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ad-cí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cí or dil.ie/391
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-rodarcar, atchíu, adcíu, atchim, -accu, -accim, -airciu, -airchiu, adchí, atch, -accai, -aci, adchí, adcíi, atobc, adcí, asidc, -aicci, adciam, adchiam, asidciam, -accam, -aciam, atchíd, -accid, adciat, -acat, -aiccet, adcither, adchither, -acastar, -accastar, -aiccesdar, ad-rodarcar, adroarcar, atchiter, -aicind, atchíd, asitchid, atcitis, atchíthe, -aictea, atcítis, ad-cear, atcheur, -accur, -accar, -aicer, -aiccither, -aiccther, -accadar, -acathar, -accamar, adced, adceter, -accatar, adcethar, atcethar, -accastar, -accaister, -arcastar, atcheind, -accinn, atchethe-su, madattceththae, madhcethea, adcheth, atchet, -aiced, -accad, adcethe, adchetis, -accaitis, adcethe, -aiccitis, -accus, condas-chichi, dom-chich, -accigi, at-chichset, -aiccichet, atatchigestar, atchichestár, atcichead, -aiciged, acciged, adcichitis, -acca, -acca, adcita-acae, -acae, -acce, -aicci, -accai, -accamar, -accatar, adchess, adchess, matcias, -aiccess, -acus, atchessa, -aicessa, atchondarc, atconnarcsu, atcondarccaisiu, atchonnarcaisthi, ad-condairc, adus-connarcmar, adchondarcid, atcondarcatar, atchonnarctar, o'tchondarcatar, dochiu, dochim, -bhfaicim, -feicim, dochi, -ḟacci, -bhfaice, -feicenn, dochi, -acend, -fhaccend, -faic, dochiam, atchiamait, atciamaid, dochímíd, atchíthi, do-chíthí, -facthi, atcíat, atchíd, adchiad, dochíd, dochiat, -faicit, dociter, -aicter, -bhfaicthear, rocíter, nachataicim, faiceam, faicthear, do-chíodh, -faiceadh, adcíadhmais, -bfaicmís, -bfaicti, dochíthe, -faicte, -faictis, do-chear, -bhfaicear, -accar, -faccur-sa, -accara, -faccara, -accera, -acatar, -faicea, -facaid, -bhfaiceam, -acat, -faicit, -fhaicet, -feictea, atchised, -bhfaiceadh, -faicsimmis, -faicmis, -faictis, -aiciste, -haicesda, atchicera, atíchera, -aircechasa, adidracacha, atcichfe, chíchsiom, adachichisthi, atichistisi, atchichither, -aicigther, atcithsead, chichsiodh, atchichesta, chíeabh, -aiciub, -feiceab, nodcífi, do-chífe, atchífir, dochifir, -faicfe, dochífe, -aicfe, -acéb, ḟaiccbe, -faccéga, -faigfe, -faicfe, -faicfid, attcífem, -faicfeam, dochífide, -faicfide, atchífit, docífitt, -ffaicfit, atcífider, -accfither, -aicfider, dochífear, adcíthfend, dochífeadh, atchífeadh, -aicfed, dochífidís, -faicfitis, itcífea, dacitfidhi, atconnac, dochunnuc, dochonnarc, idconnarcos, -facca, -faccu, -facus, -facadhas, atchonnarcais, adconnacuis, daconncadais, atchonncais, doconncais, -faccais, -facadais, -acaghois, diconnairc, atchonnaic, rachonnaic, -facca, -faccae, -facae, -facai, -facaid, -accaig, -agaid, -facais, atchoncamar, choncamar, -facamar, atconncabar, -facabar, -faccabair, atconncatar, dochoncatar, -facadar, -acaiset, doces, doconnarcas, atcondcas, cunncus, condcas, -aices, -facas, -accas, -facus, -facessa, aicsiu, (f)aicsin

v sees. Frequ. (outside O. Ir. Glosses) at-c(h)í with meaningless infix. pron., in rel. with inf. pron. sometimes also as-. Prot. stem -a(i)cc-. In O. Ir. with depon. inflexion in subj. pres. and with redupl. future. For active inflexion in subj. see Celt. Verb 138 . In pret. active prot. forms only are found, the conjunction co n- being used where no other conjunct particle is present (deuterotonic forms occur in pass.). In perf. deut. with root -derc- and perfective -com- (ad-condarc etc.). There is no special perf. form after conj. particles. Note also ad-rodarcar can be seen , Sg. 172a2 . In later lang. ad- (at-) is gradually replaced by do- and the conj. stem acquires inorganic f-, giving the forms do-chí, -faic-, both with b-fut.. In past tense the general independent form is ad-(do-) chonnai(r)c (from the perf.), the form after conj. particles -(f)ac(c)- (from the pret.), both with endings of the s-pret..

Early forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. atchíu, LU 4535 . adcíu (3 syll.), ACL iii 297 § 46 . atchim, Ériu ii 166.50 . -accu, MU² 1011 (LU). -acciu, LU 5347 . -accim, 6117 . With ro, -airciu, 6213 (? leg. -airchiu, GOI § 535b ). 2 s. adchí, Fél. Prol. 150 . atch, IT i 81.18 . -accai, Ml. 17b17, 25b14 . -aci, Sg. 15b6 ; Thes. ii 21.37 . 3 s adchí, Wb. 4a25 . adcíi, 12c11 . atobc, 25a26 . adcí, Sg. 149b6 . With inf. pron. 3 s. m. in rel. constr. asidc, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . -aicci, Ml. 94c3 . 1 pl. adciam, Wb. 6a30 ; Ml. 16c5; 112b12 . rel. adchiam, Ml. 42b22; 112b13 . With inf. pron. 3 s. asidciam, Ml. 2b4 . -accam, Ml. 111d1 . -aciam, Thes. ii 31.23 . 2 pl. atchíd, LU 9987 . -accid, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . 3 pl. adciat, Ml. 69b2; 103b13 . -acat, 93d14 . -aiccet, LL 13853 . Pass. sg. adcither. Wb. 1b15 . adchither, 12c12 . -acastar, 25b28 . -accastar, 26a12 . -aiccesdar (-aiccestar v.l.), ACC § 34 . (See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 488 and GOI § 609 ). Note also ad-rodarcar, Sg. 172a2 . Laws i 230.11 Comm. adroarcar, O'Curry 2294 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)a) . Pl. atchiter, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -aicind, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.84 . 3 s. atchíd, TBFr. 217 . With inf. pron. 3 s. in rel. constr. asitchid, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.16 ). 3 pl. atcitis, Mon. Tall. 147.14 (§ 52) . Pass. sg. atchíthe, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). -aictea, RC xlvi 239.3 . Pl. atcítis, CCath. 873 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ad-cear, Thes. ii 293.6 . rel. atcheur, Ériu ii 89 § 2 . -accur, Fing. R. 95 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -aicer, TBFr. 21 § 22 . 2 s. -aiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -aiccther, TBC-I¹ 1556 . at-ce-su, Ériu xix 12 § 6 . 3 s. -accadar, Wb. 16d6 . Ml. 53a6 . -acathar, 68b9 . 1 pl. -accamar, TBFr. 195 . 2 pl. adced, Wb. 11b22 . 3 pl. (unless pass. pl.) adceter, Ml. 3a4 . -accatar, TBFr. 294 . Pass. sg. adcethar, Ériu iii 104 § 39a . atcethar, vii 150 § 20 . -accastar, Ml. 50a5 . -accaister, LU 6889 . ?With ro: -arcastar, O'Dav. 109 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. atcheind, TBC-LL¹ 4142 . -accinn, Trip.² 2436 . 2 s. atchethe-su, Trip.² 269 . (with má) madattceththae, IT i 144.21 = madhcethea, ZCP v 501.34 . 3 s. adcheth, Ml. 38c9 . atchet, Ériu v 30.17 . -aiced, LU 3733 . -accad, 4616 . 2 pl. adcethe, Wb. 19b6 . 3 pl. adchetis, BDD² 446 . -accaitis, Ml. 32d12 . Pass. sg. adcethe, Ml. 77d8 . Pl. -aiccitis, BDD² 627 .

Fut. 1 s. ? -accus, RC xii 110 § 167 . 2 s. condas-chichi (sic leg.: Liphi, see GOI § 655 ), Ériu vi 122 § 6 . 3 s. ?dom-chich (domcife, cotomchichfea v.ll.), ACC § 143 ( RC xx 416 ). -accigi, Trip.² 1503 . 3 pl. at-chichset, Ériu iii 30 § 10 . -aiccichet, Trip.² 1841 . Pass. sg. atatchigestar, Ml. 59c12 . atchichestár, LU 2760 .

Cond. 3 s. atcichead, BDD² 125 . -aiciged, TBC-I¹ 813 = acciged, LU 5336 . 3 pl. adcichitis, Wb. 7a2 .

Pret. 1 s. -acca, IT i 120.24 . 2 s. -acca, Sc.M² § 11 . 3 s. adcita-acae, Tur. 60 . (see Thes. i 488 n. b ). -acae, Ériu ii 222.27 . -acce, BDD² 156 . -aicci, Trip.² 264 . -accai, 265 . 1 pl. -accamar, Mon. Tall. 148.6 (§ 55) . 3 pl. -accatar, Wb. 26b11 . Pass. sg. adchess, Wb. 23c11 . adchess, Ml. 96d1 . ? matcias, Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . -aiccess, Thes. ii 253.2 (Stowe Missal). -accas, TBFr. 258 . -acus, BDD² 238 . Pl. atchessa, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). -accassa, TBC-I¹ 1413 . -aicessa, LU 10058 .

Perf. 1 s. atchondarc, Ml. 113b6 . 2 s. atconnarcsu, LU 5142 = atcondarccaisiu, TBC-I¹ 659 . atchonnarcaisthi, Trip.² 223 . 3 s. ad-condairc, Thes. i 488.23 (Tur.) ad-chondairc, 493.21 (ib.). 1 pl. adus-connarcmar, BDD² 473 . 2 pl. adchondarcid, Anecd. i 43.z . 3 pl. atcondarcatar, Laws ii 326.13 . atchonnarctar, Trip.² 1017 . o'tchondarcatar, 2641 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. dochiu, Ó Bruad. ii 56.5 . dochim, ZCP vi 36.12 . -bhfaicim, -feicim, Acall. 6771 . DDána 6.6 2 s. dochi, CF 790 . -ḟacci, TBC-LL¹ 233 . -bhfaice, Keat. ii 5398 . -feicenn tú, ZCP vi 56.25 . 3 s. dochi, Lec. 185rb11 . -acend, LU 3988 ( SCC § 45 ). -fhaccend, MU² 640 . -faic, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . 1 pl. dochiam, PH 8130 ; DDána 26.2 . atchiamait, Acall. 5555 . atciamaid, BNnÉ 60 § 77 . dochímíd, DDána 54.12 . 2 pl. atchíthi, Anecd. i 35.78 . do-chíthí, TSh. 2818 . -facthi, MU² 947 . 3 pl. atcíat, Acall. 1562 . atchíd, TSh. 753 . adchiad, DDána 31.16 . dochíd, 17.12 . dochiat, SG 346.12 . -faicit, PH 7740 . Pass. sg. dociter, RC xlix 9 § 4 . -aicter, Lism. L. 495 . -bhfaicthear, Keat. i 82.21 . rocíter, Marco P. 42 .

Ipv. 1 s. nachataicim, Lism. L. 2297 . 1 pl. faiceam, DDána 119.28 . Pass. sg. faicthear, 60.37 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. do-chíodh, TSh. 4225 . -faiceadh, Dán Dé vi 30 . 1 pl. adcíadhmais, Duan. F. i 10.4 . -bfaicmís, O'Gr. Cat. 508.5 . 2 pl. -bfaicti, BNnÉ 67 § 103 . Pass. sg. dochíthe, Dán Dé xi 29 . -faicte, CCath. 897 . Pl. -faictis, ACL iii 224.y .

Subj. pres. 1 s. do-chear, -bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -faccur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 4061 . 2 s. -accara, PH 4960 . 3 s. -faccara, 6006 . -accera, RC xiii 440.18 . 3 pl. -acatar, PH 1352 . With active endings. 3 s. -faicea, PH 7402 . -facaid, Maund. 261 . 1 pl. -bhfaiceam, DDána 81.19 . 3 pl. -acat, TBFr. 21 § 22 . -faicit, Acall. 2246 , -fhaicet, PH 7678 .

Subj. impf. 2 s. -feictea, ZCP vi 87.29 . 3 s. atchised, TTr.² 641 . -bhfaiceadh, DDána 37.38 . 1 pl. -faicsimmis, RC x 92.10 . -faicmis, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . 3 pl. -faictis, IT i 175.10 . Pass. sg. ? -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 (perh. to be referred to ad-guid). -haicesda, Lism. L. 2302 .

Fut. and condit. Traces of the reduplicated fut. remain, sometimes with endings of the b-fut. The b-fut. is however the usual formation. With reduplication 2 s. atchicera, Fing. R. 118 . atíchera, PH 1182 . With ro: -aircechasa, LU 6098 . ? adidracacha, O'Dav. 123 . 3 s. atcichfe, Anecd. ii 27.16 . 1 pl. do chíchsiom , Content. xxii 22 . 2 pl. adachichisthi, TFrag. 180.8 . atichistisi, LB 223b19 . Pass. sg. atchichither, LU 3889 ( SCC § 40 ). -aicigther, 6119 (TBC). atcithfither, Acall. 5362 . Condit. 3 s. atcithsead, MR 112.6 . do chichsiodh , Desid. 2147 . Pass. sg. atchichesta, RC xlvi 239.5 . (See also Aithd. D. Gloss.). Without reduplication. 1 s. do chíeabh , IGT Introd. 28.15. (§121) . -aiciub, IT i 80.8 . -feiceab, ZCP vi 85.15 . 2 s. nodcífi, Ériu viii 123.1 . do-chífe, DDána 66.4 . atchífir, Keat. iii 2800 . dochifir, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . -faicfe, DDána 6.6 . 3 s. dochífe, TSh. 1089 . -aicfe, ZCP viii 332.24 . -acéb, LU 309 = ḟaiccbe, RC xx 38.14 . -faccéga (-aigfe, -faigfe, v. ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . -faicfe, Acall. 6310 . -faicfid, ZCP x 342 § 8. 1 pl. attcífem, ZCP viii 207.15 . -faicfeam, TSh. 8624 . 2 pl. dochífide, Dán Dé xxv 31 . -faicfide, Ériu v 242.166 . 3 pl. atchífit, BS 6.3 . docífitt, -ffaicfit, BNnÉ 267 § 235 . Pass. sg. atcífider, RC xxv 390 § 4 . -accfither, LL 14280 . -aicfider, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . dochífear, DDána 12.4 . Condit. 1 s. adcíthfend, Ériu iv 220.8 . 3 s. dochífeadh, TSh. 6056 . atchífeadh, 6008 . -aicfed, Todd Lect. vii 6.68 . 3 pl. dochífidís, TSh. 305 . -faicfitis, Ériu ii 134 § 115 . Pass. sg. itcífea, Ériu ii 198.9 . dacitfidhi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.30 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. atconnac. MU² 745 . dochunnuc, ZCP vi 29.2 . dochonnarc, TSh. 4298 . idconnarcos, ML 4.19 . -facca, SR 1336 . -faccu, TBC-I¹ 870 . -facus, Maund. 260 . -facadhas, Desid. 430 . 2 s. atchonnarcais, LL 13591 . adconnacuis, Lism. L. 1509 . daconncadais, ITS xiv 22.9 . atchonncais, Acall. 4612 . doconncais, 3320 . -faccais, 5143 . -facadais, Sc.M² § 11 . -acaghois, ZCP x 284.19 . 3 s. diconnairc, Ériu ii 15.19 . atchonnaic, TBC-LL¹ 3969 . rachonnaic, 2969 . -facca, 3374 . -faccae, 5099 . -facae, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . -facai, 135.5 (§ 22) . -facaid, 164.6 (§ 88) . -accaig, TBC-LL¹ 2827 . -agaid, Aen. 1396 . -facais, RC xxiv 196.14 . 1 pl. atchoncamar, LU 2331 . do choncamar , 3 C 19, 6 va17 . -facamar, Stair Erc. 2017 . 2 pl. atconncabar, PH 1711 . -facabar, 3360 . -faccabair, Acall. 5770 . 3 pl. atconncatar, Laws iii 168.8 Comm. dochoncatar, PH 6295 . -facadar, TBC-I¹ 311 . -acaiset, ZCP x 410.15 . Pass. sg. doces, RC xvii 416.30 . doconnarcas, ZCP ii 552.8 . atcondcas, Ériu iii 196 § 12 . do cunncus , RC xii 332 § 24 . ra condcas , TBC-LL¹ 2748 . -aices, -facas, IT iii 189.11, 12 . -accas, LL 14172 . -facus, Lism. L. 3804 . Pl. -facessa, TBC-LL¹ 5009 .

Vn. aicsiu, (f)aicsin, etc. IGT Verbs § 4 .

(a) sees, notices, observes: atobcí side `he perceives you', Wb. 25a26 . ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . do soí dond orient conaci a næscae, Thes. ii 21.37 . isin domnach atcess in cétna sollsi in lái. Ériu ii 198.1 . ranic iath nad adaig aiccesdar (aiccestar, accestar, acastar v. ll.) `he reached the country where night is not seen', ACC 34 ( RC xx 172 ). con-idn-acar ┐ co nidn-arladar that I may see him, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . ni facaid deilb ┐ ni cumman lais ní do faicsin, Mon. Tall. 164.6 (§ 88) . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech do acsin, TBFr. 217 . nā tēig, co n-aiccther in frithi fonnuar-sa, TBC-I¹ 1556 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . amail boí sí and conḟacaig in lochtobur, RC vi 174.26 . ní confacus beó aéin neich diobh osin alle, AFM vi 2092.5 . do chibh mo Shlanaigtheoir maille rium, ITS xxix 185.3 . rí na ndúl cá chuin do-chear / an dún i bhfuil go bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . With various prepp.: arnachab-accastar as tír that you may not be seen from land, BDD² 435 . atcess immorro asin Temraig inni sin moreover that thing was seen from Tara, Anecd. iii 34.9 . telach ása n-acastar in tuath fri Luimnech antuaith, Trip.² 2412 . adcí . . . uad debrad na diadachta he sees in the distance . . . ACL iii 245 § 24 . ro-chidisium uathib . . . tigi arda, Celt. Rev. x 106.16 . Folld. by clause: atcondarccaisiu (atconnarcsu, LU) . . . indus imatiag-sa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659 . co n-aiced immar ita / in tech mór atchonnarcsá, LU 3733 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . With preposition indicating motion: co n-accatar C. . . . is' tech they saw C. coming into the house, Sc.M² § 15 . intan docunncus Fechín docum in dūnaid `when F. was seen coming . . .', RC xii 332 § 24 . atací in slóg cucu tarsa mag, TBC-I¹ 1440 . ó 'tchóndairc epscop Mél P. cuce día chairigud, Trip.² 982 . nir airigedur Cenel Conaill iat co facadur chuctha iat, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . Cf. an tan atchídís ag triall chuca é, Keat. iii 1591 .

(b) Of mental processes perceives, discerns, realizes: ma adced torbe inna thect `if you should see profit in so going', Wb. 11b22 . da faicea ainfhis . . . ann a múnad, PH 7402 . truagh nach bfacas libh bhar locht, Ir. Review 1912 472 § 11 . atchíu rogabsat ar clanna ililtiugud, ZCP viii 318.31 . mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuic / docím úaim nach indermaid looking back I perceive that the treatment I got with him . . . is not to be forgotten(?), Prolegomena 45 § 24 . do citer corob i cuis in fiabrusa dlegar do leiges ar tuis, RC xlix 9 § 4 .

(c) Pass. in sense of appears, seems (DO to): atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). ge daciter gorob maille Saturnus nan re . . . as comtrom a ngluasacht though Saturn appears to be slower than the moon their motion is equal, Ir. Astr. Tr. 114.16 . an tan bis an taer dorea tiugh ┐ docitear cum feartana e ┐ nach denann hi, 3 C 19 , 20 ra9 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind ḟir no rígfaide and, LU 3452 ( SCC 23 ). is amlaidh doces do mac Gilla Lughan iat, RC xvii 416.31 . doces do muinntir co n-erbalus it seemed to people that I died, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . atcess dóib . . . múr na Rómae the wall of Rome appeared to them, BColm. 78.19 . atces doib tor oir for an muir, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.14 . do condcuss sin dó ina spiraid, gin go faca sé o suilib corpardha é, BCC 362.5 . mar do connarcas d'uaislibh Éireann an dochar do bhí ag teacht, Keat. i 66.19 . doconncus doibh a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . pecadh aga bhfaicther dhó maith éigin do bheith ann a sin in which it seems to him there is some good, Ó Héodhusa 181.5 . do connarcus don Pháirlement gurab annteasbach bídh ┐ éadaigh do-rin sin uile, PCT 1677 . Note also: is mar sin dociter Galen aga tuicsin so G. seems to understand it, 3 C 19, 219 ra14 . By extension seems good to (cf. Lat. videtur): cidh anaill atcither duit acht a marbad? what else seems good to you except to kill them? Anecd. ii 12.18 . créad fa bhfacas dhíbh . . . na braighde . . . do chongbháil i ngéibheann, Maguires of F. 55 . déanaidh mar chífighthear dhíbh, 74 . dochonnarcus do'n Spiorad Naomh . . . gan ualach do chur orraibh . . . (visum est Spiritui sancto, Acts xv 28 ) Eochairsg. 14.26 . do connarcus don ōigh . . . eachtra . . . in tsēipēil . . . d'foillsiughadh . . . don naomh-priōir `it seemed good to her to make known', Fl. Earls 114.33 . do-connarcas damh trácht ar éiclipsigh na gréine it seemed good to me to treat of eclipses of the sun, Corp. Astron. 152.4 . do chonncas dhúinn . . . an leabhrán-sa do sgríobhadh, Mac Aingil 50 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-écci, fégaid: o do conncamair do leighiusaibh uilidhi . . . na ptisisi since we have treated of, 3 C 19, 129 vb23 . da facaid le feirg no le fich ar duine if he look angrily at, Maund. 261 .

ag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ag or dil.ie/671

Forms: n-ag, ndára, t-ag, ag, -ag, n-ag, aigi, aige, haigi, hoighi, agh, oigh, aige, aighi, oighe, aige, aigh, ag, aige, aigi, aighed, aighib, agh

n orig. s, n. Later m. and f. n s. a n-ag , Sc.M² 7 . agh ndára , AFM ii 982.y . in t-ag , Laws ii 240.9 Comm. in ag , iv 24.12 Comm. a s. -ag (aigh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3382 . du. da n-ag , 1324 . g s. ind aigi , Anecd. i 9.4 . aige, Críth G. 550 . na haigi , Aen. 1709 . na hoighi , 1715 . d s. agh, Laws ii 240.7 Comm. oigh , IGT Decl. ex. 893 . n p. aige, Trip.² 518 . aighi, Aen. 276 , oighe, ZCP i 64 § 57 . a p. aige, Anecd. i 1.9 . aigh, Laws iv 120.3 Comm. g p. ag, LL 1769 . aige, LU 9412 . aigi, Laws i 144.15 Comm. aighed, SG 102.1 . d p. aighib, Aen. 274 . Note: a richt dā n-agaid allaid, BColm. 90.2 . agh m. and f. IGT Decl. §§ 31, 45 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) bovine animal, cow, ox: íar n-él(a)úd aige after the escape of an ox (bullock), Críth G. 550 . a.¤ loige meich an ox of the value of a sack, ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . a.¤ i fur ┐ molt a fur ┐ muc a fur, Laws v 78.2 Comm. fuil aidhe . . . fuil dam . . . fuil muc, 152.3 . a.¤ imsoi dia eol, 268.18 . eascaire . . . inn aighi mir, iii 272.12 Comm. a.¤ o cach fiur do, Trip.² 887 . a.¤ fireand cacha indise, BDD² 602 . a.¤ teora ferglacc, MacCongl. 3.14 . .xxx. aige . . . / nirbo luchtlach dó (of a cauldron), LU 9412 . mucc ┐ a.¤ ┐ dabach do cach ḟir, LL 12479 . is de sin ba lán in caire / do cuirthea ár aige ann, SG 362.19 . tricha aigi a lucht in choiri `thirty cows', Ériu ii 20 § 1 . adciadis a n-Aenach Lipthí broga for aghaib bleithi, eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav. 322 . agh ndára gacha trír `an incalf heifer', AFM ii 982.y . Fig. of a warrior: ba méthiu a n-a.¤ fo-rācbais-[s]iu ocainni, Sc.M² 7 .

(b) deer, stag (usually with allaid): na haigh allta amhuil na haigh ceannda, Laws iv 120.3 = na haigi alta, O'D. 1686 (H. 5.15, p. 29b). ocht n-aige altai do techt . . . fon sliab, Trip.² 518 . timmairg . . . ina fuair do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta ┐ d'ernail cacha fíada, LU 10485 . almai d'aigib alta . . . gebis da n-ag . . . díb, TBC-LL¹ 1319 , 1324 . ailbin d'aighib alltaib, Aen. 274 . amal aig n-allaid . . . iter cuanairt, TTebe 1881 . ar cind aigi ┐ cūanart, TBC-I¹ 2508 . in cu bis ar cae aiceda . . . na naighi i n-aimsir fiadaig, Laws i 144.15 Comm. dosennat na secht n-aige, TBFr. 58 . ag fiadhach ar mucaib ┐ aidhib, Ériu v 146.21 . Arann na n-aighed n-imda, SG 102.1 . oighe míolla . . . / 'na loighe, Measgra D. 43.11 . maran agh thaitneamhuigh pleasant roe, Proverbs v 19 . Somet. doe, hind. Fig. of a person: a láogh na hoighi ó íadh Muile, SGS iv 146 § 33 . Mac Moire . . . laogh oighe dar n-ealbha, Dán Dé viii 17 .

Compds. ? agerna .i. laogh bo, O'Curry 970 (H.3. 18, 416). agmuilt (g s.), IT iii 104 § 203 .

aidbsiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbsiu or dil.ie/853

Forms: aidbsen, , aidbsena, aidbsina

n n, f. g s. aidbsen , aidbsena, aidbsina. Vn. of ad-fét.

(a) Precise meaning doubtful in follg. Perh. relating, reciting, setting forth (see also s.v. aidbse): ecis aidbsin .i. fili comgan bhís la righ, O'Curry 473 (H 3.18, 248). cia céda dar haisnédhedh tre uadh n-aidhbhsion?, Ériu xiii 38.24 . ar dlighidh in arduibh aidhbsion aireachaibh, 39.20 . cingidh adesa dlighidh fria dechmhaidh fria harda aidhbhsiona, 23 . In phr. tús n-aidbsen(a) of a privilege of the flaith geilfine: is é ní dliges inti dlegur d'airitniugud isin flaithes ngelfine .i. in cumal tsenorba ┐ tus n-aibsin ┐ tus n-urlabra the right to expound his views first(?), Cóic Con. 45 § 72 (`den Vortritt bei der Anzeige(?)') ( Laws ii 280.26 ) = tus n-aibsena, 16 § 3 n.8 . Note also: tathat lium dais logh sinnsir tus naidbsina, tus nurlabra, Laws iv 372.13 Comm. = tus naidhbdhen, ZCP xii 365.14 (see aidbden).

(b) showiness, ostentation, pride (see taidbsiu): d'éis bhainnse d'óigh d'ullmhughadh / ní cóir aidhbhse ar anmhuirear one should not be surprised at an excessive number, Aithd. D. 60.7 . atá d'aidhbhse ar Fhionn-ghualainn `F.'s splendour is so great', 18.20 . méad bhar n-aidhbhse is aithne dhamh / ar leith Mogha . . . `I see how excessive is your pride in L.M.', Content. iv 50 . aidhbhsin .i. taidhbsin, O'Cl.

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

2 branar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 branar or dil.ie/6545

n (cf. We. bra(e)nar; see Stokes, KZ xli 382 ) b.¤ m. g s. -air, IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) fallow land ; act of tilling, preparing (land for new crop) : gan do bhuain, nó do bh.¤ ar a uídh neither reaping nor preparing for tillage, AFM v 1782.24 . fearann branair `fallow (sic leg.) empty ground', Eg. Gl. 336. gan ghort ní dual deaghbh. `every good lea must be ploughed', Aithd. D. 65.29 . treabh go tarbhach b.¤ samhraidh na subháilceadh ` fallow-field ' (Vocab.), TSh. 6938. i n-am branair is móna `in time of fallow', O'Rah. 184.18. Fig. téid naonbhar ban dá bh.¤, / d'aindeithbhir lé apghaghadh (of the bringing up of Hercules), TD 13.38 . ag óigh do bhaoi ga bh.¤ , DDána 48.23 . do bhí a bheatha da bh.¤ `twas his life prepared the soil', Arch. Hib. i 96 § xi . b.¤ álaidh troighigh thinn `lea' (of Christ and His wounds), Aithd. D. 66.29 . Note also (fig.) : is mo dhearca dá bh.¤ do-ghnídh dearg an tuar sin (of tears ?) Keat. Poems 1428.

búain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búain or dil.ie/7248
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: búana, buaint, béim

f. vn. of boingid. g s. búana. Prob. orig. ā, f., GOI 454. b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 149. bérla na búana (without finite forms, these being supplied by do-alla), Verbs § 32 . buaint, O'R. Poems 3300 , Oss. iv 170.8 . In later lang. replacing béim (vn. of benaid) in vn. constructions (see TSh. Gloss., etc.). Cf. béin.

(a) act of cutting, breaking. Of plants: cutting down, reaping; crop, harvest: dornán buana manipulus, Ir. Gl. 502. bacc buana fínime, Sg. 62b10 . lathe búana, Thes. ii 334.3 (Hy. v). scena búana aíne, Críth G. 177. i n-aimsir na búana, Rawl. B 512, 142a (cited Contribb. 283 ). bibhsiutt buain cech raithi (fig. etymol.), RC xii 106.1 . méit chléib búana, LU 6953 ( BDD 58 ). methel . . . oc buain, IT i 41.36 . oc b.¤ na luachra, RC xxv 28 § 10. ar ┐ buain, BB 11a4 . olann na caorach . . . iar na buain di, Laws iii 376.z Comm. do-chúaidh . . . / do bh.¤ bhuindén, IGT Decl. ex. 824. Of drawing, delineating: ar bhuain ghréasa `for doing her needlework', O'Hara 4167. dealbh dragain . . . arna buain ar taeb in tuir `cut on the side of the tower', ZCP vi 284.29 . nī héidir a ccosmhaile . . . do bhuain lé pinntéoireachd, Parrth. Anma 1287. fioghair na croise do bhuain ar a éadan, Eochairsg. 43.8 . Note also: ag buain both breaking up shielings (in order to go to war), Aithd. D. 5.4 . IGT Decl. ex. 473. gan búana, gan chís, gan cháin exactions (?), Harl. 5280, 51b (cited Contribb. 283 ). ? ar taiscid gu h-uain athairec iar mbuain, BB 277a 33 = iar n-uari, Leb. Cert. 184.8 .

(b) In uses approximating to those of béim: ni teiged bem . . . gan a buain do Ch. i cleithi i chind, TTebe 2527 . buain béime ar mo bhogha-sa, Content. xxiv 22 . ic buain cluig, Laws v 22.6 Comm. timchell chluig Ave Maria do bhuain, Fl. Earls 188.5 . ? ní háil bas do bhuain umha expld. as `ní haon chabhair bheith ag gearán,' DDána 77.28 and note ( Aithd. D. 14.28 ) (on the death of two patrons). ? clocha némaind in chuirn chláoin / cuirm Í Maíl Brénuind gá mb.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 356.

(c) In vn. constructions with follg. prep. introducing indirect obj., freq. in sense of taking away from, depriving of, etc.: buain mhela a mecnaib iobhuir (attempting to) extract (in list of vain undertakings), Anecd. ii 72.7 . in gnim do buain astu `getting the work out of them' (oxen), Laws iii 270.9 Comm. rethid A. dia bein asin crund ┐ femidh a buain as (a spear), Aen. 3150. dar mbuain a broid to save us from bondage, Dán Dé xv 18 . iasocht bunaidh do bhuain air to obtain a permanent loan from him, DDána 69.7 (see 1 ar). buain a deala ar Dhia depriving her of God's love, Dán Dé xxiii 28 . ga buain oruinn taking it from us, Aithd. D. 56.11 . badhbh ag b.¤ chrú dod chrúisigh getting blood off your spear, IGT Decl. ex. 578. fá Mac 'gá bhuain don bhan-óigh `being taken from', Dán Dé xx 46 . ar mbuain a eididh de, Stair Erc. 1023. buain righe d'Ó Ruairc, BNnÉ 289.29 . ic b.¤ duilisc do charraic, ZCP v 497 § 11. a cend do buáin d'Eoin Baisti, Maund. 83. buain ceille do chabhair despairing , Stair Erc. 1537. ar mb.¤ cheille d'Ḟ., Acall. 5266 v.l. (' ar n-esbaid . . . F., text). ar mbuain ó chomhghar a chéile, O'Hara 2877. a bhúain ón táoibhréim iollraidh it is derived from the genitive plural, IGT Introd. 29.5 . Note also: ag buain an gai ind striking him with the spear, TTebe 1018 .

(d) With meaning completed by follg. prep.: o buain as gl. ag . . . slan o cull gelding, Laws ii 238.22 ( ZCP xiv 347 ). a dalladh ┐ a buain as 'blinded and emasculated', AI 438 (s.a. 1450.5) . buain a bosaibh wringing of hands, Aithd. D. 95.32 . buain a síoth Sagsanach profiting by (?), LBranach 5353 (see note). go buain t'oidhre dhar n-iomchar till your heir concerned himself with . . . (?), DDána 40.22 . le buain dod bhiodhbhaidh in conflict with your enemy (?), 14.13 . ag buain fa bheith i n-easard concerning himself in an argument, Content. xxv 1. b.¤ fāt fheidhm, O'R. Poems 30 `to tackle your strength', notes. an finnealbha ar mb.¤ fa brón plunged in grief, Rel. Celt. ii 266.19 . buain fá chéile take a husband (?), Hackett x 4 , cf. 11 . beart da buain fūm as dū dam something must happen me (?), ACL iii 236 § 6 ( Aithd. D. 62 ). nir lamsat buain friss they were afraid to go near him, LB 234a63 . ar mb.¤ guine an ringcne ris when the spearpoint touched him, IGT Decl. ex. 1200. gan bhuain re torchar ag tuinn `no produce is driven in by the wave', Rel. Celt. ii 234.30 . gach aén bhall . . aga mbeith buain no báidh le Saxancoibh `connexion or alliance', AFM vi 2056.3 . ní fhuil buain ag briathraibh Sh. ria, TSh. 4329 `do not refer to', Gloss. buain i dtagra `interfere', Content. xiv 16. an toil . . . / buain uimpi ní bog an céim, Dánfhocail 265 `to run counter to it', Gloss. ? lór uaibh ar chách mar chionnta / buain iompa a ttráth na teannta, O'Hara 2108 (see note). a n-airm . . . ag buain dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 .

(e) b.¤ amach act of extracting, obtaining: trí longa do longaibh Gall . . . do bhuain amach `were captured', AFM ii 958.6 . cáin nó díol do bhuain amach i n-éiric . . . an loit, Keat. i 68.47 . do bhuain a chríche féin amach `regain', ii 2569 . ren a buaín amuigh, BCC 220.

1 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cert or dil.ie/8787
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cirt, ceirt, ceart, cirt, cearta

(Lat. certus). As adj. o, ā.

(a) correct, right, proper, fitting : is ámin tra as c.¤ in testimin-so, Ml. 62c7 . ni c.¤ ind ḟlesc sa huasind .m., Sg. 40b16 . foraice c.¤ `genau richtiger Wert', Cóic Con. 50 § 98 (see below under subst. use). cona tochmaghad a choir cirt, Ériu xiii 17.16 = c.¤ , O'Dav. 378 . cen claind cirt without ordinary children, LU 4305 ( SG 84.30 ). nocho ch.¤ na cubaid `it was not right or fitting', CRR 30.9 . nó go n-aimsear an uair cheart the destined hour, Dán Dé xvii 9 . stiúir cheart . . . na g-cóigeadhach (of a person), ML 86.7 . ní ceart d'ēinneach a rádh . . . it is wrong to say, Párl. na mB. 58 .

(b) fair, just : bad ch.¤ do cluchi frim fight fair, LU 5228 . breth ch.¤ , LL 30395 . comrama . . . / Cerbaill c[h]irt na náem `just', RC xxix 211 § 7 ( LL 6720 ).

(c) Of material objects etc. straight, even: sreth-linedha certa coiri, CCath. 5285 (`small', cf. 2 cert). baill certa comcoire, BB 427b15 . cetra colamna certa `straight', Stair Erc. 1377 . gersat certa . . . cimsa . . . catha, MR 254.4 . tennbhuille c.¤ casúir, IGT Decl. ex. 913 . dlúthmhong cheart, DDána 99.32 . slighe . . . cam cheart ` symmetrical ', Magauran 909 .

(d) Of numbers, quantities etc. exact, precise: co colainderce c.¤ `exact amount', Bretha 23 . da fítt ch.¤ chutrume `two exactly equal rations', Mon. Tall. 161.9 (§ 80) . deich mbliadna certa, BB 53a6 . tricha tren[ḟ]er ar cet c.¤ , MacCarthy 28.2 .

(e) Adv. ci[u]rt cóir `properly and rightly', cited GOI 239 from Laws ii 306.5 ( ZCP xiv 379 ). ní fail doruirme co c.¤ ` rightly ', Thes. ii 344.1 (Hy.v). cet co c.¤ `a hundred exactly', MacCarthy 314.z . go ceart indeed, Content. vi 242 . go ceart rómhad `straight before thee', Proverbs iv 25 .

(f) Compar. ní foigbe . . . / félire bas certu, Fél. Ep. 148 . nī turmi sechtu nach sūi / bas certu atá cōe, ZCP v 499 § 10 . is certiu in dedenach `more exact', Auraic. 1134 . an mbía duine marbhthach ní as ceirte ná Día?, Job iv 17 . is ceirtidde in chomāirim, ZCP iii 18.2 .

As subst. o, n. m., IGT Decl. § 63 (g s. cirt and ceirt, d s. ceart and cirt etc.). Cf. g s. cearta, Maguires of F. 95 . i or ā (dar ceirt, Cog. 56.11 ), ZCP xlix-l 619 .

(g) the right, what is proper, correctness : ar amainse ar chirt ar calmatus, LU 10300 (see also s. 2 cert). c.¤ cen tinne, ZCP viii 196 § 14 . misi robai for in cirt, YBL 173a16 . Cf. SG 70.13 . ceart na riaghla `fulfilling of the law', A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 1 . ceart ag duine is bheith go bocht, Dán Dé xxvii 27 . ar cheart ar chumas n-adhbhann ` correctness ' (of harping), Studies 1920, 98 § 9 . ó cheart `rightly', Content. vi 155 . ón cheart, xxiii 3 . an chalann do-chuaidh tar ceart which has transgressed, DDána 44.2 . do réir chirt, Rev. xix 11 . ? cach aen bereas(?) c.¤ cirt, LB 220b59 .

(h) In phr. ina chirt, i cirt, c.¤ properly, rightly, as is fitting : mac in tṡaír a llus in táil / do chumma in chláir ina chirt (: ṡlicht) `aright', Ériu ix 49 § 28 . firfes firindi ina cirt fri dala deithbiri, YBL 181a2 ( SG 254.23 ). is amlaidh so . . . anas dian aireng in-a cirt coir gan impod, BB 289b20 . dia mbe hi cciort, Leb. Gab.(i) 46.28 . atá ina cc.¤ le ceile (of a pact), BNnÉ 251.11 . co roibi ingen do righ paganta a c.¤ aigi `was his lawful wife', ZCP vi 289.16 .

(i) In quasi-legal sense of right, claim, entitlement : Lebor na Cert, title of tract on rights and privileges of kings, see BR and BR2. fris-saighe a cc.¤ , Ériu xiii 34.6 . dofet a c.¤ certaib `her rights', Laws i 124.10 . fer . . . saiges a ch.¤ do cech oén la Ultu, LU 8148 . ag tabairt cirt do Chríst cháidh `rendering an account', Manners and Customs ii 63.y . do bhean ceart díot an duine, Dán Dé xxviii 17 . dála, ceart, daingin orra, `Espousals', Eg. Gl. 243 . With follg. gen. c.¤ n-athar ┐ seanathar, BDD² 163 . augtar . . . / sluindfes c.¤ clainne C., Fing. R. 866 . c.¤ cech cōicid, ACL iii 303 § 5 . c.¤ cech ríg `tribute', KMMisc. 260 § 1 . ó chiort na gcuradh, Content. xxx 22 . i gceart a mháthar `in right of his mother', Keat. ii 5138 . go n-díoghlainn mo chomhdhaltadha fair . . . a g-ciort chloidhimh by the sword, ML 110.3 . With follg. prep. muna ḟuil ceart ag óigh air `rights as against Him', Aithd. D. 86.18 . c.¤ Maodhócc ar shluag Mhancach, BNnÉ 248 § 202 . mo cheart ar an tír, Maguires of F. 90 . ceart cinnte . . . ar ré shíordhaidhe d'fhagháil absolute right to, TSh. 529 . ceart . . . ré coimhéad, 5130 . ná sir c.¤ a cumhail deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1238 . gan c.¤ . . . do bheth ag nech in aoinní `right . . . in any thing', RSClára 146b .

(j) justice, fair dealing : luid co chinel do c.¤ friu `to demand justice', Laws i 70.9 Comm. na tair chucum dar firc., TBC-LL¹ 3491 . gidh tréan thú ní chuinge acht ceart, Dán Dé xxvii 14 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. 61 . do cheart = iustitia, TSh. 4813 . a gille, ar siad, inn gabaid coma no c.¤ uainn?, ZCP xiii 240.11 .

For daimid c.¤ see daimid.

With dliged: tar ceart no dligedh, Laws ii 70.2 . conid he sin c.¤ ┐ dliged lenait saxain for goedelu, Fél.² clxxxvii 9 .

(k) As technical term used of one of several legal processes: coic conara fugill . . . c.¤ , Cóic Con. 15 § 1 (`genau richtig'). cuir ┐ cundartha etc. d'acrau forin conair fugill is c.¤ , 20 § 13 . tacra cutrumma for cirt, 24 § 26 . bid c.¤ im cotomus folada etc. the legal process c. shall apply in the case of equal assessment of objects, 50 § 98 . For etymologies see 29 § 13 .

(l) With follg. gen. proper arrangement or procedure, correct way of doing something .: ni dāmair c.¤ catha doib fair battle, b. according to the rules of war(?), Rawl. 131b45 . See LL 4902 , ML² 946 . o cirt cobrainne `by just partition', Laws iv 44.8 . c.¤ comlaind, LL 33979 . tré cheart gcomhráidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 6 . c.¤ crandcair, BB 244b34 . c.¤ imthechta, MR 318.23 . c.¤ natha,. Ériu xiii 18.16 (in list of metr. terms). Note also : c.¤ sléibe Fúait `true story', Metr. Dinds. iv 168.44 .

(m) Freq. in IGT as technical term declensional form (of noun or verbal noun): na crotha dona ceartuibh ó mbeantur comhfhocal, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.17) . cáoladh ceirt (e.g. lámh, don láimh), § 14 (6.11) . feabhas, fiú, féin, dég (an áirmhe), focuil gan cheart indeclinables, § 122 . greagh, c.¤ lethan tríd sis as cóir aige, Decl. § 45 . c.¤ persan mar sin sís aige (after forms of eadradh), § 49 . scológ (ceart baininnsgne aigi) is inflected like a feminine, § 12 . tegmáil . . . c.¤ ar a comair air féin aigi, Verbs § 2 . faigsin etc. . . . cirt ar a comair aca, § 4 . bleagan ┐ dligsin (dít), inand gabaid acht ar a certuibh i.e. the verbs are conjugated in the same way but their verbal nouns belong to different types, § 36 .

(n) Less freq. in sense of correctness, permissibility , somet. opposed to canamain anomalous (form): trí mairg, cóir do chiort, trí mharg, cóir do chanamhain, IGT Introd. § 18 (8.31) . úaibreach do chanamhain atá, úabrach an c.¤ , IGT Decl. § 17 . .c. .d. neith ceirt ┐ canamna, Verbs § 45 . imram, imirt . . . a ndénmas .n. cirt, § 101 . .d. .n. cirt ┐ canamna, § 112 .

(o) In chevilles: as gach ciort, SG 35.24 . ní cói ceirt, Metr. Dinds. iv 164.27 . dia do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356.1 .

In compds. usually straight, direct, exact, precise, less frequently right, just, proper.

With nouns. ¤agaid. Usually in prep. phr. with i, ar: i certagaidh na gáithe directly against the wind, CCath. 3927 . tarla do D. . . . ina chertagidh met him face to face, ZCP xiv 240.8 . dēnamh ar a gcert-agaidh go F. straight ahead, Fl. Earls 24.28 . Note also: du-s-rat a chert-aghaidh . . . forsan athair `it turned its . . . face on the father', 136.25 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig hi certairdi from the very top of his head, LU 6475 . ūas an mbaile a certairde right up over the stead, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . ni hicthar ni fris acht certaithgin, Laws v 254.18 Comm. iar certbliadain, Rawl. 76a36 . certbrecad ┐ ollbrecad, IT iii 76 § 40 (see p. 131 and breccad). M. . . . an ceirtbhreitheamh `just judge', Keat. ii 3658 . confad C. ┐ a cheart-bhriathra, MR 160.20 . certchaictighis ó maireach, Cog. 104.34 . fa ceart-comair a craide directly in front of, MR 260.14 . ceartchosair ceithri ndroṅg, BDD² 811 (`a proper litter', Gloss.). sechtmoga mac . . . / achertchúmma d'ingenaib exact equivalent, SR 1972 . c. cumal `an exact c.', Bretha 31 . na chertdegaid directly after him, LL 15318 . no gur comroinnestair . . . a craide ar certdō dō in two equal halves, MR 260.16 . Duan. F. i 35 . for cert-druim in cat[h]a, CCath. 4881 . a cúic do cert duibh to an all-black (cow), O'Gr. Cat. 145.11 . ina c[h]ertḟar[r]adh, ZCP viii 210.31 . ceart-fheadh na n-arm . . . eatorra, ML 84.28 . nert C. certfir .i. ind ḟir cheirt, Gorm. Apr. 18 and gl. trī ceirtfichit muc mór exactly sixty, Ériu xvii 20 § 13 . ¤gáe see separate article. i certghuin cath, BB 53a25 . certiarraid exact fosterage-fee, Laws iii 312.12 Comm. an ceirtiomagallaimh, Ériu xiii 36.21 . certimain `proper driving', Laws i 288.11 Comm. na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh cóir féin taranais arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . cert-láech a true warrior, MU² 538 . ar certlár mo thaige very middle, LL 38552 . rochaith a chertleth (i.e. of the apple), MacCarthy 46.16 . is a certlogh dic `exact value', Laws iv 250.21 Comm. certmac oglaigh `an average son' (Plummer MS. notes) Cf. ceartmhac, `fils légitime', Études Celt. xii 524 , oppd. to ardmhac o., O'Curry 285 ( H 3.18, 157 ). ina certmedón right in the middle of it, LU 2057 . dar certmedōn hĒrenn, Corp. Gen. 206.14 . atchiu clothrig . . . / cotngaib inna chertraind . . . / o crund co fraig who divides it equally(?), LU 7375 (of Conaire. `exact share', BDD2 Gloss.). co certsála sís right down to the heels, BDD² 1268 . ro an ina certsesam, Stair Erc. 350 . cearttharsna ar aicme ailme `straight across for group A' (of fingers across shin-bone in cossogam), Auraic. 5783 . do cert-tochus `of his exact property', Laws v 32.21 Comm. curson comnart certtrebtha, Leb. Cert.² 156.5 . certtrícha ruaid-each, 8.10 .

With adjj. an crios corr, ceart-bhláith, MR xiv 7 . certinann ré exactly the same period, Anecd. i 26 § 11 . a Chrīst chóeim certgenmnaid `truly chaste', Ériu iii 14 § 10 . at chonnarc and Coin Culaind certlaín `perfect', Études Celt. v 155.27 . in tan ata certnua in cin. No ata certnua in cro recent(?), O'Curry 609 ( H 3.18, 297 ). ni coir gnuis bidbaid itir crú ceartnua .i. is nua in fala no go lesaighther, 2282 ( Eg. 88, 21 (22)a ).

With adjj. formed from nouns: a chomhdail an Airdrígh certbreathaigh just, RC xxviii 326 § 23 . certbriathrach (of a judge), Irish Texts iv 27.2 . eannach . . . ceart-foirgneamhach `well-fashioned', MR xiv 13 . i pongc ceirtmedonach an domain, YBL 169a3 . certronnach `justly-dividing', Gorm. 16 gl .

With verbs: c.¤ gabais Congal Cairpri's in comlund, MR 244.4 . is follus as sin co nach certtiaghait (-tuicit?) lucht in Uraicepta-sa co mbad e Laidin . . . , Auraic. 1127. 4047 .

cin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cin or dil.ie/9104

Forms: cinnta, cionaidh, c., c., ceana, cion

n t, m., GOI p. 206 . For n p. cinnta, Ml. 62d5 see ib. 205 . n s. also cionaidh, Ériu xiii 30.18 . a s. gan a cen, ZCP x 49.1 . d s. lán do chen, Rel. Celt. ii 206.z . c.¤ f. (dental infl.), IGT Decl. § 4 adding acht na ceananna; comair na gcenann is noted ceart do chanamain, ex. 247 while co centaibh is prohibited, ex. 246 . c.¤ m. (g s., n p., ceana), § 71 . Latter inflection v. freq. in later language. ? g p. cion, Content. xiv 18 (unrhymed).

I Guilt, fault, crime : ni nach c.¤ aile `it is not any other fault', Wb. 19d26 . brithemnacht forsin c.¤ -sa, 9b10 . ní fil ci[nta] doib fri Saul gl. culpae . . . conscii, Ml. 30b2 . na bad eola inar cintaib, gl. conpati infirmitatibus, Wb. 33b21 . is ái in c.¤ `his is the crime', Sg. 203a18 . it móra mo chinaid `great are my crimes', Fél. Ep. 387 . i cóictidi doluigdís cinaith la hóes rechtgae, Hib. Min. 26.x . cen fīach fair ina chintaib, Corm. Y 472 . bec in c.¤ tria chaingne chon, Sc.M² 21b . din chutrumma chinad noslenand, LU 2094 ( FA 16 ). ní ba c.¤ ṁbreithe in chlaidib beithir dí her crime in bringing the sword, TBFr. 248 (where c.¤ a s. ?, cf. v.l. p. 20). nībbōi c.¤ nombeith dóib, TBC-I¹ 2907 . olc in cosc cinad romchrín (Eve speaks) punishment for sin, Ériu iii 148 § 2 (`the wicked advice'). fiarfaighidh damh créad mo chion the charge against me, Magauran 856 . toil na gciontadh love of sin, Dán Dé xviii 10 . cealg ar gcionadh, DDána 12.4 . bean chúitigheas ar gceana (of Mary), 7.32 . maor measta ar gcean (Archangel Michael), PBocht 2.39 . sein-eol an cheana `the old way of sin', Dán Dé xxi 16 . marbh ó bhar gceanaibh ┐ ó bhar bpeacaidhibh mortui delictis et peccatis, TSh. 1192 .

Attrib. gen.: m'fhear cionadh enemy , DDána 101.52 . im intinn cheana sinful mind, Aithd. D. 92.21 . ní ro-theacht Ísu nach ṅgaile chinad do pecud any stain of the guilt of sin, PH 4826 . dáil cheana occasion of sin, DDána 10.34 . With follg. gen.: co . . . foltaib fíraib . . . cintaib laíme `for crimes of hand', Tec. Corm. 2.24 . silliud súla, cintaib bél, 26 . cin laime, cin coise, c.¤ tengad, c.¤ bel, c.¤ sula, Laws i 238.10 . cin leagha, IGT Decl. ex. 1138 . Prov. gach ciontaigh a chion, Celtica i 103.507 . In cheville: cid lór do chion, BS 68.7 .

Of specific sins, crimes: cion na drúise, Dán Dé xxxi 34 . cin na hecni sin of violence, PH 7537 . cion an fhormaid, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . cion an fhuatha, 38 . cion na sainte, 37 . cen duine do marbhadh ina cintaib comraiti `intentional crimes', Laws i 14.8 Comm. cionta comhraite .i. cionta as a riocht, O'Cl. Of sexual sin: c.¤ do epscop Mél fria fiair, Trip.² 980 . connach fedar-sa c.¤ ó ḟir eli ó ro imig sin (Penelope), Mer. Uil.2 238. go ngébhadh Oigh toircheas gan chion fir, Carswell 114.19 . Med.: foillsigid . . . cionta na nae vitia hepatis, 23 K 42, 125.13 .

II In phrases. Preceded by prep.: ferr duit nech aile ar na cintaibh at fault, ZCP vi 272 § 10 . cen chinta friu-som gl. gratis inimicitias eius patior, Ml. 142b5 . cen cinta `without offence', 74a1 . cen chinaid n-uaim fri nech gl. sine causa, 54d16 . lucht céssais cen chinaid `crimeless folk', Fél. Jan. 17 . in fíren do crochadh cen cinaid, PH 2933 . N . . . . [do marbad] . . . cin chuis cin cinaid, Ann. Conn. 1306.11 . do-rocair . . . / do laimh Cethirn go cciontaibh in return(?), TBC St. 3740 . Ruad mac Baduirn ba d'Ultaib / nuall cach glanuill co cintaib, LL 2589 . co cinaidh, Leb. Cert. 206.9 . di chinaid, prep. phrase with gen.: tuccus doibhsion da chionaid / ionad i ccoraidh mo tempuill in return, BNnÉ 175.3 . ? Cf. do chinaib cuna / guin fiachglanta, YBL 179b12 = BB 259b1 . i cin(aid), i cintaib with gen. or Vn. phrase in revenge, atonement for: cim[b]ith i cinaid .u.ir `a captive for every five persons concerned' (of penalty for breach of a king's protection), Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . i ccinaid a m[e]ic `in atonement for the liability of his son', ibid. a cinta oirccne `on account of injury done', Mon. Tall. 155.29 . a mmbarbad ar Fíanna Fáil / i cinaid marbtha Dubáin, LL 29354 . hi cinta ind fergoirt do milliud, LU 8526 ( FB 38 ). 'n-a chion féin `through its own fault', Magauran 3724 . Similarly tré chin(aid), chinta: tré ch.¤ drochmna, IT i 75.6 ( LMU 13 ). ronlaad a Parthus tria china[i]d imarbois (said by Adam to Eve), MacCarthy 60.23 . tré chenaib in popuil, Caithr. Thoirdh. 4.15 . With follg. prep.: cen chinaid for mnāi / do réir dligid Dé `do not hold a woman liable', KMMisc. 272.1 . ní mó . . . a c.¤ frib . . . indás na tucsaid úadib, LU 8980 ( FB 73 ). ni fetur-sa c.¤ dam frit `I know of no wrong I have done thee', Grail 2109 . ní fhoil cion riomsa ag R. R. has nothing to complain of against me, Aithd. D. 48.16 .

Other phrases: do-gní cin(aid) fri offends against: na cinta aili do niat na daíne risin ferann, Laws iv 140.19 Comm. re ghnuis nderg go ndentar c.¤ `till some charge is brought against his blushing face'(?), Magauran 2997 . With cuirid: dá mbeinn dod chur i gciontaibh if I were to accuse you, DDána 88.22 . cionnta go gcuire ar do ghaoltaibh, Aithd. D. 26.16 . ? Cf. nī mō leis (= le Dīa) blāth droigin duibh / ┐ cāch do chur 'na ch.¤ / . . . inā duille da chor d'fidh taking everybody into account(?), ZCP vi 269 § 13 .

As quasi-vn.: ēside o[c] cinaith frit-sa, ACL iii 295 § 21 `that itself is what's sinning against you,' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 104 .

III

(a) In legal contexts offence, crime, etc. for which the doer is answerable at law, hence with meaning liability, guilt, incurred penalty, etc.: focerdar c.¤ co fergac `liability is attached to the angry man', BDC 25 . imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir (of duties of `flaith'), Críth G. 339 `in regard to liabilities arising from contract?' (Notes). .vii. claid . . . na[d] dírenatar cinaid `whose liabilities are not atoned for', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . óthá suidiu hícad cách cinaid a c[h]laid `the liability of his ditch', 72 § 14 . a ḟrepaid ó ḟi[u]r chinad guilty party, Críth G. 60 . c.¤ comḟocuis responsibility for a relative or legal connection: c.¤ cach comfoguis for araile `liability of each kinsman upon the other' (as with éiric), Laws i 262.16 . imtha fri cion comfocuis `it is likewise with liability of kindred', Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 145 , glossed is amlaid sin atait re hic cinta comfocuis, amail comruinnit in dibad is amlaid comruinnid (ícaid, v.l.) in cinaid. cion comhgais, cáin nó díol do bhuain amach i n-éiric nó i n-eineaclainn an loit . . . doghní neach . . . d'á charaid nó d'á chineadh, Keat. i 68.47 . is mo sidhe do ch.¤ `thy liability . . . is greater than (the value of) this (sword)', IT iii 201 § 75 . Cf. berid-si lib ina c.¤ fén iat (said to tax collectors) `in their own discharge', Todd Lect. vi 44 § 64 .

(b) Hence in sense of payment due, levy, exaction : ? fri commus a cheana ┐ a smachta ┐ a fiadhaig (`rule'), IT iii 199.8 . ? oenach Cuile co cintaib appropriation, LL 25093 . ni beiride acht cethramthain di ch.¤ na somane, di orbu na saetur (of the iarḟine), Laws iv 284.6 . cion do chuir i nDruim Lethan / do rioghaibh mar gnathachadh (of a proposal to billet soldiers on the community of D.L.), BNnÉ 288.33 . can luad cairti 'n-a cenaib `without mention of a charter for their tributes', Hy Fiach. 212.y . ceathruime cidh ima ḟuil / c.¤ leathbaile na lenmain why has a quarter the dues of a half-village? IGT Decl. ex. 194 . gníomh d'fhearann saor ar gach ein-c[h]ion `free from every impost', Misc. Arch. Soc. 190.8 . do bhuain chean `to get dues', O'Hara 2598 . Cf. kinduff alias black rent, Fiants Eliz. 5997 quoted Measgra D. Gloss. p. 243 .

(c) booty, plunder, and hence by implication victory, triumph, success: buáil-si um cheanuibh gach críche `take the spoil of every country', Ériu ix 8.88 . gáir na stoc i n-am na gcean, Measgra D. 57.22 . cena mora ┐ crecha aidbli, Ann. Conn. 1365.5 . urusa dhuit déanaimh cean `to win triumphs,' TD 1.45 . mall ar gcéimne leis an gcion we travelled slow with the `creach', Aithd. D. 6.44 . le neart-ghoil céimeann nó cean `triumphs', Content. xxx 21 . ag cuimhne a gcean `recalling their exploits', O'Hara 4406 .

(d) share, due portion : do chion (sic leg.) d'fágháil do'n éiric, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 364.17 . gan chion i gcogar Dé dhamh `part', Dán Dé xxvi 14 . breith na clainne is cean [do] mhartra is a kind of martyrdom, DDána 32.17 . ? dá shochar do gheibhthear as an Aifrionn . . . cion impidhe ┐ leóirghníomh, Eochairsg. 51.6 . Hence in pl. fortune, weal : daoine ar tí chean a chéile `set against each other's weal', Dán Dé vii 17 . dh'ionnramh chean ó gCéin `to serve (as defence for) their interests', O'Hara 2393 . díon ar gcean `to secure our fortunes', Aithd. D. 84.37 .

In chevilles: ard an cion, DDána 17.23 . mór an cion, O'Hara 3241 .

As quasi-conj.: cion a raibhe do shólás . . . dá bhfuaradar . . . go raibhe sé do dhólás orra . . . the greater the pleasure . . . . the greater the misery . . . , TSh. 3730 . cion a bhfuil d'fhad-dáil . . . atá sé do chaoile tanto . . . quanto, 5405 .

(e) love, affection (for development of meaning cf. cuit, 1 pairt): Críosd dom chion san bhrátha-ló `may Christ love me', Celtica iv 169.272 . maircc as gar da chill go ccion `dear', BNnÉ 286.31 . tarbh tána ar nar ceileadh cion `well-beloved' (of warrior), O'Hara 3469 . ró ceana `great affection', 2993 . onóir ┐ míoonóir (sic), cion ┐ neimhchion, do thabhairt d'én nduine abháin, Desid. 2367 .

(f) esteem, respect : menicniugad cena do denam (of a `céile' rising up before his `flaith'), O'Curry 621 ( H 3.18, 300 ). gan a cen ar naomh nō ar dhān, ZCP x 49.1 . a chion do réir a ríaghla, Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.22 . mic Uisnigh dhár chóir c.¤ , IT ii2 115.25 . is beg in c.¤ ata acan tren[n]íadh ugud oirne `respect . . . for us', Stair Erc. 1477 . méad an cheana do bhíodh ag cách ar an inchinn `how highly everyone prized', Keat. ii 3085 . ní fhuil cion innte ar fhéiltibh (of Ireland), Measgra D. 55.17 . With defining gen.: cion áonanma as .c. orra they are to be treated as one noun, Bard. Synt. Tr. 203.11 . ní bhíodh cion fírinne ortha `were not regarded as genuine', Keat. ii 3878 .

In phrases. cuirid i c.¤: m'anam thuas dá chur i gcion being honoured, DDána 12.8 . do cheird féin ní chuire i gcion `you do no credit to your art', Content. xxiv 8 . túis dod ghuidhe cuir i gcion `urge thy most zealous petition', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 1 . féile an leinbh gá chora i gcion `making it manifest', Ériu ix 166 § 32 . roinn ar ar chuireadar cion the division which they fixed, Content. xi 7 . téid i c.¤: ní théid a rún cliachdha a gcion does not go into effect, LBranach 3543 . fo ch.¤ respected: gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . do ghlac an rígh an macaomh go honórach ┐ do bhí fá cion aige, Eochairsg. 114.13 .

In phr. c.¤ fátha (printed as compd.) occasion (of sin, etc.): ar ngabáil chionfátha dhon pheacadh, Romans vii 8 . do chum nach tiubhruinn cionfátha don druing lé na mían cionfátha dhfaghail, 2 Cor. xi 12 . Cf. cennḟáth and Dinneen s.v. fáth .

Compds. do chleith mo cheanfhaghla, Aithd. D. 55.3 . le Dia [gidh] cin-iomdha ar gcás, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 10 .

clannaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clannaid or dil.ie/9368

v (clann)

(a) plants, sows : clandaim gl. obsero, Sg. 146b8 . clandaim gl. obseris, Thes. ii 228.33 ( PCr. 60b3 ). rob clandad `ye have been planted' gl. radicati [estis], Wb. 21d6 . amal bid claind no clantis air is sonairt atreba ní clantar `as though they had planted a plant, for what is planted dwells firmly', Ml. 63b9 . roclann Pátraic [aball] i nAchad inna Elti, Trip. 232.18 . acht ni ro clanda a lam fadesin . . . .i. acht in ni ro saidestar a lam bodein, Laws v 500.13 . ani clannus a lam fein . . . itir ubla ┐ arbur, 502.13 Comm. clandaid fedha isna muighib cor'bad caillte, RC ix 16 § 4 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg co nusroclandus i llubgort, Ériu iv 134.4 .

(b) Of begetting of children: clanais . . . Sarran Babona co ro tuismeadh leó .u. meic, Todd Nenn. 180.3 . Adam. Seth . . . / Eua Olla . . . / ro chlandsat claind, LL 16457 .

(c) Of a weapon etc. plunges (in), thrusts (in): doticsa a delg asa brut ┐ clandti inda gruaid `drives it into her cheek', Mon. Tall. 150.27 . co c.¤ . . . a gae . . . ind, Rawl. 82a36 . uair ro clannustar an ccraoisigh . . . tria na sliasait, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.15 . nos-clanna in sciain ind, Fing. R. 327 . gor clannsat a n-airm . . . ina torc ( torc .i. craidhe, ZCP v 494 ), ACL iii 311.6 (B. na f.). co clandaind in cloidem-sa trit chride, MR 42.13 . By extension of the wound itself: i comcisi[n] aisli i clanntar crecht `in which the hurt is planted', Bretha 30 . Cf. O'Dav. 90 .

(d) Very freq. of driving in, fixing stakes, houseposts, setting up grave-stones, etc.: co clandad leo in ime, Laws iv 140.z Comm. corthe no chlantais in tan bad maidm n-imairic. car[n]d im̅ fochertitís in tan bad n-orgain, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ). co ro clantar mo lia ┐ co ro hagthar m'oenach ṅgubae, Rawl. 130b28 . cepp i clandta do indeuin `a block where thine anvil might be planted', Mon. Tall. 134.7 . clannais liic and sin i talmain, LL 22276 . fail sund gabuil . . . / . . . / giá lin ros cland i talmain, TBC-LL¹ 730 . cor chland cleatha and (as a sign of taking possession), Ériu xvi 66.82 . airm a clannfai[de] a lecht, Dinds. 6 . roclandad . . . pupall Domnaill, Ériu v 236.81 . roclann C. an cétcleath i Clúain. Atbert C. . . . ic sádhudh na clethi, Lism. L. 4379 . Dia romc[h]lann i cceirt gan chonn `thrust me in rags', BS 40.12 . Hence, buries: i ṅAchud cháin clantair / Nathí, Fél. Aug. 9 . clanntair .i. adnaicther, O'Dav. 453 (citing prec.). an té i dTráigh Lí is clannta, Ó Bruad. iii 204.13 . ? Cf. also: fer clandas cuithigh i tír a chéili `that digs a pitfall', O'Dav. 472 , but perh. read claides. See 1 claidid.

(e) Hence also, settles, establishes (oneself) (trans. and intrans.): is tre ḟīr flaitheman cech comarba cona chlí inna caīnorba clannus, ZCP xi 92 § 16 . i flaith Chríst ro clandad / ochtmoga cáin ciṅged, Fél. Feb. 14 . Hūi Gabla Roīrenn . . . co clantais co Āth Lethnocht so that they used to settle as far as A.L.? Corp. Gen. 34.28 . gabais Cobthach cīaso chīan / clandais slūago, ZCP xi 108 § 4 ( LL 7357 ). caidhe a lín for sét īar sain / dia rochlann i mBretanchaib?, xiii 3 § 5 . crich for clandsad a chuiri, BB 36b27 . ? clandtar cirb' airligther cath conceard tuindi im morthír toirtheach, 40a54 .

(f) Fig. establishes, settles (of laws, institutions etc.); implants: cid clannas aile? Noil ┐ iuail `what settles the stake? An oath and prescription', Laws iv 142.1 Comm. mad senaigter cise noail no clanna? `if it be denied, by what oath shall it be settled?' 3 Comm. clandad dliged, Tec. Corm. § 2.11 . ní inna n-aicniud ro chlannad molad Dé, Lib. Hymn. i 71 n.37 . manab dib cumachta clanntar, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.6 . eneclann, arindī clantar i n-inc[h]aib duine, Corm. Y 531 . ? for i ni clanntar don oigh ina henech, in eneclann, Laws i 228.29 Comm. (`what is due to the virgin for her honor'). inī clannus i n-inchaib dib so uili, 120.30 Comm. (`which is levied for the protection of . . . '). Plummer, MS. notes, suggests `arises, proceeds from, accrues'. do Ḟergal / clandad chomram, LL 23438 (`who established glory', Arch. Hib. ii 51 § 12 ).

cocur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cocur or dil.ie/9952
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cogar, cagar, cogur, cogar

n (com + cor, cf. con-cuirethar). cogar, cagar m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.14) . cogur, cogar, Verbs § 43 .

(a) consultation, (secret) discussion, confabulation; act of consulting, conferring, planning : cocar .i. coimheagar, O'Cl. cocar .i. air[e]acht ut est ni bi riar iar c.¤ after consultation, O'Dav. 541 . fri breath, fri cogur, Laws i 264.7 .i. in airechta, 286.1 Comm. cen c.¤ , ii 360.18 .i. etorro fein .i. itir in lanamain, 22 Comm. 'na choraib 'na glanchocráib (eocracráib, MS.), SR 3242 . do ch.¤ chóre to discuss peace, LU 1592 . in c.¤ fil lib. is this a private conversation? Fraech 159 . ra chindsid a c.¤ ┐ a comairli, LL 32571 (TTr.). dul ína chogur gen gairm, BB 66a31 . ro bo cubaidh a cagar (of Jesus and the Baptist), ZCP viii 562 § 7 . ag cagar chniocht when he parleys, Magauran 1635 . oidhre Dé do chuaidh id chogar, Dán Dé x 25 . cogar ban `a confidant of ladies', Ó Bruad. i 54.8 . c.¤ cind (chev.), Metr. Dinds. iii 344.95 . ? lepuid lethe la c.¤ , O'D. 970 (H.3.17, 679) = lethan la cocrand, O'Curry 360 ( H 3.18, 200 ). rūn nā cogar airdrīgh, ZCP vi 272 § 8 . an n-acallam . . . hi coccur secretly, PH 7002 . gan chagar openly, ZCP iii 31.37 . cómhrádh cogair, Keat. ii 6349 .

(b) In unfavourable sense conspiracy; act of plotting : cagar rocagrat-san (of betrayal by Judas), ZCP viii 206.1 . rochuala indn ingen in c.¤ hi sin, Anecd. i 3.14 ( SCano 57 ). fiadhnaise indraic . . . cen ditheach . . . cen cogar, O'Curry 1617 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). a chogar that he was being plotted against, BB 18b45 . lucht chogair fhaghla mh'fhine, DDána 101.16 . ag cogar creach planning, 42.19 . d'éis chogair na Céadaoine betrayal, Aithd. D. 78.9 . 'n-a fhior cogair, 48.9 .

(c) In physical sense whisper, act of whispering, message : cogar gl. susurra (leg. -us), Ir. Gl. 145 . ? mōra cocuir, cocuir Delend, TBC-I¹ 3095 (rhet.). c.¤ daill dardraigni, IT iii 77 § 45 . topur . . . / dianid c.¤ ceól-éicse `whence rises a murmur of musical lore', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.40 . ba c.¤ cecha deisse he was a byword, TTr.² 1068 . Dia nír chan chogur nar thuig `word', Magauran 2710 . liom-sa a chogar ó chiort mention(?), DDána 121.33 . ón té gar chóir a chagar, Magauran 3726 `blaming', Notes. In classical verse freq. of Annunciation: cogar Dé, Aithd. D. 93.10 . cogar d'óigh an tráth tugadh, PBocht 12.25 .

In n.loc.. Múr na tri cogar (name of a wall at Tara), Dinds. 1 § 24 .

Compds. cogur cumaigh (sic) `secret confidence', Leb. Cert. 146.15 . do chogarlot `biting word', O'Hara 2776 . ? do chlaind Cham cocorluinne, Rawl. 76a48 .

2 com-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 com- or dil.ie/10555

pref. forming equative of adjj. See Meid, Beiträge 224 ff.

(a) With follg. FRI (later LA): comdhub fri h-éc a drech, Corm. 36 s. prúll = duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 91). fri athair fri Spirat naop / as oenta dho as comcaomh `he is their peer', Blathm. 197 . intí as chominmain lais fris féin whom he loves as himself, LU 2660 . is inad bad chomébind / ra les L., LL 6367 ( ZCP xxiv 142 § 54 ). corub comisel comorbo uasal fri hisel, O'D. 2231 (Nero A vii, 154 b). coimhédtrom riú, IGT Introd. 6.1 . gen co tainic oigh ris nar comglan Eoin `there never was virgin purer than John', BCC 430.23 . coimdhirech le múr, BNnÉ 65 § 97 . With ocus: ropo chomderg (dirggidir, v.l.) a haiged ┐ corcair líac L., Ériu iv 104.11 . ? ní comloma cnáimh ó choin / 's ó mhnáibh comhranna Í Ch., IGT Decl. ex. 1150 . Note also: ní frīth sinne uile commbuidech rīam cosirāir we have never been so grateful, BColm. 20.19 .

(b) Adj. as subst. with prec. poss.: ni raibi ríam a chomḟíal never was there so generous (a king), Metr. Dinds. iv 344.75 . nocon fhaca . . . a com-alaind, YBL 313b42 . a gcomhchuanna any as comely as they, DDána 114.19 . nat[h]air a comhgarg, RC xxi 396.31 . do comhog one as young as thou, ZCP vi 104.14 . a comhmór sin as many as that, BNnÉ 226 § 125 . Formations with nouns are given as separate entries.

(c) Often with partitive DI and/or follg. clause: a commaith do rígh, Stair Erc. 2240 . nír agair neach . . . a comuinnterdha . . . do aghair Eoin, Smaointe B. Chr. 3223 . do daingnigh si a comh-laidir sin annsa tribloid, co ndubairt si . . . , 3133 . lena chomhardso do sdaid bhethadh as go bhfoigheonmáois = with so high a vocation as to serue, RSClára 36b . ina chommōr so do mhéudughadh . . . ionnus . . . go mbethí infhedhma = in so great multitude . . . that . . . you shal be able, 143b . cofuilitt a comger sin co tollfadis mur doghendáis deilcgne, Maund. 14 . a comhsóghamail sin do betaigh, BCC 438.18 . Cf. an coímhghearr sin d'aímsir, CF Eg. 341 .

(d) With follg. noun in gen.: comhmaith an cheirt . . . , O'Hara 1209 . ni boi . . . comhmaith Conaill, MR 152.2 . comhmór na hÉireann do ríoghacht `so large a kingdom as Ireland', Keat. iii 86 . commór in áir . . . le combeg an tslúaigh, Expugn. Hib. 16 . comhonóraighe na hÉireann do chrích ┐ comhuaisle gach foirne d'ár áitigh í, Keat. i 76.39 .

(e) With follg. ocus and clause: as chombind la cach fer guth araile ┐ betís téta mendchrot men find each other's voices as musical as harpstrings, LU 7018 ( BDD 66 ). coimminic is chruinnighes an bhanab na sethracha as often as, RSClára 99b . bheith coimhimnígheach timcheall ghrás Dé ┐ bhíd etc., Donlevy 472.22 . comluath ┐ do glac sé é as soon as, BCC 104.11 . coimhmeinic is féidir leo `as often as they can' (with ellipse of ocus?), 478.18 . In Párl. na mB. in sequence: cómh maith ┐ do chuirios . . . is mar [sin] ēirghid, etc. just as . . . so, Párl. na mB. 749 Cf. 1255 , 1372 . With difft. conj.: gur gníomh ē cómh óirdhearc iondas . . . go madh chóra . . . , Párl. na mB. 61 .

(f) With ocus sin and follg. clause: deichneabhar . . . manach do-bheireadh a mbeatha comh cráibhtheach ┐ sin as go mbíodh aingeal ag labhairt lived such holy lives that . . . , Keat. ii 1891 . gur léigeadar an fhoghluim . . . a bhfaillīth comh mór ┐ sin, ionnas nách . . . , Párl. na mB. 2687 . nach beth aon aca comhdhána ┐ sin, as a laibhéorudh = that none be so bolde as to speake there, RSClára 101b . coimhchríonna ┐ sin, ionnus gomadh mó . . . , 84b .

(g) With follg. sin: na teccaidh comhgar sin . . . duinne so near, BNnÉ 218.3 . chomh-follus soin, TSh. 5453 . cómh láidir sin, Párl. na mB. 2084 . comhḟad sin, RSClára 73a . comh furas sin, Donlevy 418.26 . See 1 com-.

1 donn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 donn or dil.ie/18205
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Donnfiach

o,ā adj. denoting colour; oft. prefixed to subst.

(a) Generally dun, brown, apparently a light brown inclining to yellow or red: buidi nó donna gl. cerea pruna `wax-coloured', Sg. 61b10 . Of animals: ar ech nd.¤ chestnut (?), Ardm. 17b1 ( Thes. ii 240.1 ). ar druim ech ṅdond, MU² 442 . d'echaib donda, Leb. Cert. 38.3 . graig corcordond roan (?), LU 3693 ( SCC § 33 ). dam dond tawny, fawn-coloured , CRR § 4 . cronán dhaimh dhuinn, BS 58.16 . dond-leo, SR 3279 . Dond Cualnge the brown bull of C., TBC-LL¹ 90 , etc. drúi d.¤ (the wren), K. and H. § 26 .

Of clothing, etc.: bratt dond, TBC-LL¹ 1715 . ediudh dearg ┐ glas ┐ dond do macuiph airiuch, Laws ii 146.12 Comm. donna a mbruit, glasa a ngleanna (signs of prosperity), 3 C 12, 163.18 . Of leather: rogabastár a dond-uathróic ndondlethair, TBC-I¹ 1908 , cf. MU² 644 .

Of hair, complexion, etc.: folt d.¤ craebach, TBC-I¹ 1156 . folt dond temin dark brown , TBC-LL¹ 5245 . tri dondfuilt . . . tri dondberrtha, BDD § 95 . a deirg donn-abraid with brown eyebrows, Hy Fiach. 286.6 . gilla dond álaind, TBC-LL¹ 1715 . trí dond-fir móra, BDD § 94 . mná donda, Leb. Cert. 72.5 . dond-chorp, Metr. Dinds. iii 192 . fád' dhreich nduind, Hy Fiach. 290.17 . dond-ainech (sobriquet), ZCP xii 237 § 62 . a chorrghlac nd.¤ ` taperpink (?) hands', O'Gr. Cat. 452.7 . ina dhorn doinningnech, SG 340.12 . bos . . . dhoinningnedh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.28 . donnshúileach hazel-eyed (?), Ó Bruad. ii 58.11 . an déidgheal d.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 6 ( bright? cf. 2 donn).

Of natural objects: Dabull na ndond-bile, Trip. 536.11 . durchain donna `dun oaklets', K. and H. § 22 . droigin duind, § 19 . mess ar a dairgibh donnuibh, Acall. 343 . a ccrích Uisnigh iob[h]ardhuinn, 3 C 12, 258.1 . dercain donna, BS 22.21 . cnuas go mbláosgaibh donna, KMMisc. 174 § 28 .

Of things made of wood: [dabcha] donna ar lí dergiubair, SG 238.31 . dabcha donna, 245.5 . Hence donndabach (humorous epithet of a dáilem or butler ), Triads 231 . a ccomhraidh dhuinn, KMMisc. 356.19 . a dhonn bhionnfhoclach (a harp), 3 C 12, 15.11 .

Of weapons, esp. shields: scíath dond telbude, FB § 47 . dond-sciath, TBC-I¹ 2044 . ámdabach da sciathaib donna, Acall. 4419 . in Donn-chraebach (name of a shield), 6074 . gu mbroin ndoinnsciath ndeallradtach, Marco P. 62 . do bhocóidibh duinnsgíath, ML 128.17 . dondbocoit liæth (a kind of shield?), TBC-I¹ 3304 . dondcathbhar[r] dergóir, Ériu iii 170 § 28 .

Of clay, earth: isin chriaidh duind, IGT Decl. ex. 948 . Hence oft. of the earth: cen siriud in domain duind, LU 3546 ( SCC § 29 ). rí rodelb dreich domuin duinn, SR 2637 . os íath domuin duind, Ériu vii 2.15 . Of a district: a nAicia nduind Achaia, Lec. 540a26 .

Of water: ós do lind duind, Metr. Dinds. ii 10.11 . co Duibhlind nduind, Leb. Cert. 38.16 . ó Shionainn mbreac-dhuinn, 3 C 13, 674.15 . a ghéis doinn-easa Danann, O'Gr. Cat. 404 n.

Of fire: donn-bhrat luisne `red sheet of flame', O'Gr. Cat. 452.7 . 'na doighir dhuinn, Content. xxi 2 . meirgeda donna mar dhaigh, MR 228.11 .

Of blood or blood-stained objects: bunne dondfhola, TBC-LL¹ 2623 . a ucht gur dearg da dondfhuil, ZCP viii 231 § 27 . folcadh ndondbhraon (i.e. of drops of blood), O'Gr. Cat. 486.37 . a chraobh dhonn (of the Cross), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiii 5 . crú a dann-ghlac of his blood-stained hands, 7 . tar nimh . . . na mbear nd.¤ (of nails of Crucifixion), xxxiv 11 . Hence fig. of tears: ar óigh na ndéar nd.¤ , viii 6 . na frasa donn-ruad déor, 3 C 12, 361.15 . mo dhéara as comhdh.¤ dot chaoi sad (?), 3 C 13, 850.3 . Cf. similar use of derg.

(b) dun, dark, sad-coloured (?): niger nó d.¤ , Thes. ii 236.37 . Hence as epithet of Devil: m'anum do pīenadh la d.¤ , Fianaig. 16 § 48 . Cf. the n.pr. f. Donnfiach under Donn. Fig.: ronfuabair dia dardain duind `on dark Thursday', Ériu v 246.5 . díth for doenib a dond-sluaigh, LL 212a7 (2 donn?). Cf. donn-amarc .i. droch-amharc a bad aspect, a fascinating look , P. O'C.

In compds., common to modify a follg. adj. of colour. ¤bán brownish white, light brown or yellowish (?): braisech dondbán, MacCongl. 69.3 . do bhocóidibh donnbhána, ML 128 . 16 . Of persons: Drothoib donnban sallow, pallid (?), Gorm. March 10 . ¤buide: folt dondbuide golden brown , TBC-LL¹ 5206 . ar an talmain donnbuide, BColm. 80.1 . dar mag ndondbuide, LL 212b26 . ¤chíar: ulcha dondchíar dark brown (?), MU² 587 . ¤chorcra: dond-sciath dondchorcra, TBC-I¹ 2044 ; Acall. 873 . ulcha dondchorcra, MU² 565 . ¤derg: léne donderg, TBC-LL¹ 5188 . dorigne doighir doinnderg, SG 310.1 . gach fuil inmolta dligid beth a ndath donnderg (colour of healthy blood), 23 F 19, 7rb37 . ¤gel: Daniel dondghel, Gorm. Feb. 18 (cf. ¤bán). ¤rúad: 'na doighir donnruadh, ML 64.28 . doiredha donn-rúada, Fianaig. 88.2 .

With other adjj.: conart . . . ina ndairib dond-garba, Metr. Dinds. iii 304 . dom dos donnbhailc degh-daire, LL 385c13 . rí na ndúni ndond-bladach, 149b12 (2 donn?). fōt druchtach dondscathach (= dond-scothach?), ACL iii 238 § 5 . fán súil nglais ndonn-abhraigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 2 . With nouns: ¤roid reddish-brown dye EIF 648 : coig .i. derg, ut est doformaig donn roigh ceathraime, doformad coig trian, CIH iv 1485.42 .

1 faill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 faill or dil.ie/21106
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fall, faill, -i, fhaill, faille, fallaib

n (older fall) cf. falla for ethaib .i. cen trebad no cen a as cia trebthair, Rawl. 111b36 ( RC xxvi 46 ). f. n s. fall, O'Mulc. 456 . ZCP iii 25.21 . Ériu vii 138.16 . Cf. reimhrsi ... gan fall gan foilmhe, Ó Bruad. iii 214 . faill (g s., n p. -i) IGT, Decl. § 14 .

(a) neglect, negligence: distinguished from ēislis, O'Mulc. 456 . ni epelai faill na esliss, IT i 141.24 . fall fri Dia, ZCP iii 25.21 . = fall for dia `neglect of God' Ériu vii 138.16 . v s. a fhaill ┐ a lesci áine ┐ ernaigthi!, PH 8224 . gan bheith d'faill ar in dáil | acht a n-airm uile do ghabáil they had only [i.e. were just about] to (?) seize their weapons Duan. F. ii 346 . logh fir isa f.¤ fiacha (.i. ... a logh do fíachaibh in fir dorighne in faill) `by whose neglect the debts are incurred' Laws iv 248.27 . f.¤ coimeda neglect of guarding ii 4.30 Comm . robai a f.¤ gen a tacra `he neglected suing for it' iv 50.8 Comm . gan f.¤ tabaig [sic leg.] orra without neglect in levying BNnÉ 255.15 . idir smuaineadh, bhréithir, ghníomh ┐ f.¤ by thought, word, deed, and omission TSh. 800 . na peacaidh do-ní ré f.¤ sins of omission (opp. to peacaidh ghníomhacha) 4089 . g s. Marc ... ná dlig focal faille `who deserves no word of neglect' Fél., Ap. 25 . ní híctar othrus isin f.¤ `sick-maintenance is not paid for the neglect' (= in a case of neglect) Laws iv 50.11 Comm. freastal faille `defective attention' Ó Bruad. ii 44 . do dhruim faille `through apathy' Content. xvi 125 . d p. a fallaib flatha `from the neglects of the chief' Laws ii 270y (see ZCP xiv 367 ). Of that which is neglected: is f.¤ cech n-aichnid what is familiar is overlooked LU 3916 ( SCC 43 ). DOGNÍ F.¤ (with gen. or prep.) neglects: is e sin aenineadh a ndilsigeann aithgin o duine a f.¤ do denam, Laws iv 50.10 Comm. pian na manach ... dirinne breg ┐ f.¤ im Dia, Aisl. Tond. 104.28 . an tí do-ní faill, TSh. 1685 . dronga do-ní f.¤ san bhfaoisidin, 9013 . DO-BEIR F.¤ (I N-, AR) id.: na hoighreadha ... do-bheir f.¤ i nguidhe, TSh. 4600 . go dtugadar ... f.¤ i n-a ghlanadh `neglected its purification' Keat. i 84x . ionnus ... nach tugdaois f.¤ ar guidhe ar do shon, TSh. 4982 . DO-BEIR I F.¤ neglects; fails: go dtug ... i bhf.¤ gan bheith dá ollmhughadh neglected to prepare himself TSh. 3838 . ni tardsat ... eissiomh i ffaill gan tocht fó a thoghairm, AFM vi 1926.11 . LÉICID I F. overlooks, passes over: cuit cáinte ... ni léicther i f.¤ , LL 29b44 . tardsat miscais dia trebaire ┐ roslecset a f.¤ , Aen. 1763 . gach eglais rolécthi i f.¤ ┐ i n-éislis, AFM ii 1084.10 . frichnamh na tri mbliadan ... ro leic a f.¤ (of services due to the lord and left undone) Laws ii 196.27 Comm. LÉICID F.¤ (I N-): nar léigis faill 'na ccoimhéd 'you never failed to watch over them', Ériu lxiii 56 § 29 .

(b) a state of heedlessness; being off one's guard, an unguarded condition: ar bhfaicsin na faille seeing the opportunity (the unguarded state) Ir. Monthly 1927, 358 . lá na faille the day of peril A. Ó Dálaigh vi 2 . indreth a chrīche an tan fuairset i foill ocus i n-ēislis when they found it unguarded ZCP xiv 230.16 . go bfuair f.¤ sa fforchoimétt baoi fair, AFM v 1576z . FO-GAIB F.¤ (with gen. or AR) finds at an unguarded moment, takes at a disadvantage: rugadh a nert, frioth a f.¤ `she is caught unwarded' O'Gr. Cat. 466.17 . ní hás dí dá bhfaghthaoi a faill if she be caught unguarded Studies 1931, 81 . a bhen fuair f.¤ ar in bfert `that hast found the tomb all lonely' (i.e. unguarded) O'Gr. Cat. 371.14 . crann ... ar a bhfríoth f.¤ , PBocht 7.30 . ní bhí friothaire ar nach ffaghthar f.¤ fa dheóidh which may not be taken unawares at last Hugh Roe² 6.32 (f. 3b) = AFM vi 1896z . dá bhan-óigh ar nar fríoth f.¤ = (who were never caught tripping?) A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 11 . AR F.¤ unguarded: eagal go bhfuighther ar f.¤ | dreagan ... ó gConaill, Ir. Monthly 1920, 593 . ni fuighthí lá an feart ar f.¤ never a day would the tomb be found unguarded 23 F 16, 24 . Cf. rotgabsad ar t'faillseo, TBC-I¹ 2645 (perhaps for: rogabsatar t'faillsiu, but cf. TBC-LL¹ 3446 ). Hence

(c) a chance, opportunity, occasion (cf. báegul): is fursa dhúinn fáill ┐ am d'fhagháil agus [ar v.l.] ar dtoil fein do dheanamh, ZCP iv 408.11 . is mur sin dogebum-ne f.¤ cum imtechta an opportunity of escape vi 292.9 . nach roibhe f.¤ aca na neithi ... do bhreth leo they had no time to take Mac Aingil 64.17 . Cf. faire an fhir faille ` spy ' (one in wait for an opportunity) Ó Bruad. iii 22 . fortbhéim faille an unexpected blow ii 126 .

fomós, omós

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fomós, omós or dil.ie/23223

Forms: fhomóis

n o, m. (ME omage) homage, obedience: ní thabhraid umhla ná uirrim ná f.¤ don anam, TSh. 2945 . obedientia .i. óigh-réir no f.¤ iomlán do Dhia, 10831 . tre fh.¤ dá Athair 8653 . dá n-anadh i bhf.¤ dá Chruthuightheóir, 3394 . umhlacht ┐ fóghmós do thabhairt dona prealáidibh, Eochairsg. 77.29 . g s. umhlacht an fhomóis , TSh. 1880 .

fris-gair, -frecair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-gair, -frecair or dil.ie/24363

Forms: fritamgair, frecrad, frisgair, frisngaired, frisgara, frecara, freagra, friscera, friscéra, fregéra, friscerut, frisgerat, frisgart, friscart, nisfrecart, barecart, friscartatar, frisrograt, regart, recratár, frecraid, frecrais, frecair, fhrecēr-sa, fregēraid, friscart, cartsat, frisccar, friscart

v Older forms : ipv. 2 s. (with pron. inf.) fritamgair, ACL iii 294 § 11 . 3 s. frecrad, Ériu iii 96 § 3 . ind. pres. 3 s. frisgair, Sg. 193b6 . Ml. 77a15 . impf. 3 s. (with unexplained inf.) frisngaired, O'Mulc. 213 . pres. subj. 3 s. frisgara, YBL 237b35 ( Auraic. 4605 ). dian do frecara (leg. dia nda frecra), Laws ii 140.18 . dia nda freagra , iv 8.25 . fut. 3 s. friscera (.i. freceraid), Hy vi 18 . Cf. friscéra .i. freigéra, O'Cl. ni fregéra , ZCP ix 174 § 30 . 3 pl. friscerut IT i 20.31 (LB = Trip.² 343 ) = frisgerat ib. IT i 20.22 . pret. 3 s. frisgart, Thes. ii 241.10 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). LU 3364 ( SCC 15 ). friscart, Ériu ii 124 § 66 . nisfrecart, LU 3395 ( SCC 18 ). Cf. barecart, LL 265a44 . 3 pl. friscartatar, Ériu ii 102.1 . perf. frisrograt (= -rogart) Trip. 28.18 (266) . ro regart , LU 3409 ( SCC 18 ). pl. co ro recratár , LU 6284 .

Vn. frecra(e), q.v.

In later lang. treated as simple vb. pres. 3 s. frecraid (fregraid), pret. frecrais (friscart .i. freagrais, O'Cl.). perf. ro frecair . fut. ni fhrecēr-sa , PH 1496 1803 . fregēraid LB 274b14 . In pret. archaisms (often deliberate) occur beside late forms : friscart, AFM ii 636.3 , v 1588.6 . fris cartsat , v 1626.17 . Marco P. 31 . frisccar, AFM i 344.1 ( = dixit Lib. Hymn. i 32 ) is prob. a mispr. for friscart.

(a) answers, replies , absol. or with acc. of thing or noun-clause, where the reply is quoted in direct speech it is often preceded by another vb. of saying. frisgart D. : ni fetor sa, etc., Thes. ii 241.10 ( Ardm. 18a ). cinnas sin ... ar C. ro frecair L. ┐ ro rādi is mithig, etc. LU 3663 ( SCC 33 ). fris-rograt ind oclach ┐ issed ro rādi, Trip. 28.18 (266) . fiar-faidhis C. scela di ; frecra[i]s an ingin [ = ingen] ┐ adbert, Ériu iii 152 § 6 .

Often of amoebaean verse in romantic lit. : ro canustar in laīdh mbicc ┐ rusfreccair A. she sang a little lay and A. replied IT i 123.2 . dorigni in laid ┐ ro recair M., TBC-LL¹ 503 . ra bert na briathra ... ┐ ra frecair in gilla, 3257 . ro freacairset na teora classai ... et is ed ro cansad, Lism. L. 238 .

With DO of pers. : ros frecair B. dó ┐ atbert fris, LB 63a49 . frisgart dissi in fer, LU 3364 ( SCC 15 ). dorogart nomen meum ... Ro recrus[s]a dó, PH 1499 . frecair dam in ní iarfaigfet dít, 1802 . rop ecnaid ro recair dona gentib, Fél. 78 (on : Lauring, lán frecrae, Feb. 22 ). in tan ro fregairset ... do briathraibh ... naimhdemhla dó, Fl. Earls 136.13 .

With acc.: ro recrutar na hespuic he, PH 599 . a mac alla is mirbuile | recras lem gair na Gairbe its echo, wondrously meseems it answereth the cry of the Garb Anecd. ii 24 . ga [ = dá] bhfiosruighedh ... dhiot ... cionnas do ḟreagórthá é ?, Luc. Fid. 290.3 .

Of answering a greeting, etc.: ro fregair sisi an bennughadh, Ériu v 86.19 . inti recēras in fálti ... mad e D. reccras ... mad é S. recras, LL 268a42 ( MU² 826 ).

With extension of meaning: atracht ... frisin mbéist; ro frecratar srotha tened ... a belu na biasta, PH 7235 ( LB 202a5 ). dosléici chuce ... co n-ecmaing inna etan, co ro recart in coirthe fris aníar the pillar-stone behind him answered (i.e. reacted to the blow from the missile which had pierced through his brain) LL 292a17 ( RC xiii 464 ). co tardus forgum don gai ... i n-ucht in rig gura freagair in coirthi cloiche bui fria druim allathiar, FDG 270 = MR 36.10 .

(b) answers (to), corresponds (to), is analogous (with), with DO: frisgair in testemin se dondib dligedib remeperthib, Sg. 193b6 . is dúnn imchumurc fil isin chanoin frisgair ... a n-imchomarc n-isiu, Ml. 77a15 . nach tan do furgaib ... brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain frisgair do suidev, Hib. Min. 12.411 . amhancoll dno .x. frisgair dōsēn x corresponds to (the Ogham) emancoll BB 301b13 . muna bhfreagraidh ár n-ofráil ... don pháis, Eochairsg. 30x . Counterbalances: airligud fri[s]ngair araile nad escomrad which another (loan) balances which was not paid (i.e. an outstanding debt) Laws v 372.2 .

(c) answers, responds to, meets (a challenge, combat, etc. or an enemy). With acc. of thing: ro focair comracc ar Tuir nGl. ┐ ro reagair [T. G.] ... in comrag sin, RC vi 184 . frecerthar duit-si in cath sin (answer to a challenge), Fianaig. 72z . do ḟreagair a chomhlann do Gholl, ML 136.26 ( ML² 1834 ). serrfiach Ibair Cluana ... fregeraid co garb in gleo LB 274b14 . an té ... iarras no ḟregras comhrag, Ó Héodhusa 168.3 .

With acc. of pers.: ni fuair ... nech do freigeorad Froech ZCP xiii 174.31 . rogab ... a errad catha ... uime ┐ ro fregair ... iat, Ériu iii 166 § 21 . freiccermaoid-ne ... an lucht úd, Cog. 214.1 . ro fregradh in fendid ... sin ag Finn (= F. met his attack), Fianaig. 96.24 .

(d) answers, responds to (a summons, call, duty, etc.), obeys ( freccair aifrinn, ZCP x 48.5 belongs perhaps to fris-cuirethar, q.v.): timarnai Dia doitsi du[l] ... Dia cloisinn dam, ol P. ... dó no freiceruind (.i. no raguinn), Lism. L. 226 . freagair na cabhartha maithe ` co-operate with ' JRSAI 1859, 360 (16th cent. letter). muna bhfreagra an dál do dhligh ... gan eagla éinfir, Content. xx 3 . o nar freagradh ordughadh an ri uatha since the king's orders were not obeyed by them Rel. Celt. ii 176.38 . ní fregera talam tuar the earth will not respond to cultivation ZCP ix 174 § 30 . With acc. of pers. answers (the call of), comes (at the summons of): fert Failbe frecrad in féin, Fianaig. 54.15 . ro tinolit chuci ... noch do recair [in neoch ro freccair v.l.] e do feraib Erend `all that obeyed him' Cog. 154.2 . ro nert A. drem ... do choimliṅg chomretha ... Ro frecrad e sium im an ngniṁ sin his appeal was responded to TTebe 2423 . nir frecrad in la-sin iat (i.e. they caught nothing in the chase that day) Fianaig. 52.24 .

Intrans.: do freagradais ōig ... na cathrach cum an droichid le garthaibh na clog, ZCP vi 284.25 . ná freagraidh do ghairm dhíomhaoin do not respond to a useless call Content. xvi 82 . The follg. are prob. extensions of this meaning: a chliar Éireann theas is thuaidh, freagraidh so `come' (? respond ) Content. xvi 72 n . iomháigh cloiche i [gcruth] Mhuire ... freagrais is níor dhiombuaidh do san eaglais `he approaches it' A. Ó Dálaigh I 25 , but perh. íomháigh is the subj. and níor d. parenthetical: the image answered him (anticipating the subsequent story)? freagram an teagh thall `may we enter (?) our home yonder' vi 3 .

(e) answers for, on behalf of; comes to the aid of: frecrad fuli cech anmae `let him answer the sins of every soul' Ériu iii 96 § 3 = f.¤ fuile cech anam, O'Dav. 1003 (ex. of fuil .i. pecad). araon romfregera ... romtoigēba [ron- ron- v.l.] do t[h]oigh Dē deis, ZCP viii 214.14 . freagair mise, a Mhíchíl aingil!, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 23 .

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or dil.ie/28196
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con-cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See GOI § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith innaicde, O'Curry 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, De Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. F. i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoileadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or mentioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. S. § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd. D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' AFM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd. D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be inhabited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), AFM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, Stair Erc. 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D IV 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'Curry 467 (< H 3.18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'Curry 2067 (< H 4.22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame-worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' AFM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .

¤chaithme

(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .

¤chatha

(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'Curry 1988 (< H 4.22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Anecd. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd. D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ionchoise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd. D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also inchomartha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chommoídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchommórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimhionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, De Contemptu 1276.

¤chomraic

(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, Stair Erc. 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be together with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon-Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con-cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' AFM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤degduine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarmacha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndénmhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, forgettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach indermaid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir, DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'Curry 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numbers i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, AFM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D IV 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC-LL¹ 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5.15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military service, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, AFM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingabdaís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd. D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth G. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'Curry 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd. D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC-I¹ 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' AFM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC-I¹ 2353. ¤ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais fit to be a cattle-pound : o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh; cidh ani inforais? .i. airm in hagedar nech in [leg. ni?] oga athgabail, CIH iii 887.20 ; see inḟorais. ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd. D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be maintained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infuilaing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. l eighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.

¤gabála

(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda ingabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Timothy iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), MacCongl. 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3.17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd. D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC-LL¹ 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar inghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbhach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd. D. 78 § 17.

¤ícca

(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'Curry 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by transference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3.17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'Curry 46 (< H 3.18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC-I¹ 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC-LL¹ 4280. ¤leigis curable: foclaidh liath (leg. liaig) coitchend gunat inleighis 'an impartial physician declares that he is curable', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gram. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd. D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'Curry 875 (< H 3.18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the maintenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame-worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'Curry 464 (< H 3.18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd. D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, AFM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd. D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása inógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriageable age,' De Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionnracais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be mentioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ionráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth G. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5.15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr. 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd. D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Imr. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hinsiubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, AFM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd. D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mentionable is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd. D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haimsear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd. D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintaisfenta leis (of knowledge), O'Curry 896 (< H 3.18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be traversed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidhechta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezekiel xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' De Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., AFM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, considerable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáirimthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., Ó Héodhusa 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó inatrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Proverbs viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd. D. 34 § 4. ¤brethnaigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as inbreathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores saluberrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ionchathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ionchaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. CC 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). ¤chintaigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéigniughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomardaigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomhardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Proverbs viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ionchúartuighthe, Jeremiah vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chumannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Romans xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Manners and Customs iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniughadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodhnadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, AFM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha proclaimable : rom dlomsat nīrb indlomhthai 'they gave notice to me, it should not have been done', Ériu lix 126 § 8 ​. ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd. D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd. D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr. 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'Curry 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ionghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Proverbs x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, De Imit. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si inghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤imbertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innlabartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Angl. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' AFM v 1734.13 . ¤mescaigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (MS inmescaiḡ, Bethu Brigte 41 n. 56 ). ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar cheannach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoirbrethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luighdheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism. L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ionmholta dhúin, Aithd. D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsechanta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseachanta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Angl. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuaintigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-intaburta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intabartha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.

inḟebda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inḟebda or dil.ie/28578

Forms: n-infheabhdha

adj io, iā, very excellent: ar an óigh n-infheabhdha `to this most worthy Virgin,' Aithd. D. 72 § 12.

lám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lám or dil.ie/29507
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: laám, láme, láam, láim, láma, láime, nondalámgaba

n ā, f. n s. ind laám , Wb. 12a23 (see GOI 20 - 1 ). g s. láme, Sg. 68a1 , 68b13 . g p. láam, Wb. 9a6 . n s. later also láim, and g s. láma, láime. IGT Decl. § 192.

I

(a) hand: gnúis et láma et cossa, Wb. 12b4 . is sochrudiu láam oldōsa ol coss, 12a21 . precept dosom fri dei et saithar ho lámaib in nocte gl. operantes manibus nostris, 9a5 . ine láim nú ine méraib, Thes. ii 245.37 . ind l.¤ gl. manu, Ml. 36b1 . lam, 131b4 . torad a láam is hed dodtoisged `it is (the) fruit of his hands that used to support him', Wb. 9a6 . orddu lámae gl. pollex, Sg. 68b13 . dunecomnacht Dia inní saúl inna lama som delivered S. into his hands, Ml. 55c1 . ro bendach Pátraic asa dib lámaib in Machai, Trip.² 2799 . conid eiter a lamaib rothathamir cú rui (leg. Cú Roí) `in their hands that C. expired', Mon. Tall. 65 . idna láme (one of the `streams of poetry'), LL 3900 ( IT iii 58.2 ). bud bhinn lam ┐ bel a fine instrumentalist and vocalist, AU iii 340.7 . claidhemh gacha lamha, Cog. 252.9 . ro-gab . . . lān a lām do c[h]ochall an c[h]lērig, BColm. 36.10 . líon mo lámha `the full of my hands', Dán Dé xxx 7 .

With adj. or attrib. gen.: l.¤ bennachtan as opposed to l.¤ soscéli right hand v. left hand (see Stokes, Ériu iii 11 - 12 ): in ferand ar do láim soscéla ic dola sís . . . no ar do laim bennachtan anís, Ériu iii 11.14 - 15 . See soiscélae. l.¤ choitchinn: airgitur langilli na bo iar fir i llaim coitchinn ra aichne `in gemeinsame (neutrale) Hand', Cóic Con. 17.2 . lámh chlé (lámh chlí prohibited form), IGT Decl. § 139 . ros-mugaig, ros-mill, ro tracht / trí coecat barc co laim clí, Fél. 200.28 . na findad do l.¤ chlíí an a n-dingne do l.¤ dess, PH 5950 . lámh deas right hand, IGT Decl. § 137 . bennuch, a Dhe, . . . / cot laim dheis mo cuili-se, Lism. L. 1287 . fíréin láma deise Dé, PBocht 26.34 . l.¤ doí see lámdoé s.v. 1 doé; l.¤ (in) scéith left hand or arm; see 2 scíath and cf. ar laim congmala a sgeith, Ériu xi 189.30 .

In l.¤ des, l.¤ chlé of directions; in a variety of uses: a lleth o laim deiss dexteram ejus partem, Sg. 17b2 . for láim deis aníartúaid . . . for laim chlí anairtuáid, BCr. 19c2 , 3 . éla fort láim ṅdeiss `decline ab eis in dexteram partem', Lat. Lives 80.15 . Fir Domnand co trí rígaib / lam des fri hErinn n-íraig `up the west coast', MacCarthy 148 § 3 ( LL 14718 ). impoit . . . for a láim chlí they turn to the left, AU ii 120.7 . ro ghabsat iaramh laimh cli fris an loch `with their left to the lake', AFM vi 1940.18 . do chuaidh . . . hisin . . . long . . . lamh dhes frí hérinn soirttuaidh, 1966.z . dia lāim deis on his right, ZCP viii 108.3 . Note also: is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh sgéith re Ráith Ḟionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 .

In a number of idioms with vb. gabaid: gabaid láim x seizes, abducts x: nis gebh do laim . . . ar med do nóimhe, BNnÉ 304.17 . gabais laim ingine Foraid . . . ┐ fordoscarastar, Rawl. 131b24 (Cf. Ériu iii 135.4 ). dodechaid in chaillech do béim chluic . . . gabais Ailill a láim, ┐ dos tascar, ┐ dogéni a coblige seized, RC ix 452.14 . See gabál. Cf. ní má ar gabáil ar lámha / úaind, ZCP viii 219.36 . M. . . . do gabail . . . l.¤ Huí L. . . . asint ṡuide apad `expelled', Ann. Inisf. 1052.5 . gabaid láim x dochum leads x to: gabais a chomalta a laim dochum mara led, Anecd. iii 59.9 . gabthe mo laim mattin dochum mara, 1 . With follg. prep. AS expels: ni ragh sa adiu . . . go ro gaba ri no espoc mo laim as, BNnÉ 302.4 . gebatt sa . . . do lamha sa asin suidhi righ ittaoi, 305.13 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a Pardus `on this account they were driven out of Paradise', Ériu vii 164.7 .

(b) arm : cumgabail inna lam i crosfigill is sí briathar l.¤ insin, Ml. 138a2 . tócaib do dí láim i n-airdi frisin Coimdid, MacCarthy 64.10 = suidig do da laim cech thrath / fri ruirig nime, SR 1605 . doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . a di láim tri derca ṡedluch allenith immach, TE 4 ( IT i 119 ). gur ben in lamh des aga gualaind de, ZCP vi 36.18 . lámh on gualuinn a fad, ALC i 184.20 . láma caolrigthecha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.27 . Of clothes, sleeve : lēinte lainneardha lāimhgheala lín 'brilliant, white-sleeved linen tunics', BDC 226.57​ .

(c) Of the hand used in measuring length: on fir do ní in tomus o laimh, Laws ii 232.22 Comm . ocht nduirn a fot, do toimsib laime techta fil fri mesu ┐ toimsiu, Laws ii 246.8 . tinne tri mer a mbun laime, Laws ii 250.2 . See 2 tinne. is í sin is áis do'n ésga do réir láime (of calculating the moon's age by disposing the verses of the Golden Number upon the finger-joints), O'Gr. Cat. 300.14. Of the whole arm as measure: fád láimhe laoich do chrann, Keat. ii 5200.

(d) Attrib. g s. cennach láime: fuair . . . na seacht Laoighise dó féin . . . mar cheannach láimhe i ndíol an cheannais do rinne `handsel', Keat. ii 4812 . cin láime distinguished from cin coise, tengad, etc.: cin laime de guin, no gait, no mi-imirt, Laws i 238.11 . cís láime: ní cíos láime atá acutsa orra acht rígféinnidecht ┐ maer choiméta atá acut innte tribute of the hand i.e. won by force(?), SG 338.22 , 337.17 . triatha uaisle dho i mbuannacht do bhíodar / a chíos láimhe mar ránaig ar ríoghraidh, Hackett² 30.290 . See dígbál. fer láime: fer láma ríg Themra thair / Illand ergna mac Erclaim `henchman', Metr. Dinds. iv 88.13 . Legal perpetrator, distinguished from sellach spectator : mas lethbrostu ┐ ro fes in cu do rigne in fogail is amuil fer laime tigerna in con do rigne in fogail the master of the dog which did the injury is taken to be the perpetrator (of liability for dog injured in a dog-fight), Laws iii 194.y Comm . noco fo lan fir laime icus sellach a lan, 100.z Comm . See sellach. Also áes láime guilty persons: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti (`hand-party'), Laws iii 252.13 Comm . flesc láime see 1 flesc. liacca lamh, CCath. 5657 (see 1 lía). rogad láime, see rogad.

Extended meanings: gesce ┐ lama imda branches (of tree), RC x 74.3 v.l. gur teig lamh na lainne dā lethtaoibh handle, ZCP xiv 233.1 .

II In various abstr. and fig. applications.

(a) prowess, valour, accomplishment: ar eagla a laime ┐ a dighultu[i]s, ZCP vi 273.9 . ni caithimsa sin noco fagar do laim iat (do nert laime, v.l.), RC xix 34.2 . do chuaidh A. a llos a láma as by his own valour, ALC i 302.23 . Cf. CCath. 68 . ba fearr lamh na luighe `one better in deed or word', Duan. F. ii 176 § 5. clú láimhe, Hugh Roe² 104.5 . fer . . . go lán ainm láimhe ┐ tighe aoidhed, AFM v 1628.18 . fear . . . ro ba maith lamh ┐ oineach brave and generous, 1692.10 . teist ┐ tuarasccbháil láimhe ┐ einigh, 1684.18 . Sir Gyi ┐ sir Heront rob ferr lam ar gach taebh acu, ZCP vi 45.29 . ní fuil . . . ridiri is ferr lamh, 52.2 . ni frith fear mo laimhe riam `a man to match with me', Duan. F. i 63 § 33 . l.¤ láitir might: techt do fein ar los a lame laitiri as, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 .

(b) control, power : is he nert Dé ┐ l.¤ Dé, LB 138b46 . san tír dar ghoire do ghrádh / lámh ag rígh oile mon-uar another king rules, DDána 45.6 . as é dob fearr eineach is ágh / ní deachaidh lamh ós a cionn `never was he overpowered', Duan. F. ii 218 § 8 . adubhairt riu gan an rigacht do chur as a laimh, BCC 246.34 .

In phrase l.¤ i n-úachtar upper hand, conquering arm : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ rapo l.¤ i n-uachtur leo Conall, CRR 44.1 . go dtug Dia an lámh i n-uachtar ag Scotaibh is ag Pictibh orra, Keat. ii 6144 . In legal phr. lám gabálae forcible seizure : do-beir in fer ada-gair comrac forsin mil sin co tét i lláim gabálae 'the man who brings a claim against them causes a confrontation over that honey so that it (the honey) passes by forcible seizure', Bechbretha 186 (e) .

(c) Legal active part in crime : icad fer tairce trian . . . a dualgus a tairci; ┐ cutruma re aenfer don dá trian aile a dualgas a láime the inciter pays a third due because of his incitement . . . because of his share in the deed (of fine for killing by soldiers), Laws iii 114.x Comm . asren cāch a chinta ar a láim `for his own hand', Cáin Ad. 43 . im fiach a laime, ┐ im fiach a tairci, Laws iii 116.1 Comm . See tárcud. ? síoll Eoghain ní hosadh ghealloid / ní ghébdís duit díol i láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 223.106 . In phr. l.¤ derg murder, murderer (cf. We. llawrudd) (in latter sense more commonly fer láime deirge): cumal aithgina fo fer laime dergi laes na gona and, Laws i 244.2 Comm . bid fir lāma dergi ina suidedaib apad, BColm. 62.19 . ba comeirque laime derce nach bruidhen an asylum for a murderer, RC xxi 314.6 . bud í in phláig dibse is a bedg / in l.¤ derg dimbert oram murder, SG 55.37 . ná déantar lámh dhearg acht dí / ar ghrá na dtrí ndealg a Dhé `that my body alone be treated as a foe', Dán Dé ix 9 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia, ii 30 .

(d) In metonomy, pars pro tota . Of warrior: dob iomdha lamh áthasach do Dhom[n]allachibh ┐ Ghordonchib do bhi san lathair sin, Rel. Celt. ii 192.13 . ni roibi . . . aenlamh fa crodha coscur a cathaibh, ZCP vi 43.33 . lámh ar nár cheisd an cheisd chrúaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 265.9 . marbthar lais Conn O Concobhair in aen lámh mharcaigh as lugha rob olc i cConnachtaibh, AFM vi 2040.11 . With descriptive gen. of generous person: in l.¤ tidnaicthi (of Cú Chulainn), LL 7962. da láim thidnaicthi ratha (Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), 10729 . lámh chothaighthe deibhléin Dé she who supported God's orphan, DDána 32.24 . Of help: don bocht a tibred laim, PH 6145 . a lámh nach lámh tar threise `o arm unsurpassed in strength(?)', PBocht 23.49 .

(e) In phrases ref. to plighting of troth, wedlock, etc.: dobhi ar fes laimhe ┐ leaptha ag an inghin an oidhche sin, RC xxix 134.18 . roḟai ar laimh ┐ ar leabaid le, RC xliii 24 § 22 . See foaid. sáith ríogh ar leabaidh 's ar láimh / gach inghean ard álainn óg, Dánta Gr. 5.31 . tug mná cneasta i bhfeis leabtha ┐ láimhe married, Hackett² 53.106 . Cf. mé th'éadach láimhe is leaptha (said by cloak to its owner), 32.33 . nascis . . . for láim ind fúatha sin `bound that (boon) on the Spectre's hand', Moling 20 .

(f) In proverbial expressions: ba lam i net nathrach . . . insaigid fair `a hand into an adder's nest', LL 225b7 ( TTr. 608 ). ba luam a net natrach . . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire, RC xii 96.17 . lámh an eirr easguinne unsafe grip, IGT Decl. ex. 587 . l.¤ déoraid (status of) a person whose protection and rights had been forfeited ( ZCP xxxiii 87 ): bid l.¤ déoraid dó, LU 5137 ( TBC-I¹ 654 ); 'he is as good as dead' ZCP xxxiii 87 . See deorad. l.¤ latrainn ba l.¤ latraind i n-árbaig la Hercoil isin chath sain, LL 226a15 ( TTr. 651 ). conid de sin ata `lam clé Ulltain in agaid in uilc', Fél. 200.19 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226.21 (see ZCP xviii 48 ). mairg do loitfeadh láimh eadruinn `it were pity for any to hurt his hand (intervening) between us', Studies 1921 589 § 6 . Legal maxim: ni fognai lam laim, Laws i 228.16 .

III In phrases with follg. prep. (in most cases also with prec. vb.).

(a) DI: dothongusa . . . conna get-sa láma dib, conastarddur uile fo thalmain that I shall not release you, TBC-LL¹ 943 . nír' scar lámha díbh cor' ḟalaigh díden na coilltedh íat fair, CCath. 195. See scaraid. ní thall in gáeth láma de / co foraim bága in bile `the wind withdrew not its hand until it brought down the Tree's pride' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 244.51 .

(b) FO: do-beir láim fo undertakes : ni-s-tibrea liaig doenna laim fo-m leiges-sa, PH 424 . in ni fo dard láimh, CCath. 1795. lámh do tabhairt fán marbh ndíocháirdeach (sic leg.) bhíos i bpurgadóir, dá ḟóirithin as, TSh. 4752 . tabhair mar thugais roimhe / lámh fúm `deal with me', Dán Dé vi 33 . l.¤ fo act of undertaking : ba l.¤ fámórobairsin, TBC St. 3830 . lām fo crābud deduirn dūr, ACL iii 306 § 4 . lámh fá othar mádh áil leo / is beo ar n-a chrochadh dháibh [Dia] `if men wish to touch his wounds', but perh. rather if men wish to attack the wounded, Dán Dé xxvi 34 . Prov. of impossible undertakings: as trágadh lacha as a lār / lámh fa bhádhadh ratha an rígh, IGT Decl. ex. 1036 . is lámh fa chraoibh nach cromann / bheith réd chumann, DDána 4.5 . ríomh réadlann nó gainimh ghil / . . . lámh fa ríomh a sochar sin, Content. xxviii 24. Cf. tabraidh mo lamh fa comhall sin, ar Corbmac. ┐ donaisc orra amlaid sin swear by my hand, Irish Texts iii 8.25 .

(c) FOR: l.¤ for áirithe an undertaking certain of success : níor bó lámh for airidhe a n-ionnsaighidh muna luigheadh líon lam . . . forra, AFM v 1826.8 . ni bad lam ar airgthi doibsium sin mana deonaiged in toichthi, Fen. 138.20 . foceird láma for: foceirtt lamae fair she laid hands upon him, Mon. Tall. 66. Cf. ro láiset láma do they arrested him, PH 3101. Of ordination: cuirfid . . . a lámha arna Lebhítibh, Numbers viii 10. Cf. ni comairleiced . . . dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbaic) cin foghlaim `put hand upon him' (i.e. on Christ in the Eucharist), Trip. xlix 11 . atgeall in filidh lāmh for a dān to attempt, ZCP vii 305.6 . do-beir láim for (ar) proposes, attempts : do beartsatt . . . laimh for imdhecht, AFM vi 1900.10 . gabaid láim (láma) for: si dobeir phoíc la cech n-oendig dó, isí geibes láim for a chuit arranges, TBC-LL¹ 2180 . Gaileoin . . . .i. an trian nó ghebadh lamha for an dá trian oile fo ghail fon airredh (leg. airrigh) excelled, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.16 . Of course of action undertakes: do ghabh lam for an Easpain d'fágbhail, ML 44.2 . do gab E. lámh for imtheacht d'fágbhail na h-innsi, ML 36.9 . Of persons enjoins upon, the action enjoined usually being denoted by imm: rogab A. lama (lam, v.l.) ar Perelass im ergi dochum in cluichi sin ordered P., TTebe 2474 . in tan gaba lam forainn, BB 418a51 gabais lāma for in úathad slúaigh robúi ina ḟarrad im calma do dēnom, Fianaig. 86.23 . rogabhagh lamh ar an oglach im dul dochum na teneadh, Ériu iii 156.31 . Also petitions : ragabsad T. uili . . . lama air um thuilleadh fhís do denam doib `entreated that a further vision should be made', TTebe 4156 . ní rigise a les lam do gabail forainn there is no need to ask us (to protect you), Celt. Rev. iii 314.6 . Note also: ragab láim ar a araid (itbert re a giolla, v.l.) ara ngabad a eochu, TBC-LL¹ 3252 . ní ḟedabair an lá no an uair i ngebthar lamh foraibh `a hand will be laid upon you', RC xxv 388.17 . imm-beir láim for practises violence on, see imm-beir. Med. operates on: ro himred lámu . . . for Eogan co mbí ina chinnte bás d'fhaghbáil do, SG 50.25 . Note also: a thaoibh-se ar a dtá mo lámh on which I rely(?), Dán Dé xxv 43 .

(d) FRI: l.¤ fri act of avoiding, renouncing : lam fri idal ṅglethech ṅgal (command against idolatry), SR 4845 . lāim fri lochta, ZCP vi 264 § 9 . lam fri cath fri cēilide, Ériu ii 56.9 . lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, AFM ii 618.18 . As prep. beside : tainic laim re fiannbhoith mac mBrocain, ZCP xi 40.11 . ealba fhiadh is eadh at conncas / cealga Laoghaire láimh ria, PBocht 10.16 . rohadnaicedh laim re haltóir (sic leg.) Chiarain, RC xviii 182.4 . tarr láimh riom, Gen. xxvii 21 . muna raibh do dhearbhrathair láimh riot, Deuteronomy xxii 2. Also of motion along by (see also under I (a) above): lodar . . . laim re muir siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn, Anecd. i 18.5 . doberat a lam fri h-Etail `skirted', Aen. 138 . tar Dūn ac Loduin . . . / lāim re gach loch go Loch Rīach, ZCP viii 222 § 3 . a lam re fairrge co hAth Cliath, RC xviii 51.26 = laimh fri faircce co rocht co hAth Cliath, AFM ii 1028.x . Note also: tug Muire láimh ris an leas / an uile sháidh do shaidhbhreas `besides salvation', A. Ó Dálaigh l 39. Also compared with: láimh re hAodh ó fhior eile / mion gach taom dá thaidhbhsighe, L. Cl. A. B. 64.159 . ionnus nach fuil i n-uile ṡeanchus . . . láimh re seanchus na hÉireann, Keat. i 44.22 . do-beir láim fri refuses, rejects : na tabair laim frim (Potiphar's wife to Joseph), SR 3182. Of renunciation of world, sin, etc: dia mba maccleirech fa mām / tapuir lām fri holc, ACL iii 319 § 87 . na hulca imgabamít, is e in ecnai erailes ornn laim do thabhairt friu, PH 6867 . do rad láimh ris an saoghal, TFrag. 204.2 . fo-ácaib fri láim excepts: facbaim Concobur fri láim . . . dáig a rige, LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). dochta do neoc[h] dáles dāil / fācbas (?) dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Note also: fa-rácbaisemne fri láim deitsiu . . . nád ṅ-íurmais orguin we stipulated, BDD² 659 . scaraid láma fri desists from: roghabh acc timchelladh in chaithmhīledh co nāro-scar lāmha fris go ro eiderdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe, ZCP xiv 232.12 . ni rosccarsat lamha fris go ragbhatar an caistiall ar eigin, Hugh Roe² 100.16 . Cf. dochuaid re láim he went security, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(e) I: do budh dána dul le bréig / do chur lámh 'n-á (leg. 'n-a) leithéid `to resort to guile in attempting such a thing(?)', Dán Dé xxi 21 . cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug go heasaontach as an mainistir amach é seized, Keat. iii 1948 . dobeir láim i láim neich becomes someone's vassal: ní thug a lámh a láimh riogh occlach dob'fhearr treisi gniomh, ITS v 176.20 . ri Uladh na n-iath solus / . . . dobhera se a lamh ad laimh / gidh be len b'ál gan t'anair, Irish Texts ii 98 § 14. Hence accepts the protection of someone : tuc al-laim il-laim Ḟind, Acall. 5972. Also shakes hands : nach tarmchillend Heriu óclách do neoch do-beir a láim i llaim tigerna nach aichnid damsa, CRR 16.x . tuc a lam in a laim in la sin, Cog. 132.13 . go dtugsad uile a lámha iona láimh, ML 54.31 .

(f) ÍAR: l.¤ íar cúl reserve force : gan lámh ar gcúl uile againn / Muire dhún go n-agaill é `none of us having any support', Dán Dé xix 18 . With cúlu: cusna buidnib medonc[h]aib . . . ┐ cusin laim ar culu, CCath. 5771 . cinnas as áil duit techt i ndáil Medba . . . atágur l.¤ ar cúl aci, LU 6154 ( TBC-I¹ 1669 ).

(g) IMM: gaibid láim imm manipulates : do ghabhadar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabhar-líontaibh, ML 46.24 .

(h) LA: do-beir láim la helps: is olc in lam tucadar na dee . . . linn, Fier. 106 . móide do-bhéara láimh linn the more wilt thou help me, Dán Dé xi 9 . ag tabhairt láimhe liom féin / a-tá meise, xxii 17 . ní fhuil duine agam do-bhéaradh lámh liom, TSh. 4735 . fo-ceird láim la with same meaning: nach áil cur lámha lat `they will not help thee' (of Mary and mankind), Dán Dé xix 25 . dlighidh cur a láimhe linn, L. Cl. A. B. 251.52 . nior chuir an samhradh lámh linn, Rel. Celt. ii 232.35 . Cf. lámh muna chuire re a gcosg, PBocht 15.5 . l.¤ la help, assistance to: lámh linn ar do bhreith ní bhia `to save me will not be in thy power', PBocht 13.38 . do ghuidh é (sic leg.) fa lamh leis chum síobhail ró mhóir do bhí na éigean air do dhéanamh, ZCP ii 558.22 . as maith an tráth láimhe linn / is cách ré'r ndáin[n]e ag doichill, Ériu v 52.15 .

(i) TAR: fochertar lama tairis they seized him, LU 5941 ( TBC-I¹ 1475 ). do-beir láim tar takes possession of usually by force: co tarad láim dar Corco Loígi, Anecd. i 13.21 . co tarat laim dar hIffern (of Christ harrowing hell), SR 7772 . tuc-som laim tarsan tir ┐ do lomarced leis . . . hi, Ann. Conn. 1249.2 . dochoid A. . . . do índriudh innd idhoiltige ┐ doberait laim tairis, LL 402b31 ( TTr.² 505 ). tugad l.¤ tar na luathcrechaib soir go slioschlár sluag Mhaonmaige they were carried off. Caithr. Thoirdh. 53.39 . do rat lá[i]m dar a longphort, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 31 . tuc sisi lamh tar an mbiorar báoi for an sruth, BS 82.22 . Note also with pl. láma: tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, LU 5937 ( TBC-I¹ 1471 ). do-beir láim tar a agaid. Of person waking from sleep: itraacht C. . . . asa chotlud ┐ dobert l.¤ dar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 2495 . do-icc tar láma violates, disobeys : ticcedh thrá Suibhne tar lamha an chleirigh, BS 175.20 .

IV In phrases with preceding prep. (and freq. vb.):

(a) DI: ceb é tan no ghebhudh dia lámh fair `whensoever he should receive the eucharist from him', Lism. L. 2886 . rogab comaind ┐ sacarbaic do laim Tassaig espoic, IT i 22.2 . Of reception of viaticum: téit Comhgall docum nimhe . . . do laimh Ailbhe, Lism. L. 2883 . co nabail dia laimh (i.e. Mochuda) iar mbreith buadha o dhemhan ┐ ó dhomhan (i.e. he died after receiving viaticum from M.), BNnÉ 295.9 . sáeraid di lámaib liberates from : amail soersai Abram / de lamaib na Caldae, Fél. Ep. 456 . rosoirad in chathir di lamaib assar, Ml. 61d2 . See saeraid.

(b) DO: gaibid do (orig. di ?) láim undertakes : ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha. Ro gab-sum sin do laim undertook, Fél. Pref. 12.10 . ro ghabh do láim . . . athaghidh [in muilind], Lism. L. 1969 . rogab Cuipidh do laim o Uenir inni sin, Aen. 387 . do gab . . . Domnall . . . do laim é, Cog. 174.18 . gabhmaitne do laim iatsom `we shall take them in hands', Caithr. CC 63 . do gab du laim cin toidecht i n-agaid mac Ruaidri aris, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . gabh do láimh i ló na héigne / . . . bheith ós ar gcionn mar chrann díona, PBocht 10.49 . sibh-se . . . gabas do láim an t-eolas who profess learning, Content. xviii 10. Note also: do ghabhadar do láimh dhó nách roichfeadh . . . tochradh a dtigearna tairsibh `they pledged themselves to him', ML 116.8 . rogab H. do láim ón tṡiair sein, LL 226b40 `accepted that charge', TTr. 707 . téit (do-icc) do láim goes to communion : oc techt do laim at the Communion, Thes. ii 254.14 (Stowe Missal). in tan na tiagar do láim dia domnaig, tiagar dia dhardaín ina dhegaid, Rule of Tallaght 15 . fecht n-aill do B. ic techt do Laim in epscuip quadam die accessit B. ut Eucharistiam sumeret de manu episcopi, Lat. Lives 84.15 . gab do lāim / cen tabairt ngotha ar fer ngráid / . . . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim, ACL iii 222.18 . ni dlegar escómlad cen dol do lāim (`without being shriven'), MacCongl. 23.9 . as mitidh a n-anmain De techt do laim `it is time . . . to go to communion', RC xxvi 374.11 = do thāed do lāim `for you to take food(?)', Ériu i 44.24 . ic techt do láim in epscuip (`confess'), Three Hom. 80.21 . téit . . . Gillas . . . do churp Crist annsin do laimh Brenainn, BNnÉ 84.14 . sacairt ic dol do laim celebrating mass, Grail 1326 .

(c) FO. In various uses with téit: téid an bhuidhen fó láimh `submitted', ALC ii 350.12 . otcondai[r]c . . . na hairberta móra sin do thecht fo laim lé Césair being undertaken, CCath. 2389 . gur bhó heiccen do . . . dul fa lámhaibh legh (of surgical operation), AFM vi 2232.21 . See síned. téit fo láim n-epscoip receives confirmation : ní thic comlāine in spirta nóim mane tē fó láim n-epscoip īar mbathus, Ériu i 218.24 . confirmatio, no dul fa laimh easpuig, Luc. Fid. 3688 . Cf. Siluestar ap na cathrach / eirg fo [a] laim ar is rathmar, Fél. 46.29 (where however penance may be intended).

fo láim in the power of, at the discretion of: baí sé seachtmuine ina othairlighe fo lamhaibh legh, AFM vi 2116.2 . tug Dia fád láimh féin lesúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt, Mac Aingil 3521 . fuair bás fánar lámhaibh, TSh. 5591. Hence subordinate to: guibernōir ar leith fo lāimh in ierla uassa, Fl. Earls 96.14 . Of swearing : gebatsa a luige fó láim Chiaráin by C., LL 274a16 ( SG 416.5 ). lúghu fo láim rig Caisil `by the hand of', Leb. Cert. 70.3 .

(d) FOR. for láim x beside x: asber fris suide for láim Findabrach, TBC-I¹ 1532 ( LU 6001 ). robéosa fort láimsiu, Fél. Prol. 273 . fer buí for láim Airt, ZCP viii 310.7 . Cf. alaile for laim n-ainsedo `another agreeing with(?) the accustive', Ml. 23c21 . Hence of possession, control: nach raibh ar láimh ní fa nimh in his possession, A. Ó Dálaigh 1(50) 10 . do bhí ar a láimh é d'fheithimh it was in His power to watch it, PBocht 21.33 . a bailte móra ar a láimh, Rel. Celt. ii 182.14 . do-beir for láim places at the disposal of: dos bert for láim Eogain, IT i 81.20 . tug a' Gen. na caisléin an boili ┐ na braighde ar lāimh a' Ninntius, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 46.13 . an tan tug ar láimh na heaguilsi eochracha cengail ┐ sgaoilte cháich, Mac Aingil 179 . Note also: beir an dall ar láimh libh `take the blind man by the hand with thee', A. Ó Dálaigh vi 9. Of imprisonment: do cunnbhad ar laimh é gur fháguibh a dheic bhliaghna fichead d'aois, Rel. Celt. ii 162.21 . do bhi an ri san nam sin ar laimh aga naimhdibh .i. Parlameint Shagsan, 202.31 . Cf. dan-indnacht ar láim `by the hand', Blathm. 90 § 3.

(e) FRI. fri láim on behalf of, deputizing for: is e Niall . . . ro gab rigi nErenn . . . acht cheana is é Brian ba tuairgnid catha fri[a] laim side `in his stead', RC xxiv 180.7 . tigerna airthir Connacht fri lāimh a athar acting for his father, AFM ii 836. 10 . With difft. meaning: nochar gabhadh re lāimh T. T. was unassailable, ZCP viii 225.2 . nech padh calmai fri laim imbertai cloidib when it came to swordplay, RC xii 72.22 .

(f) I: gaib id lāim mo fāesam airtho undertake, TBC-I¹ 409. i láim captive, subservient (to): i láimh atú i ttalmhain, Dán Dé xii 7 . minic mē a láim acc dreasaibh, KMMisc. 352 § 7. do marbad U. isin lam-sin `captivity', Ann. Conn. 1270.7 . mé mar bhráighid bhíos i láimh, Dán Dé iii 32 . Aedh . . . do bí illiamh (leg. illáimh) sa chaislén, AU ii 466.18 . grádh mná 'ga bhfuilim i láimh, Dánta Gr. 8.5 . is fiacha i láimh / na féich ar a bhfuil admháil as good as paid, L. Cl. A. B. 162.13 . do thuaslucud chimmeda bai illāim oc ríg qui erat in vinculis apud regem, Lat. Lives 80.11 . Also in pl.: ro gabad annsin Marcus Crasus, ┐ tucad il-lámhaibh é docum airechta na Partecdha, CCath. 136. Also with gen.: cá láimh ataí, a rioghain? I láimh Anadail mic Rí Conchend . . . ar sí, ITS v 54.8 . tugas grádh éagmhaise d'Eoin . . . / 'na láimh tharla an rí [dá] réir `he can make the Lord obey him', PBocht 27.1 . caide . . . an bean i rroibe mo mac sa laim (na laim, v.l.), TTebe 2125 . tuc i lláim Michil . . . in imerci sin, Ériu iv 118 § 36 . With same meaning: a leith a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

In extended sense: ón bhan-óigh do bheith im láimh / budh dáigh breith ar anóir [uainn] my winning regard is likely, the Virgin being on my side, Dán Dé xxiii 39 . do bhí sise im láimh gach laoi she has always been by my side, 40 . beid go luinneach im láimh thall `shall be active for me' (of saints), xxv 69 .

(g) IMM: atbert int aingel friu ni de min do chummisc doib ar an im . . . arna toitsitis an aes penda immallama die on their hands, Mon. Tall. 73.

(h) SECH: léim sech láim false leap(?) LL 307a12 ( SG 386.23 ). nichat léicfider sech láim (of a sword) thou wilt not be laid aside, RC xx 12 § 21 . ná léicetsom sech láimh neglect, LL 301a48 ( SG 373.y ). ? conralta dibh sech laim, Anecd. ii 63.10 .

(i) TAR: tar láim. In oaths by: dar láimh do chinn ┐ do choise, Gadelica i 44.302 . dar láimh Moling, Ó Bruad. i 54 § 5 . tar láma(ib) in spite of: ro chongaibh an Breifne gan baoghlucchadh tar lamhaibh a chomharsan, AFM v 1804.15 . Legal: i slanuibh dochuaidh an duine . . . ┐ tar a lama tecar . . . tiachtain tara lamuibh, O'Curry 393 ( H 3.18, 220a ). tiachtan fo'n cundrad tar do láma `in violation of thy security', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is e dogab Eirinn dar lamaib Chormuic uí Chuinn (ni th[ar] a lamhaib dogab uair fa gilla og Cormac an tan sin), CGSH § 142 n. k-k​ .

V Adv. phrases. a láim i láim from hand to hand : á tinnacul a llaim hillaim, Ml. 96d6 . l.¤ (láim) ar láim equally balanced : dá mbeith an ní láimh ar láimh / idir Eoghan is Conn cáidh, Content. xviii 35. Also: comhraicis Iollann ar a' traigh / Maghnus lamh ar laimh `hand to hand', Duan. F. ii 326 § 31 . d'óenláim together, unanimously : d'oen láim, LL 296b30 . érgit slúaig Ulad innáig / ┐ a n-ardrí d'oenláim, 299a1 ( SG 368.1 ). nach maithfidhe le Dia dháibh / go ria a n-aithrighe d'énláimh, O'Gr. Cat. 467.4 . fo láim secretly: co ndechaid fein as fo laim, Ann. Conn. 1278.6 . maidhm for Maghnus dana ┐ é fén do dul [as] fo laim `secretly effected his escape', AFM iii 452.17 . gabais reime fó láim for lergaib in tsléibe `privily', SG 381.2 ( RC xiii 92.20 ). l.¤ fri láim side by side : in cailli selga noghabhdais dosreathdais 'na uirtimcill lamh fria laim, Marco P. 89. Note also: lecit sírthi fo cricha na Camandi ┐ in lamh ag aroile dhibh `keeping near one another', Marco P. 10 . (ó) láim do (co) láim one and all : do chuala a chloinn láimh do láimh, DDána 46.10 . leis na haingle ó láimh go láimh, 38.20 . tucsam lughi lámh do láimh / fian meic Cumuill einechnair, Acall. 1443 . l.¤ tar láim: do chuirsead fós lámh tar láimh clú a bh-feadhma ar fud an domhain `upon all hands', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.17 .

cacha láma (láime) on either side : secht cumala gacha laime go tri nonbura, Laws iv 234.9 . annam lend aithled cecha lama itiaid-siu, LL 286b15 . Gall faoi ┐ Gall gacha láimhe dhó, Ériu i 87.14 . gadaidhe gach láimhe leis, Dán Dé xx 24 . breac beó gacha lámha leis / dála an dá eó nír indeis, IGT Decl. ex. 2135. Cf. in literal sense: do bheredh cend gacha láma would take a head in either hand, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.30 .

In nn. pr.: Lām-fri-hēc, Mug láma, see Corp. Gen. Lámh Ghábhaid, Cóir Anm. 280 . L.¤ Luath, Acall. 7476. Cf. Lám áed `hand Aed' (as nickname), Trip. 200.7 .

COMPDS. With nouns: ¤aire, see separate article. ¤anart napkin : teagh budh lonnraighe lámhanart, Studies 1924, 244 § 22 . ¤arm, used of small weapon which a warrior took to bed with him for use in emergency: lámh-arm gach laoich ar a leabaidh, ML 76.10 . ¤brat: lambrat gl. mantile, Sg. 172a3 . gl. gausape, 128a1 , 3 . ¤bréit towel : nipsa lambreid lamhglanta, Anecd. ii 60.7 . ¤bró handquern: ni meath log-einech ar ithlaind ┐ lambroin, Laws v 88.11 Comm . ¤chartad ` masturbation ' O'Dav. 1474 . in sesmac pectac imorro le lamhcartad dogeibh a toil, BCrólige 29 . ¤chlaideb: cen arm occaib . . . acht lamcloidmi becca bidis ina lamaib, BB 439b2 . ¤chloc: iseal a treoir in tan is lamclog (gl. aistreóir), Laws v 22.8. Comm . ¤chloch: gebid lamhcloich do lár thalman dar bo lán a glac, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . ¤chomart clapping of hands in grief, lamentation : darindidar lam-chomairt mor ┐ nual-guba dearmair, YBL 147b8 . lámchomairt . . . ┐ basghari do mathrechaib, LB 141a3 . lamcomairt .i. basgaire, O'Dav. 1193 . oenach ina lamcomarthae in quo ignis ┐ tonitru similitudine die judicii. ind lamhcomart hi feil Michel dianepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.1 - 2 (A.D. 771) = AFM i 370.15 . in chantaicc Solomon ┐ ind Lámchomairt libuir Ieremiae Book of Lamentations, Hib. Min. 26 § 186. ¤chongnam: gan lāmh-chongnamh ar doman, Fl. Earls 72.15 . ¤chor: lámhchara .i. lamhchora .i. cur láimhe ar ní, O'Cl. (cf. BB 419a25 below). corugud (sic leg.) cach cuaille iar n-uachtar, ┐ lamcur doib co nach urfaema in (sic leg.) talam `they are pushed down by the hand', Laws iv 112.11 . dorinne lamhchur air laying on of hands, Keat. iii 1603 . ¤chorrán: rolá . . . lāmhcorrán iarnaidhi [uada] d'fastudh na luinge `grappling-irons' CCath. 2083 . ¤chrann. Of part of a harp: olc a l. olc a corr, Measgra D. 7.121 . ¤chruit: a lámh-chruit do leiséaghuinn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 115 § 12 . ¤déraigthe (cf. 1 dérgud). In phr. ar feis leptha ┐ láimdéraighthe in cohabitation : do berdais a ndaermná (sic leg.) ar feis lepta ┐ láimhdhéraidhthi daib, ZCP viii 545.21 = TBC-LL¹ 1738 - 40 . is and sin ro ḟaietar (sic leg.) in lánamain sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 821. Cf. 7842 . ¤día household god, idol : tuc lea lámdeo á athar (of Rachel), SR 3016 . beir leat t'athair Anachis ┐ do mac ┐ do bean ┐ do laimdea, Aen. 578 . tabhraidh láimhdhia chugaibh, ┐ adhraidh dhó, Keat. i 142.43 . ¤dóe (dóit): lámdoti na laechraidi, LL 235a22 ( TTr. 1345 ). ¤écht: an t-iarla ó Lúcan . . . / triath is iomdha láimhéachta, Ó Bruad. iii 144.z . ¤fheidm manual effort : tar lám-fheadhmannaib na laoch, ML 46.26 . ¤ḟile: Feidhlime Ruadh . . . / gá togha is dírighe do luadh gach láimhfhile poet with a patron(?), Hackett² 43.4 . ¤ḟrestal: láimhfhreastal sámhghasda saoitheadh, Hackett² 28.234 . ¤ḟritheolad: do láimh-fritheoladh Choncubhair `to deal with C.,' CRR² 82.x . ¤gaí: gur tholl an lamh-gai an luireach, MR 286.1 . ¤gésca twig : lamgesca mora, RC x 74.3 . ¤glanad: lambreit lamghlanta, Anecd. ii 60.17 . ¤glés wringing of hands : mor lámchomart ┐ láimglés . . . fógensat cumala, Alex. 389 . ro crochtha oca he isin laimgles doroindi, YBL 172b18 = SG 74.4 . ¤lecc: imbertside na lamlecca foraib, LU 4966 ( TBC-I¹ 479 ). ¤nert: re cumas láimhneirt, Oss. iii 264.14 . ¤maide: na soighde, ┐ na lámhmhaideadha, Ezekiel xxxix 9. ¤raite by-road, secondary road : madh for laimraitib beacaib, is i nde randait, CIH v 1549.37 . lamraiti .i. iter di sligid 'by-road, i.e. between two highways' EIF 538 . See also ¤rót(a) below. ¤ rinda: lamrinda nó luathrinda .i. ligatura inter diversas picturas gl. plectas ( 1 Kings vii 29 ), Thes. i 1.30 . See lúathrinde. ¤rót(a) (? properly ¤raite, perh. confused with 1 rót, rota) by-road: lamróta .i. iter da ṡligid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 38 = lāmrotae, Corm. Y 1082 = lomrottea, laimroitea, Corm. Bodl. 36.38 . lamhrod .i. ród láimh le ród eile, O'Cl. mad for rot mor . . . mad for laim raitib becaib, O'Curry 2004 ( H 4.22, 31 ). ¤scaíled manumission: mic mhuinntire, ar nach déantar lámhsgaoileadh, TSh. 5121 . ¤scíath small shield : tú ar láimh-sgiath lá an ghuasochta, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 4. trí chéud láimhsciath, 1 Kings x 17 . ¤scor: gursad . . . lúthmhar ar lámsgor `till our hand teams are . . . spirited', CRR² 62.12 . ¤smacht: na mic nach bí sgaoilte ó lámh-smacht a n-aithreach, TSh. 5122 . ¤thapadh: tuc in t-iarla lamtapadh laechda . . . fora cloidim, ZCP vi 274.32 . As name of Conall Cernach's shield: Lamthapad Conaill Chernaig, LL 12508. ¤thargair .i. oirchi beg no mesan `i.e. a small hound or lapdog', O'Dav. 1153. Cf. lamtairrṅgir, O'D. 2226 ( Nero A vii, 152b ). ¤thoca. As comic n. pr. Lonidh mac Lamthoca, Anecd. ii 55.x , perh. for ¤thoccad. ¤thomus lit. hand-measurement : tugador dhá fhorghomh . . . do na leabhar-armaibh lámh-thómais with their weapons at arm's length(?), ML 136.7 . ¤thorad handiwork, what is produced by weaving, sewing, etc. as opposed to frithgnam: abras . . . .i. lamt[h]orud inailte, Corm. Y 90 . ben lamtoruid `a woman of profitable handicraft', BCrólige 31 . leath do mnai a etach no lamtorad snithiu handiwork consisting of spun material (of what is due to a woman when separating from husband), Laws ii 372.15 . See Thurn., ZCP xv 340 - 1 . See also sníthe. As comicn. pr.: Lenn ingen Lamthora (Lamthoraid v.l.), Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤thúag: lámtuag gl. hoc manuale, Ir. Gl. 857 . ¤thort. Fig. of warrior: lamtort n-irgala uae beolaig Bressail, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 22 § 2 . meic Labradha lamhtort n-irghalach, LL 393a54 .

With adjj. (many of the follg. are applied to individuals as sobriquets). ¤daith nimble-handed . Of Cú Chulainn: an lāmdhait[h], Fianaig. 42.y . ¤derg: Lugaid lámderg, MacCarthy 176 § 6 . RC xx 136.20 . Frequ. of Leinster and Leinstermen: ri coicid lámdeirg Lagen, CRR 26.7 . DDána 100.26 . ¤des: Loarn laimdheas, Todd Nenn. cv.z . As n. pr. = Manus Dextera, Reeves Ad. 136.z . ¤dóitech. As comic n. pr.: Lámdóiteach mac Lethircind `Wristy-hand', MacCongl. 77.22 . ¤échtach: Mac Lugach [lámechtach], Acall. 227 . re Lúghaidh lámhéachtaicc Lágha, Flower Cat. 401.z . ¤ḟíal: ó C[h]orc . . . lāimhf[h]īal, Ériu ix 177.4 . ¤ḟind: Lugóir . . . lámfind, LL 2428. As n. pr. Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlas, Keat. ii 523 . ¤ḟota: is hé . . . leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400. In n.pr. Lug(aid) Lámḟota: airemh Logha Lamhfoda for na Fomhoraibh, TBC St. 570. As nickname: Osbrit lamfota, BDD 116 . ¤gel: Lughach laimgheal, Duan. F. ii 72 § 22. Fiachaidh láimh-gheal, ML 86.24 . ¤garb: Mani L., RC xiv 426.10 = xxiv 276.16 . ¤gerrtha: laochraidh láimh-ghearrtha, TSh. 6610 . ¤glan: a degmic lāmglain Lūachāin, BColm. 50.17 . ¤glas: Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlass, Keat. ii 523 . ¤grod: go lámh-ghrod dian, Oss. iv 132.22 . ¤idan: d'Aengus Laimhiodhan, Anecd. ii 37 § 2 . ¤licthe: nadh bi lamlicthi (of a food-rent), O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18, 393b ). ¤nertmar: go m-biadh sé láimhneartmhar go leor, Oss. iii 268.19 . ¤rúad: Lugaid Lamruad, RC xx 136.24 . ¤thapaid: ina laem loinrech lasamain lamthapaid, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . go leidhmheach lámhtapaidh, AFM vi 2072.15 . ¤thenn: fear láimh-theann, Oss. iv 110.2 . ad lamchara laímhtheanna . . . bar trenmilídh, BB 419a25 .

With vb. gaibid in artificial formation: nondalámgaba gl. mancipare, Ml. 43a2 .

lesugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lesugud or dil.ie/30025

Forms: lesachadh

u, m. vn. of lesaigidir. lesachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (p. 245.6) .

(a) acting with a view to benefitting another or remedying a situation, repairing; a remedial or beneficial action; act of improving, reforming : dligtech cach lesugad, Laws ii 2.4 . ní len lugha lesughadh .i. nocha lenann lugha cinad asa ní do rinnis do lesughadh, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). lu .i. olc, ut dicitur: ni len lu lessugud, O'Mulc. 792 . ni do-gnithar for torba . . . ní heirenar nach lesughadh .i. nocha n-éirnithear éiric ann sin, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). do lesughadh tuaithe .i. is ar daighne lesa oigh don tuaith do niad é, ibid. Cf. les túaithe, s.v. 1 les. co ceand mbliadna .i. ar in re co roib fer bunaid i n-aititin a lesaigthi until the owner acknowledges that it has been (properly) repaired (of a fence). Laws iv 152.18 Comm . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren it can be recovered from him who brings or buys it (of stolen property), iii 240.23 . doronadh . . . lubhra iomdha ┐ lesaighte leis `works and repairs', Cog. 138.y . fer millti ┐ lesaigti na hErenn uli in fer-sin, Ann. Conn. 1274 § 2 . fer leasaighthe tuath ┐ ecclas, AFM ii 1058.12 . in doman do dhul a ṅdíth air, ┐ a animm do l.¤ , PH 7583. th'éunmhac d'iodhbairt a ccroich dár leasughadh-ni, Parrth. Anma 4410 . eaglais sbioradālta na n-anmann do chomóradh ┐ do leasughadh to improve, reform, Beatha S. F. 307 .

(b) Of the sick or wounded, act of curing, tending; cure, remedy: cuingi[dh] a lesaigthi remedium quaerere (sic leg.), O'Curry 2222 ( Eg. 88, 16 ). docuaidh se la do leasugud duine galuir `to tend', Ériu ii 82.3 . ni fétar in chned . . . do l.¤ , PH 7646 . comhairle do chum lesaighthe ┐ sláinte na Sethrach n-esslán (`for the recovery and health'), RSClára 111a . Often coupled with leiges: oc cuinchid a llegis ┐ a llesaigthe fair, PH 4629 . nior ḟéad liaig . . . éolus mo leighis na mo lesaighthe, Ériu v 80.20 . Cf. leigius ┐ leasugadh co ceann secht mbliadhan, ┐ trommughadh orra, O'Curry 295 ( H 3.18, 162 ) (of small boys who have been guilty of some offence). Also: leighius ┐ leasugad isin cnedh, ibid. (here perh. compensation).

(c) act of making good, compensating for, amending, repairing; amends, compensation, reparation : do lesughadh a mhoide, Duan. F. i xx 27 . a leasugud re M. in easanoir tuc se do, Fier. 210 . dobēr-sa lesugudh ad litechus duit I shall make amends to thee for the accusation, ZCP vi 86.29 . romarbhu[i]s mac mo derbrathar . . . ┐ is olc in lesugudh ┐ in lāneruic tú féin ann, 30.7 . bean leasuighthe ar loit an chéidbhean who made good what the first woman destroyed, PBocht 9.8 . do-dhén leasughadh in gach ní dar mhill mé, Dhá Sgéal Art. 765. uireasbhuidh bhur gcreidimh do leasughadh, 1 Thessal. iii 10. é féin do leasúghadh ┐ a pheacu[i]dhe do chur de, Mac Aingil 1262 . go ttug Dia fád láimh féin leasúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt reparation, 3521 . an lóirghníomh ┐ an leasughadh dlighthear ar a son (sc. sins), 58 . aithrighe . . . ina uile chiontuibh . . . re rún láidir lesaighthe, RSClára 155b . táinig don reacht soin fir Éireann do leasughadh a ngníomh `improved in their behaviour', Keat. ii 4022 . dochum mh'anma do shlānughadh ┐ mo bheathadh do leasughadh, Rial. S.F. 1287 . rún leasaighthe `purpose of amendment', Parrth. Anma 4779 . fear leasuighthe an bhriste `repairer', Isaiah lviii 12.

(d) act of looking after, caring for, maintaining, supporting, preserving; maintenance, care : is lá comurba Petair lesúgud na Eurupa, Trip.² 291 . do cach lesugad iar nDia ┐ duine, Laws iii 22.8 ( .i. do biud ┐ coimiteacht, 25 ). in lucht ro herbad dóib do lessugud, ┐ níros lesaigset (of the áes gráid in hell), LU 2208 ( FA 28 ). na hindmasa . . . do-ratait dúin diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin eter chorp ┐ anmain, PH 6121 . arfeith .i. airitiu nó l.¤, ut dicitur: arfeith cend a memra, O'Mulc. 103 . fuair . . . bás gan faoisittin, gan lesucchad na hecclaisi `ministrations', BNnÉ 231.23 . ní bhiaidh imshníomh lóin nó leasuighthe ar bhar laochaibh, Dhá Sgeal Art. 2109. Of children: urailid dliged air a lesccugad `to educate them', Laws iii 542.2 Comm . in dalta icá tai leasugud fria re cian, Lism. L. 1422 (quem nutrire solebas, Lat. Lives 75 ). is coir a lesugudh co maith, uair is e bus righ i n-Edail a[d] diaid-siu, Aen. 644 . dia mbeiredh lenamh . . . a mharbadh, ar ni raibhe aca acfaing a lesaighthe, BNnÉ 40.6 . ba buidheach don l.¤ tucadh fair (of a boy), Lism. L. 3035 . gur tuirsighedh aithre ┐ oidigh . . . dhá leasughadh ┐ dhá ṡíormhúnadh, ZCP xii 396.26 . Of animals: tri C each buada ro batar for l.¤ aige which he maintained(?), Aen. 1605 (`which had been training by him'). Of objects: im chorus etha .i. med do cruaiche .i. im lesugad ind arba, Laws i 134.13 Comm . ma ar fath lesuigthe berur for teched (of cattle), v 192.z Comm . ro gab for l.¤ na hairge, IT i 40.10 . mad messu a bhláth nā (= no + a) lessugud lett indiu é andá in lá tucus bar in lettir i Cruachnaib Ái (of a sword), TBC-LL¹ 5954 . di lessugud loṅg ┐ luchtlaigi ┐ lónti do thecht in tṡlúagid, LL 299bx ( TTr. 936 `to prepare', Stokes). cach airicc urcoiteach robai for lesugud le that she had carefully preserved (tr. `that seemed to her useful'), CCath. 4137 . grúag . . . gan nighe, gan leasachadh unkempt hair, BNnÉ 169.12 . do aithin Flidais do'n bhanntracht an cend do lesugadh, Celt. Rev. iv 24.15 . Specifically of feeding, refection : ma ta leasug[ud] a serraigh isin sine, Laws iii 378.11 Comm . leór a llessaigthi enough to feed them, LL 12765 . ba doírbh lista a leasugud ar med satha a senblene (of Lebarcham), BB 257b10 . in corp do shásad ┐ do lessugud o aireraib na mbiad, PH 5997 . glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae choice entertainment of meat and drink, BColm. 84.6 . do chaithem bíd ┐ lenda ┐ lessaigthi leō, MacCongl. 45.26 .

Freq. in Laws in phr. l.¤ ┐ comairléiciud maintaining and permitting (to remain). One who thus supported a criminal was liable to a fine, fíach lesaigthe: for nech biathus mac . . . a leasugad ┐ a comairlegad ban ┐ mac na murcartha, Laws iii 388.9 Comm . i[s] slan di (sc. in eclais) in lesugadh ┐ in comar-leigenn (sic) dogres, iv 234.23 . leasugadh ┐ comairleghadh neich marbas aitiri, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ). cid deorad cid faenlegach cid furfogradach . . . fiach leasaigthe ┐ comar-leicthe, O'Curry 1893 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). is fiach comarlécthi no lesaighthi masa urcraid, slán masa faendledach, O'D. 1668 ( H 5.15, 1 ). Cf. ? go mor muna lia leasugadh luigdeach luige lugaid lathgaile .i. as mor in gae mana leanad cinta leasuighthi do lughaidh laechdha, no do lughaidh do chorca luighde, O'Curry 1887 ( 23 P 3, 22a ).

(e) Of land, act of cultivating, tending, manuring; manure : an talamh oirfither accat . . . nach suirfe (iarrfadh, v.l.) lesachadh tre bithe will not require manuring, BNnÉ 321.22 . mór gcré nach tabhair toradh / go bhfaghair lé leasoghadh, DDána 6.31 . um lesughadh a los, RSClára 41b (`to water his plants'). an machaire ar a ccurthar iomad leasaighthe, Párl. na mB. 3207 . as lúghaide a toradh iomad leasaighthe do chur urthe, 3212 .

Of literary works: d'ḟer na ngrēs / lūag a lessaigthi ba bēss, Ériu xix 78 § 4.

(f) Used of some technical process or processes, (i) in brewing: re lesugad na bracha o do berthar uisce uirre, Laws ii 242.6 Comm . (ii) in tanning hides: dlegair leathar l.¤ , ZCP iv 468 § 2 . fear leasaighthe leathair a tanner, Acts ix 43 .

(g) fer lesaigthe, from Laws Comm. below seems to mean a man engaged on certain duties for the benefit of his túath. Cf. aire échta, Críth G. p. 70 . each fir leasaigthi (one of seven pledges on which it is difficult to estimate the compensation and interest payable), Laws v 238.19 ; glossed .i. each in fir is gnath ac denam leas oig .i. each in airi eachta, 242.7 Comm . cnead fir lesaigthe .i. dia mbe cū a coimitecht in fir oc timcell an tire co taesat na muca don coin, O'Curry 219 ( H 3.18, 115 ). More generally, guardian, teacher : ag fior leasaighthe an leinibh, PBocht 11.2 (equated with `oide', ibid). do thréig lucht a leasaighthe teachers(?), DDána 104.8 (`benefactors', Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ).

1 mac, macc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mac, macc or dil.ie/31166
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: macc, mac, maicc, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, meic, meic, mic, macc, maic, maic, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, maccu, macu, macca, macc, maccu, macu, mhaca, mac, maccu, mic, Macniadh, Mág, Méig

n o, m., Generally written in MSS. with contraction m̅c̅ in all forms; when written out, the double consonant is usual in O.Ir., but it is sometimes written single when final, rarely when medial. n s. macc, Wb. 1d9 , 6d6 , 13b29 , 13d10 , Ml. 25b5 . mac, Wb. 13d11 , 32c15 . g s. maicc, Wb. 13b30 , Ml. 17c3 , 7 ; meicc, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 863 , 913 (usual O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. form). meic, Laws ii 162.13 , TBC-LL¹ 847. mec, IT i 107.2 (H.). mic (later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir.); in IGT Dec. ex. 702 `mic' is said to be incorrect, the correct form being `meic'. v s. a meic! Acall. 2933. a mic!, SCC 26 , 29 . n du. da macc , Wb. 4c12 , Ml. 26b14 . n p. (O. and early Mid.Ir.) maicc, Wb. 4c6 , 9a13 . maic, 21b2 , 30b14 . in maic , BDD 9. meicc, Hy. ii 37 ; TBC-LL¹ 6198. meic, 1372 . mec, PH 3770 , 5595 , etc. tri mic , IT i 121.1 (= maic LU); Laws ii 66.15 . Mod. mic. a p. maccu, Wb. 11a30 , 19c15 , 33a15 , Ml. 33c16 ; Hy. i 29. macu, Laws iii 398.7 . macca, Hib. Min. 4.118 . g p. macc, Wb. 23a9 ; Ml. 34c7 . v p. a maccu ! TBC-LL¹ 906. a macu ! ZCP xi 44 § 60. a mhaca ! ib. § 54 . mac, IGT Dec. § 15.

I A son: in Glosses = Lat. filius. gl. filius, Ir. Gl. 407 , natus 408 .

(a) in strict sense: amal ṅguidess athir a macc, Wb. 24d19 . adim-maicc mihi et am athir-se uobis ye are sons, 9a13 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 238.8 . batar oc Saul mac Ciss . . . cethri meic . . . tri ingena, SR 6517. macc int ṡaír son of the wright, Fél. Aug. 14. ro tuisim Noi tri maccu, MacCarthy 286b . teora meic ag Noi, ib. ná caoin inghean, ná caoin mac, Keat. Poems 599. mac athar do Mag Uidhir M.'s half-brother on the father's side, AFM iv 966.13 . mac mathar som do Chiaran uterine brother, ZCP viii 315.4 . mac sethar a sister's son, TBC-I¹ 530. nochon ḟidir mac duine no son of man (i.e. no mortal), ZCP vii 303 § 9. ni muirbithir m.¤ mna lium, PH 400. trí fichid míle mac máthar mother's sons (i.e. men), Hackett xl 112 . Preced. by adj.: ardmac rig, ro-mac Nesa, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.13 = Laws iv 346. degmac Domnaill, SR 2376. drochmac Iesse, 6138 . Abel mormac Adaim, Mart. Don. 22. ríg-mac, ACC § 111. Esp. used in apposition to npr.m., folld. by gen. of father's name: co Duid m.¤ nIesse, SR 2318. rigdal itir Donnchad m.¤ nDomnaill ┐ Fiachnae m.¤ nAedho, AU 783. Rarely with mother's name: Conchobar m.¤ Nessa, Fergus m.¤ Róich, Ailill m.¤ Mata, Muirchertach m.¤ Erca. Folld. by DO instead of gen.: Ailill mac mic d'Ollomain, MacCarthy 168.8 . Othalinus . . . ba m.¤ don Otha hermor, SR 2366.

In relig. lit. of Christ, the Son (as distinct from the Father), oftenabsol. and without art.: m.¤ ¤ na deachte, Wb. 32c15 . is macc míastar in die iudici it is the Son who will judge, 1d9 . asberat . . . as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 , cf. 24d23 . i n-oentaid na trinoti, athar ┐ meic ┐ spiruta noim, PH 1445. Also called mac Maire, Hy. i 1. SR 8145. m.¤ na hOge ebraide, 8277 . m.¤ in duine the Son of man, PH 2272 , 3070 , 3157 . m.¤ duine, 5041 .

Folld. by a gen. or adj. in various semi-technical and legal expressions: atait tri mic beoathar la Fene .i. mac huar ┐ m.¤ De ┐ m.¤ ailte, ZCP xiii 23.10 . mac De, mac som bis i tesgaire a athar ina timaircnib techtaib; co na comidethar cos nā lam, ib. 16 . m.¤ cétmuintire son of a spouse, legitimate son : atáit .ii. ara-randat orba fri mac cētmuinntire, CIH v 1547.6 . mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . is dīles do mac na cētmuinntiri in cinniu[d]-sin, CIH v 1547.26 . mac cope .i. donither re mac caille (leg. maccaillig?) son of a nun (?), O'Dav. 415. m.¤ doirche (.i. in m.¤ donither i ndorcaidetu) a son begotten in secrecy (?), Laws v 452.16 . m.¤ foesma `son of protection' (an adoptive son), see fóesam. m.¤ gor a son who supports his father, Laws iii 56.20 , opp. to m.¤ ingor, ib. 30 . See also 2 gor. m.¤ muini a bastard , see 1 muine. mic mhuinntire (= filii familias), TSh. 5120. m.¤ óg a celibate : Mel Bre(n)ind Ua Ronain, ardepscop iarthar Herend, in mc. og 'eminent bishop of the west of Ireland, the celibate', AI 296 (s.a. 1161.4) . mc. og ┐ uasalshacart 'a celibate and noble priest', AI 324 (s.a. 1197.5) . See also m.¤ óige s.v. III (b). m.¤ óige = m.¤ cétmuintire: mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . mac óigh trā is ē-side fo-coisle orba .i. foxlas seilb .... mac óighe .i. cētmuindter, CIH v 1547.3 . m.¤ sanaise a son not acknowledged by his father, opp. to m.¤ súla an acknowledged son, see Laws iii 542.7 , O'Dav. 1044 , 1245 . m.¤ scrīne .i. m.¤ so rinne re coibdelaig ina richt fein a son begotten in incest (?), H 3.18, 227a ( O'Curry 413 ). m.¤ soirche a legitimate or acknowledged son (?), O'Dav. 95.

Rarely of the young of animals: macc bó a bullock , CRR 4. damh . . . .i. m.¤ bó, BNnÉ 122 § 61.

In compos. with ban-, a daughter: feadair ferinnsce for baninnsce intan asberar: is e in banmhac sa, Auraic. 531.

(b) in looser sense a male descendant; esp. in pl. folld. by gen. of ancestor to denote a tribe or people (not a native usage, the words maicne, maccu and being used by Irish tribes): ar maccaib Israhel, Wb. 11a28 . soirad mac nIsrahel, Ml. 53d1 . meic Israhel, SR 5475. fri claind mac nIsrahél, 3710 . ic maccaib Israel, PH 5071. meicc Emir meicc Erimon, Hy. ii 37. Cf. also: Iohain már macc ṅErenn of Erin's sons, Fél. Sept. 26. eter gelmaccaib Gaedel, Ériu iv 96 § 7 ( LL 33b45 ). m.¤ Goill (i.e. one of English descent), AU iii 506.

II A boy and sometimes loosely a young person in general: sainreth do maccaib a pélogud particular to boys (gl. puerorum), Sg. 45b6 . i tabairt mic for muin i tech carrying a boy, Laws i 174.32 . urcor flescaig is eside macc bundsaighe (.i. mac diubraices in mbunsaig), iv 134.16 , 140.1 . biit tri choecaid macc and oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 368. maic becca doairchellat cethra, Ériu ii 206 § 26. do fhuil mac mbec, PH 382. cen mna cen maccu not counting women or children, SR 4031. ra batar mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindoene ac coíniud, TBC-LL¹ 6198. cu ra ainitis uli feraib maccaib mnaib, PH 6309. idir mhaca mnaoi is fir, Keat. Poems 614. eter maccaib beccaib (alluding to girls), IT i 131.26 . Occasionally of youths or grown persons: ruri anacht tri maccu a surnn tened (i.e. the three Holy Children). Hy. i. 29 , cf. Fél. Ap. 28 , Ep. 507. rí roshicc . . . forsin tsét na dá mac dall, SR 7682. atchondairc-si . . . cruth ┐ comdelb . . . cech meic ┐ cach miled, LL 221a7 . cethrur ingen Dubthaig dil, | cethri maic dóibsium demnig (i.e. lovers), Metr. Dinds. iii 72.

III Folld. by gen. in various fig. and technical expressions:

(a) denoting calling or function: m.¤ eclaise ` son of (the) church', a churchman, cleric: oen m.¤ [ec]ulsa forarsaidh . . . ic cantain a urnuighthe, RC xiv 58 § 72. tri maic ecalsa do muintir na cleirech, Acall. 2888. co tri cetaib sacart ┐ co tri milibh mac n-ecalsa, AU ii 86.2 . clier ┐ meic eguilsi in baile, Fl. Earls 34.24 . AFM vi 1924.22 . m.¤ foglama a student: felmac . . . .i. m.¤ foghlamæ, O'Mulc. 512. oráit annso dona macaib fogluma, Ériu ii 224.11 . m.¤ léginn a (clerical) student , O'Mulc. 688. m.¤ legind, Lat. Lives 82 (= scolaige ib.). i(c) macc leginn i nArdmacha, RC xx 176. Possibly also the expression m.¤ airbe (name for a `macfuirmid'?), see Laws iv 360.6 and muc(c)airbe below.

(b) fig. and alleg.: ce notad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . maicc tairngiri sons of (the) promise , 4c6 . guide cech maicc lére `of every son of piety', Fél. Ep. 428. macc umalóti ┐ erlatad buide do Dia, PH 4204. mac aptha = mac báis: bát úaiti meic aptha (mic bháis, v.l.) na cille so 'the lost souls of your cemetery shall be few', Beatha Bharra 64.128 . m.¤ báis `a son of death', a wicked man , opp. to m.¤ bethad `a son of life', a righteous man (often of a professed religious) : tairbirid illatu pían n-ecsamail dona maccaib bais, FA 1. eccraibdech ┐ macc báis, Trip. 220.15 . a meic in báis!, PH 2426. m.¤ bethad, Trip. 84.20 ( .i. cin pecath, ACL iii 37 ). sochuidhi do macuibh bethad, etir apstala ┐ desciplu, Lism. L. 3938. tigherna . . . mhórtha mhac mbethadh ┐ riagtha mhac mbáis, AFM vi 2296. mainistir . . . i mbáttar meic bhethadh d'ord S. Fronséis, 2218.7 . m.¤ ceanta .i. m.¤ échta, O'Cl. (`a son of achievement' P. O'C. ). m.¤ mallachtan `son of a curse' = m.¤ báis: comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA 1. comaittreb . . . ina mac mallachtan (of Hell), PH 4332. dosbera na maccu mallachtu . . . isin tenid suthain, 7285 . do macaibh mallacht ┐ do lucht dénma uilc, AFM iii 286.25 . m.¤ meda `son of mead', a heavy drinker , Anecd. ii 35 § 8. m.¤ míraith a graceless person (?), Acall. 1884 (`son of mishap' O'Gr.). m.¤ ochta `bosom-son', a favourite, darling: sacart ┐ m.¤ ochta rig nime, Acall. 2462. rob m.¤ ochta aireachta cach mac buan dod bhroind-ḟine, Leb. Cert. 194. See also (c) below.

m.¤ óige a celibate : uasal-easpoc Erenn ┐ an m.¤ oighe, RC xviii 52.4 (Tig.). comharba Colaim Cille, ┐ Adhamhnáin, saoi, ┐ epscop, ┐ mac oicce, AFM ii 762.6 . Oengus mc. Cathain, in t-epscop ┐ in mc. óge 'the bishop and the celibate', AI 202 (s.a. 1036.6). See also m.¤ óg.

m.¤ uilc an evildoer: meic uilc ní thiset n-ar ndáil, LL 308b1 = SG 389.18 . m.¤ na tráth `son of the canonical hours' (of a cleric), Acall. 4614 , 6769 .

(c) of things or animals: m.¤ alla `son of a cliff', echo: co cuala sum . . . guth in meic alla aca ḟrecra asin charraic, LL 165b30 . ro bai a m.¤ alla isna trachtaibh re med a muirni, Aen. 992. ro lin m.¤ alla na gairi sin mothra ┐ caillti, CCath. 5624. ro baoi m.¤ alla gheimi an drúith sin aieor, RC xxiv n. 2 . AFM vi 2130.11 . As name of a drinking-horn , Acall. 133.

m.¤ bronn a species of metrical composition: aircetal aire dna ataait .x. fodla fair-side .i. m.¤ bronn, etc., BB 299a25 .

m.¤ formuin (? for 1 muin) apparently name of some joint or portion of meat allotted to certain ranks in the Tech Midchuarta at Tara: LL 29b19 , 35 and diagram = YBL 419b3 (where the reading of facs. appears to be m̅c̅ armuin), 13 and diagram (in all cases with contraction); mac formuin, H 3.18, p. 362b ( O'Curry 771 ). Petrie's Tara 175 fg. expands as `muc formuin' and translates pig's shoulder , comparing 1 formna.

m.¤ greche .i. eitne cnó a kernel , Ériu ii 5.10 (Amra Conroí).

m.¤ imblissen pupil (of the eye): amal in macc n-imblissen (gl. ut pupillam), Ml. 39c3 . dona maccu imlesaib (gl. pupillis), Gild. Lor. 118. m.¤ imresan (gl. pupilla), Ir. Gl. 80. is he tene na súla in m.¤ imlesen, SCC 17. tri maic imlissen cechtar a dá súla, TBC-I¹ 35. oensúil . . . ┐ tri maic imlessen inte, BDD 44. méit mac imlesan duine, Ériu ii 134 § 115. teit radarc . . . on incind cu mic imrisan na sul, ITS xiv 54.

m.¤ ochta name of a joint or portion of meat?, heart (?) (or read mucca ochta 'suckling pigs', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 65 ). ba si airigid ban Ulad . . . .i. secht ndaim ┐ secht tuirc ┐ secht ndabcha . . . ┐ secht nglaininí ┐ secht m̅c̅ ochta, IT ii1 173 (perhaps a vessel or measure).

m.¤ óe liver: in macc hoe tredluighthe (gl. trifidium iecur), Gild. Lor. 213.

m.¤ snáma `son of swimming' (kenning for some large fish or sea-monster?), Corm. Y 948.

m.¤ tíre `son of (the) country', wolf: Eg. Gl. 313. BDD 66. im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. sod maic tire female wolf, TBC-I¹ 1720. pl. mic thíri, BS 76.3 . (mod.) na meictíreadha ag inghréim an tréuda, Hard. ii 310. (fig.) gach uile Eagluis do chaomhna ó chundtabhartaibh na macdtire, Carswell 77.

With adj.: m.¤ salach `dirty lad', a toad , gl. bufo, Thes. ii 235.8 (reading doubtful).

m.¤ ar muin name of a defect in prosody , IGT Introd. § 2.

IV Folld. by a gen. or adj. mac is often used to form masc. proper names, or sobriquets. Exx. from lit.: Mac Brocc, Cóir Anm. 45. Mac Caille, Hy. v 15. m.¤ Cécht (son of power? of the plough?), one of the Tuathan Kings; cf. Macc Cecht (name of a smith), Trip. 250.24 . m.¤ Cuill (s. of hazel?), a Tuathan king, cf. Trip. 220.15 . Lugaid Mac Con, Cóir Anm. 61.71 . Lugaid Mac tri con, IT i 108.2 . Mac Dā Recht, ZCP xiii 356.7 . Mac Dá Thó (s. of the two mutes), IT i 96 (= Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. vi 1 , and see Preface, p. i ). Mac in Daimh, Imr. Brain i 61. Bec mac Dé in fáid, LL 371b17 . LB 260b12 . Mac Gréine, a Tuathan king. Mac ind Óc (`s. of the two Young Ones', Stokes, RC xxvi 60 ), sobriquet of Óengus mac in Dagda, also called Mac Óc, IT i 132.13 : in mac Óc, ib. 7 . Macc Tāil (`son of adze'), Trip. 250.25 .

With adj. m.¤ Riabhach, m.¤ Solas (names of drinking-horns), AFM iii 110.2 ; 34.7 . AU ii 188.

From history: m.¤ na haidhche, AU ii 72.2 ; 134.19 ; cf. mac(h) na hoidhche (gl. Thitheus), Ir. Gl. 546. Macbeathadh, AU 1014 , 1041 . Macētigh (< étig ugly?), 936 ; Macēitigh, 950 ; mac Mic Etigh, 896 . Maclēighinn, 988 . Mac Líag ardollamh Erend (s. of a leech), 1016 . Mac Lochlainn (s. of a Dane), 1051 . Maccnia, 701 ; Macnio, 708 ; g s. Macniadh , 751 . Cf. Mac Niad (.i. Mac Con), Cóir Anm. 220. Macoac (= m.¤ óc?), AU 787. Macoigi, 801 ; Maccoigi, 874 ; dormitatio Maccoiged, 752 (cf. mac óige III b above). Macoirbb, 809 . Mac Oncon, 729 (see onchú). Macriaghoil, 821 . Mac ind shaer (s. of the wright), 766 . m.¤ na cerda (sobriquet), 874 .

After the introduction of surnames (10th-11th cent.), mac folld. by gen. n.pr. m. becomes a common form of surname and often changes to Mág (gen. Méig); the usage is extended to foreign names. Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, AU ii 442.2 (an. 1327 ). Cormac Mag Coscraidh, AU iii 430.24 . Cormac óg m.¤ C. m.¤ T. Meg Ca, AU iii 428.3 . mac Airt Meg Uidhir, iii 10.9 (1383) . Raghnall mac Mic Raghnaill, ii 196.8 (1179) . do clainn Raghnaill Meg Raghnaill, iii 12.20 (1384) .

COMPDS. Forms less or more stable compds. with a follg. subst., generally with sense youthful, pertaining to a boy or child . ¤bachall f. a boy's staff: macb. a ainm . . . ar bith na [leg. a = i?] laim na macæim, BColm. 46.10 . a s. macbachaill, ib. 3 . ¤brat m., in pl. child's clothes, swaddling-clothes: ba fóglainntid . . . he asa macbrataib ┐ asa naidendacht, Alex. 810. an tan robuí ina mhacbhrataibh, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . asa aóididh ┐ asa mhacbrataibh (sic leg.), fo. 73 a . ¤brethaid son-bearer: v s. a macbrethaig glórdai (of the Virgin Mary), Ir. Lit. 48 = LB 74a53 (see Ériu 9.85 , footnote 2). ¤cerd f. youthful art: pl. maccerdda Conculaind, TBC-I¹ 732. ¤cless m. juvenile feat: do mebhraighis do mhacchleasa, MR 302.5 . ¤comlond m.: ba handsa . . . frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570. ¤dalta m. a young fosterling: caeca macdalta, IT ii2 192 . ¤daltus m.: co m. do chill i forcanar `son-fosterage to the church in which he is taught', O'Dav. 956. ¤dán m.: caraid . . . a maccdán, Thes. ii 293 ( SP ii 4 ); 'youthful art' CMCS lvii 3 § 2 . ¤díre `boy-fine', fine or honour-price payable in case of a boy? cia luigium hi maicdirib? (.i. cia mac is lugu eneclann), H 2.15A p. 17b ( O'D. 1017 ). ¤dond m. a youthful chief? Níall menmnach m., Ériu iv 110 § 72 a . ¤drettel m. a young favourite: Fráech . . . macdreittel ríg Síde ṅHerend, LL 250b36 = TBFr. 262 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v ). a macdrettil Emna!, FB 11. ¤drúth m. an idiot boy: m. .i. a cinn a .vii. mbliadan, H 3.17 c. 265 ( O'D. 344 ). ¤fine sons of a family: mār maccḟine aīn-rīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 ( Rawl. 124a = marfine, LL 387a17 ). ¤firt f. a miracle performed in boyhood: do macfertuibh inni noem-Patraic, Lism. L. 132. i soscéla na mac[ḟ]erta the Gospel of the Infancy, LB 139b8 . See V. SS. Hib. vol. i p. xxxiv . ¤flaith a youthful chief: Mál in mac[ḟ]laith, Acall. 2503. do mhacḟlaith Mumhan, Leb. Cert. 36.1 . ¤gním a boy's deed, exploit: da mbetis na gníma óclachais aice feib atát na macgníma, TBC-LL¹ 984. 1388 . indister a macgnimaib Samsoin . . . iat, LB 128a18 . ¤gnímrad: pl. macgnimrada Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 864. macgnímartha Find, RC v 195. ¤laeg m. a young calf: mac (.i. bec) laog, LL 393a45 (term of endearment?). ¤lebar m. a book copied from another: a maicleabhar Lecan Mhec Fhirbisigh sin this is from a copy of the Book of L., Todd Nenn. p. ciii . leis gach leabhar a mhaicleabhar, Keat. iii 1395. pl. micleabhair, 484 . ¤lenb a boy-child: fad'mhaicleanb, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 12. ¤lendán a sweetheart: is é ba maclendan don ingin, RC vi 175.50 . maicleannan (of a woman), CF 244. ¤léine a boy's tunic: coeca maclene, IT ii2 191 . ¤naidm n. a bond entered into by children: rucus imdilsi eter macnadmann, ZCP xv 332 § 24. ¤noídiu a male infant, a young son: noídiu [maccnaídiu, Eg.] Conaire maic Etersceoli, BDD 106. ¤ogam .i. ogam ban torrach (a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5774. ¤slicht: in pl. macslechta sections in the laws dealing with the various classes of sons: bretha for maicslechta .i. . . . for sloinntib no for aisneithe mac, Eg. 88, fo. 16d ( O'Curry 2231 ). bretha for macslechtaib, H 4.22, p. 26 ( O'Curry 1993 ). ¤thairngertaid m. a boy who was promised: mactharṅgertaid Dé, SR 3077. ¤thairngertach a `promised son': an macthairngertach mórghlondach Aódh Rúadh, Hugh Roe, fo. 10 a . ¤thoísech m. a young chief: bó gach mactoisig, Fen. 92.25 . aenraghu mactaisech Erenn, AU ii 482. With adj. ¤amrae wondrous son: samlai, | a Maire, do macamrai Mary, the like of your wondrous son Blathm. 26 . ¤dall blind person: fége do roscaib macdall 'keenness to the eyes of the blind' 146 . ¤ḟind fair son: ar do macind irgabáil 'for the captivity of your beautiful son' 6 .

With npr.: menmna macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra of young Niall, Ériu iv 98 § 28.

Other compds. treated separately.

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