Search Results

Your search returned 41 result(s).

1 adba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adba or dil.ie/329

 

Forms: adhbha, -aidh, adbad, adhbhadh

n , f. Vn. of *ad-fen (see Lochlann ii 203 ). Later also t, f. adhbha f. (ó dá chéill an tráth téid a réim asda. d s. -aidh. g s. -adh n p. -tha), IGT Decl. § 4 . Also adbad: adhbhadh (: adhbhar), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 5 .

Abode, dwelling place: Beccán . . . hi Cluain aird a adbae, Fél. May 26 . díambá ha.¤ ind a.¤ sin, LU 2458 . robad á.¤ daíscarsluaig, Trip.² 2399 . it adbai do demnaib indsin `these are abodes of the devil', Rule of Tallaght 74 § 42 . a a.¤ bunaid his original home, PH 7302 . isind adbai n-iffernaidi, Ériu ii 142 § 158 . téged cách díb iarom dia adbuid, LB 110b9 . as imdha aitti ┐ a.¤ aili ocon Coimdhi, Lism. L. 3703 . re h-innarba h-anma---in adbaid a n-aigérthar uirre a h-uilc MR 294.2 . i n-adhbhaidh fhalaimh, DDána 17.10 . go hadhba Poil is Pedair, (i.e. Rome), BNnÉ 283.4 .

Of the lairs of animals, etc.: a.¤ ron abode of seals (kenning for the sea), Bruchst. i 65 § 149 ( IT iii 38 § 24 ). ? do berlaib cech mil bladmair / dia n-ergnaib dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264 (could also be referred to 1 adb or 2 adba). a.¤ én, LU 3046 . condaberat leo dia n-adbai (adba, adbaid v.ll.) (locusts carrying away grapes), Ériu ii 192 § 3 . a n-adhpaid con, RC xi 130.38 . i n-a.¤ oss ┐ fíadmíl ┐ sinnach, TBC-LL¹ 5996 . dober-sa cach bó ┐ cach ben díb . . . co aitte ┐ co adbái fadessin, 4757 . gur charas an adhbhadh so tream' oileamhuin uirthe (a stag of the oak in the forest near which he was reared), Celt. Rev. x 136.16 .

Various applications: is a.¤ ega an ni atciam abode of death (i.e. a dangerous place to enter), RC xiv 54 § 66 . iar n-adbai escai .i. rofitir in n-a.¤ i mbí in t-ésca il lo ┐ in grían i n-aidchi RC xxvi 18 § 37 . rop a.¤ sciath ┐ scen, Metr. Dinds. iii 314.5 . Of the grave: in ben mór in Dagda dond / ní duachnid a n-a.¤ and, LU 4140 . a techt i n-hūire a.¤ `the abode of clay' (i.e. the grave), Fianaig. 10.16 . See also under othan. Of the body: inghnadh eagla gum anmain / mo dul as[in] drochadh- phaigh, ZCP xii 367.4 . a ádbai na ndoel (voc.), PH 8256 . iar ndenumh ádbai indat, 8278 (the body to the soul). Of a warrior: adhbha na gcraoiseach, LL 394.29 . an fer bhus adhbha sochaidhe coiseóna féin Righe `rallying-point', ITS v 26.6 . In Laws translated property: amboi (= ambua) adba .i. domo (= doma) seoit, Laws v 182 n.2 . fobith bana.¤ taisic `because female possession reverts', Laws iv 16.24 .i. fon fath is a.¤ dar coir aisec in feraind, 18.12 Comm. In kennings: Adhbha Ír Ireland, TD 19.16 . adhbha . . . chuaine Chuirc Cashel, 5.10 . Of ship: nach raibh aco lóng gan leónadh ná athbha gan fosgla, CF Eg. 22 .

aidemm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidemm or dil.ie/870

 

Forms: aidimm, idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim

n ā, f. Also aidimm i, m. See GOI p. 163 . Found in a great variety of forms: idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim etc.

The general sense is instrument, implement, tool used in a variety of applications, see Plummer, Ériu x 118 . aidmi oipretho pectho ref. to membris nostris, Wb. 3c14 . arnaib aidmib gl. pro instrumentís uindictæ, Ml. 54b4 . ind adim (in adim, MS.) gl. instrumentum est diuinae iustitiae, 49b7 (see GOI loc. cit.); ?read i n-adim as an instrument, Plummer MS. notes. Of musical instruments: alaaile aidme ceuldae, Ml. 51c5 . aláaili aidme in chiuil, 89a9 . it hæ didiu ind aidmi asmbeirsom .i. organa , 8 . inna aidmi (a pl.) gl. instrumenta musica, 75c3 . caraid som inna aidmi in chiuil amal carthar inducbál, 4 . anmand aidmi ciuil, Auraic. 1482 . Of writing-implements: Tadhcc . . . do sgrib an beccan sin . . . le drochaidhme, L. Chl. S. 74.5 . Of shaving-implements: aidhme in berrtha, Lism. L. 2630 . Of agricultural implements etc.: aidme claidi in talman, Trip.² 921 . cona aidhmibh iarnaidhe . . . an talam do tochailt dona haidmibh, BNnÉ 323 § 34 . cen chlaidbe adma fige `without rods or implements of weaving', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.30 . aidhme legha, H 3.18, 71c11 . Of travel-requisites: aidmi na conaire, TTr.² 590 . na huile aidhme ro báidhid innte ó chen, AFM iii 42.9 . aidmi gl. armamenta nauis ( Acts xxvii 19 ), Thes. i 498.27 (Ardm.) ra iarraidit as cech aird a h-adbara ┐ a áidimmi (of building a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 122 ). Of sports-requisites: a aidhme ainesa, TBC St. 908 . aidme (aidhbena, v.l.) ainesa, TBC-LL¹ 2247 . Of weapons: fo aicni na haidhme dar feradh in fuiliuga[dh] according to the nature of the weapon with which the wound was inflicted, O'D. 874 ( H 3.17, c. 627 ). mas tre ésce ferfaithir na cneda, cibe aidim trisa ferthair, 2323 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 34a ). cach udhim aidmillti, CCath. 4139 . dorónsat gaill aidhme iongnaithe damhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta, AFM iii 280.w . focerdsi iolar ndaoine go hEirinn cona n-aidhmibh techta leo 'with the necessary arms', vi 2000.6 , cf. ataat a aidmi téchte lasin n-aidchi (leg. aithech? Notes), BDD² 1355 . aidhme toghla an chaisteoil do dhénamh leó, AFM vi 1980.6 . Of furniture, vessels, etc.: aidmib h-in airc . . . co h-ulib, LB 123a47 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh ros foghain di, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.20 . fa hiad aidhme a adhbhadh, DDána 83.13 . Esp. of ecclesiastical utensils: huanaib aidmib noibaib robatar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . aidme altoire, Laws i 232.4 = itmi a.¤ , O'Curry 809 ( H 3.18, p. 374a ). in altóir cona haidmib téchtaib, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ruc brait móir a cathraig ṅDé / ┐ romill a aidme, ZCP iii 19.19 . mess cet n-unga do aidmib aiffrinn Ceallaig, AU ii 98.5 . crosa ┐ polaire ┐ tiagha leabur ┐ aidhme eclusdai arcena, Lism. L. 968 . aidme coiserca .i. airc . . . in coimded ┐ na table cloche . . ., YBL 169a18 . ? a cethair soisgéla ana láim féin ┐ sceota na n-aidhbheagh ar muin cléirigh re chois, Imr. Brain 64.10 = sceota na n-aidhbéadh, 31 . Of plough-traces, harness: no ticcedh damh allaidh . . . gusan seisrigh no gusan ughaim ┐ do theigedh 'san ughaim uadha féin, ZCP x 4.12 . do chuir a nughaim na ccámhull íad in the camel's furniture, Gen. xxxi 34 . a srien ┐ a n-audhaim `of their bridles and harness', Fl. Earls 252.27 . Of the membrum virile: mas i a uidim ro benad asin duine, Laws iii 354.15 Comm.

Technical name for the ring or hoop with which the hurdles of an enclosure or pound were fastened together (see Plummer loc. cit.): udim .i. nomen dond rōi (roid, v.l.) triasa tēit in crand bīs forsin clēith ocon udmad, nō occa dūnad, Corm. Y 1269 `u. is the name of the great ring through which passes the stake on the hurdle, fastening it with an u. or closing it', Plummer. udhma .i. uaim arin fidh .i. . . . in idh bec bis a[c] comat in cumainn, O'Dav. 1615 . ar cul a comla . . . .i. ni fuaslaicther de dogrés .i. aidhme fonaisctear and, O'D. 1182 (H. 2.15 p. 45 (69)b) `behind the door . . . i.e. it is never released thence, that is, `aidhme' are fastened on it', Plummer (see udmad). Similarly in phrase a.¤ corthi: udhaim corthi .i. idh uaim .i. uaim in fedha, O'D. 1208 (H. 2.15, 83a). audoim .i. roi[d] gait, ut dicitur audaim corthe, O'Curry 124 ( H 3.18, p. 75 ). aí daim choirthe (audaim coirthi, audhoim corthi, audim corad v.l.), IT iii 36 § 18 ; 37.2 , 6 , 8 .

In general sense of means, cause: aidim duinibaidh, RC xxxvii 347 § 42 . Cf. aidme.

1 ansae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ansae or dil.ie/3771
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ins(a)e, ins(a)e

(ass(a)e). Also ins(a)e, see GOI 544 . Always ins(a)e in Wb. in positive copula sentences, Thurn. ZCP i 5 .

I Adj. io, iā. Not used attrib. in O. Ir. Glosses.

(a) hard, difficult (to do): is insæ in ball do thinchosc neich asberad cenn, Wb. 13a19 . Frequ. in phr. is a.¤ do: nipa anse dúib mo intsamil, Wb. 19d18 . niba anse duit, 29d21 . amal nách nannse ṅdúib, 6d9 . is inse a ndímiccem, 4c2 . is inse ṅduit, 5b28 . ba inse dún epert gue, 14c29 . ni anse són, Ml. 45d20 . ba ansa dóib immthecht i tír, Trip.² 1525 . cid ansa don curp `if it is hard for the body', Mon. Tall. 149.22 (§ 60) . bá ansa damsa óenadaig / la demon co n-ír, LU 9441 . is andso (.i. is dolig) dam-sa ém a brethugud, 8777 . atá nech risnid andsa (.i. risnad dolig), 4004 ( SCC 45 ). is indsa don memor cachtad in cind, Laws iv 54.22 Comm. mo thaeb dess is mo tháeb clé / andsa mess for cechtar de, LL 9463 . dambad fherddi in cóiced a bith ace ra blíadain ni hindsa a bith ace it is not impracticable for him to have it, MU² 84 . Adv. ní géis co ansa do not make a difficult request, LU 3487 ( SCC 26 ). Of persons hard (to cope with), troublesome: dindí as na.¤ . . . á cenél sin `for that that nation is troublesome', Ml. 104a6 .

The phrase ní ha.¤ is commonly used to introduce an answer to a question in meaning well, as a matter of fact: cannas ro hainmniged? nī hannsa. Léna mac R. . . ., Sc.M² 23 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach ? ní anse: arindí crenas . . ., Críth G. 1 . ced ón, cía sút ? ní hannsa . . . Conchobar . . ., MU² 550 . cindus nodngebtar ? . . . ninsa, Mon. Tall. 140.27 (§ 33) . cait a mbi si . . . ninsa .i. ni handsa, Laws v 2.7 Comm.

(b) hard in sense of unpleasant, unfortunate, sad: an cádhus do chleacht idir / ionnsa a dhul a ndímhigin (of poetry), Studies 1923, 421 § 3 . ionnsa don truaill-se atá umainn / an lá fhuair-se urraim uain `bad for this body of mine the day I spared it', Dán Dé xix 3 . ionnsa saor-shlat gan a síol / sníomh liom-sa th'Aonmhac, a ógh `sad that branch robbed of its seed', xxvi 37 . mar tám is ionnsa lem aithghin `my state is hard for one like me', Studies 1919, 74 § 13 . innsa re n-áes cumtha cóir / . . . / a dal ar lúi mara móir, BNnÉ 97 § 3 . cid innsa oc Mongḟind though it be unpleasant for M., Ériu iv 96 § 20 .

(c) In attrib. use: in leó húathmar a.¤ formidable , BDD² 515 . laech ansa do dingbail a gasciud fon samail, LU 6205 (TBC). tír ṅdúaig . . . co n-ócaib ansib, TBFr. 386 . ruc mac n-annsa die muintir troublesome(?), Corm. Y 878 . dús in [n]dernsaid nach gním n-insa `evil deed', Celtica iv 20.240 . a Comgaill cáid annsa 'o dear holy Comgall' Éigse xiv 20 § 7 .

Compar. ansu, Ml. 85c14 ; 95d13 ; 131b4 (see Suppl.) gl. gravius, cf. 133a4 . ánsu de (andsati v.l.), Trip.² 2593 . iss andsu dúib ind naithir fail ocon dún, TBFr. 414 . ba handsu dó meic Nectain / do chur assa prímlepthaib, TBC-LL¹ 1479 . imraidset . . . nípád ansu C. acht tuctha a cletíne airi, LU 5802 (TBC). andso dóib ma tát i péin / cen adrad Ríg roithes gréin things will be more difficult for them if they fail to . . ., LL 4167 . comtis annso a phiana oldas mar ata, Ériu ii 142 § 152 . gnim rob indsa dún, LB 116b46 .

Superl.: a n-as ansam diib (of difficulties), Wb. 10b1 . cid as andsam (.i. dolgi) lib ropridchastar in clerech, LU 9746 . inn é sin as andsam fil la Ultu hardest to deal with, 4837 . tene bas andsom lat dod loscud `the fire thou most dreadest to burn thee', Mon. Tall. 136.16 (§ 24) . andsum dire treibdire most difficult to assess or give a ruling on, Laws iii 458.12 . secht frithberta . . . ada andsum do ursciathu[d], v 290.17 . annsom i notrus . . . biatad ┐ tarrsunn `most difficult in nursing', BCrólige 24 . it e . . . ata andsam . . . oc sáigded, Alex. 504 . cid as andsom leat tucais? `what was hardest for thee to bring?', ZCP i 459.10 . ? Attrib. fer croda annsam chain . . ., TBC-I¹ 3169 . mac dorighne écht n-annsom, Cóir Anm.² ii 46 § 162 .

II As subst. difficulty, trouble: nacham tair olc na hindsa, LB 106b48 . luach é gan ionnsa, BNnÉ 204 § 49 . da indsa dec in domain abuses, Flower Cat. 489.3 . ní eadar gá ionnsa as mhó what greater difficulty(?), Dán Dé xxvi 28 . is cead liomsa a Dhé mo dhul / beag n-ionnsa é do eadar I know it is not difficult to say, xxv 17 . uch cid ro batar dam-sa / na ro ḟegsat ardinsa `great vexations', TFerbe 479 . Superl. used as subst.: dethfir itir in andsum ┐ in ecmacht: in t-annsum .i. is doiligh do neoch an fadbail, Laws v 222.7 Comm.

athlaime

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athlaime or dil.ie/4804

 

n (athlom) dexterity, agility, quickness: dirósced C. diib uile ocon cliss ar áne ┐ a.¤ , LU 10147 . ar deine ┐ a.¤ a marcachais, Alex. 251 . i n-a.¤ na fandle quickness of a swallow, TBC-LL¹ 528 . re ha.¤ a n-ogbad, MR 190.23 . lucht athlaimhe ar choraibh ceoil (of a choir of angels), DDána 17.19 . re ha.¤ a n-inggabala, TTebe 4477 . re hathloime na h-imgona, MR 268.5 .

bertaigid(ir)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bertaigid(ir) or dil.ie/5740
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bertnaigid, na-robertnaiget, no-mbertaigedar, ram-bertaig, bertugad

v = 2 bertaid shakes, brandishes . Also bertnaigid. ro bertaigset gl. (tela) uibrauerunt, Ml. 26d5 . na-robertnaiget gl. (ut non) . . . uibrent, Gild. Lor. 80. bertaigthus for lár in taige he shakes them (viz. arms), LU 5044 (TBC). bocgais ┐ bertnaigis . . . na harmu, TBC-LL¹ 1083. With refl. inf. pron. shakes oneself (in exultation, anger, etc.): no-mbertaigedar `he exults ' (Gloss.), Sc.M² 4. in tan didiu ro[n]d-mbertaigestar ocon muicc, 15 . nos bertnaigend co ráemid in cholcid boí foí, LU 10478. ram-bertaig he shook himself (in his pleasure), TBC-LL¹ 109. ? ro beartaig briathra co bind, Lec. 209vb15 = ro bechtaig, LL 16836. ní taithbis curu bél bertaigter (MSS bertaigther, bertaigdar) 'you should not dissolve contracts which are proclaimed (?)', Contract Law 168 § 36 . See sclann. Vn. bertugad.

bleith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bleith or dil.ie/6118

 

Forms: mleith, bleithi, bleithi

n f. Mid. Ir. form of mleith, q.v. b.¤ ┐ mbleith ┐ meilt, cóir, beilt lochdach . . . b.¤, beil a dhénmhus neith, IGT Introd. § 66. bean bheilte na brón—(cóir), ibid.

I

(a) act of grinding, milling: foremthes a b.¤ (barley), Thes. ii 335.31 . ocbleth bron, Corm. 14. bla muilind b.¤ the exemption of a mill (is when it is) grinding, Laws iii 280.4 . b.¤ a muilend; b.¤ a (leg. for ?) lam-broin dichmairc; b.¤ for libroin (see (b) below), v 474.3 , 4 . gen bes muilend for a b.¤ `as long as mill shall grind' ( Ériu xvii 74 § 7 ), Laws iv 218.13 Comm. focul fair iar na tirad cen b.¤ . . . iarna b.¤ , ZCP xiv 348.10 ( Laws ii 242.11 ). b.¤ i muilenn ná bróin, Ériu ii 202.1 . docuaidh . . . do b.¤ coda na manach go muilenn, BNnÉ 294 § 20 . naoi gcearna arbhair do bh.¤ nó do mheilt a bróin, Keat. ii 5232. Fig. of armed forces: tuc b.¤ mulind tuathbil forthu threw them into disorder, CRR 25. b.¤ muilinn tuaithfil orra, Cog. 198.34 .

Attrib. g s. fer bleithi ` grinder ', Laws iii 280.7 Comm.

Form obscure in: gelair scor glethe i ngurt ḟeóir / melair blethe sech mulleóir `the meal is ground', Metr. Dinds. iii 96.16 .

(b) act of grinding, sharpening (weapons): bai dono ben and fri bleth arm, RC xii 94 § 124 , cf. Laws v 474.4 above. a nairm do b.¤ , BLism. 226 vb11 (Acall.). fodhmhoir . . . ag b.¤ a ḟíacal risin cartha cloichi sharpening his teeth on the pillar-stone, Ériu iii 166 § 23.

(c) act of rubbing, chafing or applying massage to (the skin): conéraig in banchuire imbi ocon dabaig dia mblith ┐ dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256.

II Legal act of tending cattle (at a pound); `wages of attendance on cattle' (seized by distraint), Plummer MS. notes, `costs of (levying) the distress', Manners and Customs i cxci 1 See Binchy, Celtica x 48 f. : fogeiltad, ┐ mb.¤ (inbleith, 272.1 Comm. ) `(expenses of) feeding, and tending ', Laws i 258.16 . ar fogelt na ar b.¤ , 102.3 Comm. a naimsir fogelta ┐ blethi, O'Curry 2716 ( Eg. 88, 60 va ). dligid dib i forus fri mb.¤ `it (i.e. cattle taken for distraint) becomes liable for expenses of tending in the pound', Laws i 210.26 . fri mb.¤ .i. in screpall (sic leg.) .i. log fir fognama ┐ meich, 212.16 Comm. foghail ┐ bleth: foghail .i. na meich, ┐ bleth .i. in logh fir foghnama, O'D. 1564 (H. 5.15, 3b). Attrib. g s.: broga for aghaib bleithi `shoes on tended cattle', O'Dav. 322.

ceólach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceólach or dil.ie/8702

 

adj o, ā (ceól) lit. musical, melodious , but loosely applied and appar. confined to verse. Of persons: do'n chóiciur cheoluch, SG 382.34 . i cill Ch. cheolaigh, LL 6164 . cuire . . . ceolach, DDána 122.15 . 'ga bhais cheolaigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.13 . Other applications: lucht ceara ceolaigh, IT iii 87 § 95 . sealbh an bhaile caoim-cheolaigh, BNnÉ 221.1 . ocon chrunn ceolach, Snedg. u. Mac R 11.13 . duodecem calaind cheolach, AU i 394.8 . in cath ceolach, RC xvii 157 ( Tig. 586 ). cosin coibleid céolaigh, Gorm. 27 . fail coll n-écsi n-ilcheolach, LL 20499 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 286.z ). As subst. ? L. a siúr nar ch.¤ cnocc, LL 17140 ( RC xlvii 308 ). docer in ceolach cét crech / M., 15759 . mná an cheolaidh, BNnÉ 220.22 . in ceolach Boirc[h]i na mBeand, Ériu x 81 § 51 .

certaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. certaigid or dil.ie/8799

 

n (cert) IGT Verbs § 106 (245.12) .

(a) puts right, arranges, adjusts, manipulates (in both abstract and concrete meanings): robdar imresnaig . . . im roind a feruind . . . conid cert crandcair ros certaig, BB 244b34 . ro cumadh ┐ r[o] certaiged (of building), ML² 1110 . mór do gliccus ra chertaig / Britus, LL 17604 . do cumadh ┐ do ceartaigheadh comhairle, ML 6.22 . ón dailsin ro chertaig thair, LL 26316 (`which she arranged', Metr. Dinds. iii 86.21 ). in sechran doniter sa chét dileaghadh . . . ni certaighter sa dara dileaghadh `it shall not be put right', Reg. San. 18 iv . nó go mbíonn an t-iarann teith ┐ ann sin ceartaighionn sé é (of a smith), Párl. na mB. 1230 .

In various applications. (b) Of position, adjusts, settles: in tan ro certaigh ocin muic settled himself, Sc.M² 15 R = ro[n]d-mbertaigestar ocon muicc, text. ro chertaigestar ara belaib in muicc ┐ in paitt meda, LL 13558 . in ní fora certaigenn a fuine leo .i. a lec fuine, Laws iv 10.23 Comm. ro certaigh a da edan fri araile (of a broken sword) `set the two ends together', Grail 4049 . ? in c[h]roch risar certaighedh, ZCP viii 210 § 54 .

(c) Of weapons, adjusts, poises, aims: crothais ┐ certaigis co nderna minbruan . . . [díb] (of spears), LL 8492 , 23217 . rocertaig . . . in gai chucaiseom, TTr.² 969 .

(d) Of individuals, peoples, territories, subdues, reduces to order; admonishes, reproves: mar rom chertaig Día do nim, LU 3029 . sul docheartaid cach a crich / doerig aqo eisith, Metr. Dinds. iii 358.37 . do certaig he fein o tredenus ┐ o urnaigthi, RC xii 326.1 . do cheartuighis chloinn shaor-Chuirc, DDána 101.51 . im na ciontaibh do certuighedh isin chaibidil, RSClára 101b .

(e) Of texts etc. corrects, emends: coro certaigh Cirine fo obail ┐ aistrisc, Hib. Min. 336 . dūili sluinti na ṅgenelach . . . is friu certaigter na genelaige, Corp. Gen. 199.35 . is e ro certaigh in scél sin, BB 415b30 .

cles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cles or dil.ie/9440

 

Forms: clius, -cliss, cleas, -a, cleasana

n u and o, n. and m. n s. (d s. ?) clius, Thes. ii 293.19 . a s. -cliss, LU 9105 , 9121 . cleas (g s. -a) m., IGT Decl. § 95 ( 127. 13 ). n p. cleasana, Eochairsg. 87.37 .

(a) feat; in pl. or collective sense, repertory or performance of feats (used particularly of the martial feats taught to Cú Chulainn and Fer Díad by Scáthach: see Heldensage 220 etc.): turim na cless inso sís. In t-ubullchless ┐ faeborcless ┐ fáencless ┐ cless cletenach . . . , LU 5969 ff. , 9288 ff., 10341 ff. bla clesamnaig c.¤ .i. slan donti eamnas na gō clis innairdi, no na hubla clis innairdi. Masa clesa neamaicbeile iat, Laws iii 284.19 ff. (i.e. the juggler is immune from payment for injury inflicted provided his feats are not dangerous ones). dirósced Cu Ch. diib uile ocon cliss ar áne ┐ athlaime, LU 10147 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib, 8568 ( FB 43 ). ferr cach c.¤ cotlud, 8467 ( 32 ). conid c.¤ ┐ cluchi lim comrac fri óenfer, 8469 ( 32 ). nocon imberasom for Ultu a c.¤ sin dorísse, 5136 (TBC). fer rosasad . . . a cruth. a chumachta. a crúas. a chless, 4845 (TBC). luid do foglaim gaiscid ┐ chless la Scáthaig, 4835 (TBC). co cliuss nonbair for cach rind, 4848 (TBC). gora chloesetar a n-ilchless arda (sic leg. ?) ra tilib . . . na scíath cliss, 10537 - 8 . fobíth do deligthi ruind oc na clessaib cluchi (the boy-troop to Cú Chulaind), TBC-LL¹ 1140 . a ṅgaisceda tuc o Scáthaig Buanand, . . . cless Caitt ┐ cless Cuair ┐ ubullchless . . . , LL 12543 . firfaid findchlesa fri h-ultu errudu, YBL 181a6 . múin na huile chleasa dhó acht cleas an ghá builg amhain, RC xxix 136 § 52 . roimir c.¤ carpait furru con torchradar ua chosaib na n-ech, TTebe 2908 . cleasa ceoil feats of music, Aithd. D. 9.9 . d'eachaibh cuanna ar n-a gcaischleas `deft-stepping', Magauran 834 .

Cú na c.¤ sobriquet of Cú Chulainn: a Chú na cless cain, TBC-LL¹ 3952 . do Choin na c.¤ , MR 206.3 .

(b) Used also of weapons, instruments, etc. with which the feats were performed: carpat . . . co mórsaide do chlessaib cliss gascid, LL 13903 . ised is clesa aicbeili ann, cach c.¤ ara mbia rind no faebur, Laws iii 284.26 Comm. is annsin do cuireddar a clesa gaile ┐ gaisgidh a lamhaibh a ngilla, RC xi 30.6 (TBC).

(c) stratagem, proceeding; trick, wile : bái ac tur fhesa thall na thaigh / d'iarraidh chlesa dá chabhair, SG 28.z . do Mhlaise gan ceilg gan chleas, 21.y . ar cleasaibh na colla / dom chealccadh ón crábhadh, ZCP x 347 § 3 . do dhealbh . . . is cleas doiligh / fairge `hard the task', Dán Dé xxxi 5 . ní thuigid cách cleasa an domhain, 23 . guais liom lá na coinne / is cleas fán cóir dulann / do theach d'iadhadh oram 'tis a thing to provide against, viii 9 . adhlaicthear thú . . . / i n-uaigh chumhaing—cleas nar dhú (cheville), iii 26 . tre ríoghain na ccleas ccruthach `graceful-mannered', O'Hara 3278 . ar lorg an chleasa chéadna imitating the same proceeding, DDána 88.19 . an dream d'á ndeárnadh Hanon cleasana (referring to contumelious treatment of David's messengers by Hanon, 2 Kings ix 4 ), Eochairsg. 87.37 . Of magical feats, shape-shifting, etc. Forgull Monach . . . mon .i. cleas, ar [ba] fer cumachtach eissium, co téighedh a n-ilrechtaibh, Cóir Anm. 205 .

Attrib. g s. clis: .ix. n-ubla clis ┐ .ix. cletíne clis ┐ ix. scena clis, LU 8565 - 6 ( FB 42 ). a ocht scíathu cliss, 6430 (TBC). focheird chaer cliss ar chonair `a cunning ball', Metr. Dinds. iii 94.19 . is amhlaidh théid S. d'agallmha na ndee, ┐ clíabh clis fuithe magic(?), RC xxix 132 § 47 . imfuirmed a carpad clis itir a dā lāim, Ériu i 114 § 2 (`his palate-feat'). ba geis don lon chalma chlis `valourous', A. Ó Dálaigh lv 19 . an fhoireann chlis-se treacherous(?), cunning(?), Keat. Poems 1369 . For deil chlis, gábait clis see 2 deil, gábait.

Compds. With noun. re cles-fhaebraib Conain, MR 250.19 . With adj. in carpatsin cona chreit . . . chlesaird i.e. of a height suitable for the occupant to perform feats(?), TBC-I¹ 1970 . With adj. derived from noun. da chodnach cleas-armacha, MR 272.1 . cath-cuingid . . . cles-armach, 224.21 . an dias chrithreacha chleasneimhneacha of deadly feats, Cath MT 276 .

cobair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cobair or dil.ie/9802

 

Forms: cobir, cobuir, cobar, cobrith, cobraid, chobrad, cobraid, chobrait, cobra, cobartha, cabra, cobra, cobra, cobhraidh, cuibre, g[c]abartha, cobair, cabhair, cobair, cabair, cobra, cabra, cobhair, cabhair

n f. (*com-fo-reth, Thurn. ZCP xxii 26 ). Inflexion very variable. n s. cobir, Wb. 5c5 . 16a31 . cobuir, Ml. 44c9 . cobar, TBC-I¹ 2189 . a s. cobrith, Wb. 7c4 . cobraid (: don-formaig), Fél. Oct. 18 . Imr. Brain 46.23 v.l. g s. chobrad, Cymmr. xiv 132 § 25 . Corp. Gen. 26.24 . d s. cobraid, O'Mulc. 779 . chobrait, LB 262a63 . Later with g s. cobra, cobartha. cabra (: Abla), Metr. Dinds. iv 184.12 (see Thurn. loc. cit.). ? cobra, ZCP iii 466.19 . a s. cobra (: mogda), Metr. Dinds. iii 380.10 . ? n p. cobhraidh, AFM ii 588.17 . g s. cuibre, Ériu vi 115.2 . a p. g[c]abartha, Auraic. 2126 . Note also combair (cobair, cabhair, v.ll.), Fél. Prol. 243 . cobair, cabair, g s. cobra, cabra f., IGT Decl. § 10 . cobhair, cabhair, Verbs § 124 .

(a) help, assistance: lase dombeir dia cobrith n-occo `when God gives help therein', Wb. 7c4 . cotarat c.¤ trein trait, SR 3767 . ní cobuir ín tasc `the notice is of no avail', Laws i 60.x Comm. (cobraithir?). MoChonne coemh cabair, Gorm. 25 . teasda c.¤ múir Mhaicniadh ` guardian ', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 9 . is adbul a c.¤ , Fél. July 28 . is ar ch.¤ ocon Táin dorigni (of infidelity of Medb), LU 5410 (TBC). is mithig in chabair, TBC-LL² 2890 . giarb i in ch.¤ iar n-assu `help that came too late', 3353 (see 2 assa(e)). c.¤ fo-gēba `you shall be comforted', Ériu xvi 163 § 28 . ? mun is cobuir coiblis, Laws v 242.11 Comm. d'iarraidh cabhra air, Keat. ii 6058 .

With DO: ropo ch.¤ dond Érinn / tīchtu Patraicc, Thes. ii 312.5 (Hy. ii). a ndogena cách is hed bes chobuir dó, Wb. 20c10 . ro pad mór a ch.¤ dia chomaltu, TFerbe 630 . im chobair do fuidir, Laws i 124.12 . 138.27 Comm. cindas for cobarthasi damsa?, Anecd. i 11.8 ( SCano 336 ). robadh couradh damh, Ériu iv 236 § 9 .

With descr. gen.: cabhair fhaghla military help, Aithd. D. 26.22 . Clann Charthaigh . . . / gan chabhair anfaidh aco `help against the storm', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 16 . guth gan chabhair choigcríche (of Irish language), Keat. Poems 2 . Attrib. g s. a chelg nir chelg chobartha `helpful cunning', Metr. Dinds. iii 77.132 . a Chríst cobra `Oh helpful Christ', Ériu vi 114.17 . ba h-édāil c[h]abhartha do c[h]uradhuib, ML² 1577 . a sgiath cabhra na gcóigeadh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 8 . luibh chabhra, DDána 70.7 .

(b) As vn. act of helping, assisting . With subj. gen.: dús in táir c.¤ Ulad foo, LU 5620 (TBC). With obj. gen.: dom cobhair, Ériu xiii 38.6 . robatar ac cobraid Ailillæ, O'Mulc. 779 . c.¤ fir a culchi chíar, LU 3053 . connā cumaiṅg nech dīb cobair araile, Corp. Gen. 205.9 . tancatar do cabair in tighi, Lism. L. 1210 . mo cobair-si help for me, ZCP vii 306.17 . In other Vn. constructions: dotaísed . . . do chobair dún, Fraech 158 . gan nert cobharta forra féin, BNnÉ 5.9 . an marbh do chabhair, TSh. 4874 . ? cobhair .i. comhorgain, O'Cl.

cuitbiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuitbiud or dil.ie/13721
Last Revised: 2019

 

u, m. vn. of con-tibi. act of mocking, ridiculing; mockery, derision : cubet .i. cuidbheadh no magadh, O'Cl. doc. (leg. ch-, edd.) gl. (profanís esset) derisui, Ml. 86a11 . basí afálte mó chúitbiúd `to mock me', Thes. i 4.34 . as breth dia chuitbhiodh `to mock him', Blathm. 53 . da n-ó mele ┐ cuitbiuda, IT i 73.2 . ( LMU 9 ). forus cuitbeda `code of ridicule', Tec. Corm. 32.1 . ba cuitbiudh la Conall inn sin ar dínnimecht a bráthar 'Conall derided this, since his brother was unimportant', Betha Adamnáin 50.84 . mór in c.¤ dúib . . . can tophund . . . , LU 5243 (TBC). rochoisc Dōchae . . . in dæscorslōg ocon chuidmead, TBC-I¹ 2940 . gaiscead duit dot chuitmed to mock you, Anecd. i 8.19 (SCano). cluas gnó .i. cuidbhiudh .i. cuidbiodh de (. . .) aignedh amhail mhaothán a chlúaise, Ériu xiii 48.11 , cf. gnó .i. cuidbed, Corm. Y 693 . tucus forru . . . a ch.¤ I instigated them to deride him, PH 3842 . fo cuitbidh in sport, Laws ii 406.29 Comm. corofos ob ┐ cuitbiudha i ndálaibh in airechtaibh, B. Fermoy 43b5 . cen scáth dofairce c.¤ , ACL iii 293.7 = `without a word that exceeds derision', Auraic. 1935 . fo mhéla ┐ cuitbedh, AFM iv 934.12 . As mock n. pr.: G. maic Cuitbiudha, Anecd. ii 57.2 .

4 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 dál or dil.ie/14347
Last Revised: 2013

 

ā, f. vn. of dáilid.

I A dispensing of drink or food : dal dige a dalo .i. seol bec bíss i ṁbraine muircoblaig. nosdali iarum in tonn imbi ut Isidorus dicit: dalum minimum uelum ad proram defixum. nó dail ebraice dalilia .i. sithula .i. sithal, O'Mulc. § 292 . Cf. Corm. Tr. p. 58 : dal .i. a dalin hebraico sithula .i. sithlad in lenda dognither aga dail. (Cf. H 3.18, 69 b : dal a dalín ebr. sithula , etc.). in dáil lenno, LMU 17. 54 (Eg.). tráth tánic dóib co roind ┐ dáil, FB 20 . dabach and do mid medrach oca dáil forin teglach, SCC 33. 23 . randaire do roind in bid ┐ na dáilemain da dail inna corma IT i 311. 36 . Cf. raergitar iartain rannair[i] fri raind accu ┐ dalemain fri dáil, CRR 13 . Étáin bói ocon dáil forsna flathi ar bu saindán disi dál, LU 132 a 21 . anais do dáil dóib, RC ix 490 . neim da dail fair, ib. xxiv 178. 9 . nothallad dáil chét for mael cech cnáma, LL 169 a 17 . is isi nodáled in dail ṅdedenaig, ib. 279 a 51 ( RC viii 150. 13 ). nír ibh achd a cuid don dáil sin, ITS v 24. 21 . da dáil ar fearaibh Éireann, ib. vii 61. 1 f.b.

II A distributing, dispensing, bestowing, granting : ag dáil cráisech don chuiri, Hy Fiach. 238. 5 . ag dáil slegh ZCP viii 224. 25 . in leiges suthain sin na fala coimeta do dail dóib, PH 265 . saidhbhreas an tsaoghail do dháil dhó, TSh. 273. 22 . ní fuil ainm eile arna dháil dona daoinib fa neamh (arna thabhairt, Bedel), ib. 58. 23 . arna ndáil ara gcumas handed over into their power, 180. 1 . fa choim phríomhughdair na ngrás do dháil da lucht leanamhna, 222. 35 .

To 4 dál also FB § 16 : fodáilter iarsuidiu biad ┐ lind doib ┐ tairmchell dáil tenid leo ┐ gabsus meisce ┐ batar fáilte, (cf. tendál) and ITS v 12. 120 : roforrígdáileadh biadh ara mbéulaibh ┐ rothimchill dáil teallaigh aca.

dál-ṡuide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dál-ṡuide or dil.ie/14450

 

Forms: dálṡuidae

n io n. Judgment-seat. forum dálṡuidae, Sg. 57 a 12 . dat. circa forum ocon dalṡuidiu, ib. 218 b 6 . Cf. suide dála, Laws i 170. 15 .

deithbirsech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deithbirsech or dil.ie/15297

 

adj o, ā. (1 deithbires) necessary, under necessity: mása scarad dethbire 'con dara de ┐ scarad indethbire 'caraile, in coibchi don dethbirsech ┐ in taltram ocon indethbirsech, O'D. 1607 ( H 5.15 12a ). deismbirecht sin arna uile deithbirseach dlegar do biathadh, O'Curry 2545 ( Eg. 88, 45 (46)d ).

dlomaisin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dlomaisin or dil.ie/17059

 

n destroying: dlomhaisin .i. milleadh; baoi ag d.¤ na hoibhre .i. ag milleadh, O'Cl. The quotation seems to be a confused reminiscence of Metr. Dinds. ii 4 : Midir ocon dolaim (doloim, LL; dolum, dolmad, dlomad, v.ll.) sin, | oc admilliud na hoipre. See Hermathena xiv 471 . Hence dlomhadh .i. millead spoiling, marring, or botching ; ata se ag dlomhadh no ag dlomhairt na hoibre, P. O'C.

druimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. druimnech or dil.ie/18866
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o,ā (druimne)

(a) Of manufactured articles, esp. made of gold, and also of wrought gold itself, perh. ribbed, ridged, embossed: cuing d.¤ dronargda, FB § 45 ; § 47 ; cuing drumnech dronōrda, IT i 310.29 (` curved, arched ', O'Curry, quoted Wind. Wtb., but the early Irish two-horse yoke was straight; prob. of raised metal-work which ran along it, cf. epithets dron-argda, ¤órda). ina chathaīr druimnig dergōir (of High Priest's chair), SR 4516 . la cuach nd.¤ nderg-oir, 6388 . fail d.¤ dergoir, Acall. 4469 . slabrad d.¤ dergóir, 6199 . fuan . . . cona chimais drumnig dergg-óir, LL 237b16 ( TTr. 1531 ). sciath d.¤ , SG 263.27 . tresin ndeirg ndruimnig (name of a shield), MR 152.17 . sleg drumnech with ridges running along the shaft (?), TBC-LL¹ 4316 ; LL 244a17 ( TTr. 2030 ); BDD § 76 . sleg tredruimnech ` three-ridged ', § 97 ; TBC-I¹ 2343 . sé mīli slegh sē-druimnech, ZCP xiii 12.10 . lia cloichi coicdruimneach (of a pillar-stone at Uisnech having five sides, one facing each province), Ériu iv 152 § 32 . treabh na n-aolchloch ndruineach (ndruimnech, v.l.; having angles, i.e. hewn ?), Ó Bruad. i 118 .

Of wrought gold: dergór druimne(i)ch, Anecd. i 71 § 189 , cf. ZCP xi 160 . gaei d'ór d.¤ dír, ZCP xii 245 § 19 . srian óir druimnig, SG 242.30 . hetach indtlaissi . . . do derg-or d.¤ , LL 402b19 .

(b) Of unworked materials, natural objects, etc.: rogníd do derg-ibur drumnech . . . iarna dlugu (of timber for a house), LL 181b5 . tuighi d.¤ (`ridgy thatch', SG), Acall. 787 . derccain donna drumnecha, RC xvi 278 . pónaire druimneach, IGT Decl. ex. 130 . dresa dilgnecha druimnecha, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . Of places, uneven, hilly: Dermag d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 40.23 . in domun d.¤ , ZCP viii 195 § 1 . ocon maigin muiredruimnig `an der hochgratigen (?) Stätte', Bruchst. i 17 ( IT iii 12.6 ).

Of hair, wavy, undulating (?): folt . . . druimneach, TBC-I¹ 3146 ; ZCP ii 337.20 . mong casdrumnech, TFerbe 121 . fine Chais na ccūl ndruimneach, 3 C 13, 670.4 . cruit Bhriain an bhairr druimnig, 16 . Transf. of pers.: ria nDomnall ndrumnech `ringletted D.', Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 14 .

écmais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écmais or dil.ie/19601
Last Revised: 2013

 

n i (later also with prothetic f-)

I Absence: éagmais Chríost = absentia Christi TSh. 6387 . easbaidh nó éagmais na fíréandachta, 3319 . cáid cech n-écmais omne ignotum pro mirabili SCC 43 . Cf. laogh is oirdhearc éagmais whose absence is noted (?) or whose repute (i.e. knowledge by hearsay) is wonderful (?) Hackett xlix 1 .

g s. as attrib. absent: fáitti tecta uaitsiu cot chairdib écmaissi, CRR §§ 7.8 . 11.12 .

i n-é.¤ (1) absolutely: a fiadnaise...i n-ecmais in the presence (of the owner, etc. )...in his absence Laws iii 212.6 ; 278.14 Comm. a n-aididh a fer ocus a n-ecmais, ii 378. 18 ; 27 Comm.

(2) with gen. or poss.

(a) in the absence of: a n-écmais na mná = uxore absente Lat. Lives 79.1 . ina hecmais in her absence IT i 40.21 . TBC-LL¹ 817.835 . TBC-I¹ 2492 . i n-ecmais a tigerna in his master's absence Laws iii 230.19 ii 290.23 Comm. (= ZCP xiv 376 ). CCath. 2214 . bheith i bhféagmhais a chéile separated Dánta Gr. 95.4 .

(b) separated from, out of the company of: nā bít it écmais t'ḟian let not thy band be away from thee LL 297b11 = SG 365.11 . nach raibhe énuair do ló 'na hécmais, Anecd. i 79.11 . Ériu i 96.31 . ag anmain 'na éagmhais, Dán Dé vi 29 . Of place: nach mou na di trath atú ina hécmais away from it (the city) PH 1060 . Anecd. i 79.7 . ní bheitheá acht aonbhliadhain a bhféagmhais Eireann ML 36.11 . a n-oilethre a bfhecmais mo tíri, BCC § 67 . § 128 . TSh. 6041 . Similarly: bātar fri rē secht lā a n-ēcmais a corp (of temporarily disembodied spirits), ACL iii 225.1 . is fada ata Fer D. a n-egmais in comlaind ZCP x 304.11 .

(c) of things, without, deprived of, lacking (with gen. of obj.): ní dlíg læch a enecland dia mbé i n-ecmais a arm, TBC-I¹ 1671 . TBC-LL¹ 4094 . a cuirp i n-écmais a cend without heads 702 . 689 . a n-ecmais ceille codnaid `without the sense of a grown man' (of a minor) Laws v 510.22 Comm. a n-egmais mu cuind ┐ mo ceille do geallus[s]a he I was wanting my sense when I promised it ZCP x 303.23 . Aen. 902 . i n-ecmais ecnai without wisdom PH 6861 . is maith mor in almsa i n-écmais na háine eleemosyna sine ieiunio bonum est 4971 . is marb in corp indecmais in anma, 8384 . badar imda maic rig...a n-egmais a n-anma (i.e. dead, slain) RC xxiv 50 § 10 . ata (an firmamint) a n-egmuis gach uili cāil da cāilib na cethardūla without any of the properties ITS xiv 60.15 . ba dóig la C.i n-ecmais a ḟessa ┐ a eolusa, ba hí Medb bói and C. thought, in the absence of knowledge [information], that it was M. TBC-LL¹ 1561 . 2845 . 4444 (a formula, not in St). a bfegmuis t'eoluis thanagsa without thy guidance RC xxix 116.4 . Prov. phr.: boegal i n-ecmais omain, PH 3010 .

(d) lacking to (with gen. of pers. or thing deprived; in a few of the exx. cited it would be possible to take 'na é. as a stereotyped phr., absent , but this explanation is not well supported): is amlaid atracht F ... | ┐ a ech féin na láim | slán uile etir chend iss choiss | bái cach anim 'na écmais, LL 207a47 = RC vii 302 and Duan. F. i p. 30 . biaid do mind rig at egmais araen red chend, TTebe 854 . imleagan oireachais Eireann um ḟeagmais, ML 106.1 . an chundae uile do bheith 'na bhféagmhais, Maguires of F. § 90 . gach ferann da mbaoi ina n-eccmais re fedh a n-aimhreitigh all the lands which had been alienated AFM iv 868.23 . Laws iv 290.12 Comm. Maund. 130 . leth a cinn ina fegmuis, ZCP vi 53.12 . a lethbrócc ime ┐ a lethbrog eli na fecmais, BCC § 282 .

(e) apart from, i.e. other than; except; not including, besides, as well as: damad ac neoch dib i n-ecmais a chéile robeith `if it belonged to one of them independently of the other' Laws iii 126.14 Comm. budh bean ḟir at égmhuissea of another man than thou IGT, Decl. ex. 1056 . as imdha...adba aili ocon Coimdhi a n-ecmais na hindsi-seo, Lism. L. 3703. BNnÉ 234 § 153 . ba haoibhne leis oirisiumh...ann inás ingach ionadh a nErinn ina égmuis, ITS xii 36.17 . except: na plaineid uili a n-egmuis an rē except the moon ITS xiv 86.28 ; 126.2 . nach tainic...a fecmais daendachta Crist, duine bud ferr inā é, BCC § 216 . § 241 . i n-é.¤ co except that; for all that: atait siad fein neamhcumusca a n-egmais co n-abartar a mbeth cumasca even though ITS xiv 14.14 . secht cenela fichet i n-ecmais a fochenel besides their sub-tribes Rawl. 77b3 . Duan. F. i p. 16.23 . Ériu i 80.21 . AFM iii 424.4 . ma ta tech aile aice a n-ecmais in dūin sin Laws v 170.7 Comm. ITS xiv 98.8 . Keat. iii 1039 . deismirecht ar na huile dainib 'na egmuis `for all people besides himself' Laws v 214.22 Comm. nach iad Dál Riada amháin...acht dronga oile 'na n-éagmais, Keat. ii 5912 .

In ref. to a period of time: ar an satharn a n-eugmais an chorgais a Saturday outside Lent Rule of Tallaght § 72 = echdar corgus, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

(f) outside, adjoining: o ná fuairsiot i fféccmais an bhaile iatt, AFM vi 1966.9 . deich mile persa...ag a ttabairt suass a ngioll ar in tig sin a ffegmuis na heguilsi ┐ innte ier n-i[n]mhedhon in that house apart from the church and in the interior of the church Fl. Earls 180.8 .

II Affectionate remembrance, longing, affection, love (?); this meaning may have arisen from the associations of écmais = absence, e.g. grád écmaise: dom shíorrún Raemonn ...tabhair cuimhniughadh géar éaghmaise is annsachta, Hackett xxxv 3 (cf. TSh. 8612 ). a pháirt damh ní áirmhim ná a aoibhe, | a éagmais ghnáith 's a ghrádh 's a dhíoghrais, ib. xxxix 19 .

1 étarisse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 étarisse or dil.ie/20721

 

Forms: etairisig

adj io-iā (tarisse) inconstant, unfaithful, disloyal: rop étairsi [sic] fri hÍsu (of Judas) PH 5161 . étairise rúne `not to be trusted with a secret' Tec. Corm. § 16.21 ( etairisi, LL 344c41 ). in fairend roptar tairissi dam for tus, is iat-sin roptar etairisi dam iar tain ┐ is mou rom trecsit, PH 4020 (superl. ?). As subst.: a aingid ┐ a etarisi, in nedh do shailis dul...uaimsea (Dido to Aeneas), Aen. 793 . robatar etairise ocon ríg untrustworthy folk LL 282a35 = etairisig (?) YBL 138a10 .

1 flaith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 flaith or dil.ie/22281

 

Forms: flaith, flatho, flatha, ardlathi, flathae, flaith, ḟlatha, flatha, flaithe, flaitheadh, flath, saerlatha, flathae, ardlathi, f., f., inis, Flaithniad, Flaithri, flaithgil, Flaithgile

n i, f. (cf. W. gwlad `land'). O.Ir. n s. ind flaith , Thes. ii 295.12 . g s. inna flatho , Wb. 9d2 . Ml. 137b5 . AU 749 . flatha, Ml. 90a5 . n p. ardlathi, Wb. 1a3 . g p. flathae, Fél. Nov. 27 . Later also masc. in sense II. flaith, g s. an ḟlatha (ó chiort), na flatha (ó chanamhuin), n a p. flaithe, g p. flaitheadh, IGT, Decl. § 91 (g p. flath proscribed as incorrect, ex. 1639 ). Initial f sometimes omitted in MSS. when lenited: Wb. 1a3 . 30d4 . 31a3 ; saerlatha, BB 362b29 (= Dinds. 21 ). Cf. énlaith.

I

(a) lordship, sovereignty, rule: f.¤ ┐ brithemnacht, Ml. 133c10 . combad and nogabad f.¤ (gl. tunc adeptus imperium) 113c7 . tairṅgire flatho dia chlaind som, 137b5 . cartach a f.¤ his rule is a rule of love LU 3404 ( SCC 18 ). tāthut bithlaith lasin Ríg, LL 50a33 ( Hail Brigit § 26 ). ó gabais Ailill ... f.¤ since A. began to reign TBFr. § 4 ( LL 248b10 ). is amlaid domel Conchobar a f.¤ enjoys his sovereignty LU 4858 = domeil C. in rigi, TBC-LL¹ 867 . gabais Cormac f.¤ fer nhEirenn ZCP viii 314.6 . tocart Fiacha Cormac a flaith Temra F. ejected C. from the lordship of Temair ib. 8 . dí bliadain f.¤ in maicc maith reign Arch. Hib. ii 84 (LL) = Rawl. 164a21 . isin nomad bliadain déc do f.¤ Tibir, PH 2571 . isa tossach flatha dait thy lordship is beginning ZCP viii 312.7 .

(b) kingdom, realm, esp. the kingdom of Heaven , absol. or with qualifying adj. or gen., without art.: gl. regnum [Dei] Wb. 30d4 . aromfoimfea inna laith, 31a3 . lethcholba flatha, Hy iv 9 . ledcholbe flatho, Wb. 23d31 . dollaid [ = do ḟlaith] ronsnāde slúagu, Hy v 10 . f.¤ Dé athar, Fél. Prol. 215 . d'ascnam flatha Maicc Maire, Hy v 12 . do ascnám flatha Dé, PH 7287 . hi f.¤ nime, Hy i 42 . in f.¤ nemda, PH 6095 . for dind flatha finde, Fél. May 17 . ar thir na flatha findi, ACL iii 311.28 (these two exx. may belong to II). pl. cet[h]oir flathae duine isan centur .i. oeti ┐ soinmige, slaine ┐ sochraiti four heavens on earth ZCP iii 453.16 . Cf. .4. flatho nime, iv 234.18 . a Rí rímter flaithi (` lords, princes '), Fél. Prol. 286 ; Fél. Ep. 46 , may belong to this. Cf. dorīme an Mac | aite ile lasin nAthair, ICM § 3 Anecd. i 51 .

II Applied to persons, in O. Ir. fem., Mid. Ir. also masc. (later regularly masc.; exceptions are rare, see IGT, Decl . cited above). don f.¤ ionḟuair, TD 31.4 . feirinnsgne ... flaith: ... an flaith as cóir ann, IGT, Introd. § 21 . A ruler, prince: f.¤ .i. tighearna, O'Cl. is torbach du popul f.¤ firian leu, Ml. 90b11 . is bésad inna flatho doem e[t] dofich, Wb. 9d2 . tiugḟ.¤ Med last prince of the Medes LL 131a11 = Trip. 534.4 . Eochaidh M., f.¤ clann bhFiacrach, Lism. L. 4751 . as treisi f.¤ fiora a prince is stronger than subjects Hugh Roe² 26.5 (f. 14b) (for the proverb see also 2 flaith). do thuit mac na flatha ... Oisin `O., the prince's son' Duan. F. ii 174 § 5 . Of Deity: a ḟ.¤ síl Adaim!, Ériu vi 115 . pl. ro-creitset ardlathi in betho, Wb. 1a3 . atbath borg tromm Temra | la tairthim a flathe, Fél. Prol. 166 . In Irish social organization a chief, lord, applied to the various degrees of `aire' subordinate to the `rí'; for qualifications of the f.¤ see Laws ii 200 ff ., ZCP xiv 337 , Laws v 440 , Críth G. p. 91 . f.¤ ┐ aithech `lord and vassal' Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). flaith fria aicgillne a lord with his bond-tenants (one of the recognized social connexions), Laws ii 344.2 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 3 ). is i lanamnacht athfegthair itir in flaith ┐ a cheile ib. Laws ii 344.10 Comm . secht ngraid flatha; flaith fria haicillni; aire desa, ... aire ard, etc. v 24.10 . f.¤ athuigh (one whose father had not been a chief) Laws ii 200.21 . f.¤ ciniuil coir athur ┐ senathur (one whose father and grandfather had been chiefs) 202.24 . cor moga cen a f.¤ contract of a serf without his lord i 50z (one of the soluble contracts). dlegair i cuibrind rīg raith | brethem is fili is f.¤ , ACL iii 223.20 . co maccaib flaithi fer nErenn sons of the Irish chiefs BDD 20 . Etáin boí ocon dáil ... forsna flathi E. was dispensing (drink) to the lords LU 10894 . romarbsat riogha ... rioghdamhna ┐ rioghflatha Erenn, Cog. 42.10 . i n-éadach flaithe tuaithe a district chief (ranking next to `ollam' and `rí') Keat. ii 1919 . FÍR FLATHA, see 1 fír. Transf. of a preeminent person: Tadg f.¤ na sgol, TD 32.54 . ar lorg na flaithe forasda fiorfoghlama J. B. Bossuet, Luc. Fid. 181.10 (the use of f.¤ with fem. adj. in gs. is proscribed as incorrect IGT, Decl. § 91 ).

COMPDS.

(a) with nouns, expressing preeminence or exalted quality usually chief—, princely, lordly: ¤bendacht the blessing of lordship (i.e. good rule?) ZCP viii 560 . ¤bile: flaithbhile Fáil `princely champion' TD 9.17 . ¤br(i)ugaid a chieftain hospitaller (i.e. of chieftain rank): Eoghan flathbrughaid, Acall. 1875 . flathbriugaid, CRR 23 . flaithbrucchaidh, AFM iii 492.1 (` farmer '). ¤chenn: flaithcenn thíre Fiachrach ` chief ' AFM iii 604.9 . ¤einech `princely honour' Caithr. CC § 5 . ¤fénnid chief and warrior: in flaithféindidh Find, Acall. 19 . imon fflaith-feindidh Conainn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 78 . ¤goba a chieftain smith: co tech Lochain flaithgobann, RC v 200.25 . ¤inis lordly isle: L. Cl. A. B. 142.87 . ¤nia a prince and hero: frega f., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 26.12 = IT iii 39 § 30 . As npr. m.: Rawl. 141b30 (s.o. Nia). 151b3 . AU 714 , 754 , 805 . f. Rawl. 123.21 (dau. of Forannān), gen. Flaithniad, Rawl. 159a27 . 161a35 . ¤niadh, AU 754 . 771 . 780 . 782 . ¤nia, Rawl. 120b3 . AU 811 . ¤rí: Fergal ... f. sluagach sil Eogain, SR 2360 . f. Conacht, Ériu v 234 . As npr. m. Flaithri, AFM 836 . IGT, Decl. § 112 . Keat. ii 5256 . gen. mac Flaithri , AU 791 . Rawl. 153b1 . ¤rí, Keat. ii 5291 . See also flaithrí. ¤ruire ` high-prince ' Metr. Dinds. iv 320 .

(b) rarely with adj.: ua ¤foclach Fergusa of kingly speech (epithet of Colum Cille) ZCP x 340 . ¤gel: g s m. ind Rig flaithgil ` bright-realmed ' Fél. Ep. 239 . As npr. m., Flaithgel AU 792 . Flaithgheal, AFM 788 . Cf. gen. Flaithgile , Rawl. 160a5 (m.) .

¤ólach feasting like a chief (?) Keat. Poems 794 .

? fochatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fochatu or dil.ie/22433

 

n (cáttu ?) small dignity or respect (?): f.¤ occnae [leg. occ nae, or ócc nae ?] RC xxvi 24 n. 3 (reading of YBL for fochaid, Rawl., fochoid LL). With gloss: is fo chataid biim ocon duine ica mbiim in amsa, Rawl. 109a17 . Corm. Y 245a39 . LL 187a51 (ɔ rig combiim). i fochataid [fochotud v.l.] fer nai (.i. is fo chataid na fer nua) `into the small respect of new men' RC xxvi 28 § 106 .

Load More Results