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A

Cite this: eDIL s.v. A or dil.ie/1

first letter of the Irish alphabet, and first in the a-group in Ogam alphabet. Irish name ailm, q.v.

In later lang. ă is used as glide with e before neutral cons. (see under e), and is used itself with follg. glide -i- before palatal cons. with increasing regularity from the O.Ir. period on; also as glide in O.Ir. before final -e, -i preceded by neutral cons. (daltae, daltai, etc.), see GOI § 87 , § 98 . ă appears for o in certain phonetic environments, § 81 . § 82 , § 95 ; on the alteration a/e (daig, dego; saigid, segait) see § 83 and Celtica iii 182 ; on the spellings au, ai before u-quality consonants see GOI § 80 . In the classical lang. ă alternates for metrical purposes with ŏ and ŭ (even in stressed syllables with certain limitations), and á with ó, see TD Introd. lxvi , IGT Introd. § 141 , § 143 . Long á is sometimes spelt aa in O.Ir., see GOI § 27 .

In native words ă represents Indo-European *ĕ and *ə, GOI § 50 ; original *ā in final unstressed syllables, § 93 ; original *e in certain proclitics (la, amm, etc.), § 115 . It appears as a secondary vowel after syncope and loss of final syllables with nasals, l and r (immainse, cétal, arathar), § 112 . It also arises with original vocalic sonants (other than *i and *u) in certain phonetic contexts, §§ 213, 215 .

Long á represents Indo-European *ā and *ō, GOI § 51 , and also *ă after compensatory lengthening, § 125 .

The diphthong aí, ái represents Indo-European *ai and * oi , §§ 66 ff. , and aú, áu (archaic) Indo-European *au, *ou, etc., § 69 .

In Latin loanwords ă represents ă, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 121 , and somet. ŏ, § 122. Long á represents ā, § 126 ; and occasionally ă, § 121 . The diphthong goes back to ae in saígul, § 132 .

ad-comai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-comai or dil.ie/397

v (cf. con- ) protects: flaith na folad, mac mo Dé / is é adchomad cach cóel he it is who used to protect every weakling, Metr. Dinds. iii 102.28 .

1 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aí or dil.ie/714

Forms: áe, aiib

also áe. Poss. pron. 3 s. and 3 pl. all genders (see GOI § 444 ). his, hers, its, theirs: proprium .i. ái, Sg. 27a5 . ae .i. malorum gl. sui, Ml. 73b15 . huile bith ba hae hé (ba hai he, ba he aai, ba haoi ae, v.ll.) `the whole world it was his', ACC 19 . is ai talam ┐ muir `whose are earth and sea', Imr. Brain 15 § 27 . i ngait nádbi aí for the theft (of property) which is not his, Críth G. 218 . marob ar aile ín fir bed a ai do digsid `of the man whose property they are', Laws iv 126.2 Comm. eclas Dé bíi / léic díi anas n-ái `leave to her what is hers', Fél. 4.9 . With art.: a n-ái .i. a sainreth `its own i.e. what is proper to it', Sg. 29b3 . a ṅái gl. suum, 28a17 . genitiu aitrebthaig .i. sui .i. ind ái fo ṡodin, 209b5 . inna n-ae no ai gl. sui, Ml. 16d7 . inna n-ai gl. illorum, Sg. 198a16 . Preceded by unstressed form of the poss. in relative clause: intí bessa haí Cassel he to whom Cashel will belong, Anecd. iii 63.14 . aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (i.e. the mill), Críth G. 240 . bes a h-ai in fiach sin whose debt it is, Ériu xi 69.4 . Cf. neach le naigfedh me as a ae, ZCP iii 378.22 = neach len laighfed (.i. re cuirfedh) mé assa āe (.i. assi seilb), v 485.1 (B. na f.).

In Ml. the follg. artificial usages are Latinisms (see Thurn. Gramm. loc. cit.). The use of inflected pl. forms e.g. d p. aiib gl. de suis, 121b11 . The use of an unstressed poss. pron. before such pl. forms in order to distinguish his (pred.) from theirs e.g. á aii gl. (voluerit eos) suos (vocari), 92c10 . a n-aii gl. (né cupiditas dominorum sé) suosque (detereret), 121d15 . á aii .i. filios israhel gl. suos, 75c1 .

As partitive gen. (later replaced by de): aen n-ai one of them, Laws v 314.9 . cach áe, aí each of them: cach ae for alaill, Ml. 96b4 . nímmalle act is cach æ fo leith, Wb. 17d2 . ni sain cach hæ hi crist ni mó bríg cach he alailiu, 19c19 . cach hæ, 27b8 . cach næ (neut.), 12c46 . fri cach n-ae, Sg. 28b8 . do cach ae, 50a5 . cechae co cléir chredail / robet ocomm chobuir, Fél. Ep. 43 . la haithgein cach n-áe, Críth G. 225 . bés tige cach áe, 21 . i lláim cach hae, BDD² 1280 . cethrur cech æ, Fianaig. 12 § 13 . ar cech n-áe, TBFr. 24 . ar cech n-aí, 78 . magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 129.9 . do erslocad cach ai to open each of them, Hib. Min. 7.227 . ar cach ái, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.12 . Folld. by prep. DI: cech ae díb `each of these', Ml. 146a2 . cach hae díib son `i.e. each of them', Sg. 74b4 . cach ái díb, Mon. Tall. 161.7 . la cach n-oe díb, BDD² 897 . Note also: dus cia dhiobh no beith la gach ae uaidhibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 282.14 . cechtar n-aí each of (the two of) them: cechtar ái, Thes. ii 249.11 . dí laim cechtar n-ai im olaile, Trip.² 1768 . a charr ar bélaib cechtar n-a(e)i, Críth G. 592 . fo grúad cechtar n- , BDD² 995 . cechtar n-ái, TBC-LL¹ 5412 . la ceachtar n-ae díb with each of the two, BDD² 234 . tincsetar glinni cechtar n-aí díb, MU² 115 . indala n-aí (undeclined) one of the two,: togu indala n-ai `to choose one of the twain', Wb. 4c13 . indala n-aí . . . alaile, Trip.² 765 . elcuig indala næ, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . lasindara n-ōi , xiii 177.18 . indala haí is dub alaile (sic leg.) is find, BDD² 1302 . Without the art.: ar lēicse ala aī di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ar nī frīth ala ai do thacru for one of the two could not be found to plead, 354 § 42. dá [n]dorus [n-]and — comla[e] ar ala n-aí, Críth G. 101 . na, nach áe any (with neg. vb. (none) of them: ni torban na áe mani bǽ desercc `none of them profiteth unless there be charity', Wb. 12b33 . na he gl. nullum, BCr. 43c1 (neg. vb. implied). co nā rogainn nach æ (na hé v.l.) ann, ZCP iii 452.7 . ni nach æ it is not any of them, Hib. Min. 198 . ní thairmescad nach ai alaile, LU 8566 ( FB 42 ). nechtar n-aí either of the two: o nechtar nái `from either of the two', Sg. 37b18 . ni ain nechtar náii `He will not protect either of them', Wb. 25d14 .

5 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 aí or dil.ie/718

x see .

1 aimnert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aimnert or dil.ie/1130

n o (nert) lack of strength, weakness , debility: nert ┐ amnert, Corm. Y 23 . adradnacht ria n-áes ria n-amniurt (.i. riasiu rob' amnertach), ACC 113 ( RC xx 280 ). ar cáemchlód aísi a hamnirt, LU 1273 . dotrat i n-amnert, SR 1750 . ri Laigen do beth a n-amnert mor, Ann. Conn. 1398.22 . fis foindi no amneirt, Laws iii 270.2 Comm. siobhal is aimhneart d'fhulang `to put up with wandering and weariness', Aithd. D. 10.5 . Gramm. of vowels constituting the ogam digraphs ea, oi, etc.: c'aite deochair eter a n-egumang ┐ a n-a.¤? . . . a.¤ immorro in tan bit i comsuidigthib cutrumaib na [n]defoga(i)r ┐ isna forfedaib amal ata fer ┐ ben, Auraic. 969-74 . Of vowels representing consonants: a.¤ immorro in tan bite fo consonacht ut . . . uull ┐ aball, 980 , 3912 ff.

allmuir,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allmuir, or dil.ie/2979

n [i, m.] (1 al + muir, GOI § 825 ).

(a) one from overseas, foreigner: a.¤ .i. fri muir anall, O'Mulc. 37 . niba cian la h-allmuri bías, TFerbe 203 . sluagid allmure, ZCP viii 306.14 . allmuire iar suidhiu foreigners after that, x 344 § 18 . In n.pr. Eochaid A.¤ , Ériu iii 135.3 ( Echach Almuir, Cymmr. xiv 112.15 ).

(b) In pl. imported goods, valuables of foreign origin (so Laws Comm.): allmuire feth flatha, Laws v 442.22 .i. na hi ollamorda atairgiter ac in flaith .i. cno gnae ┐ cuirn ┐ eich, 444.11 Comm. (= acht allmuire feib .i. airmidin .i. cornn, delg n-airgid etc., ib. note). in glas cona (= con-) allmuire, i 126.2 .i. im in glas cometus na hi do-berar dar oll in mara, 142.12 Comm. allmuirib set .i. cuirnn ┐ det in mil mair, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 379b ). allmairi .i. eich ┐ seoit maithe cheanae, 793 (ib. 369 b). or no airget no allmaire set, O'D. 2354 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 40d ) = ór ┐ airget ┐ cno gnoei ┐ cuirn buabaill, 1609 (H. 5.15, 12b). inderb nallmaire, 1618 (H. 5.15, 14a) = nallmuire, O'Curry 2031 (H. 4.22, 55a). allmaire sét, Tec. Corm. § 1.26 . allmaire .i. laemscaire, Stowe Gl. 224 . ? lína lána ó uscib ┐ almuire co tir Lagen, LL 215a28 .

(c) foreign parts: gabais i n-allmuirib, Rawl. 107a42 ( ACL iii 217 § 3 ). ? tar allamhuir, Ó Bruad. iii 182.13 .

(d) Perh. adj. in: míchlú allamhuir, Párl. na mB. 1294 (see note).

as-soí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-soí or dil.ie/4510

v (* ess-so-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 635 ): as-[s] do-soī ūaim do fraig turns away , Sc.M² 3 . Cf. at-roí.

? athsuud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? athsuud or dil.ie/4875

n (soud ?): dosoí con[s] iterum / ba a.¤ fri gnáth, Trip.² 785 ( ba athnuud, Trip. 72.20 ).

bellic, pellec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bellic, pellec or dil.ie/34265

Forms: pellec

n f., a horse's bit, bridle ? pellec .i. bél-ecc .i. ec (eccda, v.l.) ina bel, Corm. Y 1066 (see pellec). gabair . . . cona bellic oir friae, IT ii2 177.96 (YBL). pl. coica ech . . . belgi óir ┐ argit friu, TFerbe 13 . beilge oir, LL 248a42 ( TBFr. 136 ). tri fichit ech . . . cona mbeilgib óir friu, 249b51 ( TBFr. 144 ). ech . . . ┐ srian . . . d'airget fria co mbéilgibh óir fris, Acall. 244 (`a bridle of silver fitted with a golden bit', SG ii 107 ). im dhí gabor cin peillge 'with regard to two unbridled (?) horses' Ériu lix 126 § 8 . bellgi [r] friu huili 'Zäume' De Chophur in da Muccida 48.166 .

? -cáemadair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? -cáemadair or dil.ie/7596

v ba he sin tomhus dire la brethemain tucad con (?co) tainec recht Dé co coemhadhair sidhe sed i muin araile di cach marbdil, O'Curry 506 ( H 3.18, 257 ) (con-icc? con- ?).

cáera

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáera or dil.ie/7645

Forms: c(a)ura, cairib, caire, chuira, cáora, cáorchaibh, cáoirib

n also c(a)ura (cf. Éigse xi 231 ). k, f., GOI § 319.2 (b) . d p. cairib, Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.) due to secondary iā-inflexion, § 320 . Note also n p. caire, Laws iv 96.y . n du. dia chuira , 100.23 Comm. and further exx. infra. cáora f. (d p. cáorchaibh, cáoirib), IGT Decl. § 202 .

Sheep : ói .i. cauru (caora, caera v.l.), Corm. Bodl. 26 . ass cáirech, ib. caura, Bretha 8 . oc augairecht oc cairchaib sescaib `shepherding with barren ewes', Ml. 100b15 , 18 . boe oenchauru ṁblicht and, Vita Br. 46 . liar cærchu, 48 . argairt . . . cáercha (coercha, cáircha, v.ll.), Thes. ii 335.2 (Hy. v.) súil cháirech eter da rethi, IT i 82.1 (LMU). lías caírech, Críth G. 156 . meclach caireg, BCrólige 23 . cauru co lí, Laws i 122.11 = cura, O'D. 498 ( H 3.17, 402d ). caera do gairid .i. caera is fiu da screpall, Laws v 84.20 , 23 Comm. is dochu dotuitet caire . . . .i. is tusca tuitit caire na[i]d ba, O'Dav. 738 . ni bi i mbantellach acht co coirib (i.e. sheep are the only animals that may be used in a woman's entry on land in order to claim possession, Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 148.1 (see also Ériu ix 111 § 28 ). techta fuillema gill cairech . . . acht at cairig do tiagat in muin na aile, v 404.9 . im reithi for caerchu, i 126.8 . an gabhar do beith amail in caera, iii 378.9 Comm. robatar ann . . . / 'coa cáirib hi timmarcain, SR 3754 . tréta móra di chairib, LU 1729 . ro laiset bricht i mbélaib a caírech i n-úair a comperta dona caírib, LL 30928 (TTr.). sartan .i. . . . olann bliadnæ bis for cairib, O'Mulc. 845 . caera immda isin loch conuatar, Alex. 752 . cūra cach fir bale, BColm. 88.12 , 94.9 . ad-mestar cāercha asa cottuge, ZCP xi 95 § 44 . nirbot massech mani bet caircha lat, LL 344a20 ( minba cháerchach, Tec. Corm. § 11.8 .) caoíre na Midhe . . . do dhul is in muir, AFM iv 1174.12 . amail coerig cendais, PH 170 . tuc . . . .xxx. caora dona caeirib, Stair Erc. 369 . cúig céad caora, Keat. iii 381 . gan bhó gan caoire, ZCP v 214.386 (Midn. Court). greadóg don chaoire, Dánfhocail 239 . meiligh na ccáorach, Eg. Gl. 449 .

Fig. of people: essreudh . . . / do buith for anglanchairibh (: doinibh), Blathm. 127 . a choera cennais (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43.14 . a chaoirigh do chor ar iul (of monks), PBocht 20.5 .

Compd.: for maigib na cairechtrét, SR 6348 .

clíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíath or dil.ie/9484

Forms: cliatha

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . g s. also cliatha, Cog. 156.6 .

(a) hurdle : cliath gl. creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 . denam cleib, denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 . gach uair is loscadh comhraite is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.). cia sáer ro fích in cleith, LL 26382 . dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 . doratsat . . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh anechtair (as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 . laem . . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 . cor eptha i cléith `putting a charm in a hurdle', MacCongl. 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib. g s. i leabaidh chléithe, TSh. 2304 .

(b) Of a house or `les' (see 2 les) wattle panels of walls, doors or gates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas, Críth G. 215 - 16 . dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala n-aí, c.¤ ar alailiu, 101 . dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). ro híadad in tech . . . ┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleith v.l.) airi immach, Trip.² 604 . elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, MacCongl. 123.18 (cf. cliathcomla). c.¤ ná comhla ré lis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 . ní bīat clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 . an ḟuinneog iomagallmha . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta, RSClára 93b .

(c) woven fence, palisade, outwork : doratad immorro M. . . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL 13404 . do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul darsin n-ath, IT ii2 230.74 . imthus re marcach eich leith / a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, Leb. Cert. 20.8 . nī tucc a acchaidh re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech `to sustain the front', MR 148.9 . airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh tor `swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran 1705 . Of the Cross: ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine / do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 . Fig. Máol Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh docra, O'R. Poems 2799 . gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 . c.¤ fri opposition to: cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 . a cliath fri nem (to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various defining genitives: is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?), BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly'). cliath fhosgaidh ar āth, O'R. Poems 664 . Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén `a sheltering fence', AFM vi 2106.18 . dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid tanaite ar c.¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig defence, LL 283a4 . cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 . sgiath didin ┐ cliath ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh `wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection, shelter), ALC ii 310.22 . in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog. 188.7 . cf. 56.y . cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 . cliath mhínighthe na ccóig ccrīoch, 661 . ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .

In phr. i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x: mairg . . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . N. do thocht i ccléth cloinne Domhnaill, AFM iv 896.14 . a chaoraigheacht do breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 . M., mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go fíor, Celtica iv 163 § 236 . `i gcléith le `to be united to, allied to, associated with' s.vv. adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas, Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .

(d) Extended applications: dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith oc leith na Sinna ` bridge ', SG 397.6 . tucadh amus fair im cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.). co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna, CCath. 1391 . stretcher, litter, bed : cen chlíatha cen tulggu, Críth G. 101 . nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R . dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib imon imdai, BDD² 1107 . búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream). fo cholbaib ┐ fo immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, MacCongl. 11.17 (`screens'). cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . . 'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 . láindíre do ina lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 . clíatha fis (apparently always made of rowan branches) beds on which druids slept in order to acquire occult knowledge: luidhset na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco P. 32 . dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn ┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V. SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 . codail ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content. x 2 . is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh ┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐ dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal . . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow : cliath fuirsidh[e] (gl. eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 . braca, cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 . go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh, AFM vi 2186.20 . le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 . clíath scéith framework of shield : o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 . cúic árnaile saorus fer nimthechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair) do iadadh friu (some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H 3.17, 637 ). Of the oars of a boat: ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh, CF² 39 . Of an animal, the loin, rib-cage : mas ar son carna ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile (of the amount of condiment allowed with different joints), O'Curry 183 ( H 3.18, 99 ). curro bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC-LL¹ 565 n. 4 . cliat[h]a bō, Ériu x 85 § 88 . do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . . na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings: glésaiss . . . a ghulbain a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 . Of the strings of a musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . . ciuil, MR 110.y . ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . Of the web of cloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad (leined, v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop- hurdle'). conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh, ITS v 64.11 . ? cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuachnaidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt iumad briathar in filed `a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397 (but `? metaph. use of clíath in sense of phalanx', Plummer MS. notes).

Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle, especially in phr. i ccléith, i cclíathaib in close fighting(?): ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith ┐ chath (? leg. i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC-LL¹ 1905 . nach hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith, Cog. 88.22 . buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha, 156.6 . i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 . M. ┐ C. do marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish'). gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing) ranks, ML² 1189 . d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne Eogain `the phalanx', MR 176.3 . ro coraigheadh ider na curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh `rows', Caithr. CC 72 . díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh `in fighting', Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 . deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht 3.38 . baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ? amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich / fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth, ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. and s. Áth Clíath .

Compds. With nouns. ¤bern in phr. c. chét one who makes a gap of a hundred in the enemy's ranks : in cathmilid ┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC-LL¹ 775 ). an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i. Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤bernaid id.: na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC-LL¹ 3245 . atat daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn, RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself: atconnairc na clíathbernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh `the great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased', CCath. 3724 . ¤bernadach id.: tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathbernadach cét, TBC-LL¹ 5147 . os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?), BB 37b26 . cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield (fig. of a warrior), TTr.² 1582 . cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath Luain wattle bridge, AFM ii 1132.18 . fa chliathfhroighibh do chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 . tiar tre chliathghaoith cláir na bhFionn ` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 . mairg tarla i gcliathghoil 'na cheann `ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 . fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .

With adj. mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh `fierce in battle' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 . Éire chliathbhras, Hackett xliv 3 .

clód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clód or dil.ie/9562

Forms: cloüd, C., cla(o)í, cla(o)íd, cla(o)íde, claoidheamh, claíte, cla(o)idte, clódh, cládh

n u, [m.]. Earlier cloüd. C.¤ is vn. of cloïd. See also Blathm. 961 note . Later forms very variable: cla(o)í, cla(o)íd, cla(o)íde, claoidheamh. g s. claíte, cla(o)idte. clódh cládh, IGT Verbs § 42 . Cf. also: do chló cóir do chomhardadh ris féin ón chlódh agus ón chluinsin, Bard. Synt. Tr. 34.8 .

(a) act of turning (back, aside), returning, retreating: drong cen clod o chrabad, Gorm. Dec. 3 . cen gae, cen scíath, cloithi bann that turned aside feats(?), SR 5863 . in sét daberar ar clodh i tar `the sét that is given for stooping into baseness', Coibnes § 7 gl. 7 (gl. sé[oi]t turchlaithe the price of submission). gearr bhíos an chumha so ag c.¤ `soon does this grief return', Studies 1924, 88 § 25 . smuain gan do chlódh choidhche ar gcúl, DDána 42.24 . ag clódh urchradh na hÉireann averting the ruin of Ireland, 85.20 . na mná don chonair do chlódh `put aside from their path', Aithd. D. 95.29 . la homun na toirthedh do clod forculu, Marco P. 65 . forchongraim foruibh clódh forcula on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . do forconngair in teglach forsin righ clod doridhisi co ca[traig] Cumaloit, Grail 474 . clodh tara n-ais, 1202 . do mhúchadh . . . lochta foghluighthe a dhúthaighe, dá gclódh ó chlaonadh . . . a reachta, TSh. 6782 . go ro fhuráilset forra . . . , clódh ina fritheing, AFM i 514.3 . clódh a ratha `the reversing of his fortune' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 2131 . In phr. c.¤ na baise a turn of the hand(?), a clap(?): gearr bhus lón loise an domhain / clódh na boise a baromhail `the turning of a hand', Dán Dé xxii 9 . téid mar chlódh na boise an bioth, xxxi 23 . dá égcaoine . . . / iomdha banntrocht is bandáil / lé clódh beó-chroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands', Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29 . Of a weapon, act of turning the edge, blunting(?): ri tulguba na scíath ica scoltud ┐ ri glondbeimnig na claidib icá c.¤ , LL 31478 .

Fig. (b) act of converting : guidhfidh co dichra faa clodhsum forcula, Marco P. 1 . do ghabh Muire Magh-da-léana / leat, a Dhé — gár dheacra ar gclódh?, DDána 30.22 . act of translating : in leabhor do clodh forcula o thengaidh na Tartairedh cusin tengaidh laitianda, Marco P. 1 . act of perverting, subverting, leading astray : ar clodh ceilli fa clemhnus, Prolegomena 50 § 15b . craosól ag clódh a gcéille, Measgra D. 55.27 . do bhí do chlódh ar a céill `so affected her mind', Aithd. D. 100.21 . clódh fuarchóra, 60.13 .

(c) act of changing, exchanging : cath cloita denn, Blathm. 241 . Ísu . . . íar clóud báis i n-eseirgiu, Trip.² 666 . dognīatt . . . c.¤ dā clogc . . . diaraile `make an exchange of their two bells', BColm. 92.19 . cidh ima ndenae in clogh croth asin . . . ?, ZCP x 298.5 . na dūili . . . do dhelugud re na cumachtaib náema ┐ a n-aigned do chló `their nature will change', RC xxviii 312 § 12 . ag clódh ó fhine Eadhra / cridhe mór ar mhímheanma `the great courage of Í Eadhra was changed to despair', Aithd. D. 37.39 . clódh gné áille, IGT Decl. ex. 756 . clódh a dealbha, O'Hara 3242 . clódh .i. ionntodh, claochlodh, O'Cl.

(d) Various: c.¤ fri act of turning to, cleaving to(?): mé ag clódh risin gcéidchion `as I incline to my old sin', PBocht 4.15 . bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 (? leg. ag claoi re . . . ). In phr. cen ch.¤: a cír a criol cen ch.¤ `unsurpassed', Metr. Dinds. iii 464.59 . cor ḟuacratar cath can chlód / for Morc without retreat(?), LL 29014 . Cerball can ch.¤ unconquered(?), 4308 . ro chlaidsead crandcar gan clodh forind aes dana ndímor, BB 42b24 . gan c.¤ gan cumscugad re cheli, MR 240.21 . bhāmur ann ar n-ollamhnaibh / gan chlódh do dhuine ar domhan, KMMisc. 56 § 6 . a cneas mar chuip, / nó mar shneachta cnuic gan clódh, Dánta Gr. 5.34 .

(e) act of overthrowing, vanquishing, subduing : do chloud tra in dligid sin `to overthrow that view', Ml. 56b16 . sab cáid clóithe pillar of conquest, Fél. Dec. 14 . cloud diabul, Mon. Tall. 148.5 . robo cloch . . . cloithi cach uilc Colum Cille, LU 924 - 25 (ACC Comm.). hisin chath clūite flaithe, ZCP viii 118 § 20 . in t-oenchrand ni hassu a ch.¤, / meni fagba a rithadód (see suggestion s.v. frithadód), TBC-LL¹ 2349 ( LL 9436 ). ri cath ri c.¤ , LL 1883 . gan chlaoidhe i gcath, SG 16.2 . cura fedat a clod ut inimicos ualeant prosternere, Gild. Lor. gl. 44 . cluithe . . . / creacha, as marbhtha, as madhmanna, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.169 . beart chloithe ar Éirinn ég ríogh, Ériu viii 83.68 . imdha sgol cnaeite ó chumhaidh / ar son claeite Conchubhair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 378.z . tucc in Dearg do chlaoídhe Guill / na hairm nimhe, Duan. F. ii 314 § 59 . [Bibus] do marbadh ┐ comurtha a claiti do thabairt cuici `proof of his murder', ZCP vi 277.15 . gan chlaoi ó Ghalluibh, LBranach 3861 . Sadhbh is Art Aoinfhear échtach / dá ríghin caibhdhean do chlódh, 3291 . daoirse chlóidh `ruinous slavery', Aithd. D. 35.5 . mo dheala ┐ Rí na ríogh / ná tí dhíom cheana do chlódh `may I not fail to heal my breach with the Lord', Dán Dé xxvii 34 . do bhíodar dh'á g-claoidheamh go fann, Oss. iv 276.22 . atá [bhur bhfearann] na fhásach ar na chláoidh lé coimhightheachaibh `overthrown by', Isaiah i 7 . Cf. also: a ógh . . . / nar ghabh clódh óghachta ó fhior, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 10 . Hence, act of surpassing : ní fhéad éinbhean a clú do chlódh, Aithd. D. 82.3 . ? nách clódh air bith i gcómh-chruth do Ḃénus í she is in no way inferior to V. (?), Keat. Poems 128 (cló?).

With cath(a) etc.: it anmand (= anfann?) cluithe cath `weak in winning battles', ZCP iii 204.7 ( LU 9573 ; clóithe, cláite, v.ll.). in claideb do ch.¤ na gcath, SG 371.4 ( LL 300b2 ). Cerball currig caémLife / c.¤ catha for Cond, LL 6696 . trí cloidim fri c.¤ cliathach, Leb. Cert.² 870 . c.¤ coscair ann so, MR 302.12 . ag clódh treasa, Bard. Synt. Tr. 33.10 . clódh cogaidh . . . / mór an obair ógnaoidhean, Aithd. D. 60.12 .

(f) Of overcoming, subduing (desires, vices, emotions, etc.): clo a miana . . . clod a mían, Laws iii 204.13 , 15 Comm. cauraid clōite ferg, ZCP viii 117 § 10 ( Rawl. 88a38 ). dochuaid for cel, cluithi cin (i.e. he died penitent?), SR 3685 . is tria úmla ┐ tria inísle ro-chind aice a chlood, PH 4814 (Jesus rejecting the temptations of the devil). ní bhiadh clódh ar cumhaidh, DDána 63.29 . dá sirinn clódh an chroidhe `to check my heart', Aithd. D. 12.24 . o da bi se fein ar n-a clai on trocuire indus narb ail leis indeachaidh da dhenumh, Smaointe B. Chr. 494 (clai nó clui, v.l.). ar gcionta do chlódh `to blot out our sins', A. Ó Dálaigh v 4 . a cholann do chlaoi, Mac Aingil 3658 . do bheith i gceilg ar a choguas dá chlódh ┐ dá thurnamh, TSh. 2107 . sás a n-uaille do chlódh, 698 . chum an cathughadh do chlaoi `in order to overcome the temptation', Donlevy 418.2 . clódh a teadhma, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . incloud gl. (peccatorum) conuictio, Ml. 70a7 (or for inchloud proof, conviction?).

(g) Of overcoming diseases: in tan nach etir le fein an easlainti do clai, RC xlix 25.13 .

Compds. With adj. cloidhmhthe clódh-bhuilleacha, CRR² 30 . With vb. do cloidhbrudh(?) an sluagh were overthrown, ZCP ii 556.37 . do clódmesc a craidhe was dejected and perturbed, Caithr. Thoirdh. 16.3 .

1 cloithe, cloíte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cloithe, cloíte or dil.ie/9592
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -oí-, cloïd

(quantity of -oi- uncertain, prob. --, GOI § 714 ). part. of cloïd. (a) defeated, vanquished : donaib cloithib gl. uictís, Ml. 135c2 . donaib Iudaib clothib `to the defeated Jews', 67b13 . a mba c.¤ , 32b2 . See 1 nem-.

(b) blunted : botar cloíte a n-airm-sie .i. a ngaoí ┐ a cloidme 'their weapons, their spears and their swords, were blunted', CMT² 54 § 122 .

coimét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimét or dil.ie/10185

Forms: coméit, coimhéd, -éid, -éada, coiméadaighthe

u, m. vn. of con-eim and con- , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 511 , 586 . n s. coméit in Wb. coimhéd, g s. -éid, -éada m., IGT Decl. § 38 . In Párl. na mB.with unlen. -m- and with length-mark somet. on -é- somet. on -á- (see Gloss.). g s. coiméadaighthe, Párl. na mB. 3176 .

(a) act of keeping, guarding, preserving : is fíu [a] choméit gl. omni acceptione dignus, Wb. 28d3 . is samlid a choméit `preservation', 29c9 . a chometa (g s.) ┐ a soertha di lamaib Saulis, Ml. 55d6 . comét gl. (pomorum) custodiarium, 100c19 . o[c] comét ubúll, 21 . oc comet ind fír, 112b20 . comét timnae ṅdae gl. custodia, 135c7 . occo chomet, Vita Br. 13 . is cathir do chomét (of Félire), Fél. Ep. 149 . coimhéd cuirp, ZCP viii 231 § 3 . ina coimeit sium ro bui, O'Curry 1692 (23 Q 6, 13a). tre coimed C.C. `through C.C.'s protection', ZCP xi 142.10 . ar coimheitt flaiteimhnas `maintenance of sovereignty', Cog. 204.10 . ris an gcreidimh do choimhéad, Dán Dé xv 20 . ni maith cnedh gan a coméd should be bandaged(?), Prolegomena 43 § 22 . ar fhír-cheart dá mbeith coimhéad, Content. xiii 3 . coimhéd . . . ar chaol re leathan guarding against, RC iv 355.13 ( O'Cl. ). ag coimhētt dia chéile `protecting one another', Fl. Earls 68.11 . i gcoimhéad ort watching you, Dánta Gr. 39.16 . acc coimhett forsna conairibh, Hugh Roe² 220.20 . Attrib. g s. isincarcair coímeta, RC x 180.28 . fer coimhéid, IGT Decl. ex. 1011 . lucht coimeta, O'Curry 2108 (H 4.22, 77).

(b) container, case : cosmailius chometa libair Iohain, Trip.² 944 . forordha a comet (a sword), IT iii 199 § 59 . a coimeta leghis medicine cases, TBC-LL¹ 5509 . c.¤ t'urged-su scrotum, YBL 208a49 . comet lachta name of alder, Auraic. 5622 . Fig. a choimet na fergi (soul to body), PH 8241 .

(c) guard, custodian : ni cen chomet atá a tech, LU 1720 (ICM = RC ix 478.10 ). a feolae comed. Anecd. i 57 § 53 . coimhéd coigcríche, Ériu ix 167 § 40 . coiméd cuain `garrison', Duan. F. ii 222.3 .

In phr. ar ch.¤ : ar choimhéad uainne (: foighéag), `in safety', Aithd. D. 25.11 . do cuirius ar c.¤ F. iad entrusted them to F., Fier. 126 . ar coimhéd preserved, Celtica i 103.503 . Usu. with poss.: ar a choimhéad ar Chonn on his guard against, Content. xv 35 . bí ar do choimét guard thyself, O'Gr. Cat. 456.6 . dá gcor ar a gcoimhéad to warn them, TSh. 6834 . ar a gcoimhéad gan fearg . . . dá nglacadh at pains not to become angry, Rial. S.F. 1485 . Búrcaigh . . . do dol ar a ccoimhed, AFM vi 1880.8 `took up arms to defend themselves', note. do chuaidh an slúaigh . . . ar accoimeid, Rel. Celt. ii 184.5 .

In nn. loc. d'Úib Téig comēta, Corp. Gen. 341.7 . Hūi Āeda Comēta, 343.1 . co h-inis coimet, SG 27.23 .

1 coimétaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coimétaid or dil.ie/10188

Forms: coimetaigit

v (coimét) replacing con- : co comud . . . .i. co comeda, Laws i 284.40 Comm. cometad fírinni, ZCP xi 88 § 5 = comad, 80 . keeps, guards, watches, observes : isme chometas Phardos (Eve), SR 1194 . is eside ro comét senchasa íarthair in betha, LU 10068 . comēt in laind, ZCP viii 114.10 . coimhéid thú fén ar ḟertaibh . . . in Ch. guard yourself from, Ériu v 98.4 . coimhedadh gan a ttabhart etc. let him be careful not to, Ó Héodhusa 151.6 . a Choimdiu, nom-chomēt, ZCP vi 259.9 . do coimeitt D. caoirigh a athar, BNnÉ 292 § 7 . coimhéadthar fél . . . M., Mart. Don. 246.5 . coimhetsa . . . araili torc `take heed . . . of', Lism. L. 188 . coimetaigit, PH 3565 . Vbl. of necess. na mīnighthe . . . as coimhéudtha dháoibhsi, RSClára 59b .

1 comad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 comad or dil.ie/10570

[u, m.] vn. of con- (see GOI § 767 , Ériu xi 86 ) act of keeping, guarding, preserving : c.¤ cairddine `keeping treaties', Tec. Corm. 3.16 . is lais a c.¤ `it is for him to look after it', Ériu ii 204 § 24 . cian bas ch.¤, a choemo `so long as there be observance of the Fair', Metr. Dinds. iv 162.15 . h'urlabra i coma[d] ┐ ic coigeart breath nGæidheal `thy eloquence in guarding and correcting the judgements of the G.', Dinds. 40 ( RC xv 429.23 ). comalta ciuin an taisig triuin comtha curach, Anecd. i 59 § 76 . cuigear comtha smacht 'the five guardians of control', Leb. Gab.(i) 274.13 . Cf. comaid.

comaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaig or dil.ie/10601

ind (miscellaneous unidentified exx.): c.¤ láech arabí lecht líac, LU 8314 (retoiric) (cf. combach, con-boing ?). amail ro badar . . . for imrum fo chomaig (of the sons of Míl going from Egypt to Tabropane), O'D. 956 ( H 3.17, 669 ) (cf. commaid ?). ceól crott, ceól timpán, c.¤ `attend!', Metr. Dinds. iv 368.8 (comblaigh, v.l.) (`perhaps = comaid' Gwynn, Notes. Cf. con- ?). comhshodh Poil aird apstoil / co Crist, ba cuairt chomaig `'twas a protective(?) visitation', Gorm. Jan. 25 (cf. 1 comad ?). Colum dian comhaig (: cobair) `delightful(?)', Gorm. Sept. 22 .

con-eim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-eim or dil.ie/12095

v (cf. 1 do-eim) protects, preserves, secures . `The preterite (of con- ) is supplied by com-em-', GOI 472 , see also 423 . conróetur biu bath .i. inti no chometed no no cométad ar ṁbiu, LU 590 `he who protected life', ACC 13 . cid conid-roiter?, ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.24 ). is maith con-róiter m'aithne `has guarded well', Lament 33 . nim tharraid cubes conróetar m'ainech, LL 13798 . nant maith conroitatar arríg `did not guard', Ml. 55c . ? In pass. co caomar cembedha, O'D. 2201 (Nero A vii, 139b) = cocaemar cimedha, O'Dav. 1353 . ? Mairt imbith D. . . . / ┐ C. racoemad was saved, IT iii 44.y . comorbus conraet rathaib has been secured, O'Curry 417 ( H 3.18, 229a ).

con-oí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-oí or dil.ie/12252
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -oadar, conói, conoí, conae, conái, -comai, con-oadar, conothar, conoathar, -comathar, cota óeiade, cotao, cotnae, cod-na, -comrai, cotaro, connoither, cotdóith, conoat, conoatar, cotnoat, cota-oat, cotasnoad, connóitís, comae, coto, comad, comhadh, comathar, comadar, comaither, comid, comaid, conoither, con óither, -comathar, chomastar, -coma, cotam-róither, -comathar, comthar, -comud, connaedis, conoaba, cotn-ōfathar, cot-n-ōfadar, cot-noaba, -comfa, coimétaid, comad, coimét

v also dep. -oadar (see GOI 472 ). Ind. pres. 3 s. conói, Wb. 29d29 . conoí, Críth G. 39 . LU 7951 ( BDD 157 ). conae, Laws iii 44.21 Comm. iv 348.1 Comm. O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506, 31b ). conái, SR 449 . -comai, Laws ii 284.25 . con-oadar, ZCP xi 81 § 9 . conothar, Rule of Tallaght 72 § 37 . conoathar, Ériu iii 106 § 43 . -comathar, Laws v 78.24 . LL 25008 . With inf. pron. cota óeiade, Wb. 29d29 . cotao, Críth G. 41 . cotnae, Laws iii 36.7 . cod-na, Ériu xiii 30.30 . With ro of possibility -comrai, Críth G. 34 . cotaro, LU 4640 (TBC). Pass. connoither, Mon. Tall. 129.30 . 2 p. with inf. pron. cotdóith, Wb. 7d4 . 3 p. conoat, O'Curry 2167 ( Eg. 88, 5(6)a ). 2410 (32(33)a)). conoatar, Ériu xvi 180 § 10 . With inf. pron. cotnoat, Ml. 112b20 . cota-oat, Celtica viii 60 § 8 .

Impf. 3 s. with inf. pron. cotasnoad, Anecd. i 59.1 . 3 p. connóitís, Metr. Dinds. i 34.86 .

Ipv. 2 s. comae, Ériu i 192 § 1 . ? coto, RC xxv 22 § 3 (but see Fing. R. 484 n. ). 3 s, comad, ZCP xi 80.18 . comhadh, Ériu xiii 20.1 . Pass. comathar, LL 13794 (rhet.). comadar, ZCP xi 80 § 3 v.l. comaither, O'Curry 2408 ( Eg. 88, 32 (33)a ). 2 p. comid, Wb. 27a3 . comaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 210.20 . 188.48 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. conoither, Ériu i 202 § 28b . con óither, Celtica viii 74 § 34 . ? ni ro cumai, O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 b ). 3 s. -comathar, Críth G. 37 . ? chomastar, IT iii 52.14 . -coma, LL 15974 . Laws i 84.10 (sic leg.). Pass. (with inf. pron.) cotam-róither, Fél. Ep. 69 . -comathar, Ériu ii 204. z . comthar, O'Curry 525 ( H 3.18, 263a ). Impf. 3 s. -comud, Laws i 264.6 . 3 p. connaedis, Ériu xiii 31.19 .

fut. 3 s. conoaba, Trip.² 2507 v.l. With inf. pron. cotn-ōfathar, ZCP xi 80 § 7 (cotnóba, v.l.). cot-n-ōfadar, 87 § 51 . cot-noaba, 88 § 56 . -comfa, Ériu ii 194 § 8 .

For pret./perf. see con-eim.

Later replaced by coimétaid. See also coimdigid.

Vn. comad, coimét.

Protects, preserves, guards, keeps : amal ro pridchad dúib cotdóithsi gl. testimonium Christi confirmatum est in uobis, Wb. 7d4 . amal ro pridchad dúib comid gl. in ipso ambulate, 27a3 . céne connoither mo thimnasa `as long as my injunctions are observed', Mon. Tall. 129.30 . Conall conoí luiṅg lúath o Ultaib, LL 14196 (rhet.). cot-n- `it preserves him', Celtica viii 60 § 7 ( ZCP iii 448 ). corp con- anmuin; anim con- menmuin, 68 § 18 ( 452 ). ni tualuing imfoichida . . . nad comai coru, Laws ii 284.25 . comaig (leg. comaid, Gloss.) `attend!' Metr. Dinds. iv 368.7 . comhadh cách a choimhdedh céim, Ériu xiii 20.1 `let each preserve the way of his lord', Celtica vi 225 . ni fili nád chomge comathar na scéla uile, LL 25008 for: nād comathar chomgne nād na scēla `who does not preserve', Ériu xviii 142.w . nach cor focerdtar for æs forngaire i n-écnairc neich cotoaí, ZCP xiii 23.24 . comathar caín let law be observed(?), LL 13794 (rhet.). manis comathar fer Féne lais, Críth G. 37 `unless a f. F. preserve it with him', Notes. ? in drem roscuimeodhbad ōn c[h]ineōl tānaisti `who will preserve themselves(?), ZCP viii 215.w . ferg .i. lāech unde dicitur: comaid ferg fōebar, Corm. Y 648 = comadh `let a hero keep an edged weapon', O'Dav. 839 . connaoi .i. coimhédaidh no cumhdaighidh, O'Cl. eirbe .i. ab erba .i. a uerbo. arindī conói fēr, O'Mulc. 418 .

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