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féig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féig or dil.ie/21474
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj i (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 490 ), in orig. sense used apparently of vision and of things visible.

(a) of sight, seeing, keen-sighted: corop féig rosc for n-anma (gl. illuminatos oculos cordis vestri) Wb. 21a9 . nephsuilig .i. neph-fegi (gl. minus oculati) Ml. 42d8 . `feigh' fairgsionach, Metr. Gl., D 37 . feig .i. qui figit visum in creaturis , O'Mulc. 503 . ni cuitbe ... dall ciarba ḟ.¤ `though you are keen-sighted' Tec. Corm. § 12.7 . Possibly also (of evil eye) penetrating Celtica xxiv 16 .

(b) of objects of sight, clear, luminous: escra f.¤ finnargait, TFerbe 198 . a thir ... fénach f.¤ ` lucent ' Metr. Dinds. ii 10 = LU 4123 (possibly a vb. here; see fégaid).

(c) of sounds shrill, piercing: osnada fégi, Fél., Ep. 326 . cuislenna féighe forbartacha, Acall. 7056 .

(d) of weapons, etc. keen, sharp: féigh .i. gér, O'Cl. (but see below, Adv.) faga féig fobartach, LU 6562 . TBC-I¹ 2047. 3249 . faga feig fobarta, TBC-LL¹ 2738. 5313 . rop scíath fri foébra fégi, Hy v 97 . saigti fegi, Cog. 158.16 . i suaineamnaiph a fogad feig, CCath. 5552 .

(e) of animals: dá ech ... até ... fégi, LU 9259 . tri .lll. gabur ... itté ... fegi, 6911 ( BDD 51 ).

(f) fig. of mental and moral qualities, etc., keen, penetrating, acute: (prohibited to a breithem :) gen beith féigh fethamail ..., Irish Texts iv 26z . bad léir, bad f.¤ a chubus, Ériu iii 96 § 1 (with gl. .i. grinn, p. 110 ). scel feigh forsgaithi ingenious (?) Anecd. ii 42.12 . frecmharc ḟéigh ḟéthamhail, Ériu xiii 25.8 . lucht na foghluma feighi (: grēne), Lism. L. 4562 . keen, stringent: fuigli féigi ... filed, MR 194.2 . smacht f.¤ , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Rechtaid rochaith fichit f.¤ LL 128b26 (`spent twenty vigilant [years]' MacCarthy 184.2 (or is it a vb. here ? See fégaid). Intense, sharp, passing into sense of fierce: féigh .i. amnas no feochuir, O'Dav. 886 . ba feig ┐ ba forgranda in feghad dobert cach for a ceile dib IT i 273 ( FB 40 , Eg.). dorat comrac féig fichda dó, TFerbe 231 . ro cuirestair comlond feig feochair, Cog. 194y . forccomh feigh fíoramhnus do phíce, AFM vi 2114x . Of persons: atconnarc ... budin fég fírālaind, LL 267b42 ( MU² 761 ). foglaid f.¤ , Fél.² lxxxix. 33 . áes feig forúallach, TBC-I¹ 1658 . AFM v 1850.1 . míairle ind óesa feigh foruallaigh, Hugh Roe 248y (f. 66b) . Cf. bethi uli fri fessa feig | hirrichtain lessa Ioseiph, SR 3083 . As sobriquet: file ..., Foachtach fégh a ainm, Ériu xiii 46.15 (= Feigh, ZCP vii 300 ). (Adv.) fegsat filid Fail ... | fenchas co feigh, Laws i 32x . rosfreacair go feigh (.i. co ger), Leb. Gab.(i) i 44 (this may be the source of O'Cl., cited under d, above). manip co feigh fessara | cisa ... unless he know distinctly ZCP iv 237.12 = Leb. Cert. 236.4 . innisit ... co féicch ` distinctly ' AFM ii 962.8 . labhraidh go fēigh, L. Cl. A. B. 269.46 . co fergach fegh, Aen. 914 . Superl.: cia fegam ranac, YBL 411c25 (= féighe, Tec. Corm. vi ).

Compds. with adj.: ¤buide: urla fegbuide bright yellow TBC-LL¹ 1375 . ¤seng keen and graceful: sluag féig-ṡeng Fáil LL 142b15 . fer ... feigseng (: Érenn), Leb. Gab.(i) i 94.3 (= feígṡeng, LL 6b39 . feidhṡeang, BB 28a53 . With subst.: ¤bríathar: feighbriathra fithnaise, Anecd. ii 65.13 . ¤forcsiu scrutinizing: co ndechaid ... dia fegforcsin, RC xxiv 274 § 5 = dia fegfegsin, BB 258a26 . ¤fuil (?): frossa fégfola, SR 8034 .

1 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lúath or dil.ie/30854
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: imlúaith, imluath

adj o,ā. Cf. n s m. imlúaith (: Cruaich), LL 1397 (cruach: imluath, v.l., ITS xli 234 ).

Quick, swift : fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 . ar uscib lūathaib, Hy. vi 16 . loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . goetha luatha, FA 30 (LB). a haisdear ni luath, Magauran 1036 . frasa . . . luatha . . . d'armuibh, Comp. CC 126.15 . dá súil lúatha Loingsecháin, BS 44.12 . Of animals: ech . . . luath, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ). lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 . da n-ag lúatha, TBC-LL¹ 1324 . loscind luatha, BB 240a44 . In more abstract applications: ber na bretha lūatha ūd do chāch, ZCP xiii 179.7 (see below under compds.). i bhfeirg nar luath `not fickle in anger', Magauran 124 . Cf. also: Aifreann luath `an early Mass', O'Hara 4081 . im Shuibhne luath ar buaireamh céille atáim mad, Hackett xix 5 .

In adverbial use quickly, hence also soon, immediately, instantly: dobert doíri forsna Laigniu / luath atchiam, LL 4900 . is toich no is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann, Laws iv 2.5 Comm . Loch Gili as luath do linged. Irish Texts ii 13 § 24. for l.¤ , Fing. R. 320 (ar, co, v.l.) (see Notes). ticed co l.¤ , LU 3660 ( SCC 32 ). co l.¤ , SR 5978 . tair co luath asin sruth immediately, MacCarthy 66.5 . atracht a bas co luath, Lat. Lives 67.4 . rithidh go luath, TSh. 10331 . seal go luath ┐ seal go mall (of the pulse), 1656 .

Equative: lasar thened luathaigther (sic MS.) athach ngáithe, RC xii 426 § 10 . luaithir bogsimhin ar lár srotha, Comp. CC 102.18 . lūaithit[h]ir fīamain, Corm. Y 1059. lúaithigthir fíamuin, BDD² 1340 (altered from luaithir, Gloss., luaithidir, v.l. p. 64 ). lúathidir gaíth n-erraig, LU 3809 ( SCC 37 ). luathither lochait iar forgarmain, Corm. 36.45 . lúathidir rothán ṁbúaled, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). luathidir ruathur funemda, Ériu iv 30.3 .

Compar.: ni ra lúathiu na nóecharptig anda in triar de choiss, TBC-LL¹ 5876 . am lūaithe nā crand fri sruth, ACL iii 233 § 6 . dothoet C. fa chēttōir co Temraigh ┐ robtar luaithi rāngator techta Uladh sooner, ZCP xiv 223.4 . atbert Cruind . . . ba lúaithiu a ben, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.36 . is luaithiu gabas nech tuinidi gl. aitheam = áithem, Laws iv 2.10 Comm . (see Celtica vi 221 ). indas is luathi oltás amal dogním-sea more quickly than I do, PH 4135 . luaithe íad go tech Temrach / ná Ó Ruairc 'sa ro-thecchlach earlier (they came) to . . . , BNnÉ 289.11 . luaithe ná líonadh na mara / maidhm an díomais ag drud ria, PBocht 8.6 . toil a fhaghbhala nis luaighe (viz. death), ITS xxix 194.6 . Adverbially before (in time): ní is lúaithi na rucadh Iosyas `before I. was born', Maund. 110. Cf. gach ní tig ó ní oile, as luaithe bhíos an ní ó ttig ann inā é i.e. exists before it, Parrth. Anma 1229. Of wish, intention (cf. Engl. sooner, rather): gurab luaithi d'fuileon[g]adh bota pilēr do dhēnamh 'ná thiocfadh go Cōigeadh Uladh san chonvae sin, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 32.16 . is luaithe d'fhuileongainn bás ioná d'aontóchainn dhóibh I would rather suffer death, Donlevy 418.5 . achd gu madh luaithe dhiongnas saothar let him rather labour, Ephes. iv 28. In phr. mar as lúaithe (sense of superl.?) as soon as: do eirigh an maccamh mar as luaithe adubradh sin, BNnÉ 115.23 . mar is luaithi moitheochair na drochsmuaintighthi, ITS xxix 195.20 . With DE: nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec, ardāig comad luathite a forbairt that she might grow the more quickly, Ériu iii 138.82 . comad luathaide do soisdís a feich dḟeichemain toichida `that the plaintiff might the more readily recover his debts', Laws iii 152.12 Comm . ionnus gurab luathaide do fhásfadh é, Keat. ii 4906 . gurab luathaide ghuidheas an eaglais ar an marbh, TSh. 5197.

Superl. In LL adverbially and apparently in sense of compar.: cid ellom condranic cách, luaithium conarnic Fergus, TBC-LL¹ 1035 . cid l.¤ condránic in gilla luathiu[m?] con arnic Cu Ch., 1421 . luathium luis Goll a láma (i.e. more quickly than his adversary), LL 12705. The forms lúadem, LL 572 and in: Life, luathem a linne (`swiftest his waters'), Metr. Dinds. ii 82.43 are perh. rather 1 pl. of 1 lúaidid, q.v.

As subst.: a ingen, a lúath, a láeb, a Leborcham 'o girl, o swift one, o crooked one, o Leborcham', Tall. Étair 47.130 .

As n.pr.: S. mac Luaith, AU i 222.10 . Lurgu mac Lúaith lasar-deirg, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.10 .

Very frequent in composition. In the follg. lists compounds where l.¤ is used mainly for alliteration and / or rhyme have not been fully listed.

(a) With nouns. ? ¤áirem: each da bo . . . luathairem ar aird eamain, Laws v 66.19 . ¤breith: gan luaithbhreith without rash judgement, Content. xiv 32 . na beir luaithbhreith ar leithscél, Acall. 1414 . ¤cháin: mac dia tibrat laeich lūathchāin ready tribute, BColm. 6.21 . ¤chles: luathchleas seannuig, Párl. na mB. 2367 (assonating with cuach). Cf. lúth compds. ¤chor: foceird . . . lūathchor dá sūil isin tigh a rapid glance, ZCP v 501.26 . ¤chride: luathchride gl. cardiacus, Thes. ii 231.10 . ¤chúaird: ro lá mo súilse lúathchuaird I glanced rapidly around it, LU 7071 ( BDD 73 ). ¤éc: mortlaid . . . .i. luath-écai . . . .i. mortluath . . . luath .i. bás, Hy. v 12 gl. 24 . ¤ḟoibirt see fópairt (c). ¤gol: mná uaisle ag luathghol ar shráidibh weeping copiously, Keat. Poems 479 . ¤grinde: in luathgrinde áigh ┐ irgaile `swift phalanx' (Gloss.), Acall. 2819 . 4417 . ¤guin: nert a luathguinib, Acall. 4740 . ¤immáin: luath-ímana so sis, ┐ imana indligtheacha, Laws v 138.9 Comm . (introducing a list of punishable `drivings'). ¤lasair: luadfit lergga luathlasra fiercely flaming, SR 8207. ? ¤mag: cia ghébus Laigniu a lluathmaig / tacair [cruai]d tria báig, SG 382.24 . ? ¤rann: Mag Li luatraind, Mag Lathraind, Leb. Gab.(i) 62.8 . luathrainn .i. luaittear a rannaibh, O'Cl. ¤réim: ina luaithréim `on his rapid progress', AFM v 1820.2 . ¤tinól: forfuair do A. in luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77.

Rarely with noun forming adjectival compd. ¤enech: gripp lepp luathaineach / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56. Cf. also LU 3382 - 3 printed Labraid Lúathlám ar claideb, SCC 17 `Swift-Hand-on-Sword', SGS vii 54 (cf. BDD² 269 cited s.v. luïd.).

(b) With adjj. In dvandva-compds. (the available exx. all show alliteration). ¤adbal: ina lasrachaibh . . . luathaidhbhle, ML 84.12 . ¤athlam: muineadha loma luath-athlomha, 84.23 . ¤bras: ín gres luighthi co luath-bras, Acall. 818 `rashly and perfunctorily', SG ii 121 . ¤lom: eclach siden luathlom lísta lurgan-breac, BB 257b7 . ¤mer: ina laemannaib . . . luath-mera, MR 222.23 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤aicentach: claochlódh corrach . . . luath-aigeantach, TSh. 1662 . ¤basach see lúthbasach. ¤béimennach: Laegaire Lúathbémandach, Fianaig. 70.7 . ¤fasaig see lúthbasach. ¤gonach: an laech . . . luath-ghonach, MR 278.24 . lúathghuineach, Duan. F. ii 44 § 48 . ¤léimnech: ech . . . lúathlemnech, LU 6489 ( TBC-I¹ 1975 ). ¤ṡíntech: in lann . . . luath-shintech `quick-striking', MR 300.8 . ¤ṡúilech quick-eyed: na bí gaireachtach na luath-shúileach indti = non oculos circumferas (i.e. at prayer), ITS xxix 198.9 .

(c) With verbs. ¤báidid: romarb, roloisc, roluabhaídh, MacCarthy 412.8 . ¤brisid: roluathbrisedur a longa, Ériu viii 18.z . ¤éirgid: roluatheirghidar na tonda `swiftly uprose', Ériu iii 156 § 9 . ¤gaibid: and rolúath-gab cen lumma / draic úathmar fili sunna, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.19 . ¤lonnaigid: do luath-lonnaigh im Conall trias[n]a haithesgu sin C. flew into a passion. ZCP xiv 258.17 . ¤marbaid: ro luathmarbad . . . na tri cét fer, Acall. 7868 . ¤medraid: ro luath-meadrad in saermiled, MR 230.25 .

With vnn. ¤ḟácbáil: Luimnech do luathfhacbail to leave L. quickly, Caithr. CC 8 . ¤gorad: dia fúair L. luathgorud, LL 4162 ( RC xxiii 316.2 ). ¤letrad: robo imda laoch 'na ligu iarna luathledradh, LL 408a52 (= TTr. 2230 ). ¤répad: ac loscad ┐ ac luathrébad críchi Cuailgne, Comp. CC 82.19 .

milltech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. milltech or dil.ie/32262
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā. (cf. millid) baneful, destructive, malignant (cf. Celtica xxiv 9 ): a drochbean mhillteach!, RC xxiii 12. suile millteacha, BNnÉ 120.8 = oculos nequam et nephandos , Celtica xxiv 9 . an teanga mhillteach, Proverbs x 31. foraois mhillteach, Studies 1931, 81 § 8 . clann mheillteach ar a máthair who destroy their mother, Keat. Poems 1205. comhairle na millteach (= concilium malignantium), TSh. 3881. Compar. is milltighe neimh na nathrach, 8973 .

1 rosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rosc or dil.ie/35559

 

n o, n., later m. (n s. rosc ṁbrecht n-urard, TBC-LL¹ 5323 = TBC-I¹ 3260 ).

An eye ; common in Mid.Ir., later confined to poetic or rhetorical style. hond rosc, gl. acie, Ml. 33c19 . hi cech rusc nom-dercaedar, Thes. ii 358.1 ( Hy. vii ). rosc ro-glass lainnerda na chind, TBC-LL¹ 5270 . ba slán a leth-rosc na rigna one of the queen's eyes , 2416 . fil secht suilse ar a rusc, SCC 37 ( LU 3818 ). tuarcaib a rosc dochum nime, PH 766 . trī būada . . . .i. būaid roisc, ┐ indtliuchta ┐ airdmesa, TBC-I¹ 299 . secht ngemma do ruithin ruisc cechtar a dā rīg-rosc, 2034 . ocus se baccach, leth-roisc one-eyed , PH 620 . Maelmuadh an ruiscc rindglais, Cog. 102 x . cechtar a dhī ruscca, BNnÉ 77 § 146 . pl. ruisc reilli rígdaidi, TBC-LL¹ 5683 . roptar tromda a roisc o'n chotlud, PH 3061 . a rrusca derga, 393 (n p.). tuarcaib G . . . a ruscu co nem, 1418 . dosbera a rusca do dallaib, 2270 . sēnais . . . Ruadan . . . a ruscca dó-somh, BNnÉ 319 § 13 . trúag in gním . . . doriṅgni friu ria roscaib before their eyes , LL 210b2 . fiad roscaib Dé, Ériu iii 14 § 2 . da malaigh . . . dubgormma imma rusccuib, IT i 120.9 . The faculty of sight, vision : rucad a rosc airi, LL 121b18 . di clūais mo dhá ó nō di rusc mo dá ṡú[i]l, ZCP vi 258.16 . Fig. corop féig rosc for n-anme, gl. oculos cordis vestri, Wb. 21a9 . rind ruisc a menman, LL 221a 11 . ag cealg-ghoin rosg a réasúin, TSh. 2338 . ar rosgaibh a rúin, 1624 . Hence the glosses: rosc tuigsin gach neich understanding , Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 . rosg .i. tuigsin, O'Cl. for slicht a ruisc .i. a eoluis, Eg. 88 f. 44 ( O'Cl. 2534 ). rinn ruisc bic the eyebright , Irish Texts v 6.32 .

Compds. ? ¤béimm: cor memaid roscbéim rígdaide díb triasin cath `a kingly brilliant dash of them', CRR 34 ; perh. a different word; Hogan compares frithrosc `inverse direction', `backwards' (which may be a compd. of rosc `eye'; see rithrosc).

n ? ¤díbert `eye-banishment'. deprivation of sight (?): roith-nell rosg-dibertha radairc, MR 270.2 .

adj ¤lethan: ra facsin in ríg rosc-lethain large-eyed , CRR 15 . Acall. 4691 , 5744 ; as sobriquet: Raighne Roisclethan, 225 , cf. Raíghne roscghlas, Duan. F. ii 348 z . rigna rosclethna, LL 273b8 .

adj ¤lethne: ar rígdacht ┐ ar rosclethni, CRR 27 (`wide-eyedness' or `breadth of view'? Hogan).

súilech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súilech or dil.ie/39218
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: suilech, mintshuilech, maethshuilech

adj o, ā (súil) having eyes or sight : suilech centum oculos habens gl. Argus . . . oculeus, Sg. 94a1 . nephsuilig .i. nephfegi són gl. minus occulati, Ml. 42d8 . fer s.¤ slíastach slinnénach having big eyes, MU² 624 . deich [g]-coin t-sholmha, shúileacha `quick-eyed', Leb. Cert. 204.22 ( BB 278b14 ). doriṅgne Dia dúlech | imchloichmod sulech sluagach, LL 114b26 . Of a spear: gae súlech go foscadaib uasu `ein mit (Glas-)augen besetzter Speer', TBC-LL¹ 5271 . As subst.: gár dhoilghe ioná dall go súileach 'how would it be harder than to give the blind man sight', Giolla Brighde 220 § 23 . In compds.: mintshuilech gl. luscus, Ir. Gl. 430 . maethshuilech gl. lippus, 431 . co n-acca in scáilfer . . . se . . . bolcsuilech with bulging eyes, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). na gcailleach . . . gcuasshúileach, PCT 341 .