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2 bí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bí or dil.ie/5810
Last Revised: 2013

n f. Usually inflected as t-stem; see Études Celt. xxvii 184 . Name of some part(s) of a door or entrance: fo dí b.¤ ind rígthaigi, LU 8187 ( FB 13 ; `sous les deux montants du seuil de la maison royale´ Études Celt. xxxiv 106 ). for foradaib bith insin óenuch `entrance' (?), ZCP iii 216 § 31. In phr. crann mbí(th) `threshold´ Misc. Ascoli 386 : fó dé b.¤ in righthighe inann sin ┐ in fordorus ┐ in tairrsech (lintel and threshold), uair is iat sin in da chrann tar a téd na b. amuich ┐ amach, is aire sin atberar crainn b.¤ friu uair adeir is in bretha nemhe, itir crand mbi ┐ in chainnell, O'Curry 1322 (H.3.18, 608a). áile tech miodhchuarta . . . garbh n-eochrach a chrann [mbi], Ériu xiii 40.14 , Misc. Hib. 23. 16 ( IT iii 51 § 94 ). Cf. bi .i. tairsich . . . garb n-ochrach a crand mbith blaith bith coire .i. in crann his fo mbeo .i. in tairsech . . . dul dibec itir b.¤ ┐ cainneall, O'Dav. 233. i ndorus in daurthige connice in crand mbith, LB 277a54 . In biological sense (?): in am luide don chrunn síuil bruitis bí a croith innallaile, combu ógslán `au moment où elle alla sur le chevalet d’accouchement, elle cousit les sueils de sa vulve l’un contre l’autre, si bien qu’elle fut vierge´ Études Celt. xxxiv 106 .

1 clí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clí or dil.ie/9466
Last Revised: 2013

n f. in chlí, Thes. ii 295.4 . Appar. indeclinable; but see perh. d. sg. clith, Ériu xxix 157 = AM .

(a) a house-post : is c.¤ darach Moysi [i]sin tegdais `an oaken pillar', Wb. 33a5 (` leg., with Chroust, clin', Strachan). cach comarbbae cona ch.¤ inna chaīnorbbae clandas `Hauspfosten', ZCP xi 81 § 13 . ate-midiur-sa ar mo chenéuil clith 'I estimate them by the house-post of my kin' Ériu xxix 157 (= AM 4.18 , 63.163) . cach comarbba cona ch.¤ i cind a thíre techtai, LL 293b12 . fo chlí mo chuile, Lament 104 § 31 . nico n-airsitis cli fri alaile that they would find the house completely destroyed, Vita Br. 1 . sádis c.¤ and ┐ asbert robad chongbail ┐ cathir dó, Trip.² 1731 (castrametatus est, Lat. Lives 34.4 ). amail atcumaic in c.¤ isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . ar a chosmaile fri clī thige, ibid. ní hasta dilsi, na tuinide, na c.¤, na cuaille . . . , O'D. 580 ( H 3.17, 444 ). ni rudhradh nad astann cli na cuailli .i. nocha ro tairismech é itir muna astaighte cli a tighi air a aititin fir bunaidh, O'Curry 435 ( H 3.18, 235b ). c.¤ .i. cleath, O'Cl. Equated with cleth: ce dobre bir clethi fordorus .i. cia doburnaid fair banna don c.¤ biraich bis osonn fordorus, O'Dav. 620 . By extension: cia braenaighther bainne do cli biraith na cainnle the pointed candle-stick(?), O'Dav. 320 .

(b) Freq. in Fig. use of a person, champion, support, prop; authority : in ch.¤ comras cond credail / ollmas fu thocaid tugaib `the mighty balk . . . great (and) good under roofs of fortune', Thes. ii 295.4 (SP v). c.¤ de rgóir . . . | Findbarr Maige Bili, Fél. Sept. 10 . lam Chua, c.¤ búadach, Acr. 6 . ard-chli os Emna oenuch (of a king), AU i 418.6 . c.¤ .i. comarba, ut est, Cobtach cloth c.¤ in crabaid, O'Curry 1301 ( H 3.18, p. 540a ) (citation from LB 101b59 ). ar ṅDia . . . / ar C., SR 7483 . a ch.¤ gaili cen eisslis (to Saul), 5994 . arm-char c.¤ `a weapon-loving champion', Metr. Dinds. ii 40.61 . Exceptionally of a woman: ingean d'Aengus, glan a gairi, / cli roscar in Daire dearg, Ériu x 82 § 57 . Of a tooth: en fiacuil im chind gan cli, Fen. 294.5 . c.¤ an éirnidh an ionnaithmhigh an authority in explaining and unriddling? RC iv 354.2 . do thaobh na haithne si (sc. the first commandment) . . . cuir ad mheabhair an ní adéra an ch.¤ riot, Mac Aingil 3212 .

do-fuissim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fuissim or dil.ie/17709

Forms: dufuismiu, dofuismim, d., dofhuisim, dufuissemar, dofhuisemar, torsamad, dofuisēmha, dofussema, dofuisémthar, notusémtha, doforsat, doḟorsat, dorōsat, doruasat, dorrōsata, -torsata, tuiste, tuistiu, tuismid, doruisim

v (* to-uss-sem-, GOI p. 526 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. dufuismiu, Thes. i 497.6 ( Ardm. 177b1 ). dofuismim, Sg. 182b2 . 3 s. d.¤ , Ml. 111a13 . (rel.) dofhuisim, Sg. 61a2 . Pass. s. dufuissemar, Ml. 121b6 . (rel.) dofhuisemar, Sg. 61a2 . ? Subj. impf. 3 s. nad torsamad gl. non iam creaverat, Enchir. Aug. 79b ( ZCP vii 483 ). Fut. 2 s. dofuisēmha, Cóir Anm. 251 . 3 s. dofussema, LL 367 marg. sup. Pass. dofuisémthar, Wb. 4c7 . Condit. pass. notusémtha, Three Hom. 56.5 . Perf. 3 s. doforsat, Ml. 17b2 , 6 . doḟorsat (rel.), Sg. 31b5 . dorōsat, 31b2 . PCr. 15a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). doruasat, SR 7871 , 7977 , etc. Pass. pl. dorrōsata, ZCP xi 94 § 32 . -torsata, Ml. 120c7 , 99a8 .

Part. tuiste. Vn. tuistiu. Cf. ise cét-tustidi Adaim Cain the first-begotten , Lec. 385a20 .

In Mid.Ir. freq. as simple vb. tuismid (cf. perf. 3 s. doruisim, Rawl. 72b5 ). See also tuismigid, tuisnigid, tuistigid. See IGT Verbs §§ 68 , 106 .

I Used for do-essim pours out, pours forth: intan dofuissemar sechtair a síl sin ┐ gainethar hón máthir. . . . is ainm do fructus , Ml. 44a11 . (Of a flagstone) dofuisim husce exudes water, Trip.² 87 . ma tuisim sil comperta tria imradud, Ériu vii 142 § 12 . neuch douisim sil compertae, § 16 (see also s.v. do-essim).

II

(a) begets, generates: is hó Isaác dofuisémthar a sil nairegde, Wb. 4c7 . d.¤ gl. germinantis, Ml. 111a13 . issed a aicned cenéuil ní doḟuisim ┐ dofhuisemar something that generates and is generated (of gender), Sg. 61a2 . Cf. ni ainm ferinnsci no baninsci acht du neoch dufuisium ┐ o tuisimar, Auraic. 565 . mor easba in talman meni tusmedh clanda, 628 . is tre fhír flathemon clanna cáine tusmiter, ZCP xi 83.4 . corothuismiset | trenfir ┐ trenchoraid, SR 2403 . (Of a cleric) ma dufusme clann, Ériu vii 142.19 . cuirp na ndaine ┐ na n-anmanna archena genit ┐ tusmitir dina sílaib deréolaib, RC xxv 252.x . cia lin do chlainn rothusmistar Adam, Rawl. 69a34 . rothusmistair [Cainen] maccu ┐ ingena, Lec. 532a26 . an tathair ór thúismeasdair, 3 C 13, 901.13 . ní rotuismedh ierdraighi . . . etorra, Fl. Earls 192.18 . With prepp.: in tan rothuisim Isaac o Sarra, BB 5a57 . dorusim maccu aili ó Chethura, Rawl. 72b6 . cor toirrcedh Iachtastain . . . gur tusmistar da mac uaithi, D IV 2, 77rb4 . rothuissim Noi tri maccu re siair fesin, Lec. 67a36 .

(b) conceives: cu rothuisim fócetoir ┐ co ruc mac, Lism. L. 4652 . aimbrit side coro thusim in mac amra .i. Samúel, LB 128a27 .

(c) bears, brings forth (offspring): andofuismet gl. parentia, Sg. 69b9 . na sothe .i. ní dofhuisim terra gl. foetus, 64a14 . dofuisēmha mac, Cóir Anm. 251 . tainicc inbhaidh na hingine . . . rothusimh in mac robhui 'na broinn, Lism. L. 2830 . isin aidchi sin rothuisim a ben ingin do, Anecd. iii 73.22 . rotusimh . . . a toirrchus for chenn na blai, CF x 35 ( LL 379a ). tofuisim a mbanscál mac cind nói mís, RC ix 454.9 . rothuisim sidhi dias cloindi do, xiii 9.6 . láir trogais (.i. tusmis) dí lurchure (.i. dá serrach), IT i 138 (berid, v.l.). arróet Iosep . . . noem Muire . . . co ro-thusim a mac prim-geni till she brought forth her first-born, PH 6917 . in Bethil Iúda . . . cathair . . . in ro-tusmed Isu Crist, 6936 . rotusmit geni torotharda imda, CCath. 891 . asé in mac thusmes [in cétben] is oigri air, Marco P. 67 . ba derbh lais nar tusmedh ┐ nach tusmighfe nech oca mbiadh cēt sūil, 125 . ni thusmidter gein innti nach scribhthar a ainm, 140 . gur thusmighset in da rigain cona cumalaib da mac dec, BB 5b28 . is inunn gradh ata agum duid ┐ don mathair romtuisme, Lib. Flav. ii 5ra39 . ní rotuismedh clann . . . dó, Fl. Earls 222.9 . a chlann ar tús sul tuismid | gnath dho dealbad áruisnid (of the pelican), O'Gr. Cat. 461.8 . Note also: dobhí . . . ben Aonghuis torrach . . . ┐ dogabhadh no gur tuismedh í until she was delivered, Rel. Celt. ii 162.20 .

III

(a) creates, fashions: amal as messe dudaforsat inna duli gl. qui conditor operum meorum sum, Ml. 94b7 . huare asmbeirsom as ṅduil dæ dodaforsat inna ídlu, 130a6 . duforsaisset gl. creavere, 110a8 (but perh. for duforásaisset, see note). cid torbae ara torsata . . . duli, 120c7 . ba bithnuagud inid torsat Dia in which God created him (i.e. Adam), Laws i 129 . he donrosat do nephní, SR 7518 . in rí doruasat cech cri, 7871 . ri . . . dorósat gréne goho, 8098 . do chomdelbaid . . . tú doru[a]ssat, 2174 . na huili anmanna . . . dodosrosat mo nóebrí, 1110 . flaith . . . dorúasat bith, Imr. Brain § 27 . ónd ríg do rea rúasat who has created the spaces, § 48 (see Ériu viii 99 ). ba dia dheilbh ┐ a chosmailius doforsat, Ériu ii 132 § 105 . do atluchud dond Ríg dorúasat túarai who created food, iii 102 § 31 . in Fiada find . . . | domrosat fo baithis, Trip.² 1632 . fri fer dososat (leg. dorosat) hec omnia .i. Dia, Laws i 22.21 . ma rothusmis na huli do nefní tria bréthir, PH 4796 . ro-hícc Dia in ni nar thusmestar ar tús .i. na súile, 2295 . is aendia donrosat dia réir, Alex. 880 . rotusim Dia in duni fo imaigin foden, Lec. 528b14 . rotuisim Dia bleidmili mora muridi, 528ay 0 . is tusca rotusmed tu fen oltas Adam, MacCarthy 50.15 .

(b) founds, establishes: Romuil dorosat ciuitatem , PCr. 15a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). Cicrops dorósat in cathraig, Sg. 31b2 . andoforsat condens , BCr. 40d1 ( Thes. ii 28 ). im chumachtu ór thuismestar aicned na n-dúl (= virtus qua condidit . . .), FA § 1 (LB). on chetna oenuch Olimp co rotusmed Roim, Rawl. 73b23 . ratusmed Róm ar indróe, LL 144a6 . contuilem i n-uamaib amail dorosait Dia dún, Alex. 886 (dosratait, v.l., cf. Anecd. v 4.4 ). lenmait isnaib rechtaib donrosat Dia has established for us, 899 .

(c) produces, engenders (fig.), causes: robu dufuissemar gl. aut æditur (= ēditur), Ml. 121b6 . cid dofuisim guth .i. cred tuismis no coimedus in guth? what generates word? O'Dav. 988 . lesmac .i. lis-mac .i. arindi dofuissim [lis] don fiur nō don mnái because he is a begetter of strife, Corm. Y 798 .

Intrans. arises (fig.): ar cach cenel labhartha dotuisim ar beolu duine, Auraic. 1952 (dohuisimar, v.l.). Cf. rothusim o Cham na cnead | deich primcenela fichet, Lec. 75a14 .

1 ech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ech or dil.ie/19508
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: t-ech, eich, eich, eich, eith, ech, eoch, each, eich, hich, heich, eit, eochu, ech, eochu, eocho, eocha, echu, ech, echaib, eachaibh, eochaiph, ech, eich, echtaitiu, ecthaighe

n o, m. n s. in t-ech , Metr. Dinds. iii 454 . v s. a eich , TTebe 3494 . g s. ind eich , Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . eich, FB 69 etc. eith, IGT Decl. p. 115 n. 15 , 116 n. 19 . (g s. ech, Aen. 446 etc. is probably only a spelling variant). d s. eoch FB 31 . LL 47b10 . each, YBL 8a4 . n p. ind eich , ZCP viii 106.23 . ind hich , Ériu vi 134.21 . na heich , 135.49 . TBC-LL¹ 1246 . eit, Lec. 376a15 , 22 = Leb. Cert. p. 74 , 76 . eochu Lism. L. 562 . g p. ech, Ml. 16b12 . 43d1 . IT i 125.14 etc. a p. eochu, TBC-LL¹ 1244 . FB 39 . (as n p. Lism. L. 562 ). eocho, TBC-LL¹ 1134 . TBC-I¹ 700. TTebe 1382 . eocha (v.l. echu) Trip. 144.10 . ZCP viii 106.25 . TTebe 1083 etc. ech, Triads 236 . d p. echaib, TBC-LL¹ 1344 . Metr. Dinds. iii 454 . eachaibh (: beathaidh), TD 25.25 . eochaiph, BNnÉ 239 § 169 . a du. dá ech , FB 45 . ZCP viii 106.20 . See IGT, Decl. § 171 .

A horse (incl. mare or gelding) genly. of chariot or saddle-horse, dist. from capall: iomad capall, beaccan d'eachaibh, AFM iii 558.2 . The common use of the fem. pron. with ech in certain contexts implies that mares were preferred for riding or driving (but see CMCS xxiii 89 ); the masc. decl. of the word is however always retained. ainm fuasnada... ech the name of a perturbation of horses (ref. to fremitus = `neighing') Ml. 16b12 . cēt n-ech srianach, IT i 125.14 . eich uaibhreacha, TSh. 5963 . ni madriadsam ar n-echa we had better never have tamed our steeds Triads 236 . nach ech riadar isin domnach is ech tened bís hi ngabul a marcaig a n-iffirn, Ériu ii 194 . in t-ech boi fona carpat RC xii 346.24 . na dá ech filet fón charput, FB 45 . léic na eocho ar férgeilt, TBC-LL¹ 1134 . ar eoch ard on a high steed RC xx 10 § 7 = LL 47b10 . ic dul ar a ech mounting his horse Cog. 144.15 . dochuaidh ar a each ar fud sráide an longphuirt rode his horse Keat. iii 3128 . do ling...ar a each, 3227 . éirghidh ar bhar n-eachaibh, 3228 . each fae a horse under him Laws ii 154.18 Comm. LL 303a31 . má tá...gur chuiris srian | rem each... | cia an neach dar dolta ar a druim | dá socra each gan udhuim, Timth. 1917 VII iii 43 . eich dá ngníomh `exercising of steeds' TD 11.20 . eich...ag dol i gcoimhling, 11.12 . muilenn im-tai ech, O'Mulc. 816 . Interchanging with gerrán : fúacrais Ercoil comlond dó féin ┐ dá eoch forro...marbais gerran Ercoil ech Loegairi, FB 69 . indara hech ..ocus sē lugaid...in t-ech aile ocus sé casmongach TBC-I¹ 1975 . With fem. pron.: tainic each Colmáin...go M...┐ do chuir fona carpat féin í, BNnÉ 239 § 69 . is isi an t-ech oirdherc, B IV 2, 95a = O'Gr. Cat. 488 . ba suaichnich am egcosc inn eich sin .i. gabair gormglasa...is cuma conriadad si muir ┐ tir, TTebe 2282 . co tuiced int ech a n-ebairt-sium ria ┐ ro an ris ┐ dochuaid-sium fuirri 3498 . D. do mharbhadh dia eoch fein ag cor crú fuirre AFM iv 900.8 .

Attrib. gen.: tána eich , LL 295b35 = SG 361.24 .

In O'Dav. 501 the correct reading is probably: in cullach eich (as in F) the stallion , cf. the compd. ech-cullach below.

Defined by follg. adj. or gen. subst.: ech aige `a race (?)- horse' (i.e. for chariot-racing?) Laws v 406.6 . luaithe ech aighe nem medon mīs míthime .i. comluath é ┐ int ech innṡaighther isin aenach a mī medhonach int samraid, Anecd. v 25. 7 . cf. ech fri aige, dam fri har, Laws i 122.10 . e.¤ bagáiste baggage-horse: dona hechaibh bagaisde, Rel. Celt. ii 198 (Bk. of Clan R.). e.¤ anríata an unbroken horse : LL 302a22 . e.¤ bretnach a British (Welsh) horse: ór derg tuarastul in trír | ra taeb ech mbretnach mblathmín, LL 49b6 . in t-ech bretnach (sufficient ransom for a life), Laws v 438.8 Comm. (cf. 220.22 ). MacCongl. 45.16 . AU 1029 = AFM ii 818 . e.¤ buada a winning horse: is ech buada dar mag reid | fer adcosnaid flaith Dé máir, LL 284b42 . conacatar marcach for each mbuadha, RC x 62 z . Lism. L. 2090 . e.¤ crainn wooden horse : Fiacha Figente ... is ē do-rōinde an each crainn ro-n-acht iarum a nĀenach Colmān, Corp. Gen. 230 (152a10 n. a-a) ​= qui fecit equm ligneum​​​​. e.¤ crannda wooden horse : i mbroind in ech cranda, Aen. 446 . e.¤ díla a charger (?) see díl. e.¤ gerr `gelding' BColm. 88.9 ; 90.16 . e.¤ imchair a saddle-horse, riding-horse: m'each iomchuir ag triall ré tal | dob ionchuir srian dá seoladh (sic leg.) Timth. 1917, VII iii 43 . Contrasted with e.¤ díla: an t-each díola nach díol damh | 's an t-each iomchair gan iomchar (sic leg.) Tribes of Irel. 48 . e.¤ immrimme `a riding steed' Laws iv 308.22 (opp. to capul fognuma) ii 160.19 . Cf. i n-imrim do eich .i. sliastai, i 168.11 . each fae i n-aimsir imrime, ii 154.18 . e.¤ riata a broken-in or trained horse FB 31 . .l. each riata la C. fri har ┐ trebad in talman, Fél.² lxi (Mar. 5) tri heich duba daigriata, Lec. 378da 22 = Leb. Cert. 160 . Cf. riagh éineich san bfaithchi, one of the services which Lugh offers to perform at Tara, Ridgeway Essays 326 § 32 , see note. e.¤ sliasta riding-horse Laws iv 322.8 . i 168.11 . e.¤ uisci a water-horse (a goblin): ech usci robói isind loch, Triads 236 . RC xii 346 , 348 . e.¤ uiscide: eich uscide, Alex. 679 (usci BB) crocodiles (?).

COMPDS.

ech-adba? in carbad fuil i n-eachadhbadhaib na n-ech sin, ZCP viii 549.29 (= TBC-LL¹ 1815 v.l.).

¤adbul mighty in horses: i nhErind hechadbail, ZCP viii 270.12 .

¤ba: see echba.

¤bachlach horse-boy, groom (?): n p.; nícon bia acht eachbachlaich uait (a malediction), Ériu viii 157.33 .

¤bán white of steeds, having white steeds: cétrí Herenn echbáne, LL 127a39 (= MacCarthy 150 ).

¤bél horse-mouth, horse-lipped , as npr. or epithet: Echbēl mac Dedad, ScM. 7 . Echde Echbél, ZCP ix 191.1 (= Ériu ii 32 ). co Eochu Echbél, RC xxvi 8 = LL 186a13 . cland Echach Echbeóil, LL 138a37 (see Thurn., Heldensage 443 ). Dinds. 53 . Erge Echbél, ZCP viii 326.5 .

¤breth horse-judgement: i n-echbrethaib Áine, O'Dav. § 813 . ¤buide having yellow steeds: Iubdán mac Abdaein echbuide, SG i 249.25 . ¤cairptech : a crích Umaill echcairpdig, LL iii 20469 . ¤cenn: horse-headed: Eochaid Eachcend, BB 44b31 . ¤cullach stallion: im echccullach for eochu .i. i naimsir echmarta, Laws i 144.4 . ¤cummascda centaur, horse-mongrel: popul torathardha na Centauri ┐. na nEchcumusccda .i. each ┐ duine a cummascc aenpersainne inntip, CCath. 3839 (possibly na n-ech c., and not a compd.). ¤dian of swift steeds: g s m. m. Ailill echdéin, RC xx 140 . ? ¤díle ? bíastai granni dracondai cucund dofutitis | tréna a n-amainsi echdíli cíadcutís, LU 114b17 (Siaburch. om. Anecd. iii 54 - 5 ). ¤dillat horsecloth: marcach for each...eachdillat maith cumtachta foa suidhiu, RC x 62 z . eochdillat, Aen. 2112 . ¤donn having brown steeds: a secht Chind Ḟáelad echduind, LL iii 15296 . ¤flesc rod, horsewhip (cf. 1 echlasc): dobert béim dind echfleisc dó, SCC 8 . ech a cengal die echfleisc, RC xiii 7.14 . pn ¤lúath mounted on, or possessing swift steeds: as epithet: Conall Echlúath, Cóir Anm. 163 . Rawl. 145d38 . ¤mairc: see echthres s.v. ech. ¤mairt covering a mare: doluid [in cullach]...co mbói eter scuru Enna Aignig do saigid echmarta, Dinds. 107 . i n-aimsir echmarta, Laws i 144.5 Comm. ¤míne tameness of steeds: rob iarla co n-echmine possessing tame steeds (?) BB 59a6 . ¤mór great in steeds, rich in steeds: flathius Mael Sechnaill echmóir, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 46 = LL 185a49 . ¤raite horse-road: doronad fri echraite mendoto a medon, EIF 538 § 1 . ¤réid: see eichréid. ? ¤réim (¤dréim) horse-riding (mounting horses ?): echréim (MS. echdreim) ┐ cor cloiche, Celtica viii 142.18, cf. 149 . ¤rúad having ruddy steeds: dá degmac Ebir echrúaid, LL i 299 . ¤rúathar: aimsir echruathair (one of the seasons in which roads are cleansed), Corm. Y 1082 ; as npr. m.: Echrúathar, BDD 117 . ¤semmar a plant name, horse-clover: maculta treisfolium (maculatum trifolium?) .i. in eachṡemar, RC ix 237 . echṡemmar, LB 101 m. inf. corona regia .i. an eachṡeamar 23 K 42, 415 = Academy 1896, 406b . g s. eachṡeimri, Med. MS . ¤srian bridle: coīcait n-echsrian, ZCP viii 310.22 . Laws iv 326.11 , 328.9 . ¤tháid horse-thief: ní ria a enech...ar echu echthadat he shall not sell his honour for the steeds of a horse-thief ZCP xi 86 § 43 . co luga echthádat, Tec. Corm. § 27.15 . im loingsechaibh ┐ im echtadait ┐ im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. echtaitiu (a p.) iii 22.18 Comm. n p. echtáide (sic leg.) Laws ii 270.5 , ZCP xx 480 . ecthaighe, ii 270.5 Comm. ¤thress a horse-contest, horse-race: tucait...dá ech... i n-ech-thress curad, Metr. Dinds. iv 126 . bla each echtres ....i. slan dona hechaib in tres echda doniat eturru budein `horse-fight' Laws iii 294.15 . co ndernad óenuch ┐ echtressa leo ann, IT i 128.15 (corresp. to: ic gním óenaig ech-thressa, Metr. Dinds. iii 350 ). oegidacht Úa nDrona de | ocus ech-thress Ossairge (proverbial expressions?), Metr. Dinds. iii 22 . Dinds. 18 . echtres Ratha Line, BB 268a24 (= echrais, Leb. Cert. 22 ). Cf. echtres .i. echmairc, O'Dav. 805 .

Emain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Emain or dil.ie/20014

Forms: Emain, hEmain, hEmuin, nEmain, Emain, Emna, Emna, Emnó

i, n.l., f.

I Navan Fort, near Armagh: nom. ceth leth ata Emain , TBC-I¹ 376 . Emuin Machæ, LL 126a16 . acc. fri hEmain anair, TBC-I¹ 429 . tanic co hEmain, IT i 216.8 . dat. a hEmuin , IT i 144.19 . i nEmain Macha 136.2 . o Emain Macha, TBC-I¹ 1829 . gen. os Emna oenuch AU 902 . borg Emna , Fél. Prol. 193 . i coiced Emnó (: bó), CRR 4 . for dóe na rrátha .i. na Emna, IT i 72.4 . for dou na hEmna, 76.2 (v.l. for tua na hEmnai, for tua ina hEmna).

II the name of an elfin fort, or region: cróib dind abaill a hEmain (.i. Emne(a) nomen regionis), Imr. Brain 3 . Eamhain mheic Lir mheic Mhidhir, 23 H 8, 59a . Freq. E. Ablach: Eamhain Abhlach, 23 H 8, 59a . is e in M. sin robai a nAraind, ┐ as fria side adberar Eamain Ablach, RC xxiv 274 § 7 . dún in Eamhno Abhlaighe (sic leg.) like Emain of the apple-trees Ériu v 56.72 . Síth Emna, Skene's Celtic Scotland iii 410 = 23 H 8, 59a . ZCP viii 194 . TD ii 215 . Cf. Emne.

fo-len

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-len or dil.ie/23091

Forms: folil, folilsad

v (len- `follow') follows; cleaves to: bec leis cach lucht lán fonlen | conontuc d'óenuch Thalten `too little [he thinks] each full load that follows us till he has brought us to the Fair of Tailtiu' (each ample portion that accrues to us ?) Metr. Dinds. iv 160 (transl. v 142 ). bla imfodla crícha doteit uisce glaisi airm fodlenat in da comorba imdabiad for cechtar in da leithe, H 3.18. 14a `where the two coarbs follow it' Laws iv 144.10 Comm. (where (the lands of) the two c. adjoin ?). ? fut. folil mu menmain dia éis, Ériu ii 95 § 1 . is de féin folil a phían his punishment will adhere to himself 208 § 28 . folilsad it would remain sticking (?) BDD 38 (`the branch would support it' Stokes). Cf. foilileam .i. foileanam I follow, ... adhere ... P. O'C.

See foilenmain.

fo-ruimi, -fuirmi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ruimi, -fuirmi or dil.ie/24043
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: for-r(uim)-, fo-fuirm-, fo-d-ruim, forruimi, forruibi, forrumai, -fuirmi, fosrumet, fosraemet, forroma, forruma, -fuirmema, fuireama, fuirmeba, -furmud, furruimtis, -forurmius, fomruirmius, for-uirim, forfurim, forḟuirim, forruim, forruib, -forroim, forrumai, forromair, foruirmiset, -furimar, -fuirmider, forrumither, forruimther, -fuirmithe, foruirmed, forfuirmedh, forumad, -forromadh, -forrumtha, rofurmethe, fuirmithe, fuirmiud, f.

possibly more than one verb is represented in the following citations ; some forms suggest for-r(uim)- but cf. Ériu xxxv 201 ; some are assigned by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 463 ) to for-ben. (In later MSS f is sometimes repeated in deuterotonic forms : fo-fuirm-). Ipv. 2 s. fo-d-ruim, Fianaig. 12 § 23 . pres. 3 s. forruimi, Corm. Bodl. s.v. pattu (= forruim, Corm. Y 1045 ; forruibi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 35 ). forrumai (fosrumai ?) LU 5320 . -fuirmi, Wb. 8c1 . pl. fosrumet, BDD 13 D = fosraemet Y. pres. subj. 3 s. forroma, ZCP iv 39.13 = forruma, LL 250a10 ( TBFr. § 15 ). Cf. -fuirmema, Laws v 96.28 Comm. (< B 346az = Y 202b47 ; fuireama, in the corresp. text Laws ii 348.26 Comm. is a misreading of the MS., H 3.17, c. 451z , which O'D. 597 gives as fuirmeba, but the last two letters are doubtful). past subj. 3 s. cf. -furmud, RC xi 448.78 . 3 pl. furruimtis, Thes. ii 242.5 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). pret. and perf. 1 s. -forurmius, LU 9381 . fomruirmius, Fél. Ep. 38 . 3 s. for-uirim, Ml. 2a6 . forfurim, Ériu ii 132 § 106 . forḟuirim, Alex. 262 . forruim, Thes. ii 242.8 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). forruib, Hy ii 8 . cf. -forroim, LU 5679 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 463 gives this and forrumai to for-ben). With depon. ending : forromair, TBC-LL¹ 3315 . 3 pl. foruirmiset, Rawl. 142a21 . LU 6670 . Pass. pres. s. -furimar, Ériu ii 116 § 45 . pres. subj. s. ? -fuirmider, Rawl. 125b29 . cf. mad ... forrumither , Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit = forruimther Y. past subj. s. -fuirmithe, Corm. Y 1059 . Bodl. pret. and perf. s. foruirmed, Ml. 74c20 . forfuirmedh, Fianaig. 14 § 35 . forumad, Lism. L. p. 328.25 . -forromadh ZCP iii 459.2 . pl. -forrumtha, Ériu ii 110 § 30 . rofurmethe, BColm. 32.4 .

Part. fuirmithe. Vn. fuirmiud.

(a) sets, places, of local relations: in tan foruirim obell ... fair, Ml. 2a6 . arimbad and furruimtis a n-eclis that there they should put [i.e. build] their church Thes. ii 242.5 . immalle doaurcbad doib a cossa ┐ fosruimet lift ... set down TBC-I¹ 3312 . is tō didiu forruimi in phattu a chossa `silently does the hare put its foot down' Corm. Bodl. s.v. pattu (= Corm. Y 1045 ). furmid ... a rigthi tharis (of wrestling) TBC-LL¹ 1308 (here treated as simple vb.). forruimther a cend forsin chloich, LL 122b24 . gaibidsi a da cois co ro ḟurim a cend fon usci, 279b43 ( SG 414 ). ro fuirmed hé isin Sábraind, MacCongl. 19.10 . foruirmitís ... a tengtha dar slesa a cloideb used to lick their swordblades Alex. 660 = ro ruirmitis, BB 494a38 . forrurim a láim eter di fertais in carpait co mmebaid in carpat , LU 5065 (here the meaning `thrust' seems implied, cf. fuirmiud, d). as fora mhuinel ro fuirimh C. a lāmh AFM i 182.4 . foruirmiset ... a mind ríg for Tamun, LU 6670 . forruim imbe in cassal, Ériu ii 204 § 22 . cladair fert fuirmigter lia, 23 P 3, 22a ( O'Curry 1886 ). is i Temair. ... fo ruirmed [in chloch], ZCP xx 219.15 ( xiii 372 ) = Temair ... i forromadh, iii 459.2 . co foromad in cúach ar bélaib Cholmáin, Ériu i 46.6 . ardnem ... fora forramad cuairt ind rīchid on which ... has been set ii 110 § 28 . airm i forrumtha na noī tuirid ib. § 30 . Of planting a blow, etc. (Cf. forruim .i. ro gon, LU 457 ). ... in baill isin duiniu hi fuirmither in crēcht ... mad ind agaid ... forrumither, Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit ( Corm. Y 975 ). sochaide forḟuirim a buille hi ceand araile, Alex. 262 . ro fuirmeastar beim ... ar in coin, TTebe 605 . Cf. formis [fornis, fuirmis v.l.] ... béim ... do cloidhemh dó, CCath. 2063 .

Impers. constr.: do fuirim snechta foraib snow fell on them LL 287b35 (cf. ro fer snechta, in same text 287a3 ).

(b) of fig. and abstract relations confers, imposes, inflicts , with FOR of pers. or thing affected (similar in use to do-beir): huare ... foruirmed cenn forsnaib cotarsnaib ... (= have reached their climax) Ml. 74c20 . ni fuirmi nech dimiccim foir som, Wb. 8c1 . for nech ni furme dimes thou shalt not treat anyone with contempt Ériu ii 228.1 . resíu forruma bine fornn, TBFr. § 15 . día ro fuirmed recht Adomnáin for Góedelaib, LU 2257 ( FA 32 ). oc B. forurmed a forus sae for feraib H. `was enjoined on' Cáin Ad. 28 . ro furmethe grada forru-sum, BColm. 32.4 . mor do dhelbhuibh ... forruirmeth for sil nAdhaimh, Ériu ii 132 § 105 . is for in Fiachaich se foruirmiset ... in fingail committed Rawl. 142a21 (= ro fuirmiset, ZCP viii 317 ). fuirimh ... briathar ... ar Choisimnach lay a curse on C. BNnÉ 314 § 8 (cf. fuirmedh .i. abradh, O'Dav. 835 ). do fuirmedh támh forra plague came upon them AFM i 58 . in ní forsna fuirmither aigi that [loan] for which no term is fixed Laws iii 492.20 (cf. fuirmither .i. fīraemthar, O'Dav. 853 . foruimter tuinide la cétchor, 824 ). Of exchange (?): fuirimh sin samhaisg ar dhéin, Ériu xiii 25.19 = IT iii 50 (gl. tabair, O'Dav. 849 . Perh. f. here = lay down, i.e., impose, enact ). With omission of pers. affected: da fuirmett faill `if they practise deceit' [neglect ?] Fen. 148.7 . tar ēsse na hālgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested (forruirmis v.l.) ZCP ix 449 § 2 .

? Absol. : ó dorochair Duach ... ro fuirmiset for Eochaid Fer fuirmid .i. mac Duach .i. fer forrofuirmed, ZCP viii 303.11 (= ro firmiset Ernai ... for ..., Rawl. 147a32 ; LL 319a42 ; ro fuirimset ... for E. `abased E.' Cóir Anm. 31 . Cf. fer fora ndernadh fuirmheth .i. a lagadh ┐ a laighdugud ┐ a aimnertugud co mor ib. cf. c below). nachas fuirmeda damsa may [the combat] not be imposed on me (?) TBC-LL¹ p. 301 n. 5 . lōg enech in grāid a fuireama, Laws ii 348.26 = v 96. 28 may belong to this. Cf. go sechtmhadh fodhail fuirmither, Ériu xiii 30.27 . ... cach ferainn fuirmhither uadh tre fīrécin nō foruimenn nech ar écin, O'Curry 429 (< H 3.18, 233a ). Cf. fine ar a ḟuirmim (= fuirbim, BB 269a25 ) `on his march' as if = foraim) Leb. Cert. 38 .

(c) lays prostrate, overthrows: in Rí dorósat a chrí | ro fuirim a frithisi has brought it low Metr. Dinds. iv 242.20 (ra urim v.l.). co foraim trí coícta troch ib. 39 . co foraim bága in bile, 244.52 (furim; foraib v.l.). ? sund ro báidit ... echrad E. ... báeth in fíad rosforaim and, 182.7 . Cf. inmain uatni óir | ra ḟurmius ar áth (Cú Chulainn lamenting the death of Fer diad) TBC-LL¹ 4179 = forfuirmedh for áth TBC-I¹ 2729 .

(d) in refl. and middle constr. betakes oneself, goes (= Lat. se confert); in this sense the historic pres. is commonly used instead of pret.: fotruim [fodruim, MS.] dot daim `betake thee to thy house' Fianaig. 12 § 23 . fusrumat a n-éin [ = ind euin, 23 N 10, 62 ] remib dia ndaim tar Sliab F., LU 10567 ( IT i 136.10 ; tiaguit, Eg.). farruma do Emain TBC-I¹ 2984 . forrumai do Teumraig, ZCP iii 252 § 72 = faruim, RC xi 448.88 . farruma dano C. la cách dond oenuch LL 125bx . farumai ... co ránic Temraig, Ériu vi 149 . farrumaí immach cucu, LU 7892 ( BDD 148 ). forumai O. for a hiarair, Cymmr. xiv 104 ( Rawl. 131b25 ). fosraemet [fosrumet; tiagait v.l.] ind eoin forsin tuind, BDD 13 . farrumae Concobar ar cind Fergusa, TBC-I¹ 3579 . forrumai [ fosrumaei, TBC-I¹ 843 ] Allechtu ... co mboí forsin chorthi A. goes and perches on the pillar LU 5320 ( ZCP x 208 ). forrumaidi ... co mbui for feinnithecht, RC vi 174 v.l. 17 (-idi is prob. anaph. pron.). Cf. ro lingestar lēim ... conadh ann ro fuirmistar ar glan-aiglind scēith in churad alighted MR 234.3 = ro uirmesdair, LL 410a2 (see airmaisid). forrumai nonbor díib thoromsa ┐ Conchobar, LU 4886 . conid forruim isind tulaigh, RC x 74 n. 1 (= co ro tairis, 72z ). condfurruimset ib. n. 16 (= condaturnsad, text.

Cf. farumai co Sencha dus cia dogenad he betook himself to S. to see what he should do (?) H 3.18, 367a37 ( O'Curry 785 ); `referred it' (of a decision) Plummer, MS. notes.

indeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indeb or dil.ie/28352

Forms: inneam, i., i., innium

n o, n. later m. Mid. Ir. inneam.

(a) gain, increase, wealth: i.¤ gl. lucrum, Ml. 43b6 . i.¤ gl. stips, Sg. 70a3 . inneamh .i. biseach, O'Cl. asberat is ar i.¤ is dénti tol dáe, Wb. 29b12 . corrop hed mo i.¤ crist, 24a6 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran i.¤ domunde gl. non turpe lucrum sectantes, 28c2 . co mbetis i n-indiub fochricce domsa `so that they might be in gain of (the) reward to me,' 10d33 . cid ind indib hisin gl. pecuniae, Ml. 73a15 . as duliu lium cech indiub ┐ cech ret, 45a4 . indeb ł iárfichid gl. adquaesitio, Thes. i 497.37 (Ardm.). bo bri[u]gad cumal n-oig n-inndib `the cow of a `brewy' is entitled to a full `cumal ,'' (Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 400.22 . tic indem na tūath | dā cinniud for cách `from their excelling all others comes prosperity of the tribe,' BColm. 32.12 . nī tucc d'echtres nō d'ōenuch | nā do c[h]ōemhnu nā d'innemh | an sainṡerc ..., Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. (1919) v 93 § 26 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith | nō for ind nim (v.l. indium) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6. ar creic a bicc lóin ar indiub romór `after selling his little food for very great wealth,' CCath. 2358. cuir ... isan muir an uile n-inneam fuil occut isan curuch, RC x 86.11 . mor int innem oendeisse great the increase (viz. of descendants) from one pair, Rawl. 84a43 . inneamh póirghine gach cnó dá clárshnoighe, DDána 83 § 16. As vn. dot innium, dot fās `that thou mayst prosper and grow,' BColm. 16.19 . in cnoc for ás, for i.¤ `the hill growing and gaining,' Metr. Dinds. iv 184.x .

(b) power: inneamh an fheartaigh `the Mighty One's strength,' Ó Bruad. iii 166.20 .

Compd. ¤thech treasure-house, treasury: mairid in claidem fos ... ic sil Iuil Cesair inn inniumthigh na Roma, CCath. 5258. doradad asin innimthigh ... aneoch d'innmus dobertsat na Rómhánaig ó Anibhal, 1521 .

2 ocus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ocus or dil.ie/33484

Forms: acus, ┐

conj., also acus (cognate with 1 ocus, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 161 ) and. In texts generally expressed by the contraction ┐ (used for Lat. et), nearly always so in Ml.; Wb. prefers Lat. et (but ┐ occurs Wb. 2b9 , 33a2 , 6 , 33b20 , 34a6 ), which is found also in later texts, e.g. TBC Stowe.

Forms.

(1) ocus, written in full fifteen times in the Cambray Homily and in Ml. 65a7 , 94c5 ; in later texts generally at the beginning of a sentence, e.g. LU 2401 , 2402 .

(2) acus, written in full Wb. 3a15 and perhaps to be read for Lat. et and ┐ through- out that text. In TBC, besides the contraction, ocus is found written in full down to TBC-LL¹ l. 2313 and again 3008 ; acus, 2913 , again 3188 and through the rest of the text.

(3) ocuis, only in Cambr. Hom. where it occurs five times ( Thes. ii 245.4 , 6 , 9 ; 247.14 , 20 ).

(4) is: possibly in Wb. 10b21 : et in tain asṁberar benefacere co[n]iugio is melius facere virginitatem (the refer- erence is to 1 Corinth. vii 38 : et qui matrimonio iungit . . . bene facit; et qui non iungit melius facit), where Ascoli sees the conj., Edd. Thes. the copula. Common in poetry from an early date when required by metre: ar cuirp is ar n-anma, Thes. ii 395.5 (Mael Ísú's hymn). eter mín is garb co ndath | eter marb ocus beothach, SR 27. tair ocus tiar, tuaid is tess, 86 ; cf. 122 , 310 . Johannes is Paulus, Fél. June 26 . déssib ocus trírib, Prol. 210 = co ndessib is tririb, LB. for nim ocus talmain, Ep. 294 = is for talmain v.l. for deiss rig is ruirech, TBC-LL¹ 3070 , cf. 735 , 3211 , 4103 . Nearly always written in full, but occas. expressed by ┐ : is nocho móo ro genair, TBC-LL¹ 3684 ; ┐ meicc Matae Murisce, CRR § 5 (= is meicc), both hepta- syllabic lines. Contracted to s: a chosc fein | 's a timargain dia uagréir, SR 4128. Occas. in prose: is cia itá do thigerna- su?, TBC-LL¹ 1417. cen a lor each ┐ bid is etaig, PH 411 = LB 6a1 . In late poetry generally written as, freq. contracted to 's.

(5) os: os airm i mbiad da comarba `and in a place', Laws iv 128.3 . os ma doti eisirt [sic MS.] . . . anechtair, 128.11 (in both cases glossed: os ar acus, 128.15 ; 130.3 ); cf. ii 178.16 . os aircoige techta . . . .i. os ar ogus, O'Dav. 100. os .i. ocus, 1318 . See Ir. Recht §§ 30 , 31 , 32 and ZCP xvi 275. See also 2 os. Ocus (is) lenites follg. consonant: cu cumtuch ┐ chon- imbiud, Ml. 94b11 . Petair is Phóil, Fél. Nov. 18. ra[t] chuit maige is chaille, TBC-LL¹ 3036 = is cailli, TBC-LL¹ 2252. orba cruid ocus tṡliasta, Laws iv 40.13 . ag imchar chéri as chopán, IGT Dec. ex. 101. In TBC-LL¹ 1826 : is lór n-argigi ┐ n-óebinniusa ┐ n-ániusa amthiagat, the eclipsis after lór is transferred by ocus to the nouns follg.

Used like Eng. and, Lat. et, atque, -que as co-ordinating conj. to connect sentences and members of a sentence: gl. -que, Ml. 65a7 . Occas. used loosely where an adversative conj. might be expected: ní baí innmas laiss ┐ baí ferand he had no wealth but he had land, LL 167a53 . Dún Eogain . . . ní mair Eogan forsind múr | ocus maraid in sendún, ACL iii 303 z . adubairt . . . nach rachad . . . fein ┐ co cuirfeadh nach eli, ZCP xiii 183.16 . Cf. `nā fuirig, a gilla', ar si `┐ ata do brathair agad togairm' for thy brother is calling thee, TTebe 4350 .

Idiomatic uses:

(a) when ocus connects two subjects of the same vb. of which the first is a sing. pers. pron., this latter is commonly not expressed but implicit in the vb. which is used in the plural: conráncatar ┐ Dubthach he and D. met, Thes. ii 241.5 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). conricfam ann ocus tu you and I will meet there, Fél. 86.32 . (Cf. the similar construction with eter: darala eturru . . . ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, TBC-LL¹ 6135. ) The follg. constructions are analogous: ní sgéar agus Muire M. and I will not part, Dán Dé xxvii 34 (ní sgéaram would be ex- pected). mo dheala agus Rí na ríogh | ná tí dhíom cheana do chlódh `may I not fail to heal my breach with the Lord', ib. go dtí . . . don chneidh mo shíoth agus Rí an ríchidh `may the wound cause my peace with the Lord', vi 18 . i n-oen-uair tancatar ocus techta Conchobair they and C.'s messengers arrived together, IT i 96.4 .

(b) connecting two sentences the second of which is virtu- ally though not formally dependent on the first: cach fiach inghellus duine ocus bidh ina shaidhbre every debt which a man promises who is in wealth, Laws iv 36.27 . in filet ocaib-se araile dee ┐ is friu raiter Petar ┐ Pol? have ye certain gods who are called, PH 432. `Usce damsa, a bean' . . . `Dobér' or si, `┐ tuc poic dam' (= if you will kiss me), RC xxiv 198.21 . nocha denaim-si fich nā formad um airchendus na Greigi . . . ┐ leigid dam-sa bruigi na Teibe provided ye leave me the farms of T., TTebe 835 . ba nert leis a menma ┐ tiasad i n-oenuch (= as if he were going), TBC-LL¹ 2497.

(c) used to connect a main clause with a subordinate; gen. in sense since, seeing that : canas i ngabur teora cethraime in feich . . . ocus co na fuil acht leth na miach? whence (comes it that) three-quarters of the fine is paid . . . seeing that it is only half the sack? Laws iv 84.1 . nā dena doilges fa dol do denam foghlamadh . . . ┐ gu dtiagaid na cennuighthi darna farrgibh seeing that merchants cross the seas, Ériu v 140 § 129. créad tug ar do fhréimh romhaibh gan déanamh a ndearnobhair 's nach ainbhfeas . . . tug bhar n-aighneas dáibh do dhearmad? why did not your race before you do as you have done, since it was not ignorance that made them omit your argument? Content. ix 20 , cf. vi 110 .

(d) introducing a nom. absol. standing

(1) in adjectival relation to a foregoing noun; in this case usually folld. by the disjunctive form of the pers. pron.: Muirchertach do toitim . . . ocus se ar meisce, RC xviii 194.12 . i fiadnaise in abbad noeim . . . ocus se baccach, PH 620. ruc si mac . . . ┐ si fo leith na dromlaigi, RC xxiv 190 § 2. co ro gairestar a n-ainimm as a corpaib ┐ iat-som i n-a lige for lár, PH 1010. in tan batar amlaid sin ocus siat aurlam co bás, 390 . ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa, RC xxiv 184.17 . dorinne tú agus tú id' naoidhin . . . mil don uisge, Dán Dé xii 17. mar atáid na cuirp chealgacha . . . ┐ gan iad cliste ná calma, TSh. 2070. See 2 os.

(2) in an adverbial relation to the sent.: ro iarfaigset uli . . . ┐ a cind cromma with bent heads, PH 583. atbert Longínus ┐ in popul imme di cech leth with the people around him, 760 . desidar `na suidi ┐ Niall i medon etarru with N. between them, RC xxiv 202.2 . adubhairt nár shochar dó an fheoil d'fhagháil is méad na tóire do bhí 'n-a diaidh seeing how many there were in pursuit of it, Keat. iii 1021. dul don tigh . . . agus méad mo mhearaighthe | ní fhéadfainn `owing to my great folly I cannot reach the castle', Dán Dé i 4. ba himshnimach let, ┐ í an coimhlin so do bliadhnoibh ad choimhleapaidh, gan clann agoip she being your wife for so many years, Fl. Earls 224.3 .

Oft. introducing a conditional phrase containing an infini- tive: is mairc thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si so thecht trit `woe to him who cometh into this world and causeth these evils', PH 7791. ro gell nā tobechad . . . in ṁborama ┐ a anacul if he got quarter, RC xiii 52 § 40 ( LL 299b36 ). doberim a cutruma dóib ocus gan techt im' agaid if they will not oppose me, Fianaig. 78.16 . ro tairgid cairt ar cró a cinid dó ┐ a n-airc d'fóirighin provided he would help their difficulty, Ériu iv 224.24 . créad é an tarbha dho neach dá bhfhaghadh sé an domhan uile agus a anum féin do chailleamhain?, Mark viii 36. The Welsh ac (a) `and' is similarly used: Welsh `ac efe etto yn llefaru, daeth rhai' while he yet spake, Mark v 35. Welsh `os ynnill yr holl fyd a cholli ei enaid', viii 36 .

(e) a similar construction is found after amlaid: is amlaid ro bui M. ocus fled morchain aici, Fianaig. 54.31 . is amlaid tánic a dochum ┐ lán a dā glac lais do lommánaib, FB 81. combad amlaid domeltís hé ┐ a n-iallacrand imma cossaib, PH 5102. is amhlaidh do-chonnairc E. an marcach so ┐ coróin fána cheann, TSh. 40.

(f) used in equative comparison and after inund `the same': métithir ocus óg rérchirce as big as, MacCongl. 53.1 . cutruma beirius ocus cach fer dlighthech isin bfine he gets as much as, Laws iv 294 y Comm. cumme ┐ sengobi like an old smith, Mon. Tall. 19. go n-oibrigheann an teine . . . comh-maith ┐ oibrigheas uisge, TSh. 1989. go bhfuil an uiread do bharr teasa ag teine phurgadóra . . . ┐ atá ag teine an tsaoghail, 4416 . ni hinund sét tancatar ┐ dochuatar doridise, PH 7037. isin cháisc dedenaig, is inund ón ┐ dia laithe brátha that is to say (namely), 5012 .

1 oenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 oenach or dil.ie/33513

Forms: áonach

n o, n. and m. (oén) n s. (with art.) a n-oinach sin, Ériu ii 100.1 (Tenga Bithnua). a n-óenach, LU 3239 ( SCC 3 ). óenach mbúada, 4549 . ( TBC-LL¹ 59 ). Later masc. áonach (m., g s. -aigh, n p. -aighi), IGT Dec. § 55.11 .

(a) in primary sense `a reunion', hence a popular assembly or gathering , generally (though not exclusively) for games, races, and similar contests, as distinguished from an `airecht' or assembly for communal business; commonly transld. `fair', though it does not seem to have been intended for com- mercial purposes. The chief oenaige were held periodically at fixed places. The word is often used of the place where the assembly was held and hence figures in many place-names, usually folld. by a gen. but occas. absol., e.g. mod. Nenagh (Co. Tipperary) < an Aenach < a n-oenach; fón Aenach, AU ii 376.15 (= mod. Enagh. Co. Roscommon). See Hog. Onom. s.v. oínach .

i n-oinach, gl. in theatrum, Thes. i 497.38 ( Ardm. 183b2 ). aenach, gl. agon, Gild. Lor. 45. in t-oinach rígda (= agon regale), Lat. Lives 21.9 . oenach Tailten do cumusc, AU 830 = commixtio agonis Talten, 716 . oenach .i. āine ech, Corm. Y 1002 (i.e. horse-races). d'echtres nō d'oenuch , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 26 . fer ro chóemaig na cleasa | ic gním óenaig ech-thressa `holding a meeting for horse-races', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.23 . oenach dogníthe la Ultu cecha bliadna, SCC 1. bá hiat dā comthinól airegda no bítis oc feraib Herend .i. fes Temra cecha samna . . . ┐ óenach Tailten cech lúgnasaid, LU 4212 . iar cor graphand doib i n-óenach na Cruachna, FB 66. ruc Cu C. buaid ind óenaig, ib. Tir Tailten . . . iss ed tir in sein bas oenach cluchi dot claind-siu, ZCP xiii 372 § 4 (Baile in Scáil). iar n-aighe aonaigh Life fri tríbh láibh, AFM ii 672.11 . aimser aenaid (during which fighting was forbidden), Laws v 302 y . ní hinbaid oenaig ind inbaid garb gemretta so, LL 264b12 = MU 18.21 . gaibid som a dillut oenaig immi, TBC-LL¹ 2727 = a dilatt n-oenaich, TBC-LL¹ 2038. do cuir a deisi aenaigh ┐ oirechtais uime, ZCP vi 27.34 . i Cruachain dognithea aenaichi Erind, Ériu ii 178.12 (aenuig v.l.). dligit amais aenechu, ZCP iv 468 § 5.

In wider sense, of other gatherings of a social nature: in cetna oenach Olimp the first Olympiad, Rawl. 73b21 . oenach Slebhe Sion, Ériu ii 98 § 3. a haenach nime `from the assembly of heaven', Fél. p. xxiv § 3 . i lLoind Ela . . . ba he an tres priomh- aonach Erenn eissem .i. aonach Taillten ┐ aonach Cluana meic Nois ┐ Lainn Ela, BNnÉ 178 § 30 (where `aonach' in the case of Cluain m. N. and Lann E. refers to the religious com- munities in those places). tri haonaighe Erenn . . . an tres aonach m'aonach féin, ib. § 31 (the speaker is St. Colmán of Ela). Cf. Triads 35 : tri háenaig Hérenn: áenach Tailten, á. Crúachan, á. Colmáin Ela.

In follg. exx. seems used as a semi-abstract: a haithle a n-oenaig ┐ a n-aniusa (= their sports), FA 30. bíadd prantigi . . . ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam, Mon. Tall. 83 , where it seems to mean a religious observance (chant) in which a number take part (but text may be corrupt).

o.¤ ngubae funeral games : coro clantar mo lia ┐ coro hagthar m'oenach ṅgubae, ZCP iii 3.4 ( Rawl. 130b28 ). ro cuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea co n-agtais a haenach and, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311.20 ). claidhter a fert . . . ┐ digníther a aonach gubha la hUltu, MS. Mat. 473.21 .

(b) transf. of place where an `oenach' or assembly is held: for forod áenaig in dūine, LU 10194 = oenaic, ZCP iii 232.3 (of the green or playground adjoining a chief's residence). ro gab dar oenuch mBreg Leth, IT i 119.11 , cf. dar Aenach mBreg Leith, BDD 1. Similarly in place-names. Somet. of a burial-ground: co fil [corp Dá Thí] for lár Óenaig Crúacan, LU 2801 , cf. 2851 . ni fil cnoc i nOenuch Cruachna nach fert rig nó rigflatha nó mna nó eicis, YBL 192a50 . Lagin i nOenuch Albi [no adnaictis] . . . Fir Muman i nOenuch Culi ┐ i nOenuch Colman, LU 4111 , 4112 . There was also an O.¤ Colmáin in S. Leinster: coscradh Oenaigh C. la Muiredhach for Laigniu Desgabair, AU 826 ; cf. in circo Colmain hi lLifiu, LL 321h44 = in circio C., BB 177e47 .

Of a harbour: óenach na n-ethar n-étromm, Metr. Dinds. iii 168.4 . Of the Roman Forum: is lais ro címdaiged oenach na Románach, LB 150b47 . for cathairib in oenaig isin Roimh, CCath. 5145. (fig.) óenach mbúada a thulchind, TBC-LL¹ 59 = o.¤ buada ina thilchind, TBC-LL¹ 258 (`ein Festplatz des Triumphes', Wind.). sinidh mo p[h]enn bec braenach | tar aonach lebor lig-oll, ZCP 8.12 .

2 teinm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 teinm or dil.ie/40394

Forms: t., teinm

n in phrase t.¤ laída a divinatory incantation used by the `filid .' Perh. same wd. as prec. See ZCP xvii 156 . Marstrander, Bidrag 127 , rejects Zimmer's derivation from O. Norse teinar laegdir ( ZDA xxxv 151 ff. ) on the grounds that t.¤ is vn. of teinnid (see 1, 2, 3 teinnid). Cf. perh.: cocnaid in fili mír do charnna, etc., Corm. 25.28 (in descr. of imbas forosnai). Also: tethna iarom Maen ... tria th.¤ laegda, Corm. 30.31 (Atkinson, Laws Gloss. s.v. teinm connects tethna with teinn .i. aisneid, nod-teinn .i. canus, O'Dav. 1526 , 1547 ). `Eröffnung durch das Lied,' Heldensage 71 . By native glossators taken as meaning illuminating (? cf. imbas forosnai, and 3 teinnid), understanding: teinm laeda .i. teinm taithnim ┐ teinm tuicsi, ┐ tuicsi uad tre na laig i neich is ail lais do radha, amail asbeir rellugadh coimgne co laegha co laidib la genelchaib co nduilib ┐ sluinnti, H 4.22, 5 ( O'Curry 1949 )= tenm laegda .i. tenm taitnem, ┐ tenm tuicsin, etc., Laws v 56.24 Comm. tinm .i. tuigsin, O'Cl. Cf. in B. na f. ag t.¤ fuach `understood a word,' ZCP iii 378.4 . neach osgar ní fhéad mo t.¤ `an ignorant person cannot understand me,' 20 (.i. tuicsin, gl. p. 382 ). ag tinm dhūar .i. tuicsin focal nō rann, ZCP v 483 § 2.

For the procedure see Laws i 44 Comm. t.¤ laodhu, i 24.33 Comm. fo t.¤ laodha lanfocail lantoinnseim, Anecd. ii 75.10 . a tri neimthigh filid, t.¤ laedha, imus forosnadh, ┐ dichedul do chennaib, H 3.18, 427b ( O'Curry 1002 ). The t.¤ laída was part of the training of an ollam, and was acquired during the eighth year of study: tredi dlegar don ollamain filead .i. tenm laeghdha ┐ imus forosnadh ┐ dicedal do cennaib, Laws v 56.20 Comm. da cach ollamain ... iomus forasna ┐ dicetal do chollaib cenn ┐ t.¤ laoga, Anecd. ii 76.5 . tenmlaída ┐ immas forosnai ┐ dichetal do chennaib (in course of study for eighth year of fili), IT iii 50.1 . Cf. 111 , 117 . Ascribed also to Find (see 1 eó): dosber tra Find a ordu ina beolu ┐ do chan tria th.¤ laegda, Corm. 34.x = tre thenm-láido, Corm. Bodl. 28 = t.¤ laodae, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88.1 ). tuc-som (.i. Find) a ordain fa ded fis ┐ cura chan tre t.¤ laega, cur foillsiged do crich a bethad, CF 74.5 . Forbidden by Patrick: atrogell no atrarpe tra (Patraicc) inní sin (i.e. imbas forosnai) ┐ an t.¤ laegda, Corm. 25.41 (= Corm. Y 756 ).

As fanciful name of a metre: tedmleoda annso, IT iii 102 § 186 , see p. 138 . Also of poetry in general: nī tucc d'echtres nō d'ōenuch | ... | an sainsherc tucc ... | do th.¤ laodho na ffiledh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 26 .

? uallnet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? uallnet or dil.ie/42727

v subj. pl. 3 : (reasons why roads are cleared of mud, weeds, and thickets) : arna heillnet a carptea oc dul for cuí, arna huallnet echraide oc techt do oenuch , Corm. Bodl. s.v. rout = arna huilled, Corm. Y 1082 . ar na uaillnid eochu, O'Curry 806 (< H 3.18, 372 ).