . c.¤ gl. tabula, Ir. Gl. 67 . in clar i scribad, Lat. Lives 50.5 . na haithneda do-fhácsam ac Moysi . . . iter da claraib, PH 7298 . clar ciartha . . . ┐ se scribtha, Lism. L. 3698 = in tabhuill ciartha, 3704 . clar aircdidi ┐ ainm Magnuis Cam 'arna scribhadh . . . fair, Marco P. 66 . cláir an chonnartha, Heb. ix 4 . Fig. hi claar cridi gl. in tabulis cordis, Wb. 15a11 .

(vii) Of some part of a `cruit', the sounding-board(?): onmhuin an bas do bheanadh / an clar tana taoib-leabar, Manners and Customs iii 273 n. an saoi le seinntear an chruit / . . . / tré ghoradh guith-bhinn a cláir, Keat. Poems 247 .

(viii) Other applications: re denam . . . clar sadall de, Laws i 134.30 Comm. (`saddle trees'). lín . . . mad for a cois beth . . . mad innarta . . . o do choi o clar (implement used in scutching flax), ii 374.6 Comm. = fo c.¤ , O'D. 930 ( H 3.17, 658b ); for c.¤ , 303 ( 237 ).

(c) By extension applied to other materials. strip or plate (of metal), pane (of glass, crystal): clar di argut, SR 4289 . clar nderccoir, Blathm. 435 . c.¤ nglainidi, LU 1796 . lene cona clar argait immi border , IT ii 177.93 ( YBL 115b10 ). c.¤ gemnide do lííc logmair, LL 24905 . ba do claruibh óir aithleaghtha ros-dín `plates' (of halls and rooms), Marco P. 147 . mar théid tré ch.¤ ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . feilm chathardha 'n-a dá c.¤ a martial helmet split into two (metal) plates (?), DDána 91.49 .

(d) Used of various flat parts of the body: tulch.¤ ind étain, LU 4908 (TBC). conici clar a dá imdai, Ir. MSS. Ser. 176.23 . moṅg . . . órbuidi . . . fair co c.¤ a dá leas `to the level of his thighs', Ériu iv 138.x . tugais . . . / fuil croidhe is c.¤ ndearnainne palm of the hand, Dán Dé xxviii 29 . i gc.¤ do bhrollaigh, Keat. Poems 39 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(e) level expanse, plain; surface : clar cosmoil an domhan `a level expanse', Blathm. 951 . am heolach cláir thalman tinn, ACC 45 Comm. ( RC xx 178 ). dia taethsad neam anūas for clār an talman, BColm. 54.29 . a c.¤ findglan . . . / a thír ferach, LU 4122 . Magh Raighni . . . / clar lethan lanḟota, IT iii 95 § 147 . cach caille c.¤ `every spreading wood', Ériu xvii 91 § 10 . bātar cadain for clār chlīu / clār ṅdess gēisse for suidiu, Corp. Gen. 281. 12 - 13 . fo c.¤ nimhe gloin, Ériu iv 238 § 15 . C.¤ Cormaic, C.¤ Cobhthuigh (poetical names of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 5 , 6 . ? Also du Chlár Chonairi, Ériu xxi 137 § 3 . da mbeith an talamh na clar comtrom, Ir. Astr. Tr. 20.x . tri dha poll a da clar `of its two surfaces' (of an astrolabe), 132.27 . ar ch.¤ gach conaire `along every path', LBranach 3268 . c.¤ oighridh ice-flag, Dán Dé xxxi 11 . c.¤ na mara do sgaipeadh le sgála, ZCP v 223 ( Midnight court 742 ). 'na c.¤ choimhréidh chrábhaidh (of the soul), TSh. 10526 . Cf. ar ch.¤ do chroidhe `on the table of thy heart', Proverbs iii 3 . ? clar, bas, a spoke, Eg. Gl. 522 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(f) table of contents, index (infl. of Lat. tabula JCL ix 44 , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): clar . . . iar n-urd aibghidre an alphabetical index, MS. Mat. 541.35 . in dara capidil don dara c.¤ , cited O'Don. Gram. p. 377 fr. Med. MS. ataid x. cclair orra sin an .c. clar dibh neach labrus do na siroipibh, Mackinnon Cat. 301.11 . c.¤ chaibidlech `table of contents', RSClára f. 160b . c.¤ an leabhair, Donlevy xlvi 1 .

Obscure: colla c.¤ cannoe nad léit Lugthiach, LL 287a22 . atait tri tedmanna faillsigthe condad comdire fri bas bet, clar neinech ┐c.¤ , O'Curry 2142 ( Eg. 88, f. 2(3)b ). dichor Cairpri do chlar fiss, CRR 56 .

Compds. With noun. in gach cláradba wooden dwelling (of ships), Leb. Gab.(i) 210.24 ( LL 258 ). lingid bric is eignedha / do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne smooth top , KMMisc. 313.28 . in da bla dec frisi cuindrighter crich . . . Clarbla, ailbla . . . `a flat mark, a stone mark', Laws iv 142.9 Comm. ; clar bla [.i.] crich annsin nad n-incoisceadsiach comarda, ┐ na cuinnridter seancaid which is not distinguished by any landmark, 12 Comm. clár-bhórd taoibhe loinge plank , Hard. ii 224.3 . ina clarcolbadaibh gorma ` board-pillars ', CCath. 4424 . da clárchiste mora wooden chests , LU 179.183 . clārc[h]oilér cressa `a stout corslet ', Fianaig. 84.29 . clarcraithe coimhlethna capcainn-reamra for gach mūl ` blinkers ', Fl. Earls 252.25 . clarchris ` board-baldric ', CCath. 5227 . ro scaoilseat clárdroicheat Cille Dalua plank bridge, AFM ii 1178.13 . lethanchlais . . . ┐ clárdhroicheat comhdhluta fuirre, vi 1896.7 . mó a clárḟíacail (sic leg.) . . . / iná fían-chlár fidchille front-tooth, incisor , Metr. Dinds. iv 138.77 - 8 ( LL 29910 ). dothuit an fer mór . . . ┐ aghaidh ar Coinchulainn, go ttarla cláirfiacail an ḟir mhóir a mullach a ghualann, RC xxix 130 § 41 . lan eneclann isin da clar fiacail anuas . . . leth eneclann isin da clar fiacail anis, Laws v 354.8 , 9 Comm. a clarfhiacla uachtair ┐ a culfiacla ichtair, LB 154a52 . clarland cummaide credhumha `flat plate(?)', CCath. 5229 . in clair-leibind level expanse, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.22 . da thir as uaisli a nEirind / da cúigead in clairleibind, BB 62a39 . etir na clarlestraib út wooden containers, LU 181 . clármachaire in Choruinn level plain, Acall. 1504 . fail ann . . . / mor cet cetach clármaige, SR 508 . dognitis clarmhuige coimreidhe dona slebtibh roardaib, CCath. 3930 . clarmíasa bíadhmhara an tighi co mbíadhaibh examhla wooden dishes, Ériu iii 156.32 . -mruig: ro thidnacht dō tír Caim / ┐ clárbruigi Cannáin, SR 2794 . cláirneamh `Heaven's land', Magauran 1215 . coraib . . . / ríu i clárnimh ar comdál!, Gorm. Apr. 14 . din carpat itir cret ┐ cuing ┐ clár-rothaibh, TBC St. 667 . ¤sceimelta (1 sceimled) wooden coverings : clar-sceimelta cengailti . . . cath-sciath, MR 224.4 (`breastworks'). do chlarscíathaibh aladaib, CCath. 4983 . ¤ṡnaide: inneamh póirghine gach cnó dá clárshnoighe, DDána 83.16 . téada . . . / ar clarṡoileach `a willow harp', Manners and Customs iii 271n.

With adj. an fPailís . . . chlárchorcra `red-timbered', Studies 1920, 262 § 5 . ferais tromṡnechta . . . corbo chlarḟind uili coiceda Herend don tṡnechtu white-surfaced , LL 9026 (TBC). a cúirte clárghorma, Studies 1920, 568 § 21 . ó Chodhal chláirleabhar, Aithd. D. 4.7 . tulcha cláirmhíne Caisil, DDána 74.45 . soitheach cláirniamhdha cloichdhearg `of shining expanse', Celtica ii 165 § 35 . nemh fuair an tanmchara adcidh | ar a thír clár tana coemh, AFM ii 886.x . an t-all cláirthe cuaisleacach `hot-flagged', Magauran 2347 . idir shleasaibh do choim chláirthigh, DDána 122.13 .

With adj. derived from noun. mic Connil Cláiringnig flat-nailed , IT ii2 111.38 . do glaic Congail Chláringnig, LL 15112 . cumhdaighthi clarthairrngeacha `made of boards nailed together' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 108.28 . Niall on Challaind chlartholgaig, LL 15366 .

With past participle: cathbarr ciarrach clardedaighthi, ZCP x 299.10 . do chubachlaibh claruaighte na cceledh nDé made of planks joined together, Hugh Roe² 32.28 .

comaithches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithches or dil.ie/10690

Forms: comaithgess, comaigthes, comicheas, comaithchesa, comchesa, comaidhcis

n u, m. (comaithech). Also comaithgess, Trip.² 1671 . comaigthes, Hib. Min. 76 § 2 . comicheas, Laws v 462.19 . g s. comaithchesa, O'Curry 23 ( H 3.18, 10b ). comchesa, Laws i 272.y Comm. As o-stem comaidhcis, O'Curry 723 ( H 3.18, 346 ).

(a) neighbourhood relationship, legal situation of a comaithech, local community relations after land has been cleared and apportioned: bretha comaithchesa inso .i. c.¤ cangaibter a comorbus cenn congaibther c.¤ a comrainn selbha athar ar lín mac, O'Curry 23 ( H 3.18, 10b ). cid ara neibenar comaithces cumagnais andsin ? (sic leg.). arinni is comaith gnais caich diaraili do lomrad smachta ┐ cáiche; araili is comaithces arinni is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach why is it called neighbourhood of equal association ? . . . otherwise it is neighbourhood because the nobleman takes it equally with the commoner, Laws iv 68.2 ff. (cf. O'Dav. 524 ). can forbeir coimaithces ? A ilchomarbus (sic leg.) . . . Conrandat comarba cetamus a randa ┐ a sealba ┐ imfen cach dib fri araile, ┐ dobeir cach dib diguin diaraile, 68.19 ff. cid dofet a comaices ? Dofet rand ime what takes precedence in c. ? 70.1 .i. comaircim cid is remthechtach isin aithechus cumaide, 5 Comm. co dentar coimaices ? Anrandtar aile ar treisi; ingaibtar aile ime dia cuicti; inforcindtar aile dia dechmaide; incomalltar og ime dia mis, 18 . a ui Chuinn, co roich comaithceas crich ? . . . Co mmuir co ruth, co romuir, co roilbhi, co ramut bidbad (i.e. the division of land extends as far as forest-land, sea, mountain etc.), ZCP xii 363.11 . comhaithches ann so: Nach tír ná techta díorainn do muigh, no sleibh . . . dlighidh urrann innibh . . . ┐ rod do ṡliabh . . . this is a rule of c.¤ , any holding that does not include a portion of uncultivated land and mountain is entitled to such a portion and to access to it, Ériu xiii 33.18 . ni tuailing breitheamnacht la Feine na fiastar tellach ┐ comicheas mbruigrechta, Laws v 462.19 . brithem beras breith coir eter da comaidech rofiastar teora delba comaidcesa .i. smacht ┐ aithgin ┐ cathaig three aspects of the law of neighbouring land-holding, ZCP xii 363.4 ( O'Curry 20 ). atait secht n-aile la feine a comaithces nad usa adrodmaither a ratha: tond aile, tracht aile . . ., Laws v 270.13 . atait secht n-oirgni a comaithces, nadcon tuillet smachta . . .: ag imsoi dia eol, ag fris'roscrad a chond . . ., 268.17 . do denam a cota don c.¤ duty of a `comaithech', ZCP xv 315.27 . cadiat smachta ime ┐ comaicesa ? Smachta ime, rama fri clais, soc fri coraid, biail fri dairime (comaithig who failed to fence their holdings were subject to the confiscation of their tools), Laws iv 72.1 . arindi do nairgella cach ara cethrai a coir comathcesa frisna cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat, i 260.10 .i. ro comilledh in athachus comuidh do reir coir, 274.25 Comm. slán cech comaithchius curthar gellaib every neighbourhood relationship is sound, PRIA xxxvi (1923) 309.3 ( Laws iv 340.22 ). ar ocht cethraib bite for comaidches .i. bai ┐ mucca, eich, cairigh, gabair, cercca, beich, geoidh (i.e. which `count' in the rules of c.), ZCP xii 363.7 ( O'Curry 20 ). cain comaidhcis, O'Curry 723 ( H 3.18, 346 ). beo-dili fine . . . ni fuil ni eistib, a cuairt comaicesa (i.e. no payment is due to anyone on cattle found straying within the territory held by the comaithig), Laws v 324.19 Comm. a fidh chomaithchesa woodland subject to c., O'Curry 1026 ( H 3.18, 432a ). ised is cinta comaithchesa ann, iní do dena re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, re fer ┐ re arbar . . . offences against neighbouring landholders, Laws iii 186.1 Comm. nocho biaid comaithgess and in saeculum no settled occupancy(?), Trip.² 1671 . no is coimiches boi occu imon usqe (i.e. they had a right to the water such as would exist under the law of c.), Celtica iv 6.8 . ro baí imresain . . . im comhroinn ┐ im comhaightes a ccriche, AFM vi 2086.16 . Note also: ogṡaire na hecailse co brath, can ch.¤ sliged no cailled acht a bith i coi[t]chend . . . do cach Midiuch neighbourhood rights, Misc. Arch. Soc. 144.z .

(b) proximity, neighbourhood, occupation of adjacent territory; neighbourship; neighbourly relations : o sunn rancatar fodes / co Ioseph hi c.¤ , SR 3650 . comaithig . . . do M. Huī Māil ┐ ba holc . . . a chomaithcess doib (`neighbour- ship', Gloss.), Fing. R. 955 . dligid c.¤ caomclōdh, Anecd. iii 14.21 . ona borbaib barbardaib filet i c.¤ Gréc, LL 31207 ( TTr. 390 ). BB 416a25 . i lleth ri sruth Níl fodess / fri Affraic a comaidchess near(?), LL 16243 . Meoit ri hArmein aníar / i comaithchess nach rochian, 16267 . ba fae do cechta[r] de a comriachtain ┐ a comadces to encounter one another or to be in one another's proximity, Cog. 58.21 . Dall is Dorcha rís aneas/ri cromtha rí comaices, BB 351b44 . comhaithcheas .i. comharsanachd, O'Cl.

(c) strangeness, dissimilarity : ó chomaithcheas ┐ ó éxsamhlacht na ngalar `strangeness and variety', De Contemptu 1049 . Gramm.: gach táoibhréim úathaidh théid a coimhitheas (gcomoighthes v.l.) no is faide iná a ainm úathaidh which takes on a different form, IGT Decl. § 21 (75.17) . ó théid a ccomhuidheas tar a chruth féin, Introd. § 18 .

(d) estrangement, enmity : dogniter iarum comhaighthes friu ┐ diultad `unneighbourliness', Lism. L. 2898 . id bhrugh ní bhí coimhidheas / re duine do ṡíol Eabha, DDána 120.34 . táir ar gcoimheighthios cogoidh `our violent estrangement was a trifle', Studies 1921, 589 § 6 . dar gcora i gcomhuightheas `of setting us at enmity', Aithd. D. 65.21 . ní neamhoircheas / rí 's a chlann i gcomhaightheas `estranged', 7 . ? doberim mhe fein cen comaithes duid ┐ dena do bail fein dim, ZCP vi 49.2 (`without opposition'). is let-sa misi cen comait[h]us, 37.x . ? an grath (= .d) bes comhaitheas dia luighi, O'Curry 507 ( H 3.18, 257 ).

cruthaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruthaigidir or dil.ie/13279
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cruthugud, cruthaigthe

v g (1 cruth). Later also cruith-.

(a) creates, shapes, forms, produces : duslaid .i. cruthaigedar gl. massam . . . plasmantis, Ml. 140b5 . itir dóini ┐ idlu cruthaigter foacosmailius, 138c1 . roċruthaigsemmar camaiph . . . oen cháractar `formed', Sg. 9a22 . im cach nadbur na ro cuindrigther, no na ro cruthaigther `shaped into form', Laws i 184.19 . is tomtiu and co cruthaigfea in Comdiu . . . curpu dind adbur, LU 2594 . Día in cara rom cruthaige, 1330 . ra cruthaiged comairle occu `they held counsel', TBC-LL² 587 . 589 . is é do chruthaigh gort a's féar, Oss. iv 218 . dar an righ ro-d-chruith, Celt. Rev. x 133.32 . da gcruthaightear fan imlinn iad (of growth or abscess), 23 K 42, 202.13 .

(b) proves, establishes : cia cruthaigther in aithgin so do bith ac duine `though it is established', Laws iii 530.y Comm. ar dhá modh chruitheocham sin, O'Gr. Cat. 39.10 . mar a gcruitheocham 'san chéad chaibidil, Eochairsg. 13.30 . indearbh, cruthaigh = prove , Eg. Gl. 413 . cruthaidh orm nach bhfuil corp ┐ fuil Chriosd prove to (against) me, Luc. Fid. 4189 .

Vn. cruthugud. Part. cruthaigthe. Cf. cruthaid.

dech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dech or dil.ie/14869
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: deg, dechu

adj indecl. deg, Wb. 23 a 3 . 31 a 6 (in both cases before the verb as a verbal particle and only slightly accented; deg- as mad-(génatar) and not due to dag, as Thurn. Hdb. 227 suggests). deich, Tig. A.D. 648 . tech with unaspirated d after the cop. as, Ml. 37 d 3 . 73 a 10 .—Old- and Mid.-Ir. sup. of maith good. In Mid.-Ir. gradually superseded by ferr, the constant v.l. of dech in late MSS. Analog. dechu, Alex. 57 (LB). deacha O'R. — dech .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 315 . ACL i 62 no. 115 . O'D. Suppl. death .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 76 (if not = deagh). deach .i. fearr. ba dheach .i. ba fearr, O'Cl. is deich .i. is fearr, H 3.18 p. 530 .—Rhymes with ech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 .—Traced to Gk. δίκαιος: dech graece deceos iustus , O'Mulc. 303 .

A In the sense of the superlative. (1) in apposition to a subst.: Eo Rossa...dech duilib díriuch dronchrand best of creatures Dinds. § 160 . (2) predicatively in principal clauses: is dech a llécud ammain mani ni aithriged it is best to Mon. Tall. 128. 5 . dech dó (viz. do ríg) fosta cen ḟeirg, Tec. Corm. 1. 2 . (3) predicatively in relative clauses. (a) aire échta is deach, Laws ii 152. 1 f.b. ib. 280. 19 . leth is deach the best half, ib. v 78. 9 . ind ḟir as dech i nÉire, FB § 19 . (b) followed by a genitive or its equivalent (di): anastech tíre ised dorat dam, Ml. 37 d 3 . ised as dech na riaglae, Ériu i 193. 1 . anas dech dagóc fer ṅHérenn, TBC-LL¹ 441 . do neoch as dech engnomma bái díb, TBC-LL¹ 1675 Y.— ise læch is dech di ócaib domain, SCC § 13 . in áge is deach don ḟine the best chief of the tribe Laws v 502. 21 . sét is deach díb, ib. 242. 11 . anas dech di ócaib Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 441 . isé is deach díbsin uile, FDG 495 . (c) with do: it is best for . cid as dech do mnáib, ZCP viii 113. 5 . cid is dech do chléirech, LB 260 b 62 . cid is dech do ríg, Tec. Corm. § 1 . ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . (d) with la: deems the best , often = is ferr la prefers: ised insin astech latsu adopair dait, Ml. 73 a 10 . laech bas dech lib do Ultaib, FB § 13 . an robo dech leo dona trí cóictaib ingen, ib. § 54 . isí cethern is dech la ríg Temra, CF 73. 25 . cia lán bá deach lais, FDG 732 YBL (v.l. budh ferr lais). (e) as dech + verb: laech as dech fil la Ultu, FB § 9 . gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, § 14 . in cúicedach is dech búi i nHérind, TBC-LL¹ 1618 . fáith is d.¤ búi i nÉri, ACL iii 3. 13 . TBC-LL¹ 1104 Y; ib. 1297 . FDG 46 . —Superl. of mad + verb (cf. C): hiress innaní as deg rochreitset hi Críst, Wb. 31 a 6 (positive †madrochreitset). inní is dech reithes uad, Laws iii 294. 3 f.b. cliar Augustín... dech nochartais tredan, Fél. Nov. 16 (v.l. dóig, dáig). Looser is the connection with the verb in the foll. instances: anas dech dorala i Cruachain, TFerbe 384 . rí as dech tánic in ndomon, BDD § 39 . isí oiged (= aided) as deachu dothaed ríg, Alex. 57 . ib. 56 . Frequent in the phrase Fib (amail) as dech + verb just as, exactly as Celtica xiv 1 : fib as deg ropriched, Wb. 23 a 3 . eclais Dé...bíd a cert for leth feib as dech robái, Fél. 4. 10 . feibh as dech atsaitar dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . feib as dech atchuas, LL 147 a 16 . coro ícthar friss feib as dech atberat fir Héirenn, TBC-LL¹ 1613. 1622 . feib as deach rocuṁdaighedh feathal a nÉrinn, AFM ii 1156. 12 .— tucusa cor ┐ coibchi duit amail as dech téit do mnái, TBC-LL¹ 44 . ib. 2041 . donug amail is dech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 . amal is deach rotarclumad cech fled riam, Alex. 54 .

B In the sense of the comparative and followed by oldás, indás: ní rogab Albain ríg is deach oldás Domnall Brecc FDG 455 YBL (v.l. as fearr, Stowe MSS). ní rabatar ceitherna ríg Temrach ní ba deach ina occu side, YBL 325 a 25 . This usage arose through analogy with ferr.

C Oir. dech mad + verb = dech + verb (A e supra), superlative of mad + verb (mad-bocht, mad-búi, mad-génair &c.). This idiom has been concluded from the following instances: caite téchta prímgeine...cach fermac arosloice broind a máthar iar cétmuintir cóir cona coibsenaib réir a nanmcharat dech mo lesaigther eclais, Laws iii 38. 10 (Senchus Már, main text). .i. is deg mo lesaiges in eclais... .i. as dech lesaiges eclais, ib. 38. 22 (Comm.).— Ragallach mac Úatach gaeta dé muin geleich: Muirenn deich morochich (.i. rocaín) Cathal deich modereich, Tig. A.D. 648 (Oir. Poem, disyll. deäc, neët).— is tri ḟír flatha cach tlachta dia nime dech marómnaiter, LL 293 b 18 . Cf. dechmó-fuirmhe fionnsrotha 'bestens sollst du klare Ströme verbreiten', Akten Linz 136 § 1 ( Ériu xiii 35.23 ) The Mid.-Ir. equivalent of mad- is mo- (ma-): mogénair, or mon-: mon- génair, LU 36 b 7 ; BB 479 a 29 ; ní mandernais, LL 268 b 43 . The latter occurs in the Four Masters version of the poem quoted above: M. dechmon ro cich C. dechmon derich AFM i 260. 4 . See GOI § 384 .

adj dech fri best or most distinguished in: na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 .

do-caithi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-caithi or dil.ie/17285

Forms: tochaithid, tochaithem

v later tochaithid spends, consumes .

(a) Of time: dicathi gl. tantum spatii noctu exigit, BCr. 36c2 . ind da la . . dochaithi fri arrachtin gréne the two days which (the moon) spends in overtaking the sun, Thes. ii 33.22 . tóchathit a mbetha ina tírib fen co bás, Three Hom. 94.29 . ducha[i]ter gl. vitam quae in captivitate ducatur, Ml. 82a9 . ma ta troscud ┐ ní rotochaiter re in tairgille uile, Laws v 446.4 Comm. na gnima a tóchaiter saegul-rith na bethad doenna, PH 3991 . is amlaidh rothocaithedh F. a bhetha, Anecd. iii 4.23 . dia tóchaithem aimsir ar n-uli bethad dorér na scripturi if we spend, PH 6811 . pritchais . . . don chumail corothochathitis inn uile n-aidhche oc ernaigthe, Lat. Lives 59 . dorochaid huile aimsir a bethad occu , Trip.² 2634 . gurab ann . . . rothochaith a huile laithe, Fl. Earls 152.7 . durachthaisset gl. omne vitae suae spatium . . . exegerunt, Ml. 98b13 . dia tocaiter triar do daeraib a fuidres, i.e. if three generations have been fuidirs, Laws v 512.12 Comm. cid luaithi tocaiter apa in fecheman, O'Curry 2104 ( H 4.22 76b ). no go thocaithter cain, 2563 ( Eg. 88, 47 (48)c ). Absol. rothochaithsiot samhlaidh go diúidh September, AFM vi 2252.3 .

(b) Of food, goods, etc.: rothocaith bairgena, LB 128b48 . rothóchaith corp Crist he received the sacrament, BS 146.25 . rotochaith a dí brattán, AFM ii 880.7 . ? dodocaith na doibhdhá, ZCP iii 460 . docait[h] nododibdá, 461 . See do-cing. is a eiric uadha fein corothocaither a innile ┐ a tír inn till his cattle be spent in payment of it, Laws iii 68.8 . corotocaiter ór ┐ airged ┐ innile ┐ a thír inn, iv 244.15 Comm.

(c) Fig. nachitochthad fria choscc ní besíre let him not wear thee out, Wb. 31d11 . gid úathad lín in chaire | dochaitter menma aire attention is expended upon it, TBC-LL¹ 2358 .

Vn. tochaithem.

dochraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochraid or dil.ie/17377

Forms: dochrud, dochrud, dochuirde, dochruidi, doc[h]raidi, dochrud, dochraith

adj i. O.Ir. dochrud, -chruth u. (do + cruth). Used primarily of appearance unshapely, unsightly, ugly; applied to conditions and to moral actions or qualities, unseemly, indecorous, degrading (referring strictly to impression produced on an observer): dochrud gl. indecor, Sg. 65a12 . is dochruth comirsire na desse unseemly, Wb. 13a6 ; 10b16 . g s f. inna aisndísen dochuirde (leg. dochruidi?) cacophony , Sg. 203a4 . pl. doc[h]raidi gl. indecora, Ml. 68d2 . Adv. in dochrud gl. deformiter, 122c10 . in docrig (id.), Enchir. Aug. 83b ( ZCP vii 484 ). Of appearance: sé docraid adétig, FB § 37 . ba docraid a ecosc (deformis esse . . . videretur), Lat. Lives 88 . ba d.¤ ó gnuis, RC ii 392 . ben dub dúabais d.¤ , BDD § 38 . dá brói dubai dochraide léa, LL 401a22 . dochruth lee a delb, Lism. L. p. 325 . d.¤ cach dona the unlucky person passes for ill-favoured, Tec. Corm. § 13.22 . d.¤ cach daer, ACL iii 229 . bid in peccthach suairc sochraid, | bíd in fírian fird.¤ , LB 226 marg. inf. comaittreb salach dhocraid, PH 4331 . a Ifrind robrén rodochraidh, YBL 151b31 . i gcaidreabh . . . piast ndochraidh, TSh. 1109 .

Of manner, condition, morals, etc.: ba d.¤ nochaitis in bec bíd . . . ní bíd mías ná clár occu nā fuine, LB 155b52 . ni biamm indus ṅd.¤ we live in no unseemly way, Alex. 858 = i ndeis docruth, BB 498a34 . co mba d.¤ leo a cuirp cen fial impu, MacCarthy 56 . fri denam cuil rodochraidh (of fornication), Anecd. ii 14 . adarta dochraite in etraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 . a mogada dochraidhe base, vile , CCath. 3564 . briathra docraidhe ┐ taithairecha d'eisdeacht, Lib. Flav. i 21 va 5 . an ghéag gan ghuth nd.¤ , Ó Bruad. ii 112.27 . d.¤ fia[d] dóinib in bás sin shameful, ignominious (of crucifixion), PH 2378 . foghebha bás dochrudh, ZCP i 262 § 30 . ruccsat a ceann ┐ a chorp go dochraidh go hÁth C. ignominiously, AFM iii 4 . do chengail R. iat co dochraidh, RC xix 368 . gurab í is doichte ┐ is dochraide chaenglas é it is the body (colainn) which binds him most tightly, ignominiously, TSh. 7531 . ball d.¤ an `uncomely' member (cf. 1 Corinth. xii 23 ), one of the ignoble organs of the body, in med. treatises opposed to ball uasal (spiridálta), such as heart, brain, etc.: a mbald fuar dochraidh, 3 C 19, 272 va 21 . As subst. that which is unseemly, shameful: in loc dia mbu thabarthi ermitiu feid . . . dognitis cech ndochrad (sic MS.) and, Ml. 22a4 . tresin dochrad-sa fris unseemly behaviour towards him, Mon. Tall. § 36 . duairc les d.¤ a cuirp gil (of Adam and Eve), SR 1355 . Unhappy, in sad plight (?): ón uair dorochair in rí, | Gaidil Cruithnig dochraidi (`im Nachteil'), Festschr. Stokes 5.3 (but see dochraide). dochraidh .i. drúis ut est dochraidh an chuirp, O'Curry 1365 (H. 3.18, 624). dochraith .i. druis, O'Cl. ; dochraith lust, concupiscence , P. O'C. ; prob. an inference from use of word applied to sins of the flesh.

echtarda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echtarda or dil.ie/19555

adj io-iā foreign: v p m. a occu ailli echtarda, TTebe 417 .

érérgna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. érérgna or dil.ie/20265

adj (érer- ?) distinguished, surpassing: Argus ard érérgna, TTebe 3767 (insignem crinibus Argum, Theb. ix 758 ). a ōccu āilli érérgna, 655 (egregii juvenum ii 152 ). irnaidm na n-ingen erergna, 689 (egregiam Argian, etc. ii 203 ). Cf. 2 ér-, ǽr- and érgna, airgnae.

etarbúas, etarúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etarbúas, etarúas or dil.ie/20671

adj in mid-air, aloft: ní roiched bun a bunsaige lár trath co ngebed a barr etarla etarbuas, TBC-LL¹ 896 (= condagaibeth resiu dorodsad a bun for lār, TBC-I¹ 382 ). tarraid M. caem-dóit Congail eadarla eadarbhuas gan tibriud re talmain, MR 300.27 . gebthi C. in roth ┐ ba hetarbuas tarraid hé in mid-air he caught it FB 64 . no cinged for a chúlu etarbúas fot n-aurchora he would spring backwards in mid-air 88 . rolingestar in béist etaruas i n-aeor, LB 202a = PH 7237 . muna deachais isin ær edrauas [sic] for foluamain, BB 484b20 = Aen. 3175 . rolinges...súas isin ǽér eadarbhúas, BS 44.2 . Fl. Earls 140.15 . ossé etarbúas imbi imma cúaird FB 87 . masa comesargain do dib ordaib etarbuas if two sledges collide (while brandished) in the air Laws iii 188.15 Comm. ic foluamain isin ær eturuas, LB 230ax . amal bói in nathair umaide ic maccu Israel for slaitt etaruas, Todd Lect. vi 18.8 . rotócbait etaruas i tempul Ṡolman iat, LB 222a35 . an donāl doní an cū suas | ┐ a gob etarbhūas its muzzle thrust up in the air ZCP xiii 7.16 = Mélusine v 85 . mergi Fergail occu etrubuas ar totim a mergead uli, Cog. 176 y . isin aér edarbhuas, AFM vi 2012.10 . uaistibh ettarbuas, 2198.5 . an coibeis baoi uasda etarbhúas, Hugh Roe² 43.2 (f. 23a) . an firmament etirbhuas, AFM v 1700.11 . don aer etaruas, Fl. Earls 188.9 . -úais : lía cloiche ara dernnaind, ┐ dobered ró n-urchair di...┐ do rithed fuithe ┐ do gabad etarbuais ina glaic hi, Acall. 5811 . eadarbhúais, aidhmhillte, ar lithiughadh, doigh, amhluadh intinne, anbhùain, etc., Kirk .

Cf. eadarbhuas and eadarbháos ` bustle, tumult, fright, madness, Buil[e] Suib[ne],' P. O'C.

3 ethad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ethad or dil.ie/20833

n A Miracle of Learning = athad space of time (?) : ni bíd mias na clar occu na fuine na luchtairecht acht ethad becc opund don bíud...for barr na lasrach ┐ a ithe co hopund...lethom LB 155b54 (= athad, B. Fermoy 47a1 ).

fo-botha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-botha or dil.ie/22383

Forms: -fubth—, -bubth—

v (-fubth—, -bubth—, though these may be from a different word, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 477 ).

I Intrans. is alarmed, frightened: fobothaim (gl. consternor) Sg. 146b13 . PCr. 60b4 . 65b4 . ní bái ní ara fubthaitis occu there was no reason why they should be alarmed TFerbe 113 .

II Generally trans. scares, alarms, disturbs: co fota-bothad (gl. terreret) Ml. 33b16 . cid dia mbúpthai (fubthai v.l.) na báethlaegu ? why dost thou frighten RC ix 482.11 ( LU 1752 ). corgus ma fot-botha if Lent affright thee Fél. Nov. 15 . nach rouba (v.l. robda U, rubda Eg.) fuam in tsluaigh, TBC-I¹ 209 . a sciath in tan focrotha | a bidbadha fobotha RC xvii 173 (Tig.). Bruchst. i § 5 (= futbotha, AFM 614 ). batir da siabuir ┐ fobuthad cechtar de a chéile (of goblins or sprites) IT iii 245.62 . ? fa-mboith ... Finn `turns upon him' Fianaig. 24.4 . nā fubthad uaman do gnē, 16 § 43 . do Aed Ordnide na rofubthad, LL 181b38 ( Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 14 ).

Vn. fubthad, q.v.

fúacair, fo-úacair, fócair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúacair, fo-úacair, fócair or dil.ie/24589
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fuacair, fucair, fócrad, fodúacair, fonocuir, fanócrat, fosrocurt, fusocart, focart, fosrúacar, forfúacart, forḟócart, forrúacart, fosfogart, forócrad, forruacrad, fūacarthi, foigēra, fúaigeora, focertais, focerdais, foiceortar, ḟógair

v (-gair-). Early forms : ipv. 2 s. fuacair, LL 141b46 = fucair, Rawl. 76a21 . 3 s. fócrad, Tec. Corm. § 2.17 . pres. 3 s. fodúacair, Wb. 11b24 . fonocuir, Laws v 224 3 , 5 . 3 pl. fanócrat, LU 3784 ( SCC 35 ). perf. 1 s. fosrocurt, Wb. 24a26 . 3 s. fusocart, Thes. ii 240.18 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). ? focart, LU 3532 ( SCC 28 ). fosrúacar, SR 3514 (-t om. for rime with: do-chuatar ?). with inorganic f, forfúacart, 3729 . forḟócart, 4137 (but : rofuacart, 1230 ). forrúacart, LL 290b45 . Cf. fosfogart, 11a12 (1295) . Pass. perf. s. forócrad, Wb. 19b6 . LU 8184 . forruacrad, LL 275b41 . Vbl. of necess. fūacarthi, Celtica viii 66.74 .

Vn. fócra(e), fúacra (fúacra), later also fúacairt, q.v.

The -ē- fut. is exemplified in later MSS. : foigēra, Anecd. ii 8.16 . fúaigeora, Isaiah v 6 . sec. fut. pl. 3 focertais, focerdais BB 441b15 , 17 . pass. fut. foiceortar, BCC 374.6 .

Later simple vb. with s-pret.: do ḟógair , Aithd. D. 21.36 .

(a) proclaims, announces, makes known, discloses, reveals , generally of important or authoritative statements ; gl. indicare Wb. 11b24 . forócrad duib (céssad Crist) amal bid fiadib no crochthe, 19b6 . fīrinne, ce cruth a[s] fūacarthi? 'truth, how is it to be made known?', Celtica viii 66.74 . rofuacart [Dia] damsa is d'Adam : torud craind ... bethi mairb dia nd essabair, SR 1230 . forfuacair M. in eseirghi n-airrdirc dia n-ebairt ..., RC xvii 341.32 (Tig.) = foruaccart in eassgaire, AFM 979 (= `proclaimed' Ann. Clon.). foigera cach tuaidh a bhara, Anecd. ii 8 ( Airne F. 260 ; v.l. cath ; leg. cath thuaidh ?). fúagair ós áird cry aloud Isaiah liv 1 . fúagraidh croidhe na n-amadan amadánacht, Proverbs xii 23 .

With personal obj. : do ḟógair an ben í fein don loing made herself known to Ériu v 184.393 . cf. doratsat uili a mbreitir ... fri A. connach focertais cipe comairli doberad doib, BB 441b15 , in tan ... rogab A. for ar ccill ... nach focerdais na fir aili fair ib. 17 .

Passing into sense denounces: fúacrad do chach a chloíni (duty of an erenagh), Ériu iii 106.8 (cf. Wb. 24a26 cited below under (d)). co ffoccarthaoi slán é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh `that they might proclaim him not entitled to protection' AFM ii 1072.12 . noch ḟúagras an cionntach ceart `who justify the wicked' Isaiah v 23 .

Cf. in tand do fuagair agh when he announced a stag (i.e. gave the view halloo ?) IGT, Verbs ex. 420 .

(b) commands, orders ; warns , folld. by vn. or subordinate clause and DO or FOR of person : forfúacart Forainn ... for feraib ... Egept | na beth dó dín ..., SR 3729 . forḟócart Moisi ... forsin sluagh ... co ro marbtais in morslúag 4137 . focairther o Chund ... do Chumull facbáil Banba, Metr. Dinds. ii 74 (= asbert fris Ériu d'ácbáil, LU 3170 ). forócrad do Bricrind fácbáil in tigi, LU 8184 ( FB 13 ). forḟuacrad o Philip ... airmitniugud na huasal-baindse sin, Alex. 52 . cebē da foicerthai imtheacht, Lec. 420a19 = foigeortha, BB 191b1 . do fuagradh isin tsenrecht can muic do ithe, Maund. 61 . fōgrais a pēin mōir gan ōr ... do glacadh uaidip, Fl. Earls 78.26 . focrais Saul do claind I. na beth Dauid i crich ... occu , LB 129b8 : fucair ... do chlannaib Seth ... | naro ḟaema duine dib | ingena claine Caín, Rawl. 76a21 (= LL 141b46 ). focairther o Dil arna rogonta nech ... dona Déisib, Ériu iii 140z . fógair dhamh teacht `jube me ... venire' TSh. 2162 ( Matthew xiv 28 = aithin díomsa dhul NT 1602 ). a n-oibreachuibh nach fuagarthar, da ngarthar supererogativa, Luc. Fid. 306 . With personal object : nach focre fond[o]tocerthar any warning wherewith thou shalt be warned (= whensoever thou shalt be warned) Bürgschaft 22 § 65b .

(c) f.¤ cath (for nech) proclaims battle on, challenges (someone) to battle: fúacrais E. comlond dó féin ... forro, LU 8920 ( FB 69 ). forruacrad iarom cath lind indiu, LL 275b41 . fuacraid ... cath no comracc oenfir for Tadg, LU 3195 ( RC ii 90 ). forruacart ... comrac desse for Eogan, LL 290a45 ( RC xiii 456 ). fuacairthir uad cath no cain | o Lugaid for firu Fáil, LL 210a29 . foccrais cor gleaca fair challenged him to a wrestling-match CCath. 2937 . is e int E. rofocrad comrith n-echda ar gach fer who used to challenge every man in horse-racing TTebe 2305 . do ḟógradar cath ar thri macaibh C., Keat. ii 1462 . With omission of direct obj. : ro ḟócair ḟort in a thig he challenged thee Metr. Dinds. iv 364 . Cf. also : ro ráidh Berach fris : Fuaccair-si iad sin ar tús ... ┐ ni rofúacair forra acht ro theilcc forra ... `challenge [warn ?] them' (before attacking them) BNnÉ 38 § 72 .

(d) with person as obj. proclaims (in hostile sense), denounces ; declares outlaw, banishes: cf. fosrocurt duib (gl. multi ... quos saepe dicebam vobis) Wb. 24a26 . fusocart Éndae C. fu bíthin creitme had denounced them because of their believing Thes. ii 240.18 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). fócrad foglaide `let him proclaim [i.e. banish] robbers' Tec. Corm. § 2.17 . rofhuacratar in drai asin tír `ordered ... out' Lism. L. 1223 . raith tar cend cet-muintire fonocuir a cetmuinter, Laws v 224.5 . conad hi sin [viz. Herodias] cetben chuil rofuacrad riam isin domun who was publicly denounced ZCP xiv 148.7 . go foigeoradh ri Erenn ... aisde é would banish him therefrom (i.e. from Rathain) BCC § 121 . foiceortar ... as do tighernas tu, § 348 (p. 374) . ro fuaccradh Ua C. ┐ Ua M. fó Érinn were proclaimed (traitors) throughout Ireland AFM v 1496 . fuagarthar ón eaglais iad mar lucht dún-mharbhtha ... `ab ecclesiis excludantur' TSh. 4640 . With FOR (AR) (cf. (b)) : oirne an uair do ḟógrubhar `after thou hast banished me' TD 3.44 . With obj. of thing repudiates, disclaims: mad forfoccra curu a meic co fiastar cāch, Laws iii 58.2 . cipe fāsus do chathugudh in lai-si fos fuacraim-si ┐ atcuirim whatever accrues from to-day's fighting I renounce and reject CCath. 4600 . Cf. fir ... na fograither cuir whose contracts are not disclaimed Ériu xiii 31.22 .

(e) with acc. of thing and DO of person adjudges, awards (to) ; orders to be given (to), hands over: ro fhócair a ccadhas féin d'eacclais ┐ d'ealadhain (i.e. announced that the privileges of church and poetry should be respected) AFM v 1666 . ag sin th' oighen acc an cceithirn ... ┐ fuagraim duit é ... Gabhaim lais, iv 788 = Focraim h'aigin det ... Gaibim lais, ar in C., Ann. Conn. 1406 . gur eirgettar na leinibh béo ... ┐ do fhoccair da maithribh iatt delivered them over to their mothers BNnÉ 198.4 . With Ó of person adjudges from, takes away from ; (reflex.) gives up claim to, renounces (publicly) : d'fhógair an abdhaine uaidh he resigned TSh. 5058 . ro foccradh uatha an baile don iarla they surrendered the castle to the earl AFM vi 2108.17 .

fuidel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuidel or dil.ie/24768

Forms: fuigell, fuighell, fudell, fuidle, Fuidell

n o, m. remnant, remainder ; acc. to Thurn. ZCP xiv 392 vn. of fo-díla; acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 110 an adaptation of Welsh gweddill `remnant'. Found once in Glosses ( f.¤ scél, Thes. i 6.16 ); in later MSS. commonly written fuigell and sometimes confounded with fuigell (O.-Ir. fugell, fugall) `judgment'; for an instance cf. breth i. brēt .i. fuidell, ar is fudell nach aile in brēt, ar rosfuc nach aile remand in ṁbreth (i.e. a `brét' [fragment] is what is left by someone else and similarly a judgment is based on precedent), Corm. Y 109 = breth .i. fuigell ar is fuigell neich ele in breth, LB 264a2 ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 6 ). Cf. fuigheall (ó dhá chéill), i.e. representing both `fuidel' and `fuigell' IGT, Decl. § 53 .

(a) that which is left over; a remnant , often folld. by part. gen. and commonly used of food: ba himdha fuidhel for slaitt | hi taigh i mbith mac [B]laithmheicc `leavings of plunder' (?) AU 670 = fuighell, Tig. 670 , fudell, CS 667 (perhaps slaitt here is used of the cooking spit; if it = slaid the rime is imperfect, but of course not impossible in a poem of the class). dia forraib fuidel fo leith | a loscud duib if aught be left over (of the Paschal lamb) SR 3919 . do fhiafraig B. ... in roibhi fuigheall acu ó linn na cascc, Lism. L. 1378 . leis fudell mo rúanodo `he shall have my champion's leavings' ZCP iii 214.6 ( LU 9670 ). fuigell na haine ... a tabart don acurach, Ériu v 22.13 . no gur chaith fuigheall feisi Teamhrach an oidhche sin (of a king returning in triumph) ML 88y . gan fleadh ... acht an fuigheall do bhíodh d'éis Danar da sásughadh féin di, Keat. iii 2773 . ná samhail fleadh re fuigheall, Aithd. D. 49.38 . íosuid ┐ biaidh fuighioll aca, 2 Kings iv 43 . is hí thuc lé coirthi Chamchaille .i. fuigell an roith the remaining fragment ZCP viii 332.14 = fuidell, LL 331b53 . fuidel, Rawl. 157.44 . is do fuidheall in tuir dorignedh in Baibiloin, BB 300a29 . foigheág d'ḟuigheal chuaine Cuinn scion of the survivors of Conn's brood Aithd. D. 25.11 . With gen. of pers. (of what is left uneaten at a meal): bérthair dam ┐ tinne di immach ┐ mo fuidell sa, LU 6989 ( BDD 63 ). o roscaith ... ní ba lor lais don bíud sin, dorat dóib a ḟuigell cum manducasset ... reliquias dedit eis PH 6712 . dfuadar a sáith ┐ do mhilleadar a bfhuigeall don bhia, ZCP ii 552z . fācbait secht clēib d'fuidlib de (cf. Matthew xv 37 ) SR 7655 . batar .xii. cliab dia fuigill occu , LB 149a6 ( Matthew xiv 20 ). pl. (in distributive sense): cf. fuidli [fuigli v.l.] faidbi, IT iii 75 § 37 , which Meyer renders `schnelles Aufräumen' Bruchst. i § 44 . aithenna .i. fuidle na crand (i.e. splinters), Corm. Y 76 . nipsa cháu sa imlomtha fuidell a hound that cleared away leavings (gnawed fleshless bones) LU 9327 . Folld. by gen. of ÁR or similar word, of those who have survived or escaped from slaughter, etc. (cf. use in d below): fuigheall a c[h]laidim no a chatha, Caithr. CC § 58 . gur bho fuigheall gaoi ┐ cloidhimh [d'Eogan] é (of a warrior with many wounds) ML 140.31 ( ML² 1921 ). d'iarsma ┐ d'fuighell áir gallócclach nGearaltach, AFM v 1826.6 . fuighioll áir m'aosa cumuinn `my last surviving friend' Studies 1918, 452 .

(b) pl. fuidle the remaining (days of winter; see fuidlech) : sméra dubha 'sna fuighlibh, BNnÉ 153.1 (cf. LU 9725 cited s.v. faílech). A somewhat doubtful ex.

(c) that which is supplementary, extra, still to come: trí cháoga damh ... um chaoga muc da ffuighioll `with fifty pigs thrown in' Duan. F. i 15. 12 . iomdha peacadh nach léir leam ... na bhfuigheall many sins unknown to me besides A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 17 . d'eagla go mbeith fuidheall péine ré a íoc i bpurgadóir air, TSh. 5849 . do réir bliadhan a nfuighill `according to the years that remain' (until the year of Jubilee) Levit. xxvii 18 .

(d) folld. by gen. of abstract noun in certain idiomatic expressions in sense outcome (of) while in this use it can often conveniently be rendered `object,' the basic notion is `what has survived (a process)': fuigeall beandacht brū Muiri, ACL iii 244 § 1 ( Aithd. D. 49 ). fuighell beandachtan Dé duind | altóir Padraic `the consequence of the blessing' Leb. Cert. 54.1 . fuidheall beannacht a bhiodhbhadh `the object of his enemies' blessings' TD 17.54 . fuighell mallacht fer nEreann uile `object of execration to all the men of I.' (viz. John Tiptoft) Ann. Conn. 1470.9 (i.e. `a person upon whom the ... execrations of the Irish had been heaped' O'Don. iv 1068 n.). fuigheall formaid fuil Dāluigh, Irish Texts ii 103 . fuigheall formuid fonn Sligidh | bés dó ... | cinnemhuin tnúith na timcheal, TD ii 220 ( 23 L 17. 53a ). fuigell faitbidh a laughing-stock Celt. Rev. iv 20y . Cf. an mac mallachtach ... ┐ in fuigill fill ┐ fingaile, Grail 3102 , and: conar fāgbad in claidem sin a fuighell buille (i.e. that its blow should be immediately fatal ?) 3201 R (which seems the better reading). For other exx. see TD ii 220 . Here probably: is tochrádh é gan fhuigheall `unmitigated suffering' [without result, useless ?] O'R. Poems 2828 .

As alleg. n.pr. m.: Fuidell mac Fiadmire (name of a steward) IT iii 244.41 .

gait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gait or dil.ie/25273

Forms: goid, goide, gada, gada, gat

n ā, f. (with d s. for n s.) n s. goid; g s. goide, gada; n p. gada, IGT Decl. § 42 . n s. gat, Irish Texts iv 18 § 1 ; 20.9 . O'Mulc. 608 . vn. of gataid. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168.

(a) taking away, abstracting (something from a person): gait an anmae díb the taking of their name from them, Ml. 70a5 . ní chaemnaic in ṅ-gabail do gait do lár ind átha to remove (i.e. to tear up) the fork, TBC-LL¹ 763. 738 . co súilib dessaib tennaib | do gait asa coemchennaib, SR 5556 . is gait claidib al-láim Ercail (of a difficult undertaking), Metr. Dinds. iv 100.2 . nin do gait ás by taking away the letter n, Cóir Anm. § 162 . dia gait d'ḟir úaib a talmain `for any man of you to pluck [it] from the ground,' Metr. Dinds. iv 78.2 . Sás gada céile Colla | do ghlaca séimhe sunna, L. Cl. A. B. 216.41 . BNnÉ 268.15 . toradh na ngéag arna ghaid `the trees' fruits fallen,' Dán Dé xvii 15 . Rarely in an entirely favourable sense: dognid umaloit doside im ghait a iallacrand de removing his sandals, Lat. Lives 87.13 . intan ba mithig a gait de cīgh to take her from the breast, Irish Texts i 3 § 5 .

(b) purloining, theft, robbery (in later language almost exclusively used in this sense): brath ┐ gat ┐ coibnius do orguin, Irish Texts iv 18 § 1 . is chom-chol gat nich ..., ib. 20.9 . ? gat ebraice fortitudo .i. quia per uim rapitur , O'Mulc. 608 . oc gait a bíd aire ar écin, BDD 54 . Ba saeth lia brathrea gait disi in tinscrae erru, Irish Texts i 6 § 16 . bean gatas .i. doni gait, Laws v 176.10 Comm. ; i 56.10 Comm. mad gait gataiter he if it is stolen, iii 208.11 . mas ar eigin no mas a ngaid rugad a seoit o nech, iv 270.16 . beodile coníc a gait budein livestock that can steal themselves (i.e. slaves), iii 432.9 . gatsatside na teora gata ... .i. mucc ┐ ag ┐ bo, BDD² 194 . bretha im gatta Judgments regarding Thefts (title of fragmentary Law Tract, H 2.15A. 38a ( Irish Texts iv 18 ). dogniat gait er Dhia, PH 7682 . ni dentar gait gan rún gaite, 7547 . gaitt irisech a pious theft, BColm. 84.10 . ib. 78.28 . ech ... mo derbrathar ... is é a goid dorinnis, ZCP vi 288.27 . fer ... nó díghladh gach gaid ┐ gach slad, CCath. 54 . ná roléicc goitt ná meirle ... do éirge ina reimhes, AFM vi 2374.7 . i ngait by theft, by stealth: is side ruc in mac legind leis i ngait dar muir, LU 2923 . Finnach foglaid robái i ṅgait isin sciaich, LL 354 marg. inf. 274b28 . luid Buchet for teiched ... i ṅgait, RC xxv 24.8 . oca chreicc a ṅgait, LB 155a57 . fer gaite meirle, Triads 141 . i fich na gaite, O'Dav. 900 . cosc gada, Keat. ii 5090 . fulang gada, TD 38.11 . rún gada, Ó Bruad. i 46 . biad ngaide stolen food, ZCP xiii 20.1 . mur gach mart ngoidi like any stolen ox, viii 541.6 . arbur gaide stolen wheat, Todd Nenn. 217 n . acht é 'na atán ghada a stolen hat, TD 38.9 . ní fuinmilsed gata ina flaith, BDD app. 168 ( LU 8021 ). gada ocus aircealla, Laws iv 270.26 . cen gáibthe gat `free from perilous thefts,' Metr. Dinds. iii 82.71 . toirmesc trod is glíadh is gad, IGT Decl. ex. 1162 . creacha fada ... gada dob' áil orra d'úaim, ex. 1214 .

(c) Transf. that which is stolen: a ithe ... leth-om amal bid gait nobíd occu , LB 155b57 ; ib. 12 . gat d'ithedh (s.l.) to eat stolen food, Laws i 56.10 Comm. ri ithis gait, Laws v 172.16 = ZCP xv 342 § 33 . iarair goidi (gaite LB), Anecd. iii 22.5 . in gaid airgither a cengal don crand, O'D. 568 ( H 3.17, col. 440 ).

(d) In cheville (meaning uncertain): biathsat na habaidh gan gait | náim in cataigh re caocait, SG 25.16 . ri gan gait, Fen. 58.7 . ib. 136.15 .

Compd. ¤bratt plunder: gatprat fo comang .i. gabsat dí marc hi n-athgabhāil, ZCP vii 305.13 .

gleccach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gleccach or dil.ie/26023

(glecc)

adj I o,ā of or belonging to wrestling; pugnacious: dail glecach, gonach, glifiteach, Cog. 158.4 . glaim glecach galach, 8.

n II ā, f. wrestling, scuffle: d s. isin gleccaig nobíd occu díblinaib, LB 155b32 = roim an scribgail gleacaidh, B. Fermoy 47a, col. 1 .

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